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Index

2.5D model, 10-73, 10-118 acoustics model, 21-1, 26-127


2.5D surface remeshing method, 10-61 acoustic analogy, 21-2
boundary layer noise, 21-9
ABAQUS, 4-25 broadband noise, 21-3, 21-7, 21-25
abs. angular coordinate, 31-22 postprocessing, 21-27
absolute pressure, 8-64, 31-20 computing sound pressure data, 21-21
absolute reference frame, 23-99 direct method, 21-2
absolute velocity, 10-9, 10-13, 10-19, 10-21, FW-H, 21-12
10-22, 10-30, 10-34, 10-48,
postprocessing, 21-21
26-72, 26-74
FW-H formulation, 21-4
absolute velocity formulation, 10-8, 10-10
integral method, 21-2
absorbed IR solar flux, 31-20
jet noise, 21-8
absorbed radiation flux, 31-20
Lilley’s equation, 21-11
absorbed visible solar flux, 31-20
linearized Euler equation, 21-10
absorption coefficient, 8-49, 12-95, 31-20
Proudman’s formula, 21-7
composition-dependent, 8-50,
quadrupoles, 21-3
12-16, 12-76
effect of particles on, 8-51, 12-80 receivers, 21-20
effect of soot on, 8-51, 12-79, saving source data, 21-19
20-52, 20-55 source surfaces, 21-16
non-gray radiation, 8-51 SYSNOISE export, 21-16
WSGGM, 8-50, 12-76 writing acoustic signals, 21-21
accelerating reference frame, 10-3 writing data files, 21-15, 21-19
accretion, 23-98, 23-135, 31-26 Activate Cell Zones panel, 6-69
reporting, 23-170 activating zones, 6-66
accuracy, 6-17 active cell partition, 31-21, 32-33
diffusion terms, 26-9 Adapt/Boundary..., 27-14, 27-16
first-order, 26-9, 26-54 Adapt/Controls..., 27-59
second-order, 26-11, 26-54 Adapt/Display Options..., 27-57
acoustic power, 31-20 Adapt/Geometry panel, 27-48
acoustic power level, 31-20 Adapt/Geometry..., 27-42
Acoustic Receivers panel, 21-20 Adapt/Gradient..., 27-19, 27-23
Acoustic Signals panel, 21-21 Adapt/Iso-Value..., 27-28, 27-30
acoustic signals, 21-2 Adapt/Manage..., 27-52
Acoustic Sources panel, 21-16 Adapt/Region..., 27-31, 27-34
Acoustics Model panel, 21-13 Adapt/Smooth/Swap..., 27-63


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-1
Index

Adapt/Volume..., 27-36, 27-38 alphanumeric reporting, 30-1


Adapt/Yplus/Ystar..., 27-39, 27-41 angle of internal friction, 24-107
adaption, 6-18, 27-1 angular coordinate, 31-22
y + ,y ∗ , 27-39 angular discretization, 12-30, 12-93
adaption registers, 27-49 angular momentum, 9-14
boundary, 27-14 angular velocity, 7-32, 10-8, 10-9,
choosing the appropriate method, 27-13 10-20, 10-29
coarsening, 27-9, 27-12 coordinate-system constraints, 10-9
conformal, 27-4, 27-6, 27-10 Animate panel, 29-83
enabling, 27-59 animation, 26-112, 29-71, 29-83
conformal vs. hanging node, 27-13 automatic, 26-112
curvature, 31-21 example, 29-79, 29-80
deleting registers, 27-55 of pathlines, 26-123, 29-30
display options, 27-57 playback, 29-85
displaying registers, 27-57 restrictions, 29-89
dynamic gradient, 27-26 saving, 29-87
example, 27-2 solution, 26-112
function, 31-21 Animation Sequence panel, 26-113, 26-114
geometry based, 27-42 Anisotropic Conductivity panel, 8-46
gradient, 27-19 anisotropic thermal conductivity, 8-42, 12-6
guidelines, 27-5 Annotate panel, 29-43
hanging node, 27-6, 27-59 annotated text, 29-43, 29-57
hybrid adaption, 27-50 ANSYS, 4-25
isovalue, 27-28, 31-21 ANSYS file, 4-8, 6-25
limiting, 27-59 append case file, 6-28
manipulating registers, 27-52 append data file, 6-28
marking, 27-6 ARIES, 6-25
mask registers, 27-51 Arrhenius reaction rate, 14-5, 14-25, 31-22
modifying registers, 27-56 ASCII file export, 4-25
process, 27-6 aspect ratio, 6-14, 6-18
refinement, 27-7, 27-10 atomizer models, 23-43
region, 27-31 Auto Partition Grid panel, 32-29
space gradient, 31-21 Autoignition Model panel, 19-12
volume, 27-36 autoignition model, 19-6
Adaption Display Options panel, 27-57 ignition delay modeling, 19-10
adaptive time stepping, 26-86, 26-87 knock modeling, 19-8
added mass effect, 24-29 limitations, 19-6
adding text, 29-57 overview, 19-6
aerodynamic noise, 21-1 automatic file saving, 4-13, 10-72, 10-93,
aggregative multigrid solver, 26-135 26-83, 26-124
algebraic multigrid (AMG), 26-16, automatic partitioning, 32-29
26-38, 26-44 Autosave Case/Data panel, 4-13
alloys, solidification of, 25-1 autosave, maximum number of files, 4-13

Index-2
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

averaged values, 26-107, 26-110 Boundary Adaption panel, 27-16


AVS, 4-25 boundary adaption, 27-14
Axes panel, 29-117 boundary cell distance, 27-16, 31-22
axes, 29-117 Boundary Conditions panel, 7-3
attributes, 29-117 boundary conditions, 7-1
axial coordinate, 31-22 axis, 7-98
axial force, 29-131 centerline, 7-98
axial pull velocity, 31-22 compressible flow, 9-24
axial velocity, 7-31, 31-22 copying, 7-6
axis boundary condition, 7-98 coupling with GT-Power, 7-222
axis of rotation, 6-50, 7-101, 7-103, 10-9, coupling with WAVE, 7-226
10-20, 10-29 discrete phase, 23-11, 23-131, 23-132
axisymmetric cases, 6-16, 6-42, 6-50, 7-98, exhaust fan, 7-12, 7-67
9-16, 30-2 fan, 7-125
axisymmetric flow fixing values in cell zones, 7-213
in multiple reference frames, 10-18 flow inlets and exits, 7-11
rotation axis, 10-9 heat exchanger, 7-134
axisymmetric swirl, 7-23, 7-24, 7-31, ill-posed, 7-62
9-12, 9-16 inlet, 7-28, 7-217
inputs for, 9-16 inlet vent, 7-12, 7-45
solution strategies for, 9-18 intake fan, 7-12, 7-47
backflow, 7-49, 7-51 listing, 30-20
basic cavitation model, 24-68 low-pressure gas slip, 14-45
batch execution, 1-11, 26-124 mass flow inlet, 7-12, 7-36
options, 1-14 mixing plane model, 10-29
Batch Options... panel, 1-14 moving zones, 7-101, 7-103
beam irradiation flux, 31-22 multiphase flow, 24-126
Bernoulli equation, 7-26 multiple reference frames, 10-21
Biaxial Conductivity panel, 8-42 non-premixed combustion model, 15-69
biaxial thermal conductivity, 8-42 non-reflecting, 7-145
binary diffusivity, 23-142 non-uniform inputs for, 7-8
binary files, 4-3 NOx, 20-45
Bingham plastics, 8-38 opaque walls, 12-34
black body temperature, 12-97 outflow, 7-12, 7-60
Blake-Kozeny equation, 7-116 outlet vent, 7-12, 7-65
blowers, 10-35 overview, 7-2
body forces, 26-21, 26-26, 26-50, 26-55 periodic, 7-94, 12-116
for multiphase flow, 24-114, 26-26 porous jump, 7-143
implicit treatment of, 26-26 porous media, 7-104
boiling, 23-23 premixed turbulent combustion, 16-14
point, 23-142 pressure far-field, 7-12, 7-56
rate equation, 23-26 pressure inlet, 7-12, 7-20
booleans, 3-5 pressure outlet, 7-12, 7-49


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-3
Index

radiant, 7-90 boundary volume distance, 31-23


radiation, 12-96 boundary zones, 7-5
discrete ordinates (DO) model, 12-37, changing name of, 7-7
12-38, 12-47 changing type of, 7-4
discrete transfer model (DTRM), Bounded Central Differencing Scheme,
12-23 26-13
flow inlets and exits, 12-96 bounded plane, 28-14
non-gray discrete ordinates (DO) Bounding Frame panel, 29-82
model, 12-37 bounding frame, 29-81
P-1 model, 12-26, 12-27 Boussinesq hypothesis, 11-5
Rosseland model, 12-28, 12-29 Boussinesq model, 8-24, 12-123
walls, 12-97, 12-98 limitations, 12-124
radiator, 7-134 branch cuts, 6-62
reading, 4-18 Brinkman number, 12-4
rotating flow, 9-16 broadband noise, 21-7
rotating reference frame, 10-9 Brownian force, 23-9, 23-98
saving, 4-18 browser, 2-21
setting, 7-5 bubble columns, 22-6
transient, 7-8 bubbles, 23-1
sliding meshes, 10-43 bubbly flow, 22-2, 22-4, 22-6
soot, 20-55 bulk species, 14-19–14-21
source term input, 7-217 buoyancy forces, 12-122
species, 7-86, 14-33, 14-44 buoyancy-driven flows, 12-122
surface reaction, 7-87, 14-44 boundary conditions, 7-20, 7-22
swirling flow, 9-16 inputs for, 12-124
symmetry, 7-91 solution procedures, 12-127
theory, 12-122
thermal, 7-90, 12-7
burnout stoichiometric ratio, 15-73, 23-143
at walls, 7-70
burnt mixture, 16-3
transient, 7-8
species concentration, 16-11, 16-16
turbulence, 11-42, 11-48, 11-76
buttons, 2-12
input methods, 7-13
velocity inlet, 7-12, 7-28 C-type grids, 6-62
wall, 7-69 calculations, 26-78, 26-80
writing, 4-18 convergence of, 26-128, 26-137
boundary grid file, 4-19 executing commands during, 26-124
boundary layers, 6-17, 9-16, 27-14 in batch mode, 1-11
boundary normal distance, 27-17, 31-23 interrupting, 26-79
Boundary Profiles panel, 7-205 stability of, 26-128, 26-130
boundary profiles, 7-8, 7-201 steady-state, 26-78
file format, 7-202 time-dependent, 26-80
reading and writing files, 4-17 Camera Parameters panel, 29-58, 29-61
reorienting, 7-206 cancelling, 2-6
units of, 5-2 a display operation, 2-16

Index-4
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

capabilities, 9-2 squish index, 31-24


capillary number, 24-15 surface area, 31-24
captions, 29-42 type, 31-25
carpet plot, 29-14 values, 26-8, 31-1
Carreau Model panel, 8-37 for contours, 29-16
Carreau model, 8-36 for pathlines, 29-37
carrier, 14-48 for XY plots, 29-107
Cartesian coordinate system, for boundary volume, 6-18, 31-25
condition inputs, 7-23 2D, 31-25
Cartesian velocities, 31-4 change, 6-18, 27-28, 31-25
for boundary condition inputs, 7-30 negative, 6-42
case files wall distance, 31-25
automatic saving of, 4-13, 10-72, 10-93, warpage, 31-25
26-83 zones, 31-25
FLUENT 4, 4-14, 6-27 separating, 6-56
FLUENT/UNS, 4-14 centering the display, 29-58
non-conformal, 6-40 centerline boundary conditions, 7-98
format, B-1 centrifugal impellers, 10-3
RAMPANT, 4-14, 6-26 CFL condition, 26-35, 26-65
non-conformal, 6-40 CGNS files, 4-10, 4-25
reading and writing, 4-11, 4-12 char, 20-20
writing, 6-47 burnout, 23-37
cavitation model, 24-67 character strings, 3-5
additional guidelines, 24-72 characteristic length, 8-64
limitations, 24-68 characteristic strain rate, 15-28
multiphase, 24-73 check box, 2-12
multiphase species transport, 24-74 checking the grid, 6-40
non-condensable gases, 24-70, 24-122 checkpointing, 1-15
surface tension coefficient, 24-122 using LSF, 1-15, 32-54
vapor transport, 24-69 using SGE, 1-15, 32-49
vaporization pressure, 24-122 chemical database, 15-2
cell chemical mechanism files, 14-40, 15-40
aspect ratio, 6-14, 6-18 chemical reaction, 12-5
children, 31-23 equilibrium chemistry, 15-7, 15-36
element type, 31-23 non-equilibrium chemistry, 15-7, 15-25
equiangular skewness, 31-23 non-premixed combustion model, 15-2
equivolume skewness, 31-23 reversible, 14-7, 14-32
partition, 31-24 chemical vapor deposition, 14-42
refine level, 31-24 CHEMKIN files, 14-40, 15-40
Reynolds number, 31-24 CHEMKIN Mechanism Import panel, 14-40,
skewness, 6-14, 6-18 14-50
equiangular, 31-23 circumferential average, 10-22, 10-26,
equivolume, 31-23 10-48, 29-111


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-5
Index

cleaning up processes, 1-16 liquid fuel, 15-21, 15-37, 23-23


cloud tracking, 23-16, 23-126 model compatibility, A-1
clustering, 12-21, 12-50, 12-83 non-equilibrium chemistry, 15-25
display, 12-112 non-premixed, 15-2
co-located scheme, 26-20 partially premixed, 17-1
coal combustion, 15-37, 15-72, 23-38 pollutant formation, 15-50, 20-1
carbon conversion, 23-158 premixed, 16-1
char burnout, 23-37, 23-143, 23-144 solution techniques, 26-131
devolatilization, 23-27, 23-143 sulfur in, 15-44
discrete phase, 23-108 command files, 26-124
empirical fuel definition in, 15-39, 15-45 command macros, 26-126
fuel composition, 15-46 communicators, 32-2
heating value, 15-45, 15-48 LINUX, 32-10
in non-premixed combustion model, UNIX, 32-6
15-44, 15-46 Windows, 32-12
models for, 23-38, 23-143 composition PDF transport model, 18-1
particle heating, 23-36 IEM model, 18-4
swelling, 23-35 ISAT algorithm, 18-7
water content, 15-48, 15-73, 23-113 model compatibility, A-1
coarse grid levels, 26-67, 26-137 Modified Curl model, 18-4
coarsen, pathline, 29-33 Monte Carlo method, 18-3
coarsening, 27-9, 27-12, 27-13 particle tracking, 18-20
parameters, 26-136 reporting options, 18-19
coefficient of restitution, 24-37 compressed files, 4-4
cold flow, 14-35 compressible flows, 9-20, 26-50
color scale, 29-42 boundary conditions for, 9-24
Colormap panel, 29-46 calculations at inlet pressure bound-
colormap, 29-46 aries, 7-27
custom, 29-49 floating operating pressure, 9-25
Colormap Editor panel, 29-49 higher-order density interpolation,
colors, 29-75 26-22, 26-56
contour, 29-11, 29-136, 29-139 inputs for, 8-26, 9-23
for annotation, 29-43 physics of, 9-22
grid, 29-6 pressure interpolation, 26-55
pathline, 29-32 solution strategies, 9-27
vector, 29-24, 29-25 turbulence modeling, 11-25
combustible fraction, 15-72, 23-143 compressible liquid, density, 24-68
combustion, 14-34 computational expense, 6-14, 27-2
coal, 15-21, 15-37, 15-46, 23-27 compute nodes, 32-1, 32-22
empirical fuel definition, 15-39 connectivity information for, 32-26
equilibrium chemistry, 15-36 killing, 32-23
finite-rate model, 14-4 spawning, 32-22
flamelet model, 15-25 troubleshooting, 32-23

Index-6
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

computing sound pressure data, 21-21 Copy BCs panel, 7-6


computing view factors, 12-85 core porosity model
concentration, discrete phase, 31-27 default, 7-190
concrete, 8-38 defining, 7-191
conduction, 12-1, 12-6 reading parameters from an
shell, 7-76 external file, 7-192
conductive heat transfer, 12-1 Core Porosity Model panel, 7-191
conformal adaption, 27-4, 27-6, 27-10 Coriolis force, 10-8
enabling, 27-59 Cortex, 1-7, 1-9, 3-4
conical grid interface, 10-37 coupled solver, 26-5, 26-31, 26-50
conjugate-gradient methods, 26-38 Courant number, 26-65
conservation equations, 9-3 discretization, 26-34
discretization of, 26-8 explicit, 26-7, 26-50
in integral form, 26-20, 26-31 Courant number, 26-65
source term additions to, 7-217 flux difference splitting, 26-34
consistency factor, 8-38 implicit, 26-7, 26-50
console, 1-4, 2-1 Courant number, 26-65
contact angle, 24-16, 24-137 memory usage, 26-50
contact resistance in solidification limitations, 26-51
and melting, 25-7 preconditioning, 26-32
contact resistivity, 31-25 residuals, 26-95
continuity equation, 9-3, 9-30 temporal discretization, 26-34
continuous casting, 25-1, 25-2, 25-6 coupled walls, 6-63, 7-74
inputs for, 25-10 Courant number, 26-35, 26-141
contour plotting, 29-11 coupled explicit solver, 26-65
for turbomachinery, 29-136, 29-138 coupled implicit solver, 26-65
Contours panel, 29-11 for VOF calculations, 24-125
control volume technique, 26-2 setting, 26-65
convection in moving solids, 12-5 CPD model, 23-31
convective heat transfer, 12-1 Create Surface panel, 29-38
conventions used in this guide, UTM-5 crevice model, 10-121
convergence, 12-127, 14-34, 26-93, output file, 10-130
26-128, 27-28, 27-36 postprocessing, 10-128
acceleration of, 26-67, 26-70, theory, 10-124
26-131, 26-138 critical strain rate, 31-25
criteria, 26-3, 26-5 Cross Model panel, 8-38
modifying, 26-97 Cross model, 8-37
judging, 26-93, 26-101, 26-128 crystal growth, 25-2
conversion factors for units, 5-6 Curves panel, 29-119
coordinate transformation, 10-3 Custom Field Function Calculator panel,
coordinates, 31-36, 31-50 31-52
constraints for rotating
reference frames, 10-9


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-7
Index

custom field functions, 31-25, 31-52 database


for solution initialization, 26-74 materials, 8-3, 23-137
sample, 31-56 data sources, 8-6
saving, 31-55 user-defined, 8-9
units of, 5-2, 31-52 Data Explorer, 4-25
Custom Vectors panel, 29-26 Deactivate Cell Zones panel, 6-68
customizing deactivating zones, 6-66
field functions, 31-52 Define Event panel, 10-95
GUI, 2-19 Define Macro panel, 26-126
units, 5-4 Define Surface Monitor panel, 26-105, 26-107
vectors, 29-26 Define Unit panel, 5-5
CVD, 14-42 Define Volume Monitor panel, 26-109, 26-110
low-pressure gas slip, 14-45 Define/Boundary Conditions..., 7-3
.cxlayout file, 4-36 define/boundary-conditions/non-reflecting-bc,
cyclic boundary, 7-94 7-155
cyclones, 11-10 Define/Custom Field Functions..., 31-52
cylindrical coordinate system Define/DTRM Rays..., 12-82
for boundary condition inputs, 7-23 Define/Dynamic Mesh/Events..., 10-94
Cylindrical Orthotropic Conductivity panel, Define/Dynamic Mesh/Parameters..., 10-73
8-44 Define/Dynamic Mesh/Zones..., 10-82, 10-84
cylindrical orthotropic thermal Define/Grid Interfaces..., 6-38, 10-43
conductivity, 8-44 define/grid-interfaces/make-periodic, 6-60
cylindrical velocities, 31-4
define/grid-interfaces/recreate, 6-40
for boundary condition inputs, 7-30
define/grid-interfaces/use-virtual-polygon-approach,
Damkohler number, 31-25 6-35
Darcy’s Law, 7-105, 7-106, 7-143 Define/Injections..., 23-109
data export, 4-25 Define/Materials..., 8-4, 14-17, 15-71
data files Define/Mixing Planes..., 10-30
automatic saving of, 4-13, 10-72, define/mixing-planes/set/conserve-swirl, 10-33
10-93, 26-83 define/mixing-planes/set/fix-pressure-level, 10-32
FLUENT/UNS, 4-14 Define/Models/Acoustics..., 21-13
format, B-1 define/models/acoustics/auto-prune, 21-24
importing and exporting particle define/models/acoustics/export-volumetric-sources?,
history data, 26-122 21-16
postprocessing time-sequence define/models/acoustics/write-centroid-info, 21-16
data, 29-142 Define/Models/Discrete Phase..., 23-93,
RAMPANT, 4-14 23-97
reading and writing, 4-11, 4-12 define/models/dpm/options/track-in-absolute-
writing, 6-47 frame, 10-17, 23-4
data resetting, 26-79 define/models/dynamic-mesh-controls/in-cylinder-
parameter/position-starting-mesh, 10-107
define/models/dynamic-mesh-controls/six-dof-
parameter/motion-history?, 10-121

Index-8
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

define/models/dynamic-mesh-controls/spring-on-all- Define/Turbo Topology..., 29-123


shapes?, 10-52 Define/Units..., 5-3
Define/Models/Energy..., 9-24, 12-7, 12-124 Define/User-Defined/1D Coupling..., 7-223,
define/models/energy?, 12-3, 12-6 7-226, 7-227
Define/Models/Multiphase..., 24-83 define/user-defined/compiled-functions, 8-77
define/models/multiphase/wet-steam/compile-user- Define/User-Defined/Fan Model..., 7-166
defined-wetsteam-functions, 24-143, Define/User-Defined/Heat Exchanger
24-146 Group..., 7-193
define/models/multiphase/wet-steam/load-unload- Define/User-Defined/Heat Exchanger...,
user-defined-wetsteam-library, 24-143 7-182
define/models/multiphase/wet-steam/set/max- define/user-defined/heat-exchanger/heat-exchanger-
liquid-mass-fraction, 24-159 report, 7-196
Define/Models/Pollutants/Soot..., 20-52 define/user-defined/real-gas, 8-73
Define/Models/Radiation..., 12-81, 12-85, definitions
12-93, 12-107 for field functions, 31-1
define/models/radiation/s2s-parameters/split-angle, for flow variables, 31-1
12-89 deforming zones, 10-82, 10-89
define/models/radiation/solar-parameters/autoread- degrees of freedom, 8-63
solar-data/, 12-72 Delaunay triangulation, 27-12
define/models/radiation/solar-parameters/autosave- Delete Zones panel, 6-67
solar-data/, 12-71 deleting zones, 6-66
Define/Models/Solidification and Melting..., Delta-Eddington scattering phase function,
25-8 8-52, 12-32
Define/Models/Solver..., 9-16, 26-52, 26-80 density, 8-23, 14-31, 31-26
Define/Models/Species..., 16-11 Boussinesq model, 8-23
define/models/species/inlet-diffusion?, 14-33, composition-dependent, 8-27
15-70 compressible liquid, 24-68
Define/Models/Species/NOx..., 20-36, 20-37 constant, 8-23, 8-24
Define/Models/Species/Soot..., 20-51 discrete phase, 23-141
Define/Models/Species/Transport & Reac- for premixed turbulent
tion..., 14-47 combustion, 16-9
Define/Models/Species/Transport and Reac- ideal gas law, 8-23, 8-26
tion..., 15-35 incompressible ideal gas law, 8-23, 8-25
Define/Models/Viscous..., 9-31, 11-68 interpolation schemes, 26-22, 26-56
define/models/viscous/turbulence-expert/rke-cmu- restrictions, 8-23
rotation-term?, 11-23 temperature-dependent, 8-23, 8-24
define/models/viscous/turbulence-expert/turb-non- derivative evaluation, 26-19
newtonian?, 11-75 derivatives, 31-26
Define/Operating Conditions..., 8-25, 8-26, detached eddy simulation (DES) model,
8-66, 9-23, 12-124 11-4, 11-50, 11-72
Define/Periodic Conditions..., 9-8 devolatilization, 31-27
Define/Phases..., 24-94 models, 23-27, 23-143
Define/Profiles..., 7-205 dialog box, 2-5


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-9
Index

diesel engines, 10-121 discrete phase, 23-1


diffusion, 6-15 aborted trajectories, 23-93
preferential, 16-7 absorption coefficient, 31-26
species, 12-10, 14-3 accretion, 23-98, 23-135, 31-26
thermal, 31-45 reporting, 23-170
diffusion coefficient, 14-3, 14-13, 14-31 air-blast atomizer, 23-57
species, 31-28, 31-32 injections, 23-123
thermal, 8-56 atomizer models, 23-43
user-defined scalar, 31-26 boiling, 23-23
diffusion flames, 15-2 boundary conditions, 23-11, 23-131,
diffusivity 23-132
binary, 23-142 escape, 23-133
direct numerical simulation, 11-44 interior, 23-134
discrete ordinates (DO) radiation reflect, 23-132
model, 12-15 trap, 23-132
advantages, 12-19 wall jet, 23-133
angular discretization, 12-30, 12-93 Brownian force, 23-9, 23-98
boundary conditions burnout, 31-26
diffuse semi-transparent walls, 12-43 cloud tracking, 23-10, 23-16, 23-126
flow inlets and exits, 12-47 coal combustion, 15-72
gray-diffuse walls, 12-37 coefficient of restitution, 23-132, 23-135
opaque walls, 12-98 combusting, 23-108, 23-137
periodic boundaries, 12-47 concentration, 23-165, 31-27
semi-transparent walls, 12-38, 12-102 cone injections, 23-106, 23-119
solid semi-transparent media, 12-47 coupled calculations, 23-4, 23-86, 23-89,
specular semi-transparent 23-150, 23-152, 26-3, 26-5
walls, 12-40 coupled heat-mass solution, 23-102
specular walls, 12-47 customized particle laws, 23-112,
symmetry boundaries, 12-47 23-128
limitations, 12-19 devolatilization, 23-27, 31-27
non-gray, 12-29 display, 23-153
inputs for, 12-93 drag coefficient, 23-6, 23-97
limitations, 12-19 drag force, 23-5
particulate effects, 12-34 droplet, 23-108, 23-137
particulate effects, 12-34 collision model, 23-61
pixelation, 12-30, 12-93 dynamic drag model, 23-72
properties, 8-49 effervescent atomizer, 23-59
residuals, 12-109 injections, 23-125
semi-transparent walls emission, 31-27
limitations, 12-47 erosion, 23-98, 23-135, 31-27
solution parameters, 12-109 reporting, 23-170
theory, 12-29 evaporation, 31-27

Index-10
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

flat-fan atomizer, 23-58 particle stream, 23-110


injections, 23-124 particle summary reporting, 23-168
group injections, 23-106, 23-114 particle tracking, 23-89
heat transfer, 23-4, 23-20, 23-21, 23-86, plain-orifice atomizer, 23-44
23-87, 23-158 injections, 23-122
in multiple reference frames, 10-17, 23-4 point properties, 23-114
inert, 23-108, 23-137 postprocessing, 23-153
initial conditions, 23-105 pressure-swirl atomizer, 23-52
read from a file, 23-106 injections, 23-123
injections, 23-106 properties, 23-137
copying, 23-110 radiation heat transfer to, 23-22, 23-26,
creating, 23-109 23-42, 23-97, 23-145
deleting, 23-110 reference frame, 23-99
listing, 23-110 residence time, 23-159
read from a file, 23-106 restitution coefficient, 23-132, 23-135
setting properties, 23-111 rotating reference frames, 23-8
setting properties for multiple, 23-129 scattering, 31-27
inputs, 23-89 setup, 23-109
for boundary conditions, 23-131 for steady-state problem, 23-4
for initial conditions, 23-105 for unsteady problem, 23-5
for material properties, 23-137 size distribution, 23-11, 23-115
for optional models, 23-97 solution procedures, 23-146
for particle tracking, 23-90 sources, 31-27
for spray modeling, 23-99 spray breakup models, 23-64
for transient particles, 23-90 spray modeling, 23-43
interaction with continuous atomizers, 23-43
phase, 23-90 breakup, 23-64
lift force, 23-10, 23-98 droplet collision, 23-61
limitations of, 10-17, 23-3, 24-6 dynamic drag, 23-72
mass flow rate, 23-114, 23-117, 23-119 wall-film, 23-74
mass transfer, 23-4, 23-20, 23-25, 23-86, stochastic tracking, 23-10, 23-12, 23-15,
23-88, 23-132, 23-142, 23-158 23-125, 23-152
materials, 8-5, 23-112, 23-137 summary report, 23-157
model compatibility, A-1 surface injections, 23-106, 23-120
numerics, 23-100, 23-146 thermophoretic coefficient, 23-142
options, 23-97 thermophoretic force, 23-8, 23-98
overview, 23-4 time step, 23-87, 23-93
parallel processing, 23-102 tracking, 23-93
message passing, 23-102 tracking schemes, 23-101
shared memory, 23-102 trajectory calculations, 23-5, 23-149
workpile, 23-104 trajectory reporting, 23-156, 23-161
particle cloud tracking, 23-10, 23-16, at boundaries, 23-166
23-126 unsteady tracking, 23-163


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-11
Index

transient particles, 23-90 display, 29-1


turbulence, 23-98 animation, 29-83
turbulent dispersion, 23-2, 23-10, 23-12, restrictions, 29-89
23-16 annotation, 29-43
uncoupled calculations, 23-149 bounding frame, 29-81
under-relaxation, 23-152 captions, 29-42
user-defined functions, 23-102, 23-128 centering, 29-58
using, 23-89 choosing surfaces for, 28-1
vapor pressure, 23-25 coarse, 29-33
vaporization, 23-23, 23-132 colormap, 29-46
wall-film model, 23-74 colors, 29-6, 29-24, 29-25, 29-32, 29-75
wet combustion, 23-113 composing, 29-71
Discrete Phase Model panel, 23-93, 23-97, contours, 29-11
23-109, 23-153 for turbomachinery, 29-136, 29-138
Discrete Random Walk model, 23-12, 23-13, deleting objects, 29-81
23-126 grid, 29-2
discrete transfer radiation model (DTRM), in multiple graphics windows, 29-41
12-15 lights, 29-51
advantages, 12-18 magnifying, 29-56, 29-61
boundary conditions, 12-23 mirroring, 29-65
limitations, 12-18 on surfaces with uniform distribution,
properties, 8-49 28-10, 28-14
residuals, 12-109 outline, 29-2, 29-7
solution parameters, 12-107 overlaying, 29-39
theory, 12-20 pathlines, 29-28
discrete values, storage points, 26-8 periodic repeats, 29-65
discretization, 6-15, 26-8, 26-20 profiles, 29-11
bounded central differencing properties, 29-73
scheme, 26-13 rendering options, 29-53
first-order scheme, 26-9, 26-54 rotating, 29-56, 29-59
frozen flux formulation, 26-28 scaling, 29-58
inputs for, 26-54 sweep surface, 29-37
iterative time advancement, 26-28 symmetry, 29-65
low diffusion second order title, 29-43, 29-110
scheme, 26-14 translating, 29-56, 29-60
modified HRIC scheme, 26-14 transparency, 29-75
node vs cell, 26-19 turbomachinery 2D contours, 29-138
non-iterative time advancement, 26-28 turbomachinery averaged
power-law scheme, 26-9, 26-55 contours, 29-136
QUICK scheme, 26-11, 26-55 vectors, 29-18
second-order scheme, 26-11, 26-54 view modification, 29-58
temporal, 26-16, 26-27, 26-34, 26-36 visibility, 29-74
third-order MUSCL scheme, 26-12 zooming, 29-61

Index-12
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

Display Options panel, 29-41, 29-42, 29-51, drift velocity, 24-22


29-53 drop-down list, 2-14
Display Properties panel, 29-73 droplet, 23-1, 23-108, 23-137
Display/Annotate..., 29-43 boiling, 23-26
Display/Colormaps..., 29-46 devolatilization, 23-27
Display/Contours..., 29-11 inert heating or cooling, 23-21
Display/DTRM Graphics..., 12-112 initial conditions, 23-105
Display/Flamelet 3D Surfaces..., 15-56 size distribution, 23-11
Display/Grid..., 29-2, 29-5 surface combustion, 23-37
Display/Lights..., 29-51 trajectories
Display/Mouse Buttons..., 29-56, 29-57 alphanumeric reporting, 23-165
Display/Options..., 29-39, 29-41, 29-42, display of, 23-153
29-51, 29-53 vaporization, 23-23
Display/Particle Tracks..., 18-20, 23-153 droplet flow, 22-2, 22-4, 22-6
Display/Path Lines..., 29-28, 29-29 DTRM, 12-15, 12-20
Display/PDF Tables/Curves..., 15-62 DTRM Graphics panel, 12-112
Display/Scene Animation..., 29-83 DTRM Rays panel, 12-82
Display/Scene..., 29-39, 29-71 DTRM rays, 12-82
display/set/title, 29-43 dual time stepping, 26-17, 26-36
display/set/windows/scale, 29-42 dynamic head, 7-134
display/set/windows/text, 29-42 dynamic kinetic energy
display/set/zero-theta-dir, 29-124 subgrid-scale model, 11-47
Display/Sweep Surface..., 29-37 dynamic layering method, 10-54
Display/Vectors..., 29-18, 29-20 Dynamic Mesh Events panel, 10-94
Display/Video Control..., 29-90 dynamic mesh model
Display/Views..., 29-58, 29-64, 29-67 model compatibility, A-1
Display/Zone Motion..., 10-91 partitioning in parallel, 32-33, 32-34
dissipation, 26-142 Dynamic Mesh Parameters panel, 10-73
divergence, 26-60 Dynamic Mesh Zones panel, 10-84
troubleshooting, 26-69 dynamic meshes, 10-49
DNS, 11-44 2.5D, 10-73
DO radiation model, 12-29 2.5D model, 10-118
non-gray diffuse walls, 12-37 in-cylinder model parameters, 10-81
opaque walls, 12-34 constraints, 10-52, 10-56, 10-59, 10-61,
donor-acceptor scheme, 24-11, 24-85 10-62, 10-67
double buffering, 29-54 crevice model, 10-121
double-precision solvers, 1-1, 26-93 defining events, 10-94
double-sided face zones, 7-5 dynamic layering, 10-76
dough, 8-38 dynamic layering method, 10-54
drag coefficient, 26-101 grid requirements
discrete phase, 23-6, 23-97 2.5D surface remeshing, 10-62
in Eulerian multiphase model, 22-6 dynamic layering, 10-56
drift flux model, 24-23 feature detection, 10-67


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-13
Index

local face remeshing, 10-61 efficiencies for pumps and


local remeshing, 10-59 compressors, 29-131
spring-based smoothing, 10-52 efficiencies for turbines, 29-134
in-cylinder model, 10-73, 10-81 elastic collision, 23-132
in-cylinder motion, 10-102 elasticity modulus, 24-102, 24-108
Laplacian smoothing, 10-74, 10-76 emissivity, 12-17, 12-96, 12-97
Laplacian smoothing method, 10-54 empirical fuel, 15-39, 15-45
local remeshing, 10-76 Energy panel, 9-24, 12-7, 12-124
mesh motion methods, 10-51 energy, 31-32, 31-45
feature detection, 10-67 equation, 9-31, 12-2
volume mesh update, 10-67 in solid regions, 12-5
previewing, 10-91 parameter, 8-64
remeshing method sources, 7-220, 12-5
face region, 10-58 Engine Ignition
remeshing methods, 10-57 auto, 19-6
2.5D surface, 10-61 spark, 19-1
local, 10-58 enhanced wall functions, 11-63
local face, 10-59 EnSight, 4-25
setting parameters, 10-73 enthalpy, 31-29
setup, 10-71 equation, 12-3
Six DOF solver, 10-73, 10-119 standard-state, 14-31
Six DOF solver parameters, 10-82 enthalpy-porosity method, 25-3
smoothing, 10-74 entropy, 14-32, 30-18, 31-30
solid-body kinematics, 10-68 equilibrium chemistry, 15-2, 15-7, 15-36
specifying zone motion, 10-82 condensed phase species, 15-45
spring-based smoothing, 10-74 empirical fuels, 15-39
spring-based smoothing method, 10-51 partial equilibrium, 15-7
theory, 10-50 equivalence ratio, 15-6
dynamic pressure, 31-28 Ergun equation, 7-116
dynamic Smagorinsky-Lilly erosion, 23-98, 23-135, 31-27
subgrid-scale model, 11-47 reporting, 23-170
Error dialog box, 2-6
EDC model, 14-11 error messages, 2-6
model compatibility, A-1 error reduction, 26-54
eddy-dissipation model, 14-9 rate, 26-46
model compatibility, A-1 using multigrid, 26-38
effective density, 24-27 Euler equations, 9-29
effective Prandtl number, 31-28 Euler explicit interpolation scheme, 24-12,
effective thermal conductivity, 31-28 24-85
effective viscosity, 31-29 Euler scheme, 23-146
effectiveness, 7-190 Euler-Euler multiphase modeling, 22-5
heat exchangers, 7-178 Euler-Lagrange multiphase modeling, 22-4
effectiveness factor, 14-56

Index-14
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

Eulerian multiphase flow, model exploded views, 29-77


compatibility, A-1 exponential scheme, 23-146
Eulerian multiphase model, 22-6, 24-5 Export panel, 4-25
k- dispersed turbulence model, 24-48 exporting data, 4-25
k- mixture turbulence model, 24-47 heat flux, 12-13
k- per-phase turbulence model, 24-52 extended cavitation model, 24-73
added mass effect, 24-29 external flows, 7-56
bulk viscosity, 24-42 boundary conditions, 7-20
conservation equations, 24-27 external heat transfer boundary
convergence of, 24-6 conditions, 7-90
drag function, 24-110 external radiation, 12-18
exchange coefficients, 24-32 extruding face zones, 6-64
frictional viscosity, 24-42
F-cycle multigrid, 26-45
granular temperature, 24-43
face flux, 26-22
heat exchange coefficient, 24-45
face handedness, 6-42, 31-30
heat transfer, 24-44
face region remeshing method, 10-58
kinetic viscosity, 24-42
face squish index, 31-30
lift forces, 24-28, 24-111
face swapping, 27-67
limitations of, 24-6
face zones
mass transfer, 24-64 fusing, 6-61
overview, 24-5 separating, 6-54
restitution coefficients, 24-111 slitting, 6-63
RSM dispersed turbulence model, 24-55 face-node connectivity, 6-10
RSM mixture turbulence model, 24-56 false diffusion, 6-15
RSM turbulence models, 24-54 Fan panel, 7-126
solids pressure, 24-37 fan model, 7-125
solids shear stresses, 24-41 user-defined, 7-125, 7-164
solution strategies, 24-82, 24-158 fans, 10-2
theory, 24-26 postprocessing for, 29-16, 29-37, 29-107
turbulence in, 24-6, 24-46 far-field boundary, 7-12, 7-32, 7-56
virtual mass force, 24-29, 24-112 FAS multigrid, 26-48
volume fraction, 24-26 FAST, 4-25
evaporation, 23-23, 31-27 Fast Fourier Transform (FFT)
events customizing the input, 29-146
defining dynamic mesh events, 10-94 customizing the output, 29-147
Events Preview panel, 10-96 loading data, 29-146
Execute Commands panel, 26-124 using, 29-145
Exhaust Fan panel, 7-67 Fast Fourier Transform(FFT)
exhaust fan boundary, 7-12, 7-67 limitations, 29-143
existing value, 31-30 postprocessing, 29-142
exiting, 1-17 windowing, 29-143
explicit time stepping, 26-18, 26-36 fe2ram, 6-26
restrictions, 26-67 feature detection, 10-67


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-15
Index

feature outline, 29-7 File/Read/DTRM Rays..., 12-84


Fick’s law, 8-53 File/Read/Journal..., 4-15, 4-16
FIDAP neutral files, 4-14, 6-27 File/Read/PDF..., 15-75
Field Function Definitions panel, 31-55 File/Read/Profile..., 4-17, 7-205
field functions File/Read/Scheme..., 4-36
custom, 31-52 File/Read/View Factors..., 12-88
sample, 31-56 File/RSF..., 1-6
saving, 31-55 File/Run..., 1-3, 32-4, 32-9
units of, 5-2, 31-52 File/Save Layout, 4-36
definitions, 31-1 file/set-batch-options, 1-14
for solution initialization, 26-74 file/write-bc, 4-18
Fieldview, 4-25 file/write-macros, 26-127
file format, 4-3 file/write-surface-clusters/split-angle, 12-89
file suffix, 4-2 File/Write/Autosave..., 4-13, 10-72, 26-83
File XY Plot panel, 29-108 File/Write/Boundary Grid..., 4-19
File/Batch Options..., 1-14 File/Write/Case and Data..., 4-11, 4-12
file/confirm-overwrite?, 4-7 File/Write/Case..., 4-11, 4-12
File/Exit, 1-17 File/Write/Data..., 4-11
File/Export..., 4-25 File/Write/Flamelet..., 15-55
file/export/custom-heat-flux, 12-13 File/Write/PDF..., 15-62
File/Hardcopy..., 4-20 File/Write/Profile..., 4-17
File/Import/ANSYS..., 4-8 File/Write/Start Journal..., 4-15, 4-16
File/Import/CGNS/Mesh and Data..., 4-10 File/Write/Start Transcript..., 4-16
File/Import/CGNS/Mesh..., 4-10 File/Write/Stop Journal, 4-15, 4-16
File/Import/CHEMKIN Mechanism..., File/Write/Stop Transcript, 4-16
14-40, 14-50 File/Write/Surface Clusters..., 12-87, 12-88
File/Import/FIDAP..., 4-14, 6-27 filenames, 3-5
File/Import/FLUENT 4 Case File..., 4-14 files, 4-1
File/Import/FLUENT 4 Case..., 6-27 automatic saving of, 4-13, 10-72, 10-93,
File/Import/GAMBIT..., 4-8 26-83, 26-124
File/Import/I-deas Universal..., 4-9, 6-21 binary, 4-3, 4-11
File/Import/NASTRAN..., 4-9, 6-22 boundary grid, 4-19
File/Import/Partition/Metis Zone..., 32-43 case and data, 4-11
File/Import/Partition/Metis..., 32-42 CGNS, 4-10
File/Import/PATRAN..., 4-9, 6-24 chemical mechanism, 14-40, 15-40
File/Import/PreBFC File..., 4-8, 6-20 compressed
File/Interpolate..., 4-33 reading, 4-4
file/read-bc, 4-18 writing, 4-5
file/read-macros, 26-127 DTRM rays, 12-84
file/read-transient-table, 7-11 flamelet, 15-65
File/Read/Case and Data..., 1-4, 4-11, 4-12 format, B-1
File/Read/Case..., 1-4, 4-7, 4-8, 4-11 formatted, 4-3, 4-11
File/Read/Data..., 4-11, 4-12 grid, 4-7

Index-16
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

hardcopy, 4-20 flame front, 16-3


importing and exporting particle thickening, 16-4
history data, 26-122 flame speed, 16-4
interpolation, 4-35 flame stretching, 16-6
journal, 4-15 flamelet model, 15-7, 15-25
log, 4-15 approaches
MPEG, 26-121, 29-88 generation, 15-30
naming conventions for, 4-2 import, 15-31
numbering, 4-6, 26-127 assumptions, 15-26
overwriting, 4-7 files, 15-65
profile, 4-17 standard, 15-65
ray, 12-82, 12-84 flamelet generation approach, 15-30
reading and writing, 4-1 inputs for, 15-40
compressed, 4-4 flamelet import approach, 15-31
shortcuts, 4-2 importing a flamelet file, 15-41
reading multiple, 2-8 inputs for, 15-33
recently read, 4-4 look-up tables, 15-62
searching for, 2-8 multiple flamelet libraries, 15-30
selecting, 2-7 multiple-flamelet import approach
shortcuts for reading and writing, 4-2 OPPDIF files, 15-33
surface grid, 4-19 standard format files, 15-33
surface mechanism, 14-50 non-adiabatic, 15-31
text, 4-3, 4-11 OPPDIF files, 15-33
transcript, 4-16 parameters, 15-52
unformatted, 4-3, 4-11 PDF table parameters, 15-59
filled restrictions, 15-26
contours, 29-14 scalar dissipation, 15-28
grids, 29-6, 29-74 single-flamelet import approach
profiles, 29-14 OPPDIF files, 15-31
filter papers, 7-104, 7-118 standard format files, 15-31
fine scale mass fraction, 31-30 standard format files, 15-32, 15-33,
fine scale temperature, 31-30 15-65
fine scale transfer rate, 31-30 strain rate, 15-28
finite-rate reactions, 14-4 theory, 15-26
particle surface, 14-54 Flamelet Table panel, 15-56
volumetric, 14-2 flex-cycle multigrid, 26-46, 26-133
wall surface, 14-42 floating operating pressure, 9-25
finite-volume scheme, 26-8 flow direction
first-order accuracy, 26-9, 26-54 at mass flow inlets, 7-40
first-order time stepping, 26-17 at pressure far-field boundaries, 7-57
fixing variable values in cell zones, 7-213 at pressure inlets, 7-23
fl42seg, 6-20, 6-27 flow distributors, 7-104


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-17
Index

flow rate, 30-9 forces


for multiphase calculations, 24-164 coefficients of, 30-18
flow variable definitions, 31-1 monitoring, 26-101
flue gas recycle on boundaries, 30-4
in non-premixed combustion formation enthalpy, 8-62, 14-31
model, 15-21 formation rate, 31-35
FLUENT, model compatibility, A-1 formats of case and data files, B-1
FLUENT Launcher, 32-15 Fourier Transform panel, 29-145
additional options, 32-17 Fractional Step algorithm, 26-59
batch mode setup, 32-15 non-iterative scheme (NITA), 26-30
example, 32-20 free stream, 7-56
executable options, 32-16 free vortex, 9-14
journal file setup, 32-15 free-surface flow, 22-2, 22-4, 22-6
machine setup, 32-19 freezing, 25-2
number of processes setup, 32-15 frictional viscosity, 24-107
parallel options, 32-17 frozen flux formulation, 26-28, 26-80
path setup, 32-18 fuel rich flames, 15-7
using on another machine, 32-16 full multicomponent diffusion, 8-54
.fluent file, 4-36 full multigrid (FMG), 26-75
fluent -help, 1-7 convergence strategies, 26-78
FLUENT 4, 26-50 limitations, 26-76
FLUENT 4 case files, 4-14, 6-27 using, 26-77
Fluent Database Materials panel, 8-6, 14-20 full-approximation storage (FAS)
FLUENT/UNS, 26-50 multigrid, 26-38, 26-48
FLUENT/UNS case and data files, 4-14 fully-developed flow, 9-5
Fuse Face Zones panel, 6-61
non-conformal, 6-40
fusing face zones, 6-61
FLUENT/UNS case files, 6-26
FW-H acoustics model, 21-4, 21-12
Fluid panel, 7-99, 7-110
fluid materials, 7-99, 8-4, 14-20 GAMBIT grid file, 4-8, 6-19
fluid phase reactions, 13-1 gas constant, 31-31
fluid zone, 7-99 gas law, 8-23, 8-25, 8-28, 8-65, 9-24
fluid-fluid multiphase flows, 24-31 gaseous solid catalyzed reactions, 14-58
fluidized beds, 22-2, 22-4, 22-6, 22-7 gauge pressure, 8-64
flux difference splitting, 26-34 Gauss-Seidel method, 26-38
Flux Reports panel, 30-3 general non-reflecting boundary conditions
flux through a surface, 30-10 overview of, 7-156
fluxes through boundaries, 30-2 theory, 7-157
FMG multigrid, 26-75 using, 7-161
convergence strategies, 26-78 GeoMesh grid file, 4-8, 6-19
limitations, 26-76 geometric reconstruction scheme, 24-11,
using, 26-77 24-85
Force Monitors panel, 26-102 geometry based adaption, 27-42
Force Reports panel, 30-6 Gidaspow model, 24-36

Index-18
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

global time stepping, 26-18 checking the, 6-40


gnuplot, 10-130 coarse levels, 26-67
governing equations, 9-3 coarsening, 27-9, 27-12, 27-13
discretization of, 26-8 based on gradient, 27-25
in integral form, 26-20, 26-31 near walls, 27-39
source term additions to, 7-217 colors in display, 29-6
gradient deactivating zones, 6-66
dynamic adaption, 27-26 deleting zones, 6-66
Gradient Adaption panel, 27-23 display, 29-2
gradient adaption, 27-19 extrusion, 6-64
gradient option, 26-19 files, 4-7
setting, 26-53 reading multiple, 6-28, 6-61
granular bulk viscosity, 24-107 filters
granular conductivity, 24-108, 31-31 fe2ram, 6-26
granular flows, 22-5, 22-6, 24-31 fl42seg, 6-20
stresses in, 24-31 partition, 32-42
granular temperature, 24-25, 24-43, tmerge, 6-29
24-102, 24-108 importing, 6-19
granular viscosity, 24-101, 24-107 ANSYS files, 6-25
graphical user interface (GUI), 2-1 CGNS, 4-10
customizing the, 2-19 FIDAP files, 6-27
graphics, 29-1 FLUENT 4 files, 6-27
captions, 29-42 FLUENT/UNS files, 6-26
display windows, 2-16 GAMBIT files, 6-19
active, 29-42 GeoMesh files, 6-19
closing, 29-41 I-deas files, 6-21
multiple, 29-41 ICEMCFD files, 6-20
opening, 29-41 NASTRAN files, 6-22
Windows features, 2-16 PATRAN files, 6-23
hardcopy files, 4-20 PreBFC files, 6-20
overlay of, 29-39 RAMPANT files, 6-26
title, 29-43 TGrid files, 6-19
window dumps, 4-24 interfaces, 6-32, 10-35, 10-40
Graphics Hardcopy panel, 4-20 creating, 6-38, 10-43
Graphics Periodicity panel, 29-69 deleting, 6-40, 10-44
Grashof number, 12-122 recreating, 6-40
gravitational acceleration, 12-124, 23-7 shapes of, 10-37
gray-band model, 12-29 memory usage, 6-44
grid, 6-1, 31-31 motion of, 10-1, 10-35, 10-50
activating zones, 6-66 multiblock, 6-28, 6-61
adaption, 6-18, 27-1 non-conformal, 6-32
aspect ratio, 6-14, 6-18 algorithms, 6-35
C-type, 6-62 requirements, 6-36


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-19
Index

O-type, 6-62 resolution, 6-15, 6-17, 11-66, 27-2, 27-5


partitioning, 32-27 rotate, 6-51
automatic, 32-29 rotation of, 10-1
check, 32-43 scaling, 6-48
filter, 32-42 setup constraints, 6-16
guidelines, 32-31 axisymmetric, 6-16
inputs for, 32-29, 32-31 dynamic meshes, 10-52, 10-56, 10-59,
interpreting statistics, 32-43 10-61, 10-62, 10-67
manual, 32-30 multiple reference frames, 10-20
methods, 32-36 non-conformal, 6-36
METIS, 32-42 periodic, 6-16
optimizations, 32-38 rotating flow, 9-16
report, 6-46, 32-35 rotating reference frame, 10-9
statistics, 6-46, 32-35 sliding meshes, 10-42
within registers, 32-34 swirling flow, 9-16
within zones, 32-34 turbulence, 11-66
periodicity, 6-59 volume of fluid (VOF) model, 24-86
quality, 6-17 setup time, 6-14, 27-2
reading, 6-19 size, 6-43
refinement, 7-217, 27-2, 27-5, 27-7, skewness, 6-14, 6-18
27-10, 27-13 smoothing, 27-63
at boundaries, 27-14 spacing at walls, 6-17
based on cell volume, 27-36 in laminar flows, 7-88
based on gradient, 27-19 in turbulent flows, 11-66, 27-39
based on isovalue, 27-28 storage points, 26-8
dynamic, 27-26 topologies, 6-2
in a region, 27-31 translation, 6-50
near walls, 27-39 type, 6-2
reordering, 6-65 units of, 5-2
replacing zones, 6-66 velocity, 31-31
requirements, 6-16 zone information, 6-46
axisymmetric, 6-16 Grid Adaption Controls panel, 27-59
dynamic meshes, 10-52, 10-56, 10-59, Grid Display panel, 29-5
10-61, 10-62, 10-67 Grid Interfaces panel, 6-38, 10-43
multiple reference frames, 10-20 Grid/Check, 6-40
non-conformal, 6-36 Grid/Fuse..., 6-61
periodic, 6-16 Grid/Info/Memory Usage, 6-44
rotating flow, 9-16 Grid/Info/Partitions, 6-46
rotating reference frame, 10-9 Grid/Info/Size, 6-43
sliding meshes, 10-42 Grid/Info/Zones, 6-46
swirling flow, 9-16 Grid/Merge..., 6-52
turbulence, 11-66 grid/modify-zones/extrude-face-zone-delta, 6-64
volume of fluid (VOF) model, 24-86 grid/modify-zones/extrude-face-zone-para, 6-64

Index-20
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

grid/modify-zones/fuse-face-zones, 6-62 ntu-model, 7-173


grid/modify-zones/make-periodic, 6-59 features, 7-176
grid/modify-zones/matching-tolerance, 6-59, 6-62 restrictions, 7-175
grid/modify-zones/repair-periodic, 6-42 reports, 7-196
grid/modify-zones/slit-face-zone, 6-63 restrictions, 7-175
grid/modify-zones/slit-periodic, 6-60 simple-effectiveness-model, 7-173
Grid/Reorder/Domain, 6-65 features, 7-176
Grid/Reorder/Print Bandwidth, 6-65 restrictions, 7-175
Grid/Reorder/Zones, 6-65 heat flux, 7-91, 30-2, 31-46
Grid/Rotate..., 6-51 exporting data, 12-13
Grid/Scale..., 6-48 wall, 7-89
Grid/Separate/Cells..., 6-53, 6-57 heat of formation, 8-62
Grid/Separate/Faces..., 6-53, 6-54 heat of reaction, 14-28
Grid/Smooth/Swap..., 27-63 surface reaction, 14-45
Grid/Translate..., 6-50 heat rejection, 7-179
Grid/Zone/Activate..., 6-66, 6-69 heat exchangers, 7-179
Grid/Zone/Append Case & Data Files..., 6-28 heat sources, 7-103, 7-134, 7-217, 7-220,
Grid/Zone/Append Case File..., 6-28 12-6
Grid/Zone/Deactivate..., 6-66, 6-68 heat transfer, 12-1
Grid/Zone/Delete..., 6-66, 6-67 boundary conditions, 7-90
Grid/Zone/Replace..., 6-66 at walls, 7-70
GT-Power, 7-222 convective and conductive, 12-1
GUI, 2-1 theory, 12-2
customizing the, 2-19 inputs for, 12-7
hanging node adaption, 27-6, 27-59 overview of models, 12-1
hanging nodes, 6-2, 27-6 periodic, 12-115
hardcopy radiation, 7-90, 12-14
files for animation, 26-120, 29-87 rate, 30-3
options, 4-20 reporting, 12-11
saving files, 4-20 for radiation, 12-111
automatically, 26-127 solution procedures, 12-9
using gray-scale colormap, 29-47 to the wall, 7-89
HCN density, 31-31 volume sources, 7-103, 7-217
heat capacity, 8-47 heat transfer coefficient, 6-17, 30-18, 31-44
heat exchanger groups, 7-173, 7-181 calculations of, 7-91
Heat Exchanger Model panel, 7-182 Heat Transfer Data Table panel, 7-182
heat exchanger models, 7-134, 7-173, 7-189 helicity, 31-31
defining, 7-189 help, 2-21
effectiveness, 7-178, 7-190 text interface, 3-11
group connectivity, 7-181 Help/Context-Sensitive Help, 2-22
heat rejection, 7-179 Help/License Usage..., 2-26
inputs, 7-182 Help/More Documentation..., 2-25
macros, 7-174, 7-187 Help/Online Technical Support..., 2-26


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-21
Index

Help/User Services Center, 2-25 incident radiation, 31-32, 31-44


Help/User’s Guide Contents..., 2-22 incomplete particle trajectories, 23-96
Help/User’s Guide Index..., 2-22 incompressible flow
Help/Using Help..., 2-25 calculations at inlet pressure
Help/Version..., 2-27 boundaries, 7-27
Herschel-Bulkley panel, 8-39 inertial reference frame, 10-2
Herschel-Bulkley model, 8-38 Information dialog box, 2-5
heterogeneous reactions initial conditions, 26-70
defining, 24-117 discrete phase, 23-105
source terms, 24-77 initializing the solution, 26-70
hidden line removal, 29-54 using average values, 26-71
hidden surface removal, 29-54 Injections panel, 23-109
histograms, 29-102, 29-116, 30-17 inlet boundaries, 7-28
Hosts Database panel, 32-25 Inlet Vent panel, 7-45
hosts for parallel processing, 32-25 inlet vent boundary, 7-12, 7-45
hydraulic diameter, 7-15 Intake Fan panel, 7-47
hydrostatic head, 7-22 intake fan boundary, 7-12, 7-47
hydrotransport, 22-2, 22-4, 22-7 integer entry, 2-13
integral reporting, 26-107, 26-110,
I-deas, 4-25
30-9, 30-14
I-deas Universal file, 4-9, 6-21
ICEMCFD grid file, 6-20 integral time scale, 23-12
ideal gas law, 7-56, 8-25, 8-28, 8-65, Integration Parameters panel, 18-10
9-24, 23-108 interface zone, 10-35, 10-43
ignition source, 14-36 contour display, 10-48
impeller-baffle interaction, 10-15 Interior Cell Zone Selection panel, 21-17
impellers, 10-2 interior zone, 7-2, 7-128, 7-137, 10-40
multiple, 10-16 internal emissivity, 12-100, 12-101, 12-103
implicit Euler scheme, 23-146 internal energy, 31-32
implicit interpolation scheme, 24-12, interphase exchange coefficients, 24-32
24-85, 24-86 Interpolate Data panel, 4-33
implicit time stepping, 26-17, 26-36 interpolation, 4-33, 26-9, 26-20
import, fe2ram filter, 6-26 file format, 4-35
in-cylinder model, 10-73, 10-102 grid-to-grid, 4-33
crevice model interrupt, 3-7
output file, 10-130 of calculations, 26-79
postprocessing, 10-128 Intrinsic Combustion Model panel, 23-144
theory, 10-124 inviscid flow, 9-29
events, 10-118 equations, 9-29
geometry and motion attributes, 10-109 inputs for, 9-31
mesh topology, 10-103 solution, 9-31
parameters, 10-81 ISAT algorithm, 18-7
starting position, 10-107 Iso-Clip panel, 28-23
valve opening and closing, 10-117 Iso-Surface panel, 28-21

Index-22
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

Iso-Value panel, 29-78 laminar flow


Iso-Value Adaption panel, 27-30 shear stress, 7-88
isosurfaces, 28-2, 28-21 laminar viscosity, 31-34
isotropic scattering phase function, 8-52 laminar zone, 7-100, 7-121
isovalue, 28-22, 28-23 Laplacian smoothing, 27-64
adaption, 27-28 Laplacian smoothing method, 10-54
modification, 29-79 large eddy simulation (LES), 11-44
Iterate panel, 26-78, 26-84 boundary conditions, 11-48
iteration, 26-78 model compatibility, A-1
control during, 26-124 no perturbations, 11-48
interrupt of, 26-79 reporting mean flow quantities, 11-87
iterative procedure, 26-3, 26-5, 26-78 solution strategies, 11-82
iterative time advancement, 26-28 spectral synthesizer, 11-50
subgrid-scale models, 11-46
jet acoustic power, 31-32 dynamic kinetic energy model, 11-47
jet acoustic power in dB, 31-32 dynamic Smagorinsky-Lilly
jet breakup, 22-5, 24-3, 24-86 model, 11-47
journal files, 4-15 Smagorinsky-Lilly model, 11-46
WALE model, 11-47
k- Multiphase Turbulent Viscosity
vortex method, 11-49
customizing, 24-114
latent heat, 25-9
k- model, 11-15
of vaporization, 15-73, 23-141
model compatibility, A-1
LEE self-noise source, 31-32
realizable, 11-7, 11-20
RNG, 11-7, 11-17 LEE shear-noise source, 31-32
standard, 11-6, 11-15 LEE total noise source, 31-33
k-ω model legend, 29-42, 29-110
model compatibility, A-1 length scale, 7-15
SST, 11-8 Lennard-Jones parameters, 8-32, 8-59, 8-63
standard, 11-8 LES, 11-3, 11-44
key frame, 29-83 model compatibility, A-1
kill-script, 1-16 lever rule, 25-2, 25-3
kinetic theory, 8-32, 8-33, 8-40, 8-48, 8-59 Lewis number, 14-4, 14-45
in granular flows, 22-5 license
parameters, 8-63 users, 2-26
Kinetics/Diffusion-Limited Combustion lift coefficient, 26-101
Model panel, 23-144 lift force, 23-10, 23-98
Knudsen number, 14-45, 23-9 lift forces in multiphase flow, 24-28
Kobayashi model, 23-30 Lights panel, 29-51
lights, 29-51, 29-74
Lagrangian discrete phase model, 23-1 Lilley’s self-noise source, 31-33
laminar finite rate model Lilley’s shear-noise source, 31-33
model compatibility, A-1 Lilley’s total noise source, 31-33
laminar finite-rate model, 14-5 line solvers, 26-38


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-23
Index

line surfaces, 28-2, 28-10 serial processing, 1-15, 32-54


using the line tool, 28-11 submitting a FLUENT job, 32-58
line tool, 28-11 using with FLUENT, 32-59
Line/Rake Surface panel, 28-10 lumped parameter models, 7-125
linear pressure-strain model, 11-38
linear-anisotropic scattering phase Mach number, 7-57, 9-22, 9-28, 31-33
function, 8-52, 12-24, 12-28, 12-32 macros, 7-174, 7-187, 26-126
linearization, 26-5 magnifying the display, 29-56, 29-61
liquid fraction, 25-3, 31-33 Manage Adaption Registers panel, 27-52
manuals
liquid fuel combustion, 15-37, 23-23
using the, UTM-1
in non-premixed combustion
Marangoni stress, 7-80, 7-81
model, 15-46
mass and momentum transfer
liquidus temperature, 25-9
multiphase species transport, 24-76
list
mass diffusion, 14-3
drop-down, 2-14
to surfaces, 14-45
multiple selection, 2-14
Mass Diffusion Coefficients panel, 8-57, 8-58
single selection, 2-13
mass diffusion coefficients, 8-53, 8-61,
Load Balance panel, 32-47
14-31, 31-28, 31-32
load balancing, 27-2, 27-27
kinetic theory, 8-59
local cylindrical coordinate system mass flow inlet boundary, 7-12, 7-36
for boundary condition inputs, 7-24 mass flow rate, 7-37, 30-3, 30-9
local cylindrical velocities through a surface, 30-11
for boundary condition inputs, 7-30 mass flow split, 7-63
local face remeshing method, 10-59 mass flux, 7-37, 30-2
local remeshing method, 10-58 mass fraction, 31-34
log files, 4-15 mass sources, 7-219
logarithmic plots, 29-119 mass transfer, 24-64
loss coefficient, 7-134 mass-averaged quantities, 30-11, 30-16
core porosity model, 7-191 Mass-Flow Inlet panel, 7-37
inlet vent, 7-46 massively parallel machines, 32-4, 32-9
outlet vent, 7-66 Materials panel, 8-4, 14-17, 15-71
radiator, 7-137 materials, 8-3
Low Diffusion Second Order scheme, 26-14 copying from the database, 8-6
low-Reynolds-number flows, 11-18 creating new, 8-7
LSF database, 8-3, 14-14, 14-20
checkpointing, 1-15, 32-54 data sources, 8-6
checkpointing a FLUENT job, 32-58 user-defined, 8-9
checkpointing and restarting, 32-55 deleting, 8-8
configuration, 32-57 discrete phase, 8-5, 23-112, 23-137
migrating FLUENT jobs, 32-59 mixture, 8-5, 14-13
overview, 32-55 modifying, 8-5
parallel processing, 1-15, 32-54 PDF mixture, 15-71
restarting a FLUENT job, 32-59 renaming, 8-5

Index-24
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

reordering, 8-9 Mixing Planes panel, 10-30


saving, 8-8 mixing rate, 14-16, 14-27, 24-116
Maxwell-Stefan equations, 8-54 mixing tanks, 10-2, 10-3, 10-15
mean beam length, 8-50 mixture fraction, 15-3
mean flow quantities, 26-92 boundary conditions, 15-69
mean free path, 14-45, 23-9 conservation of, 15-5
memory usage, 6-44 limitations on, 15-20
in multigrid, 26-67, 26-136 secondary, 31-40
in the coupled implicit solver, 26-50 variance, 15-5, 31-34
menu bar, 2-4 secondary, 31-40
Merge Zones panel, 6-52 mixture materials, 8-5, 14-13
merging zones, 6-52 creating, 14-20
meridional view, 29-77 PDF, 15-71
Mesh Motion panel, 10-92 mixture model, 22-5
mesh motion methods, 10-51 body forces, 24-114
feature detection, 10-67 drift flux model, 24-23
volume mesh update, 10-67 drift velocity, 24-22
Mesh Scale Info panel, 10-76 droplet diameter, 24-99
message passing library, 32-2 limitations, 24-4
metallurgy, 25-1 model compatibility, A-1
METIS, 32-42 momentum equation, 24-21
Mirror Planes panel, 29-70 overview, 24-4
mixed convection, 12-122, 26-60 patching initial volume fraction, 24-140
inputs for, 12-124 properties, 24-99
mixing, 13-1 relative velocity, 24-22
mixing plane model, 10-18, 10-23 slip velocity, 24-22
boundary conditions, 10-29 solution strategies, 24-157
enthalpy conservation, 10-33 theory, 24-20
fixing the pressure level, 10-32 volume fraction, 24-24
mass conservation, 10-27 mixture multiphase model
model compatibility, A-1 basic cavitation model, 24-68
patching values, 26-74 cavitation model, 24-67
postprocessing, 10-34 collisional viscosity, 24-24
pressure boundary conditions in, 10-30 extended cavitation model, 24-73
setup, 10-29 granular temperature, 24-25
solution initialization, 26-72 kinetic viscosity, 24-24
solution procedures, 10-34 mass transfer, 24-64
swirl conservation, 10-27, 10-33 solids shear stresses, 24-24
theory, 10-24 mixture properties, 14-17, 14-31
total enthalpy conservation, 10-28 Modified HRIC scheme, 26-14
velocity formulation in, 10-29 modified turbulent viscosity, 31-34
with non-reflecting boundary molar concentration
conditions, 7-156 species, 31-34


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-25
Index

mole fraction, 31-34 multiblock grids, 6-28, 6-61


soot, 31-34 multicomponent diffusion, 8-54
molecular heat transfer Multigrid Controls panel, 26-67,
coefficient, 8-62, 16-13 26-132–26-135, 26-138, 26-140
molecular viscosity, 31-34 multigrid solver, 26-38
molecular weight, 8-25, 8-26, 14-31 aggregative, 26-135
moment coefficient, 26-101, 30-18 algebraic (AMG), 26-44
moments, 30-4 inputs for, 26-131
momentum accommodation coarsening parameters, 26-136
coefficient, 14-32 cycles, 26-40
momentum equation, 9-4, 9-30 default parameters, 26-137
momentum sources, 7-220 F cycle, 26-45
monitoring flex cycle, 26-46, 26-133
forces and moments, 26-83, 26-101 full (FMG), 26-75
residuals, 26-93 convergence strategies, 26-78
solution convergence, 26-93 limitations, 26-76
statistics, 26-100 using, 26-77
surfaces, 26-83, 26-105 full-approximation storage
volume integrals, 26-109 (FAS), 26-48
Monte Carlo method, 18-3 creating coarse grid levels for, 26-67
Morsi and Alexander model, 24-33 inputs for, 26-67, 26-137
mouse levels, 26-67
functions, 29-56 inputs for
GAMBIT-style, 29-56 algebraic (AMG), 26-131
manipulation, 29-54, 29-56 full-approximation storage
probe, 29-56 (FAS), 26-67, 26-137
Mouse Buttons panel, 29-57 limitations, 26-67
moving domains memory usage, 26-67, 26-136
model compatibility, A-1 performance monitoring, 26-131
moving grid, 10-1 prolongation, 26-40
moving reference frames, 10-1 residual reduction rate, 26-46
patching values, 26-74 residual reduction tolerance, 26-135
postprocessing, 29-21 restriction, 26-40
solution initialization, 26-72 selective, 26-135
moving walls, 7-78 termination criteria, 26-47, 26-135
MPEG file, 26-121, 29-88 turning off, 26-136, 26-137
MPGS, 4-25 V cycle, 26-41, 26-133
mud, 8-38 W cycle, 26-41, 26-133
Multi-Stage Parameters panel, 26-141 with parallel solver, 26-133
multi-stage scheme, 26-35 multiphase cavitation model, 24-73
controls for, 26-141
modifying, 26-141
stability, 26-65

Index-26
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

multiphase flow, 22-1 wet steam model, 24-58


basic cavitation model, 24-68 properties, 24-61, 24-142
body forces, 24-114, 26-26 restrictions, 24-58
boundary conditions, 24-126 UDF, 24-143
cavitation model, 24-67 Multiphase Model panel, 24-83
choosing a model for, 22-6, 24-2 multiphase species transport, 24-75, 24-115
compressible, 24-141 cavitation model, 24-73, 24-74
Euler-Euler approach, 22-5 heterogeneous reactions, 24-77
Euler-Lagrange approach, 22-4 limitations, 24-76
Eulerian model, 22-6, 24-5, 24-26 momentum transfer, 24-76
examples, 22-4 postprocessing, 24-162
extended cavitation model, 24-73 multiple graphics windows, 29-41
fluid-fluid, 24-31 multiple reference frames, 10-3, 10-15
fluid-solid, 24-31 boundary conditions, 10-21
gas-liquid, 22-2 discrete phase in, 10-17, 23-4
gas-solid, 22-2 for axisymmetric flow, 10-18
granular, 24-31 grid setup, 10-20
heterogeneous reactions, 24-117 model compatibility, A-1
homogeneous, 24-23 patching values, 26-74
inputs for, 24-80 pathlines, 10-17
cavitation model, 24-122 postprocessing, 10-22, 29-21, 30-19
heat transfer in Eulerian pressure boundary conditions in, 10-21
model, 24-119 restrictions of, 10-15, 10-17
mass transfer, 24-120 setup, 10-20
solution initialization, 26-72
interphase exchange coefficients, 24-32
solution strategies, 10-22
introduction, 22-1
steady flow approximation, 10-15
liquid-liquid, 22-2
theory of, 10-18
liquid-solid, 22-2
velocity formulation in, 10-18, 10-20
mixture model, 22-5, 24-4, 24-20
multiple selection list, 2-14
model compatibility, A-1
multiple surface reactions model, 14-60,
overview, 22-1
23-41
particulate loading, 22-7
multiprocessor workstations, 32-4, 32-9
postprocessing, 24-160
mushy zone, 25-3, 25-5
postprocessing wet steam flow, 24-163
regimes, 22-2 N2O density, 31-34
reporting flow rates, 24-164 NASTRAN, 4-25
solution strategies, 24-156 NASTRAN file, 4-9, 6-22
solving wet steam flow, 24-159 natural convection, 12-122, 26-21, 26-60
Stokes number, 22-8 boundary conditions, 7-22
using the wet steam model, 24-142 high-Rayleigh-number flows, 12-127
volume of fluid (VOF) model, 22-5, in a closed domain, 12-123
24-3, 24-7 inputs for, 12-124


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-27
Index

natural time, 8-37 non-iterative time advancement


Navier-Stokes equations, 9-3 (NITA), 26-28, 26-80
filtered, 11-45 non-Newtonian fluids, 8-34
near-wall flows, 11-18 Non-Newtonian Power Law panel, 8-36
near-wall treatments, 11-51 non-Newtonian power law, 8-35
neighbor correction, 26-25 non-Newtonian viscosity, 8-34
network cards Carreau model, 8-36
multiple, 32-11 Cross model, 8-37
Network Configuration panel, 32-21 Herschel-Bulkley model, 8-38
New Material Name panel, 8-12 power law, 8-35
NH3 density, 31-34 non-premixed combustion model, 15-2
NIST real gas model, 8-67 boundary conditions, 15-69
limitations, 8-67 condensed phase species, 15-45
NO density, 31-34 empirical fuels, 15-39, 15-45
no-slip condition, 7-69, 7-80 equilibrium chemistry, 15-7, 15-36
node values, 26-8, 31-2 flamelet data, 15-55
for contours, 29-16 flamelet model, 15-25
for pathlines, 29-37 flue gas recycle, 15-21
for XY plots, 29-107 FLUENT solution
nodes secondary mixture fraction
display of, 29-6, 29-54 parameters, 15-77
original, 27-13, 27-62 for coal combustion, 15-37, 15-44, 15-46
refinement, 27-13, 27-62 for liquid fuels, 15-37
removing, 27-62 fuel inlet temperature, 15-44
noise, 21-3 limitations of, 15-20
non-condensable gases, 24-122 look-up tables, 15-12, 15-13, 15-16,
non-conformal grids, 6-32 15-59, 15-62
requirements for, 6-36 model compatibility, A-1
non-conformal interface algorithms, 6-35 multiple fuel inlets, 15-14, 15-20
non-equilibrium chemistry, 15-7 non-adiabatic form, 15-12, 15-37
non-equilibrium wall functions, non-equilibrium chemistry, 15-7, 15-25
11-58, 11-59 PDF functions in, 15-11
non-gray radiation, 12-17, 12-29 postprocessing, 15-79
boundary conditions, 12-37 problem setup, 15-34
inputs for, 12-93 rich flammability limit, 15-7
limitations, 12-19 secondary stream, 15-38
particulate effects, 12-34 solution parameters, 15-77
non-inertial reference frame, 10-2 solution parameters, 15-59
non-isotropic thermal conductivity solving, 15-76
user-defined, 7-121 species selection, 15-44
non-iterative solver (NITA) stability issues, 15-62
inputs for, 26-61 non-reacting species transport, 14-61
supported models, 26-63

Index-28
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

non-reflecting boundary conditions, 7-145 open channel boundary


general, 7-156 condition, 24-17, 24-87
limitations of, 7-146, 7-157 limitations, 24-92
parallel processing with, 7-156 recommendations, 24-93
turbo-specific, 7-145 open channel flow, 24-17, 24-87
with mixing plane model, 7-156 downstream boundary
normalization, 30-18 condition, 24-19
of residuals, 26-94, 26-95, 26-98 limitations, 24-92
NOx Model panel, 20-37 mass flow rate, 24-18
NOx model, 15-50, 20-1 recommendations, 24-93
boundary conditions, 20-45 upstream boundary condition, 24-17
coal, 20-18, 20-39 Operating Conditions panel, 8-25, 8-26, 8-66,
fuel, 20-12, 20-38 9-23, 12-124, 23-7
gaseous fuel, 20-39 operating density, 12-126
inputs for, 20-36 operating pressure, 8-25, 8-26, 8-64,
intermediate N2 O, 20-38 9-23, 12-125
liquid fuel, 20-13, 20-39 floating, 9-25
model compatibility, A-1 operating temperature, 12-125
PDF functions in, 20-33 OPPDIF, 15-30
prompt, 20-8, 20-38 opposed-flow diffusion flamelet, 15-26
reburn, 20-26 optical thickness, 12-17
selective non-catalytic Orient Profile panel, 7-207
reduction (SNCR), 20-31 orienting boundary profiles, 7-206
thermal, 20-4, 20-38 original nodes, 27-13, 27-62
turbulence-chemistry orthographic, 29-61
interaction, 20-32 Orthotropic Conductivity panel, 8-43
under-relaxation for, 20-36 orthotropic thermal conductivity, 8-43, 8-44
user-defined functions for, 20-45 outflow boundary, 7-12, 7-60
ntu-model, 7-173 outflow gauge pressure, 7-32
features, 7-176 Outlet Vent panel, 7-65
restrictions, 7-175 outlet vent boundary, 7-12, 7-65
nuclei formation, 20-49 outline display, 29-2, 29-7
numerical diffusion, 6-15, 26-54 overlay of graphics, 29-39
numerical scheme, 26-2
Nusselt number, 31-44 P-1 radiation model, 12-15
advantages, 12-18
O-type grids, 6-62 boundary conditions, 12-26, 12-27
oil-flow pathlines, 29-33 limitations, 12-18
on-line help for the GUI, 2-21 particulate effects in, 12-25
Online Technical Support properties, 8-49
access from the interface, 2-26 residuals, 12-109
link, UTM-7 solution parameters, 12-107
opaque walls, 12-34 theory, 12-23


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-29
Index

packed beds, 7-104, 7-116 on a Windows workstation


packing limit, 24-102, 24-108 cluster, 32-12
Page Setup panel, 2-17 stored cell partition, 31-41
panel layout, 4-36 troubleshooting, 32-23
panels, 2-10 using LSF, 1-15, 32-54
Parallel Connectivity panel, 32-26 using SGE, 1-15, 32-49
parallel processing, 32-1 Parallel/Auto Partition..., 32-29
efficiency, 32-2 Parallel/Load Balance..., 32-47
active cell partition, 31-21 Parallel/Network/Configure..., 32-21
architecture, 32-1 Parallel/Network/Database..., 32-25
automatic partitioning, 32-29 parallel/network/path, 32-24
cell partition, 31-24 Parallel/Partition..., 32-31
checkpointing, 1-15 parallel/partition/set/load-distribution, 32-45
communication, 32-46 parallel/set/fast-io?, 32-46
hosts database, 32-25 Parallel/Show Connectivity..., 32-26
increasing speed, 32-46 Parallel/Timer/Reset, 32-46
introduction, 32-1 Parallel/Timer/Usage, 32-46
load balancing, 32-47 partially premixed combustion model, 17-1
load distribution, 32-45 limitations of, 17-1
manual partitioning, 32-30 model compatibility, A-1
multigrid settings for, 26-133 overview, 17-1
multiple network cards, 32-11 theory, 17-2
network configuration, 32-21 using, 17-4
network connectivity, 32-26 partially premixed flames, 16-2, 17-1
on a multiprocessor workstation, partially-specular boundaries, 12-17
32-4, 32-9, 32-11 particle, 23-1
on a workstation cluster, 32-8, accretion, 23-98, 23-135
32-10, 32-12, 32-21 boiling, 23-26
partition surfaces, 28-4 cloud tracking, 23-16, 23-126
partitioning, 32-1, 32-27 devolatilization, 23-27
performance, 32-46 erosion, 23-98, 23-135
recommended procedure, 32-1 heat/mass transfer calculations, 23-20
resource tools, 32-62 incomplete, 23-96
starting the solver, 32-4 inert heating or cooling, 23-21
on a LINUX workstation initial conditions, 23-105
cluster, 32-10 laws, 23-20
on a multiprocessor LINUX custom, 23-112, 23-128
machine, 32-9 radiation, 12-17, 12-25, 12-34, 12-80,
on a multiprocessor UNIX 23-22, 23-26, 23-145
machine, 32-4 reference frame, 23-99
on a multiprocessor Windows size distribution, 23-11, 23-115
machine, 32-11 sub-micron, 23-6, 23-9
on a UNIX workstation cluster, 32-8 surface combustion, 23-37

Index-30
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

trajectory calculations, 23-5, 23-89 METIS, 32-42


trajectory reports, 23-156, 23-161 optimizations, 32-38
alphanumeric reporting, 23-165 report, 6-46, 32-35
display of, 23-153 statistics, 6-46, 32-35
PDF tracking, 18-20 interpreting, 32-43
step-by-step track report, 23-161 using dynamic mesh model, 32-33
unsteady, 23-163 within registers, 32-34
turbulence, 23-98 within zones, 32-34
turbulent dispersion, 23-12 passage loss coefficient, 29-130
vaporization, 23-23 Patch panel, 26-73
particle data patching
importing and exporting, 26-122 field functions, 26-73
particle motion, 23-5 initial values, 26-70, 26-73
Particle Summary panel, 23-168 Path Lines panel, 29-29
particle summary Path Style Attributes panel, 29-31
reporting, 23-168 Pathline Attributes panel, 29-79
particle surface reactions, 14-18, 14-22, pathlines, 28-2, 29-28
14-54 accuracy control, 29-33
catalyst species, 14-59 animation of, 29-79
gaseous solid catalyzed reactions, 14-58 in multiple reference frames, 10-17
inputs for, 14-59 oil-flow, 29-33
solid decomposition reactions, 14-57 reversing, 29-33
solid deposition reactions, 14-58 save, 29-34
solid-solid reactions, 14-57 twisting, 29-31
theory, 14-54 XY plots along trajectories, 29-34
particle tracking, 23-89 PATRAN, 4-25
Particle Tracks panel, 23-153 PATRAN Neutral file, 4-9, 6-23
particle-laden flow, 22-2, 22-4, 22-6 PDF reaction, 18-6
particulate loading, 22-7 PDF Table panel, 15-62
particulate reactions, 13-1 Peclet number, 26-10
partition boundary cell distance, 31-35 perforated plates, 7-104, 7-117
Partition Grid panel, 32-31 Periodic panel, 7-95, 9-10
partition neighbors, 31-35, 32-36 periodic boundaries, 6-16, 6-42, 6-62, 7-94,
Partition Surface panel, 28-5 10-40, 29-65
partition surfaces, 28-2, 28-4 creating, 6-59
partitioning, 31-24, 31-35, 32-1, 32-27 slitting, 6-60
automatic, 32-29 periodic flow, 9-5
check, 32-43 constraints, 9-6
filter, 32-42 inputs for the coupled solvers, 9-10
guidelines, 32-31 inputs for the segregated solver, 9-8
inputs for, 32-29, 32-31 pressure, 9-7
manual, 32-30 theory, 9-7
methods, 32-36


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-31
Index

periodic heat transfer, 12-115 plot/circum-avg-axial, 29-111


constant flux, 12-116 plot/circum-avg-radial, 29-111
constant temperature, 12-116 Plot/FFT..., 29-145
constraints, 12-116 Plot/File..., 29-108
inputs for, 12-118 Plot/Histogram..., 29-116
postprocessing, 12-121 Plot/Modify Input Signal panel, 29-146
restrictions, 12-116 Plot/Residuals..., 26-96, 29-115
solution strategies, 12-120 Plot/XY Plot..., 29-102, 29-103
theory, 12-116 plots
Periodicity Conditions panel, 9-8 external data, 29-108
permeability, 7-106 histogram, 29-102, 29-116
perspective, 29-61 logarithmic, 29-119
phase, 22-1 residual, 29-115
defining, 24-94 solution, 29-102, 29-116
for Eulerian model, 24-103 title for, 29-110
for mixture model, 24-99 XY, 29-101, 29-102, 29-108, 29-115
for VOF model, 24-95 along pathline trajectories, 29-34
granular, 24-100, 24-106 axis attributes, 29-117
diameter, 24-99, 24-105, 31-26 circumferential average, 29-111
drag (mixture), 24-102 curve attributes, 29-119
interaction, 24-108 file format, 29-114
Phase Interaction panel, 24-97, turbomachinery, 29-140
24-102, 24-108 pneumatic transport, 22-2, 22-4, 22-7
Phase Properties panel, 24-115 Point Surface panel, 28-6
Phases panel, 24-94 point surfaces, 28-2, 28-6
Piecewise Linear panel, 17-7 using the point tool, 28-7
Piecewise Polynomial Profile panel, 8-21 point tool, 28-7
Piecewise-Linear Profile panel, 8-20 pollutant formation, 15-44, 15-50, 20-1
PISO algorithm, 26-25, 26-58 NOx, 15-50, 20-1
neighbor correction, 26-25 soot, 20-46
non-iterative scheme (NITA), 26-30 Polynomial Profile panel, 8-19
skewness correction, 26-26 porosity, user-defined, 7-120
skewness-neighbor coupling, 26-26 Porous Jump panel, 7-143
under-relaxation, 26-58 porous jump, 7-143
pixelation, 12-30, 12-93 porous media, 7-104
planar sector, 10-40 1D, 7-143
Plane Surface panel, 28-14 enabling reactions, 7-112
plane surfaces, 28-2, 28-14 heat transfer in, 7-108
using the plane tool, 28-16 inputs for, 7-109
plane tool, 28-16 limitations of, 7-105
Playback panel, 26-116 physical velocity formulation, 7-122
plot axes, 29-117 postprocessing for, 29-16, 29-37, 29-107
plot types, 29-101 power-law model, 7-106, 7-120

Index-32
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

solution strategies, 7-123 species concentrations, 16-11, 16-16


turbulence in, 7-109 stretch factor, 16-6
velocity formulation, 7-105, 7-110 theory, 16-3
velocity formulation setting, 26-53 pressure, 31-35
positivity rate limit, 26-69 absolute, 8-64
postprocessing, 29-1 coefficient, 30-18, 31-35
Fast Fourier Transform(FFT), 29-142 drop, 7-134
FW-H acoustics model, 21-21 heat exchanger, 7-177, 7-190
reports, 29-125, 30-1 dynamic, 31-28
turbomachinery, 29-122 gauge, 8-64
Power Law panel, 8-32 interpolation schemes, 26-20, 26-55
power law, 8-31 jump
index, 8-38 exhaust fan, 7-68
non-Newtonian, 8-35 fan, 7-128
power-law scheme, 26-9 intake fan, 7-48
Prandtl number, 31-28, 31-34 operating, 8-64
pre-exponential factor, 14-25 reference, 8-66, 24-156
PreBFC structured grid file, 4-8, 6-20 relative total, 31-39
PreBFC unstructured grid file, 4-8, 6-20 static, 31-42
precision, 1-1, 26-93 total, 31-46
preconditioning, 26-32, 31-35 pressure boundary conditions, 7-20
matrix, 26-32 in mixing plane model, 10-30
preferential diffusion, 16-7 in multiple reference frames, 10-21
premixed flame model in rotating reference frames, 10-10
Zimont, 19-2 Pressure Far-Field panel, 7-57
premixed flames, 16-2 pressure far-field boundary, 7-12, 7-56
premixed turbulent combustion, 16-1 Pressure Inlet panel, 7-21
adiabatic, 16-9 pressure inlet boundary, 7-12, 7-20
boundary conditions, 16-14 Pressure Outlet panel, 7-50
density, 16-9 pressure outlet boundary, 7-12, 7-49
flame front, 16-3 pressure work, 12-3
wrinkling, 16-4 pressure-correction equation, 26-23
flame speed, 16-4 Pressure-Dependent Reaction panel, 14-25
flame stretching, 16-6 pressure-velocity coupling, 26-23
inputs for, 16-11 inputs for, 26-58
model compatibility, A-1 PRESTO, 9-18, 10-12, 12-125, 26-21, 26-55
non-adiabatic, 16-9 previewing the dynamic mesh, 10-91
physical properties, 16-13 Primary Phase panel, 24-95
postprocessing, 16-15 Print panel, 2-17
preferential diffusion, 16-7 probability density function, 15-8
product formation, 16-3 processes, cleaning up, 1-16
progress variable, 16-3, 16-14 product formation, 16-3
restrictions, 16-2 production of k, 31-35


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-33
Index

Profile Options panel, 29-12 radial velocity, 7-31, 31-36


profile plotting, 29-11 radiation boundary temperature
scaling factor, 29-13 correction, 12-97
profiles radiation heat flux, 30-2, 30-3, 31-37
boundary, 7-201 Radiation Model panel, 12-81, 12-85,
reading and writing, 4-17 12-93, 12-107
units of, 5-2 radiation temperature, 31-37
progress variable, 16-3, 16-14, 31-36 radiative heat transfer, 12-14
projected surface area, 30-8 applications, 12-16
prolongation, 26-40 black body temperature, 12-97
properties, 8-1 boundary conditions, 12-96
composition-dependent, 14-13 flow inlets and exits, 12-96
database, 8-3, 14-14, 14-20, 15-2 walls, 12-97, 12-98
data sources, 8-6 choosing a model, 12-17
user-defined, 8-9 discrete ordinates (DO) model, 12-29
discrete phase, 23-137 non-gray, 12-29
for solid materials, 8-2 discrete phase, 23-97, 23-145
listing, 30-20 discrete transfer radiation
mixture, 14-17, 14-31 model (DTRM), 12-20
modifying, 8-5 clustering, 12-21, 12-83, 12-112
saving, 8-8 ray tracing, 12-21, 12-83, 12-112
species, 14-31 emissivity, 12-17, 12-96
temperature-dependent, 8-18 external, 12-18
solution techniques for, 26-131 inputs for, 12-80
units for, 5-2, 8-18 non-gray, 12-17, 12-29
Proudman’s formula, 21-7 non-gray discrete ordinates
pseudo-plastics, 8-36 (DO) model, 12-29
pull velocity, 25-5, 25-6 inputs for, 12-93
inputs for, 25-10 limitations, 12-19
pull-down menu, 2-4 optical thickness, 12-17
pyrolysis, 23-143 overview of, 12-15
Quadratic of Mixture Fraction panel, 17-7 P-1 model, 12-23
quadratic pressure-strain model, 11-40 participation in radiation, 12-105
Quadric Surface panel, 28-19 particulate effects, 12-17, 12-80
quadric surfaces, 28-2, 28-19 properties, 8-49, 12-95
quadrupoles, 21-3 reporting, 12-111
Question dialog box, 2-6 Rosseland model, 12-27
QUICK scheme, 26-11 scattering, 12-17
semi-transparent media, 12-38
radial distribution, 24-102, 24-108 semi-transparent walls, 12-17
radial equilibrium pressure solar calculator, 12-56
distribution, 7-51 solar load model, 12-51
radial pull velocity, 31-36 solution, 12-106, 12-109

Index-34
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

soot effects on, 12-79 premixed combustion, 16-1


surface-to-surface (S2S) radiation solution techniques, 26-131
model, 12-48 Reaction Mechanisms panel, 14-28
clustering, 12-50 reaction progress variable, 16-3, 16-14
smoothing, 12-50 reaction rate, 31-37, 31-47
turning on, 12-81 surface reactions, 14-43
Radiator panel, 7-136 reactions
radiators, 7-134 defining, 14-22
radio buttons, 2-12 for fuel mixtures, 14-28
RadTherm, 4-25 zone-based mechanisms, 14-28
rake surfaces, 28-2, 28-10 pressure-dependent, 14-7
using the line tool, 28-11 reversible, 14-7, 14-32
RAMPANT, 26-50 read-case, 1-4
RAMPANT case and data files, 4-14 read-case-data, 1-4
non-conformal, 6-40 reading multiple grids, 6-28
RAMPANT case files, 6-26 real gas models
raster file, 4-22 NIST, 8-67
rate of fuel NO, 31-36 limitations, 8-67
rate of N2OPath NO, 31-36 UDRGM, 8-67
rate of NO, 31-36 example, 8-79, 8-83
rate of nuclei, 31-36 limitations, 8-73
rate of prompt NO, 31-36 using the NIST model, 8-69
rate of reburn NO, 31-36 using the UDRGM model, 8-72
rate of SNCR NO, 31-36 real number entry, 2-13
rate of soot, 31-36 realizable k- model, 11-7, 11-20
rate of thermal NO, 31-36 model compatibility, A-1
rate of user NO, 31-36 reburning, 20-26
ray file, 12-84 reference frame, 23-99
ray tracing, 12-21, 12-82, 12-83 reference frames
Rayleigh number, 12-122, 26-80 multiple, 10-15
reacting flows, 14-1 rotating, 10-1
choosing a model for, 13-4 translating, 10-2
eddy-dissipation model, 14-16, 24-116 reference pressure, 30-6
equilibrium chemistry, 15-2 location, 8-66, 24-156
finite-rate model, 14-16, 24-116 reference temperature, 14-31
inputs for, 14-15 Reference Values panel, 10-22, 10-34, 10-48,
overview of inputs for, 14-12 30-18
heterogeneous reactions, 23-38 reference values, 30-18
models for, 13-2 for force reports, 26-102, 30-4, 30-5
non-premixed combustion model, 15-2 reference zone, 10-22, 10-34, 10-48, 29-21,
overview of, 13-1 30-19
partially premixed combustion, 17-1 refinement, 27-7, 27-10, 27-13
pollutant formation in, 20-1 refinement nodes, 27-13, 27-62


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-35
Index

reflected IR solar flux, 31-37 renormalization group (RNG) theory, 11-17


reflected radiation flux, 31-37 reordering, 6-65
reflected visible solar flux, 31-37 grid, 6-65
refractive index, 8-52, 12-15, 31-37 zones, 6-65
refrigerant, 8-67 reorienting boundary profiles, 7-206
Region Adaption panel, 27-34 Replace cell Zone panel, 6-66
region adaption, 27-31 replacing zones, 6-66
registers, 27-49 Report/Discrete Phase/Histogram..., 23-167
adaption, 27-49 Report/Discrete Phase/Sample..., 23-166
combining, 27-52 Report/Discrete Phase/Summary..., 23-168
deleting, 27-52, 27-55 Report/Fluxes..., 30-2, 30-3
displaying, 27-57 Report/Forces..., 30-4, 30-6
manipulating, 27-52 Report/Histogram..., 30-17
mask, 27-51 report/mass-flow, 24-164
modifying, 27-56 Report/Projected Areas..., 30-8
patching with, 26-70, 26-74 Report/Reference Values..., 30-18
types, 27-49 Report/Summary..., 30-20
relative humidity, 31-38 Report/Surface Integrals..., 30-9, 30-12
relative length scale, 31-38 Report/Volume Integrals..., 30-14, 30-16
relative Mach number, 31-38 reporting
relative total pressure, 31-39 case settings, 30-20
relative total temperature, 31-39 conventions, 30-2
relative velocity, 10-9, 10-13, 10-19, 10-21, fluxes through boundaries, 30-2
10-22, 10-30, 10-34, 10-48, 26-72, forces on boundaries, 30-4
26-74, 29-21, 31-4, 31-37, 31-39 heat flux, 30-2
angle, 31-39 histograms, 30-17
for mixture model, 24-22 mass flux, 30-2
relative velocity formulation, 10-8, 10-10 moments, 30-4
in multiple reference frames, 10-18 options for velocity, 31-4
relaxation scheme, 26-38, 26-43 projected surface areas, 30-8
relaxation sweeps, 26-41, 26-43 radiation heat flux, 30-2
remeshing surface integrals, 30-9
local, using size functions, 10-63 turbomachinery quantities, 29-125
method volume integrals, 30-14
face region, 10-58 resetting data, 26-79
local, 10-58 residence time, 23-158
methods, 10-57 Residual Monitors panel, 26-96
2.5D surface, 10-61 residual reduction rate criteria, 26-46,
local face, 10-59 26-135
remote execution, 1-9 residual smoothing, 26-35, 26-141
limitations on Windows systems, 1-9
Remote Simulation Facility (RSF) panel, 1-6
rendering options, 29-53

Index-36
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

residuals, 31-39 risers, 22-6


definition of RMS flow quantities, 26-92, 31-40
coupled solver, 26-95 RNG k- model, 11-7, 11-17
segregated solver, 26-93 model compatibility, A-1
display controls, 26-97 swirl modification, 11-18
display of, 26-96 root-mean-square flow quantities, 26-92
divergence of, 26-60 Rosin-Rammler size distribution, 23-11,
for the discrete ordinates (DO) 23-115
radiation model, 12-109 Rosseland radiation model, 12-15
for the discrete transfer radiation advantages, 12-19
model (DTRM), 12-109 boundary conditions, 12-28, 12-29
for the P-1 radiation model, 12-109 limitations, 12-19
for the surface-to-surface (S2S) properties, 8-49
radiation model, 12-110 theory, 12-27
monitoring, 26-93 Rotate Grid panel, 6-51
normalization of, 26-94, 26-95, 26-98 rotating equipment, 10-3
plotting, 29-115 rotating flow, 9-11, 10-1, 10-12
reduction of, 26-128 grid sensitivity in, 9-16
reduction rate, 26-47 multiple reference frames, 10-15
renormalization of, 26-99 physics of, 9-14
scaling of, 26-94, 26-95 pressure interpolation, 26-55
XY plots, 29-115 turbulence modeling in, 11-8, 11-10
resistance coefficients, 7-112 rotating objects in a scene, 29-76
user-defined, 7-112 rotating passages, 10-3
restriction, 26-40 rotating reference frame, 10-1, 10-15
reversible reactions, 14-7, 14-32 boundary conditions, 10-9
Reynolds averaging, 11-3, 11-4 constraints, 10-11
Reynolds number, 12-122, 30-2, 30-18, coordinate-system constraints, 10-9
31-24 discrete phase, 23-8
Reynolds stress model (RSM), 11-9, 11-36 mathematical equations, 10-8
boundary conditions, 11-42 patching values, 26-74
linear pressure-strain model, 11-38 postprocessing, 10-13, 29-21, 30-19
model compatibility, A-1 pressure boundary conditions, 10-10
pressure-strain term in, 11-38 setup, 10-9
quadratic pressure-strain model, 11-40 solution initialization, 26-72
solution strategies, 11-81 solution procedures, 10-12
Reynolds stresses, 11-5, 31-48 velocity formulation, 10-9, 10-10
Ribbon Attributes panel, 29-31 rotating the display, 29-56, 29-59
rich flammability limit model, 15-7, 15-40 rotating the grid, 6-51
rich flammability limit option, 15-39 rotation axis, 7-101, 7-103, 10-9,
rich limit, 15-6, 15-39 10-20, 10-29
Riemann invariants, 7-59 rotation vector, 10-8
RIF, 15-30 rothalpy, 31-40


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-37
Index

rotor-stator interaction, 10-2, 10-3, 10-15 Secondary Phase panel, 24-96, 24-99,
round-off error, 26-93 24-100, 24-105, 24-106
RSM, 11-36 secondary stream, 15-38
RUN-1DL, 15-30 solution parameters, 15-77
Runge Kutta, 23-146 sedimentation, 22-2, 22-4, 22-5, 22-7
segregated solver, 26-3, 26-6, 26-20, 26-50
Saffman’s lift force, 23-10, 23-98 density interpolation schemes,
Sample Trajectories panel, 23-166 26-22, 26-56
saving discretization, 26-20
boundary conditions, 4-18
frozen flux formulation, 26-28, 26-80
case and data files, 4-12, 6-47
iterative time advancement, 26-28
case files, 4-11
limitations, 26-51
data files, 4-12
non-iterative time advancement
hardcopy files, 4-20
(NITA), 26-28, 26-80
model settings, 4-18
porous media velocity
panel layout, 4-36
formulation, 26-53
solver settings, 4-18
pressure interpolation schemes, 26-20,
scalar dissipation, 15-28
26-55
scale (in a GUI panel), 2-15
pressure-velocity coupling, 26-23, 26-58
Scale Grid panel, 6-48
residuals, 26-93
scaling
steady-state flows, 26-27
objects in a scene, 29-77
the display, 29-58 time-dependent flows, 26-27
the grid, 6-48 Select File panel, 6-28
vectors, 29-21 Select File dialog box, 2-7
scattering, 12-17 Select Solver panel, 1-3, 32-4, 32-9
coefficient, 8-51, 12-95, 31-40 selecting files, 2-7
phase function, 8-52 selective multigrid solver, 26-135
Delta-Eddington, 8-52, 12-32 selective non-catalytic reduction
isotropic, 8-52 (SNCR), 20-31
linear-anisotropic, 8-52, 12-24, semi-transparent media, 8-52, 12-38
12-28, 12-32 semi-transparent walls, 12-17
user-defined, 8-52, 12-32 sensible enthalpy, 12-2
Scene Description panel, 29-39, 29-71 Separate Cell Zones panel, 6-57
scene description, 29-71 Separate Face Zones panel, 6-54
Scheme, 3-1, 3-3, 3-5, 3-9 separated flows, 6-17
loading source files, 4-36 separating
Schiller and Naumann model, 24-32 cell zones, 6-56
Schmidt number, 8-53, 8-61, 14-3, 14-31 face zones, 6-54
search pattern, 2-8 sequential solution, 26-3
second-order accuracy, 26-11, 26-54 serial processing
second-order time stepping, 10-47, 26-18 checkpointing, 1-15
secondary mixture fraction, 15-3, 31-40 using LSF, 1-15, 32-54
variance, 31-40 using SGE, 1-15, 32-49

Index-38
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

Set Injection Properties panel, 15-72, 23-109, skewness, 6-14, 6-18


23-111 correction, 26-25, 26-26
Set Multiple Injection Properties panel, equiangular, 31-23
23-129 equivolume, 31-23
Set Units panel, 5-3 skewness-neighbor coupling, 26-26
SGE skin friction coefficient, 30-18, 31-41
checkpointing, 1-15, 32-49, 32-50 slider, 2-15
configuration, 32-50 sliding meshes, 10-35
overview, 32-49 boundary conditions, 10-43
parallel processing, 1-15, 32-49 constraints, 10-37, 10-42, 10-45
running a parallel FLUENT job, 32-52 contour display, 10-48
serial processing, 1-15, 32-49 file saving, 10-44, 10-45
shear layers, 6-17 grid interface shapes, 10-37
shear stress, 6-17, 7-88, 31-22, 31-49, 31-51 grid requirements, 10-42
laminar flow, 7-88 grid setup, 10-35
shear thinning, 8-38 initial conditions for, 10-15
shell conduction, 7-76 model compatibility, A-1
shock waves, 6-17, 27-5, 27-21 patching values, 26-74
postprocessing for, 29-16, 29-37, 29-107 postprocessing, 10-48, 29-21, 30-19
SIMPLE algorithm, 26-23, 26-58 rotation speed, 10-43
comparison to SIMPLEC, 26-58 setup, 10-43
simple-effectiveness-model, 7-173 solution initialization, 26-72
features, 7-176 solution procedure, 10-45
restrictions, 7-175 theory, 10-40
SIMPLEC algorithm, 26-24, 26-58 time step, 10-45, 10-47
skewness correction, 26-25 translational, 10-43
under-relaxation, 26-58 slip velocity, 24-22
Single Rate Devolatilization Model panel, slip wall, 7-69, 7-80, 7-91
23-143 slitting face zones, 6-63
single reference frame, model sloshing, 22-5
compatibility, A-1 slug flow, 22-2, 22-4, 22-6
single selection list, 2-13 slurry flow, 22-2, 22-4, 22-7
single-precision solvers, 1-1 Smagorinsky-Lilly subgrid-scale
Site Parameters panel, 14-30 model, 11-46
site species, 14-28, 14-44 Smooth/Swap Grid panel, 27-63
Six DOF solver, 10-49, 10-73, 10-119 smoothing, 12-50, 27-63
parameters, 10-82 Laplacian, 27-64
rigid body motion, 10-121 residuals, 26-35
size functions skewness-based, 27-66
local remeshing, 10-63 solar calculator, 12-56
inputs/outputs, 12-56
theory, 12-57
solar heat flux, 31-41


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-39
Index

solar load model solid-solid reactions, 14-57


applications, 12-51 Solidification and Melting panel, 25-8
boundary conditions, 12-67 solidification and melting, 25-1
discrete ordinates (DO) in a VOF calculation, 24-141
irradiation, 12-55 inputs for, 25-8
boundary conditions, 12-70 limitations, 25-2
parallel solver, 12-59 overview, 25-1
steady-state, 12-59 postprocessing, 25-12
transient, 12-60 solution procedure, 25-11
postprocessing, 12-74 theory, 25-3
animation, 12-76 solids pressure, 24-37, 24-102, 24-108
serial solver, 12-58 radial distribution function, 24-39
setup, 12-61 solidus temperature, 25-9
graphical user interface, 12-61 solution, 26-1
GUI, 12-61 accuracy, 26-9, 26-54
solar calculator, 12-56 animating, 26-112
solar ray tracing, 12-52 calculations, 26-78
glazing materials, 12-53 convergence, 26-93
inputs, 12-54 convergence and stability, 26-128
shading algorithm, 12-53 executing commands during, 26-124
text interface commands, 12-71 histograms, 29-116
TUI initialization, 26-70, 26-73, 26-79
additional commands, 12-74 inputs, 26-53
adjacent fluid cells, 12-73 interpolation, 4-33
align camera, 12-72 interrupt of, 26-79
autoread solar data, 12-72 limits, 26-68
autosave solar data, 12-71 pressure, 9-27
ground reflectivity, 12-73 temperature, 9-27, 12-8
quad tree refinement, 12-73 monitoring, 26-100
scattering fraction, 12-72 in time-dependent flows, 26-102
TUI commands, 12-71 non-iterative solver (NITA), 26-61
UDFs, 12-61 numerical scheme
user-defined functions, 12-61 overview, 26-2
solar ray tracing parameters
boundary conditions, 12-67 listing, 30-20
Solid panel, 7-102 non-iterative solver, 26-61
solid decomposition reactions, 14-57 under-relaxation, 26-60
solid deposition reactions, 14-58 procedure, 26-53
solid materials, 7-103, 8-2, 14-48, 14-59 process, 26-1
solid species, 14-18, 14-28, 14-44 stability, 26-60
solid suspension, 23-3
solid zone, 7-102
convection in a moving, 12-5

Index-40
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

techniques Solve/Monitors/Force..., 26-101, 26-102


compressible flow, 9-27 Solve/Monitors/Residual..., 26-93, 26-96
discrete phase, 23-146 Solve/Monitors/Statistic..., 26-100
for convergence monitoring, 26-100 Solve/Monitors/Surface..., 26-105, 26-106
for heat transfer, 12-9 Solve/Monitors/Volume..., 26-109
for periodic heat transfer, 12-120 solve/set/expert, 26-100
for porous media, 7-123 solve/set/multi-stage, 26-141
for radiation, 12-106 solve/set/stiff-chemistry, 14-37
for reacting flows, 14-34, 26-131 solve/set/surface-tension, 24-15
for swirling or rotating flow, 9-18 Solver panel, 9-16, 26-52, 26-80
for turbulence, 11-80 solver, 26-1
step-by-step, 26-130 coupled, 26-5, 26-31
turning equations on/off, 26-130 explicit, 26-7, 26-50
under-relaxation, 26-16, 26-60 implicit, 26-7, 26-50
XY plots, 29-102 limitations, 26-51
Solution Animation panel, 26-113 discretization, 26-8
Solution Controls panel, 10-12, 26-56, 26-59, double-precision, 1-1
26-61, 26-62, 26-66, 26-67, 26-130, formulation
26-141 choosing, 26-50
Solution Histogram panel, 29-116, 30-17 inputs for, 26-53
Solution Initialization panel, 26-71 linearization, 26-5
Solution Limits panel, 26-68 explicit, 26-6
Solution XY Plot panel, 29-103 implicit, 26-5
Solve/Acoustic Signals..., 21-21 multi-stage scheme, 26-35
Solve/Animate/Define..., 26-113 multigrid, 26-16, 26-38
Solve/Animate/Playback..., 26-116 algebraic (AMG), 26-38, 26-44
Solve/Controls/Limits..., 26-68 full (FMG), 26-75
Solve/Controls/Multi-Stage..., 26-141 full-approximation storage
Solve/Controls/Multigrid..., 26-67, (FAS), 26-38, 26-48
26-132–26-135, 26-138, 26-140 node vs. cell discretization, 26-19
Solve/Controls/Solution..., 26-56, 26-59, numerical scheme, 26-2
26-61, 26-62, 26-66, 26-67, 26-130 overview of, 26-2
solve/dpm-update, 23-151 parallel, 32-1
Solve/Execute Commands..., 26-124 saving settings to a file, 4-18
solve/initialize/fmg-initialization, 26-77 segregated, 26-3, 26-6, 26-20, 26-50
solve/initialize/init-flow-statistics, 11-83 limitations, 26-51
Solve/Initialize/Initialize..., 26-70, 26-71 selection, 1-9
Solve/Initialize/Patch..., 26-70, 26-73 single-precision, 1-1
Solve/Initialize/Reset DPM Sources, 23-152 using, 26-53
Solve/Initialize/Reset Statistics, 26-80, 26-84 soot
solve/initialize/set-fmg-initialization, 26-77 mole fraction, 31-34
Solve/Iterate..., 26-78, 26-84 soot density, 31-41
Solve/Mesh Motion..., 10-91, 10-92 Soot Model panel, 20-52


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-41
Index

soot model, 20-46 reordering, 14-21


boundary conditions, 20-55 sources, 14-33, 14-42
combustion process parameters, 20-53 transport, 14-1
inputs for, 20-51 inputs for, 14-15
model compatibility, A-1 overview, 13-1
radiation effects, 12-79 without reactions, 14-61
restrictions, 20-47 Species Model panel, 14-47, 15-35, 16-11
single-step, 20-47 species transport
model parameters, 20-53 multiphase, 24-75, 24-115
theory, 20-47 heterogeneous reactions, 24-77
two-step, 20-48 limitations, 24-76
model parameters, 20-54 momentum transfer, 24-76
Soret diffusion, 8-56 postprocessing, 24-162
sound pressure data, 21-21 specific dissipation rate, 31-41
sound pressure level, 21-14 specific heat capacity, 8-47,
sound speed, 31-41 14-31, 14-32, 31-41
source terms composition-dependent, 8-48
heterogeneous reactions, 24-77 constant, 8-47
in conservation equations, 7-217 discrete phase, 23-141
units for, 5-2 kinetic theory, 8-48
Spalart-Allmaras model, 11-6, 11-11 temperature-dependent, 8-47
DES model, 11-4 specific heat ratio, 31-41
model compatibility, A-1 specular boundaries, 12-17
Spark Ignition Model panel, 19-3 specular walls, 12-17
spark model, 19-1 specularity coefficient, 7-80
limitations, 19-1 speed of sound, 31-41
overview, 19-1 split mass flow, 7-63
spawning compute nodes, 32-22 spray modeling, 23-43
Species panel, 14-18, 14-20 atomizers, 23-43
species, 8-5, 14-13 breakup, 23-64
adding, 14-20 droplet collision, 23-61
boundary conditions, 7-86, 14-33 dynamic drag, 23-72
bulk, 14-19–14-21 inputs for, 23-99
defining, 14-18 wall-film, 23-74
for fuel mixtures, 14-28 spread parameter, 23-116
deleting, 14-21 spring-based smoothing method, 10-51
diffusion, 12-4, 12-10, 14-3 SST k-ω model, 11-8
mass fractions, 14-33 model compatibility, A-1
mixing, 13-1 stability, 26-16, 26-58, 26-128, 26-130
molar concentration, 31-34 under-relaxation and, 26-60
order of, 14-19–14-21, 14-48 stagnation pressure, 9-22
properties, 14-31 stagnation temperature, 9-22
removing, 14-21

Index-42
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

standard k- model, 11-6, 11-15 subgrid filter length, 31-43


model compatibility, A-1 subgrid turbulent kinetic energy, 31-43
standard k-ω model, 11-8 subgrid turbulent viscosity, 31-43
model compatibility, A-1 ratio, 31-43
standard state enthalpy, 8-62 subgrid-scale models, 11-46
standard state entropy, 8-62 dynamic kinetic energy model, 11-47
Stanton number, 31-44 dynamic Smagorinsky-Lilly
starting and executing, 1-1 model, 11-47
starting FLUENT, 1-1, 32-4 Smagorinsky-Lilly model, 11-46
on a LINUX workstation cluster, 32-10 WALE model, 11-47
on a multiprocessor LINUX subsonic, 7-25, 9-22
machine, 32-9 Summary panel, 30-20
on a multiprocessor UNIX supersonic, 7-25, 9-22
machine, 32-4 surface acoustic power, 31-43
on a multiprocessor Windows surface area (projected), 30-8
machine, 32-11 Surface CHEMKIN files, 14-50
on a UNIX system, 1-2 surface coverage, 31-43
on a UNIX workstation cluster, 32-8 surface deposition, 14-44, 14-45
on a Windows system, 1-5, 32-15 rate, 31-43
on a Windows workstation surface dpdt RMS, 31-44
cluster, 32-12 surface grid file, 4-19
using the Remote Simulation Surface Integrals panel, 30-12
Facility (RSF), 1-6 surface integration, 30-9
static pressure, 7-25, 7-40, 7-51, 7-57, 31-42 surface kinetic mechanism files, 14-50
static temperature, 7-32, 7-57, 31-42 surface mesh
Statistic Monitors panel, 26-100 read, 6-32
step-by-step solution techniques, 26-130 Surface Monitors panel, 26-105, 26-106
stiff chemistry, 14-36 surface tension, 7-81, 24-13
stirred tank reactors, 10-2 inputs for, 24-97
stochastic particle tracking, 23-12, 23-125 surface tension coefficient, 24-122
in coupled calculations, 23-152 surface-to-surface (S2S) radiation
stoichiometric ratio, 15-6 model, 12-15
stoichiometry, 14-14 advantages, 12-20
Stokes number, 22-8 boundary conditions, 12-98
Stokes-Cunningham law, 23-6, 23-97 limitations, 12-20
stored cell partition, 31-41, 32-33 residuals, 12-110
strain rate, 15-28, 31-42 solution parameters, 12-108
stratified flow, 22-2, 22-4–22-6 theory, 12-48
stream function, 31-42 Surface/Iso-Clip..., 28-23
streamwise-periodic flow, 9-5 Surface/Iso-Surface..., 28-21
stretch factor, 16-6, 31-43 Surface/Line/Rake..., 28-10
strings, 3-5 Surface/Manage..., 28-27
sub-micron particles, 23-6, 23-9 Surface/Partition..., 28-4


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-43
Index

Surface/Plane..., 28-14 Syamlal-O’Brien model, 24-35


Surface/Point..., 28-6 symbols, 3-5
Surface/Quadric..., 28-19 symmetric model, 24-34
Surface/Transform..., 28-25 symmetry boundary, 7-91, 29-65
Surface/Zone..., 28-3 symmetry in the display, 29-65
Surfaces panel, 28-27
surfaces, 28-1 tab (in a GUI panel), 2-11
clipping, 28-23 TAB model, 23-64
tangential velocity, 7-31, 31-45
deleting, 28-27
Taylor analogy breakup model, 23-64
grouping, 28-27
Taylor-Foster approximation, 12-80
isodistancing, 28-26
Tecplot, 4-25
isosurfaces, 28-2, 28-21
temperature, 31-39, 31-42,
line, 28-2, 28-10
31-45, 31-46, 31-49
monitoring, 26-105
temperature-dependent
partition, 28-2, 28-4
properties, 8-18, 12-10
plane, 28-2, 28-14
density, 8-24
point, 28-2, 28-6
specific heat capacity, 8-47
quadric, 28-2, 28-19
thermal conductivity, 8-40
rake, 28-2, 28-10 viscosity, 8-29
renaming, 28-27 temporal discretization, 26-27, 26-34, 26-36
rotating, 28-26 solver, 26-16
transforming, 28-25 terminal emulator, 2-1
translating, 28-26 termination criteria, 26-47, 26-135
using, 28-2 text
zone, 28-2, 28-3 annotation, 29-57
Sutherland Law panel, 8-31 entry, 2-12
swapping, 27-63, 27-67 prompts, 3-4
Sweep Surface panel, 29-37 user interface, 3-1
sweep surface, 29-37 TGrid grid file, 4-7, 6-19
sweeps, for radiation, 12-107, 12-108 thermal accommodation coefficient, 14-32
swelling, 23-143 thermal boundary conditions
coefficient, 23-35 external heat transfer coefficient, 7-90
swirl number, 9-14 heat flux, 7-89
swirl pull velocity, 31-44 thermal conductivity, 8-39, 14-31, 14-32,
swirl velocity, 7-31, 9-13, 31-44 31-28, 31-45
for fans, 7-126, 7-131 anisotropic, 8-42, 12-6
swirling flow, 9-11, 26-21 composition-dependent, 8-41
grid sensitivity in, 9-16 constant, 8-40
physics of, 9-14 cylindrical orthotropic, 8-44
pressure interpolation, 26-55 discrete phase, 23-141
solution strategies for, 9-18 kinetic theory, 8-40
turbulence modeling in, 9-14, temperature-dependent, 8-40
11-7, 11-8, 11-10, 11-18 user-defined, 8-45

Index-44
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

thermal diffusion coefficients, 8-56, 31-45 topology, global setting, 29-141


thermal diffusivity, 16-13 torque, 29-131
thermal expansion coefficient, 8-24 torque converters, 10-32, 10-33
thermal mixing, 12-1 total energy, 31-45
thermal resistance, 7-72 total enthalpy, 31-45
thermophoretic coefficient, 23-142 total pressure, 7-22, 9-22, 9-28, 31-46
thermophoretic force, 23-8, 23-98 total temperature, 7-22, 7-39, 9-22,
thin walls, 7-72 9-28, 31-46
Third-Body Efficiencies panel, 14-25 trajectory calculations, 23-5
third-body efficiencies, 14-6, 14-25 transcript files, 4-16
Third-Order MUSCL scheme, 26-12 Transform Surface panel, 28-25
tilde expansion, 4-6 Transformations panel, 29-75
time advancement schemes, 26-28 transforming objects in a scene, 29-75
time step, 26-37, 26-84, 31-45 transient boundary conditions, 7-8
discrete phase, 23-87, 23-93 transient particles, 23-90
scale, 31-45 Translate Grid panel, 6-50
time stepping translating
adaptive, 26-87 objects in a scene, 29-76
dual, 26-17, 26-36 reference frames, 10-2, 10-15
explicit, 26-18, 26-36 the display, 29-56, 29-60
restrictions, 26-67 the grid, 6-50
first-order, 26-17 translation velocity, 10-21, 10-29
global, 26-18 transmitted radiation (IR) solar flux, 31-46
implicit, 26-17, 26-36 transmitted radiation flux, 31-46
second-order, 26-18 transmitted visible solar flux, 31-46
variable, 26-90 transonic, 9-22
time-dependent problems, 26-80 transparency, 29-75
adaptive time stepping, 26-87 trapezoidal Euler scheme, 23-146
animations of, 26-112 triangular face approach, 6-35
boundary conditions for, 7-8 troubleshooting of calculations, 26-69
inputs for, 26-80 tube banks, 7-104
mean flow quantities, 26-92 TUI, 3-1
postprocessing, 26-92, 26-112 turbines, 10-2
root-mean-square quantities, 26-92 Turbo 2D Contours panel, 29-138
solution monitoring, 26-102 Turbo Averaged Contours panel, 29-136
solution parameters for, 26-84 Turbo Averaged XY Plot panel, 29-140
statistical analysis, 26-84, 26-92 Turbo Options panel, 29-141
time-periodic, 10-46, 10-47 Turbo Report panel, 29-125
variable time stepping, 26-90 Turbo Topology panel, 29-123
time-periodic flows, 10-46, 10-47
title, 29-43, 29-110
tmerge, 6-29
toothpaste, 8-38


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-45
Index

turbo-specific non-reflecting grid considerations for, 11-66,


boundary conditions 11-80, 27-39
overview of, 7-145 inputs for, 11-68
theory, 7-146 intensity, 7-14, 31-46
using, 7-155 k- model, 11-15
Turbo/2D Contours..., 29-138 realizable, 11-7, 11-20
Turbo/Averaged Contours..., 29-136 RNG, 11-7, 11-17
Turbo/Averaged XY Plot..., 29-140 standard, 11-6, 11-15
Turbo/Options..., 29-141 k-ω model
Turbo/Report..., 29-125 SST, 11-8
turbomachinery, 10-2, 28-25 standard, 11-8
2D contours, 29-138 kinetic energy, 31-47
average flow angles, 29-130 large eddy simulation (LES), 11-44
average total pressure, 29-129 length scale, 7-15
average total temperature, 29-129 model compatibility, A-1
averaged contours, 29-136 modeling, 11-1, 11-5
axial force, 29-131 in multiphase flows, 24-6
coordinates, 29-142 near-wall treatments, 11-51
defining topology, 29-122 no perturbations, 11-48
efficiency, 29-131, 29-134, 30-18 options, 11-70
mass flow, 29-128 production, 11-12, 11-23
passage loss coefficient, 29-130 realizable k- model, 11-7, 11-20
postprocessing, 29-122 reporting, 11-84
quantities, 29-128 Reynolds stress model (RSM), 11-36
report, 29-125 RNG k- model, 11-7, 11-17
setting global topology, 29-141 solution strategies, 11-80
swirl number, 29-128 sources, 7-220
topology, 29-122 Spalart-Allmaras model, 11-6, 11-11
torque, 29-131 spectral synthesizer, 11-50
XY plots, 29-140 SST k-ω model, 11-8
turbulence, 11-1, 23-98 standard k- model, 11-6, 11-15
boundary conditions, 11-76 standard k-ω model, 11-8
computing, 7-16 transition, 7-101, 7-121
input methods, 7-13 troubleshooting, 11-88
relationships for deriving, 7-16 two-layer model, 11-51, 11-61
buoyancy effects, 11-24, 11-41 user-defined functions, 11-75
choosing a model, 11-2 v 2 -f model, 11-9
compressibility effects, 11-25 vortex method, 11-49
computational expense, 11-10 wall functions, 11-51, 11-53
DES model, 11-4, 11-50, 11-72 limitations of, 11-60
discrete phase interaction, 23-2 non-equilibrium, 11-58
dissipation rate, 31-47 standard, 11-53
enhanced wall functions, 11-63 wall roughness, 7-82, 11-76, 11-77

Index-46
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

turbulence-chemistry interaction, 14-9, User Services Center


15-2, 15-8, 20-32 access from the interface, 2-25
turbulent reaction rate, 31-47 link, UTM-7
turbulent Reynolds number, 31-47 user-defined
turbulent viscosity, 31-47 materials database, 8-9
in the k- model, 11-16 User-Defined Fan Model panel, 7-166
modified, 31-34 user-defined fan model, 7-164
ratio, 7-16, 31-47 user-defined functions (UDFs), 7-8
subgrid, 31-43 discrete phase, 23-102, 23-128
subgrid, 31-43 in multiphase models, 22-6
twisting pathlines, 29-31 turbulence, 11-75
Two Competing Rates Model panel, 23-143 units in, 5-2
two-layer model, 11-51, 11-61 update of, 26-79
two-sided wall, 7-70, 7-74, 7-79 user-defined quantities
non-isotropic thermal
unburnt mixture, 16-3 conductivity, 7-121
physical properties, 16-13 porosity, 7-120
species concentration, 16-11, 16-16 resistance coefficients, 7-112
under-relaxation, 26-16 user-defined real gas model
default values, 26-61 (UDRGM), 8-67
discrete phase, 23-88, 23-152 ideal gas equation example, 8-79
inputs for, 26-60 limitations, 8-73
of body forces, 26-26 Redlich-Kwong equation example, 8-83
of density, 14-35 users, current, 2-26
of energy, 12-9 using the manual, UTM-1
of temperature, 12-10
with PISO, 26-58 v 2 -f model, 11-9
with SIMPLEC, 26-58 V-cycle multigrid, 26-41, 26-133
uniform distribution vapor pressure, 23-142
for display, 28-10, 28-14 vaporization, 23-21, 23-23, 23-27
units, 5-1, 31-20 pressure, 24-122
conversion factors, 5-6 temperature, 15-72, 23-21, 23-142
custom systems, 5-4 variable definitions, 31-1
for custom field functions, 31-52 variable time stepping, 26-90
for length, 6-49 Vector Definitions panel, 29-27
restrictions, 5-2 vector file, 4-22
unsteady flows, 26-80 Vector Options panel, 29-21
in multiple reference frames, 10-17 Vectors panel, 29-20
upwind schemes, 26-9 vectors, 29-18
first-order, 26-9 custom, 29-25
second-order, 26-11 velocity, 31-39, 31-48
user interface angle, 31-48
graphical, 2-1 relative, 31-39
text, 3-1 axial, 7-31, 31-22


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-47
Index

boundary conditions, 7-29 viscosity, 8-29, 14-31, 31-29, 31-34, 31-47


Cartesian, 31-4 Carreau model, 8-36
for boundary condition inputs, 7-30 composition-dependent, 8-33
components, 31-51 constant, 8-29
cylindrical, 31-4 Cross model, 8-37
for boundary condition inputs, 7-30 kinetic theory, 8-32
fixed values of, 7-213 non-Newtonian, 8-34
local cylindrical Carreau model, 8-36
for boundary condition inputs, 7-30 Cross model, 8-37
magnitude, 31-49 Herschel-Bulkley model, 8-38
radial, 7-31, 31-36 power law, 8-35
reporting options, 31-4 power law, 8-31
swirl, 9-13, 31-44 non-Newtonian, 8-35
tangential, 7-31, 31-45 Sutherland’s law, 8-30, 8-31
velocity far-field boundary, 7-32 temperature-dependent, 8-29
velocity formulation zero-shear-rate, 8-37
in rotating reference frames, 10-9 viscous dissipation, 9-24, 12-4, 12-7
porous media, 7-105, 7-110 Viscous Model panel, 8-61, 9-31, 11-68
Velocity Inlet panel, 7-29 viscous stresses, 26-142
velocity inlet boundary, 7-12, 7-28 visibility, 29-73
velocity vectors, 29-18 visualizing results, 29-1
video, 29-90 volatile fraction, 15-72, 23-21, 23-142
View Factor and Cluster Parameters panel, volatiles, 20-21, 20-23
12-88 Volume Adaption panel, 27-38
view factors, 12-49 volume adaption, 27-36
computing, 12-85 volume fraction, 22-5, 24-26, 31-49
adaptive method, 12-91 in Eulerian multiphase model, 24-26
for large meshes or complex models, in Lagrangian discrete phase
12-86, 12-87 model, 23-3
hemicube method, 12-92 in mixture model, 24-24
inside FLUENT, 12-86 in VOF model, 24-7
outside FLUENT, 12-87 Volume Integrals panel, 30-16
reading, 12-88 volume integrals, monitoring, 26-109
setting parameters, 12-88 volume integration, 30-14
view last, 29-58 volume mesh update procedure, 10-67
view modification in graphics, 29-58 Volume Monitors panel, 26-109
Views panel, 29-58, 29-64, 29-67 volume of fluid (VOF) model, 22-5
views donor-acceptor scheme, 24-11, 24-85
restoring, 29-65 Euler explicit scheme, 24-12, 24-85
saving, 29-64 geometric reconstruction
virtual mass force, 23-7, 24-29 scheme, 24-11, 24-85
virtual polygon approach, 6-35 implicit scheme, 24-12, 24-85, 24-86

Index-48
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005
Index

interpolation, 24-9 boundary conditions, 7-69


donor-acceptor scheme, 24-11, 24-85 motion, 7-77
Euler explicit scheme, 24-12, 24-85 shear, 7-79
geometric reconstruction thermal, 7-70
scheme, 24-11, 24-85 coupled, 6-63, 7-74
implicit scheme, 24-12, 24-85, 24-86 fluxes, 31-49
limitations, 24-3 functions, 11-51, 11-53
mass transfer, 24-64 limitations of, 11-57, 11-60
model compatibility, A-1 non-equilibrium, 11-58
momentum equation, 24-8 standard, 11-53
open channel flow, 24-17, 24-87 heat flux, 7-89
limitations, 24-92 Marangoni stress, 7-80, 7-81
recommendations, 24-93 motion, 7-77, 7-78, 10-43
overview, 24-3 no-slip, 7-80
properties, 24-8, 24-95, 24-96 rotation, 9-14, 10-9, 10-21, 10-29
reporting flow rates, 24-164 roughness, 7-82, 11-76, 11-77
solidification and melting in, 24-141 shear stress, 7-88, 31-22, 31-49
solution strategies, 24-156 components, 31-51
steady-state calculations, 24-3, 24-86 shell conduction, 7-76
surface tension, 24-13 slip, 7-80
inputs for, 24-97 specified shear, 7-80
theory, 24-7 specularity coefficient, 7-80
time-dependent calculations, 24-3, temperature, 31-49
24-85 thickness, 7-72
inputs for, 24-124
translation, 10-21, 10-29
volume fraction, 24-7
two-sided, 7-70, 7-74, 7-79
wall adhesion, 24-16
wall function heat transfer
inputs for, 24-98, 24-137
coefficient, 31-49
volumetric heat sources, 12-6
wall surface reactions, 13-1, 14-18, 14-42
volumetric species, 14-16
boundary conditions, 7-87, 14-44
vortex shedding, 26-80
heat transfer, 14-45
vorticity, 31-31, 31-49
inputs for, 14-47
components, 31-51
reaction rate, 14-43
magnitude, 31-49
site species, 14-28, 14-44
W-cycle multigrid, 26-41, 26-133 solid species, 14-28, 14-44
WALE subgrid-scale model, 11-47 Warning dialog box, 2-5
Wall panel, 7-70, 7-77, 7-78, 7-80, 7-85 WAVE, 7-226
wall wave breakup model, 23-69
adhesion, 24-16 wavelength bands, 12-30
inputs for, 24-98, 24-137 web browser, 2-21
Weber number, 23-51, 24-15
weighted-sum-of-gray-gases model
(WSGGM), 8-50, 12-16, 12-76


c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005 Index-49
Index

Wen and Yu model, 24-36 y ∗ , 11-54, 11-66, 31-50


wet steam multiphase model adaption, 27-39
+
postprocessing, 24-163 y , 11-54, 11-66, 31-50
properties, 24-61, 24-142 adaption, 27-39
restrictions, 24-58 yield stress, 8-38
solving, 24-159 Yplus/Ystar Adaption panel, 27-41
theory, 24-58
zero-shear-rate viscosity, 8-37
UDF, 24-143
Zone Motion panel, 10-91
using, 24-142
zone motion
window dumps, 4-24
specifying, 10-82
windows, 2-16
Zone Scale Info panel, 10-90
Windows systems
Zone Surface panel, 28-3
graphics display window features, 2-16
zone surfaces, 28-2, 28-3
starting FLUENT on, 1-5, 32-11, 32-15 zones
using the Remote Simulation Facility changing name of, 7-7
(RSF), 1-6 changing type of, 7-4
wireframe animations, 29-54 deforming, 10-50, 10-82, 10-89
Working dialog box, 2-6 double-sided, 7-5
workpile, 23-104 moving, 10-1, 10-35
workstation clusters, 32-8, 32-10 reordering, 6-65
Write Profile panel, 4-17 zooming, 29-56, 29-61
Write Views panel, 29-64
WSGGM User Specified panel, 8-51

XY plot files
units in, 5-2
XY plots, 29-101, 29-102, 29-108, 29-117
along pathline trajectories, 29-34
axis attributes, 29-117
circumferential average, 29-111
curve attributes, 29-119
file format, 29-114
residuals, 29-115
turbomachinery, 29-140

Index-50
c Fluent Inc. January 11, 2005