# e- Prac-CAT # 10

(Part of the 264 Tests provided by PT)

INSTRUCTIONS
D O N O T O P E N F R O M T H I S S I D E 1. Keep only the ID Card, pencil, eraser and sharpener with you. DO NOT KEEP with you books, rulers, slide rules, drawing instruments, calculators (including watch calculators), pagers, cellular phones, stop watches or any other device or loose paper. These should be left at a place indicated by the invigilator.

O P E N A L O N G T H I S E D G E

2. This test contains three sections which examine various abilities. There are 20 questions in Section I, 20 questions in Section II and 30 questions in Section III. You will be given 135 minutes to complete the test. In distributing the time over the three sections, please bear in mind that you need to demonstrate your competence in all the three sections.

3. Directions for answering the questions are given before each group of questions. Read these directions carefully and answer the questions. There is only one correct answer to each question.

4. All questions carry four marks each. Each wrong answer will attract a penalty of one mark.

5. Do your rough work only on the test booklet and NOT on the answer sheet.

6. Revising and analysing your performance after the test is over is critical to your improved performance in the next test(s). A positive attitude to revise, analyse and learn from mistakes will be a great plus.

Corp. Office: Delhi Regd. Office: Indore PT centres spread across India ~ Established 1993 Our motto “Kar Ke Dikhayenge” is delivered through our unique Technology Driven Process Engine (TDpro engine). Email: pthq@PTeducation.com Web: www.PTeducation.com

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SECTION - I Directions : For the following questions, five options are given. Choose the correct option. 1. Which of the following statements is true for the number of ordered pairs of positive integers (a, b) satisfying the equation a4 – b4 = 100? (Q. code - 102210001) (1) There is only one possible pair (2) There are only two possible pairs (3) There are more than one but a finite number of possible pairs (4) There are infinite possible pairs (5) No such pair is possible Which of the following is the largest? (Q. code - 102210002) (1) (3) (5)
49 (2) 32 (4) Two of them are largest and equal.
7 100 129

2.

3

4 64

Directions for Questions 3 & 4: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. Sanjay and Dabbu started swimming towards each other simultaneously from points A and B respectively. These points are situated at two ends of a 96 km long stretch of a river. Destinations of Dabbu and Sanjay are points A and B respectively. Both of them can swim at 12 kmph in still water. When they started, it was high tide and Sanjay swam against the stream. As soon as they met, the tide changed to ‘low tide’ and then Dabbu faced the resistance of the stream. Dabbu and Sanjay took 7 hours 12 minutes and 8 hours 16 minutes respectively to reach their destinations. [Speed of the stream during high and low tide need not necessarily be the same]

3

Find the speed of the stream during low tide. (Q. code - 102210003) (1) 2 kmph (2) 4 kmph (3) 5 kmph (4) 6 kmph (5) 8 kmph If they continue to swim back to their respective starting points after reaching their destinations, then where will they meet during the return journey? [Assume that there were no tide changes in the return journey] (Q. code - 102210004) (1) 30.5 km from where Dabbu started (2) 40.5 km from where Dabbu started (3) 50.5 km from where Sanjay started (4) 36.5 km from where Sanjay started (5) 60.5 km from where Sanjay started

4.

Directions: For the following questions, five options are given. Choose the correct option.

5.

If the sum of 7th and 8th terms of an A.P. is equal to the sum of the 3rd, 15th and 16th terms of the same A.P., then which term of that A.P. should necessarily be zero? (Q. code - 102210005) (1) 18th (2) 28th th (4) 19th (3) 29 st (5) 1

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6.

Find the unit’s digit of: 147147 × 23012301 × 173173 × 255255 (Q. code - 102210006) (1) 1 (3) 5 (5) 9

(2) (4)

3 7

7.

According to a new convention, addition is denoted by “x” and multiplication is denoted by “+”. How many ordered triplets (a, b, c) of positive integers, each less than 10, are there for which the value of a + b × c will be the same as their value according to the normal convention (addition = ”+” and multiplication = “x”)? (Q. code - 102210007) (1) 148 (2) 81 (3) 153 (4) 162 (5) 187 In ∆ PQR, O is the centroid and the lines joining vertices P, Q and R with the centroid intersect the sides QR, PR and PQ at X, Y and Z respectively. Given, OY = 10, OX = 8 and PQ = 32, then OZ equals? (Q. code - 102210008) (1) 20 (2) 32 (3) 16 (4) 48 (5) None of these A cylinder is carved out of a sphere, such that the diameter of the cylinder is two-thirds the radius of the sphere. The remaining part of the sphere is wasted away. What is the least percent of wasted material? (Q. code - 102210009) (1) 84.28% (2) 83.28% (3) 82.28% (4) 81.28% (5) 80.28% What is the remainder when (222)16 + (189)9 - (137)246 is divided by 17? (Q. code - 102210010) (1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) 5 (5) 7 How many different words of four letters can be formed from the letters of the word EXAMINATION such that in each word there are two letters alike and two distinct? (Q. code - 102210011) (1) 240 (2) 480 (3) 360 (4) 300 (5) 120

8.

9.

10.

11.

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12.

Two equal circles of radius 5 cm have common tangents PQ and RS which touch the circles at P, R, Q and S respectively. If RS = 24 cm, then find the length of PQ? (Q. code - 102210012)
P R Q

S

(1) (3) (5)

26 cm 24 cm None of these

(2) (4)

13 cm 39 cm

Directions for Questions 13 & 14: Each question is followed by two statements, 1 and 2. Answer each question using the following instructions: 1: if question can be answered by the statement 1 alone and not by statement 2 alone. 2: if question can be answered by the ` statement 2 alone and not by Statement 1 alone. 3: if the question is answered by the both of the statement taken together and not by any one of these statement. 4: if question cannot be answered by using the statements together. 5: if question can be answered by either statement 1 or statement 2 alone.

13.

Among 100 people who attended the seminar today, 12 persons who left on time came either early or on time. How many people came late but left on time? (Q. code - 102210013) (1) 65 people came either early or late and 60 left late. (2) 20 people came late and 20 left early. Is the area of the rectangle ABCD more than 200 cm2? (Q. code - 102210014) (1) The diagonal of the rectangle is not longer than 20 cm. (2) The area of the largest triangle that can be inscribed inside the rectangle is more than 100 cm2.

14.

Directions: For the following questions, five options are given. Choose the correct option.

15.

The product of a pair of numbers is 2028 and their HCF is 13. What is the number of such pairs? (Q. code - 102210015) (1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 3 (4) 4 (5) 5 There is a running track of rectangular sides having circular ends. The width of the track is 8 meters. The outside perimeter of the track is 420 m. The outer radius of the semi-circular ends is 21m. The cost of construction is Rs. 25 per m2. What is the total cost (in Rs.) of constructing the track? (Q. code - 102210016) (1) 78971.42 (2) 82564.32 (3) 79989 (4) 72546.32 (5) 75056.56

16.

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17.

Jaydeep has a certain amount with him in coins of denominations of Re.1, Rs. 2 and Rs. 5. If the number of coins of denominations Rs. 2 and Re.1 are interchanged, then the total amount would increase by Rs. 100. If the number of coins of denomination Rs. 5 and Rs. 2 are interchanged, then the total amount would increase by Rs. 900. If the number of coins of denomination Rs. 5 and Re. 1 are interchanged, what would be the decrease/increase in the total amount? (Q. code - 102210017) (1) Increase by Rs. 500 (2) Increase by Rs. 800 (3) Decrease by Rs. 500 (4) Decrease by Rs. 800 (5) None of these The number of possible solutions for the inequation, x + y + z + w ≤ 7 where x, y z and w are natural numbers? (Q. code - 102210018) (1) 20 (2) 24 (3) 34 (4) 32 (5) More than 34 a, b, and c are prime numbers such that a > b > c. If a + b + c = 102 and a – b – c = 40, then the value of a × b × c is equal to? (Q. code - 102210019) (1) 3440 (2) 3812 (3) 3666 (4) 4296 (5) 4118 In an examination which has 100 questions, Dilip scores 75 marks. He gets 1 mark for each correct answer, -1/3 for each wrong answer and –1/6 for each unattempted question. Then the number of questions answered incorrectly by Dilip cannot be less than: (Q. code - 102210020) (1) 3 (2) 6 (3) 9 (4) 12 (5) Cannot be determined

18.

19.

20.

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SECTION – II Directions for Questions 21 to 23: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

Given below is a route from A to L via 10 cities.
B E A C F D I H K G J L

21.

What is the total number of different routes from A to L? (Q. code - 102210021) (1) 26 (2) 28 (3) 30 (4) 35 (5) 29 If the routes from B and D are closed, then what is the total number of routes from A to L? (Q. code - 102210022) (1) 27 (2) 8 (3) 5 (4) 17 (5) 13 If a direct route is added from F to H, then what is the total number of routes from A to L? (Q. code - 102210023) (1) 37 (2) 42 (3) 36 (4) 35 (5) 38

22.

23.

Directions for the Questions 24 to 26: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

There are four girls who made questions on different subjects and got their Pay cheques of different amounts. Number of questions made by them is also different. S1: S2: S3: S4: S5: Ruchi got a cheque of Rs. 17500, but did not make questions on Mathematics or Data Sufficiency. Nupur made questions on Data Interpretation and her pay cheque did not contain an amount of Rs. 14000. Akanksha created 112 questions but they were not based on Logical Reasoning. Soni got a pay cheque of Rs. 12125 and the number of questions created by her is 97 but she hates Data sufficiency. The person who made 160 questions got a pay cheque of Rs. 20000.

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24.

Who made the questions on Logical Reasoning? (Q. code - 102210024) (1) Ruchi (2) Nupur (3) Akanksha (4) Soni (5) Cannot be determined Who got a pay cheque of Rs. 20000? (Q. code - 102210025) (1) Ruchi (2) Nupur (3) Akanksha (4) Soni (5) Cannot be determined In all, how many questions of mathematics did the four girls make? (Q. code - 102210026) (1) 112 (2) 97 (3) 160 (4) 105 (5) Cannot be determined

25.

26.

Directions for the Questions 27 to 29: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

There are 16 top companies in the world economy. One economist decides to seed these companies as 1 – 16 on the basis of their net worth. He also divides the companies in 2 groups such that company seeded 1 is in Group 1, companies seeded 2 & 3 are in Group 2, companies seeded 4 & 5 are in Group 1…, companies seeded 14 & 15 are in Group 1 and company seeded 16 in Group 1. The economist then organised an event called "Tender–Chain" comprising of some rounds for his analysis–
Round 1: Every company from each group goes for "Independent Tendering Process" (ITP) against other companies of its group, i.e., company seeded 1 (in Group 1) will have an ITP against all other companies in its group. This way every company in both the groups will have an ITP against every other company in its group. There is always a winner and a loser in an ITP (No ITP results in a draw). The top 2 companies evaluated on the maximum ITP wins in each group move to round 2. Round 2: Each of the four companies goes for an ITP against the company of its respective group from round 1. The winner moves for the Final ITP.

Note: 1. If a lower seeded company wins the ITP against a higher seeded company, then this win is called an upset win. 2: If in the end of any round, two or more companies have equal ITP wins in that round, then the company having the most number of people on its Board of Directors (BOD) moves to the next round. 27. What is the least possible ITP wins that can take a company to round 2? (Q. code - 102210027) (1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) 5 (5) 6

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28.

What is the lowest seeded company that can reach the round 2 without being involved in any upsets? (Q. code - 102210028) (1) 7 (2) 8 (3) 9 (4) 10 (5) 11 If the companies seeded 1 and 4 were not able to reach round 2, then what is the least possible number of upsets in round 1? (Q. code - 102210029) (1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) 5 (5) 6

29.

Directions for the Questions 30 to 33: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

JPH Associates has been at the fore of the consultancy world for a decade now. Its employees are considered to be the best. However, due to the pyramidal structure of the company, not every employee is promoted to the next level. The promotions follow some basic rules: 1) Promotions are done only once a year, on the 31st of December and new recruitments are done on 1st of January. 2) No employee is given a double promotion, i.e. hierarchy is respected. 3) The employees who are not promoted, stay at the same level and due to the brand that JPH enjoys, they don’t leave the company too. 4) People are recruited at only the ASE level and at no other level. 5) A person retires only at the topmost level. 6) ASE is the lowest level in the hierarchy and the next higher level is SE followed by SSE, TL, AM and M in that order. Given below is the chart of the number of people at various levels in the hierarchy at the beginning of two years: 2000 and 2001.
ASE 2001 2000 140 120 SE 100 84 SSE 70 72 TL 60 64 AM 56 48 M 54 36

On the basis of the given data answer the following questions: 30. What is the number of new employees that have been recruited in the year 2001? (Q. code - 102210030) (1) 140 (2) 56 (3) 78 (4) 64 (5) Cannot be determined

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Additional Information for Questions 31 to 33: All the employees from AM level were promoted to M level at the end of the year 2000.

31.

What is the percentage of M Level employees who were promoted to a higher level at the end of year 2000? (Assume only for this question that there exists a level SM after M) (Q. code - 102210031) (1) 16.66% (2) 83.33% (3) 22.22% (4) 77.88% (5) None of these How many employees at the level of SSE failed to make it to the TL level at the end of the year 2000? (Q. code - 102210032) (1) 4 (2) 8 (3) 12 (4) 16 (5) 20 If we know that all the employees from ASE Level were promoted to SE Level at the end of year 1999 and 14 employees of the TL Level were not promoted to the AM Level at the end of the year 2000, what is the percentage increase/decrease in the number of new recruits from the year 2000 to 2001? (Q. code - 102210033) (1) 16.66% (2) 33.33% (3) 50% (4) 25% (5) Cannot be determined

32.

33.

Directions for the Questions 34 to 37: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below:

A company Mother India ltd. sends some letters to its employees. The purpose of each letter is different, each letter has a different paper size, was drafted by a different person (two of them were Mr. Duggu and Mr. Ghosh). The letters were sent to 5 different employees and were printed through different printers. A) Sharan does not get the Demotion letter and the size of the paper of his letter is “Legal”. B) Appointment letter is on an “A3” paper size, and was drafted by Mr. Lane. C) Lina’s letter was printed by the printer - “Oki Printing”. Its paper size is not “Letter” or “B5”. D) Mr. Kalu used “Dell 1720” to print a “Call Letter” of “A4” size. E) The Promotion Letter was drafted by Mr. Akki and was received by Purohit. It was not printed on the printer “Sharp 5cl”. F) The Demotion Letter was printed by the printer “Ricoh Afficio” and it was not received by Shama. G) Kanchan’s letter has a size “B5”. The Examination Letter was not printed by “Brother HL5300” and was not received by Shama or Purohit. 34. Kanchan’s Letter was drafted by (Q. code - 102210034) (1) Mr. Kalu (2) Mr. Ghosh (3) Mr. Lane (4) Mr. Duggu (5) Cannot be determined Call Letter is received by (Q. code - 102210035) (1) Sharan (2) Shama (3) Lina (4) Kanchan (5) Purohit

35.

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36.

Which one of the following is the correct combination? (Q. code - 102210036) Legal – Sharp 5cl – Examination Letter (1) (2) Letter – Ricoh Afficio - Appointment Letter B5 - Dell 1720 - Promotion Letter (3) A4 – Brother HL5300 – Call Letter (4) (5) A3 – Oki Printing – Demotion Letter The letter which has paper size ‘Letter’ was drafted by (Q. code - 102210037) (1) Mr. Lane (2) Mr. Duggu (3) Mr. Ghosh (4) Mr. Akki (5) Mr. Kalu

37.

Directions for the Questions 38 to 40: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

A bank keeps reserves in various forms: Cash, Gold, Stock Options, FOREX, SDR's, etc. Out of these, most banks like to keep all their reserves only in GOLD, SDR's and FOREX. GSV–Germany is one such bank. The reserves of the bank for various years are as under:
Type of Reserve YEAR 2006 18344 2007 25% more than previous year value 15% less than previous year value 25% more than previous year value 300, 20% more than previous year value 2008 50% more than previous year value 2009 25% more than previous year value 3220.5, 30% more than previous year value 33.33% more than previous year value

FOREX

Gold

2010

SDR's

(Note: All figures are in million dollars) 38. What is the average annual growth (in percentage) of the FOREX reserves from the year 2006 to the year 2009, for GSV–Germany? (Q. code - 102210038) (1) 33.33% (2) 39.67% (3) 44.8% (4) 50% (5) 57.5% What is the percentage increase in the total reserves of GSV–Germany from the year 2007 to the year 2009? (Q. code - 102210039) (1) 65.5% (2) 72.9% (3) 78.6% (4) 84.5% (5) 87.3% If \$1 = Rs. 48 in 2006 and \$1 = Rs. 35 in the year 2009, then what is the approximate ratio of the total reserves(in rupees) of GSV–Germany for the year 2006 to the year 2009? (Q. code - 102210040) (1) 3:5 (2) 1:2 (3) 3:4 (4) 3:2 (5) 2:5

39.

40.

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SECTION – III

Directions for Questions 41 to 45: Read the information given in the paragraph and answer the questions that follow.

41.

Poly-chlorinated biphenyls, a versatile group of chemicals used in Orissa in recent years to aid in the cultivation of animal feed grain, should be banned immediately lest they cause more harm to humans. Residual traces of the biphenyls used in the cultivation of feed grain have been found in the cow feed distributed to hundreds of Orissa farmers over the past three years. Which of the following most conclusively strengthens the argument above? (Q. code - 102210041) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Scientists have observed an unusually high rate of intestinal cancer among consumers of Orissa dairy products over the past two years. Traces of poly-chlorinated biphenyls have been found in the blood and urine of many O cows. Agricultural scientists have raised doubts as to the effectiveness of polychlorinated biphenyls in promoting the growth of nutritious grain products for cows. Industrial scientists who contributed to the research and development of polychlorinated biphenyls conducted extensive tests to ascertain the safety of the chemicals. The rate of sterility among Orissa cows greatly exceeds the national average.

42.

In XYZ Corporation, a candidate, for the post of union leader, who promises to subsidize liquor, will get maximum publicity. Which among the following is logically conveyed by the above statement? (Q. code - 102210042) (1) Subsidizing liquor is the most important factor in political campaigns in XYZ Corporation. (2) Maximum name recognition in XYZ Corporation will help a candidate to win a higher percentage of votes. (3) Subsidizing liquor reaches every demographically distinct sector of the labourers of XYZ Corporation. (4) Maximum name recognition can be garnered by announcement of liquor subsidies and a candidate need not spend money on print media for getting publicity. (5) A candidate's record of achievement will do little to affect his or her name recognition.

43.

I recently read a survey that stated very clearly that people who learn to drive a car by joining a car driving school are less likely to commit accidents than those who learn driving on their own. Hence, I will attend a driving school to learn to drive the car. Which among the following points to the flaw in the reasoning of the author? (Q. code – 102210043) (1) The survey didn’t include the people who committed accidents even after joining a driving school.

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(2) (3) (4) (5) 44.

Driving should be considered as a skill that you can enhance by practising and that it does not depend on how you learn it. Joining a driving school does not ensure that the person will not be involved in an accident. Driving schools are expensive compared to inexpensive self learning. Driving is all about understanding the dimensions of a car; while, understanding cannot be imparted in a driving school, it is a mental ability.

During a research in North Tanzania, researchers observed that during nights the squirrels departed to the inner dense forests, where there is scarcity of food and unsuitable climate, while the rats remained at the outskirts of the forest, where the food was in abundance. Rats reproduce faster than squirrels. But it was observed that the population of squirrels was greater than that of rats. If all the following statements are true, which one will exactly explain the paradox stated above? (Q. code - 102210044) (1) The number of species of squirrels living in the dense forest is twice that of the species living on the outskirts of the forest. (2) Predators live and feed on the outskirts of the forest during the nights. (3) In order to make the most out of the scarce food resources, squirrels mature slowly than the rats. (4) The number of species of squirrels is more than the number of species of rats. (5) Squirrels produce twice as many offsprings per individual in any given period of time as compared to rats.

45.

Studies show that people exposed to a traumatic childhood are more likely to misbehave than people who experienced a fairly regular childhood. But this conclusion cannot be impeccable as behavior depends on the type of human you are. Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers? (Q. code - 102210045) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) People with traumatic past became aggressive when they were made to remember their childhood. People with fairly regular childhood were aware that a test is being conducted to check their behavior but people with traumatic childhood didn’t know this piece of information. The same psychological research indicated that the people with a traumatic past were more vulnerable than those with a normal childhood. The research studies included only those people (with fairly normal childhood) who showed good behaviour. Another research reveals that most of the criminals had a fairly normal childhood.

Directions for Questions 46 to 50: In each of the following questions there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.

46. (A) (B) (C)
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(D) Mahmoudi backs the regimes brutal clampdown (E) but concede there will be a cost. (Q. code – 102210046) (1) (3) (5) 47. (A) They found that people living (B) with partner or married in mid-life (C) were less likely than all (D) other categories (single, separated or widowed) to (E) have the dementia in later life. (Q. code - 102210047) (1) (3) (5) 48. (A) People are practising Cricket (B) this sunday at 9 am at Student Recreation Complex ground. (C) Anybody who is interested in practising the game before the tournament begins (D) next week, are invited (E) to join the practise match. (Q. code - 102210048) (1) (3) (5) 49. (A) She and two of her female servants are accused of violating (B) the terms of their house arrest by giving food and shelter to John Yettaw, (C) the eccentric American well wisher who swam uninvited (D) to her lake side home in Rangoon (E) after he had vision of her assassination in a dream. (Q. code - 102210049) (1) (3) (5) 50. (A) There is indeed currently (B) an army of different providers (C) vying to supply the students (D) with financing for (E) their higher education (Q. code - 102210050) A, C, D and E A only All of the above (2) (4) A, B and D B, D and E A, B and C A and C C and E (2) (4) A, B and E B, C and E A, C, and D A only All of the above (2) (4) B and C D only A and C B and D C and E (2) (4) A and B D and E

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(1) (3) (5)

All of the above B and D B and E

(2) (4)

A and C A and E

Directions for Questions 51 to 55: In each question, there are seven sentences/paragraphs. The sentence/paragraph labelled 4 is in its correct place. The three that precede it are labeled A, B and C. Three that follow it are labelled E, F and G and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

51.

Sun Tzu said: (A) As many as seven hundred thousand families will be impeded in their labor. Hostile armies may face each other for years, striving for the victory, which is decided in a single day. (B) The daily expenditure will amount to a thousand ounces of silver. There will be commotion at home and abroad, and men will drop down exhausted on the highways. (C) Raising a host of a hundred thousand men and marching them great distances entails heavy loss on the people and a drain on the resources of the State. (4) This being so, to remain in ignorance of the enemy's condition simply because one grudges the outlay of a hundred ounces of silver in honors and emoluments, is the height of inhumanity. (E) Now this foreknowledge cannot be elicited from spirits; it cannot be obtained inductively from experience, nor by any deductive calculation. Knowledge of the enemy's dispositions can only be obtained from other men. (F) One who acts thus is no leader of men, no present help to his sovereign, no master of victory. Thus, what enables the wise sovereign and the good general to strike and conquer, and achieve things beyond the reach of ordinary men, is foreknowledge. (G) Hence the use of spies, of whom there are five classes: Local spies; inward spies; converted spies; doomed spies; surviving spies; When these five kinds of spy are all at work, none can discover the secret system. This is called "divine manipulation of the threads." It is the sovereign's most precious faculty. (Q. code - 102210051) (1) ACB4EGF (2) BAC4FEG (3) ABC4EFG (4) CBA4GFE (5) CAB4GEF

52.

Sun Tzu said: In war, the general receives his commands from the sovereign.

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(A) (B) (C)

(4)

(E)

(F)

(G)

53.

Sun Tzu said: (A) It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry, which can on no account be neglected. (B) The art of war is of vital importance to the State. (C) The art of war, then, is governed by five constant factors, to be taken into account in one's deliberations, when seeking to determine the conditions obtaining in the field. (4) These are: The Moral Law; Heaven; Earth; The Commander; Method and discipline. (E) By method and discipline are to be understood the marshaling of the army in its proper subdivisions, the graduations of rank among the officers, the maintenance of roads by which supplies may reach the army, and the control of military expenditure. These five heads should be familiar to every general: he who knows them will be victorious; he who knows them not will fail.

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(F) (G)

Earth comprises distances, great and small; danger and security; open ground and narrow passes; the chances of life and death. The Commander stands for the virtues of wisdom, sincerity, benevolence, courage and strictness. The Moral Law causes the people to be in complete accord with their ruler, so that they will follow him regardless of their lives, undismayed by any danger. Heaven signifies night and day, cold and heat, times and seasons. (Q. code - 102210053) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) ABC4EFG CBA4FEG BAC4GFE CAB4GEF BCA4FGE

54.

Sun Tzu said: (A) The rule is, not to besiege walled cities if it can possibly be avoided. The preparation of mantlets, movable shelters, and various implements of war, will take up three whole months; and the piling up of mounds over against the walls will take three months more. (B) Thus the highest form of generalship is to balk the enemy's plans; the next best is to prevent the junction of the enemy's forces; the next in order is to attack the enemy's army in the field; and the worst policy of all is to besiege walled cities. (C) In the practical art of war, the best thing of all is to take the enemy's country whole and intact; to shatter and destroy it is not so good. So, too, it is better to recapture an army entire than to destroy it, to capture a regiment, a detachment or a company entire than to destroy them. Hence, to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting. (4) The general, unable to control his irritation, will launch his men to the assault like swarming ants, with the result that one-third of his men are slain, while the town still remains untaken. Such are the disastrous effects of a siege. (E) With his forces intact, he will dispute the mastery of the Empire, and thus, without losing a man, his triumph will be complete. This is the method of attacking by stratagem. (F) It is the rule in war, if our forces are ten to the enemy's one, to surround him; if five to one, to attack him; if twice as numerous, to divide our army into two. If equally matched, we can offer battle; if slightly inferior in numbers, we can avoid the enemy; if quite unequal in every way, we can flee from him. (G) Therefore, the skillful leader subdues the enemy's troops without any fighting; he captures their cities without laying siege to them; he overthrows their kingdom without lengthy operations in the field. (Q. code - 102210054) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) CBA4GEF CAB4EGF CBA4FGE ABC4FEG CAB4GEF

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55.

Sun Tzu said: (A) Fighting with a large army under your command is in no way different from fighting with a small one: it is merely a question of instituting signs and signals. (B) To ensure that your whole host may withstand the brunt of the enemy's attack and remain unshaken-- this is effected by maneuvers direct and indirect. That the impact of your army may be like a grindstone dashed against an egg--this is effected by the science of weak points and strong. (C) The control of a large force is the same principle as the control of a few men: it is merely a question of dividing up their numbers. (4) In all fighting, the direct method may be used for joining battle, but indirect methods will be needed in order to secure victory. Indirect tactics, efficiently applied, are inexhaustible as Heaven and Earth, unending as the flow of rivers and streams; like the sun and moon, they end but to begin anew; like the four seasons, they pass away to return once more. (E) There are not more than five musical notes, yet the combinations of these five give rise to more melodies than can ever be heard. (F) There are not more than five primary colors (blue, yellow, red, white, and black), yet in combination they produce more hues than can ever been seen. There are not more than five cardinal tastes (sour, acrid, salt, sweet, bitter), yet combinations of them yield more flavors than can ever be tasted. (G) In battle, there are not more than two methods of attack--the direct and the indirect; yet these two in combination give rise to an endless series of maneuvers. (Q. code - 102210055)

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

ABC4EFG ACB4GEF CBA4EFG CBA4GEF CAB4EFG

Directions for Questions 56 to 70: The passage given below is followed by a set of five questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Dear Friend, Remember when you approached me after the big antiwar meeting in November 2001 and asked whether I was a believer? I have not forgotten the shock you registered when I replied ‘no’, or the comment of your friend (‘our parents warned us against you’), or the angry questions which the pair of you then began to hurl at me like darts. All of that made me think, and this is my reply for you and all the others like you who asked similar questions elsewhere in Europe and North America. When we spoke, I told you that my criticism of religion and those who use it for political ends was not a case of being diplomatic in public. Exploiters and manipulators have always used religion self-righteously to further their own selfish ends. It’s true that this is not the whole story. There are, of course, deeply sincere people of religion in different parts of the world
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who genuinely fight on the side of the poor, but they are usually in conflict with organized religion themselves. The Catholic Church victimized worker or peasant priests who organized against oppression. The Iranian ayatollahs dealt severely with Muslims who preached in favor of a social radicalism. If I genuinely believed that this radical Islam was the way forward for humanity, I would not hesitate to say so in public, whatever the consequences. I know that many of your friends love chanting the name ‘Osama’ and I know that they cheered on September 11, 2001. They were not alone. It happened all over the world, but had nothing to do with religion. But none of this justifies what took place. What lies behind the vicarious pleasure is not a feeling of strength, but a terrible weakness. I think that Osama and his group have reached a political dead-end. If the ‘Emirate of Afghanistan’ is the model that they want to impose on the world then the bulk of Muslims would rise up in arms against them. Don’t imagine that either Osama or Mullah Omar represent the future of Islam. It would be a major disaster for the culture we both share if that turned out to be the case. Would you want to live under those conditions? Would you tolerate your sister, your mother or the woman you love being hidden from public view and only allowed out shrouded like a corpse? I want to be honest with you. I opposed this latest Afghan war. I do not accept the right of big powers to change governments as and when it affects their interests. But I did not shed any tears for the Taliban as they shaved their beards and ran back home. This does not mean that those who have been captured should be treated like animals or denied their elementary rights according to the Geneva Convention, but as I’ve argued elsewhere, the fundamentalism of the American Empire has no equal today. They can disregard all conventions and laws at will. The reason they are openly mistreating prisoners they captured after waging an illegal war in Afghanistan is to assert their power before the world – hence they humiliate Cuba by doing their dirty work on its soil – and warn others who attempt to twist the lion’s tail that the punishment will be severe. Palestine suffers every day. The West does nothing. Our governments are dead. Our politicians are corrupt. Our people are ignored. Is it surprising that some are responsive to the Islamists? Who else offers anything these days? The US? It doesn’t even want democracy, not even in little Qatar, and for a very simple reason. If we elected our own governments they might demand that the US close down its bases. Would it?
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The American Empire used Islam before and it can do so again. Here lies the challenge. We are in desperate need of an Islamic Reformation that sweeps away the crazed conservatism and backwardness of the fundamentalists but, more than that, opens up the world of Islam to new ideas which are seen to be more advanced than what is currently on offer from the West. This would necessitate a rigid separation of state and mosque; the dissolution of the clergy; the assertion by Muslim intellectuals of their right to interpret the texts that are the collective property of Islamic culture as a whole; the freedom to think freely and rationally and the freedom of imagination. Unless we move in this direction we will be doomed to reliving old battles and thinking not of a richer and humane future, but of how we can move from the present to the past. It is an unacceptable vision. I’ve let my pen run away with me and preached my heresies for too long. I doubt that I will change, but I hope you will. 56. What is the author’s belief regarding people’s reactions to 9/11? (Q. code - 102210056) (1) The author believes that people were not justified in their response to 9/11. (2) The author believes that those reactions, in truth, had nothing to do with religion. (3) The author believes that people were too harsh in their reactions to the attacks. (4) The author feels that the Muslim world has many Osama supporters. (5) The author believes that it was not correct on the part of the Muslim world to celebrate. According to the author, what would be the result if Osama represented the future of Islam? (Q. code - 102210057) (1) Muslims worldwide would protest against it. (2) People would be happier to have him as their leader. (3) Women would not be allowed to live freely. (4) It would be a cultural disaster. (5) The concept of Islam would cease to be. What is the author’s view with respect to US intervention in Afghanistan? (Q. code - 102210058) (1) US intervention is a way to assert its supremacy over other nations. (2) US intervention is a way to change the ways of Islam. (3) US intervention helps the progress of the Muslim world. (4) US intervention is a way to establish democracy in the world. (5) US intervention causes problems in the Muslim community. Why is Islamic Reformation needed? (Q. code - 102210059) (1) To eradicate the conservatism that forms the very basis of Islam. (2) To make dynamic changes in the religion. (3) To let people interpret it as they desire. (4) To merge it with the contemporary culture. (5) To remove crazed conservatism and backwardness of the fundamentalists.

57.

58.

59.

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60.

The change in Reformation would involve all of the following except: (Q. code - 102210060) (1) The assertion by Muslim intellectuals to their right to interpret the texts that are the collective property of Islamic culture. (2) Freedom to think freely and rationally. (3) Freedom of bounded imagination. (4) Rigid separation of the state and mosque. (5) Dissolution of the clergy.

Directions for Questions 61 to 65: The passage given below is followed by a set of five questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Unlike the 9/11 surprise attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, Katrina’s deadly path to New Orleans was tracked for a full five days. Here’s where one of the most embarrassing episodes of modern American history turns even uglier. On Sunday, August 28th, the day before the storm hit the Gulf Coast, the Governor of Louisiana ordered New Orleans evacuated. In Louisiana, however, the word “evacuation” takes on a meaning of its own. It means those who can leave should pack up a few valuables and get themselves out of town, as soon as possible. And flee they did, packing up SUVs and checking into hotels from Atlanta to Houston. In an Armageddon-like scenario, over 100,000 New Orleans residents were left behind, and the ugly truth is that those left behind were mostly either too poor or too infirm to leave. New Orleans was, in fact, in a state of disaster before Katrina struck and before the levee failed. Over one quarter of New Orleans’ population struggled to live below the federal poverty line in some of the most substandard housing in the country. Last September, category five hurricane Ivan hit the impoverished nation of Cuba with 160mph winds. Yet the Cubans, for all of their faults, were able to evacuate 1.5 million people to high ground. Despite losing over 20,000 homes to winds and floodwaters, loss of life was negligible. In New Orleans, by contrast, we left the poor, elderly, infirm and otherwise vulnerable behind to die. “What is Cuban President Fidel Castro’s secret? According to Dr. Nelson Valdes, a sociology professor at the University of New Mexico, and specialist in Latin America, ‘the whole civil defense is embedded in the community to begin with. People know ahead of time where they are to go. Cuba’s leaders go on TV and take charge,’ said Valdes.

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“Contrast this with George W. Bush’s reaction to Hurricane Katrina. The day after Katrina hit the Gulf Coast, Bush was playing golf. He waited three days to make a TV appearance and five days before visiting the disaster site. In a scathing editorial the day after, the New York Times said, ‘nothing about the president’s demeanor yesterday – which seemed casual to the point of carelessness – suggested that he understood the depth of the current crisis.’ ” Meanwhile, throughout the unfolding disaster, Vice President Cheney refused to discontinue his vacation, and Condoleezza Rice spent the week in New York City seeing Broadway shows and shopping on Fifth Avenue. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) used to have a plan for responding to a hurricane hitting New Orleans. It involved activating a hospital ship at the first sign of a storm and following the storm up into the gulf – knowing it would make landfall somewhere. And the hospital would be on the scene 24 hours later. The National Guard, mobilized at the first hint of a storm, was supposed to be on the scene within hours, and so on. But the Bush administration folded FEMA into the Department of Homeland Security, replacing the director of FEMA with Michael Brown, a political appointee with no emergency response experience. Furthermore, in addition to the poor leadership at FEMA, 6,800 of the best-trained and bestequipped members of the Mississippi and Louisiana National Guard are fighting in Iraq. Let’s not forget the media reports of “looting” and “rioting.” New Orleans residents were left to die or fend for themselves. Many opted for survival – foraging for water, food and other supplies. And there were looters wading through floodwaters with plasma TVs on their heads. New Orleans was always one of this country’s poorest, and hence, most crime infested cities. This is ultimately a story about race and class. New Orleans was 67 percent black. Because of an economic legacy dating back to slavery days and a general lack of opportunities for black folks in Louisiana, about half of the city’s black population lived below the poverty line. The people unable to escape New Orleans before the storm were primarily black – and overwhelmingly poor. They didn’t have the physical means to leave or the money to stay in hotels once they evacuated. This is also why the photos of the collapse of New Orleans show black faces almost exclusively. These are the people America left behind to die. These are the people the federal government was in no hurry to rescue. Federal policies have allowed New Orleans’ black community to drown. A new city will take shape in place of the culturally unique city the world adored. Middle-class homeowners will get insurance money to rebuild. Landlords will be compensated for their losses. But will the
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black community that struggled since slavery days to survive in Southern Louisiana ever be able to return to and reclaim the city and heritage this flood took from them? Will their historic culture of resistance to white supremacy continue to flourish? And if history proves the answer is no, what else can we call this other than “ethnic cleansing?” 61. Why didn’t all residents of New Orleans evacuate? (Q. code - 102210061) (1) The people were too poor to leave. (2) They didn’t want to leave their history behind. (3) The ones that were left behind were too poor or too infirm to leave. (4) They were too attached to New Orleans and didn’t want to move to another place. (5) They were all blacks and lived in poverty. Why did Cuba suffer negligible loss of life in the face of hurricane Ivan? (Q. code - 102210062) (1) It was not able to evacuate most of the people to a safe place. (2) It has an active Civil Defense community and could evacuate people to a safe place. (3) Life of the people is given a higher priority in Cuba than in the US. (4) The hurricane was not that big a disaster as Katrina turned out to be. (5) Cuba is a small nation and hence, disaster management was easier. Why didn’t FEMA respond in time to the hurricane? (Q. code - 102210063) (1) It was folded into Department of Homeland security by the Bush administration. There was no National Guard security present for action. (2) 6,800 best-trained and equipped members of FEMA were fighting in Iraq. (3) The bush administration did not allow them to respond in time to the crisis. (4) It was folded into Department of Homeland security with a director having no emergency response experience. (5) FEMA used to have an emergency response to hurricane hitting New Orleans but it was abolished. What are the reasons for the poverty of black people in New Orleans? (Q. code - 102210064) (1) The rich population was predominantly white and hence, blacks did not progress. (2) They did not have enough jobs to fend for themselves. (3) Owing to racial prejudices, economic legacy of the state made them poor. (4) The blacks remained poor because they did not work as much as the whites did. (5) Owing to a harsh economic history that owed its existence to slavery and lack of opportunities for them in Louisiana. What does the author imply by the term ‘ethnic cleansing’? (Q. code - 102210065) (1) The loss of heritage and culture of the blacks caused by poor federal policies in the face of Katrina. (2) The blacks have merged with the whites and their culture is lost forever. (3) The blacks have been cleansed of their poverty and their heritage. (4) The resistance of black against white supremacy has crumbled. (5) Federal policies have caused damage to the lives of black people as they lost their homes to the hurricane Katrina.

62.

63.

64.

65.

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Directions for Questions 66 to 70: The passage given below is followed by a set of five questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Animal liberationists argue that cruelty towards animals and destruction of the environment arises from the human domination of Nature. They point to prehistoric societies where people supposedly lived in harmony with Nature. However, harmony between the human and nonhuman world is possible only in a Garden of Eden, where God provides everything so that people don’t have to wrestle their survival from Nature. In the real world, all species must struggle to survive. Human history is rooted in our struggle to control Nature — to secure our food supply, shelter and clothe ourselves, manage our fertility, mend bones, heal wounds and combat disease and premature death. Agriculture and the domestication of animals are based on the assumption that people have a right to manipulate the environment to enhance their survival. Pre-class societies took from Nature what they needed — cutting trees, mining minerals, domesticating animals and applying selective breeding to genetically alter other species. At the same time, they were conscious of their responsibility to the next generation and guarded the non-human world as a life-giving force. They took only what they needed and wasted nothing. For most of human history, people lived this way. About 6,000 years ago, class divisions appeared. Feudal rulers proclaimed their divine right to take the biggest and best of what Nature and human skill had to offer. Responsibility for the natural world was subordinated to the obligation to provide for the elite. The development of capitalism, just a few hundred years ago, forced a much greater change. Before capitalism, ruling families consumed the surplus. Capitalism changed the goal of production from consumption to accumulation, fundamentally changing the way people relate to each other and the environment. Capital accumulation is driven by capitalist competition. Every capitalist is in a race to accumulate more capital, or profit, than his competitors. Those who fall behind go under. It doesn’t matter how much capital they have, no one can leave the race. Even a giant corporation like Microsoft must acquire more capital to stay ahead of its competitors. The pursuit of profit is mindless. Because each capitalist must compete or die, nothing, not even the continued existence of life on Earth, matters more than “Accumulation for the sake of accumulation, production for the sake of production.” People have always used Nature to meet their needs. Capitalism was the first society to do this without conscience or regard for consequences. To justify profit madness, ancient customs and traditions had to be swept away.
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In the 17th century, René Descartes declared that people had souls, whereas animals were merely things. Descartes considered the cry of an animal in pain to be no more significant than the squeak of a rusty cog in a machine. This “Cartesian split” divided the human and non-human world, disconnecting humanity from its animal origins and its historic relationship with Nature. In 1970, Richard D. Ryder coined the phrase “speciesism” to describe the practice of favoring or assigning greater value to one species over another. A specieist is someone who places human needs above the needs of other species. Animal liberationists reject speciesism, insisting that animals be given the same consideration as human beings — they should not be regarded as property or treated as resources for human purposes, but should instead be regarded as legal persons and members of society with equal rights. There are several problems with this stance. Animals do not recognize the rights of other animals. They kill and eat each other instinctively. The right of one animal to dinner interferes with the right of another animal to live. To survive, every species must place its needs above those of other species. We eat plants and animals. We don’t allow them to eat us. Medicine assumes that human life has supreme value. When my patient has pneumonia, I try to destroy the invading micro-organism. I do not grant the HIV virus the same right to live as a human being. Survival demands that we value human life over non-human life. That doesn’t mean that animals must be treated cruelly. However, it does mean that they can’t have equal rights. All animals alter their environment in the process of meeting their needs. Human beings are the first to do so consciously. We are the only species capable of learning and applying the laws of Nature to enhance our survival, which includes protecting the environment on which our survival depends. While human beings have the ability to control Nature, we have not yet learned to master ourselves. This is the supreme challenge of our species.

66.

What is the basis of domestication of animals and agriculture? (Q. code - 102210066) (1) The assumption that humans have a right to manipulate the environment to enhance their survival. (2) The assumption that human progress is of utmost importance and animals have no souls. (3) The assumption that nature is present only for the use of human beings. (4) Agriculture and domestication of animals is done to provide food for human beings.

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(5) 67.

Capitalism is the basis of Agriculture and domestication of animals.

What distinction does the author give between pre-class societies and Feudal rulers in their view of non-human world? (Q. code - 102210067) (1) Pre-class societies had a respect for the non-human world and feudal rulers did not. (2) Pre-class societies were responsible towards the non-human world and feudal rulers considered it their divine right. (3) Pre-class societies considered non-human world as a life-giving force and feudal rulers subordinated it to the obligation to provide for the elite. (4) Pre-class societies took what they could from nature and preserved the rest unlike the feudal rulers. (5) Feudal rulers did not consider the non-human world as important as their own needs. What change did Capitalism bring about? (Q. code - 102210068) (1) It exploited nature to the maximum possible extent. (2) It changed the relationship between human beings and animals. (3) It gave the world the concept of ‘accumulation without consumption’. (4) It changed the goal of production from consumption to accumulation. (5) It changed the way people lived in society. What was the result of the ‘Cartesian split’? (Q. code - 102210069) (1) It divided humans and animals. (2) It disconnected humanity from its animal origins and its relation with nature. (3) It disconnected humanity from its animal origins. (4) It changed the human and non-human world for the better. (5) It separated human beings from the world. What is the problem with the Animal liberationists’ view on ‘Specieism’? (Q. code - 102210070) (1) Animals kill other animals. (2) Specieism is more important than the survival of an animal. (3) Specieism gives rights to animals even though they do not understand them. (4) Liberationists give animals the same status as humans have. (5) Animals depend on instinctive survival. They do not understand rights.

68.

69.

70.

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