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FRIDAY, MAY 30, 2014 Successful People Read The Post 4000 RIEL



Monks and activists looking
to protest outside the Bud-
dhist Institute are thwarted
WHO is urged to embrace
e-cigarettes as a life saver
Stephen Hawking devises a
formula to predict Englands
chances in Brazil
Nigeria vows total war against terrorism A letter from the publisher
Daniel Pye and Amelia Woodside
FOLLOWING years of allegations that
she fabricated details about her own
back story as well as those of supposed
sexual assault victims, Somaly Mam,
Cambodias most famous anti-sex-
trafficking activist, has resigned from
the global fundraising organisation
that bears her name.
The high-profile resignation,
announced yesterday by Somaly
Mam Foundation (SMF) executive
director Gina Reiss-Wilchins, sent
shockwaves through the cluster of
anti-trafficking organisations in
Cambodia, and came just days after
Newsweek published a damning
indictment of her lifes work.
We have accepted Somalys resig-
nation effective immediately, Reiss-
Wilchins says in the statement. She
adds that the decision was made after
a two-month probe commissioned by
the organisation. It does not mention
the Newsweek article or previous
media coverage about Mam that first
raised questions about her past.
The foundation hired law firm
Goodwin Proctor LLP in March to
conduct the investigation into the
claims against Mam and alleged
May Titthara and Alice Cuddy
Oddar Meanchey
INCE he began making the per-
ilous journey to Thailand to log
rosewood 10 years ago, Sao
Sophon* has had plenty of
time to calculate the cost of dying.
When we cross the border to Thai-
land, our lives are equal to $80 or $90,
because that is the amount we can
earn for each trip. If the Thai soldiers
shoot us, that is what our lives are
worth, Sophon said.
Sitting on the back of the large two-
wheeled cart that he pulls from Odd-
ar Meanchey province into Thailand,
Sophon, the head of an illegal logging
cartel, told the Post that the hunt for
lucrative rosewood leads loggers on a
gruelling four-hour trek over the
sprawling Dangkrek Mountains and
into neighbouring Thailand.
While the area offers an abundance
of rosewood, it is also the base of
armed, black-uniformed Thai sol-
diers, he said.
When we cut trees at night, we
divide into three groups, one on the
left side and [one on] the right side
watching the Thai soldiers, and a
group in the middle cutting trees.
Sometimes, we cannot sleep for two
days and have no food, he said.
For safety, we have to use walkie-
talkies, and the leader walks in front
of their group by about 10 metres.
When they see Thai soldiers, the
leader calls [to the rest of] their group
to throw everything away and run
to safety.
But despite their best efforts to stay
safe, fatalities are commonplace.
According to the Ministry of Interior,
69 Cambodians were shot dead while
illegally crossing the Thai border last
year. Suggesting this year is set to be
just as bloody, Cambodian officials
said in March that Thai soldiers had
shot dead 12 Cambodian loggers in a
single day.
A lot of people here, when they
know their relative or husband has
been shot to death by Thai soldiers,
hold a funeral ceremony without the
body, because Thai soldiers demand
10,000 baht [$305] if they want the
body back, Sophon said.
Rights groups have labelled the
Cross at your own risk
Loggers tell of death, hunger in Thailand
Continues on page 4
Continues on page 2
Mam resigns
amid claims
of dishonesty
A man in Oddar Meancheys Samrong district sits on rosewood logs on Wednesday after they well felled in Thailand by loggers. CHARLOTTE PERT
The Lowdown on Temple Town
The Lowdown on Temple Town
IN TWO weeks, The
Phnom Penh Post will give
our readers and advertisers
something theyve been
asking for since I joined the
Post in November 2011: a
Saturday edition.
Post Weekend, which
hits newsstands on June
14, is much more than an
expansion of our popular
7Days brand, its a commit-
ment to expanded cover-
age, deeper analysis and a
broader array of entertain-
ing content.
Its also a message: that
Post Media believes in the
Cambodian marketplace
and intends to continue
expanding and putting
down roots across the me-
dia spectrum roots that
extend back to our newspa-
pers beginning as Cambo-
dias rst English-language
newspaper in 1992.
Since I assumed the role
of publisher following Ross
Dunkleys ofcial exit last
year, the Post has under-
gone a series of exciting
changes, each of them with
an eye to future growth.
Key to these is the Post
Weekend. When we decided
to launch this ambitious
project, we didnt have to
look far to nd the right man
to lead it. Alan Parkhouse,
who has helped launch
several publications across
the region, was quickly
identied as the man with
the experience and knowl-
edge we needed to build a
product we see as crucial to
our expanding brand.
Hell work alongside
Gordon Watts, a 40-year
veteran of the global news-
paper scene who will serve
as managing editor. Poppy
McPherson, who has done a
brilliant job in transforming
7Days into an intelligent and
entertaining magazine, will
continue to oversee the pro-
duction of in-depth, original
content as features editor.
Stepping into the role of
editor-in-chief of our ag-
ship Monday-Friday pub-
lication is Chad Williams.
Chad has been the primary
force behind our newsgath-
ering operations since rst
joining the Post as national
editor in October 2011,
and I know he is as excited
as I am about leading our
award-winning newspaper
to even greater heights.
Perhaps no more exciting
change has taken place
in my time here than our
rapid expansion on the
digital front. Since assum-
ing the role of digital media
director, David Boyle has
relentlessly pushed and
prodded Post Media in the
direction of the future.
From overseeing a com-
plete revamp of our website,
to assembling a video team
that is now producing
captivating stories about
Cambodias biggest issues,
Daves stewardship has seen
our digital footprint grow by
leaps and bounds.
With monthly page views
topping two million, more
than 215,000 fans on Face-
book and a rapidly growing
Twitter base of nearly 22,000
followers, the Post is reach-
ing more readers in more
formats than ever before.
And while the way we
reach people will change
over time, what we deliver
never will content that is
independent, intelligent, in-
depth and inspirational.
To paraphrase a star
from a century ago: Stick
around, folks, you aint seen
nothin yet.
Chris Dawe
Publisher and CEO
Mam leaves foundation
Continued from page 1
trafficking victim Long Pros,
whom the organisation had
used in media campaigns to
attract support and funding.
Pross story turned out to be a
cobbled-together version of
other peoples experiences.
While we are extremely sad-
dened by this news, we remain
grateful to Somalys work over
the past two decades and for
helping to build a foundation
that has served thousands of
women and girls, the state-
ment reads. It adds that the
foundation will continue to
work with its local affiliate, Agir
Pour Les Femmes en Situation
Precaire (Afesip), which Mam
founded in 1996.
The foundation said Pros
whose harrowing story of being
sold to a brothel where she was
abused and tortured was
brought under the media spot-
light by New York Times col-
umnist Nick Kristof and an
appearance on Oprah would
also be leaving.
We are permanently remov-
ing Ms Pros from any affiliation
with the organisation or our
grant partner, but will help her
to transition into the next phase
of her life, it said.
Simon Markss Newsweek
report built on a series of stories
he did while working at the local
Cambodia Daily newspaper.
Mam is also alleged to have
fabricated and scripted the
testimony of another wom-
an, Meas Ratha, for a French
documentary in 1998, which
propelled her into the media
spotlight and began her
journey to celebrity status in
the global fight to end sex
Moreover, Mam backtracked
on a statement she made in 2012
to the UN General Assembly,
where she claimed that Cambo-
dian soldiers had killed eight
girls in a raid on one of her shel-
ters in Phnom Penh in 2004.
As the SMF grew in promi-
nence, it attracted the backing of
Hollywood stars and venture
capitalists, public relations gurus
and politicians, which in turn
added to its fundraising power.
Anti-trafficking and womens
rights groups in Cambodia
yesterday responded to the
news of Mams resignation
with concern.
Im quite disappointed in
Somaly; its already difficult to
hear that a woman working on
this issue is lying to other wom-
en . . . but whats even worse is
that this culture of victimhood
that so many use when talking
about survivors of trafficking
will only be made worse, said
Ros Sopheap, executive direc-
tor of rights group Gender and
Development for Cambodia.
I recognise that many wom-
en and children have been sup-
ported by this organisation but
why did she fabricate these lies?
These women and girls dont
need more lies in their lives.
The worst situation would
be if donors back out and the
women and girls being sup-
ported are left behind.
The SMF did not respond to
requests for comment.
Others rallied behind Mam
and the work of Afesip and
the SMF.
Helen Sworn, founder of NGO
Chab Dai, said that the situation
was difficult but she hoped
that the good work the organi-
sation was doing continued.
Somalys story needs to be
separated from the work car-
ried out by the organisation. I
commend her decision to step
down, she said, adding that the
group does incredibly impor-
tant work that should be at the
centre of conversations now.
Thomas Steinfatt, a professor
of statistics at the University of
Miami who conducted studies
on trafficking figures for the
UNs Inter-Agency Project on
Human Trafficking, said that
the lies Somaly tells in her
backstory are likely just the tip
of the iceberg.
Steinfatt estimated in 2008
that there were no more than
1,058 trafficking victims in the
country, a figure that fell far
short of figures quoted in SMF
and Afesip promotional mate-
rial and funding requests.
Annette Lyth, regional man-
ager for the UN Action for Coop-
eration Against Trafficking in
Persons, said that it was highly
unfortunate that Mam had fab-
ricated some of the stories.
[Trafficking victims] reali-
ties and their needs have not
changed because of this story
and we pledge our support to
continue supporting victims of
trafficking, as do the donors we
are sure, she said.
Author and human rights advocate Somaly Mam attends the Somaly
Mam Foundation Gala at Gotham Hall in New York last year. AFP
Children rescued
Masked men
smuggle 3 to
Thai border
authorities are looking
for seven men who
allegedly kidnapped and at-
tempted to trafc three chil-
dren from Banteay Meanchey
province across the Thai
A 12-year-old boy, his sister,
6, and their male cousin,
also 6, were riding bicycles
to school in Sisophon towns
OAmbil commune on Tuesday
morning when the men in
masks pulled up alongside
them in a minibus and forced
them into it, said Prom Theng,
the provincial military polices
chief of anti-human trafficking
and juvenile protection.
The men drove the children
to the Thai border and ordered
them to walk their bicycles
across the border, Theng said.
Luckily, the Thai soldiers
stopped the kids, who asked
for help, Theng said.
The suspects escaped
when they saw Thai soldiers
helping the kids.
Thai soldiers and Cambo-
dian military police are both
searching for the suspects,
provincial military police chief
Or Borin said. MOMKUNTHEAR
Time up as
governor for
ex-KR heavy
Meas Sokchea
PAILIN provincial governor Y
Chhean, a former Khmer Rouge
commander and bodyguard of
Pol Pot, will be replaced by a
deputy this week after being
elected as president of the pro-
vincial council in recent sub-
national elections, government
officials have said.
According to Interior Minis-
try spokesman Khieu Sopheak,
the government has decided to
replace Chhean due to his new
position and taking account of
the fact that he has reached the
age of retirement.
Chhean has been governor of
the former Khmer Rouge strong-
hold for over a decade. He lit the
funeral pyre of former Khmer
Rouge foreign minister Ieng Sary
at his funeral last year.
Koeut Sothea, one of Pailins
deputy provincial governors,
will replace Chhean.
Chhean could not be reached
for comment, while Sothea said
he was hesitant to comment but
happy that the government and
King wished to promote him.
I will make an effort to serve
and work hard, he said.
The official handover is
scheduled for Saturday.
Tribunal sets date for verdict
Stuart White

ICTIMS of the
Khmer Rouge who
have been waiting
for justice since 1979
may only have to wait a few
months more, with the court
announcing yesterday that a
verdict in the rst subtrial of
its agship Case 002 will be
pronounced on August 7.
Case 002/01 brought
against former Khmer Rouge
head of state Khieu Samphan
and the regimes second-in-
command, Nuon Chea be-
gan in November 2011 and
dealt primarily with the re-
gimes policy of emptying cit-
ies, particularly Phnom Penh
after its fall in 1975, as well as
the executions of ofcials from
the preceding regime that im-
mediately followed.
If convictions are entered,
decisions on sentencing and
civil party reparation requests
will also be delivered, the
courts announcement states.
Panhavuth Long, a program
ofcer for the Cambodia Jus-
tice Initiative, said yesterday
that he had expected the ver-
dict to come a bit sooner, but
that nonetheless, the appar-
ent delay was alright, and
would give the court ample
time to prepare.
I think the court
should also now re-
activate and make
more outreach
programs, so that
people can come
hear the verdict and
understand what
the verdict means,
he said.
Evidence heard in Case
002/01 is expected to feature
heavily in the upcoming sub-
trial, Case 002/02, which will
deal with charges
such as genocide
and torture.
That upcoming
subtrial could well
be Case 002s last,
leaving the court
with the thorny
question of how to
deal with the remaining gov-
ernment-opposed Cases 003
and 004.
A blog post from law rm
Popper & Yatvin announced
that US attorney Alan Yatvin
was admitted to the Bar As-
sociation of the Kingdom of
Cambodia last Wednesday in
advance of assuming the rep-
resentation of a suspect in one
of the two upcoming cases.
According to Popper & Yat-
vins website, Yatvins career
spans some 30 years, with
stints in US federal courts as
well as at the International
Criminal Tribunal for the For-
mer Yugoslavia.
Khieu Samphan during a hearing at the ECCC in
August 2011. ECCC
Nuon Chea during the second day of a preliminary
hearing at the ECCC in 2011. ECCC
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Loggers tell of death, hunger in Thailand
Continued from page 1

shootings arbitrary killings dis-
missing claims of self-defence and
demanded thorough investigations.
Sophon, who claims not to carry a
rearm when logging, said he faces a
greater risk than most.
The Thai [soldiers], they are hunt-
ing for the leader.
Sophon estimates that about 1,000
illegal loggers in Cambodia cross into
Thailand for the luxury wood and,
along with other loggers in Oddar
Meanchey, told the Post that Cambo-
dian soldiers are at the centre of the
regions illicit trade, which stretches
from jungle areas of Myanmar to
buyers in China.
We have problems with Thai sol-
diers already, and when we arrive back
at the border, we get problems from
our Cambodian soldiers. They threaten
to conscate our wood if we do not sell
it to them, and when we sell it to them,
we get a lower price than we would
through a broker, Sophon said.
We risk our lives to get that wood,
but the Cambodian soldiers do not
understand that . . . I am angry about
this, but we have no power to say any-
thing, because we are criminals.
Sem Kosal, who also has been ille-
gally logging for the past decade, said
that Cambodian soldiers allow loggers
to pass into Thailand but threaten to
conscate their wood when they re-
turn if they refuse to pay a bribe.
Cambodian soldiers arrest us and
conscate our wood, but if we meet a
Thai soldier, we will die, he said.
Touch Ra, deputy of Chaom-Sa
Ngaom international border check-
point, agreed that some Cambodian
soldiers fuel the illegal trade.
I believe there are some soldiers
who buy rosewood from those people
at a cheaper price to sell to other busi-
nessmen for a higher price, but for
me, I have never been involved with
that, he said.
According to Ra, in this year alone,
two people have been shot dead and
20 arrested while attempting to cross
the Chaom-Sa Ngaom border.
Illegal logger Kosal said daytime is
the most dangerous time.
When we sleep in Thailand, we
are so scared . . . we just sleep under-
ground. Thai soldiers open re in
daytime; at nighttime, they do not re
much, he said.
The gruelling conditions and risk of
death lead many to turn to drugs, log-
gers told the Post.
Soun Samneang said that brokers
provide illegal loggers with yama, a
form of methamphetamine and caf-
feine, to cope with the conditions on
their rst trip. After that, many become
dependent on the substances.
I think 70 per cent of young loggers
are using drugs, and the broker is the
person who teaches them to use drugs.
Now loggers buy drugs by themselves,
Samneang said.
When I go with my own group, I
have never used drugs, but when I go
by broker, they give us drugs. I dont
want to use it, but sometimes I can-
not sleep for two days and have no
food, so I have to do it.
While many loggers use brokers
to arrange the trip, others make the
journey alone.
Twenty-nine-year-old Sem Thoeun
was shot in the leg while logging in
Thailand earlier this month. With no
money for surgery, the bullet remains
embedded beneath his skin.
While he had logged in Thailand be-
fore, Thoeun claims that on the day of
the shooting, he thought he was still in
Cambodian territory when confronted
by eight Thai soldiers.
I walked passed Cambodian terri-
tory without knowing, and my friend
told me that we were in Thailand, so I
tried to walk quickly back to Cambo-
dia. But I met Thai soldiers, who red
on me. They rushed to attack me, but
I fought back and tried to run back to
the Cambodian border.
I didnt know I was injured until I
touched my leg and saw the blood,
then I fell unconscious. When I woke
up, I was in a hospital.
Earning just $50 from his small cas-
sava plantation last year, logging has
provided vital income for his family.
Thoeun said that he can fell about
30 to 70 kilograms of timber on a
good day, and makes 30,000 to 50,000
riel, about $7.50 to $12.50, selling it to
a furniture shop.
I know it is dangerous, but I need
food to support my wife and my two
sons, he said.
Thoeuns neighbour, 52-year-old Et
Sok, agreed.
If we stay at home, we will die of
starvation. If we cross the border and
were lucky, we will not die and we will
have food to eat, he said.
Sok, who has been illegally logging
since 1987, said he has been shot at by
Thai soldiers a number of times but
has always managed to escape.
When we see Thai soldiers, we
throw everything away and just run for
safety, he said.
As well as fears of zinging bullets
ying past, many loggers are arrested
across the border.
Sixty-three-year-old Song Siha
spends hours every day thinking
about her son, who has been lan-
guishing in a Thai prison for the past
four months after being caught log-
ging illegally.
According to Siha, her son was car-
rying 40 kilograms of luxury wood on
his back when he was caught and sen-
tenced to 17 months.
Speaking from her home in Oddar
Meanchey, Siha begged for her sons
safe return.
I want him free. I would like to ask
the Cambodian government please to
intervene to release him, she said.
Siha said she had allowed her son to
put his life at risk because the family
could not afford to eat. Now, she says
she would rather go hungry.
When he is released from prison,
I will not allow him to go again. I will
let him work in the farm, even though
that does not bring in enough money
to live off of, she said.
But despite the risks, many say they
have no choice other than to continue
to gamble with their lives.
When we cross the border, we nev-
er think that we will survive, but we
have to cross it. If we dont die, we are
lucky, said Samneang.
*Names have been changed to protect
the identities of the loggers
A man lifts lumber in a makeshift back pack in Oddar Meancheys Samroang district earlier this week. HENG CHIVOAN
Sem Thoeun sits at a house in Oddar Meanchey on Wednesday and reveals the entry
wound on his leg where he was shot by soldiers. CHARLOTTE PERT
Monks block Preah Sisowath Quay during a protest in front of Phnom Penhs Chaktomuk Theatre yesterday. PHA LINA
Monks protest over institute
Chhay Channyda

GROUP of about
100 people, includ-
ing 50 or so monks,
attempted to march
yesterday to protest outside
Phnom Penhs Buddhist In-
stitute but were thwarted by
droves of military police and
district security guards on
Sisowath Quay.
No violence occurred as
Independent Monk Network
leader But Buntenh called off
the march after vocally de-
nouncing the government,
which he alleged was selling
off the institutes land to ca-
sino operator NagaCorp.
The march came despite the
Ministry of Cult and Religion
insisting on Tuesday that the
destruction of part of the en-
trance and wall surrounding
the institute was only to assist
the construction of an elec-
tricity substation on the insti-
tutes grounds by NagaCorp
and Electricite Du Cambodge.
The substation will be used
to power a new addition to the
casino across the street from
the institute, and the govern-
ment hasnt sold or leased any
of its land, the ministry said.
As the monks and protest-
ers marched up Sisowath
Quay yesterday afternoon,
Seng Somony, spokesman for
the Ministry of Cult and Reli-
gion, attempted to stop them
from advancing further,
brandishing copies of docu-
ments detailing exactly what
the government had agreed
to with NagaCorp.
If NagaWorld does not fol-
low this contract, I myself will
bring all of you to protest in
front of NagaWorld, he said.
He added that the govern-
ment was engaging with the
project for development pur-
poses and the destruction of
the wall had only occurred in
order to avoid the pillars col-
lapsing during underground
construction work for the
electricity substation.
However Buntenh, speaking
through a loudspeaker, would
not buy that argument.
We want the government
to issue a land title to the Bud-
dhist Institute to guarantee
that it is not sold in the future.
Or else protests against the
selling-off of state property
will spread throughout the
country, he told the crowd,
which included Boeung Kak
community members.
The group tried to continue
marching onwards but were
met with barricades and as-
sembled military police, in
addition to security guards.
A standoff ensued, with
Meas Samnang, an adviser to
the Ministry of Cult and Reli-
gion, allegedly lobbing insults
at the monks from inside the
ministry compound.
The crowd, which in turn
accused the ofcial of disre-
specting Buddhism, had to
be calmed down by Somony,
who said that the ministry
would educate him to be
more respectful.
NagaCorp announced in
February it would invest $369
million in its new Naga2 ca-
sino opposite the institute.
Earlier this week, a manag-
er at the institute said visitors
to the centre had dropped
from an average of 30 a day
to about three since the con-
struction began.
Laignee Barron
and Mom Kunthear
SGNOUN Vita cant communi-
cate with most of her kinder-
garten students. She teaches
them colours and numbers,
but cant understand their
questions or chatter.
Most of Vitas students at
the Kater Primary School in
Ratanakkiris OYadav district
speak Jarai, one of Cambodias
24 ethnic minority languages.
It is very difcult for me to
teach these kids, because they
cannot speak or understand
Khmer, she said.
Her schools director added
that many of the students drop
out, unable to understand the
lessons or their schoolbooks.
In Cambodias remote high-
lands of Ratanakkiri and Mon-
dulkiri, indigenous peoples
make up the majority of the
population, and most cannot
read, write or comprehend
the language spoken by up to
95 per cent of Cambodians.
The barrier has resulted in
one of the lowest school com-
pletion rates in the country.
A study by International Co-
operation Cambodia last year
found that only 63 per cent
of primary school students in
Mondulkiri and 33 per cent
in Ratanakkiri were attending
some form of education.
If the options are to take
kids to the plantations to help
work or to send them to a
school where they cant really
understand the language, the
choice becomes easy, said Jan
Noorlander, program coordi-
nator at CARE International.
NGOs CARE and ICC have
been working with the govern-
ment to develop a bilingual pri-
mary school model since 2003.
The project, which now oper-
ates 54 community schools in
four provinces, started with
just six schools in Ratanakkiri,
instructing students initially in
their own language and then
slowly transitioning into fully
Khmer lessons in grade four.
Experience in both Mon-
dulkiri and Ratanakkiri has
shown that simply build-
ing schools and sending out
teachers to remote locations
is not a solution, said Mari-
am Smith, an education pro-
gram manager at ICC. Edu-
cation must be culturally and
linguistically relevant.
In 2005, ICC created a writ-
ten system for ve of the
indigenous languages, rec-
reating written forms for lan-
guages that long ago lost their
orthography, and translated
the national curriculum.
It is important to preserve
the traditional culture and
identity while also developing
shared, mainstream knowl-
edge of Cambodia, Long
Serey, director of Non-Timber
Forest Products, said.
With bilingual education
now reaching nearly 4,000 stu-
dents and boosting indigenous
primary school enrolment and
completion rates, the Minis-
try of Education is hoping to
further promote the program.
Earlier this year, the minister of
education announced a plan
to expand bilingual education
starting as early as next year.
The completion rate of
indigenous students is still
much, much lower than the
national average [87 per cent].
Many of the indigenous com-
munities primary schools
dont have more than three
grades, Noorlander said.
Theres a solid policy frame-
work in place, now it needs to
be implemented.
Classroom talk
remains barrier
If NagaWorld does
not follow this
contract, I myself
will bring all of you
to protest
TUESDAYS story HAGL called
out at the UN incorrectly stated
that the International Finance
Corporation supplied 5.5 per
cent of Vietnamese rubber
firm HAGLs investment capital
via Dragon Capital. In fact, the
IFC has a 5.5 per cent equity
holding in investment fund
VEIL, which invests in HAGL.
Police shootout
What began
as robbery
gets 15 years
WO men were sen-
tenced to 15 years in
prison each for breaking
into a home, robbing it and en-
gaging in a shootout with police
when the authorities tracked
them down to make an arrest.
Long Kesaror, a judge
at Phnom Penh Municipal
Court, said Bou Sam Nang,
28, and Khean Tola, 26, were
also each ordered to pay 10
million riel ($2,500) in com-
pensation for items taken
during the robbery.
The two were found guilty
of breaking into a villagers
house in Sen Sok districts Th-
mey commune in January last
year while no one was home
and stealing $5,000 worth of
personal property.
They have looted money
and other valuable things and
escaped, he said.
The first charge of stealing
with aggravated circumstance
is tied to the robbery, but the
second charge using a wea-
pon without authorisation
stems from the shootout that
occurred when police tried
to make an arrest in Sen Sok
two days after the robbery.
During the raid, they also
opened fire, shooting about
five bullets at our police,
Kesaror said.
The two men and their
defence lawyer could not be
reached for comment yester-
Nothing melodic about
post-concert robbery
A MAN in Kampong Chhnang
town may have to face the
music after being arrested for
allegedly robbing two vendors
after a concert on Wednesday.
Police said the vendors, a hus-
band and wife, were sleeping in
their truck after the show when
the man and two others alleg-
edly pinched about $200 from
their bag. Apparently a light
sleeper, the wife awoke and
raised the alarm, prompting
the husband and bystanders to
give chase. Two men escaped,
but the one apprehended
reportedly confessed, saying
that the trio was broke after
spending money at the concert.
Arrest made as rubber
hits the road mid-flight
AN ALLEGED rubber thief in
Tbong Khmum provincial town
tried to stretch his luck a little
too far on Wednesday. Accord-
ing to police, the man and four
others were spied by patrolling
security guards trying to make
off with 10 kilos of rubber. The
suspects hopped on motos, but
the guards gave chase, nabbing
one of them when he had the
misfortune to fall off of the get-
away vehicle along with the
rubber. The man told police it
was his first offence, though
the guards maintained other-
Welcome party not the
welcome she planned
A YEAR on the lam wasnt long
enough for a woman arrested
in Pailin town on Tuesday.
Police said the woman was
allegedly spotted stealing
$3,000 from a neighbour last
year, but fled to work in Thai-
land before police could appre-
hend her. Thinking incorrectly
that time heals all wounds,
she returned to town and into
the clutches of the local cops,
who promptly sent her to court.
Police point to receipts
to nab suspect in theft
A PHNOM Penh man was
caught red-handed or pink-
slipped after allegedly selling
two borrowed motos in Sen
Sok district on Tuesday.
According to police, two victims
complained that the man had
borrowed their motorbikes for
a week without returning them,
raising their suspicions. Once
police had found and searched
the suspect and discovered
bills of sale for the motos on
his person he reportedly con-
Nighttime hit-and-run
seriously injures man
A MAN in Phnom Penhs Por
Sen Chey district was seriously
injured when a car smashed
into his moto on Wednesday
night. According to police, who
spoke to a witness at the
scene, two partiers had just left
a club where they had been
imbibing to excess. While
speeding home in their car, the
pair slammed into the moto,
badly injuring the driver, before
fleeing into the night. Nearby
cops tried to give chase, but to
Translated by Sen David
and Phak Seangly
Villagers from Kratie provinces Snuol district sit in the Samaki Rainsy pagoda in Meanchey district yesterday
during talks with Khuong Sreng, the deputy governor of Phnom Penh. HONG MENEA
Kratie villagers reject land offer
Khouth Sophak Chakrya
PROTESTERS from Kratie prov-
ince who have spent more than
a week in a Phnom Penh pago-
da while demanding authorities
resolve their land row yesterday
rejected an offer from the gov-
ernment of 750 hectares.
Phnom Penh Deputy Gover-
nor Khuong Sreng announced
yesterday that more than 400
families in an area of Kraties
Snuol district would be given
the land as a social land con-
cession (SLC) and were expect-
ed to leave the pagoda and
return home.
But representatives of the
families said after a meeting
with officials at the Samaki Rain-
sy pagoda in Meanchey district
that the land was not big enough
for them to grow crops on.
Giving us only 750 hectares
does not equate to the real size of
the land we have lost, so we can-
not accept it, community repre-
sentative Nguon Vibol said.
Villagers have been in dispute
with Vietnamese Rubber Com-
pany Binh Phoeuk 2 over more
than 2,000 hectares of land they
lived and farmed on, Vibol said.
Khan Chamnan, Kraties dep-
uty governor, said villagers had
until June 5 to return home and
submit letters to the govern-
ment requesting a portion of
the 750 hectares.
If the deadline passes, the
authorities will consider that
the families have enough land
on which to live, so the case will
be closed, he said.
But the villagers said they will
continue submitting petitions
asking for at least 3 hectares for
each family.
City Hall spokesman Long
Dimanche said villagers who
stay in Phnom Penh past the
deadline can expect to be met
with legal action.
Sen David
250 families who lost their land
to a company in Kampong
Speu province led a com-
plaint with Adhoc yesterday,
saying they have yet to receive
compensation, even after land
measurement volunteers al-
legedly promised a resolution
if villagers voted for the ruling
party in last years elections.
Soa Pom, 52, one of 60 com-
munity representatives, said
the dispute between Master
International company and
the 250 families in Phnom
Sruoch districts Taing Sam-
rong commune began in 2006,
when the company took some
950 hectares of the commu-
nitys land with the complicity
of local authorities.
Before the election, vol-
unteer [land measurement]
students told us to vote for
the CPP [Cambodian Peoples
Party] to get a resolution, but
after the election, we never got
a resolution, she said, adding
that the village complied with
the instructions. We led
complaints to all the authori-
ties, but in the end, we just got
back ugly blame.
Pom said villagers led com-
plaints to the then-governor
of Kampong Speu province,
Kong Heang, and to then-
commune chief Piev Lon, as
well as members of the of-
cials families who also signed
the documents selling the land
to Master International.
Fellow representative Sao
Yuy, 64, said that when local
authorities told residents that
the land would be sold, they
naively expected to receive a
share of the proceeds.
They are like robbers. They
robbed our farmland that we
lived on and farmed since
1985, she said. For [almost]
10 years, while we had the
dispute, I never slept well. I al-
ways thought, if they grab our
farmland, where is our chil-
drens future?
Ny Chakrya, head of Adhocs
monitoring section, said yes-
terday that his organisation
couldnt even nd out what
business the rm was in, and
that paperwork authorising
the sale lacked the usual signa-
tures of high-ranking ofcials.
Some of the sale documents
I wonder why only commune
and village chiefs signed the
agreement without high-level
authorities and land manage-
ment ofcials, he said, urging
the government to nd a reso-
lution to prove its commitment
to land reform.
Current Taing Samroung
commune chief Kong Sern,
who wasnt involved in the
sale, said that high-level au-
thorities were investigating
the dispute.
Contact details for the
company were not available
Families in Kampong
Speu await payments
Brands eyes on verdicts of 23
Sean Teehan

S 23 men accused of
violent crimes stem-
ming from dem-
onstrations earlier
this year brace for a verdict
against them today, civil so-
ciety groups are alleging that
no credible evidence was
presented by the prosecution
during the entire trial.
Nearly ve months after
soldiers arrested 10 men at a
protest in front of Yakjin gar-
ment factory on January 2,
and 13 others on Veng Sreng
Boulevard a day later, the 23,
as theyve come to be known,
face sentencing on crimes
ranging from incitement to
intentional violence. At least
four workers were shot dead
by state security forces during
the deadly garment strikes.
The consensus among civil
society is theres not one shred
of evidence that can be used
to convict any of the 23 of the
crimes theyre accused of,
said Joel Preston, a consultant
from the Community Legal
Education Center, which is
providing legal representation
for some defendants.
Preston said a guilty verdict
and harsh sentencing could
result in a major backlash in
the international commu-
nity namely, from clothing
brands that source products
from Cambodia.
Todays verdict comes at the
end of a jam-packed week of
labour-related talks and ne-
gotiations, which were made
more tense by the looming
court date.
After a Monday meeting
between government of-
cials, an international labour
union and brands that in-
clude Puma, H&M, Gap Inc
and Levi Strauss, the buyers
released a statement saying
the verdict should hinge on
evidence that holds up to in-
ternational scrutiny.
The statement warned that
instability in the garment
sector could result in Cam-
bodia losing its status as a
strategic sourcing market.
IndustriALL Global Union
general secretary Jyrki Raina
reported after the meeting that
one of the four major brands
had already cut orders from
factories in Cambodia by 50
per cent.
Global brands specic in-
terest in Cambodias garment
sector practices confounded
Ministry of Labour spokesman
Heng Sour.
If the international brands
are concerned about the 23
[defendants], then why are
they not concerned about
their [business] in countries
where conditions are much
worse than [in] Cambodia?
Sour asked.
Yesterday also marked the
end of a workshop on a draft
union law attended by repre-
sentatives from unions, indus-
try and the government.
The ministry will take com-
ments into consideration and
possibly hold another work-
shop before the draft legisla-
tion goes before the National
Assembly, Sour said.
A prison truck arrives at Phnom Penh Municipal Court last week with people who were detained during
violent strikes in January on the capitals Veng Sreng Boulevard. HENG CHIVOAN

This week in biz
Neighbouring unrest
sparks tourism meet
THE Ministry of Tourism on
Monday held an emergency
meeting calling on industry
representatives to remain
strong amid the loss of cross-
border visitors resulting from
unrest in Thailand and in
Vietnam. The minister said a
promotional campaign
targeting countries such as
Japan, South Korea, China,
Singapore and Malaysia,
would be also launched.
More investment from
Australia welcomed
THE Ministry of Foreign
Affairs on Monday urged
Cambodia and Australia to
increase bilateral trade, citing
2013 volumes, which reached
$2.89 million. The Ministrys
call arrived as Australian-
listed firm, Cell Aquaculture
(CAQ), announced it had
hosted a soft opening for the
Roxy Casino, located in Bavet
town, which the company
bought earlier this year along
with the rights to a free-trade
zone in China for a combined
total of A$83 million.
Thailands rice policy
stings local exporters
RICE exports to Thailand
plummeted in the first four
months of the year as a result
of that countrys surplus.
Between January and April,
Cambodia exported just 1,550
tonnes of rice to Thailand,
down 89 per cent from the
14,250 tonnes shipped in the
same period last year.
Thailand accumulated rice
stockpiles of reportedly more
than 12.8 million tonnes at
the end of 2013 under a state
purchasing program
launched in 2011.
CSX to receive support
from Thailands bourse
CAMBODIA Securities
Exchange (CSX) on Monday
signed an agreement to
partner with the Stock
Exchange of Thailand (SET)
to provide training courses
for CSX staff as well as
information sharing between
the two exchanges.
Indicative Exchange Rates as of 29/5/2014. Please contact ANZ Royal Global Markets on 023 999 910 for real time rates.
Underwriter resets date for Grand Twins public listing
Eddie Morton
GRAND Twins International will list
on the Cambodian Stock Exchange
on June 12, according to a statement
issued yesterday by underwriting
firm Phnom Penh Securities (PPS).
It comes after the underwriter con-
firmed earlier this week that the final
listing date had been pushed back
from May 29 due to delays in submit-
ting final documentation to the Cam-
bodia Securities Exchange (CSX),
which was allegedly brought on by
the recent holiday period.
The PPS statement stated that
the public subscriptions process,
which ended May 9, had been a
success and resulted in an over-
subscribed amount. It added that
the underwriter would dispatch
notice to successful applicants yes-
terday, May 29.
For the official announcement of
the [subscription] result, which was
expected to be released on 23 May
2014, is postponed for a few days
due to holidays which have affected
the whole operations, the state-
ment reads.
The latest postponement marks the
second time the garment maker has
had to shift its desired listing date,
which was initially slated for May 8
when the firm commenced its road-
show in March.
Chhun Sambath, director of the
security insurance supervision
department at the Securities and
Exchange Commission of Cambodia
said the two-week deferral was due
to both the April Khmer New Year
holiday period and PPS having to
process applications of many for-
eign investors.
This is only small delay, and it will
have no effect, he said. GTI had
many subscriptions from abroad
and they needed to process all those
documents. And when the IPO is
delayed earlier on, it is understand-
ably automatic that the other dates
will also be delayed.
The SECC official added that
according to the regulators rules,
companies wishing to list on the CSX
have six months to complete the IPO
process and no penalty is inflicted by
the change of date.
GTIs offering of eight million
shares, set at $2.41 each, stands to
generate more than $19.2 million for
the Taiwanese firm if fully subscribed.
With the increased liquidity, GTI,
which largely makes sporting appar-
el for Addidas and Reebok, plans to
expand its operation to a new $10
million factory located outside of
Phnom Penh.
GTI will be just the second com-
pany to list on the CSX since the local
stock market was launched in 2012,
joining the state-owned Phnom Penh
Water Supply Authority.
Labourers pour rice onto a mat for drying at a farm in Kandals Muk Kampoul district in March. HONG MENEA
Rice industry caught in flux
Chan Muyhong
HE rice industries
quest for greater
quality at lower costs
reached a dead-end
yesterday at a conference in
Phnom Penh with exporters
and farmers polarised on how
to achieve greater returns for
the industry.
The workshop, titled Im-
proving Rice Value Chain and
Enhancing Farmers Liveli-
hoods, was attended by more
than 70 farmer representa-
tives, businesses and govern-
ment ofcials. On one side
exporters want farmers to pro-
vide a better quality rice grain,
but on the other, farmers can
not afford the premium to pay
for the higher quality seed.
Hun Lak, president of rice
exporter Mekong Oryaza
Trade, urged farmers to be
more selective when choosing
their seeds to produce better
quality rice.
Good quality rice can be
sold at a higher price, he said.
Quality rice can also help
[rice exporters] to nd mar-
kets easier and also help us to
compete in the market.
Fellow exporters and rice
millers supported Laks view,
including Vong Bunheng,
president of Heng Heng Rice
Miller, who said millers can-
not continue to pay farmers
for poor quality rice.
Buyers only want the long
and less chalky rice. Currently
only 30 per cent of stock is sell-
able as premium grade. Where
can I sell the remaining 60 per
cent? he said.
Kan Vesna, a farmers rep-
resentative from Battambang
province, rebutted the millers
concerns, saying millers sys-
tematically reducing prices
across the industry created
little incentive for farmers to
improve their crops.
Using quality seed and
proper farming techniques
means higher production
costs, and if they are going to
sell their paddy at the same
price as other farmers, why
should they do it? he argued.
Ly Eng, another farmers rep-
resentative from Battambang,
said a lack of funds to afford
good seeds meant standards
would remain the same.
Good selection seeds are
expensive and most of the
farmers knowledge with
farming technique is still very
limited, he said.
Eng called on rice millers to
lift their buying price.
When you give higher
prices, farmers can use the
money to improve their farm-
ing. Farmers will be able to
cease practising outdated, tra-
ditional farming techniques,
he added.
Hean Vanhorn, the deputy
direct for the General Depart-
ment of Agriculture, said the
farming community should
come together and stock qual-
ity seed for future harvests.
It starts with a strong rice
farmer community. [The gov-
ernment] will be able to pro-
vide help to train farmers on
farming techniques, he said,
adding that the government
wouldnt subsidise seed.
I have listened to the com-
ments of the speakers here.
They are all very good, but
to answer our question on
how get farmers to use qual-
ity seed after the discussion
this morning, it is not still an-
swered yet, said farmers rep-
resentative Eng at the close of
the debate.
GTI had many
subscriptions from abroad
and they needed to process
all those documents.
While a handful of foreign-
owned mining rms continue
to spend millions scouring the
provinces for valuable min-
eral deposits, not one has com-
menced mining. Geopacic
Resources, an Australian rm
with copper and gold explo-
ration projects in Cambodia
and Fiji, under a joint venture
agreement with Royal Group,
has for the past 18 months been
exploring land within Preah
Vihear province. This week
managing director of Geopa-
cic, Ron Heeks, spoke with
the Posts Eddie Morton about
Cambodias evolving mining
sector and the gamble that is
mineral resource exploration.
What lured Geopacic to Cam-
bodia in the rst place?
Cambodia was targeted be-
cause it has prospective geol-
ogy, the rocks are the right type
and right age and there are
good signs of gold and copper
identied in the region.
Cambodia is a growing
economy and has an evolving
mineral industry that has had
little systematic exploration.
How is exploration going so
We are still in the early
stages of exploration, hav-
ing commenced exploration
18 months ago. Our initial
results have been promis-
ing, but there is a long way to
go. Exploration is time con-
suming and requires a large
amount of information in or-
der to understand the region
properly. Were focused on
the Preah Vihear region and
our eld camp is at Chaeb
district. Our licence covers
158 square kilometres.
If everything went as fast as
possible, we could see extrac-
tion two years down the track.
You couldnt do it any quicker
than that. So far, we have in-
vested about $3.5 million into
exploring Cambodia.
Was it a challenge entering the
mining sector here?
Most developing countries
suffer from a lack of industry
specic knowledge of mining
including the risks, costs and
time involved to discover and
bring an operation into pro-
duction. Having no success
stories coming out of Cam-
bodia is a challenge because
people simply dont know
of the place. If we were talk-
ing about a place like Ghana,
people are aware of lots of
success stories.
Because of this, security
of tenure is one of the most
critical aspects of working
in any region. It is really a
gamble. You can go to an area
and spend millions of dollars
searching and then walk away
with nothing.
Consequently, exploration
projects are hard to get fund-
ing for. And to be frank, the
past couple of years have been
the hardest I have experienced
in terms of raising funds.
Cambodia, however, is an
excellent place to work and it
has no specic challenges ex-
cept that they do not have a
mining history from which to
base some decisions upon.
What advice do you hope the
Ministry of Mines and Energy
took from its recent trip to
Western Australia?
Cambodia can learn a con-
siderable amount from devel-
oped mining countries such as
Australia. Managed well, the
industry can bring numerous
benets, especially in remote
areas. Security of tenure is the
most critical aspect. It is im-
possible to attract investment
if there is even a hint that the
asset may be lost. This is why
you are seeing a move away
from some even very mineral
rich countries.
Clear concise laws that do not
change are critical and Cam-
bodia is well advanced along
this path. Keeping everything
transparent from both the
mining company and govern-
ment sides is very important
also, so investors know exactly
what they are dealing with.
The government said they are
considering introducing more
lenient tax laws for mining
rms off the back of Austra-
lias now-scrapped mining tax
scheme. Do you think this is a
good move?
The increasing of mining tax
dramatically curbed mineral
investment in Australia and
was removed by the next gov-
ernment. Countries new to
exploration need to encourage
companies to come and tax
benets early on can achieve
this, combined with clarity of
regulation. That Cambodia is
looking at these issues is an
excellent sign and should help
attract more companies into
the country.
With reform, do you think
Cambodias mining sector will
prosper in the coming years?
Yes denitely if they are
internally competitive and
transparent. The country is
underexplored and most ex-
ploration operations are at
very early stages. Few compa-
nies are working in this space
at present as the industry is
suffering from long term ef-
fect of the global nancial cri-
sis of a few years ago. I would
not expect a rush, but a slow
steady increase in companies
looking. A success story will
assist greatly to help new play-
ers to look at Cambodia for
And while most neighbour-
ing countries are ahead in
terms of regulation and in
regards to the amount of on-
ground work, any success aris-
ing out of all Asean countries
would assist in bringing more
companies into the region.
This interview has been edited
for length and clarity
Cambodia mining needs a success
Managing directors of Geopacic Resources Ron Heeks (left) and Mark
Bojanjac. Geopacic with joint venture partner Royal Group have mining
exploration projects in Preah Vihear province. PHOTO SUPPLIED
Sophie Estienne
PPLE, seeking to bolster its
position in the hotly con-
tested online music sector,
said on Wednesday that it
was buying Beats Music and Beats
Electronics in a much-hyped deal
worth $3 billion.
The move is expected to help the
tech giant, a pioneer in digital music,
with its wildly popular iTunes plat-
form, ramp up its efforts to counter
the successful models of streaming
services like Pandora and Spotify.
The deal for the maker of high-
end audio equipment and the sub-
scription streaming music service
is Apples largest acquisition ever. It
calls for Beats co-founders Dr. Dre, a
hip-hop pioneer, and Jimmy Iovine, a
veteran music executive, to join the
California company.
Music is such an important part
of all of our lives and holds a special
place within our hearts at Apple,
chief executive Tim Cook said in a
statement. Thats why we have kept
investing in music and are bring-
ing together these extraordinary
teams so we can continue to create
the most innovative music products
and services in the world.
Bringing Beats into the Apple fold
will offer opportunities to weave
iTunes Radio service into more de-
vices, and even spread the App Store
for mini programs to other products,
according to analysts.
Adding Beats will give Apple fresh
star power in music and the ability to
get more ad revenues from streaming
including mobile.
The deal represents a shift in strat-
egy for Apple, which is known for de-
veloping its own products and mak-
ing only modest acquisitions.
But some analysts say the logic for
the tie-up is not entirely clear.
Its a little confusing to me what
Apple is getting out of it, said Bob
ODonnell, analyst and founder of
Technalysis Research.
ODonnell said Beats appeals to a
demographic that is different from
some of the typical Apple demo-
graphics and has a streaming mu-
sic service with a relatively limited
number of customers.
It doesnt seem a great match un-
less there are other issues at play,
ODonnell said. But my guess is that
Apple isnt going to spend that much
without that being the case.
The analyst said Apple may be able
to give a boost to its recently launched
iTunes streaming service, or possibly
get a foothold in the lucrative market
for music accessories.
Mobile music revenues in the US
totaled $1.68 billion in 2013, accord-
ing to the research rm eMarketer,
which estimates that gure will in-
crease to $2.52 billion this year.
Ad-supported mobile music rev-
enues topped $1 billion in 2013 and
is expected to reach $1.64 billion this
year, the research rm said.
Since launching ve years ago,
Beats has become a popular brand
for audio equipment and has attract-
ed the likes of Lady Gaga, Lil Wayne
and Nicki Minaj, who have designed
their own customised Beats head-
phones and speakers.
Fashion designers and street art-
ists such as Alexander Wang, Futura
and Snarkitecture have collaborated
on some products.
The deal could make Dr Dre hip-
hops richest mogul, with a net
worth of $700 million to $800 mil-
lion, according to Forbes.
The deal, which has been rumored
for weeks, is subject to regulatory ap-
provals and is expected to be com-
pleted later this year, Apple said.
Ive always known in my heart
that Beats belonged with Apple,
said Iovine. The idea when we
started the company was inspired by
Apples unmatched ability to marry
culture and technology. Apples
deep commitment to music fans,
artists, songwriters and the music
industry is something special.
The premium headphone market
in the United States grew 20 per cent
last year while sales of wireless speak-
ers more than doubled, according to
industry tracker NPD.
Beats was reported to have
claimed 60 per cent of the billion
dollars spent on top-end earphones
in the US last year. AFP
Call for Proposals
Research on Social Protection and
Migration (Extension)
The UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of
Women (UN Women) is inviting rms/research organizations
to submit proposals to undertake a research study on social
protection to women migrant workers and their families.
The detailed Request for Proposal and ToR are available at:
Deadlinefor submissions: 09 June 2014 at 5 p.m. local time
Please send your proposal to cambodiaco.unwomen@
Any inquiries regarding the study proposal, please contact
our UN Women Country Ofce via e-mail at:
Please note that this e-mail is only for enquiries. Only proposals
sent to will be accepted.
RUSSIAN President Vladimir Putin
yesterday signed a deal creating an
economic union with Belarus and
Kazakhstan, with Ukraine absent af-
ter it turned its back on Moscow.
Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan
are going over to a fundamentally
new level of cooperation, Putin said
at the signing ceremony in the Ka-
zakh capital of Astana.
The economic union project is
hugely symbolic for Putin, who in
2005 called the breakup of the Soviet
Union the biggest geopolitical disas-
ter of the 20th century. But the union
crucially failed to secure Ukraine, a
country of 46 million with a poten-
tially strong industrial sector.
We lost some along the way: I mean
Ukraine, Belarusian President Alex-
ander Lukashenko said at the signing
ceremony. I am sure that sooner or
later the Ukrainian leadership will
realise where its fortune lies.
Ukraine plunged into a crisis last
November when then-president Vik-
tor Yanukovych pulled out of signing
an Association Agreement with the
European Union. Months of protests
led to Yanukovychs ouster and the in-
stallation of pro-Western leaders.
The Eurasian Economic Union,
which is to come into force on Janu-
ary 2015, is designed to strengthen
ties between the ex-Soviet countries,
which have already joined forces in a
customs union created in 2010.
The alliance will follow a much
looser Eurasian Customs Union that
Russia formed with the two nations
in 2010 to build up a free trade rival to
the 28-nation EU bloc. AFP
EUROPEAN businesses fear the
good times are over in China, a
survey showed yesterday, citing the
countrys slowing economic growth,
rising labour costs, falling prots,
regulatory hurdles and pollution.
The Business Condence Survey
2014 report, released by the Euro-
pean Union Chamber of Commerce
in China and consultancy Roland
Berger, showed rms have become
pessimistic as growth decelerates.
Business is already tough and it
is getting tougher, the report said.
This is leading many to the conclu-
sion that the good times are over.
The survey comes as Chinas once
double-digit annual growth rates
have eased in recent years, sitting in
the mid-7 per cent range as its lead-
ers try to pivot the economy away
from relying on exports and big-tick-
et public investments.
But while top ofcials say they wel-
come the weaker rates as part the
drive to a more sustainable growth
model, the report said the slowdown
surpassed rising labour costs as the
number one perceived challenge for
future business in China.
The survey, based on responses
from 552 European businesses in
China, found that 68 per cent of large
companies with more than 1,000 em-
ployees said doing business had be-
come harder over the last two years.
A new sober reality is develop-
ing, the survey said, citing declin-
ing nancial performance, down-
wardly revised business plans and
regulatory obstacles as reasons.
The companies noted that mar-
gins are tight, but for the rst time
in the history of this survey margins
have been in China on average lower
than it was on their global company
average protability, Wuttke said.
Bad air quality was cited by 68 per
cent of as the top challenge in luring
expatriate talent, while 64 per cent
said it was the biggest challenge in
retaining such personnel.
The overall situation is pushing
companies to consider opportuni-
ties elsewhere, with half the Euro-
pean companies routinely reviewing
investment opportunities in other
Asian countries, the survey said.
However, the report also acknowl-
edged that even a challenging Chi-
nese business environment still
presents irresistible opportunities.
European companies will con-
tinue to regard the Chinese market-
place as strategically important,
the survey found, as its sheer size
. . . means that they will continue to
generate a high proportion of their
global revenues there. AFP
Russia in economic union
with Kazakhstan, Belarus
China slowdown scares Europeans
A pair of Beats Electronics Pro headphones. Apple announced on Wednesday it was
buying Beats Music and Beats Electronics for $3 billion. AFP
Apple, Beats ink $3B deal
hnom Penh, Cam-
bodia on May the
17thThree hun-
dred GL Finances
employees from all around
Cambodia gathered in
Phnom Penh on May the
17th as they celebrated the
outstanding performance
of the Companys sales in
March 2014: 1,373 new leases.
The ceremony gathered 300
employees from nearly all of
the countrys 24 provinces
at a dinner party featuring
various shows and dances.
To the surprise of all, Su-
perstar Ms.AokSokunkanha
herself came to warm up the
audience, giving rise to loud
cheering among GLF team.
Getting our employees to
know each other wherever
they come from is one of
the fundamentals of GL
Finance HR practices. It is
even better if they can do it
in a fun atmosphere! said
Mr. ChrisopheForsinetti,
Executive Director at GL
Having gained 1,373 cus-
tomers in the single month
of March 2014, GL Finance
has fullled its objective to
become the reference mo-
torcycle nancing company
in Cambodia, in less than
two years of operation.Over
1,000 contracts in a month
congratulations! GLF just
started only 2years, we still
have to develop our com-
pany by ourselves, we re-
ally need cooperate work to-
gether!, The company is one
of your good tool and good
place for improve yourself for
your life, I will promise you
we will try our best together
with you for our company
system and of course our re-
sult.The Next Target will be
3,000 In a month!, We will do
more and even bigger party
again! I hope everybody
can use this opportunity
to improve your life with us!
said Mr. Mitsuji Konoshita,
President at GL Finance.
Beyond showing the in-
creasing demand for motor-
cycles in Cambodia, these
achievements are the sig-
nicant message that nan-
cial leasing is a major tool to
help the Cambodian people
to improve their standard of
living. GL Finance will there-
fore continue to develop its
range of services, with im-
portant announcements to
come in the next few months.
GL Finances 1,000-Monthly-Contract Achievement
Celebration Gathers Three Hundred and Superstar
GL Finance PLC. Is the rst leasing company in Cambodia, with commercial presence in all the Honda dealers in Cambodia.
GL Finance was setup in May 2012 as the Cambodian branch of the Stock Exchange of
Thailand listed company Group Lease PCL.
Mr.MitsujiKonoshita, President of GL Finance PLC., strikes a pose with the company
employees, some of them having joined GL Finance since its inception.
SUPERSTAR sings songs before GL Finance employees as a celebration of the good sales performances.
Ladder to heaven
Russias Soyuz TMA-13M spacecraft carrying the International Space Station crew of European Space Agencys German astronaut Alexander Gerst, Russian cosmonaut Maxim Suraev and NASA astronaut Gregory Wiseman
blasts off from a launch pad at the Russian-leased Baikonur cosmodrome early yesterday. The crew docked with the ISS later yesterday, as space cooperation between Moscow and the West continues despite their worst
standoff since the Cold War. Grinning broadly, the astronauts hugged the crew of three already on board the international space laboratory. The astronauts took a six-hour fast track route to the ISS after the previous crew
to travel there in March was forced to spend two days in orbit due to a technical glitch. The new ISS crew members are due to carry out a mission lasting 167 days and return to Earth in November. AFP
MH370 pinger hunt comes up empty
USTRALIA ruled out
a large swath of In-
dian Ocean as Flight
MH370s nal resting
place yesterday, compounding
the frustration of passengers
relatives who are still without
answers nearly three months
since the plane vanished.
The Joint Agency Coordi-
nation Centre said a lengthy
underwater search of an area
where acoustic transmissions
were detected in early April was
now complete, as a US Navy
ofcial queried whether the
missing plane ever went there.
The Joint Agency Coor-
dination Centre can advise
that no signs of aircraft debris
have been found by the au-
tonomous underwater vehicle
since it joined the search ef-
fort, the JACC said.
It added that the Australian
Transport Safety Bureau had
advised that the area can
now be discounted as the nal
resting place of MH370 in an
outcome that prompted anger
and scorn from relatives still
desperate for closure.
Australian ship Ocean
Shield, which is carrying the
US Bluen-21 sub, has now
left the area after scouring
850 square kilometres of sea
bed for the jet that vanished
ying from Kuala Lumpur to
Beijing on March 8 carrying
239 people.
The end of the underwater,
mini-subs mission came as
the US Navy deputy direc-
tor of ocean engineering Mi-
chael Dean said the pings at
the heart of the search were no
longer believed to have come
from the planes black box.
Dean said that if they were
from the onboard data or
voice recorders they would
have been found by now. A US
Navy spokesman later said his
comments were speculative
and premature.
Australian Deputy Prime
Minister Warren Truss said the
search was concentrated where
the pings were detected be-
cause it was the best informa-
tion available at the time, with-
out commenting on whether
they came from the black box.
He added that Australia re-
mained very condent that the
resting place of the aircraft is in
the southern [Indian] Ocean.
The US Navy pinger locator,
dragged by Ocean Shield, was
used by searchers to listen for
underwater signals in the re-
mote southern Indian Ocean in
an area where satellite data in-
dicated the plane went down.
JACC said the operation
would now move to the next
phase involving scanning the
unmapped ocean oor, with
all existing information and
analysis reviewed to dene
a new search zone of up to
60,000 square kilometres.
Steve Wang, a spokesman for
a support group of relatives of
the ights 153 Chinese pas-
sengers, said the comments
yesterday by the Australian-led
search coordination agency
had left him seething.
I am afraid that maybe
some days later they will say
that they no longer have clues
about it, and we will search for
more clues, but after that will
stop the search, he said. AFP
Dozens killed in fresh attack as Nigera vows total war
BOKO Haram gunmen killed 35 people
in attacks on three villages in Nigerias
restive northeast Borno state near the
border with Cameroon yesterday.
Dozens of Boko Haram gunmen
dressed in military uniform stormed
Gumushi, Amuda and Arbokko in all-
terrain vans and motorcycles, opening
fire on residents and torching homes
with petrol bombs, a military source
and residents said.
The news came just hours after
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonath-
an promised total war against terror-
ism as the countrys security forces
stepped up efforts to rescue more
than 200 schoolgirls kidnapped by
Boko Haram 46 days ago.
I am determined to protect our
democracy, our national unity and our
political stability by waging a total war
against terrorism, Jonathan said in a
speech to mark 15 years since the return
to civilian rule in Africas most populous
country and largest economy.
The unity and stability of our coun-
try, and the protection of lives and
property are non-negotiable, he said.
Nigeria returned to democracy on
May 29, 1999, after nearly 16 years of
military rule, but the country has
recently been blighted by a five-year
Islamist insurgency in north and cen-
tral Nigeria that has claimed thou-
sands of lives.
The mass abduction of teenage girls
on April 14 from a secondary school
in Chibok in northeastern Borno state
has sparked global outrage and drawn
unprecedented attention to Boko
Harams extremist uprising.
The incident has also drawn offers
of military aid and intelligence from
several foreign powers including the
US, Britain, France and China.
I have instructed our security forc-
es to launch a full-scale operation to
put an end to the impunity of terror-
ists on our soil, Jonathan said.
I have also authorised the security
forces to use any means necessary
under the law to ensure that this is
done. I assure you that Nigeria will be
safe again, and that these thugs will
be driven away, he vowed.
Jonathan linked the Boko Haram
group with foreign organisations like
al-Qaeda. For our citizens who have
joined hands with al-Qaeda and inter-
national terrorists in the misguided
belief that violence can possibly solve
their problems, our doors remain
open to them for dialogue and recon-
ciliation, if they renounce terrorism
and embrace peace, he said. AFP
PRO-RUSSIAN rebels shot
down a Ukrainian helicop-
ter yesterday, killing 12 sol-
diers including a general in
one of the biggest setbacks in
Kievs seven-week campaign
against insurgents in the sep-
aratist east.
The insurgent success dealt
a heavy blow to president-elect
Petro Poroshenkos repeated
promise to quickly stamp out
a conict that has threatened
the very survival of the splin-
tered ex-Soviet state.
Separatists had earlier yes-
terday also conrmed that
they were holding four un-
armed European monitors
not far from where the heli-
copter was shot out of the sky
with a sophisticated surface-
to-air missile.
Fresh ghting was reported
yesterday across large swaths
of eastern Ukraines rust belt
as the violence that has al-
ready claimed more than 200
lives continued unabated.
Western-backed Porosh-
enko winner of 54.7 per cent
of Sundays presidential vote
must avert another showdown
with Russia that could see
Ukraine cut off from gas sup-
plies by the start of next week.
But all attention yesterday
was on Slavyansk an indus-
trial city of 120,000 mostly eth-
nic Russians that was the rst
of a dozen towns and cities
seized by rebels in response to
the February ouster in Kiev of
a pro-Kremlin president.
I just received informa-
tion that near Slavyansk, the
terrorists using a Russian
man-portable air defence
system shot down our he-
licopter, acting President
Oleksandr Turchynov told a
session of parliament.
Turchynov initially said that
13 soldiers and army General
Volodymyr Kulchytskiy had
died. But security ofcials
and parliament sources later
revised down the total death
toll to 12.
A separatist spokesman
had earlier told Russian news
agencies that the helicop-
ter was downed in a erce
battle that was still raging
on the southern outskirts
of Slavyansk.
The unnamed spokesman
said that several houses be-
longing to civilians were on
re as a result of what he said
was military activity.
Yesterdays death toll is the
highest since Ukraine lost 18
soldiers during hours of heavy
ghting in the same Donetsk
region on May 22. AFP
Twelve killed as rebels
down Kiev helicopter
US must always lead
HE United States
should provide global
leadership with less
recourse to military
might in future, Barack Obama
announced on Wednesday,
proposing a new foreign pol-
icy doctrine focused on soft
power diplomacy and launch-
ing nancial grants to ght
terrorism through interna-
tional partnerships instead.
In a graduation speech to
cadets at the US military acad-
emy in West Point, New York,
the president sought to carve
a middle way between the re-
lentless US interventionism
of recent decades and a grow-
ing isolationist tendency that
some fear will leave the world
less stable and without a dom-
inant superpower.
The much-anticipated for-
eign policy address came after
Obama presented a delayed
timetable for withdrawing
troops from Afghanistan but
amid growing criticism from
Republicans of foreign policy
weakness after setbacks in
Syria and Ukraine.
Yet the president rejected
the choice between ghting
wars or withdrawing from
foreign challenges, arguing it
was possible for the US to lead
through example and by cre-
ating international alliances.
We have been through a
long season of war, he told
the rst West Point class to
graduate since 9/11 who are
unlikely to be sent immedi-
ately into combat.
US military action cannot
be the only or even primary
component of our leader-
ship in every instance. Just be-
cause we have the best ham-
mer does not mean that every
problem is a nail.
Heres my bottom line:
America must always lead on
the world stage. If we dont, no
one else will, he said.
The question we face . . . is
not whether America will lead,
but how we will lead, he said.
In one of the few concrete
policy proposals of the speech,
Obama gave an example of al-
ternative ways to protect US
national security from threats
such as terrorism by calling on
Congress to support a new $5
billion Counterterrorism Part-
nerships Fund to train and
support partner countries in
areas such as the Sahel. He also
announced limited new steps
in response to the Syrian civil
war, promising greater assis-
tance to neighbouring Jordan,
Lebanon, Turkey and Iraq to
host refugees, and confront
terrorists. THE GUARDIAN
US President Barack Obama enters a stadium to give a speech to US
Military Academy graduates at West Point, New York state. AFP
Clemency dream
Id like to go
home again:
UGITIVE self-proclaimed
spy Edward Snowden
has said he wants to
return home, as he defended his
massive leak of US intelligence
secrets, saying abuses of consti-
tutional rights left him no choice.
If I could go anywhere in
the world, that place would be
home, Snowden said almost a
year to the day since he revealed a
stunning US surveillance dragnet
mining data from phones and web
companies around the world.
From day one, I said Im doing
this to serve my country. Whether
amnesty or clemency is a possibil-
ity, thats for the public to decide,
he told NBC in his rst interview
with US television since the scan-
dal broke in early June last year.
And he sought to defend himself
against charges led by the US
administration that he is a hacker
and a traitor, saying: The reality is
the situation determined that this
needed to be told to the public. You
know, the Constitution . . . has been
violated on a massive scale.
Top US ofcials laughed off
the idea of clemency. Secretary
of State John Kerry said the
30-year-old former CIA employee
should man up and return to
face trial. AFP
Abbas names a PM to
head unity government
Mahmud Abbas chose a prime
minister to head a unity
government yesterday but
announcement of the lineup
was held up over the foreign
affairs portfolio, officials said.
Abbas sent a letter of
designation to Rami
Hamdallah, who is currently
serving as premier within the
West Bank-based government,
an official in Ramallah said.
The government is ready, but
there is only one problem, and
that is that Fatah and Hamas
reject Riyad al-Malki as foreign
minister, something Abbas is
insisting on, the official told
AFP, speaking on condition of
anonymity. AFP
NK to probe abductions
JAPAN said yesterday it would
ease sanctions against North
Korea after the secretive state
agreed to reinvestigate the
kidnapping of Japanese
nationals to train spies, in a
significant breakthrough for
testy relations. In return, Tokyo
has agreed to ease some of
the stinging sanctions it has
levelled at the unpredictable
regime, over years of mistrust.
North Korea admitted more
than a decade ago that it had
kidnapped 13 Japanese in the
1970s and 1980s to train its
spies in Japanese language
and customs. AFP
Successful People Read The Post.
Job Announcement
The Phnom Penh Post is an independent media company in Cambodia
and is seeking qualied candidates to ll the position of reporter as
Lifestyle Sub-editor: 1 position
Job requirements:
Bachelors degree in journalism or an equivalent degree -
At least 2 (two) years experience in Media -
Knowledge of media law and professional ethics -
Those who specialize in certain area such as tourism, travel, -
entertainment and leisure news are highly welcomed.
Very good in Khmer and English, Speaking and Writing -
Computer literacy (must be able to type Khmer Unicode well) -
Available to work in a high pressure environment -
Interested candidates should submit their cover letter and CV to the
human resource ofce of The Phnom Penh Post at the below address:
Post Media Co. Ltd, #888, Floor 8, Building F, Phnom Penh Center,
Corner of Sothearos and Preah Sihanouk boulevards, Sangkat Tonle
Bassac, Khan Chamkarmon, Phnom Penh or through email address:; Tel: 023 214 311 or Fax: 023 214 318
Deadline: June 03, 2014
Note: Only short-listed candidates will be contacted for interview.
Riot review a cover-up: PNG
Sisi sweeps to Egypt poll win
PAPUA New Guinea police yes-
terday said a probe into a riot
at an Australian detention cen-
tre on Manus Island that left an
asylum seeker dead stinks of a
major cover-up.
Deputy Commissioner Simon
Kauba said the findings of the
probe, carried out on behalf of
the Australian government,
only hampers our ongoing
investigations into the riot
which also left 69 people
injured in February.
Our investigations have
been frustrated from day one
with a complete lack of coop-
eration from all involved
including [detention centre
security firm] G4S employees
as well as the asylum seekers
themselves, Kauba said in a
In fact the asylum seekers
as well as G4S officials and
other service providers refused
to give their statements to us
and made it known that they
preferred to talk only to Aus-
tralian lawyers.
Under Australias tough refu-
gee policy, asylum seekers arriv-
ing by boat are sent to detention
centres on PNGs Manus Island
or Nauru, a remote Pacific
neighbour, for processing and
permanent resettlement.
The 107-page review released
on Monday found Iranian asy-
lum seeker Reza Barati was
brutally beaten to death in
an assault led by a Salvation
Army worker.
It also found that PNG police
had pushed over the fence and
entered the compound before
opening fire after G4S had left
during the riot. But Kauba said
an initial investigation by local
police found its officers did not
enter the camp before or dur-
ing the riot, were not involved
in the violence and did not
injure any asylum seekers.
Police believe Baratis death
was the result of injuries caused
by four detention centre staff,
two PNG locals and two for-
eigners, he added.
The police chief said his
forces probe into whether an
asylum seeker, who was shot in
the buttocks, had been injured
by one of his officers was being
hampered by a lack of access to
the detainees.
The only way we can con-
firm this is if the injured man is
brought forward and appropri-
ate tests conducted to confirm
the nature of the injuries sus-
tained, Kauba said.
Otherwise, this whole mat-
ter stinks of a major cover-
up. AFP
EX-ARMY chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has scored
a crushing presidential election triumph and
consolidated the grip of the military, 11 months
after the overthrow of the only Egyptian presi-
dent not drawn from its ranks.
Ninety-six per cent of voters, at least 21 mil-
lion Egyptians, chose retired field marshal Abdel
Fattah al-Sisi, who deposed elected Islamist
president Mohamed Morsi, with ballots count-
ed from all but a handful of 352 stations, state
television reported yesterday.
Sisis only electoral rival, leftist leader and
longtime opposition figure Hamdeen Sabbahi,
won less than 4 per cent.
The former general, who retired from the
army to run for office, becomes Egypts fifth
president hailing from the military, reasserting
the institutions grip on politics in the Arab
worlds most populous nation.
The military has always formed the back-
bone of political life in Egypt and the institu-
tion has provided its leaders ever since army
officers toppled the monarchy in 1952. The
only exception was Morsi, elected in 2012 a
year after an uprising overthrew longtime
strongman Hosni Mubarak, himself a former
air force commander.
Few would have imagined that . . . three years
after Mubaraks toppling, a field marshal, a new
pharaoh, would be elected again with 96 per
cent, without even unveiling a program and
without campaigning, Middle East analyst
Karim Bitar said.
Sisi rode on a wave of support for a potential
new strongman who can restore stability and
revive the economy following three years
of turmoil.
But his opponents say that since he ousted
Morsi last July, Egypt has undergone a return to
autocratic rule.
A state crackdown targeting Morsi supporters
has left at least 1,400 people dead in street
clashes and seen more than 15,000 others
jailed. AFP
Six elderly kill selves
before ban on burials
IX elderly people in
China are said to have
committed suicide to
ensure they died be-
fore new regulations banning
cofn burials come into force,
a newspaper has reported.
China has a tradition dat-
ing back thousands of years of
ancestor worship, which usu-
ally requires families to bury
their relatives and construct
a tomb.
But in recent years local gov-
ernments across the country
have demolished tombs as
part of a national campaign
encouraging cremation, in
an attempt to save on limited
land resources.
Government ofcials in An-
qing, a city in the eastern prov-
ince of Anhui, ordered that
all locals who die after June 1
should be cremated, the Bei-
jing News daily reported.
Six elderly people in the area
committed suicide to avoid
the new regulations on funer-
als, the newspaper quoted
family members of the de-
ceased as saying.
It said government ofcials
began forcibly conscating
cofns from locals in May,
which had a huge psycho-
logical impact on them.
But it added a note of scepti-
cism, saying that the reasons
for the suicides were complex
despite the family claims.
One 91-year-old woman, Wu
Zhengde, hanged herself on
May 5 after learning of the new
regulations, the report said.
Another woman, Zheng Shi-
fang, 83, killed herself after of-
cials sawed her cofn in two
in front of her. A 68-year-old
woman killed herself by jump-
ing into a well, while others
drank poison.
The local governments pro-
paganda department told me-
dia that the suicides were not
connected to the burial ban,
and people had given up their
cofns voluntarily.
China is big, death and
sickness amongst the elderly
is normal, the report quoted
a local ofcial as saying.
The paper quoted Beijing-
based lawyer Zheng Daoli as
saying the seizures were ille-
gal because cofns were the
property of their owners.
Elsewhere in China local of-
cials have launched massive
campaigns to atten graves
to create land for farming and
Ofcials in the central prov-
ince of Henan demolished
400,000 graves in 2012, local
media reported. The case pro-
voked a nationwide outcry.
Locals in Anqing who spend
up to a decade preparing their
cofns were only informed
of the burial ban in April, two
months before the new regu-
lations were due to come into
force, the Beijing News said.
It quoted a local surnamed
Shi as saying: Ive had a hard
life, and when Im dead Id like
to sleep somewhere protected
from the rain inside a cof-
n. AFP
A woman places offering at a
grave south of Beijing. AFP
Acid smoke
A 998-tonne oil tanker was listing off the Japanese coast yesterday
after a large explosion and subsequent re that sent towering columns
of acrid smoke into the sky. The 64-year-old captain was still unac-
counted for hours after the accident, while four of his crew were in
hospital being treated for severe burns. The tanker had unloaded its
cargo of crude oil last week and was stationary close to the coast of
Hyogo prefecture, around 450 kilometres west of Tokyo, when the
explosion happened. Akihiro Komura, an ofcial from Syoho Shipping,
which owns the vessel, said: The tanker was virtually empty when the
accident occurred. I heard that a crew member was using a grinder to
remove paint and that seems to have triggered the blast, which we be-
lieve could have occurred when the remnants of the oil caught re. AFP
WHO urged to protect e-cigs
HE e-cigarette was
pushed centre stage
ahead of World No To-
bacco Day, with doc-
tors and policy experts urging
the UNs health agency to em-
brace the gadget as a life saver.
With tobacco smoke claim-
ing a life every six seconds, the
tar-free, electronic alternative
could help prevent much of
the cancer, heart and lung dis-
ease and stroke caused by the
toxins in traditional cigarettes,
the 50-odd experts wrote to
World Health Organisation
chief Margaret Chan.
E-cigarettes could be among
the most signicant health in-
novations of the 21st century,
perhaps saving hundreds of
millions of lives, they said.
They urged courageous
leadership from the WHO in
guiding global and national ap-
proaches to e-cigarettes, which
are banned in some countries
like Brazil and Singapore and
face increasingly strict restric-
tions in other countries amid
uncertainty about their long-
term health effects.
The group fears the WHO
plans to lump the battery-
powered devices, which re-
lease nicotine in a vapour
instead of smoke and contain
fewer toxins, with traditional
cigarettes under its tobacco
control policy. This would
compel member countries to
ban advertising and use of the
gadgets in public places, and
to impose sin taxes.
It would be unethical and
harmful to inhibit the option
to switch to tobacco harm-re-
duction products like e-ciga-
rettes, said the letter, a copy of
which was given to AFP.
The WHO is working on rec-
ommendations for e-cigarette
regulation, to be presented to
a meeting of member govern-
ments in October. But it does
so in a scientic vacuum on
the devices long-term safety
and its true value as an aid to
kicking the tobacco habit.
Some fear its use and often
unrestricted promotion could
glamorise an addictive habit,
and hook nonsmoking teen-
agers on nicotine.
An estimated seven million
people in Europe alone use
e-cigarettes, which were in-
vented in China in 2003.
Addiction specialist Gerry
Stimson, an emeritus profes-
sor at University College Lon-
don who co-signed the letter
to Chan, said they have been
shown to release very, very
fractional levels of toxins com-
pared to conventional ones.
People smoke for the nico-
tine and die of the tar. AFP
Julia Boyle smokes an electronic cigarette at the Vapor Shark store in Miami. AFP
THE best young spellers in
the US and beyond faced a
torrent of tricky dog names
on Wednesday as the 86th
Scripps National Spelling Bee
got underway in earnest.
Borzoi, dachshund, kee-
shond, schipperke, schnau-
zer and Weimaraner were
among the breed names that
tested the spelling wits of the
281 contestants on stage at
the National Harbor outside
Washington ahead of yester-
days nals.
There were a lot of those,
acknowledged the bees of-
cial pronouncer Jacques
Bailly, a classics professor in
Vermont who himself won
the championship in 1980.
We love dogs, added execu-
tive director Paige Kimble, the
1981 winner, who explained
the names had been picked off
a study list of 1,500 words dis-
tributed to schools at the out-
set of the current bee season.
An American institution dat-
ing back to the 1920s, the Na-
tional Spelling Bee has been
clinched for the past six years
in a row by young Americans
of South Asian heritage.
Contestants hail from all
50 states as well as the Baha-
mas, Canada, China, Ghana,
Jamaica and South Korea, as
well as US military schools
overseas. AFP
Old dog names: New
trickiness for spellers
Spelling bee contestant Amber Robinson and a miniature schnauzer. AFP
Good stewards
W Cup fans,
dont buy
that iguana

ORLD Cup fans loo-
king for that special
souvenir from Brazil
should know it is illegal to
buy parrots, iguanas and
other wildlife, authorities
said on Wednesday, re-
leasing a list of environmen-
tal guidelines for tourists.
Monkeys, birds, snakes,
butterflies, spiders and scor-
pions are also included on
the list of off-limits purcha-
ses and activities compiled
by officials in the northeas-
tern state of Rio Grande do
Norte, whose capital Natal is
a World Cup host city.
The World Cup will draw
thousands of tourists,
Brazilian and foreign, to Rio
Grande do Norte, said Air-
ton De Grande, spokesman
for the state branch of the
Brazilian Environment and
Resources Institute.
In order to avoid embar-
rassing incidents or even
criminal punishment, [we]
have prepared a list of 10
rules that everyone should
The list warns tourists not
to buy jewellery or crafts
made from wild animals,
including anything with
feathers, teeth, leather or
butterfly wings.
Buying wildlife, dead or
alive, is punishable by a fine
of up to 5,000 reals ($2,300)
per animal and a prison
sentence of up to one year, it
says. AFP
Sebastien Blanc
EHIND the reefs of
old tires and cobble-
stones that protect-
ed Ukraines protest
movement against the now-
disbanded riot police, those
still camped in Kievs Inde-
pendence Square face some
fundamental questions: Is
their revolution over? And is
it time to go home?
Days after elections swept
into office two politicians who
stood with protesters at the
barricades during protests this
winter, one of those leaders,
Kiev mayor-in-waiting Vitali
Klitschko, has called on pro-
testers to go home and for the
city to return to normal.
Now those who toppled pro-
Kremlin president Viktor
Yanukovych in February are
split about their next step,
debating where their move-
ment is headed after the land-
slide victory of chocolate mag-
nate Petro Poroshenko, a
longtime politician who sup-
ported the protesters but is still
a face many of them distrust.
Candles still flicker at rain-
sodden makeshift shrines that
honour the more than 100
people who died here in Feb-
ruary. Dust has turned to mud,
then baked to clay, on side-
walks that were stripped of
their paving stones to defend
against Yanukovychs security
forces. And a thriving tent city
is still home to hundreds of
people who are a mostly tough
crowd that has nowhere else
to go. Many of the original
protesters have long since
returned to their jobs and
their families.
The barricades have ful-
filled their function, and they
must be di smant l ed,
Klitschko told reporters in
Kiev this week. Kiev must
gradually return to everyday
life and concentrate its efforts
in that direction, while we are
doing reforms, so that they are
made as quickly as possible.
But many here in the square
also known as the Maidan
say they wont leave until
they know that Ukraines new
leaders will bring real change
to the country. Some of the
civil society groups that led
the original protests counter
that the time has come to
build a memorial on the
square, along with, perhaps, a
forum for public debate, but
otherwise to pull back and
return some measure of ordi-
nary life to central Kiev.
Im going to stay here until
the system has changed, said
Alexander Fedonyuk, 47, an
out-of-work construction
worker who on Thursday was
sitting on a plastic porch chair
in front of a faded-green mili-
tary tent where three puppies
playfully nipped each other. A
pile of gas masks sat in a card-
board box on the pavement.
The courts are the same, he
said. Its too early to say
whether theres a difference.
The demonstrations ebbed
and flowed, but there are still
some people who camped out
in the beginning and never
left. Many still in the square
live in tents and dress in mis-
matched camouflage. Some
were unemployed to begin
with and found purpose in the
rhythms and camaraderie of
everyday tent life. Others
came from Crimea to protest
and found themselves across
a new border when Russia
annexed the Black Sea penin-
sula in March.
In front of some tents pitched
on a wide boulevard that was
once a main Kiev thorough-
fare, campfires smolder.
The question of what to do
with Independence Square is
far from unique, especially in
the post-Arab Spring era,
when many mass protests
became associated with a sin-
gle location in a key city.
Cairos Tahrir Square was
the site of frequent protests
against whichever power
happened to be ruling at
least until riot police started
keeping constant guard. In
Bahrain, authorities simply
demolished Pearl Square, the
heart of the February and
March 2011 demonstrations
there, days after they crushed
the protesters. In Istanbul last
year, protests in Taksim
Square were sparked by the
governments plans to rebuild
an Ottoman-era military
building on part of the site,
and the government defiant-
ly laid sod to renovate the
park after it pushed out an
encampment with clouds of
tear gas.
But for some protest leaders
in Kiev, the activism needs to
cont i nue el sewhere i n
Ukrainian society, not at the
makeshift checkpoints on the
roads that lead into Inde-
pendence Square, where men
keep all-night vigils. Some
groups have suggested turn-
ing part of the square into a
pedestrian mall but clearing
away barricades elsewhere.
The Maidan is not just
about the territory. Its a thing
in life that happened to peo-
ple, said Oleksandr Melnyk,
a leader of the Civic Sector of
Euromaidan, one of the
groups that first organized
protests against Yanukovych
in November.
Those protests were focused
on Yanukovychs last-minute
decision not to sign an agree-
ment that would have brought
Ukraine closer to the Euro-
pean Union. But they quickly
turned into a broader effort to
rebuild Ukraines civil society
and to fight against endemic
corruption that had plagued
the country ever since its
independence from the Soviet
Union in 1991.
Those who have remained
on the Maidan are margin-
als, Melnyk said. Its people
who cannot find themselves
in the new society.
The Maidan should be a
place for rallies, where people
get together to talk about
issues, Melnyk said. There
should be a dialogue between
the activists and the govern-
ment about what to do with it,
he said, adding that the situ-
ation has changed, and with it,
the methods must change,
The scourge of honour killings in Pakistan
Sebastien Blanc
PAKISTANS prime minister yester-
day ordered provincial officials to
take immediate action over the
brutal murder of a pregnant woman
bludgeoned to death outside a top
court on Tuesday.
The stoning took place in the mid-
dle of the day, outside a courthouse,
beside a busy thoroughfare. The
woman and her husband had been
in love, her husband said, and
theyd gone to a courthouse to sign
the paperwork. Outside, the womans
father, brothers and extended family
waited. When the couple emerged,
the family reportedly tried to snatch
her, then murdered her.
I killed my daughter as she had
insulted all of our family by marry-
ing a man without our consent, and
I have no regret over it, her father
told police, adding that it had been
an honour killing.
The anecdote is horrifying. But even
more horrifying is the regularity with
which honour killings and stonings
occur in Pakistan. Despite creeping
modernity, secular condemnation
and the fact theres no reference to
stoning in the Koran, honour killings
claim the lives of more than 1,000
Pakistani women every year, accord-
ing to a Pakistani rights group.
They have widespread appeal.
Eighty-three per cent of Pakistanis
support stonings for adultery accord-
ing to a Pew survey, and only 8 per
cent oppose it. Even those who chose
modernity over Islamic fundamen-
talism overwhelmingly favour ston-
ings, according to Pew research.
Its the year 2014. Why is this still
Some Islamic fundamentalists
think that only through the murder of
an offending family member can hon-
our be restored to the rest of the fam-
ily. Honour killings predominantly
affect women 943 women were killed
under such circumstances in 2011 and
another 869 in 2013, though not all of
them were stoned. Some were just
gunned down in cold blood.
One man in Punjab province sus-
pected his teenage nieces of having
inappropriate relations with two
boys. So on January 11, he killed both
girls, saying he did it for honour.
Another teenage girl, living in
Sukkur, was allegedly shot dead by her
brother while she was doing home-
work because her brother thought she
was sleeping with a man.
One mom and dad allegedly killed
their 15-year-old daughter with acid
because they said she looked at a boy
and they feared dishonour.
There was a boy who came by on
a motorcycle, her father told BBC.
My daughter turned to look at him
twice. I told her before not to do that;
its wrong. People talk about us.
The mother added: She said I didnt
do it on purpose. I wont look again.
By then I had already thrown the acid.
It was her destiny to die this way.
Both genders face stonings in Paki-
stan and across 14 Muslim countries,
but women are more frequently
the targets.
The reason is rooted in sexual ine-
quality in such countries, where the
punishment has survived through
some interpretations of sharia, or
Islamic law, that say adultery is pun-
ishable by stoning. In countries such
as Iran, where stonings are legal and
widespread, men often have signifi-
cantly more agency than women. If
accused of adultery, they may have
the means to either hire lawyers or
flee. But those options are frequent-
ly closed to women.
Can anything stop the stonings?
Its unclear. One petition circulated
last year that netted more than 12,000
signatures called on the United
Nations to enact international laws
against stonings. But regardless of
international pressure, rights activ-
ists say the number of stonings and
honour killings have continued to
climb in Pakistan. AFP
Kievs newly elected mayor Vitalii Klitschko speaks to Maidan self-defence activists during a meeting at
Independence Square in the Ukrainian capital on May 26. AFP
Restless Kiev protesters told to go
Dont even think about it. AFP
Pakistani relatives on Tuesday transport the body of a pregnant woman who was
beaten to death with bricks by members of her own family in Lahore. AFP
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INC, aluminium, bronze,
copper and steel. These are
said to reflect Australias
national identity, if you read
the blurb about the new $230 million
Australian Embassy complex now ris-
ing on a large site in Jakarta.
Its offices, residences and recrea-
tion facilities will be clad in one or
other of these metals, which also
reflect another aspect of Australias
profile in Indonesia: the new embassy
is designed to be as impervious to ter-
rorist attacks as possible a car-
bombing at the existing building
caused carnage at its gates in 2004.
A side effect of the fortress Austral-
ia approach, though, is that virtually
all Australian staff members at the
embassy, from ambassador down,
will live in the complex, in a gated
Australian community, a far cry
from the days when diplomats were
scattered in bungalows and apart-
ments around town.
For two of the most different socie-
ties ever to find themselves geograph-
ic neighbours, Indonesia and Austral-
ia have been surprisingly warm
towards one another. Periodic fric-
tions have popped up ever since the
republic was declared in 1945, only 44
years after the brash new federation
came into being, but have rarely
deterred close relations.
Tony Abbott and Julia Bishop are
the latest in a long line of Australian
politicians to declare the relationship
has been neglected and underdevel-
oped. Behind them is the usual crowd
of pundits warning, as many have
before, that Indonesia needs us much
less than we need Indonesia: heading
towards 300 million-plus in popula-
tion, its economy growing like topsy
into the worlds seventh largest in 15
years, centre of Washingtons new
attention to Southeast Asia, it will
have many suitors.
Yet both the politicians and the
pundits feel obliged to put a transac-
tional value on the relationship: the
growing middle class and its appetite
for our beef, financial services, uni-
versity degrees and holidays; assist-
ance in countering refugee flows and
terrorists; buffering Chinese power.
Where is the warmth? Only rarely
do we get a voice like that of econo-
mist Ross Garnaut, who points out
that with a friendly Indonesia, Aus-
tralia will never be isolated from Asia.
Beneath the president and prime
minister, and their foreign ministers,
is a toxic layer of domestic-model
politicians in both countries, ready to
make the most of any sign of distrust
or deception. Even that top-level wis-
dom has been strained by the Edward
Snowden revelation that the Austral-
ian signals directorate tapped the
mobile phones of President Susilo
Bambang Yudhoyono, his wife, and
senior ministers.
In earlier times, tension would dis-
sipate, because of Australias benign
image, the early support for Indone-
sias independence, the embrace of
Indonesian language study in our
schools, some pioneer mining and
other businesses, and the 20 million-
strong audience for Radio Australia.
That historical narrative has been
tempered by the East Timor and West
Papua experiences. Indonesian lan-
guage study has dwindled close to
extinction and shortwave radio has
been displaced by Wi-Fi. As for busi-
ness, Indonesia has made itself a per-
ilous investment zone, inhabited by
nationalist ministries and corruptible
police and judges.
To give them credit, Abbott and
Bishop are opening new pathways
into Indonesia. One is the new
Colombo plan, which will place some
bright Australian students in Indone-
sian universities. Another is a new
national centre for Indonesian stud-
ies at Monash university.
Yet they are also choking off or nar-
rowing others. The closure of the
ABCs Australia Network ended a nas-
cent effort to replace Radio Australia
as a window into Indonesian house-
holds to portray Australia as a place
to study, park savings, take a peaceful
holiday or pick up ideas.
The scrapping of AusAid as a sepa-
rate organisation, folding its activities
back into the department of foreign
affairs and trade, killed a well-
known brand name not least in its
main area of activity, where its aid
projects like support for village
schools stood somewhat separate
from hard national interest.
Over the years I have taken part in
many Australia-Indonesia forums,
where the elite-level participants on
the Australian side generally end up
asking why others businessmen,
students, tourists arent as excited
by Indonesia as they are.
There are some things that could
make Australians sit up a touring
exhibition of Indonesias marvellous
modern art would be one but it will
probably take a major strategic deci-
sion by Australias political leaders.
Indonesian should be the lan-
guage taught by all our primary
schools. If students and their par-
ents want to add other languages,
studying one generally helps with
another. It helps that Indonesian is
structurally simple, easily pro-
nounced, written phonetically in
Roman script, and usable at almost
any level. Use of Skype conversation
and student exchanges make it a
live, fun experience for the young,
as seen in schools like Leongatha in
Victorias dairy country.
We should make this decision not
because it will help win export deals
or get high-paying jobs, though may-
be it will for some people, but
because of strategic choice: this is
where we live and these are the
neighbours we need to understand.
Hamish McDonald
The fortress Australia approach
Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa (left) and his Australian counterpart Julie Bishop as they meet in Jakarta in December. For
two of the most different societies ever to nd themselves neighbours, Indonesia and Australia have been warm towards one another. AFP
Hamish McDonalds new book Demokrasi:
Indonesia in the 21st Century is out now.
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condition for living, big parking.
Price: US$600-US$850/month
Tel: 092 23 26 23/081 23 00 00
Located a long Norodom Blvd, 100
to 1700 sqm, big parking lot, big
elevator, big staircase, 24h security
and many facilities around.
Price: US$10 - $14/month
per sqm.
Tel: 092 23 26 23/ 081 23 00 00
Rent Near Prey Sor Area (Ware-
house zone), Size: 1,450sqm plus
to 3,000sqm, electricity and water
are connected. possible for trucks
Price: US$1,7/sqm
Tel: 092 23 26 23/081 23 00 00
440sqm to 1,300sqm, from 5$/sqm
Parking, 24h security, elevator
Spacious 5 meter high ceilings
Lots of plants and light
+ 60 sqm large balcony
Great view over Phnom Penh
012 869 111
Building 3 For RENT, a fully
furnished 1 bedroom, nice river
view from your balcony, monthly
price $500 with free cleaning,
internet, water, cable TV, main-
tenance Location: #112, St. Tonle
Sap (peninsular) 012 569 832
| 012 944 191 | 012 912 651
Building 4 For RENT, a luxurious
2bed, living room, kitchen, dining
room, monthly price 1,040$, free
for internet, cleaning, water &
Entrance to Sokhah Fitness Club.
Location: #247, ST.51 St. 360,
BKK1 012 569 832| 012 944 191
| 012 912 651
(2 oor) Near rverside on street
130 rool enovate already (4m x8m)
price: $82,000
Tel: 012 30 21 37 015 836 168
Seeking to purchase Ground Level Or
Ground + Level I residential dwelling
in Phnom Penh. Up to USD 30,000
Phone: 089 721 857 / 012 927 472
07 bed with bath located in BKKI,
Basic furnished, clean, western
kitchen, big living room, big
balcony on the top. Rent: $3500 /m
Tel: 012 879 231
for rent 04 bed with bath located in
DP, Basic furnished, clean, western
kitchen, big living room, nice
swimming pool, big parking.
Rent: $3500 /m Tel: 012 879 231
rent 01-02-3bedwithbath, furnished,
clean, western kitchen, big living
room, big parking, and safe
Rent: $1200-2000-4000 /m
Location: BKKI Tel: 012 503 356
Flighs Days Dep Arrival Flighs Days Dep Arrival
K6 720 Daily 12:05 01:10 K6 721 Daily 02:25 03:30
PG 938 Daily 06:40 08:15 PG 931 Daily 07:55 09:05
PG 932 Daily 09:55 11:10 TG 580 Daily 07:55 09:05
TG 581 Daily 10:05 11:10 PG 933 Daily 13:30 14:40
PG 934 Daily 15:30 16:40 FD 3616 Daily 15:15 16:20
FD 3617 Daily 17:05 18:15 PG 935 Daily 17:30 18:40
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TG 585 Daily 20:40 21:45 PG 937 Daily 20:15 21:50
CZ 324 Daily 08:00 16:05 CZ 323 Daily 14:30 20:50
QR 965 Daily 16:30 23:05 QR 964 Daily 01:00 15:05
CZ 324 Daily 08:00 11:40 CZ 6059 2.4.7 12:00 13:45
CZ 6060 2.4.7 14:45 18:10 CZ 323 Daily 19:05 20:50
VN 840 Daily 17:30 20:35 VN 841 Daily 09:40 13:00
QR 965 Daily 16:30 17:30 QR 964 Daily 14:05 15:05
VN 841 Daily 14:00 14:45 VN 920 Daily 15:50 16:30
VN 3856 Daily 19:20 20:05 VN 3857 Daily 18:00 18:45
KA 207 11:25 15:05 KA 208 08:50 10:25
KA 207 6 11:45 22:25 KA 206 3.5.7 14:30 16:05
KA 209 1 18:30 22:05 KA 206 1 15:25 17:00
KA 209 3.5.7 17:25 21:00 KA 206 2 15:50 17:25
KA 205 2 19:00 22:35 - - - -
KE 690 Daily 23:40 06:40 KE 689 Daily 18:30 22:20
OZ 740 Daily 23:50 06:50 OZ 739 Daily 19:10 22:50
AK 1473 Daily 08:35 11:20 AK 1474 Daily 15:15 16:00
MH 755 Daily 11:10 14:00 MH 754 Daily 09:30 10:20
MH 763 Daily 17:10 20:00 MH 762 Daily 3:20 4:10
AF 273 2 20:05 06:05 AF 273 2 20:05 06:05
FM 833 19:50 23:05 FM 833 19:30 22:40
MI 601 09:30 12:30 MI 602 07:40 08:40
MI 622 2.4 12:20 15:20 MI 622 2.4 08:40 11:25
3K 594 1234..7 15:25 18:20 3K 593 Daily 13:30 14:40
3K 594 ....56. 15:25 18:10 - - - -
MI 607 Daily 18:10 21:10 MI 608 Daily 16:20 17:15
2817 1.3 16:40 19:40 2816 1.3 15:00 15:50
2817 2.4.5 09:10 12:00 2816 2.4.5 07:20 08:10
2817 6 14:50 17:50 2816 6 13:00 14:00
2817 7 13:20 16:10 2816 7 11:30 12:30
BR 266 Daily 12:45 17:05 BR 265 Daily 09:10 11:35
VN 840 Daily 17:30 18:50 VN 841 Daily 11:30 13:00
QV 920 Daily 17:50 19:10 QV 921 Daily 11:45 13:15
8M 402 1.3.6 13:30 14:55 8M 401 1.3.6 08:20 10:45
8M 401 1.3.6 11:45 12:30
Flighs Days Dep Arrival Flighs Days Dep Arrival
K6 700 Daily 12:50 2:00 K6 701 Daily 02:55 04:05
PG 924 Daily 09:45 11:10 PG 903 Daily 08:00 09:00
PG 906 Daily 13:15 14:40 PG 905 Daily 11:35 12:45
PG 914 Daily 15:20 16:45 PG 913 Daily 13:35 14:35
PG 908 Daily 18:50 20:15 PG 907 Daily 17:00 18:10
PG 910 Daily 20:30 21:55 PG 909 Daily 18:45 19:55
CZ 3054 2.4.6 11:25 15:35 CZ 3053 2.4.6 08:45 10:30
CZ 3054 19:25 23:20 CZ 3053 16:35 18:30
K6 850 Daily 06:50 08:30 K6 851 Daily 19:30 21:15
VN 868 12:40 15:35 VN 843 Daily 15:25 17:10
VN 842 Daily 18:05 19:45 VN 845 Daily 17:05 18:50
VN 844 Daily 19:45 21:25 VN 845 Daily 17:45 19:30
VN 800 Daily 21:00 22:40 VN 801 Daily 18:20 20:00
VN 3818 Daily 11:10 12:30 VN 3809 Daily 09:15 10:35
VN 826 Daily 13:30 14:40 VN 827 Daily 11:35 12:35
VN 3820 Daily 17:45 18:45 VN 3821 Daily 15:55 16:55
VN 828 Daily 18:20 19:20 VN 829 Daily 16:20 17:40
VN 3822 Daily 21:35 22:35 VN 3823 Daily 19:45 20:45
KE 688 Daily 23:15 06:10 KE 687 Daily 18:30 22:15
OZ 738 Daily 23:40 07:10 OZ 737 Daily 19:20 22:40
AK 281 Daily 08:35 11:35 AK 280 Daily 06:50 07:50
MH 765 3.5.7 14:15 17:25 MH 764 3.5.7 12:10 13:15
5J 258 2.4.7 22:30 02:11 5J 257 2.4.7 19:45 21:30
#90+92+94Eo, St. 217, Sk. Orussey4, Kh. 7 Makara, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Tel 023 881 178 | Fax 023 886 677 |
1 Wed, 08:00 - Thu 16:00 1 Call/week SIN-SHV-SGZ-SIN
2 Thu, 14:00 - Fri 22:00 1 Call/week
3 Fri, 20:00 - Sat 23:59 1 Call/week SIN-SHV-SGZ-SIN
(4 calls/moth)
1 Th, 08:00 - 20:00 1 Call/week
2 Fri, 22:00- Sun 00:01 1 Call/week
(4 calls/onth)
Sun 09:00-23:00 1 Call/week
(4 calls/month)
Sat 06:00 - Sun 08:00 1 Call/week SGZ-SHV-SIN-SGZ
(4 calls/month)
Fri, 08:00 - Sun, 06:00 1 call/week SIN-SHV-SIN
(2 calls/month)
Irregula 2 calls/month BBK-SHV-BKK-(LZP)
34 call/month
BUS= Busan, Korea
HKG= HongKong
kao=Kaoshiung, Taiwan ROC
Kob= Kebe, Japan
KUN= Kuantan, Malaysia
LZP= Leam Chabang, Thailand
NBO= Ningbo, China
OSA= Osaka, Japan
SGN= Saigon, Vietnam
SGZ= Songkhla, Thailand
SHV= Sihanoukville Port Cambodia
SIN= Singapore
TPP= TanjungPelapas, Malaysia
TYO= Tokyo, Japan
TXG= Taichung, Taiwan
YAT= Yantian, China
YOK= Yokohama, Japan
Air Asia (AK)
Room T6, PP International
Airport. Tel: 023 6666 555
Fax: 023 890 071
Cambodia Angkor Air (K6)
PP Ofce, #90+92+94Eo,
St.217, Sk.Orussey4, Kh.
7Makara, 023 881 178 /77-
718-333. Fax:+855 23-886-677
Qatar Airways (Newaddress)
VattanacCapital Tower, Level7,
No.66, PreahMonivongBlvd,
Sangkat wat Phnom, KhanDaun
Penh. PP, P: (023) 963800.
#90+92+94Eo, St. 217,
Sk. Orussey4, Kh. 7 Makara,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
T:023 881 178 | F:023 886 677
Dragon Air (KA)
#168, Monireth, PP
Tel: 023 424 300
Fax: 023 424 304
Tiger airways
G. oor, Regency square,
Suare, Suite #68/79, St.205,
Sk Chamkarmorn, PP
Tel: (855) 95 969 888
(855) 23 5515 888/5525888

Koreanair (KE)
Room.F3-R03, Intelligent Ofce
Center, Monivong Blvd,PP
Tel: (855) 23 224 047-9
Cebu Pacic (5J)
Phnom Penh: No. 333B
Monivong Blvd. Tel: 023 219161
SiemReap: No. 50,Sivatha Blvd.
Tel: 063 965487
SilkAir (MI)
Regency C,Unit 2-4, Tumnorb
Teuk, Chamkarmorn
Phnom Penh
Tel:023 988 629
2817 - 16 Tigerairways KA - Dragon Air 1 Monday
5J - CEBU Airways. MH - Malaysia Airlines 2 Tuesday
AK - Air Asia MI - SilkAir 3 Wednesday
BR - EVA Airways OZ - Asiana Airlines 4 Thursday
CI - China Airlines PG - Bangkok Airways 5 Friday
CZ - China Southern QR - Qatar Airways 6 Saturday
FD - Thai Air Asia QV - Lao Airlines 7 Sunday
FM - Shanghai Air SQ - Singapore Airlines
K6- Cambodia Angkor Air TG - Thai Airways | VN - Vietnam Airlines
This ight schedule information is updated about once a month. Further information,
please contact direct to airline or a travel agent for ight schedule information.
MI 633 1, 6, 7 16:35 22:15 MI 633 1, 6, 7 14:35 15:45
MI 622 2.4 10:40 15:20 MI 622 2.4 08:40 09:50
MI 630 5 12:25 15:40 MI 616 7 10:40 11:50
MI 615 7 12:45 16:05 MI 636 3, 2 13:55 17:40
MI 636 3, 2 18:30 21:35 MI 630 5 07:55 11:35
MI 617 5 18:35 21:55 MI 618 5 16:35 17:45
3K 598 .2....7 15:35 18:40 3K 597 .2....7 13:45 14:50
3K 598 ...4... 15:35 18:30 3K 597 ...4... 13:45 14:50
QV 522 10:05 13:00 QV 512 06:30 09:25
8M 402 1. 5 20:15 21:25 8M 401 1. 5 17:05 19:15
Flighs Days Dep Arrival Flighs Days Dep Arrival
K6 130 1-3-5 12:55 13:55 K6 131 1-3-5 11:20 12:20
Will Coldwell
Y THE time the World
Cup is over, Mary San-
tos da Silva hopes she
will be able to afford
to build an extra oor on the
roof of her house. A resident of
Alto de Ondina, a neighbour-
hood overlooking the ocean
in the city of Salvador, Mary is
one of an increasing number
of favela dwellers renting out
their homes to football fans
travelling to the tournament.
This business helps me in
two ways, she says. It is great
to make some money for my
family, and it will mean I can
build an extra oor where my
daughter can live. But sec-
ondly, both my daughters are
learning English. They love
the opportunity to practise
speaking and broaden their
horizons through this cul-
tural exchange.
Mary, like others from her
favela, is renting her property
with the help of nonprot or-
ganisation Football Beyond
Borders. The organisation
which uses football as a means
to break down prejudice and
inequality has been working
with a small group of families
to set up accommodation
hubs for fans staying in the
city during the World Cup, to
help spread some of the gains
from the inux of tourists.
With Tripadvisor report-
ing a match day increase on
room rates of 212 per cent in
Salvador, the price of rooms
in Rio increasing by 600 per
cent and the average price of a
hotel room in Rio now at 289
($483), the favelas, with rooms
at around 17-20 per night
offer a more affordable alter-
native for fans already strug-
gling to keep their trip within
budget. The project, and other
favela accommodation busi-
nesses across the country,
also offer an opportunity for
visitors to experience a very
different side of Brazil.
So far visitors from Scot-
land, France, Germany, Bra-
zil, Finland and the US have
booked to stay in the Salvador
favelas, which have already
hosted some visitors earlier
this year. Guardian journalist
Josh Strauss stayed in one of
the apartments coordinated
by Football Beyond Borders
in April. The welcome he re-
ceived was incredible.
Mama, the head of the fam-
ily, took us in as one of her own
making sure we had every-
thing we needed, were well fed,
knew where to go and how to
get there, he says. She would
even escort us to bus stops,
stop the bus and have stern
words with the driver to look
out for us when we needed
to get off. She and her family
completely changed the feel-
ing and experience of our trip
knowing that we had Brazil-
ians as surrogate family made
us feel welcome and safe in a
way only locals can.
This is one of the positive
aspects being used to promote
favela holiday accommoda-
tion by Brazil tourism com-
pany Favela Experience who
promise an immersive and
authentic stay.
Other less conventional ac-
commodation options being
sought by budget-conscious
fans during the World Cup in-
clude camping and staying in
one of Brazils many Love Ho-
tels. World Cup Camping is a
British property development
company that has developed
a purpose-built campsite on
the outskirts of Rio to cater for
football fans , with prices set at
35 per person per night. Love
Hotels traditionally rented to
amorous couples by the hour
have been restructuring
to accommodate advanced
bookings. Six-hour blocks
(just enough for a decent
nights sleep) cost between
Favela option
for travellers to
the World Cup
Rocinha is the largest hill favela in Rio de Janeiro. Some favelas will be
offering accommodation for Brazils World Cup. PHOTO SUPPLIED
AUL George scored
21 of his 37 points in
the fourth quarter as
the Indiana Pacers
staved off elimination by beat-
ing the two-time defending
champion Miami Heat 93-90
on Wednesday.
George also had 31 points
in the second half and shot
15-of-28 overall from the oor
for the Pacers who still trail the
Heat three games to two in the
best-of-seven Eastern Confer-
ence championship series.
I just came out ring. My
teammates found me and I
got hot, said George. I felt
in rhythm, regardless of who
was guarding me. I was just in
the zone.
The playoff series shifts back
to southern Florida for game
six today.
The Heat are trying to be-
come the fourth team in Na-
tional Basketball Association
history to advance to the nals
four straight seasons in a row.
Miamis LeBron James n-
ished with a career playoff-low
of seven points on just two-of-
10 shooting as he battled foul
trouble throughout.
James played just 25 total
minutes as the Heat had to
play all of the second and most
of the third quarters without
their superstar.
Its not something Im ac-
customed to, James said of
sitting on the bench with foul
trouble. I wasnt able to make
plays and help our team win.
Indiana needed to overcome
a double-digit decit earlier
in the game and a Chris Bosh
three-point try in the closing
seconds that bounced out of
danger. David West tallied 19
points, Roy Hibbert had 10
points and 13 rebounds while
Lance Stephenson scored 12
for the Pacers, who are trying
to come back from 3-1 down
and win a series for the rst
time in franchise history.
Rashard Lewis and Dwyane
Wade each scored 18 points
for the Heat, while Bosh n-
ished with 20 points and 10
rebounds in the loss.
James would like to forget
this game. Not only did he
commit ve fouls within the
rst three quarters for the
rst time in his career but it
was just the second time in
his career he was held to sin-
gle digit scoring.
We are going back home,
learn from our mistakes and
come back Friday, said James.
We need one more win to get
to the nals and that is all I am
concerned about.
Indiana trailed by 11 dur-
ing an embarrassing 33-point
performance in the rst half.
They got their offence on
track in the third by scoring 31
points in the quarter, includ-
ing 11 straight at one stage.
George capped the surge with
a fast break dunk to give the
Pacers a 52-50 lead.
His buzzer-beating three-
pointer put the Pacers ahead
64-57 at the end of the third.
Another George dunk off a
steal pushed Indianas lead
to 77-66 early in the fourth
quarter, but nine consecutive
Miami points got the Heat
back into it.
Miami pushed hard to try
and retake the lead but George
was able to counter each time
with a key bucket of his own.
My message to the whole
team was the light needs to be
on green for all of us, coach
Frank Vogel said. You need
to go, you need to attack, you
need to be aggressive. Paul
took it and ran with it and took
it to a crazy level.
In the nal seconds Miamis
Bosh had a potential go-ahead
three-pointer from the corner,
but his shot was contested and
clanged off the rim.
Hibbert grabbed the re-
bound, giving the Pacers the
victory. George said going
back to Miami wont be easy
but they now know what it
takes to close out playoff
games against the Heat.
It will be a totally differ-
ent ball game, but we have
got to rise to the challenge
it will be a fun challenge, he
said. AFP
WORLD number one Adam
Scott and two-time major
champ Rory McIlroy, who are
fresh off tournament victories,
were to tee off together in the
opening round of the Memo-
rial Tournament yesterday.
Scott, who reached number
one in the world last week
for the rst time in his career,
won the Colonial tournament
while McIlroy captured the
BMW PGA Championship for
his sixth European Tour title
but rst on European soil.
They will play the rst two
rounds of this weeks $6.2 mil-
lion Memorial Tournament in
a threesome that also includes
Jason Day.
I feel like this course sets up
well for me, and I am playing
well, Australias Scott said on
Wednesday. I am going to try
and keep the momentum go-
ing after last week.
Indeed, last week helped
validate his rise to the top of
the ladder as he was playing
for the rst time since over-
taking Tiger Woods for num-
ber one.
Scott says he didnt want to
be known as a one-week num-
ber 1 wonder. So he made sure
he got into a solid pre-tourna-
ment routine last week so that
he would be able to handle
the physical and mental chal-
lenges that come with trying
to win a PGA tournament.
Former world number one
McIlroys success came on
the opposite side of the globe.
But his impressive victory has
been tempered somewhat by
his recent breakup with tennis
star Caroline Wozniacki.
McIlroy called off his en-
gagement to Wozniacki a little
over a week ago after the wed-
ding invites had already been
sent out. Luckily for him, he
was able to lose himself in the
tournament at Wentworth and
come out victorious.
It is good to be here, obvi-
ously coming off the back of
a win last week, said McIlroy
on Wednesday. It gives me a
lot of condence coming into
here and with the US Open in
a couple weeks time.
Tiger Woods will miss his
second major championship
of 2014 as he struggles to re-
turn to top form following
back surgery earlier this year.
The 14-time major winner
announced on his website
Wednesday that he is skipping
next months US Open while
he continues his rehabilita-
tion. Unfortunately, I wont
be there because Im not yet
physically able to play com-
petitive golf, Woods said.
Id like to convey my regrets
to the USGA leadership, the
volunteers and the fans that I
wont be at Pinehurst.
Woods has not competed
since the nal round of the
WGC-Cadillac Champion-
ship in March and this is the
sixth major championship the
American has missed because
of injuries.
He shot a third round 66
at the WGC-Cadillac to vault
back into contention but
struggled with back pain in
the nal round on March 9.
Three weeks later, he under-
went microdiscectomy sur-
gery to alleviate a pinched
nerve in his back. The 38-year-
old also missed four months
of the 2011 season with knee
and Achilles injuries.
Woods told reporters earlier
this month that there was no
timetable for his return.
That has been the real
question through all this.
There is no date, he said. Its
not up to me. Its not going to
be up to me if I play. Its up to
my doctors. AFP
Scott, McIlroy aiming
to keep momentum as
Woods out of US Open
Pacers stay alive with win
Tiger Woods grimaces in pain
after his hitting a tee shot at the
US Open on June 15, 2008. AFP
to reign
After months of sweat and toil on
and off the tennis courts to keep
themselves absolutely ghting t,
the Cambodian Davis Cup squad
turned for a traditional spiritual
lift in the coastal town of Kep
yesterday as the the Asia Oceania
Group III Campaign in Iran draws
closer. The six members of the
Tehran-bound team, Captain Tep
Rithivit, coach Braen Aneiros,
along with players Bun Kenny,
Panhara Mam, Phalkun Mam
and Long Samneang, visited the
Kampoul Phnom Kep, a famous
nunnery atop a mountain to offer
prayers and seek divine blessings
before their quest for Cup success
begins in Tehran in two weeks. It
doesnt matter what you believe
in, be it Buddhism or Christianity,
this trip and the visit to Kampoul
Phnom Kep is more of a spiritual
tradition, secretary-general of
Tennis Cambodia and Captain of
the Davis Cup squad Tep Rithivit
said. Its something we have
started and have done religiously
before competition abroad, and
its something we will continue
to do long into the future. HS

Victory at Mugello is a
matter of honour: Rossi
VALENTINO Rossi will be
hoping to entertain Italian
MotoGP fans at his first home
race of the year, in a contest he
describes as a matter of
honour. The Italian GP will be
Rossis 300th career race. It will
be my 300th GP this weekend
and for that I am not very happy
because it means that Im old!
But Im happy because I am in
good shape and I can still be
very fast, the 35-year-old said.
The Urbino native is the only
rider to record seven straight
wins at the Gran Premio dItalia
beteen 2002 to 2008, but will be
determined to undo a did not
finish last year and claw back
some distance from
championship leader Marc
Marquez who has a 44-point
lead over him at the top of the
standings with 125 points after
five wins in the first five races.
Dani Pedrosa is two points
ahead of Rossi in second on 83
points. I am very happy to go to
Mugello, Rossi said. This is a
beautiful track and I like it so
much. There are always 25
points as the other races, but
Mugello is a matter of honour.
Jorge [Lorenzo] has won the last
three years on the Yamaha,
doing fantastic races, and this
means the M1 is very compet-
itive on this track. JOECURTIN
Tate scared by wild

tackle in Origin game
Tate said the moment he was
hurled in a cartwheeling tackle
during a fierce State of Origin
rugby league match against
New South Wales was the
most frightening of his life.
NSW stand-off Josh Reynolds
was charged with making a
dangerous throw on Tate in his
teams bruising 12-8 win over
Queensland in Brisbane late on
Wednesday. Ive never been
more frightened in all my life,
said Tate, who wears a neck
brace in matches following a
serious neck injury in 2005. My
legs were shaking for a good 10
minutes after that. I dont
think Ive ever been as scared
in a rugby league match as
that. I had absolutely no control
of where I was going. It gave
me a big fright. Reynolds
successfully had the severity of
his dangerous throw charge
downgraded at a NRL judiciary
hearing late yesterday enabling
him to play in the second State
of Origin game next month. AFP
IAAF to use Hawk-Eye

in world championships
HAWK-EYE software is set to be
used at next years world
championships after a
successful trial by the IAAF at
the inaugural world relays in
Nassau, where baton
changeovers were closely
monitored and disqualifications
decided by new cameras in the
stadium. The British-based
company used seven cameras
to film the changeover boxes
during the relays and ensure all
baton exchanges were made
legitimately and that runners did
not step out of their designated
lane. It means that future
decisions on disqualification
could be made in a matter of
minutes ensuring that the
chaotic scenes of last years
world championships in
Moscow will not be repeated.
Saker salutes Jordan after stunning
10-wicket England rout of Sri Lanka
ENGLAND bowling coach Dav-
id Saker hailed Chris Jordan as
the ultimate professional
after the all-rounder spear-
headed a stunning 10-wicket
defeat of Sri Lanka in the third
one-day international.
Sussex paceman Jordan took
a career-best five wickets for 29
runs as England dismissed Sri
Lanka for just 67 at Old Trafford
on Wednesday. The way he
prepares for every game, the
way he looks after himself, hes
the ultimate professional,
Saker said of Jordan.
Saker, himself a former Vic-
toria and Tasmania seam bowl-
er, added Jordans attitude was
equalled only by his talent.
He always wants to get bet-
ter and he is getting better
every game, the 47-year-old
bowling guru insisted.
He fields really well. He
bowls well and when he gets
the ball in his area he hits it out
of the park so hes been a fan-
tastic find for us, Saker added
of the Barbados-born Jordan,
who came to England after
being scouted for a sports
scholarship at London school
Dulwich College by former Test
batsman Bill Athey.
Sri Lankas total was the low-
est score made by any Test
nation against England in a
one-day international and sec-
ond only to minnows Canadas
45, also at Old Trafford, during
the 1979 World Cup.
Bowling at a lively pace, Jor-
dan made sure there was no
way back for Sri Lanka, sent
into bat in overcast conditions
by England captain Alastair
Cook, after James Anderson
had starred on his Lancashire
home ground with a spell of
two wickets for no runs in five
balls to remove both openers.
Cook and Ian Bell made light
work of scoring the winning
runs, Bell finishing a match
that lasted just 36.1 overs out of
a possible 100 with a straight
six off spinner Rangana Herath
as England went 2-1 up in this
five-match series.
But there was no doubting
the star of the show, with Jor-
dan collecting his second man-
of-the-match award in three
games after taking three for 25
in Englands series-opening 81
run-win at The Oval last week.
Even more impressive was
the fact this dominant display,
only their fifth 10-wicket win
at this level, came just three
days after England had been
skittled out for 99 during Sri
Lankas 157-run win in the sec-
ond ODI at Chester-le-Street.
Sri Lanka captain Angelo
Mathews was left hoping his
side could follow Englands
example in bouncing back
from a heavy defeat come Sat-
urdays fourth ODI at Lords.
We are in the same situa-
tion, he said. Its one of the
worst games Ive ever played,
ever been a part of. Poor shot
selection was the main reason
we got so few runs. But it was
never a 67 wicket there were
no demons in it. AFP
Englands Chris Jordan celebrates after taking the wicket of Sri
Lankas Dinesh Chandimal at Old Trafford on Wednesday. AFP
ITALIAN Stefano Pirazzi
(Bardiani-CSF) held off a small
group of chasers in the home
straight to claim his maiden
Giro dItalia victory in the 17th
stage on Wednesday.
Race leader Nairo Quintana
(Movistar) crossed the nish
line with the main peloton
and his closest rivals nearly 15
minutes later following a 208
kilometre trek from Sarnoni-
co to Vittorio Veneto that saw
a breakaway go unchallenged
all the way to the nish.
Quintana, the runner-up
on last years Tour de France,
spent his rst day in the races
fabled maglia rosa (pink
jersey) to retain his 1min
41sec lead on Rigoberto Uran
(Omega-Pharma) and 3:21
cushion on Australian Cadel
Evans (BMC).
But it was a tense day in the
saddle for the 24-year-old Co-
lombian, who was accused of
foul play following his victory
on stage 16 when he took the
jersey from Uran, last years
runner-up, and then faced
calls for his time advantage to
be cancelled.
Quintana said of Tuesdays
controversy: Were making
a story out of nothing. Why
should they take a time ad-
vantage away that I earned
out on the road?
I dont understand the prob-
lem. Most of the time I made, I
did on the nal climb.
With moods tense, there was
little reaction from the main
bunch when an early break-
away formed and went on to
build a healthy lead that stood
at 12 minutes with a little over
50 kilometres remaining.
After a series of attacks and
counter-attacks in the clos-
ing kilometres, Pirazzi broke
free in the nal 1.3km and
just thwarted a small chas-
ing group from ending his bid
metres before the line.
His rst Giro win was cele-
brated by a deant gesture at
the nish, after which Pirazzi
explained: Its my response
to all my critics.
Ive been searching ve
years for this victory, it was
beginning to get me down,
but nally Ive done it, added
the 27-year-old.
A lot of people criticised my
lack of results, but I can assure
them Ive been working hard.
This is my reward for that.
It was also Bardiani-CSFs
third win inside a week, fol-
lowing successes by Marco
Canola and Enrico Battaglin
on the 13th and 14th stages.
Yesterday the race moved
back into the mountains on
the 18th stage from Belluno
to Panarotta Refuge.
Two mountain passes, the
San Pellegrino and the Rede-
bus, will be crossed before the
peloton tackle the 16.8 kilo-
metre rise to the nish. AFP
Pirazzi sprints to stage,
Quintana still in pink
Sarries vow to bounce back in final
FTER Saracens had defeated
Harlequins resoundingly at
Wembley in March, the di-
rector of rugby of their Lon-
don rivals, Conor OShea, contrasted
the recent trophy records of the two
clubs. No English side had won more
in the previous three years than Quins,
he noted, while his opponents had not
needed silver polish in that time.
They will be pretty keen to end
that, he said. Even more so now after
the European Cup nal, between two
clubs who had nished at the top of
their respective leagues and were both
chasing the double, was won deci-
sively by Toulon. Having fallen in two
semi-nals last season, to Toulon and
Northampton, Saracens are looking at
the prospect of a repeat one stage fur-
ther along.
They play the Saints in Saturdays
Premiership nal at Twickenham and,
while Northampton have a swagger af-
ter coming from behind to defeat Bath
in last Fridays Amlin Challenge Cup
nal at Cardiff Arms Park, Saracens
face another season ending in anticli-
max. The portents are not good: when
Toulon beat them in the semi-nal
last season, Sarries lost at home to
Northampton in the Premiership semi-
nal two weeks later and were routed
at Franklins Gardens last October a
week after being pipped by Toulouse
in the Heineken Cup at Wembley.
Saracens had beaten Clermont Au-
vergne by 40 points in the semi-nal
having controlled the breakdown, but
after winning early turnovers against
Toulon, the tackle area became domi-
nated by Steffon Armitage and Juan
Smith. The wolf pack scattered and
Sarries became too individual.
I hope it is something we learn
from, said the England No8 Billy Vuni-
pola. I do not think we left anything
out there as a team, they just got the
better of us. We did not play as we can,
but there was no lack of heart or effort.
When we receive a setback, we tend to
react positively and that has to be the
case this week. We know what we have
to improve on: we lacked a bit of detail
against Toulon, which is why they won
so many turnovers.
I perhaps tried to take it on myself
too much and went away from the
team patterns. It think it was just my
lack of spatial awareness and it is an
area I need to work on, staying within
the team framework rather than trying
to be Superman. We know what hap-
pened last year and we do not want
a repeat of that: Northampton are a
good team and we cannot just play
on emotion. They will be at the top of
their game and we need to come up
with a plan and carry it out.
Saracens were appearing in the Eu-
ropean Cup nal for the rst time and
some of their supporters missed the
start of the game, the one period when
they were on top, because of heavy
trafc. All those who travelled on of-
cial coaches will receive a full refund.
Saracens have lost four of their past
ve matches to Northampton, two in
the LV Cup, and their last two victories
against the Saints have been by narrow
margins, although they were in control
at Allianz Park last month until con-
ceding two late tries.
We are desperate to nish the sea-
son with a trophy, said the centre
Brad Barritt. If we achieve that, we
will be able to reect on a very success-
ful campaign.
Meanwhile, Toulon boss Mourad
Boudjellal has told his players they
need to follow up their European Cup
triumph by winning the French Top-
14 crown against Castres on Saturday.
Bernard Laportes side crushed Sar-
acens 23-6 in Cardiff last weekend to
win their second consecutive Euro-
pean Cup and now have the chance
to become the rst French side to
complete a domestic and European
With all the respect I have for Cas-
tres, we cannot fail said Boudjellal as
his side look to avenge their defeat to
the same opposition in the nal of last
seasons competition. We are fully
aware that last year we underestimat-
ed Castres and that they are a team
who deserve to be taken seriously.
They are the French champions,
they are in the nal once more, they
have even knocked out Clermont and
Montpellier who, for me, were two of
the favourites.
Boudjellal is steadfast in his deter-
mination to deliver the double for
the fans, as well as for y half Jonny
Wilkinson, who will retire after Satur-
days nal. We cannot mess it up, the
Toulon manager insisted.
Wilkinson signed off his profession-
al career on British soil with a typical-
ly clinical kicking display in Toulons
comprehensive defeat of Saracens
and the French side are determined to
learn from last years disappointment,
when they were unable to add to their
maiden European Cup.
Alongside Wilkinson, Saturdays
clash will be the nal game in the ca-
reers of South Africans Danie Rossouw
and Joe van Niekerk.
Saracns take on Saints at 9pm Cam-
bodian time, and Toulon clash with
Castres at 10.55pm. THE GUARDIAN/AFP
Saracens number 8 Billy Vunipola charges through the tackle of Toulons wing Drew
Mitchell during the European Cup nal in Cardiff on Saturday. AFP

Svay Rieng put to sword
by Niigata in Singapore
GOALS from K Okazaki, K
Sakamoto and K Fukuzaki were
the difference as Svay Rieng
went down 3-0 to Albirex Niigata
in the RHB Singapore Cup on
Wednesday. Last years
S.League runners-up, the
Singapore franchise of their
namesake Japanese club,
opened the scoring at the Jalan
Besar Stadium on 9 minutes
when Okazaki netted. Sakamoto
furthered the lead 8 minutes
before half-time and Fukuzaki
put the contest beyond doubt in
the 62nd minute. JOECURTIN
Swansea sign Fabianski
on a free from Arsenal
SWANSEA City have signed
goalkeeper Lukasz Fabianski
from Arsenal on a four-year
contract, the Welsh club have
confirmed. The 29-year-old will
join on July 1 on the expiry of
his Arsenal contract to end a
seven-year spell with the north
London club, one that he
signed off on with a FA Cup
final victory over Hull last
earlier this month. Arsene
Wenger had said he had hoped
to keep the goalkeeper as
backup to Wojciech Szczesny
but Fabianski rejected a new
contract in order to seek more
regular first-team football. The
Polish international becomes
Garry Monks first signing as
Swansea manager, and could
be an indicator that Michel
Vorm, will leave the club. Vorm
has reportedly been the subject
of interest from both Arsenal
and Liverpool. THEGUARDIAN
Liverpool make $27M

bid for Sevillas Moreno
LIVERPOOL have formalised
their interest in Alberto Moreno
with an offer worth 20 million
($27 million) for the Sevilla left-
back, according to reports in
Spain. Brendan Rodgers has
prioritised a new left-back for
this summer and having
considered an approach to
Chelsea for Ryan Bertrand, has
made Moreno his preferred
option. Moreno has been linked
with several clubs in recent
months, including Chelsea,
Napoli, who had an offer
rejected in January, and Real
Madrid. But Liverpool have
moved first with a formal offer
for the left-back as they
attempt to secure proven
quality for next seasons
Champions League. The
Anfield clubs bid is believed to
be worth 20 million in total, a
figure that includes the
midfielder Suso as a
makeweight. THEGUARDIAN
HS Manjunath
THE clash between National
Police and Boeung Ket rubber
on Saturday gets the top bill-
ing when a compact card of
four matches in the Metfone
C League are gone through at
the Olympic Stadium over the
The 2013 MCL runners-up
Boeung Ket were in a spot of
bother against TriAsia, who
led by an early goal for most
part of the game. It was in the
last 10 minutes that Boeung
Ket got going and found two
strikes before the nal whistle
to complete a thrilling victory.
Boeung Ket are hard on the
heels of table-topping Phnom
Penh Crown and, facing tough
opposition like the Police, con-
solidation could well be their
watchword. Police conrmed
their superiority over Build
Bright United with a 1-0 win
last week that followed their
Hun Sen Cup nal win over
the same side two months
ago. It is fair to expect a high
intensity contest in which the
stakes are bound to be high.
In the days second xture,
TriAsia take on the punchbags
of the competition, Albirex Ni-
igata, who have lost all but one
of their 12 matches so far.
In Sundays fare, Ministry of
National Defence should as-
sert themselves over Western
University, whose chances of
staying in the Premier League
are still under a cloud.
League leaders Phnom Penh
Crown, in impressive form,
ought to get the measure of
Kirivong Sok Sen Chey who
have been nagged by indiffer-
ent form like never before.
The visitors from Takeo are
third from bottom and any
slip-ups may pitch them into
a ght for survival.
Police clash with Boeung
Ket gets MCL top billing
Scotland have to settle for draw
as Nigeria snatch late equaliser
NIGERIA coach Stephen Keshi
insisted his players are not
gamblers after his side twice
came from behind to deny
Scotland a fifth victory in six.
His comments came after Gor-
don Strachans side produced
an impressive performance to
provide further hope that their
years in the wilderness are
coming to an end.
Before this game the Scottish
Football Association was con-
tacted by the National Crime
Agency about a potential
match-fixing threat. In the end
Nigeria secured a draw in the
90th minute through Uche
Nwofor, adding to an earlier
effort from Michael Uchebo
and cancelling out Charlie
Mulgrews improvised opener
and an own-goal from
Azubuike Egwuekwe.
In an incident that was timed
unfortunately given the events
of the week the Nigeria goal-
keeper, Austin Ejide, appeared
to deflect the ball into his own
net under pressure from Grant
Hanley in the first half, with the
referee eventually disallowing
the goal.
For Scotland these are unex-
pected times, even if they
squandered a victory at the
death. Strachans side per-
formed well against a Nigeria
team that will soon be
at the World Cup as he blooded
two youngsters: Andrew Rob-
ertson making his first start and
Craig Forsyth his debut.
The result means Scotland
can begin preparing for their
Euro 2016 qualifying campaign,
beginning on September 7 in
Germany, with optimism. We
could have ended up with four
or five goals and thats the first
time I have said that. In terms
of play so far thats as good as
it gets, said Strachan, who
refused to be drawn on the
match-fixing threat. Overall I
think there was a bit of flair and
imagination. Nigeria are a ter-
rific side and they upped their
level and pressure.
The Super Eagles were not at
their best but in fairness this
was an experimental evening
in which their big hitters were
either absent or watched the
majority of the match from the
dugout. It was a chance for the
reserves to stake a claim for a
golden ticket, yet few managed
to even open the wrapper.
The Nigeria players hoping
to impress Keshi did not start
well. In fact, the defence,
which included Joseph Yobo at
centre-half, were all over the
place. Keshi rested several key
players and selected a second-
string side that included Shola
Ameobi in attack, while Efe
Ambrose, Peter Odemwingie
and Victor Moses sat on the
United owner Malcolm Glazer dead at 85
MALCOLM Glazer, the controversial
American owner of English Premier
League giants Manchester United, died
on Wednesday. He was 85.
Glazer the son of a Lithuanian immi-
grant who went on to build a diverse
business empire gained a global pro-
file through his ownership of United,
one of the worlds biggest and best sup-
ported football clubs.
But he was deeply unpopular with
hardcore United fans after loading the
club with hundreds of millions of dol-
lars in debt following a 2005 buyout.
His death was announced on the web-
site of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers Amer-
ican football team, one of his other
sports franchises.
The Tampa Bay Buccaneers are sad-
dened to announce the passing of
Owner/President Malcolm Glazer ear-
lier this morning at the age of 85, the
statement said. A dynamic business
leader, Glazer helped mold the Buc-
caneers into a model franchise and one
respected league-wide.
Under Glazers stewardship of the
Buccaneers, the NFL team enjoyed its
first Super Bowl success in 2002.
Malcolm Glazer was the guiding
force behind the building of a Super
Bowl-champion organisation, NFL
commissioner Roger Goodell said on
Glazers death is not expected to have
any bearing on the ownership of the
club, with his family retaining a 90 per
cent holding in United. His sons Joel
and Avram Glazer continue to serve as
co-chairmen of the club. Another son,
Bryan, remains on the United board.
The thoughts of everyone at Man-
chester United are with his family
tonight, the Premier League club said
on Wednesday.
Glazers 2005 takeover of United in a
leveraged $1.2 billion buyout triggered
widespread protests amongst the clubs
fans. Although Glazers reign coincided
with a glut of silverware including five
Premier League crowns and the 2008
Champions League title he remained
a hate figure for many supporters.
Manchester United Supporters Trust
vice-chair Sean Bones said: It would
be inappropriate for me to make any
comment about the death of Malcolm
Glazer as I didnt know him or his fam-
ily personally.
However, as a supporter, I am aware
of the detrimental effect the Glazers
have had on the football club and the
huge debt that has been placed on Man-
chester United. THE GUARDIAN
Hawking calculates success in Brazil
Ian Sample
ing arrived on stage
in the basement of
the Savoy Hotel in
London, Peter Crouch robot-
danced on the screen behind,
Chris Waddle skied a penalty,
and a Prodigy soundtrack
thundered a helpful reminder
to the waiting journalists: Ex-
hale, exhale, exhale.
It was not an obvious envi-
ronment for the Cambridge
cosmologist, who as former
Lucasian professor of mathe-
matics held the position once
occupied by Sir Isaac Newton.
Hawking, a fellow of the Royal
Society, was here to tout some
formulae he had drawn up
for a bookmaker on Englands
chances of success at the
World Cup in Brazil. If it were
anyone else, the room prob-
ably would have been empty.
Hawking was approached
on the understanding that a
theoretical physicist might be
marginally better qualied to
make predictions than Paul
the Octopus, the eight-armed
oracle that rose to fame by
correctly selecting all the win-
ners through its eating habits
during the 2010 World Cup.
Scientists have a long, inglo-
rious history of churning out
often meaningless equations
for sponsors. All are commis-
sioned by companies as PR
stunts and their value ends
there. They are overwhelm-
ingly drawn up by scientists
whose names are unknown to
any Nobel committee.
Hawking, who may yet win
a Nobel prize for noticing that
black holes can evaporate,
was asked by the Irish book-
maker, Paddy Power, to spend
a month looking at Englands
World Cup performances and
draw some conclusions. The
companys spokesman, who
happens to be named Paddy
Power, said he had not ex-
pected the world-renowned
scientist to agree. We thought
there was a 1 per cent chance
hed say yes. But he did. I was
totally surprised, said Power.
Power refused to divulge
how much the bookmakers
had paid Hawking, but the
scientist said he split the fee
between two charities, one
devoted to saving children in
Syria and the other to motor
neurone disease, the condi-
tion Hawking was diagnosed
with as a student.
To work out the conditions
that suited Englands players
best, Hawking (or perhaps his
students) analysed 45 World
Cup matches the team had
played since their last tourna-
ment win in 1966. They also
analysed 204 penalties taken
in penalty shootouts, a partic-
ular weakness for England.
Hawking said the factors
affecting Englands perfor-
mance though surely this
applies to any team can be
broken down into ve areas:
environmental, physiologi-
cal, psychological, political
and tactical.
One aspect of Englands
poor record in World Cup pen-
alty shootouts since they won
the trophy in 1966 perhaps
doesnt require a knowledge
of high-level mathematics. As
we say in science, Hawking
put it, England couldnt hit a
cows arse with a banjo.
On the psychological front,
England have a better record
wearing red than white shirts,
perhaps because red can make
players feel more condent
and appear more aggressive,
Hawking added. England nor-
mally play a 4-4-2 formation,
but 4-3-3 has been slightly
more successful in the past,
with 58 per cent of matches
won. Under 4-4-2 England
won 48 per cent of matches.
England have taken part
in three World Cup penalty
shootouts since they were
introduced in 1978, and lost
every time. Hawkings tips for
success may not be news to
the England players.
Placing the ball in the top
left or top right corner of the
net more easily done with
the side of the foot is a win-
ning strategy. But speed plays
its part: Get a run-up of more
than three steps. Give it some
welly, the professor added.
Opening the report, he
writes: It is widely accepted
in the eld, that a key fac-
tor of achieving World Cup
champions status is winning
He concluded that England
need to wear red, play 4-3-3,
kick off in the afternoon and
avoid referees from South
America to best succeed in
Hawking confessed he did
not bet on sport and was not
a fan of football. Shouting at
the television is not for me,
but each to his own, he said.
Pushed to name a favourite,
he noted the home advan-
tage for Brazil. Im sure they
have enough quality to lift the
World Cup for the sixth time,
Stephen Hawking in London on Wednesday after presenting a formula
to predict the chances of England winning the 2014 World Cup. AFP
RHB Singapore Cup
Svay Rieng 0 Albirex Niigata 3
International friendlies
Nigeria 2 Scotland 2
South Korea 0 Tunisia 1
Mexico 3 Israel 0
Denmark 1 Sweden 0
RHB Singapore Cup
Naga Corp v Home United
International friendlies
Honduras v Turkey 7am
Qatar v Macedonia 12am
Iran v Angola 1am
Austria v Iceland 1.30am
Switzerland v Jamaica
England v Peru 2am
Spain v Bolivia 3am
On top of the world
Marathon participants start the Tenzing-Hillary Everest Marathon at Gorakshep near Mount Everest Base Camp in Nepal yesterday. The Tenzing-Hillary Everest Marathon, the worlds highest marathon, starts near the
Khumbu icefall at Everest Base Camp (5,364 metres above sea level) and nishes at Namche Bazaar (3,440 metres above sea level). Nepali athlete Sudip Kulung, 26, won the 42.19 kilometre race in 3 hours, 52 minutes
and nine seconds. AFP
Nadal restores order at French Open
EFENDING champion
Rafael Nadal returned
a sense of normality to
proceedings at Roland
Garros after the exits of Serena Wil-
liams, her sister, Venus, No2 seed Li
Na, as well as those of the Australian
Open champion Stanislas Wawrin-
ka, the games glamour boy, Grigor
Dimitrov, and Japans latest hope,
Kei Nishikori, who had already left
gaping holes in the mens draw.
Nadal handed out a bruising les-
son to highly rated Austrian Domi-
nic Thiem yesterday as a 6-2, 6-2,
6-3 victory took the Spaniard into
the French Open third round.
Eight-time winner Nadal, bidding
to be the rst man to clinch ve Ro-
land Garros titles in a row, had been
expected to face a severe test from
the 20-year-old world number 57.
But Thiem, who trains for big
matches by running through forests
carrying tree trunks to build stami-
na, ran out of steam on the Philippe
Chatrier court despite showing oc-
casional glimpses of potential.
Nadal took his career record in
Paris to 61 wins against a single loss
and goes on to face either Leonardo
Mayer of Argentina or Russias Tey-
muraz Gabashvili.
Dominic is a dangerous player
and I knew that if I wasnt playing
well then Id be in trouble, Nadal
said. But he is a future star, 100 per
cent. His level of ball is very high,
he is strong on the forehand and
backhand. He has everything to be
a big champion.
Thiem had beaten Australian
Open champion Stan Wawrinka in
Madrid and gave 27-year-old Nadal
plenty to think about in an eight-
minute opening game.
But Nadal proceeded to pounce
on Thiems raw inconsistencies
which saw the young Austrian break
the Spaniard twice only to be broken
himself seven times and commit 41
unforced errors.
Nadals compatriot David Ferrer,
the fth seed and last years run-
ner-up, cruised past Italys Simone
Bolelli 6-2, 6-3, 6-2 and next faces
either Italys Andreas Seppi or Juan
Monaco of Argentina.
Ferrer has made the quarter-nals
of all of his last nine majors and such
was the ease of his fth win in ve
against Bolelli that the most chal-
lenging part of his day was elding
questions over his grooming.
I changed my haircut. Thats all.
But there is nothing superstitious
about it, the Balearic islander said.
Donald Young, the former world
junior number one who has con-
sistently struggled to live up to the
huge hype surrounding him, made
the third round for the rst time by
beating Spanish 26th seed Feliciano
Lopez 6-3, 7-6 (7/1), 6-3.
Hindsight is 20/20. The hype
came because at the time I was do-
ing things no one else had done,
he said. Looking at it again, you
might do some things different,
but I cant do it now. If I had it over
to do again, I probably would do a
few things different.
Serenas departure meant the top
two seeds are gone from the draw
after two rounds, the earliest such
high-class cull in the tournaments
history. In a summer of doubt, the
only certainty in tennis seems to be
that the next surprise is not far away.
Williams might still be the best
player in the world. And she could
yet add to her collection of 17 grand
slam titles, her next opportunity ar-
riving at Wimbledon in June. But
the 32-year-old American looked
anything but a champion in Paris,
either during her desultory 6-2, 6-2
second-round defeat by the 20-year-
old Spaniard Garbine Muguruza,
when she was near tears towards
the end or in a press conference
afterwards that had all the buzz of
a coroners inquest.
Serena who would not blame in-
jury or the occasional gusts of wind
on a grey day for her error-strewn
tennis looked beat, sounded exas-
perated and, once she had tetchily
batted away questions about the
most disappointing performance
of her career, could not wait to
leave a place where she has won
two of her slam titles.
In an opening few days of rum-
bling upsets, hers was by some way
the biggest: in 288 slam matches,
Williams has never won fewer
games than the four she eked out
against Muguruza, who is 35 in the
world and took just two games off
her when they last met, which was
in the 2013 Australian Open.
Across Roland Garros there is now
a mood of insurrection, lightened
only by regulation wins later in the
afternoon for Roger Federer and
Novak Djokovic. Andy Murray was
playing yesterday against unranked
Australian Marinko Mad Dog Ma-
tosevic and must have been hoping
this nonsense will cease.
Serena, meanwhile, has some
damage to repair. I dont think
anything worked for me today, she
said. Garbine played really well, re-
ally smart. I didnt adapt.
However, worrying as the defeat
was, of rather more concern are her
prospects for the rest of the sum-
mer and, if there is no quick return
to her best, what remains of her
wonderful career.
I just feel like I dont have to win
another match, she said. I dont
have to win another tournament.
Everything and every day is a bo-
nus for me. Obviously I want to
do the best and I want to win and
I want to be the best. Thats my
whole goal, she said.
But its great sometimes to get
knocked down because you have to
get back up. I love getting back up. I
love the challenge.
Looking to make the most of the
defeats of top seeds Serena Williams
and Li Na in the womens draw, Serb
sixth seed Jelena Jankovic, three
times a semi-nalist, eased past Ja-
pans Kurumi Nara 7-5, 6-0.
There is still lots of great players
in the draw and every match gets
tougher as we progress through the
tournament, Jankovic said. AFP/THE