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FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE

COURSE CODE

EXAMINATION

TIME

: NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND FINITE ELEMENT

METHODS

: ECW441

: APRIL 2007

: 3 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

1. This question paper consists of five (5) questions.

2. Answer FOUR (4) questions only in the Answer Booklet. Start each answer on a new page.

3. Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the

invigilator.

4. Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of:

i) the Question Paper

ii) an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of 5 printed pages

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL 2 EC/APR 2007/ECW441

Answer four (4) questions only.

QUESTION 1

a) Determine the root of the equation/(x) = -2x

2

+ 3x + 1.5 using Bisection method. Assume

the lower and upper initial values of x as 1 and 2 respectively and check that the

approximate percent relative error s

a

is less than 10%. Tabulate your answers.

V* L. V

Given x, = and

new old

x

r

- x

r 100%

(12 marks)

b) For the same polynomial function as in (a) above, apply the Newton-Raphson method to

determine the real root to 6 decimal places. Start with x

0

= 3 and do three iterations.

Comment on your answer. Consider,

(13 marks)

QUESTION 2

a) Evaluate the integral of f(x) = 30-25x + 18x

2

+ 3x

3

- 0.5x

4

from a = 0 to b = 1.5

using;

i) the usual analytical method

ii) Simpson's 3/8 rule:

/ = ^ j [f(x

0

)+ 3/ K) + 3/(x

2

) + f{

Xl

)\ and h = (b-a)/3

Discuss the results.

(13 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL 3 EC/APR 2007/ECW441

b) Solve the differential equation of = 12x

3

- 8x

2

+ 5.5x - 9

dx

i) Using Euler's method (without iteration) from x, = 0 at a step size of h = 0.5. The

initial condition at x = 0 is y = 1. Given that the new value of y is:

ii) Taking similar conditions as in (i) above compare the result using any known

modification of the Euler's method.

(12 marks)

QUESTION 3

For the following system of linear equations,

x -0. 25;; -0.25z = 50

-0.25x+ y- 0. 25z = 50

-0.25x+ z = 25

solve by using

i) Gauss Elimination method

ii) Gauss-Siedel Method

Carry out 3 iterations for the second method and discuss your results.

(25 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL 4 EC/APR 2007/ECW441

QUESTION 4

a) With illustrations, explain the following terms with respect to Finite Element Methods :

i) Discretization

ii) Boundary condition

(10 marks)

b) A structural model shown in Figure Q4 is fixed at the ends and a concentric load of 80 kN

acts at point 2. By idealizing a truss element model having one degree of freedom acting

at each joint,

i) Sketch the finite element model,

ii) Develop the element stiffness matrix where F=k 8

iii) Determine the deflection value at point 2 and hence the reactions at points 1 and 3.

The geometrical properties of lengths (L) and cross sectional areas (A) are indicated

in the figure. Take Young's modulus, E = 200 kN/mm

2

.

, 80 kN

+ X

L, = 1.0m L

2

= 1.5m

Ai = 75 mm

2

A

2

= 1 00mm

2

Figure Q4

(15 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL EC/APR 2007/ECW441

QUESTION 5

a) State the differences between 2-dimensional truss and beam elements.

(5 marks)

b) Assemble the element stiffness matrix equations for the pin-jointed framework shown in

Figure Q5. The product AE for each member is 200 MN. Use finite element method.

Given that the stiffness matrix for element in global coordinates [K

e

\

G

is

c

2

cs

-c

2

-cs

cs

s

2

-cs

-s

2

-c

2

-cs

c

2

cs

-cs

-s

2

cs

s

2

where c = cos G and 5 = sin 0 and k is the stiffness property.

y

Figure Q5

END OF QUESTION PAPER

(20 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

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