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PHYSICS

CHAPTER

Thermal and
Chemical Effects of Current
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Ifinthecircuit,powerdissipationis 150W,then
R
R is
(a) 2 W
6.
(b) 6 W
2 W
(c) 5 W
15V
(d) 4 W.
(2002)
Awirewhenconnectedto220Vmainssupplyhas
powerdissipationP1.Nowthewireiscutintotwo
equalpieceswhichareconnectedinparalleltothe
samesupply.PowerdissipationinthiscaseisP2.
Then P2 : P1 is
7.
(a) 1
(b) 4
(c) 2
(d) 3.
(2002)
If qi istheinversiontemperature, qn istheneutral
temperature, qc is the temperature of the cold
junction, then
(a) qi + qc = qn
(b) qi - qc = 2qn
8.
qi + qc
= qn
(d) qc - qi = 2qn .
(c)
2
(2002)
The mass of a product liberated on anode in an
9.
electrochemical cell depends on
(a) (It)1/2 (b) It
(c) I/t
(d) I2t.
(where t is the time period for which the current
is passed).
(2002)

(c) 8C

15

(d) 20C.
(2003)

ThenegativeZnpoleofaDaniellcell,sendinga
constantcurrentthroughacircuit,decreasesinmass
by 0.13 g in 30 minutes. If the electrochemical
equivalent of Zn and Cu are 32.5 and 31.5
respectively,theincreaseinthemassofthepositive
Cu pole in this time is
(a) 0.180 g
(b) 0.141 g
(c) 0.126 g
(d) 0.242 g.
(2003)
A220volt,1000wattbulbisconnectedacrossa
110voltmainssupply.Thepowerconsumedwill
be
(a) 750watt
(b) 500watt
(c) 250watt
(d) 1000watt.
(2003)
Timetakenbya836Wheatertoheatonelitreof
water from 10C to 40C is
(a) 50s (b) 100s (c) 150s (d) 200 s.
(2004)
The thermo emf of a thermocouple varies with the
temperature qofthehotjunctionasE=aq+bq2
in volt where the ratio a/b is 700C. If the cold
junctioniskeptat0C,thentheneutraltemperature
is
(a) 700C
(b) 350C
(c) 1400C
(d) no neutral temperature is possible for this
thermocouple.
(2004)

The thermo e.m.f. of a thermocouple is


25 mV/Catroomtemperature.Agalvanometerof
40ohmresistance,capableofdetectingcurrentas
lowas105A,isconnectedwiththethermocouple.
The smallest temperature difference that can be
detected by this system is
10. The electrochemical equivalent of a metal is
(a) 16C
(b) 12C
3.3107 kgpercoulomb.Themassofthemetal

JEE MAIN

70

72

ChapterwiseAIEEEEXPLORER

(c) 40 W

liberatedatthecathodewhena3Acurrentispassed
for 2 second will be
(a) 19.8 107 kg
(b) 9.9 107 kg
7
(c) 6.6 10 kg
(d) 1.1 107 kg.
(2004)

(d) 20 W
(2005)

14. An energy source will supply a constant current


into the load if its internal resistance is
(a) zero
11. Aheatercoiliscutintotwoequalpartsandonly
(b) nonzero but less than the resistance of the
one part is now used in the heater. The heat
load
generated will now be
(c) equal to the resistance of the load
(a) one fourth
(b) halved
(d) verylargeascomparedtotheload resistance
(c) doubled
(d) four times
(2005)
(2005)
15. Athermocoupleismadefromtwometals,antimony
12. Two voltameters, one of copper and another of
andbismuth.Ifonejunctionofthecoupleiskept
silver, arejoined inparallel.When atotalcharge
hotandtheotheriskeptcoldthen,anelectriccurrent
q flows through the voltmeters, equal amount of
will
metals are deposited. If the electrochemical
(a) flow from antimony to bismuth at the cold
equivalents of copper and silver are z1 and z2
junction
respectively the charge which flows through the
(b) flow from antimony to bismuth at the hot
silver voltameter is
junction
z1
z2
(c)
flow from bismuth to antimony at the cold
q
q
(a) z
(b) z
2
1
junction
q
q
(d) not flow through the thermocouple.
(c)
(d)
z1
z2
(2006)
1+
1+
z2
z1
16. Anelectricbulbisrated220volt100watt.The
(2005)
powerconsumedbyitwhenoperatedon110volt
13. Theresistanceofhottungstenfilamentisabout10
will be
timesthecoldresistance.Whatwillbetheresistance
(a) 50 watt
(b) 75 watt
of 100 W and 200 V lamp when not in use?
(c) 40 watt
(d) 25watt.
(a) 400 W
(b) 200 W
(2006)

Answer Key

1.

(b)

2.

7.

(c)

8.

(c)

9.

(d)

14.

(a)

15.

(a)

13. (c)

JEE MAIN

(b)

3.

(c)

(b)

5.

(a)

6.

(c)

10.

(a)

11.

(c)

12.

(d)

16.

(d)

4.

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