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Material Safety Data Sheet: O-RINGS

1. Product And Company Identification


PRODUCT NAME:707 - 90
CHEMICAL FAMILY: Butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber compound
SYNONYMS: Nitrile rubber, Buna N, NBR
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: Mixture consisting of but not laminated to butadiene-acrylonitrile elastomer, carbon black,
sulphur and sulphur-bearing materials.
2.Hazardous Ingredients
Components % Current TLV
None Known
3. Physical Data
Appearance: Solid
Molecular Weight: N.A.
Colour: Black
Specific Gravity: 1.31
Odour: Characteristic
Solubility in Water: Negligible
4.Fire and Explosion Data
FLASH POINT: N.A.
EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: A1 Extinguishers Allowed
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES / EXPLOSION HAZARDS: Fire-Fighters should wear full protective clothing, including
a self-contained breathing apparatus. During a fire, irritating and / or toxic gases may be released.
5. Health Hazard Data
THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE: Not Established
EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE: None known at ambient temperature; provide efficient ventilation during processing operations.
6. Emergency First Aid Procedures
EYE CONTACT: Flush with Water
SKIN CONTACT: Wash with Soap and Water
INHALATION: Remove to Fresh Air
7. Employee Protection Recommendations
EYE PROTECTION: Protective Glasses or Goggles Recommended
SKIN PROTECTION: Gloves Optional
VENTILATION: Provide efficient exhaust at all operations capable of creating fumes or dust.
8. Reactivity Data
STABILITY: Stable at Ambient Temperature
POLYMERISATION: Will Vulcanise at Temperature > 250F
INCOMPATIBILITY: Strong Oxidisers
Materials to Avoid
Hazardous Decomposition Products - None at ambient temperature; combustion products from nitrile rubber components
should be considered hazardous.
9. Waste Disposal Method
Landfill is recommended but disposal must conform to local, state and federal regulations.
10. Special Precautions & Storage Data
RECOMMENDED STORAGE TEMPERATURE: 104F Maximum
AVERAGE SHELF LIFE: 60 Days
PRECAUTIONS: Store in a cool, dry place away from Direct sunlight, store separately from food and drink.
SECTION 313 SUPPLIER NOTIFICATION.
This product contains the following chemicals subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of the Emergency
Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986 and 40 CFR 372: CAS # CHEMICAL NAME PERCENT BY WEIGHT N.A.
Zinc Components < 2.
This information must be included in all MSDS's that are copied and distributed or this material.
Notes On Health & Safety Elastomeric Materials
VITON 'O' RING MATERIAL
Rubber Components Hazardous in contact with Fire
We are advised that Rubber Compounds when exposed to flame or in a room at very high temperatures (from 40 degrees

C up) can be divided into two main categories.


CAT 1) Those compounds which when in direct contact with fire or when in a room at temperature equal to or higher than
the specific ignition temperature of the compound, start to burn and feed the fire until fully combusted. They act,
effectively, as a fuel.
CAT 2) Those compounds which as soon as the combustion starts, give out gases, which create an inert atmosphere
around the point of combustion. This prevents burning oxygen making contact with the material and the flame dies out.
To the first category belong the most part of the compounds (Natural Rubber, SBR, NBR, EPDM etc) if not opportunely
formulated with anti-fire substances.
To the second category belong the compounds contained in the elastomer the Halogens (Chlorine, Fluor, Bromine and
Iodine) which are self extinguishing and tend to not feed the flame but on the contrary to extinguish it. Nevertheless, in
the presence of humidity and at certain temperatures, the above may create substances injurious to the health, such as
Hydrocloric, Hydrofluoric etc. Acids which if in contact with the skin or breathed may cause burns.
Hazardous compounds are those containing Halogenated Elastomers like Polychloroprene (Neoprene Dupont),
Fluorelastomer (Viton Dupont etc), Chlorodine and Bromobytilie Rubbers etc. Nevertheless, these compounds, because of
their intrinsic characteristics and, for certain uses, are to be preferred to the others. At present we do not know any
European rule or suggestion which divides the Elastomers and their compounds into Hazardous and non Hazardous
substances in contact with the flame.

ArvinMeritor
support
"The Energy to be First with the Right Solution"
When the pressure is on, ArvinMeritor Gas Springs take the load with innovative solutions for your real life requirements.
Quality engineered solutions that you can rely on .. Again and Again. And all based on years of gas spring experience.
Innovation from Experience - Used throughout industry Worldwide.
ArvinMeritor Motion Controls, a division of the multi-national ArvinMeritor Corporation, is a leading designer and
manufacturer of an extensive range of custom and standard Gas Springs used throughout industry world-wide.
With an ongoing programme of investment in the latest engineering techniques, ArvinMeritor Motion Control gas springs
and dampers are produced to the highest international standards including BS EN ISO 9001.
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Technical Support with Design


ArvinMeritor Design Engineers, employing the latest in CAD/CAE, work closely with customers to design a Gas Spring
solution that meets their specific needs. Together, we can select the most appropriate Gas Spring and rapidly provide
prototypes to test on your application.
A wide range of size options are available covering rod diameters from 6mm to 14mm, tube diameters from 15mm to
28mm and output force from 50N to 2500N, allowing you to have a customised Gas Spring. In addition, ArvinMeritor offer
a wide range of End Connectors and Brackets in different sizes, materials and finishes that give you flexibility in mounting
and presentation.
Customer Service
ArvinMeritor has built up an enviable reputation for customer service, recognising that no two applications are the same.
ArvinMeritor offers stroke(rod) length increments of 5mm, tube length increments of 1mm and force level increments of 10
Newtons.
And for your complete satisfaction, ArvinMeritor offers a specials service at no extra cost, with sales engineers ready to
work with you from initial discussion to final installation.
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Manufacturing
ArvinMeritor Motion Control, has the flexibility and manufacturing resources enabling the company to react quickly to
customer demands, whilst providing a quality product. During each stage of manufacture, Gas Springs are evaluated to
ensure consistent spring output force with structural integrity that will.
Internationally Accepted
ArvinMeritor Motion Control, is totally committed to a policy of continual product improvement through all stages of order
processing, administration, design and manufacture. Products are approved by leading authorities and companies world wide and, in addition to the company's own demanding quality procedures, it is approved to BS EN ISO 9001.
ArvinMeritor's in-depth engineering resources ensure that you receive a quality Gas Spring that has been tested for
performance and fitness for purpose. In-house test equipment is available for mechanical strength tests, thermal
tests -40C to + 100C), salt spray, humidity, cycling and actual application tests to ensure reliability and full
product safety. This facility is also available to support customer's field trials.
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ArvinMeritor Gas Springs Take the Load in...


Furnishing
Seat tilt mechanisms, chair back supports, desks, cabinet doors, folding tables, Recliner mechanisms and beds.

Transportation
Auto hatches, seat backs, hoods & bonnets, bus/aircraft luggage doors, caravans and motor homes, earth moving and
dumpster lids.
Office Equipment/Appliances
Photocopiers, office machine covers, computer enclosures and keyboard arms, printer covers, shelving systems, air
conditioning units, advertising and display units.
Medical/Dental Equipment
Hospital beds and examination tables, invalid chairs, lighting counterbalancing.
Leisure Products
Boat equipment, recreational vehicle (RV) components, exercise equipment, sunbeds, gaming machines.
Industrial Machinery
Machinery guards, Lab equipment, cooker hoods, food packaging equipment, conveyors and skylights.

"High Structural Integrity " - Construction


An ArvinMeritor Gas spring is a sealed energy source containing pressurised inert gas and a small amount of oil. Being
self-contained units they require no power source or maintenance. With their tough rigid construction, high structural
integrity, they provide years of trouble-free operations.
"Under Pressure" - How it Works, Simple Operation ArvinMeritor Gas springs work by forcing, under pressure, an
inert gas (Nitrogen) into a cylinder. The internal pressure then greatly exceeds atmospheric pressure. This differential in
pressure exists at any rod position and generates an outward force on the rod, making the Gas Spring extend.

This is due to: FORCE = PRESSURE x AREA


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With the pressure being equal on both sides of the piston, the above means that there is more force acting in direction 'B'
than in direction 'A'. This forces the rod out.
When the rod is compressed into the cylinder, the internal pressure and the
output force increase according to the volume displaced by the rod. On
extension or compression, gas is transferred from one side of the piston to the
other via a small orifice. This can be accurately metered to control either the
rate of extension, compression or both.
At the end of the extension stroke, oil damping occurs due to a hydraulically
cushioned zone. These features help protect hinges and mounts by applying
constant force with a damped end of travel.
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The flow rate of nitrogen and hydraulic oil is controlled while extending to maintain a controlled extension rate. The flow

rate is increased in compression to ease movement.


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There are four positions where AMCL measure force:


P1 -

5mm from full extension, the standard position for measuring AMCL Gas Springs.

P2 5mm into the extension stroke, the measurement of force increase due to volume change when the piston rod
enters the cylinder tube.
P3 -

5mm into the compression stroke, the measurement of force increase from the P1 position due to internal friction.

P4 -

5mm from full compression, the measurement of force increase from the P2 position due to internal friction.

P1
Static is quoted as the nominal force of AMCL gas springs. To measure this force, the gas spring is
compressed 10mm then allowed to extend 5mm and held. The static P1 force is measured at that point.

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The rod movement in extension is controlled in the following manner:


Gas flow is directed through a metering orifice in the piston to control the flow of nitrogen giving a constant velocity.
During the final part of the exctension stroke, the piston passes through the oil zone, decelerating the rate of extension

and preventing shock loads being generated.


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Gas Spring Sizing Information


Initial Size Guidance Table
Gas Spring Size

Approximate Weight of Lid

6-15

Up to 10Kg

8-18

10Kg - 40Kg

10-23

40Kg - 150Kg

14-28

150Kg - 350Kg

'Camloc' Gas springs provide direct support for safely lifting, positioning and lowering objects by counterbalancing the
weight of the object.
It is possible to set the gas spring to counterbalance the weight at an early stage of the lift.

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Do's and Don'ts:


Do try to use ball joints to avoid possible side loads.
Do keep within the operating temperature range (-20C to +80C for standard springs).
Do be aware of the Gassing tolerance above 100N = +/-5%, with gassing tolerance 100N & below = +/-10N
Do consider the application and the suitability for the type of spring advised, (if the application may cause vibration, the
spring must be beadrolled)
Do not mount or set the force in the spring to provide instant lift as this can be hazardous.
Do not put the gas spring into tension.

Do not Scratch, Bend, Dent, Lubricate, or Puncture the Gas Spring.

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Selecting an 'Camloc' Gas Spring for an application.


(This chart is purely an initial guide for selecting the correct size spring for an application).

Gas Spring Size

Approximate Weight of Lid

6-15

Up to 10Kg

8-18

10Kg - 40Kg

10-23

40Kg - 150Kg

14-28

150Kg - 350Kg

ArvinMeritor Motion Control have developed software for providing the number of gas springs to lift, the mounting points
and gas spring part numbers suitable for an application.
Please use application entry form sheet to gather all the information that is required for an application enquiry.

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Frequently Asked Questions


Selecting a'Camloc' Gas Spring for an application.
1. Should a Gas Spring be mounted "Rod up" or "Rod down"?
2. Should a Damper be mounted "rod up" or "rod down"?
3. What types of end connectors can be used when mounting a Gas spring or Damper?
4. How does temperature affect the life and performance of a Gas spring or Damper?
5. What is the expected life of a Gas spring?
6. How can a designer ensure the longest life for a Gas spring in an application

1. Should a Gas Spring be mounted "Rod up" or "Rod down"?


"Rod down" is the preferred orientation for mounting a Gas spring. An optimum design would permit the support to be
oriented rod down through its entire actuation. There are several reasons for this:
In order to achieve the damping or "cushion" at the end of the Gas spring's stroke, the piston assembly inside of the Gas
spring must travel through oil at the end of the stroke. "Rod down" orientation ensures that the oil is in the proper location
for damping to occur.
"Rod down" orientation ensures that the rod and sealing components are lubricated with every stroke of the Gas spring.
This reduces seal wear and helps to inhibit corrosion.
Depending on the application, "rod down" orientation may reduce the rate of gas permeation through the seal, which
increases the useable life of the Gas spring.

Although inadvisable, Gas springs may be mounted "rod up", but this should be discussed thoroughly with an ArvinMeritor
Motion Control representative.
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2. Should a Damper be mounted "rod up" or "rod down"?
The type of damping designed into the unit determines the mounting orientation of a damper. Extension and Compression
dampers require specific orientations. Extension and Compression dampers should be mounted as follows:
Extension dampers should be mounted "rod down" to provide consistent damping for the full stroke. If the damper is
mounted with the rod pointing up, the unit may experience inconsistent damping or no damping at all.
Compression dampers should be mounted "rod up" to provide consistent damping for the full stroke. If the damper is
mounted with the rod pointing down, the unit may experience inconsistent damping or no damping at all. Lubrication of
the seal is not a problem due to the high volume of oil contained in a damper.
Basically the damper needs to be mounted in an orientation which enables the oil within the damper to move to whichever
end of the damper tube to act on the piston in either extension or compression.
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3. What types of end connectors can be used when mounting a Gas spring or Damper?
When choosing an end connector, the designer must take into account both tensile and compressive loading to ensure
adequate strength. ArvinMeritor Motion Control provide a wide range of end connectors including nylon, zinc, steel and
stainless steel.
The most common connector involves a ball and socket joint. While this joint style is available in many forms, they all
allow rotation about the mounting point, which helps to prevent side loading on the gas spring or damper. This is
important because side loading can reduce the life of the product. Side load may be caused by slight misalignment in the
application.
The design engineer should also be concerned with the clearance around the mounting point. There should be enough
room to easily mount and remove the unit from the application.

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4. How does temperature affect the life and performance of a Gas spring or Damper?
Temperature affects Gas springs in two ways, output force change and increased susceptibility to gas loss.
As the temperature of the Gas spring changes, the internal pressure changes according to the relationship P1/T1 = P2/T2.
Therefore, as the temperature increases, so does the internal pressure. As the internal pressure increases, so does the
output force. For every 10C (18F) change in temperature, the output force changes 3.5 percent.
Very high or very low temperatures can adversely affect the Gas spring's ability to retain its gas charge. At very high
temperatures, the permeability of rubber increases and the gas molecules may diffuse through the seal more quickly.
Additionally, rubber compounds may begin to soften at elevated temperatures and lose their ability to seal properly. At
very low temperatures, rubber compounds may stiffen and also lose their ability to seal properly. ArvinMeritor's seal design
and rubber compound helps to minimize problems at temperature extremes. This allows ArvinMeritor Gas Springs to
perform reliably at temperatures ranging from 40C (-40F) to +80C (176F).
Within their specified range, Dampers are unaffected by temperature except for an increase or decrease in damping forces
as the temperature rises and falls.
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5. What is the expected life of a Gas spring?
When estimating the life of a Gas spring, one must first determine how much force the support can lose before the
application becomes unacceptable. The time it takes to lose this amount of force is considered to be the life of the support.

All Gas springs lose output force over time. The rate at which force loss occurs varies greatly by application and
manufacturer. Many factors affect the rate of force loss, such as: size of the support, orientation, amount of cycles,
ambient temperature, vibration, and the geometry of the application. Considering all of the variables, it is very difficult to
estimate life accurately without actual testing in the application.
As noted above, all Gas springs will lose output force over time. It is recommended that the gas springs be periodically
checked to ensure that they are functioning as intended. This inspection should be implemented as part of a planned
maintenance activity, if possible.

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6. How can a designer ensure the longest life for a Gas spring in an application?
Orient the support "rod down". As explained above, this will continually lubricate the seal and rod and reduce permeation
through the seal.
Utilize the largest gas volume possible in the support. In general, use the minimum stroke required with the largest body
possible. In a support with a large gas volume, small gas losses are imperceptible in the output force. The temperature of
the Gas spring should remain well within the temperature limits. If temperature extremes will be encountered, it should be
for a short duration and the support should not be cycled while at the extremes. Utilize the highest force Gas spring
possible that still provides acceptable handling loads for the application. This will allow for some force loss without the loss
of function of the application.
Provide multiple mounting locations so that the support can be moved to accommodate for force loss as the support ages.

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A General Overview - Standard Gas Spring Range.

Rod:

All rods are made from a low alloy steel bar, ground to give the required surface texture and finished with
Nitrotec surface treatment.

Tube:

All tubes are made from low alloy welded precision steel tube.

Paint:

Exposed steel surfaces are epoxy powder coated to give enhanced resistance to abrasion and corrosion.
(Black is the standard colour).

Oil:

Lubrication and damping is achieved with a commercial grade mineral oil.

Gas:

The power behind the gas spring is provided by a charge of high purity nitrogen.
Low alloy steel end connectors are generally zinc plated with a yellow passivate finish.

End
Conn:

Plastic end connectors are moulded with glass-filled nylon.


Zinc Eyes are produced from commercial grade die cast Zinc.
Low alloy steel generally relates to BS 970

Other:

Low alloy welded precision tube relates to DIN 2393


Steel End connectors are plated to BS 1706 & BS 3382 for threaded items
Nitrotec is a registered trademark of Lucas Industries Plc
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