The World's Pillar in the Words

The collapsing sky
Based on Synthesis of the Data in 'Zeus'
I noticed the impact of the fear for a collapsing sky in the
ancient world, which had been demonstrated by the Celts' confession to le!ander"
#$e fear no man" there is but one thing that we fear, namely, that the sky should fall on
us% but we regard nothing so much as the friendship of a man such as thou&#
Details from a photograph at page 1() in Zeus a Study in ncient *eligion +ol ' ,art I -1925) by rthur Bernard Cook
1 Zeus a Study in ncient *eligion +ol ' ,art I -1925) by rthur Bernard Cook
' Chapter I" .he Celts in ncient /istory
Fig. 1: Inscription "E of Gaia" at the omphalos in Delphi
Fig. 2: Inscription of the “E”, “G” & “” in "E of Gaia" at the omphalos in Delphi
The nave and the navel of the globe
Analysis of (some of) the Pillars
I in0estigated the pillars which had been described by rthur Bernard Cook in his book and the
remaining pillars I remembered from pre0ious studies -but had not been included in Zeus1"
Included in Zeus are"
• Diana2pillars
• the gyie 3 s2pillars
• the Irmins5ls
• 6ay2poles
• .he bi2 and 7uad2faced 8anus sanctuaries, such as the temple of 8anus
• .he omphalos at Delphi and By9antion -to be considered as bases for gyie 3 s2pillar1
& .he
original Delphi omphalos and ancient coins display a letter :;<&
• .he ' sky2pillars at Solomon's temple -Boas and 8achin1
=ot included in Zeus are"
• >ggdrasil referring to a 0owel deri0ation" !gg"rasil # ash # $sc # $
• the ;gyptian D?ed2pillars
4 pollo gyieus was an epithet of the @reek god pollo describing him as the protector of the streets, public places,
and the entrances to homes&
) the omphalos at Delphoi, like the omphalos at By9antion, was originally topped by an g%ie&s2pillar&
The E-inscription at the omphalos in Delphi
.he old 'mphalos -na0el1, found by A& Courby in 1B14, had been engra0ed with four archaic
letters, referable to the se0enth century B&C& -fig& 1'C1, of which the last three gi0e us in the geniti0e
case the name of the earth2goddess Ga -or Gas, respecti0ely Gaz
1 and the first appears to be the
mystic symbol E& .he ; also had been displayed on ancient coins"
.o my opinion the letter :;<, which had been engra0ed at the omphalos, symboli9es the core
-:na0el<1 of the di0ine names Zeus en 8eu2piter&
Umbilicus Urbis Romae (the Roman omphalos)
.he original masonry (m)ilic*s was probably constructed in the 'nd century BC& .he e!isting
ruins, howe0er, are from the time of the ;mperor Septimius Se0erus& .he construction of his
triumphal arch in 'C4 D encroached upon the ancient (m)ilic*s, which was recreated to allow
more space& Aragments of the older monument were used in the new one&
nother ma?or religious center was the *oman temple of Diana on the 0entine /ill& n ancient
bron9e pillar stood there, inscribed with the 0entine canon" laws go0erning the festi0als of all
Datin cities& ;0ery hearth in Italy celebrated the festi0al of Diana on ugust 14th, when the Datin
league was first founded
pollo gyieus was an epithet of the @reek god pollo describing him as the protector of the
streets, public places, and the entrances to homes& In an inscription is mentioned the name of the
god pulunas as the protector of the gate& .he @reeks named him gyieus, as the protector @od
who draws off e0il& Some writers ha0e held that the omphalos of the oracle at Delphi was a
modified pillar of gyieus& $hen standing before a house, the stone ob?ects would be decorated
with offerings of ribbon, or wreaths of myrtle or bay&
E .he ;2Inscription at the Fmphalos of Delphi G published 'E H E H'C1)
I nother depiction is gi0en in +arieties of Jnreligious ;!perience" .he E at Delphi
( .he $omen's 6ysteries in *ome
Fig. +: faca"e of the temple ,ith E in the center of it

Every doorway has two sides, this way and that,
One facing the crowds, and the other the Lares:
And like your doorkeeper seated at the threshold,
Who watches who goes out and who goes in,
So I the doorkeeper of the heavenly court,
Look towards both east and west at once
Ovid, !asti I
Det us fit the new key into our rusty lock and see if the door will open& Ianus, we ha0e said, was
originally the di0ine Sky& .he di0ine Sky is bright by day and dark by night& Being, therefore, of a
twofold or twin character, Ianus was naturally represented as a double2faced god&
ccording to 6acrobius who cites =igidius Aigulus and Cicero, -an*s and -ana -Diana1 are a pair
of di0inities, worshipped as !ollo or the s"n and #oon, whence 8anus recei0ed sacrifices before
all the others, because through him is apparent the way of access to the desired deity&
similar solar interpretation has been offered by . *"in who interprets the god as the issue of a
long process of de0elopment, starting with the Sumeric cultures, from the two solar pillars located
on the eastern side of temples, each of them marking the direction of the rising sun at the dates of
the two solstices" the southeastern corresponding to the $inter and the northeastern to the Summer
solstice& .hese two pillars would be at the origin of the theology of the di0ine twins, one of whom is
#ortal -related to the =; pillar, as confining with the region where the sun does not shine1 and the
other is i##ortal -related to the S; pillar and the region where the sun always shines1& Dater these
iconographic models e0ol0ed in the 6iddle ;ast and ;gypt into a single column representing two
torsos and finally a single body with two heads looking at opposite directions&
!A" - Janus
#.he se0en 0oweled name of ;/IF>K also appears in @reek and Coptic magical papyri in
con?unction with the oft2in0oked 8ewish god, IF or I;FJ& .his deri0ed from the @reek
attempt to write what they called the .etragrammaton, or four2lettered name used by the
8ews for their supreme deity, I/+/ or >ahweh, wrongly rendered in ;li9abethan ;nglish as
'8eho0ah'& Due to the fact that it was compiled entirely of mystic 0owels, the name IK lent
itself to symbolic analysis& .he letter iota, being the middle of the se0en 0owels, could be
seen as representing the Sun or @od of Dight, while the last two letters, alpha and 'mega,
signified the beginning and end&# -Barry Lieren, .he Gree/ 0a))alah, page )M, Samuel
$eiser, Inc&, 1BBB1
di0ine name starting with a >od, to be followed by a beginning symbol and a terminating
symbol K has the :beginning and ending< in common to $an"s& .he letters I and also belong to
the e7ui0alent attributes of IK and IF.
M -an*s
B -an*s , the Creator 2 ncient $orlds
Ani # Tina
.he ;truscans called 8anus Ani, whereas they named 8upiter Tina"
Image from page (CB in Zeus a Study in ncient *eligion +ol ' ,art I -1925) by rthur Bernard Cook
Fig. 1: .he )irth of thena from the hea" of 2e*s 3.ina4
$%& ('an or '(n)
If we compare I;FJ with IK and consider FJ e7ui0alent to K and ; to we might e0en
consider IFJ N I;FJ N I;K N IK completely identical names& .his would make I;FJ
e7ui0alent to 8eu2piter&
.he core letters may be compared to the central letters :< in :8an< and :Zan< -:O P Q<1,
respecti0ely :IK<, or :/< in 8%+ -8eho0ah1, which later had been replaced :;< in IEFJ, Zeus
and 8eu2piter, respecti0ely an :F< in 8ou2piter&
In this case etymology uses the letter :<, the first and most important of the alphabet, as a
symbolic sky2pillar for the uni0erse in :8an<, :Zan<, :O P Q<, :IK<&
In a peculiar way :O P Q< does not refer to the first letter :<, but to the :/<, eta, which is e7ui0alent
to :/< in >/+ and and to R
as well&
Ego-pronouns )au - )eu - )ou - ia * eau - eu * ( - ! * !h - +
In a strange correlation these 0owel combinations are 7uite similar to the the first person singular
pronoun I -ego2pronouns1 in 0arious dialects and languages
• -*umantsch @rischun1 5a*
• -Sursil0an1 ?eu
• -Sutsil0an1 ?ou
• -Surmiran1 ia
• -,uter1 eau
• -+allader1 eu
• -Danish and =orwegian dialects1 R
• -;nglish1 I , deri0ed from the $ycliffe ego2pronoun >
, which maybe similar to >ggdrasil&
• -Southern @erman dialect1 Ih
John ,yclif-s+
8ohn $yclif's Bible from 14MM uses uppercase & for the pronoun in a medial setting&
lso rele0ant may be the fact that 8ohn Barbour's 14(E poem .he Bruce -the first purely Scottish
literary work1, whose te!ts are from the 1Eth century, uses both Ic and Ik capitalised&
Did the ancient peoples use the uni0erse's pillar as 0owels for the ego2pronounsS
Did they apply the same principles -supporting the uni0erse1 in their design for the di0ine names
and the creature -iou1 the sky2god created according to /is Fwn Image -IOU1S
1C the grapheme of a and e
11 5a* 2 $iktionary
1' 8ohn 6%clif7s Bible from 14MM uses uppercase ! for the prono*n
The supports of the Sky personified
.oo/ an0 Jachin
.he two pillars of burnished bron9e made by the ,hoenician /iram for the forefront of
Solomon's temple were, according to $& *obertson Smith, in the nature of huge candlesticks
or cressets, perhaps in actual use as fire2altars names gi0en to themT8achin, ' /e will
establish,'' the Stablisher,' and Boas, in /im is Strength' -S1 Timply that they were in some
sense personified supports, though still aniconic in shape& nd their original character as
sky2pillars has been detected by *& ;isler&
I remembered to ha0e seen the pillars at the $5r9burg cathedral& .hey ha0e been labeled Boo9 and
8achim pillars&
Friginally from 1'4C up to 1I)) the Boo9 and 8achin
pillars had been installed at the entrance hall
of the $5r9burg Lilian2cathedral
& .hey had been designed around 1'4C as e7ui0alents to the
8erusalem temple, which according to the legend had been created by /iram of .yre&
Both pillars had been inscribed with their names Boo9 and Iachim respecti0ely
& .he original red
paint may be obser0ed at se0eral locations& Fther colors are 0ery scarce or missing&
.he Iachim pillar has been e7uipped with a singular more complicated ) le0el knot, whereas the
Boo9 pillar uses two dual le0el knots&
14 Source" page )'I in Zeus a Study in ncient *eligion +ol ' ,art I -1925) by rthur Bernard Cook
1) 8achin has been e!plained in @en )I,1C% Boas in *ut '2)&
1E Symbolism in the $5r9burg ;piscopal *esidence
1I 8achin and Boas G Bibelwissenschaft&de -@erman1
Fig. 8: .he 9oo: an" -achim pillars 312+;4
<: Iachim pillar
=: 9oo: an"
+gg0rasil (this section has not been inclu0e0 in 1'eus12)
I found a relational chain" ᚫ # $ # $sc N ash N !gg"rasil N ->orse m%tholog%1 n
immense ash tree that is central in >orse cosmolog%, belie0ed to connect the nine worlds& Ff
course the relational chain also might be re0ersed" !gg"rasil # ash # $sc # $ # ᚫ
In the symbol >ggdrasil we may already ha0e recogni9ed the central pillar -a!is mundi1, which by
the way has not been described by rthur Bernard Cook& .raditionally >ggdrasil is named an :ash
tree< although it may ha0e been an e0ergreen yew -ta!us1
In old2;nglish the letter $, which is named $sc -#ash tree#1 is co0ering an important set of words
such as la,, script*re, ceremon%, c*stom, marriage and in =orwegian the word is used for :always,
In =orwegian dialects the word $ is used for a personal pronoun of the first person singular -ego2
, which according to ?orris @,a"esh is the most important word& Swadesh composed
the @,a"esh lists, in which the ego2pronomen is found at the most prominent first location&
In @ermanic languages the A grapheme -a B e C $1 therefore symboli9ed the world's a!is
!gg"rasil, in old ;nglish la,, script*re, ceremon%, c*stom, marriage and in =orwegian dialects the
ego2pronoun :I<&
Symbolically !gg"rasil looks like an > and starts with a letter >&
8ohn $yclif's Bible from 14MM uses uppercase & for the ego2pronoun in a medial setting
symboli9ed by 6arianne Llement2Speckner and drawn according to ancient sources
-released in public domain1
1( D*nes
1M .a!us baccata
1B ' ( I -first2person singular personal pronoun1-dialectal, mostly found in .rUndelag, northern =orway, and parts of
western and southern =orway1&
'C $hat ,lanet is .hisS 2 Frigins of a Erono*n
'1 ;rect Irminsul -Irminsul als $eltenbaum&?pg1 drawn according to ancient sources and the bent down 0ersion found
at the Lreu9abnahmerelief an den ;!ternsteinen&
.he Benedictine monk *udolf of Aulda -D MIE1 pro0ides a description of an Irminsul in chapter 4
of his Datin work De mirac*lis sancti leFan"ri& *udolf's description states that the Irminsul was a
great wooden pillar erected and worshipped beneath the open sky and that its name, Irminsul,
signifies "ni)ersal all*s"staining !illar&
$idukind howe0er describes /irmin as a effigies col*mnar*m
" an image of pillars -plural1&
'' Deutsche 6ythologie 2 Lapitel 1E 2 ,ro?ekt @utenberg
+owel runes, especially V seems to ha0e been playing an important role&
.he 2sound is a central sound, represented by the nsu92*une -Wse:" deity1& In the nglo2Sa!on
System this rune has been split up into three sections& .wo of these represent trees -Wsh:
respecti0ely WFak:1&
• Gs -N o1, 6outh& .his sound did not belong to the original 0owels -J, I, 1 and has been
added in later eras&
• $sc -;nglish" #ash#1 -N $1 and
• ac -;nglish" #oak#1 -N a1&
In old ;nglish Rsc represents a spear, an !is, the ash2rune and the 0owel $
In =orwegian dialects, mostly found in .rUndelag, northern =orway, and parts of western and
southern =orway $ is used for I -first2person singular personal pronoun1
In old =orse $ translates as eHer, at an% time.
In old2;nglish $ is used for law, scripture, ceremony, custom, marriage
& .he density of important
symbolism in one singular letter suggests to consider the 0owel $ as a sky2pillar to stabili9e the
world and society&
;specially the $I*une's symbolism of !is -spear1, respecti0ely sky2pillar or support pillar suggests
to understand this word as a magic symbol for law, scripture, ceremony, custom, marriage
.he word must ha0e been considered as a sky2prop to secure the world's stability, eternity and
society& nd this stabili9ing magic had also to be applied to enforce the power of :I<&
:I< or :>< ob0iously was ?ust a symbolic sky2pillar to help me in stabili9ing myself&

'4 Das *unenwXrterbuch G Dr& Jdo $aldemar Dieterich -1M))1
') ash tree % -poetic1 spear % the runic letter% the letter V, R
'E ;tymology R -old2;nglisch1" law, scripture, ceremony, custom, marriage
nother important symbol was the teiwa92rune, tYwa9 -Z/immelsgott[, Z.yr[1 for the sky2god .yr&
.his rune also may ha0e symboli9ed a sky2pillar&
+gg0rasil as an Ego-symbol
Aour interpretations ha0e been listed for >ggdrasil in the $ikipedia entry >ggdrasil& .he third
interpretation refers to the fear of the Celts of a tumbling sky and the care for a sky2pillar&
third interpretation, presented by A& Detter, is that the name !gg"rasill refers to the
word %ggr -#terror#1, yet not in reference to the Fdinic name, and so !gg"rasill would
then mean #tree of terror, gallows#& A& *& SchrXder has proposed a fourth etymology
according to which %gg"rasill means #yew pillar#, deri0ing %ggia from Jig,5a -meaning
#yew2tree#1, and "rasill from J"herI -meaning #support#1
.he :>gg< in >ggdrasil also may refer to :Ich< -@erman" the ego2pronoun :I<1&
Die ancient peoples ha0e been ruled by the fear for a collapsing sky, which may ha0e dri0en them
to try and stabili9e the world with a so2called sky2pillar& .his pillar used to be symboli9ed as a tree,
which had not only be considered sacred as a cult ob?ect -Fmphalos, Irminsul, Donar's Fak1, but
also was to be included as a 0owel in di0ine names& .he 0owels had to be considered as magic
totem to put a spell on utterances&
Core 0owels are I, >, ;, ,V, J, K in the di0ine names Dyaus, Zeus, IK -8/+/1, Ieu2piter,
respecti0ely Iou2piter&
.he 0owels ; -in the names Zeus, respecti0ely I;J2piter1, -in 8anus, Zan, IK1 and F -in the
names IFJ2piter1, as well as V -in the names Z/=, 8/+/1 seem to ha0e been symboli9ing a
central world2a!is&
.he letters I and J had already
been identified as androgynous, secondary pillars, positioned to
left, respecti0ely right of the main pillar&
6an, who had identified himself as an image of the di0ine Creator, also stabili9ed his ;go as an
image of a sky2pillar and enforced the image by similar magic characters& Some dialects deri0ed the
word for :I< from the di0ine names, eg& ,ro0encal Wieu: -I1 from WDieu: -@od1&
'I .he /ermetic Code! II 2 Bipolar 6onotheism 2 .he Leywords in @od's =ame
.he collapsing sky&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&1
.he na0e and the na0el of the globe&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&'
nalysis of -some of1 the ,illars&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&'
.he ;2inscription at the omphalos in Delphi&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&4
Jmbilicus Jrbis *omae -the *oman omphalos1&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&4
IK 2 8anus&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&)
ni N .ina&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&E
OPQ -Zan or ZRn1&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&I
;go2pronouns ?au 2 ?eu 2 ?ou 2 ia G eau 2 eu G R 2 I G Ih 2 >&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&I
8ohn $yclif's>&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&I
.he supports of the Sky personified&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(
Boo9 and 8achin&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&(
>ggdrasil -this section has not been included in #Zeus#\1&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&M
>ggdrasil as an ;go2symbol&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&11