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Ayah 18

Muhsin Khan
They are deaf, dumb, and blind, so they return not (to the Right Path).

[sum-mun] deaf

[bukmun] mute

[u3myun] blind

[la yarjiu3oona] meaning they wont return.

They wont return to the light of revelation that was at
their finger tips but refused to follow its guidance.
In the previous ayah Allah mentioned that the hypocrites
were blinded from having any insight in understanding and
benefiting from the guidance. If that wasnt bad enough
now Allah is saying they are deaf from hearing the
guidance, mute and unable to ask for guidance, and
blinded from it. They are engulfed in layers of darkness and
misguidance with all these qualities that do nothing except
lead them further and further astray.
Ayah 19

Muhsin Khan
Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder, and lightning. They
thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunderclap for fear of
death. But Allah ever encompasses the disbelievers (i.e. Allah will gather them all

[say-yibun] can be either dark clouds or an intense

downpour of rain.

[as-sawaaiqu] is the plural of

meaning a destructive punishment. Another meaning for

is a very loud sound or explosion from the thunder.

So, these hypocrites are caught in the middle of all these
warnings [i.e. the thunder, lighting etc.] and then they put
their fingers in their ears, fearing death because of the loud
explosions. The hypocrites cant bear to talk or hear about
the hereafter and the warnings. They know its coming yet
they try to use illogical means to avoid hearing things such
as sticking their fingers in their ears. These loud explosions
are reminders to them. Can sticking fingers in your ears
save you from death or a strike from lighting? of course

[hatharal mawti] they are really scared of death.

The word

[hatharun] in Arabic is used when someone

is careful and really watching every step that they take as if
they are going to be ambushed at any given moment.
Allah ends the ayah by calling these hypocrites what they
really are, and that is disbelievers.

Ayah 20

Muhsin Khan
The lightning almost snatches away their sight, whenever it flashes for them, they
walk therein, and when darkness covers them, they stand still. And if Allah willed,
He could have taken away their hearing and their sight. Certainly, Allah has power
over all things.

[yakaadu al barqu yakhtafu

absaarahum] the lighting almost snatches away their
eyesight. Meaning the light of revelation is so strong that is
almost blinds them.

[kul-lamaa adhaaa lahum ma-show feehi wa ithaa athlama
alayhim qaamoo] whenever a bit of light comes to them
they walk forward and when it goes away they stand still.
This means that the hypocrites following some revelation
when its easy and convenient for them. As soon as
hardship comes [when the light goes away] they are left
Allah says in this ayah that if He wished He could have
taken their hearing and eyesight away but He didnt. This
implies that there is still hope for these people. They may
have not been following the revelation like they ought to
be, but they still can turn things around.
Ayah 21

Muhsin Khan
O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you and those who were before
you so that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2).

[ubudoo] means enslave yourselves completely and


This verb can either come from

[a3bada] which means

to worship or

[a3buda] which means to be a slave. The

present tense form for both of these verbs is

[ya3budu]. So both the meanings of these verbs [i.e. to
worship and to enslave ones self] are combine in the verb

which means to enslave yourself completely,

worshipping Allah.
These are two distinct meanings. A lot of people worship
Allah but dont accept the fact that He is their master and
fully enslave themselves. Allah is expecting us to worship
Him as slaves.
So, Allah is telling us to enter into complete slavery of Him
and worship Him alone because previously mentioned
were those [the hypocrites] who didnt do this.
In the previous ayaat Allah set forth two parables, the first
the hypocrites were in the desert blind, mute and deaf. In
the second parable they were in a storm.
In this ayah Allah ends by explaining that to really protect
yourself from all of these calamities is to enslave yourself
and worship Allah completely.

Ayah 22

Muhsin Khan
Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent
down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for
you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone
has the right to be worshipped).

[firaashan] originally

[firaashun] is a flooring. Its

synonym is the word

[witaaun] which is something

laid down, beat down, humbled.
So, the earth was made stable and easy for us to walk on.
Then Allah says He made the sky a ceiling for us. These
two things are a means of protection.
Now look to see how this ties in with the proceeding
parables. The first parable was about trouble on the earth
[i.e. being left without light], and the second parable was
about trouble coming from the sky. So, Allah is explaining
that if these people were His true slaves then they would
find the earth and the sky as a means of protection and
safety instead of being something that would harm them.
Then Allah mentions in this ayah how He sends down rain
from the sky. This rain is a source of benefit whereas in the
parables that proceeded this rain was described as

meaning intense rain and or dark clouds. When the rain is
coming down as a benefit and not a punishment it mixes
with the earth and fruits and vegetables of all kinds sprout
forth. The sky and the earth work together by the
permission of Allah to bring this forth to benefit the true
slaves of Allah.

Ayah 23

Muhsin Khan
And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which
We have sent down (i.e. the Quran) to Our slave (Muhammad Peace be upon him ),
then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses
(supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful.

[fatoo bi-sooratin min mithlihee]

bring forth anything remotely close to the Quran. Go
ahead and just try.

Ayah 24
Muhsin Khan
But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is
men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers.

Allah says that their previous attempts failed and any
possible future attempts that they make will fail as well.
Previously they were instructed to fear Allah and protect
themselves from His punishment, His displeasure etc. but
now Allah says here enough is enough, fear the fire now.
This fires fuel is going to be people and stones, stones that
people worship. When stones burn they make lava and
thats a hotter kind of flame than any other fuel. So the
people and the idols they worshipped will be burning
together. Later on we will see that peoples hearts are
described as being like stone.

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