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Eur J Health Econom 2006 · [Suppl 1] 7:105–138 See next page 0113

DOI 10.1007/s10198-006-0369-7
© Springer Medizin Verlag 2005 Assessing self-assessed health data
Ahn N. (FEDEA, Madrid, Spain)

Discussion/Results: Many studies have used self-assessed health data
to examine the determinants of health status and the effects of health
status on broad areas of human behavior. Given subjectivity and possi-
Poster presentations ble measurement errors imbedded in self-assessed health data, we exam-
ine their validity and usefulness using the data from European Commu-
nity Household Panel. Our analysis provides clear evidence against care-
less use of self-assessed health status survey data. The strongest case is
cross-country comparisons of self-assessed health status and disabili-
0316
ty rate. Age-specific health measures based on self-assessed health sta-
Patients’ perceived insurance coverage, a mismatch tus vary enormously between countries and often country rankings are
with factual dental insurance coverage hard to believe, thus suggesting the importance of language, culture and
Abraham D. (private person; research undertaken during employment social environment in self-assessed health data. When we compare self-
at Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, Bantry, Ireland) assessed health status across regions within a country (Spain), we find
that regional differences are consistent with other measures of health
Preliminary results have been presented in poster format at the confer- although the regional variations are also larger than one would expect.
ence of the international Health Economics Association (iHEA, San Self-assessed health measures are also sensitive to the institutional set-
Francisco, 2003). tings such as pension system. For example, in Spain some retired peo-
Background: The effect of insurance on dental utilization is mediated ple who receive disability pension seem to declare worse health status
by patients’ knowledge of coverage but the published literature does not than real to justify their pension eligibility.
explore this relationship.
Study objective: To study the level of insurance awareness in regularly
attending adult dental patients in the Netherlands. 0446
Design: This study uses a patient questionnaire and dental utilization
data to measure knowledge of reimbursement for periodontology, resto- Inequality in health care use among older people in the
rations and crowns/bridges. United Kingdom: evidence from the British Household
Results: Reimbursement for periodontics, restorations and crowns & Panel Survey
bridges is known correctly to 27.2%, 38.5% and 21.1% respectively. Pub- Allin S. (London School of Economics Health and Social Care, London, UK)
licly insured seem less aware of insurance coverage for crowns & bridges Masseria C., Mossialos E.
compared to restorations and periodontics. Private dental patients have
Discussion/Results: This study investigates income-related inequali-
equal awareness for restorations, periodontics and crowns & bridges.
ties in GP, hospital, specialist and dentist care among over 65s in the
Conclusions: The Dutch have poor understanding of their dental insur-
UK between 1997 and 2003 using data from the BHPS. The probability
ance benefits. Therefore dental utilization research must include both
of a visit to the GP, specialist, dentist or admission to hospital was pre-
insurance status and a measure of insurance awareness to gain insight in
dicted using multiple random effects logistic regression models. Con-
the relationship between insurance coverage and utilization.
centration indices were calculated based on indirect standardization
approach; a horizontal inequity index equal to zero implies that after
0570 controlling for differences in need across income groups, individuals
have equal probability of service use, regardless of income. The results
Cost of Cervix Cancer Treatment in Hungary indicate that individuals on lower income are more likely to visit a GP,
Ács N. (Obstetrical and Gynecological Clinic of Semmelweis Medical specialist and hospital than the better-off, with the reverse for dental vis-
University, Budapest, Hungary) its. After adjusting for differences in need (health status) with income,
Brandtmüller Á., Nagy L., Kovács F., Erdész D. a significant pro-rich inequity is found for all service areas, particular-
ly specialist and dental care, even when private sector care was exclud-
Discussion/Results: In disease areas where several different disease stag- ed. While a recent analysis among the general British population found
es and alternative treatment options exits (i.e. cancers, CNS disorders) health service use to be largely equitable (with the exception of dental
the costing issue plays a pivotal role in any cost effectiveness analysis. care), it appears that inequalities may increase among the older age
The objective of this paper is to identify and quantify the different cost groups. As the highest consumers of health care, and with potential-
elements in the treatment of cervix cancer in CINI to CIS and in IA1, ly more barriers to access, more attention should be paid to existing
IA2,IB, IIA, IIB, III, IV FIGO stages. The need to access the cost effec- inequities among this age group.
tiveness of the national cervix screening program “Johan Bela Nation-
al Program of the Decade of Health” and the market entry of new HPV
vaccines in 2006 gives further importance to the issue. In our study cer- 0154
vix cancer treatment cost were compared from two separate sources: i.
data from Social Security data base, ii. Delphi panel constructed from Risk of Own Death and the Death of Others
20 Hungarian key opinion leaders. From the Social Security data base Andersson H. (Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute (VTI),
intervention costs (outpatient, inpatient care and drug cost) were collect- Solna, Sweden)
ed based on BNO and anonym patient identification number on yearly Lundborg P.
aggregate level. As a limitation no stage specific costs are recorded in the
Discussion/Results: The purpose of this study is to examine differences
database. In the Delphi panel, with the use of Hyper Point 2003 voting
between Swedish individuals’ perception of their own mortality risk and
system, the distribution of the different interventions were assessed, and
objective risk measures, to analyze the magnitude of any risk bias, and
converted to cost using the actual ONO and HBCS HUF equivalents.
to examine individuals’ risk perception formation. Risk perception for-
mation is analyzed in the Bayesian learning framework. Two different

Eur J Health Econom Suppl 1 · 2006 | S105
addressed from time to time. Overall, there are only few data on the 0205
smoking behaviour in Austria and virtually nothing on the effect and
approval of these measures. The aim of the prevailing study is to ana- Does onset or quality of prenatal care matter more
lyse in-depth the smoking behaviour of college and university students for infant health?
in one Austrian province (Styria), the effect of implemented measures Sosa-Rubi S.G. (Centre for Health Economics. University of York, UK)
on these students’ smoking behaviour as well as their attitude towards
intended policy measures. For that purpose we generate a stratified Discussion/Results: We investigate the impact of the onset of prenatal
sample of approximately 2% of the population of around 40.000 Styri- care and the quality of health services on the health of the newborn. Our
an students, the stratification criteria being university/college member- specification is nonlinear and simultaneous and uses latent factors to
ship, smoking behaviour and gender. The survey will be carried out in allow for unobserved influences on onset and quality of prenatal care
spring 2006 and processed using a standardised questionnaire. The cen- to affect infant-health. We apply maximum simulated likelihood (MLS)
tral question is to investigate whether or not the policy measures are techniques to estimate the parameters of our models. We find a positive
accepted as a health education measure and therefore have some impact and significant association between the quality of care and the health
on smoking behaviour among Styrian students. of newborns. The access to preventive health interventions by pregnant
women during the prenatal period contributes to the adequate develop-
ment of the pregnancy and, in consequence, positively influences the
0617 health of the newborn. On the contrary, we find a small and non sig-
nificant effect of the timely use of prenatal care on the weight of the
Pathways of care and direct costs associated with hip infant.
fracture in state-run health-care systems (UK versus
Hungary): Considerations for the adaptation of the
ScHARR osteoporosis model to a Hungarian setting 0230
Soroncz-Szabó T. (MSD Hungary Ltd.)
Ageing, impoverishment and health care in the Italian
Background: Hip fractures (HFx) make a substantial contribution to system
the denominator of cost-effectiveness measures of osteoporosis thera- Spandonaro F. (University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy)
pies, regardless of the health-care system in question. Pathways of HFx Doglia M.
care and the associated direct cost items, however, show a large degree
of variation internationally, which may cause an economic model work Discussion/Results: Foreword of the italian population is a matter of
well in certain countries and produce invalid results in others. fact; this not only implies higher expenses for the National Health Ser-
Objective: To compare the usual management pathways and direct cost vice but also a bigger burden on households for those expenditures not
items associated with HFx in Hungary and the UK, and accordingly paid for by the public system.and methodologyour article we will use
adapt the osteoporosis model developed at the School of Health and the approach of the WHO that suggests that the equitative impact of
Related Research, University of Sheffield (ScHARR). healthcare systems should be studied by explicitly taking into account
Methods: An in-depth literature search was undertaken on the epidemi- expenditures incurred by the households and their impact on the house-
ologic, economic and clinical data about HFx management in Hungary hold balances. WHO approach will be used to show how population’s
and the UK. Senior management each of a health-care provider and a ageing has influenced the impoverishment due to health related expens-
social-care provider institution was contacted for the exploration of hid- es of the Italian households between 1997 and 2004.analysis is based
den or ignored direct costs in Hungary. on ISTAT sur vey on household consumption.and conclusionswill be
Results: Current estimates of direct costs of HFx in Hungary address shown how the impoverishment due to healthcare relates to the age of
neither the most relevant (postmenopausal female) population, nor the the households’ reference person, to the presence of at least an elder in
most costly cases (patients with comorbidities or complications, and the household and to the number of elders in the household. Moreover
those immobile after primary surgery). Some relevant services funded the evolution of these relations over the years will be outlined.
by the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) as well as costs covered
by non-health related governmental budgets or by the patient’s fami-
ly are ignored. Several differences between the two countries are to be 0249
considered for the adaptation of the ScHARR model: fracture preva-
lence and incidence, outcomes of primary HFx surgery, hospital stay,
Comparison of different sources for the costs
and transfer to long-term care facilities. In a Hungarian setting, the eco-
of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Germany
Stark R. (Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Managementthe
nomically important health state of “nursing home following a HFx” in
GSF – National Research Center for Environment and Health, Neuherberg,
the ScHARR model should be replaced with “home care of immobile
Germany)
patients following a HFx”, which is much less costly (although not so
König H.H., Leidl R.
if family expenditures and indirect costs are also considered). Further
analyses are needed to show the potential improvements in estimates Discussion/Results: Determination of disease costs improves alloca-
when other costs are included, whether covered (physiotherapy, balneo- tion decisions by providing fundamental information to policy mak-
therapy, professional home care, ortheses and other devices, specialist’s ers. However, disease costs may differ depending on cost source. This
visits, patient travel, complications [e.g., infection, bed sore], secondary study’s aim was to compare costs of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
surgery [e.g., total hip replacement]) or not covered (“social homes”, dis- in Germany determined from different sources.
ability allowance, car purchase support) by the Hungarian NHIF. Medical costs of IBD calculated from cost-diaries were compared
Conclusion: More rigorous cost estimates and modelling parameters of between members of the German IBD association (GIA-members)
HFx management in the Hungarian postmenopausal female population (n=483) and university outpatients (U-patients) (n=92). Specific vis-
are necessary to ensure the validity of economic evaluations of osteopo- it costs were compared to calculations using a general-practitioner
rosis therapies. One suggested approach is the adaptation of internation- database (GP-Data) (n=191).
ally established economic models (like that of ScHARR), considering Mean costs, calculated using the cost-diary, were similar for GIA-mem-
the obvious differences in the pathways of care and direct costs associat- bers and U-patients. For example, mean 4-week direct medical costs
ed with HFx in the UK versus Hungary. of GIA-members were only 27€ higher (95%CI: -141, 194) than of U-
patients (p=0.8) and mean 4-week costs of general-practice visits of GIA-

Eur J Health Econom Suppl 1 · 2006 | S135
Index

Eur J Health Econom 2006 · [Suppl 1] 7:139–143 Blais, R. #0111 Carrera, P. #0148, #0173
DOI 10.1007/s10198-006-0370-1 Blaise, D. #0343 Carrere, M.O. #0096, #0507,
© Springer Medizin Verlag 2005 Bleichrodt, H. #0579 #0608
Blom, M. #0321 Carrie, C. #0608
Bodrogi, J. #0483 Carter, R. #0308, #0309
Bohigas, L. #0380 Castelli, A. #0359
A Baeza, C. #0587 Bolin, K. #0350 Cavalieri, M. #0409
Baker, R. #0328, #0346, #0487 Boluarte, T. #0095 Cercone, J. #0020
Aaltonen, J. #0345 Balázs, P. #0011, #0068, #0497, Bommier, A. #0468 Cerzani, M. #0451
Aas, E. #0161 #00667 Boncz, I. #0102, #0103, #0125, Céu, M. #0541
Aaviksoo, A. #0355 Balia, S. #0410 #0260, #0300, #0301, #0313, Chae, S. #0139
Abegunde, D. #0061, #0151 Balsan, D. #0394 #0318, #0489, #0498, #0548, Chai, P.Y. #0518
Abellan, J.M. #0579 Baltussen, R. #0243 #0555, #0556, #0611 Chakraborty, S. #0081
Abraham, D. #0316 Banerjee, R. #0178 Bondar, E. #0513, #0514, #0515 Chalkley, M. #0388
Achdut, L. #0370 Baranyi, L. #0511, #0513, #0514 Bonet, M.J. #0332 Chang, R.E. #0428, #0429
Ács, N. #0570 Barber, P. #0357 Boom, G. #0171 Checheibaev, E. #0304
Adda, J. #0045 Barbieri, E. #0433, #0484 Boonen, L. #0036 Chevrou-Séverac, H. #0421
Adorján, R. #0549 Barbui, C. #0451, #0484 Borcsek, B. #0489, #0498, #0555 Chisholm, D. #0203, #0520
Adrianna, C. #0085 Bardey, D. #0468, #0469 Borgia, P. #0352, #0379, #0381, Chowhan, J. #0289
Ahn, N. #0113, #0261 Barnay, T. #0374 #0399 Christiansen, T. #0076
Akande, T.M. #0061 Barrachina, I. #0411 Borka, P. #0506 Christodoulou, I. #0543,
Akkazieva, B. #0074 Barre, S. #0478 Boshuizen, H. #0158 #0544, #0545, #0546, #0547
Alary, D. #0375 Barrella, A. #0128 Boskovic, T. #0081 Chung, W. #0070
Alberto, C. #0291 Barros, P.P. #0084, #0092, Bosmans, J.E. #0079, #0080 Cicchitelli, F. #0169
Alessie, R. #0372 #0157, #0296, #0311, #0454, Botz, L. #0462, #0463 Ciconelli, R.M. #0048, #0049
Al-Janabi, H. #0083 #0484 Boureille, B. #0016 Clarke, A. #0479
Allin, S. #0167, #0200, #0446 Barton, G.R. #0090, #0091, #0138 Bourgueil, Y. #0395 Clausen, LB. #0098
Amal, D. #0341 Barton, P. #0246, #0247, #0250, Bouter, L.M. #0079, #0080 Clavero, A. #0412
Amaya-Amaya, M. #0213, #0351 Bouvard, L. #0145 Cleanthous, P. #0001
#0388 Barton, PM. #0262 Bouwmans, C.A.M. #0447 Cleland, J.G.F. #0131
Amelung, V.E. #0201 Bartozs, P. #0499 Brandtmuller, A. #0074, #0556, Clemente, J. #0004
Andersen, G. #0098 Bassi, L. #0448 #0570, #0577 Clímaco, M.I. #0311, #0098
Andersson, H. #0154, #0165 Bastida, J.L. #0272 Brekke, K.R. #0314, #0344 Closon, M.C. #0538
Andlin-Sobocki, P. #0256, Basu, K. #0389 Brémond, A. #0390 Coast, J. #0026, #0033, #0083,
#0257, #0258 Bate, A. #0337, #0440, #0615 Breyer, F. #0125 #0133
Andrew, S. #0087, #0596 Bateman, I. #0487 Bridges, J. #0074, #0148, #0173 Cohen, Y. #0002
Anegawa, T. #0367, #0369 Bauer, A. #0227 Bridges, J.F.P. #0179 Collett, B. #0385
Anell, A. #0226 Bech, M. #0098, #0140 Briggs, A. #0385 Comas-Herrera, A. #0183
Angermeyer, M.C. #0204, Beck, K. #0063, #0088, #0119, Brodszky, V. #0562, #0601, Compadri, P. #0449
#0206, #0343 #0137 #0607 Condliffe, S. #0251
Ania, A. B. #0211 Becker, B. #0129, #0416 Brosa, F. #0380, #0421 Conti, S. #0382
Anker, G. #0263 Becker, K. #0024 Brouwer, W.B.F. #0243, #0245, Coomer, N. #0439
Anna, Kovács, A. #0498 Beekman, A. #0079 #0292, #0294, #0312, #0445 Corbillon, E. #0478
Antai, I. #0386 Behrend, C. #0063 Brown, T. #0142, #0143 Cornaglia, F. #0045
Antón, E. #0050 Beira, B. #0605 Bruijn, D. #0099 Cornago, D. #0448, #0449,
Antonio, P.L. #0118 Béjean, S. #0402 Bruijne, M. #0079 #0450, #0452
Appleby, J. #0209 Belaza, J. #0109 Brun, J-F. #0022 Cornelis, B. #0171
Araña, J. #0210 Belicza, E. #0611 Brüggenjürgen, B. #0365 Corona, A. #0264
Ariste, R. #0364 Bell, D. #0189 Bryan, S. #0131, #0246, #0262, Corugedo, I. #0050
Armstrong, J. #0040, #0212 Bemelmans, W. #0373 #0274, #0348, #0349, #0351 Costa, Font, J. #0405, #0406
Arntz, M. #0253 Benedict, A. #0528, #0529 Buchmueller, T. #0032 Courbage, C. #0039
Askildsen, J. E. #0476 Berg, J.E. #0072 Burls, A. #0246 Crisostomo, S. #0123, #0403
Attilla, V. #0370 Berggren, F. #0207 Busse, R. #0174, #0465 Cromwell, J. #0241
Atun, R.A. #0591 Bernal-Delgado, E. #0396 Buxton, M. #0434 Currais, L. #0134
Au, F. #0107 Bernardi, B. #0370 Bywater, T. #0152 Curtale, F. #0379
Audibert, M. #0022 Bernatsky, S. #0479 Czirják, L. #0601
Auerbach, H. #0166 Bernet, P. #0023
Augurzky, B. #0323 Bernice Oberman, M.A. #0331
C
Avery, AJ. #0091 Betlehem, J. #0300, #0301,
D
Caballer Tarazona, M. #0411
Avery, T. #0138 #0313, #0318 Cabanas, M. #0120 Dankner, R. #0003
Bien, F. #0375 Caeser, M. #0162 Dantas, A. #0591
B Bigi, R. #0218, #0325 Cairns, J. #0225 Dario, G. #0325
Bird, S. #0338 Calvert, M.J. #0131 Daubner, M. #0498
Baal, P. #0373
Birk, H.O. #0010 Camosso-Stefinovic, J. #0328 Dávid, T. #0577
Babalis, D. #0544, #0546
Bischof, M. #0239, #0248 Cappelli, S. #0470 Davidson, T. #0383
Badura, B. #0606
Bjoslashrk, S. #0076 Carrageta, M. #0159 Dawson, D. #0085
Bae, EY. #0303
Björngaard, J.H. #0252, #0360 Carrare, MO. #0390 Dawson, S. #0363

Eur J Health Econom Suppl 1 · 2006 | S139
Index

De Bekker-Grob, E.W. #0342 Erdész, D. #0568, #0570 Germana, H.R. #0046 Hagen, T.P. #0299, #0492
De Bruijne, M.C. #0080 Eschbach, MA. #0392 Ghislandi, S. #0472, #0473 Hagist, C. #0013
De Gaetano, A. #0117 Etner, J. #0453 Ghobari, Bonab, B. #0287 Haisken-DeNew, J. #0242
De la Puente, ML, #0380 Eugster, P. #0089 Giammarile, F. #0608 Hakkaart, L. #0447
De Soarez, P.C. #0049 Evans, N. #0363 Gianino, M.M. #0191 Häkkinen, U. #0180, #0237, #0597
De Wit, G.A. #0233, #0276 Exel, NJA. #0243, #0245 Giannoni, M. #0488 Halliday, M. #0535
Deales, A. #0169 Gibbon, M. #0479 Hancock, R. #0183
Debrand, T. #0374, #0378, #0407 F Giordani, C. #0295 Hansen, K.S. #0319
Decollogny, A. #0330 Giraldes, M.R. #0005 Harding, A. #0589
Deeg, D. #0372 Falusi, Zs. #0260, #0548 Giralt, X.M. #0092 Hartmann, L. #0522
Delgado, J. #0280 Farag, H. #0481, #0482 Gisbert, R. #0380 Hastings, J. #0464
Déméothis, C. #0334 Farrar, S. #0388, #0401 Gitto, L. #0533 Hauck, K. #0043
Dench, H.C. #0235 Faucher, C. #0343 Glussich, A. #0364 Häussler, B. #0162
Desideri, A. #0218, #0325 Fauli, S. #0071, #0187 Goddard, M. #0065 Hehenkamp, B. #0100
Despoudi, K. #0546 Favaro, D. #0510 González, L.M. #0585 Herczeg, B. #0506
Desquins, B. #0330, #0519 Federici, A. #0379, #0381, Gonzalez Lopez-Valcarcel, B. Hermens, M.L.M. #0080
Deuchert, E. #0008 #0399, #0532 #0357 Hernaelig;s, K. #0471
Devaux, Y. #0507 Feenstra, T. #0158, #0373 González, M.C. #0585 Hernandez-V, J.A. #0460
Devlin, N. #0209 Fekete, S. #0463 González-Alvarez, #0412 Heshmat, S. #0044
Dezateux, D. #0335 Felder, S. #0255 Goode, A. #0213 Hessel, F. #0220, #0244, #0263,
Di, Giulio, E. #0393 Feldman, D. #0479 Gordo, L.R. #0030 #0265
Dijkgraaf, E. #0028 Ferrandob, A. #0218 Gorp, B. #0245 Hidalgo, Á. #0050
Dimakou, S. #0209 Ferrara, M. #0393, #0399 Gothe, H. #0162 Hirtzlin, I. #0491
Doessel, D. #302 Ferraz, M.B. #0048, #0049 Gouveia Pinto, C. #0159 Hjelmgren, J. #0226
Doglia, M. #0230, #0352 Ferreira, L.N. #0293 Göhlmann, S. #0181, #0323 Hogg, W. #0229
Doherty, M. #0091, #0138 Ferreira, P.L. #0293, #0310, Grabka, M. #0465 Hole, A.R. #0320
Domínguez Ugá, M.A. #0038 #0454 Graham, B. #0235 Holle, R. #0106
Donaldson, C. #0337, #0346, Filippini, M. #0282 Gramain, A. #0397 Hollingsworth, B. #0041,
#0440, #0487, #0615 Fitzmaurice, D. #0274 Granstedt, H. #0153 #0042, #0043, #0461
Donia Sofio, A. #0117 Flynn, T. #0026, #0033, #0083, Grasdal, A. #0476 Hollo, I. #0215
Donker, M.C.H. #0447 #0133 Gräßel, E. #0106 Holmas, T.H. #0185
Dor, A. #0127, #0269 Foldspang, A. #0319 Gravelle, H. #0085, #0320, #0339 Holmes, J. #0363
Dormont, B. #0371 For, a, R. #0191 Gray, A. #0326, #0335 Holly, A. #0330, #0519
Dostie, B. #0164 Forsberg, B. #0509 Gray, D. #0229, #0526, Honkalampi, T. #0426
Dourgnon, P. #0368 Fragoulakis, V. #0054 #0571 Hoogenveen, R. #0158, #0373
Dózsa, Cs. #0162, #0260, Frank, R.G. #0232 Green, A. #0076 Hop, J.P. #0195
#0313, #0318, #0489, #0497, Franzetti, F. #0264 Green, M. #0229 Hopkins, S. #0019
#0498, #0555 Freedman, L.S. #0219 Gregori, D. #0325 Horváth, K. #0529
Drimala, M. #0546, #0547 Freeman, T. #0348, #0349 Gregorie, D. #0218 Hougaard, J.L. #0101
Drummond, M. #0334, Freemantle, N. #0131 Greiner, W. #0606 Hout, H. #0079
#0495 French, M. #0034, #0035 Greß, S. #0063, #0088, #0223, Hsieh, M.F. #0428
Duffy, C. #0479 Frew, E. #0271, #0317 #0323 Hsuan, F. #0023
Dufour-Kippelen, S. #0199 Grewal, I. #0026 Hubicki, L. #0400
Durante, G. #0393 G Grieve, R. #0086 Huguenin, J. #0421
Dworkin, R. #0385 Grignon, M. #0032, #0368 Hulst, M. #0392
Dziworski, W. #0550 Gaal, P. #0542 Grondin, D. #0592 Hutchings, J. #0152
Gábor, J. #0184 Groot, M. #0171 Hutton, J. #0578
E Gajic-Stevanovic, M. #0018 Großfeld-Schmitz, M. #0106 Hyde, C. #0114
Galdeano, A.S. #0484 Guasticchi, G. #0379, #0381,
Eagan, L. #0405 Gameren, E. #0009, #0208 #0393, #0399 I
Eaton, K. #0068 Gander, P. #0599 Guccio, C. #0240, #0409
Economou, A. #0006, #0007 Gannon, B. #0047, #0051 Gulacsi, L. #0074, #0313, Ibern, P. #0062
Edebalk, P.G. #0069 Garattini, L. #0450, #0451, #0435, #0548, #0556, #0562, Icardi, G.P. #0191
Edwards, RT. #0152 #0452, #0472, #0448, #0449 #0577, #0601, #0607 Ikenwilo, D. #0189, #0388
Ehlers, L. #0098 García, E. #0475 Gupta, A. #0389 Ilgin, Y. #0267, #0283
Eisen, R. #0267, #0283 García, Gómez, P. #0268 Gupta, N.D. #0082 Ilku, L. #0498
Eke, E. #0554 Garcia-Goni, M. #0062 Gurol-Urganci, I. #0591 Indaratna, K. #0144
Ekman, M. #0256, #0257, #0258 Gargett, S. #0141 Günther, O. #0204, #0206 Ito, M. #0122
Elhewaihi, M. #0606 Garuz, R. #0194 Gyarmathy, K. #0569 Ivády, V. #0523
Elliott, R. #0189 Garvey, E. #0415 Gyenes, M. #0497 Ivaldi, E. #0149, #0150
Elliott, R.F. #0320 Gash, V. #0030 Gymnopoulos, D. #0544 Ivancocsky, M. #0219
Emblem, A.W. #0457 Gemmill, M. #0059 Iversen, T. #0175, #0188
Emneus, M. #0076 Genti, Gy. #0601 H
Encinosa, W. #0127 Geoffard, P-Y. #0371 J
Endveld, M. #0370 Gerard, K. #0496 Háber, Á. #0463
Enemark, U. #0319 Gerencsér, Zs. #0184 Habicht, J. #0203, #0520 Jaana, M. #0327
Erder, H. #0438 Gerfin, M. #0398 Haby, M. #0309 Jacobs, R. #0065, #0066, #0085

S140 | Eur J Health Econom Suppl 1 · 2006
Jafarov, A. #0304 Knuuttila, M. #0237 Levaggi, R. #0135, #0217, #0422 Markwick, A. #0309
Jakab, M. #0304, #0305 Ko, S. #0139, #0176, #0190 Levin, L.Å. #0383 Maropoulou, #0546
Jamison, J. #0014 Kobelt, G. #0562, #0601 Lewis, J. #0026 Marques, R.M. #0582
Jansson, S. #0077 Kociel, P. #0400 Lewis, M. #0527 Marquez, P. #0590
Janus, K. #0201 Koinuma, N. #0122 Lien, H.M. #0017 Marquis, P. #0558
Jara, M. #0460 Kok, L. #0195, #0208 Lignelli, B. #0433 Marsh, K. #0575
Järbrink, K. #0153 Koller, M. #0229 Lillard, D. #0387 Martikainen, P. #0180
Järviö, M.L. #0345 Konnopka, A. #0202 Lindeboom, M. #0315, #0366 Martin, S. #0085
Jasmina, J.I. #0171 Kontodimopoulos, N. #0110 Lindgren, B. #0350 Martinez-Giralt, X. #0084
Jeleva, M. #0453 Koopmanschap, M.A. #0294, Link, C. #0251 Martins, M. #0111
Jelic, G. #0593 #0466 Linna, M. #0597 Marwijk, H. #0079
Jenkinson, C. #0091, #0138 Kósa, J. #0572, #0573, #0574 Linnosmaa, I. #0288 Masella, C. #0286
Jesse, M. #0355 Koskinen, H. #0327 Lippi, Bruni, M. #0192 Masiero, G. #0282
Jobanputra, P. #0246 Kóti, T. #0103, #0260 Llena-Nozal, A. #0315 Mason, H. #0346
Jobbagy, J. #0516 Kotlikoff, L.J. #0013 Lobo, F. #0120 Masseria, C. #0167, #0200,
Johansson, P. #0118 Kotomäki, T. #0426 Loomes, G. #0487 #0214, #0414, #0446, #0488
Johnston, D. #0107 Kousoulakou, H. #0054 Lopes, S. #0430 Mataria, A. #0341, #0440
Jóna, G. #0551, #0552 Kovacs, A. #0498 López, F. #0140 Mateus, C. #0157, #0431
Jones, A.M. #0163 Kovacs, E. #0424 Loth, K. #0494 Mathivet, B. #0093
Jorgensen, N. #0120 Kovács, F. #0568, #0570 Loukanova, S, #0179 Mathonnat, J. #0022
Jowett, S. #0250, #0274, #0317 Kowalska, K. #0177 Lourenço, Ó. #0311, #0454 Maxwell, M. #0535
Jönsson, B. #0256, #0257, #0258 Kowalski, C.C.G, #0049 Louviere, JJ. #0133 Maynard, A. #0279
Jönsson, L. #0052 Kozma, P. #0553 Lovas, K. #0435 McBride, D. #0365
Juan, O. #0272 König, H.H. #0202, #0204, Low, N. #0351 McCahon, D. #0274
Juarez-Garcia, A. #0183, #0317, #0206, #0249 Lu, M. #0017 McCollam, A. #0535
#0328 Königbauer, I. #0259, #0314 Lucas, V. #0413 McCormick, B. #0456
Jullien, B. #0468 Kövi, R. #0555 Ludbrook, A. #0213, #0336, McDaid, D. #0535
Junjan, V. #0537 Kraenzlin, M. #0239 #0338 McGregor, P. #0193, #0329
Junoy, J.P. #0472 Krajewski-Siuda, K. #0400 Lufkin, T. #0421 McGuire, A. #0059, #0284,
Jusot, F. #0032, #0368, #0378 Kretzschmar, M. #0233, #0276 Luke, C. #0306 #0332
Krevers, B. #0383 Lundborg, P. #0154, #0350 McGuire, T.G. #0017
K Kruse, M. #0561 Luño, J. #0565 McIntosh, E. #0385
Kuchinke, B.A. #0228, #0234 Luoma, K. #0345, #0347 McKee, M. #0486, #0508
Kaambwa, B. #0262 Kuszewski, K. #0517 Luraas, H. #0188 McKee, P. #0329
Kaarboe, O. #0100, #0185, Kutzin, J. #0136, #0305 Luz, M. #0412 McLean, J. #0535
#0492 Kyratsis, I. #0593 Medin, E. #0509, #0597
Kagan, R. #0464 Meerding, W.J. #0342, #0361
M
Kahana, B. #0524, #0525 Mendes, Á. #0582
L
Kahana, E. #0524, #0525 Ma, A. #0320 Mennini, F.S. #0381, #0382,
Kallaste, E. #0355 Labeaga, J.M. #0121 Ma, C.T.A. #0017 #0393, #0470, #0532, #0533,
Kalo, Z. #0483, #0506 Lai, C.L. #0428, #0429 Maceira, D. #0433, #0436, #0602
Kanavos, P. #0405, #0406 Lai, T. #0203, #0520 #0437 Merito, M. #0379
Kangasharju, A. #0288 Lambo, E.S. #0061 Machado, M. #0484 Mertens, A. #0030
Karpati, K. #0556, #0577 Lameire, N. #0567 Mackenbach, JP. #0361 Mestad, O. #0493
Kärvinge, C. #0207 Lamers, L.M. #0056, #0447 Mackenzie, M. #0535 Meyer, E. #0391
Kedem, R. #0003 Lamiraud, K. #0232, #0371 Maclean, J.C. #0034 Michaelidou, D. #0546
Kelley, E. #0613 Lange, R. #0116 Magnezi, R. #0002, #0003 Michaelis, J. #0253
Kenkel, D. #0387 Langenbrunner, J. #0307, Magnus, A. #0309 Miclutia, I. #0537
Kennelly, B. #0536, #0415 #0587 Magnussen, J. #0360, #0471, Miguel, L.S. #0159
Kerr, R. #0326 Lari, N. #0278 #0597 Mihaere, K. #0599
Khodayarifard, M. #0287 Larsen, M. #0082 Májer, I. #0562, #0601, #0607 Mihalicza, P. #0511, #0515
Khun, M. #0362 Laske-Aldershof, T. #266 Malicbegovic, D.R. #0593 Milcent, C. #0075
Kidd, M. #0019 Lauridsen, J. #0140 Maljanen, T. #0327 Minelli, G. #0382
Kilian, R. #0534 Le Corroller Soriano, AG. Malleson, P. #0479 Miners, A. #0114
Kim, C. #0139 #0343 Malley, J. #0183 Misiego, A. #0194
Kim, W. #0001 Le Fur, P. #0413 Mangalore, R. #0485 Miskiewicz, P. #0517
Kind, P. #0170 Le Pen, C. #0199 Mangen, M.J. #0233, #0276 Mitev, A. #0227
King, D. #0183, #0423 Leal, J. #0335 Mank, J. #0162 Mitzner, S. #0244
Kittelsen, S.A.C. #0471, #0597 Lee, P. #0419 Mantovani, J. #0379 Moatti, J.P. #0358, #0343
Kjaeserud, G. #0505 Legal, A. #0199 Mapelli, V. #0354 Mogyorosy, Zs. #0444
Kjoslashlby, M. #0098 Léger, P.T. #0164 Maraninchi, D. #0343 Molyneux, A. #0326
Klaauw, B. #0315 Leidl, R. #0249, #0557 Marañón, G. #0565 Monstad, K. #0521
Klazinga, N. #0594,#0604 Lelkes, I. #0511, #0513 Marciniak, A. #0385 Montañes, A. #0004
Kleophas, W. #0566 Lengagne, P. #0407 Marcobelli, A. #0169 Moodie, M. #0309
Kliemt, H. #0125 Lengyel, G. #0531, #0577 Marcuello, C. #0004 Morelle, M. #0507, #0608
Klok, R. #0392 León, C. #0210 Margherita, G. #0414 Moretto, M. #0135, #0217
Knapp, M. #0423, #0485, #0535 Lessard, C. #0037 Marini, G. #0066 Morgan, D. #0384

Eur J Health Econom Suppl 1 · 2006 | S141
Index

Morris, S. #0320 Oill, C. #0193 Postma, M.J. #0171, #0392 Roine, R. #0321
Moschetti, K. #0282, #0377, Oláh, A. #0313, #0318 Pouvourville, de, G. #0334 Rojkovich, B. #0601
#0394 Oliva, J. #0120, #0121 Prades, J.L.P. #0580 Romaniuk, P. #0400
Mossialos, E. #0446 Or, Z. #0297 Préaubert-Hayes, N. #0490, Romeu, Gordo, L. #0030
Mossman, J. #0530 Oritz-Avarez, O. #0479 #0491 Rosenthal, V.D. #0264
Motterlini, N. #0450 Orosz, E. #0384 Preker, A. #0588 Rosser, W. #0229
Moumjid, N. #0390 Ortega, M. #0194 Prinsze, F.J. #0099 Rossi, A. #0393
Mousques, J. #0395, #0413 Ossa, D.F. #0385 Proite, A. #0015 Rossi, PG. #0379
Muir, K. #0138 Østerdal, L.P. #0012 Protiere, C. #0358 Rothgang, H. #0432
Muir, KR. #0091 Osterkamp, R. #0324 Protopopescu, C. #0330 Rousseau, F. #0358
Mukesh, C. #0586 Osuna, R. #0120, #0272 Puente, C. #0583 Rudd, A. #0332
Muniswamy, S. #0434 Overgaard, C. #0101 Ruggeri, M. #0108
Murray, E. #0274 Q Rungo, P. #0134
Murray, R. #0124 P Rupnik, E. #0498
Murtagh, M. #0337 Quevedo, C.H. #0163 Russell, I.T. #0235
Musigrave, F. #0264 Pagano, E. #0218, #0325 Quevedo, Garcia, J.L. #0210 Russo, R. #0191
Muszbek, N. #0483, #0529 Palazzo, F. #0381, #0382, Quintal, C. #0454 Ruta, D. #0337
#0399, #0532 Rutten, FFH. #0243
Panait, D. #0364 R Ruud, T. #0252
N
Paolucci, F. #0088 Ruz, Torres, R. #0417, #0418
Nádudvari, N. #0551, #0553 Pardo, C.M.L. #0584 Raftery, J. #0114
Ryan, M. #0487
Nagy, B. #0260, #0548 Parent, O. #0016 Raikou, M. #0284
Ryynänen, O.P. #0321
Nagy, J. #0103, #0489, #0555 Park, D. #0190 Raimondi, F. #0264
Nagy, L. #0568, #0569, Parkin, D. #0209 Ramful, P. #0610
Rana, K. #0341 S
#0570 Parsa, A.D. #0526, #0571
Nagy, N. #0498 Pauly, M. #0269 Räsänen, P. #0321 Sach, T. #0090, #0091, #0138,
Nagy, P. #0569 Peacock, S. #0615 Ratti, M. #0115, #0130, #0381, #0309, #0518
Nakopoulos, I. #0544 Peiró-Moreno, S. #0396 #0470, #0533, #0600 Sadiraj, K. #0208
Natarajan, L. #0026 Pékli, Novákné M. #0551, Räty, T. #0345, #0347 Saikali, K. #0438
Neill, C. #0329 #0552 Rebba, V. #0135 Saillour-Glénisson, F. #0490
Netten, A. #0581 Peleg, K. #0219 Redekop, K. #0245, #0376 Saka, O. #0332
Neubauer, S. #0106 Peltola, M. #0180 Reed, M. #0142 Sampaio, de, Sousa, M.C.
Nguyen, F. #0390 Pentek, M. #0074, #0562, Rehnberg, C. #0509, #0597 #0015
Nguyen, L. #0237 #0601, #0607 Reichel, H. #0566 Sánchez, M.M. #0140
Niakas, D. #0110 Per, T. #0118 Reichmann, G. #0221 Sántha, K. #0103
Nicholson, T. #0496, #0564 Pereira, J. #0430, #0431 Reinap, M. #0203, #0520 Sarma, S. #0229
Nicolás, A.L. #0268 Pérez, J.E.M. #0580 Reinhard, B. #0441 Sassi, F. #0420
Nigenda, G. #0585 Perpiñan, J.M.A. #0580 Remonnay, R. #0507, #0608 Sauerland, D. #0198, #0222,
Nihtilä, E. #0180 Perronnin, M. #0032, #0196, Renga, G. #0191 #0224, #0501
Nikolajsen, J. #0597 #0413 Reszegi, Cs. #0548 Scheffler, R.M. #0142, #0143
Nikolaou, A. #0006, #0007 Peters, TJ. #0133 Reuveni, H. #0003 Schellhorn, M. #0398
Niveen, A.R. #0341 Petrinco, M. #0218, #0325 Ricci, R. #0128, #0295 Schiavone, M. #0452
Nixon, J. #0155, #0334 Philips, P. #0335 Ricciardi, A. #0381, #0399 Schieber, G. #0307
Nixon, R. #0086 Piacenza, M. #0277, #0291 Rice, N. #0163 Schlösser, R. #0182
Nobilio, L. #0192 Pickard, L. #0183 Rice, S. #0334 Schokkaert, E. #0063, #0156
Nolan, A. #0193 Pignataro, G. #0240, #0290 Richard, H. #0563 Schreyögg, J. #0112, #0166,
Nolan, B. #0193 Pilyavsky, A. #0160 Ridao-López, M. #0396 #0174, #0182, #0442,
Nordling, S. #0226 Pinto, J.L. #0487 Rifat, A. #0593 #04665
Norheim, O.F. #0493 Pippa, G. #0393, #0399 Rivera, B. #0134 Schultz, J. #0229
Normand, M. #0016 Piraino, N. #0286 Rivero-Arias, O. #0326 Schut, E. #0029, #0088
Noro, A. #0180 Platt, S. #0535 Rizzo, I. #0240 Schut, F.T. #0036, #0099
Norton, E, #0034 Pleshanov, A. #0285 Roberts, E. #0189 Schuurman, A.R. #0576
Novoszath, A. #0569 Poblete, C. #0436 Roberts, T. #0247, #0250, Schüler, R. #0435
Nyaka, B. #0462, #0463 Pogonidis, Chr. #0543, #0544, #0317, #0351 Schwappach, D.L.B. #0094, v,
Nyárády, J. #0300, #0301 #0545#, 0546, #0547 Robinson, A. #0346, #0487 Scott, A. #0189
Polacsek, A. #0128 Robinson, S. #0247, #0348, Scott, G. #0598, #0599
Polder, J. #0158, #0604 #0349, #0351 Scott, H. #0598, #0599
O
Polgár, A. #0601 Rocco, L. #0508 Scrivens, E. #0603
Ó’Céilleachair, A. #0152 Polistena, B. #0115, #0130 Rochaix, L. #0145, #0196, Scuffham, P.A. #0572
O’Mahony, M. #0085 Politi, C. #0169 #0330, #0377, #0394, #0519, Sebestyén, A. #0103, #0260,
O’Shea, A. #0536 Pommer, E. #0009 #0522 #0300, #0301, #0318, #0313,
O’stergren, K. #0010 Poór, Gy. #0601 Rochet, JC. #0469 #0555
Oberman, B. #0219 Popescu, C.A. #0537 Roderick, P. #0496, #0564 Seidlitz, C. #0162
Odhiambo, R. #0553 Porto, S. #0216 Rodrigues, J.M. #0539 Sendi, P. #0239, #0248
Oea, E. #0415 Portrait, F. #0366, #0372 Roehn, O. #0324 Seres, A. #0452
Oerton, J. #0335 Portrait, M. #0366 Rogowski, W. #0455 Sermet, C. #0378
Oesterle, A. #0280 Postler, A. #0502 Roick, C. #0204, #0206 Serrano, P. #0272

S142 | Eur J Health Econom Suppl 1 · 2006
Serra-Sastre, V. #0053 Sukyong, S. #0142 Van, Baal, P. #0158 Wuebker, A. #0275
Serrier, H. #0334 Sundmacher, T. #0501, #0502, Van, Biesen, W. #0567 X
Shackley, P. #0346, #0487 #0503, #0504 Van de Ven, W. #0099
Shah, N. #0178 Sussex, J. #0401 Van de Voorde, C. #0156 Xavier, A. #0500
Sharma, D. #0438 Sutton, M. #0320, #0388 Van der Geest, S. #0028 Xenodoxidou, E. #0543, #0544,
Shaw, E. #0328 Svensson, M. #0069, #0165 Van der Pol, M. #0107, #0108 #0545, #0546, #0547
Shiell, A. #0107 Swinburn, B. #0309 Van Exel, J. #0292, #0294, Xirinachs, Y. #0460
Shmueli, A. #0002, #0063, Szabó T. #0020 #0312, #0467
#0219, #0331, #0370 Szaszkó D. #0103 Van Gameren, E. #0078 Y
Shortt, S. #0229 Száz, K. #0020 Van Hout, H.P.J. #0080
Yang, B. #0176, #0190
Shurke, M. #0590 Szekanecz, Z. #0601 Van Kleef, R. #0137
Yao, G.L. #0114, #0131
Sibbald, B. #0320 Szigeti, Sz. #0103 Van Tulder, M.W. #0080
Yekta, M.S. #0287
Siciliani, L. #0339, #0340, Szilárd, I. #0458 Vanholder, R. #0567
Yuen, P. #0388
#0362 Szocska, M. #0020 Vannoni, D. #0277, #0291
Siddall, C. #0505 Szule, B. #0424 Várady, E. #0356
Sidorenko, A. #0073 Szücs, F. #0462, #0463 Varkevisser, M. #0028, #0029 Z
Simkins, A. #0614 Vazquez-Polo, FJ. #0357 Zanola, R. #0422
Simpson, D. #0285 T Ven, W. P.M.M. #0137 Ziedan, N. #0440
Sinkó E. #0020, #0523 Vicente, A. #0194 Zilda, M. #0123
Sinkovits, B. #0553 Taboulet, F. #0096 Vieira, M. #0296 Zmora, I. #0088, #0331
Sintonen, H. #0426, #0427, Taïeb, H.S. #0402 Viens, P. #0358 Zweifel, P. #0024, #0058, #0089
#0321 Takács, E. #0611 Vijgen, S. #0238, #0373
Siv, S. #0118 Takeyoshi, H. #0122 Viner, G. #0229
Skatun, D. #0189, #0320 Tamm, M. #0025 Vittay, P. #0552
Slappendel, R. #0392 Tanfani, E. #0149, #0150 Vivas, D. #0411
Smith, P.C. #0065, #0444 Tarricone, R. #0264 Vliet, R. #0063
Smith, R. #0346, #0487 Tauchmann, H. #0181 Vliet, R. C.J.A. #0137
Soarez, P.C. #0048 Tavares, A.I. #0132 Voorde, C. #0063, #0088
Søberg Roed, A. #0597 Tay-T.K. #0309 Vos, T. #0308
Solimini, R. #0382 Tedeschi, P. #0540 Voskakis, I. #0544
Soltész, G. #0551 Telser, H. #0058 Votilderk, A. #0355
Sommersguter-Reichmann, M. Testi, A. #0149, #0150 Vrangbäligk, K. #0010
#0221 Theodossiou, I. #0006, #0007 Vuilleumier, M. #0057
Somoskeöy, S. #0462 Thompson, C. #0486
Soroncz-Szabó T. #0617 Thompson, M. #0328
W
Sosa-Rubi, S.G. #0205, #0322 Thomson, C.E. #0235
Spandonaro, F. #0115, #0128, Thue, G. #0071 Walendzik, A. #0223
#0130, #0230, #0295, #0600, Tipper, A. #0033
Wang, Q. #0279
#0602 Tissaaratchy, P. #0105
Wang, R. #0464
Spängberg, U.W. #0010 Tjerbo, T. #0299
Waning, B. #0304
Späth, H.M. #0096 Toccaceli, V. #0382
Wasem, J. #0063, #0223, #0244,
Spermann, A. #0253 Tolley, K. #0168, #0559
#0263, #0323,
Spinks, J. #0042 Tome, M. #0464
Weale, M. #0085
Sproston, K. #0026 Torbica, A. #0264
Wegner, C. #0263
St. Pierre, Y. #0479 Tough, S. #0107
Weiss, Y. #0002
Staat, M. #0160 Towse, A. #0616
Werblow, A. #0255
Stalman, W. #0079 Trannoy, A. #0145
Westert, G. #0612
Stalman, W. A. B. #0080 Trombert-Paviot, B. #0016
Whiteford, H. #302
Stanciole, A. E. #0151 Tsolakis, M. #0544
Whynes, D.K. #0518
Stanislao, F. #0169 Tsourapas, A. #0250, #0271
Wildman, J. #0041
Stargardt, T. #0112 Tubeuf, S. #0145, #0196
Williams, I. #0333
Stark, R. #0249 Tulder, M. #0079
Willich, S.N. #0365
Steinmann, L. #0058 Turati, G. #0277, #0291
Wilson, J. #0114
Stevens, J. #0009, #0208 Turra, E. #0046
Wimo, A. #0052
Stevens, P. #0085 Winblad, B. #0052
Stewart, J. #0289 U Wittenberg, R. #0183
Stirling, B. #0333 Witthink, D.R. #0001
Uebelmesser, S. #0129
Stirparo, G. #0382 Wittwer, J. #0199, #0397
Ugolini, C. #0192
Stokes, L. #0085 Wofe, C. #0332
Ulmann, P. #0155, #0334, #0522
Stokes, T. #0328 Woittiez, I. #0009, #0208
Urganci, I.G. #0593
Stoykova, B. #0434 Wolstenholme, J. #0326
Übelmesser, S. #0416
Strasmann, T.J. #0094 Wonderling, D. #0086
Straten, A. #0447 Woodhouse, A. #0535
Straume, O. R. #0314, #0344 V
Woods, N. #0146
Street, A. #0085 Valle, S. #0393, #0399 Wordsworth, S. #0335
Sugden, B. #0487 Valtonen, H. #0288 Wranik, D. #0126
Suhrcke, M. #0508, #0510

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