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Lump Sum Construction Contract

Procurement Services for FIND






Upgradation of Bio-safety Laboratories & Associated Works

(1) UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR PROJECT SERVICES (“ UNOPS” )
- and -

(2) [insert the Contractor's name]


Contract No.: [insert]

XX.XX.2012



©UNOPS 2011 i

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©UNOPS, 2011. All rights reserved.

The Copyright owner of this work is UNOPS.

This publication is exclusive for use as provided under the Licence Agreement between
UNOPS and FIDIC, and, consequently, no part of this publication may be reproduced,
translated, adapted, stored in a retrieval system or communicated, in any form or by any
means, whether mechanical, electronic, magnetic, photocopying, recording or otherwise,
without prior permission in writing from UNOPS.

To request such permission, please contact:
UNOPS Infrastructure Practice
Copenhagen, Denmark

FIDIC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of translations of this publication
unless such translation explicitly indicates otherwise.
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CONTENTS

INSTRUMENT OF AGREEMENT ........................................................................................... 1
GENERAL CONDITIONS ........................................................................................................ 4
1. GENERAL PROVISIONS ............................................................................................ 4
1.1 Definitions .................................................................................................................... 4
1.2 Interpretation .............................................................................................................. 13
1.3 Communications ........................................................................................................ 14
1.4 Language ................................................................................................................... 15
1.5 Priority of Documents ................................................................................................. 15
1.6 Not Used .................................................................................................................... 16
1.7 Assignment ................................................................................................................ 16
1.8 Care and Supply of Documents ................................................................................. 17
1.9 Delayed Drawings or Instructions .............................................................................. 17
1.10 Ownership and licence of Intellectual Property Rights ............................................... 18
1.11 Moral Rights ............................................................................................................... 19
1.12 Confidential Details .................................................................................................... 19
1.13 Compliance with Laws ............................................................................................... 20
1.14 J oint and Several Liability .......................................................................................... 21
1.15 Sections ..................................................................................................................... 21
1.16 Warranties as to capacity ........................................................................................... 23
1.17 Registered or Licensed .............................................................................................. 23
1.18 Prior Work .................................................................................................................. 24
1.19 Entire Agreement ....................................................................................................... 24
1.20 Severability ................................................................................................................. 24
1.21 Counterparts .............................................................................................................. 24
1.22 Independent Contractor ............................................................................................. 24
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1.23 Privity ......................................................................................................................... 25
1.24 Waiver ........................................................................................................................ 25
1.25 Publicity and Use of the Name, Emblem or official Seal of the Employer and the
United Nations ....................................................................................................................... 25
2. THE EMPLOYER ....................................................................................................... 25
2.1 Right of Access to the Site ......................................................................................... 25
2.2 Permits, Licences or Approvals .................................................................................. 26
2.3 Employer's Personnel ................................................................................................ 27
3. THE EMPLOYER'S ADMINISTRATION ................................................................... 27
3.1 The Employer's Representative ................................................................................. 27
3.2 Employer's Representative's Assistant and Employer's Representative's Consultant28
3.3 Instructions ................................................................................................................. 28
3.4 Not Used .................................................................................................................... 29
3.5 Determinations ........................................................................................................... 29
4. THE CONTRACTOR ................................................................................................. 29
4.1 Contractor's General Obligations ............................................................................... 29
4.2 Bank Guarantee for Performance .............................................................................. 32
4.3 Contractor's Representative ....................................................................................... 33
4.4 Subcontractors ........................................................................................................... 34
4.5 Not Used .................................................................................................................... 36
4.6 Co-operation .............................................................................................................. 36
4.7 Setting Out ................................................................................................................. 37
4.8 Safety Procedures ...................................................................................................... 38
4.9 Quality Control ........................................................................................................... 39
4.10 Site Data .................................................................................................................... 39
4.11 Sufficiency of the Contract Price ................................................................................ 40
4.12 Unforeseeable Physical Conditions ........................................................................... 40
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4.13 Rights of Way and Facilities ....................................................................................... 42
4.14 Avoidance of Interference .......................................................................................... 42
4.15 Access Route ............................................................................................................. 43
4.16 Transport of Goods .................................................................................................... 44
4.17 Contractor's Equipment .............................................................................................. 44
4.18 Protection of the Environment .................................................................................... 44
4.19 Electricity, Water and Gas .......................................................................................... 45
4.20 Employer's Equipment and Free-Issue Material ........................................................ 45
4.21 Progress Reports ....................................................................................................... 46
4.22 Security of the Site ..................................................................................................... 47
4.23 Contractor's Operations on Site ................................................................................. 48
4.24 Fossils ........................................................................................................................ 48
4.25 Assignment and Novation of Manufacturer's Warranties ........................................... 49
4.26 Auxiliary Works .......................................................................................................... 50
4.27 Mines .......................................................................................................................... 50
4.28 Official-Not-To-Benefit, Corruption and Fraud ........................................................... 51
4.29 Unexploded Ordinances ............................................................................................. 51
4.30 Blasting ...................................................................................................................... 52
5. NOMINATED SUBCONTRACTORS ......................................................................... 52
5.1 Definition of Nominated Subcontractor ...................................................................... 52
5.2 Objection to Nomination ............................................................................................. 52
5.3 Payments to Nominated Subcontractors .................................................................... 53
5.4 Evidence of Payments ............................................................................................... 53
6. STAFF AND LABOUR .............................................................................................. 54
6.1 Engagement of Staff and Labour ............................................................................... 54
6.2 Rates of Wages and Conditions of Labour ................................................................ 54
6.3 Persons in the Service of Employer ........................................................................... 54
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6.4 Labour Laws ............................................................................................................... 54
6.5 Working Hours ........................................................................................................... 55
6.6 Facilities for Staff and Labour .................................................................................... 55
6.7 Health and Safety ....................................................................................................... 56
6.8 Contractor's Superintendence .................................................................................... 57
6.9 Contractor's Personnel ............................................................................................... 57
6.10 Records of Contractor's Personnel and Equipment ................................................... 58
6.11 Disorderly Conduct ..................................................................................................... 58
6.12 Supply of Water .......................................................................................................... 58
6.13 Alcoholic Liquor or Drugs ........................................................................................... 58
6.14 Arms, Ammunition and Explosives ............................................................................. 58
6.15 Festivals and Religious Customs ............................................................................... 59
6.16 Epidemics ................................................................................................................... 59
6.17 Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work: ............................................................. 59
6.18 Child Labour ............................................................................................................... 59
6.19 Sexual Exploitation ..................................................................................................... 60
7. PLANT, MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP ........................................................... 60
7.1 Manner of Execution .................................................................................................. 60
7.2 Samples ..................................................................................................................... 60
7.3 Inspection ................................................................................................................... 62
7.4 Testing ....................................................................................................................... 62
7.5 Rejection .................................................................................................................... 64
7.6 Remedial Work ........................................................................................................... 65
7.7 Ownership of Plant and Materials .............................................................................. 66
7.8 Royalties .................................................................................................................... 66
7.9 Security Interest ......................................................................................................... 66
8. COMMENCEMENT, DELAYS AND SUSPENSION .................................................. 67
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8.1 Commencement of Work ........................................................................................... 67
8.2 Time for Completion ................................................................................................... 67
8.3 Contract Programme .................................................................................................. 68
8.4 Extension of Time for Completion .............................................................................. 69
8.5 Delays Caused by Authorities .................................................................................... 70
8.6 Rate of Progress ........................................................................................................ 71
8.7 Delay Damages .......................................................................................................... 72
8.8 Suspension of Work ................................................................................................... 73
8.9 Consequences of Suspension ................................................................................... 74
8.10 Payment for Plant and Materials in Event of Suspension .......................................... 74
8.11 Prolonged Suspension ............................................................................................... 74
8.12 Resumption of Work ................................................................................................... 75
9. TESTS ON COMPLETION ........................................................................................ 75
9.1 Contractor's Obligations ............................................................................................. 75
9.2 Delayed Tests ............................................................................................................ 75
9.3 Retesting .................................................................................................................... 76
9.4 Failure to Pass Tests on Completion ......................................................................... 76
10. EMPLOYER'S TAKING OVER .................................................................................. 77
10.1 Taking Over of the Works and Sections ..................................................................... 77
10.2 Taking Over of Parts of the Works ............................................................................. 78
10.3 Interference with Tests on Completion ....................................................................... 80
10.4 Surfaces Requiring Reinstatement ............................................................................ 80
11. DEFECTS LIABILITY ................................................................................................ 80
11.1 Completion of Outstanding Work and Remedying Defects ........................................ 80
11.2 Cost of Remedying Defects ....................................................................................... 81
11.3 Extension of Defects Notification Period .................................................................... 81
11.4 Failure to Remedy Defects ......................................................................................... 81
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11.5 Removal of Defective Work ........................................................................................ 82
11.6 Further Tests .............................................................................................................. 82
11.7 Right of Access .......................................................................................................... 83
11.8 Contractor to Search .................................................................................................. 83
11.9 Final Completion Certificate ....................................................................................... 83
11.10 Unfulfilled Obligations ................................................................................................ 84
11.11 Clearance of Site ........................................................................................................ 84
12. MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION ...................................................................... 84
13. VARIATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS ........................................................................ 85
13.1 Right to Vary .............................................................................................................. 85
13.2 Value Engineering ...................................................................................................... 86
13.3 Variation Procedure ................................................................................................... 87
13.4 Payment in Applicable Currencies ............................................................................. 88
13.5 Provisional Sums ....................................................................................................... 88
13.6 Daywork ..................................................................................................................... 89
13.7 Adjustments for Changes in Law ............................................................................... 89
13.8 Adjustments for Changes in Cost ............................................................................... 90
14. CONTRACT PRICE AND PAYMENT ........................................................................ 90
14.1 The Contract Price ..................................................................................................... 90
14.2 Advance Payment ...................................................................................................... 90
14.3 Application for Interim Payment Certificates .............................................................. 91
14.4 Instalment Payment Estimates ................................................................................... 92
14.5 Plant and Materials intended for the Works ............................................................... 93
14.6 Issue of Interim Payment Certificates ........................................................................ 94
14.7 Payment ..................................................................................................................... 95
14.8 Not Used .................................................................................................................... 96
14.9 Payment of Retention Money ..................................................................................... 96
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14.10 Statement at Taken Over ........................................................................................... 97
14.11 Application for Final Payment Certificate ................................................................... 97
14.12 Discharge ................................................................................................................... 98
14.13 Issue of Final Payment Certificate ............................................................................. 98
14.14 Cessation of Employer's Liability ................................................................................ 99
14.15 Currencies of Payment ............................................................................................... 99
14.16 Audit and Investigations ........................................................................................... 100
14.17 Set Off ...................................................................................................................... 100
15. TERMINATION BY EMPLOYER ............................................................................. 101
15.1 Notice to Correct ...................................................................................................... 101
15.2 Termination by Employer ......................................................................................... 101
15.3 Valuation at Date of Termination .............................................................................. 102
15.4 Payment after Termination ....................................................................................... 103
15.5 Employer's Entitlement to Termination for Convenience ......................................... 103
16. SUSPENSION AND TERMINATION BY CONTRACTOR ...................................... 103
16.1 Contractor's Entitlement to Suspend Work .............................................................. 103
16.2 Termination by Contractor ........................................................................................ 104
16.3 Cessation of Work and Removal of Contractor's Equipment ................................... 104
16.4 Payment on Termination .......................................................................................... 105
17. RISK AND RESPONSIBILITY ................................................................................. 105
17.1 Indemnities ............................................................................................................... 105
17.2 Contractor's Care of the Works ................................................................................ 106
17.3 Employer's Risks ...................................................................................................... 107
17.4 Consequences of Employer's Risks ......................................................................... 107
17.5 Intellectual and Industrial Property Rights ................................................................ 108
17.6 Limitation of Liability ................................................................................................. 109
17.7 Warranties relating to the Works .............................................................................. 110
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18. INSURANCE ............................................................................................................ 111
18.1 General Requirements for Insurances ..................................................................... 111
19. FORCE MAJEURE .................................................................................................. 114
19.1 Definition of Force Majeure ...................................................................................... 114
19.2 Notice of Force Majeure ........................................................................................... 115
19.3 Duty to Minimise Delay ............................................................................................ 116
19.4 Consequences of Force Majeure ............................................................................. 116
19.5 Force Majeure Affecting Subcontractor .................................................................... 116
19.6 Optional Termination, Payment and Release .......................................................... 117
19.7 Release from Performance under the Law .............................................................. 118
20. CLAIMS, DISPUTES AND ARBITRATION ............................................................. 118
20.1 Contractor's Claims .................................................................................................. 118
20.2 Disputes and Differences ......................................................................................... 122
20.3 Dispute resolution procedures ..................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
20.4 Dispute resolution not to delay execution of the Works ........................................... 123
20.5 Survival .................................................................................................................... 124
21. PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES ............................................................................. 124
22. MISCELLANEOUS .................................................................................................. 124
PARTICULAR CONDITIONS .............................................................................................. 125
SCHEDULES .............................................................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
Schedule 1 Schedule of Details
Schedule 2 Schedule of Site Plan
Schedule 3 Schedule of Specification
Schedule 4 Schedule of Drawings
Schedule 5 Schedule of Sections
Schedule 6 Schedule of Forms of Security
Schedule 7 Schedule of Contract Price
Schedule 8 Schedule of Payments
Schedule 9 Schedule of Programme
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Schedule 10 Schedule of Key Personnel
Schedule 11 Schedule of Forms of Collateral Warranty
Schedule 12 Schedule of Form of Subcontractor Side Agreement
Schedule 13 Schedule of Forms of Certificates
Schedule 14 Schedule of Insurance Requirements
Schedule 15 Schedule of Permitted Subcontractors
Schedule 16 Schedule of Nominated Subcontractors
Schedule 17 Schedule of Auxiliary Works
Schedule 18 Schedule of Health and Safety Requirements
Schedule 19 Schedule of Environmental Requirements

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INSTRUMENT OF AGREEMENT
THIS CONTRACT is made on the ______________ day of ______________________
200[insert].
BETWEEN
(1) United Nations Office for Project Services (“ UNOPS” ), an organ of the United
Nations, having its postal address at [insert P. O. Box], [insert name of city and country]
(" Employer" ); and
(2) [insert name], a [insert type of company i.e. limited liability] company
incorporated under the laws of [insert] and having its registered address at [insert
address], [insert name of city and country] (" Contractor" ).
BACKGROUND
A The Employer is in the process of implementing the [insert the name of the
programme/development].
B The Employer intends to undertake the Project. The Works are an integral part of the
Project.
C The Contractor has represented to the Employer that it has the appropriate
experience, expertise, licences and resources to undertake the Works and has
agreed to undertake the Works in accordance with the Contract.
D In reliance on the Contractor's representations the Employer has entered into the
Contract.
E The Contract sets out the terms and conditions upon which the Contractor will
undertake the Works.
THIS CONTRACT:
The Employer agrees to pay the Contractor the Contract Price, at the times and in
the manner prescribed by the Contract, in consideration for the Contractor executing
and completing the Works and remedying all defects in accordance with the Contract
and otherwise performing all of its obligations in accordance with the Contract.
1. In the Contract words and expressions will have the same meanings as are
respectively assigned to them in the General Conditions.
2. The following documents, listed in the order of priority are deemed to form and be
read and construed as part of the Contract:
2.1 this Instrument of Agreement;
2.2 the Schedule of Details;
2.3 the Particular Conditions;
2.4 the General Conditions;
2.5 the Specification;
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2.6 the Drawings; and
2.7 the remaining Schedules.
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SIGNING PAGE
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have caused this Contract to be executed by their
respective duly authorised representatives as of the date first written above:



SIGNED BY ____________________________________

[insert name of authorised signatory of UNOPS]

Duly authorised to sign this Contract for and on behalf of the Employer, UNOPS:

In the presence of:

Signature __________________________________ (witness)

Address __________________________________

Occupation __________________________________






SIGNED BY ____________________________________

[insert name of authorised signatory of the Contractor]

Duly authorised to sign this Contract for and on behalf of the Contractor, [insert]:

In the presence of:

Signature __________________________________(witness)

Address __________________________________

Occupation __________________________________

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General Conditions
GENERAL CONDITIONS

1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
1.1
Definitions
In the Contract the following words and expressions shall have the meanings stated.
Words indicating persons or parties include corporations and other legal entities,
except where the context requires otherwise.
" Affiliate" means:
(a) the ultimate parent company of a Party; or
(b) any company controlled by that ultimate holding company; or
(c) any company controlling a Party; or
(d) any company controlled by a Party.
" Approved Preliminary Programme" means the programme included in the
Schedule of Programme under the heading "Approved Preliminary Programme".
" Author" means any person, including a relevant employee of the Contractor or a
subcontractor or any other contributing person, who is an author of any Contractor's
Documents, which are assigned or licensed to the Employer under the Contract.
" Authority(ies)" means all local, regional, territorial, free zone, municipal
government, ministry, governmental department, commission, board, bureau,
agency, instrumentality, executive, judicial or administrative body, recognised by the
United Nations and having jurisdiction over the Works and the Contractor as well as
its affiliates.
" Auxiliary Works" means those works forming, or to form, part of the Project set out
in the Schedule of Auxiliary Works which are connected to, or otherwise interface
with, the Works, and which are to be designed, supplied, constructed, commissioned
and/or tested by third parties under separate contractual arrangements with the
Employer.
" Bank Guarantee for advance payment" means the security (or securities) to be
provided under Sub-Clause 14.2 [Advance Payment].
" Bank Guarantee for performance" means the security (or securities) to be
provided under Sub-Clause 4.2 [Bank Guarantee for Performance].
" Claim Notice" means a notice to be issued under and in accordance with Clause
20.1.
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General Conditions
" Contract" means the Instrument of Agreement, these General and Particular
Conditions, the Schedules and the further documents (if any) which are listed in the
Instrument of Agreement.
" Contract Documents" means the documents comprising the Contract.
" Contract Price" means the lump sum price specified in the Schedule of Details and
includes any adjustments to the lump sum price made in accordance with the
Contract.
" Contract Programme" means the fully detailed programme to be provided by the
Contractor to the Employer's Representative for its approval and certification in
accordance with Sub-Clause 8.3 [Contract Programme] and any update to such
Contract Programme approved and certified by the Employer's Representative in
accordance with the Contract.
" Contractor" means the entity named as the "Contractor" in the Instrument of
Agreement and the legal successors in title and assigns to this entity.
" Contractor Background IP" means Intellectual Property Rights owned or licensed
to the Contractor which exist prior to the Date of the Contract or the commencement
of the Works and which are used by the Contractor in carrying out the Works or
otherwise made available to the Employer under or in connection with this Contract.
" Contractor's Documents" include all documents, drawings and sketches, maps,
plans, photographs, specifications, calculations, reports, computer software,
databases, manuals, as built documents, models, three-dimensional works pertaining
to geography or topography or other architectural works, technical documents and
any other Copyright Works prepared by or on behalf of the Contractor for the benefit
of the Employer pursuant to the Contract.
" Contractor's Equipment" means all apparatus, machinery, vehicles and other
things required for the execution and completion of the Works and the remedying of
any defects excluding the Temporary Works, Employer's Equipment (if any), Plant,
Materials and any other things intended to form or forming part of the Permanent
Works.
" Contractor's Personnel" means the Contractor's Representative and all personnel
the Contractor utilises on the Site, which may include the staff, labour, agents and
other employees of the Contractor and of each Subcontractor and any other
personnel assisting the Contractor in the execution of the Works.
" Contractor's Representative" means the person named as such in the Schedule
of Details or appointed from time to time by the Contractor under Sub-Clause 4.3
[Contractor's Representative], who acts on behalf of the Contractor.
" Copyright Works" means any copyright works forming part of the Contractor's
Documents or any other documentation which the Contractor is required to provide to
the Employer or the Employer's Representative under the Contract.
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General Conditions
" Costs" means all direct and reasonable expenditure necessarily incurred in
connection with the execution of the Works, but does not include non-Project specific
overheads, profit or loss of profit.
“ Country” means the country in which the Site (or most of it) is located, where the
Permanent Works are to be executed.
" Date of the Contract" means the date of execution of the Contract as stated in the
Instrument of Agreement.
" day" means a calendar day, unless provided otherwise.
" Defects Notification Period" means the period for notifying defects in the Works or
a Section (as the case may be) under Sub-Clause 11.1 [Completion of Outstanding
Work and Remedying Defects], as stated in the Schedule of Details (with any
extension under Sub-Clause 11.3 [Extension of Defects Notification Period]),
calculated from the date on which the Works or Section is Taken Over as certified
under Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking Over of the Works and Sections].
" Delay Damages" means the delay damages payable by the Contractor under Sub-
Clause 8.7 [Delay Damages].
" Drawings" means the drawings of the Works, as included in the Schedule of
Drawings and any additional or modified drawings issued by (or on behalf of) the
Employer in accordance with the Contract.
" Employer" means the entity named as the "Employer" in the Instrument of
Agreement, and the legal successors in title and assigns and novatees to this entity.
" Employer's Documents" include documents, drawings and sketches, maps, plans,
photographs, specifications, calculations, reports, computer software, databases,
manuals, as built documents, models, three-dimensional works pertaining to
geography or topography or other architectural works, technical documents and any
other Copyright Works owned by or licensed to the Employer and provided to the
Contractor by or on behalf of the Employer pursuant to the Contract.
" Employer's Equipment" means the apparatus, machinery and vehicles (if any)
made available by the Employer for the use of the Contractor in the execution of the
Works, as stated in the Specification but does not include Plant which has not been
Taken Over by the Employer.
" Employer's Personnel" means the Employer's Representative, the Employer's
Representative's Assistant, any Employer's Representative's Consultant(s) and all
other staff, labour and other employees of the Employer, and any other personnel
notified to the Contractor, by the Employer or the Employer's Representative, as
Employer's Personnel.
" Employer's Representative" means the person named as such in the Schedule of
Details or appointed from time to time by the Employer under Sub-Clause 3.1 [The
Employer's Representative], who acts on behalf of the Employer.
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General Conditions
" Employer's Representative's Assistant" means the person(s) appointed to assist
the Employer's Representative, in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.2 [Employer's
Representative's Assistant and Employer's Representative's Consultant] as notified
to the Contractor by the Employer or the Employer's Representative.
" Employer's Representative's Consultant" means the person(s) appointed to
assist the Employer's Representative and/or the Employer's Representative's
Assistant as notified to the Contractor by the Employer's Representative or the
Employer's Representative's Assistant.
" Final Completion Certificate" means the certificate issued under Sub-Clause 11.9
[Final Completion Certificate].
" Final Payment Certificate" means the payment certificate issued under Sub-
Clause 14.13 [Issue of Final Payment Certificate].
" Final Statement" means the statement defined in Sub-Clause 14.11 [Application
for Final Payment Certificate].
" Force Majeure" is defined in Sub-Clause 19.1 [Definition of Force Majeure].
" General Conditions" means these general conditions of Contract.
" Goods" means Contractor's Equipment, Materials, Plant and Temporary Works, or
any of them as appropriate.
" Indemnified Parties" are the Employer and its personnel, officers, directors,
shareholders, contractors, representatives, agents, and banks, funders, purchasers
or an affiliate of the Employer.
" Industry Best Practices" means the practices which are generally engaged in or
observed by international construction industries with respect to works of a similar
size, type, nature, scope and complexity to the Works and which, with respect to any
objective, may be expected, in the exercise of reasonable judgment, to accomplish
that objective in a manner consistent with applicable Laws, reliability, safety,
environmental protection, economy and expediency.
" Instrument of Agreement" means the document signed by the Parties and forming
part of the Contract.
" Intellectual Property Rights" includes patents, inventions, copyright and related
rights, trademarks, trade names, service marks and domain names, goodwill, rights
to sue for passing off, design rights, database rights, rights in know-how and
confidential information, trade secrets, Moral Rights, proprietary rights and any other
intellectual property rights, in each case whether registered or unregistered, and
including all applications or rights to apply for such rights and all similar or equivalent
rights or forms of protection which subsist or will subsist now or in the future in any
part of the world.
" Interim Payment Certificate" means a payment certificate issued under Clause 14
[Contract Price and Payment], other than the Final Payment Certificate.
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General Conditions
" Key Personnel" means the Contractor's Personnel named in nominated positions
included in the Schedule of Key Personnel.
" Latent Defect" means any defect in the Works attributable to: (i) the design and/or
construction of the Works for which the Contractor is responsible; (ii) Plant, Materials
or workmanship not being in accordance with the Contract; or (iii) failure of the
Contractor to comply with any other obligation under the Contract, which a
reasonable examination by the Employer prior to expiry of the last Defects
Notification Period would not have disclosed, and such defect results in the Works or
part of the Works not being able to be used for the purposes for which they are
intended by the Employer, and/or causes the full or partial collapse of the Works,
and/or threatens the stability or safety of the Works.
" Latent Defect Period" means the period as stated in the Schedule of Details,
commencing from the date on which the Final Completion Certificate is issued by the
Employer.
" Law(s)" means:
(a) all legislation, including, decrees, resolutions, acts, statutes, ordinances,
rules, regulations, directives and other orders, treaties, by-laws, codes of
practice and other subordinate legislation, of the Country;
(b) the requirements, rules and regulations of any Authority, including legislation
and regulations covering the registration and licensing of the Contractor
necessary for the proper execution of the Works in accordance with the
Contract; and
(c) the guidelines of the Country and of all relevant Authorities, with which the
Contractor is legally required to comply.
" Materials" means things of all kinds (other than Plant) intended to form or forming
part of the Permanent Works, including the supply-only materials (if any) to be
supplied by the Contractor under the Contract.
" Milestone Dates" means the dates for completing the Milestones set out in the
Schedule of Programme.
" Milestones" means the milestones for the completion of a Section of part of the
Works by the Contractor, as identified and further described in the Schedule of
Programme.
" Moral Rights" means any of the rights described in Article 6b of the Berne
Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 1886 (as amended and
revised from time to time), being "droit moral" or other analogous rights arising under
any law, that exist, or that may come to exist, anywhere in the world.
" Nominated Subcontractor(s)" has the meaning given to it in Sub-Clause 5.1
[Definition of "Nominated Subcontractor"].
" Particular Conditions" means the particular conditions specified immediately
before the Schedules (if any) to the Contract.
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" Party" means the Employer or the Contractor, as the context requires.
" Payment Certificate" means a payment certificate issued under Clause 14
[Contract Price and Payment].
" Permanent Works" means the permanent works to be supplied, constructed,
commissioned, tested and handed over to the Employer by the Contractor when the
Works are Taken Over under the Contract.
" Permitted Subcontractor" means the Subcontractor(s), supplier(s) or categories of
Subcontractors or suppliers listed in the Schedule of Permitted Subcontractors.
" Plant" means the apparatus, machinery and vehicles (other than Materials)
intended to form or forming part of the Permanent Works.
" Project" means the project described in the Schedule of Details.
" Provisional Sum" means a sum (if any) which is specified in the Schedule of
Contract Price as a provisional sum, for the execution of any part of the Works, a
Section or for the supply of Plant, Materials or services under Sub-Clause 13.5
[Provisional Sums].
" Punch List" has the meaning given to it at Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking Over the
Works and Sections].
" Retention Money" means the accumulated retention monies which the Employer
retains under Sub-Clause 14.3 [Application for Interim Payment Certificates] and
pays under Sub-Clause 14.9 [Payment of Retention Money].
" Schedule of Auxiliary Works" is Schedule 17.
" Schedule of Contract Price" is Schedule 7.
" Schedule of Details" is Schedule 1.
" Schedule of Drawings" is Schedule 4.
" Schedule of Environmental Requirements" is Schedule 19.
" Schedule of Forms of Collateral Warranty" is Schedule 11.
" Schedule of Form of Subcontractor Side Agreement" is Schedule 12.
" Schedule of Forms of Certificates" is Schedule 13.
" Schedule of Forms of Security" is Schedule 6.
" Schedule of Health and Safety Requirements" is Schedule 18.
" Schedule of Insurance Requirements" is Schedule 14.
" Schedule of Key Personnel" is Schedule 10.
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" Schedule of Nominated Subcontractors" is Schedule 16.
" Schedule of Payments" is Schedule 8.
" Schedule of Permitted Subcontractors" is Schedule 15.
" Schedule of Programme" is Schedule 9.
" Schedule of Specification" is Schedule 3.
" Schedule of Sections" is Schedule 5.
" Schedule of Site Plan" is Schedule 2.
" Schedules" means Schedules 1 to 19 to this Contract, including any further
documents which are annexed or attached to, or incorporated by reference into
Schedules 1 to 19.
" Section" means a part of the Works (if any) specified in the Contract as a Section
as identified in the Schedule of Sections or which the Employer's Representative
nominates as a Section under Sub-Clause 1.15 [Sections].
" Security Interest" includes any bill of sale, as defined in any law, mortgage,
charge, lien, pledge, assignment, hypothecation, title retention arrangement, trust or
power, as, or having effect as, a security for the payment of any monetary obligation
or the observance of any other obligation.
" Senior Representatives" means the senior representatives of the Parties set out in
the Schedule of Details.
" Site" means the places where the Temporary Works and Permanent Works are to
be executed and to which Plant and Materials are to be delivered as shown on the
Schedule of Site Plan, and any other places as may be specified in the Contract as
forming part of the Site.
" Site Conditions" means any conditions in relation to the Site including:
(a) the form and nature of the Site, including ground surface conditions, sub-
surface geology and conditions and all other physical conditions and
characteristics on, above or below the surface which may affect the
performance by the Contractor of its obligations under this Contract;
(b) the general and local conditions for environment, meteorological, seismic
activity, hydrological, hydrographic, climatic conditions, ocean and sub-sea
conditions;
(c) the extent and nature of the work and Goods necessary for the execution and
completion of the Works and the remedying of any defects;
(d) the Laws, procedures and labour practices of the Country; and
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(e) the availability and quality of both permanent and temporary access,
accommodation, facilities, personnel, labour, power, transport, water, waste
disposal, storage or materials and all other services and utilities, necessary
for the performance of the Works in accordance with the Contract.
" Specification" means the specification set out in the Schedule of Specification
which may include the Employer's stated purpose(s) for which the Works are
intended, the scope of the Works, and the objectives and criteria for the Works,
including any further documents which are annexed or attached to, or incorporated
by reference into the Schedule of Specification, and any additions and modifications
to the Specification in accordance with the Contract.
" Statement" means a statement submitted by the Contractor as part of an
application, under Clause 14 [Contract Price and Payment].
" Subcontractor" means any person named in the Contract as a subcontractor, or
any person appointed as a subcontractor or supplier of Materials or Plant, including
any Nominated Subcontractor or Permitted Subcontractor, for a part of the Works,
and the legal successors in title to each of these persons.
" Taken Over" means the stage in the execution of the whole of the Works, or the
relevant Section or part of the Works (as the case may be), when:
(a) the whole of the Works, or the relevant Section or part of the Works, are
complete except for minor omissions and minor defects;
(b) the Employer's Representative, in its sole and absolute discretion, is satisfied
that:
(i) those omissions and defects do not prevent the whole of the Works or
the relevant Section or part of the Works, and the Site from being
used for their intended purpose;
(ii) those omissions and defects do not cause any restriction under any
Law or under any direction of any Authority on the use or the
occupation of the whole of the Works, or the relevant Section or part
of the Works;
(iii) the Contractor has reasonable grounds for not promptly rectifying
those omissions and defects; and
(iv) failure to promptly rectify those omissions and defects will not
prejudice the safe and convenient use of the whole of the Works, or
the relevant Section or part of the Works, and the Site for their
intended purpose;
(c) all commissioning and testing required under the Contract has been
successfully performed in accordance with Clause 9 [Tests on Completion];
(d) all information to be provided by the Contractor to the Employer under the
Contract including:
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(i) Contractor's Documents;
(ii) 6 copies of all as-built drawings in the form approved by the
Employer's Representative and related documents including a
complete set of specifications and drawings (if any) to be prepared by
or on behalf of the Contractor pursuant to the Contract;
(iii) results of all tests performed in accordance with Clause 9 [Tests on
Completion];
(iv) operation and maintenance manuals (if any); and
(v) the warranties specified in the Contract and any other warranties
normally provided by suppliers, manufacturers and Subcontractors for
work of similar scope and complexity to the Works, including
confirmation that the warranties will be capable of novation from the
Employer to any entity to be nominated by the Employer,
has been supplied to the Employer's Representative;
(e) any certificate or approval, which shall be issued or given by an Authority to
lawfully occupy or use the whole of the Works, or the relevant Section or part
of the Works, has been issued or given by that Authority and provided to the
Employer's Representative;
(f) the cleaning of the entire Works, or the relevant Section or part of the Works,
throughout, including cleaning of interior and exterior surfaces, cleaning
debris from the Site and removing waste and surplus materials from the Site;
(g) dismantling and removing the Temporary Works from Site, including
scaffolding, hoardings, barricades and foot crossings specific to the Works or
the relevant Section or part of the Works;
(h) making good access to the Works, including roads, footpaths, kerbs and
gutters adjacent to the Works including any rectification work required under
Sub-Clause 4.15; and
(i) a Taking Over Certificate has been issued in accordance with Sub-Clause
10.1 [Taking Over of the Works and Sections].
" Taking Over Certificate" means a certificate issued under Clause 10 [Employer's
Taking Over] certifying that the Works or a Section have reached the stage of being
Taken Over.
" Temporary Works" means all temporary works of every kind (other than
Contractor's Equipment) required on Site for the execution and completion of the
Permanent Works and the remedying of any defects.
" Testing Plan" means the plan, to be prepared and submitted by the Contractor
under Sub-Clause 7.4 [Testing].
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" Tests on Completion" means the tests which are specified in the Specification or
agreed by both Parties or instructed as a Variation, and which are carried out under
Clause 9 [Tests on Completion] before the Works or a Section (as the case may be)
are Taken Over by the Employer.
" Time for Completion" means the time for completing the Works or a Section (as
the case may be) under Sub-Clause 8.2 [Time for Completion], as stated in the
Schedule of Details, (with any extension under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for
Completion], calculated from the Date of the Contract.
" Unforeseeable" means not reasonably foreseeable by an experienced and
competent contractor acting in accordance with Industry Best Practices.
" Variation" means a variation to the Works, which is instructed or approved by the
Employer's Representative as a variation under Clause 13 [Variations and
Adjustments].
" Works" mean the Permanent Works and the Temporary Works, or either of them as
appropriate and all other things which the Contractor shall do in order to fulfil its
obligations under the Contract.
" year" means 365 days.
1.2
Interpretation
(a) In the Contract, except where the context requires otherwise:
(i) words indicating one gender include all genders;
(ii) words indicating the singular also include the plural and words
indicating the plural also include the singular;
(iii) references to the word "including" (or "includes") means including,
but not limited to;
(iv) where an expression is defined, another part of speech or
grammatical form of that expression has a corresponding meaning;
(v) if a period of time is specified and dates from a given day or the day
of an actual event, it shall be calculated exclusive of that day;
(vi) provisions including the word "agree", "agreed" or "agreement"
require the agreement to be recorded in writing;
(vii) "written" or "in writing" means hand-written, type-written, printed or
electronically made, and resulting in a permanent record;
(viii) a reference to the Contract includes all Schedules, exhibits and
annexures to the Contract; and
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(ix) a reference to any law, legislation or legislative provision includes any
statutory modification or re-enactment of, or legislative provisions
substituted for, and any subordinate legislation issued under that
legislation or legislative provision.
(b) The marginal words and other headings shall not be taken into consideration
in the interpretation of these General Conditions.
(c) All dates and periods shall be ascertained in accordance with the Gregorian
calendar.
(d) Where references are made in the Contract to industry or technical codes and
standards in accordance with which the Works are to be executed, the edition
or the revised version of such codes and standards current at the Date of the
Contract applies, unless otherwise specified.
1.3
Communications
(a) Wherever the Contract provides for the giving or issuing of any approvals,
certificates, consents, determinations, notices and requests, these
communications shall be:
(i) in writing;
(ii) marked to the attention of the relevant representative of the Parties
set out in the Schedule of Details; and
(iii) either:
(A) delivered at the address set out in the Schedule of Details; or
(B) sent by facsimile to the facsimile number of the addressee set
out in the Schedule of Details; or
(C) sent as a document, signed, scanned and attached in an
email to the email address set out in the Schedule of Details.
(b) If the addressee has notified in writing a change of fax number or email
address, then the communication shall be to that number or address.
(c) In addition to the Contractor's obligations under Sub-Clauses 1.3(a) and (b), if
requested by the Employer, the Contractor shall issue a copy of all notices
and other communications under the Contract, using an internet based
document management system and the corresponding computer software
packages to be nominated and hosted by the Employer. The Employer shall
provide to the Contractor the necessary Site based training in the use of the
nominated document management system and software, as may be
reasonably requested by the Contractor, to enable the Contractor to comply
with its obligations under this Sub-Clause 1.3(c) only.
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(d) A notice, approval, consent or other communication takes effect from the time
it is received unless a later time is specified in it.
(e) A delivery, letter, document attached to an email or facsimile is deemed to be
received:
(i) in the case of a delivery to the relevant address when delivered to the
relevant address (against a written receipt); and
(ii) in the case of a facsimile, on production of a transmission report by
the machine from which the facsimile was sent which indicates that
the facsimile was sent in its entirety to the facsimile number of the
recipient; and
(iii) in the case of a document attached to an email, upon receipt of the
email in the inbox of the recipient’s address stated in the Schedule of
Details.
(f) For the avoidance of doubt, any notice or other communication will not be
deemed to have been given or made under the Contract, if it is in the form of
email (other than as an attached document in accordance with Sub-Clause
1.3(a)) or minutes of any meetings.
(g) Approvals, certificates, consents and determinations shall not be
unreasonably withheld or delayed. When a certificate is issued to a Party, the
certifier shall send a copy to the other Party. When a notice is issued to a
Party, by the other Party or the Employer's Representative, a copy shall be
sent to the Employer's Representative or the other Party, as the case may be.
1.4
Language
(a) The language for communications shall be English.
(b) Unless otherwise specified in the Contract, the Contractor's Documents will
be written in English.
1.5
Priority of Documents
(a) The documents forming the Contract are to be taken as mutually explanatory
of one another and shall be read as a whole. For the purposes of
interpretation, the priority of the documents shall be as listed in the Instrument
of Agreement
(b) If either Party discovers an ambiguity or discrepancy in or between the
documents forming the Contract, that Party shall immediately notify the
Employer's Representative, who shall issue any necessary clarification or
instruction to the Parties and the Contractor shall implement such clarification
or instruction with due expedition and without delay.
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(c) Notwithstanding the priority of documents set out in Sub-Clause 1.5(a), if
there is any ambiguity or discrepancy in or between the documents forming
the Contract in regard to the obligations or requirements for the standard or
quality of work, then the higher or more onerous obligation or requirement
shall prevail unless otherwise instructed in writing by the Employer’s
Representative.
(d) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs as a result of failure of the
Employer's Representative to issue any necessary clarification or instruction,
the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative and
shall be entitled to, subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor’s Claims]:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed; and
(ii) payment of any such Cost, which shall be added to the Contract Price
as a variation.
(e) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 1.5(d), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed under Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims]
and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine the matters
described in Sub-Clause 1.5(d).
1.6
Not Used
1.7
Assignment
(a) The Contractor acknowledges that by entering into the Contract it agrees that
the Employer may, in its absolute discretion and at a date to be determined
by the Employer, assign, transfer and/or charge the benefit of the Contract
and/or any of its present or future rights, interest and/or benefits hereunder to
an Affiliate or any other person upon giving written notice thereof to the
Contractor.
(b) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that it will, if required by the
Employer, do all further things necessary and reasonably requested by the
Employer, to give effect to the assignments in Sub-Clause 1.7(a), including
executing an assignment agreement(s) in form to be approved and provided
by the Employer.
(c) The Contractor shall not be entitled, without the prior written consent of the
Employer, to assign to any third party its interest under the Contract or any
right or benefit, arising under the Contract.
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1.8
Care and Supply of Documents
(a) The Specification and Drawings shall be in the custody and care of the
Employer. Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, one copy of the Contract
and each subsequent Drawing shall be supplied to the Contractor, who may
make or request further copies at the cost of the Contractor.
(b) Each of the Contractor's Documents shall be in the custody and care of the
Contractor, unless and until the Works are Taken Over by the Employer.
Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, the Contractor shall supply to the
Employer's Representative four copies of the Contractor's Documents.
(c) The Contractor shall keep, on the Site, a copy of the Contract, publications
named in the Specification, the Contractor's Documents, the Drawings and
Variations and other communications given under the Contract. The
Employer's Personnel shall have the right of access to all these documents at
all reasonable times.
(d) If a Party becomes aware of an error or defect of a technical nature in a
document which was prepared for use in executing the Works, the Party shall
promptly give notice to the Employer's Representative and the other Party of
such error or defect and the Employer's Representative shall issue any
necessary clarification or instruction.
1.9
Delayed Drawings or Instructions
(a) The Contractor shall give reasonable notice to the Employer's Representative
whenever the Works are likely to be delayed or disrupted if any necessary
drawing or instruction to be issued by the Employer's Representative under
the Contract is not issued to the Contractor within a particular time, which
shall be reasonable. The notice shall include details of the necessary
drawing or instruction, details of why and by when it should be issued, and
details of the nature and amount of the delay or disruption likely to be
suffered if it is late.
(b) After receiving the notice under Sub-Clause 1.9(a), the Employer's
Representative, acting reasonably, shall proceed in accordance with Sub-
Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine if, or when, the drawing
and/or instruction should be issued, and the details of the necessary drawing
or instruction to be provided to the Contractor.
(c) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs as a result of a failure of
the Employer's Representative to issue the notified drawing or instruction
within a time agreed or determined under Sub-Clause 1.9(b), the Contractor
shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative and shall be
entitled, subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor’s Claims] to:
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(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Cost, which shall be added to the Contract Price
as a Variation.
(d) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 1.9(c), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine the matters described in Sub-Clause 1.9(c).
(e) However, if and to the extent that the Employer's Representative’s failure to
issue the notified drawing or instruction within a time agreed or determined
under Sub-Clause 1.9(b) was caused by any error or delay by the Contractor,
including an error in, or delay in the submission of, any of the Contractor’s
Documents, the Contractor shall not be entitled to such extension of time or
Cost.
1.10
Ownership and licence of Intellectual Property Rights
(a) All Employer's Documents will remain the property of the Employer and shall
be returned to the Employer prior to the completion of the Works. The
Contractor agrees that it shall not acquire any rights in the Employer's
Documents whether under this Contract or otherwise and shall not use or
disclose the Employer's Documents other than for the sole and exclusive
purpose of the performance of its obligations under or in connection with this
Contract.
(b) The Contractor assigns to the Employer or the Employer’s nominee
absolutely all of the Contractor’s rights, title and interest, including all
Intellectual Property Rights, in the Contractor’s Documents and any other
documentation which the Contractor creates and is required to provide to the
Employer or the Employer’s Representative under the Contract, upon their
creation.
(c) The Contractor agrees to do everything necessary or requested by the
Employer to enable the Employer to own the Intellectual Property Rights in
the Contractor’s Documents, including formally assigning those rights or
assisting the Employer in obtaining registration of those rights in its own
name.
(d) The Contractor agrees to do everything necessary or requested by the
Employer to enable the Employer to use the Contractor’s Documents and the
Intellectual Property Rights in the Contractor’s Documents, including, granting
or procuring in the name of the Employer, a perpetual, unrestricted, non-
exclusive, irrevocable and transferable, royalty-free licence for the Employer
to use all the Intellectual Property Rights in the Contractor’s Documents, on
terms acceptable to the Employer, from subconsultants or all other
contributing parties in performance of the Contractor's obligations under this
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Contract with rights, title and interest in any documents or other copyright
works forming the Contractor’s Documents.
(e) The Contractor warrants that use of the Contractor’s Documents by the
Employer in connection with the Project and the Works or otherwise will not
infringe any rights, including the Intellectual Property Rights, of a third party
and agrees to defend, hold harmless and indemnify the Employer against all
claims, damage, losses, proceedings and liabilities arising out of or in
connection with a breach of this warranty. In defending the Employer, the
Contractor shall not enter into a settlement agreement without the prior
written approval of the Employer.
(f) The Contractor shall procure the assignment of all rights, title and interest in
any documents and other copyrights works created by subcontractors or
other contributing parties in performance of its obligations under this Contract
from those persons to the Employer.
(g) The Contractor grants the Employer a perpetual non-exclusive, non-
transferable, royalty-free, irrevocable license to use, reproduce, modify and
adapt the Contractor Background IP for the purpose of the Project.
1.11
Moral Rights
The Contractor shall procure at its own cost and risk from each Author express
agreement that he or she will not enforce any Moral Rights that he or she may have
presently or in the future, in the Contractor’s Documents, including by executing any
Moral Rights consents or waivers required by the Employer.
1.12
Confidential Details
(a) The Contractor shall disclose all such confidential and other information as
the Employer's Representative may reasonably require in order to verify the
Contractor's compliance with the Contract.
(b) Subject to Sub-Clauses 1.12(c) and 1.12(d), the Contractor shall keep
confidential and shall not, without the written consent of the Employer,
disclose to any third party the terms and conditions of the Contract, or any
documents or other information furnished directly or indirectly by either Party
in connection with the Contract or the Works, irrespective of whether such
information has been furnished prior to the making of the Contract or at any
time (including following termination of the Contract). In addition, the
Contractor shall not (without the prior written consent of the Employer) take,
or authorise the taking of, any photograph of the Works or the Site for use in
any publicity or advertising.
(c) Either Party shall be entitled to disclose the terms and conditions of the
Contract and any documents and other information acquired by it under or
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pursuant to the Contract without the prior written consent of the other Party if
such disclosure is made in good faith:
(i) to the extent required by applicable Laws;
(ii) to any insurer under a policy of insurance issued pursuant to the
Contract;
(iii) to its internal organs, including its directors, employees and officers
and the General Assembly in the case of the Employer;
(iv) to any Subcontractor, for the furtherance of the performance of that
Party's obligations under the Contract;
(v) to outside consultants or advisers engaged by or on behalf of the
disclosing Party and acting in that capacity in connection with the
Works (including insurance, tax and legal advisers); or
(vi) to the appropriate authorities of Member States pursuant to the
Employer’s obligations under the Convention on the Privileges and
Immunities of the United Nations.
(d) The obligations of a Party under this Sub-Clause 1.12 shall not apply to
information and documents which:
(i) now or in the future have entered the public domain through no fault
of that Party; or
otherwise lawfully become available to that Party from a third party
under no obligation of confidentiality.
(e) This Sub-Clause 1.12 survives the completion, expiry or termination of the
Contract.
1.13
Compliance with Laws
(a) The Contractor undertakes that it shall, in executing the Works and
performing all of its obligations under the Contract, comply with applicable
Laws and that the Contractor's Documents and the completed Works, shall
comply with applicable Laws.
(b) The Employer shall have obtained (or shall obtain) the permits, licences and
approvals described in the Specification as being the responsibility of the
Employer.
(c) The Contractor shall give all notices, pay all taxes, duties and fees,
coordinate and procure all "no objection certificates" from all relevant
Authorities and obtain all other permits, licences and approvals, as required
by the Laws in relation to the execution and completion of the Works and the
remedying of any defects, save for those permits, licences and approvals
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which are the responsibility of the Employer as referred to in Sub-Clause
1.13(b).
(d) The Contractor shall complete the Works in accordance with the permits,
licences and approvals referred to in Sub-Clause 1.13(b) and Sub-Clause
1.13(c) and to the satisfaction of all relevant Authorities. The Contractor shall
be responsible for arranging inspection by all relevant Authorities and for
obtaining a "certificate of completion" (or its equivalent) from such Authorities
and other approvals necessary to ensure completion of the Works in
accordance with the Contract. The Contractor shall defend, indemnify and
hold the Employer harmless against and from the consequences of any
failure to comply with this Sub-Clause 1.13. In defending the Employer, the
Contractor shall not enter into a settlement agreement without the prior
written approval of the Employer.
1.14
Joint and Several Liability
If the Contractor constitutes (under applicable Laws) a joint venture, consortium or
other unincorporated grouping of two or more entities or persons:
(a) these entities and/or persons shall be deemed to be jointly and severally
liable to the Employer for the Works and performing all of the Contractor's
obligations under the Contract;
(b) the Employer may proceed against any or all of these entities and/or persons
for failure of the Contractor to comply with any obligation, whether arising
under the Contract or otherwise;
(c) these entities or persons shall notify the Employer of the entity and/or
persons, who shall have authority to bind the Contractor and each of these
persons; and
(d) the Contractor shall not alter its composition or legal status without the prior
written consent of the Employer.
1.15
Sections
(a) The interpretations and application of:
(i) Time for Completion;
(ii) Taking Over Certificate;
(iii) Taken Over;
(iv) Delay Damages; and
(v) Defects Notification Period,
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apply separately to each Section of the Works specified in the Schedule of
Sections or nominated as a Section by the Employer under Sub-Clause
1.15(b), and references in the relevant definitions and clauses to the Works
mean those parts of the Works comprised in the relevant Section.
(b) In addition to Sections of the Works specified in the Schedule of Sections (if
any), the Employer's Representative may, at any time, nominate a part of the
Works to be an additional Section by requesting the Contractor to submit a
proposal. The Employer’s Representative will clearly identify, for each
additional Section, the:
(i) portion of the Works; and
(ii) the proposed Time for Completion for the nominated additional
Section.
(c) If the Employer's Representative requests a proposal under Sub-Clause
1.15(b), the Contractor, acting reasonably, shall respond in writing as soon as
practicable and in any event within 14 days by submitting:
(i) a description of the proposed amendments to the sequence of the
works along with proposed additional resources and materials
necessary to accelerate the Works (if any);
(ii) the Contractor's proposal for any necessary modifications to the
Contract Programme and to the Time for Completion for the whole of
the Works;
(iii) the Contractor's proposal for adjustment to the Contract Price; and
(iv) the Contractor's proposed amounts for Delay Damages having regard
to the proportion of the Delay Damages for the whole of the Works
attributable to the value of the Works for that Section.
(d) The Employer's Representative shall, as soon as practicable after receiving
such proposal under Sub-Clause 1.15(c), respond with approval, disapproval
or comments.
(e) If the Employer, in its sole discretion, elects to proceed with the additional
Section, prior to the Contractor commencing any varied or additional work
related to that Section, the Employer's Representative and the Contractor's
Representative shall, acting reasonably, proceed to agree in writing as soon
as possible:
(i) the scope and limits of the additional Section;
(ii) the Time for Completion for the additional Section;
(iii) the necessary modifications to the Contract Programme and/or an
extension of time under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for
Completion] to the Time for Completion of the whole of the Works (if
any);
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(iv) payment of any Costs to be added to the Contract Price as a
Variation; and
(v) the amount of Delay Damages for that Section having regard to the
proportion of the Delay Damages for the whole of the Works
attributable to the value of that Section.
(f) Unless otherwise agreed in writing between the Parties, the Contractor shall
not commence any varied or additional work related to an additional Section
unless and until agreement has been reached between the Parties on the
matters set out in Sub-Clause 1.15(e) in relation to that Section. Promptly
after reaching any such agreement in writing, the Contractor shall proceed
with the additional Section with due expedition and without delay.
1.16
Warranties as to capacity
(a) The Employer warrants that it has the power to execute, deliver and perform
its obligations under the Contract.
(b) The Contractor warrants that:
(i) it has the power to execute, deliver and perform its obligations under
the Contract and all necessary corporate and other action has been
taken to authorise that execution, delivery and performance;
(ii) it has obtained from all relevant Authorities all licences, permissions
and consents required at the Date of the Contract in order for it to
execute the Works and to perform all of its obligations under the
Contract, except for those which are the express responsibility of the
Employer under Sub-Clause 1.13(b); and
(iii) it has the facilities, information technology, capability, experience,
management expertise, financial resources, equipment, staff and
other facilities necessarily required to execute the Works in a
competent and expeditious manner and otherwise in accordance with
the Contract.
1.17
Registered or Licensed
The Contractor shall at its cost:
(a) at all times during the performance of the Works be; and
(b) ensure that any person who performs any part of the Works is,
registered and licensed as required by any applicable Laws and any Authority to
execute the Works, including obtaining all permits, licences and approvals which the
Contractor is required to obtain under Sub-Clause 1.13 [Compliance with Laws].
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1.18
Prior Work
(a) The Contract applies to the execution of any works forming part of the Works,
and the performance of any of the Contractor's obligations relating to the
Works, carried out before, on or after the Date of the Contract.
(b) Where the Contractor has undertaken any design, services or works in
connection with the Works prior to the Date of the Contract, the Contractor
warrants to the Employer that such activities have been carried out in
accordance with the requirements of the Contract and confirms that all the
warranties, obligations and liabilities of the Contractor under or in connection
with the Contract apply to such design, services or works.
(c) Unless otherwise specified in the Contract, such prior design, services or
works in connection with the Works are subject to the terms of the Contract
and are deemed to be included in the Contract Price.
1.19
Entire Agreement
The Contract constitutes the entire agreement between the Employer and the
Contractor with respect to the subject matter of the Contract and supersedes all prior
arrangements, representations, communications, negotiations, agreements and
contracts (whether written or oral) made between or entered into by the Parties with
respect to the subject matter of the Contract prior to the Date of the Contract.
1.20
Severability
If the enforcement or operation of any provision, or part thereof, of the Contract is
prohibited by Law or if any provision, or part thereof, of the Contract is by Law
rendered void, invalid or unenforceable, such prohibition, voidness, invalidity or
unenforceability shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the rest of that
provision and/or any other provisions and conditions of the Contract.
1.21
Counterparts
The Contract may be executed in any number of counterparts, all of which when
taken together shall constitute the one and the same instrument.
1.22
Independent Contractor
The Contractor shall be an independent contractor performing the Contract. The
Contract does not create any partnership, joint venture or other joint relationship
between the Employer on the one hand and the Contractor on the other hand.
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1.23
Pri vity
No provision of the Contract is intended to or does confer upon any third party
(including any Subcontractor) any implied benefit or right enforceable at the option of
the third party against the Employer.
1.24
Wai ver
(a) None of the terms, provisions or conditions of the Contract shall be
considered waived by the Employer unless a waiver is given in writing by the
Employer.
(b) Any waiver of the Employer's rights, powers or remedies under the Contract
shall be dated and signed by an authorised representative of the Employer
granting such waiver, and shall specify the right and the extent to which it is
being waived. For the avoidance of doubt, any waiver of any of the
Employer’s rights, powers or remedies in accordance with this Clause is
without prejudice to the privileges and immunities of the United Nations, of
which the Employer is an integral part, as expressly reserved under Clause
21 of the Contract.
1.25
Publicity and Use of the Name, Emblem or official Seal of the Employer and the United
Nations
The Contractor shall not advertise or otherwise make public for purposes of
commercial advantage or goodwill that it has a contractual relationship with the
Employer, nor shall the Contractor, in any manner whatsoever use the name,
emblem or official seal of the Employer or the United Nations, or any abbreviation of
the Employer’s name or the United Nations in connection with its business or
otherwise without the written permission of the Employer. This Sub-Clause 1.12
survives the completion, expiry or termination of the Contract.

2. THE EMPLOYER
2.1
Right of Access to the Site
(a) Unless otherwise specified in the Contract, the Employer shall give the
Contractor right of access to, and non-exclusive possession of, those parts of
the Site set out in the Schedule of Site Plan within the time (or times) stated
in the Schedule of Details, and subject to any staged or shared access
restrictions as specified in the Schedule of Site Plan. The right of access and
possession is not exclusive to the Contractor. If, under the Contract, the
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Employer is required to give (to the Contractor) possession of any foundation,
structure, plant or means of access, the Employer shall do so in the time and
manner stated in the Schedule of Details and/or the Specification. The
Employer may withhold any right of access or possession until it has received
the Bank Guarantee for performance from the Contractor.
(b) If no such time is stated in the Schedule of Details or the Schedule of Site
Plan, the Employer shall give the Contractor right of access to, and
possession of, the Site (or part thereof) within such times as may be
reasonably required to enable the Contractor to proceed in accordance with
the Approved Preliminary Programme.
(c) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs as a result of a failure by
the Employer to give any such right or possession within such time, the
Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative and
shall be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
(d) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 2.1(c), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine the matters set out in Sub-Clause 2.1(c). If and to the extent that
the Employer's failure was caused by any error or delay by the Contractor,
including an error in, or delay in the submission of any of the Bank Guarantee
for performance, the parent company guarantee (if requested) or the
Contractor's Documents, or delay in the Contractor obtaining the requisite "no
objection certificates", licences and registration from the relevant Authorities
necessary for the proper performance of the Works, the Contractor shall not
be entitled to such extension of time or payment of Costs or to make any
other related claim against the Employer (whether under the Contract or
otherwise).
2.2
Permits, Licences or Approvals
The Employer shall (where it is in a position to do so) provide reasonable assistance
to the Contractor, at the request of the Contractor, in the application for any permits,
licences or approvals required by Law:
(a) which the Contractor is required to obtain under Sub-Clause 1.13
[Compliance with Laws];
(b) for the delivery of Goods, including clearance through customs; and
(c) for the export of Contractor's Equipment when it is removed from the Site.
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2.3
Employer's Personnel
The Employer shall be responsible for ensuring that the Employer's Personnel:
(a) co-operate with the Contractor's efforts under Sub-Clause 4.6 [Co-operation];
and
(b) take actions similar to those which the Contractor is required to take under
Sub-Clauses 4.8(a), (b) and (c) and Sub-Clause 4.18 [Protection of the
Environment].

3. THE EMPLOYER'S ADMINISTRATION
3.1
The Employer's Representati ve
(a) The Employer shall appoint the Employer's Representative who shall carry
out the duties assigned to it in the Contract. The Employer's Representative
shall have no authority to amend the terms of the Contract unless an
amendment is authorised and approved in writing by the Employer.
(b) The Employer's Representative may exercise the authority attributable to it as
specified in or necessarily to be implied from the Contract.
(c) Except as otherwise stated in the Contract:
(i) whenever carrying out duties or exercising authority, specified in or
implied by the Contract, the Employer's Representative shall be
deemed to act as an agent of the Employer;
(ii) the Employer's Representative shall have no authority to relieve the
Contractor of any duties, obligations or responsibilities under the
Contract without written authorisation and approval from the
Employer;
(iii) no approval, comment, check, certificate, consent, examination,
inspection, instruction, notice, proposal, request, test or similar act
(including absence of disapproval or comment) by or on behalf of the
Employer, Employer's Representative or the Employer's Personnel
shall relieve the Contractor from any of its warranties, obligations or
liabilities under or in connection with the Contract, including
responsibility or liability for error, omissions, discrepancies, defects
and non-compliances;
(iv) any failure to disapprove any Work, Plant or Materials shall not
constitute approval, and shall therefore not prejudice the right of the
Employer to reject the Work, Plant or Materials; and
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(v) if the Contractor questions any determination or instruction of the
Employer's Representative or the Employer's Personnel (including,
without limitation, the authority of the person to make such
determination or instruction), the Contractor may refer the matter to
the Employer. The Employer shall promptly confirm, reverse or vary
the determination or instruction.
3.2
Employer's Representati ve's Assistant and Employer's Representati ve's Consultant
(a) The Employer's Representative may from time to time assign duties and
delegate authority to the Employer's Representative's Assistant, and may
also revoke such assignment or delegation. The assignment, delegation or
revocation shall be in writing and shall not take effect until such formal notice
has been given to the Contractor.
(b) The Employer's Representative and/or the Employer's Representative's
Assistant may from time to time assign duties and delegate authority to the
Employer's Representative's Consultant, and may also revoke such
assignment or delegation. The assignment, delegation or revocation shall be
in writing and shall not take effect until such formal notice has been given to
the Contractor.
(c) The Employer's Representative's Assistant and or the Employer's
Representative's Consultant shall only be authorised to issue instructions to
the Contractor to the extent defined by the delegation. Any authorisation,
approval, check, certificate, consent, examination, inspection, instruction,
notice, proposal, request, test or similar act by the Employer's
Representative's Assistant and or the Employer's Representative's
Consultant(s), in accordance with the authorised delegation, shall have the
same effect as though the act had been an act of the Employer's
Representative. The Contractor shall only take instructions from the
Employer's Personnel to whom the appropriate authority has been delegated
under this Clause 3.
3.3
Instructions
(a) The Employer and the Employer’s Representative may issue to the
Contractor (at any time) instructions which may be necessary for the
execution of the Works and the remedying of any defects, all in accordance
with the Contract. The Contractor shall take instructions from the Employer
and the Employer’s Representative (and the Employer's Personnel to whom
the appropriate authority has been delegated under this Clause 3).
(b) Subject to Sub-Clause 3.3(c), all instructions shall be given in writing. The
Contractor shall comply with the instructions given by the Employer and the
Employer’s Representative (and the Employer's Personnel to whom the
appropriate authority has been delegated under this Clause 3), with due
expedition and without delay.
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(c) Verbal instructions may only be given by the Employer and the Employer’s
Representative (and the Employer's Personnel to whom the appropriate
authority has been delegated under this Clause 3) in an emergency or where
the Employer or the Employer’s Representative considers that there is a risk
of damage or injury to the Works or any person, provided written instruction
confirming the verbal instruction is issued within 48 hours.
3.4
Not Used
3.5
Determinations
(a) Whenever these General Conditions provide that the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with this Sub-Clause 3.5 to
agree or determine any matter, the Employer's Representative shall consult
with each Party in an endeavour to reach agreement. If agreement is not
achieved, the Employer's Representative shall make a determination in
accordance with the Contract, taking due regard of all relevant
circumstances.
(b) The Employer's Representative shall give written notice to both Parties of
each agreement or determination. Each Party shall give effect to each
agreement or determination unless and until revised under Clause 20
[Claims, Disputes and Arbitration].

4. THE CONTRACTOR
4.1
Contractor's General Obligations
(a) The Contractor shall design (to the extent specified in the Contract), execute,
test, commission and complete the Works in accordance with the Contract
and with the Employer's Personnel's instructions, and shall remedy any
defects in the Works.
(b) The Contractor shall provide the Plant and Contractor's Documents specified
in the Contract, and all Contractor's Personnel, Goods, consumables and
other things and services, whether of a temporary or permanent nature,
required in and for the design, execution, completion of, and remedying of
defects in, the Works.
(c) The Contractor shall undertake all works which are necessary to satisfy the
Specifications and the Drawings, or can be implied from the Contract, and all
other works which (although not expressly mentioned in the Contract) are
necessary for the stability and/or for the completion, and/or safe and proper
operation of the Works.
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(d) The Contractor shall be responsible for the adequacy, stability and safety of
all Site operations and all methods of construction in performing the Works.
The Contractor shall be responsible for all Contractor's Documents,
Temporary Works, and such design of each item of Plant and Materials as is
required for the item to be in accordance with the Contract.
(e) The Contractor shall, before any part of the Works is commenced, submit to
the Employer's Representative, details of the arrangements and methods
which the Contractor proposes to adopt for the execution of the Works. No
significant alteration to these arrangements and methods shall be made
without this having previously been notified in writing to the Employer's
Representative, except in the case of an emergency or where the Contractor
reasonably considers that there is a risk of damage or injury to the Works or
any person. In such case, notification of the alteration shall be issued within
48 hours.
(f) Nothing in the Contract will be construed to authorise the Contractor to effect
any unilateral change in the execution of the Works, the Contract Price and/or
the Contract without the Employer's Representative's prior written approval.
(g) If the Contract specifies, or the Employer's Representative otherwise issues
an instruction in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.3 [Instructions] requiring, that
the Contractor shall design any Section or part of the Works, then unless
otherwise stated in the Contract:
(i) the Contractor shall submit to the Employer's Representative the
Contractor's Documents, for this Section or part of the Works in
accordance with the Contract, including the procedures specified in
Sub-Clauses 4.1(h) and 4.1(i) and the Specification;
(ii) these Contractor's Documents shall be in accordance with the
Specification and Drawings, shall be written in English, and shall
include additional information required by the Employer's
Representative to add to the Drawings for co-ordination of each
Party's designs;
(iii) the Contractor shall be responsible for the design and construction of
these Sections or parts of the Works, which shall, when completed,
be fit for such purposes for which the Sections or parts of the Works
are intended as specified in the Contract; and
(iv) prior to the commencement of the Tests on Completion, the
Contractor shall submit to the Employer's Representative the
Contractor's Documents, the "as-built" documents and operation and
maintenance manuals in accordance with the Specification and/or the
Employer's Representatives instructions, and in sufficient detail for the
Employer to operate, maintain, dismantle, reassemble, adjust and
repair this Section or part of the Works. Such Sections or parts of the
Works shall not be considered to be completed for the purposes of
being Taken Over under Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking Over of the Works
and Sections] until these documents and manuals have been
submitted to the Employer's Representative.
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(h) When preparing the Contractor's Documents in accordance with Sub-Clause
4.1(g), the Contractor shall:
(i) give the Employer’s Representative, for its review, 4 copies of:
(A) the Contractor's Documents by the dates, or within the times,
set out in the Contract or as otherwise agreed in writing
between the Parties; and
(B) any amendments proposed to the Contractor's Documents;
and
(C) allow 20 days for the Employer’s Representative to review and
comment on Contractor's Documents or the amended
Contractor's Documents as the case may be; and
(ii) if the Employer’s Representative gives the Contractor a written notice,
within the time allowed for its review, stating that the Contractor's
Documents, or any amended Contractor's Documents, is not
acceptable or not in accordance with the Contract:
(A) amend that Contractor's Documents so that it complies with
the Contract;
(B) promptly submit the amended Contractor's Documents to the
Employer for its review; and
(C) allow 20 days for the Employer’s Representative to review and
comment on the amended Contractor's Documents.
(i) Any amendment, which the Contractor proposes to any Contractor's
Documents, shall be promptly submitted to the Employer, with details of:
(i) the proposed amendment; and
(ii) the reasons for the proposed amendment,
together with any other information and supporting documentation the
Employer’s Representative reasonably requires. If the Contractor proposes a
change to the Contractor's Documents that has previously been submitted
under Sub-Clause 4.1(h) then it shall resubmit the proposed amendment in
accordance with the procedures set out in Sub-Clause 4.1(h).
(j) For the avoidance of doubt, any review or approval of, or any comment on,
any Contractor's Documents by, or on behalf of, the Employer in accordance
with the Contract is solely to monitor the performance of the Contractor. No
approval, comment or review or similar act (including the absence of
disapproval, comment or review) by or on behalf of the Employer, Employer's
Representative or the Employer's Personnel shall relieve the Contractor from
any of its warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in connection with the
Contract, including responsibility or liability for error, omissions,
discrepancies, defects and non-compliances in the Contractor's Documents.
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Any failure to disapprove any Contractor's Documents shall not constitute
approval, and shall therefore not prejudice the right of the Employer to reject
the Contractor's Documents under this Sub-Clause or otherwise under the
Contract.
(k) To the extent that the Contractor is required to design any Section or part of
the Works in accordance with Sub-Clause 4.1(g) or otherwise under the
Contract, the Contractor shall:
(i) design the Works in accordance with Industry Best Practices, the Law
and the requirements of all relevant Authorities;
(ii) ensure such design is prepared by appropriately and professionally
qualified and experienced designers in accordance with Industry Best
Practices, the Law and the requirements of all relevant Authorities
and who shall also comply with the additional criteria (if any) stated in
the Specification;
(iii) if requested by the Employer's Representative, within 7 days, submit
to the Employer's Representative for its consent, the names and
particulars of each member of the Contractor's design team, including
the details of each team members professional qualifications and
experience; and
(iv) warrant that its design of any Section or part of the Works:
(A) are fit for such purposes for which the Section or part of the
Works is intended as are specified in the Contract;
(B) is in accordance with Industry Best Practices;
(C) is in accordance with all Laws and requirements of all relevant
Authorities; and
(D) fulfils the other requirements of the Contract.
4.2
Bank Guarantee for Performance
(a) Unless otherwise stated in the Schedule of Details, the Contractor shall
obtain (at its cost) an unconditional and irrevocable Bank Guarantee for
performance. The Bank Guarantee for performance shall be for the amount
and currency specified in the Schedule of Details. Unless otherwise specified
in the Contract, the Contractor shall deliver the Bank Guarantee for
performance to the Employer within 14 days after the Date of the Contract,
and shall send a copy to the Employer's Representative. The Bank
Guarantee for performance shall be issued by a leading and accredited bank
approved by the Employer and shall be based on the terms and in the form
set out in the Schedule of Forms of Security.
(b) Despite any other provision of the Contract, compliance with Sub-Clause
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4.2(a) is a condition precedent to the entitlement of the Contractor to receive
any payment from the Employer under the Contract and no payment shall be
due or payable until Sub-Clause 4.2(a) is satisfied.
(c) If at any time the Contract Price increases by more than 5% whether because
of one increase or multiple increases as a result of approved Variations, the
Contractor shall provide an additional unconditional and irrevocable Bank
Guarantee for performance from a leading and accredited bank approved by
the Employer and in the form set out in the Schedule of Forms of Security
equal to the amount specified in the Schedule of Details.
(d) Unless otherwise specified in the Contract, the Contractor shall deliver the
additional Bank Guarantee for performance to the Employer within 14 days of
any approved increase to the Contract Price as contemplated under Sub-
Clause 4.2(c), and shall send a copy to the Employer's Representative.
(e) All fees, taxes and expenses associated with procuring, preparing,
completing, extending, replacing and stamping (if applicable) each of the
Bank Guarantees for performance shall be paid by the Contractor.
(f) If the Contractor is a subsidiary of another corporation, the Contractor shall, if
requested by the Employer in its absolute discretion, arrange for its ultimate
parent company or any other parent company as the Employer may approve
in its absolute discretion, to provide a parent company guarantee in the form
set out in the Schedule of Forms of Security.
(g) Where the Contractor comprises a consortium of two or more entities, they
shall all cause their respective ultimate parent companies (or other parent
company or parent companies approved by the Employer in its absolute
discretion) to provide a joint and several parent company guarantee in
accordance with Sub-Clause 4.2(f).
(h) The Contractor shall, if requested by the Employer, in its absolute discretion
also deliver to the Employer a legal opinion in relation to the guarantor’s
obligations under the parent company guarantee provided under Sub-Clause
4.2(f) or Sub-Clause 4.2(g), if any, and whichever is applicable, in the form
set out in the Schedule of Forms of Security from a legal advisor approved by
the Employer.
(i) The Contractor shall, if requested by the Employer, in its absolute discretion
provide to the Employer financial or other information the Employer may
require to satisfy itself that the parent company is an appropriate entity with
sufficient means to satisfy the parent company guarantee.
4.3
Contractor's Representative
(a) The Contractor shall appoint the Contractor's Representative and shall give it
all authority necessary to act on the Contractor's behalf under the Contract.
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(b) Unless the Contractor’s Representative is named in the Schedule of Details,
the Contractor shall submit to the Employer’s Representative for consent the
name and particulars of the person the Contractor proposes to appoint as the
Contractor’s Representative.
(c) If consent is withheld or subsequently revoked, or if the appointed person fails
to act as the Contractor's Representative, the Contractor shall similarly
submit the name and particulars of another suitable person for such
appointment. The Contractor shall not, without the prior written consent of
the Employer's Representative, revoke the appointment of the Contractor's
Representative or appoint a replacement.
(d) If the Contractor's Representative is to be temporarily absent during the
execution of the Works, a suitable replacement person shall be appointed,
subject to the Employer's Representative's prior written consent, and the
Employer's Representative shall be notified accordingly.
(e) The Contractor's Representative shall, on behalf of the Contractor, receive
instructions under Sub-Clause 3.3 [Instructions].
(f) The Contractor's Representative may delegate any powers, functions and
authority to any competent person, and may at any time revoke the
delegation. Any delegation or revocation shall not take effect until the
Employer's Representative has received prior notice signed by the
Contractor's Representative, naming the person and specifying the powers,
functions and authority being delegated or revoked.
(g) The Contractor's Representative and all the persons mentioned in Sub-
Clause 4.3(f) shall be fluent in the language stated under Sub-Clause 1.4.
4.4
Subcontractors
(a) The Contractor shall not subcontract the whole of the Works. The Contractor
shall only subcontract part of the Works to a Subcontractor with the prior
written consent of the Employer's Representative, except that such consent is
not required for Permitted Subcontractors or Nominated Subcontractors.
(b) For the purposes of obtaining the Employer's Representative’s prior written
consent, the Contractor shall give the Employer's Representative detailed
particulars of any proposed Subcontractor, which shall include:
(i) the relevant experience of the proposed Subcontractor;
(ii) the proposed terms and conditions of the subcontract; and
(iii) financial or other information that the Employer's Representative may
require to satisfy itself that the proposed Subcontractor is an
appropriate entity to execute the relevant part of the Works.
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(c) Any such consent by the Employer's Representative shall not relieve the
Contractor from any of its warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in
connection with the Contract and it shall be responsible for the acts,
omissions or defaults of any Subcontractor (including, without limitation, any
Permitted Subcontractor or Nominated Subcontractor), its agents or
employees, as if they were the acts, omissions or defaults of the Contractor.
(d) The Contractor shall give the Employer's Representative notice of:
(i) the intended commencement of each Subcontractor's work (such
notice not to be less than 28 days) or as otherwise agreed in writing
by the Parties; and
(ii) the commencement of each Subcontractor's work on the Site.
(e) The Contractor shall ensure that each subcontract includes provisions that
require the Subcontractor, or the Contractor, as applicable, to enter into:
(i) a collateral warranty; and
(ii) a subcontractor side agreement,
at the request of the Employer's Representative, in accordance with Sub-
Clauses 4.4(f) and 4.4(g).
(f) The Contractor shall, within 14 days of request by the Employer's
Representative, procure that any Subcontractor shall enter into a collateral
warranty in favour of the Employer, and such collateral warranty shall be in
the form and on terms set out in the Schedule of Forms of Collateral Warranty
or in such other no more onerous form as the Employer may reasonably
require.
(g) The Contractor shall, within 14 days of request by the Employer's
Representative, procure that any Subcontractor shall enter into a side
agreement in favour of the Employer, and such agreement shall be in the
form and on terms set out in the Schedule of Form of Subcontractor Side
Agreement or in such other no more onerous form as the Employer may
reasonably require.
(h) The Parties agree that if the Employer or the Employer's Representative
becomes aware that a Subcontractor is entitled to suspend work under a
subcontract or terminate a subcontract due to the Contractor's failure to make
payment in accordance with the terms of the subcontract, and the Employer's
Representative gives the Contractor written notice 72 hours before it intends
to pay, the Employer may, in its absolute discretion, pay that Subcontractor
such money that the Employer determines is, or may be, owing to the
Subcontractor for subcontract work forming part of the Works and, the
Employer may recover any such amount paid as a debt due from the
Contractor to the Employer.
(i) The Contractor shall defend, hold harmless and indemnify the Employer
against any loss, damage, cost or expense, suffered or incurred by the
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Employer arising out of a failure by the Contractor to make payment in
accordance with any subcontract. In defending the Employer, the
Contractor shall not enter into a settlement agreement without the prior
written approval of the Employer.
(j) If a payment is made by the Employer to or in respect of a worker or
Subcontractor in compliance with a Law or arbitral order, the amount paid will
be a debt due from the Contractor to the Employer.
(k) The Employer may at any time deduct from any monies which are or may be
payable to the Contractor (including security), any sums which may be or are
payable by the Contractor to the Employer pursuant to this Clause 4. Nothing
in this Clause 4 affects the right of the Employer to recover from the
Contractor, the whole of the debt or any balance that remains owing after any
deduction.
4.5
Not Used
4.6
Co-operation
(a) The Contractor shall allow opportunities for carrying out work to:
(i) the Employer's Personnel (and their respective labour, employees
and agents);
(ii) any other contractors or consultants employed by the Employer; and
(iii) the personnel of any Authority,
who may be employed in the execution on or near the Site of any work not
included in the Contract, and the Contractor shall co-ordinate the execution of
the Works with the activities of such other parties.
(b) Services for these personnel and other contractors may include the use of the
Contractor's Equipment, Temporary Works or access arrangements which
are the responsibility of the Contractor.
(c) Subject to Sub-Clause 4.6(d), the Contractor shall be responsible for its
construction activities on the Site, and for coordinating and interfacing its own
activities and the execution of the Works with the activities and/or works of
those parties listed in Sub-Clause 4.6(a).
(d) In the event that the Contractor and the persons listed in Sub-Clause 4.6(a)
cannot, by all reasonable means, reach agreement on co-ordinating these
activities and/or works, the Employer's Representative shall be entitled to
instruct the Contractor as to the co-ordination of such activities in accordance
with Sub-Clause 3.3 [Instructions].
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(e) The Contractor shall indemnify the Employer against any claims of the
persons listed in Sub-Clause 4.6(a) for any cost or expense incurred by the
Employer as a result of the Contractor's failure to comply with its obligations
under this Sub-Clause 4.6.
(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract, the Contractor is not
entitled to an extension of time or any increase to the Contract Price for co-
operating with those parties listed in Sub-Clause 4.6(a) or co-ordinating and
interfacing the Contractor's activities and the execution of the Works with the
activities and/or works of those parties listed in Sub-Clause 4.6(a), or
otherwise in connection with the Contractor's obligations under this Sub-
Clause 4.6, except to the extent that the co-operation or co-ordination and
interface was Unforeseeable.
(g) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs as a result of an
Unforeseeable event related to co-operating, co-ordinating or interfacing with
those parties listed in Sub-Clause 4.6(a), and the Contractor could not
reasonably have avoided this delay and/or Cost, then the Contractor shall
give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative and shall be entitled
subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Cost, which shall be added to the Contract Price
as a Variation.
(h) After receiving the notice under Sub-Clause 4.6(g), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine:
(i) whether and (if so) to what extent the delay and/or Cost was
necessitated by an Unforeseeable event and could not reasonably
have been so avoided; and
(ii) the matters described in Sub-Clauses 4.6(g)(i) and (ii) related to this
extent.
4.7
Setting Out
(a) The Contractor shall set out the Works in relation to original points, lines and
levels of reference specified in the Contract or notified by the Employer's
Representative. The Contractor shall be responsible for the correct
positioning of all parts of the Works, including verifying the accuracy of these
items of reference prior to setting out the Works, and shall rectify any error in
the positions, levels, dimensions or alignment of the Works.
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(b) Subject to Sub-Clause 4.7(d), if, prior to setting out the Works the Contractor
confirms, to the satisfaction of the Employer, that there is an error in relation
to the original points, lines and levels of reference specified in the Contract or
notified by the Employer's Representative, and the Contractor subsequently
suffers delay and/or incurs Costs from executing work which was
necessitated by an Unforeseeable error in these items of reference, and the
Contractor could not reasonably have avoided this delay and/or Costs, then
the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative
and shall be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
(c) After receiving the notice from the Contractor pursuant to Sub-Clause 4.7(b),
the Employer's Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause
20.1 [Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine:
(i) whether and (if so) to what extent the delay and/or Costs was
necessitated by an Unforeseeable error in these items of reference,
and could not reasonably have been so avoided; and
(ii) the matters described in Sub-Clauses 4.7(b)(i) and (ii) related to this
extent.
(d) For the avoidance of doubt, the Contractor is not entitled to an extension of
time or any increase to the Contract Price arising out of or in connection with
any errors in original points, lines and levels of reference specified in the
Contract or notified by the Employer's Representative, that are discovered
after the Contractor has commenced setting out the corresponding part of the
Works.
4.8
Safety Procedures
The Contractor shall, throughout the execution and completion of the Works and the
remedying of any defects:
(a) comply with all applicable safety regulations of the relevant Authorities and
the health and safety policies, guidelines, procedures and requirements
specified in the Schedule of Health and Safety Requirements;
(b) submit all procedures and compliance documents specified in the Contract
and the Schedule of Health and Safety Requirements, including safe work
method statements and risk assessments, to the Employer's Representative
for information before each design (if any) and execution stage of the Works
is commenced;
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(c) be responsible for the safety of all persons entitled to be on the Site;
(d) use reasonable efforts to keep the Site and Works clear of unnecessary
obstruction so as to avoid danger to those persons;
(e) provide fencing, lighting, guarding and watching of the Works until the Works
have been Taken Over under Clause 10 [Employer's Taking Over];
(f) provide any Temporary Works (including roadways, footways, guards and
fences) which may be necessary, because of the execution of the Works, for
the use and protection of the public and of owners and occupiers of adjacent
land; and
(g) provide the Employer with reasonable access to the Contractor's records and
facilities, both on and off the Site, to enable the Employer to assess the
Contractor's compliance with this Sub-Clause 4.8.
4.9
Quality Control
(a) The Contractor shall institute a quality control system to demonstrate
compliance with the requirements of the Contract. The system shall be in
accordance with the details stated in the Specification. The Employer's
Representative shall be entitled to audit any aspect of the system.
(b) All procedures and compliance documents shall be submitted to the
Employer's Representative for information before each design and execution
stage is commenced. When any document of a technical nature is issued to
the Employer's Representative, evidence of the prior approval by the
Contractor shall be apparent on the document itself.
(c) Compliance with the quality control system will not relieve the Contractor of
any of its undertakings, warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in
connection with the Contract.
4.10
Site Data
(a) The Employer shall have made available to the Contractor for its information,
prior to the Date of the Contract, the relevant data in the Employer's
possession on sub-surface and hydrological conditions at the Site, including
environmental aspects (" Site Data" ). The Employer shall similarly make
available to the Contractor all relevant Site Data which comes into the
Employer's possession after the Date of the Contract. The Contractor shall
be responsible for verifying and interpreting all Site Data and undertaking any
such further independent tests or investigations that it deems required in
order to establish the veracity of the Site Data.
(b) The Employer does not warrant and shall have no responsibility or liability
whatsoever for the accuracy, sufficiency or completeness of the Site Data, or
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any information given. The Contractor shall not rely on and shall be deemed
not to have relied on any Site Data provided by the Employer and the
Employer shall not be liable to the Contractor or any third party (whether or
not arising out of any negligence on the part of the Employer or any agent or
servant thereof) in respect of any inaccuracy, error, omission, defect or
inadequacy of Site Data.
(c) The Contractor is not entitled to an extension of time or any increase to the
Contract Price arising out of or in connection with the contents of any Site
Data and waives any claim against the Employer in respect of such Site Data.
4.11
Sufficiency of the Contract Price
(a) The Contractor shall be deemed to have satisfied itself as to the correctness
and sufficiency of the Contract Price.
(b) Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, the Contract Price covers all the
Contractor's obligations under the Contract before, on or after the Date of the
Contract (including those under Provisional Sums, if any) and all things
necessary for the proper design (if any), execution, testing, commissioning,
completion and operation of the Works and the remedying of any defects.
(c) Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, the Contractor is responsible for all
costs and accepts all risks associated with the execution and completion of
the Works in accordance with the Contract.
4.12
Unforeseeable Physical Conditions
(a) The Contractor shall be deemed to have obtained all necessary information
as to risks, contingencies and other circumstances which may influence or
affect the execution of the Works, including the Site Data and the Site
Conditions. To the same extent, the Contractor shall, and/or will be deemed
to, have inspected and examined the Site, its surroundings, the Site Data, the
Site Conditions and other available information, and conducted such further
tests and investigations that it required to have satisfied itself before the Date
of the Contract as to all relevant matters and conditions in connection with the
Site, including the Site Data and all of the Site Conditions.
(b) Subject to Sub-Clauses 4.12(c) to (j), the Contractor is not entitled to an
extension of time or any increase to the Contract Price based in whole or in
part upon the actual Site Conditions encountered by the Contractor during the
execution of the Works.
(c) In this Sub-Clause 4.12, "physical conditions" means natural physical
conditions and man-made and other physical obstructions and pollutants,
which the Contractor encounters at the Site when executing the Works,
including sub-surface and hydrological conditions but excluding climatic
conditions.
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(d) If the Contractor encounters adverse physical conditions which it considers to
have been Unforeseeable and which could not reasonably have been
contemplated by the Contractor based on any reports that are produced by
(or on behalf of) the Employer or the Contractor on the Site Conditions and/or
from the Site Data, the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer'
Representative immediately and not later than 14 days of such conditions
being encountered.
(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract, the Contractor is not
entitled to an extension of time or any increase to the Contract Price arising
out of or in connection with such Unforeseeable physical conditions, if it fails
to give such notice within 14 days of such conditions being encountered.
(f) The notice given under Sub-Clause 4.12(d) shall describe the physical
conditions in sufficient detail as required by the Employer's Representative
and so that those conditions can be inspected by the Employer's
Representative and shall set out the reasons why the Contractor considers
them to be Unforeseeable. The Contractor shall continue executing the
Works, using all reasonable measures as are appropriate for the physical
conditions, and shall comply with any reasonable instructions the Employer's
Representative may give.
(g) If and to the extent that the Contractor encounters physical conditions which
the Employer' Representative determines are Unforeseeable, gives a Claim
Notice in accordance with Sub-Clause 4.12(d), and suffers delay and/or
incurs Costs due to these conditions, the Contractor shall be entitled subject
to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
(h) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 4.12(g) and inspecting
and/or investigating these physical conditions, the Employer's Representative
shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] and
Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine:
(i) whether and (if so) to what extent these physical conditions were
Unforeseeable; and
(ii) the matters described in Sub-Clauses 4.12(g)(i) and (ii) related to this
extent.
(i) Before an extension of time for any such delay, or additional Costs is finally
agreed or determined under Sub-Clause 4.12(h), the Employer's
Representative may also review whether other physical conditions in similar
parts of the Works (if any) were more favourable than could reasonably have
been foreseen at the Date of the Contract. If and to the extent that these
more favourable conditions were encountered, the Employer's
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Representative may proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5
[Determinations] to determine the reductions in Costs and a reduction in any
entitlement to an extension of time, which were due to these conditions,
which may be included (as deductions) in the Contract Price and Payment
Certificates. The net effect of all adjustments under Sub-Clause 4.12(g)(ii)
and all these reductions, for all the physical conditions encountered in similar
parts of the Works, shall not result in a net reduction in the Contract Price or
Time for Completion.
(j) The Employer's Representative may take account of any evidence of the
physical conditions foreseen by the Contractor prior to the Date of the
Contract, which may be made available by the Contractor, but shall not be
bound by any such evidence.
4.13
Rights of Way and Facilities
(a) The Contractor shall bear all costs and charges for special and/or temporary
rights-of-way which it may require, including those for access to the Site. The
Contractor shall also obtain, at its risk and cost, any additional facilities
outside the Site that it may require for the purposes of executing and
completing the Works.
(b) If the Contractor fails to provide or maintain the diversions for roads and
services according to the Contract after written notification by the Employer,
then the Employer shall be entitled to employ and pay other persons to carry
out the required works and all direct and reasonable Costs incurred by the
Employer arising out of or in connection with such default shall be
recoverable from the Contractor by the Employer or may be deducted by the
Employer from any monies due or which may become due to the Contractor.
Furthermore, the Contractor shall pay to the Employer the sum per day stated
in the Schedule of Details (if any) as delay damages for such default for every
day which shall elapse between the written notification by the Employer of
such default until such time as the default is rectified or until the diversion is
no longer required.
(c) The payment or deduction of such delay damages and/or Costs shall not
relieve the Contractor from its obligations to complete the Works or from any
of its other, warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in connection with the
Contract.
4.14
Avoidance of Interference
(a) The Contractor shall not interfere unnecessarily or improperly with:
(i) the convenience of the public; or
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(ii) the access to and use and occupation of all roads, rail and footpaths,
irrespective of whether they are public or in the possession of the
Employer or of others.
(b) If any land outside the Site which is the property of or under the control of the
Employer is made available to the Contractor, this shall be used strictly in
accordance with the instructions of the Employer.
(c) The Contractor shall observe all agreements entered into by the Employer
and made known to the Contractor with any person or persons relating to the
occupation of land and properties by the Employer which are affected by the
execution of the Works, provided always that compliance with such
agreements shall not relieve the Contractor of its obligations under this Sub-
Clause 4.14. The Contractor shall be given, on request, copies of any
agreement relating to such matters.
(d) The Contractor shall defend, indemnify and hold the Employer harmless
against and from all damages, losses and expenses (including legal fees and
expenses) resulting from any such unnecessary or improper interference. In
defending the Employer, the Contractor shall not enter into a
settlement agreement without the prior written approval of the
Employer.
4.15
Access Route
(a) The Contractor shall be deemed to have been satisfied as to the suitability,
security and availability of access routes to the Site (including marine and air
access (if any)) and the accessibility of such access routes for the
Contractor’s Personnel. The Contractor shall use its best endeavours, acting
in accordance with Industry Best Practice, to prevent any road, rail, bridge or
marine access from being damaged by the Contractor's traffic or by the
Contractor's Personnel. These endeavours shall include the proper use of
appropriate vehicles and routes. If any structure, road surface or any other
property is damaged by the carrying out of the Works then the Contractor
shall rectify such damage at its own cost.
(b) Unless otherwise stated in the Contract:
(i) the Contractor shall (as between the Parties) be responsible for any
maintenance which may be required for its use of access routes;
(ii) the Contractor shall be responsible for its own security which may be
required for its use of access routes;
(iii) the Contractor shall provide all necessary signs or directions along
access routes, and shall obtain any permission which may be
required from the relevant authorities for its use of routes, signs and
directions;
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(iv) the Employer shall not be responsible for any claims which may arise
from the use or otherwise of any access route;
(v) the Employer does not guarantee the suitability, security or availability
of particular access routes; and
(vi) all costs due to non-suitability or non-availability, for the use required
by the Contractor, of access routes shall be borne by the Contractor.
4.16
Transport of Goods
Unless otherwise stated in the Contract:
(a) the Contractor shall give the Employer's Representative not less than 21 days
notice of the date on which any Plant or a major item of other Goods will be
delivered to the Site;
(b) the Contractor shall be responsible for packing, loading, transporting,
receiving, unloading, storing and protecting all Goods and other things
required for the Works; and
(c) the Contractor shall defend, indemnify and hold the Employer harmless
against all costs resulting from the transport of Goods, and shall negotiate
and pay all claims arising from their transport. In defending the Employer,
the Contractor shall not enter into a settlement agreement without the
prior written approval of the Employer.
4.17
Contractor's Equipment
The Contractor shall be responsible for all Contractor's Equipment. When brought on
to the Site, Contractor's Equipment shall be deemed to be exclusively intended for
the execution of the Works. The Contractor shall not remove from the Site any major
items of the Contractor's Equipment without the prior written consent of the
Employer's Representative. Consent shall not be required for vehicles transporting
Goods or Contractor's Personnel off Site.
4.18
Protection of the Environment
(a) The Contractor shall at all times carry out its obligations under the Contract in
an environmentally responsible manner ensuring all necessary precautions
are taken to prevent negative impacts on the environment in accordance with
Industry Best Practices (both on and off the Site) and to limit damage and
nuisance to people and property resulting from pollution, noise and other
results of its operations.
(b) The Contractor shall comply with the policies, guidelines, standards
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procedures and requirements specified in the Schedule of Environmental
Requirements and the policies, guidelines, standards, procedures and
requirements of all relevant Authorities.
(c) The Contractor shall ensure that emissions, surface discharges and effluent
from the Contractor's activities shall not exceed the values indicated in the
Contract and as otherwise prescribed by Law.
(d) Notwithstanding any other right or remedy the Employer may have under or in
connection with the Contract or at Law, the Contractor agrees that in the
event it fails to comply with the requirements referred to under Sub-Clause
4.18(b) or Sub-Clause 4.18(c), it shall pay and indemnify the Employer for
and against any monetary fines and remediation costs as specified in the
Schedule of Environmental Requirements, or as otherwise imposed by any
relevant Authority.
4.19
Electricity, Water and Gas
(a) The Contractor shall be responsible for the provision of all power, water and
other services it may require for the execution of the Works.
(b) The Contractor may, with the prior written approval of the Employer's
Representative, use for the purposes of the execution of the Works such
supplies of electricity, water, gas and other services as may be available on
the Site (if any) and of which details and prices are given in the Specification.
The Contractor shall, at its risk and cost, provide any apparatus and
connections necessary for its use of these services and for measuring the
quantities consumed.
(c) The quantities consumed and the amounts due (at these prices) for such
services shall be agreed or determined by the Employer's Representative in
accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations]. The Contractor shall pay
these amounts to the Employer upon request.
4.20
Employer's Equipment and Free-Issue Material
(a) The Employer shall make the Employer's Equipment (if any) available for the
use of the Contractor solely for the execution of the Works in accordance with
the details, arrangements and prices stated in the Specification. Unless
otherwise stated in the Contract:
(i) the Employer shall be responsible for the Employer's Equipment;
except that
(ii) the Contractor shall be responsible for each item of Employer's
Equipment whilst any of the Contractor's Personnel is operating it,
driving it, directing it or in possession or control of it.
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(b) The appropriate quantities and the amounts due (at such stated prices) for
the use of Employer's Equipment shall be agreed or determined by the
Employer's Representative in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5
[Determinations]. The Contractor shall pay these amounts to the Employer
upon request.
(c) The Employer shall supply to the Contractor, free of charge, the "free-issue
materials" (if any) in accordance with the details and arrangements stated in
the Specification. The Contractor, acting in accordance with Industry Best
Practices, shall then visually inspect such "free-issue materials", and shall
promptly give notice to the Employer's Representative of any shortage, defect
or default in these materials. Unless otherwise agreed by both Parties, the
Employer shall immediately rectify the notified shortage, defect or default.
(d) After this visual inspection and any rectification pursuant to Sub-Clause
4.20(c), the free-issue materials shall come under the care, custody and
control of the Contractor. The Contractor's obligations of inspection, care,
custody and control shall not relieve the Employer of liability for any shortage,
defect or default not apparent from a visual inspection, except to the extent
that such shortage, defect or default has arisen due to an act or omission of
the Contractor.
4.21
Progress Reports
(a) Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, monthly progress reports shall be
prepared by the Contractor and submitted to the Employer's Representative
in two copies and in a form to be approved by the Employer's Representative.
(b) The first report shall cover the period up to the end of the first calendar month
following the Date of the Contract. Reports shall be submitted monthly
thereafter, each within 7 days after the last day of the period to which it
relates.
(c) Reporting shall continue until the Contractor has completed all work which is
known to be outstanding at the completion date stated in the Taking Over
Certificate for the Works.
(d) Each report shall include:
(i) charts and detailed descriptions of progress, including each stage of
design, Contractor's Documents, procurement, manufacture, delivery
to Site, construction, erection, testing, commissioning and trial
operation;
(ii) photographs showing the status of the Works and of progress on the
Site;
(iii) for the manufacture of each main item of Plant and Materials, the
name of the manufacturer, manufacture location, percentage
progress, and the actual or expected dates of:
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(A) commencement of manufacture;
(B) Contractor's inspections;
(C) tests; and
(D) shipment and arrival at the Site;
(iv) the details described in Sub-Clause 6.10 [Records of Contractor's
Personnel and Equipment];
(v) copies of quality control documents, test results and certificates of
Materials;
(vi) list of Variations, Claim Notices and other notices given under Sub-
Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims];
(vii) safety statistics, including details of any hazardous incidents and
activities relating to environmental aspects and public relations;
(viii) details and duration of adverse weather conditions;
(ix) a revised working programme and comparisons of actual and planned
progress, in accordance with Sub-Clause 8.3 [Contract Programme],
with details of any events or circumstances which may jeopardise the
completion in accordance with the Contract and the Contract
Programme, and the measures being (or to be) adopted to overcome
or mitigate any delays; and
(x) any other matters as may be set out in the Contract or other
information reasonably required by the Employer or the Employer's
Representative from time to time.
(e) If the Contractor fails to submit a monthly progress report in accordance with
this Sub-Clause 4.21, the Employer may, in its absolute discretion, withhold
payments due to the Contractor until such monthly progress report has been
submitted.
4.22
Security of the Site
Unless otherwise stated in the Contract:
(a) the Contractor shall be responsible for keeping unauthorised persons off the
Site. Authorised persons shall be limited to the Contractor's Personnel and
the Employer's Personnel and any other personnel notified to the Contractor,
by the Employer or the Employer's Representative, as authorised personnel
of the Employer or the Employer's other contractors on the Site; and
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(b) the security and safety of the Site, the Contractor’s Equipment, the
Employer’s Equipment, Plant, Materials and all other property or personnel on
the Site is the sole responsibility of the Contractor.
4.23
Contractor's Operations on Site
(a) The Contractor shall confine its operations to the Site, and to any additional
areas which are directly required by the Contractor to execute the Works and
which are agreed by the Employer's Representative as working areas. The
Contractor shall take all necessary precautions to keep the Contractor's
Equipment and the Contractor's Personnel within the Site and those
additional areas, and to keep them off adjacent land.
(b) The Contractor shall not use any part of the Site for any purpose not
connected with the execution of the Works without the prior written approval
of the Employer. The Contractor shall not destroy, damage or pull down any
tree, hedge, wall or building outside the area occupied by the Permanent
Works but within the Site without the prior written consent of the Employer
unless specifically stated otherwise in the Contract.
(c) During the execution of the Works, the Contractor shall keep the Site free
from all unnecessary obstruction, and shall store or dispose of any
Contractor's Equipment or surplus materials. The Contractor shall promptly
clear away and remove from the Site any wreckage, rubbish and Temporary
Works which are no longer required.
(d) Upon the issue of a Taking Over Certificate, the Contractor shall clear away
and remove, from that part of the Site and Works to which the Taking Over
Certificate refers, all Contractor's Equipment, surplus material, wreckage,
rubbish and Temporary Works. The Contractor shall leave that part of the
Site and the Works in a clean and safe condition. The Contractor may retain
on Site, during the Defects Notification Period, such Goods as are required
for the Contractor to fulfil its obligations under the Contract.
4.24
Fossils
(a) All fossils, coins, articles of value or antiquity, and structures and other
remains or items of geological or archaeological interest found on the Site
shall be placed by the Contractor under the care and authority of the
Employer. The Contractor shall take reasonable precautions to prevent the
Contractor's Personnel or other persons from removing or damaging any of
these findings.
(b) The Contractor shall, upon discovery of any such finding, promptly give notice
to the Employer's Representative, who shall issue instructions for dealing with
it.
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(c) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs from complying with the
instructions, the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's
Representative and shall be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's
Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
(d) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 4.24(c), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine the matters described in Sub-Clause 4.24(c).
4.25
Assignment and Novation of Manufacturer's Warranties
(a) The Contractor shall procure that any warranty, express or implied, with
respect to any Plant or Materials used in the execution of the Works made or
given by the manufacturer, any Subcontractor or supplier thereof, or any
other seller thereof, will be made in favour of the Employer or will be assigned
or otherwise made available to the Employer or such entity that the Employer
nominates.
(b) The Contractor shall ensure that all warranties referred to in Sub-Clause
4.25(a) given by the manufacturer, any Subcontractor or supplier thereof, or
any other seller thereof, will be capable of novation from the Employer to any
entity to be nominated by the Employer.
(c) To the extent that the warranties cannot be made in favour of the Employer,
assigned or otherwise made available to the Employer, the Contractor agrees
(at its cost) to use its best endeavours to enforce such rights as the
Contractor may have, for the benefit of the Employer or its nominee.
(d) The Works shall not be considered to be completed for the purposes of being
Taken Over under Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking Over of the Works and Sections]
until the Employer has received such warranties and confirmation that the
warranties are capable of novation from the Employer to any entity to be
nominated by the Employer, or if Sub-Clause 4.25(c) applies, the Contractor
has demonstrated to the reasonable satisfaction of the Employer that it has
used its best endeavours to enforce such rights as the Contractor may have
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4.26
Auxiliary Works
(a) The Contractor shall ensure that the Works connect to and fully interface with
the Auxiliary Works.
(b) Provided the Auxiliary Works:
(i) perform in the manner specified in the Schedule of Auxiliary Works;
and
(ii) are completed on or before the later of the:
(A) dates specified in the Schedule of Auxiliary Works; and
(B) date the Contractor can and needs to use the relevant item of
Auxiliary Works, as assessed by the Employer's
Representative,
the Contractor will have no right to claim any additional costs or an extension
of time as a result (directly or indirectly) of the impact of the Auxiliary Works
on the Works. Any claim the Contractor is entitled to make shall be made
under and shall satisfy the requirements of Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of
Time for Completion] and Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor’s Claims].
(c) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that:
(i) the Auxiliary Works will be performed by third parties;
(ii) it shall co-operate with the party(ies) performing the Auxiliary Works;
(iii) it has reviewed and is satisfied with the Schedule of Auxiliary Works;
and
(iv) the fact that the Auxiliary Works are not performed by the Contractor
in no way excuses the Contractor from any of its undertakings,
warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in connection with the
Contract.
4.27
Mines
(a) The Contractor warrants and represents that neither it, its parent entities (if
any), nor any of the Contractor’s subsidiaries or affiliated entities (if any) is
engaged in the sale or manufacture of anti-personnel mines or components
utilised in the manufacture of anti-personnel mines.
(b) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that any breach of this Sub-Clause
4.27 shall entitle the Employer to terminate the Contract immediately in
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accordance with Sub-Clause 15.2, without any liability for termination charges
or any other liability of any kind.
4.28
Official-Not-To-Benefit, Corruption and Fraud
(a) The Contractor warrants that it has not engaged, or attempted to engage, in
any way whatsoever, in any corruption or fraud in connection with the
selection process or the execution of this Contract or any other activities of
the Employer or any other entity of the United Nations, involving, in any way
whatsoever, any Employer’s Personnel or representative, official, or other
agent of the Employer or any other entity of the United Nations.
(b) In this Sub-Clause 4.28, “corruption” means the offering, giving, receiving or
soliciting from or to any person, directly or indirectly, anything of value as an
inducement or reward:
(i) for doing or forbearing to do any action in relation to the Contract or
the selection process, or any other activities of the Employer or of any
other entity of the United Nations; or
(ii) for showing or forbearing to show favour or disfavour to any person in
relation to the Contract, or any other activities of the Employer or of
any other entity of the United Nations.
(c) In this Sub-Clause 4.28, “fraud” means a misrepresentation or omission of
fact(s) in order to influence, or to attempt to influence, the selection process
or the execution of this Contract or any other activities of the Employer or of
any other entity of the United Nations.
(d) Contractor acknowledges and agrees that any breach of this Sub-Clause 4.28
shall entitle the Employer to terminate the Contract immediately by written
notice in accordance with Sub-Clause 15.2, without any liability for
termination charges or any other liability of any kind.
4.29
Unexploded Ordinances
If at any time during the carrying out of the Works the Contractor discovers an
unexploded ordinance or land mine, the Contractor shall immediately stop work,
notify the Employer’s Representative, take all necessary steps to ensure the safety of
all persons and property and secure the Site. The Contractor shall immediately
resume the Works when instructed by the Employer’s Representative that is it safe to
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4.30
Blasting
The Contractor shall not use any explosives without the prior written permission of
the Employer. The Contractor shall comply with all regulations in force in the Country
regarding the use of explosives and shall provide appropriate storage facilities before
applying for permission to use any explosives. For the avoidance of doubt, the
Employer’s approval or refusal to permit the use of explosives shall not relieve the
Contractor from any of its warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in connection
with the Contract and the Contractor shall not be entitled to an extension of time or
additional Costs for such approval or refusal.

5. NOMINATED SUBCONTRACTORS
5.1
Definition of Nominated Subcontractor
In the Contract, " Nominated Subcontractor" means a Subcontractor:
(a) who is stated in the Schedule of Nominated Subcontractors and whom the
Contractor shall procure and employ as a Subcontractor to perform certain
parts of the Works as specified in the Contract; or
(b) whom the Employer's Representative, under Clause 13 [Variations and
Adjustments], instructs the Contractor to procure and employ as a
Subcontractor after the Date of the Contract,
on terms and for a price to be approved by the Employer's Representative, such
terms (at a minimum) to be consistent with the Contract, including, the warranties set
out in Sub-Clause 17.7 [Warranties relating to the Works], and such price to be a
reasonable market price at the time of procuring the Nominated Subcontractor.
5.2
Objection to Nomination
The Contractor shall not be under any obligation to employ a Nominated
Subcontractor, whom the Employer's Representative, under Sub-Clause 5.1(b) and
Clause 13 [Variations and Adjustments], instructs the Contractor to employ as a
Subcontractor and, against whom the Contractor raises reasonable objection by
notice to the Employer's Representative as soon as practicable, with supporting
particulars. An objection shall be deemed reasonable if it arises from (among other
things) any of the following matters, unless the Employer agrees in writing to
indemnify the Contractor against and from the consequences of the matter:
(a) there are reasons to believe that the Nominated Subcontractor does not have
sufficient competence, resources or financial strength;
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(b) the subcontract does not specify that the Nominated Subcontractor shall
indemnify the Contractor against and from any negligence or misuse of
Goods by the Nominated Subcontractor, its agents and employees; or
(c) the subcontract does not specify that, for the subcontracted work (including
design, if any), the Nominated Subcontractor shall:
(i) undertake to the Contractor such obligations and liabilities as will
enable the Contractor to discharge its obligations and liabilities under
or in connection with the Contract; and
(ii) indemnify the Contractor against and from all obligations and liabilities
arising under or in connection with the Contract and from the
consequences of any failure by the Subcontractor to perform these
obligations or to fulfil these liabilities.
5.3
Payments to Nominated Subcontractors
The Contractor shall, with the prior written approval of the Employer's Representative
pay to the Nominated Subcontractor the amounts which the Employer's
Representative certifies, to be due in accordance with the subcontract. These
amounts shall be included in the Contract Price paid to the Contractor as Provisional
Sums in accordance with Sub-Clause 13.5 [Provisional Sums], except as stated in
Sub-Clause 5.4 [Evidence of Payments].
5.4
Evidence of Payments
Before issuing a Payment Certificate to the Contractor which includes an amount
payable to a Nominated Subcontractor, the Employer's Representative may request
the Contractor to supply reasonable evidence that the Nominated Subcontractor has
received all amounts due in accordance with previous Payment Certificates, less
applicable deductions for retentions or otherwise. Unless the Contractor submits this
reasonable evidence to the Employer's Representative, or
(a) satisfies the Employer's Representative in writing that the Contractor is
reasonably entitled to withhold or refuse to pay these amounts; and
(b) submits to the Employer's Representative reasonable evidence that the
Nominated Subcontractor has been notified of the Contractor's entitlement,
then the Employer may (at its sole discretion) pay, direct to the Nominated
Subcontractor part or all of such amounts previously certified (less applicable
deductions) as are due to the Nominated Subcontractor and for which the Contractor
has failed to submit the evidence described in either Sub-Clause 5.4(a) or (b), such
amounts shall immediately become a debt due and payable by the Contractor to the
Employer. The Contractor shall then repay, to the Employer, the amount which the
Nominated Subcontractor was directly paid by the Employer.
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6. STAFF AND LABOUR
6.1
Engagement of Staff and Labour
Except as otherwise stated in the Contract, the Contractor shall make arrangements
for the engagement of all staff and labour, local or otherwise, and for their payment,
housing, feeding and transport in accordance with the relevant Laws and the
requirements of any Authority.
6.2
Rates of Wages and Conditions of Labour
(a) The Contractor shall pay rates of wages, and observe conditions of labour in
accordance with the relevant Laws and the requirements of any Authority,
and such wages and conditions of labour shall not be lower than those
minimum standards established for the trade or industry where the work is
carried out. If no established rates or conditions are applicable, the Contractor
shall pay rates of wages and observe conditions which are not lower than the
general level of wages and conditions observed locally by employers whose
trade or industry is similar to that of the Contractor.
(b) If requested by the Employer’s Representative, the Contractor, within 72
hours of such request, shall provide evidence of all payments made to all its
staff and labour. The Parties agree that if the Employer or the Employer's
Representative becomes aware that the Contractor has failed to pay its staff
and labour in accordance with Sub-Clause 6.2(a), and the Employer's
Representative gives the Contractor written notice 72 hours before it intends
to pay, the Employer may, in its absolute discretion, pay those staff and
labour the amount the Employer determines is, or may be, owing to the staff
and labour and the Employer may recover any such amount paid as a debt
due from the Contractor to the Employer.
6.3
Persons in the Service of Employer
The Contractor shall not recruit, or attempt to recruit, staff and labour from amongst
the Employer's Personnel (and their respective labour, employees and agents).
6.4
Labour Laws
(a) The Contractor shall comply with all the relevant labour Laws applicable to
the Contractor's Personnel, as may be amended from time to time, including
Laws relating to their employment, health, safety, welfare, immigration and
emigration, and shall allow them all their legal rights.
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(b) The Contractor shall require, and use its best endeavours to ensure, that the
Contractor's Personnel obey all applicable Laws, including those concerning
safety at work.
6.5
Working Hours
(a) No work shall be carried out on the Site on locally recognised days of rest, or
outside the normal working hours stated in the Schedule of Details, unless:
(i) otherwise stated in the Contract; or
(ii) the Employer's Representative gives consent in writing; or
(iii) the work is unavoidable, or necessary for the protection of life or
property or for the safety of the Works, in which case the Contractor
shall immediately advise the Employer's Representative.
(b) In the event that the Employer's Personnel are required to supervise the
Contractor's operations in excess of 8 hours per normal working day, or on
locally recognised days or rest or declared public holidays, the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5
[Determinations] to agree or determine the Costs of such additional
supervision by the Employer's Personnel. The Employer shall be entitled to
deduct such Costs from monies due to the Contractor.
6.6
Facilities for Staff and Labour
(a) Except as otherwise stated in the Contract, the Contractor shall provide and
maintain all necessary accommodation, sanitary and welfare facilities for the
Contractor's Personnel in accordance with Law. The Contractor shall also
provide facilities for the Employer's Personnel (and their respective labour,
employees and agents) (if any) as stated in the Specification and/or the
Schedule of Site Plan.
(b) The Contractor shall not permit any of the Contractor's Personnel to maintain
any temporary or permanent living quarters within the structures forming part
of the Works.
(c) The Contractor shall provide the Employer with reasonable access to the
Contractor's records and facilities, both on and off the Site, to enable the
Employer to assess the Contractor's compliance with this Clause 6, including
offsite accommodation and welfare facilities.
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6.7
Health and Safety
(a) The Contractor shall, throughout the execution and completion of the Works
and the remedying of any defects:
(i) unless otherwise stated in the Contract, be responsible for the safety
of all persons on the Site and keep the Site and the Works in an
orderly state appropriate to the avoidance of danger to such persons;
(ii) comply with the requirements of all Laws, all applicable safety
regulations of all relevant Authorities and the policies, guidelines,
procedures and requirements specified in the Schedule of Health and
Safety Requirements, all as may be amended from time to time; and
(iii) provide and maintain, at its own cost all lights, guards, fencing,
warning signs, watching, and other temporary works when and where
necessary or required by the Employer's Representative or by a duly
constituted Authority or any Laws, for the protection of the Works or
for the safety and convenience of the public or others.
(b) The Contractor shall at all times take all reasonable precautions to maintain
the health and safety of the Contractor’s Personnel. In collaboration with local
health authorities, the Contractor shall ensure that medical staff, first aid
facilities, sick bay and ambulance service are available at all times at the Site
and at any accommodation for Contractor’s and Employer’s Personnel, and
that suitable arrangements are made for all necessary welfare and hygiene
requirements and for the prevention of epidemics.
(c) The Contractor shall appoint an accident prevention officer at the Site,
responsible for maintaining safety and protection against accidents. This
person shall be qualified for this responsibility, and shall have the authority to
issue instructions and take protective measures to prevent accidents.
Throughout the execution of the Works, the Contractor shall provide whatever
is required by this person to exercise this responsibility and authority.
(d) The Contractor shall send, to the Employer's Representative, details of any
accident as soon as practicable and not later than 24 hours after its
occurrence. The Contractor shall maintain records and make reports
concerning health, safety and welfare of persons, and damage to property, as
the Employer's Representative may require.
(e) The Contractor shall implement and comply with a health and safety system
which, as a minimum, shall comply with the policies, guidelines, procedures
and requirements specified in the Schedule of Health and Safety
Requirements and the requirements of all Authorities, and any requirements
which the Employer may notify to the Contractor, from time to time.
(f) Notwithstanding any other right or remedy the Employer may have under the
Contract or at Law, the Contractor agrees that in the event it fails to comply
with the requirements referred to under this Sub-Clause 6.7, it shall pay and
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indemnify the Employer for and against any monetary fines and remediation
costs as specified in the Schedule of Health and Safety Requirements, or as
may be imposed by any Authority.
6.8
Contractor's Superintendence
(a) Throughout the design (if any) and the execution of the Works, and as long
thereafter as is necessary to fulfil the Contractor's obligations, the Contractor
shall provide all necessary superintendence to plan, arrange, direct, manage,
inspect and test the Works.
(b) Superintendence shall be given by a sufficient number of persons having
adequate spoken and written skills and knowledge in the language defined
under Sub-Clause 1.4 [Language] and adequate knowledge of the operations
to be carried out (including the methods and techniques required, the hazards
likely to be encountered and methods of preventing accidents), for the proper
and safe execution of the Works.
6.9
Contractor's Personnel
(a) The Contractor's Personnel shall be appropriately qualified, skilled and
experienced in their respective trades or occupations. The Employer's
Representative may require the Contractor to remove (or cause to be
removed) any person employed on the Site or in the execution of the Works,
including the Contractor's Representative and Key Personnel if applicable,
who in the opinion of the Employer:
(i) persists in any misconduct or lack of care;
(ii) carries out duties incompetently or negligently;
(iii) fails to conform with any provisions of the Contract; or
(iv) persists in any conduct which is prejudicial to safety, health, or the
protection of the environment.
(b) If Sub-Clause 6.9(a) applies, the Contractor shall then appoint (or cause to be
appointed) a suitable replacement person for each person so removed.
(c) The Contractor shall ensure that the Key Personnel execute the Works and
perform the roles required of their nominated positions and are not removed
from those positions without the prior written approval of the Employer's
Representative.
(d) If it is necessary to replace any of the Key Personnel (whether as a result of
illness, the application of this Sub-Clause 6.9 or otherwise), the Contractor
shall immediately arrange for a replacement by a substitute person approved
by the Employer's Representative to execute the Works required of the
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replaced person's nominated position.
(e) If there is a position listed in the Schedule of Key Personnel but no person is
named in that particular role then the Contractor shall obtain the Employer's
Representative's approval (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld)
before appointing a person to fill that particular role.
6.10
Records of Contractor's Personnel and Equipment
(a) The Contractor shall submit, to the Employer's Representative, details
showing the number of each class of Contractor's Personnel and of each type
of Contractor's Equipment on the Site.
(b) The details referred to in Sub-Clause 6.10(a) shall be submitted each
calendar month, in a form approved by the Employer's Representative, until
the Contractor has completed all work which is known to be outstanding at
the completion date stated in the Taking Over Certificate for the Works.
6.11
Disorderly Conduct
The Contractor shall at all times take all reasonable precautions to prevent any
unlawful, riotous or disorderly conduct by or amongst the Contractor's Personnel, and
to preserve peace and protection of persons and property on and near the Site.
6.12
Supply of Water
The Contractor shall provide on the Site an adequate supply of drinking and other
water for the use of its staff and labour.
6.13
Alcoholic Liquor or Drugs
The Contractor shall not bring onto or store on the Site, import, sell, give, barter or
otherwise dispose of any alcoholic liquor or drugs, or permit or suffer any such
importation, sale, gift, barter or disposal by its Subcontractors, agents, staff or labour.
6.14
Arms, Ammunition and Explosives
Unless otherwise stated in the Schedule of Specification or instructed or permitted by
the Employer in writing, the Contractor shall not bring onto or store on the Site, give,
barter or otherwise dispose of to any person or persons, any arms, ammunition or
explosives of any kind or permit or suffer the same.
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6.15
Festi vals and Religious Customs
The Contractor shall in all dealings with its staff and labour have due regard to all
recognised festivals, days of rest and religious or other customs.
6.16
Epidemics
In the event of any outbreak of illness of an epidemic nature, the Contractor shall
comply with and carry out such regulations, orders and requirements as may be
made by the Authorities or local medical or sanitary authorities for the purpose of
dealing with or overcoming the epidemic.
6.17
Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work:
(a) The Contractor warrants that it will comply with, and ensure the Contractor’s
Personnel will comply with, the 1998 International Labour Organization (ILO)
Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. These universal
rights, as applied in the context of ILO, are freedom of association and the
effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining, the elimination of
forced or compulsory labour, the abolition of child labour and the elimination
of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
(b) In addition to the requirements in Sub-Clause 6.7, the Contractor shall
provide a safe and secure working environment, and provide separate
amenities on the Site, for women employed in the execution of the Works.
(c) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that any breach of this Sub-Clause
6.17 shall entitle the Employer to terminate the Contract immediately in
accordance with Sub-Clause 15.2, without any liability for termination charges
or any other liability of any kind.
6.18
Child Labour
(a) The Contractor represents and warrants that neither it, its parent entities (if
any), nor any of the Contractor’s subsidiary or affiliated entities (if any) is
engaged in any practice inconsistent with the rights set forth in the
Convention on the Rights of the Child, including Article 32 thereof, which,
inter alia, requires that a child shall be protected from performing any work
that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be
harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral, or social
development.
(b) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that any breach of this Sub-Clause
6.18 shall entitle the Employer to terminate the Contract immediately in
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accordance with Sub-Clause 15.2, without any liability for termination charges
or any other liability of any kind.
6.19
Sexual Exploitation
(a) The Contractor shall take all appropriate measures to prevent sexual
exploitation or abuse of anyone by the Contractor’s Personnel. For these
purposes, sexual exploitation and abuse includes sexual activity with any
person less than eighteen years of age, regardless of any laws relating to
consent, unless such sexual activity is consensual between two persons who
are married and such marriage is recognized as valid under the laws of the
country of citizenship of such Contractor’s Personnel.
(b) In addition, the Contractor shall refrain from, and shall take all reasonable and
appropriate measures to prohibit its employees or other persons engaged
and controlled by it from exchanging any money, goods, services, or other
things of value, for sexual favours or activities, or from engaging any sexual
activities that are exploitive or degrading to any person.
(c) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that any breach of this Sub-Clause
6.19 shall entitle the Employer to terminate the Contract immediately in
accordance with sub-Clause 15.2, without any liability for termination charges
or any other liability of any kind.

7. PLANT, MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
7.1
Manner of Execution
The Contractor warrants that it shall carry out the manufacture of Plant, the
production and manufacture of Materials, and all other execution of the Works:
(a) in the manner (if any) specified in the Contract;
(b) exercising the standard of skill, care and diligence of qualified and
experienced contractors acting in accordance with Industry Best Practices;
and
(c) with properly equipped facilities and new, good quality and non-hazardous
Materials and Plant.
7.2
Samples
(a) The Contractor shall submit the following samples of Materials, and all
relevant information, to the Employer's Representative for its consent, in
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accordance with the dates identified in the Contract Programme, and in any
event not less than 30 days prior to using the Materials in or for the Works:
(i) manufacturer's and suppliers standard samples of Materials and any
other samples specified in the Contract, all at the Contractor's cost;
and
(ii) additional samples instructed by the Employer's Representative,
(the " Samples" ).
(b) Each Sample shall be labelled as to origin and intended use in the Works.
The Samples shall be submitted in batches of a reasonable quantity to enable
the Employer to comply with its obligations under this Sub-Clause 7.2.
(c) The Employer's Representative may review the Samples submitted by the
Contractor under this Sub-Clause 7.2 and any other documents or
information required by the Employer's Representative relating to the
Samples.
(d) Subject to the proper submission of the Samples to the Employer's
Representative for review under this Sub-Clause 7.2, the Employer's
Representative shall, within 30 days of receipt by the Employer's
Representative of the relevant Sample, indicate by notice in writing, if the
Employer's Representative:
(i) is not satisfied that the relevant Sample is in accordance with the
Contract, specifying in what respects it considers that the Sample is
not in accordance with the Contract and the Contractor shall submit
an amended or alternative Sample to the Employer's Representative
in accordance with this Sub-Clause 7.2; or
(ii) is satisfied that the relevant Sample is in accordance with the
Contract.
(e) The Contractor shall inform the Employer's Representative in writing if any
amendments requested by the Employer's Representative to any Samples
would be inconsistent with any Laws or any other requirements of the
Contract.
(f) Where the Employer's Representative reviews and is satisfied with any
Samples pursuant to this Sub-Clause, it does so for the purpose of
administration of the Contract only and any such review or satisfaction shall
not relieve the Contractor from its obligations to execute and complete the
Works in accordance with the Contract, or from any of its warranties,
obligations or liabilities under or in connection with the Contract.
(g) The Contractor will be deemed to have made sufficient allowance within the
Contract Programme for the submission and review of all Samples in
accordance with this Sub-Clause 7.2.
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7.3
Inspection
(a) The Employer's Personnel and any other person authorised in writing by any
of them for this purpose shall at all reasonable times:
(i) have full access to all parts of the Site and to all places from which
natural Materials are being obtained; and
(ii) during production, manufacture and construction (at the Site and
elsewhere), be entitled to examine, inspect, measure and test the
Materials and workmanship, and to check the progress of
manufacture of Plant and production and manufacture of Materials.
(b) The Contractor shall give the Employer's Personnel full opportunity to carry
out these activities, including providing access, facilities, permissions and
safety equipment. No such activity shall relieve the Contractor from any of its
obligations, warranties or liabilities under or in connection with the Contract.
(c) The Contractor shall give sufficient notice to the Employer's Representative,
allowing for any security restraints on the Employer’s Personnel travelling to
the Site, whenever any Works are ready for inspection and before such
Works are covered up, put out of sight, or packaged for storage or transport.
The Employer's Representative shall then either carry out the examination,
inspection, measurement or testing without unreasonable delay or give notice
to the Contractor that the Employer's Representative does not require to do
so. If the Contractor fails to give the notice in sufficient time, it shall, if and
when required by the Employer's Representative, uncover the work and
thereafter reinstate and make good, all at the Contractor's cost.
7.4
Testing
(a) This Sub-Clause 7.4 shall apply to all tests specified in the Contract.
(b) If requested by the Employer's Representative, the Contractor shall, no later
than 60 days after the Date of the Contract, submit a Testing Plan for the
Works (including any Sections of the Works) in a format acceptable to the
Employer's Representative, that complies with the requirements of the
Contract, including the Specification, the Contractor's quality control system
under Sub-Clause 4.9 [Quality Control] and the Contract Programme.
(c) The Testing Plan shall include a detailed description of:
(i) the types of tests to be carried out;
(ii) the location, number and frequency of the tests;
(iii) the test conditions (which shall include normal operating conditions
and emergency conditions);
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(iv) required attendees at the tests (which shall include any persons
nominated by the Employer's Representative);
(v) the form of the test results; and
(vi) any other requirements (if any) set out in the Specification.
(d) The Employer's Representative will review the Testing Plan provided by the
Contractor under Sub-Clause 7.4(b) or under Sub-Clause 7.4(e). If the
Testing Plan is not in accordance with the Contract, the Employer's
Representative will provide a written notice setting out the reasons why the
Testing Plan is not in accordance with the Contract.
(e) The Contractor shall (at its cost) promptly amend the Testing Plan and re-
submit it to the Employer's Representative for review.
(f) The process shall be repeated until the Employer's Representative
determines and approves in writing that the Testing Plan is in accordance
with the Contract.
(g) For the avoidance of doubt, the Contractor is not entitled to an extension of
time or an adjustment to the Contract Price for developing or amending the
Testing Plan.
(h) The Contractor shall provide all apparatus, assistance, documents and other
information, electricity, equipment, fuel, consumables, instruments, labour,
materials, and suitably qualified and experienced staff, as are necessary to
carry out all tests specified in the Contract and any testing equipment,
apparatus and/or materials (if any) stated in the Schedule of Specification for
use by the Employer.
(i) Unless otherwise agreed by the Parties, the Contractor shall undertake all
tests in accordance with the Testing Plan approved pursuant to Sub-Clause
7.4(f), and shall agree, with the Employer's Representative 4 days prior
written notice of the time and place for the specified testing of any Plant,
Materials and other parts of the Works. The Employer, the Employer's
Representative and any other Employer's Personnel shall be entitled to be
present at any tests.
(j) The Employer's Representative may, under Clause 13 [Variations and
Adjustments], vary the location or details of specified tests, or instruct the
Contractor to carry out additional tests. If these varied or additional tests
show that the tested Plant, Materials or workmanship is not in accordance
with the Contract, all costs of carrying out this Variation shall be borne by the
Contractor, notwithstanding any other provisions of the Contract, and the
Contractor shall not be entitled to an extension of time or an adjustment to the
Contract Price for performing such tests.
(k) If the Employer's Representative does not attend at the time and place
agreed, the Contractor may proceed with the tests, unless otherwise
instructed by the Employer's Representative.
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(l) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs from complying with an
instruction by the Employer's Representative to perform varied or additional
tests, and the results of such tests shows that the tested Plant, Materials or
workmanship is in accordance with the Contract, the Contractor shall give a
Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative and shall be entitled subject to
Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any Costs, which shall be added to the Contract Price as
a Variation.
(m) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 7.4(l), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine the matters described in Sub-Clause 7.4(l).
(n) The Contractor shall promptly forward to the Employer's Representative duly
certified reports of all tests performed in accordance with the Contract and the
Specification. When the specified tests have been passed, the Employer's
Representative shall endorse the Contractor's test certificate, or issue a
certificate to that effect. If the Employer's Representative has not attended
the tests, it shall be deemed to have accepted the readings as accurate.
7.5
Rejection
(a) If, as a result of an examination, inspection, measurement or testing, any
Plant, Materials, design or workmanship is found to be defective or otherwise
not in accordance with the Contract, the Employer may reject the Plant,
Materials, design or workmanship by giving notice to the Contractor, with
reasons. The Contractor shall (at its cost) then promptly make good the
defect and ensure that the rejected item complies with the Contract.
(b) If the Employer's Representative requires this Plant, Materials, design or
workmanship to be retested, the tests shall be repeated under the same
terms and conditions. If the rejection and retesting cause the Employer to
incur additional Costs, the Contractor shall pay these Costs to the Employer.
(c) The Employer may instruct the Contractor to open up for inspection and
retest part of the Works which have been covered up, to determine if such
part of the Works is defective or otherwise not in accordance with the
Contract.
(d) If such parts of the Works, referred to under Sub-Clause 7.5(c), are defective
or otherwise not in accordance with the Contract, the costs of such opening
up (together with the costs of promptly making good the defects) shall be
borne by the Contractor. For the avoidance of doubt, the Contractor shall not
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be entitled to any extension of time or increase in the Contract Price as a
result of any such opening up.
(e) Subject to Sub-Clause 7.3(c), if such parts of the Works, referred to under
Sub-Clause 7.5(c), are in accordance with the Contract and the Contractor
suffers delay and/or incurs Cost from complying with an instruction by the
Employer's Representative to open up for inspection and retest part of the
Works which have been covered up, the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice
to the Employer's Representative and shall be entitled, subject to Sub-Clause
20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any Cost, which shall be added to the Contract Price as a
Variation.
(f) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 7.5(e), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine the matters described in Sub-Clause 7.5(e).
7.6
Remedial Work
(a) Notwithstanding any previous test or certification, the Employer's
Representative may instruct the Contractor to:
(i) remove from the Site and replace any Plant or Materials which are not
in accordance with the Contract;
(ii) remove and re-execute any other work which is not in accordance
with the Contract; and
(iii) execute any work which is urgently required for the safety of the
Works, whether because of an accident, unforeseeable event or
otherwise.
(b) The Contractor shall comply with the instruction within the time (if any)
specified in the instruction, or immediately if urgency is specified under Sub-
Clause 7.6(a)(iii).
(c) If the Contractor fails to comply with the instruction, the Employer shall be
entitled to employ and pay other persons to carry out the work. Except to the
extent that the Contractor would have been entitled to payment for the work,
the Contractor shall pay to the Employer all Costs arising from this failure.
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7.7
Ownership of Plant and Materials
Each item of Plant and Materials shall, to the extent consistent with the Laws,
become the property of the Employer at whichever is the earlier of the following
times, free from Security Interests and other encumbrances:
(a) when it is delivered to the Site; and
(b) when the Contractor is entitled to payment of the value of the Plant and
Materials under Sub-Clause 8.10 [Payment for Plant and Materials in Event of
Suspension].
7.8
Royalties
Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, the Contractor shall pay all royalties, rents
and other payments for:
(a) natural Materials obtained from outside the Site; and
(b) the disposal of material from demolitions and excavations and of other
surplus material (whether natural or man-made), except to the extent that
disposal areas within the Site are specified in the Contract.
7.9
Security Interest
(a) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that it shall not file, claim or
register any Security Interest, and shall use its best efforts to prevent any
Security Interest from being filed, claimed or registered by any Subcontractor
or by any employee, servant or agent of the Contractor or Subcontractor,
against the Works or any real or other property of the Employer or the
Contractor, for any works done or any services rendered or any item of Plant
or Materials supplied under the Contract or any subcontract let by the
Contractor and shall procure that all subcontracts contain undertakings to the
like effect.
(b) In the event that any such Security Interest should be filed, claimed or
registered, the Contractor shall immediately notify the Employer and shall
promptly discharge, by bond or otherwise to the satisfaction of the Employer,
such Security Interest.
(c) Until any Security Interest contemplated by Sub-Clause 7.9(b) is fully
discharged, the Employer shall have the right to withhold one hundred and
twenty five percent (125%) of the full amount claimed giving rise to the
Security Interest from any payments to be made to the Contractor, and such
withholding of payment shall not affect the other rights and obligations of the
Parties under the Contract. Alternatively, the Employer may, at its discretion,
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discharge the Security Interest by paying the appropriate amount directly to
the relevant person and deduct such amount from further payments to be
made to the Contractor pursuant to the Contract.
(d) The Contractor shall indemnify the Employer against any loss, damage, cost
or expense (including legal fees and the cost and expense of the Employer
discharging any Security Interest as contemplated by Sub-Clause 7.9(c)) to
the extent arising out of or in connection with any Security Interest being filed,
claimed or registered as referred to in Sub-Clause 7.9(b).
(e) On its application for the Taking Over Certificate for the Works, pursuant to
Sub-Clause 10 [Employer's Taking Over], the Contractor shall certify to the
Employer, by way of a certificate that it has no knowledge of any outstanding
Security Interests or claims which may result in Security Interests affecting
the Works or the Site.

8. COMMENCEMENT, DELAYS AND SUSPENSION
8.1
Commencement of Work
The Contractor shall commence the execution of the Works (including, without
limitation, mobilisation and procurement) promptly after the Date of the Contract and
shall proceed with the Works with due expedition and without delay in accordance
with the Approved Preliminary Programme and, upon certification by the Employer's
Representative, the Contract Programme submitted under Sub-Clause 8.3 [Contract
Programme].
8.2
Time for Completion
(a) The Contractor shall complete the whole of the Works, and each Section to
enable such Works to be Taken Over by the Employer in accordance with
Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking Over of the Works and Sections], within the Time for
Completion for the Works or Section (as the case may be) including:
(i) achieving each Milestone by the relevant Milestone Date;
(ii) achieving the passing of the Tests on Completion to the Employer's
Representative's satisfaction;
(iii) satisfying all other preconditions to issuing a Taking Over Certificate
as specified in the definition of Taken Over in Sub-Clause 1.1
[Definitions] or elsewhere in the Contract; and
(iv) completing all other work and submitting all other information and
documents which is stated in the Contract as being required for the
Works or Section to be considered to be completed for the purposes
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of issuing a Taking Over Certificate under Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking
Over of the Works and Sections].
(b) The Contractor shall complete the Milestones by the Milestone Dates set out
in the Schedule of Programme.
8.3
Contract Programme
(a) Not later than 21 days after the Date of the Contract, the Contractor shall
submit to the Employer's Representative, for its approval, with a copy to the
Employer, a fully detailed draft Contract Programme that complies with the
requirements of the Contract, including Industry Best Practices and the
requirements set out in the Schedule of Programme under the heading
"Programme Requirements".
(b) After receiving the Contractor's fully detailed draft Contract Programme under
Sub-Clause 8.3(a), the Employer's Representative shall review the draft
Contract Programme and, if the Employer's Representative determines that
the draft Contract Programme does not comply with the requirements
specified under Sub-Clause 8.3(a), within 21 days of receiving such draft
Contract Programme, provide a written notice to the Contractor's
Representative, setting out the reasons why the draft Contract Programme is
not in accordance with the Contract.
(c) The Contractor shall, within 7 days, amend the draft Contract Programme and
re-submit it to the Employer's Representative for review and the process shall
be repeated until the Employer's Representative determines the draft
Contract Programme is in accordance with the Contract.
(d) Upon the Employer's Representative determining that the draft Contract
Programme complies with the requirements specified under Sub-Clause
8.3(a), the Employer's Representative shall provide a written notice to the
Contractor, and such draft Contract Programme, upon certification by the
Employer's Representative shall become the "Contract Programme" for the
purposes of the Contract.
(e) The Contractor is not entitled to an extension of time or an adjustment to the
Contract Price for developing or amending the draft Contract Programme
issued in accordance with this Sub-Clause 8.3.
(f) The Contract Programme will be used to monitor the progress of the
execution of the Works.
(g) If requested at any time by the Employer’s Representative, the Contractor
shall provide an updated s-curve with each monthly progress report pursuant
to Sub-Clause 4.21 [Progress Reports] to display actual versus early and late
planned progress and updated cash flow estimates every quarter.
(h) The Contractor shall submit a critical activity listing and a revised working
programme with each monthly progress report pursuant to Sub-Clause 4.21
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[Progress Reports] to reflect the actual progress of the Works relevant to the
Contract Programme. The revised working programme shall be in the same
format and accompanied by the same supporting information as the Contract
Programme and shall detail:
(i) the activities recently completed with actual start and finish dates and
the activities in progress or to be performed/started in the future;
(ii) all Milestones and Milestone Dates;
(iii) the physical percentage complete for each activity; and
(iv) the critical path for the Works based on the Contractor's latest working
programme.
(i) Following such submission, the Contractor and the Employer's Personnel
shall review the critical activity listing to identify problem areas and corrective
actions necessary.
(j) If at any time the Employer's Representative forms the opinion that the actual
progress of the Works does not conform to the Contract Programme, the
Contractor shall produce, at the request of the Employer's Representative, a
revised working programme and supporting report in accordance with Sub-
Clause 8.6(a) [Rate of Progress].
(k) The Contractor shall submit such revised working programme to the
Employer's Representative within 7 days of being requested to do so by the
Employer's Representative. Failure of the Contractor to submit a revised
working programme in accordance with this Sub-Clause 8.3, will entitle the
Employer to withhold payments due to the Contractor until the revised
working programme is submitted in accordance with the Contract.
(l) Any amended or revised working programme submitted by the Contractor
under this Sub-Clause 8.3 will not affect or replace the Contract Programme
unless expressly agreed to by the Employer's Representative in writing.
(m) The submission to and review by the Employer's Representative of any
amended or revised working programme or any other document or revision
thereof under this Sub-Clause 8.3 shall not in any way relieve the Contractor
of any of its warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in connection with
the Contract.
8.4
Extension of Time for Completion
(a) The Contractor is only entitled, subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's
Claims], to an extension to the Time for Completion if, and to the extent it
satisfies the Employer's Representative that, completion for the purposes of
Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking Over of the Works and Sections] of an activity on
the critical path of the Contract Programme is or will be delayed to the extent
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that the Contractor will not be able to complete the Works within the Time for
Completion, by any of the following causes:
(i) a Variation (unless an adjustment to the Time for Completion has
been agreed under Sub-Clause 13.3 [Variation Procedure] and
excluding Variations required due to an act, omission or default of the
Contractor or the Contractor's Personnel);
(ii) a cause of delay expressly giving an entitlement to an extension of
time under a Sub-Clause of these General Conditions; or
(iii) subject to Sub-Clause 4.6 [Co-operation], any delay, impediment or
act of prevention caused by or attributable to the Employer, the
Employer's Personnel or the Employer's other contractors on the Site.
(b) If the Contractor considers itself to be entitled to an extension to the Time for
Completion, the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's
Representative in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims].
When determining each extension of time under Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims], the Employer's Representative shall review previous
determinations and may increase, but shall not decrease, the total extension
of time.
(c) If the Employer's Representative agrees or determines that the Contractor is
entitled to an extension of the Time for Completion in accordance with Sub-
Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims], the Contractor shall, within 14 days of
such determination, submit a revised draft Contract Programme that shows
the effect of the approved extension of Time for Completion on the existing
Contract Programme.
(d) After receiving the Contractor's proposed revised Contract Programme under
Sub-Clause 8.4(c), the Employer's Representative shall proceed in
accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine the
adjustment, if any, to the Contract Programme, and such adjusted Contract
Programme, certified by the Employer's Representative, shall become the
Contract Programme.
(e) Despite any other provisions of the Contract, the Contractor will not be
entitled to any extension to the Time for Completion, unless the cause of the
delay has delayed, or will delay, an activity on the critical path of the Contract
Programme.
8.5
Delays Caused by Authorities
(a) If the following conditions apply, namely:
(i) the Contractor has diligently followed the procedures laid down by any
relevant Authority;
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(ii) the Authority delays or disrupts the Contractor's work such that it will
not be able to complete the Works within the Time for Completion;
and
(iii) the delay or disruption was Unforeseeable,
then this delay or disruption will be considered as a cause of delay under
Sub-Clause 8.4(a).
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract, if Sub-Clause 8.5(a)
applies, the Contractor shall not be entitled to any increase to the Contract
Price.
8.6
Rate of Progress
(a) If, at any time:
(i) actual progress of the Works is too slow to allow completion of the
Works within the Time for Completion; and/or
(ii) progress has fallen (or will fall) behind the Contract Programme under
Sub-Clause 8.3 [Contract Programme],
other than as a result of a cause listed in Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time
for Completion], then the Employer's Representative may instruct the
Contractor to submit a revised working programme and supporting report
describing the revised methods which the Contractor proposes to adopt in
order to expedite progress and achieve completion of the Works in
accordance with the Contract Programme and within the Time for Completion.
(b) Unless the Employer's Representative notifies otherwise, the Contractor shall
adopt these revised methods, which may require increases in the working
hours and/or in the numbers of Contractor's Personnel and/or Goods, at the
risk and cost of the Contractor. If these revised methods cause the Employer
to incur additional Costs, the Contractor shall pay these Costs to the
Employer, in addition to any Delay Damages under Sub-Clause 8.7 [Delay
Damages].
(c) The Employer's Representative may, at any time, initiated either by an
instruction or by a request for the Contractor to submit a proposal, direct the
Contractor's Representative to accelerate the Works for any reason including
as an alternative to granting an extension of time to the Time for Completion.
(d) If the Employer's Representative requests a proposal under Sub-Clause
8.6(c), prior to directing the Contractor to accelerate the Works, the
Contractor shall respond in writing as soon as practicable and within 14 days
by submitting:
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(i) a description of the proposed amendments to the sequence of the
Works along with proposed additional resources and materials
necessary to accelerate the Works;
(ii) the Contractor's proposal for any necessary modifications to the
Contract Programme and to the Time for Completion; and
(iii) the Contractor's proposal for adjustment to the Contract Price.
(e) The Employer's Representative shall, as soon as practicable after receiving
such proposal under Sub-Clause 8.6(d), respond with approval and direction
to accelerate the Works, disapproval or comments.
(f) If the Employer's Representative directs the Contractor to accelerate the
Works, except where the direction was issued as a consequence of the
failure of the Contractor to fulfil its obligations under the Contract, the
Contractor shall, within 14 days of such determination, submit a proposed
revised Contract Programme that shows the effect of the acceleration
direction on the Contract Programme.
(g) After receiving the Contractor's proposed revised Contract Programme under
Sub-Clause 8.6(f), the Employer's Representative shall proceed in
accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine the
adjustment, if any, to the Contract Programme, and such adjusted Contract
Programme, certified by the Employer's Representative, shall become the
Contract Programme.
(h) If the Contractor incurs Costs in complying with an acceleration direction
under Sub-Clause 8.6(c) or Sub-Clause 8.6(e), except where the direction
was issued as a consequence of the failure of the Contractor to fulfil its
obligations under the Contract, the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice in
accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to the Employer's
Representative and shall be entitled, subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's
Claims], to payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
8.7
Delay Damages
(a) If the Contractor fails to comply with Sub-Clause 8.2 [Time for Completion]
and complete the Works or a Section within the Time for Completion, the
Contractor shall pay delay damages to the Employer for this default (" Delay
Damages" ). The Delay Damages shall be the sum stated in the Schedule of
Details, which shall be paid for every day which shall elapse between the
relevant Time for Completion and the date the whole of the Works or relevant
Section has been Taken Over as stated in the Taking Over Certificate.
(b) The Contractor shall also reimburse the Employer for any additional fees
payable by the Employer to any consultants engaged by the Employer arising
out of or in connection with the Contract which are payable as a result of the
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Contractor's failure to complete the whole of the Works within the Time for
Completion.
(c) The Contractor expressly agrees that the Employer may in its absolute
discretion elect to invoke the remedies set out under Sub-Clauses 14.7
[Payment] and 14.16 [Set Off] in recovering such Delay Damages and fee.
(d) The total amount of Delay Damages due under this Sub-Clause 8.7 shall not
exceed the aggregate maximum amount of Delay Damages (if any) stated in
the Schedule of Details.
(e) The payment of Delay Damages shall not relieve the Contractor from its
obligation to complete the Works in accordance with the Contract, or from any
of its warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in connection with the
Contract.
(f) At any time after the Employer has become entitled to Delay Damages, the
Employer may give notice to the Contractor under Sub-Clause 15.1 [Notice to
Correct], requiring the Contractor to complete the Works within a specified
reasonable time. The notice shall not prejudice the Employer's entitlements
to payment under this Sub-Clause 8.7 or to termination under Sub-Clause
15.2 [Termination by Employer].
(g) If the Employer has become entitled, under this Sub-Clause 8.7, to the
aggregate maximum amount of Delay Damages stated in the Schedule of
Details, it shall be entitled to terminate the Contract in accordance with Sub-
Clauses 15.2(a)(viii) and 15.2(b).
8.8
Suspension of Work
(a) The Employer's Representative may at any time, at its sole and absolute
discretion instruct the Contractor to suspend progress of part or all of the
Works. During such suspension, the Contractor shall protect, store and
secure such part of the Works against any deterioration, loss or damage.
(b) During any period of suspension, the Contractor shall not remove from the
Site any Materials, Plant or any Contractor's Equipment without the prior
written consent of the Employer.
(c) The Employer's Representative may also notify the Contractor of the cause
for the suspension. If and to the extent that the suspension is caused or
contributed to by, or the responsibility of, the Contractor, or the Contractor's
Personnel, Sub-Clauses 8.9 [Consequences of Suspension], 8.10 [Payment
for Plant and Materials in Event of Suspension] and 8.11 [Prolonged
Suspension] shall not apply.
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8.9
Consequences of Suspension
(a) Subject to Sub-Clause 8.9(c), if the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs
Costs from complying with the Employer's Representative's instructions under
Sub-Clause 8.8 [Suspension of Work] and/or from resuming the work, the
Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative and
shall be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
(b) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 8.9(a), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine the matters described in Sub-Clauses 8.9(a)(i) and (ii).
(c) For the avoidance of doubt, the Contractor shall not be entitled to an
extension of time or any increase to the Contract Price, for making good the
consequences of the Contractor's faulty design, workmanship or materials, or
of the Contractor's failure to protect, store or secure in accordance with Sub-
Clause 8.8 [Suspension of Work] or in respect of any other breach of the
Contract by the Contractor or the Contractor's Personnel.
8.10
Payment for Plant and Materials in Event of Suspension
The Contractor shall be entitled to payment of the value (as at the date of
suspension) of Plant and/or Materials which have not been delivered to Site, if:
(a) the work on Plant or delivery of Plant and/or Materials has been suspended
for more than 28 consecutive days; and
(b) the Contractor has paid for and properly stored the Plant and/or Materials and
marked the Plant and/or Materials as the Employer's property in accordance
with the Employer's Representative's instructions.
8.11
Prolonged Suspension
If a suspension under Sub-Clause 8.8 [Suspension of Work] has continued for more
than 180 consecutive days, the Contractor may request the Employer's
Representative's permission to proceed with the Works. If the Employer's
Representative does not give permission within 28 days after being requested to do
so, the Contractor may, by giving notice to the Employer's Representative, treat the
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suspension as an omission under Clause 13 [Variations and Adjustments] of the
affected part of the Works. If the suspension affects the whole of the Works, the
Contractor may give notice of termination under Sub-Clause 16.2 [Termination by
Contractor].
8.12
Resumption of Work
After a permission or instruction to proceed with the Works is given by the Employer's
Representative, the Contractor and the Employer's Representative shall jointly
examine the Works and the Plant and Materials affected by the suspension. The
Contractor shall make good any deterioration or defect in or loss of the Works or
Plant or Materials, which has occurred during the suspension. If the cause of the
suspension is attributable to or the responsibility of the Contractor, the Contractor
shall bear the cost of making good.

9. TESTS ON COMPLETION
9.1
Contractor's Obligations
(a) The Contractor shall carry out the Tests on Completion in accordance with
this Clause 9, Sub-Clause 7.4 [Testing] and Sub-Clause 7.5 [Rejection], the
Specification, the quality control system under Sub-Clause 4.9 [Quality
Control] and the approved Testing Plan (if any).
(b) The Contractor shall give the Employer's Representative not less than 21
days written notice of the date after which the Contractor will be ready to
carry out each of the Tests on Completion. Unless otherwise agreed, Tests
on Completion shall be carried out within 14 days after this date, on such day
or days as the Employer's Representative shall instruct.
(c) Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, the Tests on Completion shall be
carried out in accordance with the Specification and the approved Testing
Plan.
(d) As soon as the Works, or a Section, have passed each of the Tests on
Completion in accordance with the Specification, the Contractor shall submit
a certified report of the results of these tests to the Employer's
Representative.
9.2
Delayed Tests
(a) If the Tests on Completion are unduly delayed by the Contractor, the
Employer's Representative may by notice require the Contractor to carry out
the Tests on Completion within 21 days after receiving the notice. The
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Contractor shall carry out the Tests on Completion on such day or days within
that period as the Contractor may fix and of which it shall give notice to the
Employer's Representative.
(b) If the Contractor fails to carry out the Tests on Completion within this period
of 21 days, the Employer's Personnel may proceed with the Tests on
Completion at the risk and cost of the Contractor. The Tests on Completion
shall then be deemed to have been carried out in the presence of the
Contractor and the results of the Tests on Completion shall be accepted as
accurate.
9.3
Retesting
If the Works, or a Section, fail to pass the Tests on Completion, Sub-Clause 7.5
[Rejection] shall apply, and the Employer's Representative or the Contractor may
require the failed Tests on Completion, and Tests on Completion on any related
work, to be repeated under the same terms and conditions.
9.4
Failure to Pass Tests on Completion
(a) If the Works, or a Section, fail to pass the Tests on Completion repeated
under Sub-Clause 9.3 [Retesting], the Employer's Representative may, in its
sole and absolute discretion:
(i) order further repetition of Tests on Completion under Sub-Clause 9.3
[Retesting];
(ii) if the failure deprives the Employer of substantially the whole benefit
of the Works or Section, reject the Works or Section (as the case may
be), in which event the Employer shall have the same remedies as
are provided in Sub-Clause 11.4(b) [Failure to Remedy Defects]; or
(iii) issue a Taking Over Certificate, if the Employer so requests.
(b) In the event of the application of Sub-Clause 9.4(a)(iii), the Contractor shall
proceed in accordance with all of its other obligations under the Contract, and
the Contract Price shall be reduced by such amount as shall be appropriate
to cover the reduced value to the Employer as a result of this failure.
(c) Unless the relevant reduction for this failure is stated (or its method of
calculation is defined) in the Contract, the Employer may require the
reduction to be:
(i) agreed by both Parties (in full satisfaction of this failure only) and paid
before this Taking Over Certificate is issued; or
(ii) determined and paid under Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations].
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10. EMPLOYER'S TAKING OVER
10.1
Taking Over of the Works and Sections
(a) Except as stated in Sub-Clause 9.4 [Failure to Pass Tests on Completion],
the Works shall be Taken Over by the Employer when:
(i) the Works have been completed in accordance with the Contract,
including the matters described in Sub-Clause 8.2 [Time for
Completion]; and
(ii) a Taking Over Certificate for the Works or Section has been issued in
accordance with this Sub-Clause 10.1.
(b) The Contractor may apply by notice to the Employer's Representative for a
Taking Over Certificate not earlier than 14 days before the Works will, in the
Contractor's opinion, be complete and ready to be Taken Over. If the Works
are divided into Sections, the Contractor may similarly apply for a Taking
Over Certificate for each Section.
(c) The Employer's Representative shall, within 28 days after receiving the
Contractor's application:
(i) issue the Taking Over Certificate to the Contractor, stating the date on
which the Works or Section were completed and Taken Over in
accordance with the Contract, except for any minor omissions,
outstanding work and defects which the Employer's Representative, in
its sole and absolute discretion, is satisfied, will not substantially affect
the use of the Works or Section for their intended purpose (either until
or whilst this work is completed and these defects are remedied)
(such outstanding works and defects constituting the " Punch List" );
or
(ii) reject the application, giving reasons and specifying the work required
to be done by the Contractor to enable the Taking Over Certificate to
be issued. The Contractor shall then complete this work before
issuing a further notice under Sub-Clause 10.1(b).
(d) The Parties acknowledge and agree that the Works, or any Section or part of
the Works will not be complete, and the Employer is not bound to take
delivery and responsibility for the care and custody of the Works unless, the
Employer has issued a Taking Over Certificate to the Contractor in
accordance with this Clause 10.
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10.2
Taking Over of Parts of the Works
(a) The Employer's Representative may, at the absolute discretion of the
Employer, issue a Taking Over Certificate for any part of the Permanent
Works, including a Section.
(b) The Employer shall not use any part of the Works (other than as a temporary
measure or which is either specified in the Contract or agreed by both Parties
in writing) unless and until the Employer's Representative has issued a
Taking Over Certificate for this part. If the Employer does use any part of the
Works (other than as a temporary measure which is either specified in the
Contract or agreed by both Parties in writing or for reasons attributable to the
acts, omissions, breaches or defaults of the Contractor or the Contractor's
Personnel) before the Taking Over Certificate is issued:
(i) the part which is used shall be deemed to have been Taken Over as
from the date on which it is used;
(ii) the Contractor shall cease to be liable for the care of such part as
from this date, when responsibility shall pass to the Employer; and
(iii) if requested by the Contractor, the Employer's Representative shall
issue a Taking Over Certificate for this part.
(c) For the avoidance of doubt, the Parties agree that use of any part of the Site
by the Employer as a temporary measure or for reasons attributable to the
acts, omissions, breaches or defaults of the Contractor or the Contractor's
Personnel or which is either specified in the Contract or agreed by both
Parties in writing, will not be deemed to have been Taken Over by the
Employer. In such cases, the Contractor shall continue to be responsible for
the care of such parts of the Works until a Taking Over Certificate is issued to
the Contractor in accordance with this Clause 10.
(d) After the Employer's Representative has issued a Taking Over Certificate for
a part of the Works, the Contractor shall be given the earliest opportunity to
take such steps as may be necessary to carry out any outstanding Tests on
Completion. The Contractor shall carry out these Tests on Completion as
soon as practicable before the expiry date of the relevant Defects Notification
Period.
(e) If the Contractor incurs Costs as a result of the Employer having Taken Over
and/or having used a part of the Works, other than as a temporary measure
or for reasons attributable to the acts or omissions of the Contractor or which
is either specified in the Contract or agreed by both Parties in writing, the
Contractor shall:
(i) give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative; and
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(ii) be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to
payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
(f) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 10.2(e), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine these Costs.
(g) Where, for reasons attributable to the acts or omissions of the Contractor, the
Employer in its absolute discretion elects to issue a Taking Over Certificate or
otherwise uses a part of the Works in accordance with this Sub-Clause 10.2,
the Contractor shall not be entitled to any extension of time or any increase to
the Contract Price.
(h) If a Taking Over Certificate has been issued for a part of the Works (other
than a Section), the Delay Damages thereafter for completion of the
remainder of the whole of the Works shall be reduced. Similarly, the Delay
Damages for the remainder of the Section (if any) in which this part is
included shall also be reduced. For any period of delay after the date stated
in this Taking Over Certificate, the proportional reduction in these Delay
Damages shall be calculated as the proportion which the value of the part so
certified bears to the value of the Works or Section (as the case may be) as a
whole. The Employer's Representative shall proceed in accordance with
Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine these proportions.
The provisions of this Sub-Clause 10.2(h) shall only apply to the daily rate of
Delay Damages under Sub-Clause 8.7 [Delay Damages], and shall not affect
the maximum amount of these Delay Damages.
(i) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract:
(i) where, for reasons attributable to the acts or omissions of the
Contractor, the Employer in its absolute discretion elects to issue a
Taking Over Certificate or otherwise uses any part of the Site or the
Works, prior to the Time for Completion in accordance with this Sub-
Clause 10.2, the provisions of Sub-Clause 10.2(h) shall not apply and
the daily rate of Delay Damages due and payable by the Contractor
under Sub-Clause 8.7 [Delay Damages] shall not be reduced; and
(ii) if a Taking Over Certificate is issued for part of the Works under this
Sub-Clause 10.2 after the Time for Completion has passed, Sub-
Clause 10.2(h) shall not apply and the Delay Damages due and
payable by the Contractor under Sub-Clause 8.7 [Delay Damages]
will not be reduced and will continue to apply in full and until the whole
of the Works or Section is Taken Over in accordance with the
Contract.
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10.3
Interference with Tests on Completion
(a) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs as a result of a delay in
carrying out the Tests on Completion for which the Employer is responsible,
the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative
and shall be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
(b) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 10.3(a), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5
[Determinations] to agree or determine the matters described under Sub-
Clause 10.3(a).
10.4
Surfaces Requiring Reinstatement
Except as otherwise stated in a Taking Over Certificate, a certificate for a Section or
part of the Works shall not be deemed to certify completion of any ground or other
surfaces requiring reinstatement.

11. DEFECTS LIABILITY
11.1
Completion of Outstanding Work and Remedying Defects
(a) In order for the Works and Contractor's Documents, and each Section, to be
in the condition required by the Contract (fair wear and tear excepted) by the
expiry date of the relevant Defects Notification Period or as soon as
practicable thereafter, the Contractor shall:
(i) complete any work set out in the Punch List and any other work which
is outstanding on the date stated in a Taking Over Certificate, within
such reasonable time as is instructed by the Employer's
Representative; and
(ii) execute all work required to remedy defects or damage, as may be
notified by (or on behalf of) the Employer on or before the expiry date
of the Defects Notification Period for the Works or Section (as the
case may be).
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(b) If a defect appears or damage occurs, the Contractor shall be notified
accordingly, by (or on behalf of) the Employer.
11.2
Cost of Remedying Defects
All work referred to in Sub-Clause 11.1(a)(ii) shall be executed at the risk and cost of
the Contractor, if and to the extent that the work is attributable to:
(a) the design of the Works, other than a part of the design for which the
Employer is responsible;
(b) the Works, Plant, Materials or workmanship not being in accordance with the
Contract;
(c) improper operation or maintenance which was attributable to matters for
which the Contractor is responsible; or
(d) failure by the Contractor to comply with any other obligation under the
Contract.
11.3
Extension of Defects Notification Period
(a) The Defects Notification Period for the Works or a Section shall be extended
if and to the extent that the Works, Section or a major item of Plant (as the
case may be) cannot be used for the purposes for which they are intended by
reason of a defect or damage or failure by the Contractor to comply with any
other obligation of the Contract and such extension shall be equal to the
period for which the Works cannot be so used for the purpose intended or, if
instructed in writing by the Employer’s Representative, the Defects
Notification Period shall recommence (and restart from the beginning) from
the date of the repair, replacement or making good of such defect or damage,
but only in respect of that part of the Works repaired, replaced or made good.
(b) If delivery and/or erection of Plant and/or Materials was suspended under
Sub-Clause 8.8 [Suspension of Work] or Clause 16 [Suspension and
Termination by Contractor], the Contractor's obligations under this Clause 11
shall not apply to any defects or damage occurring more than two years after
the Defects Notification Period for the Plant and/or Materials would otherwise
have expired.
11.4
Failure to Remedy Defects
(a) If the Contractor fails to remedy any defect or damage within a reasonable
time, a date may be fixed by (or on behalf of) the Employer, on or by which
the defect or damage is to be remedied. The Contractor shall be given
reasonable notice of this date.
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(b) If the Contractor fails to remedy the defect or damage by this notified date
and this remedial work was to be executed at the cost of the Contractor under
Sub-Clause 11.2 [Cost of Remedying Defects], the Employer may (at its sole
and absolute discretion):
(i) carry out the work itself or by others, in a reasonable manner and at
the Contractor's cost and risk, and the Contractor shall pay to the
Employer the Costs incurred by the Employer in remedying the defect
or damage;
(ii) require the Employer's Representative to agree or determine a
reasonable reduction in the Contract Price in accordance with Sub-
Clause 3.5 [Determinations]; or
(iii) if the defect or damage deprives the Employer of substantially the
whole benefit of the Works or any major part of the Works, terminate
the Contract as a whole, or in respect of such major part which cannot
be put to the intended use. Without prejudice to any other rights,
under the Contract or otherwise, the Employer shall then be entitled to
recover all sums paid for the Works or for such part (as the case may
be), plus Costs, including the cost of dismantling the same, clearing
the Site and returning Plant and Materials to the Contractor.
11.5
Removal of Defecti ve Work
If the defect or damage cannot be remedied expeditiously on the Site and the
Employer gives consent, the Contractor may remove from the Site for the purposes
of repair such items of Plant and/or Works as are defective or damaged. This
consent may, at the Employer's absolute discretion, require the Contractor to
increase the amount of the Bank Guarantee for performance by the full replacement
cost of these items, or to provide other appropriate security approved by the
Employer.
11.6
Further Tests
(a) If the work of remedying any defect or damage may affect the performance of
the Works, the Employer's Representative may require the repetition of any of
the tests described in the Contract, including Tests on Completion. The
requirement shall be made by notice within 28 days after the defect or
damage is remedied.
(b) These tests shall be carried out in accordance with the terms applicable to
the previous tests, except that they shall be carried out at the risk and cost of
the Party liable, under Sub-Clause 11.2 [Cost of Remedying Defects], for the
cost of the remedial work.
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11.7
Right of Access
Until the Final Completion Certificate has been issued, the Contractor shall, with the
Employer's prior written approval, have limited right of access to the Works and to
records of the operation and performance of the Works, as is reasonably required in
order for the Contractor to comply with this Clause 11, except as may be inconsistent
with the Employer's reasonable security restrictions, or agreements with third parties
such as purchasers and other contractors.
11.8
Contractor to Search
The Contractor shall, if required by the Employer's Representative, search for the
cause of any defect, under the direction of the Employer's Representative. Unless
the defect is to be remedied at the cost of the Contractor under Sub-Clause 11.2
[Cost of Remedying Defects], the Costs for the search shall be agreed or determined
by the Employer's Representative in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5
[Determinations] and shall be included in the Contract Price.
11.9
Final Completion Certificate
(a) Performance of the Contractor's obligations shall not be considered to have
been completed until the Employer's Representative has issued the Final
Completion Certificate to the Contractor, stating the date on which the
Contractor completed its obligations under the Contract.
(b) The Employer's Representative shall issue the Final Completion Certificate
within 28 days after the latest of the expiry dates of the Defects Notification
Periods or as soon thereafter as the Contractor has supplied all the
Contractor's Documents and completed and tested all of the Works, including
remedying defects notified under Sub-Clause 11.1 before the last Defects
Notification Period expired. A copy of the Final Completion Certificate shall
be issued to the Employer.
(c) Notwithstanding the issue of a Final Completion Certificate, the Contractor
shall be responsible for remedying at its cost and expense any Latent Defect,
as well as any damage to the Works caused by such Latent Defect, which
appears or occurs at any time during the Latent Defect Period. The
Employer's Representative shall give the Contractor written notice of any
such Latent Defect or damage. The Employer shall afford the Contractor
such access to the Permanent Works as may be reasonable in all the
circumstances for such purposes. The Contractor shall remedy such Latent
Defect or damage as soon as reasonably practicable.
(d) If the Contractor fails to remedy any Latent Defect or damage within a
reasonable time, a reasonable date may be fixed by (or on behalf of) the
Employer, on or by which the Latent Defect or damage is to be remedied.
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The Contractor shall be given reasonable notice of this date. If the Contractor
fails to remedy the Latent Defect or damage by this notified date the
Employer may carry out the work himself or by others, in a reasonable
manner and at the Contractor's cost (but the Contractor shall have no
responsibility for this work) and the Contractor shall pay to the Employer the
costs reasonably incurred by the Employer in remedying the Latent Defect or
damage. This Sub-Clause shall not relieve the Contractor from any of its
warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in connection with the Contract or
otherwise at Law.
11.10
Unfulfilled Obligations
After the Final Completion Certificate has been issued, each Party shall remain liable
for the fulfilment of any obligation which remains unperformed at that time. For the
purposes of determining the nature and extent of unperformed obligations, the
Contract shall be deemed to remain in force.
11.11
Clearance of Site
(a) Upon receiving the Final Completion Certificate, the Contractor shall at its
cost remove any remaining Contractor's Equipment, surplus material,
wreckage, rubbish and Temporary Works from the Site.
(b) If all the items referred to in Sub-Clause 11.11(a) have not been removed
within 28 days after the Employer receives a copy of the Final Completion
Certificate, the Employer may sell or otherwise dispose of any remaining
items. The Employer shall be entitled to be paid the costs incurred in
connection with, or attributable to, such sale or disposal and restoring the
Site.
(c) Subject to Sub-Clauses 14.7 [Payment] and 14.16 [Set Off], any balance of
the monies from the sale of the items referred to in Sub-Clause 11.11(b) shall
be paid to the Contractor. If these monies are less than the Employer's costs,
the Contractor shall pay the outstanding balance to the Employer.

12. MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION
(a) Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, the Contractor will be paid the lump
sum Contract Price as specified in the Schedule of Details and the Schedule
of Contract Price under the heading "Contract Price" which is fixed and shall
not be re-measured or re-valued for payment.
(b) If the Contract expressly provides that any part of the Works is to be paid
according to quantity supplied or measured work done, the provisions for
measurement and evaluation shall be as stated in the Schedule of Contract
Price or as otherwise agreed in writing between the Parties.
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13. VARIATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS
13.1
Right to Vary
(a) Subject to the provisions of Clause 3 [The Employer's Administration],
Variations may be initiated by the Employer in its absolute discretion at any
time prior to issuing the Taking Over Certificate for the whole of the Works,
either by an instruction or by a request for the Contractor to submit a
proposal.
(b) The Contractor shall execute and be bound by each Variation.
(c) Each Variation may include:
(i) changes to the quantities of any item of work included in the Contract
(however, such changes do not necessarily constitute a Variation);
(ii) changes to the quality and other characteristics of any item of work;
(iii) changes to the levels, positions and/or dimensions of any part of the
Works;
(iv) omission of any part of the Works;
(v) any additional work, Plant, Materials or services necessary for the
Permanent Works, including any associated Tests on Completion,
boreholes and other testing and exploratory work; or
(vi) changes to the sequence or timing of the execution of the Works
(including advancing or postponing the Time for Completion).
(d) The Contractor shall not make any alteration and/or modification of the
Permanent Works, unless and until the Employer instructs a Variation in
writing.
(e) The Contractor may, at its cost, submit to the Employer's Representative a
written request for a Variation which (in the Contractor's reasonable opinion)
is necessary for the proper performance of the Works which will, if adopted:
(i) accelerate completion of the Works and/or the Project;
(ii) reduce the cost to the Employer of the Works and/or the Project;
(iii) improve the efficiency or value to the Employer of the Works and/or
the Project; or
(iv) otherwise be of benefit to the Employer,
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(" Contractor Requested Variation" ).
(f) A Contractor Requested Variation issued under Sub-Clause 13.1(e) shall, at
a minimum, comply with the requirements specified in the Schedule of
Specification.
(g) Subject to the Contractor's compliance with Sub-Clauses 13.1(e) and 13.1(f),
the Employer's Representative shall review the Contractor Requested
Variation issued under Sub-Clause 13.1(e), and may, in its absolute
discretion, direct a Variation in accordance with this Sub-Clause 13.1 or
otherwise notify the Contractor that the Employer will not proceed with the
Contractor Requested Variation.
(h) Notwithstanding any other provisions of the Contract, no change,
modification, addition or deletion to, in or from the Specification or the
Contractor's Documents, the Works or the Contractor's conditions and
methods of working, which are necessary due to any act, omission or default
of the Contractor in the performance of its obligations under the Contract,
shall be deemed to be a Variation and any such matter shall not result in any
adjustment of the Contract Price, extension of time or other relief. Any
additional Costs to the Employer caused by such change, modification,
addition or deletion which are attributable to such default or breach shall be
borne by the Contractor and may be recovered by the Employer in
accordance with Sub-Clauses 14.7 [Payment] and 14.16 [Set Off].
(i) For the avoidance of doubt, the Employer and the Employer's Representative
shall have the right to instruct a Variation and the Contractor shall be obliged
to execute such Variation notwithstanding any failure of the Parties to agree
on the changes (if any) to the Contract Price, Contract Programme and/or the
Works required as a result of such Variation.
(j) No Variation invalidates the Contract. The Contractor agrees that a Variation
may involve the omission of any part or parts of the Works and the Contractor
agrees that the Employer may engage others to perform that part or parts of
the Works which have been omitted. The Contractor further acknowledges
that any omission or omissions will not constitute a basis to allege that the
Employer has repudiated the Contract no matter the extent or timing of the
omission or omissions.
13.2
Value Engineering
(a) The Contractor may, at any time submit to the Employer's Representative a
written proposal which (in the Contractor's opinion) will, if adopted:
(i) accelerate completion of the Works and/or the Project;
(ii) reduce the cost to the Employer of executing, maintaining or
operating the Works and/or the Project;
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(iii) improve the efficiency or value to the Employer of the completed
Works and/or the Project; or
(iv) otherwise be of benefit to the Employer.
(b) The proposal shall be prepared at the cost of the Contractor and shall include
the items listed in Sub-Clause 13.3 [Variation Procedure].
(c) If a proposal, which is approved by the Employer, includes a change in the
design of part of the Permanent Works, then unless otherwise agreed by both
Parties:
(i) the Contractor shall design this part;
(ii) Sub-Clause 4.1(g) [Contractor’s General Obligations] shall apply; and
(iii) if the Employer's Representative determines that this change results
in a reduction in the Contract Price, the Employer's Representative
shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to
agree or determine a fee (if any), which shall be added to the Contract
Price. This fee shall be 30% of the difference between the following
amounts:
(A) such reduction in the Contract Price, resulting from the
change; and
(B) the reduction (if any) in the value to the Employer of the varied
works, taking account of any reductions in quality, anticipated
life or operational efficiencies.
(d) If the amount in Sub-Clause 13.2(c)(iii)(A) is less than the amount in Sub-
Clause 13.2(c)(iii)(B) no fee shall be added to the Contract Price.
13.3
Variation Procedure
(a) If the Employer's Representative requests a proposal under Sub-Clause
13.1(a) [Right to Vary], prior to instructing a Variation, the Contractor shall
respond in writing as soon as practicable and within 14 days by submitting:
(i) a description of the proposed design and/or work to be performed and
a works programme for its execution;
(ii) the Contractor's proposal for any necessary modifications to the
Contract Programme according to Sub-Clause 8.3 [Contract
Programme], including Milestone Dates and the Time for Completion;
(iii) the Contractor's proposal for adjustment to the Contract Price (which
shall, where applicable, be in accordance with the rates set out in the
Schedule of Contract Price); and
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(iv) any other information requested by the Employer's Representative.
(b) The Employer's Representative shall, as soon as practicable after receiving
such proposal under Sub-Clause 13.3(a) or after receiving a value
engineering proposal under Sub-Clause 13.2 [Value Engineering], respond
with approval, disapproval or comments.
(c) Each instruction to execute a Variation shall be issued by the Employer's
Representative to the Contractor's Representative, who shall acknowledge
receipt.
(d) Upon instructing or approving a Variation, the Employer's Representative
shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine adjustments to the Contract Price, valued using rates set out in the
Schedule of Contract Price, to the extent the Employer's Representative
determines that the scope of the varied work is reasonably comparable to the
unit descriptions contained in the Schedule of Contract Price. To the extent
that the scope of the varied work is not reasonably comparable to such unit
descriptions, the Employer's Representative shall determine a fair and
reasonable valuation.
13.4
Payment in Applicable Currencies
If the Contract provides for payment of the Contract Price in more than one currency,
then whenever an adjustment is agreed, approved or determined as stated above,
the amount payable in each of the applicable currencies shall be specified. For this
purpose, reference shall be made to the actual or expected currency proportions of
the valuation of the varied work, and to the proportions of various currencies
specified for payment of the Contract Price.
13.5
Provisional Sums
(a) Each Provisional Sum shall only be used, in whole or in part, in accordance
with the Employer's Representative's instructions, and the Contract Price
shall be adjusted accordingly. The total sum paid to the Contractor shall
include only such actual direct, reasonable and properly incurred and
substantiated amounts, for the work, supplies or services to which the
Provisional Sum relates, as the Employer's Representative shall have
instructed under Sub-Clause 13.5(a)(i) and/or Sub-Clause 13.5(a)(ii). For
each Provisional Sum, the Employer's Representative may instruct:
(i) work to be executed (including Plant, Materials or services to be
supplied) by the Contractor and valued under Sub-Clause 13.3
[Variation Procedure]; and/or
(ii) Plant, Materials or services to be purchased by the Contractor, for
which there shall be included in the Contract Price:
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(A) the actual direct, reasonably and properly incurred and
substantiated expenditure paid (or due to be paid) by the
Contractor; and
(B) a sum for overhead charges and profit, calculated as a
percentage, of these actual amounts by applying the relevant
percentage rate stated in the Schedule of Details.
(b) The Contractor shall, when required by the Employer's Representative,
produce all quotations, invoices, vouchers and accounts or receipts in
substantiation of such amounts.
13.6
Daywork
(a) For work of a minor or incidental nature, the Employer's Representative may
instruct that a Variation shall be executed on a daywork basis. The work shall
then be valued in accordance with the daywork schedule included in the
Schedule of Contract Price or as otherwise agreed in writing between the
Parties, and the following procedure shall apply.
(b) Before ordering Goods for the work, the Contractor shall submit quotations to
the Employer's Representative. When applying for payment, the Contractor
shall submit invoices, vouchers and accounts or receipts for any Goods.
(c) Except for any items for which the daywork schedule specifies that payment
is not due, the Contractor shall deliver each day to the Employer's
Representative accurate statements in duplicate which shall include the
following details of the resources used in executing the previous day's work:
(i) the names, occupations and time of Contractor's Personnel;
(ii) the identification, type and time of Contractor's Equipment and
Temporary Works; and
(iii) the quantities and types of Plant and Materials used.
(d) One copy of each statement will, if correct, or when agreed, be signed by the
Employer's Representative and returned to the Contractor. The Contractor
shall then submit priced statements of these resources to the Employer's
Representative, prior to their inclusion in the next Statement under Sub-
Clause 14.3 [Application for Interim Payment Certificates].
13.7
Adjustments for Changes in Law
The Contract Price shall not be adjusted to take account of any increase or decrease
in costs resulting from changes in Laws (including the introduction of new Laws and
the repeal or modification of existing Laws) or in the judicial or official governmental
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interpretation of such Laws made after the Date of the Contract, which affect the
Contractor in the performance of its obligations under the Contract.
13.8
Adjustments for Changes in Cost
(a) Unless otherwise expressly stated in the Schedule of Contract Price, the
Contract Price shall not be adjusted for rises or falls in the cost of labour,
Goods and other inputs to the Works.
(b) For the avoidance of doubt, if the Contractor is entitled to payment of any
Costs to be included in the Contract Price under a Sub-Clause of these
General Conditions (other than in the event of any Variation or a suspension
which is not attributable to or the responsibility of the Contractor) then the
Employer's Representative shall determine such Costs, valued using an
appropriate rate (if any) set out in the Schedule of Contract Price and such
rates shall not be adjusted for any rise or fall in the cost of such labour,
Goods and other inputs to the Works.

14. CONTRACT PRICE AND PAYMENT
14.1
The Contract Price
Unless otherwise stated in the Contract:
(a) the Contractor will be paid the lump sum Contract Price as specified in the
Schedule of Details; and
(b) the Contractor shall pay all taxes, duties and fees required to be paid by it
under the Contract and as required by Law, and the Contract Price shall not
be adjusted for any of these costs.
14.2
Advance Payment
(a) The Employer shall make the advance payment (if any) set out in the
Schedule of Payments, as a loan for mobilisation, when the Contractor
submits a guarantee in accordance with this Sub-Clause 14.2. If no advance
payment is set out in the Schedule of Payments, then this Sub-Clause 14.2
shall not apply.
(b) The Employer shall pay the advance payment only after receiving:
(i) a Statement (under Sub-Clause 14.3 [Application for Interim Payment
Certificates]);
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(ii) all Bank Guarantees for performance in accordance with Sub-Clause
4.2 [Bank Guarantee for Performance]; and
(iii) a Bank Guarantee for advance payment in accordance with Sub-
Clause 14.2(c), in amounts and currencies equal to the advance
payment.
(c) The Bank Guarantee for advance payment payable in accordance with Sub-
Clause 14.2(b)(iii), shall be an unconditional and irrevocable on-demand bank
guarantee in the form set out in the Schedule of Forms of Security from a
leading and accredited bank approved by the Employer. Unless and until the
Employer receives this guarantee, this Sub-Clause 14.2 shall not apply.
(d) The Contractor shall ensure that the Bank Guarantee for advance payment is
valid and enforceable until the whole of the advance payment has been
repaid, but its amount may be progressively reduced by the amount repaid by
the Contractor in the interim payments. If the terms of the guarantee specify
its expiry date, and the advance payment has not been repaid by the date 28
days prior to the expiry date, the Contractor shall extend the validity of the
guarantee until the advance payment has been repaid.
(e) The advance payment shall be repaid by the Contractor through percentage
deductions in Payment Certificates. The Employer shall deduct a percentage
of each Payment Certificate, at the rate stated in the Schedule of Payments,
until such time as the advance payment has been repaid.
(f) If the advance payment has not been repaid prior to the issue of the Taking
Over Certificate for the Works or prior to termination under Clause 15
[Termination by Employer], Clause 16 [Suspension and Termination by
Contractor] or Clause 19 [Force Majeure] (as the case may be), the whole of
the balance then outstanding shall immediately become due and payable by
the Contractor to the Employer.
14.3
Application for Interim Payment Certificates
(a) The Contractor shall, in accordance with the timing specified in the Schedule
of Payments, submit a Statement in four copies to the Employer's
Representative, in a form approved by the Employer's Representative,
showing in detail the amounts to which the Contractor considers itself to be
entitled up to the end of the relevant payment period, together with supporting
documents which shall include the relevant report on progress in accordance
with Sub-Clause 4.21 [Progress Reports].
(b) The Statement shall include the following items, as applicable, which shall be
expressed in the currency in which the Contract Price is payable, in the
sequence listed:
(i) the estimated contract value of the Works executed (which shall be
calculated in accordance with the Schedule of Contract Price) and the
Contractor's Documents produced up to the end of the relevant
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payment period (including Variations but excluding items described in
Sub-Clauses 14.3 (b)(ii) to (vii) below);
(ii) the achievement of any Milestones which entitle the Contractor to
Milestone Payments (if any) set out in the Schedule of Contract Price
in the amounts specified therein;
(iii) any amount to be deducted for Retention Monies, calculated by
applying the percentage of retention stated in the Schedule of Details
to the total of the above amounts until the amount so retained by the
Employer reaches the limit of Retention Money (if any) stated in the
Schedule of Details;
(iv) any amounts to be deducted for advance payment and repayments in
accordance with Sub-Clause 14.2 [Advance Payment];
(v) any amounts to be added and deducted for Plant and Materials in
accordance with Sub-Clause 14.5 [Plant and Materials intended for
the Works];
(vi) any other additions or deductions which may have become due under
the Contract or otherwise, including those under Clause 20 [Claims,
Disputes and Arbitration]; and
(vii) the deduction of amounts certified in all previous Payment
Certificates.
14.4
Instalment Payment Estimates
(a) If the Schedule of Payments specifies the instalment amounts in which the
Contract Price will be paid, then, unless otherwise stated in the Schedule of
Payments:
(i) the instalment amounts quoted in the Schedule of Payments shall be
estimated contract values for the purposes of Sub-Clause 14.3(b)(i);
(ii) Sub-Clause 14.5 [Plant and Material intended for the Works] shall not
apply; and
(iii) if these instalments are not defined by reference to the actual
progress achieved in executing the Works, and if actual progress is
found to be less than that on which the Schedule of Payments was
based, then the Employer's Representative may proceed in
accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine revised instalment amounts, taking into account the extent
to which the progress is less than that on which the instalment
amounts were previously based.
(b) If the Schedule of Payments does not specify the instalment amounts in
which the Contract Price will be paid, the Contractor shall submit non-binding
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estimates of the payments which it expects to become due during each
monthly period. The first estimate shall be submitted within 28 days after the
Date of the Contract. Revised estimates shall be submitted at monthly
intervals, until the Taking Over Certificate has been issued for the whole of
the Works.
14.5
Plant and Materials intended for the Works
(a) If this Sub-Clause 14.5 applies, Interim Payment Certificates shall include,
under Sub-Clause 14.3(b)(v):
(i) an amount for Plant and Materials which have been delivered to the
Site for incorporation in the Permanent Works; and
(ii) a reduction when the contract value of such Plant and Materials is
included as part of the Permanent Works under Sub-Clause
14.3(b)(i).
(b) If the lists referred to in either Sub-Clauses 14.5(c)(ii)(A) or 14.5(c)(iii)(A)
below are not included in the Schedule of Payments, this Sub-Clause 14.5
shall not apply.
(c) The Employer's Representative shall determine and certify each addition if
the following conditions are satisfied:
(i) the Contractor has:
(A) kept satisfactory records (including the orders, receipts, Costs
and use of Plant and Materials) which are available for
inspection; and
(B) submitted a statement of the Costs incurred in acquiring and
delivering the Plant and Materials to the Site, supported by
satisfactory evidence,
and either:
(ii) the relevant Plant and Materials:
(A) are those listed in the Schedule of Payments for payment
when shipped;
(B) have been shipped to the Country, en route to the Site, in
accordance with the Contract; and
(C) are described in a clean shipped bill of lading or other
evidence, of shipment, which has been submitted to the
Employer's Representative together with evidence of payment
of freight and insurance, any other documents reasonably
required, and a bank guarantee in a form and issued by an
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entity approved by the Employer in amounts and currencies
equal to the amount due under this Sub-Clause 14.5 (this
guarantee shall be in a form acceptable to the Employer and
shall be valid until the Plant and Materials are properly stored
on Site and protected against loss, damage or deterioration);
or
(iii) the relevant Plant and Materials:
(A) are those listed in the Schedule of Payments for payment
when delivered to the Site; and
(B) have been delivered to and are properly stored on the Site,
are protected against loss, damage or deterioration, and
appear to be in accordance with the Contract.
(d) The additional amount to be certified shall be the equivalent of eighty percent
of the Employer's Representative's determination of the cost of the Plant and
Materials (including delivery to Site), taking account of the documents
mentioned in this Sub-Clause 14.5 and of the contract value of the Plant and
Materials.
(e) The currencies for this additional amount shall be the same as those in which
payment will become due when the contract value is included under Sub-
Clause 14.3(b)(i). At that time, the Payment Certificate shall include the
applicable reduction which shall be equivalent to, and in the same currencies
and proportions as, this additional amount for the relevant Plant and
Materials.
14.6
Issue of Interim Payment Certificates
(a) No amount will be certified or paid until the Employer has received and
approved the Bank Guarantee for performance. Thereafter, the Employer's
Representative shall, within 28 days after receiving a Statement and
supporting documents, issue to the Employer an Interim Payment Certificate
which shall state the amount which the Employer's Representative fairly
determines to be due, with supporting particulars.
(b) Prior to issuing the Taking Over Certificate for the Works, the Employer's
Representative shall not be bound to issue an Interim Payment Certificate in
an amount which would be less than the minimum amount of Interim Payment
Certificates as set out in the Schedule of Payments. In this event, the
Employer's Representative shall give notice to the Contractor accordingly.
(c) An Interim Payment Certificate shall not be withheld for any other reason,
although:
(i) if anything supplied or work done by the Contractor is not in
accordance with the Contract, the cost of rectification or replacement
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may be withheld until rectification or replacement has been
completed;
(ii) if the Contractor was or is failing to perform any work or obligation in
accordance with the Contract, and had been so notified by the
Employer's Representative, the value of this work or obligation may
be withheld until the work or obligation has been performed; and/or
(iii) if the Contractor fails to submit a revised works programme in
accordance with Sub-Clause 8.3 [Contract Programme] or monthly
progress report in accordance with Sub-Clause 4.21 [Progress
Reports], payment may be withheld until such programme or monthly
progress report (as the case may be) has been submitted.
(d) The Employer's Representative may in any Payment Certificate make any
correction or modification that should properly be made to any previous
Payment Certificate. A Payment Certificate or payment of the amounts there
under shall not be deemed to indicate the Employer's Representative's or
Employer's (as the case may be) acceptance, approval, consent or
satisfaction.
14.7
Payment
(a) Except as otherwise stated in Sub-Clause 14.6 [Issue of Interim Payment
Certificates], the Employer shall pay to the Contractor:
(i) the amount certified in each Interim Payment Certificate within 30
days after the Employer's Representative issues such Interim
Payment Certificate; and
(ii) the amount certified in the Final Payment Certificate within 30 days
after the Employer receives this Payment Certificate.
(b) Payment of the amount due shall be made into the bank account, nominated
by the Contractor except as otherwise stated in the Contract and the
Contractor shall be responsible for and shall pay any bank transfer fees
arising out of or in connection with payments made by the Employer to the
Contractor pursuant to the Contract.
(c) The Contractor undertakes to pay its Subcontractors and suppliers in
accordance with the provisions of the relevant contract and to ensure that
labourers employed in the execution of the Works, whether by the Contractor
or by its Subcontractors, are paid in accordance with their respective
contracts and the Laws.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract, the Employer may
withhold from any payment due to the Contractor amounts the Employer
deems reasonably necessary or appropriate to protect it from liability or loss
because of any one or more of the following reasons:
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(i) defects and deficiencies in any Works, whether or not payment has
been made;
(ii) failure by the Contractor to provide a Bank Guarantee for
performance in accordance with the Contract;
(iii) failure by the Contractor to procure and maintain insurance policies in
accordance with the Contract;
(iv) reasonable evidence that completion of the Works or a Section will
not occur by the Time for Completion and the unpaid balance of the
Contract Price will not be adequate to cover amounts that are likely to
be payable by the Contractor under Sub-Clause 8.7 [Delay
Damages];
(v) failure by the Contractor, in any material respect, to execute the
Works;
(vi) failure by the Contractor to comply with its obligations under Sub-
Clauses 1.13 [Compliance with Laws] and 1.17 [Registered or
Licensed];
(vii) any overpayments made by the Employer in a previous payment; and
(viii) a dispute exists as to the accuracy or completeness of any Statement
(but only with respect to the amount then in dispute).
14.8
Not Used
14.9
Payment of Retention Money
(a) When the Taking Over Certificate has been issued for the whole of the Works
and the Works have passed all specified tests, the first half of the Retention
Money will be certified by the Employer's Representative for payment to the
Contractor.
(b) Promptly after the latest expiry dates of the Defects Notification Periods, the
outstanding balance of the Retention Money shall be certified by the
Employer's Representative for payment to the Contractor.
(c) If any part of the Works remains to be executed under Clause 11 [Defects
Liability], the Employer's Representative shall be entitled to withhold
certification of the estimated cost of that part of the Works until it has been
completed.
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14.10
Statement at Taken Over
(a) Within 60 days after receiving the Taking Over Certificate for the Works, the
Contractor shall submit to the Employer's Representative four copies of a
Statement with supporting documents, in accordance with Sub-Clause 14.3
[Application for Interim Payment Certificates], showing:
(i) the value of all work done in accordance with the Contract up to the
date stated in the Taking Over Certificate for the Works;
(ii) any further sums which the Contractor considers to be due; and
(iii) an estimate of any other amounts which the Contractor considers will
become due to it under the Contract. Estimated amounts shall be
shown separately in this Statement,
("Statement at Taken Over").
(b) The Employer's Representative shall then review and certify the Statement at
Taken Over in accordance with Sub-Clause 14.6 [Issue of Interim Payment
Certificates].
(c) Unless the Contractor includes the details required by Sub-Clause 20.1(g)
[Contractor’s Claims] in the Statement at Taken Over, the Contractor is not
entitled to, and the Contractor releases the Employer from any liability for any
additional time, relief or the payment of any money arising out of or in
connection with any events or circumstances occurring prior to the date of the
Statement at Taken Over is submitted.
14.11
Application for Final Payment Certificate
(a) Within 56 days after receiving the Final Completion Certificate, the Contractor
shall submit, to the Employer's Representative, four copies of a draft final
statement with supporting documents showing in detail, in a form approved
by the Employer's Representative:
(i) the value of all work done in accordance with the Contract; and
(ii) any further sums which the Contractor considers to be due to it under
the Contract or otherwise.
(b) If the Employer's Representative disagrees with or cannot verify any part of
the draft final statement, the Contractor shall submit such further information
as the Employer's Representative may reasonably require and shall make
such changes in the draft as may be agreed between them. The Contractor
shall then prepare and submit to the Employer's Representative the final
statement as agreed. This agreed statement is referred to in these General
Conditions as the "Final Statement".
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(c) If, following discussions between the Employer's Representative and the
Contractor and any changes to the draft final statement which are agreed, it
becomes evident that a dispute exists, the Employer's Representative shall
deliver to the Employer (with a copy to the Contractor) an Interim Payment
Certificate for the agreed parts of the draft final statement.
(d) Thereafter, if the dispute is finally resolved under Sub-Clauses 20.2 [Disputes
and Differences] and 20.3 [Dispute Resolution Procedures], the Contractor
shall then prepare and submit to the Employer (with a copy to the Employer's
Representative) a Final Statement.
14.12
Discharge
When submitting the Final Statement, the Contractor shall submit a written discharge
in the form set out in the Schedule of Forms of Certificates, which confirms that the
total of the Final Statement represents full and final settlement of all monies due to
the Contractor under or in connection with the Contract.
14.13
Issue of Final Payment Certificate
(a) Within 28 days after receiving the Final Statement and written discharge in
accordance with Sub-Clause 14.11 [Application for Final Payment Certificate]
and Sub-Clause 14.12 [Discharge], the Employer's Representative shall
issue, to the Employer, the Final Payment Certificate which shall state:
(i) the amount which is finally due; and
(ii) the balance (if any) due from the Employer to the Contractor or from
the Contractor to the Employer, as the case may be, after giving credit
to the Employer for all amounts previously paid by the Employer and
for all sums to which the Employer is entitled.
(b) If the Contractor has not applied for a Final Payment Certificate in
accordance with Sub-Clause 14.11 [Application for Final Payment Certificate]
and Sub-Clause 14.12 [Discharge], the Employer's Representative shall
request the Contractor to do so. If the Contractor fails to submit an
application within a period of 28 days, the Employer's Representative shall
issue the Final Payment Certificate for such amount as it fairly determines to
be due.
(c) No payment by the Employer, or the issue of any certificate, constitutes
acceptance by the Employer of the Works or any part of the Works, or
releases the Contractor from any of its warranties, obligations or liabilities
under or in connection with the Contract.
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14.14
Cessation of Employer's Liability
(a) The Employer shall not be liable to the Contractor for any matter or thing
under or in connection with the Contract or execution of the Works, except to
the extent that the Contractor shall have included an amount expressly for it:
(i) in the Final Statement;
(ii) (except for matters or things after the issue of the Taking Over
Certificate for the Works) in the Statement at completion described in
Sub-Clause 14.10 [Statement at Completion]; and
(iii) the Employer's Representative has certified such amounts as due and
payable to the Contractor.
(b) This Sub-Clause 14.14 shall not limit the Employer's liability under its
indemnification obligations or in case of fraud, deliberate default or reckless
misconduct by the Employer.
14.15
Currencies of Payment
Unless otherwise stated in the Contract, the Contract Price and all other payments
under the Contract shall be paid in the currency or currencies stated in the Schedule
of Details. Unless otherwise stated in the Particular Conditions, if more than one
currency is so named, payments shall be made as follows:
(a) if the Contract Price is only expressed in the local currency of the Country:
(i) the proportions or amounts of the local and foreign currencies, and
the fixed rates of exchange to be used for calculating the payments,
shall be as stated in the Schedule of Details, except as otherwise
agreed by both Parties;
(ii) payments and deductions under Sub-Clause 13.5 [Provisional Sums]
and Sub-Clause 13.7 [Adjustments for Changes in Law] shall be
made in the applicable currencies and proportions; and
(iii) other payments and deductions under Sub-Clause 14.3 [Application
for Interim Payment Certificates] shall be made in the currencies and
proportions specified in sub-paragraph (a)(i) above;
(b) payment of the damages specified in the Schedule of Details shall be made in
the currencies and proportions specified in the Schedule of Details;
(c) other payments to the Employer by the Contractor shall be made in the
currency in which the sum was expended by the Employer, or in such
currency as may be agreed by both Parties;
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(d) if any amount payable by the Contractor to the Employer in a particular
currency exceeds the sum payable by the Employer to the Contractor in that
currency, the Employer may recover the balance of this amount from the
sums otherwise payable to the Contractor in other currencies; and
(e) if no rates of exchange are stated in the Schedule of Details, they shall be
those prevailing on the Date of the Contract and determined by the central
bank of the Country.
14.16
Audit and Investigations
(a) Each payment made by the Employer to the Contractor may be subject to a
post-payment audit by auditors, whether internal or external, of the Employer
or by other authorised and qualified agents of the Employer at any time
during the term of the Contract and for a period of two (2) years following the
expiration or prior termination of the Contract. The Employer shall be entitled
to a refund from the Contractor for any amounts shown by such audits to
have been paid by the Employer other than in accordance with the terms and
conditions of the Contract.

(b) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that, from time to time, the
Employer may conduct investigations relating to any aspect of the
Contract or the award thereof, the obligations performed under the
Contract, and the operations of the Contractor generally relating to
performance of the Contract. The right of the Employer to conduct an
investigation and the Contractor’s obligation to comply with such an
investigation shall not lapse upon issuance of the Final Completion
Certificate or prior termination of the Contract. The Contractor shall
provide its full and timely cooperation with any such inspections, post-
payment audits or investigations. Such cooperation shall include, but
shall not be limited to, the Contractor’s obligation to make available the
Contractor’s Personnel and any relevant documentation for such
purposes at reasonable times and on reasonable conditions and to
grant to the Employer access to the Contractor’s premises at
reasonable times and on reasonable conditions in connection with
such access to the Contractor’s Personnel and relevant
documentation. The Contractor shall require its agents, including, but
not limited to, the Contractor’s attorneys, accountants or other
advisers, to reasonably cooperate with any inspections, post-payment
audits or investigations carried out by the Employer.

14.17
Set Off
The Employer may, to the extent permitted by Law, retain or set off any amounts
which are or may be payable by the Contractor to the Employer against amounts that
may become or are payable to the Contractor (including security) under the Contract.
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15. TERMINATION BY EMPLOYER
15.1
Notice to Correct
If the Contractor fails to carry out any obligation under the Contract, the Employer's
Representative may by written notice require the Contractor to make good the failure
and to remedy it within a specified time.
15.2
Termination by Employer
(a) The Employer shall have the right to terminate the Contract if the Contractor:
(i) fails to comply with Sub-Clause 4.2 [Bank Guarantee for
Performance] or with a notice under Sub-Clause 15.1 [Notice to
Correct];
(ii) fails to comply with its obligations under Clause 18 [Insurance];
(iii) abandons the Works or otherwise demonstrates the intention not to
continue performance of its obligations under the Contract;
(iv) without reasonable excuse fails:
(A) to proceed with the Works in accordance with Clause 8
[Commencement, Delays and Suspension]; or
(B) to comply with a notice issued under Sub-Clause 7.5
[Rejection] or Sub-Clause 7.6 [Remedial Work], within 28 days
after receiving it; or
(C) to comply with its obligations under Sub-Clauses 1.13
[Compliance with Laws] and 1.17 [Registered or Licensed]; or
(v) subcontracts the execution of the whole of the Works or assigns the
Contract or any part thereof without the Employer's prior written
consent;
(vi) becomes bankrupt or insolvent, goes into liquidation, has a receiving
or administration order made against it, compounds with its creditors,
or carries on business under a receiver, trustee or manager for the
benefit of its creditors, or if any act is done or event occurs which
(under applicable Laws) has a similar effect to any of these acts or
events;
(vii) is in breach of Sub Clauses 4.27, 4.28, 6.17, 6.18 and 6.19;
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(viii) provides the Employer with a right to terminate under the provisions of
Sub-Clause 8.7 [Delay Damages];
(ix) submits a guarantee, certificate, statement, test result or any
document it is required to submit under the Contract that is false or
intentionally misleading; or
(x) is otherwise in material breach of the Contract.
(b) In any of these events or circumstances, the Employer may, upon giving 14
days written notice to the Contractor, terminate the Contract and expel the
Contractor from the Site. In the case of Sub-Clauses 15.2(a)(vi) to (vii) and
Sub-Clause 15.2(a)(ix), the Employer may by written notice terminate the
Contract immediately.
(c) The Employer's election to terminate the Contract shall not prejudice any
other rights of the Employer, under or in connection with the Contract.
(d) The Contractor shall then leave the Site and deliver any required Goods and
all Contractor's Documents made by or for it, to the Employer's
Representative. The Contractor shall use its best efforts to comply
immediately with any reasonable instructions included in the notice:
(i) for the assignment of any subcontract; or
(ii) for the protection of life or property or for the safety of the Works.
(e) After termination, the Employer may complete the Works and/or arrange for
any other entities to do so. The Employer and these entities may then use
any Goods and/or Contractor's Documents made by or on behalf of the
Contractor.
(f) The Employer shall then give written notice to the Contractor as to when the
Contractor's Equipment and Temporary Works will be released to the
Contractor at or near the Site. The Contractor shall promptly arrange for their
removal, at the risk and cost of the Contractor. If by this time the Contractor
has failed to make a payment due to the Employer, these items may be sold
by the Employer in order to recover this payment. Any balance of the
proceeds shall then be paid to the Contractor.
15.3
Valuation at Date of Termination
As soon as practicable after a notice of termination under Sub-Clause 15.2
[Termination by Employer] has taken effect, the Employer's Representative shall
proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine
the value of the Works, Goods and Contractor's Documents, and any other sums due
to the Contractor for work executed in accordance with the Contract.
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15.4
Payment after Termination
After a notice of termination under Sub-Clause 15.2 [Termination by Employer] has
taken effect, the Employer may:
(a) withhold further payments to the Contractor until the Costs of design,
execution, completion and remedying of any defects, damages for delay in
completion (if any), and all other costs incurred by the Employer, have been
established and paid; and/or
(b) recover from the Contractor any costs incurred by the Employer and any
extra costs of completing the Works, including, without limitation, the
reasonable costs of technical, legal and other advisers incurred by the
Employer in relation to the employment of a new contractor to rectify and
complete the Works after allowing for any sum due to the Contractor under
Sub-Clause 15.3 [Valuation at Date of Termination]. After recovering any
such costs, the Employer shall pay any balance to the Contractor.
15.5
Employer's Entitlement to Termination for Convenience
(a) The Employer may in its absolute discretion terminate the Contract, at any
time for the Employer's convenience, by giving written notice of such
termination to the Contractor. The termination shall take effect 28 days after
the latter of the dates on which the Contractor receives the written notice, or
the Employer returns the Bank Guarantee for performance.
(b) Upon termination, the Contractor shall proceed in accordance with Sub-
Clause 16.3 [Cessation of Work and Removal of Contractor's Equipment] and
shall be paid in accordance with Sub-Clause 19.6 [Optional Termination,
Payment and Release].

16. SUSPENSION AND TERMINATION BY CONTRACTOR
16.1
Contractor's Entitlement to Suspend Work
(a) If the Employer fails to comply with Sub-Clause 14.7 [Payment], the
Contractor may, after giving not less than a 21 day written notice to the
Employer, suspend work (or reduce the rate of work) unless and until the
Contractor has received payment.
(b) The Contractor's action shall not prejudice its entitlements to termination
under Sub-Clause 16.2 [Termination by Contractor].
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(c) If, subsequent to issuing the notice to the Employer under Sub-Clause
16.1(a) and before giving a notice of termination, the Contractor receives
payment, the Contractor shall resume normal working as soon as is
reasonably practicable.
(d) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs as a result of suspending
work (or reducing the rate of work) in accordance with this Sub-Clause 16.1,
the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's Representative
and shall be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
(e) After receiving the Claim Notice under Sub-Clause 16.1(d), the Employer's
Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] and Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or
determine the matters described in Sub-Clause 16.1(d).
16.2
Termination by Contractor
(a) Subject to Sub-Clause 16.2(b), the Contractor shall have the right to
terminate the Contract, after giving 28 days written notice to the Employer of
its intention to terminate the Contract, if:
(i) the Contractor does not receive the amount due under an Interim
Payment Certificate within 42 days after the Works have been
suspended by the Contractor under Sub-Clause 16.1 (a) (except for
payments withheld or deductions in accordance with Sub-Clause 14.7
[Payment] or 14.16 [Set off]);
or
(ii) a prolonged suspension affects the whole of the Works as described
in Sub-Clause 8.11 [Prolonged Suspension].
(b) If the Employer remedies the alleged breach under Sub-Clause 16.2(a) within
the 28 day notice period, the Contractor may not terminate the Contract.
16.3
Cessation of Work and Removal of Contractor's Equipment
After a notice of termination under Sub-Clause 15.5 [Employer's Entitlement to
Termination for Convenience], Sub-Clause 16.2 [Termination by Contractor] or Sub-
Clause 19.6 [Optional Termination; Payment and Release] has taken effect, the
Contractor shall promptly:
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(a) cease all further work, except for such work as may have been instructed by
the Employer's Representative for the protection of life or property or for the
safety of the Works;
(b) hand over to the Employer the Contractor's Documents, all Plant, Materials
and other work, for which the payment has been certified in accordance with
Sub-Clause 14.6 [Issue of Interim Payment Certificates];
(c) remove all other Goods from the Site, except as necessary for safety or those
owned by the Employer, and vacate the Site;
(d) to the extent legally possible, procure the assignment or novation or
otherwise to the Employer or an entity nominated by the Employer all rights,
title and benefit of the Contractor to the Works and in the Plant, Materials and
other work as at the date of termination;
(e) deliver to the Employer all Contractor's Documents prepared by the
Contractor or its Subcontractors as at the date of termination in connection
with the Works; and
(f) unless otherwise notified in writing by the Employer, remove all Contractor's
Equipment from the Site and remove from the Site any wreckage, rubbish
and debris of any kind and leave the whole of the Site in a clean and safe
condition.
16.4
Payment on Termination
After a notice of termination under Sub-Clause 16.2 [Termination by Contractor] has
taken effect, the Employer shall promptly:
(a) return the Bank Guarantee for performance to the Contractor; and
(b) pay the Contractor in accordance with Sub-Clause 19.6 [Optional
Termination, Payment and Release].

17. RISK AND RESPONSIBILITY
17.1
Indemnities
(a) The Contractor shall defend, indemnify, hold and save harmless, at its own
expense, including all legal costs, the Indemnified Parties from and against
any and all suits, actions or administrative proceedings, claims, demands and
costs arising in any manner out of the acts or omissions of the Contractor or
its employees, agents or Subcontractors or otherwise in connection with the
execution of the Works and the Contractor's other obligations under or in
connection with the Contract, including but not limited to, in respect of:
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(i) the remedying of any defects in accordance with Clause 11 [Defects
Liability] and for any periods prescribed by Law;
(ii) bodily injury, sickness, disease or death, of any person whatsoever
arising out of or in the course of or by reason of the design, execution
and completion of the Works;
(iii) damage to or loss of any property of the Indemnified Parties or any
other property, real or personal, for any period prescribed by Law;
(iv) fines or penalties and/or any additional costs imposed by Law; or any
Authority, arising out of or in connection with a breach of any Laws,
the requirements of any Authority and/or guidelines, caused by the
Contractor (both on and off site) or the Contractor's Personnel;
(v) a failure by the Contractor to comply with its obligations under Sub-
Clauses 1.13 [Compliance with Laws] and 1.17 [Registered or
Licensed]; and
(vi) the infringement of any Intellectual Property Rights.
(b) In defending the Employer, the Contractor shall not enter into a
settlement agreement without the prior written approval of the
Employer.
(c) The indemnities required by this Sub-Clause 17.1 survive the completion,
termination or expiry of the Contract.
17.2
Contractor's Care of the Works
(a) The Contractor shall take full responsibility for the care of the Works from the
Date of the Contract and the parts of the Site set out in the Schedule of Site
Plan from the dates stated in the Schedule of Details until the Taking Over
Certificate is issued under Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking Over of the Works and
Sections] for the Works, at which time responsibility for the care of the Works
shall pass to the Employer. If a Taking Over Certificate is issued for any
Section or part of the Works, responsibility for the care of the Section or part
shall then pass to the Employer.
(b) After responsibility has accordingly passed to the Employer, the Contractor
shall take responsibility for the care of any work which is outstanding on the
date stated in a Taking Over Certificate, until this outstanding work has been
completed.
(c) If any loss or damage happens to the Works, during the period when the
Contractor is responsible for their care, from any cause not listed in Sub-
Clause 17.3 [Employer's Risks], the Contractor shall rectify the loss or
damage at the Contractor's risk and cost, so that the Works, including any
Goods and Contractor's Documents conform with the Contract.
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(d) The Contractor shall be liable for any Costs caused by any actions performed
by the Contractor, the Contractor's Personnel or any Subcontractor after a
Taking Over Certificate has been issued. The Contractor shall also be liable
for any Costs which occur after a Taking Over Certificate has been issued
and which arose from a previous event for which the Contractor was liable.
17.3
Employer's Risks
The risks referred to in Sub-Clause 17.4 [Consequences of Employer's Risks] below
are:
(a) war, hostilities (whether war be declared or not), invasion, act of foreign
enemies;
(b) rebellion, terrorism, revolution, insurrection, military or usurped power, or civil
war within the Country;
(c) riot, commotion or disorder within the Country that impacts on the Works by
persons other than the Contractor's Personnel and other employees of the
Contractor and Subcontractors;
(d) munitions of war, explosive materials, ionising radiation or contamination by
radioactivity, within the Country, except as may be attributable to the
Contractor's use of such munitions, explosives, radiation or radioactivity; and
(e) use or occupation by the Employer of any part of the Permanent Works,
except as may be specified in the Contract.
17.4
Consequences of Employer's Risks
(a) If and to the extent that any of the risks listed in Sub-Clause 17.3 [Employer's
Risks] above results in loss or damage to the Works the Contractor shall
promptly give notice to the Employer's Representative and shall rectify this
loss or damage to the extent instructed by the Employer's Representative.
(b) If the Contractor suffers delay and/or incurs Costs from rectifying this loss or
damage, the Contractor shall give a Claim Notice to the Employer's
Representative and shall be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's
Claims] to:
(i) an extension of time for any such delay, if completion is or will be
delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for Completion];
and
(ii) payment of any such Costs, which shall be added to the Contract
Price as a Variation.
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(c) After receiving this Claim Notice, the Employer's Representative shall
proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1 [Contractor's Claims] and Sub-
Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine the matters described in
Sub-Clause 17.4(a). If such delays and/or Costs arise as a consequence of
any risk listed in Sub-Clause 17.3 [Employer's Risks] and any other risk not
listed therein, then the agreement or determination in accordance with Sub-
Clause 3.5 [Determinations] shall take into account the proportionate
responsibility of the Contractor and the Employer.
17.5
Intellectual and Industrial Property Rights
(a) In this Sub-Clause 17.5:
(i) " infringement" means an infringement (or alleged infringement) of
any patent, registered design, copyright, trade mark, trade name,
trade secret or other intellectual or industrial property right relating to
the Works; and
(ii) " claim" means a claim (or proceedings pursuing a claim) alleging an
infringement.
(b) The Employer shall indemnify the Contractor against and from any claim
alleging an infringement which is or was:
(i) an unavoidable result of the Contractor's use of the Employer
Documents in accordance with Sub-Clause 1.10 [Ownership and
licence of Intellectual Property Rights]; or
(ii) a result of any Works being used by the Employer:
(A) for a purpose other than that indicated by, or reasonably to be
inferred from, the Contract; or
(B) in conjunction with any thing not supplied by the Contractor,
unless such use was disclosed to the Contractor prior to the
Date of the Contract or is stated in the Contract.
(c) The Contractor shall indemnify the Employer against and from any other
claim which arises out of or in relation to:
(i) the manufacture, use, sale or import of any Goods; or
(ii) any design for which the Contractor is responsible.
(d) If a Party is entitled to be indemnified under this Sub-Clause 17.5, the
indemnifying Party may (at its cost) conduct negotiations for the settlement of
the claim, and any litigation or arbitration which may arise from it. The other
Party shall, at the request and cost of the indemnifying Party, assist in
contesting the claim. This other Party (and its Personnel) shall not make any
admission which might be prejudicial to the indemnifying Party, unless the
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indemnifying Party failed to take over the conduct of any negotiations,
litigation or arbitration upon being requested to do so by such other Party.
(e) The indemnities required by this Sub-Clause 17.5 survive the completion,
termination or expiry of the Contract.
17.6
Limitation of Liability
(a) Neither Party shall be liable to the other Party for any indirect or
consequential loss or damage which may be suffered by the other Party in
connection with the Contract, other than under Sub-Clauses 4.6 [Co-
operation], 4.14 [Avoidance of Interference], 4.16 [Transport of Goods], 4.18
[Protection of the Environment], 17.1 [Indemnities] and 17.5 [Intellectual and
Industrial Property Rights] and as may be included in any delay damages
pursuant to Sub-Clause 4.13 [Rights of Way and Facilities] and 8.7 [Delay
Damages].
(b) Subject to Sub-Clause 17.6(c), the total liability of the Contractor to the
Employer, under or in connection with the Contract other than under Sub-
Clauses 4.14 [Avoidance of Interference], 4.16 [Transport of Goods], 4.18
[Protection of the Environment], 4.19 [Electricity, Water and Gas], 4.20
[Employer's Equipment and Free-Issue Material], 17.1 [Indemnities], and 17.5
[Intellectual and Industrial Property Rights] shall not exceed the amount of the
aggregate limit of liability stated in the Schedule of Details.
(c) If:
(i) the Contractor fails to procure or maintain the Contractor's insurance
policies that it is required to procure and maintain under Clause 18
[Insurance] and the Employer does not elect to take out such
insurance policies under Sub-Clause 18.1(n); or
(ii) the Contractor fails to comply with its obligations under the Contract
and through any act or omission it prejudices or otherwise breaches
and renders void, voidable, unenforceable, suspended, impaired or it
defeats the insurances that are procured either by itself or the
Employer in accordance with Clause 18 [Insurance],
then the aggregate limit of liability under Sub-Clause 17.6(b) shall not exceed
the Contract Price.
(d) It is expressly agreed that any limitation of liability that is stated under this
Sub-Clause 17.6 does not apply to, or limit in any manner the Contractor's
liability in relation to the Employer's entitlement to:
(i) Delay Damages under Sub-Clauses 8.7 [Delay Damages] and
damages under Sub-Clause 9.4 [Failure to Pass Tests on
Completion];
(ii) withhold payment under Sub-Clause 14.7 [Payment];
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(iii) set-off in accordance with Sub-Clause 14.16 [Set Off]; or
(iv) make claims on Final Completion Certificates.
(e) This Sub-Clause 17.6 shall not limit liability in any case of fraud, deliberate
default or reckless misconduct by the Contractor.
17.7
Warranties relating to the Works
Without prejudice to any other warranties expressed elsewhere in the Contract, and
despite any inclusion of the Employer Documents in the Contract (including in the
Specification and the Drawings) or any approval given or withheld by the Employer
under the Contract, the Contractor warrants that:
(a) the Works will be executed with all the skill and care to be expected of
appropriately qualified and experienced international contractors with
experience in performing works and services of a similar size, type, nature,
scope and complexity to the Works and in accordance with Industry Best
Practices;
(b) the Works will be executed in accordance with the Contract, for the Contract
Price, and by the Time for Completion and that it will furnish all parts of the
Works and all materials and services necessary to make the Works fully and
operationally complete as specified in the Contract;
(c) when the Works are completed they shall be fit for such purposes for which
the Works are intended as are specified in the Schedule of Specification;
(d) the Works will be executed with the highest regard for safety and protection of
the environment and so that the Works are capable of being operated and
utilised in accordance with all applicable Laws and the Contract;
(e) the Works and the Plant and Materials utilise proven technology, being a
technology that has operated commercially at other similar works and which,
as of the Date of the Contract, is capable of being insured on a reasonable
commercial basis;
(f) the Plant and Materials shall, when first used during the performance of the
Works, be new and unused and shall also be, in accordance with the
Contract and of a quality reasonably expected in the international
construction and design industries, free from material defects and
deficiencies of any kind, and free from any encumbrance or Security Interest
and shall conform to the requirements set out in the Contract; and
(g) the Works will comply with all applicable Laws and the requirements of all
relevant Authorities at the time the Works are Taken Over; and
(h) the warranties provided under this Sub-Clause 17.7 survive the completion,
termination or expiry of the Contract.
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18. INSURANCE
18.1
General Requirements for Insurances
(a) The Employer shall procure and maintain at all times as valid and
enforceable, insurances as described in the Schedule of Insurance
Requirements as the “Employer Insurances”, if any, for the periods set out
therein.
(b) The Contractor shall procure and maintain at all times valid and enforceable
insurances described in the Schedule of Insurance Requirements as
“Contractor Insurances” as set out therein. The Contractor shall also procure
and maintain at all times any other valid and enforceable insurances as may
be required by Law and cause its Subcontractors to effect and maintain at all
times such valid and enforceable insurance(s) (as appropriate). Unless
otherwise instructed by the Employer, the Contractor insurances shall be
placed with insurers of good repute and with a financial rating of not lower
than Standard & Poor's BBB, Moody's Baa or A.M.Best BBB+.
(c) A Party shall immediately notify the other Party in writing of the occurrence of
any of the following events:
(i) any circumstance which may lead to the cancellation, non-renewal,
suspension or impairment of any insurance taken out pursuant to this
Sub-Clause 18.1;
(ii) an insurer denying coverage or liability for a claim;
(iii) an insurer asserting orally or in writing, that one or more of the
insurances is void, voidable or otherwise unenforceable; or
(iv) it becoming aware of any circumstances which might lead to one or
more of the insurances becoming void, voidable or unenforceable.
(d) The Parties will each provide the other with not less than 28 days written
notice in advance of the cancellation, non-renewal, suspension or impairment
of any of the insurances taken out pursuant to this Sub-Clause 18.1 or any
material change to the terms and conditions of such insurances.
(e) The Contractor shall, at the request of the Employer, disclose the following
information to the insurers in relation to the insurances to be procured by the
Employer:
(i) all information which the Contractor acting in accordance with Industry
Best Practices believes that the insurers will require in their analysis
of any risk;
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(ii) all information which the insurers and Employer specifically require to
be disclosed;
(iii) all other information which the Contractor acting in accordance with
Industry Best Practices and in good faith could reasonably consider to
be material to the relevant insurance cover; and
(iv) all information in respect of any problem or delay that is deemed
material to the insurance in the opinion of the Employer.
(f) The Contractor shall provide all such information in a timely manner so as to
enable the Employer to comply with its obligations of disclosure to its
insurers.
(g) The Contractor shall keep the Employer informed of any material changes in
its methods or procedures of working which may affect insurance cover.
Neither Party shall make any material alteration to the terms of any insurance
without the prior written consent of the other Party. If an insurer makes (or
attempts to make) any alteration, the Party first notified by the insurer shall
promptly give written notice to the other Party.
(h) The Contractor shall comply fully with, and shall require its Subcontractors to
comply fully with, all procedures and services including completion of all
necessary applications for insurance, prompt and full compliance with all
audit requests and claim reporting procedures, and full participation in and
compliance with safety and loss control programmes implemented by, or at
the request of, the Employer.
(i) Each policy insuring against loss or damage shall provide for payments to be
made in the currencies required to rectify the loss or damage.
(j) The insurances referred to in Sub-Clauses 18.1(a) and 18.1(b) shall:
(i) name the other Party as co-insured;
(ii) contain a clause waiving the insurers' subrogation rights against each
insured party, its employees and agents (except where such rights
are due to a vitiating act); and
(iii) provide for 30 days prior written notice of their cancellation, non-
renewal or amendment to be given to the Employer.
(k) The Contractor shall, as soon as reasonably practicable, submit to the
Employer copies of cover notes and/or a broker letter in evidence that:
(i) the insurances to be procured and maintained pursuant to this Sub-
Clause 18.1 have been effected; and
(ii) all premiums due have been paid.
(l) If the Contractor or the Employer is a co-insured to an insurance policy, it
shall be entitled to:
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(i) receive, as soon as reasonably practicable, a copy of the policy
documents, including the policy wording and any endorsements; and
(ii) inspect during ordinary business hours such original policies of
insurances.
(m) Renewal certificates in relation to such insurances shall be obtained as and
when necessary and copies thereof (certified in a manner acceptable to the
other Party) shall be forwarded to the other Party as soon as possible but in
any event at least 28 days before the renewal date.
(n) If the Contractor fails to procure or maintain at all times any of the insurances
required under this Sub-Clause 18.1, or fails to provide satisfactory evidence
and copies of policies in accordance with this Sub-Clause 18.1, the Employer
may, at its option and without prejudice to any other right or remedy, after
having notified the Contractor in writing, pay any premiums or take any such
other steps as may be required to procure or maintain such insurance in force
at the expense of the Contractor.
(o) Subject to Sub-Clauses 18.1(p), (q), (r) and (s), the Employer shall be
responsible for handling any claims under the Employer Insurances and the
Contractor shall be responsible for handling any claims under the Contractor
Insurances.
(p) The Contractor will give the Employer, and the insurer (as may be required by
the applicable insurance) written notice immediately upon:
(i) the occurrence of any loss which will or may exceed the deductible on
a Contractor Insurance policy; and
(ii) becoming aware of any circumstances which might give rise to a loss
which will exceed the deductible of the applicable insurance.
(q) Any notice given by the Contractor will include full details of the nature of the
loss or the circumstances which may give rise to the loss, its amount and the
steps that have been taken, or will be taken in respect of such loss or
circumstances subject to the insurer’s consent (as may be required under the
applicable insurance). The Contractor will keep the Employer fully informed
in respect of any material developments as soon as they occur.
(r) The Contractor shall not, without obtaining the prior written consent of the
Employer, and the insurer (as may be required under the applicable
insurance):
(i) make any admission of liability to a third party;
(ii) enter into any negotiation to settle or compromise a claim under a
Contractor Insurance;
(iii) enter into a settlement or compromise a claim on the Contractor
Insurances; or
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(iv) commence litigation or arbitration proceedings.
(s) In handling a claim with an insurer, the Contractor shall keep the Employer
fully informed and seek the co-operation of the Employer and its professional
advisors.
(t) The insurances required in Sub-Clauses 18.1(a) and 18.1(b) shall be primary
to and not in excess to (except in respect of any layers of third party cover
effected specifically for the Works) or contributing with any other insurance
maintained by any insured.
(u) Neither failure to comply nor full compliance with the insurance provisions of
the Contract shall limit or relieve the Contractor of its liabilities and obligations
under the Contract. Any amounts not insured or not recovered from the
insurers shall be borne by the Contractor and/or the Employer in accordance
with these obligations, liabilities or responsibilities.
(v) The insurances required in Sub-Clause 18.1(b) shall be procured with
insurers, and in terms, approved in writing by the Employer. Such approval
shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed by the Employer.
(w) The Contractor shall be responsible under any of the insurance policies
required in Sub-Clause 18.1(a) for any deductible, fees and other costs or
failure to recover in whole or part, in which case the Contractor shall
indemnify the Employer in respect of such deductible, fees and other costs or
failure to recover.
(x) Any comment, review or approval by the Employer or the Employer's
Representative under this Sub-Clause 18.1 shall not relieve the Contractor
from any of its warranties, obligations or liabilities under or in connection with
this Clause 18 or otherwise under the Contract. The Contractor will be
deemed to have undertaken its own analysis of the suitability, enforceability
and adequacy of all insurance policies procured under Sub-Clause 18.1. The
Contractor acknowledges and agrees that neither the Employer nor the
Employer's Representative will be liable to the Contractor arising out of or in
connection with any comment, review or approval given by them under this
Sub-Clause 18.1.
(y) The obligations in this Sub-Clause 18.1 shall survive the completion,
termination or expiry of the Contract.

19. FORCE MAJEURE
19.1
Definition of Force Majeure
(a) In this Clause 19, Force Majeure means an exceptional event or
circumstance:
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(i) which is beyond a Party's control;
(ii) which such Party could not reasonably have provided against before
entering into the Contract;
(iii) which, having arisen, such Party could not reasonably have avoided
or overcome; and
(iv) which is not substantially attributable to the other Party.
(b) Subject to Sub-Clause 19.1(c), Force Majeure means the following events or
circumstances, so long as the conditions set out in Sub-Clauses 19.1(a)(i) to
(iv) are satisfied:
(i) war, (whether war be declared or not), invasion, act of foreign
enemies within the Country;
(ii) rebellion, terrorism, revolution, insurrection, military or usurped power,
or civil war within the Country;
(iii) munitions of war, ionising radiation or contamination by radio-activity
within the Country, except as may be attributable to the Contractor's
use of such munitions, explosives, radiation or radio-activity; and
(iv) earthquake, hurricane, typhoon, tsunami or fire emanating from
outside the Site within the Country that are outside the normal range
for that place at that time of year, but excluding any other weather
conditions regardless of the severity.
(c) The Contractor acknowledges and agrees that, with respect to any of its
obligations under the Contract, the Contractor will be performing such
obligations in areas in which the United Nations, including the Employer, is
engaged in, preparing to engage in, or disengaging from peacekeeping,
humanitarian or similar operations and any delays or failure to perform such
obligations arising from or relating to harsh conditions within such areas, shall
not, in and to itself, constitute a Force Majeure event.
19.2
Notice of Force Majeure
(a) If a Party is or will be prevented from performing any of its obligations under
the Contract by Force Majeure (" Affected Party" ), then it shall give a written
notice to the other Party of the event or circumstances constituting the Force
Majeure and shall specify the obligations, the performance of which is or will
be prevented. The notice shall be given as soon as practicable and not later
than 7 days after the Affected Party became aware, or should have become
aware acting in accordance with Industry Best Practices, of the relevant event
or circumstance constituting Force Majeure or, if it is not possible to give such
notice strictly by reason of the event of Force Majeure, three (3) days after
the resumption of any means of providing notice between the Parties.
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(b) The Affected Party shall, having given a notice, be excused from performance
of such obligations for so long as such Force Majeure prevents it from
performing them.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Clause 19, Force Majeure shall
not apply to obligations of either Party to make payments to the other Party
under the Contract.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Clause 19, a Force Majeure shall
not relieve a Party from an obligation which arose before the occurrence of
that event, including the care of the Works prior to the issuance of a Taking
Over Certificate.
19.3
Duty to Minimise Delay
(a) Each Party shall at all times use all reasonable endeavours to overcome the
effects of and minimise any delay in the performance of the Contract as a
result of Force Majeure.
(b) An Affected Party shall give notice to the other Party when it ceases to be
affected by Force Majeure, but in any event, not later than seven (7) days
after the Affected Party ceases to be affected by the Force Majeure.
19.4
Consequences of Force Majeure
(a) If the Contractor is prevented from performing any of its obligations under the
Contract by Force Majeure of which a notice has been given under Sub-
Clause 19.2 [Notice of Force Majeure], and suffers delay by reason of such
Force Majeure, the Contractor shall be entitled subject to Sub-Clause 20.1
[Contractor's Claims] to an extension of time for any such delay, if completion
is or will be delayed, under Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for
Completion].
(b) After receiving the notice under Sub-Clause 19.2 [Notice of Force Majeure],
the Employer's Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause
3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine the matters described in Sub-
Clause 19.4(a). For the avoidance of doubt, subject to the provisions of Sub-
Clause 17.4 [Consequences of Employer's Risks], the Contractor shall not be
entitled to payment of any costs incurred by reason of such Force Majeure.
19.5
Force Majeure Affecting Subcontractor
If any Subcontractor is entitled under any contract or agreement relating to the Works
to relief from Force Majeure on terms additional to or broader than those specified in
this Clause 19, such additional or broader Force Majeure events or circumstances
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shall not excuse the Contractor's non-performance or entitle it to relief under this
Clause 19.
19.6
Optional Termination, Payment and Release
(a) If the execution of substantially all the Works in progress is prevented for a
continuous period of 84 days by reason of Force Majeure (excluding, for the
avoidance of doubt:
(i) the period of any rectification of loss or damage to the Works caused
by Force Majeure which is not an Employer's risk set out in Clause
17.3 [Employer's Risks] and in respect of which the Employer has not
instructed the Contractor to carry out such rectification; and
(ii) the consequences of such event or circumstance covered by the
insurances referred to in Clause 18 [Insurance] of which a notice has
been given under Sub-Clause 19.2 [Notice of Force Majeure],
then either Party may give to the other Party a notice of termination of the
Contract. In this event, the termination shall take effect 7 days after the
notice is given, and the Contractor shall proceed in accordance with Sub-
Clause 16.3 [Cessation of Work and Removal of Contractor's Equipment].
(b) Upon termination in accordance with Sub-Clause 19.6(a), the Employer's
Representative shall determine the value of the work done as at that date and
issue a Payment Certificate which shall include:
(i) the amounts payable for any work carried out for which a price is
stated in the Contract (except for the Employer's entitlement to
withhold and/or set-off from payments due to the Contractor in
accordance with the Contract);
(ii) the Costs for Plant and Materials ordered for the Works which have
been delivered to the Contractor, or of which the Contractor is liable to
accept delivery. This Plant and Materials shall become the property
of (and be at the risk of) the Employer when paid for by the Employer,
and the Contractor shall place the same at the Employer's disposal;
(iii) any other Costs which in the circumstances was reasonably and
properly incurred by the Contractor in the expectation of completing
the Works;
(iv) the reasonable and properly incurred Costs for the removal of
Temporary Works and Contractor's Equipment from the Site and the
return of these items to the Contractor's works in its country (or to any
other destination at no greater cost); and
(v) the reasonable and properly incurred Costs for the repatriation of the
Contractor's staff and labour employed wholly in connection with the
Works at the date of termination.
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19.7
Release from Performance under the Law
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Contract, if any event or
circumstance outside the control of the Parties (including, but not limited to,
Force Majeure) arises which:
(i) makes it impossible or unlawful for either or both Parties to fulfil its or
their contractual obligations (despite such affected Party using
Industry Best Practices to overcome and/or mitigate such
circumstances); or
(ii) which under Law, entitles the Parties to be released from further
performance of the Contract,
then either Party may by written notice inform the other Party of such event or
circumstance.
(b) Upon receiving or issuing such notice (as the case may be) under Sub-
Clause 19.7(a), the Employer's Representative shall proceed in accordance
with Sub-Clause 3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine these matters.
Where it is determined by the Employer's Representative that it is impossible
or unlawful for a Party or the Parties to complete their contractual obligations
or that the law entitles the Parties to be released from such obligations:
(i) the Parties shall be discharged from further performance, without
prejudice to the rights of either Party in respect of any previous
breach of the Contract; and
(ii) subject to the Employer's rights under Sub-Clause 14.16 [Set-off] the
sum payable by the Employer to the Contractor shall be the same as
would have been payable under Sub-Clause 19.6 [Optional
Termination, Payment and Release] if the Contract had been
terminated under Sub-Clause 19.6.

20. CLAIMS, DISPUTES AND ARBITRATION
20.1
Contractor's Claims
(a) If the Contractor considers itself to be entitled to any extension of the Time for
Completion, any additional payment, Costs and/or other entitlements or relief
from obligations, under any clause of these General Conditions or otherwise
arising out of or in connection with the Contract, the Contractor shall give a
Claim Notice stating that it is a notice pursuant to this Sub-Clause 20.1 to the
Employer's Representative, describing the event or circumstance giving rise
to the claim. The notice shall be given immediately, and not later than 14
days after the Contractor became aware, or should have become aware
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acting in accordance with Industry Best Practices, of the event or
circumstance.
(b) If the Contractor fails to give a Claim Notice duly completed and signed
including detailed particulars within 14 days of the event arising, the Time for
Completion shall not be extended, the Contractor shall not be entitled to
additional payment or Costs and the Contractor shall be deemed to have
waived its entitlement to make such claim, and the Employer shall be
discharged from all liability arising out of or in connection with the claim and
the Contractor shall comply with its obligations to perform the Works by the
Time for Completion and for the Contract Price.
(c) Where an event has a continuing effect or where the Contractor is unable to
determine whether the effect of an event will actually cause delay to the
progress of the Works or entitle it to any additional payment or Costs and/or
other relief from its obligations, so that it is not practicable for the Contractor
to give notice in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1(a), the Contractor shall
immediately but no later than 14 days after the event has first arisen, give
written notice to the Employer, to that effect with reasons and interim written
particulars (including details of the likely consequences of the event on
progress of the Works and an estimate of the likelihood or likely extent of the
delay and/or resultant costs) and such notice shall be submitted in place of
the notice required under Sub-Clause 20.1(a). The Contractor shall then
submit to the Employer's Representative, at intervals of 30 days, further
interim written particulars until the actual event or delay caused (if any) is, or
should be, ascertainable, whereupon the Contractor shall as soon as
practicable but in any event within 14 days give a final Claim Notice to the
Employer's Representative including the particulars set out in Sub-Clause
20.1(a).
(d) If the Contractor fails to give the initial notice, the further interim particulars
and the final Claim Notice duly completed and signed including all the
particulars required within the times stated in Sub-Clause 20.1(c), then the
Time for Completion shall not be extended, the Contractor shall not be
entitled to additional payment or Costs, the Contractor shall be deemed to
have waived its entitlement to make such claim, and the Employer shall be
discharged from all liability arising out of or in connection with the claim and
the Contractor shall comply with its obligations to perform the Works by the
Time for Completion and for the Contract Price. Otherwise, the following
provisions of this Sub-Clause 20.1 shall apply.
(e) The Contractor shall also submit any other notices which are required by the
Contract, and supporting particulars for the claim, all as relevant to such
event or circumstance.
(f) The Contractor shall keep such contemporary records as may be necessary
to substantiate any claim, either on the Site or at another location acceptable
to the Employer's Representative. Without admitting the Employer's liability,
the Employer's Representative may, after receiving any notice under this
Clause 20, monitor the record-keeping and/or instruct the Contractor to keep
further contemporary records. The Contractor shall permit the Employer's
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Representative to inspect all these records, and shall (if instructed) submit
copies to the Employer's Representative.
(g) Within 28 days after the Contractor has given a Claim Notice in accordance
with either Sub-Clause 20.1(a) or 20.1(c), the Contractor shall give to the
Employer's Representative a fully detailed claim which shall include full
supporting particulars of the basis of the claim including:
(i) the material circumstances of the event including the cause or
causes;
(ii) the legal basis of the claim;
(iii) the nature and extent of any delay;
(iv) the nature and extent of any resultant additional Costs;
(v) the corrective action already undertaken or to be undertaken;
(vi) the effect on the critical path noted on the Contract Programme,
including any Milestone Dates;
(vii) the period, if any, by which in its opinion the Time for Completion
should be extended;
(viii) the adjustment, if any which in its opinion should be made to the
Contract Price; and
(ix) a statement that it is a further notice pursuant to this Sub-Clause 20.1.
(h) If the Contractor fails to give a final Claim Notice in accordance with Sub-
Clause 20.1(g) duly completed and signed including all the particulars
required within 28 days of giving a Claim Notice in accordance with Sub-
Clauses 20.1(a) or 20.1(c), the Time for Completion shall not be extended,
the Contractor shall not be entitled to additional payment or Costs, the
Contractor shall be deemed to have waived its entitlement to make such
claim, and the Employer shall be discharged from all liability arising out of or
in connection with the claim and the Contractor shall comply with its
obligations to perform the Works by the Time for Completion and for the
Contract Price.
(i) Within 42 days after receiving the fully detailed claim in accordance with Sub-
Clause 20.1(g), or within such other period as may be agreed in writing
between the Parties, the Employer's Representative shall respond with
approval, or with disapproval and detailed comments. The Employer's
Representative may also request any necessary further particulars.
(j) The Employer's Representative shall proceed in accordance with Sub-Clause
3.5 [Determinations] to agree or determine:
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(i) the extension (if any) of the Time for Completion (before or after its
expiry) in accordance with Sub-Clause 8.4 [Extension of Time for
Completion];
(ii) the additional payment of Costs (if any) to which the Contractor is
entitled under the Contract; and/or
(iii) any relief from obligations.
(k) Despite any other provisions of the Contract, the Employer or the Employer's
Representative may, in its sole and absolute discretion, at any time make a
fair and reasonable extension of the Time for Completion. The Employer and
the Employer's Representative have no obligation to grant, or to consider
whether they should grant, an extension of time and they are not required to
exercise this discretion for the benefit of the Contractor.
(l) For the avoidance of doubt, a delay caused by any act or omission of the
Employer or any failure by the Employer or the Employer 's Representative to
comply with this Sub-Clause 20.1 will not, for any reason, render Sub-Clause
8.7 [Delay Damages] void, invalid or unenforceable, and will not relieve the
Contractor of its obligations under Sub-Clause 8.7 [Delay Damages], or limit
the Employer's entitlement to invoke the remedies set out in Sub-Clause 8.7
[Delay Damages] or otherwise to recover Delay Damages.
(m) If more than one event causes concurrent delays and the cause of at least
one of those events, but not all of them, is a cause of delay which would not
entitle the Contractor to an extension of time under Sub-Clause 8.4
[Extension of Time for Completion], then to the extent of the concurrency, the
Contractor will not be entitled to an extension of time.
(n) An extension of time granted under this Clause 20 is, unless otherwise stated
in the Contract, the Contractor's sole entitlement to compensation for delay or
disruption, including delay or disruption caused by the Employer, whether in
breach of the Contract or otherwise.
(o) The requirements of this Sub-Clause 20.1 are in addition to those of any
other clause which may apply to a claim. If the Contractor fails to comply with
this or another Sub-Clause of the Contract in relation to any claim, the Time
for Completion shall not be extended and the Contractor shall not be entitled
to additional payment and/or other relief under the Contract or otherwise in
relation to such claim.
(p) Nothing in this Sub-Clause 20.1 creates an additional right or entitlement of
the Contractor to an extension to the Time for Completion, additional payment
and/or relief from obligations, where such right or entitlement did not
otherwise exist under the Contract.
(q) Despite any other provision of the Contract, the Contractor shall use its best
endeavours, acting in accordance with Industry Best Practices, to mitigate the
effects of any event or circumstance which has or may adversely affect the
Works, increase the Contract Price or delay the execution of the Works.
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20.2
Disputes and Differences
All disputes or disagreements arising out of or in connection with the formation,
performance, interpretation, nullification, termination or invalidation of the Contract or
the Works, or any other related dispute or disagreement (" Dispute" ), shall be
resolved in accordance with Sub-Clause 20.3 [Dispute resolution procedures].
Further, if a Dispute arises, the Parties agree that they will, prior to the initiation of
any arbitral proceedings, use their best efforts in good faith to reach a reasonable
and equitable resolution of the Dispute. The Parties agree that in the event a Dispute
cannot be resolved using the procedure in Sub-Clauses 20.3(a) to 20.3(d) then that
Dispute will be submitted, if requested by either Party, to arbitration in accordance
with Sub-Clause 20.3(e).
20.3
Dispute resolution procedures
(a) In the event of a Dispute, written notice of such Dispute shall be given to the
other Party's Representative. That notice shall:
(i) set out the legal basis of the claim;
(ii) set out the facts upon which the claim is based;
(iii) have annexed copies of correspondence and any relevant
background material;
(iv) contain detailed particulars of the quantification of the claim; and
(v) if the claim is made by the Contractor, be signed by its chief executive
officer (or equivalent officer).
(b) If the Employer’s Representative and the Contractor’s Representative are
unable to resolve the Dispute within 28 days after such notice is given, the
Dispute shall be referred, if requested by either Party, to the Senior
Representatives of the Parties set out in the Schedule of Details, or any
replacement notified in writing.
(c) If the Senior Representatives of the Parties are unable to resolve the Dispute
within 28 days, either Party may invite the other to conciliate the Dispute in
accordance with the provisions of Sub-Clause 20.3(e). Otherwise the Dispute
shall be referred, if requested by either Party, directly to arbitration in
accordance with the provisions of Sub-Clause 20.3(f).
(d) Service of the notices under, and compliance with the process outlined in,
Sub-Clauses 20.3(a), to 20.3(c) are conditions precedent to the
commencement of any conciliation or arbitration in respect of a Dispute.
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(e) In accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1(c), either Party may invite the other to
conciliate a Dispute under the UNCITRAL Permanent Court of Arbitration
Optional Conciliation Rules, 1996 (the “Conciliation Rules”) provided that;
(i) the language of the conciliation shall be in English;
(ii) one conciliator shall be appointed by agreement between the Parties;
or
(iii) if the Parties are unable to agree on the appointment of a conciliator
within 14 days after the matter has been referred to conciliation, the
conciliator will be appointed by the Secretary-General of the
Permanent Court of Arbitration in accordance with the Conciliation
Rules.
If the Parties do not reach agreement under the Conciliation Rules, the
Dispute shall be referred, if requested by either Party, to arbitration in
accordance with Sub-Clause 20.1(f).
(f) If the Parties are unable to resolve the Dispute in accordance with Sub-
Clause 20.3(c) or 20.3(e), the Dispute shall be referred, if requested by either
Party, to and finally resolved by arbitration in accordance with the UNCITRAL
Arbitration Rules then in effect (" Rules" ) provided that:
(i) there shall be no seat or place of arbitration. The place of hearing
shall be the place stated in the Schedule of Details;
(ii) the language of the arbitration shall be English;
(iii) the decisions of the arbitral tribunal shall be based on general
principles of international commercial law. The arbitral tribunal shall
have no authority to award punitive damages. In addition, the arbitral
tribunal shall have no authority to award interest in excess of the
London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) then prevailing, and any
such interest shall be simple interest only; and
(iv) the Parties shall be bound by any arbitration award rendered as a
result of such arbitration as the final adjudication of any such dispute,
controversy, or claim.
(g) The arbitral proceedings and any information and documents relating to these
proceedings shall be regarded as confidential in accordance with the
meaning contemplated in Sub-Clause 1.12 [Confidential Details].
20.4
Dispute resolution not to delay execution of the Works
Despite any activation of the dispute resolution procedures under Sub-Clause 20.3
[Dispute resolution procedures], the Contractor shall continue to execute the Works
and its other obligations under or in connection with the Contract.
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20.5
Survi val
This Clause 20 survives the completion, expiry or termination of the Contract.

21. PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES
Nothing in or relating to the Contract shall be deemed a waiver, express or implied, of
any of the privileges and immunities of the United Nations, including its subsidiary
organs, of which the Employer is an integral part, which are hereby expressly
reserved.

22. MISCELLANEOUS
(a) In connection with the performance of the Contract, the Contractor
acknowledges that the imports and customs Law and regulations of the
Country shall apply to the furnishings and shipments of any products and
components thereof to the Country. The Contractor specifically
acknowledges that the aforementioned import and custom Laws and
regulations of the Country prohibit, among other things, the importation into
the Country of certain products and components.
(b) The Contract may not be amended except in writing signed by a duly
authorised representative of each of the Parties.
(c) Subject to any express provision in the Contract to the contrary, the
respective warranties, obligations or liabilities of the Parties do not cease on
the completion, expiry or termination of this Contract.
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PARTICULAR CONDITIONS
Part 1 - Amended Clauses
The clauses within the General Conditions are amended in the following manner:
If nothing is stated, then no amended conditions apply.
Clause Amended General Condition






Part 2 - Additional Clauses
The General Conditions are amended by the inclusion of the following additional conditions:
If nothing is stated, then no additional conditions apply.
Clause Additional General Condition







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Annexure

Site Plan
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