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1.26 A tire has a volume of 3.0 ft3 and a ‘gage’ pressure of 32 psi at 75°F.

If the
ambient pressure is sea-level standard, what is the weight of air in the tire?
Solución:
Convertir la temperatura y presión:

2 2 2 2 2
75°F = 535°R
p = (32 lb/plg )(144 plg /pie ) + 2116 lb/pie = 4608 + 2116 . 6724 lb/pie


Calculando la densidad del are:
2
3
p 6724 lb/pie
= 0.00732 slug/pie
RT (1717 lb.pie/slug R)(535 R)
µ = =

El peso total del aire será:
W= .g.v= (0.00732 slug/pie )(32.2 pie/s )(3.0 pie ) = 0.707 lb µ

1.27 Given temperature and specific volume data for steam at 40 psia [Ref. 13]:
T, °F: 400 500 600 700 800
v, ft3/lbm: 12.624 14.165 15.685 17.195 18.699
Is the ideal gas law reasonable for this data? If so, find a least-squares value for
the gas
constant R in m2/(s2⋅K) and compare with Table A-4.

Solución:


°
= = =
°
400 F
p.V 40 lbf/plg )(144 in /pie )(12.624 pie /lbm)(32.2 lbm/slug) lb.pie
R 2721
T (400+459.6)°R slug. R

2 2
T, °F: 400 500 600 700 800
R, m /(s ·K): 455 457 459 460 460


Los datos varían en un 6%

=
s s
= ±
| |
= ÷
|
\ .
¿
¿
5
i
i=1
2
5
i
i 1
i
p=40psi
400°F T 800°F
1 J
R= R 458 0,6%
5 kg.K
p.V
E R
T


=
=
| |
= = ÷
|
\ .
(
= = + +
(
° °
¸ ¸
= = ±
¿
¿
5
i
i 1
i
5
i
i 1
i
Derivando :
p.V dE
0 2 R
dR T
V p 40(144) 12,624 18,699
R ... (32,2)
5 T 5 860 R 1260 R
R 2739/ 5,9798 458 0,6J/ kg.K


1.28 Wet air, at 100% relative humidity, is at 40°C and 1 atm. Using Dalton’s law of
partial pressures, compute the density of this wet air and compare with dry air.

Solución:

= = + = +
= + = +
+
µ = = + = + =
agua
aire
total aire agua aire agua
agua
aire
total aire agua
aire agua
aire agua agua
aire
aire agua
Convirtiendo temperatura:
40°C=313K
m
m
p 1atm p p R T R T
v v
p .v
p .v
m m m
R T R T
m m p
p 93975 7375
1,10
v R .T R .T 287(313) 462(313)
µ = = =
3
3
aire
kg/ m
p 101350
1,13kg/ m
R.T 287(313)
Varia en un 2,7%


1.29 A tank holds 5 ft3 of air at 20°C and 120 psi (gage). Estimate the energy in ft-
lbf required to compress this air isothermally from one atmosphere (14.7 psia =
2116 psfa).
Solución:

( )
÷
÷
| | | |
= ÷ = ÷ = ÷ =
| |
\ . \ .
| | | | | |
= = =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
} }
2 2
2 2
1 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
3 2
1 2 2 2 2
1
v p m.RT
w p.dv dv mRT.ln p v .ln
v v p
p lb 134,7
w p v .ln 134,7.144 5pie ln 215,000lb.pie
p pie 14,7


1.30 Repeat Prob. 1.29 if the tank is filled with compressed water rather than air.
Why is the result thousands of times less than the result of 215,000 ft⋅lbf in
Prob. 1.29?
Solución:

( )
÷
÷
µ | |
= = ÷
|
\ .
µ =
= µ =
=
| | µ µ
= ÷ = ÷ = ÷ =
|
µ µ
\ .
| | +
=
|
\ .
} } }
7
0
3
3
agua
agua
2 2 2
1 2 avg 2 2
1 1 1
1 2 2
p 134,7
3001 3000
p 14,7 1,94
1,940753slug/ pie
m .v (1,940753)(5pie )
m 9,704slug
m md
w p.dv pd p p .m.
p
14,7 134,7 lb 0,000753
w .144 9,704slug
2 pie 1,94
| |
=
|
\ .
3
2
pie
. 21lib.pie
04 slug