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- Woodworks - Thermal Movement of Wood
- ME5720Chap5_F07
- HDPE Guide
- Cryo Materials
- Connections.pv 02
- Us 2219148
- 2
- A106.1615228-1
- cal 18
- Retractable Quill.pdf
- Abutment & Foundation Design_Br. No.-354 New.xls
- ASTM F 31 - 94 R99 _RJMX
- Thermal Stress
- SUR_Erection- BOQ- PI- Piping- Rev A
- A 949 _ A 949M _ 00 ;QTK0OS0WMEE_
- m 175m
- 29.99.23.1907_1
- Flexible vs Rigid Pipelines
- old BOQ
- ERD-43-15 (2)
- Unit Rates
- Maharashtra SSR
- Dec 15 Weighted Table
- Measuring Field Pipe
- Offs Pipe Riser 12
- UTT Specific Exam Qs.doc
- 560-000-GD-P-006_2
- 35 Common Question on Piping Interview
- Valve Leakage Classification
- Cds Manual
- Timeline of the Certification Process
- Piping Shop Fabrication Specification
- Overview of AutoFill
- ASTM Standards for Steel Plate
- lesson 4
- lesson 6
- Overview of AutoFill
- Pre
- lesson 8
- Expressions
- lesson 13
- lesson 17
- 40-207-1-PB
- Piping Coordination Systems
- ES-14-602-01
- Data Entry With Numbers
- p25
- Shop Fab
- MCQ Ch 3 FSC Part1 Nauman
- MIS Report - Double Pipe
- heat number
- English Proficiency Certificate
- Bs 10 Flange
- Comparison ASME KTA
- Foreword

You are on page 1of 2

®

Manufacturing Company

NOT FOR DISTRIBUTION OF COMPRESSED AIR OR GAS

Progressive Products from Spears

®

Innovation and Technology

INDUSTRY PIPING FORMULAS

Pressure Rating

P = 2St S = P(D-t)

D-t 2t

P is the pressure rating in psi.

S is the Hydrostatic Design Basis (usually 4000 psi) divided by the safety factor (which is 2 for the three standards).

DR is the Dimension Ratio for D2241 and C905 but is OD/t for D1785

Where:

P = pressure, psi

S = circumferential stress, psi

D = outside diameter of pipe, inches

d = inside diameter of pipe, inches (average based on mean wall)

t = average wall thickness, inches

Volume capacity-gallons per ft. length = VG = V x 0.004329

Volume capacity-cubic inches per ft. length = V = 0.7854 x d

2

x12

Outside pipe surface, sq. ft per ft. length = AO = D

2

π

12

Inside pipe surface, sq. ft. per ft. length = A

I

= d π

12

Cross-sectional plastic area, sq. in. = A= (D

2

- d

2

) π

4

Cross sectional flow area, sq. in. = A

F

= d

2

π

4

Weight of PVC pipe, lb. per ft. length = W

PVC

= .632 x A

Weight of CPVC pipe, lb. per ft. length = W

CPVC

= .705 x A

Weight of water in pipe, lb. per ft. length = W

W

= 0.433 A

F

Weight of water filled pipe, lb. per ft. length = W

WFP

= W

PVC

(or W

CPVC

) + W

W

Radius of gyration, inches = r

g

= D

2

+ d

2

4

Moment of inertia, inches fourth = I = Ar

g

2

.0491 (D

4

– d

4

)

Section modulus, inches cube = Z = 2

I

/ = 0.0982 x (D

4

– d

4

)

D D

Thermal Expansion and Contraction

Δ L = 12 yL (Δ T)

Where:

Δ L = expansion or contraction of pipe in inches

y = Coefficient of thermal expansion

(see PVC or CPVC material Thermal properties)

L = Length of pipe run in feet

Δ T = Temperature change °F (Maximum temperature – Temperature @ Installation or maximum system temperature – lowest

system temperature, whichever is greater)

Made in the U.S.A. 1418

NOT FOR DISTRIBUTION OF COMPRESSED AIR OR GAS

Progressive Products from Spears

®

Innovation and Technology

Friction Loss (Hazen-Williams equations)

f = .2083 x (100/C)

1.852

x G

.1.852

d

.4.8655

Where:

f = friction head of feet of water per 100' for the specific pipe size and I.D.

C = a constant for internal pipe roughness (=150 for thermoplastic pipe)

G = flow rate of U.S. gallons per minute

d = inside diameter of pipe in inches

Water Velocities

V = .3208 x G

A

Where:

V = velocity in feet per second

G = gallons per minute

A = inside cross sectional area in square inches

Gallons Per Minute Through Pipe

GPM = 0.0408 x Pipe Diameter Inches2 x Feet Per Minute Velocity

Pressure Drop in Valves

P = G

2

x S

g

CV

2

Where:

P = Pressure drop in PSI; feet of water = PSI/.4332

G = Gallons per minute

Sg = Specific gravity of liquid

C

V

= Gallons per minute per 1 PSI pressure drop (see Valve product Cv from manufacturer)

Water Conversions

1 foot of head = 0.434 PSI 1 cubic foot water = 7.5 gallon = 62.5

1 gallon = 231 cubic inch = 8.333 pounds pounds (salt water = 64.3 pounds)

1 pound water = 27.7 cubic inches 1 miner’s inch = 9 to 12 gallons per minute

Horsepower to Raise Water = Gallons Per Minute x Total Head in Feet

3960

INDUSTRY PIPING FORMULAS

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