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VAN EVERDINGEN ANO HURST SOLUTIONS TO DIFFUSIVITY EQUATIONS

TABLE C.1- Po vs. t0 -INFINITE RADIAL SYSTEM,
CONSTANT RATE AT INNER BOUNDARY
to

____E_!2__

o

o

0.0005
0.001
0.002
0.003
0.004
0.005
0.006
0.007
0.008
0.009
0.01
0.015
0.02
0.025
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1

0.0250
0.0352
0.0495
0.0603
0.0694
0.0774
0.0845
0.0911
0.0971
0.1028
0.1081
0.1312
0.1503
0.1669
0.1818
0.2077
0.2301
0.2500
0.2680
0.2845
0.2999
0.3144

to

Po

to

0.15
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
30.0
40.0
50.0

0.3750
0.4241
0.5024
0.5645
0.6167
0.6622
0.7024
0.7387
0.7716
0.8019
0.8672
0.9160
1.0195
1.1665
1.2750
1.3625
1.4362
1.4997
1.5557
1.6057
1.6509
1.8294
1.9601
2.1470
2.2824
2.3884

60.0
70.0
80.0
90.0
100.0
150.0
200.0
250.0
300.0
350.0
400.0
450.0
500.0
550.0
600.0
650.0
700.0
750.0
800.0
850.0
900.0
950.0
1,000.0

Notes: For t0 < O.ü1, Po= 2, to/1L
For 100<to<0.25 r~o.Po=O.S (In

107

Estímate the pressure on the inner boundary of the
sandpack at times of 0.001, 0.01, and 0.1 hour.
Solution. We first calculate tD and 'eD:

2.4758
2.5501
2.6147
2.6718
2.7233
2.9212
3.0636
3.1726
3.2630
3.3394
3.4057
3.4641
3.5164
3.5643
3.6076
3.6476
3.6842
3.7184
3.7505
3.7805
3.8088
3.8355
3.8584

reD= 10/1

10,
0.000264 kt

tD=

2

c/>p,c 1rw

(0.000264)(1,000)
3
4
(0.3)(2)(0.11 X 10- 3 )(1) t= X 10 t.
Then, the following data result.

t
(hour)

!.JL
4

_!!_Q__
1.275

40
400

2.401
9.6751

0.001
0.01
0.1

SourceofpD
Table C.1 (reservoir
infinite acting)
Table C.2 (reD 10)
Eq. C.4

Note that for tD =400, tD >0.25 r~D = (0.25)(10) 2
= 25; thus, Eq. C.4 is used to calculatepD.
2(tD +0.25)
PD=

to+ 0.80907).

2

'eD
(3r:D

4r:D In reD - 2r~D - 1)

4(r~D- 1) 2
2tD
PD:::::: - 2- +In 'eD- %. . .............. (C.5)
'eD
5. The PD solutions in Tables C.1 and C.2 also
apply to a reservoir of radius r w surrounded by an
aquifer of radius re when there is a constant rate of

water influx from the aquifer into the reservoir. For
this case, values of reD in the range 1.5 to 10.0, as in
Table C.2, are of practica! importance. For most well
problems, reD is larger than 10.0, and the aQproximations given by Eq. C.3 for 100<tD <0.25 r~D and
Eq. C.5 for 0.25 r~D <tD are the really useful results
of the van Everdingen and Hurst analysis.
6. When analyzing a variable-rate problem with
the p D solution, we use superposition just as we did
with the Ei-function solution in Sec. 1.5.

Example C.l- Use of Pn Solutions
for No-Flow Boundary
Problem. In a large laboratory flow experiment,
fluid was produced into a 1-ft-radius perforated
cylinder from a sand-packed model with a radios of
10 ft. No fluid flowed across the externa) radius of
the model. Properties of the sandpack and produced
fluid include the following.
k
h

=

=

P¡ =

p, =
q =
B =
el> =
et =

1 darcy,
0.5 ft,
15 psia,
2 cp,
1.0 STB/D,
1.0 RB/STB,
0.3, and
0.11 x 10- 3 psi- 1 •

= 9.6751.

A rearrangement of the definition of p D results in

qBp,

p=p¡-141.2-¡¡¡;-PD

-15-

(141.2)(1.0)(1.0)(2)
p
(1000)(0.5)
D

=15-0.565PD·

Thus, we have these values:

t (hour)
0.001
0.01
0.1

p (psia)
14.28
13.64
9.53

Constant Rate at Inner Boundary,
Constant Pressure at Outer Boundary
This solution of the diffusivity equation models
radial flow of a slightly compressible liquid in a
homogeneous reservoir of uniform thickness;
reservoir at uniform pressure P¡ before production;
unchanging pressure, also p¡, at the outer boundary
(at r=re); and production at constant rate q from the
single well (centered in the reservoir) with wellbore
radius r w· The solutions, p D (evaluated at rD = 1), as
a function of t D for fixed val ues of reD in the range
1.5 <reD <3,000, are given in Table C.3. The
dimensionless variables p D• t D• 'D· and reD ha ve the
same definitions as in the previous section.

0 4.0 20.768 1.5 9.0 1.0 3.4r~o In reO.598 1.32 0.727 1.4 1.536 0.059 2.698 1.50 2.30 0.776 0.236 2.703 0.65 0.192 1.0 15.621 0.340 2.222 1.40 0.873 1.5 12.351 2.0 5.638 0.0 23.0 5.5 9.919 1.615 1.124 1.948 0.0 2.0 to .791 0.239 2.0 10.994 2.9 4.0 40.612 0.340 1.973 1.0 13.349 1.0 12.5 11.130 1.210 3.0 3.324 1.246 0.0 40.·1¡z For Wells in bounded reservo~rs with '~O »1.0 90.441 1.5 8.460 1.0 10.750 1.J}_Q_ 2.768 1.579 0.4 4.548 0.0 5.506 1.5 to .994 1.48 0.636 0.0 _!__Q_ .0 17.281 1.813 1.849 0.204 1.888 1.0 4.804 0.0 4.8 5.513 1.0 10.988 1.0 80.42 0.5 16.0 8.204 1.806 3.0 11.345 2.607 1.0 22.180 1.0 1.649 2.702 1.0 34.008 3.037 2.522 0.5 15.193 2.657 0.731 0.95 1.123 1.52 0.083 1.130 1.22 0.5 16.017 2.849 1.757 -reo= .867 1.0 15.18 0.70 0.1.579 1.7 1..95 1.857 0.917 1.160 2.135 2.0 6.J}_Q_ 10.2 4.0 50.54 0.0 13.4 2.0 3.5 8.059 1.0 26.5 9.08 0. 1 0.810 1.40 0.171 1.023 1.861 1.0 reo= 7.0 16.0 2.28 0.0 15.968 2.0 9.0 12.007 1.025 1.658 2.604 2.444 reo =4.28 0.920 0.10 0.510 1.647 0.80 0.142 2.0 70.5 6.830 0.0 4.0 22.673 1.65 0.301 1.058 2.0 35.274 2.52 0.5 to Po 1.116 2. 711 1.955 1.75 0.0 17.740 0.35 0.457 1.90 0.127 = 10.85 0.65 0.0 5.321 1.507 0.943 1.420 0.0 24.0 24.16 0.469 1.151 2.0 1.014 1.0 8.631 1.85 0.180 2.056 1.378 1.0 17.0 18.0 30.108 2. CONSTANTRATEATINNERBOUNDARY _!__Q_ 0.25 2.75 0.5 5.8 4.197 1.0 32.9 3.8 2.5 8.0 28.0 _!__Q_ Po 6.0 3.5 7.0 6.0 19.5 to .964 1.927 2.56 0.0 5.0 7.882 0.653 1.6 3.531 1.364 1.0 19.102 1.360 2. +2tol P0 = u ~o 3r~ 0 .459 0.649 0.3 1.··· · 4(.2.0 14.580 0.6 2.5 14.776 1.724 0.0 30.0 _!__Q_ .80 ___Eg_ 0.551 0.0 28.929 0.0 10.0 0.5 6.8 3.644 0.225 0.J}_Q_ 12.0 20.46 0.063 2.6 2.0 11.5 3.0 8.0 reo=9.496 2.8 1.0 12.0 11.0 12.0 25.016 2.42 0.80 0.556 1.0 14.0 =8.0 30.5 5.403 1.00 2.614 .215 1.436 1.2 1.70 0.5 5.0 2.951 0.638 1.0 21.516 0.975 2.0 =6.0 1.578 1.725 1.784 1.983 2.492 0.931 1.26 0.0 6.666 0.835 1.737 1.401 2.792 0.988 2.470 1.096 2.269 1.527 1.0 38.828 reo= 3.316 3.255 1.75 0.0 17.565 0. Find Po 1n Table C.812 0.040 1.5 7.0 20.0 5.398 reo= 3.0 15.0 9.721 0.645 0.0 14.5 7.26 0.8 3.808 1.613 1.144 1.360 1.897 1.719 1.627 0.284 1.4 1.217 2.401 1.7 3.715 0.364 1.0 1.2 2.30 0.443 0.846 0.322 0.0 30.817 Notes· For to smal!er than values físted in this table for a gíven 'e O· reservo iris rnfinite acting.244 2.275 1.5 7.90 0.9 2.0 19.0 14.328 1.319 2.1 3.8 1.851 1.58 0.5 11.5 15.7 1.4 3.4.1 1.45 0.322 1.832 1.675 1.3 2.1 2.0 70.926 1.0 13.045 2.14 0.FINITE RADIAL SYSTEM WITH CLOSED EXTERIOR BOUNDARY.890 1.5 1.499 2.70 0.0 12.0 11.J}_Q_ 0.0 5.0 12.772 0.587 0.884 0.0 3.0 11.823 1.50 0.092 1.20 0.0 18.0 5.50 0.0 _!__Q_ Po 4.392 1.446 2.90 1.832 1.184 1.044 1.757 1.0 100.24 0.0 50.227 1.46 0.6 2.5 6.116 1.54 0.786 1.2 1.621 2.0 26.55 0.608 0.634 0.167 1.732 1.424 1.0 17.22 0.3 3.108 WELL TESTING TABLE C.0 24.0 26.0 34.48 0.158 1.0 60.476 0.60 0.586 1.0 13.560 2.0 -to .5 14.0 reo= 5.0 20.142 2.559 1.J}_Q_ 1.757 1.663 1.50 0.0 19.J}_Q_ 1.5 10. Po= 2!.795 1. For 25< t 0 and t 0 larger than values in table.6 4.973 0.60 0.38 0.0 7.36 0.270 1.831 1.076 1.0 16.6 1.803 1..931 1.0 60.221 1.607 0.404 1.996 3.80 0.0 25.628 0.0 4.I.0 13.2r~o -11 .0 28.0 4.0 __!g_ .0 reo 2.103 2.0 14.0 13.24 0.0 30.802 0. t0 .4 3.662 0.576 0.412 3.865 0.845 1.0 3.517 0.278 2.387 0.246 1.710 0.60 0.0 18.215 1.5 1. ('/.343 2.0 9.087 1.697 1.249 1.0 1.12 0.648 0.0 9.746 2.982 1.862 1.0 15.757 1.0 38.434 2.2 2.668 1.259 1.184 2.238 1.477 1.0 15.576 1.0 7.0 9.806 0.556 1.0 45.484 0.607 1.0 10.0 Po reo=1.051 2.5 13.034 1.618 0.267 2.5 6.651 1.752 0.594 1.70 0.593 0.0 40.815 1.44 0.5 10.06 0.0 18.565 0.5 15.0 13.56 0.968 0.582 1.288 0.4 2.0 11.713 1.Po vs.915 0.0 19.0 14.0 7.2 3.0 8.154 1.75 3.60 0.817 1.176 1.750 1.031 2.40 0.o+lnreo'~O %.5 1.251 0.292 1.801 1.2 3.0 to Po 8.0 8.511 1.717 1.683 0.6 3.0 9.927 0.0 1.447 3.0 6.452 0.5 14.819 1.0 36.0 6.782 0.44 0.5 13.0 12.6 1.5 13.892 1.5 12.0 45.693 1.758 0.0 22.100 2.5 10.::.501 1.598 0.544 1.5 2.355 0.0 14.194 2.5 4.34 0.9 2.906 0.7 2.688 0.660 1.0 4.J}_Q_ reo= 2.0 2.986 2.641 1.638 1.847 1.977 2.732 1.974 2.

2 1.846 2.762 1.8 2.0 140.4 3.219 3.704 2.665 0.401 reo= 6.22 0.0 28.386 1.006 3.730 14.28 0.2 2.0 150.0 3.24 0.405 0.320 1.673 0.800 2.547 2.764 2.60 0.682 0.0 5.70 0.60 0.063 3.0 2.952 25.721 120.0 18.0 12.0 700.0 14.230 0.367 0.0 22.8 2.293 90.85 0.016 2.259 3.513 2.778 0.0 2.0 2.0 10.0 1.704 1.347 1.80 0.440 3.0 7.0 14.0 120.396 0.130 1.0 2.282 2.986 2.0 2.0 3.707 2.879 1. =30.741 0.0 9.0 2.FINITE RADIAL SYSTEM WITH FIXED CONSTANT PRESSURE AT EXTERIOR BOUNDARY.535 0.0 2.085 260.3.5 10.5 6.0 0.0 30.904 0.252 1.5 4.387 3.225 1.0 2.75 0.189 450.080 1.0 2.916 0.65 0.4 2.0 50.953 3.300 110.696 0.041 1.10 0.0 300.80 0.302 140.771 1.552 0.749 1.910 0.0 2.514 70.232 1.0 2.50 0.606 0.490 1.114 2.394 3.6 1.0 500.013 1.0 4.564 0.146 2.5 6.786 1.0 14.0 40.55 0.0 70.279 70.0 60.4 1.580 1.70 0.6 1.0 16.0 105.5 4.28 0.0 2.0 2.0 2.876 0.0 16.0 450.0 30.328 0.40 0.992 2.774 0.856 18.655 3.271 65.0 26.738 0.0 40.8 3.90 1.50 0.382 1.4 1.45 0.0 120.0 40.020 1.0 2.0 8.052 1.0 35.0 lnr80 .087 1.30 0.0 24.094 1.338 2.561 1.0 5.658 2.361 1.60 0.224 50.0 900.0 12.0 2.279 2.434 60.0 5.0 180.0 14.247 1.2 2.906 2.0 Po __!Q_ reo= 10.107 280.6 1.20 0.697 2.693 0.640 3.792 reo= 40.943 1.0 1.0 400.5 ___E_Q___ reo= 3.400 1.6 1.5 reo= 2.681 3.0 28.781 1.153 1.070 2.950 2.850 0.0 200.097 1.0 3.702 0.5 8.796 2. CONSTANT RATE AT INNER BOUNDARY reo=1.26 0.011 3.106 1.0 145.398 1.791 1.787 1.000 1.424 0.55 0.069 1.0 1.35 0.777 1.0 3.18 0.30 0.5 3.0 reo= 25.388 2.878 160.568 3.226 3.40 0.0 2.5 5.462 1.302 130.0 Po __!Q_ r80 _to_ 50.900 0.057 240.0 2.995 0.0 1.916 0.0 9.0 500.35 0.404 0.50 0.200 1.0 16.707 2.087 1.0 2.975 2.076 2.307 0.0 1.545 3.936 180.660 0.171 400.80 Notes: For For 0.708 0.0 7.929 2.242 1.2 1.655 2.002 2.8 3.0 180.0 10.285 75.26 0.0 100.70 0.916 0.0 3. t 0 .251 1.0 120.0 10.981 1.0 1.979 2.476 65.0 80.0 3.455 2.109 3.0 2.45 0.16 0.913 0.747 2.12 0.148 2.218 900.003 2.400 0.282 0.080 2.183 1.0 22.798 16.297 100.90 1.351 3.0 8.0 2.0 3.887 0.0 600.207 600.498 0.106 1.705 0.098 1.0 1.0 8.097 1.755 0.861 0.697 100.617 0.0 26.905 0.905 0.947 0.0 2.5 9.253 reo= 4.0 280.375 0.0 40.0 6.22 0.554 1.706 2.441 0.527 0.361 1.888 2.0 22.5 7.0 115.965 2.126 300.955 0.0 80.6 2.0 220.615 1.016 1.0 90.0 400.886 2. to larger than values listed in th1s table.984 200.813 2.815 0.389 55.472 0.245 55.90 0.309 1.0 reo = 8.0 12.95 1.0 3.0 165.980 1.0 5.639 0.527 1.5 4.0 160. Find Po in Table C.356 0.14 0.770 0.8 3.0 125.0 12.0 1.482 3.647 0.0 24.6 2.0 2.0 2.0 5.0 3.240 0.4 2.0 Po __!Q_ 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1.055 2.823 2.802 0.692 0.0 60.812 2.600 1.0 2.0 170.693 reo fo 0.0 90.8 2.677 2.042 1.0 16.0 2.000 1.591 0.197 45.892 0.630 0.0 1.0 80.5 5.0 2.0 3.109 VAN EVERDINGEN ANO HURST SOLUTIONS TO DIFFUSIVITY EQUATIONS TABLE C.0 8.958 2.217 800.80 0.6 2.728 2.376 1.292 0.667 1.250 1.060 0.0 50.707 2.876 2.0 2.0 28.475 2.043 30.688 0.266 0.0 800.992 3.402 0.331 3.0 2.0 20.90 1.0 260.405 0.789 1.302 160.070 0.8 4.0 160.0 2.927 0.249 0.332 2.687 3.099 r 80 = 20.685 3.669 0.2 1.914 1.2 1.609 2.5 6.842 0.781 2.0 2.583 80.5 5.0 7.275 1.588 3.0 45.0 70.405 0.051 1.0 160.096 1.5 8.065 1.60 0.0 200.325 1.040 2.214 700.0 300.0 3.0 9.857 0.055 0.0 1.0 2.4 1.659 0.0 280.386 0.0 3.50 0.8 3.218 2.0 2.986 1.4 1.0 70.290 1.30 0.55 0.0 26.0 140.397 3.640 0.0 45.5 7.672 2.643 90.2 2.260 60.0 __!Q_ ___E_Q___ 7.724 1.967 1.835 2.0 175.0 1.0 135.Po vs.688 3.0 to Po 4.0 2.0 __!Q_ ___E_Q___ __!Q_ ___E_Q___ 0.0 10.399 3.0 3.090 0.0 2.0 50.152 3.0 1.0 2.123 1.0 7.723 2.551 2.5 6.000 1.804 0.111 35.266 1.0 2.0 6.344 0.024 220.960 2.0 35.370 1.0 240.054 3.0 60.401 3.619 3.0 3.45 0.0 30.516 1.391 3.0 3.689 .0 10.980 2.672 3.0 100.592 2.690 0.000 2.0 1.091 1.810 2.40 0.0 3.701 2.539 1.70 0.0 35.6 2.4 2.0 4.232 1.0 6.728 0.558 2.907 20.303 20.500 2.390 0.290 80.80 0.620 0.0 8.689 2.614 85.619 2.0 _!_Q___ ___E_Q___ 1.662 0.516 3.0 90.692 0.6 1.50 0.0 35.4 1.375 3.0 250.0 __!Q_ ___E_Q___ re 0 =15.665 0.2 1.784 1.895 0.0 4.2 2.381 0.648 1.0 300.0 100.269 3.0 18.142 350.301 120.400 to sma!ler than values !isted 1n th1s table tora given 'eD· reservo iris tnfinite acting.799 0.0 350.915 0.405 0.190 1.386 ___E_Q___ 2.432 1.0 to ___E_Q___ 30.837 1.0 180.200 500.306 3.485 0.70 0. Po 0.4 2.080 1.638 0.945 0.20 0.654 0.550 75.807 140.0 200.0 80.064 2.5 9.502 0.908 0.0 45.651 12.627 1.0 2.030 1.0 2.393 0.050 0.0 1.35 0.0 24.499 1.079 1.152 1.078 2.0 2.5 __!Q_ ___E_Q___ __!Q_ ___E_Q___ 0.0 240.1.253 1.60 0.385 1.219 2.916 0.604 1.730 1.160 40.0 3.573 0.671 95.080 0.0 50.191 3.043 2.0 reo= 3.857 2.616 0.619 0.219 70.200 1.0 3.332 3.0 110.5 5.0 130.457 0.580 1.0 140.615 2.591 0.8 2.379 2.24 0.0 18.0 0.0 20.858 0.150 3.0 2.8 2.

382 4.771 3.000 400.754 8.905 5.000 180.101 14.382 800 900 1.588 4.904 5.661 3.000 550.814 5.205 4.000 5.171 4.862 3.500 3.000 9.000 100.478 4.000 180.290 5.345 6.3.094 4.214 6.689 5.000 80.200 3.000 2.000 14.000 30.000 _{J_Q_ 5.600 1.000 5.000 5.800 2.739 3.000 250.0 fo Po to Po 15.565 4.000 4.800 2.000 500.247 6.000 feo= 90.248 10.088 6.500 4.000 180.000 30.000 260.000 60.000 130.713 3.949 4.400 2.000 5.996 4.000 200.551 6.000 4.000 3.702 120.214 40.859 3.496 4.000 2.583 4.200 1.171 5.663 4.000 200.468 5.942 5.339 3.900 3.833 3.000 18.499 4.000 1.000 25.700 100.000 3.000 5.200 1.000 3.474 6.603 3.858 3.000 35.000 9.690 80.682 6.500 __!p_ Po __!p_ Po 1.105 6.834 4.093 4.294 = 300.000 4.229 3.051 4.0 to Po 6.556 5.604 4.000 2.400 1.248 4.000 1.000 4.000 400.000 35.551 6.957 5.000 1.382 6.000.500 5.991 20.676 3.111 3.500 5.000 45.491 4.907 3.000 16.000 70.650 6.000 40.000 120.991 5.829 4.680 3.000 4.696 90.356 5.129 5.237 4.894 5.898 10.000 2.747 3.548 6.430 6.000 5.000 9.000 50.000 5.982 6.983 5.092 4.072 5.000 5.000 6.000 120.144 4.000 2.800 2.500 5.398 6.071 4.556 3.000 4.990 5.248 11.000 60.257 3.960 6.814 5.500 3.094 500 600 700 800 900 1.702 5.500 3.0 Po _to_ 3.967 5.832 3.892 3.000 80.249 6.374 6.392 6.000 600.754 4.347 4.491 30.937 1.000 5.000 5.000 90.630 6.000 140.434 4.000 5.000 1.000 5.845 5.676 70.800 3.000 350.192 4.000 90.000 100.326 6.000 3.CONTINUED feo= 50.212 5.920 5.000 4.200 2.023 4.000 125.000 90.064 3.550 6.000 300.000 7.003 1.154 3.663 6.000 70.500 7.000 160.368 4.735 3.500 6.000 Po to Po 5.000 12.600 4.000 5.854 3.000 7.365 5.988 4.000 5.500 4.328 4.397 6.000 800.909 3.381 4.400 1.000 450.130 4.400 1.000 3.000 140.000 2.127 2.048 6.908 3.000 4.094 6.303 4.000 140.000 500.500 4.747 3.000 8.WELL TESTING 110 TABLE C.949 3.000 10.248 9.000 100.164 6.400 1.000 100.000 6.000 160.0 feo = 70.000 350.405 3.800 4.977 5.500 7.000 100.603 700 3.595 3.000 25.000 450.090 4.600 1.000 400.946 4.247 7.211 3.400 4.000 5.000 180.991 5.500 3.000 4.652 60.055 6.551 70.512 3.000 600.200 1.200 1.054 1.177 16.514 6.299 6.000 300.193 3.000 120.680 800 3.000 50.000 700.000 3.598 4.904 3.517 40.0 _{J_Q_ __!p_ 3.135 6.988 5.688 3.485 4.227 5.041 6.559 5.579 4.357 6.248 4.213 6.000 60.000 120.285 4.000 4.360 4.380 4.000 80.349 4.058 4.000 5.282 5.000 250.000 160.000 500.000 7.600 1.759 5.263 3.949 4.545 6.889 5.000 40.080 4.684 .746 900 1.704 feo= 200.432 6.387 6.600 2.983 6.000 10.0 feo = 60.049 6.600 1.000 90.242 4.000 10.679 6.803 1.300 1.061 4.000 200.000 120.000 5.810 5.429 28.376 4.500 4.979 6.322 6.000 160.806 3.980 5.484 6.540 6.000 140.000 20.461 3.108 6.500 15.092 4.200 4.401 3.959 3.000 180.200 1.210 6.500 3.000 40.000 250.000 4.000 90.000 _{J_Q_ 3.211 6.000 1.010 12.754 3.684 6.000 5.530 6.382 4.013 6.676 6.000 6.500 3.000 1.095 4.262 6.000 5.512 600 3.379 4.000 5.000 5.000 30.000 45.160 6.000 240.800 2.400 1.552 4.601 4.464 4.636 5.500 1.000 800.000 4.000 60.857 3.599 6.500 4.881 3.348 24.395 6.000 110.500 1.195 6.000 8.299 20.762 5.605 1.703 140.181 2.019 4.0 to Po to Po to 200 220 240 260 280 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1.500 4.426 4.000 5.703 5.975 5.150 4.500 4.000 700.000 160.202 6.228 4.000 200.203 5.000 350.000 4.552 4.000 14.000 4.602 3.025 4.000 5.000 80.156 6.043 4.593 4.996 5.800 2.000 11.606 50.000 5.000 350.482 4.781 5.500 4.000 4.000 8.000 12.245 5.510 4.000 600.534 4.000 300.000 300.000 5.139 6.297 4.000 70.000 250.000 80.026 4.499 4.317 4.500 3.0 feo= 100.500 8.000 400.498 4.500 5.000 ---- feo= 80.630 3.394 4.000 6.000 20.305 6.000 7.910 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1.084 4.183 6.805 3.264 5.448 4.787 3.512 3.704 150.000 12.500 8.500 6.671 6.792 3.000 5.000 3.498 4.000 140.397 50.000 200.0 feo=800.239 6.000 50.000 70.500 2.242 18.

244 feo = 2.134 7.794 7.5(10 6 ) 3.378 reo = 2.0(10 6 ) 1.840 7.244 7.536 7.0 lo 5.5(10 5 ) 5.5(106 ) 5. h = 12ft.854 6.0(10 5 ) 1.686 7.244 7.5(10 5 ) 3.0(1 0 6) Po 6.905 7.5(10 5 ) 8..706 7.775 7.161 6.0(10 5 ) 1.8(10 6 ) 3.0 _ to 1. re 900 rev=.871 7. Also.797 7.495 7.579 7.787 6.VAN EVERDINGEN ANO HURST SOLUTIONS TO DIFFUSIVITY EQUATIONS 111 TABLE C..0(10 6 ) 1.3.0(10 5 ) 3.935 7.8)(20 X 10 . Pn ::::In reD· fe o = 1 .312 7.447 6.000.901 6.25 RB/STB.0(10 5 ) 4.854 6.6(10 5 ) 1.0(10 5 ) 8.6(10 6 ) 1.0(10 5 ) 1..845 7.0(10 5 ) 2.681 6.0(106 ) 1.0(10 6 ) 1.5(10 6) 4.0(10 6 ) 8.108 6.123 7.0(10 6 ) 5.5(10 6 ) 4.507 6..5(10 5 ) 9.0(10 5 ) 9.201 7.5(10 6 ) 4.0(10 5 ) 6.854 6.280 7.783 7.6 psi .0(10 5 ) 1.0(10 6 ) 5.0(10 5 ) 6.006 e 1 = 20 x 10 .395 6.782 7.4(1 0 6 ) 2.0(10 6 ) 1.584 7.CONTINUED feo= 900.489 7.4(106 ) 1.0(106 ) _E¡¿__ lo 6.922 7.494 6.0(10 5 ) 3.979 7.5(10 5 ) 6.785 6.566 7.0(10 5 ) 1.0(10 6 ) 9.661 7.0(10 5 ) 6.0(10 5 ) 9.241 7.936 7.0(10 5 ) 1.0(10 6 ) 4.2(10 6 ) 1..6(10 6) 1.0(10 6 ) 1.8(10 6 ) 2. and Table C.2(10 6 ) 1.0(10 6 ) 7.631 7.2(10 6 ) 1.0(10 5 ) 8.1.8(105 ) 2..631 7. then (0.1(10 6 ) 2. An oil well is producing 300 STB/D from a water-drive reservoir that maintains pressure at the original oil/water contact at a constant 3..0(10 5 ) 8 0(10 5 ) 9.0(10 5 ) 5..5(10 5 ) 4.090 7.644 7.0 to 1.729 6.4(10 6 ) 2.0(10 5 ) 1.154 7.5(10 6 ) 2.0(10 6 ) 6.0(10 5 ) 1.611 7.4(10 6 ) _E¡¿__ 6..695 7.8(10 6 ) 3.114 7.200 7.860 7.327 6.080 7.651 7.0(10 5 ) 7.0(10 6 ) 2. Distance from the well to the oil/water contact is 900 ft.312 7.177 7.738 6.495 7.950 7..2(10 7 ) 1. Solution.0(10 5 ) 9.45 ft.090 7.013 7.760 7. Calculate pressure in the wellbore for production after 0.966 7.4(10 6 ) 5. Well and reservo ir properties in elude the following.088 7.975 7..870 7.0(10 5 ) 6.937 fe o = 1 .000264 kt/<P¡.5(10 5 ) 6.503 6.0.2.0(10 6) 7.833 6.495 feo = 3.057 7.089 7.392 6. 2.600 7.45) 2 =7.167 7.719 7.4(106 ) 1.0(10 6) 1.0 feo= 2.600..766 6.6(10 6 ) _E¡¿__ 6.668 7.777 6.000.0(10 5 ) 1.364 7. = 0.930 7.200.801 reo = 2.813 6.090 7.474 7.057 7.783 7.244 7.6(10 5 ) 1. = 0. we obtain the following.1(10 6 ) 5.0(10 5 ) 5.403 7.780 7.401 7.0(10 6 ) 2.6(10 6 ) 2.0(10 5 ) 8.085 7.966 7.0 lo 2.5(10 6 ) 2.2(10 6 ) 2.c1r ~ hours).775 7..0(10 6 ) 6.800.0(10 6 ) 6.6(1 0 6) 2.0(10 5 ) 5.8(10 5 ) 2.597 7.002 8.0(10 5 ) 9.046 7.5(10 5 ) 6.0(10 6 ) 3.199 7.0(10 5 ) 4.1(10 6 ) 3. Po 6.260 7..0(10 5 ) 5.013 7.0(10 7 ) 1.5(10 6 ) 3.0(10 5 ) 1.298 7.0(10 5 ) 5.251 7..0(10 5 ) 9.619 6.133 7.0(10 6 ) 5.2(105 ) 1.243 7.0(10 5 ) 8.863 7.0 lo 4.0(10 6) 5.704 6.0(106 ) 1.0(10 5 ) 9.0(10 5 ) 7.3(10 6 ) __E_Q_ Sorne important properties of these tabulated solutions include the following: l.0 lo 3.0(10 6 ) 4.999 8.0(10 5 ) 4.390 7.4(10 5 ) 1.089 7.090 7.5(10 6 ) 4.751 6.5(10 5 ) 4.0(10 6 ) 7.5(10 5 ) 3.507 6.0(10 6) 8.0 fo 2.506 7..495 7.049 6.0(10 6 ) 7.480 7.542 7.259 7.0(10 5 ) 7.5(10 5 ) 5.6 )(0.587 6..459 7.0(10 6) 1.097 7.5(10 6 ) 4..8(10 6 ) 2.507 7. (C.0(10 6 ) 3.2(10 6 ) 3..0(10 5 ) 7.0(10 6 ) 4.0(106 ) 1.0(10 5 ) 8. and 100.000.937 7.783 7.0(10 5 ) 5.4(10 6 ) __EQ_ 6.000.0(10 6 ) 9.3(10 6 ) 2.229 7.6) Problem.0(10 6) 9.0(10 6 ) 2.0(10 6 ) 2.5(10 5 ) 7.229 7.765 7.0(10 5 ) 5.904 6.602 7.398 7.0(10 6 ) 8.6(10 6 ) 2.400.495 7.799 7.745 7.251 6.0(10 4 ) 9.746 7.0(10 5 ) 3.849 6.8(10 6 ) 3.0(10 5 ) 9.0(10 6 ) 2.5(10 5 ) 3.(0.5(10 6 ) 2.6(10 6 ) 1.0(106 ) 1.2(1 0 6 ) 1.1 should be used to determine p D.0(10 6) 3.908 7.0(10 6 ) 9.431 7.0(10 6 ) 1.0 fo 8.0(1 7 ) .0(10 5 ) 8.334 7.8(10 6 ) 2.992 7.0 o Po 7.0 days.709 6.0(10 5 ) 7.526 7.067 7.862 7.652 6.407 7.794 6.696 7.45 Thus.161 6.377 7.0(10 6 ) 2.0(10 5 ) 7.5(10 5 ) 4.=--=2. and B = 1.4(106) 1.244 7. 1.495 7.0(10 5 ) 8.619 6.038 7.329 6.307 7.5(10 6 ) 7.004 8.5(10 6 ) 3.45 X 10 5 t.0(10 5 ) 7.452 6.196 7.0(10 5 ) 5.965 7.0(10 5 ) 4.4(10 6 ) 2.6(10 6 ) 1. ¡.0(10 6 ) 3.0(10 6 ) 2.5(10 6 ) 4.837 6.0(10 6) 7.0(10 6) 5.0(10 6 ) 3.0(10 5 ) 9.0(10 5 ) 1.2(10 6 ) 1.0(10 5 ) 2.378 7.Use ofPv Solutions for Constant-Pressure Boundary <1> lo 2.200.588 7.0 lo 8.3(1 7 ) o _E¡¿__ 7.0(10 4 ) 1. For val ues of t D larger than the largest value listed for a given reD (or for t D >r~n). (t in . Sin ce tn =0..2(10 5 ) 1.495 7.9(1 0 6 ) 2.0(10 6 ) 6.201 7.400.7856.378 7.8(10 6 ) 1.403 7.0(10 6 ) 1.312 7.0(10 5 ) 2.934 7.868 6.907 feo= 1.605 6.863 _feo= 1.0(10 6 ) 3.8 cp. For values of tn smaller than the smallest value listed for a given reD• the reservoir is infinite acting.0(10 5 ) 1.0(10 7 ) 1..0(10 6 ) 2.256 7.955 7.781 6.5(10 6) 4.2(106 ) 1.090 feo = 2.0(10 6) 6.0(10 6 ) 5.696 6..677 7.259 7.0(10 6 ) 8.167 7.820 7.374 7.699 7.21)(0.8(10 6 ) 3.238 7.0(10 5 ) 9.800 6.210 7.0(10 5 ) 8.2(10 6 ) 4.0(10 5 ) 6.183 7.252 6.0(10 6 ) 1.4(106 ) 1.600..798 6.1 .545 7. rw = 0.2(10 6) 5.0(106 ) 8.475 7..918 6.5(10 6 ) 3.0 lo Example C.006 8..310 7.4(1 0 6 ) _E¡¿__ 6.0(10 6 ) 9.120 7.000 psia.720 7.0(10 5 ) 7.601 feo= 1.0(10 5 ) 3.0(10 5 ) 6.530 7.962 7.082 7.937 7.0(10 6 ) 6.693 7.2(10 7 ) 1.134 7.601 7.0(10 5 ) 8.000264)(80)(24) t days t D.0(10 6 ) 6.2(10 6 ) _E¡¿__ 6.2(10 6 ) 1.593 7.0(10 6 ) 3.026 7.885 6.710 6.0(10 5 ) 1.0(10 6 ) 2.054 7.056 7.856 7.5(10 7 ) _E¡¿__ 7.895 6.821 7.0(10 6 ) 3.3(10 6 ) 5.132 7.0(10 5 ) 7. r w 0.373 7.21.0(10 6 ) 3.800.732 7.5(10 5 ) 3.4(105 ) 1.0(10 6 ) 5.4(10 6 ) 2.0(10 5 ) 4.853 6.710 6.056 7. k= 80 md.376 7.

800 2.278 0.968 51.000 328.055 318.0(10 7 ) 7.903 881.5(10 7 ) 2. CONSTANT PRESSURE AT INNER BOUNDARY Dimensionless Time Dimension· less Cumulative Production Dimensionless Time to __ C}po - to 0.360 1.827 113.314 28.000 1.550 4.358 13.328(10 8 ) 2.053 303.134(10 6) 1.808 136.000 12.869 7.770 348.900 3.0(10 8) 1.037 8.000 2.854 1.4.15 0.251 1.121 15.904 229.110 1.0(10 9) 1. QpD • 4~29881_= 2 02566t 0 In t 0 42.497 85.265 59.390 1. t 0 -INFINITE RADIAL SYSTEM.213.203.400 3.101 22.850 4.150 3.894 21.126(10 5) 2.090 827.000 0.100 2.184.153 5.068 568.517 324.350 3.260 1.086.5(10 8) 2 0(10 8) 2.198 1.276.928 69.WELL TESTING 112 TABLE C.833 771.025 1.428 81.274 274.230 349.100 4.750 4.081 98.325 1.761(10 5) 8.216 2.000 60.073 265.318 1.026.068 29.880(10 8) 2.569 2.043.222 1.386 367.966 123.791 27.725(10 7 ) 1.949 10.904 110.105.704 373.30 0.Q___ 528.340 1.000 75.298 21.386 11.223 137.066(10 4 ) 4.150.060 1.359 1 469 1.011.0(10 5) 6 0(10 5) 7.065 308.434 10913 11.0(10 8 ) 7.466 24.142 338.543 299.062 89.738 116.202 3.247 7.648 53.90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 0.859 1.308 345.950 5.006.40 0.300 5.284 21. 9_p_Q__ ---·-- to _OE.164.144.689 0.234.755 637.838 126.090 72.076 24.030 298.175 2.064(10 5) 5.200 1.144 355.023 86.996 2.398(10 6) 2 961(10 6 ) 3.375 2.0(10 5) 4 0(10 5) 5.309 936.684 14.604(10 7 ) 2.050 4.815 278.220 1.391 134.325 2.200 2.750 3.70 0.250 1.097.404 0.000 40.742 17.020 1.141 1.574 1.150 4.501 245.252 608.299 563.300 3.0(10 7 ) 8 0(10 7 ) 9 0(10 7 ) 1.625 58.664 146.310 1.560.550 2.545 275.540 103.437 108.965 614.350 2.700 9.945 545.314 6. Q pO = 2.512 71.245 252.0(10 7 ) 4 0(10 7 ) 5.712 903.0(10 6) 4 0(10 6) 5.500 9.0(10 7 ) 6.096 9.090 716.100 3.072 591.376 340.800 5.437 643.500 2.028 1.125.545 88.845 19.532 603.666 1.227 2.350.05 0.051(105) 1.300 9.368 4.210 1.252(10 6) 1.131 64.099 11.332 586.0(10 8 ) 8.800 9.795 263.5(10 6 ) 2 0(10 6 ) 25(10 6) 3.453 141.888 283.796 2.314 313.Opo vs.189(10 5) 1.0(10 6) 8.893 4.555 2.531.544(10 5) 7.326(10 5) 1.771(10 8 ) .020 1.650 2.607(10 7 ) 3.267 372.967 3.650 3.732 2.700 2.113 648.986.883 16.450 3.797(10 7 ) 9.515 261.450 2.000 125.E_º -- __ _t_Q_ 740 750 760 770 775 780 790 800 810 820 825 830 840 850 860 870 875 880 890 900 910 920 925 930 940 950 960 970 975 980 990 1.0(10 6) 1.350 4.819 255.899.778 13.459 926.5(10 9) 3.744 2.250 4.045 140.131 14.585 580.965 83.457 8.000 3.160 1.473 290 995 293.300 2.462(10 5) 2.125 1.280 727.633.640 693.030 1..075.573 15 013 15.022.011 18.028 859.699 129.025 2.433 335.598 749.98 (10 7 ) 6.25 0.721 236.299 12.262 144.850 2.363.180 1.400 - Dimensionless Cumulative Production Dimensionless Time Dimensionless Cumulative Production --.125 2.638 119.108 1.600 2.5(10 5) 2.000 25.964 9.300 4.460 350.330 1.0(10 8) 5 0(10 8) 6.425 2.400 4.290 1.545 321.139.758(10 6) 7.633 26.432 384.000 5.606 0.781 660.514 232.865(10 7 ) 8.075 816.338 78.050 1.255.249 151.496 361.976 56.203 1.019 104.300 1.129 44.668 248.088 838.488 20.588 97.438 2.858 46.00 0.562 316.020 237.257 1 '128.000 1.900 4.308(10 4 ) 4.859 143.781(10 5) 3.411 7.048 360.317 54.514 296.650.057 101.720 362.538(10 4 ) 3.277 49.590 18. For 10 ~ 200.012 1 '160.858 1.200 3.877 705.661 74.781 43.125 1.20 0.780.225 1.000 9.120 1.800 4.5(10 7 ) 3.065.461 9.828 370.953 260.240 1.957 250.450 15.816 892.700 4.270 127.575 91.139 377.743 6.856 150.080 1.107.0(10 7 ) 1.572 380.843 343.120 234.050 3.726 5.691 29.337 534.785 77.0(10 5) 8.000 100.800 3.500 20.928(10 7 ) 7.725 760.000 35.0(10 9 ) 1 5(10 9 ) 2 0(10 9 ) 2.291 23.003 382.911(10 6) 1.900 2.922 375.708.0(10 6 ) 6 0(10 6 ) 7.480 330.550 131.370 226.388 257.830 574.646 1 '118.672 620.700 3.230 1.878 2.724 1.130 1.886 80.0(10 5) 2 5(10 5) 3.086 597.450 4.350 1.140 1.170 1.574 48.071(10 7 ) 5.555 27.108(10 7 ) 2.671 20.020 26.150 1.0(10 6) 9.992 794.688 353.000 17.367 111.517 63.000 70.429(10 8 ) 1.040 1.539 5.244 25.600 4.100 9.906 337.0(10 8) 4.389 17.586.449 738.267(10 4 ) 7 699(10 4 ) 9.433 42.758 0898 1.112 0.0(10 7 \ 2.629 268.400 9.032 323.000 80.958 333. .50 0.144 946.005.379 682.225 2.03 (10 7 ) 5.353 280.0(10 8 ) 9.070 1.520 0.211 288.010 1.457 14.895 61.594 914.866(10 6) 9.189 117.181 270.447 3.233 13.047.095(10 7 ) 1.861 2.589 94 090 95.897 23.60 0.171.689(10 6) 6.140 1.054.033.200 5.075 1.817(10 4 ) 6.064 147.075 2.460 153.100 5.0(10 8) 1.164.816(10 6) 8.780 3.126 130.085.743 1.500 22.042 805.828(10 6) 2.972 133.628 2.5(10 8) 3.181.850 3.344 990.420 285.275 1.336 67.080 20.167 17.688.737 551.200 4.100 1.500 4.270 1.900 9.750 2.046.184 2.320 1.567 311.066 312.948 287.145 539.095.400 2.500 15.571 100.950 4.280 1.024 1.855 12319 12.760 326.650 4.0(10 6) 1.086 247.190 1.600 9.313 16.0 1.684 24.610(106) 5.968 107.175 1.100(10 7 ) 4.439 1.900 10.284 114.250 3.409 1.372 626066 631.9.200 9.090 1.226 75.427(10 5) 4.80 0.935 28.729 273.975 2.461 148.975.000.522 557.600 3.01 0.773 968.067 849.000 4.595 1.517(106) 4.082 1.113(10 4 ) 1.403 124.10 0.855 25.495 105.318 239 912 242.313(10 5) 6.475 2.942 365.974 870.192.250 2.966 957.259 19.597 358.065.093 671.0(10 5) 9 0(10 5) 1.029 Dimensionless Time Dimensionless Cumulative Production Dimensionless Time to -.560 306. i O.940 8.500 3.443 98 99 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 255 260 265 270 275 280 285 290 295 300 305 310 315 320 325 330 335 340 345 350 355 360 365 370 375 380 385 390 395 400 405 410 415 420 425 430 435 440 445 450 455 460 465 Dimensionless Cumulative Production __ Opo_ Notes: For 1D < 0.922 782.701 22.084 92.635 139.050 2.429 18.150 2.000 50.950 3.526 121.799 301.550 3.508 6.083 120.473 2.737 66.965(10 5) 1 016(10 6) 1.174 27.566 979.275 2.000 30.000 90.406 26.

375 1.299(10 9 ) 4.893 1.907.272 39.300 6. For t D = 7.087(10 9 ) 4.697 36.800 6.283 389.is expressed most conveniently in terms of dimensionless variables and parameters: PD =f(tD.000.700 8.5(10 11 ) 3.735 2.450 1.5(10 11 ) 2 0(10 11 ) 2.665 Note that for reD = 2.000 6.593 1.600 1.517 33.070 387. C.000-44.611 34.688 1.359.0(10 12 ) 3.643(10 9 ) 6.585.75(10 10 ) 4.875 1.307 499.225 1.0(10 12 ) 1.639 176.686.196 434.825 1.700 6.89(10 10 ) 6.002 1.787.550 1.19(10 10 ) 5.544.3.500 5.600 7.5(10 12 ) 2.684 2.019 510.945 161.605.289 1.368(10 8 ) 6.183 169. For this problem.100 7.942 4.0(10 9 ) 8.494 37.338.011 1.0(10 11 ) 4.3 is to be u sed to determine p D.726 859 1.000 7.47(10 10 ) 5.02(10 10 ) 3. In Appendix B.847.0(10 10 ) 1. however.200 7.000.0(10 11 ) 9 0(10 11 ) 1.0(10 10 ) 9.914 173.rD.6.3.959 398.775 1.VAN EVEADINGEN AND HUAST SOLUTIONS TO DIFFUSIVITY EQUATIONS 113 TABLE C.900 8.0(10 11 ) 60(10 11 ) 7.373 401.549 170.069 181.220(10 8 ) 7.357 179.4.440 1.414(10 9 ) 7.0(10 10 ) 5.600 6.684 41.128 446.322 162.786 404.0(10 9 ) 9 0(10 91 10(10 1 d) 1.502 209.700 7.066(10 8 ) 7.500 8.490 1.425 1. and dimensionless cumula ti ve production.016 457.317.441.100 6.767.077 1.l rather than Table C.100 8.034 41.3 In reD Pwj (psi a) 2.308 31.503. is appropriate.785 33.145 213.1.927.974 35.015 7.774 184.947. p D.861 516.883 34. instantaneous rate q and cumulative production QP are of more practica! importance than p D• and these quantities can be derived from the fundamental solutions.927 1.077 452.45 X 10 5 7.58(10 10 ) 7.45x10 4 __!!_[¿_ 6.380 1.065 1.192 30 565 30.854 208.482.0(10 9) 5. no flow across the outer boundary (at r=re).872 1.296. O 100. PD is calculated from Eq.300 8.329 1.300 7.5(10 10 ) 3.Q___ Dimensionless Time to 29 818 30.1 l.0(10 10 ) 2.867.288(10 9 ) 1.ctr w rD =r/r w• (300)(1.480 1.0 470 475 480 485 490 495 500 510 520 525 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 600 610 620 625 630 640 650 660 670 675 680 690 700 710 720 725 730 7.800 1.625 729 1.475 1.500 6.820 1.820 416.224 1.473 187.168 440.125 394 543 396.666.670 222.385 41.966.800 5.709 1. and constant BHP Pw¡ at the single producing well (centered in the reservoir) with wellbore radius r w· The solution.851 38.747(10 8 ) 1.(0. for tD =7.800 7.706 1.200 8.183(10 9 ) 7.679 32.800 1.120 1.900 1.544 197.pressure as a function of time and radius for fixed val u es of re• r w• and roe k and fluid properties.945 463.200 6.725 1.705 392.418 1.331 40.925 1.reD) • where PD tD = 0.500 7.45 x 107 .220 422.700 1.706.167 505.00708)(80)(12/D 3 =3.525 1.166 189.45 x 10 5 .400.950 386.0(10 11 ) 5.575 1. we showed that a dimensionless production rate.214 428.784 216. C.645(10 8 ) 4.669 481.850 1.5(10 10 ) 2.243 1.430 1.408 1.278 1.600 5.486 1.887. which "extends" Table C.167 399.510(10 8 ) 5.460 1.980 224.444 168.542 203.5 (In tD +0.417 219 046 221.520 5. Eq.80907) Table C.646.45 X 10 7 7.058 36.0(10 10 ) 60(10 10 ) 7 0(10 10 ) 8. for this tD.184 158.45 x 10 4 • This means that Table C.912 1.900 6.675 1.900 7.421.0(10 9 ) 60(10 9 ) 7.564. p D is found in Table C.0(10 10 ) 4.750 1.161 7.777 37.523.319 1.42(10 11 ) So urce 0.400 1.626 39.697(10 9 ) 2.919 39.197 406.00708 kh (p¡.606 409 013 410.747.298 1.207 38.CONTINUED Dimensionless DimensionCumulative less Productton Time OE.0(10 11 ) 1.000264 kt 2 </>p.151 33.000 8. Note also that qBp.490 1. = --------- 0.0(10 11 ) 8. No Flow Across Outer Boundary This solution of the diffusivity equation models radial flow of a slightly compressible liquid in a homogeneous reservoir of uniform thickness.8) = .336 35. QpD• can be defined as qD qBp.937 31.305 1.400 8.909(10 8 ) 8.979 40.048 32.25)(0.437 493.420 1.418 413.801 157.400 7.390 1.601 Dimenstonless Cumulative Production Dimensionless Time Dtmensionless Cumulative Production Dimensionless Time Dimensionless Cumulative Production Dtmensionless Time Dimensionless Cumulative Production Oro lo Opo to Opo lo Opo 154.470 1.418 36.533 195.878 200.Pwj) ' .383 1.379.695 522.417 32.565 159.416 155.600 8.500 1.103(10 9 ) 2 505(10 9 ) 3.650 1.166 1.410 1.08(10 11 ) 1.208 196.400 6.825 211.336 1.462.17(10 10 ) 1 55(10 10 ) 192(10 10 ) 2 29(10 10 ) 3.700 5.827.28(10 10 ) 1.868(10 9 ) 5. q D.852 192.247 34.563 38.212 1.136 37.625 1.14PD· Constant Pressure at Inner Boundary.698 165.807.265 1. the reservoir is infinite acting at t D = 7.214 411.201 205.558 487.735 42 084 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 t (days) 0.863 469 771 475.948(10 9 ) 1. reservoir at uniform pressure p¡ before production.

25 3.1 1.748 2.6 5.16 0.551 5.05 0.50 8.613 0.15 0.500 0.2 1. Table C.628 3.486 0.550 1. Pwf· Superposition is used to model a variable pressure history.400 0.00 20.241 2.114 WELL TESTING For reD = oo and t D 2:200.924 1.D also should depend only on t D and reD.475 0.242 3.3.028 0.509 0.755 0.600 1.932 4.382 1.075 0.809 3. In Table C.700 1.531 5.533 0.404 0.38 0.435 5.40 1.02566 t D) and QpD= lntD Since both q D and QpD are based on solutions (pD) that.639 4. they more often are used to model water influx from an aquifer of radius re into a petroleum reservoir of radius r w for a fixed reservoir pressure.65 0.4 is for infinite-acting reservoirs.40 0.517 0.375 0.00 6.11 0.21 0.5 confirms this expectation.0 1.0 1.940 2. as illustrated in Example C.487 3.75 2.022 2.990 3.50 0.00 4.621 0.791 1.0 7.958 0.85 0. Although the QpD solutions can be used to model individual well problems.8 4.381 3.850 3.385 5.00 2. QpD is determined uniquely.111 2.5.571 1.594 0.000 1.106 2.08 0.622 2.619 2.241 5.00 6.761 1.18 0.50 7.541 0. and Table C.551 2.00 1.25 1.60 0.5 to 0.108 0.246 6.078 5.792 3.0 1.36 0.895 1.50 6. Example C.379 3.50 8.45 0.332 7.0 0.00 16.25 3.476 5.425 6.4 should be used.617 0.624 0.772 2.353 2.464 7.25 4.25 4.300 0.0 2.90 1.343 5.645 3.334 3.143 0.951 3.80 2.559 0.170 3.599 2.570 2.07 0.354 0.993 3.250 0.653 5.790 5.624 5.200 0.60 2.203 0.50 3.Opo vs.434 7.624 -feo= .4 1.13 0.00 9.8 3.599 0.276 0.611 5.484 1.S. and reD. for rD 1 (r=rw).80 0.30 0.272 7.597 0.50 7.951 4.432 1.00 7.00 5.25 0.175 0. CONSTANTPRESSUREATINNERBOUNDARY feo=1.75 4.497 0.00 12.5.00 5.5 feo= 4.00 22.50 7.985 3.198 4.2 2.917 6.150 0.6 1.10 0.25 0.1 1.395 1.323 4.00 11.00 7.378 4.00 4.579 5.294 2.50 6.00 9.50 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 38 42 46 50 2.304 0.50 0.00 24.00 3.20 2.560 4. and QpD = (r~D -1)/2.494 7. For values of tD larger than those in the table for a given value of reD.843 3.678 0.273 2. the reservoir is infinite-acting and Table C.0 3.893 3.599 0.767 3.75 4.785 0.024 1.507 0.3 1.80 3.80 0.75 5.491 2.325 0.35 0.967 3.997 2.453 2.497 .580 6.495 4.10 0.427 2.55 0.481 7.779 4.12 0. For given reD and tD.712 6.679 1.548 0.877 0.299 1.00 7.4 1.817 0.50 6.34 0.0 10.60 0.605 1.75 3.00 9.00 14.40 2.849 2.900 1.348 1.22 0.00 1.358 1.70 0.174 0.248 1.170 3.000 feo to 1.20 0.603 0.19 0.408 0.715 0.563 1.506 5.932 5.829 0.450 0.468 2.60 1.60 2.295 1.715 2.846 4.650 1. values for both qD and Q D are given.00 0.50 4.28 0.034 3.25 4.8 1.4. QpD• is presented in Tables C.00 18.474 0.444 1.50 9.4 2.20 2.932 0.625 2.00 2.50 10.278 0.621 5.581 3.138 5.09 0.507 3.5 ~reD~ 1 X 10 6 .Use oj QpD Solutions Problem.982 5.330 1. An oil well is produced with a constant TABLE C.17 0.0 8. For reD 2:20.50 3.70 0.7 1.004 7.0 ~ to ~ 1.928 3.747 1.25 3.656 3.035 6.465 1.870 1. Table C.440 1.275 0.504 5.975 2.222 4.999 4.554 0.375 0.525 2.00 3.350 0.8 2.40 0.15 0.317 3.340 2.444 2.976 3.3.70 0.50 3.00 8.717 3.195 1.75 5.800 1.825 6.750 1.525 0.50 8.00 3.0 1.00 8.574 2.500 feo= 2.00 5.143 1.00 2.083 1.582 0.90 0.047 4.80 3.499 5.742 3.490 7.751 0.886 2.598 2.06 0.80 feo= 2.45 0.225 0.458 0.345 0.50 9.0 6.897 0.5 1.50 0.184 2.4 3.461 0.446 0.23 0.2 4.00 10.848 0. t 0 - FINITE RADIAL SYSTEM WITH CLOSED EXTERIOR BOUNDARY.0 -to ~ 0.3 1.10 0.00 4.431 0.749 4.00 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 20 25 30 35 40 =3.023 1.4.20 0.681 0. depend only on tD Dimensionless cumulative production.247 3.414 0.00 6.516 4.5 is for finite reservoirs with 1.439 3.009 5.983 0.40 0.526 1. q D and QJJ.588 0.442 2.75 5.6 2.606 0.140 1.05 0.75 4.363 1.380 2.377 7.256 1.5 1. the reservoir has reached steady state.646 2.20 1.395 0.95 1.553 0.169 5.189 7.50 2.070 0.491 3.14 0.30 0.905 0.32 0.50 1.6 1.30 0.0 9.0 1.125 0.5 to ~ 0.50 4.253 1.098 3.493 3.574 0.330 0.75 0.623 0.811 1.084 3.60 0.24 0.997 3.922 7.613 2.50 4.507 0.0 ~ _!_Q__ ~ 0.507 2. q D can be approximated as 3 (.068 4.565 0.962 1.40 2.2 1.178 2.26 0.076 7. for val ues of t D smaller than the smallest val u e for a given reD.25 2.894 3.758 0.29881 + 2.999 3.402 1.7 1..4 and C.425 0.321 5.638 0.

861 7.15)(20x 10 1.620 8. Example C.40 24.50 17.760 6. 0.11 16.000264 kt tD= <f>J-Lc1r. Qp=l.276 6.95 47.77 360 39.0 fo ~ 7.63 100 32. the reservoir is infinite acting. 4.59 17.5) 2 6 )( 15)(0.70 12.15)(1)(20 X JO .93 16.80 10.547 6.397 8..94 25.76 22.09 46 21.82 52 23.537 3.398 7.325 6.12 31.5 9.0 4.41 17.0 4. TABLE C.2 =0.51 21.0 .47 23.196 3.500 psia.063 9.892 6. QP' in barreis.48 38.0 to ~ 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 24 26 28 30 34 38 40 45 50 55 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 160 180 200 240 280 320 360 400 500 6.26 21.902 8.365 8.09 14.294md.07 23.44 240 39.5.29 30.56 320 39.67 28.39 140 35.000264)(0. Thus.02 29.36 .98 26.36 85 30.612 9.895 10.CONTINUED =4.26 27.875 4.684 5. and ·(2.37 21.0 7.727 4.13 22.5 7.58 30.532 9.3.26 12.26 50 22.5 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 34 38 42 46 50 60 70 80 90 100 r80 =5.233 STB. Other rock. 2.542 3.0 to 9.880 8.46 23.46 11.611 8.074 5.71 23.85 11.454 4.0 to ~ ---- 15 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 120 140 160 180 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 480 9.85 23.986 5.165 4.98 26 14.Analysis oj Variable Pressure History With QpD Solution Problem.23 15.24 20.920 8.283 9.0 9.00 23.5 8.36 17. and from Table C.91 17.l19</>c 1hr.94 48.78 16.294)(1) (0.00 12.26 22 13.51 40.293 7.00 6.56 16.66 34. B = J-L = k= rw = h = </> = el = re= 1.27 13.36 46.0 6.=2.27 120 34.10 34 17. A well is completed in a reservoir with an initial pressure of 6.0 6.481 9.3)/1. 0.651 9.04 180 37.VAN EVERDINGEN ANO HURST SOLUTIONS TO DIFFUSIVITY EQUATIONS BHP of 2.792 5.5 There is no entry in Table C.50 31.50 15.74 14. The reservoir is finite.53 15.e!L ~ ~ ~ ~ 2.92 160 37.21 45.00 9.200 9.0 6.724 6.404 9.5.19 10.5 4.40 14.060 8. 0.96 24.63 23.45 17.464 5.98 11.50 reo=9.0 8.621 9.22 14.50 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 24 26 28 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 160 180 200 500 6.46 17.50 17.097 9.17 280 39.49 31.625 3.35 10.74 12. fluid.453 6.85 200 38.089 6.195 3. Solution.75 44.85 42 20.706 8.48 17.341 9.9.339 8.85 12. 15ft. 20x w.431 8.11 26.624 9.46 11.07 21.49 31.208 7.53 26.930 9.854 6.88 60 25.440 5.5 7.119)(0.127 7.829 10.38 18.65 11.15.28 28.338 9.417 10 15 9.07 10.047 7.50 13.0 8.876 9.605 5.42 23.5 4.95 13. and well properties include the following.16 18.193 4.71 11.49 18.61 32.92 14.28 49.94 440 39.273 6.48 80 29.92 23.79 11. 5) 2 103.19 40 19.859 4.34 31.767 8.93 95 31.42 22.98 11.0 reo=6.26 11. (0.945 20 12.231 5.33 24.59 30 16.74 14.621 6.586 9.27 17.49 17.6 psi l.930 7.79 28 15. We will calculate tD and 'eD and read QpD from either Table C.2 RB/STB.0 5.000)(44.220 8. (p¡-Pw¡) QpDIB =(1.499 4.148 5.4 or Table C.000 psi.000 psia for 1.809 8. there is no flow across the outer boundary.680 7.5 10.41 18.61 11.345 5. 0.457 7.08 30. Reservoir.48 70 27.795 7.0 10.69 48 22. Then.89 56 24.32 13.965 7. 1 cp.623 9.361 10.879 9.13 24 13.000 r D=-.60 35.4.000.05 16.67 33.99 12.41 17.565 9.91 11.0 hour from a reservoir initially at 2.0 7.731 10. and well properties include the following.0 55 6.58 13.5 ~ 2.5 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 34 38 42 46 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 3.389 7.0 9.48 44 21.11 29.88 400 39.71 24.45 22.5 9.500 Calculate the cumulative production.968 9.06 11.82 36 18.53 10.5 8.456 9.13 12.14 49.95 15.0 3.26 11.5 8.65 20.47 31.0 3.5 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 24 25 31 35 39 51 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 180 200 220 5.39 17.6 )(0.5 5.59 10.54 48.97 480 39.533 7. 115 1. fluid.OOOft.22 18.18 90 30.52 38 19.23 10.035 8.97 20.5 7.89 42.835 3.16 11.91 19.5 ft.5 5.0 8. QpD =44. e 0.350 7.36 54 23.43 31.52 75 28.35 32 17.861 7.50 reo= 7.5 3.00 =8.0 9.418 9.82 11.5 6.31 30.96 11.965 12. The well can be considered centered in the cylindrical reservoir.094 6.43 19.002 6.5 9.791 10.537 6.98 reo 10.39 58 24.36 65 26.92 17.91 49.5 at this t D.91 31.49 17.0 7. there is no flow across the outer boundary.

0056 0.25 X 10 5 1. Well2 produces for (18-6) = 12 months with (Pwf ¡ .72 X 103 5. 3. Well 3 produces for (18.2502 0.1416 0.500 psi.99 X 10 5 5.1354 0.52 X 10 4 1.1566 0.56 X 10 3 3.11x105 3.0483 0.300 ft.227 1.0009 2 c/J¡.1024 0.40 X 105 1.1285 0.0063 0.500-4.98 73.0017 0.21 X 10 4 3.37 X 10 3 4.65 X 104 1.000264 kt Solution.1435 0.97x104 1.6 md.56 X 10 4 6.241 1.76x 10 4 3. for 6 more months withPw¡=4.0023 0. For to smaller than values listed in this table for a given reD· reservoir is infinite acting.1697 0.23 X 10 3 3.4 156.000 6.33 X 10 3 4.1562 0.1277 0.2179 0.1682 0.97 X 10 3 4.91 52.94 X 10 3 4.0320 0.0741 0.7 165.1464 0.23 X 10 5 1.082 1. ____3_Q__ 0.1166 0.500 = 1.0844 0.03 X 10 5 1.1236 0.0176 0.35 X 10 3 1.148 1. For to larger than values listed in this table.0905 0.000 1. F1nd Opo m Tab!e CA.0004 0.3x10 6 1.0055 0.6x 105 2 X 10 5 2.Pwf2) = 5.1820 0.0875 0.000-5.73x 104 4.1 187.000 2.1 177.0005 0.1426 0. !lo = 0.8 cp.249 2.1012 0.6 X 10 4 2 X 10 4 2.1401 0.3 X 10 4 1.2 600 800 1.600 2.000 8.400 3.2220 0.000 psi.000 1 X 104 1.000 4.0001 Oeo to 1.000= -500psi.6 psi.3174 0.000 3.(CONTINUED) FINITE RADIAL SYSTEM WITH CLOSED EXTERIOR BOUNDARYCONSTANTPRESSUREATINNERBOUNDARY 20 ____3_Q__ 0.000 - 1 X 10 4 1.1204 0. 0.06x 10 5 1. t 0 feo= ~ 100 130 160 200 240 300 400 500 600 700 800 1.24 X 10 4 7.0565 0.0028 0.17x10 3 8.0524 0.99x10 4 1 X 10 5 1.6 146.1668 0. 0. OpD (reol2 -1/2.0244 0.98 X 10 3 =500 Oeo lo 2.68 X 103 1.0006 0.3x10 4 1.3x 10 5 1.0056 0.~ 42.0042 0.0082 0.25 RB/STB.0682 0.1742 0.1865 0.0728 0.0015 0.1773 0.000 6.1543 0.1 X 10 5 100 ___!j_Q__ 0.60 X 104 1.01 X 10 5 4.0.000 1.17 X 10 4 1.98 X 104 1.33 ft. and for 6 more months with Pw¡= 5.64 X 10 4 8.1170 0.7 133. reD= 3.0117 0.4x10 5 3 X 10 5 4 X 105 5 X 10 5 _C/_Q_ 0.33x10 4 1.83 X 10 5 2.4x10 6 2x 10 6 2.0120 0.4 196.23 X 10 5 1.71 X 10 5 3.6x104 2 X 104 2.tC¡rw =50 .1148 0.80 X 10 4 6.4 X 10 4 3 X 10 4 4 X 10 4 5 X 10 4 6 X 104 8 X 10 4 1 X 10 5 1. 2.3 X 10 4 1. For this well. from three wells.21.1518 0.000 4.80 X 10 5 4.116 WELL TESTING k = 31.77 X 103 4.2070 0.1244 0.1967 0. Calculate cumulative production after 18 months of production from this well.0645 0. cjJ rw re Pwf is changed and each producing with pressure drawdown equal to the difference in pressures before and after the change: Well 1 produces for ( 18 -O) 18 months with (p¡-Pw¡!) 6.67 X 10 5 4.0167 0.47 X 10 4 5.0418 0. For t 0 larger than values 11sted in thís table.1498 0.6x106 2 X 10 6 2.0442 0.69 X 10 3 7.1729 0.2197 0.201 1.0483 0.500 psi.0756 0.0002 reo= ~ to 189.48 X 10 5 4.21 X 10 5 1.1118 0.89 X 103 7.1327 0.000 8.13x105 1.91 117.0925 0.000 5.92 X 103 4.0254 0.0000 Oeo 5.500-5.2915 0.92 X 10 4 1.4x 106 1 X 10 7 1. and cr = 20xlo.1770 0.04 X 10 3 4.31 X 104 8.0273 0.300 1.25x 10 5 3 X 10 4 4 X 104 5 X 10 4 1 X 10 5 2x 10 5 3 X 10 5 4x 10 5 5 X 10 5 6x 10 5 7 X 10 5 8 X 10 5 9 X 10 5 1 X 106 1.2060 0.0610 0.1686 0.600 2.0021 0. Superposition is required to solve this problem.4 X 106 3x 106 4 X 10 6 5x 10 6 7 X 106 8.3394 0.95 X 10 5 4.32 X 10 4 4.3 X 10 5 1.1536 0.0378 0.1133 0.63 X 10 5 4.0106 0.00 X 10 5 . B0 1.19x10 3 2.0 241 290 359 473 502 573 667 795 895 974 1.21 X 10 4 2.1943 0.75x 10 4 2. 3.000. We can calculate the cumulative production by adding the cumulative production q 0 and Opo vs.39 X 10 5 2.62 X 10 3 4.000 psi.4 X 105 3 X 10 5 4 X 10 5 5 X 10 5 6 X 105 8 X 10 5 1 X 106 1.0006 1D ____3_Q__ 0. h 20ft.1604 0.18 X 10 5 1.2393 0.0741 0.8 193.246 1.1 .50 X 10 4 7.77 X 10 3 3. qD 0.4x10 7 2 X 10 7 3 X 10 7 Notes: 1.0098 0.1860 0.78 X 10 4 1.76 61.1869 0.300 1.0910 0.0138 0.1126 0.64 X 103 9.0326 0.83 97.000 2.500=500psi.86 X 10 4 1.33 = 10.4x 10 6 3 X 10 6 4 X 106 5 X 10 6 ____3_Q__ 0.2304 0.38 83.000 5. each beginning to produce when = 0.0132 0.50 X 10 3 9.12) = 6 months with (Pwf2 -Pwn)=4. The well produced for 6 months with flowing BHP Pwj of 5.1371 0.0009 0 8o 532 757 969 1 '171 1.4 X 10 4 3 X 10 4 =200 lo = TABLE C·5.2728 0.16x 10 5 1.0422 0.000 1 X 10 4 1.6x10 4 2 X 10 4 2.2975 0.0195 0.2652 0.9 199.0833 0.0745 0.718 2.4 X 104 3 X 104 4 X 104 5 X 10 4 6x 104 8 X 104 1 X 10 5 1.46 X 10 3 2.363 1.300/0.6x10 5 2 X 10 5 2.1304 0.62 X 10 4 9.82 X 10 3 3.65 X 10 4 3.000 3.

1363 0.86 X 10 5 2.21)(2 X 10.2 RB/STB. QP = 1.0298 0.6 )(500)(2.0352 0..0043 0.1098 0.4x10 7 1.1520 0.1315 0.5 )(0.3x108 Notes: t.7x10 7 2x 10 7 2.0681 0.0979 0.0253 0.0421 0.4x 106 3x 106 4 X 10 6 5 X 106 6 X 106 8x 10 6 1 X 10 7 1.89 X 10 6 7.4 X 109 2 X 109 3 X 10 9 0.06 X 10 7 ) feo= 4.1263 0.55 X 10 5 -0.6 X 10 7 1. tD=(l.07 X 106 2.4 X 10 7 3 X 10 7 4 X 10 7 5 X 10 7 7 X 10 7 8x 107 9 X 10 7 1 X 10 8 1.21.0048 0. (0.26 X 10 5 2.53 X 106 1.664 X 10 7 )(12) = 2.1375 0.10 X 10 5 6.54 X 106 3.0079 0.05x 10 5 1.71 X 10 6 7.0803 0.1604 0.1422 0. Find Opo tn Table C.49 X 106 5.3 X 106 1.5. ¡.0000 feo 0 8o 2.1291 0.06x 10 5 5.24 X 10 7 4. and B = 1.6x 10 7 18x107 2x 107 2.0701 0.0178 0.06 X 10 5 5.04 X 10 7 4.02 X 10 6 1. Opo ~ (r80 ¡2 -112.6 )(1.20 X 106 6.31 X 10 5 6.1445 0.67 X 106 1.1333 0. For _!lQ_ 0.0577 0.6)(730 hr /month){t months) (0.45 ft.00 X 10 6 fo qo 9x 105 1 X 106 1.000 fo 1 X 10 5 2 X 10 5 3x 10 5 4 X 10 5 5 X 10 5 6x 105 7x 105 8x 10 5 9x 10 5 1 X 10 6 1.6x10 6 2 X 10 6 2.0998 0.0563 0.76 X 10 5 1.2x10 7 1.55 X 10 5 STB.14 X 10 6 3.0009 0.0079 0.0011 0.23 X 106 1.65x 106 1.3 X 10 8 2.72 X 10 6 1.0887 0.04 X 10 6 1.0111 0.1240 0.6 )( 1. t D = (1.70 X 10 4 9.6 psi .65 X 10 6 1.14x10 5 8. Qp =Qp! From Table C. h = 12ft.0 day of production.0339 0.0 X 108.0130 0.Pwf) QpDI 1. Then ForWell1.21 X 106 7.1084 0.53 X 10 7 4.1071 0.0975 0.0668 0.8 cp.54 X 107 .8)(2x 10.664 X 10 7 )(6) = 1.0930 0.00 X 106 2.95x106 1. (re .46 X 106 1. k= 80md. q 0 "'0. QpD = 1.96 X 10 7 5.1118 0.0.11x10 4 1.70 X 106 8.1366 0.19x 10.31 X 10 5 6. QpD =2. 3.1166 0.6x 106 2 X 106 2.89x 10 7 ) 1.1475 0.000)(1.1 .1352 0.1050 0.0734 0.00 X 10 6 fo qo Oeo 3x 106 4 X 106 5 X 10 6 6x 10 6 8 X 10 6 1 X 107 1.4x10 7 1.1262 0. e1 = 20 x 10 .0846 0.0009 0.664x 10 7 (tmonths).0226 0. For 10 larger than values listed in this table.19 X 10.76 X 10 5 7.8x10 7 2 X 10 7 2.1174 0. QP =(8.69x 106 9.21)(0.4 X 106 3 X 10 6 4x 106 5x 106 7 X 106 1 X 10 7 1. = 0.0 (10 4 ) . t D = (1.1389 0.25 X 10 5 2.0286 0.19 X 10 . r w = 0.25 =8.30 X 105 4.66 X 10 6 7.74x 105 1.3 X 10 6 1.41x107 1.2 X 10 8 1.01 X 10 6 1.0181 0.1237 0.99x10 6 2.1215 0.1128 0.0038 0.1 An oil well is producing from a reservoir 900 ft) with no fluid crossing the o u ter boundary of the reservo ir.1155 0.1296 0.33x10 5 1.4 X 10 7 3 X 10 7 4 X 10 7 5 X 10 7 7x 10 7 1 X 10 8 1.3 X 10 7 3 X 10 7 4 X 10 7 5 X 10 7 7x 10 7 8 X 10 7 9 X 10 7 1 X 10 8 1.4.0872 0.95 X 10 6 2.0415 0.7x108 2 X 10 8 2.16 X 10 5 STB.97 X 10 5 5.Pw¡) QpDI B = 500)(1.1194 0. lo larger than values listed in this table. (p¡.87 X 10 6 2.02 X 10 5 1.90 X 10 6 7.434 X = 2. Calculate instantaneous rate and cumulative production after 1.000264)(31.7x108 2x 10 8 2.0x 10 8 .0952 0. TABLE C.06 X 10 7 3.85 X 106 3.1320 0. Well and reservoir properties include the following: cp = 0.1210 0.000 psia.52 X 106 7.19x 10.47 X 106 6.0902 0.S -(CONTINUED) feo= 2.0018 0.17x10 7 2.1046 0.1135 0.24x107 1.46 X 10 5 1.0788 0.76 X 10 5 3. For 2.06x10 7 1.1222 0.51 X 106 5.27 X 10 4 7.1162 0.0362 0.82 X 107 4.1012 0.99 X 106 8.0000 105 Exercises = (1. Initial reservo ir pressure is 3.54 X 10 7 ) 1. = -0.1356 0.60 X 106 5.000 psia.0001 0.0002 0.1254 0.89x10 7 2.00 X 10 7 lo smaller !han values listed in this table for a given r 80 .0 X 108.0164 0.119)(0. = C.78 X 10 5 3.2 X 10 7 1.119 cpc 1 hr~ (p¡.51 X 106 4.04 x 10 5 STB.33) 2 = + Qp2 + Qp3 1.2 X 10 8 1.94 X 106 7.117 VAN EVERDINGEN ANO HURST SOLUTIONS TO DIFFUSIVITY EOUATIONS QpD = 1.0948 0.4x 108 1.33)2 Qp =(8.3x10 7 1.54 X 10 7 3.40 X 10 6 2.19 X 10 5 1.6 X 10 8 3x 108 4x 108 5 X 10 8 0.0252 0.1143 0.1188 0.42 X 106 1.04 X 10 5 + 1.06 X 10 7 .89 X 10 7 .78 X 10 6 1.87 X 106 6.17 X 106 2.1008 0. For Well2.664x 10 7 )(18)=3.24x10 6 1.26 X 10 5 3.25 X 106 1.88 X 106 4.49 X 106 1.27 X 106 2.0029 0.1216 0.1081 0.82 X 10 6 7.89 X 10 6 1. Pressure in the wellbore is maintained at 2.6 (p¡-PwJ)QpD = (8.4 X 108 3x 10 8 4 X 10 8 5x 108 6x 108 7 X 108 8x 10 8 1 X 10 9 1.1404 0.1280 0. reservo iris inftnite acting.0458 0.79 X 107 4.66x10 7 1.1115 0.434 X 10 5 . For Well3.5 )(20)(0.000 0 8o 6. 1.0001 4.4 X 108 1.54 X 10 5 7.0580 0.1152 0.47x 10 7 3.

.0728 1.0940 0.03 X 109 4.0941 6. C. and h = 40ft. The pressure at the oil/water contact is constant at 3.J.1047 0.0737 4.5x10 12 notdetermined.0750 1.36 X 109 5 X 10 11 0.0966 4.4.33 X 108 7.4 If.93 X 10 7 1.03 X 10 9 4 X 10 11 0.0705 5.4x10 9 0. 7.0897 2 X 1010 0.6x10 11 0.0756 0.= 0.: "The Application of the Laplace Transformation to Flow Problems in Reservoirs.74 X 10 9 3.4 X 10 11 0. Opo" (reol2 -1112.724 psia and held there.30 X 10 7 7 10 9 9 8 5.0055 2.75 X 108 1.4 X 10 9 3 X 10 9 4 X 10 9 5x 109 6 X 10 9 8 X 10 9 1 X 10 10 1.0837 0.11 X 10 7 7 X 10 8 0.52 X 108 1 X 10 11 0.4 X 10 10 0.0896 1.06 X 10 9 1.42 X 10 9 7. 5 x 10 ." Trans.4 X 10 10 0.0980 3.0993 0.4x 10 10 0.0(10 6 ) qo fo qo fo to QE.4 X 10 8 2 X 10 8 2.0210 3.12x108 2 X 10 10 0.3.0973 0.21x10 9 2.0709 3. k 17.0725 4.0826 0.0441 2.4 X 10 10 2 X 10 10 3x10 10 0.12x 108 2 X 10 11 0.2 A single oil well is producing in the center of a circular.09 X 10 10 3. A.51x10 10 1.64 X 10 8 6 X 10 10 0.4 X 10 10 0.0366 3. 3.58 X 10 9 5x 10 11 0. The well produced for the first 15 days at a rate of 500 STB/0.340 psia and the radial distance to the oil/water contact is 1.o feo= 2.49 X 10 9 3. Eng.0971 3.48 X 10 1. References l. p¡.77x10 6 2.03x10 12 8 X 10 9 0.4x10 11 0.0011 4.67 X 10 10 2.0791 6.S. If the boundary pressure is suddenly lowered to 2.0877 2.500 ft.06x10 7 1.704 psia at the end of 100 days.0960 0.77 X 10 8 5.37x10 7 9 X 108 0.76 X 10 9 1.62 cp.2 RB/STB.4 X 10 12 0.0443 1.66x 10 7 1 X 10 9 0.95 X 10 10 1.1064 0.0787 2.0145 4. the next 14 days at 300 STB/0. cjJ = C.75 cp.0814 6.4 X 10 8 8 X 10 8 8.0927 0. Chatas.13x10 10 4 X 10 9 0.0804 0.0911 1.84x10 10 3 X 10 11 0.83 X 106 5x 109 0.42 X 10 10 7 X 10 11 0.0866 0.80x 10 8 5 X 10 10 0.55 X 10 8 3 X 10 10 0. o 1. J1." J.4 X 10 8 5x 10 8 5.02 X 10 10 1.0697 4.51x10 7 6x 10 8 0.0.03x10 7 1.5 ft.0494 1.11 X 10 10 1.0607 1.28 X 10 10 3.0004 4.15 X 10 9 9.0829 5.000 ft (aquifer radius).73 X 10 7 4.0870 7. W. 15ft.3x10 10 0. q 0 : 0.56x 108 7 X 10 10 0.32x10 10 1.56x109 1.6 X 108 4 X 10 8 4.0083 4.70x 10 7 8x 108 0.01 X 10 7 7.4 X 10 10 0. k= 83 md.0035 0.2.0616 0.4 X 10 8 0.0000 4 feo= 1.29x10 9 1..08x 10 10 2.3x10 11 0. 2.0798 0. Edwardson.98 X 10 7 1 X 10 10 0.0668 6.32 X 10 9 8x 10 11 0.22 X 10 8 1 X 10 11 0.4 X 10 8 0. For t 0 smalter than values listed in this table for a given 'e O• reservo iris infinite acling.3 X 10 11 0.0469 0.34 X 10 8 4.62 X 10 9 3x 10 11 0.0656 7.0813 2 X 10 8 0.0593 9." Pet.50x10 7 9 X 10 9 0.82x 10 7 1 X 10 10 0.4 X 108 9 X 10 8 1 X 10 9 1.40x10 7 2 X 10 9 0.0737 1.75 X 10 8 9 X 10 10 0.0679 6.0763 7. 1953) B-44 through B-56.0933 8. 225.0800 4 X 10 10 0.0639 1.1041 0.88 X 109 2.0048 4.6 psi .0689 1.5x10 8 0.82 X 10 5 X 10 0.29x10 7 1.55 X 10 9 2 X 10 12 0.25x10 10 2 X 10 11 0.10x10 8 1.92 X 10 8 9 X 10 10 0.10x 10 7 5x 10 8 0.0849 6.0382 0.(CONTINUED) feo =2.0004 3.1 .4 X 10 8 6 X 10 8 6. rw 3000 ft (reservoir radius). and 800 days.0001 0.0658 7.0782 0.4 X 10 11 0.32 X 10 8 2.0745 4.0698 5.95 X 10 8 8. 0.80 X 10 7 4 X 10 10 0.0719 3. 0.0376 1. C¡ 8 X 10.72 X 10 8 8 X 10 10 0.55x10 10 2.1 X 10 11 0.0617 9.0138 0.67 X 10 10 6.17x10 7 6 X 10 9 0.49 X 10 7x10 0. Trans.2 X 10 12 0.4 X 10 8 7x 10 8 7.T.80 X 10 9 2 X 10 11 0.0799 6.0174 4. Pet.5x10 12 0.11x10 10 3.04 X 10 10 3.: "Calculation of Formation Temperature Disturbances Caused by Mud Circulation.85 X 10 9 >1.00 X 10 8 5 X 10 10 0. 305-324. AIME (1949) 186.0950 0.0896 0.0009 0. 0.0861 4. 200.O ___!}_Q__ OE.6x10 12 0.11x10 10 4.0730 2.734 psia. o OE.20.0756 1. et al. A.42 X 10 10 6.1103 0.0925 9.0217 2.75x10 10 2. (Aprill962) 416-426.17x10 9 1. 75md. AIME.0778 3 X 108 0.09x 10 7 8.0784 7.0272 0. Reservoir and aquifer properties include the following.14x10 9 2.03 X 10 7 8x 10 9 0.0881 3 X 10 10 0. F.0948 5.0001 5.0751 3.93 X 10 7 4 X 10 8 0.24 X 10 7 3 X 10 10 0.59 X 10 7 6 X 109 0.33 X 10 10 2. cjJ 0.98 X 10 9 3.87 X 10 7 2 X 10 10 0.08x109 1.70 X 10 9 2.0070 0.1000 3 X 10 9 0.5(10 5 ) feo=1.0935 7.87 X 10 9 1 X 10 12 0.7 X 10 10 0.07 X 108 1.0253 3.3 X 109 1.0854 5.07 X 10 7 7 X 10 9 0.51 X 109 8..0956 5.00x 109 Notes: 1.0023 4.64 X 109 7 X 10 11 0.0531 2.5(10 to qo 3 X 10 7 4 X 10 7 6 X 10 7 7x 10 7 8 X 10 7 9 X 10 7 1 X 10 8 1.1016 0.0683 0.12 X 10 8 1.: "A Practica! Treatment of Nonsteady-State Flow Problems in Reservoir Systems. 400.51 X 108 6 X 10 10 0.0002 4.0024 3. Find Opo in Table C. calculate the cumulative water influx into the reservoir after 100.99 X 109 4 X 10 11 0. 3. re 30.0743 1.0538 0.0632 8.6x10 10 0.86x10 6 3.6 X 10 9 2 X 10 9 2.0770 9.0551 1.0676 6.3x10 11 0.0126 2.0824 1. and the last day at 200 STB/0.0686 6. the reservoir boundary pressure suddenly dropped to 2.0757 3.and 1.0844 7.0990 4 X 10 9 0.0836 8.76 X 10 9 5.0304 3.94x10 7 3 X 10 9 0. full water-drive reservo ir. Tech.1054 0.0193 0.0(105) ) Op. in Exercise C.6x 108 3x 10 8 3.38 X 10 9 1.1017 2 X 10 9 0. (Aug.1086 0.15x10 8 8 X 10 10 0.0766 3.0809 1.3x10 12 0. of 2.0770 8.80 X 10 9 6 X 10 11 0. Calculate the cumulative production and wellbore pressure at the end of 30 days.72 X 10 10 4.0011 3.0636 8.118 WELL TESTING C. and Hurst.0855 0.4x10 8 0.67x10 7 7 X 10 9 0.6 psi-!.75x 108 4 X 10 10 0.02x 108 1 X 10 11 0.94 X 109 3x 10 11 0.4 X 10 11 0.0286 2.22 X 109 1.0930 8.27 X 10 9 4 X 10 11 0. TABLE C.1035 0.0861 3.32 X 10 10 1 X 10 12 0.10x107 8.92 X 10 10 2.6x 10 11 0.4 X 10 10 0.3 X 108 3. 2 Forro larger !han val ues listed in this table.3 An oil reservoir is initially ata pressure.33 X 108 6 X 10 10 0. calculate the total water influx at 400 days total elapsed time. M.0915 0.21 X 10 10 3.6x10 11 0.0845 4.37 X 10 8 8 X 10 10 0.0686 5. For t 0 larger than values listed in this table.0594 1.0809 0. van Everdingen.