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# 1 FUNCTIONS

1.0 RELATIONS
Notes :
(i) Four types of relations : one-to-one, many-to-one, one-to-many and many-to-many.
(ii) Three ways to represent relations : arrowed diagram, set of ordered pairs and graph.
(iii) The arrow diagram representation is of the form below :

In the above relation,
b is the ime of a ;
a is the obe!t of b.
(iv) "et of ordered pairs of a relation ta#es the form of \$ (a , b), (! , d), %.. &
EXAMPLE QUESTION
'.
( relation from ) into * is defined by the set of
ordered pairs
\$ (', +), (', ,), (-, ,), (., /) &.
"tate
(a) the image of ', (ns: + and ,
(b) the obe!t of +, (ns: '
(!) the domain, (ns: \$ ', -, . &
(d) the !odomain, (ns: \$-,+,,,/,'0&
(e) the range, (ns: \$ +, ,, / &
(f) the type of relation (ns: many-to-many
'.
( relation from ) into * is defined by the set of ordered
pairs
\$ (-, -), (+, -), (,, /) &.
"tate
(a) the image of +, (ns:
(b) the obe!ts of -, (ns:
(!) the domain, (ns:
(d) the !odomain, (ns:
(e) the range, (ns:
(f) the type of relation (ns:

1. Functions '
a is the
object
b is the
image
P Q
a
b
P !omai"
1 1
Q Co#omai"
A \$
,
.
+
'
The relation from A into \$
above !an also be written as set
of ordered pairs
\$(', +), (., ,) &
% is the image of 1 2
The Object of & is '.
3
4
3
3
3
A !omai" \$ Co#omai"
Set ( %) & * is the RAN+E
for the mapping from ( to 5
) 6 \$ ', -, .&
* 6 \$-, +, ,, /, '0&
) 6 \$ ', -, .&
* 6 \$-, +, ,, /, '0&
) 6 \$ -, +, ,&
* 6 \$-, ., ,, /, '0&
1.1 FUNCTION NOTATIONS
Notes:
(i) ( fun!tion is usually represented using letters in its lower !ase : f , g , h %..
(ii) 7iven the fun!tion
' - : + → x x f
, we usually write it in the form f(,) 6 -, 8 ' before answering
any 9uestion.
1.- FIN!IN+ T.E /ALUE OF FUNCTIONS 0Ma1te23 E,e2ci1e4
f (a) represent (a) the value of f(:) when : 6 a .
(b) the image of f when the obe!t is a
;<(=)>; *?;"TI@N
'. 7iven the fun!tion
' - : + →x x f
,
find (i) f (.) (ii) f (-+)
(nswer : 56,7 8 - , 9 1
(i) f ( ' ) 6 - (' ) 8 '
6 , 8 '
6 /
(ii) f (:- ) 6 - (--) 8 '
6 - + 8 '
6 -.
'. 7iven the fun!tion
. - : + →x x f
,
find (i) f (-) (ii) f (-')
(nswer : 56,7 8 - , 9 '
(i) f(') 6 -( ) 8 .
6
6
(ii) f(:1) 6 - ( ) 8 .
6
6 9, 1
-. 7iven the fun!tion . :
-
− →x x g , find
(i) g(0) (ii) g(+)
(nswer : g (:) 6 :
-
- .
(i) g ( 0 ) 6 0
-
- .
6 0 - .
6 - .
(ii) g (%) 6 %
-
- .
6 ', A .
6 '.
-. 7iven the fun!tion 4 :
-
− →x x g , find
(i) g(0) (ii) g(-)
(nswer : g (:) 6 :
-
- 4
(i) g ( 0 ) 6
6
6
(ii) g (-) 6
6
6 -4, -'
.. 7iven the fun!tion
+ .
,
:

x
x h
,
.
+
≠ x
,
find h (-).
Bawapan :
+ .
,
) (

=
x
x h
h ( - ) 6
+ ) - ( .
,

6
-
,
6 .
.. 7iven the fun!tion
. -
C
:

x
x h
,
-
.
≠ x
,
find h(.).
Bawapan:
= ) ( x h

h ( ' ) 6

.
1.- FIN!IN+ T.E /ALUE OF FUNCTIONS 0Rei"5o2ceme"t E,e2ci1e14
1. Functions -
*?;"TI@N (N"D;E
'. 7iven the fun!tion
' . : + → x x f
, find
(a) f (0)
(b) f (.)
(!) f(--)
(d) f(+)
(e) f(-.)

'. 5 6 , 7 8 ', 9 1
(a) f ( 0 ) 6 . ( 0 ) 8 '
6
- . 7iven the fun!tion x x x g . :
-
− → , find

(a) g (0)
(b) g (-)
(!) g (+)
(d) g (-.)
(e) g (-')

-. g(:) 6 :
-
- .:
(a) g (0) 6
.. 7iven the fun!tion
x
x h
+ .
,
:

, find

(a) h (0)
(b) h (')
(!) h (
-
'
)
(d) h(-.)
(e) h (
+
'
)
1.' PRO\$LEM OF FUNCTIONS IN/OL/IN+ SIMPLE EQUATIONS. 014
Note : *uestions on fun!tions usually involve solving linear F 9uadrati! e9uations.
;<(=)>; *?;"TI@N
'. 7iven that
' - : − →x x f
, find the value '. 7iven that
. + : − →x x f
, find the value of x if
1. Functions .
of :
if f(:) 6 4.
(nswer : f (:) 6 - : A '
- : A ' 6 4
- : 6 ,
∴ : 6 .
f(x) 6 '/.
(nswer : f (:) 6 + : A .
+ : A . 6 '/
+ : 6
∴ : 6 4
-. 7iven that
. 4 : + →x x f
, find the value of
x
if f(x) 6 -/.
(nswer : f (:) 6 4 : 8 .
4 : 8 . 6 -/
4 : 6 - '0
∴ : 6 - -
-. 7iven that
/ . : + → x x f
, find the value of x if
f(x) 6 +.
(nswer :
: 6 -'
.. 7iven that
- : + →x x g
, find the value of
y
if g(y) 6 -y - .
(nswer : g(:) 6 : 8 -
g(y) 6 y 8 -
y 8 - 6 - y A .
. 8 - 6 - y - y
y 6 4
.. 7iven that
- . : − →x x g
, find the value of y if
g(y) 6 -y 8 +.
(nswer :
y 6 ,
+. 7iven that
. / : − →x x f
,
'4 + : + → x x g
,
find the value of p if f(p) 6 g(p).
(nswer : f(:) 6 /: A ., g(:) 6 +: 8 '4
f(p) 6 /p A ., g(p) 6 +p 8 '4
f(p) 6 g(p)
/p A . 6 +p 8 '4
.p 6 'G
p 6 ,
+. 7iven that
'0 - : − →x x f
,
- + : + → x x g
,
find the value of : if f(:) 6 g(:).
: 6 -,
PRO\$LEMS OF FUNCTIONS IN/OL/IN+ SIMPLE EQUATIONS. 0-4
;<(=)>; *?;"TI@N
1. Functions +
4. 7iven that
'0 - : − →x x f
,
/ : − →x x g
,
find the value of : if f(:) 6 - − g(:)
(: f(:) 6 -: - '0 , g(:) 6 : A /
-: A '0 6 - - (: A /)
-: - '0 6 - -: 8 '+
+: 6 -+
: 6 ,
4. 7iven
C . : − →x x f
,
/ : − →x x g
, find
the
value of : if f(:) 6 . − g(:).
: 6 4
,. 7iven that
+ . : + → x x f
, find the values
of : if f (:) 6 :
-
.
(: f(:) 6 .: 8 +
:
-
6 .: 8 +
:
-
- .: A + 6 0
(: 8 ') (: A +) 6 0
: 6 -' or : 6 +
,. 7iven that
G - : + → x x f
, find the values of :
if
f (:) 6 :
-
.
: 6 + , --
/. 7iven that , . :
-
− →x x g , find the values
of
y if g (y) 6 , .
(: g(:) 6 .:
-
A ,
g(y) 6 .y
-
- ,
.y
-
- , 6 ,
.y
-
A '- 6 0
(H.) : y
-
A + 6 0
(y 8 -) (y A -) 6 0
y 6 -- or y 6 -
/. 7iven that 4 - :
-
− → x x g , find the values of y
if
g (y) 6 +4 .
: 6 -4 , 4
G. 7iven that , . :
-
− →x x g , find the values
of
p if g (p) 6 /p.
(: g(:) 6 .:
-
A ,
g(p) 6 .p
-
- ,
.p
-
- , 6 /p
.p
-
A /p - , 6 0
(.p8-) (p A .) 6 0
G. 7iven that . - :
-
− → x x g , find the values of p
if
g(;) 8 : <; .
1. Functions 4
p 6
.
-

atau p 6 . .
p 6 'F- , -.
PRO\$LEM OF FUNCTIONS IN/OL/IN+ SIMPLE EQUATIONS 0Rei"5o2ceme"t E,e2ci1e14
*?;"TI@N (N"D;E
'. 7iven the fun!tions
4 - : − → x x f
and

- : + →x x g
, find
(a) the value of : if f(:) 6 /
(b) the value of y if g(y) 6 -y - .
(!) the value of p if f(p) 6 g(p)
(d) the value of : if f(:) 6 A g(:)
'. f(:) 6 -: A 4 , g(:) 6 : 8 -
(a) f(:) 6 /
-: A 4 6 /
-: 6
: 6
x = 6, y = 5, p = 7, x = 1
-. 7iven the fun!tions
+ . : + → x x f
and

x x g - : →
, find
(a) the value of p if f(p) 6 -4
(b) the value of # if g(#) 6 .# - +
(!) the value of : if - f(:) 6 g(:)
(d) the values of y i#a f(y) 6 y
-
-. f (:) 6 , g(:) 6
(a) f (p) 6 -4
.p 8 + 6 -4
p = -3, k = 4, x = -2, y = -1,4
.. 7iven the fun!tion
'- . :
-
− → x x f
,
(a) evaluate f
2
(--).
(b) solve the e9uation f(:) 6 0.
(!) find the values of p if f(p) 6 .p 8 ,.
.. f (:) 6
(a) f
-
(--) 6 f f(--)
6 f( )
6
-12, x = 2, -2, p =3, -2
+. 7iven the fun!tions
-
: x x f → and

x x g + '- : − →
, find
(a) the image of . that is mapped by f .
(b) the values of : if f(:) 6 :,
(!) the values of y if f(y) 6 g(y).
+. f (:) 6 , g(:) 6
1. Functions ,
f(--) 6 .(--)
-
A
'-
6
9, x = 0, 1 ; y = 6, -2
1.% FIN!IN+ T.E /ALUE OF COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS 0Ma1te23 E,e2ci1e14
Notes : To find the value of fg(a) given the fun!tions f and g, we !an first find fg(:) and then
substitute : 6 a.
De !an also follow the ;<(=)>;" below.
EXAMPLE 1 :
7iven that
+ . : − →x x f
and
x x g - : →
,
find fg(.).
(nswer : f(:) 6 .: - + , g(:) 6 -:
g(.) 6 -(.)
6 ,
fg(.) 6 f I g(.) J
6 f ( ,)
6 . (,) - +
6 '+
EXAMPLE - :
7iven that
x x f - . : − →
and
-
: x x g → , find
gf(+).
(nswer : f(:) 6 . A -: , g(:) 6 :
-
.
f(+) 6 . A -(+)
6 . A G
6 - 4
gf(+) 6 g (-4)
6 (-4)
-
6 -4
EXERCISES
'. 7iven that
' - : + → x x f
and
x x g . : →
,
find f g(') .
-. 7iven that
C - : − → x x f
and
x x g . ' : + →
,
find gf(.).
.. 7iven the fun!tions
. : + →x x f
and

' + : − → x x g
, find
(a) f g(') (b) gf(')
+. 7iven the fun!tions
/ . : − →x x f
and

x x g - + : − →
, find
(a) f g(0) (b) gf(0)
1. Functions /
FIN!IN+ T.E /ALUE OF COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS 0Rei"5o2ceme"t E,e2ci1e14
'. 7iven that
. - : + → x x f
and
x x g + : →
,
find fg(-) .
-. 7iven that
4 - : − → x x f
and
x x g 4 : →
,
find
gf(/) .
.. 7iven that
+ : + →x x f
and
' - : − → x x g
,
find
(a) fg(') (b) gf(')
+. 7iven that
+ . : + → x x f
and
x x g - 4 : − →
,
find
(a) fg(0) (b) gf(0)
4 7iven the fun!tions
' . :
-
− →x x f
and

x x g − →- :
, find
(a) fg(-') (b) gf(-')
, 7iven that
x x f . : →
and
-
- : x x g − →
,
find
(a) fg(--) (b) gf(--)
/. 7iven the fun!tions
- : + →x x f
and

-
. - : x x x g + − →
, find
(a) fg(') (b) gf(')
G. 7iven the fun!tions
x x f − →- :
and

-
. + ' : x x x g + − →
, find
(a) fg(-') (b) gf(-')
1. Functions G
1.< FIN!IN+ T.E /ALUE OF COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS
- -
, g f
Notes : f
-
(a) = ff (a) 6 f I f (a) J
EXAMPLE 1 :
7iven that
- . : − →x x f
, find f
-
(-).
(nswer : f(:) 6 .: - -
f(-) 6 .(-) A - 6 +
f
-
(-) 6 f I f(-) J
6 f ( +)
6 . (+) A -
6 '0
EXAMPLE - :
7iven that
x x g + . : − →
, evaluate gg(').
(nswer : g(:) 6 . A +:
g(') 6 . A +(') 6 :1
gg(') 6 g Ig(')J
6 g ( -')
6 . A + (:1)
6 . 8 +
6 /
EXERCISES
'. 7iven that
. - : + → x x f
, find f
-
(-) . -. 7iven that
4 : − →x x g
, evaluate gg(.) .
.. 7iven that
' - : − → x x g
, evaluate g
-
(.).
+. 7iven that
+ . : + → x x f
, find ff(0) .
4. 7iven that
x x g 4 - : − →
, find g
-
('). ,. 7iven that
' . :
-
− →x x f
, find ff(') .
/. 7iven that
x x g + : →
, evaluate gg(--). G. Kiberi
. + - :
-
+ − → x x x f
. Nilai#an f
2
(0) .
1. Functions C
1.& \$ASIC EXERCISES \$EFORE FIN!IN+ T.E COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS 0 1 4
EXAMPLE 1 :
7iven
' . : + →x x f
,
f(:) 6 .: 8 '
thus (a) f(-) 6 .(-) 8 '
6 /
(b) f(a) 6 . a 8 '
(!) f(p) 6 . p 8 '
(d) f(-#) 6 . (-#) 8 ' 6 ,# 8 '
(e) f(-:) 6 . (-:) 8 ' 6 ,: 8 '
(f) f(:
-
) 6 . :
-
8 '
EXAMPLE - :
7iven
x x g + 4 : − →
, .
g(:) 6 4 A +:
thus (a) g(-) 6 4 A +(-) 6 4 A G 6 -.
(b) g(a) 6 4 A +a
(!) g(p) 6 4 A +p
(d) g(.#) 6 4 A +(.#) 6 4 A '- #
(e) g(:
-
) 6 4 A +:
-
(f) g (.8-:) 6 4 A + (.8-:)
6 4 A '- A G:
6 - / A G:
EXERCISES
'. 7iven
. - : + → x x f
,
56,7 8 -, 9 '
thus (a) f(-) 6 -(-) 8 . 6
(b) f(a) 6
(!) f(p) 6
(d) f(-#) 6
(e) f(:
-
) 6
(f) f(-:
-
) 6
(g) f( - .:) 6
- 7iven
x x g + - : − →
.
g6,7 8

thus (a) g (-) 6
(b) g(a) 6
(!) g(s) 6
(d) g(.:) 6
(e) g(:
-
) 6
(f) g (.8-:) 6
(g) g(- A +:) 6
\$ASIC EXERCISES \$EFORE FIN!IN+ T.E COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS 0 - 4
'. 7iven
x x f - + : − →
,
56,7 8 % = -,
thus (a) f(') 6 + A - (') 6
(b) f(-:) 6
(!) f(-8:) 6
- 7iven
' - : + − → x x g
.
g6,7 8

thus (a) g(-') 6
(b) g(-:) 6
1. Functions '0
(d) f(. -:) 6
(e) f(:
-
) 6
(f) f(-:
-
8-) 6
(!) g(:--) 6
(d) g(-.:) 6
(e) g(:
-
) 6
(f) g ('--:) 6
.. 7iven
x x f − →' :
,
f(:) 6
thus (a) f('0) 6
(b) f(.:) 6
(!) f(- - :) 6
(d) f(+8:) 6
(e) f(-:- .) 6
(f) f(:
-
) 6
+ 7iven
) - ( - : + → x x g
, .
g(:) 6
thus (a) g(-') 6
(b) g(-:) 6
(!) g(:-') 6
(d) g(-:) 6
(e) g(:
-
) 6
(f) g ('8-:) 6
1.> FIN!IN+ COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS
EXAMPLE 1 :
7iven that
+ . : − →x x f
and
x x g - : →
,
find fg(:).
(nswer : f(:) 6 .: - + , g(:) 6 -:
fg(:) 6 f I g(:) J
6 f ( -:)
6 . (-:) - +
6 ,: A +
@E
fg(:) 6 f I g(:) J
6 . Ig(:)J - +
6 . (-:) A +
6 , : - +
EXAMPLE - :
7iven that
x x f - . : − →
and
-
: x x g →
, find
the !omposite fun!tion gf.
(nswer: f(:) 6 . A -: , g(:) 6 :
-
.
gf(:) 6 gIf(:)J
6 g (. A -:)
6 (.- -:)
-
@E
gf(:) 6 gIf(:)J
6 If(:)J
-
6 (.- -:)
-

thus
-
) - . ( : x x gf − →
EXERCISES
'. 7iven that
. - : + → x x f
and
x x g + : →
,
-. 7iven that
4 - : − → x x f
and
x x g 4 : →
,
find
1. Functions ''
find fg(:) . the !omposite fun!tion gf .
.. 7iven the fun!tions
+ : + →x x f
and

' - : − → x x g
, find
(a) fg(:) (b) gf(:)
+. 7iven that
+ . : + → x x f
and
x x g - 4 : − →
,
find
(b) f g (b) gf
REINFORCEMENT EXERCISES FOR FIN!IN+ COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS
'. 7iven the fun!tions
- . : + →x x f
and

x x g - - : − →
, find
(a) fg(:) (b) gf(:)
-. 7iven that
x x f . : →
and
-
- : x x g − →
,
find
the !omposite fun!tions
(a) fg (b) gf
.. 7iven the fun!tions
+ : + →x x f
and

x x g . ' : − →
, find
(a) fg(:) (b) gf(:)
+. 7iven that
x x f − →. :
and
. + : + − → x x g
,
find the !omposite fun!tions
(a) f g (b) gf
1. Functions '-
4. 7iven the fun!tions
- : + →x x f
and

x x g - 4 : + →
, find
(a) fg(:) (b) gf(:)
,. 7iven that
x x f 4 - : − →
and
-
' : x x g + → ,
find the !omposite fun!tion gubahan
(a) fg (b) gf
REINFORCEMENT EXERCISES FOR FIN!IN+ COMPOSITE FUNCTIONS 0 5
-
a"# g
-
J
'. 7iven that
- . : + →x x f
, find f
-
(x).
f(:) 6 .: 8 -
f
-
(:) 6 f If(:)J
6 f (.: 8 -) or .f(:) 8 -
6 .(.:8-) 8 -
6
-. 7iven that
x x f . : →
, find the fun!tion f
-
.

.. 7iven that
x x g . ' : − →
, find gg(x) +. 7iven that
. + : + − → x x g
, find the fun!tion
g
-
.
4. 7iven that
- : + →x x f
, find ff(x) . ,. 7iven that
x x f 4 - : − →
, find the fun!tion f
-
.
/. 7iven that
x x f + . : + →
, find f
-
(x). G. 7iven that
x x f 4 : →
, find the fun!tion f
-
.
1. Functions '.

C. 7iven that
x x g
-
'
: →
, find g
-
(x). '0. 7iven that
-
-
:

x
x h
, find the fun!tion f
-
.

1.? IN/ERSE FUNCTIONS
Note1 1. St@#e"t1 m@1t be 1AiBB5@B i" cCa"gi"g tCe 1@bject o5 a 5o2m@Ba D
-. I5 5 6,7 8 3) tCe" , 8 5
=1
637 OR i5 5
=1
6,7 8 3) tCe" , 8 5637
EXAMPLE 1. 7iven that f(:) 6 -: A . , find f
A'
(:).
=;TL@K '
7iven f(:) 6 -: A . ,
then f
A'
( -: A . ) 6 :.
f
A'
( y ) 6 : when y 6 -: A .
y 8 . 6 -:
: 6
-
. + y
f
A'
(y) 6
-
. + y
∴ f
A'
(:) 6
-
. + x
=;TL@K -
7iven f(:) 6 -: A .
then f(y) 6 -y A .
f
A'
( -y A . ) 6 y
f
A'
( : ) 6 y when : 6 -y A .
: 8 . 6 -y
y 6
-
. + x
∴ f
A'
(:) 6
-
. + x
"tudents are advised to master only one of the methods M
!RILLIN+ PRACTICES ON C.AN+IN+ SU\$EECT OF A FORMULA 0 1 4
'. If y 6 .: A - , then : 6
.: A - 6 y
.: 6 y 8 -
: 6
.
- + y
-. If y 6 +: A - , then : 6
+: A - 6 y
+: 6
: 6
1. Functions '+
.. If y 6 . A ,: , then : 6

+. If y 6 + A 4: , then : 6
4. If y 6 . 8 4: , then : 6

,. If y 6 '0: A + , then : 6
!RILLIN+ PRACTICES ON C.AN+IN+ SU\$EECT OF A FORMULA 0 - 4
'. If y 6
+
4 - − x
, then : 6

+
4 - − x
6 y
-: A 4 6 +y
-: 6
: 6
-. If y 6
4
- . − x
, then : 6

.. If y 6 4 8 ,: , then : 6

+. If y 6 + A
-
'
: , then : 6
4. If y 6 , 8
-
.
: , then : 6
,. If y 6 ,: A C , then : 6
/. If y 6
- .
'
− x
, then : 6

G. If y 6
x − +
-
, then : 6
1. Functions '4
C. If y 6
- +
'

+
x
x
, then : 6

'0. If y 6
x
x
− .
-
, then : 6
!ETERMININ+ T.E IN/ERSE FUNCTION FROM A FUNCTION OF T.E TFPE
ONE:TO:ONE CORRESPON!ENCE
;<(=)>; ' :
7iven that f(:) 6 +: A , , find f
A'
(:).
;<(=)>; - : 7iven that f : x

x
x

+
-
' -
, x ≠ -,
find f
A'
(x).
(nswer :
7iven f(:) 6 +: A ,
so f (y) 6 +y A ,
then f
A'
( +y A , ) 6 y.
f
A'
( : ) 6 y when : 6 +y A ,
: 8 , 6 +y
y 6
+
, + x
∴ f
A'
(:) 6
+
, + x
7iven f(x) 6
x
x

+
-
' -
so f(y) 6
y
y

+
-
' -
then f
A'
(
y
y

+
-
' -
) 6 y
f
A'
( x ) 6 y when x 6
y
y

+
-
' -

x(- - y) 6 -y 8 '
-x A xy 6 -y 8 '
-x A ' 6 -y 8 xy
-x A ' 6 y(- 8 x)
y 6
x
x
+

-
' -

∴ f
A'
( x ) 6
-
' -
+

x
x
, : ≠ --.
EXERCISES
'. 7iven that f : : → + 8 G: , find f
A'
.

-. 7iven that g : : → '0 A -: , find g
A'
.
.. 7iven that f : : → + A .: , find f
A'
. +. 7iven that g : : → '4 8 ,: , find g
A'
.
1. Functions ',

MASTERF EXERCISES ON FIN!IN+ T.E IN/ERSE OF A FUNCTION
'. 7iven that f : : → '0 A G: , find f
A'
.

-. 7iven that g : : → . A
-
'
: , find g
A'
.
.. 7iven that f : : → 4 8 -: , find f
A'
.

+. 7iven that g : : → . A : , find g
A'
.
4. 7iven that f(:) 6
+
4 - − x
, find f
A'
(:).

,. 7iven that g(:) 6
,
- . − x
, find g
A'
(:).

/. 7iven that f : : → ,: - '4 , find f
A'
.

G. 7iven that g : : → . A
+
.
: , find g
A'
.
C. 7iven that f(:) 6
- +
-

+
x
x
, find f
A'
(:).

'0. 7iven that g(:) 6
x
x
− +
-
, find g
A'
(:).
1. Functions '/
FIN!IN+ T.E /ALUE OF 5
=1
6a7 G.EN +I/EN 56,7
;:ample : 7iven that f : : → -: 8 ', find the value of f
A'
(/).
MET.O! 1
I Finding f
A'
first J
MET.O! -
I Dithout finding f
A'
(:) J
f(:) 6 -: 8 '
f(y) 6 -y 8 '
f
A'
(-y 8 ') 6 y
f
A'
(:) 6 y when : 6 -y 8 '
: A ' 6 -y
y 6
-
' − x
f
A'
(:) 6
-
' − x

f
A'
(/) 6
-
' / −

6 .
f(:) 6 -: 8 '
>et f
A'
(/) 6 #
f(#) 6 /
-# 8 ' 6 /
-# 6 ,
# 6 .
∴ f
A'
(/) 6 .
( If you are not asked to find f
–1
( x ) but only want to have the value of f
–1
( a ), then use Method 2 )
EXERCISES
'. 7iven that f : : → : 8 -, find the value of
f
A'
(.).
-. 7iven that g : : → / A : , find the value of
g
A'
(-).
.. 7iven that f : : → / A .: , find the value of
f
A'
(-4).
+. 7iven that g : : → 4 8 -: , find the value of
g
A'
(4).
4. 7iven that f : : → .: --, find the value of
f
A'
('0).
,. 7iven that g : : → / A : , find the value of
g
A'
(-).
/. 7iven that f : : → + 8 ,: , find the value of
f
A'
(--).
G. 7iven that g : : →
-
'
A : , find the value of
g
A'
(+).
C. 7iven that f : : →
.
+
− x
, find the value of '0. Kiberi g : : →
x − -
.
, !ari nilai g
-'
(-').
1. Functions 'G
f
A'
( -' ).
Fi"#i"g tCe OtCe2 ReBate# Com;o"e"t F@"ctio" HCe" giIe" a Com;o1ite F@"ctio"
a"# O"e o5 it1 Com;o"e"t F@"ctio"
TFPE 1 6 Ea1ie2 T3;e 7
7iven the fun!tions f and fg, find the fun!tion g.
@E
7iven the fun!tions g and gf, find the fun!tion f.
TFPE - 6 Mo2e CCaBBe"gi"g T3;e 7
7iven the fun!tions f and gf , find the fun!tion g .
@E
7iven the fun!tions g and fg , find the fun!tion f .
;<(=)>; :
'. 7iven the fun!tions
. - : + → x x f
and

' , : − → x x fg
, find the fun!tion g .
(nswer : f(:) 6 -: 8 .
fg(:) 6 ,: A '
Find g(:) from fg(:) 6 ,: A '
f Ig6,7J 6 ,: A '
- g6,7 8 . 6 ,: A '
- g6,7 6 ,: A +
∴ g6,7 6 .: - -

-. 7iven the fun!tions
4 - : − → x x f
and

-4 '0 : − → x x f g
, find the fun!tion g .
(nswer : f(:) 6 -: A 4
gf(:) 6 '0: A -4
Find g(:) from gf(:) 6 '0: A -4
g I f(:) J 6 '0: A -4
g ( -: A 4) 6 '0: A -4
g ( -y A 4) 6 '0y A -4
g(:) 6 '0y A -4 when : 6 -y A 4
: 8 4 6 -y
y 6
-
4 + x

"o : g(:) 6 '0 (
-
4 + x
) A -4
6 4: 8 -4 A -4
∴ g(:) 6 4:
EXERCISES
'. 7iven the fun!tions
- - : + → x x f
and

x x fg , + : − →
, find the fun!tion g .
(nswer :
-. 7iven the fun!tions
- - : + → x x f
and

x x f g , 4 : − − →
, find the fun!tion g .
(nswer :
1. Functions 'C
REINFORCEMENT EXERCISES o" 5i"#i"g Com;o"e"t F@"ctio" 52om Com;o1ite F@"ctio"
6 TFPE 1 7
'. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → -: A . and
fg : :→ -: 8 ., find the fun!tion g .
(nswer :
-. 7iven the fun!tions g: : → : 8 . and
gf : : → -: , find the fun!tion f .
(nswer :
.. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → .: 8 + and
fg : :→ ,: 8 ', find the fun!tion g .
(nswer :
+. 7iven the fun!tions g : : → -: - ' and
gf : :→ ,: 8 / , find the fun!tion f .
(nswer :
4. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → - A : and
fg : :→ - A -: , find the fun!tion g,.
(nswer :
,. 7iven the fun!tions p : : → -: and
p9 : :→ + A -: , find the fun!tion 9.
(nswer :
/. 7iven the fun!tions g : : → - 8 +: and
gf : : → , 8 +:
-
, find the fun!tion f .
(nswer :
G. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → -: 8 / and
fg : : → / A +: , find the fun!tion g .
(nswer :
C. 7iven the fun!tions h : : → ' A : and
hg : : → ' A .:
-
, find the fun!tion g.
(nswer :
'0. 7iven the fun!tions h : : → .: 8 ' and
hf : :→ / A C:
-
, find the fun!tion f .
(nswer :
1. Functions -0
REINFORCEMENT EXERCISES o" 5i"#i"g Com;o"e"t F@"ctio" 52om Com;o1ite F@"ctio"
6 TFPE - 7
'. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → -: - . and
gf: :→ -: , find the fun!tion g,.
(nswer :
-. 7iven the fun!tions g: : → : 8 . and
fg : : → -: 8 . , find the fun!tion f.
(nswer :
.. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → .: 8 + and
gf : : → ,: 8 /, find the fun!tion g,.
(nswer :
+. 7iven the fun!tions g : : → -: - ' and
fg : : → ,: 8 ' , find the fun!tion f.
(nswer :
4. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → - A : and
gf : :→ + A -: , find the fun!tion g,.
(nswer :
,. 7iven the fun!tions g : : → -: and
fg : :→ - A -: , find the fun!tion f.
(nswer :
/. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → .: and
gf : : → ' - .: , find the fun!tion g,.
(nswer :
G. 7iven the fun!tions f : : → - 8 +: and
gf : :→ 4 8 ',: 8 ',:
-
, find the fun!tion g,.
(nswer :
1. Functions -'
QUESTIONS \$ASE! ON SPM FORMAT
'.
5ase on the information above, a relation from ) into
* is defined by the set of ordered pairs
\$ (', +), (', ,), (-, ,), (-, G) &.
"tate
(a) the images of ', (ns:
(b) the obe!t of +, (ns:
(!) the domain, (ns:
(d) the !odomain, (ns:
(e) the range, (ns:
(f) the type of relation (ns:
-.
The above diagram shows the relation between set (
and set 5
"tate
(a) the images of b, (ns:
(b) the obe!ts of p, (ns:
(!) the domain, (ns:
(d) the !odomain, (ns:
(e) the range, (ns:
(f) the type of relation (ns:
.. 7iven the fun!tions
' - : + → x x f
and
. :
-
− →x x g , find
(a) f
A'
(4) ,
(b) gf (:) .

+. 7iven the fun!tions
' + : + → x x g
and
. :
-
− →x x h , find
(a) g
A'
(.) ,
(b) hg (:) .

4. 7iven the fun!tion
x x f . - : − →
and
- :
-
− + → x x x h , find
(a) f
A'
(.) ,
(b) hf (:) ,
(!) f
-
(:) .
,. 7iven the fun!tions
' - : + → x x f
and

-
- : x x h − → , find
(a) f
A'
( A') ,
(b) hf (:) ,
(!) f h(:).
1. Functions --
) 6 \$ ', -, .&
* 6 \$-, +, ,, G, '0&
) 6 \$ ', -&
* 6 \$-, +, ,, G, '0& aJ
bJ
cJ
J;
JK
J2
J1
A \$
/. 7iven that
x x f + →+ :
and
+
.
:
'
+ →

nx x f ,
find the values of m and n.
I m 6 A. 2 n 6
+
'
J
G. 7iven that
' - : − → x x f
,
x x g + : →
and

! "x x fg + → :
, find the values of " and ! .
I a 6 G 2 b 6 A' J
C. 7iven that
. : + →x x f
,
-
: !x " x g + → and
4, ., , :
-
+ + → x x x gf , find the values of " and ! .
I a 6 - 2 b 6 , J
'0. 7iven that
x x g . : + →
and
.
+
- :
'
− →

kx x g ,
find the values of m and #.
I # 6
,
'
2 m 6 + J
''. 7iven that g(:) 6 m: 8 n and g
-
(:) 6 ',: A -4 ,
find the values of m and n.
I m 6 + , n 6 A4 2 m 6 A+ , n 6
.
-4
J
'-. 7iven the inverse fun!tion
-
. -
) (
'

=

x
x f , find
(a) the value of f(+),
(b) the value of # if f
A'
(-#) 6 A# A . .
I (a)
-
''
2 (b) # 6
-
'
− J
1. Functions -.
QUESTIONS \$ASE! ON SPM FORMAT
'. (")= 0,, )-, *-)
7iven the fun!tion : . - f x x → − and
: '
4
x
g x → + , find
(a) f
#1
\$x% ,
\$!% f
# 1
g\$x% ,
\$c% h\$x% su!h that hg\$x% = 2x & 6 .
(a)
-
.
x +
(b)
'4
'0
x +
(!) 10x # 4
-. 7iven the fun!tion : - ' f x x → − and
: -
.
x
g x → − , find
(a) f
#1
\$x% ,
\$!% f
# 1
g\$x% ,
\$c% h\$x% su!h that hg\$x% = 6x # 3 .
(a)
'
-
x +
(b)
' '
, -
x −
(!) 1'x & 9
.. (")= 0,, )', *-)
Kiagram - shows the fun!tion :
x
h x
x

→ ,
0 x ≠ , where m is a !onstant.
Kiagram -
Find the value of m.
= 4
+. Kiagram . shows the fun!tion
.
:
-
p x
g x
x
+

,
- x ≠ , where p is a !onstant.
Kiagram .
Find the value of p.
p = 4
QUESTIONS \$ASE! ON SPM FORMAT
1. Functions -+
'
-

G
x
x

x
h
/
.
-
p x
x
+

x
g
5
'. (")= 0/, )', *')
Kiagram show the linear fun!tion h.

(a) "tate the value of m
(b) ?sing the fun!tion notation, e:press h in terms
of x.
(a) 6 . (b) h : N x & 1
-. (")= 0/, )', *-)
7iven the fun!tion : . f x x → − , find the values of :
su!h that
(a) f\$x% 6 4
(b) f\$x% O 4

(a) x = ', -2 (b) # 2 ( x ( '
.. (")= -00G, )', *')
Kiagram ' shows the graph of ( ) - ' f x x = − for the
domain 0 4 x ≤ ≤ .

"tate
(a) the value of t,
(b) the range of f\$x% !orresponding to the given
domain.
(a)
'
-
x =
(b)
0 ( ) C f x ≤ ≤

+. (")= -00G, )', *-) 7iven the fun!tions
: 4 - g x x → + and
-
: + . h x x x → − ,
find
\$"% g
-1
\$6%
\$!% hg\$x%
)*ns : \$"% 4+5 o, 0.' \$!% 25x
2
# 1 -
4. (")= -00G, )' , *.)
7iven the fun!tions f\$x% = x # 1 and g\$x% = kx & 2,
find
(a) f\$5%,
(b) the value of # su!h that gf\$k% 6 '+.
(a) + (b) .
1. Functions -4
0
'
1
x
h\$x%
'
-
1

+
1
4
,
1
x
y
. t
y = f\$x%
5
1