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B O GI Ao Dl)C vA B Ao TAO
TRUONG D~I HOC SU PH~M KY THU~ T
" A:' ~ ~
THANH PHO HO CHI MINH '
LUAN VAN THAC si
. .
KS. NGUYEN DUY HUNG
PHAN TicH DONG r.ucHQC DONG CHAY
CHAT LONG BANG PHUONG PHAp MESHLESS
Chuyen nganh:
Ma sf)nganh:
Cong Nght$Ch~T';lO May
605204
HQva Ten hoc vien:
Nguoi huong d§:n:
KS. Nguyen Duy Hung
TS. Nguyen Hoai Son
S K .C 002386
THU VIE N TR rJ ct 'G D.H~PK T
I--_.__ ~·._o_.' . __ 0.- .. _ .•. _-
Tp. H6 Chi Minh, thang 11nam 2009
11
TO M TAT
Smoothed Particle Method (SPH) la mot phuong phap khong lucri dS
giai cac phuong trinh vi phan tirng phan. Day la phuong phap Lagrange thufrn
tuy duoc phat trien nr nhtrng narn cua thap nien 70 d€n nay, cling la mot trong
nhfrngphuong phap chat di€m khong lucri (Meshfree Particle Method) lau doi
nhk Cling voi nhtrng cai ti€n lien tuc thi dQchinh xac, dQ6n dinh va tinh
nrong thich cua phuong phap SPH dat d€n mire dQtin c~y cho cac trng dung
trongky thuat.
Trong d€tai nay, phuong phap SPH duoc su dung d€phan tich dQnghrc
h9Cdong chay ch~t long hai chieu. N€n tang cua SPH la ly thuyet noi suy va
cac dinh lu~t bao toan cua dQng lire h9C ch~t long trong moi tnrong lien tuc
duoc thShien diroi dang cac phirong trinh vi phan rung phan duoc chuyen vao
trong cac ch~t di€m dang hat bang cac phuong trinh tich phan thong qua viec
su dunghamnQi suy. Khi tinh toan, cac thong tin chi duoc bi€t d€n a dang roi
rac tung diem vi vay gia tri cua cac tich phan nhu t6ng tren toan bQcac ch~t
diSmI ancan.
Trong luan van nay, phuong phap SPH duoc irng dung dS phan tich
trangthai dong chay cac bai toan: dong chay Poiseuille, dong chay Couette va
bai toan va d~p. K€t qua thu duoc trong phan tich cac bai toan tren voi nhtrng
hamnhan ill khac nhau, kich thuoc lucri khac nhau, ban kinh nhan nr khac nhau
seduoc so sanh voi loi giai giai tich hoac k€t qua thi nghiem.
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ABSTRACT
Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamic (SPH) method is a meshless method
for solving partial differential equations. The SPH is a purely Lagrangian
method developed during the seventies as one of the oldest Meshfree Particle
Methods (MPM), is quickly approaching its mature stage. With the continuing
improvements and modifications, the accuracy, stability and adaptivity of the
model have reached an acceptable level for practical engineering applications.
I n this master thesis, a meshless approach to the analysis of dynamic
two-dimensional fluid problems by the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamic
(SPH) method is presented. The foundation of SPH is interpolation theory. The
conservation laws of continuum fluid dynamics, in the form of partial
differential equations, are transformed into their particle forms by integral
equations through the use of an interpolation function usually known as kernel.
Computationally, information is known only at discrete points, so that the
integrals areevaluated as sums over neighboring points.
I n this study, SPH is applied to dynamic analysis: flow Poiseuille, flow
Couetteand break damproblem will be computed in this paper. The results are
obtained for a two-dimensional problem using different SPH kernel functions,
different mesh-size, and different kernel radius compared with the results of
exact methods or resulft of experimental.
MUCLUC
. .
Loi earn an i
,
Tomtat ii
Muc luc iv
Chuong I: GiOi thieu 1
?
1.1 Tong quan 1
1.1.1 Tinh hinh nghien ciru va irng dung phuong phap Meshless tren th€ gioi .. 2
1.1.2 Tinh hinh nghien ciru va irng dung phirong phap Meshless a Viet Narn ... 4
11 M f" ? I " ~ 5
. \Ie leu cua u~nvan .
,
1.2 De cuong lu~n van 5
Chuong I I : Coo sO 'ly thuyet phuong trioh Navier - Stokes cho bai toan dQng
r
luc hoc hruchat 7
2.1 GiOi thi~u 7
2.2Thi~t l~p phuong trinh Navier - Stokes dang LagrangeError! B ookmark not defined.
2.2.1 Phuong phap khoi kiern scat va phirong phap khoi chat long vo cung be
................................................. : 7
2.2.2 Phuong trinh lien tuc 10
2.2.3 Phuong trinh d(>nghrong 11
2.2.4 Phuong trinh nang hrong 13
C huong III: Phuong phap SPH 14
3.1Gi6'i thieu 14
3.1.1 SPH trong v~t ly thien th~ 14
3.1.2 Phuong phap SPH trong co h9Cv~t r~n 15
3.1.3 Phuong phap SPH trong co h9C chfrt long 17
,
3.2 Ly thuyet phuong phap SPH 19
3.2.1 Dinh nghia chfrt diem trong SPH 19
3.2.2 Tich phan n(>i suy 19
3.2.3 Ham nhan tu 20
3.2.4 Chon ham nhan tu 21
. 3.2.5 Chon ban kinh nhan ill h 24
3.2.6 Chinh ly ap sufit ao 25
3.3 rich phan thiri gian 28
3.4B U'O 'ctho; gian 30
3.4.1 Di€u kien CFL (Courant - Fredreichs - Lewy stability condition) 30
3.4.2Di€u kien hrc quan tinh 30
3.4.3Di€u kien hJ C nhot 30
3.5J )i~u ki~n bien 31
3.5.1 Gioi thieu cac loai dieu kien bien [17] 31
3.5.2 Di€u kien bien dong hrc hoc (Dynamic boundary conditions) 32
ChU'O 'DgI V: Cong tlnrc SPH cho phurrng trinh Navier - Stokes 36
4.1 Gi6'i thi~u 36
4.2Cong tlnrc SPH cho phuong trinh Navier - Stokes 36
4.~.1 Phuong trinh dong hrong 36
4.2.2 Phuong trinh lien tuc 39
4.2.3 Phuong trinh trang thai 39
4.2.4 Phuong trinh nang hrong 41
4.2.5 Chuyen dong cua chfit diem 41
4.3Giai thuat phuong phap SPH cho bai toan phan tich dQng 11!choc ch§t long
........................................................................................................................................ 42
,
Chuong V: Ap dung 43
5.1 GiOi thi~u 43
5.2 B ai toan dong chay Poiseuille 43
5.2.1 Mo hinh va thong s6 phan tich 43
5.2.2 Phan tich k~t qua 46
5.3 B ai toan dong chay Couette 50
5.3.1 Mo hinh va thong s6 phan tich 50
5.3.2 Phan tich k~t qua 51
5.4 Ba! toan V O ' d~ P 56
5.4.1Mo hinh va thong s6phan tich 56
5.4.2Phan tich k~t qua 57
,
5.5 Ket lu~n 68
, ?
Chuong VI: Ket lu~n va hurmg phat trien 70
,
6.1 Ket lu~n 70
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6.2 Hmrng phat trien ................................................................•.................................. 72