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The Touran

Electrical system
Design and function
Self-study programme 307
Service.
2
NEW Important
Note
This self-study programme explains the design
and function of new developments.
The contents will not be updated.
For the latest testing, setting and repair
instructions, please refer to the relevant
workshop literature.
The networking technology, used until now only
in luxury class vehicles, will be a feature in com-
pact vans, such as the Volkswagen Touran.
The control units installed in this system also
manage tasks that were previously carried out by
relays and switches. In order that these tasks can
be fulfilled efficiently, the units have to exchange
a great deal of information (data) between each
other. Such a high rate of data transfer would
only be possible with a large number of cables if
standard means were used, such as wiring con-
nections.
To keep the number of wiring connections at a
manageable level, Volkswagen favours the use
of data bus connections on a wider scale.
This self-study programme is designed to help
you better understand the networking concept of
the Volkswagen Touran.
It covers the allocation of control units to the
various data bus systems, the fitting locations of
relay slots, fuses and control units. Furthermore,
it describes the various functions of and changes
to the diagnosis system.
S307_050
3
Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
LIN data bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Onboard power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Data bus diagnosis interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Onboard power supply control unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Windscreen wiper system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Rear window wiper system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Dash panel insert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Immobiliser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Convenience and infotainment settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Test yourself . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
4
Introduction
Fitting locations
The onboard power supply of the Touran is
decentralised. For this reason, the fuse boxes
and relay slots are installed at various locations
in the vehicle.
The adjacent diagram shows the various fitting
locations.
Fuse boxes and relay slots in vehicle's electrical system
Back-up fuse box on left
in engine compartment
Electrics box on left
in engine compartment
5
Fuse box on
left under dash panel
S307_001
Relay carrier on onboard power supply
control unit on left under dash panel
Relay carrier on
left under dash panel
6
The networking concept
Overview of networked control units
In order that data can be transferred between
the control units, these are networked via various
data bus systems.
The data bus diagnosis interface J533 (gateway)
provides the interface for the data buses:
- Drive train CAN data bus
- Convenience CAN data bus
- Infotainment CAN data bus
- Dash panel insert CAN data bus
- Diagnosis CAN data bus
Introduction
S307_049
LIN data bus
Drive train
CAN data bus
Convenience
CAN data bus
Infotainment
CAN data bus
CAN data bus
line
Communi-
cations line
LIN data bus
line
Dash panel insert
CAN data bus
Diagnosis CAN
data bus
In addition to the CAN data bus,
a number of electric components are
networked via the LIN data bus.
The data protocols have been chan-
ged. Therefore, these control units
cannot be exchanged with those of
other vehicle models e.g. Touareg or
Phaeton.
J503
R
J412
J525
J162
R78
J533
T16
J220
J519
J345
J255
J136
J285
J431
J388
J604
CAN data bus
Sensor
7
Key
E221 Operating unit in steering wheel
G85 Steering angle sender
G273 Interior monitoring sensor
G384 Vehicle inclination sensor
G419 ESP sensor unit
H8 Anti-theft alarm signal horn
J104 ABS with EDL control unit
J136 Seat adjustment control unit
J162 Heating control unit
J217 Autom. gearbox control unit
J220 Motronic control unit
J234 Airbag control unit
J255 Climatronic control unit
J285 Control unit with display in dash
panel insert
J345 Trailer detector control unit
J386 Door control unit, driver side
J387 Door control unit, front passenger side
J388 Door control unit, rear left
J389 Door control unit, rear right
J393 Convenience system central control unit
J400 Wiper motor control unit
J412 Cellphone electronics control unit
J431 Headlight range control, control unit
J446 Parking aid control unit
J500 Power steering control unit
J503 Control unit with display for radio and
navigation
J519 Onboard power supply control unit
J525 Digital sound package control unit
J527 Steering column electronics control unit
J533 data bus diagnosis interface
J584 Wiper motor control unit
front passenger side
J587 Selector lever sensors control unit
J604 Auxiliary air heater control unit
R Radio
R78 TV tuner
T16 Diagnosis connection
J217 J104
J234 G85
J446
G419
J527
J386
J393
J387
J389
G273 H8 G384
E221
J500 J587
J400
J584
S307_002
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Control units and fitting locations
The adjacent diagram shows the control
units that belong to the drive train CAN data bus
and associated fitting locations.
The data is transferred at a speed of 500 kbit/s.
Transfer is made via the orange/black
CAN high line and orange/brown CAN low line.
To make data transfer more efficient,
the CAN lines are entwined.
Introduction
Control units in drive train CAN data bus
Motronic control unit J220
under plenum chamber cover
ABS with EDL control unit J104
under bulkhead in
engine compartment
Airbag control unit J234
under centre console
9
S307_003
Control unit for
headlight range control J431
on left under dash panel,
on tunnel support
data bus diagnosis interface J533
under dash panel,
above relay carrier
Automatic gearbox control unit J217
in wheel housing
10
Control units and fitting locations
Shown in the diagram are the control units
of the convenience CAN data bus and their fit-
ting locations.
The speed of data transfer is 100 kbit/s.
The data is transferred via the orange/green
CAN high line and orange/brown CAN low line.
Both CAN lines are entwined together.
Introduction
Climatronic control unit J255
in centre console
Convenience system central control unit
J393
on right under dash panel,
near centre console
Steering column electronics control unit J527
on steering column switch
The control units in the drive train CAN data bus
11
S307_004
data bus diagnosis interface J533
under dash panel,
above relay carrier
Onboard power supply control unit J519
under dash panel, on relay carrier
Door control units J386, J387, J388, J389
in doors
Trailer detector control unit J345
in rear right side part
Parking aid control unit J446
in rear right side part
12
Control units and fitting locations
The control units of the CAN data bus and fitting
locations are shown in the adjacent diagram.
The infotainment CAN data bus transfers data at
a rate of 100 kbit/s. The CAN high line is
orange/purple and the CAN low line is
orange/brown.
Both CAN lines are entwined together.
Introduction
The control units in the infotainment CAN data bus
Cellphone operating electronics
control unit J412
on front right in footwell
Heater control unit J162
on front right under wing
13
S307_005
Control unit with display
for radio and navigation J503
or Radio R
in centre console
14
Dash panel insert CAN data bus
The data bus transfers data from the
dash panel insert to the data bus diagnosis inter-
face. The control unit with display unit in the dash
panel insert and the data bus diagnosis interface
are the only control
units attached to this data bus.
Diagnosis CAN data bus
Data transfer between the diagnosis connection
T16 and the data bus diagnosis interface is via
the diagnosis CAN data bus.
Rate of data transfer
The rate at which data is transferred is
500 kbit/s for both CAN data buses.
Introduction
The control units in the dash panel insert CAN data bus and in the diagnosis
CAN data bus
Control unit with display unit
in dash panel J285
The dash panel insert CAN data
bus and the diagnosis CAN data
bus are new data bus connections
in the Volkswagen Touran.
15
S307_006
data bus diagnosis interface J533
under dash panel,
above relay carrier
T16 Diagnosis connection
on left in footwell
16
The LIN data bus as sub data bus
system
General description
A sub data bus system connects control units with
their electrical components. Among these com-
ponents are, for example, control units, switches,
sensors, actuators etc. This type of connection
and data transfer is used in the Volkswagen Tou-
ran for a number of systems.
As a sub data bus system, the LIN data bus has
an advantage in cost.
The designation LIN stands for local interconnect
network, and it means that all the associated
electrical components are within a set and
limited area of the vehicle.
It is possible for a number of LIN data bus
systems to be installed in a vehicle. They will each
have different functions to perform.
A LIN data bus system consists of a master con-
trol unit and one or more slave control units.
The master control unit is also networked with
other control units (apart from slave control units)
in the vehicle via the CAN data bus. This permits
the transfer of data to other LIN data bus
systems and other CAN data bus control units.
LIN data bus
LIN data bus system
CAN bus
LIN data bus
Convenience system central control unit
J393
CAN user and LIN master
Anti-theft alarm system horn H8
LIN slave
data bus diagnosis interface J533
S307_007
Interior monitoring sensor G273
LIN slave
Vehicle inclination sender G384
LIN slave
17
Data transfer
The data is transferred at a speed of 1 kbit/s to
20 kbit/s.
The rate of data transfer is therefore a maximum
of 20% of the rate for convenience or
infotainment CAN data buses and is fixed
in the software of the LIN master.
This transfer is made via data leads that are vio-
let in basic colour with a white identification
mark. The cross section of the wire is 0.35 mm
2
.
The LIN data bus is a single wire bus. The data
lead is not screened.
Signal level
The signal level of the LIN data buses is either
close to battery voltage (UB) (recessive level) or
earth (0 Volt) (dominant level).
S307_008
S307_009
UB
0
U
t
Recessive level
Dominant level
18
Master control unit
The control unit connected via the CAN data bus
system performs the master functions
in the LIN data bus system.
Among these master functions are:
- Data conversion of LIN data bus messages to
the data format used by the CAN data buses,
if and when these messages are required.
- The control of data transfer in the
LIN data bus and monitoring of the data
transfer rate.
- The transfer of diagnosis data to the
LIN slave control unit.
The transfer of data between master and slave is
always initialised by the master. A slave is not
capable of communicating independently.
LIN data bus
Master control unit
Steering column electronics control unit J527
Users of convenience CAN data bus and
master control unit in the LIN data bus
19
Slave control unit
The slave function could be taken on by control
units such as the multi-function steering wheel,
actuators such as the anti-theft alarm horn or
sensors such as the vehicle altitude sensor.
The electronics integrated in the slave control unit
evaluate the driver's input via the operating unit
buttons in the steering wheel, they convert the
input into digital information e.g. "radio louder"
and send it when required to the
master control unit via the LIN data bus.
The sensors also have electronics that transfer
the measured values digitally to the master
control unit.
Slave control unit
S307_010
Steering wheel operating unit E221
Slave control unit in LIN data bus
20
The electrics box
Fitting location
The electrics box can be found on the left in the
engine compartment.
Description
All fuses and relays that safeguard or control
components in the engine compartment, are
housed in the electrics box (E box).
A wiring guide to the interior and back is there-
fore no longer necessary. Fault finding is simpli-
fied, safeguarding is adapted more effectively to
the consumers and multiple
assignment of fuses is largely avoided.
Onboard power supply
S307_012
Electrics box
21
Electrics box
In addition to the fuses for components in the
engine compartment, the electrics box has the
following relays:
Power supply relay terminal 15 J329
Power supply relay terminal 50 J682
Glow plug relay J52
Motronic power supply relay J271
Power supply relay J317
Back-up fuse box
The back-up fuse box houses fuses for the follo-
wing:
alternator,
electro-mechanical power steering,
radiator fan,
auxiliary heater.
S307_052
S307_053
22
Fitting location
In the interior, on the left under the dash panel,
you can find the relay carrier, the relay carrier on
the onboard power supply control unit and the
fuse box.
Onboard power supply
S307_013
Relay carrier and fuse box in interior
The relay carrier and the fuse box in the interior
23
Relay carrier
The relay carrier accommodates additional
relays and fuses from optional extras in the
vehicle.
Relay carrier on onboard power supply control
unit
The following relays can be found on the
onboard power supply control unit relay carrier.
Power supply relay terminal 30G
Heated rear window relay J9
Horn relay J413
Double washer pump relay 1 (front) J729
Double washer pump relay 2 (rear) J730
X contact relief relay J59
Fuse box
Included in the fuse box are the fuses for the
electrical components in the vehicle.
For the latest terminal assignment details about the fuse box, please refer to ELSA.
S307_054
S307_055
S307_056
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Description
Due to the high level of network functions, a
great deal of data is transferred. To assure the
effective exchange of data, several data bus
systems are necessary that transfer data between
each other.
The data bus diagnosis interface connects these
data buses together as a gateway interface and
makes data transfer possible. This function that
was perviously integrated in the dash panel
insert or onboard power supply control unit, is
now an independent control unit.
Data bus diagnosis interface
The data bus diagnosis interface J533
Drive train
CAN data bus
Convenience
CAN data bus
Diagnosis CAN
data bus
Dash panel insert
CAN data bus
Data transfer
Diagnosis connection
data bus diagnosis interface
25
Fitting location
The data bus diagnosis interface can be found
on the left next to the dash panel above the fuse
box.
S307_015
S307_014
Dash panel insert
Infotainment
CAN bus
26
Master functions
Terminal 15 run-on
Certain control units in the CAN data bus need
to exchange information even when terminal 15
is off. For this reason, a message is sent to the
CAN data bus for actuation of the run-on mode.
The control units make a connection from termi-
nal 30 to terminal 15 internally, which allows
them to communicate further. In this way, the
power steering control unit J500, for example,
can communicate with the other control units.
The run-on mode can last between ten seconds
and fifteen minutes. The run-on period depends
on the data that is to be sent.
To finish the run-on period, the data bus diagno-
sis interface initiates the sleep command.
data bus diagnosis interface
S307_047
J533
J104
J220
J217
Drive train CAN data bus
Term. 30
Internally switched terminal 15
The data bus diagnosis interface J533 manages the master functions for terminal 15 run-on on the drive
train CAN data bus and control of the sleep and wake-up modes for the data bus systems.
Control units that participate in terminal 15
run-on
Key
G85 Steering angle sender
J104 ABS with EDL control unit
J217 Automatic gearbox control unit
J220 Motronic control unit
J271 Motronic power supply relay
J500 Power steering control unit
J587 Selector lever sensors control unit
J533 data bus diagnosis interface
G85
J500
J587
J271
27
Sleep and wake-up modes of the
data bus systems
When all of the control units of the convenience
and infotainment CAN data bus have
announced their readiness for stand-by, a con-
trol unit will give the signal to 'sleep'. The voltage
level of the low signal is 12 V and 0 V for the
high signal.
Furthermore, it also gives the wake-up signal
when the data bus has to be activated, for
example, when the doors are unlocked.
The data bus diagnosis interface monitors the
sleep function.
If the drive train CAN data bus does not go into
sleep mode, the convenience and infotainment
CAN data buses do not go into sleep mode
either.
If the convenience CAN data bus does not go
into sleep mode, the infotainment CAN data bus
does not go into sleep mode either.
S307_048
Sleep mode
Wake-up mode
Wake-up signal
28
The onboard power supply control
unit J519
Fitting location
The onboard power supply control unit can be
found underneath the dash panel where it forms
a unit with the relay carrier.
Variants
The onboard power supply control unit is availa-
ble on the Midline and Highline variants.
The Highline variant is installed in vehicles with
fog lamps and/or Xenon lights.
All other vehicles are installed with the
Midline variant.
Retrofitting of fog lamps is only possible when
the onboard power supply control unit of the
Midline variant is exchanged with the onboard
power supply control unit of the Highline variant.
Onboard power supply control unit
S307_016
S307_017
The following figures are approximate
and may differ depending on country
variations and software.
Onboard power supply
control unit
Relay carrier on onboard
power supply control unit
29
Tasks:
- Electric load management
- Functional readiness
The onboard power supply control unit activa-
tes the function of the electric sliding/tilting
sunroof.
- Exterior light control
- Turn signal control
- Windscreen wipers
Conveyance of data bus signals to wiper
motor control unit
- Rear window wiper
- Heated rear window
Actuation of the heated rear window is via the
onboard power supply control unit when the
heated rear window button is pressed and if
the alternator provides enough voltage.
- Interior light control
Terminal 30G, via which voltage is supplied to
the interior lights, is activated by the onboard
power supply control unit.
- Backlight
The backlight for the footwell is actuated by
the onboard power supply control unit via a
pulse width modulated signal depending on
the position of the dimmer switch for switches
and instruments.
- Terminal actuation
The onboard power supply control unit con-
trols terminal 75x via an X contact relief
relay.
Terminal 15 is actuated via the voltage supply
relay for term. 15 in the electrics box and on
the onboard power supply control unit relay
carrier.
Terminal 50 is actuated via the power
supply relay for terminal 50 in the
electrics box.
- Dimmer, instrument backlight
Term. 58d has a dimming function and supp-
lies the dimmer switches and instruments with
voltage.
- Fuel pump readiness
When the driver's door is opened, the electri-
cal fuel pump is supplied with power by the
onboard power supply control unit. As soon as
the engine has started, power is supplied by
the engine control unit.
- Alternator readiness
The alternator is made ready by the onboard
power supply control unit.
The onboard power supply control unit actuates and controls the following functions:
30
Electrical load management
The electrical load management assures that
there is always enough energy in the battery to
turn the engine over.
To enable this, the electrical consumers
of the convenience system are deactivated.
The standard of technical safety remains.
To switch off the consumers, the onboard power
supply control unit evaluates the engine speed,
the battery voltage and the alternator load via
the DF signal (dynamo field).
From this information and from information
about which consumers are switched on with
short activation periods, the onboard power sup-
ply control unit carries out an evaluation of the
onboard power supply load state.
Based on this evaluation, the onboard power
supply control unit can increase engine speed via
the engine control unit. The deactivation of con-
venience consumers is still possible in the same
way.
For load management, three different operating
modes are recognised.
Operating mode 1
Terminal 15 on and
alternator active
Measures:
At a battery voltage below 12.7 Volt, the onboard
power supply control unit demands an increase
in the engine idling speed.
At a battery voltage below 12.2 Volt, the follo-
wing consumers are switched off:
- Heated seats
- Heated windscreen
- Heated exterior mirrors
- Steering wheel heating
- Footwell lighting
- Inner door handle lights
- Reduction and deactivation of Climatronic
- Warning and deactivation of infotainment
Onboard power supply control unit
31
Operating mode 2
Terminal 15 on and
alternator inactive
Measures:
At a battery voltage below 12.2 Volt, the follo-
wing consumers are switched off:
- Reduction and deactivation of air conditioning
- Footwell lighting
- Inner door handle lights
- Entry/exit lights
- Leaving home
- Warning and deactivation of infotainment
Operating mode 3
Terminal 15 off and
alternator inactive
Measures:
At a battery voltage below 11.8 Volt, the following
consumers are switched off:
- Interior lights
- Footwell lighting
- Inner door handle lights
- Entry/exit lights
- Leaving home
- Infotainment, e.g. radio
When deactivation takes place, this will be shown in the dash panel insert. In addition, an entry
will be made in the onboard power supply control unit fault memory.
The differences in deactivation in the various operating modes is in the order of individual consumer
deactivation.
Furthermore, in operating mode 3, several consumers can be deactivation at once.
Deactivation is cancelled when the conditions for deactivation are no longer met.
32
Exterior light control
The onboard power supply control unit evaluates
the signals directly from the light switch. Informa-
tion about actuation of the turn signals, main
beam and headlight flashing is sent via the stee-
ring column electronics control unit J527 to the
convenience CAN data bus.
Onboard power supply control unit
Functional diagram
S307_019
Key
D Ignition/starter switch terminal 15
E1 Light switch
E4 Manual dipped beam and flash switch
E19 Parking light switch
F Brake light switch
F4 Reverse light switch
J519 Onboard power supply control unit
J527 Steering column electronics control unit
M25 High level brake light bulb
X Number plate light
E4
E19
D
F4
F
Term. 15
X
J519
J527
M25
Convenience CAN data bus
33
Turn signal control
If the turn signal switch E2 is pressed once briefly,
vehicle direction is indicated by three flashes of
the lights. If the switch is pressed again briefly,
the three flash sequences are repeated. This is
referred to as the lane change function.
S307_018
Operation of turn signal by quick actuation of turn signal
switch
Actuation of turn signal by onboard power supply control
unit
First actuation Second actuation
E2
M5 or M7
M6 or M8
Pictorial representation
Key
E2 Turn signal switch
M5 Turn signal bulb, front left
M6 Turn signal bulb, rear left
M7 Turn signal bulb, front right
M8 Turn signal bulb, rear right
34
Monitoring of light switch positions
Light switch E1 is supplied with power directly
from the battery. Therefore, it sends a fixed plau-
sible signal in every position to the onboard
power supply control unit. By way of
independent signal input, the onboard power
supply control unit can detect whether ignition is
switched on or not. If the fixed plausible signal is
changed by a fault, such as an open circuit in the
wiring, it will change to implausible. The onboard
power supply control unit will switch to emer-
gency light control.
Onboard power supply control unit
S307_020
E 1
J519
Rear light cluster
Headlights
Signal sequence
Key
E1 Light switch
J519 Onboard power supply control unit
Term. 56 Driving lights
Term. 58 Side lights
Term. TFL Daylight driving lights
Function must be coded in onboard power
supply control unit
Coding differs in each country.
NSL Rear fog lamp
NL Fog lights
Term. 58
Term. 56
Term. TFL
Term. NL
Term. NSL
Term. 15
Term. 30
35
Emergency light control
Switch position Terminal 58 Terminal 56 Terminal TFL Signal
Off 0 V 0 V 12 V Plausible
Side lights on 12 V 0 V 0 V Plausible
Driving lights
on
0 V 12 V 0 V Plausible
Off 0 V 12 V 12 V Implausible
fault detec-
tion
Off 0 V 0 V 0 V Implausible
fault detec-
tion
Off 12 V 12 V 0 V Implausible
fault detec-
tion
Off 12 V 12 V 12 V Implausible
fault detec-
tion
Example of light switch plausibility with ignition switched on
If the onboard power supply control unit detects a fault with the ignition switched on, the side lights and
the dipped beam lights are switched on.
In the case of all faults, an entry is made in the fault memory.
36
Bulb monitoring
Cold monitoring
The individual bulbs are supplied with a minimal
charge four times for 500 ms when the ignition is
switched on. This level of voltage enables the
onboard power supply control unit to detect
whether any of the bulbs are blown.
Warm monitoring
The actuation of the individual bulbs is via
semi-conductor components that are housed in
the onboard power supply control unit. They can
detect overloads, short circuits or open circuits.
Fault detection
With both types of monitoring, once a fault is
detected an entry is made in the fault memory
and a fault warning is also displayed in the dash
panel insert.
A new bulb will be detected by the monitoring
system once installed, the fault will be erased
and the display cancelled.
Onboard power supply control unit
S307_021
S307_022
S307_023
mA
mA
The function of the bulbs is monitored constantly. This monitoring takes place when the ignition is off (cold
monitoring) and when the ignition is switched on (warm monitoring).
37
Additional bulb functions
Bulb Additional function
Dipped beam, left
and right
Dimmed daylight dri-
ving lights, left and
right
Bulb Additional function
Brake light, left and
right
Dimmed rear lights, left
and right
approx. 18 %
Rear fog lamp
left and right
country-specific
Dimmed rear lights,
left and right
approx. 12 %
S307_024
Additional function: Brake light as rear light
Onboard power supply
control unit
Rear light cluster
Dimmed actuation of brake lights
Actuation of brake lights for braking
Various bulbs are dimmed to take on additional functions.
If their proper function is needed, this is given priority.
Please observe the country-specific
variations in the rear fog light function.
38
Wiper motor actuation
Windscreen wiper motor actuation
The wiper system consists of a twin motor oppo-
sing action system without a mechanical connec-
tion between the wiper arms.
The switch position of wiper switch E is sent
directly to the steering column electronics
control unit J527 and then via the convenience
CAN data bus to the onboard power supply
control unit J519.
Information about the selected wiper stage is
sent from the onboard power supply control unit
via the LIN data bus to the wiper motor control
unit J400 and from there to the wiper control
unit, front passenger side J584.
Both control units are located directly on the
wiper motors.
The wiper motor control unit J400 manages
control of the wiper motion and regulates the
wiper control unit, front passenger side J584.
Windscreen wiper system
S307_025
Actuation of wiper motors
Convenience
CAN data bus
LIN data bus
J584
J400
J527
E
J519
Key
D Ignition/starter switch
E Wiper switch
F266 Bonnet contact switch
J400 Wiper motor control unit
J519 Onboard power supply control unit
J527 Steering column electronics control unit
J533 data bus diagnosis interface
J584 Wiper control unit, front passenger side
J533
Drive train CAN data
bus
Road speed
F266
Term. 15
D
Dash panel insert
CAN data bus
Ambient temperature
39
Wiper functions
The wiper system features the following
functions:
- Service and winter position
- Alternating rest position
- Speed dependent wiper stage reset
- Speed dependent intermittent delay
- Bonnet contact
- Synchronisation function
- Tip wiping stage 2
- Prewash
- Follow up wash after wash/wipe function
- Trickle wipe
- Anti-blocking function
- Wiper control for rear window
Service and winter position
If within 10 seconds after switching off the igni-
tion, and with the vehicle stationary, the wiper
switch is switched to the tip wiping position, the
wipers move to the upper arc position.
This function cannot be selected when the bonnet
is open.
S307_026
Service and winter position
40
Alternating rest position
In order to prevent a permanent deformation
of the wiper blades, the wiper arms move
upwards slightly every second time they are swit-
ched off. In this way, the position of the wiper
blades is changed.
In addition, the rest position can also be altered
by switching the ignition off several times.
Speed dependent wiper stage reset
If the road speed drops below 4 km/h, the selec-
ted wiper speed will be reduced by one stage.
When road speeds increases above
8 km/h, the wiper speed is reset to the selected
stage.
Resetting:
Stage 2 to stage 1
- Terminal 15 on
- Wiper switch at stage 2
- Road speed < 4 km/h
Stage 1 to intermittent operation stage
- Terminal 15 on
- Wiper switch at stage 1
- Road speed < 4 km/h
(Intermittent delay 4 s)
Windscreen wiper system
S307_027
S307_028
Rest position after swit-
ching off first time
Rest position after swit-
ching off second time
For reasons of clarity, only the driver's wiper is shown.
41
Speed dependent intermittent delay
The speed of the four adjustable intermittent
phases is dependent on the road speed of the
vehicle.
The delays between the individual wiper move-
ments vary from 1.28 seconds in stage 1 at
approx. 150 km/h to 24 seconds in stage 4 at
approx. 4 km/h.
Bonnet contact switch F266
If when the vehicle is stationary the bonnet is
opened, the wiper motor control unit J400 swit-
ches the wipers off.
If the bonnet was not closed correctly and opens
at a speed of 2 km/h to 16 km/h, the wiper motor
control unit J400 switches the wipers off in the
same way.
The isolation function can be cancelled again by
operation of the wiper switch.
At speeds greater than 16 km/h, the isolation
function is not active.
The signal is sent from the bonnet contact switch
directly to the onboard power supply control unit
and is then sent on further via the LIN data bus
to the wiper motor control unit.
S307_029
S307_030
Bonnet contact switch
1st stage
2nd stage
3rd stage
4th stage
42
Synchronisation function
If the windscreen wipers are not in their rest posi-
tion when the ignition is switched off, these will
be moved automatically to the rest position when
the ignition is switched on and when the wiper
switch E4 is actuated.
This is either a parallel or individual movement.
A system with an unsynchronised rest position is
set straight with this procedure.
Tip wiping stage 2
If the tip wiping function is actuated for longer
than two seconds, the wiper is switched to the
second stage.
Windscreen wiper system
S307_031
S307_032
Wiper paths during synchronisation
43
Prewash
When the wash/wipe function is actuated at
speeds less than 120 km/h, the wiper will begin
to operate after a prewash period of approx.
0.8 seconds, during which only the washer pump
is active.
Follow up wash after wash/wipe function
If the wash/wipe function is actuated for longer
than 0.5 seconds, the follow up wiping function is
actuated three times. If actuation time is less,
follow up wiping is actuated twice.
Trickle wiping
If the road speed of the vehicle is greater than
2 km/h, the wiper function is actuated once more
5 seconds after the last follow up wash
(follow up wiping cycle).
Anti-blocking function
The wiper system detects if the wipers are blok-
ked by the amount of current that is drawn.
If there is a blockage in area A, it will attempt to
remove this a total of five times. If it is unable to
move the blockage, the wipers will remain in the
rest position. The blockage will have to be remo-
ved manually.
If the wiper blades are frozen to the bottom part
of the windscreen, the wipers will attempt to
break free a total of five times. After the fifth
attempt, there will be no wiper motion.
S307_033
S307_034
Blocking
A
44
Rear window wiper control
Rear window wiper actuation features three ope-
rating modes:
- Reverse wiping
- Rear intermittent wiping
- Rear window wash/wipe operation
Reverse wiping
The reverse wiping function actuates the rear
window wiper to clear the screen if, when the
front windscreen wiper is switched on, reverse
gear is selected.
Intermittent stage One wipe
Stage 1 or 2 Rear intermittent wipe
Conditions for activation:
- Ignition switched on
- Windscreen wiper is in intermittent stage 1 or
stage 2
Recognition of the selected stage is via the
convenience CAN data bus.
The signal comes from the steering column
electronics control unit.
- Reverse gear or R selected
Recognition is via the reverse light switch or
via the gear selector position, the automatic
gearbox control unit, the drive train CAN data
bus, the data bus diagnosis interface and the
convenience CAN data bus.
- Tailgate closed
Recognition is via the convenience system cen-
tral control unit.
Rear window wiper system
Convenience CAN bus
S307_035
E
V12
J519
Signal pattern of rear window wiper
J527
J533
J393
Drive train
CAN data bus
Information about
selected reverse gear
Key
D Ignition/starter switch
E Wiper switch
J393 Convenience system central control unit
J519 Onboard power supply control unit
J527 Steering column electronics control unit
J533 data bus diagnosis interface
V12 Rear window wiper motor
D
Term. 15
45
Rear intermittent wiping
If the rear intermittent wiper stage is selected, the
rear window wiper operates in delayed stages.
Conditions for activation:
- Ignition switched on
- Rear window intermittent wiper stage on:
Recognition is via the wiper switch, the stee-
ring column electronics control unit and the
convenience CAN data bus.
- Tailgate closed
Recognition is via the convenience system cen-
tral control unit.
Rear window wash/wipe operation
In rear window wash/wipe operation, the double
washer pump delivers washer water to the rear
window and the rear window is cleared.
Conditions for activation:
- Ignition switched on
- Rear window wash/wipe operation stage on:
Recognition is via the wiper switch,
the steering column electronics control unit
and the convenience CAN data bus.
- Tailgate closed:
Recognition is via the convenience system cen-
tral control unit.
S307_036
S307_037
46
Control lamps and displays
The control unit with display unit in the dash
panel insert actuates the display, the analogue
display instruments and the control lamps.
The coolant temperature display on vehicles with
map controlled cooling is at a constant 90 C at
coolant temperatures between 75 C and 107 C.
The display on vehicles without map controlled
cooling is at a constant 90 C at coolant
temperatures between 75 C and 115 C.
This way, a continually changing figure in the dis-
play is avoided.
Dash panel insert
S307_038
Control unit with display unit in dash panel J285
Dash panel insert
Rev counter,
analogue display
Speedometer,
analogue display
Coolant temperature,
analogue display
Fuel gauge,
analogue display
Display,
digital screen
LED control lamps
47
Display
The following variants are designed for
the display:
Lowline with displays for
- Clock
- Mileage reader
- Trip counter
- Selector lever position
Midline with additional displays
to Lowline variant
- Ambient temperature
- Multi-function display or
- Warning messages instead of multi-function
display and ambient temperature
Highline with additional displays
to Midline variant
- Sender display
- Warning symbols instead of multi-function dis-
play and ambient temperature
S307_039
S307_040
S307_041
20:14
20:14
20:14
km
20375
trip
167.5
P R N D S 3
km
20375
trip
167.5
km
20375
trip
167.5
P R N D S 3
7.8
ltr./100 km
13.5 C
7.8
ltr./100 km
13.5 C
Lowline variant
Midline variant
Highline variant
P
R
N
D
S
2
48
Equipment with control lamps
Symbol Control lamp Lowline Midline Highline Warning message or warning
Airbag X X X Airbag fault
Airbag belt tensioner deactivated
ABS X X X ABS
Brake pad wear X X Pictogram Check brake pad
Low brake fluid level X X X Stop - Brake fluid -
See manual
Preglow period
(diesel engines)
X X X
Dynamic oil pressure
warning
Turn signal Turn signal Turn signal
pictogram
Stop - Oil pressure - Engine off -
See manual
Electronic power con-
trol
EPC
X X X
Electronic power stee-
ring
X X X
Electric
brake pressure distri-
bution
X X X Warning buzzer (3 times)
Parking brake system X X X Handbrake applied
ESP
TCS
X X X
Left turn signal X X X Acoustic check
Right turn signal X X X Acoustic check
Trailer turn signals X X X
Main beam headlights X X X
Dash panel insert
49
Symbol Control lamp Lowline Midline Highline Warning message or warning
Cruise control system X X X
Bulb failure X X X e.g. Front left dipped beam light
defective
Tailgate
door open
X X Pictogram e.g. Tailgate open
Fuel reserve X X Pictogram Please fill up -
Warning buzzer (once)
Low coolant level or
overheating
X X Pictogram Stop - Check coolant See manual
-
Warning buzzer (3 times)
Alternator X X X
Engine check
EOBD
X X X Engine fault - Workshop -
Exhaust gas - Workshop
Bonnet open X X Pictogram Door warning! Bonnet!
Warning buzzer (once) if
v > 6 km/h
Rear fog light X X X
Oil level X X Pictogram Check oil level
Oil sensor - Workshop
Tyre pressure monitor X X X Warning buzzer (once)
Shift lock X X X
Seatbelt X X X Please apply seatbelt -
Gong
Low washer water X X Pictogram Replenish washer water -
Warning buzzer (once)
Immobiliser Turn signal Turn signal Turn signal Immobiliser active -
Warning buzzer (once)
50
Control unit
The immobiliser control unit J362 can be found in
the dash panel insert, as with immobilisers of the
third generation.
The diagnosis connection is made via address
word 25. Communication is only possible via the
diagnosis CAN data bus with vehicle diagnosis,
testing and information system VAS 5051.
Immobiliser
The fourth generation immobiliser
VAS 5051
T16
Diagnosis CAN data bus
Dash panel insert CAN
data bus
VAS 5051/5A
Diagnosis
J533
J285
Key
J285 Control unit with display unit in dash panel insert
J533 data bus diagnosis interface
VAS 5051 Vehicle diagnosis, testing and information system
VAS 5051/5A Diagnosis lead 3 m
T16 Diagnosis connection
S307_042
51
Changes compared to the third generation
immobiliser
Brand identification
The immobiliser components of all Group brands
are different.
Adaption of components from other Group
brands in Volkswagen vehicles is not possible.
Preprogrammed key
The vehicle keys are preprogrammed by the
manufacturer with a basic code.
This basic code includes a specific manufacturer
code. Matching the key to a vehicle is only possi-
ble if it has the correct manufacturer code.
S307_044
S307_043
Basic code
52
Immobiliser
Matching
Enabling the matching function is done via the
vehicle diagnosis, testing and information system
VAS 5051.
The personal identification number (PIN) for
matching is currently available via the dealer
online access system (HOLZ).
In future, matching will be carried out via an
online connection.
Exchanging the engine control unit
The engine control unit is enabled in the same
way as the third generation immobiliser.
Two of the three adapted components
(key and dash panel insert) must remain in the
vehicle.
For adaption of a new control unit, this can be
done without a personal identification number.
For adaption of a control unit that was previously
installed in a different vehicle, a personal identi-
fication number is required.
53
Exchanging the dash panel insert
Adaption is carried out in the same way as for
the third generation immobiliser.
Likewise, two of the three adapted components
(key and engine control unit) must remain in the
vehicle.
For adaption of a new dash panel insert, this can
be done without a personal identification umber.
A personal identification number is required for
a previously used dash panel insert.
Following exchange, the immobiliser control unit
J362 will detect an unknown key.
For this reason, there is a blocking period of five
minutes during which time the engine cannot be
started.
With the exchange of more than one
component, all three items must be
renewed as less than two of the mat-
ched components are left in the vehicle.
54
Personalisation
The user based settings for different unit
functions in the convenience and infotainment
system are made via an operating unit and a dis-
play.
Operation is via a control lever on the steering
wheel. Selection from the menu is made via the
display in the dash panel insert. The settings sel-
ected are stored in the control unit, which is
responsible for the control of each function.
Transfer of the necessary information between
the control unit with display unit in dash panel
insert and the other control units is managed by
the CAN data bus.
Convenience and infotainment settings
S307_045
J527
J519 J393 J162
Key
J162 Heater control unit
J285 Control unit with display unit in
dash panel insert
J393 Convenience system central control unit
J519 Onboard power supply control unit
J527 Steering column electronics control unit
J533 data bus diagnosis interface
J533
J285
Steering column switch
For precise details on operation, please
refer to the operating instructions.
55
Headlights
One touch attachment
The H7 bulbs are connected to the reflector by
means of a one touch attachment. The old means
of attachment with clip and electrical connector
has been discontinued.
By means of one touch, the attachment of the
bulbs can be released with a twisting action.
Thereafter, the bulb is pulled out
of the attachment.
Lighting
S307_060
The functional description of the Bi-Xenon headlights that are installed can be found in
SSP 251 "The Passat 2001".
The procedure for renewing a bulb can be found in ELSA.
S307_064
Release from attachment by twisting to left
Pull bulb out of attachment
56
Diagnosis
The transfer of data necessary for diagnosis to
vehicle diagnosis, testing and information system
VAS 5051 or vehicle diagnosis and service infor-
mation system VAS 5052 is via the
diagnosis CAN data bus.
Data transfer to VAS 5051 is only possible
via diagnosis leads VAS 5051/5A or
VAS 5051/6A.
For vehicle diagnosis and service information
system 5052, diagnosis lead VAS 5052/3 should
be used.
These diagnosis leads are suitable for the trans-
fer of data via the diagnosis CAN data bus.
The COM lead used until now is still required for
diagnosis of the engine and gearbox control
units in OBD mode. Therefore, diagnosis with
other diagnosis leads is only possible in the
engine control unit and automatic gearbox con-
trol unit.
Service
VAS 5051
VAS 5052
VAS 5051/6A
57
S307_051
Key
J285 Control unit with display unit in dash panel insert
J533 data bus diagnosis interface
T16 Diagnosis connection
VAS 5051 Vehicle diagnosis, testing and information system
VAS 5051/5A Diagnosis lead 3 m
VAS 5051/6A Diagnosis lead 5 m
VAS 5052 Vehicle diagnosis and service information system
VAS 5052/3 Diagnosis lead 3 m
Drive Train CAN
data bus
Convenience
CAN data bus
Infotainment
CAN data bus
Dash panel insert
CAN data bus
Diagnosis CAN
data bus
T16
J285
VAS 5051/5A
Communications
line
J533
VAS 5052/3
58
1. Which data bus systems are used in the Volkswagen Touran?
a) The CAN data bus and the LIN data bus.
b) The MOSFET data bus, the LIN data bus and the MOST bus.
c) The D2B data bus, the A data bus and the CAN data bus.
2. Where can the data bus diagnosis interface be found?
a) In the dash panel insert.
b) Under the centre console next to the airbag control unit.
c) Under the dash panel above the relay carrier.
3. Which control units belong to the dash panel insert CAN data bus?
a) The onboard power supply control unit, the automatic gearbox control unit and the trailer detector
control unit.
b) The control unit with display unit in dash panel insert and the data bus diagnosis interface.
c) The Motronic control unit and the diagnosis connection.
4. The LIN data bus transfers data at a rate of
a) 1 kbit/s to 20 kbit/s.
b) 100 kbit/s to 500 kbit/s.
c) 21 Mbit/s.
Test yourself
59
5. Which functions are controlled by the onboard power supply control unit?
a) Turn signal control, heated rear window, fuel pump readiness.
b) Windscreen and rear window wipers, central locking, instrument illumination.
c) Load management, alternator readiness, starter isolator.
6. What is the main role of the load management system?
a) To ensure that there is always enough electrical power to turn the engine over.
b) With electronic charge indication, it warns the driver when the vehicle is overcharged.
c) It prevents overloading of the engine by irregular operation.
7. What must be observed when operating the vehicle diagnosis, testing and information system
VAS 5051 on the Touran?
a) For diagnosis, only diagnosis leads VAS 5051/5A and VAS 5051/6A should be used.
b) Diagnosis can be carried out in all areas using V.A.G 1551 or V.A.G 1552.
c) Diagnosis is only possible using VAS 9119.
A n s w e r s :
1 . a 2 . c 3 . b 4 . a 5 . a , c 6 . a 7 . a
For internal use only VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg
All rights and the right to make technical alterations reserved
000.2811.27.20 Technical status 02/03
This paper was manufactured from pulp that
was bleached without the use of chlorine.
307