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TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS

CONTENTS
page page
GENERAL INFORMATION
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
COMBINATION FLASHER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
HAZARD WARNING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
TURN SIGNAL INDICATOR LAMP . . . . . . . . . . . 3
TURN SIGNAL LAMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
TURN SIGNAL SWITCH AND HAZARD
WARNING SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
TURN SIGNAL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
VEHICLE INFORMATION CENTER . . . . . . . . . . . 3
DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
MULTI-FUNCTION SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING
SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
COMBINATION FLASHER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
MULTI-FUNCTION SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
GENERAL INFORMATION
INTRODUCTION
Fol l owi ng are general descri pti ons of the major
components i n the turn si gnal and hazard warni ng
systems. Refer to 8W-52 - Turn Si gnal s i n Group 8W
- Wi ri ng Di agrams for compl ete ci rcui t descri pti ons
and di agrams.
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
TURN SIGNAL SYSTEM
Wi th the i gni ti on swi tch i n the On posi ti on, and
the mul ti -functi on swi tch control l ever moved up
(ri ght turn) or down (l eft turn), the turn si gnal sys-
tem i s acti vated. The swi tch has a detent posi ti on i n
each di recti on that provi des turn si gnal s wi th auto-
mati c cancel l ati on, and an i ntermedi ate momentary
posi ti on i n each di recti on that provi des turn si gnal s
onl y unti l the mul ti -functi on swi tch l ever i s rel eased.
When the turn si gnal swi tch i s i n a detent posi -
ti on, i t i s turned off by one of two cancel l i ng cam
l obes mol ded i nto the hub of the cl ockspri ng mecha-
ni sm. When turni ng the steeri ng wheel causes one of
the cam l obes to contact a cancel actuator i n the
mul ti -functi on swi tch, the turn si gnal swi tch auto-
mati cal l y returns to the off posi ti on.
When the turn si gnal system i s acti vated, the
sel ected (ri ght or l eft) turn si gnal i ndi cator l amp,
front park/turn si gnal l amp, front si de marker l amp,
and rear tai l /stop/turn si gnal l amp bul bs wi l l fl ash.
Wi th the headl amp swi tch i n the Off posi ti on, the
front turn si gnal and front si de marker l amps fl ash
i n uni son. Wi th the headl amp swi tch i n the On posi -
ti on, the front turn si gnal and front si de marker
l amps fl ash al ternatel y.
HAZARD WARNING SYSTEM
The hazard warni ng system i s acti vated by a
swi tch button i n the mul ti -functi on swi tch. The but-
ton i s l ocated on the top of the steeri ng col umn
between the steeri ng wheel and the i nstrument
panel . The hazard warni ng swi tch button i s i denti -
fi ed wi th a doubl e tri angl e.
The hazard warni ng system i s connected to a non-
swi tched battery feed so that the system remai ns
functi onal , regardl ess of the i gni ti on swi tch posi ti on.
Push the swi tch button i n to acti vate the hazard
warni ng system, and push i n on the button agai n to
turn the system off.
When the hazard warni ng system i s acti vated, the
ri ght and l eft turn si gnal i ndi cators, front park/turn
si gnal l amps, front si de marker l amps, and rear tai l /
stop/turn si gnal l amps wi l l fl ash.
COMBINATION FLASHER
The combi nati on fl asher i s a smart rel ay that func-
ti ons as both the turn si gnal system and hazard
warni ng system fl asher. The combi nati on fl asher con-
tai ns acti ve el ectroni c I ntegrated Ci rcui try (I C) el e-
ments. Thi s fl asher i s desi gned to handl e the current
fl ow requi rements of the factory-i nstal l ed l i ghti ng. I f
suppl emental l i ghti ng i s added to the turn si gnal
l amp ci rcui ts, such as when towi ng a trai l er wi th
l i ghts, the combi nati on fl asher wi l l automati cal l y try
to compensate to keep the fl ash rate the same.
Whi l e the combi nati on fl asher has a I nternati onal
Standards Organi zati on (I SO)-type rel ay termi nal
confi gurati on or footpri nt, the i nternal ci rcui try i s
much di fferent. The combi nati on fl asher does not use
standard I SO-rel ay i nputs or provi de I SO-rel ay type
outputs or functi ons. The combi nati on fl asher shoul d
never be substi tuted for an I SO-rel ay or repl aced
ZJ TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS 8J - 1
wi th an I SO-rel ay, or el se component and vehi cl e
damage may occur.
The combi nati on fl asher has fi ve bl ade-type termi -
nal s i ntended for the fol l owi ng i nputs and outputs:
Battery B+, I gni ti on B+, Ground, Turn Si gnal ci rcui t,
and Hazard Warni ng ci rcui t. Constant battery vol t-
age and ground are suppl i ed to the fl asher so that i t
can perform the hazard warni ng functi on, and i gni -
ti on swi tched battery vol tage i s suppl i ed for the turn
si gnal functi on. Refer to 8W-52 - Turn Si gnal s i n
Group 8W - Wi ri ng Di agrams for compl ete ci rcui t
descri pti ons, di agrams and termi nal functi on i denti -
fi cati on.
The I C wi thi n the combi nati on fl asher (Fi g. 1) con-
tai ns the l ogi c that control s the fl asher operati on and
the fl ash rate. Pi n 6 of the I C recei ves a sense vol t-
age from the hazard warni ng porti on of the mul ti -
functi on swi tch. When the hazard swi tch i s turned
on, the hazard on sense vol tage wi l l become l ow due
to the ci rcui t bei ng grounded through the turn si gnal
bul bs. Thi s l ow vol tage sense si gnal s the I C to ener-
gi ze the fl ash control Posi ti ve-Negati ve-Posi ti ve
(PNP) transi stor at a pre-cal i brated fl ash rate or fre-
quency. Each ti me the PNP transi stor energi zes the
hazard warni ng ci rcui t, the pi n 6 hazard on sense
vol tage wi l l become hi gh and the I C si gnal s the PNP
transi stor to de-energi ze the ci rcui t. Thi s cycl i ng wi l l
conti nue unti l the hazard warni ng swi tch i s turned
off.
Li kewi se, pi n 8 of the I C recei ves a sense vol tage
from the turn si gnal porti on of the mul ti -functi on
swi tch. When the l eft or ri ght turn si gnal i s turned
on, the turn si gnal on sense vol tage wi l l become l ow
due to the ci rcui t bei ng grounded through the turn
si gnal bul bs. Thi s l ow vol tage sense si gnal s the I C to
energi ze the fl ash control PNP transi stor at a pre-
cal i brated fl ash rate or frequency. Each ti me the PNP
transi stor energi zes the turn si gnal ci rcui t, the pi n 8
turn si gnal on sense vol tage wi l l become hi gh and
the I C si gnal s the PNP transi stor to de-energi ze the
ci rcui t. Thi s cycl i ng wi l l conti nue unti l the ri ght or
l eft turn si gnal i s turned off.
A speci al desi gn feature of the combi nati on fl asher
al l ows i t to sense that a turn si gnal ci rcui t or bul b
i s not operati ng, and provi de the dri ver an i ndi cati on
of the condi ti on by fl ashi ng the remai ni ng bul bs i n
the affected ci rcui t at a hi gher rate (120 fl ashes-per-
mi nute or hi gher). Conventi onal fl ashers ei ther con-
ti nue fl ashi ng at thei r typi cal rate (heavy-duty type),
or di sconti nue fl ashi ng the affected ci rcui t enti rel y
(standard-duty type). Duri ng turn si gnal operati on,
the combi nati on fl asher I C compares normal battery
vol tage i nput on pi n 2 wi th the shunt resi stor vol tage
i nput on pi n 7. I f the I C senses that the vol tage di f-
ference between pi n 2 and pi n 7 i s di fferent than the
pre-cal i brated val ue of the I C, i t wi l l i ncrease the
rate at whi ch i t si gnal s the PNP transi stor to ener-
gi ze the pi n 1 output. Thus, the i noperati ve hal f (l eft
or ri ght si de) of the turn si gnal ci rcui t wi l l fl ash
faster.
Because of the acti ve el ectroni c el ements wi thi n
the combi nati on fl asher, i t cannot be tested wi th con-
venti onal automoti ve el ectri cal test equi pment. I f the
combi nati on fl asher i s bel i eved to be faul ty, test the
turn si gnal and hazard warni ng system ci rcui ts as
descri bed i n thi s group. Then repl ace the combi na-
ti on fl asher wi th a known good uni t to confi rm sys-
tem operati on.
The combi nati on fl asher cannot be repai red and, i f
faul ty or damaged, i t must be repl aced.
TURN SIGNAL SWITCH AND HAZARD WARNING
SWITCH
The turn si gnal and hazard warni ng swi tches are
i ntegral to the mul ti -functi on swi tch assembl y. The
mul ti -functi on swi tch assembl y i s mounted to the l eft
si de of the steeri ng col umn (Fi g. 2). Thi s swi tch con-
tai ns ci rcui try for the fol l owi ng functi ons:
Turn si gnal s
Hazard warni ng
Headl amp beam sel ecti on
Headl amp opti cal horn
Wi ndshi el d wi pers
Wi ndshi el d washers.
The i nformati on contai ned i n thi s group addresses
onl y the mul ti -functi on swi tch functi ons for the turn
si gnal and hazard warni ng ci rcui ts. For i nformati on
rel ati ve to the other swi tch functi ons, refer to the
proper group. However, the mul ti -functi on swi tch
cannot be repai red. I f any functi on of the mul ti -func-
ti on swi tch i s faul ty, or i f the swi tch i s damaged, the
enti re swi tch assembl y must be repl aced.
Fig. 1 Combination Flasher - Typical
8J - 2 TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS ZJ
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (Continued)
TURN SIGNAL INDICATOR LAMP
The turn si gnal i ndi cator l amps are l ocated i n the
i nstrument cl uster. They fl ash wi th the exteri or turn
si gnal l amps to gi ve the dri ver a vi sual i ndi cati on
that a turn si gnal or the hazard warni ng system i s
operati ng. For di agnosi s and servi ce of these l amps,
refer to Group 8E - I nstrument Panel Systems.
VEHICLE INFORMATION CENTER
Model s equi pped wi th the opti onal Vehi cl e I nfor-
mati on Center (VI C) have a turn si gnal on warni ng
feature. The VI C modul e moni tors the turn si gnal
ci rcui t through the combi nati on fl asher. The VI C
modul e wi l l di spl ay a Turn Si gnal On message and
send a request to the Body Control Modul e (BCM) on
the Chrysl er Col l i si on Detecti on (CCD) data bus net-
work for si x chi me tones, i f a turn si gnal remai ns
acti vated for more than approxi matel y one-hal f mi l e
of dri vi ng.
Refer to Group 8E - I nstrument Panel Systems for
more i nformati on on the VI C modul e. For di agnosi s
of the VI C, the BCM or the CCD data bus, the use of
a DRB scan tool and the proper Di agnosti c Proce-
dures manual are recommended.
TURN SIGNAL LAMP
The exteri or l amps i n the turn si gnal and hazard
warni ng ci rcui ts i ncl ude the front park/turn si gnal ,
the front si de marker, and the rear tai l /stop/turn si g-
nal . For di agnosi s and servi ce of these l amps, refer to
Group 8L - Lamps.
DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING
INTRODUCTION
When di agnosi ng the turn si gnal or hazard warn-
i ng ci rcui ts, remember that hi gh generator output
can burn out bul bs rapi dl y and repeatedl y. I f thi s i s a
probl em on the vehi cl e bei ng di agnosed, refer to
Group 8C - Chargi ng System for further di agnosi s of
a possi bl e generator overchargi ng condi ti on.
WARNING: ON VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH AIR-
BAGS, REFER TO GROUP 8M - PASSIVE
RESTRAINT SYSTEMS BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY
STEERING WHEEL, STEERING COLUMN, OR
INSTRUMENT PANEL COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS OR
SERVICE. FAILURE TO TAKE THE PROPER PRE-
CAUTIONS COULD RESULT IN ACCIDENTAL AIR-
BAG DEPLOYMENT AND POSSIBLE PERSONAL
INJURY.
TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS
For ci rcui t descri pti ons and di agrams, refer to
8W-52 - Turn Si gnal s i n Group 8W - Wi ri ng Di a-
grams.
WARNING: ON VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH AIR-
BAGS, REFER TO GROUP 8M - PASSIVE
RESTRAINT SYSTEMS BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY
STEERING WHEEL, STEERING COLUMN, OR
INSTRUMENT PANEL COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS OR
SERVICE. FAILURE TO TAKE THE PROPER PRE-
CAUTIONS COULD RESULT IN ACCIDENTAL AIR-
BAG DEPLOYMENT AND POSSIBLE PERSONAL
INJURY.
(1) Turn the i gni ti on swi tch to the On posi ti on.
Actuate the turn si gnal l ever or the hazard warni ng
button. Observe the turn si gnal i ndi cator l amp(s) i n
the i nstrument cl uster. I f the fl ash rate i s very hi gh,
check for a turn si gnal bul b that i s not l i t or i s very
di ml y l i t. Repai r the ci rcui ts to that l amp or repl ace
the faul ty bul b, as requi red. Test the operati on of the
turn si gnal and hazard warni ng systems agai n. I f the
turn si gnal i ndi cator(s) fai l to l i ght, go to Step 2.
(2) Turn the i gni ti on swi tch to the Off posi ti on.
Check the turn si gnal fuse i n the juncti on bl ock
and/or the hazard warni ng fuse i n the Power Di stri -
buti on Center (PDC). I f OK, go to Step 3. I f not OK,
repai r the shorted ci rcui t or component as requi red
and repl ace the faul ty fuse(s).
Fig. 2 Multi-Function Switch
ZJ TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS 8J - 3
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (Continued)
(3) Turn the i gni ti on swi tch to the On posi ti on to
check for battery vol tage at the turn si gnal fuse i n
the juncti on bl ock; or, l eave the i gni ti on swi tch i n the
Off posi ti on to check for battery vol tage at the haz-
ard warni ng fuse i n the PDC. I f OK, go to Step 4. I f
not OK, repai r the open ci rcui t as requi red.
(4) Turn the i gni ti on swi tch to the Off posi ti on.
Di sconnect and i sol ate the battery negati ve cabl e.
Unpl ug the combi nati on fl asher from the juncti on
bl ock and repl ace i t wi th a known good uni t. Connect
the battery negati ve cabl e. Test the operati on of the
turn si gnal and hazard warni ng systems. I f OK, di s-
card the faul ty combi nati on fl asher. I f not OK,
remove the test fl asher and go to Step 5.
(5) Turn the i gni ti on swi tch to the On posi ti on.
Check for battery vol tage at the fused i gni ti on swi tch
output ci rcui t cavi ty for the combi nati on fl asher i n the
juncti on bl ock. I f OK, go to Step 6. I f not OK, repai r the
open ci rcui t to the turn si gnal fuse as requi red.
(6) Turn the i gni ti on swi tch to the Off posi ti on.
Check for battery vol tage at the fused B(+) ci rcui t
cavi ty for the combi nati on fl asher i n the juncti on
bl ock. I f OK, go to Step 7. I f not OK, repai r the open
ci rcui t to the hazard warni ng fuse as requi red.
(7) Di sconnect and i sol ate the battery negati ve
cabl e. Check for conti nui ty between the ground ci r-
cui t cavi ty for the combi nati on fl asher i n the juncti on
bl ock and a good ground. There shoul d be conti nui ty.
I f OK, go to Step 8. I f not OK, repai r the ci rcui t to
ground as requi red.
(8) Unpl ug the mul ti -functi on swi tch wi re harness
connector as descri bed i n thi s group. Check for con-
ti nui ty between the combi nati on fl asher hazard si g-
nal ci rcui t cavi ti es i n the juncti on bl ock and i n the
mul ti -functi on swi tch wi re harness connector. There
shoul d be conti nui ty. I f OK, go to Step 9. I f not OK,
repai r the open ci rcui t as requi red.
(9) Check for conti nui ty between the combi nati on
fl asher turn si gnal ci rcui t cavi ti es i n the juncti on
bl ock and i n the mul ti -functi on swi tch wi re harness
connector. There shoul d be conti nui ty. I f OK, test the
mul ti -functi on swi tch as descri bed i n thi s group. I f
not OK, repai r the open ci rcui t as requi red.
MULTI-FUNCTION SWITCH
Perform the di agnosi s of the hazard warni ng
and/or turn si gnal systems as descri bed i n thi s group
before testi ng the mul ti -functi on swi tch. For ci rcui t
descri pti ons and di agrams, refer to 8W-52 - Turn Si g-
nal s i n Group 8W - Wi ri ng Di agrams.
WARNING: ON VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH AIRBAGS,
REFER TO GROUP 8M - PASSIVE RESTRAINT SYS-
TEMS BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY STEERING WHEEL,
STEERING COLUMN, OR INSTRUMENT PANEL COM-
PONENT DIAGNOSIS OR SERVICE. FAILURE TO TAKE
THE PROPER PRECAUTIONS COULD RESULT IN
ACCIDENTAL AIRBAG DEPLOYMENT AND POSSIBLE
PERSONAL INJURY.
(1) Di sconnect and i sol ate the battery negati ve
cabl e. Unpl ug the mul ti -functi on swi tch wi re harness
connector.
(2) Usi ng an ohmmeter, perform the swi tch conti -
nui ty checks at the swi tch termi nal s as shown i n the
Mul ti -Functi on Swi tch Conti nui ty chart (Fi g. 3).
(3) I f the swi tch fai l s any of the conti nui ty checks,
repl ace the faul ty swi tch. I f the swi tch i s OK, repai r
the l i ghti ng ci rcui ts as requi red.
8J - 4 TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS ZJ
DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING (Continued)
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
COMBINATION FLASHER
WARNING: ON VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH AIR-
BAGS, REFER TO GROUP 8M - PASSIVE
RESTRAINT SYSTEMS BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY
STEERING WHEEL, STEERING COLUMN, OR
INSTRUMENT PANEL COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS OR
SERVICE. FAILURE TO TAKE THE PROPER PRE-
CAUTIONS COULD RESULT IN ACCIDENTAL AIR-
BAG DEPLOYMENT AND POSSIBLE PERSONAL
INJURY.
(1) Di sconnect and i sol ate the battery negati ve
cabl e.
(2) Remove the fuse access panel by unsnappi ng i t
from the ri ght cowl si de tri m panel .
(3) Remove the push nut that secures the ri ght
cowl si de tri m panel to the juncti on bl ock stud (Fi g.
4).
(4) Remove the two screws that secure the ri ght
cowl si de tri m panel to the ri ght front door openi ng
tri m.
(5) Remove the ri ght cowl si de tri m panel from the
ri ght cowl si de i nner panel .
(6) Unpl ug the combi nati on fl asher from the junc-
ti on bl ock.
(7) I nstal l the combi nati on fl asher by al i gni ng the
fl asher termi nal s wi th the cavi ti es i n the juncti on
bl ock and pushi ng the fl asher fi rml y i nto pl ace.
(8) Connect the battery negati ve cabl e.
(9) Test the fl asher operati on.
Fig. 3 Multi-Function Switch Continuity
Fig. 4 Right Cowl Side Trim Panel Remove/Install
ZJ TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS 8J - 5
(10) Rei nstal l the ri ght cowl si de tri m panel and
the fuse access panel .
MULTI-FUNCTION SWITCH
WARNING: ON VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH AIR-
BAGS, REFER TO GROUP 8M - PASSIVE
RESTRAINT SYSTEMS BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY
STEERING WHEEL, STEERING COLUMN, OR
INSTRUMENT PANEL COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS OR
SERVICE. FAILURE TO TAKE THE PROPER PRE-
CAUTIONS COULD RESULT IN ACCIDENTAL AIR-
BAG DEPLOYMENT AND POSSIBLE PERSONAL
INJURY.
(1) Di sconnect and i sol ate the battery negati ve
cabl e.
(2) I f the vehi cl e i s so equi pped, remove the ti l t
steeri ng col umn l ever.
(3) Usi ng a tri m sti ck or another sui tabl e wi de
fl at-bl aded tool , pry gentl y around the peri meter
edges of both i nstrument panel swi tch pod bezel s to
rel ease the snap cl i p retai ners. Remove both bezel s
from the i nstrument panel .
(4) Remove the one screw on each si de of the steer-
i ng col umn that secures the upper edge of the steer-
i ng col umn openi ng cover/knee bl ocker to the
i nstrument panel (Fi g. 5).
(5) Remove the one screw that secures the steeri ng
col umn openi ng cover/knee bl ocker to the outboard
end of the i nstrument panel .
(6) Remove the four screws that secure the l ower
edge of the steeri ng col umn openi ng cover/knee
bl ocker to the l ower i nstrument panel rei nforcement.
(7) Usi ng a tri m sti ck or another sui tabl e wi de
fl at-bl aded tool , gentl y pry the edges of the steeri ng
col umn openi ng cover/knee bl ocker away from the
i nstrument panel at the snap cl i p retai ner l ocati ons
(Fi g. 5).
(8) Remove the steeri ng col umn openi ng cover/
knee bl ocker from the i nstrument panel .
(9) Remove both the upper and l ower shrouds from
the steeri ng col umn (Fi g. 6).
(10) Remove the l ower fi xed col umn shroud.
(11) Loosen the nuts that secure the steeri ng col -
umn upper mounti ng bracket to the dash panel steer-
i ng col umn support bracket studs. Lower the col umn
far enough to move the upper fi xed col umn shroud.
(12) Move the upper fi xed col umn shroud far
enough to access the rear of the mul ti -functi on
swi tch (Fi g. 7).
Fig. 5 Steering Column Opening Cover/Knee
Blocker Remove/Install
Fig. 6 Steering Column Shrouds Remove/Install -
Typical
Fig. 7 Multi-Function Switch Connector - Typical
8J - 6 TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS ZJ
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION (Continued)
(13) Remove the tamper proof mounti ng screws (a
Snap On tamper proof torx bi t TTXR20B2 or equi va-
l ent i s requi red) that secure the mul ti -functi on
swi tch to the steeri ng col umn.
(14) Gentl y pul l the swi tch away from the steeri ng
col umn far enough to access and l oosen the mul ti -
functi on swi tch wi re harness connector screw. The
screw wi l l remai n i n the wi re harness connector.
(15) Unpl ug the wi re harness connector from the
mul ti -functi on swi tch.
(16) Reverse the removal procedures to i nstal l .
Ti ghten the fasteners as fol l ows:
Mul ti -functi on swi tch wi re harness connector
screw - 2 Nm (17 i n. l bs.)
Mul ti -functi on swi tch mounti ng screws - 2 Nm
(17 i n. l bs.)
Steeri ng col umn mounti ng nuts - 12 Nm (110
i n. l bs.).
ZJ TURN SIGNAL AND HAZARD WARNING SYSTEMS 8J - 7
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION (Continued)