Subject: GE118 Analytic Geometry_ Time: _TTH 35 PM___________
Exercise #2
Topic: Area of triangle
Direction: In each problem, draw the figure on rectangular coordinate
system.
1. Find the area of the triangle whose vertices are ( 6, 8), (3,5) and
( 4, 2).
Solution: ( ) ( ) ( )

(
)
(
)
(
)


[()][()][()]


()()()


()()()


()




 = 12
Answer:
Find the area of the triangle whose vertices are (1/3,8/3), (5/4, 1/4)
and ( 6/7, 13/6).
Solution: (
) (
) (
)

(
)
(
)
(
)


(
)
(
)(
)(
)


(
)
(
)(
)(
)


(
)
(
)(
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)


(
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)









 
Answer:
2. Find the area of the triangle whose vertices are (1,7), ( 3,11) and
( 8,12).
Solution: () () ()

(
)
(
)
(
)


()()()


()()()


()()()






 = 9
Answer:
3. Find the area of the parallelogram whose vertices are at (0,8),
(2,6),(4,6) and (2,4).
Solution: () () ( ) ( )

(
)
(
)
(
)


(
)
(
)
(
)
 [ ()] () ( ) () ( ) 
 [ ] () () () () 
 [] () () () () 
 
 
Answer:
4. Find the area of the parallelogram whose vertices are at (1,5),
(10,6),(6,8) and (3,3)
Solution: () ( ) ( ) ()

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)
(
)
(
)


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)
(
)
(
)
 [ ()] ( ) [ ()] 
 ( ) () ( ) 
 () 
 () 
 
 
Answer:
Topic: Analytic proofs of geometric theorems
Directions: Give analytic proofs of the following theorems.
1. The diagonals of a square are perpendicular to each other.
STATEMENTS REASONS
1 ABCD is a square Given
2 Draw a segment from A to C Two points determine exactly one line.
3
A square is a parallelogram with four congruent
sides and four right angles.
4 ABCD is a parallelogram A square is a parallelogram with four congruent
sides and four right angles.
5
If a quadrilateral is a parallelogram, the
diagonals bisect each other.
6
A bisector of a segment intersects the segment
at its midpoint.
7
Midpoint of a line segment is the point on that
line segment that divides the segment two
congruent segments.
8
Reflexive Property  A quantity is congruent to
itself.
9
SSS  If three sides of one triangle are congruent
to three sides of a second triangle, the triangles
are congruent.
10 CPCTC  Corresponding parts of congruent
triangles are congruent.
11
If 2 congruent angles form a linear pair, they are
right angles.
12
Perpendicular lines meet to form right angles.
2. The isosceles triangle has two equal sides.
STATEMENTS REASONS
1 ABC is an isosceles triangle with
base BC
Given
2
An isosceles triangle is a triangle in which two
sides are the same length. (Definition of an
isosceles triangle)
3. A triangle having two equals sides median is isosceles.
STATEMENTS REASONS
1 ABC is a triangle with medians AD
and BE of equal length
Given
2 AD=BE Given
3
√(
)
√(
)
)
Definition of the length of a median
4
√(
)
√(
)
Substitution from step 2 (AD=BE)
5
[
√(
)
]
[
√(
)
]
Equality of squares
6
[(
)
]
[(
)
]
Evaluation of squares
7 (
)
(
)
Cross Multiplication
8
Distributive property of multiplication
9
Addition of equal values to both sides
10
Any number subtracted from itself reduces the
difference to zero
11
Zero Property of Addition (any number added to
zero equals the number itself)
12 Roots of equal squares
13
Two straight segments are congruent if and only
if they have the same length.
14 An isosceles triangle is a triangle in which two
sides are the same length. (Definition of an
isosceles triangle)
4. A rectangle whose diagonals are perpendicular is a square.
STATEMENTS REASONS
1 ABCD is a rectangle with
perpendicular diagonals
Given
2
Given
3 ABCD is a parallelogram A rectangle is a parallelogram with four right
angles.
4
If a quadrilateral is a parallelogram, the
diagonals bisect each other.
5
A bisector of a segment intersects the segment
at its midpoint.
6
Midpoint of a line segment is the point on that
line segment that divides the segment two
congruent segments.
7
Reflexive Property  A quantity is congruent to
itself.
8
SAS  If two sides of a triangle and their included
angle are congruent to the corresponding
elements of another triangle, then the triangles
are congruent.
9
CPCTC  Corresponding parts of congruent
triangles are congruent.
7
Reflexive Property  A quantity is congruent to
itself.
8
SAS  If two sides of a triangle and their included
angle are congruent to the corresponding
elements of another triangle, then the triangles
are congruent.
9
CPCTC  Corresponding parts of congruent
triangles are congruent.
10
Opposite sides of a parallelogram are congruent
10 A square is a parallelogram with four congruent
sides and four right angles.
5. The diagonals of a rectangle are equal.
STATEMENTS REASONS
1 ABCD is a rectangle with
diagonals AC and BD
Given
3
A rectangle is a parallelogram with four right
angles.
10
Opposite sides of a parallelogram are congruent
9
SAS  If two sides of a triangle and their included
angle are congruent to the corresponding
elements of another triangle, then the triangles
are congruent.
10
CPCTC  Corresponding parts of congruent
triangles are congruent.