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Urban, Suburban, and Country Scene Classification

Aun Kei Hong
RIT Real-time and Image Processing Lab
83 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rocester, !" #$%&3
1. Overview
,lassi-ication o- images based on scenes .resents te di--icult tas/ o- identi-0ing -eatures
s.eci-ic to te scene+ Te 1ide range o- scenes, suc as urban, countr0, mountains, -orests,
etc+, ma0 introduce -eatures, 1ic ma0 com.licate te classi-ication .rocess+ 2iven te
limited time -rame to com.lete te .ro3ect, te range 1ill be condensed to urban, suburban,
and countr0 scenes+ Te goal o- tis .ro3ect 1ill be to correctl0 classi-0 eac image in a test
set based on t0.e o- scene+
&+ Background
A sim.le a..roac ins.ired b0 Pa0ne and 4ing 5$6 uses edge -eatures to determine te
straigtness metric, 1ic measures te .ercentage o- straigt edges+ Tis algoritm 1as
intended -or classi-0ing indoor and outdoor images, o1ever, tis ma0 .ave te 1a0 to
se.arate te tree o- scenes+ 7or e8am.le, urban scenes -illed buildings 1ill .roduce
more straigt edges tan a countr0 scene+
Anoter a..roac to image classi-ication -irst .roduces models based on a training set o-
/no1n classi-ication+ 9osc, :isserman, Muno; 5#6 introduced .robabilistic Latent 4emantic
Anal0sis <.L4A= modeling to classi-0 di--erent scenes+ A-ter models are generated, te test
images are com.ared to te models and classi-ied based on te similarit0 o- -eatures+
Te scene classi-ication using .L4A modeling 1as derived -rom te more commonl0 /no1n
bag o- -eatures <or 1ords= metod develo.ed b0 7ei 7ei+ Additional researc conducted b0
Mars;ale/ 5&6 uses a sim.le .rocedure -or image classi-ication+ 7irst, interest .oints are
detected using a La.lacian detector, 1ic detects blobs+ Local descri.tors are -ormed using
te interest .oints using te 4I7T metod+ 7rom te descri.tors, te bag o- -eatures metod
com.ares -eatures o- te test images to tose o- te training set+ Te test image is classi-ied
into te best matc training set+
Also using a test set to .roduce a model, Li.son, 2rimson, and 4ina 536 divides te images
into signi-icant regions+ Te relationsi. bet1een te regions, suc as distance, orientation
and color, are encoded into te basic model o- te scene+ Test images are divided into regions
o- interest and com.ared to e8isting models to be classi-ied+
4ource code 1ill be -rom scratc using e8tracted algoritms -rom te re-erenced .a.ers and
in-class discovered tecni>ues+ Tese original .a.ers 1ere -ound using te 2oogle 4colar
searc engine+ Te source code 1ill be 1ritten as MATLA9 scri.ts and -unctions and
e8ecuted using MATLA9 so-t1are+
3+ Progress
4everal algoritms and metods to classi-0 images into .redetermined categories ave been
researced+ Most algoritms re>uire a .reviousl0 identi-ied training set o- images, so sam.le
images 1ere collected -rom te Internet using a sim.le image searc engine+
To ma/e te current .ro3ect direction clear, sim.le testing o- eac metod as been
conducted to determine te >uic/est and most accurate 1a0 o- classi-0ing images+ Te most
accurate metod a..ears to be te bag o- -eatures metod+ Ho1ever, tis metod ma0 .rove
to be te most com.le8, re>uiring te greatest number o- .rocedures+ It migt be bene-icial to
combine one or t1o metods to te .rocedure, suc as -iltering out images 1it a
large .ercentage o- straigt edges, 1ic 1ould surel0 be classi-ied as an urban scene+
Te -irst -e1 ste.s o- te 0brid metod as been im.lemented using a -e1 di--erent
tecni>ues+ ?dge detection algoritms 1ere im.lemented using te built-in MATLA9 edge
-unction and several di--erent edge detectors, suc as La.lacian o- 2aussian, 4obel, and
,ann0+ 4traigt edges 1ere detected using te ouglines -unction+ Tis resulted in de-ined
straigt edges o- te training images+
In addition, a 4I7T toolbo8 -or MATLA9 1as located and installed, because 4I7T
im.lementation is not 1itin te sco.e o- te .ro3ect+ Te 4I7T tool 1as used to de-ine
-eatures and descri.tors o- te training images+ Tese descri.tors 1ill be used to develo. te
visual 1ords -or eac categor0+
$+ Data
Test images 1ill be .rovided b0 te RIT Introduction to ,om.uter @ision course 1eb .age+
Ho1ever, i- a training set and model is necessar0 -or te im.lementation o- te .ro3ect, tis
data 1ill be collected e8ternall0 troug te 1eb+ Anl0 images in te -ormat BP?2 1ill be
collected and tested+ In addition, results -rom .revious researc 1ill be e8tracted -rom te
re-erenced and com.ared to te im.lemented .ro3ect+
5. eferences
5#6 9osc, Anna, Andre1 :isserman, and Cavier Muno;+ D4cene ,lassi-ication via PL4A+D Proc.
ECCV <&EE%=F (#)-3E+ CiteULike+ Geb+ #3 Ban+ &E##+
5&6 Mars;aKe/, Marcin, Bianguo :ang, 4vetlana La;ebni/, and ,ordelia 4cmid+ D9ag-o--
-eatures Image Re.resentationF 4tate-o--te-art and 9e0on+D BournLe Du 2DR I4I4, #( 4e.t+
&EE%+ Geb+ #% Ban+ &E##+ Htt.FII111-.oleia+li.%+-rIMcordIisisImars;ale/+.d-J+
536 P+ Li.son, ?+ 2rimson, P+ 4ina, D,on-iguration based scene classi-ication and image
inde8ing,D cv.r, ..+#EE), #'') I??? ,om.uter 4ociet0 ,on-erence on ,om.uter @ision
and Pattern Recognition <,@PRN')=, #'')+
5$6 Pa0ne, Andre1, and 4ameer 4ing+ DIndoor vs+ Autdoor 4cene ,lassi-ication in Digital
Potogra.s+D Pattern Recognition 38+#E <&EE(=F #(33-($(+ ScienceDirect - Home+ ?lsevier
9+@+ Geb+ #3 Ban+ &E##+ Htt.FII111+sciencedirect+comIscienceO