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Mechanics of Machines Assignment

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**1. In a symmetrical tangent cam operating a roller follower, the least radius of the
**

cam is 30 mm and roller radius is 17.5 mm. The angle of ascent is 75° and the total

lift is 17.5 mm. The speed of the cam shaft is 600 r.p.m. Calculate:

a) The principal dimensions of the cam ;

b) The accelerations of the follower at the beginning of the lift, where straight

flank merges into the circular nose and at the apex of the circular nose.

Assume that there is no dwell between ascent and descent.

2. A cam has straight working faces which are tangential to a base circle of

diameter 90 mm. The follower is a roller of diameter 40 mm and the centre of

roller moves along a straight line passing through the centre line of the cam shaft.

The angle between the tangential faces of the cam is 90° and the faces are joined

by a nose circle of 10 mm radius. The speed of rotation of the cam is 120

revolutions per min. Find the acceleration of the roller centre:

a) when during the lift, the roller is just about to leave the straight flank ; and

b) when the roller is at the outer end of its lift.

3. A cam profile consists of two circular arcs of radii 24 mm and 12 mm, joined by

straight lines, giving the follower a lift of 12 mm. The follower is a roller of 24 mm

radius and its line of action is a straight line passing through the cam shaft axis.

When the cam shaft has a uniform speed of 500 rev/min, find the maximum

velocity and acceleration of the follower while in contact with the straight flank of

the cam.

4. Derive expressions for displacement, velocity and acceleration for a tangent cam

operating on a radial-translating roller follower when:

(a) The contact is on straight flank, and

(b) The contact is on circular nose.

5. Derive the expressions for displacement, velocity and acceleration for a circular

arc cam operating a flat-faced follower when:

(a) The contact is on the circular flank, and

(b) The contact is on circular nose.

6. In a slider crank mechanism, the crank AB = 200 mm and the connecting rod

BC = 750 mm. The line of stroke of the slider is offset by a perpendicular distance

of 50 mm. If the crank rotates at an angular speed of 20 rad/s and angular

acceleration of 10 rad/s

2

, find at an interval of 30° of the crank,

a) The linear velocity and acceleration of the slider, and

b) The angular velocity and acceleration of the connecting rod.

7. Two shafts with an included angle of 160° are connected by a Hooke’s joint.

The driving shaft runs at a uniform speed of 1500 r.p.m. The driven shaft carries a

flywheel of mass 12 kg and 100 mm radius of gyration. Find the maximum angular

acceleration of the driven shaft and the maximum torque required.

8. The angle between the axes of two shafts connected by Hooke’s joint is 18°.

Determine the angle turned through by the driving shaft when the velocity ratio is

maximum and unity.

A Hooke’s joint connects two shafts whose axes intersect at 150°. The driving

shaft rotates uniformly at 120 r.p.m. The driven shaft operates against a steady

torque of 150 N-m and carries a flywheel whose mass is 45 kg and radius of

gyration 150 mm. Find the maximum torque which will be exerted by the driving

shaft.

(Hint : The maximum torque exerted by the driving shaft is the sum of steady

torque and the maximum accelerating torque of the driven shaft).

9. Two shafts are connected by a Hooke’s joint. The driving shaft revolves

uniformly at 500 r.p.m. If the total permissible variation in speed of a driven shaft

is not to exceed 6% of the mean speed, find the greatest permissible angle between

the centre lines of the shafts. Also determine the maximum and minimum speed of

the driven shaft.

10. Two inclined shafts are connected by means of a universal joint. The speed of

the driving shaft is 1000 r.p.m. If the total fluctuation of speed of the driven shaft is

not to exceed 12.5% of this, what is the maximum possible inclination between the

two shafts? With this angle, what will be the maximum acceleration to which the

driven shaft is subjected and when this will occur ?

11. Explain why two Hooke’s joints are used to transmit motion from the engine to

the differential of an automobile.

12. Derive an expression for the ratio of shafts velocities for Hooke’s joint and

draw the polar diagram depicting the salient features of driven shaft speed.

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