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Running head: KEYSTONE XL PIPELINE: DANGERS AHEAD 1

Keystone XL Pipeline:
Dangers Ahead
Ashlyn M. Kelly







College Composition II
Mrs. Whitney
May 30, 2014



KEYSTONE XL PIPELINE: DANGERS AHEAD 2

Abstract
The United States government is currently determining if they should allow
TransCanada, one of Canadas major oil businesses, to run a pipe through the United States to
Texas or Oklahoma (Figure 1). The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will create many jobs,
but it will disrupt the environment, hurt the economy, and have a negative impact on energy
security. In the long run, it will have a negative impact on the United States. The United States
could avoid these problems by not allowing TransCanada to build this pipeline. The Keystone
XL Pipeline will have some positive benefits, but is not worth it. It will create many jobs for only
the first few years it operates, and then it will slowly diminish over time. The United States
should not agree to building the Keystone XL Pipeline.

Figure 1
KEYSTONE XL PIPELINE: DANGERS AHEAD 3

Keystone XL Pipeline: Dangers Ahead
The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline could do more damage than what people
realize. TransCanada, a Canadian oil company, would like to run a 1,700 mile oil pipeline that
will transport 830,000 barrels of crude oil per day through the United States of America from
Canada to Oklahoma and Texas (Ladislaw, 2011). Canada is supposed to be one of the worlds
main sources of oil. The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline is to allow Canada to ship its oil
production. Many people think the creation of the pipeline will create great job opportunities for
those Americans who are unemployed. Also, the world relies on oil and has not transitioned
from nonrenewable to renewable resources. The creation of the pipeline would allow there to be
more oil for the worlds population that keeps on growing (Friends, 2014). It would also
decrease the price of oil that keeps going up because it is currently in high demand. But what
will happen when the oil is gone? The creation of the pipeline will sidetrack the United States
from going into a more energy efficient society. In the long run, the pipeline will damage the
United States.
On the other side of the spectrum, the Keystone XL Pipeline will not only effect the
environment, but it will also devastate the economy. It will only provide approximately thirty-
five permanent jobs once it is built, with good pay (Stop, 2013). Along with that, there are many
downfalls to building the pipeline than there are benefits. It will also create more greenhouse gas
emission increasing the rate of global warming (Ladislaw, 2011). The pipeline could also leak
and destroy the people around it. What is TransCanada going to do if the oil leaks like the BP oil
spill in 2010? The best precaution they could take is to not build it, and that is exactly what they
should do.
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What people do not realize is the damage the Keystone XL Pipeline will cause. The
creation of the pipeline is not as good as many may think it is. People are going to lose their jobs
after it is built, their homes, and their fresh water (Oil Truth, 2014). The creation of the pipeline,
just like the creation of any building, will disrupt the environment but on a larger scale. The
creation of the pipeline could change the future for the next generation by leaving a negative
impact. The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will create many jobs, but will disrupt the
environment, hurt the economy, and have a negative impact on energy security.
There is a much heated debate on whether or not the United States should let
TransCanada build a pipeline from Canada that would go through the United States to Oklahoma
and Texas. One of the factors deciding whether or not is should be built is the impact that it will
have on the environment. Many believe it will have a no impact on the environment, that there
will be no harm. They think that the water will not get polluted and that everything will still be
the norm. Alberta, Canada has created regulations to improve the environmental impacts of the
Keystone XL Pipeline according to Ladislaw and Pumphrey (2011). TransCanada has
implemented these regulations into building the pipeline to take environmental precautions.
These regulations were created so that the oil industry does not do as much environmental
damage as they have done in the past. The oil industry does have a bad reputation for having
negative environmental protections and they are hoping these regulations will get rid of them.
Furthermore, the propose Keystone XL Pipeline has also passed all environmental and
permitting conditions and is safe to build as long as TransCanada takes appropriate measures
incase an incident or accident occurs (Ladislaw & Pumphrey, 2011). The plans that
TransCanada has made were created so that the creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline hardly
does any damage to the environment. Ladislaw and Pumphrey (2011) have also stated that oil
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stand production does not create more greenhouse gases when compared to conventional oil and
Canada has made regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions over time. Therefore,
TransCanada is taking precautions with the amount of greenhouse gases that the Keystone XL
Pipeline will emit. The creation of the pipeline is suppose to be environmentally friendly and is
going to give a whole new meaning to oil production. The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline
is not going to hurt the environment since TransCanada is taking extra safety precautions to
make sure no damage will be done to the United States homeland.
While many may think that the creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will do no harm to
the environment, there are those who think that it will have a negative impact on the environment
such as disrupting land and habitats, contaminating water, emitting green house gas emissions,
and endangering species. What do people think is going to happen? Organisms will be losing
their homes, plants will lose their nutrients, and animals will lose their food sources. Oil sands
DO produce a higher amount of greenhouse gases than conventional oil, increasing the rate of
global warming (Ladislaw & Pumphrey, 2011). Many believe that there is no such thing as
global warming when there is scientific evidence that has proven the theory of global warming.
Henceforth, it will have a negative impact on the climate affecting everyone and everything.
Some organisms can only survive in a specific climate and if their climates changes, where the
temperature increases or decreases, then they will be in trouble and that species could possibly
die off decreasing the amount of biodiversity that the Earth has to offer since they cannot live in
a different climate that they are not use to. The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will have a
negative impact on the environment even thou they may not be seen right away.
Furthermore, some think that the creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will do great
things for America such as sustaining the economy. Since 2008, the United States economy has
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been on a downfall. The United States is in a lot of debt and the creation of the pipeline could
help decrease the amount of debt the United States has to other countries. The pipeline will also
create many job opportunities for those who are laid off or in need of a job. The creation of the
pipeline is supposed to supply thousands of new jobs that will support the United States
economy (Ladislaw & Pumphrey, 2011). It will allow people to get back off of their feet and
support their families. This will boost the United States economy after what happened back in
2008 during the Financial Crisis that occurred that year. The creation of the Keystone XL
Pipeline is suppose to have positive impacts on local economies, and helps lower the global price
of crude oil (Ladislaw & Pumphrey, 2011). Not only will it decrease the value of crude oil, but it
will also reduce the gas price that is slowly increasing (Truth, 2012). This is supposed to allow
the economy to lower the supply and demand of crude oil. Currently, crude oil is in high supply
and demand since it is a nonrenewable resource. TransCanada will be able to produce more oil
through the Keystone XL Pipeline increasing the amount of crude oil that is currently available.
With the United States being in a poor economy right now, the creation of the Keystone XL
Pipeline will help the US get of great debt and help the economy get back to where it once was
many years ago.
Many claim that the creation of the pipeline would do great things for America while
others think it will hurt not only the environment, but also the economy. After the pipeline is
built, there is only going to be a few permanent jobs left (Keystone 2011). With America still
recovering from the Financial Crisis in 2008, the few jobs that the creation of the Keystone XL
Pipeline will create will not help the American economy recover from this economic disaster.
Also, the creation of the pipeline is an estimated cost of 5.3 billion dollars (Stop, 2013). This
would put the United States further in debt. It is also suppose to create 42,100 jobs in the two
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year building program but is expected to have only 35 permanent jobs (Stop, 2013). Instead of
making permanent jobs for people the pipeline will only create temporary ones leaving people
back where they were. Furthermore, the transportation of the oil will also increase the cost of the
crude oil that is already expensive in Canada (Stop, 2013). Crude oil is not cheaply produced
and no matter what product it is, there is always a transportation cost of that item. Lastly, if the
Keystone XL Pipeline does not get approved, then TransCanada will have to ship their oil via
railroad (Stop, 2013). Shipping the oil via railroad will support the railroad industry and would
help with their economic struggles. Instead of creating the Keystone XL Pipeline that will
further put the United States in debt and only provide a few permanent jobs, the crude oil
TransCanada produces should be transported through the United States via railroad to which
would create more job opportunities in the railroad industry and raise their income strengthening
the US economy (Oil Pipelines, 2014). This would also prevent the United States from going
further in debt. The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will not only hurt the environment, but
it will also hurt the struggling United States economy that is in great debt and slowly coming out
of an economic recession.
Lastly, not only do they think that the Keystone XL Pipeline will not harm the
environment and help the economy; they also think it will help energy security. Canada is known
for being one of the most secure sources of oil supply in the world and has always been a supply
to the United States (Ladislaw & Pumphrey, 2011). The United States should trust in what
TransCanada wants to do to American soils. TransCanada has a good reputation in Canada for
what they do. If Canada did not put so much trust in this project, then why cannot the United
States trust TransCanada? The United States should be able to trust TransCanadas plans about
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the Keystone XL Pipeline. The projected Keystone XL Pipeline will support the global need for
crude oil.
Then there are those who think the creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will have a
negative impact on energy security. Crude oil is imported all over the world so not all of it will
be used in the United States. Most countries use oil as one of their main source of nonrenewable
energy, energy that will no longer be available one day. Therefore, there will be a day when the
Keystone XL Pipeline will no longer be useful. The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will
increase the worlds crude oil imports and will prolong the movement towards renewable energy,
since the fuel is insecure due to global high supply and demand (Ladislaw & Pumphrey, 2011).
Crude oil will not always be available, especially since it is in high supply and demand globally.
Also, with the crude oil being in high supply and demand, the cost of the crude oil will go up and
so would the transportation cost of the oil decreasing the profit being made off of it. In the long
run, the creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will have a negative impact on energy security.
Discussion
The idea of creating the Keystone XL Pipeline is a currently a very controversial issue in
the United States. TransCanada, a Canadian oil company, wants to ruin the pipeline through the
United States to Texas to boost the crude oil industry. The pipeline would, overall, end up going
through 6 big states (Truth, 2012). The creation of the Keystone XL Pipeline will create many
jobs in these states, but will disrupt the environment, hurt the economy, and have a negative
impact on energy security. It will not be as good for the United States as many may think it is.
People will lose their jobs again after a few years it is up and running. Animals and other
organisms will lose not only their habitats, but also their food source. The creation of the
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pipeline is suppose to boost the crude oil industry, when it will hurt it in the long run. The
Keystone XL Pipeline should not be build due to all of the issues it will create.
















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References
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Ladislaw, S. O., & Pumphrey, D. L. (2011, November 27). Much ado about a pipeline. Center
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