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Kaiadas

P. Themelis

We still lack concrete evidence for the identification of the known through literary sources (ef. Pausanras IV 18, 4-7) abysmal cave of Kaiadas. vaquely situated in the area around Sparta. Local tradition locates it either among the ravines by the village 01 Parori in the area 01 Mystras or on the gorges of Mt Tayjetos by the village of Trypi. The latter place, where a ce.euc hole does exist carries even today the name of Kaladas. after which a modern hotel was named. built close to the cave by the south side of the main road Sparta-Kalamata.

A journalist who happened to pass by was informed by the owner of the hotel about the presence of the carsttc hole and the existence of great masses of bones in it. The Journalist managed to climb down into the hole with the help of local authorities and to take some excellent colour pictures of the interior, which were shown to me after her return to Athens Impressed by the quantity of the bones. which seemed 10 be exclusively human and by the tact that they were arranged in successive, almost stratified layers, we decided to organize an exploration team with the participation 01 E. Kampouroglou, geologist, Th. Pltsfos. anthropologist and J. Ioannou. speleologist, all of them possessing adequate experience in cave research. Their aim was to cart)' out a preliminary investigation of the carsnc hole known as Kaiadas and thus to help us to decide upon the value of the first information brought forward by the journalist

The geological as well as the anthropolological reports of the forementioned specialists, in relation to the historical and the literary evidence lead us to the tentative conclusion that the cersnc hole of Trypi is actually the Kaiadas of antiquity. used by Ihe Spartans mainly during the period of the Messenian wars (8th-5th centuries Be) to hurl down in it the Messenian captives as well as the sentenced to death criminals, the sacrilegious and the traitors of the country

sxavanon is of course urgently needed to support our tentatively proposed identification and to offer us a relative date for the layers of the skeletal material. We have reasons to believe that excavation will bring in light archaeological material as well. since it is already reported that pottery fragments (mostly lamps) and iron chain rings neve been found by locals among the bones

A recent accidental find from the carstic hole of Kaiadas. the fragment 01 a human (?) skull with a bronze arrow-head thrust into it (fig 8) makes further investigation and systematicexcavational research.despite the difficulties. a very promising and worth undertaking enterprise