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WATER POWER AND TIDAL ENERGY

DEFINITION:
Hydropower that uses the movemet o! the water stream or water!a""s
There #etur$es p"a#es where the #urret o! a r$ver% w$th a sma"" dam% move a
padd"e whee" ad &eerates mot$o
For e'amp"e% $ rura"( )ut m$""s% the most $mportat use $s $ hydroe"e#tr$# dams%
*ut these are ot #os$dered !orms o! &ree eer&y *y produ#$& h$&h
ev$rometa" $mpa#t(
T$da" Eer&y:
T$da" eer&y $s due to the &rav$tat$oa" !or#es *etwee the moo% Earth ad su%
wh$#h #ause the t$des
Th$s he$&ht d$!!ere#e #a *e e'p"o$ted $ strate&$# p"a#es "$+e &u"!s% *ays or
estuar$es us$& hydrau"$# tur*$es that stad $ the atura" movemet o! water
T$da" eer&y has the ,ua"$ty o! *e$& reewa*"e as "o& as the pr$mary eer&y
sour#e $s ot e'hausted *y $ts operat$o% ad $s #"ea% ad produ#es o po""utats
FA-ILITIE.:
DA/
.p$""ways: $s a stru#ture wh$#h #otro"s the "$*erated o! water !rom the dams%
the water "$*erates $s trasported to the "ower r$vers wh$#h usua""y are
dammed(
)ypass #hae": $s a tu*e that #oe#t the reservo$r to the tur*$e th$s
movemet &eerates e"e#tr$#$ty(
.ur&e ta+: $s a stru#ture that #oo" the water ad the *est th$+ !or us $s that
$t0s !ree(
T1R)INE:
Pe"to whee": A Pe"to tur*$e $s oe o! the most e!!$#$et types o! water
tur*$e( The$r pa"ettes have a !orm o! spoos% re#e$ves water 2ets that tur
the whee"% ad a"so #ovet the water !a"" $ eer&y(
Fra#$s tur*$e: Th$s $s a that #a m$'ed the d$!!eret !"ows% at preset% $s a
typ$#a" rea#t$o hydrau"$# tur*$e o! rad$a" !"ow( Dr$v$& whee" $s moved *y
the !or#e o! the water(
3ap"a tur*$e: Are oe o! the most e!!$#$et types o! water tur*$es w$th a
a'$a" shape( The #urret o! water tur the a'$a" tur*$e ad produ#e eer&y
DI.AD4ANTAGE.:
 Destru#t$o o! ature( Dams #a destroy a,uat$# e#osystem( For e'amp"e:
$ some #outr$es dams prevet the em$&rat$o o! !$sh !or your reprodu#t$o(
 -ha&es the r$ver e#osystem% the water e'$t$& o! the tur*$e has5t
utr$ets% so #a produ#e a eros$o $ the s$des o! the r$ver(
 -a #ause some !"oods% $ the p"a#es are *e"ow o! water "eve" $ the water
$s over o! the dam(
 /u#h t$me o! #ostru#t$o% *e#ause the eed to *u$"d o the water% you have
to &o s"ower(
AD4ENTAGE.:
 It5s a reewa*"e eer&y w$th h$&h produ#t$v$ty(
 Its produ#t$o $s5t e'hausted% *e#ause use the eer&y o! water !or produ#e
eer&y% so you #a use $t $ ay weather ad t$me o! year(
 Does5t use !ue"s !or $ts operat$o(
 Has a "ow #ost% *e#ause you do5t eed to trasport !ue"s !rom other
#outr$es(
 Does5t po""ute% so $t $s e#o"o&$#a"% ot produ#e to'$# &ases ad does5t
#ause a#$d ra$(
HOW IT WOR3. THE HYDRA1LI- POWER6
7The hydro eer&y $s use the he$&ht o! water!a""
7The the !a""$& water passes throu&h tur*$es ad the !or#e w$th !a""s #auses a
rotat$oa" movemet(
7Th$s passes throu&h &eerators to *e tras!ormed $ e"e#tr$#a" eer&y
HOW IT WOR3. THE TIDAL POWER6
7Is produ#ed *y the movemet &eerated *y t$des
7Th$s eer&y passes throu&h tur*$es ad &eerates e"e#tr$#$ty
7F$a""y a #etra" &roup that d$str$*utes the power to the #ommu$ty ad
$dustr$es(
/EDIOA/)IENTAL I/PA-T
 The #urret o! the water erose the &rowth ad $t produ#e !or e'amp"e the
destru#t$o o! s$tes to #u"t$vate or p"a#es to #ostru#t houses(
The peop"e &o$& to aother p"a#es ad $t produ#e that the popu"at$o
de#rease(
 Deped$& o! the seaso% the "eve" o! water #a &row up or de#rease% $! the
water &row% $t #a produ#e !"oods% !"ood homes or produ#e deaths( I! the
water de#rease% $t #a produ#e drou&ht ad e't$#t$o o! !$shes ad p"ats
 The soud that #reate the mot$o o! the me#ha$sms ad the !a"" o! the
water $s very aoy$& ad $t made that the peop"e &o$& to other p"a#es%
th$s su##ess #a produ#e #otam$at$o% *e#ause the &ases that produ#e
the #ars aoyed the *$rds ad the p"ats ad trees #a death(
 Th$s type o! me#ha$sms to produ#e eer&y made that the !$shes ad the
*$rds &o$& to aother p"a#es or e't$#t(
The !$shes *e#ause they #a0t put the$r e&&s $ the &rowth o! the water
*e#ause the me#ha$sms destroy them ad they #a reprodu#e(
The *$rds *e#ause they have0t &ot !ood ad &o out to !$d a *etter p"a#e(
-O.T
The h$&hest pr$#es $ th$s eer&y are:

IN.TALLATION: $s a d$!!$#u"t $sta""at$o% $t ta+es a "o& t$me% eed a "ot o!
ma#h$es ad the d$!!$#u"ty $s *$&&est *e#ause $ th$s eer&y the $sta""at$o ta+es
p"a#es $ the WATER
The water has to have a madatory #hara#ter$st$#8 $t $s that the water has to have
more tha !$ve meters o! depth(

OPERATION: *e#ause the me#ha$sms are e'pes$ve ad *e#ause you have to
wa$t ut$" the dam $s !u""

/AINTENAN-E: the me#ha$sms are auto reewa*"e *ut $ some years the
me#ha$sms eed to #ha&e(

I th$s type o! eer&y the a#t$v$ty $s !ree% *e#ause o"y use water% ad the water o
#ost(
I &eera" th$s eer&y $s #heap( E'#ept !or the $sta""at$o ad ma$tea#e(
-ON-L1.ION
.o we #o#"ude that th$s $s a very *ee!$#$a" eer&y to the ev$romet(
It $s pro!$ta*"e% thou&h pr$#ey
You #a a"so have !"aws% *ut overa"" $s very we""
Tha+ you !or "$ste us
Ad ow you #a do us ,uest$os a*out th$s top$#: