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Evolution of Korean Evolution of Korean

Science and Technology Policy Science and Technology Policy
KOO, KOO, Hyuk Hyuk--Chae Chae
Counsellor Counsellor for Education, Science for Education, Science and Technology and Technology
Mission of the Republic of Korea to the EU Mission of the Republic of Korea to the EU
Contents Contents
Improvement in S&T Main Index Improvement in S&T Main Index
Remarkable Economic Growth in Korea Remarkable Economic Growth in Korea
Science Science and and Technology Administration Technology Administration
1
R&D Strategy R&D Strategy – – From Catch From Catch- -up to Innovation up to Innovation
Korea Korea- -EU Cooperation at a Glance EU Cooperation at a Glance
Suggestions Suggestions
Remarkable Economic Growth in Korea
GDP (US$, Bil.)
(world ranking 15
th
)
2
8
63
263
1,071
80
254
1,647
6,147
20,759
per capita GNI (US$)
2
1960 1970 1980 1990 2010 1960 1970 1980 1990 2010
The world’s 5th in the ratio of R&D investment to GDP
(National R&D budget : about $12 billion)
No. of scientists and engineers : over 320,000
No. of affiliate research institutes of companies : over 25,000
Korean
Science and
Technology
(2009)
Improvement of S&T Main Index (1)
3
Improvement of S&T Main Index (2)
4
Science & Technology Administration (1)
5
http://cordis.europa.eu/erawatch/docs/image/KR_Structure_Flowchart.JPG
Year 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 08
National R&D Program
Industrial Technology Program
Information & Communication Technology Program MIC
MOCIE
M
O
S
T
New Growth Engine Program
MKE
Science & Technology Administration (2)
6
Health & Medical Technology Program MOHW
Environmental Technology Program
Academic Research Promotion Program MOE
ME
Agricultural Technology Program MAF
Construction & Transportation Technology Program MOCT
M
E
S
T
‘08
R&D Strategy (1)
1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
Catch Catch- -up up
Innovation Innovation
Promoting R&D Promoting R&D
Enhancing technology Enhancing technology
innovation innovation
Building R&D Building R&D
infrastructure infrastructure
Strategy Strategy
S&T policy S&T policy
direction direction
7
Developing technologies
for key export industries
Developing technologies
for high-tech industries
Developing basic and
fundamental technologies
Primary
goods
Light
industry
goods
Light &
heavy
industry
goods
Heavy
industry
goods &
electronic
products
Electronic &
cutting-edge
products
Government-funded
research institutes (GRIs)
Private enterprises,
GRIs, Universities
Private enterprises,
GRIs, Universities
direction direction
Key Key
industries industries
Leading Leading
sector sector
R&D Strategy (2)
Next Next- -Generation Generation
Growth Engine Program Growth Engine Program
Emphasis on Emphasis on
Basic Science & Technology Basic Science & Technology
Invest in promising
technologies to create new
markets
→Select 10 growth engines
through inter-ministerial
Promote Korea as a global
hub for the basic and
fundamental research by
2021
Increase R&D budget up
to 50% by 2012
Increase budget for individual
Global Frontier Project Global Frontier Project
8
through inter-ministerial
cooperation (since 2003)
→Frontier R&D Program
Next-generation semi-
conductor, future automobile,
intelligent robot, digital TV,
home networking, etc
2021
Invest on high-risk, high-
impact R&D and support
creative scientific research
Increase budget for individual
initiatives
GRIs - Performance
PET film PET film
developed by KIST developed by KIST
Super high density Super high density DRAM DRAM
developed in Daedeok developed in Daedeok
TDX TDX- -11 developed by Electrics developed by Electrics
and Telecommunications and Telecommunications
Research Institute (ETRI) Research Institute (ETRI)
9
Commercial version of CDMA Commercial version of CDMA
launched by ETRI launched by ETRI
HANARO Reactor HANARO Reactor
developed developed by by
Korea Atomic Energy Korea Atomic Energy
Research Institute (KAERI) Research Institute (KAERI)
KSTAR KSTAR
GRIs – Daedeok Innopolis
10
To facilitate To facilitate
human exchanges human exchanges
and joint research and joint research
1970~1980s 2000s
1999s
To make research activities To make research activities
more effective through more effective through
collaborative R&D projects collaborative R&D projects
Constructed research
institutes within
the cluster
Created national
expertise in R&D
Transformed into a mature
innovation cluster
To build a To build a
world world- -class class
city of “brains” city of “brains”
Korea-EU S&T Cooperation at a Glance
- November 1992 Provisional Agreement in S&T b/w Korea-EU
- November 2006 Contract Korea-EU S&T Agreement
- July 2007 The 1
st
Korea-EU Joint Committee Meeting (Seoul)
- March 2009 The 2
nd
Korea-EU Joint Committee Meeting (Belgium)
- July 2011 The 3
rd
Korea-EU Joint Committee Meeting (Seoul)
11
- Research-oriented programmes : EU FP funding programmes
- Awareness raising programmes : KESTCAP& KORRIDOR
- Developing Joint Researches : KORANET
- Supporting S&T cooperation : National Contact Point (NCP)
(2007~2013 : 32 projects)
Suggestions
unclear, but very dynamic and sincere
(to EU side, Korea is)
Complicated, but more Opportunities
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Complicated, but more Opportunities
(to Korean side, EU is)
Not more, but better understanding
(to each other)
Share our Knowledge Share our Knowledge
for Co for Co--prosperity prosperity