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BEL Place&ent Paper )Technical-Electronics-I*th+
,- The noise .i/ure o. a recei0er is a &easure o.1
,- E%cess noise /enerated
2- Bandwidth o. the recei0er
3- 'ain o. the recei0er
4- "peratin/ .re5uenc6
2- The ratio recei0er is1
,- Direct detection t6pe
2- #uper re/enerati0e t6pe
3- #uper heterod6ne t6pe
4- 7one o. these
3- In an a&plitude &odulation s6ste&8 the &odulation inde% is dependent upon1
,- Modulatin/ .re5uenc6 onl6
2- Carrier a&plitude onl6
3- Modulatin/ si/nal a&plitude onl6
4- Modulatin/ and carrier a&plitudes onl6
4- I&a/e re9ection &i%er is /enerall6 used1
,- To re9ect the unwanted si/nal
2- To i&pro0e si/nal a&plitude
3- To i&pro0e noise .i/ure
4- To i&pro0e con0ersion loss
:- The 0alue o. a resistor creatin/ ther&al noise is dou;led- The noise power /enerated is there.ore1
,- al0ed
2- Quadrapuled
3- Dou;led
4- $nchan/ed
<- Indicated the .alse state&ent1
,- F &i%er are /enerall6 noisier than F a&pli.ier
2- I&pulse noise 0olta/e is independent o. ;andwidth
3- Ther&al noise is independent o. the .re5uenc6 at which it is &easured
4- Industrial noise is usuall6 o. the i&pulse t6pe
=- I. the carrier o. a ,>> percent &odulated (M wa0e is suppressed the percenta/e power sa0in/
will ;e1
,- :> ;- => c- ,>> d- <<-<
?- ( ;alanced &odulator produces1
,- The carrier and Two side ;ands
2- The carrier and one side ;and
3- Two side ;ands alone
4- Carrier and a nu&;er o. side ;ands
@- The .re5uenc6 de0iation in FM s6ste& is proportional to1
,- Modulatin/ .re5uenc6
2- Carrier a&plitude
3- Modulatin/ si/nal a&plitude
4- 7one o. these
,>- In FM8 the total trans&itted power is1
,- Dependent on &odulatin/ si/nal a&plitude
2- Dependent on &odulatin/ .re5uenc6
3- Dependent on &odulatin/ inde%
4- Independent o. the a;o0e
,,- The carrier in an FM s6ste& disappears .or the lowest &odulation inde% o.1
,- >-: ;- ,-> c- 2-4 d- 3-:
,2- The di..erence ;etween phase and .re5uenc6 &odulation1
,- Is purel6 theoretical ;ecause the6 are the sa&e in practice
2- Is too /reat to &ake the two s6ste&s co&pati;le
3- Lies in the poorer audio response o. phase &odulation
4- Lies in the di..erent de.inition o. the &odulation inde%
,3- The o0erall noise .i/ure o. two cascaded a&pli.iers is e5ual to
,- The al/e;raic su& o. the two
2- The su& o. the s5uares o. the two
3- The s5uare root o. the product o. the two
4- 7one o. these
,4- The noise power output o. an a&pli.ier is e5ual to1
,- KTo BF'
2- KTo F'
3- KTo FA'
4- KTo A F'
,:- The e..ecti0e noise te&perature o. an a&pli.ier is e5ual to
,- )F B ,+ To
2- FTo
3- )F C ,+ To
4- 7one o. these
,<- The noise .i/ure o. an a&pli.ier depends upon
,- Its ;andwidth
2- Its /ain
3- Its operatin/ .re5uenc6
4- 7one o. these
,=- The 0elocit6 o. electro&a/netic wa0e in a coa%ial ca;le is
,- E5ual to the 0elocit6 in .ree space
2- Less than the 0elocit6 in .ree space
3- 'reater than the 0elocit6 in .ree space
4- 7one o. these
,?- The standin/ wa0e ratio D#W!E in a trans&ission line1
,- Is proportional to the load i&pedance
2- Is dependent on the source i&pedance
3- Is a &is-&atch ;etween the load and line
4- Is a &easure o. its power handlin/ capa;ilit6
,@- The standin/ wa0e ratio )#W!+ is unit6 in a trans&ission line i.
,- The load i&pedance is e5ual to the characteristic i&pedance o. the line
2- The load i&pedance is twice that o. the characteristic i&pedance
3- The load i&pedance is hal. o. the characteristic i&pedance o. the line
4- 7one o. these
2>- The standin/ wa0e 0olta/e node alon/ a line repeats at the rate o. i. L is the wa0e len/th
,- LA4 ;-LA2 c-L d-2L
2,- ( 5uarter wa0e line when short circuited at the .ar end ;eha0es like
,- Pure inductor
2- Pure capacitor
3- Parallel tuned circuit
4- #eries tuned circuit
22- The stu; line used to &atch trans&ission line with a /i0en load i&pedance is /enerall6
,- (nother open circuited line
2- (nother short circuited line
3- Quarter wa0e trans&ission line
4- al. wa0e trans&ission line
23- The s&ith chart /enerall6 co0ers a distance o.
,- Quarter wa0elen/th
2- al. wa0elen/th
3- "ne wa0elen/th
4- Twice the wa0elen/th
24- The co&ponent /enerall6 used to sa&ple a portion o. the ener/6 trans&itted in a line is
,- Isolator
2- Circulator
3- Directional coupler
4- 7one o. these
2:- The return loss in a trans&ission line is a &easure o.
,- Loss o. the line
2- #tandin/ wa0e ratio
3- Characteristic i&pedance o. the line
4- 7one o. these
2<- The antenna can ;e considered as
,- Matchin/ the source and .ree space
2- Matchin/ the source to the line
3- Matchin/ the line and .ree space
4- 7one o. these
2=- The .ree space i&pedance is appro%i&atel6 e5ual to
,- ,== W
2- 2== W
3- 3== W
4- :> W
2?- The polariFation re.ers to
,- The ph6sical orientation o. the radiated wa0e
2- The directional o. propa/ation o. the wa0e
3- Direction perpendicular to the propa/ation o. the wa0e
4- 7one o. these
2@- I. u G e are the per&ea;ilit6 and per&itti0it6 respecti0el6 the characteristic i&pedance o. the
&ediu& is /i0en ;6
,- ue ;- HuAe c- HeAu d- Heu
3>- The power densit6 at distance IrJ .ro& an isotropic radiator with trans&itted power P is1
,- PAr2
2- PA2 p r2
3- PA4 p r2
4- 7one o. these
3,- Fre5uencies in the $F ran/e is nor&all6 propa/ated ;6 &eans o.
,- 'round wa0es
2- #k6 wa0es
3- #ur.ace wa0es
4- #pace wa0es
32- (s electro&a/netic wa0es tra0el in .ree space8 onl6 one o. the .ollowin/ can happen to the&
,- (;sorption
2- (ttenuation
3- !e.lection
4- !e.raction
33- i/h .re5uenc6 wa0es are
,- (;sor;ed ;6 the F2 la6er
2- !e.lected ;6 the D la6er
3- (..ected ;6 the solar c6cle
4- Capa;le o. use .or lon/ distance co&&unications on the &oon
34- Indicate which one o. .ollowin/ ter&s applies to troposcatter propa/ation
,- #ID#
2- Fadin/
3- Frada6 rotation
4- (t&ospheric stor&s
3:- When &icrowa0e si/nals .ollow the cur0ature o. the earth8 this in known as
,- Farada6 e..ect
2- Ductin/
3- Ionospheric re.lection
4- Tropospheric scatterin/
3<- (n un/rounded antenna near the /round1
,- Is unlikel6 to need an earth &at
2- (cts as a sin/le antenna o. twice the hei/ht
3- Must ;e horiFontall6 polariFed
4- (cts as an antenna arra6
3=- "ne o. the .ollowin/ consists o. non-resonant antenna1
,- The .olded dipole
2- The rho&;ic antenna
3- The end .ire arra6
4- The ;road side arra6
3?- Balun is1
,- ( circuit ele&ent to connect ;alance line to un;alanced antenna or line1
2- ( circuit ele&ent to connect ;alance line to ;alanced line
3- ( circuit ele&ent to connect un;alance line to un;alanced line
4- 7one o. these
3@- The slotted line is used to &easure1
,- #tandin/ wa0e ratio
2- Load i&pedance
3- #ource i&pedance
4- 7one o. these
4>- In a&plitude &odulation Ec ) , B & #in W&t+ #in Wot8 each side ;and a&plitude will ;e1
,- Ec&A2
2- Ec&
3- EcA&
4- 2EcA&
4,- FM &odulation ;eco&es e5ui0alent to (M &odulation i.
,- FM inde% is /reater than ,
2- FM inde% is e5ual to ,
3- FM inde% is 0er6 &uch less than ,
4- FM inde% less than or e5ual to ,
42- #A7 i&pro0e&ent o. FM o0er (M8 B is the FM &odulation inde%
,- 3B2 ;-B c-2B d-BA2
43- Picture trans&ission in T* e&plo6s
,- #uppressed carrier &odulation
2- *esti/ial side ;and
3- #in/le side ;and
4- 7one o. these
44- #ound trans&ission in T* e&plo6
,- (&plitude &odulation
2- Phase &odulation
3- Fre5uenc6 &odulation
4- Pulse a&plitude &odulation
4:- "ne o. the .ollowin/ is an indirect wa6 o. /eneratin/ FM this is the1
,- !eactance FET &odulator
2- *aracter di0ide &odulator
3- (&stron/ &odulator
4- !eactance ;ipole transistor &odulator
4<- The &odulation inde% o. (M wa0e is chan/ed .ro& > to ,- The trans&itted power is
,- $n-chan/ed
2- al0ed
3- Dou;led
4- Increased ;6 :>K
4=- The isotropic antenna is represented ;6
,- Dipole antenna
2- !ho&;ic antenna
3- La/i uda antenna
4- 7o such antenna e%ists in practice
4?- The /ain o. para;olic re.lector antenna is proportional to
,- The dia&eter o. the re.lector
2- #5uare o. the dia&eter o. the re.lector
3- (perture area o. the .eed
4- 7one o. these
4@- The para;olic re.lector antenna are /enerall6 used to
,- Pro0ide hi/h /ain
2- Pro0ide pencil ;ea&
3- Increase ;andwidth o. operation
4- 7one o. these
:>- Casse/rain .eed is used with a para;olic re.lector to
,- Increase /ain o. the s6ste&
2- Increase the ;andwidth o. the s6ste&
3- !educe the siFe o. the &ain re.lector
4- (llow the .eed to ;e placed at a con0enient point
:,- ( helical antenna is used .or satellite trackin/ ;ecause o. its
,- Circular polariFation
2- Maneu0era;ilit6
3- Broad ;andwidth
4- 'ood .ront C to C ;ack ratio
:2- The discone antenna is
,- ( use.ul direction .indin/ antenna
2- $sed as a radar recei0in/ antenna
3- Circularl6 polariFed like other circular antenna
4- $se.ul as a *F recei0in/ antenna
:3- Wa0e/uides are used &ainl6 .or &icrowa0e si/nals ;ecause
,- The6 depend on strai/ht line propa/ation which applies to &icrowa0es onl6
2- Losses would ;e too hea06 at lower .re5uencies
3- There are no /enerators power.ul enou/h to e%cite the& at lower .re5uencies
4- The6 would ;e too ;ulk6 at lower .re5uencies
:4- The wa0elen/th in a wa0e/uide
,- Is /reater than in .ree space
2- Depends onl6 on the wa0e/uide di&ensions and the .ree-space wa0elen/th
3- Less than the .ree space wa0elen/th
4- E5ual to the .ree space wa0elen/th
::- The do&inant &ode o. propa/ation is pre.erres with rectan/ular wa0e/uide ;ecause)indicate
.alse state&ent+
,- It leads to the s&allest wa0e/uide di&ensions
2- The resultin/ i&pedance can ;e &atched directl6 to coa%ial lines
3- It is easier to e%cite than the other &odes
4- Propa/ation o. it without an6 spurious /eneration can ;e ensured
:<- The 0elocit6 o. propa/ation )/roup 0elocit6+ in a wa0e/uide is
,- Less than the .ree space 0elocit6
2- 'reater than the .ree space 0elocit6
3- E5ual to ;e .ree space 0elocit6
4- 7one o. these
:=- ( wa0e can propa/ate in a wa0e/uide i. its cut o.. wa0elen/th is
,- 'reater than the .ree space wa0elen/th
2- Less than the .ree space wa0elen/th
3- E5ual to ;e .ree space wa0elen/th
4- 7one o. these
:?- The do&inant &ode in a rectan/ular wa0e/uide is
,- TE,, ;- TE,> c-TE2> d-TM,,
:@- The characteristic wa0e i&pedance o. a wa0e/uide
,- Depends on the &ode o. propa/ation
2- Does not depend on the &ode o. propa/ation
3- Is sa&e as the .ree space i&pedance
4- 7one o. these
<>- ( choke .lan/e &a6 ;e used to couple two wa0e/uides
,- To help in the ali/n&ent o. the wa0e/uides
2- Because it is si&pler than an6 other 9oint
3- To co&pensate the discontinuities at the 9oint
4- To increase the ;andwidth o. the s6ste&
<,- The do&inant &ode in a circular wa0e/uide is
,- TE>, ;-TE,, c-TM>, d-TM,,
<2- ( .errite is
,- ( non-conductor with &a/netic properties
2- (n inter &etallic co&pound with particularl6 /ood conducti0it6
3- (n insulator which hea0il6 attenuates &a/netic .ields
4- ( &icrowa0e se&iconductor in0ented ;6 .arad6
<3- The &a%i&u& power that &a6 ;e handled ;6 a .errite co&ponent is li&ited ;6 the
,- Curie te&perature
2- #aturation &a/netiFation
3- Line width
4- '6ro &a/netic resonance
<4- The isolator is
,- Bidirectional
2- $nidirectional
3- $sed to tap the power in a wa0e/uide trans&ission line
4- $sed .or 7one o. these o. the a;o0e
<:- Isolator is /enerall6 used1
,- To protect the hi/h power trans&itter
2- To protect recei0er
3- To protect the antenna
4- To a0oid arcin/ in wa0e/uides
<<- ( T! tu;e is used
,- To protect the hi/h power trans&itter
2- To protect recei0er
3- To a0oid arcin/ in wa0e/uides
4- For 7one o. these o. the a;o0e
<=- !ieke dia/ra&s are used to select ;est operatin/ conditions .or
,- TWT a&pli.ier
2- Kl6stron oscillator
3- Ma/netron oscillator
4- Cross .ield a&pli.iers
<?- The /ain ;andwidth product o. a &icrowa0e transistor FT8 is the .re5uenc6 at which the
,- (lpha o. the transistor .alls ;6 3 dB
2- Beta o. the transistor .alls ;6 3 dB
3- Beta o. the transistor .alls to unit6
4- Power /ain o. the transistor .alls to unit6
<@- The ca0it6 &a/netron uses strappin/ to
,- Pre0ent &ode 9u&pin/
2- Pre0ent cathode-;ack heatin/
3- Ensure ;unchin/
4- I&pro0e the phase-.ocussin/ e..ect
=>- The trans.erred C electron ;ulk e..ect occurs in
,- 'er&aniu&
2- 'alliu& arsenide
3- #ilicon
4- Metal se&iconductor 9unction
=,- "ne o. the .ollowin/ is not used as a &icrowa0e &i%er or detector
,- Cr6stal diode
2- #chottk6 C ;arrier diode
3- Backward diode
4- PI7 diode
=2- #(W de0ices &a6 ;e used as1
,- trans&ission &edia like stripline
2- .ilters
3- $F a&pli.iers
4- "scillators at &illi&eter .re5uencies
=3- #ur.ace acoustic wa0es propa/ate in1
,- 'alliu& arsenide
2- Indiu& phosphide
3- #tripline
4- QuartF cr6stal
=4- ( para&etric a&pli.ier has an input and output .re5uenc6 o. 2-2: 'F8 and is pu&ped at 4-:
'F is a
,- Tra0elin/ wa0e a&pli.ier
2- De/enerate a&pli.ier
3- Lower-side ;and up con0erter
4- $pper-side ;and up con0erter
=:- The ne/ati0e resistance in a tunnel diode
,- Is &a%i&u& at the peak point o. the characteristic
2- Is a0aila;le ;etween the peak and 0alle6 points
3- Is &a%i&u& at the 0alle6 point
4- Ma6 ;e i&pro0ed ;6 the re0erse ;ias
=<- Microwa0e links repeaters are t6picall6 :>KM apart
,- Because o. at&ospheric attenuation
2- Because o. output tu;e power li&itations
3- Because o. EarthJs cur0ature
4- To ensure that the applied 0olta/e is not e%cessi0e
==- Microwa0e links are /enerall6 pre.erred to coa%ial .or tele0ision trans&ission ;ecause
,- The6 ha0e less o0erall phase distortion
2- The6 are cheaper
3- ". their /reater ;andwidths
4- ". their relati0e i&&unit6 to i&pulse noise
=?- ( /eostationar6 satellite
,- Is &otionless in space)e%cept .or its spin+
2- Is not reall6 stationar6 at all8 ;ut or;its the earth with a 24 hour period
3- (ppears stationar6 o0er EarthJs &a/netic pole
4- Is located at a hei/ht o. 3:?>>KM to ensure /lo;al co0era/e
=@- The /eostationar6 satellite launched ;6 India are called
,- I7TEL#(T
2- I7#(T
3- C"M#(T
4- M(!I#(T
?>- ( para&etric a&pli.ier &ust ;e cooled
,- Because para&etric a&pli.ication /enerates a lot o. hest
2- To increase ;andwidth
3- Because it cannot operate at roo& te&perature
4- To i&pro0e the noise per.or&ance
?,- I. the peak trans&itted power in a !adar s6ste& is increased ;6 a .actor o. ,<8 the &a%i&u&
ran/e will ;e increased ;6 a .actor o.
,- 2 ;- 4 c-? d- ,<
?2- Telephone tra..ic is &easured
,- With echo
2- B6 relati0e con/estion
3- In ter&s o. the /rade o. ser0ice
4- In erlan/s
?3- I. the antenna dia&eter in a radar s6ste& is increased ;6 a .actor o. 48 the &a%i&u& ran/e will
;e increased ;6 a .actor o.1
,- H2 ;- 2 c- 4 d- ?
?4- ( hi/h P!F will )indicate the .alse state&ent+
,- Make the returned echoes easier to distin/uish .ro& noise
2- Make tar/et trackin/ easier with conical scannin/
3- Increase the &a%i&u& ran/e
4- a0e no e..ect on the ran/e resolution
?:- The ;andwidth o. a radar recei0er is in0ersel6 proportional to the
,- Pulse width
2- Pulse repetition .re5uenc6
3- Pulse inter0al
4- #5uare root o. the peak trans&itted power
?<- I. d is the pulse width8 T is pulse repetition period and P is the peak power8 the dut6 ratio is
,- TAd ;-PAT c-PAd d-dAT
?=- I. d is the dut6 ratio and P is the peak power in a pulsed trans&itter8 then the a0era/e power is
,- P-d ;- P-2d c-PAd d- PA2d
??- I. the return echo arri0es a.ter the allocated pulse inter0al
,- It will inter.ere with operation o. the trans&itter
2- The recei0e &i/ht ;e o0erloaded
3- It will not ;e recei0ed
4- The tar/et will appear closer than it reall6 is
?@- I. the tar/et cross section is chan/in/8 the ;est s6ste& .or accurate an/le trakin/ is
,- Lo;e switchin/
2- #e5uential lo;in/
3- Conical scannin/
4- Monopulse
@>- (.ter a tar/et has ;een ac5uired the ;est scannin/ s6ste& .or trackin/ is
,- 7oddin/
2- #piral
3- Conical
4- elical
@,- The Doppler .re5uenc6 increases as the tar/et
,- (pproaches the radar
2- !ecedes the radar
3- Mo0es perpendicular to the ;ea&
4- Does not depend on the tar/et 0elocit6
@2- The Doppler e..ect is used in )indicate the .alse state&ent+
,- Mo0in/ tar/et plottin/ on the PPI
2- MTI s6ste&
3- FM !adar
4- CW !adar
@3- #olution to the ;lind speed pro;le& is to
,- Chan/e the Doppler .re5uenc6
2- *ar6 the P!F
3- $se &onopulse
4- $se MTI
@4- The (-scope displa6s
,- Tar/et position and ran/e
2- Tar/et ran/e ;ut not position
3- Tar/et position ;ut not ran/e
4- 7either ran/e nor position ;ut onl6 0elocit6
@:- In the colour tele0ision s6ste& the su; carrier .re5uenc6 in MF is appro%i&atel6
,- 3-:? ;-4-: c- 4:-=: d- :-:?
@<- In tele0ision 41 3 1 represents
,- The interlace ratio
2- The &a%i&u& horiFontal de.lection
3- (spect ratio
4- The ratio o. the two dia/onals o. picture tu;e
@=- E5ualiFin/ pulses in T* are sent durin/ the1
,- oriFontal ;lankin/
2- *ertical ;lankin/
3- The serrations
4- oriFontal retrace
@?- The nu&;er o. lines per .ield in Indian tele0ision s6ste& is1
,- <2: ;- 3,2-: c- :2: d- 2<2-:
@@- The nu&;er o. .ra&es in Indian T* s6ste& is1
,- :> ;- <> c- 2: d-3>
,>>- In a T* recei0er the colour killer1
,- Cuts o.. the chro&asta/es durin/ &onochro&e reception
2- Ensures that no colour is trans&itted to &onochro&e recei0ers
3- Pre0ents colour o0erloadin/
4- Makes sure that the colour ;urst is not &istaken .or s6nc pulses
(nswer1-
,- a
2- c
3- ;
4- c
:- ;
<- ;
=- d
?- c
@- c
,>- d
,,- c
,2- d
,3- d
,4- a
,:- c
,<- d
,=- ;
,?- c
,@- a
2>- ;
2,- c
22- ;
23- ;
24- c
2:- ;
2<- c
2=- c
2?- c
2@- ;
3>- c
3,- d
32- ;
33- c
34- ;
3:- ;
3<- d
3=- ;
3?- a
3@- a
4>- a
4,- c
42- a
43- ;
44- c
4:- c
4<- d
4=- d
4?- ;
4@- ;
:>- d
:,- a
:2- d
:3- d
:4- a
::- ;
:<- a
:=- c
:?- ;
:@- a
<>- ;
<,- c
<2- a
<3- a
<4- ;
<:- a
<<- ;
<=- c
<?- a
<@- d
=>- ;
=,- d
=2- ;
=3- d
=4- ;
=:- ;
=<- c
==- a
=?- ;
=@- ;
?>- d
?,- d
?2- a
?3- c
?4- c
?:- a
?<- d
?=- a
??- d
?@- d
@>- c
@,- a
@2- a
@3- ;
@4- ;
@:- a
@<- c
@=- ;
@?- ;
@@- a
,>>-a
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