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Republic of the Philippines

SUPREME COURT
Manila
SECOND DIVISION
G.R. No. 175492 February 27, 2013
CAROS . OCTA!"O, Petitioner,
vs.
P"#"PP"NE ONG #"STANCE TEEP$ONE COMPAN%, Respondent.
D E C I S I O N
#E CAST"O, J.:
Ever Collective !ar"ainin" #"ree$ent %C!#& shall provide a "rievance $achiner to 'hich all
disputes arisin" fro$ its i$ple$entation or interpretation 'ill be sub(ected to co$pulsor
ne"otiations. )his essential feature of a C!# provides the parties 'ith a si$ple, ine*pensive and
e*pedient sste$ of findin" reasonable and acceptable solutions to disputes and helps in the
attain$ent of a sound and stable industrial peace.
!efore us is a Petition for Revie' on Certiorari
+
assailin" the #u"ust ,+, -../ Decision
-
of the
Court of #ppeals %C#& in C#01.R. SP No. 2,345, 'hich dis$issed petitioner Carlos 6.
Octavio7s %Octavio& Petition for Certiorari
,
assailin" the Septe$ber ,., -..3 Resolution
8
of the
National 6abor Relations Co$$ission %N6RC&. Said N6RC Resolution affir$ed the #u"ust ,.,
-..8 Decision
3
of the 6abor #rbiter 'hich dis$issed Octavio7s Co$plaint for pa$ent of salar
increases a"ainst respondent Philippine 6on" Distance Co$pan %P6D)&. 6i9e'ise assailed in
this Petition is the Nove$ber +3, -../ Resolution
/
'hich denied Octavio:s Motion for
Reconsideration.
4
Factual Antecedents
On Ma -5, +222, P6D) and Gabay ng Unyon sa Telekominaksyon ng mga Superbisor %1;)S&
entered into a C!# coverin" the period <anuar +, +222 to Dece$ber ,+, -..+ %C!# of +2220
-..+&. #rticle VI, Section I thereof provides=
Section 1. The COMPAN agrees to grant the !ollo"ing across#theboar$ salary increase $uring
the three years co%ere$ by this Agreement to all employees co%ere$ by the bargaining unit as o!
the gi%en $ates&
'!!ecti%e (anuary 1) 1*** + 1,- o! basic "age or P.),,,.,, "hiche%er is higher/
'!!ecti%e (anuary 1) .,,, + 11- o! basic "age or P.).0,.,, "hiche%er is higher/
'!!ecti%e (anuary 1) .,,1 + 1.- o! basic "age or P.)0,,.,, "hiche%er is higher.
5
On October +, -..., P6D) hired Octavio as Sales Sste$ #nalst I on a probationar status. >e
beca$e a $e$ber of 1;)S. ?hen Octavio 'as re"ulari@ed on <anuar +, -..+, he 'as
receivin" a $onthl basic salar of P+.,....... On Aebruar +, -..-, he 'as pro$oted to the
position of Sales Sste$ #nalst - and his salar 'as increased to P+,,4,.....
On Ma ,+, -..-, P6D) and 1;)S entered into another C!# coverin" the period <anuar +,
-..- to Dece$ber ,+, -..8 %C!# of -..-0-..8& 'hich provided for the follo'in" salar
increases= 5B of basic 'a"e or P-,...... 'hichever is hi"her for the first ear %-..-&C +.B of
basic 'a"e or P-,4..... 'hichever is hi"her for the second ear %-..,&C and, +.B of basic 'a"e
or P-,8..... 'hichever is hi"her for the third ear %-..8&.
2
Clai$in" that he 'as not "iven the salar increases of P-,3..... effective <anuar +, -..+ and
P-,...... effective <anuar +, -..-, Octavio 'rote the President of 1;)S, #dolfo Aa(ardo
%Aa(ardo&.
+.
#ctin" thereon and on si$ilar "rievances fro$ other 1;)S $e$bers, Aa(ardo 'rote
the P6D) >u$an Resource >ead to infor$ $ana"e$ent of the 1;)S $e$bers: clai$ for
entitle$ent to the across0the0board salar increases.
++
#ccordin"l, the 1rievance Co$$ittee convened on October 4, -..- consistin" of
representatives fro$ P6D) and 1;)S. )he 1rievance Co$$ittee, ho'ever, failed to reach an
a"ree$ent. In effect, it denied Octavio:s de$and for salar increases. )he Resolution
%Co$$ittee Resolution&, reads as follo's=
October 4, -..-
UN"ON "SSUE &
+. Mr. Carlos 6. Octavio, Sales Sste$ #nalst I, CCIM0Database, 'as pro$oted
to S- fro$ S+ last Aebruar .+, -..-. >e clai$ed that the 'hole P-,... %+st r.
1;)S0C!# increase& 'as not "iven to hi$.
-. >e 'as hired as a probationar e$ploee on October .+, -... and 'as
re"ulari@ed on <anuar .+, -..+. >e clai$ed that Mana"e$ent failed to "rant hi$
the 1;)S0C!# increase last <anuar -..+.
MANAGEMENT POS"T"ON &
Issue D +=
#& Pro$otional Polic= ad(ust$ent of basic $onthl salar to the $ini$u$ salar
of the ne' position.
!& Mr. Octavio:s salar at the ti$e of his pro$otion and before the conclusion of
the 1;)S C!# 'as P+.,.......
C& ;pon the effectivit of his pro$otion on Aebruar +, -..-, his basic $onthl
salar 'as ad(usted to P+,,4,...., the $ini$u$ salar of the ne' position.
D& In <une -..-, the 1;)S0C!# 'as concluded and Mr. Octavio:s basic salar
'as reco$puted to include the P-,...... +st ear increase retroactive <anuar
-..-. )he resultin" basic salar 'as P+-,.......
E& #pplin" the above0$entioned polic, Mr. Octavio:s basic salar 'as ad(usted
to the $ini$u$ salar of the ne' position, 'hich is P+,,4,.....
Issue D -=
#ll re"ulari@ed supervisor e$ploees as of <anuar + are not entitled to the 1;)S C!#
increase. >o'ever, as a"reed 'ith 1;)S in the "rievance case of +5 personnel of International
E 6u@on Core Net'or9 Mana"e$ent Center, probationar e$ploees 'ho 'ere hired outside of
P6D) and re"ulari@ed as supervisorsF$ana"e$ent personnel on <anuar +, -..- shall be entitled
to 1;)S C!#. )his decision shall be applied prospectivel and all previous si$ilar cases are not
covered.
RESOUT"ON &
#fter protracted deliberation of these issues, the co$$ittee failed to reach an a"ree$ent. >ence,
Mana"e$ent position dee$ed adopted.
MANAGEMENT UN"ON
GGGGGGG%si"ned&GGGGGGG
'"FRE#O A. GUA#"A
GGGGGGG%si"ned&GGGGGGG
A#OFO .FA(AR#O
GGGGGGG%si"ned&GGGGGGG
ROSA"N#A S. RU")
GGGGGGG%si"ned&GGGGGGG
CONFESOR A. ESP"R"TU
GGGGGGG%si"ned&GGGGGGG
AE(AN#RO C. FA*"AN
GGGGGGG%si"ned&GGGGGGG
C$AR"TO A. ARE!AO
+-
#""rieved, Octavio filed before the #rbitration !ranch of the N6RC a Co$plaint for pa$ent of
said salar increases.
Ruling of the Labor Arbiter
Octavio clai$ed entitle$ent to salar increases per the C!#s of +2220-..+ and -..-0-..8. >e
insisted that 'hen he 'as re"ulari@ed as a supervisor e$ploee on <anuar +, -..+, he beca$e
entitled to receive the across0the0board increase of P-,3..... as provided for under the C!# of
+2220-..+ 'hich too9 effect on <anuar +, +222. )hen pursuant to the C!# of -..-0-..8, he
should have received an additional increase of P-,...... apart fro$ the $erit increase of
P,,4,.... 'hich 'as "iven hi$ due to his pro$otion on Aebruar +, -..-. >o'ever, P6D)
unilaterall decided to dee$ as included in the said P,,4,.... the P-,...... across0the0board
increase for -..- as stipulated in the C!# of -..-0-..8. )his, accordin" to Octavio, a$ounts to
di$inution of benefits. Moreover, Octavio averred that the C!# cannot be the sub(ect of further
ne"otiation as it has the force of la' bet'een the parties. Ainall, Octavio clai$ed that P6D)
co$$itted an act of unfair labor practice because, 'hile it "ranted the clai$ for salar increase
of +5 supervisor e$ploees 'ho 'ere re"ulari@ed on <anuar +, -..- and on'ards, it
discri$inated a"ainst hi$ b refusin" to "rant hi$ the sa$e salar increase. >e thus praed for
an additional a'ard of da$a"es and attorne:s fees.
P6D) countered that the issues advanced b Octavio had alread been resolved b the ;nion0
Mana"e$ent 1rievance Co$$ittee 'hen it denied his clai$s throu"h the Co$$ittee
Resolution. Moreover, the "rant of across0the board salar increase for those 'ho 'ere
re"ulari@ed startin" <anuar +, -..- and the e*clusion thereto of those 'ho 'ere re"ulari@ed on
<anuar +, -..+, do not constitute an act of unfair labor practice as 'ould result in an
discri$ination or encoura"e or discoura"e $e$bership in a labor or"ani@ation. In fact, 'hen the
;nion0Mana"e$ent 1rievance Co$$ittee ca$e up 'ith the Co$$ittee Resolution, the
considered the sa$e as the $ost practicable and reasonable solution for both $ana"e$ent and
union. #t an rate, the said Co$$ittee Resolution had alread beco$e final and conclusive
bet'een the parties for failure of Octavio to elevate the sa$e to the proper foru$. In addition,
P6D) clai$ed that the N6RC has no (urisdiction to hear and decide Octavio:s clai$s.
In a Decision dated #u"ust ,., -..8, the 6abor #rbiter dis$issed the Co$plaint of Octavio and
upheld the Co$$ittee Resolution.
Ruling of the National Labor Relations Commission
;pon Octavio:s appeal, the N6RC, in its Septe$ber ,., -..3 Resolution, affir$ed the 6abor
#rbiter:s Decision. It upheld the 6abor #rbiter:s findin" that Octavio:s salar had alread been
ad(usted in accordance 'ith the provisions of the C!#. )he N6RC further ruled that it has no
(urisdiction to decide the issues presented b Octavio, as the sa$e involved the interpretation and
i$ple$entation of the C!#. #ccordin" to it, Octavio should have brou"ht his clai$ before the
proper bod as provided in the -..-0-..8 C!#:s provision on "rievance $achiner and
procedure.
Octavio:s Motion for Reconsideration 'as li9e'ise dis$issed b the N6RC in its Nove$ber -+,
-..3 Resolution.
+,
Ruling of the Court of Appeals
Octavio thus filed a Petition for Certiorari
+8
'hich the C# found to be 'ithout $erit. In its
#u"ust ,+, -../ Decision,
+3
the C# declared the Co$$ittee Resolution to be bindin" on
Octavio, he bein" a $e$ber of 1;)S, and because he failed to Huestion its validit and
enforceabilit.
In his Motion for Reconsideration,
+/
Octavio disclai$ed his alle"ed failure to Huestion the
Co$$ittee Resolution b e$phasi@in" that he filed a Co$plaint before the N6RC a"ainst
P6D). >o'ever, the C# denied Octavio:s Motion for Reconsideration in its Nove$ber +3, -../
Resolution.
+4
"++ue+
>ence, Octavio filed this Petition raisin" the follo'in" issues for our consideration=
a. ?hether * * * the e$ploer and bar"ainin" representative $a a$end the provisions
of the collective bar"ainin" a"ree$ent 'ithout the consent and approval of the
e$ploeesC
b. If so, 'hether the said a"ree$ent is bindin" IonJ the e$ploeesC
c. ?hether * * * $erit increases $a be a'arded si$ultaneousl 'ith increases "iven in
the Collective !ar"ainin" #"ree$entC
d. ?hether * * * da$a"es $a be a'arded to the e$ploee for violation b the e$ploer
of its co$$it$ent under its e*istin" collective bar"ainin" a"ree$ent.
+5
Octavio sub$its that the C# erred in upholdin" the Co$$ittee Resolution 'hich denied his
clai$ for salar increases but "ranted the sa$e reHuest of +5 other si$ilarl situated e$ploees.
>e li9e'ise asserts that both P6D) and 1;)S had the dut to strictl i$ple$ent the C!# salar
increasesC hence, the Co$$ittee Resolution, 'hich effectivel resulted in the $odification of the
C!#s: provision on salar increases, is void.
Octavio also insists that P6D) is bound to "rant hi$ the salar increase of P-,...... for the ear
-..- on top of the $erit increase "iven to hi$ b reason of his pro$otion. It is his stance that
$erit increases are distinct and separate fro$ across0the0board salar increases provided for
under the C!#.
Our Ru,-./
)he Petition has no $erit.
;nder #rticle -/.
+2
of the 6abor Code, "rievances arisin" fro$ the interpretation or
i$ple$entation of the parties: C!# should be resolved in accordance 'ith the "rievance
procedure e$bodied therein. It also provides that all unsettled "rievances shall be auto$aticall
referred for voluntar arbitration as prescribed in the C!#.
In its Me$orandu$,
-.
P6D) set forth the "rievance $achiner and procedure provided under
#rticle K of the C!# of -..-0-..8, %i1=
Section +. 1RIEV#NCE M#C>INERL 0 there shall be a ;nion0Mana"e$ent 1rievance
Co$$ittee co$posed of three %,& ;nion representatives desi"nated b the ;NION !oard of
Directors and three %,& Mana"e$ent representatives desi"nated b the co$pan President. )he
co$$ittee shall act upon an "rievance properl processed in accordance 'ith the prescribed
procedure. )he ;nion representatives to the Co$$ittee shall not lose pa for attendin" $eetin"s
'here Mana"e$ent representatives are in attendance.
Section -. 1RIEV#NCE PROCED;RE 0 )he parties a"ree that all disputes bet'een labor and
$ana"e$ent $a be settled throu"h friendl ne"otiationsC that the parties have the sa$e interest
in the continuit of 'or9 until all points in dispute shall have been discussed and settledC that an
open conflict in an for$ involves losses to the partiesC and that therefore, ever effort shall be
e*erted to avoid such an open conflict. In furtherance of these principles, the parties a"ree to
observe the follo'in" "rievance procedures.
Step +. #n e$ploee %or "roup of e$ploees& 'ho believes that he has a (ustifiable "rievance
shall present the $atter initiall to his division head, or if the division is involved in the
"rievance, to the co$pan official ne*t hi"her to the division head %the local $ana"er in the
provincial e*chan"es& not later that fifteen %+3& das after the occurrence of the incident "ivin"
rise to the "rievance. )he initial presentation shall be $ade to the division head either b the
a""rieved part hi$self or b the ;nion Ste'ard or b an E*ecutive Officer of the ;nion 'ho
is not a $e$ber of the "rievance panel.12"phi1 )he initial presentation $a be $ade orall or
in 'ritin".
Step -. #n part 'ho is not satisfied 'ith the resolution of the "rievance at Step + $a appeal
in 'ritin" to the ;nion0Mana"e$ent 1rievance Co$$ittee 'ithin seven %4& das fro$ the date
of receipt of the depart$ent head:s decision.
Step ,. "0 12e /r-e3a.4e -+ .o1 +e11,e5 e-12er be4au+e o0 5ea5,o46 or 12e 0a-,ure o0 12e
4o77-11ee 1o 5e4-5e 12e 7a11er, 12e /r-e3a.4e +2a,, be 1ra.+0erre5 1o a *oar5 o0
Arb-1ra1or+ 0or 12e 0-.a, 5e4-+-o.. )he !oard shall be co$posed of three %,& arbitrators, one to
be no$inated b the ;nion, another to be no$inated b the Mana"e$ent, and the third to be
selected b the $ana"e$ent and union no$inees. )he decision of the board shall be final and
bindin" both the co$pan and the ;nion in accordance 'ith la'. E*penses of arbitration shall be
divided eHuall bet'een the Co$pan and the ;nion.
-+
%E$phasis supplied&
Indisputabl, the present controvers involves the deter$ination of an e$ploee:s salar
increases as provided in the C!#s. ?hen Octavio:s clai$ for salar increases 'as referred to the
;nion0Mana"e$ent 1rievance Co$$ittee, the clear intention of the parties 'as to resolve their
differences on the proper interpretation and i$ple$entation of the pertinent provisions of the
C!#s. #nd in accordance 'ith the procedure prescribed therein, the said co$$ittee $ade up of
representatives of both the union and the $ana"e$ent convened. ;nfortunatel, it failed to reach
an a"ree$ent. Octavio:s recourse pursuant to the C!# 'as to elevate his "rievance to the !oard
of #rbitrators for final decision. Instead, nine $onths later, Octavio filed a Co$plaint before the
N6RC.
It is settled that M'hen parties have validl a"reed on a procedure for resolvin" "rievances and to
sub$it a dispute to voluntar arbitration then that procedure should be strictl observed.M
--

Moreover, 'e have held ti$e and a"ain that Mbefore a part is allo'ed to see9 the intervention of
the court, it is a precondition that he should have availed of all the $eans of ad$inistrative
processes afforded hi$. >ence, if a re$ed 'ithin the ad$inistrative $achiner can still be
resorted to b "ivin" the ad$inistrative officer concerned ever opportunit to decide on a
$atter that co$es 'ithin his (urisdiction, then such re$ed should be e*hausted first before the
court:s (udicial po'er can be sou"ht. )he pre$ature invocation of the court:s (udicial
intervention is fatal to one:s cause of action.M
-,
M)he underlin" principle of the rule on
e*haustion of ad$inistrative re$edies rests on the presu$ption that 'hen the ad$inistrative
bod, or "rievance $achiner, is afforded a chance to pass upon the $atter, it 'ill decide the
sa$e correctl.M
-8
! failin" to Huestion the Co$$ittee Resolution throu"h the proper procedure prescribed in the
C!#, that is, b raisin" the sa$e before a !oard of #rbitrators, Octavio is dee$ed to have
'aived his ri"ht to Huestion the sa$e. Clearl, he departed fro$ the "rievance procedure
$andated in the C!# and denied the !oard of #rbitrators the opportunit to pass upon a $atter
over 'hich it has (urisdiction. >ence, and as correctl held b the C#, Octavio:s failure to assail
the validit and enforceabilit of the Co$$ittee Resolution $a9es the sa$e bindin" upon hi$.
On this score alone, Octavio:s recourse to the labor tribunals belo', as 'ell as to the C#, and,
finall, to this Court, $ust therefore fail.
#t an rate, Octavio cannot clai$ that the Co$$ittee Resolution is not valid, bindin" and
conclusive as to hi$ for bein" a $odification of the C!# in violation of #rticle -3,
-3
of the
6abor Code. It bears to stress that the said resolution is a product of the "rievance procedure
outlined in the C!# itself. It 'as arrived at after the $ana"e$ent and the union throu"h their
respective representatives conducted ne"otiations in accordance 'ith the C!#. On the other
hand, Octavio never assailed the co$petence of the "rievance co$$ittee to ta9e co"ni@ance of
his case. Neither did he Huestion the authorit or credibilit of the union representativesC hence,
the latter are dee$ed to have properl bar"ained on his behalf since Munions are the a"ent of its
$e$bers for the purpose of securin" (ust and fair 'a"es and "ood 'or9in" conditions.M
-/
In fine,
it cannot be "ainsaid that the Co$$ittee Resolution is a $odification of the C!#. Rather, it onl
provides for the proper i$ple$entation of the C!# provision respectin" salar increases.
Ainall, Octavio:s ar"u$ent that the denial of his clai$ for salar increases constitutes a
violation of #rticle +..
-4
of the 6abor Code is devoid of $erit. Even assu$in" that there has
been a di$inution of benefits on his part, #rticle +.. does not prohibit a union fro$ offerin" and
a"reein" to reduce 'a"es and benefits of the e$ploees as the ri"ht to free collective bar"ainin"
includes the ri"ht to suspend it.
-5
P6D) averred that one of the reasons 'h Octavio:s salar 'as
reco$puted as to include in his salar of P+,,4,.... the P-,...... increase for -..- is to avoid
salar distortion. #t this point, it is 'ell to e$phasi@e that bar"ainin" should not be eHuated to an
Madversarial liti"ation 'here ri"hts and obli"ations are delineated and re$edies applied.M
-2

Instead, it covers a process of findin" a reasonable and acceptable solution to stabili@e labor0
$ana"e$ent relations to pro$ote stable industrial peace.
,.
Clearl, the Co$$ittee Resolution
'as arrived at after considerin" the intention of both P6D) and 1;)S to foster industrial peace.
#ll told, 'e find no error on the part of the 6abor #rbiter, the N6RC and the C# in unani$ousl
upholdin" the validit and enforceabilit of the 1rievance Co$$ittee Resolution dated October
4, -..-.
'$EREFORE, the petition is #EN"E#. )he #u"ust ,+, -../ Decision and Nove$ber +3,
-../ Resolution of the Court of #ppeals in C#01.R. SP No. 2,345 are AFF"RME#.
SO ORDERED.
MAR"ANO C. #E CAST"O
#ssociate <ustice
?E CONC;R=
ANTON"O T. CARP"O
#ssociate <ustice
Chairperson
(OSE PORTUGA PERE)
#ssociate <ustice
(OSE CATRA MEN#O)A
N
#ssociate <ustice
ESTEA M. PERAS8*ERNA*E
#ssociate <ustice
# ) ) E S ) # ) I O N
I attest that the conclusions in the above Decision had been reached in consultation before the
case 'as assi"ned to the 'riter of the opinion of the Court7s Division.
ANTON"O T. CARP"O
#ssociate <ustice
Chairperson
C E R ) I A I C # ) I O N
Pursuant to Section +,, #rticle VIII of the Constitution and the Division Chairperson7s
#ttestation, I certifL that the conclusions in the above Decision had been reached in consultation
before the case 'as assi"ned to the 'riter of the opinion of the Court7s Division.
MAR"A OUR#ES P. A. SERENO
Chief <ustice
Foo1.o1e+
N
Per Special Order No. +8-+ dated Aebruar -.,-.+,
+
3ollo) pp. +50-5.
-
C# rolla) pp. 2/0+.-C penned b #ssociate <ustice #ndres !. Rees, <r. and concurred
in b #ssociate <ustices >a9i$ S. #bdul'ahid and Mariflor P. Pun@alan Castillo.
,
ld. at -0+-
8
ld. at /80/5C penned b Co$$issioner )ito A. 1enilo and concurred in b
Co$$issioner Ro$eo C. 6a"$an. Presidin" Co$$issioner 6ourdes C. <avier did not
participate.
3
ld. at 8203,C penned b 6abor #rbiter fati$a <a$baro0Aranco.
/
Id. at ++-.
4
Id. at +.,0+.3.
5
See Octavio:s Position Paper, p. 8C id. at +/.
2
See -..-0-..8 C!# Si"ned, #nne* MCM of Octavio:s Position Paper before the 6abor
#rbiter, id. at -8.
+.
#nne* MD,M id. at -3.
++
#nne* MA,M id. at -/0-5.
+-
#nne* M1,M id. at -20,.C #nne* M#M of P6D):s Position Paper before the 6abor
#rbiter, id. at ,/0,4.
+,
Id. at 4304/.
+8
Id. at -0+-.
+3
Id. at. 2/0+.-.
+/
Id. at +.,0+.3.
+4
Id. at ++-.
+5
3ollo) p. --.
+2
#R). -/.. G34'5ANC' MAC64N'3 AN7 5O8UNTA3 A394T3AT4ON
)he parties to a Collective !ar"ainin" #"ree$ent shall include therein provisions
that 'ill ensure the $utual observance of its ter$s and conditions. )he shall
establish a $achiner for the ad(ust$ent and resolution of "rievances arisin" fro$
the interpretation or i$ple$entation of their Collective !ar"ainin"
#"ree$ent and those arisin" fro$ the interpretation or enforce$ent of co$pan
personnel policies.
#ll "rievances sub$itted to the "rievance $achiner 'hich are not settled 'ithin
seven %4& calendar das fro$ the date of its sub$ission shall auto$aticall be
referred to voluntar arbitration prescribed in the Collective !ar"ainin"
#"ree$ent.
Aor this purpose, parties to a Collective !ar"ainin" #"ree$ent shall na$e and
desi"nate in advance a Voluntar #rbitrator or panel of Voluntar #rbitrators, or
include in the a"ree$ent a procedure for the selection of such Voluntar
#rbitrator or panel of Voluntar #rbitrators, preferabl fro$ the listin" of
Hualified Voluntar #rbitrators dul accredited b the !oard. In case the parties
fail to select a Voluntar #rbitrator or panel of Voluntar #rbitrators, the !oard
shall desi"nate the Voluntar #rbitrator or panel of Voluntar #rbitrators, as $a
be necessar, pursuant to the selection procedure a"reed upon in the Collective
!ar"ainin" #"ree$ent, 'hich shall act 'ith the sa$e force and effect as if the
#rbitrator or panel of #rbitrators has been selected b the parties as described
above.
-.
Id. at +340+44.
-+
Id. at +/+0+/-.
--
5i%ero %. Court o! Appeals) ,25 Phil. +35, +4- %-...&.
-,
7iokno %. Cac$ac) 1.R. No. +/5843, <ul 8, -..4, 3-/ SCR# 88., 835C Metro 7rug
7istribution) 4nc. %. Metro 7rug Corporation 'mployees Association + :e$eration o!
:ree ;orkers) 3.5 Phil. 84, /. %-..3&.
-8
3i1al Security < Protecti%e Ser%ices) 4nc. %. Maraan) 1. R. No. +-82+3, Aebruar +5,
-..5, 38/ SCR# -,, 8.C Pro%ince o! =amboanga 7el Norte %. Court o! Appeals) ,2/
Phil. 4.2, 4-. %-...&.
-3
#R). -3,. 7UT TO 9A3GA4N CO88'CT45'8 ;6'N T6'3' '>4STS A
CO88'CT45' 9A3GA4N4NG AG3''M'NT
?hen there is a collective bar"ainin" a"ree$ent, the dut to bar"ain collectivel
shall also $ean that neither part shall ter$inate nor $odif such a"ree$ent
durin" its lifeti$e. >o'ever, either part can serve a 'ritten notice to ter$inate
or $odif the a"ree$ent at least si*t %/.& das prior to its e*piration date. It shall
be the dut of both parties to 9eep the status Huo and to continue in full force and
effect the ter$s and conditions of the e*istin" a"ree$ent durin" the /.0da period
andFor until a ne' a"ree$ent is reached b the parties.
-/
Santuyo %. 3emerco Garments Manu!acturing)) 4nc.) 1.R. No. +488-., March --, -.+.,
/+/ SCR# ,,,, ,88.
-4
#R). +... P3O6494T4ON AGA4NST '84M4NAT4ON O3 74M4NUT4ON O:
9'N':4TS
Nothin" in this !oo9 shall be construed to eli$inate or in an 'a di$inish
supple$ents, or other e$ploee benefits bein" en(oed at the ti$e of
pro$ul"ation of this Code.
-5
4nsular 6otel 'mployees Union#N:8 %. ;ater!ront 4nsular 6otel 7a%ao) 1.R. Nos.
+48.8.08+, Septe$ber --, -.+., /,+ SCR# +,/, +/4, citin" 3i%era %. 6on. 'spiritu, 8-3
Phil. +/2, +5- %-..-&.
-2
Calte? 3e!inery 'mployees Association %. 6on. 9rillantes) ,88 Phil. /-8, /3+ %+224&.
,.
3i%era %. 6on. 'spiritu) supra at +5- %-..-&.
)he 6a'phil Pro(ect 0 #rellano 6a' Aoundation