You are on page 1of 2

Pressure-Temperature Chart at Sea Level

-48
-47
-46
-44
-43
-41
-39
-36
-34
-32
-30
-28
-26
-24
-22
-20
-19
-17
-15
-14
-12
-11
-9
-8
-7
-5
-4
-3
-1
0
1
2
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
19
21
23
24
26
28
29
31
32
34
35
37
38
40
41
42
44
45
46
48
51
54
56
59
62
64
67
69
72
74
76
78
81
83
85
87
89
91
93
94
96
98
100
101
103
105
108
111
114
117
120
124
128
132
136
139
143
146
150
154
158
162
166
170
173

-22
-21
-19
-18
-16
-15
-12
-10
-7
-5
-3
-1
1
3
5
7
8
10
12
13
15
16
18
19
21
22
24
25
26
27
29
30
31
32
33
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
47
49
51
52
54
56
57
59
60
62
64
65
66
68
69
71
72
73
75
76
79
82
85
88
90
93
96
98
100
103
105
107
109
112
114
116
118
120
122
123
125
127
129
130
132
134
137
140
143
146
149
153
157
161
165
169
172
176
179
183
187
191
195
198
202

-67
-66
-64
-63
-62
-61
-58
-56
-54
-52
-50
-48
-46
-45
-43
-41
-40
-38
-37
-35
-34
-32
-31
-30
-29
-27
-26
-25
-24
-23
-21
-20
-19
-18
-17
-16
-15
-14
-13
-12
-11
-10
-10
-9
-8
-7
-5
-4
-2
0
1
3
4
6
7
8
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
20
21
24
26
29
31
34
36
38
41
43
45
47
49
51
53
54
56
58
60
61
63
65
66
68
69
71
72
75
78
81
84
86
90
94
97
100
104
107
110
113
117
120
124
127
130
134

-59
-58
-56
-55
-53
-52
-50
-47
-45
-43
-41
-39
-37
-35
-33
-32
-30
-28
-27
-25
-24
-22
-21
-19
-18
-17
-16
-14
-13
-12
-11
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
7
9
10
12
14
15
17
18
20
21
23
24
26
27
28
30
31
32
33
35
38
40
43
46
48
51
53
56
58
60
63
65
67
69
71
73
75
77
78
80
82
84
85
87
89
90
93
96
99
102
105
109
113
117
120
124
127
130
133
138
141
145
149
152
156

-35
-33
-32
-30
-29
-28
-26
-23
-21
-19
-17
-15
-13
-12
-10
-8
-7
-5
-4
-2
-1
0
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
28
29
31
32
34
35
37
38
40
41
42
44
45
46
47
49
50
51
52
53
56
59
61
63
66
68
70
73
75
77
79
81
82
84
86
88
90
91
93
95
96
98
99
101
102
104
107
109
112
115
117
121
124
128
131
134
137
140
143
147
150
154
157
160
163

-40
-38
-37
-36
-34
-33
-31
-28
-26
-24
-22
-20
-18
-16
-14
-13
-11
-9
-8
-6
-5
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
27
29
30
32
34
35
37
38
40
41
42
44
45
46
48
49
50
52
53
56
59
61
64
66
69
71

BUBBLE POINT

5*
4*
3*
2*
1*
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
78
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
220
230
240
250
260
275
290
305
320
335
350
365
380
400
420
440
460
480
500

TEMPERATURE F
REFRIGERANT - (REFRIGERANT DESIGNATION)
22 (V)
134a (J) 410A (Z)
507 (S)
717 (A)
438A (V)

DEW POINT

PSIG

30
32
33
34
36
37
38
40
41
42
43
46
49
52
55
58
60
63
65
67
70
72
74
76
78
80
82
84
86
88
90
91
93
95
97
98
100
103
106
109
112
115
119
123
127
130
134
137
141
144
148
152
156
160
164
167

* Inches mercury below one atmosphere

MAKE A SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS


Based on the complaint and measurements taken
Changing Parts Might Be The First Reaction
BUT...
1. May not be necessary and...
2. Does not always solve the problem

SUPERHEAT AND
SUCTION PRESSURE

SuctioHigh
n Pres

sure

Low
Superh
eat

POSSIBLE CAUSES

symptoms can provide the real cause


High eat
Superh
Low ssure
n Pre
Suctio

POSSIBLE CAUSES

1. Moisture, dirt, wax


2. Undersized valve
3. High superheat adjustment
4. Gas charge condensation
5. Dead thermostatic element charge
6. Wrong thermostatic charge
7. Evaporator pressure drop
no external equalizer
8. External equalizer location
9. Restricted or capped external equalizer
10. Low refrigerant charge
11. Liquid line vapor
a. Vertical lift
b. High friction loss
c. Long or small line
d. Plugged drier or strainer
12. Low pressure drop across valve
a. Same as #11 above
b. Undersized distributor nozzle or circuits
c. Low condensing temperature

1. Oversized valve
2. TEV seat leak
3. Low superheat adjustment
4. Bulb installation
a. Poor thermal contact
b. Warm location
5. Wrong thermostatic charge
6. Bad compressor low capacity
7. Moisture, dirt, wax
8. Incorrectly located external equalizer

C R A CK
Low ssure
Pre
uction

Low
Superh
eat

POSSIBLE CAUSES

1. Low load
a. Not enough air
b. Dirty air filters
c. Air too cold
d. Coil icing
2. Poor air distribution
3. Poor refrigerant distribution
4. Improper compressor-evaporator balance
5. Evaporator oil logged
6. Flow from one TEV affecting
anothers bulb

OBTAIN SUCTION PRESSURE


68 PSIG (at bulb)

Parker Hannifin Corporation


1-800-742-2681
www.parker.com/coolparts
2012 by Parker Hannifin Corporation Broadview, IL 60155

Form P-213-612

Pressure-Temperature Chart at Sea Level

DEW POINT

30
32
33
34
37
40
43
45
48
50
53
55
57
59
61
64
66
68
69
71
73
75
77
79
80
82
84
85
87
88
92
95
97
100
103
107
111
114
118
121
125
128
131
135
139
143
146
150
153

BUBBLE POINT

-44
-42
-41
-40
-38
-37
-35
-32
-30
-28
-26
-24
-22
-20
-18
-17
-15
-13
-12
-10
-9
-7
-6
-5
-3
-2
-1
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
18
19
21
23
25
26
28
30
31
33
34
36
37
38
40
41
42
44
45
46
47
49
52
54
57
60
62
65
67
70
72

BUBBLE POINT

29
31
32
34
35
36
37
39
40
43
46
48
51
54
56
59
61
63
65
68
70
72
74
76
78
80
82
83
85
87
89
90
92
94
95
98
101
104
107
110
114
118
122
125
129
132
135
139
143
147
151
154
158
161

-46
-45
-43
-42
-41
-39
-37
-35
-33
-30
-28
-27
-25
-23
-21
-20
-18
-16
-15
-13
-12
-11
-9
-8
-7
-5
-4
-3
-2
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
19
21
22
24
25
27
28
30
31
33
34
35
37
38
39
40
42
43
44
47
50
52
55
57
60
62
64
66
69
71

DEW POINT

29
30
32
33
34
35
37
40
42
45
48
50
53
55
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
78
80
82
83
85
87
88
90
92
95
98
101
104
106
110
114
118
121
125
128
132
135
139
143
147
150
154
157

BUBBLE POINT

BUBBLE POINT

-41
-39
-38
-36
-35
-34
-31
-29
-27
-25
-23
-21
-19
-17
-15
-14
-12
-11
-9
-7
-6
-5
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
24
25
27
29
30
32
33
35
36
38
39
41
42
43
45
46
47
48
50
51
54
56
59
62
64
67
69
71

DEW POINT

BUBBLE POINT
30
31
32
33
35
36
39
42
45
47
50
52
55
57
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
78
80
82
83
85
87
89
90
92
95
98
101
104
107
111
115
118
122
125
129
132
135
139
143
147
151
154
157

-44
-43
-41
-40
-39
-37
-35
-33
-31
-28
-26
-25
-23
-21
-19
-17
-16
-14
-13
-11
-10
-8
-7
-6
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
20
21
23
25
26
28
29
31
32
34
35
36
38
39
40
42
43
44
45
47
49
52
55
57
60
62
65
67
69
71

DEW POINT

29
30
31
32
33
34
36
38
40
42
43
45
47
48
50
52
53
55
56
58
59
61
62
63
65
66
69
72
75
78
81
84
86
89
91
94
96
98
101
103
105
107
109
111
113
115
117
119
121
123
124
126
130
133
136
139
142
147
151
155
159
163
166
170
174
178
182
187
191
195
198

-57
-55
-54
-52
-51
-50
-47
-45
-43
-41
-39
-37
-35
-33
-31
-29
-28
-26
-24
-23
-21
-20
-19
-17
-16
-15
-13
-12
-11
-10
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
11
13
14
16
17
19
21
22
24
25
26
28
29
30
32
33
34
36
37
40
43
45
48
51
53
56
58
60
63
65
67
69
71

DEW POINT

-24
-23
-21
-20
-18
-17
-14
-12
-9
-7
-5
-3
-1
1
3
5
7
8
10
12
13
15
16
18
19
21
22
23
25
26
27
28
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
41
42
43
44
45
47
49
51
53
54
56
58
59
61
62
64
65
67
68
69
71

DEW POINT

5*
4*
3*
2*
1*
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
78
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
220
230
240
250
260
275
290
305
320
335
350
365
380
400
420
440
460
480
500

BUBBLE POINT

TEMPERATURE F
REFRIGERANT - (REFRIGERANT DESIGNATION)
401A (J) 404A (S) 407A (V) 407C (V) 407F (V) 422D (V)

PSIG

29
31
32
33
35
36
37
39
40
41
43
46
49
51
54
57
59
62
64
67
69
71
73
75
77
79
81
83
85
87
89
91
93
94
96
98
99
103
106
109
112
114
119
122
126
130
134
137
140
144
148
152
156
159
163
166

* Inches mercury below one atmosphere

P-H DIAGRAM BLENDS


Refrigeration Cycle

Bubble Point

Dew Point
Lines of Constant Temperature
To detemine superheat, use Dew Point values. To determine subcooling, use Bubble Point values.

APPROXIMATE PRESSURE CONTROL SETTINGS


Pressure - Pounds Per Square Inch Gauge
APPLICATION

TEMPERATURE
RANGE (F)

EVAPORATOR
TD (F)

22
Out

In

Beverage Cooler
Floral Cooler
35 to 38
15
41
66
Produce Cooler
Smoked Meat Cooler
Meat Reach Thru
32 to 35
15
38
62
Service Deli
Seafood
Multi-Deck Fresh Meat
26 to 29
15
32
54
Frozen Glass Door
-10 to 0
10
9
24
Frozen Walk-In
Frozen Ice Cream
-30 to -20
10
0
10
Frozen Food - Open Type
Pressure control settings assume a suction line pressure loss equivalent to 2F.

REFRIGERANT
134a
404A
Out
In
Out
In

507
Out
In

17

33

53

82

56

86

15

30

49

77

52

81

11

25

42

68

45

72

15

33

16

35

16

18

CARRYING CAPACITY OF REFRIGERATION LINES


Tons of Refrigeration - 200 Feet Equivalent Pipe Length

REFRIGERANT
REFRIGERANT
IRON
22
134a
404A / 507
717 (Ammonia)
PIPE
SCHEDULE Liquid Suction
Liquid Suction Liquid Suction Liquid Suction
SIZE
Line
Line
Line
Line
Line
Line
Line
Line
Inches
20F Evap.
20F Evap.
-20F Evap.
20F Evap.
3/8
0.99
0.09
0.73
0.06
0.71
0.04
3/8
80
10.2
0.41
1/2
2.37
0.23
1.77
0.13
1.71
0.10
1/2
80
20.1
0.81
5/8
4.48
0.43
3.36
0.25
3.23
0.18
3/4
80
45.5
1.85
7/8
11.9
1.13
8.97
0.67
8.58
0.49
1
80
89.4
3.64
1-1/8
24.3
2.30
18.3
1.36
17.5
0.99
1-1/4
80
192
7.84
1-3/8
42.6
4.02
32.2
2.38
30.6
1.74
1-1/2
80
293
12.0
1-5/8
67.6
6.37
51.1
3.78
48.4
2.76
2
40
683
28.0
2-1/8
141
13.2
107
7.88
101
5.74
2-1/2
40
1090
44.7
2-5/8
250
23.4
190
14.0
179
10.2
3
40
1930
79.1
3-1/8
400
37.5
304
22.4
286
16.3
3-1/2
40
2820
116
3-5/8
595
55.7
453
33.3
425
24.2
4
40
3930
162
4-1/8
841
78.7
641
47.0
600
34.2
5
40
7100
292
Refrigerants 22, 134a, 404A, and 507 values are based on 100F liquid temperature and the stated evaporator temperature.
Refrigerant 717 (ammonia) values are based on 86F liquid temperature and 20F evaporator temperature. Both suction
and liquid line values are based on a pressure drop equivalent to 1F change in saturation temperature. For additional
information on refrigerant line sizing, consult ASHRAEs Refrigeration Handbook or equipment manufacturer.
TYPE L
COPPER TUBE
O.D. Inches