Revised Edition

THE CHORAL SERVICE

THE LITURGICAL MUSIC

POR

Morning and Evening Prayer

The Litany

AND

The Holy Communion

ACCORDING TO THE USE OF

THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH

IN THI!

United States of America

SET FORTH BY THI!

JOINT COMMISSION 'ON CHURCH MUSIC

UNDEil AlJI'HORITY OP

GENERAL CONVENTION

PUBLISHED BY

THE H. W. GRAY COMPANY, NEW YORK

COPYaIGHT.1927 BY

WAllACE GOODRICH. SBCIlETAAY FOR THE

JOINT COMMISSION ON OIURCH MUSIC

ftINTl!D IN nm UNIT1!D STATES OF AMl!RlCA

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CHORAL SERVICE

By CHORAL SERVICE is designated that manner of rendering the services of the Church in which the major portion allotted to the officiating clergy is sung by them, and not read; such responses as may occur likewise being sung by the people.

Until the English Reformation provision was made by the Church for the musical rendering of all her chief services; through the medium of prescribed musical formulae, or of melodies identified with the texts whose introduction into the Liturgy they had usually accompanied.

In 1544 the English Litany was published, together with an adaptation to the accustomed musical formulae made by Archbishop Cranmer himself. The first Prayer-book of Edward VI was issued in 1549 as a book of words only, unaccompanied by the musical setting of any text. Its rubrics, however, directed that certain parts of the Communion Service should be sung by the "clerkes"; that the Epistle and Gospel (likewise the lessons in Morning and Evening Prayer) might be sung by the Ministers; and that Gloria in excelsis and the Creed should continue to be intoned by the Priest, who might also sing the Prayer of Consecration. Moreover the recurrent use of the word say obviously continued the accepted contemporary sense of the Latin dicere, signifying monotonic recitation with ot without inflections. These facts all bear witness to the intention of making the continued choral rendering of the services at least permissive. That the melodies for this purpose were not given official publication at the time may readily be understood, since they were generally familiar and easily adaptable to the vernacular form of the texts; just as certain portions of the texts were merely indicated in the book, knowledge of them on the part of the clergy being assumed: e.g., the endings of many of the Collects, the ending of the Preface for Trinity Sunday, and the rules for occasional liturgical variations. Furthermore, the minds of the reformers and of the Church were occupied with liturgical matters of far greater importance. It is significant, however, that within a year after the First Prayer-book came into use appeared THE BOOKE OF COMMON PRAIER NOTED; the work of John Merbecke, published cum privilegio in 1550.

This book provided, in melodic form and in the contemporary Gregorian modes and manner, "so much of the order of Common Prayer as is to be songe in churches": Mattins, Evensong, the Holy ill

Communion, and the Burial Office, with special music for the Holy Communion at a burial. The omission of the Litany was undoubtedly due to its prior publication.

Although the first Edwardine book was not long in use, it might be assumed that this book of Merbecke should offer to the Church today a complete compendium of the Choral Service, worthy of adoption as having been associated with the English Liturgy since its very beginning, But the Liturgy in English was not a creation of the Church in 1549; it was a compilation of existing liturgical matter heretofore in use in the Church for years, in part, for centuries; and in which every effort was made to preserve the essential form of the services substantially as handed down from earlier times. By these standards as well must be judged any musical setting of the services, inasmuch as it is so closely associated with the Liturgy itself. The following comparison will demonstrate the relative extent to which Merbecke availed himself of traditional forms, or composed new melodies:

Morning and Evening Prayer

Pre-Reformation Use Merbecke
The Preces Prescribed melodic Adaptation of same
formulae
Venite and Psalter Gregorian Tones Gregorian Tone VIII
Te Deum laudamus The Ambrosian The same, much sim-
melody plified after the man-
ner of Abp. Cranmer
Benedicite Gregorian Tones Tonus Peregrinus
Benedictus Gregorian Tones Gregorian Tones V, VIII
Magnificat Gregorian Tones Gregorian Tones I, VIII
N UHe dimittis Gregorian Tones Gregorian Tones V, VII
Apostles' Creed Monotone with Monotone
inflections
Athanasian Creed Gregorian Tones Gregorian Tone IV
Lord's Prayer Monotone with Monotone
inflections
Suffrages Monotone with Ancient use
inflections
Collects and Prayers Monotone with Monotone
inflections
iv For the purpose of a congregational or choir service-book, (for such it actually was) the provision of a single Gregorian tone for each Canticle was of practical value, and by no means precluded the substitution of alternate tones. Otherwise Merbecke's settings preserved intact the ancient use only in the single instance of the Suffrages after the Creed.

Kyrie eleison

Gloria in excelsis

The Nicene Creed

Sanctus

Benedictus

Agnus Dei

Gloria tibi Sursum corda

The Lord's Prayer

Post-Communions

Prayers

The Blessing

The Holy Communion Pre-Reformation Use

Prescribed melodic settings, varying in elaboration according to rank of season or feast

Prescribed melodic settings, varying in elaboration according to rank of season or feast

Prescribed melodic settings, chiefly variants of traditional melody

Prescribed melodic settings, varying with feast or season Prescribed melodic settings, varying with feast or season Prescribed melodic

settings, varying with feast or season Inflection formula Fixed melodic setting Fixed melodic setting

Individual melodies

Inflection formula Inflection formula

v

Merbecke

Adapta tion of an ancient melody, 10th century

Original melody, Gregorian in character. but very simple

Original melody, Gregorian in character, very simple

Adaptation of an ancient melody, 10th century

Adaptation of an ancient melody, 10th century

Original melody, Gregorian in character, very simple Monotonic

Monotonic

Adaptation of ancient ferial chant

Melodies based on antiphons

Monotonic

Monotonic

Merbecke's substitution of a Gregorian tone for the ancient melodies at the Introit was necessitated by the adoption of a whole Psalm to replace the traditional Antiphon and Psalm-verse. The Introit form of the tones was not used, however, either for the Psalm or for Gloria Petri.

It is indisputable that the definition of an authentic and uniform musical setting of our chief services, of a character worthy of its high office in point of fidelity to ancient tradition and practice, is greatly to be desired. The musical rendering of the service is enjoined upon no parish by canonical rule; but for such as desire to avail themselves of it, it is obvious that uniformity of method and of musical text is not less important than the same condition with respect to other fundamental elements of liturgical practice.

The gradual decline in ceremonial observance following the English Reformation affected the perpetuation of the traditional musical rendering of the services. By the time of the Restoration this tradition had become lost to a large extent; partly through the banishment of the Prayer-book offices during the Puritan ascendancy, and partly through the simultaneous destruction of Cathedral libraries and music. Although the singing of the services was resumed after the Restoration, at least in Cathedral and Collegiate establishments, it was not until the latter part of the nineteenth century that anything like real progress was achieved toward restoring to general use the traditional formulae and melodies of the ancient service. As practiced in many English Cathedrals, a simple monotone had been employed for the greater part, if not for the whole of the services; more in order that the ministers "might beste be hearde of all such as be present" than for the purpose of embellishment of the office, or of perpetuating ancient practice.

The Anglican school of Church music is essentially a harmonic system, evolved largely under the influence of the Cathedral choir. The very general substitution of the Anglican chant for its prototype, the Gregorian, has been quite as generally accompanied by the use of harmonized choral Responses, especially at Morning and Evening Prayer: the services daily rendered with a choir, in which the settings of Tallis, made in 1564, have become an almost universally accepted Cathedral use. The beauty of these settings, when well rendered, is undeniable, as is their suitability for festal occasions; but they are less well adapted to ordinary congregational use than the unisonous melodies or formulae which are the Church's own heritage from ancient times, which she wisely perpetuated for the use of all her people, and upon which the settings of Tallis were not wholly based.

vi

The Choral Service should be essentially a people's service, in which their general participation should be encouraged and assured. To this end its melodic character should be emphasized; the various melodies and formulae should be made uniform in all parts of the Church. Harmonization for the organ should be used so as to encourage and support, and not to discourage and hinder, the hearty, spontaneous participation of the people which is directly enjoined upon them both by rubric and by every consideration of the principles of common worship.

Under authority of General Convention this edition of the Choral Service is issued by its Joint Commission on Church Music; with the humble petition that where it is used the hearts of the people may the more fittingly be lifted up in praise of Almighty God.

WILSON REIFF STEARLY, Bishop Coadjutor of Newark, Chairman

WALLACE GOODRICH,

Secretary

WINFRED DOUGLAS

NOTES ON THE CHORAL SERVICE

IN THE character of the musical setting accorded the various portions of Morning and Evening Prayer and of the Holy Communion respectively, a marked difference is to be noted. In the former the chant form is employed for the Psalms and Canticles; for the several Versicles with their Responses, for the Creed, and for the Prayers, a simple monotonic recitation is provided with or without inflections; while certain portions of the services should be read and not sung. For the Litany, through the supplications, an ancient melodic formula is used; to which the English text was adapted in 1544, as already noted (p. iii).

At the Holy Communion the ordinary chant form is no longer admitted. The prescribed manner of singing the Epistle and Gospel differs from that provided for the lessons in I Edward VI, although the latter is seldom employed today. Intonations are provided for the Creed, for Gloria in excelsis, and for the Lord's Prayer, to be sung by the celebrant; the Introduction to the Lord's Prayer is set to its ancient music; and the unity of Sursum corda and the Preface is emphasized by the similarity of their traditional musical settings. Again certain portions are read, as befits both their character and their relationship to the service as a whole. Under the ancient system Kyrie eleison, the Creed, Sanctus and Gloria in excelsis were dignified by special melodic settings, varying in elaboration according to feast or season, and intended for congregational use. Since the introduction of polyphony these portions of the service have afforded the greatest composers in all countries opportunity to enrich the Church's musical repertory by special settings worthy of their high office.

In the absence of official standards, the choral rendering of the services has not been attended by that uniformity of use which its liturgical character and association demand. In their original development the melodies and formulee gave musical expression to Latin text; the task of their adaptation to the vernacular, never officially provided for by the Church, has been accomplished at various times and by various persons with consequent lack of uniformity. However, close analytical study by many scholars has of late demonstrated the principles involved in adapting the ancient melodies faithfully to English prose sentences, with their different order, and their much greater proportion of prominent monosyllables. If any variations

viii

from accustomed use are observed in the following pages, it will be recognized that while the Commission has been guided by what it believes to be the authoritative tradition of the Church, it has adapted the same to her present liturgical use and to general conditions; while retaining unimpaired the spirit of the ancient musical forms and the principles which have ever governed their relation to the words of the service.

The Choral Service being essentially melodic in character, any accompaniment by the organ or harmonization for the choir must be regarded as extraneous, even though permissible under certain conditions. For this reason the Choral Service is set forth in this book in melodic form, without harmonization or accompaniment. For the benefit of those who may desire to continue their accustomed use of the organ, accompaniments to portions of the music for Morning and Evening Prayer, to the Litany, and to those portions of the Holy Communion commonly sung by the people, have been provided in an Appendix. In the latter will be found also the harmonized setting of the Preces and Suffrages by Tallis, which long ago became traditional in the Anglican Church. They are given here in their harmonization in four vocal parts, and in such notation as will best insure their rendering in the spirit of their composition.

Notes to Choirmasters

If organ accompaniment is used, it should be confined exclusively to those portions of the services assigned to the people. The Priest should never be accompanied by the organ. Only light eight-foot stops should be used, generally without pedal; since the employment of the organ in this connection is wholly for practical rather than for artistic reasons.

The Choral Service is the musical expression of prose texts, and its melodies derive their rhythms from those of the words to which they are set. Metrical rhythm is thus wholly inadmissible, and the greatest care must be taken to exclude it entirely from the rendering.

With a choir the best results will be obtained by the following procedure: (1) Have the text alone read, at a moderate speed. Take care that every syllable is distinctly enunciated, and given its proper relative value or stress; that undue pauses are not made at punctuation marks, and that the natural accents of the text are brought out clearly, although without exaggeration. (2) Repeat this recitation without rhythmic variation, but upon a monotone. (3) Sing the text to its prescribed melody or formula, still without rhythmic variation.

ix

The text of a Response should be sung at the same pace as that of the preceding Versicle or text.

(Note: The singing of Responses when the Versicles are read, or of Amens to Collects and Prayers which are recited, although a common practice, is inconsistent with the theory and rationale of choral service.)

In many texts to be sung in the Choral Service, as in a majority of Psalm verses in the Prayer-book version, one or more of the initial syllables of each sentence or half-sentence are unaccented, the first accent falling upon a subsequent syllable, viz.:

And grant us

As it was in the beginning For it is th6u, Lord, only

In all such cases great care must be taken to avoid accenting the initial unaccented syllable or syllables. All words and syllables should be rendered lightly until the first accent is reached, after which subsequent accents are given the value which characterizes good reading.

If two accented syllables are in juxtaposition, the first must be

slightly prolonged as well as accented, to preserve natural diction, viz.:

The Lord' s Name be praised For it is thou, Lord, only

o let the earth bless the Lord

MORNING AND EVENING PRAYER

The Opening Sentences, Exhortation, Confession, and The Lord's Prayer.

These portions of the service being of an introductory nature, it is appropriate and in accordance with the best precedent that they be read and not sung.

The Preces

Melodic formulee according to ancient use. These should be sung with great dignity, and with due regard to the normal retard and softening of the closing phrases.

Antiphons on Venite, exuliemus Domino

The use of these Antiphons or Sentences, which were finally adopted )y General Convention in 1925, is optional. In a measure, they -estore to the service the ancient Invitatories, which were sentences )f similar character, sung not only before Venite, but also repeated, :ompletely or in part, at intervals through the Canticle: and again

x

before and after Gloria Petri, Each Invitatory had its own melody, corresponding with one of the special settings of Venite.

When Venite is sung to an Anglican chant, the Antiphon may be sung to the same music. The pointing of the Antiphons for Anglican chanting will be found at page 46 of the Appendix.

For the convenience of those desiring to employ the Gregorian chant, the Antiphon may be sung to the melody provided in the Appendix at page 41 in the Mode of the tone chosen for Venite. The melodies there set forth have been adapted from among the simpler Antiphons of the Sarum office books.

The Creed

The Creed should either be read, or monotoned. In the latter case, its final phrase may receive the same musical treatment as that assigned below to the Suffrages. Anciently, after the first phrase of the Creed and of the Lord's Prayer had been said by the Officiant, the rest was said secretly by all until the penultimate phrase. This was sung by the Officiant in the manner of a Versicle, thus enabling the Congregation to respond with the final phrase. As this is no longer the prescribed manner of saying the Creed and the Lord's Prayer, we recommend retaining the inflection on the last phrase only, if at all.

a •

• • •• • •

• •

• • ••••

•. •. II

The Resurrection of the body:

And the Life everlasting. Amen.

• • • • •

• •• • •• •

• •

•.•. il

and the power, and the glory, for ever and ever. Amen.

The Lord's Prayer may be treated thus only when transferred to a point immediately before the Suffrages, as permitted by the rubrics.

The Suffrages

The syllabic termination of each rr and~. determines the inflection at the end of the monotonic recitation. If the last word of the sentence is a monosyllable, the medial inflection is used, thus:

a • II


u - pon us.
save the State.
xi If a word of more than one syllable, the moderate inflection, thus:

I •

"

The Collects

sal - va tion.

right - eous- ness.

The Collect for the Day, with the second and third Collects, should be sung in the manner prescribed for the Collect in the Communion Service. (q. v.) The Amens to all sung Collects should be monotonic. The succeeding prayers and the Grace should be read.

THE LITANY

The Choral Litany is printed as arranged by Archbishop Cranmer.

The earlier portions are sung to two melodies adapted from the ancient setting of the Litany. From "0 Christ, hear us," the first of these melodies and the formula of the Suffrages, as at Morning Prayer, are substituted for the more elaborate setting of earlier times.

THE HOLY COtvflv1UNION

The traditional music for the Holy Communion recognized the division into three classes of those portions of the service which were assigned to the people, viz.: (1) The Ordinary, or invariable texts, including Kyrie eleison, (of which the Lesser Litany, when used, is the counterpart) the Nicene Creed, Sanctus, and Gloria in excelsis. (2) The Proper, of which no example is retained in the Prayer-book office (except possibly the Offertory Sentences) but which formerly included the Introit, Gradual, Offertory, Communion, etc. (3) The Responsory, under which head fall Gloria tibi, S'Ursum corda, the Lord's Prayer after the Prayer of Consecration, and the Amens to Collects and Prayers. The Responses to the Decalogue properly belong to the latter class; although not having been a part of the Liturgy prior to 1549 they possess no traditional melody, and English composers have been accustomed to treat them as a part of the Ordinary, like the Creed and Sanctus.

If the people are to join in singing those portions of the service which are included in the third category, it is obvious that their melodies should be fixed, and not change from week to week, as it is quite proper that the modern or ancient setting chosen for the Ordinary may do. The traditional musical system of the Church provides these melodies, varying but slightly in festal and ferial forms; a distinction to which it is not over-important to adhere. In the present edition Gloria tibi and Sursum corda are given their traditional melodies, as well as the Lord's Prayer anciently sung by the Priest alone.

xii

In the absence of a traditional melody for the Responses to the Decalogue, it is recommended that each parish adopt one setting, or at the most, two or three; which will be used to the exclusion of all others: thus affording the congregation the opportunity to join in making the Responses, as they are directed to do by the rubric. A setting based on Merbecke's Kyrie is provided on page 19.

Choral Responses to the Decalogue should not be used unless the Commandments are sung by the Priest. If the Decalogue is read, the Responses should be recited by the congregation. (See note on p. x.) When the Decalogue is omitted, the Summary of the Law should be read, not sung. But if the Summary of the Law follow a sung Decalogue, it should likewise be sung.

For those portions of the service which are assigned to the Celebrant and his Ministers, equally definite provision is made by established tradition. For the Proper, consisting of the Collect, Epistle, and Gospel for the Day, and for the Blessing, monotonic recitation with inflections governed by fixed rules; for the Preface, a special melody; for the endings both of the Prayer for the Church and of' the Prayer of Consecration, custom of long standing permits the use of a special melody, which is that of the Latin per omnia saecula saeculorum, and uniform with the close of the Lord's Prayer. (See page 34.) The initial Lord's Prayer and the Collect for Purity, formerly and logically a part of his private preparation, should be recited, not sung, by the Priest.

As provided by the rubric before the Lesser Litany, the Collects may be preceded by "The Lord be with you," which should be sung in monotone with its Response, and followed by "Let us pray," of which the music is that traditional for Oremus. (See page 19.)

The Tone of the Collect

The Collect for the Day consists normally of four parts: the Address, the Petition, the Oblation, and the Doxology. This structure is clearly brought out by the melodic formula, which consists of monotone followed by a cadence at the close of the Address; an inflection at the first convenient pause in the Petition; the same inflection at the close of the Oblation; and the first cadence immediately before the concluding phrase of the Doxology.

The Cadence is of one fixed accent with two preparatory notes.

The last accented syllable of the Address and of the phrase preceding the last phrase of the Doxology always falls upon the accented note. For example:

The Cadence ,
I • • • • • 00 •


I Advent vi sit us in great hu - mil ty;
III Advent to pre - pare thy way be - fore thee;
Christmas born of a pure vir gin;
II Epiphany aU things in heav - en and earth;
Septuagesima hear the prayers of thy Iifu; ple:
Easter gate of ev - er - last - 109
Trinity to wor ship the U ni ty:
V Trinity or der ed by thy gov er nance,
The Inflection
The Inflection consists of a drop of a semitone; normally, but not
invariably, on an unaccented syllable. For example: I •

IV Advent through Je - sus Christ our Lord, to whom, etc.

Whitsunday a right judg- ment in all things,

Whitsunday Christ Je - sus our Sa viour, who liv - eth, etc.

II Trinity Keep us, we be - seech thee,

IV Trinity up - on us thy mer cl':

XXII Trinity free from all ad - ver - si ties,

St. Thomas through the same Je sus Christ, to whom, etc.

Transfiguration the King in his beau ty, who with thee, etc.

St. Matthew thy Son Je - sus Christ, who liv - eth, etc.

Should the Collect commence at once with the Petition, the Cadence

should be used in place of the Inflection, which should be omitted.

When the Collect does not close with the Doxology, but with the Oblation only, the Cadence should be sung instead of the Inflection. The following examples illustrate both cases.

Examples of Endings ,

c ••• • • (I) • • • • • II


I Advent thee and the Ho - ly Gh6st, now and ev-er.
II Advent in our Sa viour J6 - sus Christ.
III Advent Spirit ev er, one G6d, world, etc.
IV Advent be hon - our and g16 TY, world, etc.
St. Stephen Medi a - tor .and Ad - vo - cate.
St. John Evang. thro' J: sus Christ our Lord.
Circumcision thy Son sus Christ our Lord.
Quinquagesima only Son sus Christ's sake.
IV Lent our Lord and Sa viour J6 sus Christ.
III Easter thro' our Lord ~. sus Christ.
Whitsunda the same St - rit, one world, etc.
IV TrinityY sake 0 Je - sus Christ our Lord.
XII Trinity of J e - sus Christ, thy 860, our Lord.
XXIV Trinity our bless - ed Lord and SA viour.
St. Thomas be all hon - our and g16 rr, now and, etc.
For Peace of Je- sus Christ our sa viour. xiv

The Collect may be monotoned without loss of its choral character. Another Tone will be found in the Appendix.

The Tone of the Epistle

The Epistle is announced and chanted slowly and solemnly in monotone, except when a question occurs. Questions are sung as follows:

I I • II
g • • • • • • ." a • • • I ·

de - sire to be un - der the law, do ye not hear the law?
one re - ceiv - eth the prize?
Are they Is ra el lites?
Are they He- brews?
What is that to thee?
What shall I cry?
Who is this?
What then?
What? If the question be short, it is recited on a note a semitone lower.

If it be long, die first part may be sung on the ordinary reciting note, and the last phrase should begin a semi tone lower. The last three syllables always take the cadence as above.

The separate articulation of the final syllable .. ed" demands much care, wherever it occurs. When it would fall on the rhythmic beat, or would throw another weak syllable on the rhythmic beat, it should, if possible, be merged in the preceding syllable.

She hath receiv'd of the Lord's hand His mother answer'd and said

They determin'd to send relief

When it falls between two accents, or is the final syllable of a phrase

or of a sentence, it should be pronounced, but very quietly.

One of them named Agabus

He shall be revealed, and all flesh, etc. Hotr he would have him called

There is no authority for a change of note on the last accent of the Epistle: but it may be somewhat stressed on the same note. Another Tone will be found in the Appendix .

.. Here endeth the Epistle" should be said, not sung.

The Tone of the Gospel

The Gospel is announced and chanted in a solemn monotone, with a fall of a minor third on an unaccented syllable before the last metrical

xv

foot; except when a question occurs, which is to be sung as in the Epistle; and except for the last sentence, which has a special Conclusion, as will be seen below. The chant of the Announcement, Response, and Gospel is invariably uniform.

I • •. •.

• •

• •

• • •

• • • •

• •

• J

The Holy Gospel is written in the second Chapter of Saint Luke, beginning

c • • • .' II • • • • • .' II
• •
at the fifteenth Verse. 010 - ry be to thee, 0 Lord.
The Gospel Cadence In the Cadence care must be taken to avoid singing an accented syllable to the lower note: and also to avoid any accent or stress on the final syllable "ed," when (as is by no means infrequently the case) it is not more euphonious to merge it in the preceding syllable.

I
C • • • • • • .' (.) .' II

be gin - ning at the first Verse.
at the twen - ty fifth Verse.
at the for - ty sec ond Verse.
the powers of heav-en shall be sM ken.
with power and £5t glo » ry.
your re . demp - tion dow - eth nigh.
till all be fuI - ffit ed.
shall not be of fend - ed in me.
the gos pel preach'd to them. The Conclusion

In the Conclusion, the group of three notes, the first of which is both accented and a little lengthened, always falls on an accented syllable not less than the fourth nor more than the sixth from the end.

I I
C • • • • J • • • • .' II
shall pre • pare thy way be f6re thee.
and shall shew it Un to you.
though one r6se from the dead.
shall taste of my sdp - per.
but my w6rds shall not pd.Ss a - way.
his br6 • ther their tres - pass. es.
xvi Other Tones will be found in the Appendix.

The Gospel may be monotoned without loss of its choral character: but if so, Gloria tibi should obviously be monotoned also. If the Gospel is read, Gloria tibi should be read. The optional response Ie Praise be to thee, 0 Christ" should be said, not sung.

In singing the Collect, Epistle and Gospel, the Priest should aim at very distinct enunciation of the words; and should adopt such a pitch as will make them audible to every person present.

The Intonation of the Creed

The Intonation of the Creed is invariable, unless it be followed by a plainsong setting other than the original ancient melody. The invariable Intonation should precede a setting of modern composition. In either case the words of the Intonation should not be repeated, Choir and people continuing Ie the Father Almighty."

I

. "

."

II

I be - lieve in one God.

The form of the Intonation has been the subject of most careful study, based upon minute analysis of the ancient melody. This melody is a true chant, whose various cadences are always definitely related to the rhythm and meaning of the associated words. The original Intonation is this:

ere - do in

u - num De - um.

Both the accent and the root meaning of Credo fall with the first syllable on the higher note; the personal ending on the lower. If we substitute Ie I believe in one God," this order is reversed, the unaccented personal pronoun falling on the more prominent note; and we also lack enough syllables for the musical phrase at unum Deum, a phrase never altered in the original. We have therefore chosen for the Intonation that portion of the original chant which is set to the words et ex Petre natum, which have the precise rhythm and accent of "I believe in one God." The notes, therefore, correspond to the meaning and flow of the English words with the same fidelity which characterizes the setting of the original Latin words. Other settings will be found in the Appendix.

The Offertory

The Offertory Sentence or Sentences should be said, not sung, by the Priest.

The Prayer for the Church

This intercessory Prayer, preceding as it does the devotions preparatory to Holy Communion, is out of immediate relationship to the choral portions of the service. No musical inflections are provided in the older Liturgies for the corresponding prayers, except in the single instance of the Solemn Collects on Good Friday, which cannot be considered a precedent here. It therefore seems advisable that the Prayer with its Amen should be read. An optional setting of its final phrase, previously mentioned on p. xiii, will be found in the Appendix.

The Preparation for Holy Communion

The Exhortation, Confession, and Absolution, forming a section by themselves in preparation for the people's reception of Holy Communion, should be said. The Comfortable Words are also included in this category. That they are frequently sung is due to a misconception of their position in the service, in which they are sequential to the Absolution, and not connected with Sursum corda. The character of Sursum corda as the initial portion of the most solemn part of the service is emphasized by the resumption of musical rendering, in a melody which is continued naturally in the Preface immediately following.

(Note: It should be observed that the Comfortable Words were omitted from Merbecke's setting of the Liturgy in which they had recently been incorporated. The fact is significant, but has often been overlooked.)

Sursum corda and The Preface

The ancient setting of this portion of the service is perhaps the most venerable and widely known of Christian melodies. It has been studied with exhaustive scrutiny, in order that the adaptation of the English words should completely conform to the established relationship between words and music in the original. The pace should be dignified, and the tone well sustained. The Celebrant should not sing faster than do the Choir and Congregation. Both must be careful in singing the group of three notes, wherever it occurs, as at the word "lift," to accent and to lengthen the first of them-not the last. The music will be found on page 26.

The Proper Prefaces are printed from the point at which variation in the musical setting is necessitated by the text. The words of Sanctus should follow the ending of the Preface as closely as possible.

The Prayer of Consecration

The Prayer of Consecration should be read clearly and distinctly, so as to be audible throughout the Church. The restoration of the Lord's Prayer, with its introductory words, to its former place immediately after the Prayer of Consecration, makes it desirable that the concluding phrase of the latter, in accordance with ancient practice, should be sung by the Priest. The Amen after the Prayer of Consecration is the most important assigned to the Congregation. It should not be sung by the Choir alone, but by all the faithful. The music will be found on page 34.

The Lord's Prayer

The music of the Lord's Prayer, with its introduction, will be found on page 34. Merbecke's arrangement of the ferial chant, widely in use, will be found in the Appendix.

The Prayer of Humble Access

The Prayer of Humble Access should be recited by the Priest. not sung.

The Prayer of Thanksgiving

The Prayer of Thanksgiving may be monotoned if desired; or else recited.

Gloria in excels is

Gloria in excelsis should be intoned by the Priest; Choir and people continuing "and on earth peace, good will towards men." In the traditional plainsong settings of Gloria in excelsis the Intonation varies with each setting. It seems wise to adopt a single Intonation for invariable use with polyphonic settings.

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~... II

Glo - ry be to God on high.

Collects Before the Blessing

Should an additional Collect or Collects be sung immediately before the Blessing, the melodic formula is the same as at the Collect for the Day.

xix

The Blessing

The Blessing has its own historic inflection, to be found at page 35.

If, as is also perfectly permissible by ancient precedent, it be said. the succeeding Amen should also be said.

THE LITANY OF THE ORDINAL

As a new and briefer Litany and Suffrages for Ordinations has been added to the Book of Common Prayer. it has been set to the musical phrases of the ancient Litany in the Sarum service books.

THE CHORAL SERVICE

AS

SET FORTH BY THE JOINT COMMISSION ON CHURCH MUSIC

3

A Table of Musical Notation

The traditional musical notes and signs used in this edition are the following:

The C clef: the line on which it is placed indicates what is known in modern music as the tonic of the diatonic major scale.

The F clef: its line indicates the subdominant of the diatonic major scale.

t== __

The flat indicates the lowering of the seventh note of the diatonic major scale one half-tone. In Gregorian music, no other note of the scaie is ever chromatically altered.

. . ,

These three notes are of equal time value. The second is written only in descending groups. The third indicates accent.

The Clivis. The upper note is sung first.

The Podatus. The lower note is sung first.

The Scandicus. The lower note is sung first.

4

The Climacus. The upper note is sung first.

The Torculus. In the second group, the last note is softly prolonged.

The Quilisma group. The lower note is sung first, lengthened, and accented: the second note is sung lightly .

A horizontal line over a note indicates that it should be both stressed and lengthened.

"".

A dot after a note indicates that it should be doubled in length.

The Guide indicates the position of the first note on the next staff.

The various forms of the Bar indicate longer or shorter pauses.

II

II

The Double Bar indicates the final close. or the close of a section.

THE CHORAL SERVICE

Morning and Evening Prayer The Preces

I

.- . .

• J

.

y. o Lord, open thou our lips. RJ. And our mouth shall show forth
I J
; • .- II • • • • • • • • • • .-

thy praise. y. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, D • • • • .- II • • • • • • • ._ I J


and to the Holy Ghost; R,1. As it was In the beginning,
IIJ
; • • • • • • • • • • • .-
!!!I

is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
II
; • • • ~ II • • • • ~
.-

y Praise ye the Lord. RJ. The Lord's Name be praised.
The Apostles' Creed
II J
D • • • • .- : • • • • • • • •


I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
.-1 ~
; • • .- I • • • • • • • • • •


heaven and earth: And In Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord: 6

• • • • • • • •

• • •

• • • .' J

c •

---------------------------------------------------

Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, Born of the Virgin Mary:

• • • •

• • ••

• • • •

• .' J

Suffered under Pontius Pilate, Was crucified, dead, and buried:

a·· • • •

. ,

• • •

•• , J

•• •

He descended into hell; The third day he rose again from the dead:

• • • • • • ••

• •

J

He ascended into heaven, And sitteth on the right hand of

c·· • • • • •

• J

God the Father Almighty: From thence he shall come to judge

a • • • • ••

the quick and the dead.
, , J
a •• ••
• • • • • • • • • • • • •

I believe in the Holy Ghost: the holy Catholic Church;
a • • • • • •• • • • • • •• • The Communion of Saints: The Forgiveness of sins: The

a • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ··11 ~
••

Resurrection of the body: And the Life everlasting. Amen. 7

Dominusvobiscum, "Pater noster, and The Suffrages

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••

"

• •

II

f. The Lord he with you. ~. And with thy spirit.

c·· =:

Let us pray.

The Lord's Prayer

(to be said here when omitted at the beginning of the Office)

••

• •

OUR Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy

c

••

••

• • • • • •

kingdom come, Thy will be done,

On earth as it is in heaven.

;---.----.---.---.---.---.---.---.-·~I~.-- __ · · __ · · · __ · ·~'I_J

Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses,

c·· •• • • • • • • • I. · · · · · J As we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into

c··· ·1· · · · · · IJ

temptation, But deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom,

; • • • • • • • I • • • • • • ...... 11 J

and the power, and the glory, for ever and ever. Amf'~. I I- I I I I I II I I I I ~
- I-

~. o Lord, show thy mercy upon us. ~.And grant us thy . .-

.. II I

I-

I

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·-11 ~

salvation. ,. 0 God, make clean our hearts within us.

I

I

I I

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~. And take not thy Holy Spirit from us.

The Suffrages at Evening Prayer

I I

I-

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I

I I I I_ I_ II I

I

I I I I- I_II~

'f. 0 Lord, show thy mercy upon us. ~. And grant us thy salvation .

I

. - "

• I I I I

I

I

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'f. 0 Lord, save the State. ~. And mercifully hear us when we

• I

I-

I- [I

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I I I I

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I

call upon thee. , Endue thy Ministers with righteousness .

I

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• - II I

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I

~. And make thy chosen people joyful. ,. 0 Lord, save thy people.

9

• •

• •• II

1. And bless thine inheritance. ;. Give peace in our time. 0 Lord.

a • • • i

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• •

• • • • •

· .... f

1. For it is thou. Lord. only. that makest us dwell in safety.

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;. 0 God. make clean our hearts within us. 1. And take not thy

a·· • • .. •. "

J

Holy Spirit from us.

After the Collects

Amen.

to

The Litany

Note that with the exception of such portions as are ordered to be said by the Minister, the Litany may be sung by one or more Chanters.

• •

• • • •

•. II J

0 GOD the Fa-ther, Cre-a-tor of hea - vea and earth;
J
• • • •• II


Have mer - cy up - on us.
• • • •• • • • • • •• II


0 God the Son, Re-deem-er of the world; • • • • •• II
.
Have mer - cy up -on us.
• • • • • •• • • • •

• •

• •

o God the Ho -Iy Ghost, Sanc-ti - fi - er of the faith - fuI;

••

II

Have mer - cy up - on us.

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •• ~ ~
0 ho -Iy biess-ed, and glo - ri - ous Trin-i - ty, one God; •

.- .-

II

Have mer - cy up - on us.

11

c ...

Remember not, Lord, our offences, nor the offences of our forefathers; neither take thou vengeance of our sins: Spare us, good Lord, spare thy people, whom

thou hast redeemed C~.""'-=.-g--"'·~·--II-I.I---.--:.=---."'---rl .... J

with thy most precious . ..

blood, and be not angry with us for ever. Spare us, good Lord.

From all evil and mischief;

from sin; from the crafts Ce- •• -:.=--.--"'-·---'·=---IIH.t---.--=.,....-I.I-I.I'-·rl-tlJ and assaults of the devil; . .. from thy wrath, and from everlasting damnation, Good Lord, deliver us.

From all blindness of :-------::-.----------,rT_~ heart; from pride, vainglory, 6-C-a.-a.-a.--.-.-·=--t--.--.--=.,....-I.I-I.I'-·tj .... J

and hypocrisy; from envy, - ..

hatred, and malice, and all

uncharitableness, Good Lord, deliver us.

From all inordinate and Ce- .... t------...;---.-·=---=·'--II-I.I---.---tl-tlJ

sinful affections; and from all ...

the deceits of the world, the flesh, and the devil, Good Lord, etc.

From lightning and tempest; ::--------:-:----,.---------rT-I from earthquake, fire, and flood; C6---i ...... ----=.=---.---'·"-'·=--t •• --.---tlrJ

from plague, pestilence, and fam- -.l.L-- -'.L--

ine; from battle and murder, and from sudden death, Good Lord, etc.

From all sedition, privy conspiracy, and rebellion; from all false doctrine, heresy,

and schism; from s-C--I.I---=.=-------==----=--I'--III------+HI hardness of heart,

and contempt of thy Word and

• c I • 1/ J
• •
Commandment, Good Lord, etc.
0 0 I • " ~
• • • By the mystery of thy ::---------::---=:--~----rT_I

holy Incarnation; by thy eC-a.-a.-~ __ ------"'--=--+- ---_tH

holy Nativity and Circum- L- -LL..-

cision ; by thy Baptism, Fasting, and Temptation, Good Lord, etc.

12

By thine Agony and Bloody Sweat; by thy Cross and Passion; by thy precious Death i and Burial; by thy glorious Ce--a-a--=:a--a---=a:o::·-t--lal----a--tlt-t. Resurrection and Ascen- -'sion; and by the Coming of the Holy Ghost, Good Lord, etc.

In all time of our tribulation; in all time of

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our prosperity;

in the hour of death, and in the day of judgment, Good Lord, etc.

We sinners do beseech thee to hear us, 0 Lord God; and that it may please thee to rule and govern thy holy Church universal

•. I •

••

in the right way; We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee

so to rule the heart of thy servant, The President of the United States, that he may above all things

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a •

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seek thy honour and glory; We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee to bless and preserve all Christian Rulers and Magistrates, giving them grace to execute justice,

c •

••

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a

and to maintain truth; We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee to illuminate all Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, with true knowl-

edge and understanding eC---t.I---I.II----=.-.---'.=--.=--=a-+l--a--la...- ... I---+lrJ

of thy Word; and that -: ::

both by their preaching

and living they may set it forth, and show it accordingly; We beseech, etc.

a

a

lit

C· a

That it may please thee to send forth labourers

a

into thy harvest; We beseech, eu:

13
IU
I • • • I • • •

That it may please •
thee to bless and keep all thy people; We beseech, etc. a·· ·

• • •

That it may please thee to give to all nations unity, peace, and concord; We beseech, etc.

That it may please as--I.~.II--:::."'----'."---l!.'--+--I.t- •• --t.t--tlrJ

thee to give us an • ::

heart to love and fear

thee, and diligently to live after thy commandments; We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee to give to all thy people increase
of grace to hear meekly II J
thy Word, and to receive a • • • I • • •

it with pure affection, •
and to bring forth the fruits of the Spirit; We beseech, etc. That it may please thee s-a- •• --=.--.--'·"---"'·--+--I.t- •• --I.t--tlr~

to bring into the way of --

truth all such as have erred and are deceived;

We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee to strengthen such as do stand; and
to comfort and help the I ~
weak-hearted; and to raise I • •• • •

up those who fall; and •
finally to beat down Satan under our feet; We beseech, etc. That it may please thee to a-1--t.t-=-.-.-·=--.....,·'--t--t.t- •• --t.t--tlrJ

succour, help, and comfort, --

ail who are in danger, necessity, and tribulation;

We beseech, etc.

14

That it may please thee to preserve all who travel by land, by water, or by air, all

women in childbirth, 15--t11--.1 --;;~:------.:~=-----=~'---+--..~-t~t---.~-rl-tlJ all sick persons, and "'----=---111-------+-------...,:1+:-

young children; and

to show thy pity upon all prisoners and captives;

We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee C I I I I I I ~ I I II J

to defend, and provide for, :::...-----=I:- .. I----I:-----+:f-:

the fatherless children,

and widows, and all who are desolate and oppressed;

We beseech, etc.

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That it may please thee to have mercy upon all men; We beseech, etc.

That it may please C I I·
thee to forgive our I I
enemies, persecu-
tors, and slanderers, and to turn their hearts; I I

I

We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee 5-C-tlt-----=,.----=I"--~I=---+--III- .. I---tll-rl-tlJ to give and preserve to our =-----'I=----tIIr--------+-----t:+-:

use the kindly fruits of the earth, so that in due time

we may enjoy them; We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee to give us true repentance; to forgive us all our sins, negligences,

and ignorances; and C I I I I I·

to endue us with the I I I

grace of thy Holy

Spirit to amend our lives according to thy holy Word; We beseech, etc.

I

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Son of God, we beseech thee to hear us. ij. 0 Lamb of God, who

15

I· • • • • • •

••

• J

••

takest away the sins of the world; Grant us thy peace. 0 Lamb of

I •.

• • • • • • • •

••

God, who takest away the sins of the world; Have mercy upon us.

I • • II •• • • • • II •• J
•• •
• •
0 Christ, hear us. ij. Lord, have mercy upon us. ij. Christ,
J
I • • • • II •• • • • • II
• •
• •
have mercy upon us. ij. Lord, have mercy upon us. ij. Then shall the Minister, and the People with him, say The Lord's Prayer

• •

OUR Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name.

Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, On earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those who trespass against us,

I •

• • ••

• • •

• • •••

• •

And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil. Amen.

The Minister may, at his discretion, omit all that followeth, to the Prayer We humbly beseech thee, 0 Father, etc.

16

Minister

.'

II

; . .'

• • • • • •

o Lord, deal not with us according to our sins.

• • • • • • • •

• •

• e'

II

Neither reward us according to our iniquities .

.'

•••

Let us pray. 0 GOD, merciful Father, who despisest not the sighing of a contrite heart, nor the desire of such as are sorrowful; Mercifully assist our prayers which we make before thee in all our troubles and adversities, whensoever they oppress us; and graciously hear us, that those evils which the craft and subtilty of the devil or man worketh against us, may, by thy good providence, be brought to nought; that we thyserv-

ants, being hurt by no; 8---t.t-----tl.I-e.---..-----=--tl--=.,--t.t=-'-rIJ

persecutions, may ever- • '.':: ::

more give thanks unto

thee in thy holy Church; through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Amen.

; . .' . .'

~ Minister and People ,

•. II J

• • • ••• • • •

o Lord, a-rise, help us, and de-liv-er us for thy Name's sake.

Minister

c· •

o GOD, we have heard with ; • • • • • •

our ears, and our fathers have .'

declared unto us, the noble

works that thou didst in their days, and in the old time before them.

17

~ Minister and People

c

••

• • •

• • • •

••

•. II J

o Lord, a-rise, help us, and de-liv-er us for thine hon-our.

Minister

c·· • • • • • • • • •

• • • •

••

Glo-ry be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Ho -ly Ghost;

c··· · .. .. · · · .. · ·

• • • ••

As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end.

c II •

• • ••

• • •

••

•. II

• • • •

A-men. From our enemies defend us, 0 Christ. Graciously look

•. II J

c·· • • •.

••

• • • •

upon our afflictions. With pity behold the sorrows of our hearts.

c

• • • •

• •

••

••

Mercifully forgive the sms of thy people.

Favourably with

••

• ••

••••. ··IIJ

c··

mercy hear our prayers. 0 Son of David, have mercy upon us.

18

;~&----~-.~===~.~===~.~==~.~~.~===~.~==--.-------.-------~.~-------~.~----~.~.~~~~-.~.~.;;[J~r1

Both now and ever vouchsafe to hear us, 0 Christ.

Graciously hear us, 0 Christ; graciously hear us, 0 Lord Christ.

• •

••

••

II

o Lord, let thy mercy be showed upon us;

; • • • • • • •• II • • •
• •
As we do put our trust in thee. Let us pray.
; ••• WE humbly beseech thee, 0 Father, mercifully to look upon our infirmities; and, for the glory of thy Name, turn from us all those evils that we most justly have deserved; and grant, that in all our troubles we may put our whole trust and con-

fidence in thy mercy, and evermore ;s--i.I--I.t----i.t---------=.-. -rl-=.,-· ~.I'-. tl

serve thee in holiness and pureness "'------------ .---=---++: : -=----+t::

of living, to thy honour and glory;

through our only Mediator and Advocate, Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Any succeeding prayers are sung on a monotone, or read.

J9

The Holy Communion A Response to the Decalogue After nine Commandments

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••

• • • •• • • •

• • •

Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.

After the tenth Commandment
a §.
• • • • •
•• • • •• . .. • •

Lord, have mer-cy u-pon us, and write all these thy laws
a
•• • II
• • • •• ••

in our hearts, we be-seech thee.
Before the Collect
a • • • • • II • • • • • II • • $


The Lord be with you. ~. And with thy spirit. Let us pray. The Collect for Septuagesima noted in full

a •

••

• • •

• • • • •• • •

o LORD, we beseech thee favourably to hear the prayers of thy

c·· I •

••

• • • • • • • • • •••

• J

people; that we, who are justly punished for our offences, may be

20

c·· •• • • •• • •

• •

?=?

...... ~

mercifully delivered by thy goodness, for the glory of thy Name;

c

• •

• •

through Jesus Christ our Saviour, who liveth and reigneth with

c

• • •

• •

• •

·"11 ." ·"Ii

thee and the Holy Ghost ever, one God, world without end. Amen.

The Epistle for Septuagesima noted in full

c •

• • • •

• • • •

• • •

The Epistle is written in the ninth Chapter of First
C • • • ." • • • • • • • • ." II ~

Corinthians, beginning at the twenty-fourth Verse. •

• • • •

. ."

KNOW ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one

• • ••

. ."

• •

." I •

• • •

receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. And every man

that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now

they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorrupt-

21

; • ·"1

• • • •

." • • • • •• I •

. ." . .

ible.

I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as

a •

·"1· •

• • ••

one that beateth the air: but I keep under my body, and bring

a··· · · ." I •

• • •

."

• •

. ~

it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached

a •

• • •• •

• •

i •• "

II

to others, I myself should be a castaway.

The Gospel for the Fourth Sunday in Advent noted in full

i

• •• • •

• • • • •

• •

• J

Minister. The Holy Gospel is written in the first Chapter of Saint

." I.

• • •

."

II

c

John, beginning at the nineteenth Verse.

c

II

. .. .. ."

People. Glory be to thee, 0 Lord .

• • • • • •

• " I •

• • • J

a

THIS is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites

••••••

." I. •

• • • .'. J

from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou? And he confessed, and

2Z

c··· ." 1 •

• • •

• •

."

denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ. And they asked

c ."

;:

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•• ;: I

him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am not.

c •

• ;: I .•

•• •

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Art thou that prophet? And he answered, No. Then said they

c··

• •

unto him, Who art thou? that we may give an answer to them

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• •

. . "

;" I·

." I. • • J

that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself? He said, I am the

c

• • • • • • • • ••

• • • J

voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the

• " I· ·

• •

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• J

c

Lord, as said the prophet Esaias. And they which were sent were

. . ."

• •

" I

• •• ." 1 J

c

• •

of the Pharisees. And they asked him, and said unto him,

c •

• ••

• • • • •

."

• ••• " Ii

Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias,

c •

• •

• •

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neither that prophet? John answered them, saying, I baptize

23

• • 1

••

with water: but there standeth one among you, whom ye

•. 1 •

• •• •

• • •• • • •

• • •. I~

know not: he it is, who coming after me is preferred before me,

• • •• •

• •• ••

whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose. These things

•• • •• • •

J

were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.

The Intonation to the Creed

c •• II
• • • •
• •
I be-lieve in one God. Intonation, Priest

The Nicene Creed

Choir and Congregation

Mode IV

••

•. II 5D • • • • ..1.

• • 4

I BE-LIEVE in one God The Fa-ther Al-migh-ty, Ma-ker of

••

hea-ven and earth, And of all things vi-si-ble and in-vi-si-ble:

• I

. ~ ..

14

• •• •

• •

D.

And in one Lord Je-sus Christ, the on-ly-be-got-ten Son of God;

24

I

D •

• • •

• •

••

II. i

Be-got-ten of his Fa-ther be-fore all worlds, God of God, Light

. ..... ... of Light, Ve-ry God of ve-ry God; Be-got-ten, not made; Be-ing

I

• •

.' 1 §D

•. 114

• •

of one substance with the Fa-ther; By whom all things were made:

• • ••

Who for us men and for our sal-va-tion came down from hea-ven,

c

•• •

• •

• •. 14

And was in-ear-nate by the Ho-ly Ghost of the Vir-gin Ma-ry,

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•. II • • .' '!5, • 4

• • • •• • •

And was made man: And was cru-ci-fi-ed al - so for us un-der

e I§; • • • • .. II ~
• • •• • ~
• •
Pon - tius Pi - late; He suf - fer - ed and was bu - ri - ed:
C I§D
• • II ~
• • • • • • • • • • •
• ~: And the third day he rose a-gain ac-cord-ing to the Scrip-tures:

• •

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And as-cend-ed in-to hea-ven, And sit-teth on the right hand of

25

I ~--.-- .. '-~.L.~I~I--~--~.~-.-----.---.---.---.---'.'-~.~._11§=~_-+.~

the Fa-ther: And he shall come a-gain, with glo-ry, to judge

•. I

both the quick and the dead; Whose king-dom shall have no end.

And I be-lieve in the Ho-ly Ghost, The Lord, and Giv-er of Life,

• • 1.

• • • • • ••• •

• • .. I i

• •

•. II.

• i

Who pro-ceed-eth from the Fa-ther and the Son; Who with the

.

• 1. •. Ii

• • •

Fa-ther and the Son to-geth-er is wor-shipp'd and glo - ri - fi -ed;

I

Who spake by the Pro-phets:

I

• • • • jI.

• • •

iii.

II i

And I be-lieve one Ca - tho - lie and A - pos - to - lie Church:

I

••

•. II i

••

I ac-know-ledge one Bap-tism for the re - mis - sion of sins:

• • • • • • I i
• • •
• • • •
And I look for the Re - sur - rec - tion of the dead:
I §~
• •• ~ •• =tt- II
• • •
• • - -t =:
And the Life of the world to come. A - men. 26

Sursum corda and the Preface

On Sundays and on Feasts which have no Proper Prefaces

II

i

r-: II

• J •

f. Lift up your hearts. IV. We lift them up un-to the Lord.

c

• • J r-

r- = · =

.. II

• • J •

f. Let us give thanks un-to our Lord God. IV. I t is meet and

c •.

= • ra:lI.

• • • ••

••

right so to do. It IS ve-ry meet, right, and our boun-den du-ty,

c • • • • •• • • • • •• • ra

that we should at all times, and III all pla-ces, give thanks
C •. I • •. I ~
• .. • • • • • =
II • • r- = • un-to thee, *0 Lord, Ho-ly Fa-ther, Al-migh-ty, E-ver-last-ing God.

c

There-fore with An-gels and Arch-an-gels, and with all the

c •

• •

• •

• r-

com-pa-ny of hea-ven, we laud and mag-ni-fy thy glo-rious

c •• • • • • = II
• ra = • •
Name; ev - er - more prais - ing thee, and say-ing, Zl

Proper Prefaces

Upon Christmas Day, and seven days after

c •

••

.' I~

o Lord, Ho -Ty Fa-ther, Al - migh - ty, E - ver -last - ing God.

c .

.'

Be-cause thou didst give Je - sus Christ, thine on -ly Son, to be

c • • • • • • • ~
• ~ ; • : • .' •

born as at this time for us; who, by the o - pe - ra - tion of c •

••

.'

. ~

the Ho -ly Ghost, was made ve - ry man, of the substance of the

e •

.' I •

Vir - gin Ma - ry his mo - ther; and that with-out spot of sin,

c •

= .'

to make us clean from all sm. There-fore, etc. p. (26)

Upon The Epiphany, and seven days after

; .'

. .'

• r-

•. I

o Lord, Ho-Iy Fa-ther, Al-migh-ty, Ev-er-Iast-ing God, Through

.' I •

• •

• • II •

.' I J

i •

;

Je - sus Christ our Lord; who, in sub-stance of our mor-tal flesh,

28

c·· ·

= . I •

• • • J

man - i-fest - ed forth his glo - ry; that he might bring us out of

c •

r- = ·

••

dark-ness in - to his own glo-rious light. There-fore, etc. p. (26)

Upon the Purification, Annunciation and Transfiguration

c •

••

o Lord, Ho - ly Fa-ther, Al-migh-ty, Ev - er - last - ing God.

c •

• •

.. I •

Be-cause in the Mys - ter - y of the Word made flesh, thou hast

e • • • • • • r- .. I • • II ]
• • •
caus - ed a new light to shine in our hearts, to give the know-
e •
• • • • • • • II • =
• r- I

ledge of thy glo - ry in the face of thy Son J e - sus Christ a •

••

our Lord. There-fore. etc. p. (26)

29

Upon Easter Day, and .seven day.s after

c •

...

•. I ~

o Lord, Ho -Iy Fa - ther, AI- migh - ty, E - ver -Tast - ing God.

c

•. I •

But chief -Iy are we bound to praise thee for the glo - rious

~C~.~-=· • __ ~· __ ~·= __ -=· __ ~~~_I~ __ -=· I __ ~.~ __ ~

Re - sur - ree - tion of thy Son J e - sus Christ our Lord:

c·· • • •

~ .

••

• • r- I ··1 J

for he is the ve - ry Pas-chal Lamb, which was of-fer-ed for us,

c •

••

I'- I • I

and hath ta-ken a-way the sin of the world; who by his death

c • • r- a· • • • • • • • • •
• •
hath de - stroy - ed death, and by his ris - ing to life a - gain
C • • • • • r- I • I • •• • I· I hath re-stor-ed to us e-ver-Iast-Ing life. There-fore, etc. p. (26)

30

Upon Ascension Day, and seven days after

c •

••

• •

• • •

•. I J

o Lord, Ho-Iy Fa -ther, Al-migh-ty, E - ver-Iast-ing God.

c • • • • • • • • 1\ = · = ... IJ

Through thy most dear-ly be-Iov -ed Son Je-sus Christ our Lord;

c:----~ • .-~.~-.~--.--~.~~.~~.~~.~--.----.--~.~~.~--.~.~J

who, af - ter his most glo-rious Re-sur-rec-tion, man-i - fest-Iy

c··

. I.

• J

ap-pear-ed to all his A - pos-tIes, and 10 their sight as-cend-ed

c • • ~ = • • • • ~ •. I •
• • •
up in - to hea - yen, to pre-pare a place for us; that where
C •
• •• • • • • • • • • •
~
he is, thi - ther we might al - so as - cend, and reign with C ~;--=.--~=~~.~.~-- •• ----=~.-4~------------------

him in glo - ry.

There - fore etc. p. (26)

Upon the Feast of Whitsunday, and six days after

c ....

•. I J

• •

o Lord, Ho -ly Fa - ther, AI- migh - ty, E - ver -last - ing God .

c

.. I •

Through J e - sus Christ our Lord; ac - cord - ing to whose most

31

; r- = •• I • • • • • • • •

true pro - mise, the Ho - ly Ghost carne down as at this
; • I • • • I ~
r- = • • ~ = i
• time from hea - Yen, light - ing up - on the dis - ci - pIes,
; ~ I •
• • • • • • = ·
~ = • •
to teach them, and to lead them in - to all truth; giv - ing
; • • • • ~
•• • • • •
• • •
them bold-ness with fer-vent zeal con-stant-Iy to preach the ;

Gos - pel un - to all na-tions; where-by we have been brought

; • • • • r- = • I • i • • • • ~

out of dark-ness and er - ror in - to the clear light and true
; • . I ~
• • • • •• = .
~ = • •
know-ledge of thee, and of thy Son Je sus Christ. ;

There-fore etc. (26)

Upon the Feast of Trinity only

~ .

••

~ = . = .

o Lord, Ho -Iy Fa - ther, Al- migh - ty, Ev - er -Iast - ing God.

32

c

••

•. 1 J

Who, with thine on -ly - be - got - ten Son, and the Ho -ly Ghost,

c •

.. I. • · • ·

• • • r'- ;J

art one God, one Lord, in Tri-ni- ty of Per-sons and in U - ni - ty

G •

••

of Sub - stance. For that which we be - lieve of thy glo - ry,

• • •

.. . . .~

o Fa-ther, the same we be -lieve of the Son, and of the

••

• • • •

Ho -ly Ghost, without an - y dif-fer-ence of in - e - qual- i - ty.

c

There - fore etc. p. (26)

Or this,

o Lord, Ho - ly Fa - ther, AI- migh - ty, E - ver -last - ing God.

c •

• •

•• •

For the pre-cious death and me - rits of thy Son Je - sus Christ

c •

•. 1 •

• • • • • • • • • • •

our Lord. and for the send-ing to us of the Ho - ly Ghost,

33

. I. ·

• •

the Com-for-ter; who are one with thee in thy E - ter - nat

C I

••

God-head. There-fore etc. p. (26)

Upon All Saints' Day, and seven days after

; .

••

o Lord, Ho -Iy Fa-ther, Al-rnigh - ty, Ev - er -Iast - ing God.

• • • • • • •

• I

. ~

• •

Who, in the mul- ti - tude of thy Saints, hast com - pass - ed us

; • • • • • • • •• ~
r- I • ••

a - bout with so great a cloud of wit - ness - es that we, c •

••

re - joic - ing in their fel - low - ship, may run with pa - tience

; .

•. I •

.. ~

the race that is set be - fore us, and to - geth - er with them

c

may re - ceive the crown of glo - ry that fad - eth not a - way.

c

There - fore etc. p. (26)

Ending of the Prayer of Consecration

• •

II • == II J
RJ. A - men.
RJ. A - men. c

o Fa - ther AI-migh-ty, world with - out end.

Or this: world with - out end. r

c

• ••

• •

• •

= .

= • • ·1 ~

And now, as our Saviour Christ hath taught us, we are bold to say,

The Lord's Prayer

OUR Fa-ther, who art in hea-ven, Hal-low-ed be thy Name.

c

~.

• ~. I •

• I'll = ·

Thy king-dom come, Thy will be done, On earth as it is in

c

••

r- .

• J

hea-ven. Give us this day our dai -Jy bread. And for - give us

• ••

I. • .. · •. • • •. .·1

As we for-give those who tres-pass a-gainst us. i

c

our tres-pass-es,

c • • • • I'll I • • • ~
• • •• • •

And lead us not in to temp - ta - tion , But de - Iiv - er us

• • I'll • • •• • • • •
•• • • •

from e - vil. For thine IS the king - dom. and the pow- er, 35

;- • • r- •. I • • • r- ;: II
• •• •
and the glo - ry, for ev - er and ev - er. A - men.
Intonation to Gloria in excelsis
C II
~ • • • , ...
• •
Glo - ry be to God on high. The Blessing

c •

••

••

I ~

THE Peace of God, which pass- eth all un - der=stand-ing,

c •

• • ••

keep your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God,

c·· • • • •

••

and of his Son J e - sus Christ our Lord: And the Bless - ing

c • • • • I • • • • • • • •
• •
of God Al-migh- ty, the Fa - ther, the Son, and the Ho - ly
i • I • • • • • • • • • •• II •• II
•• • •

Ghost, be a-mongst you, and re-main with you al-ways. A-men. 36

Litany and Suffrages for Ordinations

a •

II

o GOD the Fa - ther, ~. Have mer-cy up - on us.

a· •

o God the Son, Have mer - cy up - on us .

o God the Ho - ly Ghost,

Have mer-cy up - on us.

c·· • •• •. • •. II

• • • • .. II

o Holy Trinity, one God,

Have mer-cy up-on us.

c·· ·

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord; and that it may please

c

• •

thee to grant peace to the whole world, and to thy Church;

• •

J

c·.

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

.. ~

That it may please s-C-t.t------c.=----·=----!·=-----I-li-l.I--.=---.--+l-iI

thee to sanctify and ..LJ •• '-- u. __

bless thy holy Church throughout the world; We beseech, etc .

••

37

That it may please thee :------=--I.F-.--"..-----TT--i to endue all Ministers of 6-1---·1--·· -- • ..--=-. ----Ilt-l.I-- •• ..---.--rl-ilJ

thy Church with devotion ...1 • .1... ...... _

to thy glory and to the sal-va-tion of souls;

We beseech, etc.

(At the Ordination of Deacons or of Priests)

That it may please thee to bless these thy servants, now to be admitted to the Order of Deacons (or Priests), and to pour thy grace upon them; that they ::----_...-;;:-- ........ --rr------rr-l may duly execute their 1 • I I I II ~ I I II ~

office to the edifying of .1.1 •• ---' • .1..._

thy Church and to the glory of thy ho-Iy Name; We beseech, etc.

(At the Consecration of a Bishop)

That it may please thee to bless this our Brother elected, and to send thy grace upon him, that he may duly execute the Office where-

unto he is called, to the C I I I I •• II I I II

edifying of thy Church, .. I

and to the honour, praise, and glory of thy Name; We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee to guide by thy indwelling Spirit those

whom thou dost call to the ••

Ministry of thy Church, C I I I I I I II ~ I. II ~

that they may go for- ...1 • .1... --1.I .. L...-

ward with courage and persevere un-to the end; We beseech, etc.

That it may please thee to :-----::-- ....... -..,,-----n--I increase the number of the 6-C-Ila--I=--=:.I---tlr--.---. • .--.-rl--tlJ

Ministers of thy Church, that ..IJ •• I-- .L1 •• __

the Gospel may be preached to all peo-ple;

We beseech, etc .

That it may please thee 6-C- ... - •• ----·=---tl---t.I---;.-.--ilt--tI

to hasten the fulfilment .1.1 •• ---' • .L.. --

of thy purpose that thy Church may be one;

••

We beseech, etc.

38

That it may please thee to c·.·· II··. II

grant that we, with all thy ....J.J. ....J.J. _

saints, may be partakers of thy everlasting kingdom;

••

J

We beseech, etc.

c • II •
• • • • r- • • • • •
Lord, have mer - cy up- on us. Christ, have mer - cy
C • "
• • • • r- • •
Lord, have mer - cy up- on us. up-on us.

c

• • •

OUR Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, On earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And :;-------------T'I""""1 forgive us our trespasses, As we C·· • • • • •• •. ..11 ~

forgive those who trespass against '-- ...L_'-_

us. And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil. Amen .

• • • • •

••

• • •

Minister. Hearken un-to our voice, ° Lord, when we cry un-to thee;

C • • • • • • • • • II
••
Answer. Have mer-cy up - on us and hear us-
C • • • • ··11
••
Minister. o Lord, a-rise, help us;
~ - . • • • • • • • • II
••
Answer. And de -liv - er us for thy Name's sake, 39

c

•. II

• •

• • • •

Minister. Let thy Priests be clothed with righteousness;

;---------.----.----.---.----.----.---.~ . ._~.~.--~I+I----------J

Answer. And let thy saints sing with joyfulness.

.. II

•• •

Minister. Lord, hear our prayer;

•. II

Answer. And let our cry come un - to thee.

.. II

c •

Let us pray.

c· ••

o GOD, who dost ever hallow and protect thy Church; Raise up therein, through thy Spirit, good and faithful stewards of the mysteries of Christ, that by their ministry and example thy people may abide in thy favour and be guided in the way of truth; through Jesus Christ our Lord, ::-------'------------n------n who liveth and reigneth with 6-C--t·..--··---.':'". ---:.;;::.-tl--: •. :-i ... ·-tl

thee in the unity of the u ~ __

same Spirit ever, one God, world with - out end. A-men.

APPENDIX A

The Invitatory Antiphons

And

Venae, exultemus Domino

41

The Invitatory Antiphons at Morning Prayer On the Sundays in Advent

Mode I

• • Our King and Sa - viour draweth nigh:

••

=

,..:

=

• • I'll J

o come, let us a -

Tone I

First Ending

a ---.-.--.---HII-I.f2!.l..-·-·-·-----!!.-·-· -+-1-·-·-·--....!.4.j---!!:-~(~)=EiI

dore him.

On Christmas Day and until the Epiphany

Mode II

Al- le - lu - ia. Un - to us a child is born: 0 come, let us

Tone II

First Ending

i. a •

. ·11 ..... (.)+ I··· d

= . . - - . . _. .. (~) .

--~---~.

a-dore him. Al -Ie -lu - ia.

On the Epiphany, and seven days after, and on the Feast of the Transfiguration

Mode III

a

The Lord hath man - i-fest - ed forth his glo - ry: 0 come, let us

Tone III.

r- •.

.. II· ·

•••

Fifth Ending

a-dore him.

42

On Monday in Easter Week and until Ascension Day

Mode IV, trans.

; ~ •• I •

• • • • ••

• •

• •

Al -Ie - Iu - ia. The Lord is ri - sen in-deed: 0 come, let us a - dare

Tone IV

Fourth Ending

5-; -r---~-~= -·-·-·-·-rllr·~.t--'·::..:·::..:·:.....a.-=-· _._. (~). "I"· • • • .' (.);M

him. Al -Ie-Iu - ia.

On Ascension Day and until Whitsunday

Mode V

• •

c

I

;

I'

.'

I J

Al -Ie - Iu - ia. Christ the Lord as - cend-eth in - to hea - ven;

; A .. §~' •• II

• • • • • • .
I • .'
0 come, let us a - dare him. Al Ie Iu - ia. Tone V

First Ending

_5-!==::====:.:.:I==~.~·~_(._) __ I_- __ ~_._._. . __ (. __ )==.==.:~========~~

~i ~.~---------------+--------------~---(.) .- __

On Whitsunday and six days after

Mode VI

.

. -

I

."

I ~

.-

AI-Ie-Iu - ia. The Spir-it of the Lord fill- eth the world:

a • • ~ II
• • • • I ~ I-
I
0 come, let us a-dare him. Al - Ie Iu - ia. c

Tone VI

43

• • ••

••

• ••

On Trinity Sunday

Mode VII

•• I

••

Fa-ther, Son, and Ho-ly Ghost, one God: 0 come, let us

Tone VII

First Ending

• ., ••• • (~) ·-·-(-·)-a-:--n

·C -.--.-.--.-.-ITTI-.-.-=·-=·-=·-=-- (·)--.7@

a - dore him.

On the Purification and the Annunciation

Mode VIII

.... ~ .

J

••

The Word was made flesh, and dwelt a-mong us;

o come,

Tone VIII First Ending
I It II ••• .. (.) .. I··· • ··(!)iJ
r- •
• •• •• • •
let us a- dore him. On other Festivals for which a proper Epistle and Gospel are ordered

Mode VIII ?
• ~ •• ~
= •
• = r- •
• • • • •
The Lord IS glor - ious in his saints: o come, let us The Irregular Tone. Peregrinus

. . (.)~

a - dore him.

Venite, exultemus Domino

Pointed for Chanting to Psalm Tones printed above

In this method of pointing, the figures 1 to 8, corresponding to the eight Psalm Tones, (with P representing Tonus Peregrinus), are printed above the first syllable in each half verse which changes from the Reciting Note. The Intonation is used only at the beginning of the first verse, and moves at the same pace as the Recitation. Traditionally, the first half verse is sung by one or more Cantors, the Choir joining in at the second half verse, and continuing the verses antiphonally from side to side. Gloria Patri is sung in the regular antiphonal alternation; but if no Antiphon follows, the words "world without end. Amen." may be sung by the full Choir. Musical completeness undoubtedly inspired the ancient custom of repeating the Invitatory Antiphon after Gloria Patri, It was also sung, in whole or in part, after verses 2, 4, 7, 9, andl1.

Venite, exultemus Domino

P 37 4 16 258

o COME, let us sing un-to the LORD; * let us heartily rejoice 4 15678 P23

in the strength of our sal- vation.

P 347 12568

2 Let us come before his pres-ence with thanks-giv-ing; * and

4 15678 P23

show our-selves glad in him with psalms.

P37 4 16 258 457 P1368 2

3 For the LORD is a great God; * and a great King a - bove

all gods.

P 37 4 16 258

4 In his hand are all the cor-ners of the earth; * and the strength 457 168 P23

of the hills is his also.

P37 4 12568 457 168

5 The sea is his, and he made it; * and his hands pre - par - ed

P23

the dry land.

P37 4 16 258 4

6 0 come, let us wor-ship and fall down, * and kneel before the 15678 P23

LORD our Maker.

P37 4 16 258

7 For he is the Lord our God; * and we are the people of his

_ 46 J578 P23

pasture, and the sheep of his hand.

4S

P37 4 158 16

+8 0 worship the LORD in the beau-ty of ho-li-ness; * let the

4 15678 P23

whole earth stand in awe of him.

P3 47 16 258

9 For he cometh, for he com-eth to judge the earth; * and with

4 15678 P23

righteousness to judge the world, and the peo - pies with his truth.

P37 4 16 258 4 15678 P23

Glory be to the Fa - ther, and to the Son, * and to the

Ho - Iy Ghost;

P 347 12568 457

As it was in the beginning, t is now, and ev - er shall be, * world

18 P236

with - out end. Amen.

When Psalm 95 is used in this place, the following verses take the place of those following the + above.

P 37 4 16 258

+8 Today if ye will hear his voice, har-den not_your hearts, * as in

4 15678 P23

the provocation, and as in the day of tempta-tion in the wilderness;

P 347 258 16 4 15678 P23

9 When your fa - thers temp - ted me, * proved me, and saw my

works.

P 37 4 16

10 Forty years long was I grieved with this gen-er-a-tion and

258 4 15678 P23

said, * It is a people that do err in their hearts, for they have not

known my ways:

P 37 4 16 258 46

11 Unto whom I sware in my wrath * that they should not en - ter

1578 P23

in - to my rest.

P37 4 16 258 4 15678 P23

Glory be to the Fa - ther, and to the Son, * and to the

Ho - ly Ghost;

P 347 12568 457

As it was in the beginning, t is now. and ev - er shall be, * world

18 P236

with - out end. Amen.

The Invitatory Antiphons

Pointed for Anglican Chanting

A syllable in heavy-faced type should be sung to two notes of the Inflection.

Two syllables followed by a dot should be sung to a single note of the Inflection, repeated; thereby substituting in that measure of the chant triple rhythm for duple.

On lhe SU1ldIJys'1I 1 Our King and Saviour I draweth nigh; Ad..,.,.

On ChrislmlJS Day .",d until the Epiphany.

On lhe Epipha1lY aM se II.,. days thereafter. and on th. FeIJst of Ihe Transfilluration.

Oot M otulay in EIJSler Week, and umil Asc.,.sion Day.

Oot Ascmsion Day and ulllil Whitsu .... day.

Oot Whitsunday and sJ'" days after.

Oot Trinity Sunday.

* 0 come, let I us adore him.

2 Alleluia. Unto us a I child is born; * 0 come, let u( adore him. I Alleluia.

3 The Lord hath manifested forth his I glory; * 0 come, let I us adore him.

4 Alleluia. The Lord is I risen • indeed; * 0 come, let us adore him. I Alleluia.

5 Alleluia. Christ the Lord ascendeth I into heav'n; * 0 come, let us adore him. I Alleluia.

6 Alleluia. The Spirit of the Lord I filleth • the world; * 0 come, let us adore him. I Alleluia.

7 Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, lone God; * 0 come, let I us adore him.

Oot the Purification

aM the Annuncia- 8 The Word was made flesh, and dwelt almong us;

* 0 come, let I us adore him.

Oot other FestillDl.

far which a proper 9 The Lord is glorious t in his saints; Epistle and G~pel

are armed. * 0 come, let I us adore him.

Venite, exultemus Domino Pointed for Anglican Chanting o COME let us sing I unto > the Lord;

* let us heartily rejoice in the strength of I our salvation. 2 Let us come before his presence with thanks I giving;

• and show ourselves I glad in him with psalms,

3 For the LORD is a I great God;

• and a great I King above all gods.

4 In his hand are all the corners I of the earth; • and the strength of the hills is I his also.

5 The sea is his and he I made it;

• and his hands pre I par-ed • the dry land.

6 0 come let us worship and I fall down,

* and kneel before the I LORD our Maker.

7 For he is the I Lord our God;

• and we are the people of his pasture, and the I sheep of his hand.

t8 0 worship the LoRD in the beauty of I holiness; * let the whole earth I stand in awe of him.

9 For he cometh, for he cometh to I judge the earth; * and with righteousness to judge the world,

and the I peoples with his truth.

Glory be to the Father and I to the Son, • and I to the Holy Ghost;

As it was in the beginning, is now and I ever • shall be, • world without I end. Amen.

The additional verses oj Psalm 95, when used in this place.

t8 To-day if ye will hear his voice, harden I not your hearts

• as in the provocation,

and as in the day of temptation I in the wilderness;

9 When your fathers I tempted me,

• prov-ed I me, and saw my works.

10 Forty years long was I griev-ed with this generjation • and said.

• It is a people that do err in their hearts, for they I have not known my ways:

II Unto whom I I sware in • my wrath,

• that they should not enter I into my rest.

APPENDIX B

Variant Melodies

For the

Choral Service

Alternative Tone for the Collect

At Morning and Evening Prayer. and at the Holy Communion

The following Tone, still widely in use, with slight variants, is the most ancient manner of singing the Collects. It consists of an Inflection sung at the close of the first or second phrase, preferably ending with an unaccented syllable; and likewise sung at the close of the first or second phrase of the Doxology: and of a Cadence with one fixed accent and two preparatory notes, sung at the end of the Petition and of the Doxology. The Reciting Note is la; and after the Inflection, the Cadence, or any other pause, the first syllable of the ensuing phrase, like the first syllable of the Collect, is sung to sol. If the Collect closes with the short ending, the second Inflection is omitted.

The Inflection
I ,
• • • • • • •
(!) •

I Advent cast a way the works of dark ness,
St. John beams of light up on thy Church,
III Epiphany look up - on our in firm - i-ties,
Septuagesima through Je - sus Christ our Sa viour,
I Lent Fa ther and the Ho - ly Ghost,
Easter Even who died, and was bu - ri « ed,
The Cadence
I ,
• • • • • • (.)--II-~
• •

VI Epiphany e - ter nal and glo - ri ous king dom;
III Lent de - fence a gainst all our en . e - mies;
Easter Day bring the same to good ef - feet;
I Advent the Ho ly Ghost. now and ev er.
St. Thomas and glo ry, now and for ev er - more.
St. Stephen Me di . a tor and Ad vo - cate.
Christmas one God, world with - out end.
through Je . sus Christ our Lord. The Collect for Septuagesima noted in full

c _~.~.~;~~~.~'~I~I~. __ .~.~._.-*II_._._~

y.

C

The Lord be with you.

RJ. And with thy spirit.

Let us pray.

~------------------------------------------------------

.' • • • • ••••• •• • • J

o LORD, we beseech thee favourably to hear the prayers of

c •

• •

• •

• • • •

• • •

thy people; that we, who are justly punished for our offences,

• • • • • •• • • • • • •

may be mer - ci - ful - ly delivered by thy goodness, for the glory

c

.'

• •

• J

of thy Name; through Jesus Christ our Saviour, who liveth and
C J
• • • • • • • • • • • .'


reigneth with thee and the Ho -ly Ghost ev -er, one God, c • .' II .' II
• • ••
world with - out end. RJ· A - men. Alternative Tone for the Epistle

The following ancient melody, once in general use, may be preferred for the Epistle. It should be attempted only after minute and careful preparation, and by trained singers. It consists of recitation with a Medial Cadence of two fixed accents and one preparatory note,

~1 at a colon, semi-colon, or other important pause: and of a Final Cadence of two fixed accents before a period. Questions are sung as above on page xv. A special Conclusion, which must always be most carefully adapted to the sense of the words, ends the Epistle. If a sentence in the Epistle be without a central pause, or be too short, the Medial Cadence is omitted.

The Announcement
I ~
D • • • • • • • • • • • • ••
• •

The Epistle IS written in the fourth Chapter of Galatians,
I • • • = II
• •• ••

beginning at the first Verse.
The Medial Cadence
, ,
D • • ••
• (~ •• (~

done of them in se cret,
but to love one an - oth er,
de - clare we un to you,
ho -Iy, ac - cep ta ble un to God,
and ston - ed him.
if he thirst, give him drink:
The Final Cadence
; • • • = (~)
• •• (.) •• or a tink ling cym - bat
than when we be lieve ed.
giv - en to hos pi tal i ty.
show - eth mer cy with cheer - ful - ness.
I will re - pay, saith the Lord. 52
The Conclusion
,
! • • • = • • ; • .. ~
• • • •

the ev - i - dence of things not seen.
for the flesh to ful - fil the lusts there-of.
and then shall ev - ery man have praise of God.
let no man des - pise thee.
ac cess with con - fi dence by the faith of him. The Epistle for Septuagesima noted in full

• • • • • • • • •

The E - pis - tie IS writ-ten III the ninth Chap-ter of First

c •

•. I •

••

• •

Co-rin-thi-ans, be-ginn-ing at the twenty-fourth Verse.

c

•. I •

. ~

• •

KNOW ye not that they which run III a race run all, but one

••

•. I •

• J

re - ceiv-eth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. And ev-ery

• • = •

• •

man that striveth for the mas-ter-y IS temperate in all things .

• •••

••

• J

Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an in-cor-

.. L ·

• I J

c

rupt-i-ble. I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; So fight I,

53

c •

··1 • •

• •

• •

not as one that beateth the air: but I keep under my body, and

• •

I

I

I· I I

I

• •

••

I •

I

bring it in-to subjection: lest that by an - y means, when I hav=

c

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

preach-ed to others, I my-self should be a cast - a - way.

Alternative Tones for the Gospel

The following ancient melody, the oldest of several similar forms once in general use, may be preferred for the Gospel. The Reciting Note is la, as in the Alternative Tone for the Collects. Although the intervals are different owing to this changed Reciting Note, the forms of the Medial Cadence, the Question, and the Conclusion are the same as those just given for the Epistle. The Final Cadence before a period consists of a drop of a whole tone on the last accented syllable of each sentence.

The Final Cadence
C ,
I I • I • I I ••
ac- cord - ing to Saint Mat thew.
ac cord - ing to Saint Mark.
un - to him, f01 low me.
and he a - rose, and f01 low'd him.
they shall be com fort ed.
ye shall know them. The Gospel for St. Bartholomew's Day noted in full

I

I

• • I • I I • I • •

I

I ~

The Ho -ly Gospel is written m the twenty-second Chapter of

I

••

I I • I

II

Saint Luke, be - ginn - ing at the twenty-fourth Verse.

54
I
• • • • • • II
••

1. Glo - ry be to thee, 0 Lord.
I
• • • • • • •• I • • • •
• •

AND there was al- so a strife among them, which of them should I I ~
• • • • • •• •• • • • • • •

be ac-count-ed the great-est. And he said un - to them,
I I
I • I I • • •• I
I I I I I I • I •
I The kings of the Gentiles ex-er-cise lordship o-ver them; and they

I • • • • • I I •

I

I

• I I • •

I· I. P

that ex-er-cise author-i - ty up-on them are call-ed ben-e-fact-ors .

I

I

I

I • •

I

I

But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you,

I •

I

I

I

•. I

I

I

I J

let him be as the younger; and he that IS chief, as he that

• •

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

doth serve. For whether is greater, he that sit-teth at meat,

I I

I

I

I •

I

I • I ;: I I I I J

or he that serveth? 15 not he that sitteth at meat? but I am

55
; J
• • • • • • • • • •

•• •• • among you as he that serv - eth. Ye are they which have con-

;i--.---.---.----.~'r.---.---.---.-.---.-.-rl-.---.--.----~--.---.--.---.~J

tinued with me in my temptations. And I appoint un-to you a

• • ••. I •

• J

kingdom, as my Fa- ther hath appointed unto me; that ye may

; .

• • •

eat and drink at my ta - ble in my kingdom, and sit on thrones

• • •

= • • .

II

judg-ing the twelve tribes of Is - ra - el.

Another form of this ancient Tone has do for the Reciting Note, and is precisely similar to the form given for the Epistle in every respect except the Final Cadence of each sentence. The Medial Cadence, the Question, and the Conclusion, are identical with those of the Epistle. Gloria tibi is sung as on page xvi.

The Final Cadence

; .

I

• •

II

ac - cord - ing to Saint Mat - thew.
ac - cord - ing to Saint Mark.
un - to him, fol low me.
a - rose and fol low'd him.
they shall be com fort ed.
ye shall know them. The last accented syllable of the sentence is always sung to the clivis.

56
Alternative Intonations to the Creed
To be used only with their respective settings
Mode IV
; • . II
• ••
• •

I be - lieve in one God.
(Merbecke) Mode I
; • . II
• ••

• •
I be - lieve in one God. (Missa de Angelis ) Mode V

;

.

, ..

II

I

be - lieve In

one

God.

Optional Close of the Prayer for the Church

I----.----.---.--·.~-·----·---·---·----·---·---·-·--~II.---·----;~:~~II

Our on - ly Me - di - a - tor and Ad - vo - cate. :w. A - men.

Optional Close of the Prayer of Consecration

;

.. II ·

0 Fa- ther AI- migh - ty, world with-out end. R;. A-men.
or, world with-out end. R;. A-men.
Alternative Intonation to Gloria in Excelsis
(Merbecke)
Mode IV
~ • • • •• II
• •

Glo - ry be to God on high. 57

Alternative Introduction and Lord's Prayer

Merbecke

••

··1 ~

c

And now, as our Sa-viour Christ hath taught us, we are bold to say,

c

··11 • • •

••

• •

••

OUR Fa- ther, who art in hea-ven, Hal-low-ed be thy Name.

• •

. . I~

c

••

Thy kingdom come. Thywill be done, On earth as it is in heaven.

c

• •

• ••

I •

• • •. I J

Give us this day our dai-ly bread. And for-give us our tres-pass-es,

c

••

• •

As we for-give those who trespass a-gainst us. And lead us not

c

• •

:

•. •. I •••••

•• ••

• • •

in-to temp-ta-tion, But de-liv-er usfrome - viI. For thine is the king-

c

••

• • • • •

•• •

. .. I.. · ·11

dom, and the pow-er, and the glo-ry, for ev-er and ev-er. A-men.

ORGAN ACCOMPANIMENTS

AND

VOCAL HARMONIES

TO

THE CHORAL SERVICE

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE I-fARMONIZATIONS

THE following harmonizations are provided for the guidance of organists who may wish to accompany as much of the unisonous chant of the several Offices as may be needful; and for the convenience of choirmasters who may desire to have certain of the melodies sung with vocal harmony by the choir. Unlike the melodies themselves, which have been set forth in the preceding chapters, and which, except for their adaptation to the English text, are traditionally authentic, and not properly subject to variation, instrumental accompaniment and vocal harmony are wholly of modern origin.

In the composition of the accompaniments here provided, the utmost care has been taken to follow the spirit and rhythm of the ancient musical idiom, and to conform to those methods of harmonization which are the approved practice of the best contemporary authorities: including strict adherence to Mode. Nevertheless, these accompaniments may fittingly be replaced by such other harmonizations, either composed or extemporary, as shall fulfil these conditions with equal fidelity.

It has been thought desirable to confine vocal harmony to the Preces and Suffrages at Morning and Evening Prayer, and to the Litany. All other portions of the Choral Service of Choir and Congregation should be sung in unison; although, if thought wiser, certain of them may be accompanied by the organ.

NOTE TO ORGANISTS

The Chant of the Priest and of the Ministers should never be accompanied by the organ. When it is necessary to give the pitch of anything to be sung by them, or to play over an Intonation for the guidance of the Celebrant, the softest practicable stop should be employed;

61

ORGAN ACCOMPANIMENTS The Responses at Morning Prayer The Preces

c

." ~

• •

~. And our mouth shall show forth thy praise. ~. As it was

[

't.. -,r.

Organ

w-Q~f:

~ II

c

. . . . ." . . . . . . ." . . .

<J <J 1: j:
-6 f F : ~~
C • ." II • • • • ~ • "II
• in the beginning, is now and ev-er shall be, world without

end. A-men. ~. The Lord's Name be praised.

62

At Dominus vobiscum and the Suffrages

• ··11 II •

• •

· .... f-

E1. And with thy spirit. E1. And grant us thy salvation.

I' J_J

~, ~

~ :

II II J=j"

.,

;j.-gll

*

~i

II II: ~

c

• •• • •

••

•. II

•. •. II

R,1. And take not thy Holy Spirit from us. R,1. A-men. rd~

T •

.,

I

I

• If the Lord's Prayer is sung at this point, it is suggested that both the Lord's Prayer and the preceding Response, "And with thy spirit," be sung without accompanimen t.

The Suffrages at Evening Prayer

c

• • •

.. "

• •••

~. And grant us thy sal-va-tion. ~. And mercifully hear us

!'~ t=j· ;ii II h,g t:5

., ., '--
a .J. I J G'-[
~t r II 1;::;
63

• • • • •.•. II

I

• I • •

•• I· $

when we call up-on thee. ~. And make thy chosen people joyful.

3-=1.=@ i

(.-....-..' ,

II

@ 111

I

• I • I. II

• • • ••

I ~

I

I· • I· •

~. And bless thine inheritance. ~. For it is thou, Lord, only, that

t r

• I I

I •••• 11

I

I ••••

makest us dwell in safety. ~. And take not thy Holy Spirit

.J J II

II I" I" II

from us. ~. A-men.

I

The Litany

;~--~I--I--=I~I~I~"~I~I --~I~~I~-I~I~~."~I~"~I~I~

IV'. Have mer-cy up - on us. iij. IV'. Have mer-cy up - on us.

J i_~ : II I' ~ 7--U II

., j
~ ~ : ~I r d
II ; r II
~

II ~
; I I " II I I I I I I
I • i I
}¥'. Spare us, good Lord. IV'. Good Lord, de-liv-er us. viij. IV'. We be -

r

c

• ••• •

.-

II • • • - I • • J

seech thee to hear us, good Lord. xuiij. ~. Son of God, we be-

*15t __ ~ II d ,~g
-r J I ~
C " r r f c

• • • .- .- II

• •

.. .~

seech thee to hear us. ~. Grant us thy peace. ~. Have mercy up -

II Pj t ~ II

I •

1P3

c

I- .-

II •

.- .- .- II

.- • • • II • ·-IIJ

on us. ~. 0 Christ, hear us. ~. Lord, have mer-cy up-on us.

'211;- J d II

66

."

c

• • • • ." II

• • • ." ." II

."

R,7. Christ, have mercy up-on us. R,7. Lord, have mercy up-on us.

<J J ~ i : II J. 1 f 3 d II
-r
I ~ ~: II r : 8ifJ J II
1
· i The Lord's Prayer should be sung without accompaniment.

~c----·.-~·~~·~~·--··~·.-~·~~·~~·--··~.~~.~-.--~

R,7. Nei-ther re-ward us ac-cord-ing to our in - i - qui-ties .

• " ." II

. . . .- . . . . . . .

R,7. A-men. R,7. 0 Lord, a - rise, help us, and de-liv-er us

67

. "

." II

•• " • • I. • • • .~

for thy Name's sake. IV'. 0 Lord, arise, help us, and de-liv-er us

j J II

c··

••• " . • • • ..1. • • • . J

for thine honour. IV'. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ev-er

• ." I •

."

." ." II

• • •

• J

shall be, world without end. A-men. IV'. Graciously look up-on

.j j i II J:~
r
~ . F: f II g: $:
r 68

c

•.•. II

• • •

• •

• • •• • • •

.... II

our afflictions. W. Mercifully forgive the sins of thy people.

'j,qll

-- -------- -----,-.. ------ ---..

~ § ~ :"

-~=- -==-t"

c

• • • • •• •

• • •

•.• ·11

• • • • • • J

W. 0 Son of David, have mercy up-on us. W. Graciously hear us, 0

@~ t4. --------;i. J j 11

••

• • • • •

I • • • • • • •

c

•. II

Christ; graciously hear us, 0 Lord Christ. W. As we do put our

-- I .,

, .:»

\

(~~,--==~~~~~'1~~ ~

'L-r= i II-rf±----~

69

c • .- II .- • -ii

trust m thee. ~. A-men.
~ II l j II
I
f II f f II The Holy Communion The Responses to the Decalogue

After nine Commandments

C

. . . .-

• •

• • • J

Mode VI

Lord, have mercy up-on us, and incline our hearts to keep this

(~. ~ . t .. J ; i J I ~ f J
i :
I .... -----
( J . .,~ I 1----
~ . fJ- .L.
.
~ r r After the tenth Commandment

C

. -

• •

. .-. - .

law. Lord, have mercy up-on us, and write aU these thy

l' i II

___ I

....

.

u E f J J t J I t ~ J ~
! _. I
-J. ~-
e+ r 70

•• • •

••

. . .. .. "

laws in our hearts, we beseech thee.

f'I

-

-.....! I

Kvrie eleison

Merbecke

Mode VI

••

• • • • •.• ·11 15.·

• • • •. ··11 '

Lord, have mercy up-on us. Christ, have mercy up-on us.

J ~ ~ " t

• I ......

II

( .J • ~.

-... _-I-

c

••

Lord, have mercy up-on us.

71

Before the Collect for the Day

After the Collects

• •

. ." ~

." ." II

R,t. And with thy spirit.

R,t. A-men.

II

,jt3 II tit r r II

Gloria tibi

• •• •

."

II

.

R,t. Glory be to thee, 0 Lord.

The Nicene Creed

People

Mode IV

•. ." II §=

• •

. ."

I •• • i

I BELIEVE in one God The Father Almighty, Maker of

-

-

72

c

• •

•. b; • •

• • • r-

•. II~

• • • ••

heaven and earth, And of all thingsvi-si-bleandin-vi-si - ble:

( : '

c

f I §; •••

• •

• • • r-

•. I

And in one Lord Je-sus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God;

l~ J ri

, r

t--

.

• • • • • •

II

••

••

Be-gotten of his Father before all worlds, God of God,

P 1 II P ~I

73

• •

; i i r- •. II

• •

• i

Light of Light, Ve-ry God of ve-ry God; Be-got-ten, not

I~ l!rl)~)15 ~ .j j j II p;~

.-. ~ - 1.--.. I_

.

••

• •

••

J

made; Being of one substance with the Father;

By whom

r

r-- .....

r r ~-

•. II

• • •. i

• •

all things were made: Who for us men and for our salvation

J

J

---------+

f:\ 1'1'1

.....

-r ~

74

~I--=I---.--~I~~I~.~I~·~I~I-I--I--.--~I--I--I--I---.--I--~

came down from heaven, And was incarnate by the Ho-ly Ghost

~

II : j J J a J

I :

t

~ §= I •• 11 I· I· II

I I I I I I I I I I J

of the Virgin Ma-ry,And was made man: Andwascru-ci-fi-ed

c

I I

I I I I J

I

I

al-sofor us un - derPon-tiusPilate; He suf-fer-ed andwas

75

• r-

•. II

• •

• • • • •

• •

,..:

bu-ri - ed: Andthethirddayherosea- gain ac - cording

- . I ~ ~

fJ.=·, J [F¥ t)

I I

I ~ r

•• D.·

to the Scriptures:

And as-cended in - to heaven, And

1:

.....

I

1---... 1----.

! . .

. ..,,~

sitteth on the right hand of the Father: And he shall

76

••

come again, with glory, to judge both the quick and the

."... ..-' 1---1

.·1 •••••• ··I1 ••• ···i dead; Whose kingdom shall have no end. And I believe in the

..-

----,..,

I

••

I §,

• •

•. I •

r.:

Ho - Iy Ghost. The Lord, and Giver of Life, Who pro -

j-

f-'--

77

a

• • • • • • • • •. II. • • • • J ceedeth from the Father and the Son; Who with the Father

I

• •

• • r-

• •• 14

• • •

and the Son together is wor-shipp'd and glo - ri - fi - ed;

•. • ·11 •

• •

1\ •

Who spake by the Prophets: And I believe One Catholic

J ~ ""
~ II I r ~- n £~
?
r ~.
J-.J. .....-.... .
.
II - 78

I I I r-

I· II

I

I I •

and A - postolic Church: lac-knowledge one Baptism
9 wl1 f J Jd II r ~ J ~. ~ 1,-,
j-j jO
I~ I

I

I

I

I

•. II

I

I

I

I

I

for the re - mission of sins; And I look for the Re - sur-

• I

I

I I

• •

I

I

rection of the dead: and the Life of the world to come.

79

~ , •• = .. =: "
- .
A men. r • I

r rr

t

After the Prayer for the Church, if the ending be sung

Priest

; .. .... . . . .. "

• =: II

our only Mediator and Advocate. JY'. A-men.

At Sursum corda

I · J • • • = · r-: II

JY'. We lift them up un - to the Lord.

80

I •• J • •. I • 1'1: II

~: It is meet and right so to do.

After the Prayer of Consecration, if the ending be sung Priest

I II II
• • • • • 1'1 I:
! • •• •

0 Father Almighty, world without end. ~. A-men. II

At the Lord's Prayer

Priest

•• •

• • •

And now, as our Saviour Christ hath taught us, we are bold to say.

3-=1.=@ i

(.-....-..' ,

II

@ 111

I

• I • I. II

• • • ••

I ~

I

I· • I· •

~. And bless thine inheritance. ~. For it is thou, Lord, only, that

t r

• I I

I •••• 11

I

I ••••

makest us dwell in safety. ~. And take not thy Holy Spirit

.J J II

II I" I" II

from us. ~. A-men.

I

The Litany

;~--~I--I--=I~I~I~"~I~I --~I~~I~-I~I~~."~I~"~I~I~

IV'. Have mer-cy up - on us. iij. IV'. Have mer-cy up - on us.

J i_~ : II I' ~ 7--U II

., j
~ ~ : ~I r d
II ; r II
~

II ~
; I I " II I I I I I I
I • i I
}¥'. Spare us, good Lord. IV'. Good Lord, de-liv-er us. viij. IV'. We be -

r

c

• ••• •

.-

II • • • - I • • J

seech thee to hear us, good Lord. xuiij. ~. Son of God, we be-

*15t __ ~ II d ,~g
-r J I ~
C " r r f c

• • • .- .- II

• •

.. .~

seech thee to hear us. ~. Grant us thy peace. ~. Have mercy up -

II Pj t ~ II

I •

1P3

c

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