Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. 1 of 3 Date Code 20120802

SEL-411L GuideformSpecification

The microprocessor-based relay shall provide protection, monitoring, control, fault locating, and automation. Relay self-checking
functions shall be included. Specific requirements are as follows:
Current Differential Protection. Segregated phase-sequence, negative-sequence, and zero- sequence differential elements with
the following:
• External fault detection logic that secures the 87L elements during external faults when CT saturation could occur.
• DC saturation detection to secure the 87L element when loads with high X/R ratios are energized.
• Protection for in-line power transformers offering both harmonic blocking and harmonic restraint.
• Charging current compensation based on voltage with enhanced immunity to loss-of-potential and a fallback mode
should all potential sources be lost.
• Immunity to channel impairments through adaptive disturbance detection.
• Data synchronization based on symmetrical channels or external time sources for asymmetrical channels; built-in
time fallback modes for applications with external time sources.
• Dual current inputs with proper security of the 87L elements under through-fault conditions and CT saturation.
• Stub bus mode with true differential bus protection and immunity to through-fault conditions and CT saturation.
• Test mode for the 87L function.
• 87L communications channel monitoring and alarming.
Phase Distance Protection. The relay shall incorporate five zones of mho distance protection for detection of phase faults. Three
zones shall be settable for either forward or reverse direction. Positive-sequence memory polarization shall be used to provide
stable reach and reliable operation for zero-voltage faults. Five zones of phase quadrilateral distance protection shall also be
Optional. High-speed phase distance elements shall be included to provide tripping in less than one cycle. Relay shall
prevent Zone 1 overreaching or loss of directionality for faults on series-compensated lines.
Ground Distance Protection. The relay shall incorporate five zones of mho and quadrilateral distance protection for detection of
faults involving ground. Three zones shall be settable for either forward or reverse direction. Ground elements shall not overreach
on multiphase faults and shall not be affected by load flow.
Optional. High-speed ground distance elements shall be included to provide tripping in less than one cycle.
CCVT Transient Blocking. The relay shall detect CCVT transients and block the operation of Zone 1 distance elements during
the transient time.
Power Swing Blocking and Out-of-Step Tripping. The relay shall detect stable and unstable power swings.
High-Accuracy Timing. The relay shall time-tag COMTRADE event reports to an absolute accuracy of ±10 µs. Relays at
different systemlocations shall have the same absolute timing accuracy.
Overcurrent Fault Protection. The relay shall incorporate selectable input overcurrent elements. Torque control capability
(internal and external) shall be provided.
Bay Control. The bay control shall have the ability to display one-line bay diagrams on the front-panel display. The bay display
shall be interactive and allow viewing of status and control of breakers and disconnect switches.
Voltage Protection Elements. The relay shall provide six overvoltage and six undervoltage elements with two level settings per
element. Level 1 settings shall have definite-time delay capabilities. Input voltages to the elements shall be selectable fromphase-
sequence, zero-sequence, positive-sequence, negative-sequence, and maximumquantities. RMS and fundamental voltages shall
be supported.
Frequency Protection Elements. The relay shall have six independent frequency elements with definite-time delay. The
frequency elements shall have undervoltage supervision inputs.

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Combined CT Current. The relay shall monitor the current fromtwo CTs separately, while using the combined current for line
protection functions.
Voltage Transfer Capability. The relay shall change protection voltage source upon detection of LOP. Voltage shall be capable
of changing to a second source connected to the relay.
Breaker Failure Logic. The relay shall incorporate breaker failure logic for single-pole and three-pole tripping and reclosing.
Retrip and transfer trip initiate contacts shall be provided. Pole discordance logic shall be included. Dropout time of the current
detection circuit shall be less than 5/8-cycle, even in cases with residual dc current in the CT secondary.
Autoreclosing Control. The relay shall incorporate both single-pole and three-pole reclosing with four separately-set, open time
intervals for three-pole and two intervals for single-pole reclosing. Separately set reset times fromreclose cycle and fromlockout
shall be available. Recloser shall be selectable for one or two breakers.
Synchronism Check. The relay shall include two synchronism-check elements with separate maximumangle settings. The
synchronism-check function shall incorporate slip frequency and close angle settings and allow different sources of
synchronizing voltage (VA, VB, VC, VAB, VBC, VCA).
Automation. The relay shall include 32 local control switches, 32 remote control switches, 32 latching switches, and
programmable display messages in conjunction with a local display panel in the relay. The relay shall be capable of displaying
custommessages. Input signals to the relay shall have settable assertion levels.
Relay Logic. The relay shall include programmable logic functions for a wide range of user-configurable protection, monitoring,
and control schemes. Logic shall have the ability to use relay elements, math functions, comparison functions, and Boolean logic
Serial Communications. The relay shall include four independent EIA-232 serial ports for external communications.
Digital Relay-to-Relay Communications. The relay shall have send and receive logic elements, and analog and virtual terminal
elements in each of two communications ports for dedicated relay-to-relay communications.
87L Communications. The relay shall include two independent channels that can be 1300 nmor 1550 nmdirect fiber, 1300 nm
or 850 nmC37.94 fiber, serial EIA-422, or G.703 media. Alternatively, the relay can use as many as two of the Ethernet ports for
dedicated, deterministic 87L communications.
87L Communications Monitoring. The relay shall provide monitoring and alarming for the 87L channels including round-trip-
delay measurement and alarm, channel asymmetry measurement and alarm, and lost packet counts.
IEC 61850 Ethernet Communications. The relay shall provide IEC 61850-compliant communications. The IEC 61850
capability shall include GOOSE messaging and defined logical node data points.
Distributed Network Protocol (DNP). The relay shall incorporate certified DNP3 Level 2 Outstation protocol and Ethernet
DNP3 LAN/WAN communications capability.
IRIG-B Time Input. The relay shall include an interface port for either a standard or high-accuracy demodulated IRIG-B time-
synchronization input signal.
Synchrophasors. The relay shall include operation as a phasor measurement unit (PMU) following the IEEE C37.118-2005,
Standard for Synchrophasors for Power Systems. The relay shall also receive IEEE C37.118- 2005 synchrophasor data and then
time-align and concentrate the data.
Password Protection. The relay shall have multilevel passwords to safeguard protection and automation settings.
Operator Controls. The relay shall include operator control pushbuttons on the relay front panel. Each pushbutton shall be
programmable and accessible in the relay control logic.
Configurable Labels. The relay shall include configurable labels to customize the targets and operator control pushbuttons.
HMI Display. The relay shall include customconfigurable display information to display status, analog quantities, text, and

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Event Reporting and Sequential Events Recorder (SER). The relay shall automatically record disturbance events in
COMTRADE and ASCII text file format. The COMTRADE file should contain all local data (voltages, currents, and relay
elements). The analog data (voltage and currents) contained in the COMRADE files should have resolution of either 1, 2, 4, or
8 kHz. The relay should be capable of storing 3 seconds of data at a sampling rate of 8 kHz and 24 seconds of data at a sampling
rate of 1 kHz. The ASCII file should contain the aligned currents fromall terminals; these data should be available at either 4 or 8
samples per cycle. Events shall be stored in nonvolatile memory. The relay shall also include an SER that stores the latest 1000
Dual-Circuit Breaker Monitor. The relay shall include a breaker wear monitor function for two circuit breakers with a
programmable breaker monitor curve. Electrical and mechanical operating times, with comparison between last and average
times, shall be monitored and reported.
Dual-Substation Battery Monitor. The relay shall measure and report the substation battery voltages both at steady-state
conditions and during trip operations. Two sets of selectable threshold parameters shall be provided for alarmand control
purposes at each battery voltage. DC ground detection for two systems shall be included.
Fault Locator. The relay shall include a double-ended traveling wave fault-locating algorithm, sampled at 1.5625 MHz. The
relay shall include a multi-terminal fault-locating algorithmto provide an accurate estimate of fault location. When
communications channels are unavailable, the relay shall provide a single-ended fault location estimate.
Environment. The relay shall be suitable for continuous operation over a temperature range of –40° to +85°C.
Terminal Connectors. The relay shall include the ability to remove the screw-terminal block connectors fromthe back of the
relay to disconnect I/O, dc battery monitor, and power without removing each wire connection.
PC Interface. The relay shall be capable of being set by Windows
-based graphical and ASCII terminal interfaces.
Conformal Coating. The device shall have optional conformal coating to protect the circuit boards fromharsh environments.
Reliability. The vendor shall supply the actual measured Mean-Time Between Failures (MTBF) for the device upon request.
Service. The device shall include no-charge technical support for the life of the product.
Manufacturer. The device shall be manufactured in the United States.
Warranty Return. The vendor shall support a 72-hour turn-around on all warranty repairs.
Warranty. The device shall include a ten-year, no-questions-asked warranty for all material and workmanship defects. In
addition, the warranty shall cover accidental customer-induced damage.

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