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nsolidated list of goods subject to security export

t ntion of manufacturers and exporters is drawn ments involving the supply of technology to any of these
e :tf~llowing Schedule of Goods which replaces the list countries, they should consult the Departments of Trade or
th. in Trade and Industry for 12 October 1972 (as Industry (CRE4 or the sponsoring branch for the industry
~dd) This schedule defines goods which may be subject concerned). This particularly applies to any case where it
eIlert ' .
restrictIons for reasons 0 f nationa
. I securIty.
. T he seems that the technology involved might assist the manu-
. expogrequirements apply to most destinations but thesecur- facture of goods in the Schedule.
~n lications arise principally in relation to exports to The Schedule is prepared for general information and
'nlll!:P Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, German Demo- guidance. It does not, in this form, have force of law, nor does
~epublic, Hungary, Mongolia, North Korea, North it deal with all goods which are subject to export control.
am Poland, Romania a~d .the USSR. For other For the complete Schedule of goods which currently require
le~ ti~ns licences will be more freely available, but restric- licensing, reference should be made to the Export of Goods
. Iar1.C'.
.estlIlawill apply in some cases, partIcu y .lor good s 'In t h e (Control) Order, 1970, as amended. A revised version of
It oOS •
.L. and A.E. lIsts. this Statutory Order should soon be issued. This Statutory
The restrictions do not represent a total ban on exports, Order or amendments to it will give effect to the changes shown
'en to the countries named above, ofall goods in the Schedule. in the Schedule. Additionally, manufacturers and exporters
, port licences ~ill be ~ll~"":ed for many types of goods, but are advised that this list is not necessarily exhaustive and that
ch case is consIdered IndIVIdually. For the export of goods further amendments may be issued from time to time. Any
vered by the notes in italics, export licences should be forth- amendments will also be reflected in similar amendments to
omiIlg in most circumstances. Applications for licences to the Statutory Order.
port goods covered by other items in this Schedule will be General inquiries about the Schedule should be addressed
onsidered on receipt of the requisite details, ie full supporting to the Commercial Relations and Exports Division (CRE4),
ormation, including a precise description of the goods Department of Trade, Dean Bradley House, 52 Horseferry
volved, the use to which they are to be put, the importer Road, London SWIP 2AG (telephone 01-212 6670/6792) or
cl the ultimate user of the goods. It should be particularly to the appropriate sponsoring branch for the industry.
oted that this type of information including English trans- Applications for export or transhipment licences should be
hons of foreign importers' titles and designations of end- addressed to the Export Licensing Branch, Department of
rs, where available, will greatly assist in the expeditious Trade, Sanctuary Buildings, 16-20 Great Smith Street,
rovision ofany export licences. It is in the interest of exporters London SWIP 3DB (telephone: Munitions list items 01-215
osubmit their applications for licences as far in advance of 4237, Atomic energy list items 01-215 4236, Industrial list
tended date of shipment as is practicable. items 01-215 4246) to whom inquiries should be made in any
The purpose of these restrictions may be defeated if the case of doubt as to whether export licences are required.
ountries mentioned above are supplied with technological Further copies of the Schedule may be obtained from either
onnation relating to the goods appearing in the Schedule. Export Licensing Branch or CRE4.
reat care should, therefore, be taken to prevent this happen- The attention of exporter~ is also drawn to the Notice
- for example, when technicians or students from these (Exports of goods of US origin) published on page 166/167
ountries are visiting or being trained at British factories. of Trade and Industry dated 16 January 1976.
ihere manufacturers or exporters wish to conclude agree-

Ammunition or cartridges specifically intended for the testing of firearms;

Lt. Small arms and machine guns, as follows: provided that such ammunition isfor weapons described in the Note of M.L.I.
a) Rifles, carbines, revolvers, pistols, machine pistols and machine
guns; M.L.4. Bombs, torpedoes, rockets and missiles (guided or unguided),
)All specifically designed components and parts therefor. as follows:
tols (non-automatic or semi-automatic) for short range (less than 25m) (a) Bombs, torpedoes, grenades (including smoke grenades), smoke
:: ~nd having a calibre of less than 9mm parabellum,. Rifled-bore sporting canisters, rockets, mines, missiles (guided or unguided), depth
.ttng weapons having an integral or non-detachable five-shot magazine charges, fire bombs, incendiary bombs, and military demolition
,tty, are manually operated or semi-automatic gas operated and with charges, devices and kits, pyrotechnic flare signals for military
TtTidge ej~ction and reloading,. and use, cartridges and simulators; and all specifically designed
'S~arbmes or pistols designed onry for sporting purposes or capable of being components and parts therefor;
ry for ornamental purposes., (b) Apparatus and devices specifically designed for the handling,
control, activation, launching, laying, sweeping, discharging,
L2. Large calibre armanlent or weapons and projectors, as follows: detonation or detection of items enumerated in sub-item (a);
Guns' hOwitzers, cannon, mortars, tank d estroyers,
) and . . '1 e and all specifically designed components and parts therefor;
proJect! (c) Military fuel thickeners specifically formulated for the purpose of
) Mil' rocket launchers, military flame throwers, recoilless rifles; producing materials which, when added to petroleum products,
) AU ; smoke, ga~ and pyrotechnic projectors; provide a gel-type incendiary material for use in bombs, projec-
spe lfically deSIgned components and parts of the foregoing.
tiles, flame throwers or other hnplements of war.
·Amm "
thereof UIutIon and all specifically designed components and M.L.5. Fire control equipment and range finders, as follows:
.L.2. ' for the weapons enumerated under Items M.L.l and
or 'th (a) Fire control, gun laying, night sighting, missile tracking and
orte, :.~apons described in the note in italics to M.L.1 ; guidance equipment;
. ....,""tttton· (b) Range, position and height finders, and spotting instruments
es with an x-yand'zng bullet of the type usedfor hunttng
or sport,. specially designed for military purposes;
Tfiade and Industry 30 April ~ 976 301
(t) Aiming devices, electronic, gyroscopic, acoustic and optical, specially designed for military purposes; controls and
specially designed for military purposes; tbereof; .
(d) Bomb sights, bombing computers, gun sights and periscopes (d) Submarine and torpedo nets;
specially designed for military purposes; (e) Compasses and equipment therefor and ship's course ~......
(e) Television sighting units specially designed for military use; specially designed for submarines; ~
(f) Components, parts, accessories, and attachments specially (f) Components, parts, accessories and attachments for the
designed for the articles enumerated in sub-items (a), (b), (c), going such as turrets, naval gun mounts, submarine h.K~
(d) and (e) above. and catapults. ~

M.L6•.Tanks, and vehicles specially designed for military purposes, M.L.lO. Aircraft and helicopters, of the piloted or pilotless tyPQ
as follows: aero-engines and aircraft or helicopter equipment, associated ~
ment and components, specially designed for military p~U1p.
(a) Tanks and self-propelled guns;
set out below: la
(b) Military type armed or armoured vehicles and vehicles fitted
with mountings for anns; (a) Combat aircraft and helicopters and other airCraft and heli.
(c) Armoured railway trains; cop~ers specially. designed for m~l~tary p~ses, incbuii_
(d) Military half tracks; mlhtary reconnaissance, assault, mlhtary traIning and l-~
(e) Military type recovery vehicles; support, and all aircraft and helicopters having special sm::
(f) Gun carriers and tractors specially designed for towing artillery; features such as multiple hatches, special doors, ramps, feinfj
(g) Trailers, specifically designed to carry ammWlition; floors and the like, for transporting and air-dropping tr
(h) Amphibious and deep water fording military vehicles; military equipment and supplies; aero-engines specially designed
(i) Military mobile repair shops specifically designed to service or adapted for use wit~ such aircraft and helicopters, with the
military equipment; exception of aero-engInes excepted under the note to Item
(j) All other specially designed military vehicles; 1460(c) (Group E); and component parts thereof;
(k) Pneumatic tyre casings (excluding tractor and farm implement (b) Air~me eq~pment, inclu~ing airb~rne refuelling equipmen~
types) of a kind specially constructed to be bullet-proof or to rWl speCially deSigned for use With the aIrcraft and helicopters and
when deflated; the engines of the types ofaircraft and helicopters covered by sub.
(1) Engines for the propulsion of the vehicles enumerated in sub- item (a) and component parts thereof;
items (a) to (j) above, specially designed or essentially modified (c) Pressure refuellers, pressure refuelling equipment, equipment
for military use; parts thereof; specially designed to facilitate operations in confined areas and
(m) All specially designed components and parts, except engines, for ground equipment not elsewhere specified, developed specially
the foregoing. for aircraft and helicopters, aircraft and helicopter engines
covered by sub-item (a);
M.L.7. Toxicological agents, and tear gas, as follows: (d) Pressurised breathing equipment and partial pressure suits f(l
use in aircraft and helicopters; anti-'G' suits; military crash
(a) Biological, chemical and radio-active materials adapted for use
helmets; parachutes used for combat personnel, cargo-dropping,
in war to produce casualties in men or animals, or to damage
and aircraft deceleration; liquid oxygen converters used for
aircraft, helicopters and missiles; catapults, and cartridge
(b) Equipment specifically designed and intended for the dissemina-
actuated devices utilised .in emergency escape of personnel from
tion of the materials described in sub-item (a);
aircraft and helicopters.
(c) Equipment specifically designed and intended for defence against
the materials described in sub-item (a), and for their detection
M.L.ll. Electronic equipment specially designed for military use;
and identification.
and components and parts therefore
(d) Components and parts specially designed for the items listed in
(b) and (c) above;
M.L.l2. Photographic equipment, as follows:
(e) Tear gas and equipment for the dissemination thereof.
(a) ( I) Air reconnaissance cameras and associated equipment
M.L.8. Powders, explosives, propellants and fuels as follows: designed and used for military purposes;
(2) Film processing and printing machines designed and used
(a) Powders and liquid or solid propellants for the articles enumer-
ated in Item 3, 4 and 7, and stabilisers therefor; for military purposes; .
(b) Other cameras and other devices recording on film SpeCl~
(b) Military high explosives and stabilisers therefor;
designed and used for military purposes, and specialised. ~qUl.P"
(c) Chemical base high energy solid or liquid fuels, including
ment designed to make the recorded information mibtarily
aircraft fuels, specially formulated for military purposes;
~M; .
Propellants and explosives normally used for civilian or industrial purposes or (c) All specially designed components and parts for the foregomg.
'11UII1e into cartridges or charges ofan exclusively civilian or industrial nature.
M.L.13. Special armoured equipment, as follows:
M.L.9. Vessels of war, and special naval equipment, as follows:
(a) Armour plate;
(a) Combatant vessels or vessels designed for offensive or defensive (b) Military helmets;
action (surface or underwater) whether or not converted to non- (c) Body armour and flak suits; '. . (cl
military use and regardless of current state of repair or operating (d) Components and parts specially designed for eqUIpment 1D
condition, and hulls or parts of hulls for such vessels; above.
(b) (1) Diesel engines of 1,500 horse power and over with rotary . ' ded to covet
Explanatory Note: Sub-item (b) above IS not In~en d igned
speed of 700 revolutions per minute or over, specially conventional steel helmets not equipped with, modIfied or es
designed for submarines;
to accept any type of accessory device.
(2) Electric motors specially designed for submarines, ie over
1,000 horse power quick reversing type, liquid cooled and M.L.l4. Specialised military training equipment, as folloWS:
totally enclosed;
(3) Non-magnetic diesel engines, 50 horse power and over, (a) Specialised military training equipment; 'es special~
specially designed for military purposes; (b) Components, parts, attachments and accesson
An engine shall be presumed to be specially designed for military designed for such equipment.
purposes if: , ifier equip'
(i) it has non-magnetic parts other than crankcase, block, head, M.L.15. Military infra-red equipment and image Intet1S
pistons, covers, end plates, valve facings, gaskets and fuel, ment and specialised components therefor.
lubrication and other supply lines; or (See also items I.L.1502, 1555 and 1556)
(ii) its non-magnetic content exceeds 75 per cent of total weight;
(c) Magnetic, pressure, and acoustic underwater detection devices M.L.l6. Mtmitions components and materials, as folloWS:
102 Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
and bronze fabrications for primer anvils, fabrications for at current densities of 10,000 amperes per square centitD.etre
JJtaSS (gilding metal clad steel), cartridge link, primer cap, or greater and specialised components therefor, e~e6pt magnets
b1J1let ca~g band; with coil outside diameter greater than 5cm and less than
shell ~rotating bands for shells, and other copper munitions 50cm.
1Coppe tst (4)Superconducting electrical equipment (rotating machines and
c:orn~:e~l clad steel; transformers) designed for use in marine or airborne applica-
) Gil~g steel forgings, steel and alloy castings for guns and for cations, and specialised components therefor;
) llOUl (c) Specially designed accessories, sub-assemblies, parts or compo-
atJIIS· nents for sub-items (a) and (b).
' cellaneous equipment and materials, as follows:
17. M15 Niobium-titanium wire covered by s.uh-item (b) ( I) ahove having a filament
l'_lf .. ~;ned diving and undeIWater swimming apparatus as cross-sectional area of 9.5 X l()-6mml (or 11 microns diameter) or greater
) l)tJ.l~nLA-U4
in a copper matrix, in quantities not exceeding 10kg.
foll~WS:d and semi-closed circuit (rebreathing) apparatus;
(1) S ~ally designed components for use in the conversion of M.L.22. Electrically triggered shutters of the carbon injection or
(2) pe~circuit apparatus to military use; photochromic function type having a shutter speed of less than 100
:~les exclusively designed for .mili~ary use with self-con- microseconds, except shutters which are an essential part of a high
(3 tained diving and underwater swunnung apparatus; speed camera.
) Bayonets; )
F' arms silencers (mufflers;
)p::er controlled searchlights and control units therefor, Atomic energy list
designed for military use; A.E.I. Source (fertile) the fissionable materials, including, but not
) Construction equipment built to military specifications, specially limited to, the following eight items:
designed for airborne transport.
(a) Minerals, raw and treated (including residues and tailings), which
18. Specialised machinery, equipment, and gear specially contain either uranium or thorium or any combination thereo(,
eel for the examination, manufacture, testing and checking of exceeding 0.05 per cent by weight, as follows:
arms, ammunition, appliances and machines referred to in this (i) Ores containing uranium including pitchblende;
p: (ii) Monazite and monazite sands;
ipment used to determine the safety data of explosives, as required by the (Hi) Ores containing thorium including urano-thorianite;
tional Convention on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (ClM), (b) Natural uranium, unwrought or wrought, including alloys and
, 3 and 4 in Annex I RID, provided that such equipment will be used compounds of natural uranium, having a uranium content
~ by the railway authorities of current CIM members, or by Government
exceeding 0.05 per cent, expecting medicinals;
edited testing facilities for the testing of explosives to transport safety (c) Uranium 233, alloys containing uranium 233 and compounds of
uranium 233;
rds, asfollows .'
(d) Uranium enriched in the isotope 235, alloys containing uranium
) Equipment for determining the ignition and deflagration temperatures; enriched in the isotope 235, and compounds of uranium enriched
) Equipment for steel-shell tests; in the isotope 235 ;
) Drop hammers not exceeding 20kg in weightfor determining the sensitivity (e) Irradiated uranium containing plutonium;
ofexplosives to shock; (f) Plutonium, alloys containing plutonium and compounds con-
') Equipment for determining the friction sensitivity of explosives when taining plutonium;
exposed to charges not exceeding 36kg in weight. (g) 'lborium, unwrought or wrought, and alloys and compounds con-
taining thorium excluding alloys containing less than 1.5 per cent
1.19. Environmental chambers capable· of pressures below 10-4 of thorium by weight and except medicinals:
Off, and specialised parts, components and ancillary equipment (h) Irradiated thorium containing uranium 233.
erefor. (a) Individual shipments of up to IOOkg of contained thorium in
lanatory Note: This item is not intended to coVer equipment compounds and up to lkg of thorium metal;
ed with such industrial machinery as is not described in this list (b) Individual shipments of up to 1kg of natural and/or depleted
h as coating machinery not elsewhere specified, and equipment uranium;
the casting of plastics. (c) Individual shipments of up to 1,000kg of depleted uranium if con-
tained in shielding specially designed for teletherap,y, radiography
· Cryogenic equipment, as follows: or radioactive thermo-electric generators, and supplied together
) equipment designed for maintaining an ambient temperature with such apparatus~'
below -170°C (-274°F): (d) Subsequent shipments of fuel for civil research and powtJr reactors
I Designed for use in marine, airborne or space applications; or exported under the Note to Item A.E.36 ;
"2 Ru~gedised for mobile ground use; (e) Individual shipments of up to 1/100 micro-turie of materials
) ElectrIcal, magnetic and electronic equipment or components, described in (c), (d), (e), (f) and (h);
and. electrical conductors, specially designed for operation (f) Depleted uranium fabricated in the form of counterweights either
contmuously or discontinuously at ambient temperatures below installed as integral parts of or supplied as replacement parts for
~170')C (-274°F) as follows: aircraft not described in this list.
()~uperconductive Inetals, alloys, compounds, composites and (g) Individual shipments of up to 100mg of materials described in (d)
~tercalate materials, except and (f) above in the form of targets for nuclear research purposes
(I) Superconductive wire having a filament cross-sectional provided that the material is subject to the Safeguards System of
area of 4.42 X 10-3mm2 (or 75 microns diameter) or the International Atomic Energy Agency.
greater' (h) Individual shipments of up to I,OOOkg of thorium nitrate (mantle
(ii) Superc~nductive niobium-titanium wire having a filament grade) for use in the production of thoriated gas mantles.
c~oss-sectional area of 1.26 X 10-3mm2 (or 40 microns
(2)Co diameter) or greater in a copper matrix; A.E.5. Deuterium and production equipment therefor, as follows:
.mponents, the following:
(a) Deuterium and comPounds, mixtures and solutions containing
?i) JosePhson effect devices
deuterium, including heavy water and heavy paraffins, in which
('~ Dayem bridges
t) Proximity effect bridges the ratio of deuterium atoms to hydrogen atoms exceeds
1:5,000 by number;
;:\ SUper-normal-super (SNS) proximity devices
(b) Plant and equipment specially designed for the production and/
(Vi) ~mory. and logic devices
or concentration of deuterium oxide.
(3)liighP ase shp devices
rated flfield..hlgh . current density super-co~ductive magnets Individual shipments containing up to 10kg of deuterium, 8xcept as limited
or prodUCing magnetic fields of 30 kdogauss or greater by sub-item A.E.35 (b) ;
Trade and Industi1' 30 AptU 1976 _
Suhseqf/8nt shipm,mts of deutmum for use in reactors e~ported under ~ A.E.30. Blowers and compressors (turbo, centrifugal and .
Note 10 Item A.E.36. types), wholly made of or lined with aluminium' nickel&lial
containing 60 per cent or more nickel, and havin~ a ca ) ~
A.E.8. Zirconium metal, alloys containing more than 50 per cent cubic feet per minute (1,700 litres per minute) or greater~tyor
zirconium by weight and compounds in which the ratio of hafnium
content to zirconium content is less than one part to 500 parts by A.E.31. Electrolytic cells for the production of flUOrine . p
weight, and manufactures wholly thereof.' production capacity greater than 250g of fluorine per h \Vith a Cl
components thereof. OUr; tna;r ;
(a) Individual shipments of up to 5kg ofhafnium-free zirconium,-
(b) Individual shipments of up to 200kg of hafnium-free zirconium in the m
A.E.33. Heat exchangers suitable for use in gaseous diffus'
form of foil or strip having a thickness and exceeding 0.00095 in and on
ie heat exchangers made of aluminium, Copper, nicket Pbnrs,
speciallyfabricated and intendedfor ,use in photoflash bulbs,-
containing more than 60 per cent nickel, or combinatio'ns o~ alloy
(c) Finished parts of zirconium metal or its alloys specially designed.for an
metals as clad tubes, designed to operate at sub-atmospheri () thesr
identified civil research or power reactor provided that none of the parts
with a leak rate of less than 10-4 atmospheres per ho~pressure,
contain fissile materials and the importing country has agreed to the pressure differential of 1 atmosphere. under a
application of the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy ,AgenfiY
(IAEA) to the nuclear reactor facility,.
A.E.34. Artificial graphite having a boron content of Iess
(d) One-time shipments not exceeding 100kg of contained zirconium metal
or equal to 1 part per million, the total thermal absorpti
or parts made therefrom when intended for use in or in support of, an
section being less than or equal to 5 millibarns per atom. (~:cr
identified civil research or power reactor facility over which it is contem- Item IL 1673).
plated that IAEA safeguards would be applied.
Individual shipments of up to 100kg ofartificial graphite as specified ab
A.E.II. Nickel as follows: Subsequent shipments of artificial graphite as specified above in reac:'
Powder, having a nickel content of not less than 99 per cent and a
exported as exceptions to Item A.E.36 as defined in the note thereto. S

particle size of less than 100 microns; and Porous metal having a
mean pore size not exceeding 25 microns and a nickel content of not A.E.3S. Lithium, as follows:
less than 99 per cent except single porous nickel metal sheets not (a) Metal;
exceeding 144 in2 (930cm2) for use in batteries with civil applications. (b) H ydrides, in which lithium, whether normal, depleted or
(See also Item IL 1661). ~n~iched in the 6 isotop~, is cOlnpounded with hydrogen or
Explanatory note: Porous nickel as defined above refers to porous Its Isotopes or complexed WIth other metals or aluminium hydride n<
metal manufactured from nickel powder as defined above, which has (c) Alloys, as follows:
been compacted and sintered to form a metal material with fine pores (I)Magnesium-based alloys containing 10 per cent or more
interconnected throughout the structure. lithium
Nickel powder in uncompacted powder form not made by the carbonyl (2) Containing 50 per cent or more of lithium either normal or
process. depleted in the 6 isotope; or
Individual shipments of up to 50kg of nickel powder in uncompacted powder (3)Containing any quantity of lithium enriched in the 6 isotope;
form made by the carbonyl process. (d) Any other material containing lithium enriched in the 6 isotope,
including compounds, mixtures and concentrates.
A.E.1l. Beryllium metal and manufactures wholly thereof, except
beryllium windows for medical X-ray machines; alloys containing Shipments containing up to Ikg of lithium metal not enriched in the 6iso-
more than 50 per cent of beryllium by weight; oxides and other tope or up to 10kg of lithium hydride, either completed with other metals or not,
compounds. in which the lithium is not enriched in the 6 isotope and is not compounded ui~
Individual shipments of the above products containing up to: the heavier isotopes ofhydrogen.
500g of beryllium of a purity of 99 per cent or less,. or
100g of beryllium (except single crystals), with a purity greater than 99 per A.E.36. Nuclear reactors, ie reactors capable of operation so as to
cent, or maintain a controlled, self-sustaining fission chain reaction; major
5kg of beryllium contained in compounds with a purity of less than 99 per components designed or intended for use in a nuclear reactor such as
cent. reactor vessels, core support structures, coolant pumps, fuel element
handling equipment, heat exchangers and control rod drive mecha-
A.E.14. Fluorine. nisms; power generating and/or propulsion equipment not elsewhere
Shipments containing up to 25kg offluorine. specified, specially designed for use with nuclear reactors.
Civil research and power reactors provided that countries to which they are
A.E.tS. Chlorine trifluoride. destined support the International Atomic Energy Agency system of safeguards.
Shipm,mts containing up to 5kg of chlorine trijluoride.
A.E.37. Hafnium metal, and alloys and compounds of hafnium con-
A.E.t8. Equipment specifically designed for the separation of isotopes taining more than 60 per cent hafnium by weight.
of uranium and/or lithium. Shipments of up to 1kg of contained hafnium.

A.E.19. Machines, materials or equipment specially designed for use A.E.38. Calcium containing both less than one-hundredth ( :
in the processing of irradiated nuclear materials in order to isolate per cent by weight of impurities other than nlagnesiwn and less
or recover fissionable materials, such as nuclear reactor fuel chopping 10 parts per million of boron.
machines, countercurrent solvent extractors, and specially designed Shipments containing up to 25kg calcium as defined above.
parts and accessories therefore h' b the
A.E.39. Tritium, its compounds, and their mixtures in ~ lC10CX).
A.E.23. Any plant specially designed for the production of uranium ratio of tritium to hydrogen by atoms exceeds one part ll1 l
hexafluoride (UF8). Explanatory Notes:
hi definition art
A.E.24. Valves, 3cm or greater in diameter, with bellows, seal, The only compounds and mixtures excluded by t ~ ~
wholly made of or lined with aluminium, nickel, or alloy containing those where the separation of the tritium f~o~ 1tS in:Zogen
60 per cent or more nickel, either manually or automatically operated. cannot result in the evolution of an isotopic mIX1ng of pattlone
Metal to metal seat valvesfor non-atomic energy purposes which the ratio of tritium to hydrogen by atoms excee
in 1,000. . . the foll~
A.E.29. Gas centrifuges capable of the enrichment or separation of 2 The quantities of tritium specified below conta1ned m age by thJ
isotopes and specially designed parts and equipment for gas centri- specified classes of products are excluded from cover
fuges and gas centrifuges installations. definition: . r sbipJJl~;
Gas centrifuges specially designed for industrial use and not suitable for (a) Labelled compounds not exceeding 100 curtes pe rs el~
atomic energy production use. (b) Self-luminous products, gas and aerosol detecto ,
104 Trade and Industry 30 AprU 1976
lightning or static electricity gradient meters, devices 1080. Machines and equipment, including specialised tooling and
~'eel for the ionisation of air, including static elimination fixtures specially designed for making or measuring ps turbine
d~ ion generating tubes, detector cells of gas chromato- blades.
~'devices, and calibration standards;
~J ~at each product o.r device co~tains not more than 40 1081. Machinery for use in the manufacture of aircraft, as follows:
~ ( ·tiurn in any chemical or physIcal form.
~~J.~l~hipments containing up to·1 00 curies of tritium, except, as (a) Machinery specially designed for the working or forming of
:;;;;;sub-item (h) of A.E.35. aircraft sheet, plate or extrusion;
(b) Machinery specially designed for the milling ofaircraft skin.
.. hipments containing up to 500 curies of tritium when contained
I~ oS int or in a paint constituent,. in the form of tritium activated Unimproved machinery as ahove originally produced more than ten years
•~ho;Phor in which the t~tiating agent is ~ .com~ound containing prior to the proposed export.
,L-icall hound hydrogen 'tn the form ofa tntzum 'tsotope.
(,tsC/I';'" ~1J
1086. Machines specially designed for the manufacture ofjet engines,
~ N utron generator tubes designed for operation without an
the following:
__:. =cuum system, and utilising electrostatic acceleration to
tefLU'l v . 1 .
'tium-deuterIum nucear reactIon. (a) J et engine compressor or turbine disc turning machines;
uce a tn
t}/JJS technically the same as those already exported. (b) Jet engine rotor grinders.

41. Process control instrume~tation specially ?esigned. or ~odi­ 1088. Gear making and/or finishing machinery, as follows:
ed for monitoring or ~ontroll~ng ~e pr?C~SsIng of Irradiated
'onable or fertile materIals or IrradIated lIthium. (a) Gear grinding machines, generating type, capable of accepting
also Item A.E.l9). gear blanks of914mm (36 in) work diameter or more;
(b) Gear grinding machines, generating type, designed to grind
gears to a face-width of 177mm (7 in) or more, for the produc-
tion of helical or herring-bone gears;
(c) Capable of the production of gears of a module finer than 0.5mm
d or (diametral pitch finer than 48) and meeting a quality standard
~or ndustrial list better than DIN 58405 Class 6.
dride Explanatory note: If rated in AGMA or Admiralty standards
up A. Metal-Working Machinery and not rated in DIN 58405, AGMA II or Admiralty Class I shall
2. Presses and :specialised controls, accessories and parts therefor, be considered to be the equivalent of DIN 58405 Class 6.
alor follows:
a) Presses (stabilised equipment using rams) for applying high 1091. Numerical control systems, as follows:
lope; impact energy work forces through use of explosives or com-
(a) Units for numerically controlling simultaneously coordinated
tope, pressed gases including air;
(contouring and continuous path) movements of machine tools
) Presses specially designed or redesigned for the working or
and dimensional inspection machines in two or more axes,
forming of'metals, alloys Or other materials with a melting
5iso- except units having all of the following characteristics:
point exceeding 1,900°C.
rnol, (i) Hardwired (not softwired, ie not Computerized Numerical
) Hydraulic presses as follows:
Control (CNC);
(i) Vertical presses having a total rated force ofover 10,000 tons.
(ii) No more than two contouring interpolating axes can be
(ii) Horizontal presses having a total rated force of over 5,000
simultaneously coordinated;
as to tons
(i,i) Minimum programme increment equal to or greater
najor ) lsostatic press systems as follows:
(coarser) than 0.00 I mm ;
chas (i) capable of achieving a maximum working pressure of
(iv) Without interface to allow direct computer input.
ment 20,000 Ib/in2 (1,406kg/cm2 ) or greater and possessing a
rlla· chamber cavity with an inside diameter in excess of 16 in
rhere (40.6cm), or Explanatory Notes:
(ii) capable of achieving a maximum working pressure of 5,000
"Interpolating" in sub-item (a) (ii) above is understood. to be
Ib/in2 (35Ikg/cm2,) or greater, and having a controlled
any mathematical function including linear and circular.
thermal environment within the closed cavity, except those
2 'Fhe units described in sub-item (a) (ii) above may have one or
possessing a chamber cavity with an inside diameter of less
more positioning axes in addition to two contouring axes.
con' than 5 in (127rnm) and which are also capable of achieving
The units may have more than one set of two contouring axes
and maintaining a controlled thermal environment only
(eg units controlling two independent railheads on a vertical
between +80°C and - 35°C.
turret lathe), provided a separate feedrate number is required
~lanato~ Note: Isostatic presses are those capable of pressurising for each set of two contouring axes, and a single feedrate
osed caVIty through various media (gas, liquid, solid particles, number (standard or optional) does not control more than
)kto .create equal force in all directions within the cavity upon a any two contouring axes.
r -Piece or material.
(b) Machine tools and dimensional inspection machines, which
) Q)ntrol .
d' eqwpment, accessories and parts which are specially according to the manufacturer's technical specifications can be
esIgned for the above presses. equipped with controls covered by sub-item (a) above, except:
(i) boring mills, milling machines, and machining centres, having
II;:draul.ic presses described in sub-item (c) not specially designedfor use in
all the following characteristics:
rmic.r azr~aft,. missile or space vehicle parts, in powder metallurgy or in
(I)Maximum slide travel in any axis equal to or less than
. : uctum where the total rated force is less than 30,000 tons for
Pans .'ts~es and.IO,oO? tons or lessfor horizontal presses; and
(2)Positioning accuracy of any axis equal to or greater than
ftrst I.~t U::d ,m SUh-ttem (e) to service presses previously exported under
yuJ. CJ.J thzs note.
± O.Olmm per' 300mm and 0.005mm for each additional
S. Spin-fo . (3)Spindle power equal to or less than 20kW;
roner h~ng and flow-forming machines, double support or
(4) Single-working spindle;
.., peS,as follows:
) Horizontal . (5)Axial and radial axis motion measured at the spindle axis
tnotor of 80 spmdle type designed to have and having a drive in one revolution of the spindle equal to or greater than
) Vertical ,hp (59kW) or more; D X 2 X 10-5mm TIR (peak-to-peak), where D is the
of 50 hp SP(3~dle type designed to have and having a drive motor spindle diameter in millimetres;
kW) 9r more. (6) Not more than 3 axes capable ofsimultaneously coordinated
Trade and Indus~ 30 Aprd 1976 301
contouring motion regardless of the Ne unit connected to (a) at tns ti1M of export, the units are incorporated in non-controllt;
the machine; ~UM~m~nt .
(ii) machine tools (other than the machines described in (i) (b) The CNC units are designed to have all of the following cq .
above) and dimensional inspection machines having all of the (I)No more than two contouring interpolating axes can be si~'
following characteristics; coordinated;
(l)Positioning accuracy of any ax:is equal to or greater than Explanatory Note:
± O.Olmm per 300mm and O.OO5mm for each additional 1 "Interpolating" is understood to be a'!}' mathematical
300 mm.; including linear and circular. ~
(2)Radial axis motion at the spindle axis equal to or greater 2 Units may not have additional positioning axes.
than 0.OOO8mm TIR (peak-to-peak) in one revolution of (2) The cabine~ ~hall be designedjor. onry 2~~xis operation (ie tlure
the spindle (for lathes and other turning machines); be no addddtonal card rack locattons, wtnng provisions for sIlcU
(3) Not more than 3 axes capable ofsimultaneously coordinated two servo-Ioops, nor physical space for later additions of t/use- t40a
contouring motion regardless of the NC unit connected to i~; ~
the machine; (3)Mebml~ is limite.d to anifd not cap~ble. oflbeing extended b90nd th4I
ena tng a maxtmum 0 two-ax'tS szmu taneous veloci!y nd
Explanatory Notes: generation, plus 400 characters (8-bit) of part jJrograTnrnla ~
The machines defined in sub-item (b) (i) (4) above may have (4 )Power suppry is limited to two-axis operation; s age;
multiple tool heads or turrets, but only one working spindle (5)Minimum programmable increment equal to or greater (coarser)
(standard or optional) may be operative at a time. O.OOlmm.;
2 The machines defined in sub-items (b) (i) (6) and (b) (ii) (3) (6) Without interface to enable data exchange with another computer.
above may have more than one work station, but each (7)Software and documentation is strictly limited to accord with the
station shall be limited to 2-axis contouring (eg vertical characteristics.
turret lathes with two independent railheads). The
machines may have one or more discrete positioning mode
axes, (eg discrete positioning rotary table) in addition to 1093. Components and specially designed parts for machine tooh and
the three contouring axes. Secondary contouring axes dimensional inspection machines covered by Itern 1091, as follows:
parallel to primary contouring axes (eg W -axis of a boring (a) Spindle assemblies, consisting of spindles and bearings as
mill that has a primary Z-axis) are not to be considered minimal assembly, except those assemblies with axial and ~
when determining the number of contouring axes. axis motion measured along the spindle axis in one revolution
3 The value of the positioning accuracy described in sub- of the spindle equal to or greater (coarser) than the fOllOwing:
items (b) (i) (2) and (b)(ii)(l) above does not include the (i) 0.0008mm TIR (peak-to-peak) for lathes and turning
width of backlash. This value is determined by the usual machines; or
statistical methods (random tests), ie by approaching from (ii) D X 2 X 10-5mm TIR (peak-to-peak), where D is the
only one direction a minimum of five measurement points spindle diameter in millimetres, for milling machines,
up to a maximum of twenty-five measurement positions boring mills, jig grinders, and machining centres;
as random tests along one axis. (b) Lead screws, including ball nut screws, except those having
National standards, eg the German VDI standards No of the following characteristics:
3254, sheet 1, and/or the United States NMIBA standards, (i) Accuracy equal tQ or greater (coarser) than O.OO4mml
can be taken as binding standards for this measuring 300mm;
method. (ii) Overall accuracy equal to or greater (coarser) than (0.002
(c) Direct Numerical Control (ONC) systems consisting of a dedi-
+ 5 X 10-6 xL) mm, where L is the effective length in
millimetres of the screw;
cated stored programme computer acting as a host computer
(iii) Concentricity of the centre line of the journal bearingsurfac
and controlling, on-line or off-line, one or more numerically
and the centre line of the major diameter of the screw equal
controlled machine tools or inspection machines, as defined in
to or greater (coarser) than O.005mm. TIR (peak-to-peak)
sub-item (b) above, related software, and inter-face and com-
at a distance of three times the diameter of the screw or lesl
munication equipment for data transfer between the host
from the journal bearing surface;
computer memory, the interpolation functions, and the numeri-
(c) Linear and rotary position feedback units including inductive
cally-controlled machine tools;
type devices, graduated scales, and laser systems, except:
(d) Specially designed sub-assemblies which can upgrade the
(i) Linear types having an accuracy equal to or greater (coarser)
capabilities of numerical control units and machine tools so that
than (0.0004 + 13 X 10~ X L)mm for L equal to orllt
they would become embargoed by sub-items (a), (b) or (c)
than 100mm and (0.0015 + 2 X 10-6 X L)mm,for~~reater
than 100mm where L is the effective length in ffiIllimetrd
Numerical control units: of the linear measurement, and
(ii) Rotary types having an accuracy
(1) Incorporated in and exported with the machine tool or dimensional (coarser) than two seconds of arc.
inspection machine exportable under the exception clause of sub-item (b)
above, and having all of the following characteristics:
(a) Hardwired (not softwired), ie not CNC); Group B. Cheudca1 and petroleum. equipment
(b) No more than three contouring interpolating axes can be simul-
taneously coordinated; 1110. Gas liquefying equipment, as follows:
Explanatory Note: . f l' ·d h cl gen except plants
(a) Equipment for the production 0 lqUl Y ro '4-h urday
"Interpolating" is understood to be any mathematical function with a capacity of less than one-and-a-ha}f tons ~er ~fh 0drof1l
and not designed for, or capable of, the productIOn Y
including linear and circular.
2 Units may have one or more positioning axes in addition to three slush; .
contouring axes. (b) Equipment for the production of liquid fluorIne;
(c) Minimum programmable increment equal to or greater (coarser) than (c) Equipment for helium as follows; 1 ases,and
O.OOlmm; (1 )Equipment for the separation ofhelium from na~ura 11am'bda-
(2)Equipment specially designed for the productIon 0
(d) Without interface to enable direct computer input.
(2) For incorporation in machine tools and dimer.zsional inspection phase helium (helium 11) ; . . rum excePt
machines produced in the proscribed areas, provided that such tools, (3)Other equipment for the production ofhqUld he~a;20titrtS
(i) Equipment which has a capacity of no more Cori
after being equipped with these numerical control units, are sold or
otherwise disposed of in non-proscribed countries. per hour; . h' es having'
(ii) Equipment with piston-expansion mac lJ1 \
Computer NU1Mrical Control (CNC) units to civil end-users other than aero,:, capacity of no more than 50 litres per hour. \
space provided that: Equipment described in (c) (i) •
.. Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
• ent for the production of military explosives and solid (a) Consumable electrode vacuum arc furnaces with a capacity in
1" EqU1~
ts, follows:
excess of 5 tons;
(b) Skull type vacuum arc furnaces;
lete installations; (c) Specialised parts and controls for the above furnaces.
) ~111~ components;
) SP-rs~-·.~ c·ontinuous types.
) Nitrato . 1204. Electron beam equipment for the deposition of thin film, the
coating of thin film, or the working thereof; and specialised parts for
vacuum pumps, as follows: the above equipment.
· leeu1ar pumps having a higher ~ capacity than 2,000 Explanatory Note: It is not intended that this item covers: (a)
) r~~roo d
. ofnitrogen per secon ; equipment using the 'sparking technique' ; (b) continuous vacuum
li~ ion pumps rated for unbafHed pumping speeds of more roll coating machines having a voltage in excess of 20 kv having a
·1 ~O,OOO litres of nitrogen per second at pressures of lO-4 mm fixed electron beam gun and no accurate control of the thickness of the
of ercury or less; deposited layer.
III urnp systems (ie systems in which the circulation of
) ~ cl gas is used to achieve a vacuum, either static or dynamic, 1205. Electrochemical, semi-conductor and radio-active deviceB
liq 1 e ring the temperature of the environment) designed to for the direct conversion of chemical, solar or nuclear energy to
by oWe at temperatures of less than - 200°C ( - 32BOF)
operat e . electrical energy, as follows:
ured at atmosphenc pressure.
) ~;:allY designed parts, controls and accessories for the above (a) Electrochemical devices, as follows:
(I)Fuel cells operating at temperatures of 200°C (392°P) or less,
including regenerative cells, ie cells for generating electric
31. Pumps (except vacuum pumps) having any of the following power to which all the consumable components are supplied
from outside the cell;
) Designed to move molten m~tals by electromagnetic forces; ° Explanatory Note: The temperature of 200°C (392°F) or less is
) Specially designed for operatIon at temperatures below -220 C intended to refer to the fuel cell and not to the fuel conditioning
equipment, which may be either an ancillary or an integral part of the
(_364°F) ;
) Having all flo~ contac~ sur~aces ~ade of 90 per cent or ~ore fuel cell battery and which may operate at over 200°C (392°F).
tantalum, titanIum or ZIrconIum, eIther separately or combIned, (2)Primary cells and batteries having any of the following
except when such surfaces are made of materials containing more characteristics:
than 97 per cent and less than 99.7 per cent titanium. (i) possessing a means of activation and having an open
also Item I.L. 1133). circuit storage life in the unactivated condition, at a
temperature of 21°C (70°F) of 10 years or more;
133. Valves, cocks and pressure regulators, as follows: (ii) capable of operating at temperatures from below -25°C
(-13°F) to above 55°0 (131 0 P) including cells and cell
) Specially designed for operation at temperatures below - 220°C assemblies (other than dry cells) possessing self-contained
(-364°F) ; or heaters;
) Having all flow contact surfaces made of 90 per cent or more (iii) Utilising a lithium anode with lithium salt solute in
tantalum, titanium or zirconium, either separately or combined, organic solvent (non aqueous) electrolyte and having an
except when such surfaces are made of materials containing more energy density at the 24-hour discharge rate of greater
than 97 per cent and less than 99.7 per cent titanium. than lOO Watt-hours per pound at 24°0 (73°P) and
also Item 27 on the Atomic Energy List and Item I.L. 1131.) greater than 35 Watt-hours per pound at -29°0 (-20°F).
Explanatory Note: Energy density is obtained by multiplying the
42. Tubing made of, lined with, or covered with: coagulated average power in watts (average voltage times average current in
. ion grades of polytetrafluoroethylene; the copolymers of ampheres) by the duration of the discharge in hours to 90 per cent of
uoroethylene and hexafluoropropylene; or any of the fluoro- the initial load voltage and dividing by the total weight of the cell
bonmaterials covered by sub-item 1754(a) (2), as follows: (or battery) in pounds. As regards secondary (rechargeable) bat-
) Unreinforced, heat shrinkable tubing having an inner diameter teries, energy density is measured after 500 charge/discharge cycles.
(before shrinkage) of less than 28.57mm (It in). (3)Mechanically rechargeable leak-proof batteries having cells
) Reinforced tubing (including connectors and fittings for usage with removable zinc plates with porous air electrodes and
with such tubing) designed for operating (working) pressures of immersed in electrolyte of potassiwn hydroxide;
105.45kg!sq. cm (1,500 p.s.i.) or greater, whether or not (4) Molten salt electrolyte cells and batteries which normally
specially processed to make the flow surfaces electrically con- operate at temperatures of 150°C (302°P) or below;
(b) Photo-voltaic cells:
45. Containers, jacketed only, for the storage or transportation of (I)With a power output of 14 mw or more per sq. cm under
lOO mw per sq. cm tungsten (2,BOOOK) illumination; or
u~fied ~ses at temperatures below -170°C (-274°F), including
ile umts, as follows: (2)All gallium arsenide photo-voltaic cells excluding those having
a power output of less than 4 mw measured by the above
) ~ly designed for liquefied gases boiling at temperatures technique; or
9~o~ - 200°0 (- 328°F), having a liquid capacity of more than (3)With a power output of 450 mw or more per sq. cm under
3 htres (250 gallons) and an evaporation loss rate of less than 10 watts per sq. cm silicon carbine (1,750 0 K) illumination;
24~~ cent per day as determined at an ambient temperature of
(c) Power sources other than nuclear reactors based on radio-active
) S •(75°F) and without exposure to direct sWllight;
) :~al1y d~signed for liquid fluorine; materials systems, excluding:
or obiIe eqUIpment specially designed for liquid oxygen, nitrogen
(i) those having an output power of less than 0.5 watt and a total
an: gon having a capacity exceeding 4,542 litres (1,200 gallons)
dete:.evaporation loss rate of less than 1.5 per cent per day as
weight of more than 200 lb;
(ii) those specially des~gned and developed for medical use within
the human body.
with lIled at an ambient tenlperature of 24°C (75°F) and
(See also Items I.L. 1550 and I.L. 1570)
tnuI:~ e.xposure ~o direct sunlight, except equipment with (d) Specialised parts, components and sub-assemblies of the above
IlUnar type Insulation under vacuum.
Containers desett'b ed zn. sub-item (c).
(See also sub-Items I.L. 1570 (c) and (d).
C. Electrical and . . Fuel cells described in sub-item (a) ( I> above, asfollows: With a maximum
power-generatiDg eqUlplnent
·E!ectri operating temperature of 100°C (212 CF) using gaseous pure hydrogen and
C vacuum furnaces as follows: oxygen/air reactants, alkaline electrolyte, and a catalyst support by carbon
Trade and Indut;try 30 April 1976 107
either pressed on a metal mesh, el"trode, or attached to a conducting porous (3)Cont!ols fo~ the automatic correction of the toad.....
plastic. (4)Speclal deVices to bum out the metal deposit on-'
Equipment described in sub-item (c) having an overall efficiency of 6 per cent prevent electrical faults in the capacitors; PinhoIu
or less (obtained by dividing the electrical output, expressed in watts, by the (b) Specialised components and parts for the above tnaehin
thermal input, expressed in watts, this efficiency to be measured at the beginning (c) Equipments, components and parts specially desi try;
of life), and an output power of 0.5 watts or n:wre• continuous coating of polyester base magnetic tape~ed for
the equipments described in Item 1572. ltltended
1206. Electric arc devices for generating a flow ofionised gas in which
the arc column is constricted (except devices wherein the flow of 1357. Filament winding and tape-laying machines usin
gas is for isolation purposes only and devices of less than lOO kw covered by Item 1763, as follows: g tn.a .
for cutting, welding, melting, plating and/or spraying); equipment
incorporating such devices; specially designed parts, accessories and (a) Machines of which the motions for positioning wr '
winding of fibres are co-ordinated and program~edappUlg
control or test equipment for such devices. lIl
more axes, specially designed to fabricate composite three
Group D General industrial equipD1ent or laminate~ from fibrous and filamentary materiaIs
mechanical parts of the machines, co-ordinating and and
1305. Metal rolling mills, as follows: . controI
mlng d
s, an · l'Ised parts, components and PI1
(a) Mills, specially designed or redesigned for the rolling of metals therefor.
and alloys with a melting point exceeding 1,900°C; (b) Machines of which the motions for positioning and 1aytng '
(b) Specialised controls, parts and accessories for the above mills. tape and sheets are co-ordinated and programmed in two
axes, specially designed for the manufacture of compos~; ~
frame and missile structures. 1 e all'
1352. Machinery specially designed for the extrusion of tetrafluoro-
ethylene polymer and copolymer coagulated dispersions or powders
or pastes derived therefrom, and parts and components therefor, and 1358. Mac~inery and equi~ment specially designed for the manufac
other machinery specially designed for the manufacture of wire and ture of deVices and assembhes thereof covered by sub-items I588 (b)
cable described in sub-item 1754(c). (c), (d) and (e) and for magnetic recording media other than
covered by sub-item 1572(d) (for magnetic tape equipment
1353. Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of com- I tern 1356), as follows: '
munication cable described in I tern 1526. (a) Equipment for the manufacture of single and multi-ape
Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of cells described in sub- forms covered by sub-items 1588 (b), (c) and (d), as follows:
item 1526(b). (l)Automatic presses;
(2)Press dies;
1355. Machinery and equipment for the manufacture of electronic (3)Automatic equipment for monitoring grading,
equipment, components and materials and related test gear, parts and exercising and/or testing;
specialised con trol~ and accessories, as follows: (b) Equipment for the manufacture of thin film memory storage
(a) Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of controlled switching devices having square hysteresis loops and automa'
tubes (valves) and parts and sub-assemblies thereof: equipment for monitoring, grading, sorting, exercising and!
(b) For semi-conductor devices, electronic equipment and compo- testing of devices covered by sub-item 1588(e);
nents described in Item I.L. l564(a) and (c), and parts, materials (c) Automatic equipment for monitoring, exercising and/or tes .
and sub-assemblies thereof; assemblies of devices covered by sub-items 1588 (b), (c), (d
(1 )Equipment specially designed for the manufacture ofsuch types and (e);
and of any silicon transistor; (d) Equipment for the application of magnetic coating to reco .
(2)Equipment for slicing, dicing, scribing, slice breaking, polishing media covered by sub-item 1572(d);
probing, testing and/or sorting; (e) Automatic and semi-automatic equipment for monitoring
(3)Bonders and welders; grading, exercising and/or testing recording media covered b,
(4) Masks; sub-item 1572 (d);
(5)Equipment for the manufacture of masks of the creation of a (f) Specialised test equipment, parts and controls for the above.
photosensitive pattern on the surface of a semi-conductor or Explanatory Notes:
insulating substrate; and
(6) Equipment for purifying or processing semi-conductor The term 'automatic' refers to machinery not requiring th
materials, except equipment specially designed for the zone assistance of a human operator to complete its function
purification of germanium. functions during each complete cycle of operations. , ,
2 The term 'semi-automatic' refers to machinery reqwnng
Explanatory Note: It is understood that equipment for purifying assistance of a human operator to complete part b~t not
and processing includes equipment which performs one or more of the of its functions during each complete cycle of oper~t1ons. th
following operations on semi-conductor materials. 3 The term 'functions' in Notes 1 and 2 does not mclude.
(a) purifying beyond 99.9 per cent; initial loading or final unloading of material from the Ulachin~
(b) equalising distribution of residual impurities;
(c) achieving controlled introduction of impurities (in one or 1361. Wind tunnels, as follows:
(a) Supersonic (Mach 1.4 Mach 5.5) hypersonic (~ach~
more stages of operation);
(d) producing monocrystalline material or forms (eg by drawing, Mach 15) and hypervelocity (above Mach 15) ,wmd
pulling, deposition) including forming on substrates; except wind tunnels specially designed for educatIonal P than
(c) For depositing or printing on insulating materials or otherwise and having a test section size (measured internally) of less
forming, in situ, component parts other than basic wiring. 10 in (25cm); , ' f Mach U
(b) Devices for simulating environments at velOCIues 0 Is shock c) (
1356. Machinery for the working of synthetic film used as a dielectric and above, including hot shot tunnels, plasma arc tUI1!le , a
(condenser tissue) or as magnetic recording tape, as follows: tunnels, shock tubes, gas tunnels and light gas guns; uiplIlenl 1
(c) Specially designed parts and accessories for the above eq . d) (
(a) Vacuum metallising machinery specially designed for the . . , fers to the ~ t
continuous strip roll coating with metallised sheathing or syn- Explanatory Note: The term 'test sectIon sIze re th 10ngersWt e) J
thetic film used as a dielectric in. capacitors embargoed by Item meter of the circle, the side dimension of the square, or e of the tt$l ~

1560, capable of being used with any of the following devices, dimension of the rectangle constituting possible shapes ~ i
whether or not equipped with such devices: section. . if 14qr f(I1I
(1 )Cutting devices for slitting the film into strips suitable for Supersonic wind tunnels which are capable of Mach veloeit~s 0 'th' ~
capacitors; but less than 4, and are not specially designedjor or fitte un
(2)Shadow makes or similar devices to achieve uncoated strips; preheating the air.
308 Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
• n testing equipment (e~pt mechanical types) (g) Gyros with a rated free directional drift rate (rated tree preces-
,JUI-rviding a thrust greater than 2,000 lb (900kg) and sion) of less than 0.5 degree (1 Sigma or rms) per hour in a Ig
. of !:illarr
equipment therefor. environment;
(h) Inertial or other equipment using accelerometers described in
ETraasportation equipDlent sub-item (f) above and/or gyros described in sub-item (g) above,
and systems incorporating such equipment;
6. Vessels as follows: (i) Specially designed parts, components and test calibration arid
...Al'Ofoil vessels; alignment for the above.
)f{1~-'1 ssels not possessing significant rough water capability or
~ ;;ities provi~d the vessels are for normal civilian use and do not Equipment described in sub-item (b) provided:
ate advanced techn1,ques. . . . ( 1) They are of types and series which have been in normal civil use for

) . g vessels, including sea-going fishing vessels and coasters,

~r~s therefor, designed for speeds of over 26 knots when in
anI load (design) condition, taking into consideration hull form
more than two years and are standard equipment of aircraft excluded
from control under Item 1.L. 1460.
(2) The equipment is to be installed in civil aircraft.
fuI fi ation) as well as power plant;
(con lsgurwith hulls and propulsion machinery made wholly or Equipment described in sub-item (d) provided:
) vesse . .,I
. rily of non-magnetic materIa s; ( 1) It has been in normal civil use for more than two years;
~ships with d~cks and platforms specially designed or (2)It will be usedfor a clearly civil application in the importing country.
) ngthened to receIve weapons.
: Departtnent of Trade (CRE 4/ld) or Ministry of Defence Equipment described in sub-item (i) provided:
) (D; 13a) should be consulted.about any vessel incorporating ~ny (1 )It is not covered by sub-items (f) or (g);
item in this Schedule, or haVIng arrangements for demagnetIsa- (2) It is intended for use with exports meeting the conditions mentioned
tion. above for sub-items (b) and (d).
also item M.L.9)
Group F. Electronic equipment including cODllDuaicadous
conducting cable suitable for sweeping and radar
See also Item M. L. 11.
431. Gas turbine engines for marine propulsion for 3,500 rated shaft
-power or more, whe~her originally designed as such or adapted 1501. Navigation, direction finding, radar and airborne communica-
rsuch use from aero-engInes. tion equipment: see also sub-items M.L. 20(b) and M.L. 20(c) and
sub-items I.L. 1485(b) and I.L. 1485(h).
~. Aircraft and helicopters, aero-engines and aircraft and heli-
pters equipment, as follows: (a) Airborne communication equipment and specialised parts and
components therefor, having any of the following characteristics:
) Helicopters over 10,000 lb (4,530kg) empty weight and power (l)Designed to operate at frequencies greater than 156 MHz;
transmission systems therefor; (2) Incorporating facilities for:
Explanatory Note: Empty weight is understood to include normal (i) The rapid selection of more than 200 channels per
tallation and normal minimum crew, but does not include fuel or equipment, or
y.load. (ii) Equipment using frequency synthesis techniques (see
also Item 1531);
) Aircraft and helicopters (other than those covered by sub-item
except equipment operating in the frequency range of 108 to
(a) above), except those not containing any Munitions list
136 MHz with 720 channels or fewer at not less than 25 kHz
items and which are of types and series which are in bona fide
normal civil use. spacing, and which has been in normal civil use for at least
c) Aero-engines, except:
one year;
(i) Piston engines; (3)Pressurised throughout;
(4)Rated for continuous operation over a range of ambient
Ive. (ii) Jet engines of less than 5,000 Ib (2,265kg) thrust;
temperatures extending from below -55°C to above +55°C;
(iii) Turbo-prop or turbo-shaft engines of less than 2,500 horse-
(5)Designed for single side band operation (SSB);
power or with a residual thrust of less than 1,000 Ib (453kg);
(iv) Those for use in bona fide civil aircraft and helicopters; (6)Designed for modulating methods employing any form of
digital modulation using time and frequency redundancy such as
But see also Items I.L. 1485, I. L. 1501 and M.L. 10). "Quantised Frequency Modulation" (QFM);
g Standard commercial airborne equipment needed to equip civil aircraft
485. Compasses, gyroscopes, accelerometers and inertial equipment, or as normal standard equipment incorporated in civil aircraft being
ot follows:
exported for civil commercial use provided that it contains none of the
ethe a) G~? compasses with provision for determining and transmitting characteristics in sub-items (5) and (6) above.
:hine. ship s leVel reference data" (roll, pitch) in addition to own ship's (b) Navigation and direction finding equipment (and specialised
course data . parts and accessories, specialised testing or calibrating equipment
b) Integrated flight instrument systems for aircraft which include and training or simulating equipment, not elsewhere specified
gyr()-stabilisers and/or automatic pilots; therefor), as follows;
~lan~tory Note: An integrated flight instrument system is a
(1 )Airborne navigation equipment and direction finding equip-
ment as follows:
..a:r Instrument display system of attitude and azimuth with
(i) Designed to make use of 'Doppler' frequency phenomena;
ti~s for giving manoeuvre guidance information to the pilot and
(ii) Utilising the constant velocity and/or the rectilinear
n :egr~ted with an auto-pilot to the extent of embodying a
propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves
UnIt for setting up the required demands.
c) =-as~
compasses and other devices which derive position
onentation by means of automatically tracking celestial
having frequency less than 4 x 1014 Hz (0.75 microns);
(Hi) Radio altimeters, the following:
(a) Pulse modulated;
d) Gyro..s~bil' (b) Frequency modulated having an electrical output
ex Isers used for other purposes than aircraft control accuracy better than ± 3 ft over the whole range
e) A:~~ose ~or stabilising an entire surface vessel; between 0 to 100 ft or + 3 per cent above 100 ft;
except II1 ~ pIlots used for other purposes than aircraft control, (c) Frequency modulated which have been in normal
~ Aceel anne types for surface vessels; civil use for less than one year;
error :~eters with a threshold of 0.005g or less or a linearity (iv) Direction finding equipment operating at frequencies
are desig n 0.25 per cent of full scale output or both, which greater than 5 MHz other than equipment designed for
SYStems ~ed, for USe in inertial navigation systems or in guidance search and rescue purposes provided the receiver
o all types; operates on a crystal controlled fixed frequency of 121.5
Trade and IndU8try 30 April 1976 ..
MHz and that the determination ot the D.F. bearing is (Hi) Operating at a frequency ot less than 3.5, Gat
not independent ~f the heading of the aircraft and pro- an 80 per cent or better probability of de ~ha'
vided that the D.F. antennae array is designed for opera- 10 sq. m target at a free space range of250 nateetion for
tion at a fixed frequency of 121.5 MHz. or operating at a frequency within the range ;~tniks
(v) Pressurised throughout; GHz and having an 80 per cent or better Pro .5~JO
(vi) Rated for continuous operation over a range of ambient detection for 10 sq. m target at a free space babiJity
temperature extending from below -55°0 to above nautical miles; l'angeorl
+ 55°0. (iv) Utilising other than pulse modulation with
and/or staggered pulse repetition frequency ina ~tant
Navigation equipment described in sub-item b (1) (i) provided that it is to be
carrier frequency of the transmitted signal is n :&UQl tilt
installed in civil aircraft or helicopters, and is normal standard equipment of a 0
deliberately between groups of pulses, from puI c
type installed in civil aircraft or helicopters. or within a single pulse; se to PuJae.
Standard commercial airborne equipmmt, of the kind described in sub-items
(v) Utilising a Doppler technique for any pUl'pose oth
(b) ( 1), (ii) and (iii) , needed to equip civil aircraft, or as normal standard
M.T.I. systems using a conventional double er~
equipment in civil aircraft being exportedfor civil commercial use, provided that pulse delay line cancellation technique; or tri
such equipment is equivalent in all characteristics and performance to standard
equipment of aircraft not covered by this Schedule, and which: (vi) !ncluding s~g?al processing .techniques which have
In normal CIvIl use for a perIod o.f less than two years'
(a) for equipment covered by sub-item 1501 (b) (1) (ii), is in coriformity (vii) In the case of ground radar, haVIng been in conun '.
with ICA 0 standards and assures no function exceeding those use for a period of less than one year; er
resulting from such standards, and is not designed to make use of Secondary radar equipment described in sub-item (c) above designedfi "
hyperbolic grids atfrequencies greater than 3 MHz*. air traffic identification and control purposes. fJT C
(b) for equipment covered by sub-item 1501 (b) ( 1) (iii) are frequency Radar equipment described only in sub-items (c) (2) (i), (ii) andl ("'\
modulated radio altimeters which have been in normal civil use for a above, provided that both of thefollowing conditions are met; or Illj
period of more than oneyear. ,
* Applications to export standard commercial airborne equipment (i) It is specially designed for the surveillance and co-ordinatio Cl

designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at frequenices of less than airfield surface traffic; and n0 el
3 MHz will be considered if co-ordinate conversion equipment, (ii) It is to be installed at airports operating scheduled commercial u
which has been in normal civil use for less than one year, or which flights. d
could not be shipped under the provisions of item 1565 is not Radar equipment embargoed only by sub-items (c) (2) (ii) or (iii) above or
included and is not separately supplied. by both, provided that all the following conditions are met: '
(2) Ground and marine equipment for use with airborne naviga- Exl
tion equipment utilising the constant velocity and/or the recti- (i) Operating at afrequency of not more than 1.5 CHz and having a (i) ~
linear propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves peak output power from the transmitter not greater than 5 MW· n
having frequency less than 4 X 1014 Hz (0.75 microns); or operating at afrequency within the range of 1.5 to 3.5 GHz! ii) ~
having a peak output power not greater than 2.5 MW,. s(
Ground equipment for use at civil airports or for civil use in association with (ii) Having an 80 per cent or better probability of detection for a £1
airborne equipment described in the Note to sub-item (b) (1) (ii) above, 10 sq. m target at afree space range of270 nautical miles;
provided that such equipment: (iii) Having a pulse ~epetition frequency exceeding 300 pulses per
is in coriformity with ICA 0 standards and assures no function exceeding second;
those resulting from such standards, and (iv) It is to be installed for air traffic conttol of scheduled inter· I
is not designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at frequencies greater national commercial flights; ill) ~
than 3 MH::::,. Radar equipment embargoed only by sub-item (c) (2) (vi) above, provided i d
(3) Ground and marine direction finding equipment operating at is specially designedfor marine use, or radar equipment embargoed only by sub-
frequencies greater than 30 MHz. items (c) (2) (vi) or (vii) above, or both, provided it is specially designedflW
Equipment described in (b) (3) when: meteorological observation.
(i) The equipment is to be installed at civil airports or for use on civil
air routes,· 1502. Communication, detection or tracking equipment of a kind
(ii) The equipment is designed to operate at frequencies between 30 using ultra-violet radiation, infra-red radiation or ultrasonic waves;
MHz and 157 MHz, excluding single side band equipment; and specialised parts therefor. .
(iii) The equipment employs a loop .rystem or a .rystem employing a Infra-red geodetic equipment covered by this item, provided that the eqUIp.
number of spaced vertical aerials uniformly disposed around the ment uses a lighting source other than a laser and is manually operated, or thst
circurriference of a circle; it uses a lighting source (other than a laser or a light emitting diode) remoU
(c) Radar equipment, and specialised parts and accessories, special- from the measuring equipment. .' .~
ised testing or calibrating equipment and training or simulating Explanatory Note: This i tern is not intended to cover mdus tn
equipment therefor, as follows: equipment employing cells not described in Item LL. ,1548 or ~.L.
(1) airborne radar equipment. 1550. The item does not cover uses for industrial inspecoon clean~,
sorting or analysis of properties of materials, materials ?and!ingl
Equipment covered by this sub-item when it is to be installed in civil aircraft,
and which:
(a) Has been in normal commercial service for at least one year;
industrial and civilian intrusion alarms, traffic and industnal ~ove- c) (
ment control, counting systems, medical applicati~ns, s~ple
tional or entertainment devices, flame detectors for Industnal ~ torY EX]
m: Cc

(b) Is specially designedfor use as a commercial weather radar; equipment for non-contact temperature measuremen~for la~
(c) Is a normal and reasonable equipmentfor such civil aircraft; or industrial purposes utilising a single detector c~ll WIth ,n° power
(2) Ground and marine radar equipment having one or more of of the detector, instruments capable of me~uf1ng radia.ted, I'"nds.
the following features; or energy havIng . a response tIme . constant exceed'InglOmill'ntadlse\I\fU
(i) Operating at a frequency not in normal civil use or at a The item does not cover ultrasonic devices which operate In :ifica-
frequency of more than 10.5 GHz; with a controlled material to be inspected or are used for em ultra-
(H) Operating at a frequency of less than 1.5 GHz and having tion or homogenisation or materials handling, nor un~erw~:raropli_
a peak output power from the transmitter greater than sonic communications equipment designed for oper.atI~n Wl range (/
2.5 MW; or operating at a frequency within the range of tude modulation system and having a commUnlCatIO~ klIz and
1.5 to 3.5 GHz and having a peak output power from the 500m or less (sea state 1) a carrier frequency of 40 to 1
transmitter greater than 1 MW; or operating at a fre- the carrier power supplied to the transducer of 1 watt or eSSe
quency within the range of 3.5 to 6 GHz and having a (See also Items M.L. 15 and I.L. 1555.)
peak output power from the transmitter greater than . ed tojaS!
500 kW; or operating at a frequency within the range of 1507. 'Jamming' apparatus (ie apparatus specially d~ised ~\
6 to 10.5 GHz and having a peak output power from the, or otherwise interfere with radio reception); and sp ,
transmitter greater than 250 kW; therefore
310 Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
.apparatus, underwater: apparatus for detecting or aircraft (piloted or pilotless), space vehicles or weapons (guided or
It- LoCI~~ under water by magnetic or acoustic or ultrasonic unguided), and test equipment specially designed for such equipment.
rin8' obJ~ specialised components of such apparatus, except Explanatory Note: This item is not intended to cover equipment
, a::, ounders of a kind used solely for measuring the depth and parts therefor specially designed to be used for remote control of
. edep th~ distance of submerged objects or fish and/or whales toys such as model planes and boats and having electric field strength
...ter o~IOW the apparatus. of no more than 200 microvolts per metre at a distance of 500m.
. . ~~,,11 nnerating apparatus for fish and/or whale finding. .
H"'z~~vJ' 1519. Single and multi-channel communications transmission equip-
modulators capable of providing, electric impulses of ment, including terminal, intermediate amplifier or repeater equip-
14, er se exceeding 2.4 MW or of a duration of less than 0.1 ment and multiplex equipment used for line or radio communications
pow d or with a duty cycle in excess of 0.002; and pulse systems, and data modems making use of the aforementioned com-
. secon p'ulse-forming equipment or delay lines being specialised munications systems and associated multiplex equipment, as follows:
ofsuch modulators. (a) Employing analogue transmission techniques with analogue
input and output, designed to deliver, carry or receive frequen-
p oramic and/or digitally controlled radio receivers which cies higher than 600 kHz into, or in, a communications system,
16. an can automatically a part of the electromagnetic spectrum except carrier communications terminals specially designed for
ch. di
or ate . th e receIve
s or identIfy . als; an d speCIa
. d sIgn . l'Ised parts
power lines and operating at frequencies below 1,500 kHz;
:c~ories therefor,' as follows:
Explanatory Note: Analogue transmission techniques include,
p oramic radio receivers except ancillary equipment for com- inter alia, frequency division multiplex (FDM).
) ancial receivers with which the frequency spectrum searched
:ers not exceed either ± 20 per cent of the intermediate (b) Employing digital transmission techniques with analogue input
fi :uency of the receiver or ±
2 MHz. and output designed for use on communications circuits;
) ~igitally.controlled radio receivers, wheth~r or not computer Explanatory Note: Digital transmission techniques include, inter
J ontrolled, which search or scan automatIcally a part of the alia, pulse code modulation (PCM).
electromagnetic spectrum, in which the switching operation
~kes less than 50 milliseconds, and which indicate or identify (c) data communications equipment employing digital transmission
the received signals. (For digitally-controlled radio receivers with digital input and output, including telegraphic and data
using frequency synthesizers see also Item 1531). transmission, having any of the following characteristics;
(I)Designed for operation at a data signalling rate in bits per
Explanatory Notes: This item is not intended to cover: second, excluding servicing and administrative channels,
numerically exceeding either:
vinga (i) Radio frequency analysers (see Item I.L. 1533) or field strength (i) 4,800; or
MW; meters (see Item I.L. 1529). (ii) 160 per cent of the channel (or sub-channel) bandwidth in
rz ii) Non-ruggedised receivers capable of digital control of frequency Hertz;
selection, with a maximum operation frequency over the range (2)Employing an automatic error detection and correction system
fora from 100 KHz to 32 MHz and where the speed of switching from having both of the following characteristics:
one selected operating frequency to another selected operating (i) Retransmission is not required for correction; and
frequency d~es not take less than 10 milliseconds. (For digitally- (ii) A data signalling rate exceeding 300 bits per second;
controlled radio receivers using frequency synthesizers, see also (d) Components, accessories, sub-assemblies and test equipment
inter- Item 1531). specially designed for the above equipment.
ill) Non-ruggedised digitally controlled pre-set type radio receivers
designed for use in civil communications which have 200 Explanatory Note: 'Data signalling rate' is as defined in ITV
'tied i
selective channels or fewer. Recommendation 53-36, taking into account that for non-binary
modulation, 'bauds' and 'bits per second' are not equal. Bits for
517. Radio transmitters (for those incorporating transmitter drive coding, checking and synchronisation functions are to be included.
'ts, exciters and master oscillators using frequency synthesis, see In the case of data communications equipment designed to operate
kind Item 1531) and components, except radio relay communications in one voice channel, 'bandwidth' will normally be as defined in
aves; uipment (see Item 1520), as follows: CCITT Recommendation, G 151, namely 3,100 Hertz. In the case
of CCITT or CCIR voice frequency telegraph systems, 'bandwidth'
a) Transmitters or transmitter-amplifiers designed to operate at may be considered as the number of channels times the channel
output frequencies greater than 960 MHz; spacing.
) Transmitters or transmitter amplifiers designed to provide any This item is not intended to cover:
ofthe following features:
(I) Any system of pulse modulation (this does not include ampli- (i) Telemetering, telecommand and telesignalling equipment
tude, frequency or phase modulated television or telegraphic designed for industrial purposes, together with data trans-
transmitter) ; mission equipment not intended for the transmission of
(2) Rates for operation over a range of ambient temperatures written or printed text and specialised parts, accessories and
extending from below - 40°C to above + 55°C; test equipment therefor. By telemetering; telecommand and
c) ~mponents, accessories and sub-assemblies specially designed telesignalling equipment is meant: sensing heads for the
or the above equipment (for quartz crystals, see Item 1587). conversion of information, into electrical information the
systems used for its long-distance transmission, the processes
Expl~natory Note: This item is not intended to cover the following used to translate electrical infonnation in coded data
.SDUtters or transmitter amplifiers, or systems containing such (telemetering), into control signals (telecommand) and into
Ulpment, accessories and sub-assemblies therefor: display signals (telesignalling).
a) t' '1 (ii) Facsimile equipment other than that embargoed under the
I~la Iy designed for medical applications and operating at Note to Item 1527
) frequencies' (iii) Equipment employing exclusively the direct current trans-
~~ an ~utp~t power of not more than 10 Watts, which are mission technique .
1 a y deSigned for: ( 1) Equipment caught by sub-item (a) above, and components, accessories and
2 Industrial
I d ' or CIVI "1 IntrUSIon
" . and a 1arm,
detectIon sub-assemblies thereof, for .'
i~~~lal.and traffic detection, counting, speed measurement, (i) Equipment specially designed for the transmission of television
3 Ca -cation and movement control, signals by cable between camera and studio or between studio and
in£rrytn~ the information from the equipment above, or the televtsion transmitter not exceeding 50 miles for a link with respect
an~/matIon of environmental, air or water, pollution detection to at!)' one installation. (For rlldio relay links See. Item 1520);
or measurement systems. (ii) Equipment to be used for closed circuit television or television
18. Telemet . distribution communi~ aerial ~stems and cable television ~stems)
efIllg and telecontrol equipment suitable for use with with an upper frequency limit of 960 MHz.
Trade and Industry 30 April 1976 111
(2) Bqui;menlcaught by sub-item (a) and (c) above, and components, metie mean between the frequencies at which th
accessories, and sub-assemblies there.[or, provided that it is for other than fication is one-half of its maximum value. . e~
submarine use, is to be permanently installed in a circuit operated by the (b) For amplifiers designed to operate at fr:quencies 1-....
civilian authorities of the importing country, and is to be used for civil see Item 1537. auvve I
television transmission (including closed circuit television) or for general (c) For parametric amplifiers, etc., see I tern 1537.
commercial traffic as follows:
(i) Equipment designed to deliver, carry, or receive one monochrome or 1522. Lasers and laser systems and specially designed
c(}lour television signal with a maximum nominal video bandwidth parts therefor, including amplification stages and COInPotlenUllld
of 6 MHz and associated sound channels; containing or which is designed to contain lase;s, excepa;:y equip,nent
(ii) Equipment designed to deliver, carry or receive not more than 2,700 (i) The following lasers and specially designed compo
voice channels of4 kHz each. £'.
therelor wh en not contaIne. d"In eqUIpment: nentsand Partl
(3) Equipment caught by sub-item (b) above, and components, accessories and (a) Argon, krypton, and dye lasers with both of th
sub-assemblies therifor, provided that it is for other than submarine use, is characteristics: e fOllOWing
to be permanentfy installed in. a circuit operated by the civilian authorities (1) An output wavelength shorter than 0.8 micron'
of the importing country, and is to be usedfor general commercial traffic, (2) A pulsed output not exceeding 0.5 joule per ui
asfollows: average or continuous wave maximum rPt ~and
(i) A total digital bit rate at the highest level miltiplex point of 2.1 power not exceeding 20 Watts; a e ou
Megabits per second or less, and (b) Helium-cadmium and nitrogen lasers with b th
(ii) A total number of voice channels per each physical bearer (wire or following characteristics: 0 of
radio) of32 or less. (1) An output wavelength shorter than 0.8 micron'
(2) A pulsed output not exceeding 0.5 Joule per Pul'
1520. Radio relay communications equipment, as follows: . .
average or contInuous wave maXImum rated out

not exceeding 120 Watts; put POWer

(a) Equipment employing tropospheric, ionospheric or meteoric
scatter phenomen~, and specialised test equipment therefor; (c) Heli~-neon lasers with an output wavelength shorter th
0.8 mIcron; an
(b) Other radio relay equipment designed for use at frequencies
exceeding 470 MHz; (d) Ruby-lasers with both of the following characteristics'
(c) Components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially designed (1) An output wavelength shorter than 0.8 micron' ·
for the above equipment. (2) An energy output not exceeding 2 Joules per pui~.
(1) Equipment described in sub-item (b) above, and components, accessories (e) CO 2 lasers with all of the following characteristics: '
and sub-assemblies therifor, asfollows: (1) An output wavelength in the range of 9 to 11 micro .
(a) Fixed ground communication radio equipment for use with temporary (2) A pulsed output• not exceeding 2• Joules per pulse an~'an
telephone services or ground mobile services operated by the civilian average or contInuous wave maXImum rated output pow
not exceeding 1,200 Watts; er
authorities of the importing country and employing not more than
20 manualfy-switched, fixed-frequency channels, allocated for that (3) (i) In which the beam, electrical excitation and gas flow
purpose by the 1. T.U., not exceeding 960 MHz with a power if any, are in the same direction; or '
output ofnot more than 300 Watts; (For mobile units, see Item 1517) (ii) In which the TEA (transverse excitation atmospheric)
(b) Ground communication radio equipment for use with temporary fixed , principle is used for excitation; (2
services operated by the civilian authorities of the importing country (f) Nd:YAG and Nd:Glass lasers with both of the following
and designed to be used atfixedfrequencies not exceeding 13.5 GHz characteristics:
with a power output ofnot more than 5 Watts; (1) An output wavelength of 1.06 microns; (3
(c) Equipment to be permanentfy installed in a circuit operated by the (2) A pulsed output not exceeding 0.5 Joule per pulse and an
civilian authorities of the importing country for general commercial average or continuous wave maximum rated. output
traffic, provided that: power not exceeding 10 Watts; )11
(zj Associated multiplex equipment is considered separately under (ii) The following equipment containing lasers excluded by sub-item (1
the provisions of Item 1519; and (i) above (2
(a) Specially designed for industrial and civilian intrusion
(ii) No equipment with a base bandwidth exceeding the limits set
forth in Note 4 to Item 1519 is included. detection and alarm systems;
(2) Equipment described in sub-item (b) abovefor communications satellite earth (b) Specially designed for medical applications;
stations provided that it is to be installed for operation in the framework (c) Simple educational devices;
(d) Specially designed for traffic and industrial movement (3
of an INTELSA T satellite communications ~stem.
(3) Equipment with a maximum capacity of 300 voice channels of 4 kHz
control and counting systems;
(e) Specially designed for detection of environmental pollution;
each, components, accessories, sub-assemblies and specialised test equip-
ment for industrial use, eg remote supervision, control and metering of (f) Optical spectrometers and densitometers;
(g) Equipment containing continuous wave helium-neon gas
oil and gas pipe-lines, public utility services (eg electricity networks)
lasers, other than laser feedback systems and laser inter-
including telephone channels for the operation of such networks and the
ferometers used in equipment covered by Item 1093;
engineering service circuits required for the maintenance of telecommunica-
(h) Textile-cutting and textile-bonding equipment; ,
tions links. (4
(i) Paper-cutting equipment; .
(j) Equipment containing lasers for drilling diamond dies for
1521. Amplifiers and related equipment, as follows: (5
the wire drawing industry; .'
(a) Tuned amplifiers having a bandwidth which exceeds 50 MHz (iii) Equipment for educational and laboratory purposes containJIlg
or 10 per cent of the mean frequency, whichever is less, except lasers listed in sub-item (i) (f) above.
those specially designed for use in community television distribu- Explanatory Notes:
tion systems or for use in radio commWlications equipment in the
HF band below 30 MHz; I 17he term 'specially designed components and parts in ~ )I
above definition is intended to include the active COJIlponel1 (1
(b) Untuned amplifiers having a bandwidth which exceeds 10 MHz,
but excluding: in semi-fabricated forms as well as fabricated forms. not
(i) Those having a bandwidth up to 50 MHz provided the 2 This item is intended to cover semiconducto~ lase~s but ted
power output does not exceed 5 Watts; and non-coherent light-emitting diodes and assembltes or 1Il~544 {2

(ll) Those having a bandwidth between 50 MHz and 100 MHz circuits containing such light-emitting diodes. (See IteII1S
provided the power output does not exceed 1 Watt; and 1564.) , (3
Explanatory Notes: 1526. Communications cable, as follows:
(a) The bandwidth is defined as the band of frequencies over which (a) Submarine cable; .~!
the power amplification does not drop to less than one-half ofits (b) Coaxial cable using a dielectric aired by discs, ~ (#1$\
maXimum value. The mean frequency is defined as the arith- spiral, or other means, except those having four or
Itl Trade and· Industry 30 April 1976
bich has a rated inner diameter of the outer conductor (e) Testing equipment rated to maintain specified operating data
ore an
14mm (0.551 in); when operating over a range ofambient temperatures from below
rJt1J nununications cable, being either coaxial or multi. -25°0 to above + 55°0.
gecure CO communications cable protected by mechanical and/ (f) Digital voltage measuring apparatus, with or without electrical
I means from physical damage and/or intrusion in outputs, irrespective of the physical Wlits in which calibrated,
or e1ec al1ner
..... . d
that communIcations secunty IS mamtalne with a reading speed (from zero to the measured. value) faster
such a rot rminals without the necessity for encryption. ' than 25 accesses per second and having any Qf the following
between e characteristics:
Note: This sub-item is not intended to cover cable that (1) Digital resolution at all points on the scale greater than one
ElPlanaedto'by only a tough outer sheath or that is electro-magnetic- part in 200,000;
enedonIy. (2) Accuracy better than 1 part in 50,000 (0.002 per cent) of
ysere de ribed in (a) and (b) provided that, (a) submarine cable is used
reading over an ambient temperature range of ± 5°C or more;
~ =estern countries, (b) quantities of cable needed are normal for
~ ,M[' ationfior the techniques concerned.
or a stability better than 10-8 of reading over a period of 24
',an Qyr le hours or more;
(3) Capable of more than 500 independent measurements per
her machines, cryptographic and/or coding devices arid second.
All cyP . d '
·· t and aSSOCIate equIpment, usa bI e on any transmISSIon
U1pm(~I~graphY, telephony, facsimile, video, data), that is designed Explanatory Notes to (f)
rem e the secrecy of communications and thus prevent clear Reading speed is assumed not to include changes in range or
. by other than t.h e 'Intended receIver.
~t;on atory Note: This item is intended to refer to all the related 2 Sub-item (f) above is not intended to cover;
· pa:t for cypher machines and cryptographic and/or coding (i) Visual quantisation apparatus capable of providing an
Ulpmespecialised assembhes,
vices, . su b -assem bl'les and c?~ponents? and
average value, displayed or not, of the results of the
· ent containing components embargoed by thIS Item. It IS not measurement;
Ulpm , d . . I .
tended to refer to simple ~odlng eVlces or eqUIpment on yensunng (ii) Multichannel analysers of all types used in nuclear
eprivacy of communicatIons. experimentation.
Explanatory Notes:
28. Coaxial cable \vith the outer conductor electroplated directly
spirally-grooved cable dielectric. 'Programmable' means that the equipment functions can be
controlled by the injection of digitally coded electrical signals
29. Electronic measuring, calibrating, counting, testing and time from an external source.
terval equipment, whether or not incorporating frequency stan- 2 One example of FFT techniques is described in 'An algorithm
, having any of the following characteristics: for the machine computation of complex Fourier series' by
Cooley and Tukey in 'Mathematics of Computation', April 1965,
flow, ,) Equipment, as follows: Page 297.
(I)Designed as reference frequency standards for laboratory use, 3 (i) For frequency spectrum analysers, see Item 1533;
lenc) with a stability over 24 hours or more of 1 part in 1010 or better; (ii) For microwave equipment, see also Item 1537;
(2)Designed ,for fixed ground use and containing frequency (iii) For analogue to digital converters, other than digital voltage
standard(s), w'ith a stability over 24 hours of 1 part in 109 or measuring instruments, see Item 1568;
better; (iv) For frequency synthesizers, see Item 1531.
(3)Designed for portable or mobile use and containing frequency
ldan standard(s), with a stability over 24 hours of 1 part in 108 or
Iltput 1531. Frequency synthesizers (and equipment containing such fre-
quency synthesizers) as follows (for the definition of frequency
) Instruments, as follows:
·item synthesizer, see Explanatory Note).
(I)Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 18 GHz;
(2)Designed and rated for use at frequencies exceeding 12.5 GHz, (a) Containing frequency standards covered by Item 1529(a);
usion as follows: (b) Instrument frequency synthesizers and synthesized signal
(i) Co:mb frequency generators; generators designed for ground laboratory use, producing output
(ii) Transfer oscillators; frequencies whose accuracy and short and long term stability are
(iii) Frequency converters; controlled by, derived from or disciplined by the input frequency
(3)Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 1 GHz, as follows: or internal master standard frequency, and having any of the
(i) Network analysers (for autolnatic measurement of following characteristics:
.. equivalent circuit parameters over a range offrequencies); (1) A maximum output frequency in excess of 550 MHz;
(11) Specially calibrated microwave instrumentation receivers (2) Having a signal to phase noise ratio better than -60 dB or a
nter· ... capable ofmeasuring amplitude and phase simultaneously; signal to AM noise ratio better than - 70 dB referred to the 30
(UI) ~nstruments for the direct measurement of phase and kHz band centred on the carrier, excluding the 1 Hz band
. Impedance; centred on the carrier;
(IV) Programmable instruments; (3) Electrically programmable (in that the output frequency can
sfar (4)Emp~oying time compression of the input signal or Fast be controlled or selected by the injection of digitally coded
Founer Transform Techniques; electrical signals from an external control source) with a
(5)~ncorporating computing facilities capable of addressing an switching speed from one selected output frequency to another
m~ernal, fixed or alterable memory, as follows: selected output frequency less than 10 milliseconds;
~9 Of more than 2,048 bits, or (4) Having a level of spurious components in the output better
(11) Of more than 4,096 bits for word lengths not exceeding than -80 dB non-harmonic and/or -60 dB harmonic compo-
the ) '. 4 bits; nent measured relative to the selected output frequency;
Dent (~tal counters, as follows : (5) Having more than 3 different selected synthesized output
Capable of counting successive input signals with less than 5 frequencies available simultaneously from one or more out-
not ~~~seconds time difference without prescaling (digital puts;
ated (2) EVISIon! of the input signal; (6) With facilities for pulse modulation of the output frequency;
1544 ~PIO!lng prescaling of the input signal, in \vhich the pre- (7) Parts, components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially
~\ IS capable of resolving successive input signals with less designed for the above equipment;
, (3) Co ' ~nosecond time difference; (c) Airborne communications equipment using frequency syn-
. lOO~~ burst frequency measuring capability exceeding thesizers, as follows (see also Item 1501 (a) ) :
) Time' Z, (1) Designed to receive or transmit frequencies greater than 156
niques Interval measuring equipment employing digital tech- MHz'
seconds,~pable of measuring time intervals of less than 5 nano- (2) Inco~rating facilities for the rapid selection of more than 200
channels per equipment, except those equiprnen.ts operating
Trade and IndusuY 30 April 1976 at I
,in the frequency range or 108 to 136 MHz incorporating Equipment covered by sub-item (b) (3) above, with a. SUJitditt,;
facilities for the rapid selection of 720 channels or fewer at not less than 5 milliseconds. fttd
less than 25 kHz channel spacing which have been in normal
civil use for at least one year; 1533. Frequency spectrum analysers (being apparatus
(3) With a switching speed from one selected output frequency indicating the signal-frequency components of rnulti~
to another selected output frequeJ;lCY less than 50 milliseconds. signals), as follows: .
(4) Frequency synthesisers, designed f~r the abo~e eq~pment,
whether supplied separately or With the said eqwpment, (a) Non-programmable and capable of operating at freq1lencita
exceeding the parameters specified in sub-item (?) above} 12.5 GHz;
(5) Parts, components, accessories and sub-assemblIes, specially (b) Programmable and capable of operating at frequencies
designed for the above equipment; I GHz;
(d) Digital-controlled radio receivers, whethe: or not computer (c) Having a display bandwidth in excess of 125 MHz.
controlled, which search or scan auto~atlcally a pa~t of the (d) Employing time compression of the input signal or Fast R
electromagnetic spectrum, using frequency syntheslSers, as Transform techniques;
follows (see also Item 1516): . (e) Incorporating computing facilities capable of addressing
(d) (1) Digitally-controlled receivers in which the switching operation internal, fixed or alterable memory, as follows:
takes less than 50 milliseconds, except: ( I) Of more than 2,048 bits for word length exceeding' 4 bits.
(i) Non-ruggedised radio receivers capable of digital control (2)0£ more than 4,096 bits for word lengths of 4 bits or less: or
of frequency selection with an operating frequency (f) Having either of the following characteristics for an~ .
frequencies greater than 1 GHz;
(antenna input) in the range from 100 kHz to 32 MHz,
(1) Including a scanning preselector;
with a frequency resolution not better than 10 Hz, and
with a switching speed from one selected operating fre- (2) Incorporating a tracking signal generator;
quency to another selected operating frequency greater (g) Having an overall display dyn~ic range of better than 80 dB
than 10 milliseconds; (h) Specialised components, acceSSOrIes and parts.
(H) Non-ruggedised digitally-controlled preset type radio Explanatory Notes:
receivers designed for use in civil communications, which
have 200 selective channels or fewer; 1 This item is not intended to cover optical spectrum analys
(2)Frequency synthesizers designed for .the abo,,:e equ~pment, 2 One example of FFT techniques is described in 'An algori
whether supplied separately or With the said eqwpment, for the machine computation of complex Fourier series'
exceeding the parameters specified in sub-item (b) above, Cooley and Tukey in 'Mathematics of Computation', A
except those specially designed for receivers freed from 1965, page 297.
embargo under sub-item (d) (1) (i) above;. .
(3) Parts, components, accessories and sub-assembhes, speCially 1537. Microwave equipment, including parametric amplifi
designed for the above-equipment; capable of operating at frequencies over I GHz (other than mi
(e) Radio transmitters incorporating transmitter drive units, exciters wave equipment covered by Items 1501, 1517, 1520, 1528 and 1529)
and master oscillators using freq\1ency synthesis, as follows (see as follows:
also Item 1517):
(a) Rigid and flexible wayeguides and components therefordesign
(I)Having an output frequency of up to 32 MHz with a frequency for use at frequencies in excess of 18 GHz;
resolution of better than 10 Hz and with a switching speed (b) Waveguides having a bandwidth ratio greater than 1.7:1;
from one selected output frequency less than 10 milliseconds;
(c) Waveguides components, as follows: . ,
(2)Having an output frequency from 32 MHz to 235 !MHz w~th a (I)Directional couplers having a bandwlth ratIO greater
frequency resolution of better than 250 Hz and WIth a SWitch- 1. 7 :1 and directivity over the band of 20 dB or more;
ing speed from one selected output frequency to another (2)Rotary joints capable of transmitting more than one isolat
selected output frequency less than 50 milliseconds; channel or having a bandwidth greater than 5 per cent of
(3)Having an output frequency greater than 235 ~Hz, excljJt: centre mean frequency, except those used in air traffi~ con
(i) Television broadcasting transmitters haVing an output equipment carrying combinations of frequencies SUitable Cl
frequency from 470 MHz to 960 MHz with a frequency secondary surveillance radar antennae co-mounted o~
resolution of not better than 1 kHz and where the primary radar antenna and which do not have a bandwld
manually-operated frequency synthesizer incorporated in exceeding 5 per cent of the centre mean frequency;
or driving the transmitter has an output frequency not (3)Magnetic, including gyro-magnetic, wave~ide componen~
greater than 120 MHz; (d) TEM mode devices, using magnetic, includIng gyro-magne
(H) FM and AM ground communications equipment for use
properties; t th
in the land mobile service and operating in the 420 to (e) TR and anti-TR tubes and components therefore, excep .
470 MHz band, with a power output of 50 Watts for .
deSigned . wavegw'des and h
for use In ' any of the folIocl
mobile units and 300 Watts for fixed units, with a fre- characteristics, which are in normal civil use for groun
quency resolution of not better than 6.25 kHz and with a
switching speed from one selected output frequency to marine radar: . MW and at I

(i) Operating at a peak power not exceedIng 3

another selected output frequency greater than 50 milli-
seconds; frequency of 1.5 GHz or less; . MW and at
(ii) Operating at a peak power not exceedIng I.2 ,
(4)Having more than three different selected synthesized output GHz
frequency over the range of 1.5 GHz t? 3.5 kW and at
frequencies available simultaneously from one or more
(Hi) Operating at a peak power not exceeding 600 . or
frequency over the range of 3.5 GH1 t~ 6 G~zkW and at
(5)With facilities for pulse modulation of the output frequ~ncy
(iv) Operating at a peak power not exceedIng 3 Hz'
of the transmitter or of the incorporated frequency syntheSizer;
frequency over the range of6 GHz to 10.5 G, 't ring
(6)Frequency synthesizers designed fo~ the abo~e equ~pment, (f) Assemblies and sub-assemblies in which the I~l~ e .
whether supplied separately or WIth the said eqwpment, . functions
matenal as a d'leIectnc
' (as use,
d in strIp 1Il ,
I designed
exceeding the parameters specified in sub-item (b) above;
strip or slotline except for those items specdicalI ds and .
(7) Parts, components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially
use in civil televisions systems to meet ITV sta~ ar glass cIa
designed for the above equipment.
as an insulation material paper base phenoliCS't repbthala
Explanatory Note: melamine, glass cloth epoxy resin, polyet~ylene ~raturt
or other insulating material with an operatIng teIIl
Frequency synthesizer means any kind of. frequency so~r~e or exceeding 302°F (150°C). , ned to
signal generator, regardless of the actual technIque used, pr~vlding a (g) Phased array antennas and su~-assemblie~, ~esl~see M~ .
multiplicity of simultaneous or alternative output frequencIes, from electronic control of beam shaping and pOlntln~ (includiJ1g
( one or more outputs, controlled by, derived from or disciplined by a List Item 15), and/or specialis~ parts thereo, tedhigb
lesser number of standard, (or master) frequencies. not limited to duplexers, phase shlfters, and asSOCla
114 Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
"tches); except duplexers and phase shifters specifically (i) a rated power dissipation of less than 0.5 wattsaf25°0
tfiode ::, r use in civil television systems or in other civil radar (77°F) ;
dfJiP ~cation systems not embargoed elsewhere in the Lists. (ii) A series inductante higher than 1 nanoHenry;
tt cornJ1l assemblies or sub-assemblies having circwts fabri- (iii) A typical figure of merit Q of less than 800 measured at a
the same processes used'In Integrate
. d ' · tech nOIogy,
cIrcuIt reverse voltage of 4 volts and a frequency of 50 MHz;
cat~b~c1U(1e active circuit elements (for acoustic wave (d) Fast recovery diodes, as follows:
wbi~ ee Item 1568) (see also Item 1564); . (I)Having a rated maximum reverse recovery time of less than 1
~~:ve assemblies or sub-assemblies which contain band nanosecond; or
~ band stop filters and are capable of operating at 3 GHz or (2)Having both a rated forward rectified current over 1 ampere
and a rated maximum reverse recovery time. of less than 30
grea u6ers (see also Item 1521); nanoseconds;
~Jrnodu1ators (see also Item 1544). Explanatory Notes:
l L aught by sub-item (f) above designed for and interuledfor use in 1 When average reverse recovery time is quoted instead of maximum
I :::::lecommunication ~stems at frequencies allocated by the ITUfor reverse recovery time, the maximum may be regarded as two times
that purpose. . the average.
2ItemS caught by sub-ttem (h) above for use at frequencies between 2 When reverse recovery time is not quoted, diodes rated for a stored
1GHz and 3 GH~. .. .. charge of less than 25 pico-coulombs shall be regarded. as embar-
3 Equipment contaimn~ parametnc amplifiers or paramagnetlc amplifiers goed by sub-item (d) above.
vered by sub-item (;) above
c~i) Specifically des~gned for medi~al applications or f.or use in simple (e) Tunnel diodes having either of the following·characteristics:
educational demces and operattng at ISMfrequencles ; (l)A resistive cut-off frequency (FRO) exceeding 20 GHz; or
(ii) Having an output power of not more than 10 Watts, which is (2) A maximum reverse recovery time of less than 1 nanosecond;
lOd) specially designed for industrial and civilian intrusion detection (f) PIN diodes designed or rated for use at input or output frequen-
and alarm systems, traffic and industrial movement control and cies above 1 GHz.
counting systems, environmental pollution of air or water detection Explanatory Notes:
systems, or for simple educational devices.
Diodes constructed with a rectifying deposited metal semi-con-
ductor junction or barrier, such as hot carrier or Schottky-barrier
1. Cathode ray tubes having any of the following characteristics:
diodes, will normally be considered under sub-items (a) and (d)
) Aresolving power of 800 lines or more per inch (32 lines per above.
millimetre), using the shrinking raster method of measurement; 2 This item does not cover non-coherent visible spectrum high
) With travelling wave or distributed deflection structure, or emitting diodes used as indicator elements or in alphanumeric
incorporating other techniques or minimise miswatch of fast displays.
phenomena signals to the deflection structure; Shipments containing up to 200 of the diodes covered by sub-item (a) (2)
~ Alpha-numeric and similar display tubes in which a symbol- abovefor civil use; but with a maximumfrequency not exceeding 3 GHz
mask within the tube can be scanned to display any of the (For photodiodes, see I tern I.L. 1548)
symbols on any part of the phosphor.
,Cathode-ray 'tubes covered by sub-item (b) above which utilise segmented 1545. Transistors and specialised parts therefor, except phototran-
plate (sectioned Y-plate) structures. sistors (see Item I.L. 1548), as follows:
(a) Of any type using a bulk semi-conductor material other than
2. Cold cathode tu bes and switches, as follows: germanium or silicon;
}Triggered spark-gaps, having an anode delay time of 15 micro- (b) Using silicon as the bulk semi-conductor material and having
seconds or less and rated for a peak current of 3,000 amps or any of the following characteristics:
more, specially designed parts therefor; equipment incorporating (I)An average fT greater than 2 GHz;
such devices; (2)A product of the average fT in GHz and the maximum collector
)Cold cathode tubes, \vhether gas-filled or not, operating in a dissipation in watts exceeding 3;
manner similar to a spark-gap, containing three or more elec- (3)Majority carrier devices, including but not limited to field
trodes and having all the following characteristics: effect transistors and metal oxide semi-conductor transistors,
(I)Rated for an anode peak voltage of 2,500 volts or more; except field effect transistors encapsulated in non-hermetically
(2)Rated for peak currents of 100 amps or more; sealed cases and having a maximum collector dissipation of
(3)An anode delay time of 10 microseconds or less; 500 m W or less and a maximum operating frequency of 250
(4)An envelope diameter of less than 25.4mm (1 in) MHz or less.
Explanatory Notes: Triggered spark-gaps are tubes with a Explanatory Note:
structure consisting of two opposed anodes with shapes
resembling flattened hemispheres and with one or more triggering The maximum operating frequency mentioned in sub-item (b) (3)
probes placed approximately in the centre of one anode. The above is defined as follows:
l at. gm
S~cture is sealed and contains a mixture of gases, principally
nttro?en under less than atmospheric pressure. f max = 2 7T Ci
SUb-l~e~ (b) includes gas krytron tubes, vacuum krytron tubes where gm is the maximum transconductance in Siemens (mho) and
ht and slmdar tubes. Ci is the input capacitance in pico-farads.
Transistors covered by sub-items (b) (1) and (2) above designedfor mast head
~tS~mi-con~uctor diodes designed or rated for use at input or aerial amplifiers or for communiry television distribution systems having an
requencIes above 12.5 GHz, having a bulk material other averagefT not exceeding 3 GHz and ajigure of merit not exceeding 3.
Stel~i~ or copper oxide, or having any of the following Transistors covered by sub-item (c) (3) above for use in civil TV AM/FM
receivers or audio equipments.
~ (I)Point eontact dIodes
' . .
deSIgned or rated for use at Input or
(2)~~ut frequencies above 12.5 GHz; 1547. Thyristors, as follo"Ys:
o IXer and detector diodes designed or rated for use at input (a) Designed for use in pulse modulators having a rated turn-on
) ~ output frequencies above 1 GHz· time of less than 1 microsecond where the rated peak current
for theff~t oscillator and amplifier devices (including those used exceeds 100 Amperes;
forUS: rect conversion of DC to RF power) designed or rated (b) Having a rated turn-off time of Jess than 3 microseconds;
}Voltag at O~tput frequencies greater than 1 GHz; (c) Having a rated turn-off time of from 3 microseconds to less than
input e varIable capacitor diodes designed or rated for use at 6 microseconds and a figure of merit greater than 1;
those hor .output frequencies greater than 300 MHz, except (d) Having a rated turn-off time of from 6 to 10 microseconds and a
a'VIng all of the following characteristics: figure of merit greater than 10.
Trade and Industry 30 Apr1l1976 "I
lhpl.anatory Note: The figure of merit is here defined as the product (d)
of the repetitive peak 'off' state voltage (V DRM) in kilovolts and the
repetitive peak 'on' state current (I TRM) in amperes as shown on
the thyristor data sheets.
Transistors covered by this item when notfor use in radar or laser. modulators.

1548. Photo cells, as follows:

(a~ Photoelectric cells, photo-conductive cells (including photo- Explanatory Note: For this measurement the SOurce of· .
transistors and similar cells) with a peak sensitivity at a wave- should be a CIE (International Commission on IU--' ·- --
length longer than 12,000 Angstrom units or shorter than 3,000 reference 'A', 2,854°K. The test target should have a lUnioa
Angstrom units; 80 per cent or more. The picture aspect ratio should be 3:~trast
(b) Photo-transistors and semi-conductor photo-diodes with a
(e) Camera tubes with fibre optic faceplates and/or elecn .
response time constant ofO.5 microsecond or less measured at the
amplification by internal microchannel plates desCri~~
operating temperature of the cell for which the time constant 1556; III I
reaches a minimum.
Camera tubes having fibre optic faceplates but not otherwise deJtrih d.
Explanatory Notes: The time constant is defined as the time taken
from the application of a light stimulus for the current increment to
i~em, provided that the tubes will be usedfor civil television or medica: n~'
reach a value of I-lie times the final value (ie 63 per cent of the final
tzons. 'T"
value). (f) Ruggedised vidicon-type tubes, including secondary 1
This item is not intended to include germanium photo devices conduction and silicon target vidicon-type tubes, ~t
with a peak sensitivity at a wavelength shorter than 17,500 Angstrom not capable of withstanding acceleration greater than 2
units. 1
any frequency within the vibration frequency range of 5 ~
Photo-conductive cells described in sub-item (a) above provided: 2,OOOHz.
(1) They are designed for use in civil industrial applications; Explanatory Note: For the purposes of this item 'conune .
(2) They are infra-red single element encapsulated and use evaporated lead standard television camera tubes' are defined as non-ruggedised tu
sulphide or triglycine sulphate with a surface area of20 sq. mm or less. having performance characteristics consistent with normal comm
cial use and which have regular commercial use in identifi
Photo-diodes described by sub-item (b) above with a peak sensitivity at a
applications for a minimum of one year.
wavelength neither longer than 9,000 Angstrom units nor shorter than 3,000
Electron tubes or specialised components covered by this item that
Angstrom units and which have a response time constant of 0.5 nanoseconds or
required as spares or for the servicing of identified equipment containing
I more.
items that has previously been exported.
1549. Photomultiplier tubes C3:s follows:
1556. Optical elements and elements for optical tubes, as foIl
(a) For which the maximum sensitivity occurs at wavelengths longer
(a) Non-flexible fused fibre optic plates or bundles, having all of
than 7,500 Angstrom units or shorter than 3,000 Angstrom units;
following characteristics:
(I)A fibre pitch (centre-to-centre spacing) of less than 15 microns
(b) having an anode pulse rise time of less than I nanosecond.
(2)A light-absorbing medium surrounding each fibre, or inter<
Non-ruggedised tubes described in sub-item (a) above required as replacement stitially placed between fibres;
parts for specific civil equipment not exceeding the capability of that which (3)A diameter greater than 13mm (! in);
could be exported under this List, provided that these parts do not upgrade the
(b) Microchannel plates for electron image
initial performance of such equipment.
both of the following characteristics;
(1) 15,000 or more hollow tubes per plate; and
1550. Thermal detecting cells, ie bolometers and thermocoupler
(2)Hole pitch (centre-to-centre spacing) of less than 30 micro
detectors, radiant energy types only, with a response time constant of
less than 10 milliseconds measured at the operating temperature of
1557. Gas discharge voltage regulator tubes designed to withs
the cell for which the time constant reaches a minimum. mii
an acceleration of short duration (shock) greater than 1,000 g or
operate in ambient temperatures exceediqg 200°C (392°F).
1553. Flash-discharge type X-ray systems, including tubes, having
For grid control hot-cathode gas-filled tubes (thyratrons), see It
all of the following specifications:
LL. 1559; for cold-cathode types, see Item I.L. 1542 (b), forTR
(a) Peak power greater than 500 MW; anti TR Tubes, see LL. 1537(£).
(b) Output voltage greater than 500 kV; and
(c) Pulse width less than 0.2 microsecond. 1558. Electronic vacuum tubes
1555. Electron tubes and specialised components and parts therefor
(a) Tubes in which space charge control is utilised as a funco
(except commercial standard television camera tubes not having
parameter, including but not limited to triodes and tetrodes,
fibre optic faceplates and commercial standard X-ray amplifier
tubes), as follows: follows: . f
(I) Tubes rated for continuous wave operation having eIther 0
(a) Image intensifiers, image converters and camera tubesincorporat- following characteristics: . . cion
ing intensifiers and converters or coupled with such tubes; (i) about 4,000 MHz at maximum rated anode diSSJpa
(b) Electronic storage tubes, including memory transformers of radar or 0 MHz
pictures; (ii) Over the frequency range 300 MHz to 4,00
for which under any condition of cooling, the ~_..A'
Non-ruggedised direct viewing storage tubes described in sub-item (b), , ° (expI'Q'lW
of the maximum rated anode dissipation fr
having a diameter or diagonal not exceeding 280 mm, for civil radar applica- ° UJJ1 eq
watts) and the square of the maXIm ed
tions andfor civil uses in oscilloscopes. ° urn rat
(expressed in MHz) at the maxun plied
(c) Camera tubes with return beam read-out (ie camera tubes in dissipation is greater than 109 , or where ~..tot
which the electron beam is returned to an internal dynode external anode tubes rated onI y Wl°thout\. a ra~ t is grea
structure within the tube), including return beam vidicons and rated only for free air circulation, the prod
image isocons, but excluding conventional non-ruggedised image than 5 X 107 ; ••
Conventional non-ruggedised isocons described in sub-item (c) above for use
Explanatory Note: For tubes specially desIgne MIb to
transmitters operating in the frequency range of 47 the
dfor td
in commercial tnurtainme.nt-type television broadcasting and in commercial MHz and rated for operation without a grid current, aJiInuOl
standard medical X-ray applications. of the rated anode dissipation and the square of the Jl1
Ite Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
reach"l.5 X ~01C). ~()r tubes ~tended for other applica- temperatures ;' exceediq.g +,125~O, . .t,:, :sin~ereG;eleotrolytie
..,ted for operatIon WIthout a gnd current~ the product of types having ~. casing made of epoxy resin or:w~ are sealed or
~~dissifa#~and ~ squareofthe.maxmlUm frequency coa~ed with. epoxy resin; , ':.
,..ed 2.5 X 10. " . (c) Other capacitors rated for ,operation, at ambient temperatures
below -5;>°0 or above +200°0. '.
JClI'h ted only for pulse operation having either of the
Mqnolithit ceramic capacitors covered by this it«m which. (lre rated for
~)TubeS. ra characteristics:
oWUlg operation at ambient temperatf!,res within the range from -55°C to + 125°C.
foll t 000 MHz at the peak pulse output power; or
(i) aboVe;e 300 MHz and 1,000 MHz and for which under 1561. Materials specially designed and manufactured for use as
(ii) betwe ndition of cooling, the product of the peak pulse
absorbers of ~lectromagI.letic waves having, frequencies greater than
anY ~~ power (expressed (in watts; and the'square of the
2 X 1()8 Hz, ~nd less th~ 3 X 1012 Hz.
~um frequency (expressed in MHz) is greater than
4.5 X 1010 ; ., • • • 1564. Electronic component assemblies, sub-assemblies, printed
. which the VelOCIty of the electrons IS utIhsed as one of circuitboards,and microcircuits.
~~onal parameters, including but not limited to klyst:"ons,
llin wave tubes and magnetrons, except: I. Defined as f~llows :
~veL g. power oscillator klystrons designed to operate at (a) Assembly-A number of components assembled to· perform a
(1) r. oWuencies below 13,.5 GHz with a: maximum rated output specific function or functions, replaceable as an entity (and
lreq 3 'N
power of less than ; normally c~pable of being disassembled).
") F' ed frequency and tunable pulsed magnet~ons which are (b) MicrocircUit-A device in which a number of passive and
(u . IXnormal civil use • •
In equIpment w h'ICh may b e exported active circuit elements are considered as indivisibly associated on
!Under the terms of this List as follows: or within a continuous structure to perforril the function of a
(lld;gned to operate at frequencies below 3.5 GHz with a maxi- circuit. .
m rated output power of 1.2 MHz or less; (c) Monolithic integrated circuit-A niicrocircuit fabricated as a
(2):~igned to operate at frequencies between 3.5 GHz and 10.5 single component consisting of elements formed in or on a single
, GHz with a maximum rated output power of 300 kW or less; semi-conducting substrate by diffuSion, implantation or deposi-
C") Fixed frequency continuous wave magnetrons designed for tion. "
1U medical use or for industrial heating or cooking purposes (d) Film type microcircuit-An array of circuit elements and metal-
operating at a frequency of 2.45 GHz ± 0.05 GHz with a lic interconnections formed by deposition of a thick or thin film
maximum rated output power not exceeding 5 kW or at a on an insulating suhstrate.
frequency lower than 1 GHz with a maximum rated output (e) Multichip microcircuit-A microcircuit containing two or more
power not exceeding 25 kW; monolithic integrated' circuit chips bonded to a common sub-
Valves designed to withstand acceleration of short duration strate.
(shock) greater than 1,000 g; (r) Hybrid microcircuit-A microcircuit consisting of a combination
Valves designed for operation in ambient temperatures exceeding of film type microcircuits and monolithic integrated circuit
100°C; elements or combinations of either with discrete components.
Vacuum tubes specially designed for use as pulse modulators (g) Circuit element-A single active or passive functional item in an
for radar or for similar applications, having a peak anode voltage electronic circuit, such as one diode, one transistor, one resistor,
rating of 100 kV or more; or rated for a peak pulse power of 2.4 one capacitor.
MW or more. (h) Discrete component-A separately packaged circuit element
(1) Travelling wave tubes and mounts designed to operate at frequencies with its own external connections.
below 13.5 GHz for use as the output tube in civil communications,
subject to the tube having the following characteristics: II. Listed as follows:
(i) asaturated output power not exceeding 40 W at or below 8.5 GH z; (a) High density assemblies, constituting one or more functional
(ii) a saturated output power not exceeding 20 W between 8.5 GHz circuits, (except those with a discrete component density of 15
and 13.5 GHz. per cc (246 per cubic inch) or less), having any of the following
(2) Tubes covered by sub-items (a) and (b) above, specially designed characteristics:
for television purposes and which are to be used in television trans- (I)Consisting of discrete components and integrated circuits;
mitters, the precise location of which is known, for civil telecasting (2) Incorporating any active discrete component, caught by
according to CCIR or OIR standards. another item in this schedule;
(3)Tubes covered by sub-items (a) and (b) required as replacement parts (3)Designed or rated for continuous operation without derating
for specific civilian equipment (for example pulse amplifier klystrons over the temperature range -55°0 to + 85°C;
and fixedfrequency and tuneable pulsed magnetrons covered by sub-item (4) Designed or rated as radiation hardened circuits;
(b). and needed for civil radar) not exceeding the capability of that (b) Printed circuit boards (single sided, double sided, or multi-layer)
whuh could be exported in the context of other List items, provided that designed to mount and provide interconnection between elec-
these parts do not upgrade the initial performance of that equipment. tronic components (with or without such components), except
(4)Pulsed amplifier klystrons described in sub-item (b) above designed to those mounting no controlled components and manufactured
operate at frequencies below 3.5 GHz with a maximum rated from any of the following insulating materials:
Peak output power of 1.6 MWor less. (i) Paper base phenolics
(ii) Glass cloth melamine
12:5HMWYdrogen thyratrons rated for a peak pulse power output (iii) Glass epoxy resin
or more. (iv) Polyethylene terephthalate
.l~atory Note: A thyratron is any hot cathode gas-filled tube (v) Any insulating material with a maximum continuous rated
operating temperature not exceeding 150°C;
led~ 3 or more electrodes in which anode current flow is
y a control electrode. (c) Microcircuits (monolithic integrated circuits, multichip, hybrid,
. gen t~atrons required as replacement parts in specific civil radar or film type microcircuits), except
t prevlousb' exported, provided that they do not upgrade the initial (1) encapsulated passive networks formed by thick film deposition
of that equipment. techniques; or
(2)encapsulated and tested circuits which are not designed or
~~tors designed for and/or capable of maintaining their rated as radiation hardened, which ,are packaged in TO-5
outline cases (0.305 inch to 0.370 inch diameter) or in non-
tinge r£~l and mechanical characteristics during their specified
1 etime, as follows: hermetically sealed cases and ",~hich are:
Monolithi . (i) Bipolar types designed for operation as saturated digital
range of c cer.amlc capacitors rated for operation over the whole logic circuit elements (except Schottky barrier and EeL
+IOO0C. ambIent temperatures from below -45°0 to above types), having all rated maximum propagation delays of
lantal~ 15 nanoseconds or more, and all typical digital propaga-
electrolytic capacitors rated for operation at ambient tion delays are 7 nanoseconds or more (for devices
Trade and Industrv 30 April 1976 '17
specified only in terms or clock or toggle rate, the typical or
<a> A maximum input offset voltage or;
value mUlt be 30 MHz or less), encapsulated in a package 2 mV ; ',ltIt-
having 16 terminals or less, and not rated for operation (b) A typical switching speed or typical' ".
below -20°0 or above +75°0; of not l~ than 30 nanoseconds. ~
(ii) Encapsulated and tested circuits which are not designed (c) Not rated for operation belo~ -200C
or rated as radiation hardened, which are packaged in +7~C; ~
TO-5 outline cases (0.305 inch to 0.370 inch diameter) (8)Types specially designed for civil uses
or in, non-hermetically sealed cases and which are: modulation stereo multiplex demodulatO:
(I)Bipolar types designed for operation as digital logic synchronisation signal processors, and no: '.
circuit elements but limited to gates, inverters, buffers, operation below -40°C or above +850C- rated
bilateral switches, drivers, coWlters, latches, adders, (9)Bipolar ~e~ory devices, having all of the ,
comparators, parity generators, multiplexers, expanders, characterIstics :
flip-flops, multivibrators, code converters, registers, (a) A maximum number of bits per 1lat'\.--...._
decoders, demultiplexers, diode matrices, multipliers exceeding 64; c-,c
and Schmidt-triggers, and having all of the following (b) A typical access time not less than 50 --.JIIr'f'ftI!...-
characteristics : (c) Not rated for operation below -200C
(a) A product of the typical basic gate propagation + 750C; and ' or a
delay time, in nanoseconds, and the power (d) Encapsulated in a package having 16 terminals
dissipation per basic gate, in milliwatts, not less less;
than 70 pJ (ie speed-power product/gate not less (10)Non-reprogrammable, non-imaging types .
than 70 pJ); designed for use in unembargoed cameras (incI ni<
(b) A typical propagation delay time not less than cine cameras) and medical pacemakers, and whidl sw
5 nanoseconds; circuit design, content and lay-out are nOrmally limi pa'
(c) Not rated for operation below -20°C or above to such use; ar«
+75°C; and (11)Bipolar types designed for operation as electroni gr(
(d) Encapsulated in a package having 16 terminals or controlled switches (~ductive,.magn~tic, optical) or for
less. threshold value SWitches, WIth sWitching
(2) (a) Non-reprogrammable P-channel MOS circuits 7 microseconds or greater, designed for civil uses
specially designed for, and which by virtue of not rated for operation below -20°C or a
circuit design, content and lay-out are limited to +75°C.
use for, simple manually operated calculators Explanatory Note: Nothing in the above shall be construed
which provide no more than the following six sanctioning the export of technology for manufacture ofany assem
operational functions; addition, subtraction, multi- sub-assembly, microcircuit (monolithic integrated circuit, multi .
plication, division (including percentage and hybrid, or film type microcircuit) or circuit element referred to
reciprocal), squaring, square root; and are not this item. For manufacturing equipment see Item 1355 and/or I
rated for operation below -20°C or above + 75°C; 1356.
(b) P-channel MOS circuits, specifically designed as, Devices described in sub-items 11 (a), (b), (c), provided that the .
and which by virtue of circuit design, content and have been designed specifically for identifiable civil applications and, by na
layout are limited to use as, digital shift registers of design or performance, are substantially restricted to the particular appl'
with a maximum clock rate of2 MHz, a maximum tion for which they have been designed.
number of bits per package of 256 and are not Devices covered by sub-items 11 (a), (b) and (c) above when they consist
rated for operation below - 20°C or above or are incorporated in, plug-in printed circuit boards or plug-in modules
+75°C; use in equipment which is not caught in this schedule, or for use in s1J«i
(3)Non-reprogrammable types specially designed for, and identified equipment previously exported, and which do not upgrade the ...
which by virtue of circuit design, content and lay-out performance of that equipment, provided that the plug-in printed circuit .
are limited to use only for, functional purposes in the or plug-in modules cannot operate independently from the equipment to
electrical systems of automobiles or trucks. they are to be connected or inserted. .
(4) (a) Untuned AC amplifiers having a bandwidth of Integrated circuits covered by sub-item 11 (c) above only by virt~ of .
less than I MHz a~d a maximum rated power encased in hermetically sealed dual-in'-line packages provided that t~ ex
dissipation of 5 W or less at a case temperature of government is sati4ied that the stated legitimate civil end-use reqmres ~
25°C; package. Devices covered by sub-item 11 (c) above which are designed sjJe&t
(b) Audio amplifiers having a maximum rated power for use in clocks and watches and by design or performance restricted to suc~
dissipation of 25 Wor less at a case temperature of P-channel MOS circuits qualified for release under sub-item .11(c)(II)(
25°C; (a) above except by virtue of the temperature limits therein, provtde~ the}
(5) Operational amplifiers, having all of the following not rated for operation at temperatures below _40°C or above +85 C.
(a) A typical unity-gain open-loop bandwidth of not Explanatory Note: This item is not intended to cover any of
more than 5 MHz; following:
(b) A typical open-loop voltage gain of not more than (i) Non-coherent light-emitting alpha-numeric displays (see
100,000 or 100 dB;
Item 1544); , tegra
(c) A maximum intrinsic rated input offset voltage of (ii) Any display as in (i) above which incorporates an m+75~
not less than 5 mV; circuit (not rated for operation below - 20°C or abov~ded
(d) A slow rate not exceeding 1 Volt/microsecond; used for controlling and/or driving that display, pr: .
(e) Not rated for operation below -20°C or above the integrated circuit is not integral with the act
device; lll
blies wi
(6)Voltage regulators, having all of the following charac- (iii) Simple encapsulated photo coupler (transoptor) asse -Gob
teristics: electrical input and output and which incorporate non
(a) A rated nominal output voltage of 40 Volts or less; light-emitting diodes.
(b) A maximum output of current of 150 mA or less; . ,as folloWS:
(c) A rated maximum power dissipation of 1.5 W or 1565. Electronic computers and related equipment, .
less, at a case (or mounting base) temperature of (a) Analogue computers deSigned . 'fi d fl
or modI e 0 Cl con'r use in atl'
25°C; vehicles, missiles or space vehicles and rated ~ve +55
(d) Not rated for operation below -20°C or above operation at temperatures from below _45°C to a puters ;
+75°0; and equipment or systems incorporating suc~ cOIn~
(7)Voltage comparators, having all of the following (b) Other analogue computers capable of acceptUlg~ ~ .
characteristics; putting out data in the form of one or more conttn
n8 Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
hI . ,of incorporating a total. of at. least 20 summers, computer periphera~s or dtsptaystmless they are CGDkolled by sub-
,,ad caPI e;'ultipliers or function generators with facilities item (g):
jntef'&t~rs, arying the interconnection of these components; (a) Peripherals, as follows:. .
for ~Y "puters and digital differential analysers (incremental (1) Punched card readers capable of operating at a speed not
, 'tal colll exceeding 2,000 cards-per minute and punched card punches;
.J)iBl ) as follows :
dJIIlP~tersed or modified for use in airborne vehicles, missiles, or (2)Papet tape readers capable of operating at a speed not
{l)J)eS1gtl hides and rated for continuous operation at tempera-, exceeding 2,000 characters per second and paper tape punches;
space;e beloW _45°C to above +55°C; (3) Manually operated keyboards including teletype input devices;
~0; or modified to limit electromagnetic radiation to
~)J)eSre uch less than those required to'meet appropriate
(4)Non-impact printers ~apable of operating at a speed not
exceeding 2,500 characters per minute, impact line printers
le\Te s 01ent civil interference specifications; and impact character printers;
gov~rn~ as ruggedised equipment and capable of meeting (b) Displays, as follows:
(3)l)eS1u,gne specifications for ruggedised equipment or modified (1) Cathode-ray tube displays for which circuitry and character
IIl ltafY generation devices external to the tube limit displays to alpha-
~ r military use;
, 0, ed or modified for 'data (message) switching' or those numeric characters in fixed formats or to graphs composed
(4)~l:arating equipment, devices, or techniques, including only of the same basic elements as used for alpha-numeric
1Jl~O re microprograrnme control (firmware) and/or special- character composition (limited to graphic displays for which
SOltwa , d ) i". ' , ,
ised logic control (har ware , lor accepting, storIng, proceSSIng the sequence of symbols and basic elements of symbols are
d retransmitting data groups; fixed by the format and character generators in the unit and
anE planatory Note: 'Data (message) switching' is the tech- cannot be generated arbitrarily by the computer);
, "e (including but not limited to store and forward or packet (2) With light gun or other graphic input devices which are parts
Il1qu'tching) for accepting' data groups ('lncIu d'Ing messages, of the above cathode-ray tube displays;
~kets or other digital or telegraphic information groups that (3)Cathode-ray tube displays (excluding those displays which use
re transmitted as a composite whole), storing (buffering) data cathode-ray tubes covered by Item 1541) which are part of
;roups as necessary, processing part or all of the data groups industrial or medical equipment and which are not specially
for control (routing, priority, formatting, code conversion, designed for computer use;
error control, retransmission or journaling), transmission or (4)Non-coherent visible-spectrum light emitting diode displays
multiplexing purposes as necessary, and retransmitting not covered by Item 1544;
(processed) dat~ groups when transmission and/or receiving (5)Nixie-type tube displays;
facilities are avaIlable. (6)Other displays for which circuitry and character-generation
(5)Equipment or systems incorporating such computers; devices external to the display device (panels, tubes, etc.) and
'Digital computers with one or more of the following characteris- the construction of the display device lhnit displays to alpha-
tics: numeric characters in fixed formats or to graphs composed
(1)Floating point operations are implemented by hardware or only of the same basic elements as used for alpha-numeric
microprogramme control (firmware); character composition (limited to graphic displays for which
(2)The computer is equipped with peripherals other than those the sequence of symbols and basic elements of symbols are
free from embargo under Explanatory Note I below; fixed by the format and character generators in the unit and by
(3)The computer is equipped with cathode-ray tube or other the display device and cannot be generated arbitrarily by a
displays, except those free from embargo under Explanatory computer or other control device)
Note 1 below, as follows: This sub-paragraph does not remove from control displays
(i) Used to display alpha-numeric, graphic and/or similar or display devices having circuitry or non-mechanical charac-
data or information; or ter-generation devices integral with the display device, or
(li) With light gun or other graphic input devices; having any of the following characteristics:
Other digital computers operated by one or more common con- (i) An area of 1,200 sq. cm or less and a minimum character
trol units and capable of all of the following: height of less than 8mm;
(I)Accepting, storing, processing and producing an output in (ii) An area greater than 1,200 sq. cm and a minimum
numerical or alphabetical form; character height of less than 20mm; or
(2)Storing in fixed or alterable (writable) storage devices more (iii) A capability of displaying more than 3 levels (off, inter-
than 512 numerical and/or alphabetical characters or having mediate and full on) ;
an internal fixed or alterable memory of more than 2,048 bits; (c) Specialised parts, components, sub-assemblies accessories and
(3)Performing a stored sequence of operations that are modifiable spare parts for the above.
by means (including replacement of fixed storage devices) This note does not remove from control interface or control units
other than a physical change in wiring or interconnections; and for the above or any of the above which incorporate equipment
(4)Sdecting a sequen~e froIT! a plurality of sorted operations otherwise embargoed by this item or which are also described in
based upon data or an internally computed result; this item or which are also described in Items 1572 and 1588.
Computers capable of operating in both analogue and digital 2 Exports of technology, including transfer of skills and data,
modes and related equipment as follows: necessary for design, fabrication, assembly and check-out of equip-
i1)E ' .,
, qu~pment whose analogue portion meets the conditions of ment covered by this item remain under control.
S~b-lte~ (b) and whose digital portion meets the conditions
(1) Analogue computers covered by sub-item (b) and related equipmetlt therefor
? sub-ltem (e) and which also provides facilities for processing covered by sub-item (h), provided that:
In the digital section numeric data from the analogue section
and/or vice versa' (a) The computers and related equipment are not covered by and would not
1.2)Equipm . en t!'lor ~Interconnecting
the analogue and digital thereby become covered by sub-items (a), (f) or (g), or exceed the limits
i3)~r~lons of cornputers as defined in sub-item (f) (1) ; quoted below
\ 19~tal or analogue computers containing interconnecting (b) The analogue computers are limited as follows:
R~qU1pmen~ as defined in sub-item (f) (2); (I) The rated errors for summers, inverters and integrators are not less than
in I~ted eqUipment for the above (including that also described (i) Static: 0.01 per cent
ms (ii) Total at 1 kH;:,: 0.15 per cent
SUb-i: 1572 and 1588), designed or modified as described in
ems (2) The rated errors for multipliers are not less than
displa (~ or (c), ie specialised parts, components, peripherals,
OtherYs, ~u -assemblies, accessories, and spare parts; (i) Static: 0.025 per cent
dt,cri~~~ted equipment for the above (including that also (ii) Total at 1 kHz: 0.25 per cent
PQneuts In ,Items 1572 and 1588), ie specialised parts, com-
(3) The rated errorfor fixedfunction generators (log x and sine/cosine) is not
less than
'}>are p~r~~npherals, displays, sub-assemblies, accessories, and
Static: 0.1 per cent
~lory~otes: (4 )No more than 350 operational amplifiers; and
(5 )No more than four integrator ;:ime scales switchable during one
Item (h) does not bring under control the following digital programme;
Trade and lndustrv 30 April 1976 .,8
Techntcai }/otIJs: (4) Afl interf~ced.' communication channels' are dedicatedJAII.~ •
gwen apphcatton ,. . ,."-.
The percentage quoted in (b) (1) (i) above applies to the actual output
(f) Umited in the disclosure of software and technical i1if~
voltage; all other percentages apply to full scale, that is from maximum
equipment exported hereby to the minimum necessary for till {"
.negative' to. maximum positive reference voltages.
operation and maintenance of the equipment in the stated civil
2 Total errors at 1 kHz quoted in (b)(l)(ii) and (2)(ii) above are to be
measured with those resistors incorporated in the inverter, summer or inte- Technical Notes: --.
grator which'provide the least error.
3 Total error measurements include all errors of the unit resulting from, for (a) 'Telephone Circuit Switching' is the technique for estahlishing .
example, tolerances of resistors and capacitors, tolerances of input and output exchange, on demand and until released, an exclUSive di ~
impedances of amplifiers, the effect of loading, the effects of phase shift, and (CCITT Recommendations G-711, G-732 and G..73;ect fJr Pc
the generating offunctions. between calling and called telephone circuits based solefy on s~ c,
of telephone dialling information derived from the calling ~~
(2) Digital computers covered by sub~item (c) (4), which are: telephone circuits may carry any type of signal, eg telephony c;:t.
telex, compatible with a voice channel bandWidth of 3 }'oo ttl/14
(a) specialfy designed to meet the requirements of CCITT recommendation information available on the circuit other than the sub;criber ~.
F31 or ICA 0 recommendationsfor civil aviation communication networks; information is utilisedfor any other functions;
(b) are for civil application and will be operated by the civil authorities of the
(b) "deTele~ralPh ~ ~ellexh) Cir:Cc~it ~wsitc~inhg.' ~tfiilises techniques eSStnt'
importing country for general civil traffic, or for traffic with links with
Western countries, or for an international service to fulfil a commitment
to I TU, ICA 0, or atry other inter-governmental organisation which
1, ntzca to .I. e ep one zrcult WltC zng or establishing c .
between telegraph (telex) circuits based on the same type
information. The telegraph (telex) circuits (which may be It
includes Western countries; circuits) may carry. any telegraph (telex) signal compatible with
(c) are not covered by the remainder of sub-item (c) or by sub-items (f) or (g), channel bandwidth of 3,100 Hz or less. No iriformation aa.
or do not exceed the limits quoted herein; on the circuit other than the subscriber dialling information is utilised
(d) normal for the approved use and that the equipment will be limited as any other function.
(1 ) Suitable combinations of circuits not exceeding: (4) Digital computers and/or devices covered by sub-items (d)(l) or
(i) 250 circuits with 'data signalling rates' of less than 150 bits per or (e) and related peripherals covered by sub-item (h), which are:
(a) digital computers and/or devices that have been designed for idenf
(ii) 60 circuits with 'data signalling rates' of 150 to 1,000 bits per
office and personal use and, by nature of design, software, micropro~
second; and/or
control (firmware), specialised logic control (hardware) or perfi
(iii) 8 circuits with 'data signalling rates' of greater than 1,000 to
are substantially restricted to the particular application for which
4,800 bits per second;
have been designed;
(2) The maximum 'data signalling rate' of any circuit does not exceed 4,800
(b) The digital computers and/or devices and the related peripherab
bits per second;
displays are not covered by sub-items (c), (1) or (g), or do not exceed
(3) The sum of 'data signallzng rates' ofall circuits does not exceed 27,500
limits of this Note J'
bits per second;
(c) limited asfollows:
(4) The sum of the 'data signalling rates' of all circuits with 'data (il
(1) The 'CPU data handling rate' does not exceed 2 million bitsper sec
signalling rates' greater than 1,000 bits per second does not exceed
(2) The 'CPU numerical processing rate' for units capable of ari (iii
19,200 bits per second;
operations does not exceed 0.1 million bits per second; (iv
Technical Note: 'Data signalling rate' is as defined in ITV Recom- (3) The 'total internal memory available to the user' does not e
mendation 53-36, taking into account that,for non-binary modulation, 'bauds' 32,768 bits J.
and 'bits per second' are not equal. Bits for coding, checking and synchronisa- (4)For peripherals devices with which the computer is equipped:
tion functions are to be included. (i) No more than one magnetic tape transport which does not e (v,
(a) 1,600 bits per inch per track;
(e) limited in the disclosure of software and technical iriformation for any (b) 9 tracks per tin (12.7mm) tape width;
equipment exported hereby to the minimum necessary for the application, (c) -! in (12.7mm) tape width; and
operation and maintenance of the equipment in the stated civil end-use (d) 25 in (65.6cm) per second tape read/write speed; .
(ii) Cassette/cartridge tape drives described in sub-paragraph I
(3) Digital computers covered by sub-items (d) (1) or (2) or (e), and related below;
equipment therefor covered by sub-item (h), which are: (iii) Digital computer peripherals and displays free from emb
(a) primarily used in 'telephone circuit switching' or 'telegraph' (telex) circuit under Note 1; and . de'
switching' systems designedfor fixed civil applications ; (iv) Digital recording and reproducing equipment speClal~ ~
(b) (i) operated by civil authorities of the importing country for general to use magnetic card, tag, label or bank cheque recordmg
civil traffic, or for traffic with links with Western countries, or free from embargo under Item 1572 (a) (ii) :
for an international service to fulfil a commitment to ITU, ICAO (d) are limited in their related peripherals as follows: (
or any other inter-governmental organisation which includes Cassette/cartridge tape drives operating serialfy one track at a 1
Western countries~· or provided thf:Y have;
(ii) used in a private exchange or private branch exchange (in each case (i) No more than 800 bits per inch per track; and ate
tif no more than 5,000 lines) which will be used in a civil installa- .
(ii) No more than 6,000 bits per second maxzmum b'tz transfer r •
tion situated in a densely-populated industrial area. (i
(c) not covered by and would not thereby become covered by sub-items Cc), (1) NO TE: These tape drwes. are not su b. Uect to the provisions of
or (g), or exceed the limits of this Note; paragraph (b) above
(d) normal for the approved use and that the equipment will be limited to the
Technical Notes:
minimum system corlfiguration necessary to control a 50,000 line exchange . mber ojbits
for the uses cited in sub-paragraph (3) (b) (i) above or to control a 5,000 (a) 'CPU data handling rate' is defined as the maxzmum nu d' ided by
line exchange for the uses cited in sub-paragraph (3) (b) (ii) above; can be assessed in parallel from an internal mer;zory ': instrUC'
(e) limited in the interface equipment with which the digital computer is minimum time (including access time) jar the executzon of aV'
equipped (to be provided onfy for administrative and control communica- operating on this number of bits. b of bits used
tions purposes) asfollows: (b) 'CPU numerical processing rate' is defined as the num er. required
(1) The 'total effective bit transfer rate' of remote 'terminal devices' does not represent an arithmetic operand divided by the av~rage :;memost .
exceed 2,400 bits per second; execution of a multiplication operation, assumtn? t gramme
(2) The 'effective bit tran.ifer rate' of any interface 'communication arithmetic data coding and the fllStest hardware, mzcr°P'fablt to iN\
channel' does not exceed 2,400 bits per secondJ• (firmware) and/or software multiplication technique a~z the sU1fl ~
(3) 1~he interface equipment is located within the 'computer operating area' (c) 'Total internal memory available to the user' is define a~iaS plIs'l
and limits the 'effective bit tran.ifer rate' to those specified in sub- storage capacities of all user-alterable internal stora?e rporaud;'
paragraphs (1) and (2) above; and user-replaceable fixed storage devices that may be tntO
320 Trade and Jndustry 30 April 1976
J one time and that may be used to store microprogramme (2 )For peripheral memory devices othertJum fMgnstic taPe jrl.WLtp"ts ]
~a ware) and/or software instructions and data. (i) Total connected 'net capacity' r1IJes notmJeel.fl,400millionbits;
,(firm (ii) 'Total number of accesses' does not exceed 200 per seeond;
.".":Alised parts, components, sub-assembl'zes, accessorzes
. an d spare
(c) The conditions ofSection (7) continue to be met;
~ s'j";m_item (h) for equipment previously authorised for export
~ ~ 'ng section (4) provided that the related specialised parts, (9) Peripherals covered by sub-item (h) asfollows:
tile foreg~' 5emblies, accessories and spare parts: (a) Disc drives utilising non-rigid magnetic media, provided they /tave:
. ,sub a~ade the equipment beyond the limits of Section (4) above,. . (l)No more than a 7.88 in (20Imm) disc;
wal,not upgnable
quantities for equipment previously exported from the (2)No more than 3.2 million bit 'net capacity' ;
Are Ut reas ,
(3)No more than 250,000 bits per second maximum bit ,transfer rate,. and
&tJfI1IIrJ; rpecialised parts, components, sub-assem bi'zes, accessorzes
. and (4)No less than 250 millisecond 'average access time';
}le14led svered by sub-item (h) for tape drives previously authorised for (b) Cassette/cartridge tape drives operating serially one track at a time,
~ .:ction (4)( c)( 4)(ii) and. (d) provided that they will not upgrade provided they have:
IS/Jl drives beyond the limits ofSectton (4) above. (1 )No more than 1,600 bits per inch per track,.
(2)No more than'48,000 bits per second maximum bit transfer rate;
, ' 1 omputers covered by sub-items (d) (1) or (2) or (e), and related
(c) Non-impact line printers operating at 2,000 lines per minute or less and
.DJgJ~':'efor covered by sub-item (h), provided that: non-impact character printers operating at 300 characters per second or
The equipment will be used prirr:arily for the specific non-strategic less;
r tions for which the export mzght be approved and that the number, (d) Graphic displays specially designed for signature security checking having
app ~~ characteristics of such equipment are normal for such use; an active display area not exceeding 150 sq. cm.
~ computers and related eq~ipment are not covered by and woul~ not (10) Certain digital computers covered by sub-items (d) (i) or (2) or (e), and
thereby become covered by sub-ztems (c), (f) or (g), or exceed the lzmits related equipment there/or covered by sub-item (h) having more advanced
of this Section,. , , characteristics than those shown in Section (7).
The digital computers are lzmzted as follows: (11) A limited range ofequipment covered by sub-item (h) for use with digital
(1) The sum of eithe~ the 'I/O bus r~te' or the 'tota~ effective bit transfer computers or related equipment produced in proscribed areas, or the minimum
rate', whichever zs less, and the CPU bus rate does not exceed 45
technoLogy mentioned in Explanatory Note 2 excluding design technology which
million bits per second; is necessary to mantifacture such equipment in those areas.
t2)The 'processing data rate' for CPUs which implement floating point
operations by hardware or microprogramme control (jirmware) does Interpretative definitions of the terminology used in this item, such
not exceed 8 million bits per second; as 'CPU bus rate', 'total effective bit transfer rates' etc. will be
(3)The internal memory total connected capacity (excluding parity, word provided if required on application to the Department of Industry,
marker andfiag bits) does not exceed 2.36 million bits; CSE 1c, Room 421, Dean Bradley House, 52 IIorseferry Road,
(4)For peripheral devices with which the computer is equipped: London SW1P 2AG (01-2120097).
(i) The 'total effective bit transfer rate' (excluding data channels not
equipped with peripheral memory units) does not exceed 8 million 1568. Equipment, as follows:
bits per second;
(ii) The 'effective hit transfer rate' of any peripheral memory or data (a) All classes of de" ices, regardless of other characteristics, identified
channel does not exceed 1.6 million bits per second; in sub-items (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (j) and (k) below, which
(iii) No more 'than 12 magnetic tape transports,. are designed to operate below - 55°C or above + 125°C;
(iv) Magnetic tape transports which do not exceed: (b) Synchros and resolvers (and special instruments rated to have the
(a) l,600 bits per inch per track; same characteristics as synchros and resolvers in (1) and (2) below,
(b) 9 tracks per t in (12.7 mm) tape width; and such as Microsyns, Synchro-Tels and Inductosyns) possessing
(c) ! in (l2.7mm) tape width; any of the following characteristics:
(v) For peripheral memory devices other than magnetic tape transports: (l)A rated electric error of 7 minutes of arc or less or of 0.2 per
(a) Total connected 'net capacity' does not exceed 960 million cent or less of maximum output voltage;
bits; (2)A rated dynanlic accuracy for receiver types of 1 degree or less,
(b) For each independent device with an 'average access time' of except that for units of size 30 (3 in in diameter) or larger a
less than 30 milliseconds, the 'memory performance factor' rated dynamic accuracy of less than 1 degree;
does not exceed 8,000,. (3) Multi-speed from single shaft types;
(c) For each independent device with an 'average access time' (4) Employing solid state Hall effect;
of 30 milliseconds or greater, the 'memory performance (5) Designed for gimbal mounting;
factor' does not exceed 43,000,. (c) Amplifiers, electronic or magnetic, specially designed for use wi th
(d) 'Total number of accesses' does not exceed 150 per second; resolvers, as follows:
(1) Isolation types having a variation of gain constant (linearity of
(5) The 'ejJective bit transfer rati of any 'terminal device' located remote
gain) of 0.2 per cent or better;
from the 'computer operating area' does not exceed 2,400 bits per
second; (2)Summing types having a variation of gain constant (linearity
16'R ' of gain) or an accuracy of summation of 0.2 per cent or better;
\) or Interface equipment with which the computer is equipped:
(3) Employing solid state Hall effect;
(i) The 'total effective bit transfer rate' (excluding parity, word (d) Induction potentiometers (including function generators and
marker andjlag bits) of remote 'terminal devices' does not exceed linear synchros), linear and non-linear, possessing any of the
.. 4,800 bits per second; following characteristics:
(ll) The 'effective bit transfer rate' of any interfaced 'communication (I)A rated conformity of 0.25 per cent or less, or of 13 minutes of
(... channel' does not exceed 1,200 bits per second; arc or less;
Ut) The interface equipment is located within the 'computer operating (2) Employing solid state Hall effect;
~rea' and limits the 'ejJective bit transfer rates' to those specified (3)Designed for gimbal mounting;
(i In su~-paragraphs (i) and (ii) above,. and (e) Induction rate (tachometer) generators, synchronous and
v) All mterfaced 'communication channels' are dedicated full time asynchronous as follows:
to the gilJen application. (1) Employing solid state Hall effect;
"'fIIi~nterna.z memory orperipheral memory devices covered by sub-item (2)With a housing diameter of 50mm (2 in) and smaller and a
length (without, shaft-ends) of 100mm (4 in) and smaller or
1i tprevzously authorisedfor export as in Section (7) providedthat:
with a diameter-to-Iength ratio greater than 2 :1, having one
.;::;:ve elapsed sirue the initial installation qf the equipment; or more of the following characteristics:
tAt followin nt liJou,ld no~ t~ereby ~xceed the limits of Section (7) (c) with (i) With a rated linearity ofO. 1. per cent or less;
~: ~ modified ltmzts on mternal memory and peripheral memory (ii) All temperature-compensated or temperature-corrected
(1) The internal types;
-kIT and R tne"!ory total connected capacity (excluding parity, word (f) Servo motors (gear-head or plain) as follows:
J,ag\btts) does not exceed 4.72 million bits; (l)Designed to operate from power sources of more than 300
Trade and Industry 30 April '1976 321
Hz e"upt those designed to operate from .power sources otmerit (Z) and the temperature (r in OK) Ut
of over ,300 Hz up. to and ,not exceeding 400 Hz with a (b) Junctions and combinations of junctions ~:C-iatO.7~;.
temperature range of from -55°C to + 125°C; materials in (a) a b o v e ; g ant or
(2)Designed to have a torque-to-inertia ratio of 50,000 radians (c) Heat. a}>sorbing and/?r e~ec~cal pOwer genera"
per second Of greater; contalnmg any of the Junctlons In (b) above; ...ling
(3)Incorporating special features to secure internal damping; (d) Other power generating devices which generate in
(4) Employing solid statC? Hall effect.. watts per pound or of 500 watts per cubic foot oc.:ctssci
(g) Precision potentiometers (and special instruments rated to have basic thermoelectric components; e .
the same characteristics as potentiometers in (1) and (2) below, (e) Specialised parts, components and sub-assemblies Cl .\._
such as Vernistats), as follows: devices (See also sub-item I.L. 1205(c». ' or utta
( I) Linear potentiometers having a constant resolution and a rated
Explanatory Notes: The figure of merit (Z) equals .
linearity of 0.1 per cent or less;
coefficients squared divided by the product of electrical ~.
(2)Non-linear potentiometers having a variable resolution and a and thermal conductivity. reslStif
rated conformity of:
The weight and cubic measurements in sub-item (d) abo
(i) 1 per cent or less when the resolution is inferior to that
intended to encompass the complete device but to includ \Te are
obtained with a linear potentiometer of the same type
thermoelectric elements and assembly and the compoe only
and of the same track length; . caIor1~s.
· Oth er ~omponents, such as h eating and/or nents .
(ii) 0.5 per cent or less when the resolution is better than or pumpmg
sources or contaIners, deVIce frames or stands and Control eq .
equal to that obtained \vith a linear potentiometer of the
are not to be included in the calculations. Ulp
same type and of the same track length;
(3)Designed for gimbal mounting; 1571. Magnetometers having or capable of having a sensiti.
Explanatory Note: For the purpose of this sub-item a precision better than ± 1.0 gamma (± 10- 6 oersteds), and specially des'
potentiometer means one having a rated conformity better than 0.25 parts therefor.
per cent for a linear potentiometer or 1 per cent for a nonlinear (i
Explanatory Notes:
potentiometer. (v
SensitivitY.' is defined as the visually recognised minimum'
This sub-item does not include potentiometers using only switched soidal signal in the frequency range of 0.025 Hertz to 1.5 ~
elements. when signal-to-noise ratio is higher than 1.
(h) Direct current and alternating current torquers, ie torque motors 2 'Specially designed parts therefor' is intended to include ac'
specially designed for gyros and stabilised platforms; rotational compensation, as opposed to static compensa'
(i) Electro-optical devices designed to monitor relative rotation of methods, and any form ofdynamic signal processing or gra .
rernote surfaces; compensation provided as part of, or designed for use wi
(j) Synchronous motors, as follows: magnetometers included in this item.
(I)Of size 20 (50.8mm (2 in) in diameter) and smaller and having
synchronous speeds in excess of 3,600 revolutions per minute; 1572. Recording and/or reproducing equipment, as follows (~
(2) Designed to operate from power sources of more than 400 equipment which may be exported in conjunction with compu
cycles per second; shipments see Item LL. 1565).
(k) Analogue-to-digital and digital-to-analogue converters other than (a) Using magnetic techniques, except:
digital voltmeters (see Item 1529), as follows: (i) Those specially designed for voice or music;
(I) Electrical-input types possessing; (ii) Those specially designed to use magnetic card, tag, label
(i) A peak conversion rate capability in excess of 50,000 bank cheque recording media with a magnetic surface
complete conversions per second; not exceeding 10 sq. in (65 sq. cm);
(ii) An accuracy in excess of I part in more than 10,000 offull (b) Using electron beam(s) operating in a vacuum, and/or 1
scale; or produced light beams (see also sub-item I.L. 1521(e)), thatp
(iii) A figure of merit of 107 or more (derived from the number duce patterns or images directly on the recording surface,
of complete conversions per second divided by accuracy) ; specialised equipment for image development, except equipm
(2)Solid state synchro-to-digital and digital-to-synchro resolvers; specifically designed to television recording and/or reprodu'
(3)Mechanical input types (including but not limited to shaft on discs:
position encoders, and linear displacement encoders but exclud- (c) Graphic instruments capable of continuous direct recording
ing complex servo-follower systems) as follows: sinusoidal waves at frequencies exceeding 20 kHz;
(i) Rotary types having an accuracy or maximum incre- (d) Specialised parts, components and recording media for the ~
mental accuracy better than ± 1 part in 10,000 of full and recording media used in equipment covered by SUb-It
scale; (a) and (b)
(ii) Linear displacement types having an accuracy of better
Explanatory Note: The term 'recording media' in sub-item (
than ± 5 microns;
above is intended to include all types and forms of specia~ised re
(4)Employing solid state Hall effect;
ing media used in such recording techniques, including but
(I) Semi-conductor Hall field probes, as follows:
(1) Made of indium-arsenide-phosphide (In As P) ; limited to tapes, drums, discs and matrices.
(2)Coated with ceramic or ferritic materials (eg special field (1) Equipment covered by sub-items (a) or (b) and.specialised ~;U .
probes such as tangential field probes, multipliers, modulators, components therefor covered by sub-item (d), for use wzth the expO'
recorder probes, etc.) ; ment, provided that:
(3)With an open circuit sensitivity greater than
(a) The equipment has been designed for identifiable civil use a~d by na~
0.12 Volt design or performance is substantially restricted to the partuulara
Ampere X Kilogauss tionfor which it has been designed~·
(b) The equipment has all ofthe following characteristics;
Explanatory Note: Open circuit sensitivity. The slope of a straight
( 1) Not ruggedised; from
line that passes through the point of origin and through the (2)Not ratedfor continuous operation in ambient temperatures
point uso:i t at B = Bn, in the characteristic is defined as the 'open -20°C to above +55°C;
circuit sensitivity' (where U20 = Hall voltage, open circuit; it = (3)Not specifically designedfor underwater use;
Control current; Bn = Rated value of applied magnetic control
(c) The equipment is limited as follows: . nd stori4
(1) VirIeo magnetic disc recorders with a single fixed he~l ~
field). 0
(m) Specially designed parts, components, sub-assemblies and test
single frame and video magnetic tape recorders sp~~ ~ CC/B.,
equipment (including adaptors, couplers, etc.) for the above. television recording, using a signal registere~ wtt and IuJVit'I
specifically designed for use with medical equipment, \
1570. Thermoelectric materials and devices as follows:
of the following characteristics: "
(a) Thermoelectric materials with a maximum product of the figure (i) 3 dB recording bandwidth not exceeding 4 MHz,
3Z2 Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
l~ length of time of a single scan not exceeding 20 milli-
'_Itn (7) tape s/Jfld not ,XGMdi", 60 in ,.. uetmtl;
(ill·-m-:'· (8)numher of reeortling tracks (exeluditag audio voice Iraek)JtOt ,xutilm,
~ or uansportabl, and having a net weight not IXcuding 16;
(iii) ptJrl4 (9)start-stop time not less than 25 miUisletJntls;
(10) Equipment with tape-derived (olftape) servo-s/Jfld control and with 4
magnetic tape recorder~ speeific~lly .desi"."d for use ~th time· displacement (bas,) error of not less than ± 25 microseconds
~):::rttpJipment; ;, for r~c~dmg PhYSlologual SIgnals, and havmg at a tape speed of 60 inelw (152 .4ctll) per ucond anti not less tAan
the following characterJStus: ± 50 microseconds at a'!1 lower tape sjJe8d measur,d in accordanc,
,u,ofBandwidth capabili~ at maximum design speed not exceeding
with IRIG document 118-71, paragraph or document EIA
(,) lOOkHzpertrack;
RS-413/ANSI C 83.94-1973.
" Recording 4msi~ not exceeding 5,000 magnetic flux sine waves
(c) Systems for use in civil aircraft or helicopters to record flight data for
(n) linear inch (25.4mm) per tra,-k;
pet'Explanatory Note.: Re~m:ding densi~ is, for direct recorders,
saftty and/or maintenanc, purposes, and having all cif the following
the recording bandundth dwuJed by the tape speed; and, for FM (i) in normal civil use for more than oneyear;
recorders, the sum of the carrier frequency and the deviation
(ii) not exceeding 100 input channels;
divided by the tape speed. (iii) sum of the individual channel recording bandwidth not exceeding
''') J/l t including recording and/or reproducing heads of the rotary
(Ill o,ojloating typ,s o~ heads designed.(or us, in ,quip",,:"
wi.0 (d) Recording equipment not intended for use in conjunction with equipment
characteristics supenor to those defined tn sub-paragraphs (I) or (u)
or materials covered by other items, provided that the capability of the
above; recorder is limited to both:
C) Tape speed not exceeding 60 in (152.4cm) per second; (I)A tape width not exceeding tin (6.35mm);
(;) Number of recording tracks (excluding audio voice track) not
(2)Digital recording techniques in serial form with a packing densi~ not
exceeding 20; exceeding 800 bits per inch.
(vi) Start-stop time not less t~an 25 milliseconds; .
Explanatory Note: Packing density is, for digital recorders, the
(vii) Equipped with tape-dertved (offtape) servo speed control and ~zth
number of bits per secondper track divided by the tape speed;
a time displacement (base) error of not less than ± 25 muro-
(e) Incremmtal recorders and/or repfoducers (ie equipment dBsigned for
seconds at a tape speed of 60 in (152.4cm) per second and
discontinuous sampling and/or collection of data in an incremental manner)
not less than ± 50 microseconds at any lower tape speed measured
having all of the following characteristics:
in accordance with IRIG document 118-71, paragraph,
(I) The maximum tape speed, at the maximum stepping rate, does not
or document EIA RS-413/ANSI C 83. 94-1973;
exceed 2 in (50.8mm) per second;
(3)Digital tape recorders specially desig~d !~r the c?ll~ction of medical (2) The equipment has all the characteristics specified in sub-paragraphs (3)
data obtained from nuclear or other 1.0nJSlng rad,atzon measurements to (6) inclusive in Note 2(b) above;
and having all of the following characteristics: (1) Digital magnetic recorders specially designed for seismic/geophysical
(i) Mean packing density, with less than 5 ·per cent loss ofpulses, not applications and operating in the frequency range of 5 to 800 Hz..
exceeding 800 pulses per inch per track;
(ii) Characteristics not superior to those defined in sub-paragraphs (3) Magnetic tape recording media covered by sub-item (d) provided that.;
(c)(2)(iii), (vi) and (vii) above; (a) The magnetic tape is a standard commercial product that has been in use
(iii) Tape speed not exceeding 37.5 in (95cm) per second; in quantity for at least two years and is not designed for use in satellite
(iv) Number ofrecording tracks not exceeding 8 ~. applications or in applications requiring a tape life exceeding 3,000 passes;
(v) Packing density not exceeding 800 bits per inch per track; (b) The base material consists onry of polyethylene terephthalate or cellulose
(4)Equipment using electron beam(s) operating in a vacuum specially acetate;
designed for television recording on film, using a signal registered with (c) The magnetic tape recording media with a magnetic coating material
the CCIR and having all of the following characteristics: consisting only of undoped gamma-ferric (iron) oxide with a rated
(i) Pattern or imageframe size not exceeding 3mm X 2.3mm; intrinsic coercitivity not exceeding 350 oersteds is limited to the following
(ii) Pattern or image not exceeding 312.5 lines per frame; types and characteristics: ,
(iii) Beam spot position stability not better than 0.3 per cent; (I) Video tape designed for television recording and reproductzon or
(iv) 3 dB recording bandwidth not exceeding 4 MHz; instrumentation tape designed .for analogue recording and reproduction
Nothing in the above shall be construed as sanctioning the report of and having all of the following characteristics:
/ethnology for magnetic or electron beam recording and/or reproducing (i) Not designed for use in video recorders having a 3 dB record~ng
eqwpment or of components or recording media therifor. bandwidth exceeding 6 MHz or in analogue recorders havtng
Equipment covered by sub-item (a) above, and specialised parts, components a recording density exceeding 5,000 magnetic flux sine waves per
,recording media therefor covered by sub-item (d) for use with the exported linear inch (25.4mm) per track;
t, as follows: (ii) A tape width not exceeding 1 in (25.4mm);
V~o magnetic tape recorders specially designed for television recording, (iii) A magnetic coating thickness not less than 0.40 mil (10.2
UStng a signal registered with the CCIR, or specifically designed or microns) ;
adapted for use with medical equipment, and having all of the following (iv) A tape length not exceeding 3,600ft (1,097.3m);
characteristics: (2)Computer tape in cassettes/cartridges designed for digit~l longitudin,al
(I)3 dB recording bandwidth not exceeding 6 MHz. recording and reproduction and having all of the follOWIng charactens-
;;))~aximum length of a single scan not exceeding 20 milliseconds; tics:
\ .;~ot ruggedised. (i) A magnetic coating certified for a rnaximum packing density of
(~gue :nagnetic tape recorders having all the following characteristics. 800 bits per inch (1,600 flux changes per inch) along the length
, andwldth capability at maximum design speed not exceeding 300 kHz of the tape;
I ,Per track; (ii) A magnetic coating thickness not less than 0.17 mil (4.32
i;2)Recording d ' , '. microns) ;
[' . enslty not exceedzng 5,000 magnetlC flux szne waves per
l1Iear tnch (25.4mm) per track,. (iii) A tape width not exceeding:1 in (6.35mm);
r EXd~lanatory Note: Recording density is, for direct recorders, the (iv) A tape length not exceeding 900ft (274.3m); . . ,
ecor lng bandWl'dth d'lVzded
by the tape speed,. and, for FM recorder:s, (d) The magnetic tape recording media with a ma~net~c ~oatzng. r:u!tenal
spee~.m of the carrier frequency and the deviation divided by the tape consisting only of' chromiu'!l dioxide with a rabed tntnnstc co.erc1.twrty not
(3) . exceeding 500 oersteds is limited to video tape specially deSIgned for ~he
(4)lIOt TUggedised; video recorders defined in Note 1(c) (i) and having both of the follOWIng
. IIOt rated for . characteristics:
- ?QoC contznuous operation in ambient temperatures from below
(5)}Ii .. to above -+. 55°C, (I)A tape width not exceeding 1 in (25.4mm);
, ot specificall d' ' (2)A tape length not exceeding 1,800 f: (548.6m);
(6)lIOt includi ~ eSlg~ed for underwater use;
floatin t ng recordzng and/or reproducing heads of the rotary or (e) Nothing in this Note shall be construed as sanctioning the export of
SU/Jerl Pes or designed for use in equipment with characteristics
or 0 those defined in sub-paragraphs (b) ( 1) and (2) above:
technology for magnetic recording media.
(4) Magnetic -tape andflexible disc cartridge recording media cOL,ered by sub-
Trade and Industr! 30 April. '.916 3D
item (d) above for use in civil tel8Visitmrecordi~ and reproducing applications capabilities of an oscilloscope to permit meas
tJr with computers as appropriate, provided that: the limits of equipment described in SUb-item(a~
(a) The base material consists only of polyethylene terephthalate or cellulose Oscilloscopes (including 1TIIliriframe/amplifier -!,stems) tI1IIl tt<'
covered by sub-item (a) above provided that : ~
(~ ) the oscill~scope or system bandwi(ith is not rated in excess (J I
(b) The magnetic coating material consists onh' of undoped gamma-ferric
(iron) oxide with a rated intrinsic coercitiviv' not exceeding 350 oersteds
(video tape considered under sub-paragraph (c) ( 1) below may also include
(b) In the case qf -!,stems, the characteristics tif individual X ~ "'Ill:
frames are not in excess of what is required for the (Jver":i/ftS Dj .
chromium dioxide-coated' tape with. a rated intrinsic .coercitivity not fi~~· ~
exceeding 500 oersteds and a width not exceeding 1 in (25.4mm)),. and
(c) The magnetic recording media is limited to the following' types and 1585. Photographic equipment, as follows:
( 1) Video tape designed for television recording and reproduction with a (a) High speed ~inen:a recording.~amer~~ and equiPtilentas
(I)Cameras In whIch the film 15 contInuously advan Ced fo
tape width not exceeding 2 in (50.8mm),.
out the recording period, and which are capable f t
(2) Computer tape designed for digital longitudinal recording and repro-
at framing rates exceeding 13,150 frames per seO r~
duction and having all of the following characteristics:
any camera and film combination from the sta: '
(i) A magnetic 'coating certified for a maximum packing density of to the 90mm size inclusive; n rd
6,250 bits per inch (9,042flux changes per inch) along the length
ofthe tape,. , (2)Special optical or electronic devices which supplem t
or are interchangeable with standard camera:: ,r
(ii) A magnetic coating thickness not less than 0.40 mil (10.2
.for the purpose of i.ncrea~ing the number of frames pe~PO
microns) ;
(b) HIgh speed cameras In whIch the film does not move ad'
(iii) A tape width not exceeding 1 in (25.4mm),.
are capable of recording at rates exceeding 1,000,000 frn w
(iv) A tape length not exceeding 3,600ft (1,097.3m),.
(3)Computer tape in cassettes/cartridges designed for digital longitudinal second for the full framing height of standard
recording' and reproduction and having all of the following charac- photographic film, or at proportionately higher rates fo I
frame heights, or at proportionately lower rates for greater
teristics: heights;. r
(i) .A magnetic coating certified for a maximum packing density of
(c) Cameras incorporating image converters and specially des'
1,600 bits per inch (3,200jlux changes per inch) along the length
controls, parts and accessories therefor;
ofthe tape;
(ii) A magnetic coating thickness not less than 0.17 mil (4.32 (d) Streak cameras having writing speeds of 10mm/microsec
and above; .
microns) ;
(e) Camera shutters with speeds of 50 nanoseconds or less
(iii) A tape width not exceeding 1 in (6.35mm),.
operation; and specialised parts and accessories therefor'
(iv) A tape length not exceeding 900ft (274.3m),.
(f) Film, as follows; ,
(4) Computer flexible disc cartridges designed for digital recording and
reproduction and having'all of the following characteristics: (1) Having an intensity dynamic range of 1,000,000 : 1or more:
(2)Having a speed of ASA 10,000 (or its equivalent) or better;
(i) A magnetic coating certified for a maximum packing density of
(3)Colour film having a spectral sensitivity extending bey
13,262.flux changes per radian (3,268 bits per inch at a radius
7,200 Angstroms or below 2,000 Angstroms
0/2.029 in (51.536mm) around the disc;
(g) High speed plates having an intensity dynamic range
(ii) A magnetic coating thickness not less than 0.1 mil (2.54 microns) ;
1,000,000 : 1 or more.
(iii) A disc thickness not exceeding 0.003 in (80 microns) :
(iv) A disc outer diameter not exceeding 7.88 in (201 mm) ,.
1586. Praetersonic radio frequency signal processing devices,
(v) A disc inner diameter of 1.5 in (38.1mm).
(5) Recording media covered by sub-item (d) above specially designedfor digital
(a) Surface acoustic wave devices (ie radio frequency signal pr
recording and reproduction equipment operating serially with a packing density
ing devices employing elastic waves in a variety of piezo-e1ec
not exceeding 800 bits per inch per track (specially designed for use with,
substances including but not limited to lithium niobate, lithi
and incorporated in, typewriter systems used for preparing, correcting
tantalate, bismuth germanium oxide, yttrium garnet
and/or composing text.
quartz), which permit direct processing of signals at '
1576. Centrifugal testing apparatus or equipment possessing any of frequencies over 156 MHz, including amplifiers, fixed, tap
the following characteristics; and dispersive delay lines, pulse compression devices and n
linear devices: and specialised parts thereof; .
(a) Driven by a motor or motors having a total rated horsepower (b) Bulk (volume) acoustic wave devices (ie radio frequency s.
greater than 400 horsepower; processing devices employing elastic waves in a variety of pi
(b) Capable of carrying a payload of 113.4kg or more; electric substances similar to those in (a) above) whIch pe
(c) Capable of exerting a centrifugal acceleration of 8 or more 'g' direct processing of signals at carrier frequencies over 1,G
on a payload of 90. 72kg or more. including pulse compression and convolution devices, non-bn
devices and fixed delay lines; and specialised parts thereof.
1579. Ion microscopes having a resolving power better than 10
Angstrom units. Explanatory Note: Praetersonic is defined as that range offr~q~
cies above 10,000 times the nominal high sonic frequencIes,
1584. Oscilloscopes and specialised parts therefor, as follows:
(a) Cathode ray oscilloscopes, associated plug-in units and external
above 150 MHz. .
Devices covered by sub-item (a) above that are speczally deszgne
civil television equipment and which operate at frequencies below I ..,
. dfi ILft

amplifiers and pre-amplifiers possessing any of the following

1587. Quartz crystals and assemblies thereof in any stage of fa
(I)An amplifier bandwidth greater than 100 MHz (defined as the
tion (ie worked, semi-finished or mounted), as folloWS:
band of frequencies over which the deflection on the cathode-
f the folio
ray tube does not fall below 70.7 per cent of that at maximum (a) For use as filter elements, and having any 0
point measured with a constant input voltage to the amplifier); characteristics: 'der
(2)Containing or designed for use with cathode-ray tubes with ( I)Designed for operation over a temperature range Wl
travelling wave (delay line) vertical deflection structure; 125°C; peden,
(3)R\lggedised to meet a military specification; (2) Crystals or assemblies of crystals which use the trap series
(4)Rated for operation over an ambient temperature range of phenomenon (ie those which have more than one
from below -25°C to above 55°0. + parallel resonance on a single quartz element);f h roll .
(b) Electronic devices for stroboscopic analysis of a signal (ie (b) For use as oscillator elements and having any 0 t e
sampling devices), whether sub-assemblies or separate units, characteristics: wider
designed to be used in conjunction with an oscilloscope to permit (1) Designed for operation over a temperature range
the analysis of recurring phenomena, and which increase the 169°0 (288°F);
IZ4 Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
stability of ± 0.0005 per cent or better over their 1601. Anti-friction bearings, as follows:'
~).A ating temperature range;
(a) AIl ball and cylindrical roller bearings having all inner bore
rated oper..compensated crystal oscillators (TCXO) having
. . diameter of 10mm or less and. tolerances of ABEe 5, ltREC 5 (or
th following characteristIcs:
equivalent) of better and either or both of the follqwing .~arac..
eithet of ir~ with respect to temperature of better than ± teristics:
(l)A sta~5 1 Yl' cent over their operating temperature range;
0.000 ~~ng temperature range wider than 120°C. (I)Made of special materials, ie with rings, balls or rollers made
from any steel alloy or other material except the following:
t2)An opedrab 1 sub.. item (a) which have either of the following charac-
covere ry Low-carbon steel; SAE-52I 00 high carbon chromium steel;
SAE-4615 nickel molybdenum steel; or equivalents
. :. d fi operation as intermediate frequency filters operating from
(Partial illustrative examples of special materials for this
Destgne 11OfNfHz or from 21 to 22 MHz with 3 dB bandwidths not
10.5 to purpose are: high-speed tool steels; stainless steel; monels;
. 40kHz; or beryllium) ;
~or operation as single side-band.f!lters operating at from 1 to lO (2)Manufacture of use at normal operating teInperatures over
f)estgn 'th 3 dB bandwidths not exceedzng 4 kHz.
MHzwz 150°C (302°F) either by use of special materials or by heat
Materials composed of crystals hah~ingfilspindel,. orthorhombbl~c, (b) All ball and cylindrical roller bearings (exclusive of separable ball
arnet crystal structures; t In m eVIces; assem Ies
naI or g . .. h £ 11 bearings and thrust ball bearings) having an inner bore diameter
eforegoing; and devIces contaInIng t em, as 0 ows: exceeding 10mm and having tolerances of ABEC 7, RBEC 7 (or
'. ent which may be exported in conjunction with computer equivalents) or better (ABEC 5 in the case of hollow bearings)
equlpm and either or both of the characteristics in (a) (I) or (a) (2) above;
ments, see Item I.L. 1565),
(c) Bearing parts as follows:
M ocrystals of ferrites and garnets, synthetic only; Outer rings, inner rings, retainers, balls, rollers and sub-assem-
Si:~e aperture forms possessing any of the following characteris- blies usable only for bearings covered by sub-items (a) and (b).
111Switching speed of O. 3mIcrosecon
' d or f:aster at t h · .
e mInImum 1631. Magnetic metals of all types and of whatever form possessing
\ 'field strength required for switching at 40°C (104°F); one or more of the following characteristics:
i2)Amaximum dimension less than 30 mil (0.76mIn).
(a) Grain oriented sheet or strip of a thickness of O.lmm (0.004 in)
\~fulti-aperture forms with fe~e: than 10 apertures possessing
or less;
any of the following chara~tenstIcs: . .
(b) Initial permeability 120,000 gauss-oersteds (0.15 Henry/m) or
tl)Switching speed of 1 mIcrosecond or faster at the mInImum
\ field strength required for switching at 40°C (104°F) ; over calculated at JL 0.0 or the equivalent;
(c) Remanence 98.5 per cent or over of maximum flux for materials
(21Amaximurn dimension l~ss than 100 mil (2.54mm);
having magnetic permeability;
Multi-aperture forms having 10 or more apertures;
Thin film (including plated wire and plated rods) memory (cl) A composition capable of an energy product:
(i) exceeding 10 times 106 gauss-oersteds (80,000 joules/m3); or
storage or switching devices;
(ii) 4.85 times 106 gauss-oersteds (38,600 joules/m3 ) or greater
Materials suitable for application in electromagnetic devices
1ge or
making use the gyro-magnetic resonance phenomenon; and having a coercive force of 1,800 oersteds (143,200
amperes/m) or greater.
Rod forms possessing any of the following characteristics:
(I)Switching speed of 0.3 microsecond or faster at the minimum Explanatory Note: It is understood that the measurement of initial
:CS, field strength required for switching at 40°C (104°F); permeability will be carried out on fully annealed material having a
(2)Aminimum dimension less than 10 mil (0.254mm). thickness between 3 and lOO mil. For convenience of figure of initial
le aperture forms described in sub-item (b) above, provided that they have a permeability is shown at JL 0.0. If this figure is normally calculated
. king speed of slower than 0.3 microsecond and a maximum dimension of at levels above JL 0.0 its value is to be the equivalent of that which
mil (O.36mm) or more. would be obtained had the measurement been at JL 0.0.

· Gravity m.eters (gravimeters) and specialised parts therefor, 1635. Iron and steels, alloyed as follows:
. ed or modified for airborne or marine use. Containing 10 per cent or more molybdenum (but more than 5 per
cent molybdenum in any alloys containing more than 14 per cent
pH. Metals, Minerals and their Manufactures chromium); except products obtained by casting and having a carbon
IJIisGroup: content of more than 1.5 per cent.
aw materials cover all materials from which the metal can be
1648. Cobalt based alloys (ie containing a higher percentage by
yextracted, ie ores, concentrates, mattle, regulus, residues and
(ashes); and weight of cobalt than of any other element), as follows:
T~~ provision to the contrary is made in particular items of the (a) Containing 5 per cent or more of tantalum; or
. bon, the words metal and alloys cover all crude and semi- (b) Dispersion strengthened containing more than 1 per cent of
cated forms as follows: oxides of thorium, aluminium, yttrium, zirconium or cerium; or
rudeforms: (c) Containing 0.05 per cent or more ofscandium, yttrium,didymiuIn,
cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, or praseodymium.
ksod~s, balls, bars (including notched bars and wire bars), billets,

J l~ms, brickets, cakes, cathodes, crystals, cubes, dice, grains, 1649. Niobium (columbium), as follows:
es, Ingots, lumps, pellets, pigs, powder, rondles, shot, slabs,
I sponge, sticks. (a) Niobium-based alloys containing 60 per cent or more niobium
'&mi{abricat d fi ( . or niobium-tantalum in combination;
Cbed): e orms whether or not coated, plated, drilled or (b) Scrap forms of the alloys described in (a) above.
(See also Item I.L. 1760 and sub-item M.L. 20(b)).
'~; or worked material fabricated by rolling, drawing,
atoru. ~ng, forging, impact extruding, pressing, graining, 1654. Magnesium base alloys containing 1 per cent or more of
flaknus~g. and grinding, ie angles, channels, circles, discs, dust, didymium, cerium, lanthanum, neodyrnium, praseodymium,
sta:'. oIl ~nd leaf forgings, pIates, powder, pressings and
Wire P:s, rtbbons, rings, rods (including bare welding rods,
tube l\(inc:n~ rolled wire), sections, shapes, sheets, strip, pipe and
yttrium, or scandium, and scrap forms thereof.
(Seealsosub-itemsAE 1 (g) and~AE 35 (c)(l).

extrud d U~Ing tube rounds, squares and hollows), drawn or 1658. Molybdenum alloys containing 97.5 per cent or more of
J Cas e WIre;
molybdenum, except wire.
oth;r~terial produced by casting in sand, die, metal, plaster or
forms YPdes of moulds, including high pressure castings, sintered 1661. Nickel based alloys (ie contamlng a higher percentage by
,an forms made by powder metallurgy. weight of nickel than of any other element), as follows:
Trade and Industr! 30 Apri11976D1
(a) With a comblned content of aluminium and titanium greater and which have all the following characteristics:
than 11 per cent; or
(a) A pour point of - 34°0 (- 30°F) or lower;
(b) Dispersion strengthened containing more than 1 per cent of
(b) A viscosity index of 75 or greater; and
oxides of thorium, aluminium, yttrium, zirconium, cerium, or
(c) Are thermally stable at +343°0 (+650°F).
lanthanum; or
(c) Containing 0.05 ·per cent or more of scandium, yttrium, 1715. Boron, the following:
didymium, cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, or praseodymium.
(a) Boron element, bOron compounds and mixtures "
1670. Tantalum powder and tantalum alloys, as follows: boron -10 isotope comprises more than 20 per cen~ \\'hiclt
boron content; of the
(a) Tantalum powder containing less than 200 parts per million (b) Boron element (metal) all forms;
of total metallic impurities, and sintered anodes made therefrom; (c) Boron compounds, mixtures, and composites conta: .
(b) Tantalum-based alloys containing 60 per cent or more of 5 per cent or more of boron (except pharmaceuti~
tantalum, and scrap forms thereof. packaged for retail sale), as follows:
(1 )Bboron .cahrbidedhaving ~ borhon con ~ent of 74 per cent or
1671. Titanium as follows: y welg t an composites t ereof In crude or semi.fa .
forms; .
(a) Titanium based alloys in crude and semi-fabricated form having
the following nominal compositions: (2)Boron nitrid~ (hethxagonfal. close-Pdacked structure, white
(i) 3 per cent aluminium, 2.5 per cent vanadium and the and compoSItes ereo In cru e or semi-fabricated Co
balance titanium; tube, strip and sheet forms only; other boron-nitrogen compounds (eg borazanes, borazin
boropyrazoyls) ; es,
(ii) 6 per cent aluminium, 2 per cent niobium (columbium),
1 per cent tantalum, 0.8 per cent molybdenum and the (3) Boron hydrides (eg boranes), except sodium boron h .
balance titanium; p~tassium boron hydride, monoborane, diboran:
(iii) 6 per cent aluminium, 2 per cent tin, 1.5 per cent zirconium,
1 per cent molybdenum, 0.35 per cent bismuth; 0.1 per cent (4) Organoboron compounds, including metallo-organO
silicon and the balance titanium;
(iv) 7 per cent aluminium, 4 per cent molybdenum and the (5)Borides with purities above 98.5 per cent and havmgmel'
balance titanium; points of 2,000°C (3,632°F) or higher and composites th
in crude or semi-fabricated forms.
(v) other compositions containing three or more alloying
additives the total of which is more than 11 per cent but less 1746. Polymeric substances and manufactures
than 30 per cent.
(a) Polyimides;
Explanatory Notes: The alloying compositions listed in (a) (i) to
(iv) are nominal and may vary slightly with different producers. Explanatory Note: It is not intended that this sub-item shall c
In determining whether or not an individual alloy is covered by (a) (v) fully cured polyimide or polyimide-based film, sheet, tape or rib
all alloying additives except oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and carbon having a maximum thickness of 10 nlils (0.010 in or 0.254
will be considered including those present in quantities of less than whether or not coated or laminated with heat or pressure-sensi'
I per cent. resinous substances of an adhesive nature, which contain no fib
reinforcing matrials and which have not been coated or lamina
(b) Scrap forms of the metal and alloys covered by (a) above. with carbon, graphite, metals or magnetic substances. , Sil

1673. Artificial graphite having an apparent relative density of (b) Polybenzimidazoles;

1.90 or greater when compared with water at 15.5°C (60°F). (c) Polyimidazopyrrolones;
(d) Aromatic polyamides, except staples, fibres, filaments, yarns
Explanatory Note: Artificial graphite as defined above which has
threads having a fibre modulus of 250 grams-force per denier
been coated or composited with other elements or compounds to
less and a tenacity of 11 grams-force per denier or less,
improve its performance at high temperatures or to reduce its
textiles or mat products thereof;
permeability to gases is to be regarded as included in the definition.
(e) Polypraxylylenes;
The definition does not apply to artificial graphite which has been
(f) Polyphenylene sulphides; • C<
impregnated or composited with inorganic materials for the purpose
(g) Polyquinoxalines;
of improving only its electrical conductivity, its mechanical resistance
or its mechanical friction properties or to electrical resistors, artificial (h) Polybenzothiazoles;
(i) Polyoxadiazoles;
loads for microwave application, cable waveguide terminations,
brush stock special joints for electrodes, boats and crucibles, high
(j) Polytriazoles;
(k) Polythiazoles;
density graphic optical elements.
Individual shipments of 25kg (55 lb) or less of pyrolitic graphite (ie (I) Polyphosphonitriles;
(m) Polybenzimidazolphenanthrolines;
graphite made by vapour deposition at temperatures exceeding 1,500°C
(2,732°P» in crude or semi-fabricated forms, the dimension of any one of (n) Polypyrazines;
(0) Polyspiranes;
which does not exceed 10cm (4 in) in any direction.
Non-pyrolitic graphite, having a relative density of less than 1.95 which (p) Polysilazanes;
has not been coated or composited with other elements or compounds to improve (q) Polyperfluorotriazines;
its performance at elevated temperatures or to reduce its permeability to gases. (r) Polysilsequioxane ladders;
(s) Polyparabenzoquinone ladders;
(t) Polynaphthaleneimidazoanthraquinone ladders.
Group I. Chemicals, Metalloids and PetroleuDl Products Explanatory Note I: The characteristics referred to in
are defined as follows, in accordance with the ASTM Stall
sub-: I
1701. Lead azide and primary explosives or priming compositions
(mixtures) containing azides and/or azide compounds complexes. .r
(a) Tenacity: tensile stress when expressed as force per u~:nier
1702. Hydraulic fluids which are or which contain as the principal density of the unstrained specimen, ie grams-force per
ingredients petroleum (mineral) oils or synthetic hydrocarbon oils grams-force per tex;

Catalogues of Gove~nment Publications

Her Majesty's Stationery Office offer their customers a comprehensive service which will enable them to judge whether any t
other titles in the vast output of Government Publications would help them in their work or leisure. Full information abOu
this service can be obtained by sending a postcard to Publicity Section, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, Room C46,
Atlantic House, Holbom Viaduct, London, ECIP IBN, asking for the CATALOGUE SERVICE LEAFLET.
121 Trade and Industry 30 April 1976
odaluS : (secant modulus).: ratio of change. in stress than one part per thousand.
"". lit. train between two pOInts on a stress-straIn curve, (See also Items I.L. 1649 and I.L. 1670).
tO cbange Ul ~ points of zero stress and breaking stress, and is
particular~Y :ms-force per denier or grams-force per tex; 1763. Fibrous and filamentary materials which may' be tUed in
~ In ~er of grams in 9,000 m of material, usually fibre, composite structures or laminates and manufactures thereof, as
A...-Iet' nurn follows:
j1PP • staple, thread, etc; .
6JalI1ent, b of grams in 1,000 m of matenaI, usually yarn. (a) Having both of the following characteristics:
nUIIl er
res: . N te 2: It is not intended that this item shall include (I)Specific modulus greater than 1.25 X 1()8;
tanato7 : des where the value of the polymeric component (2) Specific tensile strength greater than 3 X loe;
ufact~~ :a~erials mentioned in other items appearing in this (b) Having both of the following characteristics:
et ~1 than 50 per cent of the total value of the article. (I) Specific modulus greater than 1 X IOS;
u1e 15 less (2) Melting or sublimation point higher than 1,649°0 (3,OOO°F)
alsO Item I.L. 1564).
in an inert environment; except carbonfibres having a specific
on compounds and manufactures as follows: modulus of less than 2 X 108 and specific tensile strength of
. Fluoro-carb less than 1 X 106 •
'c and polymeric materials, as follows: (c) Composite structures and laminates, including metal matrix
Monom~~ rotrifluoroethylene, oily and waxy modifications only; composite materials, fabricated by using equipment covered by
(l)polyc :ers and terpolymers composed of any combination Item 1357, or by metal casting, or by strengthening eutectic
(2)0;':. y following monomers: tetrafluoroethylene, chlorotri- alloys in situ by directional solidification, from materials covered
~uoro:thylene, vinylidene fluoride, hexafluoropropylene and by sub-items (a) and (b) above.
bromotrifluoroethylene, except the copolymers of tetra-
Explanatory Notes:
fluoroethylene and hexafluoropropylene;
(3) polybromotrifluoroethylene ; . . I The term 'fibrous and filamentary materials' includes:
4D'bromotetrafluoroethane, except that haVIng a punty of (a) continuous monofilament;
()~.8 per cent or l~ss ~nd containing at least 25 particles of 200 (b) continuous yarns and rovings;
microns or larger In SIze per IOOml ; (c) tapes, woven fabrics and random mats;
(5)Perfluoroalkylamines;". .. (d) chopped fibres, staple fibres and coherent fibre blankets;
Greases, lubricants and dIelectn~, d~mplng and flotation flUIds (e) whiskers, either monocrystalline or polycrystalline, of any length.
de wholly of any of the matenals In (a) above; 2 Specific modulus' is Young's modulus in Ib/in 2 (measured at a
:ctric wire and cable coated with or insulated with coagulated temperature of 23°C ± 2°C (73.4°F ± 3.6°F) and a relative humidity
dispersion grade polytetrafluoroethylene, the copolymers of of 50 per cent ± 5 per cent) divided by density in lb/cu in.
tetrafluoroethylene and hexafluoropropylene, or any of the 3 Specific tensile strength is ultimate tensile strength in Ib/in 2
materials in sub-item (a) (2) above, except oil well logging cable. measured at a temperature of 23°C ± 2°C (73.4°F ± 3.6°F) and a
relative humidity of 50 per cent ± 5 per cent divided by density
p to 5 US gallons (18.9 lit~es) of polychlorotrijluoroethylene-ba~e~
in lb/cu in.
.~ting oils covered jointly by sub-xtems (a) (I) and (b) for bona fide czvxl
1781. Synthetic lubricating oils/greases which are or which contain as
their principal ingredient, the following:
. Silicone fluids and greases, as follows:
(a) Monomeric and polymeric forms ofperfluorotriazines, perfluoro-
Fluorinated silicone fluids; aromatic ethers and esters, and perfluoroaliphatic ethers and
Silicone lubricating greases capable of operating at temperatures esters;
ofl80°C (356°F) or higher and having a drop point (method of (b) Polyphenyl ethers and/or thio ethers containing more than three
test being ASTM and ITP) of 220°0 (428°F) or higher. phenyl and/or alkyl phenyl groups.
Ilicone lubricating greases not capable of operating at temperatures of
QC (400 P) or higher.
0 Group J. Synthetic Rubber and Synthetic Fllin

1801. Synthetic rubber, the following:

· Compounds and metallic materials, as follows:
(a) Alkyl polysulphide liquid polymers;
Monocrystalline silicon wafers, including epitaxially-Iayered
types, having the following characteristics: Explanatory Note: The definition is intended to cover polymers
I Dislocation densities of 750 per sq. cm or less; and which are themselves liquid. Water dispersions, otherwise called
2 Resistivity of less than 70 ohm X cm for N-type; less than lOO latices, are not covered.
ohm X cm for P-type. (b) Fluorinated silicone rubber and other fluorinated elastomeric
~lo?ocrystalline gallium compounds, except gallium phosphide, material and such organic intennediates for their production as
g~ll~um arsenide, gallium arsenide phosphide, and gallium contain 10 per cent or more of combined fluorine;
U1~de, having all of the following characteristics: (c) Polymeric products of butadiene, as follows:
~9 DIffusion processed wafers; (I) Carboxyl terminated polybutadiene; hydroxyl terminated
I~~~) S~lenium, tellurium, silicon, sulphur, or zinc doped; polybutadiene; thiol terminated polybutadiene; and cyclised
\~) DIslocation density (EPD) greater than 10,000 per sq. cm; 1,2-polybutadiene ;
(lV) Carrier concentration greater than I X 1016 per cU. cm'
(2) Mouldable copolymers of butadiene and acrylic acid;
~V) Carrier mobility less than 2,000 sq. cm per Volt second. ' (3) Mouldable terpolymers of butadiene, acrylonitrile and acrylic
~onocrystalline indium compounds in any form; acid or any of the homologues of acrylic acid;
mpO~Ites (hetero-epitaxial materials) consisting of a mono- (d) Carboxyl terminated polyisoprene and polyisobutylene.
~talhne inSUlating substrate epitaxially layered with silicon,
mpounds of gallium or compounds of indium. 1920. Synthetic film of a thickness not exceeding 0.0254mm (0.001
Note: Sub-items (b) and (c) above do not include in) capable of being used as a dielectric in the manufacture of
ce: lr~des of ~onocrystalline materials, containing less than I capacitors covered by Item 1560, made from the following:
aler.Ol eIther galhum or indium. (a) Polysulphone (not otherwise covered by Item 1746);
Per sqla s conveyed by sub-item (a) above having a dislocation density of (b) Polycarbonate capable of being used in the manufacture of
,cm or less and a resistivity of 15 ohm X cm or less. capacitors that can operate perrnanently without derating at
temperatures exceeding 115°C (239°F) ;
~ ComPOunds of tantalum and niobium (columbium), as follows: (c) Fluoro-carbon compounds covered by Item 1754.
antalates ad' b
Other n n10 ates having a purity of 98 per cent or more; Explanatory Note: The production of a dielectric film requires
in Whi~~7:°U.~ds ,containing 20 per cent or more of tantalum not only a low thickness tolerance but also the constant permittivity
e n10blum content with respect to tantalum is less of the insulator used.
Trade and Industty 30 April f916 12'7

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