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COLOURED Goods described can be licensed at national

TYPE discretion for export to the proscribed


countries.
~~fiNt Goods. d~tib&l'~nbe lice~;fOr~)(Port
~~kG~OI;lfll~ ~ to the flEi0~'ie.~ 'Republic o! Chlria6nl~( ,;;
. either at,,~tiqnal discretion or.urder the'
..', "favourabl~l"'ooI'!Sideratlon' conditions,
In'dl~t~:;:~:~. "U, .';,',-, ,>,;:r>,',

©Crown Copyright 1991. Not to be reproduced or transmitted in any


form, including photocopying, recording or use on any information storage
and retrieval system.
Consolidated list
of goods subject to

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ex
March 1991

Contents
INDUSTRIAL LIST - GROUP 3 MUNITIONS LIST - GROUP 1
Page ML 1 - ML 26 65
A Metal-working machinery 5
IL 1001-1099
ATOMIC ENERGY LIST -
GROUP 2
B Chemical and petroleum equipment 9
IL 1131 A. Nuclear materials
A 1 - A 14 73
C Electrical and power-generating 9
equipment B. Nuclear facilities
IL 1205 B 1-B 6 74
D General industrial equipment 10 C. Nuclear-related equipment
IL 1310-1391 C 1- C 5 76
E Transportation equipment 19 DEFINITION OF TERMS 78
IL 1401-1485
F and G Electronic equipment including 27 INDEX 91
communications, radar, computer
hardware and software
IL 1501-1595
H Metals,minerals and their manufactures 60
IL 1610-1675
I Chemicals, metalliods and petroleum 61
products
IL 1710-1767
. ,

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ex rt
Introduction
This booklet is prepared for information and guidance to exporters. These lists reflect agreements reached in COCOM on
goods and technologies which should be controlled for strategic reasons. They do not, in this form, have the force of law,
nor do they cover all goods which may be subject to export control. Legal prohibition on the export of goods subject
to licensing by the Department of Trade and Industry is enforced under The Export of Goods (Control) Order (1989), which
also imposes control on the export of other goods. This Order is available from Government Bookshops. Amendments to the
Order (and consequently these lists) may be made from time to time. It should be noted that 'the details of the controls on the
export of goods covered by COCOM Munitions List and Atomic Energy List as given in this booklet may differ from the
controls as given in the Export of Goods (Control) Order at Groups 1 and 2 respectively of Part 11 of Schedule 1. The
COCOM Munitions List and Atomic Energy List are reproduced here for information only and not as a guide to the Export
of Goods (Control) Order.

What is COCOM?
The Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Control. An informal non-treaty organisation of 17 countries operating
according to the rule of unanimity. It comprises members of NATO, less Iceland plus japan and Australia.

Which are the proscribed countries?


Mghanistan, Albania, Bulgaria, People's Republic of China, Czech and Slovak Republic, Hungary, Mongolia, North Korea,
Poland, Romania, the USSR and Vietnam.

Why does the People's Republic of China receive different treatment?


COCOM agreed in 1985 to maintain a differential in the application of controls of strategic goods to the People's Republic of
China, which reflected improved relations with COCOM countries.

Ho"W" can you influence changes to the controls?


COCOM reviews the lists on a regular rolling-review basis, covering all items at least once every four years. The Department
consults trade associations, other industry groups and individual companies with a known interest in forthcoming review items.
If you wish to propose any changes and are not currently consulted on these matters, please write to the Policy Unit (address
on back cover).

Do you need a licence?


The inclusion of goods in these lists does not mean necessarily a complete prohibition on their export, even to the proscribed
countries. But it does mean that you require a licence before exporting them to any country. If you are uncertain whether
you require a licence for your proposed export you should contact the Department's Export Control Organisation, Sensitive
Technologies Unit (STU) (Telephone Inquiries: see back cover). If a technical rating is necessary, you must provide full
supporting documentation, including a precise description of the goods to be exported~ complete technical specifications and, if
the goods contain any computer or digital processing element, a completed computer; questionnaire. Technical Officers will
then assess your goods against the Export of Goods (Control) Order and provide a formal statement on their licensing status.
Security export,control March 1991 3
If yo.u need a licence
You should fully complete an 'Application for an export licence - form A' and send, together with full supporting document"
to the appropriate address on the back cover. Where the export involves a computer or digital processing element and the
export is to a proscribed country, a completed computer questionnaire and block diagram of the complete computer systetn
must be provided. (This applies to any equipment using microprocessor control. For a comprehensive description of the
controls on computers and equipment containing them, see IL 1565, taking into account the definitions at the back of th.s
booklet).

Who do you apply to?


Where the export is for goods and technologies on the Industrial List to a proscribed country (ie. Afghanistan, Albani;,
Bulgaria, People's Republic of China, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Mongolia, North Korea, Poland, Romania, the USSR an i
Vietnam) applications and inquiries should be addressed to: Cocom Licensing Unit, Room 640 Kingsgate House, 66-7t
Victoria Street, London SW1E 6SW (Telephone Inquiries: see back page).
Applications for export licences for goods on the Industrial List to other (non-proscribed) countries and for goods and.
technologies on the Munitions and Atomic Energy Lists to any country and related inquiries should be addressed to: Expolt
Licensing Unit, Room 501, Kingsgate House, 66-74 Victoria Street, London SW1E 6SW (Telephone Inquiries: see, back
page).

Exports to the proscribed countries


It is the general policy of Her Majesty's Government to consult its COCOM partners before deciding whether to issue a
licence for the export of controlled goods to a proscribed country. However, for administrative reasons, there are some
controlled goods where this is not done. This procedure is called 'National Discretion' and goods that are agreed as suitable for
such treatment are indicated in this booklet by coloured printing on a white background. National Discretion or Favourable
Consideration notes which apply only for the People's Republic of China are in black print on a colour-tinted background.

The treatment of technology


In the case of the proscribed countries a licence is necessary for the export of technical data, and any other tangible technology
applicable to the design, production and use of items as defined in these lists. This applies equally to technology specific to the
integration or use of components in items defined in these lists, even when the components are themselves unembargoed.
The above does not apply to that technology which is the minimum necessary for the installation, operation, maintenance
(checking) and repair of products whose export has been authorised.

Export for exhibitions etc


Procedures exist for the treatment of applications to export goods temporarily for exhibitions and demonstration purposes,
where any export licences issued will be subject to certain conditions. For further information contact either the Expol t
Licensing Unit or Cocom Licensing Unit (See back page) depending on the country concerned. In all cases applications should
be submitted on an 'Application for an export licence - form A' and as far in advance of shipment as practicable.

United States re-export controls


Exporters should be aware that the United States Authorities claim control over many exports from other countries, including
the United Kingdom, where the goods are of US origin, include components of US origin, or were produced using US origir
technology. In such cases, under US export regulations, a US re-export licence is required whether or not a UK export licence
is needed or has been granted.
Although such US regulations are not valid in UK law the US authorities commonly penalise foreign companies which do
not comply, by denying them access to US goods or technology in the future. Where a company has a presence in the US,
legal action may lead to the imposition of fines and other penalties.
Exporters should note that the US regulations changed in 1988. UK exporters seeking guidance on licensable items 01
restricted countries under US regulations should contact the Commercial Section, US Embassy, 24GrosvenorSquare, Londor
W1A lEA (tel 01-499 9000 ext 2433). Copies of the US Export Administration Regulations are available for
reference at the Embassy, and a summary of the regulations and licence application forms may be obtained from the Embassl
or from the Office of Export Administration, US Department of Commerce, Washington DC 20230.
Applications for re-export licences may be made direct to the US Department of Commerce; alternatively UK exporters may
prefer to contact their US suppliers who should be able to advise whether a licence is required under US law and, if S(I,
whether or not they can apply for such a licence on behalf of their UK principals.
There are additional US licensing requirements for defence equipment of US origin and these are administered by the Offi< e
of Munitions Controls, US Department of State, 22nd and C Streets, NW Washington DC 20521. Inquiries can also be mace
at the US Embassy in London.
British companies requiring general advice on US export controls or experiencing difficulties with US regulations shoul d

4 Security export control March 1991


INDUSTRIAL LIST
(11) Technology, except installation, operation and
Group A maintenance technology, for the use of the fonowing
unembargoed equipment:
Metal-working (a) Blade or vane belt grinding machines;

machinery (b)
(c)
Blade or vane edge radiusing machines;
Blade or vane aerofoil milling or grinding machines;
(d) Blade or vane blank preforming machines;
IL 1001 (c)
(d)
Blade or vane rolling machines;
Blade or vane aerofoil shaping machines except metal removing
Technology for metal-working manufacturing types;
processes and specially designed "software" therefor, (e) Blade or vane root grinding machines;
as follows: (f) Blade or vane aerofoil scribing equipment.

(a) Technology for the design of tools, dies and fixtures specially
Technical Note:
Manufacture (making) includes refurbishing.
designed for the following processes:
(1) "Hot die forging"; NOTE:
(2) "Superplastic forming"; This Item also embargoes machinery and equipment for the manufacture
(3) "Diffusion bonding"; of blades or vanes in the compressor section of aircraft or aircraft derived
(4) "Direct-acting hydraulic pressing"; gas turbine engines where the technology is the same as for the
(b) Technical data consisting of process parameters as listed below manufacture of blades or vanes in the turbine section.
used to control:
(1) "Hot die forging":
(A) Temperature;
(B) Strain rate;
(2) "Superplastic forming" of aluminium alloys, titanium alloys and
IL 1081
"superalloys": Specially designed or modified equipment, tools,
(A) Surface preparation;
(B) Strain rate;
dies, moulds and fixtures for the manufacture or
(C) Temperature; inspection of aircraft, airframe structures or aircraft
(D) Pressure; fasteners, as follows, and specially designed
(3) "Diffusion bonding" of "superalloys" and titanium alloys: components and accessories and "specially designed
(A) Surface preparation; software" for the equipment, components and
(B) Temperature; accessories:
(C) Pressure;
(4) "Direct-acting hydraulic pressing" of aluminium alloys and
titanium alloys: (a) Equipment, tools, dies, moulds or fixtures for:
(A) Pressure; (1) Hydraulic stretch forming:
(B) Cycle time; (A) Whose machine motions or forces are digitally controlled
(5) "Hot isostatic densification" of titanium alloys, aluminium or controlled by electrical analogue devices; or
alloys and "superalloys": (B) Which are capable of thermal conditioning the workpiece;
(A) Temperature; (2) The milling of aircraft skins or spars except if they do not
(B) Pressure;
present an improvement on machinery in production ten
(C) Cycle time. years preceding the year of export;
(b) Tools, dies, moulds or fixtures for:
(1) "Diffusion bonding";
(2) "Superplastic forming;
IL 1080 (3) "Hot die forging";
(4) "Direct-acting hydraulic pressing" of aluminium alloys and
(I) Specially designed equipment, tooling and titanium alloys;
fixtures for the manufacture or measuring of gas (5) The manufacture, inspection, inserting or securing of
turbine blades or vanes, as follows, and specially specially designed high-strength aircraft fasteners.
designed components and accessories and "specially
designed software" for the equipment, components
and accessories:
IL 1086
(a) Blade or vane aerofoil or root automatic measuring equipment;
(b) Precision vacuum investment casting equipment, including core- Specially designed or modified equipment, tools,
making equipment; dies, moulds, fixtures and gauges for the
(c) Small-hole drilling equipment for producing holes having depths manufacture or inspection of aircraft or aircraft
more than four times their diameter and less than 760 micrometres derived gas turbine engines, as follows, and specially
in diameter; designed components and accessories and "specially
(d) Directional solidification casting equipment and directional
recrystallization equipment;
designed software" for the equipment, components
(e) Segmented cast blade or vane bonding equipment; and accessories:
(f) Integral blade-and-disc casting equipment;
(g) Blade or vane coating equipment, except furnaces, molten metal (a) Equipment, tools, dies, moulds, fixtures and gauges:
baths and ion plating baths; (1) For automated production inspection;
(h) Ceramic blade or vane moulding and finishing machines; (2) For automated welding;
(i) Moulds, cores and tooling for the manufacture and finishing of: (b) Tools, dies, fixtures and gauges:
(1) Cast hollow turbine blades or vanes; (1) For solid state joining by inertial welding or thermal bonding;
(2) Turbine blades or vanes produced by powder compaction; (2) For manufacture and inspection of high-performance gas
G) Composite metal turbine blade or vane moulding and finishing turbine bearings;
machines; (3) For rolling s"ecial~y ccnfigured rings such as nacelle rings;
(k) Inertial blade or vane welding machines. (4) For forming and tinislung turbine discs;

Security export control March 1991 8


IL 1086 continued NB:
Rotary axes do not necessarily have to rotate over 360'. A rotary
.(c) Compressor or turbine disc broaching machines. axis can be driven by a linear device, e.g., a screw or a rack-
NOTE: and-pinion.
This sub-item embargoes only broaching machines specially (a) "Numerical control" units for machine tools, having any of the
. designed for the manufacture of aircraft or aircraft derived gas following characteristics, and "specially designed software" and
turbirie engines, and not general purpose broaching machines specially designed components therefor:
specially adapted for that purpose. NOTE:
"Software" (including documentation) for "numerical control"
units which may be exported must be:
(a) In machine executable form only;
IL 1088 (b) Limited to the minimum necessary for the use
(i.e.,installation, operation and maintenance) of these units.
Ge.r making or finishing machinery, as follows: (1) More than three interpolating axes can be coordinated
simultaneously for "contouring control"; or
(2) Two or three interpolating axes can be coordinated
(a) Bevel gear making machinery:
simultaneously for "contouring control" and one or more of
(1) Gear grinding machinery (non-generating type);
the following conditions are fulfilled:
(2) Other machinery capable of the production of bevel gears of
(A) The smallest programmable increment, i.e., the input
module finer than 500 micrometre (diametrical pitch finer than
resolution, for any linear axis is less than 1 micrometre;
48) and meeting a quality standard better than DIN 58405
Class 6; NOTE:
NOTE: In the case of units with only two linear axes one of them
If rated in AGMA or Admiralty standards and not rated in DIN may have a smallest programmable increment of less than
58405, AGMA 11 or Admiralty Class I shall be considered to 1 micrometre but not less than 500 nanometre.
be the equivalent of DIN 58405 Class 6. (B) Interpolation of third order or higher is possible (e.g.,
(b) Machinery capable of producing gears in excess of AGMA quality spline or involute interpolation);
level 13 or equivalent. (C) Word size of more than 32 bit (excluding parity bits);
(D) Capable of "real-time processing" of data to modify,
NOTE: during the machining operation, tool path, feed rate and
If not rated in AGMA standards, DIN 3963 Class 4 shall be .spindle data by either:
considered equivalent to AGMA quality level 13. (a) Automatic calculation and modification of part
programme data for machining in two or more axes
by means of measuring cycles and access to source
data; or
IL 1091 (b) "Adaptive control" with more than one physical
variable measured and processing by means of a
"Numerical control" units, "numerically controlled" computing model (strategy) to change one or more
machining instructions to optimize the process;
machine tools, components, specially designed parts (E) Capable of receiving directly (on-line) and processing
and sub-assemblies, "software" and technology as computer aided design (CAD) data for internal preparation
follows: of machine instructions;
(For "digital computers", see Item IL 1565.)

Technical Notes: NOTES:


1. For the purpose of this Item, machine tools for removing, cutting or 1. This sub-item does not embargo "numerical control" units, if they
spark eroding metal, ceramics or composites are categorised as are either:
follows: (a) Modified for and incorporated in machines not described
(a) Machine tools for turning, including: in any Item in the Security Export Control List; or
(1) Horizontal turning machines; (b) Specially designed for machines not described in any Item
(2) Vertical turning machines; in the Security Export Control List.
(3) Turning centres, with or without milling or grinding 2. This sub-item embargoes "numerical control" units which,
options; according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, are capable,
(4) Machines for generating optical quality surfaces; without modification, of accepting additional boards that would
(For non-"numerically controlled" machine tools capable of permit increasing the number of interpolating axes, which can be
generating optical quality surfaces, see Item IL 1370.) coordinated simultaneously for "contouring control", above the
(b) Machine tools for milling, including: embargo levels, even if they do not contain these additional boards.
(1) Boring machines; (b) Machine tools, as follows, for removing, cutting or spark eroding
(2) Boring-milling machines; metals, ceramics or composites:
(3) Milling machines; (1) Machine tools for turning which: "
(4) Machining centres, with or without turning or grinding (A) According to the manufacturer's technical specifications,
options; can be equipped with "numerical control" units
(5) Machine tools for routing; embargoed by sub-itcm (a), even when not equipped with
(c) Machine tools for grinding, with or without milling or turning such units at delivery;
options, including: (B) Have two or more axes which can bc coordinated
(1) Jig grinding machines; simultaneously for "contouring control"; and
(2) Contour grinding machines; (C) Have any of the following characteristics:
(3) Tool and cutter grinding machines; (a) Two or more contouring rotary axes;
(d) Machine tools using electric discharge for machining; (b) "Run out" (out-of-true running) less (better) than
(e) Other machines tools, as follows: 800 nanometre total indicator reading (TIR);
(1) Water or other liquid jet machines; (c) "Camming" (axial displacement) less (better) than 800
(2) Electron beam cutting machines; nanometre total indicator reading (TIR); or
(3) "Laser" cutting machines. (d) The "positioning accuracies", with all compensations
(For broaching machines, see Items IL 1080, IL 1086 and IL 1088.) available, are better than:
2. Not counted. in the total number of contouring axes are secondary (1) Overall positioning along any linear axis:
para11el contouring axes, e.g., W-axis on horizontal boring mills or (A) 6 micrometre for a total length of axis
a secondary rotary axis the centre line of which is parallel to the travel L equal to or shorter than 500
.primary rotary axis. millimetre;
3. . Axis nomenclature shall be in accordance with International (B) (6 + 1 x (L - 500)/500) micrometre if L
Standard ISO 841, 'Numerical Contrql Machines - Axis and is longer than 500 millimetre and shorter
Motion Nomenclature'. than 5.5 metre; or

., ~Hrlb'export~ntrol
(C) 16 micrometre if L is equal to or longer be equipped w i t h : ; i i;} . '.: ~
than 5.5 metre; or (A) "Numerical control" units embargoed by sub-item (a)
(2) Of any rotary axis 0.001'; above even when not equipped With such units at delivery;
(2) Machine tools for milling which: or
(A) According to the manufacturer's technical specifications, (B) Electronic controllers embargoed by Item IL 1391(b);
can be equipped with "numerical control" units (6) Machine tools for removing metals, ceramics or composites:
embargoed by sub-item (a), even when not equipped with (A) By means of:
such units at delivery; (a) Water or other liquid jets, including those employing
(B) Have two or more axes which can be coordinated abrasive additives;
simultaneously for "contouring control"; and (b) Electron beam; or
(C) Have any of the following characteristics: (
(c) "Laser" beam; and
(a) Two or more contouring rotary axes; (D) Having all of the following characteristics:
(b) One or more contouring "tilting spindles"; (a) According to the manufacturer's technical
(c) "Run out" (out-of-true running) less (better) than specifications, they can be equipped with "numerical
20 x D nanometre total indicator reading (TIR) control" units embargoed by sub-item (a), even when
where D equals the diameter of the spindle in they are not equipped with such units at delivery; alld
millimetre; (b) They have two or more rotary axes which:
(d) The "positioning accuracies", with all compensations (1) Can be coordinated simultaneously for
available, are better than: "contouring control"; and
(1) Overall positioning along any linear axis: (2) Have a "positioning accuracy" of better than
(A) 6 micrometre if none of the axes exceeds a 0.01'; .
total length of axis travel L of 650 millimetre;
(B) If the total length of axis travel L of any
Technical Notes:
1. Machines embargoed by their number of contouring axes are not
axis' is longer than 650 millimetre, 8
excluded from embargo even if the numerical control unit attached
micro metre or (8 + 1.5 x (L - 500)/500)
to the machine limits it to the allowed number of simultaneously
micro metre whichever is higher, for axes
coordinated contouring axes.
up to 5.5 metre of travel; or
2. Machine tools capable of performing more than one type of
(C) 23 micrometre for any axis the total
machining (e.g., a turning/milling centre) are embargoed if they
length of travel L of which is equal to or
meet or exceed the criteria set out for one or more of the typ~s of
longer than 5.5 metre;
machining which they are capable of performing.
(2) Of any rotary axis 0.001°; or
3. The number of axes on a machine tool equipped with the necessary
(e) A motor power of any spindle of more than 75kW;
mechanical and electrical interfaces for an optional rotary axis is to
(3) Machine tools for grinding which:
be counted as though the machine were equipped with such an axis.
(A) According to the manufacturer's technical specifications,
can be equipped with "numerical control" units
(c) Technology for:
embargoed by sub-item (a), even when not equipped with
(1) The development of "numerical control" units described in
such units at delivery;
sub-item (a) above;
(D) Have two or more axes which can be coordinated
(2) The production of "numerical control" units having either of
simultaneously for" contouring control"; and
the following characteristics:
(C) Have any of the following characteristics:
(A) Embargoed by sub-item (a) above; or
(a) Two or more contouring rotary axes;
(B) Containing a microprocessor with:
(b) One or more contouring "tilting spindles";
(a) A word length of32 bit; and
(c) "Run out" (out-of-true running) less (better) than
(b) A bus architecture for 32 bit;
800 nanometre total indicator reading (TlR); or
(3) The development of "numerically controlled" machine tools
(d) The "positioning accuracies", with all compensations
described in sub-item (b) above;
available, are better than:
(4) The production of "numerically controlled" machine tools,
(1) Overall positioning along any linear axis:
having either of the following characteristics:
(A) 4 micrometre for a total length of axis
(A) Embargoed by sub-item (b) above; or
travel L equal to or shorter than 300
millimetre; NOTE:
(B) (4 + 1 x (L - 300)/300) micrometre if L This does not release from embargo technology for the
is longer than 300 millimetre and shorter production of "numerically controlled" machine tools
than 3.3 metre; or containing tilting tables if.that technology is the same as
(C) 14 micro metre if L is equal to or longer that for su~h machine tools when containing "tilting
than 3.3 metre; or / spindles".
(2) Of any rotary axis 0.001'; (B) A "positioning accuracy" along any linear axis of better
NOTE: than 20 micrometre;
This sub-item does not embargo tool or cutter grinding (5) The development of components described in sub-items (d)
machines having all of the following characteristics: or (e) below;
(a) No more than four axes which can be coordinated (6) The production of components or sub-assemblies having either
simultaneously for" contouring control"; of the following characteristics:
(b) No more than two rotary axes which can be coordinated (A) Embargoed by sub-items (d) or (e)(2) below; or
simultaneously for" contouring control"; (For the embargo status of the production equipment for
(c) "Run out" (out-of-true running) more (worse) than 800 printed circuit boards, see Item IL 1355.)
nanometre total indicator reading (TIR); (B) Not embargoed by sub-item (d)(2) or (d)(3) below;
(d) The "positioning accuracies", with all compensations (7) The development of interactive graphics as an integrated part in
available, are not better than: "numerical control" units for preparation or modification of
(1) Overall positioning along any linear axis 4 micrometre; part programmes;
or (8) The development of generators of machine tool instructions
(2) Of any rotary axis 0.001°; and (c.g., part programmes) from design data residing inside
(e) A maximum slide travel along any axis of less than 200 "numerical control" units;
millimetre; (9) The incorporation of expert systems for advanced decision
(4) Electrical discharge machines (EDM) of the wire feed type support of shop floor operations;
which have five or more contouring axes and which can be (10) The development of "flexible manufacturing units" used with
equipped with: the "software" ernbargoed by Item IL 1566(b)(5)(E);
(A) "Numerical control" units embargoed by sub-item (a) (d) Components and specially designed parts, as follows, for machine
above even when not equipped with such units at delivery; tools embargoed by sub-item (b) above:
or (1) Spindle assemblies, consisting of s"indles and bearings as a
(B) Electronic controllers embargoed by Item IL 1391(b); minimal assemblYI with "run~ut" (oJt-ot:.true running) less
(5) Electrical discharge machines (EDM) of the non-wire rype than: 'i . ' ,
which have two or more contouring rotary axes and which can (A) 800 nanometre total indicator reading (TIR) for,·tnacbme.
IL 1091 a".tinued item (b) with a "positioning accuracy" better than 20
micrometre.
tools for turning or grindingy; or
(B) 20 x D x nanometre total indicator reading (TIR), where
D equals the diameter of the spindle in millimetre, for
machine tools for milling;
(2) Linear position feedback units, e.g., inductive type devices,
graduated scales, "laser" or infrared systems having, with
compensation, an ovenlI "accuracy" better than ± (1,500 + L)
nanometre. (L equals the effective length in millimetre of the
linear measurement);
(3) Rotary position feedback units, e.g., inductive type devices,
graduated scales, "laser" or infrared systems having, with
compensation, an "accuracy" better than ± 0.00025';
(4) Slide way assemblies, consisting of a minimal assembly of ways,
bed and slide, with all of the following characteristics:
(A) A yaw, pitch or roll of less than 2 seconds of arc, total
indicator reading TIR (Ref: ISO/DIS 230-1);
(B) A horizontal straightness ofless than 4 micrometre; alld
(C) A vertical straightness ofless than 4 micrometre;
(5) Ball screws having all of the following characteristics (Ref:
ISO/DIS 3408-3):
(A) Sum of tolerance of mean travel deviation (e) and half
the travel variation (Vu), less than (2,500 + 5 x L)
nanometre. (L is the useful travel in millimetre of the ball
screw);
(B) Tolerance of travel variation (V300) within 300 millimetre
travel of the ball screw less than 4 micrometre; alld
(C) "Run-out" (out-of-true running) of the journal diameter,
related to the screw shaft outer diameter less than 5
micrometre total indicator reading (TIR), at an axial
distance of three or more times the screw shaft outer IL .1099
diameter from the end of the journal;
(6) Single point diamond curting tool inserts having all of the Dimensional inspection systems or devices, as
following characteristics: follows, and specially designed components and
(A) A flawless and chip-free curting edge when magnified 400 "specially designed software" therefor:
times in any direction;
(B) A curting radius out-of-roundness less than 2 micrometre
total indicator reading (TIR); alld (a) Manual dimensional inspection machines with two or more axes,
(C) A cutting radius between 100 nanometre and 5 millimetre; and "measurement uncertainty" equal to or less (better) than (0.25
(7) Linear induction motors used as drives for slides having all the + L/l000) micrometre in any axis (L measured length in mm).
following characteristics:
(A) A stroke longer than 200 millimetre for linear slides; NOTE:
(B) A nominal force rating above 45 N; alld This sub-item does not embargo optical comparators.
(C) A minimal controlled incremental movement less than 1 (b) Computer controlled or "numerically controlled" dimensional
micrometre for linear motion; inspection machines having both of the following characteristics:
(e) Specially designed components or sub-assemblies, as follows, capable (1) Two or more axes; alld
of upgrading, according to the manufacturer's specifications, (2) A one dimensional (ID) length "measurement uncertainty"
"numerical control" units, machine tools or feed-back devices to or equal to or less (better) than (1.5 + L/l(00) micrometre tested
above the levels specified in sub-items (a), (b), (d)(2) or (d)(3): with a probe of an "accuracy" of less (better) than 0.2
(1) Printed circuit boards with mounted components and micrometre (L measured length in mm) (Ref: VDIIVDE 2617
"software" therefor; part 1 and 2);
(2) "Compound rotary tables". (c) Linear and angular displacement measuring devices, as follows:
(1) Linear measuring instruments having any of the following
NOTES: characteristics:
(A) Non-contact type measuring systems with a "resolution"
1. Favourable consideration will be given to the export of turning
equal to or less (better) than 0.2 micrometre within a
machines embargoed by sub-item (b)(I) provided:
measuring range up to 0.2 mm;
(a) They are not intended for use in nuc.lear related activities; alld
(B) Linear voltage differential transformer systems having both
(b) They have all the following characteristics:
of the following characteristics:
(1) Only two axes which can be coordinated simultaneously
(a) "Linearity" equal to or less (better) than 0.1% within a
for "contouring control";
measuring range up to 5 mm; alld
(2) The "positioning accuracy", with all compensation (b) Drift equal to or less (better) than 0.1 % per day at a
available, is not better than 2 micrometre per 300 standard ambient test room temperature ± 1 K; or
millimetre of travel; (C) Measuring systems which have both of the following
(3) Geometric alignment of the axes, parallel or perpendicular characteristics:
to each other, not better than 1 micrometre per 300 (a) Contain a "laser"; alld
millimetre of travel; (b) Maintain for at least 12 hours, over a temperature range
(4) Slide travel in both axes no longer than 400 millimetre; of ± 1 K around a standard temperature and at a
(5) "Run out" (out-of-true running) worse than 400 standard pressure:
nanometre total indicator reading (TIR); alld (1) A "resolution" over their full scale of ± 0.1 micrometre
or better; and
(6) "Camming" (axial displacement) worse than 400
nanometre total indicator reading (TIR); (2) With a "measurement uncertainty" equal to or less
(better) than (0.2 + L/2000) micrometre (L measured
2. Favourable consideration will be given to the export of technology
length in mm);
for the production of "numerical control" units not embargoed by
(2) Angular measuring instruments having an "angular position
sub-item (a) which contain a microprocessor with:
deviation" equal to or less (better) than 0.00025';
(a) A word length of 32 bit; and
(b) A bus architecture for 32 bit. NOTE:
3. Favourable consideration will be given to the export of technology This sub-item does not embargo optical instruments, such as
for the production of machine tools not embargoed by sub- autocollimators, using collimated light to detect angular
displacement of a mirror. (2) Primary cells (non-rechargeable) and batteries having'any tif the, r' "
(d) S)"tems for simultaneous linear-angular inspection of hemishells, following characteristics: '",
having both of the following characteristics: (A) Reserve (water, electrolyte or thermally activated) ~tteries
(1) "Measurement uncertainty" along any linear axis equal to or possessing a means of activation and having a: r,ate4
less (better) than 3.5 micrometre per 5 mm; and unactivated storage life of three years or more at an
(2) "Angular position deviation" equal to or less than 0.02°. ambient temperature of 297 K (24°C);
(B) Using lithium or calcium (including alloys in which
NOTE: lithium or calcium are constituents) as electrodes and
"Specially designed software" for the s)"tems described in this
having an energy density at a discharge current equal to
sub-item includes "software" for simultaneous measurements of
C124 hours (C being the nominal capacity at 297 K
wall thickness and contour.
(24°C) in ampere-hours) of more than 300 watt-hours per
(
kilogramme at 297 K (24°C) and more than 100 watt-
Technical Notes: hours per kilogramme at 244 K (-29'C); or
1. Machine tools which can be used as measuring machines are
embargoed if they meet or exceed the criteria specified for the NOTE:
machine tool function or the measuring machine function. Energy density is obtained by multiplying the average
2. A machine is embargoed if it exceeds the embargo threshold power in watts (average voltage in volts times the aveJ;age
anywhere within its operating range. current in amperes) by the duration of the discharge in
3. The probe used in determining the "measurement uncertainty" of a hour.; to 80"10 of the open-circuit voltage and dividing by
dimensional inspection system shall be as described in VDI/VDE the total mass of the cell (or battery) in kilogramme.
2617 part 2.3.4, (C) Using an air electrode together with either lithium or
4, All parameters or measurement values in this Item represent aluminium counter-electrodes and having a power output
pennissible positive and negative deviations from the target value, of 5kW or more or an energy output of 5 kW-hours or
i.e., not total band. more;
(For "numerical control" units, see Item ll.1091(a» (3) Secondary (rechargeable) cells and batteries having either of the
following characteristics after 20 chargeldischarge cycles at a
discharge current equal to C/5 hours (C being the nominal
NOTE: capacity in ampere-hours):
1. The shipment of equipment embargoed by sub-item (c)(l) above to (A) Using nickel and hydrogen as the active constituents and
civil end-user.; not engaged in aerospace or nuclear activities. having an energy density of 55 watt-hours per kilogramme
or more at 297 K (24'C); or
(B) Using lithium or sodium as electrodes or reactants and
having an energy density of 55 watt-hours per kilogramme
or more at the rated operating temperature;

GroupB NOTE:
Energy density is obtained by multiplying the average

Chemical and power in watts (average voltage in volts times average


current in amperes) by the duration of the discharge in
hours to 75% of the open-circuit voltage and dividing by
petroleum equipment the total mass of the cell (or battery) in kilogramme;
(4) Molten salt electrolyte cells and batteries which normally
operate at temperatures of773 K (500°C) or below;
IL 1131 (b) Photo-voltaic cells as follows, and specially designed components
therefor:
Pumps (except vacuum pumps) designed to move (1) With a power output of 140W or more per square metre under
molten metals by electromagnetic forces. 1 kW per square metre tungsten at 2,800 K (2,527'C)
illumination;
(2) All gallium arsenide photo-voltaic cells excluding those having
a power output of less than 40W per square metre measured by
the above technique;
(3) With a power output of 4.5 kW or more per square metre
under 100kW per square metre silicon carbide at 1,750 K
(1 ,477°C) illumination; or .

Group C (c)
(4) Electromagnetic (including "laser") and ionised particle
radiation resistant;
Power sources based on radio-active materials s)"tems other than
Electrical and power- nuclear reactors, except:
(1) Those having an output power ofless than 500mW and a total
generating equipment weight (force) of more than 90.7 kg, (890 N); or
(2) Those specially designed and developed for medical use within
the human body.
IL 1205 NOTES:
Electro-chemical, semiconductor, and radio-active 1. Nothing in the following permits the export of technology for such
devices for the direct conversion of chemical, solar cells, power source devices or specially designed components. This
, or nuclear energy to electrical energy, as follows: Item does not embargo the following cells and power source
devices, and specially designed components therefor:
(a) Fuel cells embargoed by sub-item (a)(I), provided they are 110t
(a) Electro-chemical devices, as follows, and specially designed "space qualified", with a maximum output power of more than
components therefor: 10kW and which use gaseous pure hydrogen and oxygen/air
(1) Fuel cells operating at temperatures of 523 K (250°C) or less, reactants, alkaline electrolyte and a catalyst supported by carbon
including regenerative cells, i.e. cells for generating electric either pressed on a metal mesh electrode or attached to a
power, to which all the consumable components are supplied conducting porous plastic;
from outside the cell; (b) Lithium primary cells (non-rechargeable) or batteries
embargoed by sub-item (a)(2)(B) which:
NOTE: (1) Are specially designed for consumer ~pplications; or
The temperature of 523 K or less is intended to refer to the fuel (2) Are specially designed for civil industrial applications and
cell and not to the fuel conditioning equipment, which may be have a nominal capacity ,eq.w to' or.les> than 35 'a!J1Pe~
either an ancillary or an integral part of the fuel cell battery and hours and'a ~e current ofless than C/I0 hours (C as '
which may operate at over 523 K. defined in (a){2)'(B»; ' " .,

Security export ~ontrol ·March:1,991' ;~•.


IL 1205 continued
(c) Lithium secondary (rechargeable) cells and batteries embargoed
by sub-item (a)(3)(B) which:
(1) Are specially designed for consumer applications; or
(2) Have a nominal capacity less than or equal to 500
milliampere-hour and an energy density of less than 40
IL 1353
watt- hours per kilogramme at 273 K (O'C) and a Manufacturing and testing equipment for optical
discharge current of less than C/l0 hours (C as defined in
fibre, optical cable and other cables, as follows, and
(a)(3));
(d) Sodium secondary (rechargeable) cells and batteries embargoed
specially designed components and "specially
by sub-item (a)(3)(B) which are specially designed for designed software" therefor:
consumer or civil industrial applications and which arc not
"space qualified".
(a) Equipment specially designed to manufacture cable embargoed by
N.B.: Item IL 1526 (a) or (d);
For the purposes of this Item consumer applications include:
(b) Equipment specially designed to manufacture optical fibre
(A) Home clectronics, e.g., audio and video equipment, domestic
embargoed by Item IL 1526;
appliances, safety, education, comfort, toys or amusement;
(B) Business or office electronics, e.g., personal computers, (c) Equipment specially designed to manufacture "optical fibre
caleulators, word processors, facsimile equipment or copiers; preforms" embargoed by Item IL 1767;
(C) Timekeeping applications, e.g., watches or clocks; (d) Optical fibre and "optical fibre preform" characterisation equipment
(D) Personal or mobile radio communication; using semiconductor "lasers" for testing optical fibres or "optical
(E) Cameras; fibre preforms" at operating wavelengths exceeding 1,000 nm;
(F) Medical electronic equipment, e.g., cardiac pacemakers,
NB:
hearing aids. The status of optical fibre and "optical fibre preform"
characterisation equipment which contain "lasers" is defined in this
Item.

NOTES:
Group D The shipment of the following:
(a) Optical fibre or "optical fibre preform" characterisation equipment
using semiconductor "lasers" with a wavelength of 1,370 nm or less;

General Industrial (b) Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of silica-based
"optical fibre preforms", optical fibres or cables.

Equipment
IL 1310 IL 1355
Systems and components therefor specially designed Equipment for the manufacture or testing of
for producing metal alloys, metal alloy powder or electronic components and materials, as follows, and
alloyed materials embargoed by Item IL 1610. specially designed components, accessories and
"specially designed software" therefor:

(a) Equipment specially designed for the manufacture or testing of


electron tubes, optical elements and specially designed components
IL 1312 (b)
therefor embargoed by Items IL 1555, IL 1556 or IL 1558;
Equipment specially designed for the manufacture or testing of
semiconductor devices, integrated circuits and "a"embJies", as
"Isostatic presses", having both of the following follows, and systems incorporating or having the characteristics of
characteristics, and specially designed dies, moulds, such equipment:
components, accessories and controls and "specially
designed software" therefor: NOTE:
This sub-item also embargoes such equipment used or modified for
use in the manufacture or testing of other devices, suc;) as imaging
(a) Having a controlled thermal environment within the closed cavity
devices, electro-optical devices, acoustic-wave devices.
and possessing a chamber cavity with an inside diameter of 127 mm
(1) Equipment for the processing of materials for the manufacture
or more; and
of devices and components as specified in the heading of this
(b) HaHing any of the following characteristics:
sub- item;
(1) Maximum working pressure exceeding 207 MPa;
(2) Chamber cavity with an inside diameter (i.e. the maximum
NOTE:
working chamber) exceeding 406 mm, when the controlled
This sub-item does not embargo quartz furnace tubes, furnace
thermal environment which can be achieved and maintained
liners, paddles, boats (except specially designed caged boats),
exceeds 1,773 K (1,500'C); or
bubblers, cassettes or crucibles specially designed for the
(3) Having a facility for hydrocarbon impregnation and removal of
processing equipment embargoed by this sub-item.
resultant gaseous degradation products;
(2) Masks, mask substrates, mask-making equipment and image
transfer equipment for the manufacture of devices and
TECHNICAL NOTE: components as specified in the heading of this sub-item;
The inside chamber dimension is that of the chamber in which both the
working temperature and the working pressure arc achieved and does not NOTE:
include fixtures. That dimension will be the smaller of either the inside The term 'masks' refers to those used in electron beam
diameter of the pressure chamber or the inside diameter of the insulated lithography, X-ray lithography, and ultraviolet lithography, as
furnace chamber, depending on which of the two chambers is located well as the usual ultraviolet and visible photo-lithography.
inside the other. (3) "Stored programme controlled" inspection equipment for the
automatic detection of defects, errors or contaminants of 600
nanometre or less in or on processed wafers, "substrates", other
than printed circuit boards or chips, using optical image
acquisition techniques for pattern comparison;

10 Security export control March 1991


NOTE: 1 micrometre or finer; 0' ..
This sub-item does not embargo general purpose scanning (B) Digital-to-analogue conversion accuracy exceeding 12 bit;
electron microscopes, except when specially designed and (11) Particle measuring systems employing "lasers" designed for
instrumented for automatic pattern inspection. measuring particle size and concentration in air having boih of
(4) Specially designed "stored programme controlled" measuring the following characteristics:
and analysis equipment; (A) Capable of measuring particle sizes of 200 nanometre or
(5 Equipment for the assembly of integrated circuits; less at a flow rate of 28.32 litres/min or more; and
(6) "Stored programme controlled" wafer probing equipment (B) Capable of characterising Class 10 clean air or better.
having any of the following characteristics:
(A) Positioning accuracy finer than 2.5 micrometre; NOTES:
(B) Capable of testing devices having more than 68 terrni.nals; 1. Equipment embargoed by sub-item (b)(l) is defined as follows:
or (a) Equipment for producing polyctystalline silicon embargoed by
(C) Capable of testing at a frequency exceeding 1 GHz;
Item IL 1757(1);
(7) Test equipment as follows (for standard test instruments, see (b) Equipment specially designed for purifying or processing
Item IL 1529): Ill/V and II/VI semiconductor materials embargoed by Item
(A) "Stored programme controlled" equipment specially IL 1757, except crystal pullers, for which see (c) below;
designed for testing discrete semiconductor devices and (c) Ctystal pullers and furnaces, as follows:
unencapsulated dice, capable of testing at frequencies over N.B.:
18 GHz; This does not embargo diffusion and oxidation furnaces.
Technical Note: (1) Annealing or rectystallising equipment other than constant
Discrete semiconductor devices include photocells and temperature furnaces employing high rates of energy
solar cells. transfer capable of processing wafers at a rate exceeding
(B) "Stored programme controlled" equipment specially 5,000 mm2/min;
designed for testing integrated circuits and "assemblies" (2) "Stored programme controlled" crystal pullers having any
thereof, capable of functional testing: of the following characteristics:
(a) At a pattern rate exceeding 20 MHz; or (A) Rechargeable without replacing the crucible container;
(b) At a pattern rate exceeding 10 MHz but not exceeding (B) Capable of operation at pressures above 250 kPa; 0'
20 MHz and capable of testing packages of more than (C) Capable of pulling crystals of a diameter exceeding
68 terminals; 100 mm;
(d) "Stored programme controlled" equipment for epitaxial growth
having any of the following characteristics:
NOTE: (1) Capable of producing a layer thickness uniformity across
Sub-item (b)(7)(B)(b) does not embargo equipment the wafer of equal to or better than ±3.5%;
specially designed for testing integrated circuits not (2) Rotation of individual wafers during processing; 0'
embargoed by Item IL 1564. (3) Metallo-organic "chemical vapour deposition" (MOCVD)
NOTES: reactors;
1. Sub-item (b)(7)(B) does not embargo test equipment (e) Molecular beam epitaxial growth equipment;
specially designed for testing "assemblies" oc a class of (I) "Magnetically enhanced" "sputtering" equipment with
"assemblies" for home and entertainment applications. specially designed integral load locks capable of transferring
2. Sub-item (b)(7)(B) does not embargo test equipment wafers in an isolated vacuum environment;
specially designed for testing electronic components, (g) Equipment specially designed for ion implantation, ion-
"assemblies" and integrated circuits not embargoed by Item enhanced or photo-enhanced diffusion, having any of the
IL 1564 provided such test equipment does not following characteristics:
incorporate computing facilities with "user accessible (1) Patteming capability;
programmability". (2) Accelerating voltage for more than 200 keV; 0'
(C) Equipment specially designed for determining the (3) Capable of high energy oxygen implant into a heated
performance of focal-plane arrays at wavelengths of more "substrate;
than 1,200 nm, using "stored programme controlled" (h) "Stored programme controlled" equipment for the selective
measurements or computer aided evaluation and having removal (etching) by means of anisotropic dry methods (e.g.,
any of the following characteristics: plasma), as follows:
(a) Using scanning light spot diameters under 120 (1) Batch types having either of the following:
nanometre; (A) End-point detection, .other than optical emission
(b) Designed for measuring photosensitive performance spectroscopy types; or
parameters and for evaluating frequency response, (B) Reactor operational (etching) pressure of 26.66 Pa or
modulation transfer function, uniformity of responsivity less;
or noise; f); (2) Single wafer types having any of the following:
(c) Designed for evaluating arrays capable of creating (A) End-point detection, other than optical emission
images with more than 32 x 32 line elements; spectroscopy types;
(8) Filters for clean rooms capable of providing an air environment (B) Reactor operational (etching) pressure of 26.66 Pa or
of 10 or less particles of 300 nanometre or smaller per 28.32 less; 0'
litres and filter materials therefor; (C) Cassette-to-cassette and load locks wafer handling;
(9) Electron beam test systems, capable of operating at or below
3 keY, for non-contactive probing of powered-up semi- NB:
conductor devices having any of the following: 1. 'Batch types' refers to machines not specially designed for
(A) Stroboscopic capability with either beam blanking or production processing of single wafers. Such machines can
detector strobing; process rwo or more wafers simultaneously with common
(B) An electron spectrometer for voltage measurements with a process parameters, e.g.• RF power, temperature, etch gas
resolution finer than 500 mY; or species, flow rates.
(C) Electrical tests fixtures for performance analysis of 2. 'Single wafer types' refers to machines specially designed
integrated circuits; for production processing of single wafers. These machines
may use automatic wafer handling techniques to load a
NOTE: single wafer i:>.to the equipment for processing. The
This sub-item does not embargo scanning electron definition includes equipment which can load and process
microscopes, except when specially designed and instrumented several wafers but where the etching parameters, e.g., RF
for non-contactive probing of a .powered up semi- power or end point, can be independently determined for
conductor device. each individual wafer.
(10) "Stored programme controlled" multifunctional focused ion (i) "Chemical vapour deposition" (CVD) equipment, e.g., plasma-
beam systems specially designed for manufacturing, repairing, enhanced CVD (PECVD) or photo-enhanced CVD, for
physical layout analysis and testing of masks or semiconductor semiconductor devIce manufacturing, having either of the
devices and having either of the following characteristics: following capabilitic~. for deposition of oxides, nitrides. metals
(A) Target-to-beam position feedback control precision of or polysilicon:

Securi~ export cqntrol March 1~,91. '11


IL 1355 continued NB:
(d)(1) and (d)(2) do not embargo mask fabrication
(1) "Chemical vapour deposition" equipment operating below equipment using photo-optical methods which was either
105 Pa; or commercially available before 1st January 1980, or has a
(2) PECVD equipment operating either below 60 Pa or performance no better than such equipment.
having automatic cassette-to-cassette and load lock wafer (e) "Stored programme controlled" equipment for the inspection
handling; of masks, reticles or pellicles with:
(1) A resolution of 250 nanometre or finer; and
NB: (2) A precision of 750 nanometre or finer over a distance in
This paragraph does not embargo low pressure "chemical one or two coordinates of 63.5 mm or more;
vapour deposition" (LPCVD) systems or reactive "sputtering"
equipment. NB:
G) Electron beam systems specially designed or modified for mask This paragraph does not embargo general purpose scanning
making or semiconductor device processing having any of the electron microscopes except when specially designed and
following characteristics: instrumented for automatic pattern inspection.
(1) Electrostatic beam deflection; (t) Align and expose equipment for wafer production using photo-
(2) Shaped, non-Gaussian beam profile; optical methods, including both projection image transfer
(3) Digital-to-analogue conversion rate exceeding 3 MHz; equipment and step and repeat equipment, capable of
(4) Digital-to-analogue conversion accuracy exceeding 12 bit; performing any of the following functions:
or NB:
(5) Target-to-beam position feedback control precision of This paragraph does not embargo photo-optical contact and
1 micrometre or finer; proximity mask align and expose equipment or contact image
NB: transfer equipment.
This paragraph does not embargo electron beam deposition (1) Production of a pattern size of less than 2.5 micrometre;
systems or general purpose scanning electron microscopes. (2) Alignment with a precision finer than ± 250 nanometre
(k) Surface finishing equipment for the processing of semi- (3 sigma); or
conductor wafers as follows: (3) Machine-to-machine overlay no better than ± 300
(1) Specially designed equipment for backside processing of nanometre;
wafers thinner than 100 micrometre and the subsequent (g) Electron beam, ion beam or X-ray equipment for projection
separation thereof; or image transfer capable of producing patterns less than 2.5
(2) Specially designed equipment for achieving a surface micrometre;
roughness of the active surface of a processed wafer with a (For focussed, deflected-beam systems (direct write systems),
two-sigma value of 2 micrometre or less, total indicator see sub-item (b)(10) or Note IG);
reading (TIR); (h) Equipment using "lasers" for direct write on wafers capable of
producing patterns less than 2.5 micrometre.
N.B. 3. Equipment embargoed by sub-item (b)(4) above is defined as
This paragraph does not embargo single-side lapping and follows:
polishing equipment for wafer surface finishing. (a) Specially designed for the measurement of oxyg~n or carbon
(1) Interconnection equipment which includes common single or content in semiconductor materials;
multiple vacuum chambers specially designed to permit the (b) Equipment for line width measurement with a resolution of
integration of any equipment embargoed by this Item into a 1 micrometre or finer;
complete system; (c) Specially designed flatness measurement instruments capable of
(m) "Stored programme controlled" equipment using "lasers" for measuring deviations from flatness of 10 micrometre or less
the repair or trimming of "monolithic integrated circuits" with with a resolution of 1 micrometre or finer.
either of the following characteristics: 4. Equipment embargoed by sub-item (b)(5) above is defined as
(1) Positioning accuracy less than ±1 micrometre; or . follows:
(2) Spot size (kerf width) less than 3 micrometre; (a) "Stored programme controlled" die bonders having all of the
2. Equipment embargoed by sub-item (b)(2) above is defined as following characteristics:
follows: (1) Specially designed for "hybrid integrated circuits";
(a) Finished masks, reticles and designs therefor, except: (2) X-V stage positioning travel exceeding 37.5 x 37.5 mm;
(1) Finished masks or reticles for the production of and
unembargoed integrated circuits; or (3) Placement accuracy in the X- Y plane of finer than ±10
(2) Masks or reticles, having both of the following micrometre;
characteristics: (b) "Stored programme controlled" equipment for producing
(A) Their design is based on geometries of 2.5 micrometre multiple bonds in a single operation (e.g., beam lead bonders,
or more; and chip carrier bonders, tape bonders);
(B) The design does not include special features to alter the (c) Semi-automatic or automatic hot cap sealers, in which the cap
intended use by means of production equipment or is heated locally to a higher temperature than the body of the
"software"; package, specially designed for ceramic microcirCUIt packages
(b) Mask "substrates" as follows: embargoed by Item IL 1564(b) and which have a throughput
(1) Hard surface (e.g., chromium, silicon, molybdenum) equal to or more than one package per minute.
coated "substrates" (e.g., glass, quartz, sapphire) for the NB:
preparation of masks having dimensions exceeding 125 mm Sub-item (b)(5) does not embargo general purpose resistance
x 125 mm; or type spot welders.
(2) "Substrates" specially designed for X-ray masks;
(c) Equipment, other than general purpose computers, specially
designed for computer aided design (CAD) of semiconductor PORTHE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ONLY:
devices or integrated circuits; 5. The shipment of equipment, as follows, tor use in silicon
(d) Equipment or machines, as follows, for mask or reticle semiconductor manufacturing:
fabrication: (a) Equipment for the production of polycrystalline silicon;
(1) Photo-optical step and repeat cameras capable of producing (b) EpitaxiaI reactors,eX,cept those which are:
arrays larger than 100mm x 100mm, or capable of (1) For molecular beam.epitaxy; or
producing a single exposure larger than 6 mm x 6 mm in (2) Specially designed for metallo-organic deposition or liquid-
the image (i.e., focal) plane, or capable of producing line phase epitaxy; ~. .
widths ofless than 2.5 micrometre in the photoresist on the (c) UMagneticallyenhanced". multiple wafer dsputtering"
"substrate"; equipment;
(2) Mask or reticle fabrication equipment using ion or "laser" .(d) "~t()red programme controlled" die bonders;
beam lithography capable of producing line widths of less (e}"Stored. programin~d .controlled" wafer probing· equipment
than 2.5 micrometre; or whi~h .d()~snot include associatcdtestequipment or drive
(3) Equipment or holders for altering masks or reticles or circui~other.thandt.osetlot emb~tgoedby sub~item (b)(7)
adding pellicles to remove defects; above~, .

12 Security export control March 1991


6,', ~icences for the fC!UowiJ1g. will rec~ve' favourable conSi~, (b) Not used;
, equipment embargoed by sub-item (b)(2) which .can prO'dUu' (c) The equipment cannot produce "recording media" for computer
. patterns finer than 2.5 micrometre but not finer than 2 micr~, flexible disk cartridges exceeding a "gross capacity" of 17 million
bit.

IL 1357
IL 1361
Equipment for the production of fibres embargoed
by Item IL 1763 or their composites as follows, a~d Test facilities and equipment for the design or
specially designed components and accessories and development of aircraft or gas turbine aero-engines,
"specially designed software" therefor: as follows, and specially designed components,
accessories and "specially designed software"
(a) Filament winding machines of which the motions for positioning, therefor:
wrapping and winding fibres are coordinated and programmed in
three or more axes, specially designed to fabricate composite (a) Supersonic (Mach 1.4 to Mach 5), hypersonic (Mach 5 to Mach 15)
structures or laminates from "fibrous and fJlamentary materials"; and hypervelocity (above Mach 15) wind runnels, except:
coordinating and programming controls therefor; (1) Supersonic (Mach 1.4 to Mach 5) wind tunnels not specially
(b) Tape-laying machines of which the motions for positioning and designed for, or fitted with means of, preheating the air; 0'
laying tape and sheets are coordinated and programmed in rwo or (2) Wind tunnels specially designed for educational purposes and
more axes, specially designed for the manufacture of composite having a test section size (measured internally) of less than
airframes and missile strucrures; 25 cm;
(c) Multidirectional, multidimensional weaving machines and
interlacing machines, including adapters and modification kits, for
TECHNICAL NOTE:
By test section size is understood the diameter of the circle, or
weaving, interlacing or braiding fibres to manufacture composite
the side of the square, or the longest side of the rectangle
structures, except textile machinery which has not been modified
constituting possible shapes of the test section.
for the above end-uses;
(b) Devices for simulating flow-environments of Mach 5 and above
(d) Specially designed or adapted equipment for the production of
regardless of the actual Mach number at which the devices operate,
"fibrous and filamentary materials" embargoed by Item IL 1763 (a)
including hot shot tunnels, plasma arc runnels, shock rubes, shock
or (b), as follows:
tunnels, gas tunnels and light gas guns;
(1) Equipment for converting polymeric fibres (such
(c) Wind tunnels and devices, other than two dimensional (2-D)
as polyacrylonitrile, rayon, or polycarbosilane) including special
sections, that have unique capabilities for simulating Reynolds
provisions to strain the fibre during heating;
number flow in excess of 25 x 10·, at transonic velocities;
(2) Equipment for the vapour deposition of elements or
(d) Automated control systems, instrumentation (including "sensors")
compounds on heated filamentary substrates; and
and automated data acquisition equipment, specially designed for
(3) Equipment for the wet-spinning of refractory ceramics (such as
use with wind tunnels and devices embargoed by (a), (b) or (c)
aluminium oxide);
above;
(e) Specially designed or adapted equipment for special fibre surface
(e) Models, specially designed for use with wind runnels or with the
treatment or for producing prepregs and preforms embargoed by
devices embargoed by (b) or (c) above, of embargoed aircraft,
Item IL 1763 (c);
helicopters, airfoils, spacecraft, spacelaunch vehicles, rockets or
NOTE: surface-effect vehicles;
Equipment embargoed by this sub-item includes rollers, tension
stretchers, coating equipment, cutting equipment and clicker dies.
TECHNICAL NOTE:
Specially designed models are those equipped with "sensors" and a
NOTES: means of transmitting data from the sensors to the data acquisition
Specially designed or adapted components and accessories for the system, or equipped with features for using non-intrusive "sensors"
machines embargoed by this Item include moulds, mandrels, dies, fixtures (i.e., not directly connected to the model or not located in the flow
and tooling for pressing, curing, carbonising, graphitising, casting, adjacent to the model).
sintering or bonding of preforms, composite structures, laminates and (f) Specially designed electromagnetic interference and electromagnetic
manufactures thereof embargoed by Item IL 1763 (d). pulse (EMIIEMP) simulators;
(g) Specially designed test facilities and equipment for the development
of gas turbine aero-engines and components, as follows:
(1) Special test facilities capable of applying dynamic flight loads,
IL 1358 measuring performance or simulating the design operating
environments for rotating assemblies or aero-engines;
Equipment specially designed for the manufacture or (;!) Test facilities, test rigs and simulators for measuring combustion
testing of magnetic "recording media" described in system and hot gas flow path performance, heat transfer and
Item IL 1572, as follows, and specially designed durability for static assemblies and aero-engine components;
(3) Specially designed test rigs, equipment or modified gas turbine
components and "specially designed software" engines which are utilised for the development of gas rurhine
therefor: aero-engine internal flow systems (gas path seals, air-oil seals
and disc cavity flow fields).
(a) Equipment which incorporates specially designed modifications for
the application of magnetic coating to flexible disk recording media
with a "packing density" exceeding 2,460 bit per cm.;
NOTE: IL 1362
This sub-item does not embargo general purpose coating
equipment. Vibration test equipment as follows:
(b) Equipment specially designed for the application of magnetic
coating to non-flexible (rigid) disk type "recording media" as
(a) Vibtdtion test equipment using digital control techniques and
described in Item IL 1572 (d);
specially designed ancillary equipment and "specially designed
(c) "Stored programme controlled" equipment for monitoring, grading,
sofrware" therefor, except:
exercising or testing "recording media" (other than tape)
(1) Individual exciters (thrusters) with a maximum thrust less than
embargoed by Item IL 1572 (d), except diskette unit test
100 kN;
equipment.
(2) Analogue equipment;
NOTES: (3) Mechanical and pneurnatic excitet< (thrusters);
The shipment of equipment embargoed by sub-item (a) above, provided: (4) Vibrometers;
(a) the equipment is used for a legitimate civil end-use and is reasonable (5) Ancillary equipment not embargoed by Items IL 1529,
for that use; IL 1531, IL 1565 or IL 1568;

Security export control March 1991 13


(b) Fly cutting machines having both of the following characteristics:
IL 1362 continued (1) Spindle run-out (radial and axial) less than 400 nm total
(b) High intensity acoustic test equipment capable of producing an indicator reading (TIR); and
overall sound pressure level of 140 dB or greater (referenced to 2 x (2) Angular deviation of slide movement (yaw, pitch and roll) less
10-SN/m2) or with a rated output of 4 kW or greater and specially (better) than 2 seconds of, arc total indicator reading (TIR) ,
designed ancillary equipment and "specially designed software" over full travel;
therefor, except: (c) Specially designed components, as follows:
(1) Analogue equipment; (1) Spindle assemblies, consisting of spindles and bearings as a
(2) Ancillary equipment not embargoed by Items IL 1529, minimal assembly, except those assemblies with axial and radial
IL 1531, IL 1565 or IL 1568; axis motion measured along the spindle axis in one revolution
(c) Ground vibration, including modal survey, test equipment that uses of the spindle equal to or more (worse) than 800 nm total
digital control techniques and specially designed ancillary equipment indicator reading (TIR);
and "specially designed software" therefor, except: (2) Linear induction motors used as drives for slides, having all of
(1 Analogue equipment; the following characteristics:
(2) Ancillary equipment not embargoed by Items IL 1529, (A) A stroke longer than 200 mm;
IL 1531, IL 1565 or IL 1568; (B) A nominal force rating above 45 N; and
(C) A minimum controlled incremental movement less than
TECHNICAL NOTE: 1 micrometre for linear motion;
Vibration and acoustic test systems typically consist of one or more
(d) Single point diamond cutting tool inserts, having all of the
exciters (thrusters), or acoustic noise generators, together with ancillary
following characteristics:
equipment for instrumentation, control, data acquisition and analysis.
(1) A flawless and chip-free cutting edge when magnified 400
This Item covers only the vibration and acoustic test equipment itself
times in any direction;
The ancillary equipment, e.g., digital and logic instrumentation,
(2) A cutting radius between 100 nm and 5 mm; and
computers, FFTs, etc., are to be judged in their own right against the
(3) A cutting radius out-of-roundness less than 2 micrometre total
relevant Items in the Security Export Control List.
indicator reading (TIR).
TECHNICAL NOTE:
Machines will be evaluated under the conditions yielding the most
IL 1363 accurate values, including the incorporation of control systems which
permit mechanical, electronic and "software" compensation.
Specially designed water tunnel equipment,
components, accessories and"databases" for the
design and development of vessels, as follows,
and"specially designed software" therefor:
IL 1371
Anti-friction bearings as follows:
(a) Automated control systems, instrumentation (including "sensors")
and data acquisition equipment specially designed for water tunnels; (a) Ball and roller bearings having an inner bore diameter of 10 mm or
(b) Automated equipment to control air pressure acting on the surface less and tolerances of ABEC 5, RBEC 5 (or national equivalents) or
of the water in the test section during the operation of the water better and either of the following characteristics:
tunnel; (1) Made of special materials, i.e. with rings, balls or rollers made
(c) Components and accessories for water tunnels, as follows: from any steel alloy or other material (including high-speed
(1) Balance and support systems; tool steels, Monel metal, beryllium, metalloids, ceramics and
(2) Automated flow or noise measuring devices; and sintered metal composites), except the following: low-carbon
(3) Models of hydrofoil vessels, surface-effect vehicles, SWATH steel, SAE-52100 high carbon chromium steel, SAE-4615
vessels and specially designed equipment and components nickel molybdenum steel, AISI-440C (SAE-51440C) stainless
embargoed by Item IL 1416 (a), (b), (c), (e), (f), (g) and (h) for steel (or national equivalents); or
use in water tunnels; (2) Manufactured for use at normal operating temperatures over
(d) "Databases" generated by use of equipment embargoed by this 423 K (150°C) either by use of special materials or by special
Item. heat treatment;
TECHNICAL NOTE: (b) Ball and roller bearings~ except separable ball bearings and thrust ball
The water tunnels referred to in this Item are used for the hydrodynamic bearings, having an inner bore diameter exceeding 10 mm and
having tolerances of ABEC 7, RBEC 7 (or national equivalents) or
testing of a fixed nlodel, using a moving fluid.
better and either of the following characteristics:
(1) Made of special materials, i.e. with rings, balls or rollers made
from any steel alloy or other material (including high-speed
tool steels, Monel rnetal, beryllium, metalloids, ceramics and
IL 1370 sintered metal composites) ~ except the following: low-carbon
steel, SAE-52100 high carbon chromium steel, SAE-4615
Machine tools for generating optical quality surfaces, nickel molybdenum steel, AISI-440C (SAE- 51440C) stainless
specially designed components and accessories steel (or national equivalents); or
therefor, as follows, and "specially designed (2) Manufactured for use at normal operating temperatures over
software" therefor: 423 K (150°C) either by use of special materials or by special
heat treatment;
(c) Ball and roller bearings having tolerances better than ABEC 7
(For "numerically controlled" machine tools capable of generating optical (or national equivalents);
quality surfaces, see Item IL 1091.) (d) Gas-lubricated foil bearings;
(e) Bearing parts usable only for bearings embargoed by this Item, as
(a) Turning machines using a single point cutting tool and having all of follows: outer rings, inner rings~ retainers, balls, rollers and sub-
the following characteristics: assemblies.
(1) Slide positioning accuracy less (better) than 500 nm per
300 mm of travel, total indicator reading (TIR); NOTE:
(2) Slide positioning repeatability less (better) than 250 nm per This Item does not embargo hollow bearings.
300 mm of travel, total indicator reading (TIR);
(3) Spindle runout (radial and axial) less than 400 nm total TECHNICAL NOTES:
indicator reading (TIR); A. Balls as embargoed by Item 1371 (e) may be identified among
(4) Angular deviation of the slide movement (yaw, pitch and roll) balls manufactured to the tolerances in table 1 or closer;
less (better) than 2 seconds of arc, total indicator reading (TIR), B. Rollers embargoed by Item 1371 (e) may be identified among
over full travel; and non-standard rollers, that is, rollers falling outside of the
(5) Slide perpendicularity less than 1 micrometre per 300 mm of tolerances for graded rollers for standard bearings which are as
travel, total indicator reading (TIR); shown in table 2;

14 Security export control March 1991


The above technical note applies to the rollers for bearings (3) Reflectometer (50 ppm);
embargoed by sub-items (a)(2) and (b)(2). It does not apply to (4) Profilometer (0.5 nanometres).
rollers for bearings embargoed by sub-items (a)(l) and (b)(1) because (b) For other inertial equipment:
these are indicated by virtue of materials used. (1) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) module tester;
(2) IMU platform tester;
Illustrative examples of tolerances for graded rollers for non-standard (3) IMU stable element handling fixture;
bearings are shown in table 3: (4) IMU platform balance fixture;
(5) Gyro tuning test station;
C. Separable ball bearings are not viewed as including those (6) Gyro dynamic balance station;
bearings, one part of which serves as an integral part of the (7) Gyro run-in/motor test station;
equipment incorporating the bearing. (8) Gyro evacuation and fill station;
(9) Centrifuge fixture for gyro bearings;
D. Ceramic bearings embargoed by Item 1371 consist of bearing (10) Accelerometer axis align station;
elements (e.g. balls, rollers or races) made from ceramic or (11) Accelerometer test station.
hybrid (ceramic plus metal) materials and designed to operate at
temperatures over 150C and at DN values equal to or greater
than 1.5 x 106 •
NB:
DN is defined as the product of the bearing bore diameter in milli-
IL 1388
metres and the bearing rotational velocity in revolutions per minute.
Specially designed equipment for the deposition,
processing and in-process control of inorganic
Table 1 (see Il 1371, technical note A) overlays, coatings and surface modifications, as
Ball material Sphericity Diameter toler- Diameter
follows, for non~electronic substrates by processes
or diameter
variation
ance per unit
container
tolerance per
shipment
defined in Item IL 1389 and specially designed
per ball automated handling, positioning, manipulation and
(±) (±) (±)
control components, and "specially designed
Chrome steel such as software" therefor:
52100,51100
and 50100 0.000025" 0.0001"
Carbon steel 0.0001" 0.0004"
Monel metal 0.0002" 0.005" (a) "Stored programme controlled" "chemical vapour deposition"
Stainless steel 0.00005" 0.0002" (CVD) production equipment with both of the following:
Brass 0.0002" 0.001"
Bronze 0.0002" 0.001" (1) Process modified for one of the following:
(A) Pulsating "CVD";
which indicates the maximum permissible
(B) Controlled nucleation thermal decomposition (CNTD); or
ball (C) Plasma enhanced or plasma assisted "CVD"; and
for
(2) Any of the following:
is the maximum permissible deviation from the specifir size within the (A) Incorporating high vacuum (less than or equal to 10 mPa)
rotating seals;
(B) Operating at reduced pressure (less than 100 kPa); or
Table 2 (see IL 1371, technical note B) (C) Incorporating in situ coating thickness control;
(b) "Stored programme controlled" "ion implantation" production
Roller diameter Outside diameter Maximum out of Maximum out of equipment having beam currents of 5 mA or higher;
tolerance varia- round tolerance round tolerance
tion per shipment including taper (c) "Stored programme controlled" "electron beam physical vapour
of cylindrical
roller deposition" (EB-PVD) production equipment with either of the
Over Including (±) (±) following characteristics:
Omm 26 mm 0.00004" 0.00004" 0.00008" (1) Incorporating power systems greater than 80 kW; or
26 mm 42 mm 0.00006" 0.00006" 0.00012"
42 mm 64 mm 0.00008" 0.00008" 0.00016" (2) (A) Incorporating power systems greater than 50 kW; and
64 mm 100mm 0.0001" 0.0001" 0.0002" (B) Having both of the following characteristics:
(a) Incorporating a liquid pool level "laser" control system
Table 3 (see IL 1371, technical note B)
which regulates precisely the ingots feed rate; and
(b) Incorporating a computer controlled rate monitor
Roller diameter Outside diameter Maximum out of Maximum out of
tolerance varia- round tolerance round tolerance operating on the principle of photo-luminescence of
tion per shipment including taper the ionised atoms in the evaporant stream to control the
of cylindrical
roller deposition rate of a coating containing two or more
Over Including (±) (±) (±) elements;
Example No. 1 (d "Stored programme controlled" "plasma spraying" production
0 mm 6.5 mm 0.00001" 0.00001" 0.00004"
6.5mm 18 mm 0.00001" 0.00001" 0.00004" equipment having any of the following characteristics:
18 mm 26 mm 0.00002" 0.00002" 0.00006" (1) Operating at atmospheric pressure discharging molten or
26 mm 42 mm 0.00003" 0.00003" 0.00008"
partially molten material particles into air or inert gas (shrouded
Example No. 2
o mm 6.5mm 0.0000075" 0.000008" 0.00004"
torch) at nozzle exit gas velocities greater than 750 m/sec
6.5 mm 18 mm 0.0000075" 0.000008" 0.00004" calculated at 293 K at 100 kPa;
18 mm 26 mm 0.00001" 0.00001" 0.00006"
26 mm 42 mm 0.000015" 0.000015" 0.00008" (2) Operating at reduced pressure controlled atmosphere (less than
or equal to 10 kPa measured above and within 300 mm of the
gun nozzle exit) in a vacuum chamber capable of evacuation
IL 1385 down to 10 mPa prior to the spraying process; or
(3) Incorporating in situ coating thickness control;
Specially designed production equipment for (e) "Stored programme controlled" "sputter deposition" production
compasses, gyroscopes (gyros), accelerometers and equipment capable of current densities of 50 microampere/mm2 or
higher at a deposition rate of 10 micrometres/hr or higher;
inertial equipment embargoed by Item 1485. (t) "Stored programme controlled" "cathodic arc deposition"
production equipment w'ith either of the following characteristics:
NOTE: (1) Incorporating target areas larger than 4560 mm2; or
Production equipment embargoed by this Item includes the following: (2) Incorporating a magnetic field steering control of the arc spot
(a) For ring "laser" gyro equipment, the following equipment used to on the cathode;
characterise mirrors, having the threshold accuracy shown or (g) Deposition process or surface modification equipment for "stored
better: programme controlJed" production processing \\~hich enables the
(1) Rectilinear scatterometer (10 ppm); combining of individuaJ <deposition processes embargoed by (a) to
(2) Polar scatterometer (10 ppm); (t) above so as to enhance the capability of such individual processes.

Security export control March 1991 1E


yttrium) (5), Modified
IL 1388 continued zirconia (except calcia-
NOTES: stabilized zirconia) or
1. 'Coating processes' include original coating as well as coating repair Mixtures thereof (4)
and refurbishing.
2. For coating technologies, see Item IL 1389. It should be noted that, Corrosion MCrAlX (except CoCrAlY
while the equipment for "electrophoretic deposition", "pack resistant which contains less than
cementation" and "slurry deposition" processes is not considered steel (b) 22 weight per cent of
sensitive because of its universal use, the restrictions on the chromium and less than
technology for use of this equipment, as identified in Item IL 1389, 12 weight per cent of
are still in effect. aluminium and less than
3. The status of coating and surface modification equipment for non- 2 weight cent of
electronic substrates using lasers is defined in this Item. yttrium) or
Modified zirconia
(except calcia-stabilized zirconia)

IL 1389 Carbon-carbon, Silicides, Carbides,


Carbon-ceramic or Mixtures thereof (4) or
Technology for application to non-electronic devices Metal matrix Dielectric layers
to achieve: composites
- inorganic overlay coatings or inorganic surface
modification coatings, specified in column 3 of the Copper or Tungsten or
Copper alloys Dielectric layers
Table below;
- on substrates specified in column 2 of the Table
Silicon carbide or Carbides, Tungsten,
below; Cemented tungsten Mixtures thereof (4) or
- by processes specified in column 1 of the Table carbide Dielectric layers
below;
and specially designed "software" therefor. C. "Electro- Superalloys Alloyed aluminides (2) or
phoretic Noble metal modified
Deposition" aluminides (3)
TABLE
1. Coating 2. Substrate 3. Resultant Coating D. "Pack Superalloys Alloyed aluminides (2) or
Process (1) cement- Noble metal modified
ation (9)" aluminides (3)
A. "Chemical Superalloys Aluminides for internal also
Vapour surfaces, Alloyed aluminides (2) above)
Deposition" or Noble metal modified
(CVD) aluminides (3) Carbon-carbon, Silicides, Carbides or
Carbon-ceramic or Mixtures thereof (4)
Titanium or Carbides, Aluminides or Metal matrix
Titanium alloys Alloyed aluminides (3) composites

Ceramics Silicides or Carbides Aluminium Aluminides or


alloys (b) Alloyed aluminides (2)

Carbon-carbon, Silicides, Carbides Mixtures


Carbon-ceramic or thereof (4) or E. "Plasma Superalloys MCrAlX (except CoCrAlY
Metal matrix Dielectric layers spraYing" which contains less than 22
composites (high velocity weight per cent of
or CoCrAlY chromium and less than 12
Copper or Tungsten or low pressure weight per cent of aluminium
Copper alloys Dielectric layers only) and less than 2 weight
per cent of yttrium) (5),
Silicon carbide or Carbides,Tungsten, Modified zirconia (except
Cemented tungsten Mixtures thereof (4) or calcia-stabilised zirconia) or
carbide Dielectric layers Mixtures thereof (4)

B. "Electron Superalloys Alloyed silicides, Alloyed Aluminium MCrAlX (except CoCrAlY


-Beam aluminides (2), MCrA1X (except alloys (6) which contains less than
Physical CoCrAlY which contains less 22 weight per cent of
Deposition" than 2~ weight per cent of chromium and less than
(EB-PVD) chromium and less than 12 12 weight per cent of
weight per cent of aluminium and less than
aluminium and less than 2 2 weight cent of
weight per cent of yttrium) (5) yttrium) Modified
Modified zirconia (except zirconia (except calcia-
calciastabilized zirconia) stabilised zirconia),
or Mixtures thereof Silicides or Mixtures
(including mixtures of the thereof (4)
above with silicides or
aluminides) (4) Corrosion MCrAlX (except CoCrAlY
Ceramics Silicides or Modified resistant which contains less than
zirconia (except steel (b) 22 weight per cent of
calcia-stabilized zirconia) chromium and less than 12
Aluminium CrAlX (except CoCrAlY weight per cent of aluminium
alloys (6) which contains less than 22 and less than 2 weight per cent
weight per cent of chromium of yttrium) (5), Modified
and less than 12 weight per zirconia (except calcia-
cent of aluminium and less stabilised zirconia) or Mixtures
than 2 weight per cent of thereof (4»

16 Security export control March 1991


Titanium or Carbides or Oxides Titanium or Borides or Nitrides
Titanium alloys Titanium alloys

F. "Slurry Refractory Fused silicides or Silicon nitride or Nitrides, Carbides or


Deposition" metals (8) Fused aluminides Cemented tungsten Dielectric layers
carbide
Carbon-carbon, Silicides, Carbides or
Carbon-ceramic or Mixtures thereof (4) Sensor window Dielectric layers
Metal matrix materials
composites transparent to
electromagnetic
G. "Sputtering" Superalloys Alloyed silicides, waves, as follows:
(high rate, Alloyed aluminides (2), silica, alumina,
reactive or Noble metal modified silicon, germanium,
radio frequency aluminides (J), zinc sulphide,
only) MCrAlX (except CoCrAlY zinc selenide or
which contains less than 22 gallium arsenide
weight per cent of
chromium and less than
12 weight per cent of FOOTNOTES:
aluminium and less than (1) Coating process includes original coating as well as coating repair
2 weight per cent of and refurbishing.
yttrium) (5), Modified
zirconia (except calcia- (2) Multiple-stage coatings in which an element or elements are
stabilized zirconia), deposited prior to application of the aluminide coating, even if these
Platinum or Mixtures elements are deposited by another coating process, are included in
thereof (including the term 'alloyed aluminide' coating, but the multiple use of single-
mixtures of the above stage "pack cementation" processes to achieve alloyed aluminides is
with silicides or not included in the term 'alloyed aluminide' coating.
aluminides) (4)
(3) Multiple-stage coatings in which the noble metal or noble metals
Ceramics Silicides, Platinum or are laid down by some other coating process prior to application of
Mixtures thereof (4) the aluminide coating are included in the term 'noble metal
modified aluminide' coating.
Aluminium MCrAlX (except CoCrAlY
alloys (6) which contains less than (4 Mixtures consist of infiltrated material, graded compositions, co-
22 weight per cent of deposits and multilayer deposits and are obtained by one or more of
chromium and less than the coating processes specified in this Table.
12 weight per cent of
aluminium and less than (5 MCrAlX refers to an alloy where M equals cobalt, iron, nickel or
2 weight per cent of combinations thereof; and X equals hafnium, yttrium, silicon or
yttrium) (5), Modified zirconia other minor additions in various proportions and combinations.
(except calcia-stabilised
zirconia) or Mixtures thereof (4) (6) Aluminium alloys as a substrate in this Table refers to alloys usable at
temperatures above 500 K (227C).
Corrosion MCrAlX (except CoCrAlY
resistant which contains less than (7) Corrosion resistant steel refers to AISI (American Iron and Steel
steed (7) 22 weight per cent of Institute) 300 series or equivalent national standard steels.
chromium and less than 12
weight per cent of aluminium (8) Refractory metals as a substrate in this Table consist of the following
and less than 2 weight metals and their alloys: niobium (columbium), molybdenum,
per cent of yttrium) (5), tungsten and tantalum.
Modified zirconia
(except calcia-stabilised (9) This Item does not embargo technology for single-stage "pack
zirconia) or Mixtures thereof (4) cementation" of solid airfoils.

TitaniuITi or Borides or Nitrides


Titanium alloys NOTE:
It is understood that technology embargoed by Item IL 1389 consists of
Carbon-carbon, Silicides, Carbides, technical information, data or know-how regarding criteria or parameters
Carbon-ceramic or Mixtures thereof (4) or as follows:
Metal matrix composites Dielectric layers
(a) Technology for pretreatments of the substrates listed in the Table, as
Copper or Tungsten or follows:
Copper alloys Dielectric layers (1) Chemical stripping and cleaning bathcyc1e parameters, as
follows:
Silicon carbide or Carbides, Tungsten or (A) Bath composition
Cemented tungsten Dielectric layers (a) For the removal of old or defective coatings, corrosion
carbide product or foreign deposits;
(b) For preparation of virgin substrates;
H. "Ion High temperature Additions of Chromium, (B) Time in bath;
Implantation" bearing steels Tantalum or Niobium (C) Temperature of bath;
(Columbium) (D) Number and sequences of wash cycles;
(2) Visual and macroscopic criteria for acceptance of the cleaned
Beryllium or Borides part;
Beryllium Alloys (3) Heat treatment cycle parameters, as follows:
(A) Atmosphere parameters, as follows:
Carbon-carbon, Silicides, Carbides, Mixtures (a) Composition of the atmosphere;
Carbon-ceramic thereof (4) or Dielectric (b) Pressure of the atmosphere;
or Metal matrix layers (B) Temperature fi,r h~at treatment;
composites (C) Time ofheat treatrlent;

Security export control March 199117


(F) Spray angle;
IL 1389 continued (G) Cover gas composition, pressure and flow rates;
(4) Substrate surface preparation parameters, as follows: (H) Gun control and part manipulation;
(A) Grit blasting parameters, as follows: (6) For "Slurry Deposition":
(a) Grit composition; (A) Slurry composition and formulation;
(b) Grit size and shape; (B) Slurry application techniques;
(c) Grit velocity; (C) Time-temperature cycles;
(B) Time and sequence of cleaning cycle after grit blast; (D) Part manipulation;
(C) Surface finish parameters; (7) For "Sputtering":
(5) Masking technique parameters, as follows: (A) Target composition and fabrication;
(A) Material of mask; (B) Geometrical positioning of part and target;
(B) Location of mask. (C) Reactive gas composition;
(b) Technology for in situ quality assurance techniques for evaluation of (D) Electrical bias;
the coating processes listed in the Table, as follows: (E) Time-temperature-pressure cycles;
(1) Atmosphere parameters, as follows: (F) Triode power;
(A) Composition of the atmosphere; (G) Part manipulation;
(B) Pressure of the atmosphere; (8) For "Ion Implantation":
(2) Time parameters; (A) Beam control and part manipulation;
(3) Temperature parameters; (B) Ion source design details;
(4) Thickness parameters; (C) Control techniques for ion beam and deposition rate
(5) Index of refraction parameters. parameters;
(c) Technology for post deposition treatments of the coated substrates (D) Time-temperature-pressure cycles.
listed in the Table, as follows:
(1) Shot peening parameters, as follows:
(A) Shot composition;
(B) Shot size;
(C) Shot velocity;
IL 1391
(2) Post shot peening cleaning parameters; "Robots", "robot" controllers and "robot" "end-
(3) Heat treatment cycle parameters, as follows: effectors", as follows, and specially designed
(A) Atmosphere parameters, as follows:
(a) Composition of the atmosphere;
components and "specially designed software"
(b) Pressure of the atmosphere; therefor:
(B) Time-temperature cycles;
(4) Post heat treatment visual and macroscopic criteria for
acceptance of the coated substrates. NOTES:
(d) Technology for quality assurance techniques for the evaluation of 1. Mechanical structures for "robots" are included in specially designed
the coated substrates listed in the Table, as follows: components for the above.
(1) Statistical sampling criteria; 2. For simulation "software" used in the evaluation, design and
(2) Microscopic criteria for: optimisation of robotic systems, see Item IL 1566.
(A) Magnification;
(B) Coating thickness and thickness uniformity; (a) "Robots" having any of the following characteristics:
(C) Coating integrity; (1) Capable of employing feedback information in "real-time
(D) Coating composition; processing" from vision systems to generate or modify
(E) Coating and substrates bonding; "programmes" or to generate or modifY numerical programme
data, except those:
(F) Microstructural uniformity.
(A) Capable of processing no more than 100,000 pixels using
(e) Technology and parameters related to specific coating and surface
an industrial television camera, or no more than 65,536
modification processes listed in the Table, as follows:
pixels using a solid-state camera;
(1) For "Chemical Vapour Deposition": (B) Using a single-scene analysis processor having neither a
(A) Coating source composition and formulation; word size of more than 32 bit (excluding parity bits) nor
(B) Carrier gas composition; parallel processing for the same task;
(C) Substrate temperature; (C) Having "software" not capable of full three-dimensional
(D) Time-temperature-pressure cycles; mathematical modelling or full three-dimensional scene
(E) Gas control and part manipulation; analysis;
(2) For "Electron-Beam Physical Vapour Deposition":
(A) Ingot composition; NOTE:
(B) Substrate temperature; This scene analysis limitation precludes neither
(C) Reactive gas composition; approximation of the third dimension by viewing at a
(D) Ingot feed rate; given angle, nor limited grey scale interpretation for the
(E) Time-temperature-pressure cycles; perception of depth or texture for the approved tasks
(F) Beam and part manipulation; (2 1/2 D).
(D) Having no "user-accessible programmability" other than by
(3) For "Electrophoretic Deposition":
input reference images through the system's camera; or
(A) Liquid dielectric formulation, as follows:
(E) Capable of no more than one scene analysis every 0.1
(a) Composition;
second.
(b) Temperature;
(c) Specific gravity; NOTES:
(B) Particle size, distribution and composition; 1. "Software" shall be in "object code" only.
(C) Bath composition; 2. Documentation shall not exceed that necessary to perform
(D) Electric field strength; the operation, repair or maintenance of the "robot".
(E) Time cycle;
(F) Part fixturing; (2) Specially designed to comply with national safety standards
(4) For "Pack Cementation": applicable to explosive munitions environments;
(A) "Pack" composition and formulation; (3) Incorporating means of protecting hydraulic lines against
(B) Carrier gas composition; externally induced punctures caused by ballistic fragments (e.g.,
(C) Time-temperature-pressure cycles; . incorporating self-sealing lines) and designed to use hydraulic
(5) For "Plasma Spraying": fluids with flash points higher than 839 K (566C);
(A) Powder composition, preparation and size distributions; (4) Specially designed for underwater use (i.e., incorporating
(B) Feed gas composition and parameters; special techniques or components for sealing, pressure
(C) Substrate temperature; compensation or corrosion resistance); (For underwater
(D) Gun power parameters; manipulator mechanisms, see Item IL 1417.)
(E) Spray distance; (5) Operable at altitudes exceeding 30,000 metres;

18 Security export control March 1991


(6) Specially designed for outdoor applications and meeting together in low heat rljection engines and employing ceramic
military specifications therefor: material(s) embargoed by Item IL 1733:
(1) Specially designed or rated for operating in an electro-magnetic (A) Cylinder liners;
pulse (EMP) environment; (B) Pistons;
(8) Specially designed or rated as radiation-hardened beyond that (C) Cylinder heads; and
necessary to withstand normal industrial (i.e., non-nuclear (0) One or more .other components (including exhaust. ports,
industry) ionising radiation; turbochargers, valve guides, valve assemblies or insulated
(9) Equipped with precision measuring devices embargoed by Item fuel injectors).
IL 1099; or (2) Production technology for turbocharger systems, with single-
(10) Specially designed to move autonomously its entire structure stage compressors having all of the following characteristics:
through three-dimensional space in a simultaneously (A) Operating at pressure ratios of 4:1 or higher;
coordinated manner, except systems in which the "rob6t" (B) A mass flow in the range from 30 to 130 kg per minute;
moves along a fixed path; and
(C) Variable flow area capability within the compressor or
NOTE:
This sub-item does not embargo "robots" specially designed for turbine sections;
household use or those modified from household "robots" for (3) Production technology for diesel fuel injection systems having
educational purposes (pre-university) if not embargoed by the all of the following characteristics:
other provisions of this Item. (A) Maximum fuel injection pressure of 100 MPa or more;
(B) Injection amount in excess of 230 mm' injection per
(b) Electronic controllers or "end-effectors" specially designed for
cylinder; .
"robots" embargoed by (a) above;
(C) Injection nozzle hole of 254 micrometre or less;
NOTE: (0) Capability to complete fuel injection in 30 crank angle
For controllers capable of controlling "numerically controlled" degrees or less;
machine tools or dimensional inspection machines, see Item IL (E) Electronic features for control of the fuel injection
1091 (a). quantity, timing and duration throughout the engine. speed
and load range, through the use of appropriate sensors; and
FO~>~PEOPLE~S REPtJBLIC.OF CHINA ONLY: :~: (F) Designed for engines of more than eight cylinders.
Th~j;!Jip~cnt. ()C·.ohots'h~fJtiipp.ed with vision: 'sysi~im capablc' of /'.
prig;csSin! .nomorc than 206,000 piXcls' using an indUstrial tclevision )' .
camera or a Solid-statc camera. .. ,,,
IL 1416
Vessels, surface-effect vehicles, water-screw
propellers and hub assemblies, water-screw propeller
Group E systems, moisture and particulate separator systems
and specially designed components, as follows:

Transportation (a) Hydrofoil vessels with automatically controlled foil systems which
are capable of speeds of above 40 knots in rough water (Sea State

equipment (b)
Five);
Surface-effect vehicles, i.e., hovercraft, air cushion vehicles (both
sidewall and skirted varieties) and all variations of vehicles using the
IL 1401 wing-in-ground effect for positive lift, except hovercraft having all
of the following characteristics:
(1) Designed to carry fewer than 5 passengers including the driver;
Reciprocating diesel engine development and (2) Dry mass less than 500 kg;
production technologies, including "specially (3) Maximum speed less than 90 km/h at Sea State 0; and
(4) Not designed for operation above Sea State 3;
designed software", as follows: (c) Small waterplane area twin-hull (SWATH) vessels having
underwater hulls whose cross-sectional area varies along the
(a) Development and production technology, including "specially longitudinal axis between points two major diameters from the bow
designed software", for reciprocating diesel engine ground vehicle and two major diameters from the stern;
propulsion systems having all of the following specifications:
(1) A box volume of 1.2 m' or less; TECHNICAL NOTE:
(2) An overall power output of more than 750 kW based on SWATH vessels are those which maintain buoyancy by means of
80/1269/EEC, ISO 2534 or national equivalents; and submerged hulls using slender struts to support the deck and
(3) A power density of more than 700 kW/m' of box volume; superstructure of the vessel above the waterline.
NOTES: (d) Vessels incorporating:
The box volume is defined as the product of three perpendicular (1) Equipment embargoed by any Munitions List Item, or by Items
dimensions measured as follows: IL 1485, IL 1501, IL 1502, IL 1510;
Length: The length of the crankshaft from front flange to flywheel (2) Degaussing facilities; or
face; (3) Closed ventilation systems designed into the vessel which are
Width: The widest of the following: designed to maintain air purity and positive pressure regardless
(a) The outside dimension from valve cover to valve cover; of the conditions external to the vessel, except where' those
(b) The dimension of the outside edges of the cylinder closed ventilation systems are specially designed for and
heads; or incorporated in the vessel's medical facilities only;
(c) The diameter of the flywheel housing; NOTE:
Height: The largest of the following: This sub-item does not apply to vessels legally exported containing
(a) The dimension of the crankshaft centre-line to the top equipment embargoecJ by Items IL 1485, IL 1501, IL 1502 or
plane of the valve cover (or cylinder head) plus twice IL 1510
the stroke; or (e) Water-screw propellers and hub assemblies, as follows:
(b) The diameter of the flywheel housing. (1) Supercavitating propellers rated at more than 7.46 MW;
(b) Development and production technology for solid or dry film (2) Controllable-pitch propellers and hub assemblies rated at more
cylinder wall lubrication permitting operation at temperatures in than 29.83 MW capacity;
excess of 723 K (450'C) measured on the cylinder wall at the top (f) Water-screw propeller systems, as follows:
limit of travel of the top ring of the piston; (1) Contrarotating propeller systems rated at more than 14.92
(c) Production technology for specially designed components, as MW;
follows, for "high output diesel engines": (2) Ventilated, base "~ntllated and super-ventilated propeller
(1) Production technology for the parts listed below, when used systems and semi-submerged propeller systems (or surface

'Security export control March 1991 .....


IL. 1416 continued IL 1417
propellers) rated at more than 2.24 MW;
(3) Systems employing pre-swirl and post-swirl techniques for Submersible systems, including those incorporated in
smoothing the flow into a propeller so as to improve the a submersible vehicle, and specially designed
propulsive efficiency of: components, as follows, and "specially designed
(A) SWATH vessels, hydrofoil vessels and surface-effect software" therefor:
vehicles; or
(B) Other vessels with propeller rotational speeds above 220
rev lmin. or with propellers rated at more than 44.74 MW (a) Automatically-controlled atmosphere-regeneration systems specially
per shaft; designed or modified for submersible vehicles which, in a single
(4) Pumpjet Systems; chemical-reaction cycle, ensure carbon dioxide removal and oxygen
renewal;
TECHNICAL NOTE: (b) Systems specially designed or modified for the automated control of
Pumpjet systems are propulsion systems which utilise divergent the motion of a submersible vehicle using navigation data and
nozzle and flow conditioning vane techniques to improve having closed-loop servo-control(s) to:
propulsive efficiency or reduce propulsion generated (1) Enable the vehicle to move within 10 m of a predetermined
underwater radiated noise. point in the water column;
NOTE: (2) Maintain the position of the vehicle within 10 m of a
This sub-item does not embargo technology for flow conditioning predetermined point in the water column; or
vane techniques. (3) Maintain the position of the vehicle within 10 m while
(g) Moisture and particulate separator systems which are capable of following a cable on or under the sea bed;
removing 99.90.4> of particles larger than 2 micrometres in diameter (c) Underwater vision systems, as follows:
with a maximum pressure loss of 1.6 kPa for gas turbine engine air (1) Television systems (comprising camera, lights, monitor and
inlets; signal transmission equipment) specially designed or modified
for remote operation with a submersible vehicle, having a
NOTE: limiting resolution, when measured in the air, of more than
The control of the technology for the moisture and particulate 500 lines, or underwater television cameras having a limiting
separator systems covered by this sub-item is limited to the resolution, when measured in the air, of more than 600 lines
following: using IEEE Standard 208/1960 or any equivalent standard;
(a) Technology for preventing water leakage around the filter
stages; and Technical Note:
(b) Technology for integrating the components of such a system. "Limiting resolution" in television is a measure of horizontal
(h) Specially designed components for vessels embargoed by resolution usually expressed in terms of the maximum number
sub-items (a), (b) and (c) above, as follows: of lines per picture height discriminated on a test chart.
(1) Advanced hull forms which incorporate any of the following: (2) Systems specially designed or modified for remote operation
(A) Stepped hulls for hydrofoil vessels; with a submersible vehicle employing techniques to minimise
(B) Hulls for air cushion vehicles with trapezoidal planforms; the effects of back-scatter, including range-gated illuminators
(C) Hulls for surface-effect vehicles with catamaranlike and "laser" systems;
sidewalls; NOTE:
(D) Hulls for wing-in-ground effect vehicles; or The embargo status of underwater vision systems using "lasers"
(E) Underwater hulls and struts for SWATH vessels; is defined in this Item.
(2) Fully submerged subcavitating or supercavitating hydrofoils;
(d) Remotely controlled articulated Inanipulators specially designed or
(3) Lightweight structural components for SWATH vessels,
modified for use with submersible vehicles and having any of the
hydrofoil vessels and surface-effect vehicles, constructed using
following characteristics:
"anisotropic", "orthotropic" or "sandwich" construction
(1) Systems which control the manipulator using information from
methods;
sensors which measure force or torque applied to an external
(4) Flexible skirts, seals and fingers for surface-effect vehicles;
object, distance from an external object, or tactile sense
(5) Active systems for automatically controlling the stability of
between the manipulator and an external object;
SWATH vessels, hydrofoil vessels or surface-effect vehicles;
(2) Controlled by proportional master-slave techniques or by using
(6) Power transmission shaft systems which incorporate composite
a dedicated stored-programme computer; or
material components, for SWATH vessels, hydrofoil vessels and
(3) Capable of exerting a force of 250 N or more or a torque of
surface-effect vehicles;
250 Nm or more and using titanium based alloys or fibrous and
(7) Lightweight, high capacity (K factor higher than 150) gearing
filamentary composite materials in their structural members;
(planetary, cross-connect and multiple inputloutput gears and
(e) Photographic cameras and associated equipment specially designed
bearings) for SWATH vessels, hydrofoil vessels and surface-
or modified for underwater use, having a film format of 35 mm or
effect vehicles;
larger, incorporating any of the following:
TECHNICAL NOTE: (1) Film advancement of more than 5 frames per second;
For the K factor, see AGMA tables..ofK factor values (based on (2) Annotating the film with data provided by a source external to
tooth profile, pinion and gear materials and surface endurance the camera;
limits). (3) Taking more than 400 full frame exposures without. changing
(8) Water-cooled electrical propulsion machinery (motor and the film;
generator), including AC-AC synchronous and AC-DC (4) Autofocussing or remote focussing specially designed or
systems, sectored-disc and concentric-drum rotors for DC modified for underwater use;
homopolar machines for SWATH vessels, hydrofoil vessels and (5) Automatic back focal distance correction;
surface-effect vehicles; (6) Passive or automatic compensation control specially designed to
(9) Superconducting electrical propulsion machinery for SWATH permit underwater camera housings to be useable at depths
vessels, hydrofoil vessels and surface-effect vehicles; exceeding 1 km;
(10) Lift fans for surface-effect vehicles, rated at more than 300 kW; (7) Titanium underwater camera housings specially designed for
(11) WateJjet propulsor systems for hydrofoil vessels and surface- depths exceeding 1 km; or
effect vehicles rated at an input of 2.24 MW or more. (8) Automatic exposure control by using sensing devices in or
external to the camera, if the camera is capable of operating at
(See also Item ML 9 on the Munitions List.) depths of more than 300 m;
(f) Light systems, as follows, specially designed or modified for
(For marine gas turbine engines, see also Item IL 1431.) underwater use:
(1) Stroboscopic lights capable of:
(A) Light output energy of more than 250 Joules per flash; or
(B) Flash rates of more than 5 flashes per second at a light
output energy of more than 10 Joules per flash;
(2) Other lights and associated equipment, designed for operation
with equipment embargoed by sub-items (e)(l) or (e)(8) above;

20 Security export control March 1991


Specially designed components for the equipment embargoed by
(g)
sub-items (a) to (f) above; IL 1418
(h) Air-independent power systems and specially designed components
therefor, as follows, specially designed for underwater use: Deep submergence vehicles and autonomous
(1) Brayton, Stirling or Rankine Cycle Engine air-independent submersible vehicles, as foDows:
power systems having any of the following characteristics:
(A) Specially designed chemical scrubber or absorber (a) Deep submergence vehicles, manned or unmanned, tethered or
subsystems to remove carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide untethered, capable of operating at depths exceeding 1 km, and
and particulates from recirculated engine exhaust; specially designed or modified associated systems and equipment
(B) Specially designed subsystems for utilising a monoatomic therefor, including the following:
gas; (1) Pressure housings or pressure hulls;
(C) Specially designed devices for underwater noise reduction (2) Propulsion motors and thrusters;
in frequencies less than 10kHz, or special mount~ng (3) Hull penetrators or connectors;
devices for shock mitigation; or ' (b) Other manned underwater vehicles which may "operate
(D) Specially designed systems for pressurising products of autonomously" for ten hours or more provided their maximum
reaction or for fuel reformation, specially designed systems "range" underwater exceeds 15 nautical miles.
for the storage of products of the reaction, and specially
designed systems for discharging the products of the (For hull penetrators for military use, see Item ML 9 on the Munitions
reaction against a pressure of 100 kPa or more; List.)
(2) Diesel Cycle Engine air-independent systems having all of the
following characteristics:
(A) Specially designed chemical scrubber or absorber
subsystems to remove carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide
and particulates from recirculated engine exhaust; IL 1431
(B) Specially designed subsystems for utilising a monoatomic
gas; Marine gas turbine engines (marine propulsion or
(C) Specially designed devices for underwater noise reduction shipboard power generation engines), whether
in frequencies less than 10kHz, or special mounting originally designed as such or adapted for such use,
devices for shock mitigation; and and specially designed components therefor.
(D) Specially designed exhaust systems that do not continuously
exhaust products of combustion;
(3) Alkaline, phosphoric acid or ion exchange membrane fuel cell NOTES:
air-independent power systems with an output exceeding 2 kW 1. Embargo of aero or industrial gas turbine engines and their specially
and operating at a temperature of less than 523 K (250°C), designed components which have been adapted for marine
having any of the following characteristics: propulsion or shipboard power generation does not re-embargo (or
(A) Specially designed enclosures for underwater noise embargo, for industrial gas turbine engines) the unmodified version
reduction in frequencies less than 10kHz, or special of such engines and their specially designed components (see also
mounting devices for shock mitigation; or Item IL 1460).
(B) Specially designed systems for pressurising products of 2. Shipboard power generation does not include offshore platform
reaction or for fuel reformation, specially designed systems applications.
for the storage of products of the reaction, and specially 3. The shipment of engines and their specially designed components
designed systems for discharging the products of the covered by this Item for non-marine propulsion or non-shipboard
reaction against a pressure of 100 kPa or more; civil end-use, provided:
(4) Specially designed components for subsystems embargoed by (a) The numbers to be exported are appropriate for the stated end-
sub-items (h)(l)(C) or (h)(3)(A) or described in (h)(2)(C) use;
above; (b) Only the minimum necessary technology for operation,
NOTE: maintenance and repair is transferred; and
This sub-item embargoes only the following technology: (c) None of the following technologies is transferred:
(a) Technology for air-independent power systems embargoed (1) Technology which is common to aero-engine technology
by sub-items (h)(l), (h)(2) or (h)(3) above; embargoed by Item IL 1460 and is not eligible for export
(b) Technology for subsystems embargoed by sub-items at national discretion under that Item;
(h)(l)(A), (h)(1)(B), (h)(l)(C), (h)(3)(A) or (h)(4) above; (2) Technology for liquid-cooled turbine blades or vanes and
and nozzles capable of operating in hot gas temperature
(c) Technology for subsystems described in sub-items environments greater than 1,273 K (1,000C) and their
(h) (2) (A) , (h) (2) (B) or (h)(2)(C) above. associated systems;
TECHNICAL NOTE:
(For electromechanical, semiconductor and radio~ctive devices, see Item 'Associated are closely connected to the engine
IL 1205.) and consist the specially designed cooling fluid and fuel
control systems, pumps, condensers and fluid purification
(For underwater "robots", see Item IL 1391.) systems.
(3) Technology for fuel nozzles, combustors and gas turbine
engine-mounted fuel-handling systems (fuel pumping,
NOTES: metering and controls) which permit marine gas turbines to
1. This Item does not embargo specially designed components for burn heavy residual fuel-oils (ASTM grades 5 and 6 or
equipment which \vould not have been embargoed had it not been equivalent);
modified. TECHNICAL NOTE:
2. Sub-item (a) above embargoes equipment using light metal ASTM grade 5 residual fuel-oil has a maximum kinematic
peroxides such as K02 without embargoing the shipment of K02 viscosity of 81 centistokes at 323 K (SaC), and ASTM
itself grade 6 residual fuel-oil has a kinematic viscosity range of
3. Sub-item (b) above does not embargo automated control systems 92 to 638 centistokes at 323 K (50C). Kinematic viscosity
incorporated in underwater bulldozers or trench-cutters not capable is measured by the Saybolt-furol viscosimeter (the test
of operating at depths of more than 100 m and possessing only measures the time in seconds for 60 cc of the oil to pass
negative buoyancy. through the furol orifice).
4. Sub-item (c) above does not embargo television cameras used (4) Technology for high-temperature (above 973 K (700C) gas
merely through a porthole. temperature) heat exchangers for pre-heating compressor
5. Sub-item (d)(1) above does not embargo systems where force or exit air;
torque are only measured and then displayed to the operator. (5) Technology for lightweight, compact combined gas
turbine and steam (COGAS) systems having heat recovery
rates of more than 40,000 BTU/hr per cubic foot of waste
heat boiler volume ,or more than 1000 BTU/hr per Ib of

Security export control March 1,991' 21


IL· 1.431 continuttl adhesively bonded airframe structural members designed to
withstand operational temperatures in excess of393 K (120C);
.waste heat boiler weight, designed for use with gas turbine NOTE:
engines for marine propulsion or shipboard power generation. Airframe structural members mentioned in this sub-item do not
4. Cote-section modules and specially designed components covered include engine nacelles and thrust reversers.
by Item IL 1460 shall be treated under the provisions of that Item, (6) Technology for the design and production of propeller blades
even if the gas turbine aero-engine has been modified for use in constructed wholly or partly of composite materials, and
marine propulsion or shipboard power generation. specially designed hubs therefor;
NOTE:
This sub-item does not embargo technology for the production
IL 1460 of propeller blades:
(a) Constructed wholly of wood or glass-fibre-reinforced
plastics;
Aircraft and helicopters, including tilt wing and tilt (b) Constructed mainly of wood or glass-fibre-reinforced
rotor aircraft, aero-engines and aircraft and plastics; and using other materials only in the leading edge
helicopter equipment, and technology therefor, as or tip; or
follows: (c) Constructed mainly of glass-fibre-reinforced or carbon-
fibre-reinforced plastics;
(7) Technology for the design and production of digital electronic
NOTE: synchrophasers specially designed for propellers; technology for
The provisions of this Item do not release technology for computer-aided the design of digital electronic controls for propellers; and
design (CAD) or computer-aided design/ manufacturing (CAD/CAM); technology for the production of digital electronic controls for
or technology relating to manufacturing equipment or hardware the propellers described in (6) above;
embargoed by Items IL 1080~ IL 1081, IL 1086~ IL 1088, IL 1091, IL (8) Technology for the design and production of active laminar
1312~ IL 1357, IL 1361, n. 1362, n. 1371, IL 1522, IL 1529 or any flow control lifting surfaces;
other Item, for the production or evaluation of aero-engines, APUs,
"helicopter power transfer systems" or their specially designed
NOTE:
Design technology covered by sub-items (b)(1) to (8) above
components, or technology specific to production of alloys as embargoed
includes the data used to substantiate the design approach.
by Item IL 1610 (see also IL 1310).
(9) Technology for the development of helicopter multi-axis fly-
by-light or fly-by-wire controllers which combine the
(a) Aircraft and helicopters, except those which do not contain
functions of at least two of the following into one controlling
equipment embargoed by the Munitions List or Items IL 1485 or IL
element:
1501 (unless the export of such equipment is eligible for national
(A) Collective controls;
discretion treatment under IL 1485 and IL 1501) and which are of
(B) Cyclic controls;
types which are in bona fide normal civil use;
(C) Yaw controls;
(b) Technology for aircraft: and helicopter, including tilt wing and tilt
(10) Technology for the development of circulation controlled anti-
rotor aircraft, airframes, for aircraft: propellers, and "helicopter rotor
torque or directional control systems for helicopters;
systems" components, as follows, and "specially designed software"
therefor: TECHNICAL NOTE:
(1) Design technology using computer-aided aerodynamic analyses 'Circulation-controlled' anti-torque and directional control
for integration of the fuselage, propulsion system and lifting and systems utilise air blown over aerodynamic surfaces to increase
control surfaces to optimize aerodynamic performance or control the forces generated by the surfaces. Buried fan-in-
throughout the flight regime of an aircraft; fin anti-torque designs fitted or not fitted with guide vanes such
(2) Technology for the design of active flight control systems, as as the 'fenestron' are excluded from this category.
follows: (11) Technology for the development of helicopter rotor blades
(A) Technology for configuration design for inter-connecting incorporating variable geometry airfoils;
multiple microelectronic processing elements (on-board
computers) to achieve high-speed data transfer and high-
TECHNICAL NOTE:
Variable geometry airfoils utilise trailing edge flaps or tabs, or
speed data integration for control law implementation;
leading edge slats or pivoted nose droop, which can be
(B) Technology for control law compensation for sensor
controlled in position in flight.
location and dynamic airframe loads, i.e. compensation for
(12) Technology for the development of active control ofhclicopter
sensor vibration environment and for variation of sensor
blades and other surfaces used to generate aerodynamic forces
location from centre of gravity;
and moments;
(C) Technology for electronic management of systems
redundancy and data redundancy for fault detection, fault TECHNICAL NOTE:
tolerance and fault isolation; Active control (of helicopter blades and other surfaces used to
generate aerodynamic forces and moments) functions to
NOTE: prevent undesirable helicopter vibrations, structural loads, or
This sub-item does not embaigo technology for the design
helicopter rotor dynamic behaviour by autonomously
of physical redundancy in hydraulic or mechanical systems
processing outputs from multiple sensors and then providing
or in electrical wiring.
necessary preventive commands to effect automatic control.
(0) Technology for design of flight controls which permit
(13) Technology for the development and production of integrated
inflight reconfiguration of force and moment controls;
automated propulsion and airfoil control systems for tilt wing
TECHNICAL NOTE: and tilt rotor aircraft;
Active flight control systems function to prevent undesirable (c) "Helicopter power transfer systems" and technology therefor,
aircraft motions or structural loads by autonomously processing except:
outputs from multiple sensors and then providing necessary (1) Those "helicopter power transfer systems" destined for use in
preventative commands to effect automatic control. "civil helicopters" only, as follows:
(3) Design technology for integration of flight control, navigation (A) Those which have been in civil use in bona fide "civil
and propulsion control data into a flight management system helicopters" for more than eight years;
for flight path optimization; (B) Those which it is considered do not contain, and were not
(4) Design technology for protection of avionic and electrical sub- fabricated utilising any of the technologies shown in
systems against electromagnetic pulse (EMP) and Note 9;
electromagnetic interference (EMI) hazards from sources (C) Not used.
external to the aircraft, as follows: (D) Those for replacement in or servicing of specific,
(A) Technology for design of shielding systenlS; previously exported helicopters;
(B) Technology for the configuration design of hardened (2) Data not in the public domain resulting from "helicopter
electrical circuits and sub-systems; power transfer system" performance and installation design
(C) Determination of hardening criteria for the above; studies; fabrication technology, or overhaul and refurbishing
(5) Technology for the design, production and reconstruction of technology for specific "helicopter power transfer systems" in

21 security ·export .control March 1991


civil use in bona fide "civil helicopters" for more than eight 3. Not used. .; . .~
years, unless they remain listed in Note 9; 4. Exports of technology, inclucling transfer of slcills and data; ne~elisaiy'"
NOTE: for the design, fabrication, assembly and production testing of gas
"Helicopter power transfer system" performance and turbine engines embargoed by sub-item (d) or of the speciall}'
installation design data do not include technology designed components embargoed by sub-item (e) are subject to the
for: computer-aided design (CAD); computer-aided embargo except, for civil use only, as provided in (a) to (g) below
design/manufacturing (CAD/CAM); or parametric and in Notes 7 and 8. It is intended that the export of any of these
performance analysis, engine analysis and selection, or technologies to a military end-user or for military end-use be subject
component design utilising unpublished technical data. to the embargo. This Note does not remove from embargo
(d) Gas turbine engines and auxiliary power units (APUs) for use in computer-aided design (CAD) or computer-aided
aircraft or helicopters and technology therefor, except: design/manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology. Only technology
(1) Those destined for use in "civil aircraft" or "civil helicopters" which is non-CAD, non-CAD/CAM may be shipped as provided
only, as follows: for in the appropriate sub-paragraph(s). This Note also does not
(A) Jet, turboprop and turboshaft aircraft engines in civil use in release technology relating to manufacturing equipment or
bona fide "civil aircraft" or "civil helicopters" for more hardware, covered by Items IL 1080, IL 1086, n. 1088, n. 1091,
than eight years, or which it is considered do not contain, IL 1312, IL 1357, IL 1361, IL 1522, n. 1529 or any other Item,
and were not fabricated utilising, any of the technologies for the production or evaluation of gas turbine engines or their
shown in Note 8; specially designed components, or technology specific to production
(B) Not used. of alloys embargoed by Item IL 1610 (see also Item IL 1310).
(C) Gas turbine powered aircraft APUs in civil use in bona fide (a) Technology, including transfer of skills and technical data,
"civil aircraft" or "civil helicopters" for more rhan eight necessary for aircraft performance analyses and installation
years, or which it is considered do not contain, and were design stuclies of specific gas turbine aero-engines or aircraft gas
not fabricated utilizing, any of the technologies shown in turbine APUs embargoed by sub-item (d) above or of their
Note 8; specially designed components embargoed by sub-item (e)
(2) Data not in the public domain resulting from aircraft above shall be subject to the embargo for a period of twelve
performance and installation design studies; fabrication years, as defined in Note 2, after those engines have entered
technology, or overhaul and refurbishing technology for into bona fide civil use. From the end of the embargo period,
specific gas turbine aero-engines or gas turbine powered aircraft the above technology may be shipped to civil end-users for
APUs in civil use in bona fide "civil aircraft" or "civil civil end-uses.
helicopters" for more than twelve years, unless they remain (b) Fabrication technologies listed in Note 8 for gas turbine aero-
listed in Note 8; engines or aircraft gas turbine APUs embargoed by sub-item (d)
above or for their specially designed components embargoed by
NOTE: sub-item (e) above shall remain embargoed until those engines
Aircraft performance and installation design data do not include
or APUs have been in civil use for more than twelve years, as
technology for: computer-aided design (CAD); computer-aided defined in Note 2, unless they remain listed in Note 8.
design/manufacturing (CAD/CAM); or parametric engine Fabrication technologies (other than CAD/CAM) to civil end-
performance analysis, engine cycle analysis and selection, or users for civil end-uses provided such engine technologies have
component aerodynamic design utilising unpublished technical been in engines or APUs in civil use for more than eight years,
data. as defined in Note 2.
(e) Specially designed components for gas turbine engines, APUs and
(c) Fabrication technology for gas turbine aero-engines or aircraft
"helicopter power transfer systems", embargoed by (c) and (d)
gas turbine APUs embargoed by sub-item (d) above, or for
above, as follows:
specially designed components embargoed by sub-item (e)
(1) Embodying technologies listed under Notes 8 or 9;
above, which do not embody any technology listed in Note 8.
(2) Hot-section components;
(3) Engine control system components; NB:
(4) Gas turbine engine or APU rotor system components The above is not effective until 8 years after 1st September
(inclucling bearings); 1990.
Fabrication technologies (other than CAD/CAM) to
NOTES: civil end-users for civil end-uses.
1. (a) Aero-engines, APUs or "helicopter power transfer systems"
(d) Technology for assembly and production testing of gas turbine
which have any special feature designed for a military
aero-engines or aircraft gas turbine APUs embargoed by sub-
application are embargoed by the Munitions List.
item (d) above, or of their specially designed components
(b) See also Items IL 1485 and IL 1501.
embargoed by sub-item (e) above.
(c) For marine gas turbine engines and related technology, see.
Item IL 1431. NB:
2. The period oH'ona fide civil use referred to in sub-items (c) and (d) The above is not effective until 8 years after 1st September
above begins with the date that the particular engine or "helicopter 1990.
power transfer system" (model and specifications) or its most recent Technology (other than CAD/CAM) to civil end-users
modification was certified as airworthy for commercial service or for civil end-uses.
commercial navigability under the standards and requirements of the (e) Technology for on-site installation, operation, maintenance and
government of the country in which it was manufactured. repair of gas turbine engines or APUs embargoed by sub-item
However, it is recognized that many modifications which may (d) above.
require recertification may pertain to minor safety or operational NB:
changes which do not significantly enhance the performance of a The above is not effective until 8 years after 1st September
particular gas turbine aero-engine or improve its reliability. It is the 1990.
intent that for control purposes: Technology (other than CAD/CAM) to civil end-users
(a) A gas turbine acro-engine which is recertified as the result of for civil end-uses.
incorporating any technology listed in Note 8 will be treated as (f) Overhaul and refurbishing technologies for gas turbine engines
a newly certified engine. Recertification which does not result or APUs embargoed by sub-item (d) above or for specially
from incorporation of such technology, or moclifications which designed components embargoed by sub-item (e) above, which
do not require recertification by national authorities, will not embody any technology listed in Note 8, shall remain
affect the current period of civil use of the engine; embargoed until those engines or APUs have been in civil use
(b) Modification of a gas turbine APU by incorporation of any lor more than twelve years, as defined in Note 2.
technology listed in Note 8 will cause it to be treated as a new Overhaul and refurbishing technologies (other than CAD or
APU. Other modifications will not affect the current period of CAD/CAM) 1:0 civil end-users for civil end-uses provided that
civil use of the APU; . such engines oJr APUs have been in civil use for more than
(c) Modification of a "helicopter power transfer system" by eight years, as defined in Note 2.
incorporation of any technology listed in Note 9 will restart the (g) Overhaul and refurbishing technologies for gas turbine engines
control period for the "helicopter. power transfer system" as or APUs embargoed by sub-item (d) above or for specially
though it were newly certified in a helicopter. Other designed components embargoed by sub-item (e) above, which
moclifications will not affect the current period of civil use of do not embody any technology listl!'d in Note 8, shall remain
the "helicopter power transfer system". embargoed until those engines or APUs have been in civil use.

'~"'iJrlty export control . March 1991 »


IL 1460 continued NB:
The above is not effective until 8 years after 1st September
for more than eight years, as defined in Note 2. 1990.
Know-how (other than CAD or CAD/CAM) to civil end- Technology (other than CAD/CAM) to civil end-users
users for civil end-uses. for civil end-uses.
NB: (f) Overhaul and refurbishing technologies for "helicopter power
The provisions of (a) to (g) above apply provided: transfer systems" embargoed by sub-item (c) above, or for
(a) Technology as described in this Note, including unpublished specially designed components embargoed by sub-item (e)
data (all data other than those generally available to the public), above, which embody any technology listed in Note 9, shall
to be provided will be the minimum necessary in content and remain embargoed until those "helicopter power transfer
quality for the purposes of the transaction; and systems" have been in civil use for more than eight years, as
(b) It is considered that specially designed components to be defined in Note 2.
assembled into gas turbine engines or APUs produced by the Overhaul and refurbishing technologies (other than CAD or
recipient with technology supplied under this Note, and all the CAD/CAM) to civil end-users for civil end-uses, provided
gas turbine engines and APUs thereby assembled, will be for such "helicopter power transfer system" technologies have been
bona fide civil use in "civil aircraft" or "civil helicopters" as in bona fide "civil helicopters" in civil use for more than six
described in the definition of terms used in the Security Export years, as defined in Note 2.
Control lists. ' (g) Overhaul and refurbishing technologies for "helicopter power
5. Exports of technology including transfer of skills and data, necessary transfer systems" embargoed by sub-item (c) above, or for
for the design, fabrication, assembly and production testing of specially designed components embargoed by sub-item (e)
"helicopter power transfer systems" embargoed by sub-item (c) above, which do not embody any technology listed in Note 9,
above, or of the specially designed components embargoed by sub- shall remain embargoed until those "helicopter power transfer
item (e) above, shall be subject to the embargo except, for civil use systems" have been in civil use for more than eight years, as
only, as provided in (a) to (g) below and in Note 9. It is intended defined in Note 2.
that export of any of these technologies to a military end-user or for Overhaul and refurbishing technologies (other than CAD or
military end-use be subject to embargo. This Note does not CAD/CAM) to civil end-users for civil end-uses.
remove from embargo computer-aided design (CAD) or computer-
aided design/manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology. Only NB:
technology which is non-CAD, non-CAD/CAM may be shipped The provisions of (a) to (g) above apply provided:
as provided for in the appropriate sub-paragraph(s). This Note also (a) Technology as described in this Note, including
does not release technology relating to manufacturing equipment or unpublished technical data (all data other than that
hardware, covered by Items IL 1088, IL 1091, IL 1312, IL 1357, generally available to the public), to be provided will be the
IL 1371, IL 1522, IL 1529 or any other Item, for the production or minimum necessary in content and quality for the purposes
evaluation of "helicopter power transfer systems" or their specially of the transaction; and
designed components. (b) It is considered that the specially designed components to
(a) Technology, including transfer of skills and technical data, be assembled into "helicopter power transfer systems"
necessary for "helicopter power transfer system" performance produced by the recipient with technology supplied under
analyses and installation design studies of specific "helicopter this Note, and the "helicopter power transfer systems"
power transfer systems" embargoed by sub-item (c) above or of thereby assembled, will be for bona fide civil use in "civil
their specially designed components embargoed by sub-item (e) aircraft" or "civil helicopters" as described in the definition
above shall be subject to the embargo for a period of eight of terms used in the Security Export Control lists.
years, as defined in Note 2, after those systems have entered 6. The shipment, for civil end-uses by civil end-users, of
into bona fide civil use. From the end of the embargo period, (a) "Helicopter power transfer systems" embargoed by sub-item (c)
the above technology may be shipped to civil end-users for above when incorporated in bona fide "civil helicopters";
civil end-uses. (b) Gas turbine engines or APUs embargoed by sub-item (d) above
(b) Fabrication technologies listed in Note 9 for "helicopter power for incorporation into or incorporated in bona fide "civil
transfer systems" embargoed by sub-item (c) above or for the aircraft" or "civil helicopters";
specially designed "helicopter power transfer system" (c) Specially designed components embargoed by sub-item (e)
components embargoed by sub-item (e) above shall remain above, for use in engines, APUs or "helicopter power transfer
embargoed until those technologies have been in bona fide systems" authorised for production in proscribed destinations or
"civil helicopters" in civil use for more than eight years, as previously exported under (a) or (b) above, provided:
defined in Note 2, unless the technology remains listed in (1) The specially designed components will only be
Note 9. incorporated in engines, APUs or "helicopter power
Fabrication technologies (other than CAD/CAM) to civil transfer systems" produced for use in bona fide "civil
end-users for civil end-uses, provided that such "helicopter aircraft" or "civil helicopters"; and
power transfer system" technologies have b~en in bona fide (2) I t is considered that exports exports of specially designed
"civil helicopters" in civil use for more than six years, as components for "helicopter power traIi.~fer systems"
defined in Note 2. embodying technologies listed in Note 9, or for gas turbine
(c) Fabrication technology for "helicopter power transfer systems" aero-engines or aircraft gas turbine APUs embodying
embargoed by sub-item (c) above or for specially designed technologies listed in Note 8, arc only in quantities
"helicopter power transfer system" components embargoed by appropriate:
sub-item (e) above, which do not embody any technology (A) To support the assembly of that number of "helicopter
listed in Note 9. power transfer systems", engines or APUs required for
installation in, and as standard spares for, bona fide
NB: "civil aircraft" or "civil helicopters" in current
The above is not effective until 8 years after 1st September
production; or
1990.
(B) To support current civil fleet operations.
Fabrication technology (other than CAD/CAM) to civil 7. Not used.
end-users for civil end-uses. 8. Sub-item (d) above does not embargo for use in bona fide "civil
(d) Technology for assembly and production testing of "helicopter aircraft" or "civil helicopters" those engines which it is considered
power transfer systems" embargoed by sub-item (c) above or of contain none of the technologies listed. Gas turbine engines
their specially designed components embargoed by sub-item (e) embodying any of these technologies shall remain under embargo
above. until the technology has been in civil use for eight years, as defined
NB: in Note 2, after the initial certification date (shown in table 1). The
The above is not effective until 8 years after 1st September following technologies shall remain under control for twelve years
1990. after the initial certification date of the engine (shown in table 1),
Technology (other than CAD/CAM) to civil end-users unless the expiration date of the embargo period is extended:
for civil end uses. 9. Sub-item (c) above does not embargo for use in bona fide "civil
(e) Technology for on-site installation, operation, maintenance and helicopters" those "helicopter power transfer systems" which it is
repair of "helicopter power tran~fer systems" embargoed by considered contain none of the technologies listed below.
sub-item (c) above. "Helicopter power transfer systems" embodying any of these

M security export control March 1991


technologies, and these technologies themselves, shall remain under II.~­

control for eight years after the initial certification date (shown in flow_ path
Adjuslobloend
goomotry tod
table 2), unless the expiration date is extended: control sya1emo for:
, tons None
· gee gononItof turblno(s) None
~RntEPEOPU;'SltBPUBUCOF CHlNA'QNI:;~': ..., · Ianlpo_ turbino(o)
· propelling nozzIoo
None
None
10. The shipment to' the People's Republic of C1;linaof aircraft'/
(!\djuslOble flow path goomotry and IlOlIOCloted control _ _ do not Includo: InIol guldo _ ,
and helicopters which are considered to be of types which are in vartabkt pitch fans, variable stators or bleed va!vee for compreeaors.)
bona fide normal 'civil use, which contain equipment covered by
Full authority or hybrid
Iteens n.1485 or n. 1501, provided: dignal olectronlc control 25111180 E3NE
(a) Any embargoed components in such aircraft or helicopters are and respective sensor
equipment
limited to those nonnally installed by the nunufacturer;
(b) Repair and maintenance of embargoed inertial navigation High temporotUfO (copobIo
of utilizing gaaee heBted
systems and complete overhaul of embargoed engiJJ.es will be obovo 1,373 K (1.' OOC) None
heat ex-changera for
performed in a non-proscribed country or by representatives of preheating compressor
the Western suppliers; attd exit air
(c) Embargoed parts will be replaced on a one-for-one basis. Combustors with combustion
11. The shipment to civil end-users in countries other than those in in several stages 08I11n9 CFM-56 E2GL

Note 10 of aircraft and helicopters which are considered to be of Maintenance of compresaor


or turbine tip clearance
types which are in bona fide normal civil use, which contain through methods empklying
equipment covered by Items IL 1485 or IL 1501, provided: active compensating casing
technology:
(a) Any embargoed components in such aircraft or helicopters are · compressor alone None
limited to those normally installed by the manufacturer; · turbine alone 01104181 JT9D-7R4El E3NE
· compressor and turbine None
(b) Repair, maintenance and complete overhaul, exclusive of line
Ceramic bearings None
maintenance, of embargoed inertial navigation systems,
embargoed engines, including FADEC (Full Authority Digital Nozzles with thrust
vectorlng (not inclu-
Engine Control) and digital fly-by-wire equipment, will be ding reverse tlvust) None
performed in a non-proscribed country;
NB. Technology for computer·aided design/manufacturing (CADICAM) Is not ~ by the deletion
(c) Embargoed parts and equipment will be replaced on a one-for- of any technology from the above list.
onc basis, retained in an approved and secured warehouse, Embargo poriod oxtended by threa years to 30th September, 1989 end by another throo _ _ to
under the control of a non-proscribed country national. their 30th september, 1992.
•• Embargo period extended by three years to 16th september, 1985. then by th,.. years to
storage locations identified, and their precise inventory ensured 16th September. 1988 and by another th_ years to 16th September. 1991,
by the operator and available for inspection by the OH Embargo period extended by three years to 7th April, 1986, and by another three yeara to
7th April. 1989.
manufacturer on demand;
(d) Documentation and training supplied to the operator will not
include embargoed technology; l. Materials and manufac· Initial certifi- HolicoptOf TypocortJ1l-
(e) Spare parts will be supplied to the operator in accordance with turing procedures cation date cat. number
the manufacturer's Initial Provisioning. A Rotor heads. containing:
Hot-j90statically
pressed materials None
Toblel

I. Materials and Initial certi· Engine Type certjfi~ B. Gear boxes. containing:
manufacturing fication date ficatenumber Novikoff-type gears None
procedures. Gears or gear support
stnJetures based on
Ceramic. ceramic- materials applying None
comfX)site or composite directional solidi-
hot-section components fICation or monocrystal
(combustor, turbine None technology
blades end vanes, seals, . High cont8Ct~ralio
discs, flow path) double-helical (arrow· None
shaped) gears
Turbine blades on basis
of directional solidifi- Fibre technology None
cation capable of operating Hot-isostatically None
in high gas temperature pressed components
environments (in excess
of 1,593 K (1 ,32OC)) 30109n4(O) JT9D-7F E20EA Gear tooth surfaces
hardened by vacuum None
Turbine blades on basis carburizing or ion
of monocrystal technology 25/11/80 JT9D-7R4 E3NE nitriding

Turbine blades consisting C. Drive shaft systems


of several parts connected None containing super- None
by diffusion bonding critical drive shafts

Fibre technology in frames


or in highly stressed 11. eonetruction method.
discs. casings. blades None
and vanes A. Components fabricated
by diffusion bonding None
Application of powder
metallurgy for fan. com- B High·survivability loss-
pressor and turbine blades of-lubrication techno-
or vanes; discs. wheels logy for high-spood None
reduction gears. engine booringa (ON equal to or
main shafts and frames greeter than 2.4 million
· discs 01nB JTBD-17 E2EA where 0 is 8xpteSMd in
· fan, compressor and tur- mIllimetres and N In rpm)
bine blades or vanes,
wheels. reducticn gears. None NB: Technology for computOf-Oi<lod dosignlmon<Jlocturing (CAllICAM) la not _ by the doIotlon
engine main shafts and of any technotogy from the above list.
frames

Cooled components on basis


of e1ectrostream or laser
drilling methods; NOTE:
· electrostream drilling 3OI09n4 JT9D-7F E20EA
loser drilling 16I09nOn CFB-6 E23EA The intention of Note 2 to Item n. 1460 is to ensure an eight-year
embargo on gas turbine aero-engines, gas turbine powered aircraft APUs,
Electron beam drilftng and "helicopter power transfer systems". A twelve-year control of
for small holes in tur- None technologies for aero-engines and APUs, and an eight- year control of
bine blades and vanes
Qtem 1080(aX3) sets technologies for "heli.;opter power transfer systems" applies. It is
out the parameters for
small holes)
intended that, even after' these time periods have elapsed, the aero-
engines, APUs and "helicopter power transfer systems" and technology
Titanium or superaJloy·
casting on basis of 13/01nB TFE-731 E6WE therefor shall be exported only for use in bona fide "civil aircraft" or
centrifugal techniques "civil helicopters". Computer-aided design (CAD) or computer-aided
Ceramic core casting design/manufacturing (<j:AD/CAM) technology is not removed from
technology for cos- 07104mr, JTBD-15 E2EA embargo, nor auth..msed for :tlationaI discretion, by any provision ofIcem
ting holes In turbine
blades and vanes n.1460.
.. ,

Security e~ control ;~'1~?' ,jrt


(b) Launch vehicles;
IL 1460 continued (c) Propulsion systems, guidance equipment, attitude control
The technology which shall be administered according to Notes 4 and 5 equipment; and on-board communications equipment for remote
to Item IL 1460 is defined as follows: control of the equipment embargoed by (a) or (b) above;
(d) Specially designed components for the above.
1) On-site maintenance, component/sub-assembly replacement, or NOTE:
repair: Scientific mission space probes which do not contain equipment either
On-site installation; embargoed by sub-item (c) above or embargoed by any other Item on
On-site assembly and related testing; these Lists are not embargoed by this Item.
Operational limitations;
System specifications;
Tooling drawings for on-site maintenance and module separation;
Illustrated parts catalogue;
Operations engineering bulletins; IL 1485
On-site maintenance manual;
2) Fabrication: Inertial navigation systems, inertial equipment,
Production line assembly and test; gyroscopes (gyros) and accelerometers, and
Heat treating; "specially designed software" therefor, as follows,
Drilling processes; and specially designed components therefor:
Chemical processes;
Materials composition;
Foundry practices; (See also Items IL 1385 and IL 1465.)
Powder metallurgy;
Joining techniques; (a) Gyro compasses with provision for determining and transmitting
Complex machining techniques; ship's level reference data (roll, pitch) in addition to own ship's
Direction solidification and single-crystal blade/vane fabrication course data;
(b) "Integrated digital flight instrument systems" which include
technology;
3) Design: gyrostabilisers or automatic digital flight control systems for aircraft
(a) Aircraft performance analyses and installation design studies not and "specially designed software" for the integration thereof, except:
in the public domain including data specific to a particular (1) Flight instrument systems integrated solely for VOR, ILS or
engine: MLS navigation and approaches; or
Tabulated performance data for installation design use; (2) Integrated flight instrument systems which:
Structural and heat transfer analysis; (A) Have been in normal civil use for more than two years;
Vibration analysis; and
(B) Are standard equipment of "civil aircraft" and "civil
Bearing and seal design;
Durability and heat analysis; helicopters" ;
Engine skin temperatures, engine cycle pressures, and engine (c) Gyro-astro compasses and other devices which derive position or
thruster nozzle coefficients; orientation by means of automatically tracking celestial bodies;
Mounting system analysis; (d) Gyro-stabilisers used for purposes other than aircraft control, except:
Lubrication system analysis; (1) Those for stabilising an entire surface vessel; or
Fuel system analysis; (2) Those which have been in normal civil use for more than two
Control system analysis; years;
Exhaust system analysis; (e) Automatic pilots used for purposes other than aircraft control and
Engine noise characteristics; "specially designed software" for the integration thereof, except
Dimensions/tolerances; marine types for surface vessels;
Airfoil shapes; (For automatic pilots for underwater vehicles, see Item IL 1417.)
(b) Helicopter power transfer system performance analyses and (f) Accelerometers, designed for use in inertial navigation systems or in
installation design studies not in the public domain (including guidance systems of all types, having either of the following
data specific to a particular helicopter power transfer system): characteristics:
Dimensions/tolerances; (1) A threshold of 0.005 g or less; or
Mounting systems analysis; (2) A non-linearity ofless than 0.25% of full scale output;
Structural analysis; (g) Gyros with a rated free directional drift rate (rated free precession)
Vibration analysis; of less than 0.5' (1 sigma or root mean square value (r.m.s.» per
Bearing and seal design; hour in a 1 g environment;
Durability and heat trabsfer analysis; (h) Continuous output accelerometers which utilise 'servo' or 'force
Lubrication systems analysis; balance' techniques and gyros, both specified to function at
acceleration levels above 100 g;
Gear-box noise characteristics;
4) Other design technologies, not released on the basis of age, (i) Inertial or other equipment using accelerometers emhargoed by (f)
or (h) above or gyros embargoed by (g) or (h) above, and systems
including:
(a) For engines or APUs: incorporating such equipment, and "specially designed software" for
CAD or CAD/CAM (including design' and analysis computer the integration thereof;
programmes, parametric engine performance analysis); Specially designed test, calibration and alignment equipment for
Engine cycle analysis and selection; goods embargoed by any of the above sub-items.
Component aerodynamic design;
Airfoil cooling and seal design;
(b) For "helicopter power transfer systems":
CAD or CAD/CAM (including parametric helicopter gear-box
performance analysis and helicopter load-cycle analysis and
selection).

IL 1465
"Spa<:ecraft" and launch vehicles, as follows:

(a) "Spacecraft", manned or unmanned (not including their payloads);


NOTE:
For controls applicable to products contained in "spacecraft"
payloads, see the appropriate List Items.

.Ie SecUrity export control March 1991


commercial use, provided such equipment is eqQivalent:

Groups F and G in all characteristics and performance' to standard


equipment of aircraft not subject to embargo, and
which are frequency-modulated radio altimeters -which
have been in normal civil use for a period of more than

ELECTRONICS AND one


NB:
year~

PRECISION Technology of these radio altimeters remains


under embargo.
(c) Frequency modulated which have been in normal civil
INSTRUMENTS use for less than one year;
Technical Note: The accuracy is related to that
provided by the electrical output circuits ,of the
altimeter at any altitude. The word accuracy also refers
(See also ML 11) to the equipment's accuracy over time. This accuracy
over time is defined for the instrument itself without
NB: Broadcast and television receivers of the reference either to a calibrated value or to a designated
domestic type are expressly exempt from control. electrical value.
(D) Direction finding equipment operating at frequencies
greater than 5 MHz;
(E) Rated for continuous operation over a range of ambient
temperatures extending from below 218 K (-SS'C) to
IL 1501 above 328 K (+SS'C);
Navigation, direction finding, radar and airborne NOTES:
communication equipment, as follows: 1. Sub-item (b)(1)(B) does not embargo Loran-C equipment
(See also Items IL 1485 (b) and (i), IL 1573 and IL having all of the following characteristics:
(a) It has been in normal civil use for a period of more
1574,)
than one year;
(a) Airborne communication equipment having any of the following (b) It is standard commercial equipment:
characteristics, and specially designed components and "specially (1) Needed to equip "civil aircraft"; or
designed software" therefor: (2) Incorporated in "civil aircraft";
(1) Designed to operate at frequencies over 156 MHz; (c) It is equivalent in all characteristics and perforinances
(2) Incorporating facilities for: to standard equipment of aircraft not subject to
(A) The rapid selection of more than 200 channels per embargo;
equipment; or (d) It is in conformity with ICAO standards;
(B) Equipment using frequency synthesis techniques (see (e) It is not designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at
also Item IL 1531); frequencies higher than 3 MHz; and
except (f) It does not contain electronic equipment which:
equipment operating in the frequency range of 108 to 137 (1) Can compute the position of the aircraft in one
MHz with 760 channels orfewer at not less than 25 kHz coordinate system when furnished position
spacing, and which has beenin normal civil use for at least information in another coordinate system (i.e.,
one year; "coordinate conversion equipment");
(3) Rated for continuous operation 'over a range of ambient (2) Could not be shipped under the provisions of
temperatures extending from below 218 K (-SS'C) to above Item IL 1565; and
328 K (+SS'C); (3) Has been in normal civil use for a period of less
(4) Designed for modulating methods employing any form of than one year.
digital modulation using time and frequency redundancy such 2. Direction finding equipment specially designed for search
as Quantized Frequency Modulation (QFM); and rescue purposes operating at a frequency of 121.5 MHz
or 243 MHz is not covered by this sub-item. This
NOTE: exclusion also applies to personallocator beacons operating
This sub-item does not embargo airborne communication equipment in this form and which may also have an additional channel
which is not embargoed by (4) above and: selectable for voice mode only.
(a) Is needed to equip "civil aircraft"; or (2) Ground and marine equipment for use with airborne
(b) Is normal standard equipment incorporated in "civil aircraft"; navigation equipment utilizing the constant velocity or the
(b) Navigation and direction finding equipment, as follows, specially rectilinear propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves
designed components and "specially designed software" therefor, having a frequency under 400 THz;
and specialised testing, calibrating and training/simulating (3) Ground and marine direction finding equipment operating at
equipment therefor: frequencies greater than 30 MHz;
(1) Airborne navigation equipment and direction finding NOTE:
equipment, as follows: This sub-item does not embargo equipment, other than
(A) Designed to make use of Doppler frequency phenomena single side band equipment, operating at frequencies up to 157
except navigation equipment to be installed in "civil
MHz and employing a loop system or a system employing a
aircraft" or "civil helicopters", and which is normal
standard equipment of a type installed in "civil aircraft" or number spaced vertical aerials uniformly disposed around the
"civil helicopters" in a Western country. circumference of a circle, excluding electronically commutated
types.
NB: (4) Timing receivers whose only function is automatically
Technology for navigation equipment using Doppler
providing time derived from satellite signals to within 1. ms of
frequency phenomena remains under embargo.
Universal Coordinate Time (UTC) or better;
(B) Utilising the constant velocity or the rectilinear
(5) Ground or marine navigation and geodetic positioning systems
propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves having
designed for use with satellite-provided timing, positioning or
a frequency less than 400 THz;
navigation information;
(C) Radio altimeters, the following:
(c) Radar equipment, as follows, and specially designed components,
(a) Pulse modulated;
specialised testing, calibrating and training/ simulating equipment,
(b) Frequency modulated having a displayed electrical
and "specially designed software" therefor:
output accuracy better than + 914 mm over the range
(1) Airborne radar equipment;
between 0 and 30.4 m or better than + 3% above 30.4 m
except standard commercial airborne equipment NOTE:
needed to equip "civil aircraft" or "civil helicopters" or This Item doe~ not \ eno.'bargo airborne ch'il weather radar
as normal standard equipment incorporated in "civil conforming to international standards for civil weather radan
aircrafi" or "civil helicopters" being exported for civil provided they do not include any of the following: _~

Security export 4ontrot March ,199-1 f'.l:;.;.


l . .
NOTES:
IL 1501 amti"ued 1. Nothing in the following permits the export of specially designed
(a)Phased array antennas; "software" or technology for navigation, clirection fincling, radar and
(b)"Frequency agility"; airborne communication equipment, or technology for specially designed
(c)"Spread spectrum"; or components therefor, except for the minimum "so~are" and technology
(d)Any signal processing specially designed for tracking of for the use (i.e. the installation, operation and maintenance) of the
vehicles. following equipment.
(2) Ground and marine radar equipment having one or more of
the following features: This Item does not embargo the following:
(A) Operating at a frequency not in normal civil use or ar a (a) Standard commercial airborne equipment embargoed by sub-item
frequency of more than 10.5 GHz; (b)(I)(B) above needed to equip "civil aircraft" or "civil helicopters"
(B) Operating at a frequency of less than 1.5 GHz and having a or as normal standard equipment incorporated in "civil aircraft" or
peak output power from the transmitter greater than "civil helicopters" being exported for civil commercial use,
2.5 MW; or operating at a frequency within the range of provided such equipment is in conformity with ICAO standards and
1.5 to 3.5 GHz and having a peak ourput power from the assures no function exceecling those resulting from such standards, is
transmitter greater than 1.5 MW; or operating at a not designed to use satellite broadcasted navigation signals and is not
frequency within the range of 3.5 to 6 GHz and having a designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at frequencies greater than
peak output power from the transmitter greater than 3 MHz. (Standard commercial airborne equipment designed to
1 MW; or make use of hyperbolic grids at frequencies of less than 3 MHz may
operating at a frequency Within the range of 6 to 10.5 GHz be exported if "coorclinate conversion equipment", which has been
and having a peak output power from the transmitter in normal civil use for less than one year or which could not be
greater than 500 kW; shipped under the provisions of Item lL 1565, is not included or is
(C) Operating at a frequency of less than 3.5 GHz and having not separately supplied.) Normal civil equipment released by this
an 80% or better "probability of detection" for a 10 m' paragraph consists of: Marker beacons, ILS, VOR (OMNI), Omega,
target at a free space range of 250 nautical miles; or Loran A and B;
operating at a frequency within the range oD.5 to 10.5 GHz (b) Ground and marine equipment embargoed by sub-item (b) (2)
and having an 80010 or better "probability of detection" for above,. for use with airborne navigation equipment using the
a 10 m' target at a free space range of 100 nautical miles; constant velocity or rectilinear propagation characteristics of
(D) Utilising other than pulse modulation with a constant or electromagnetic waves having a frequency under 400 THz,
staggered pulse repetition frequency, in which the carrier provided the ground equipment is for use at civil airports or for civil
frequency of the transmitted signal is not changed use in association with civil airborne equipment, and:
deliberately between groups of pulses, from pulse to pulse . (1) Is in conformity with lCAO standards and assures no function
or within a single pulse; except civil commercial airport exceeding those resulting from such standards;
radars using a carrier frequency that may change from pulse (2) Is not designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at frequencies
to pulse between two fixed frequencies separated in time greater than 3 MHz;
and in frequency by constant magnitudes; (c) Equipment embargoed by sub-item (b)(5) above which is restricted
(E) Utilising a Doppler technique for any purpose, other than to use with TRANSIT satellite systems or other unembargoed
M.T.I. systems using a conventional double or triple pulse systems and which is not also embargoed by sub-item (b)(4) above;
delay line cancellation technique; except those utilised for (d) Secondary radar equipment embargoed by sub-item (c) above
surveillanc~ and control radars for aerial navigation in civil specially designed for civil air traffic identification and control
airports; purposes;
(F) Inclucling any cligital signal processing techniques used for (e) Equipment assemblies for civil marine automatic radar plotting aids
automatic target tracking, or having a facility for electronic or electronic relative motion analysers designed to achieve the
tracking; requirements published by the International Maritime Organisation
(G) Including signal processing techniques other than those in accordance with the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) conventions,
embargoed by (F) above, which have been in normal civil provided the designed tracking speeds do not exceed relative values
use for a period ofless than two years; greater than 77.1 metres/second;
(H) In the case of ground radar, having been in commercial use (I) Ground radar of the hand-held or automobile-mounted type used
for a period ofless than one year; for vehicle speed monitoring by police authorities and operating in
NOTE: the frequency band from 10.5 to 10.55 GHz.
The shipment of the following: (g) Global positioning satellite receivers listed in sub-items (b)(4) and
(a) Radar equipment embargoed only by (2)(A) , (B) or (C) above, (b)(5) above which have all of the following characteristics:
provided both of the following conditions arc met: (1) Capable only of processing the Lt channel (also called the
(1) It is specially designed for the surveillance and coordination of Standard Positioning Service (SPS) channel);
airfield surface traffic; and (2) Capable of only the Short-Term Code (Coarse Acquisition
(2) It is to be installed at airports operating scheduled commercial Code (C/A) code) with short term generation cycle;
flights; (3) No decryption capabilities;
(b) Radar equipment embargoed only by (2)(B) or (C) above, or by (4) Inclucling no caesium beam standards; and
both, provided all the following conditions are met: . (5) Inclucling no null steerable antennae.
(1) Operating at a frequency of not more than 1.5 GHz and havmg 2. Specialised testing or calibrating equipment shipped pursuant
a peak output power from the transmitter not greater than to the various exclusion clauses in this Item shall be limited to
5 MW; or operating at a frequency within the range of 1.5 to equipment:
3.5 GHz and having a peak output power not greater than (a) Shipped with operational equipment for which the exclusion clause
2.5 MW; is intended; or
(2) Having an 80% or better "probability of detection" for a 10 m' (b) Specifically for such operational equipment which has been
target at a free space range of 270 nautical miles; previously exported.
(3) Having a pulse repetition frequency exceeding 300 pulses per
second; and
(4) It is to be installed for air traffic control of scheduled inter-
national commercial flights;
(c) Radar equipment embargoed only by (2)(D) or (E) above, provided
IL 1502
it is to be installed for air traffic control purposes in international
airports and has been in normal civil use for a period of not less than
three years;
Communication, detection or tracking equipment of
(d) Radar equipment embargoed by (2)(F) above, provided it is a kind using ultra-violet radiation, infrared radiation
specially designed for marine, harbour or meteorological use, or has or ultrasonic waves, specially designed components
been in normal civil use for not less than three years; and "specially designed software" therefor.
(e) Radar equipment embargoed only by (2)(G) above, provided it is
specially designed for marine (or harbour) use, or radar equipment
embargoed only by (2)(G) or (H) above, or both, provided it is NOTES:
specially designed for meteorological observation. I Infrared or ultra-violet sensing devices not otherwise embargoed by

28 $ecurltyexport control March 1991


Item ML 15 on the Munitions List and which contain image
intensifiers embargoed by Item IL 1555 are dealt with in this Item. IL 1510
2. This Item does not embargo:
(a) Industrial equipment employing cells not embargoed by Item Marine or terrestrial acoustic systems or equipment
IL 1548; specially designed for detecting or locating
(b) Industrial and civilian intrusion alarm, traffic and industrial underwater or subterranean objects or features or for
movement control and counting systems; determining the position of surface or underwater
(c) Medical equipment; vehicles, as follows, and specially designed
(d) Industrial equipment used for inspection, sorting or analysis of
the properties of materials;
components and "specially designed software"
(e) "Simple educational devices" which employ photocells; therefor:
(f) Simple devices for entertainment or for home use which
employ photocells; (a) Marine systems or equipment:
(g) Flame detectors for industrial furnaces; (1) Active (transmitting or transmirting and receiving) systems or
(h) Equipment for non-contact temperature measurement for equipment, as follows:
laboratory or industrial purposes using a single detector cell (A) Wide swath bathymetric survey systems capable of
with no scanning of the detector; the following: .
(i) Instruments capable of measuring radiated power or energy (a) Measuring depths of more than 300 m below the water
having a response time constant exceeding 10 ms; surface; and
G) Equipment designed for measuring radiated power or energy (b) Taking measurements at an angle exceeding 10·
for laboratory, agricultural or industrial purposes using a single (0.175 rad) from the vertical;
detector cell with no scanning of the detector and single (B) Object detection or location systems having any of the
detector cell assemblies or probes specially designed therefor, following characteristics:
having a response time constant exceeding 1 microsecond; (a) Transmitting frequency below 15 k:Hz;
(k) Infrared geodetic equipment, provided that equipment uses a (b) Sound pressure level exceeding 224 dB (reference 1
lighting source other than a "laser" and is manually operated, or micropascal at 1 metre) for equipment with an
uses a lighting source (other than a "laser" or a light-emitting operating frequency at or above 15 kHz and at or,
diode) remote from the measuring equipment; below 24 k:Hz;
(I) Infrared communication equipment with characteristics not (c) Sound pressure level exceeding 235 dB (reference 1
exceeding those in Item IL 1519; micropascal at 1 metre) for equipment with an
3. This Item does not embargo ultrasonic devices: operating frequency exceeding 24 but not exceeding
(a) Operating in contact with a controlled material to be inspected; 30 k:Hz;
(b) Used for industrial cleaning, sorting or materials handling; (d) Transmission bandwidth exceeding ± 10% of the
(c) Used for emulsification; design centre frequency;
(d) Used for homogenisation; (e) Designed to withstand pressure during normal
(e) Used in "simple educational devices"; operation at depths exceeding 1 km; or
(f) Used in simple entertainment devices; (f) Capable of measuring distances over 5 km;
4. This Item does not embargo underwater ultrasonic communication NOTE: Sub-item (a)(I)(B) does not embargo depth
systems which do not have any of the following: sounders operating vertically below the apparatus and
(a) Electronic beam steering; which do not include a scanning function used solely for
(b) Encryption techniques; or measuring the depth of water or the distance of submerged
(c) A carrier frequency outside the range 20 to 60 k:Hz. or buried objects or for fish-finding.
5. Nothing in this Note releases any technology from embargo. This (C) Acoustic projectors, including transducers, incorporating
Item does not embargo: piezoelectric, magnetostricti ve, electrostrictive,
(a) Infrared thermal imaging equipment having all the following electrodynamic or hydraulic elements operating
characteristics: individually or in a designed combination, other than
(1) The detector is a single element; specially designed components for equipment described
(2) The detector is neither a charge coupled device (CCD) nor elsewhere in this Item, and having any of the following
an integrate-while-scan device; characteristics:
(3) The detector is either: (a) An instantaneous radiated acoustic power density
(A) Not cooled; or exceeding IOW Im'/Hz for devices operating at
(B) Cooled by using a liquid nitrogen Dewar vessel; and frequencies below 100 k:Hz;
(4) The equipment is: (b) A continuously radiated acoustic power density
(A) N on-ruggedised, medical equipment; or exceeding 1 W Im'/Hz for devices operating at
(B) Has both of the following: frequencies below 100 kHz;
(a) A resolution not exceeding 22,500 resolvable (c) Designed to withstand pressure during normal
elements; and operation at depths exceeding 1 km;
(b) A Noise Equivalent Temperature Difference (d) Projecting sound with a beamwidth less than 3·
(NETD) (or temperature sensitivity) ofno less than 1 K; (0.0524 rad) for devices operating at frequencies below
NB: This paragraph does not release Joule-Thompson coolers, 100 k:Hz; or
cooling engines or thermoelectric coolers. (e) With side-lobe suppression exceeding 22 dB;
(b) Infrared viewing equipment having all the following
characteristics: Technical Note:
(1) The detector is a pyroelectric vidicon without reticle; Acoustic power density is obtained by dividing the output
(2) The equipment is designed for fire fighting and buried acoustic power by the product of the area of the radiating
body detection; and surface and the frequency of operation.
(3) The optimal sensitivity is in the wavelengrh range from 8
to 14 micrometres. NOTE:
Sub-item (a)(I)(C) does not embargo electronic
noise sources for vertical use only, or mechanical, e.g., air
gun or vapour-shock gun or chemical, e.g., explosive,
noise sources.
(D) Acoustic systems or equipment for determining the
position of surface or underwater vehicles, having any of
the following characteristics:
(a) Capable of processing responses from more than eight
beacons in the calculation of a point;
(b) Using coherent "signal processing" between two or
more bea~ons and the hydrophoAe unit carried by
surface or ~.r"rwater vehicle;
(c) Having devices for automatically correcting speed-()f-

Security export eontrol March 1~1 ~


applications embargoed by this Item; or
IL 1510 rontinued (2) Employing geophones or other transducers embargoed by this
sound propagation errors for calculation of a point; Item.
(d) Capable of operating at a range of more than 1 km FOR, THE PEOPLE'S '~UBUC'OF CIDN.\.ONLY- .
with a positional accuracy of better Qess) than 20 m ''''~:~: ~ -..... "" r ': ~ ';

when measured at a range of 1 km; The Ship~t of the'following 'equipment: ." '. .
(e) Having transducers, acoustic modules or hydrophones (a) Acoustic systems or equipment for de~ the posifiOrl of the
designed to withstand pressure at depths exceeding surface or underwater vehii:les,Jir~vided: . ., "":'
1 km; or . (1) TheY are hot caPable of pro=sing respO~' trom more than 8
(I) Having beacons with either of the following . ' ".' beacons in the calculation of a point;- ,, .
characteristics: (2). They do not have devices for correcting automatically speed-
(1) Designed to operate normally at depths exceeding , ,:"of-sound propagation errors for calculation of a point; ....
1 km; or . (3)' "They do not II3e coherent "signal l'rocessing" betwee'n two or
(2) Synchronised with each other using sing-around or more beacons and the hydrophone 'ufllt camel! 'by 'die surtace
other self-calibrating techniques; .or underwater vehicle; and ' '.' '
(2) Passive (receiving, whether or not related in normal application (4)'trao;du~ers.,acoustic modules, beacons or hydrophones
to separate active equipment) systems or equipment, as follows: therefor ate riot designed to withstand pressures at .depths
(A) Hydrophones or transducers having either: "exceeding l"km; ' . ' , "
(a) Continuous flexible sensors or assemblies of discrete (b) Side-scan suo-bottom profile' systems no portion of which is
sensors with dimensions under 20 mm which speci'ally desIgned f~r operiltion at depths exceeding 1 km,
approximate a continuous flexible sensor; or .' .~ > ' ,-.', •

(b) Sensors made of materials other than magnetostrictive


nickel-iron alloys or rigid piezoelectric ceramics or
crystals;
(B) Hydrophones or transducers incorporating sensors made of
rigid piezoelectic ceramics or crystals and having any of the
IL 1516
following characteristics:
(a) A sensitiviry better than -180 dB at any depth with no Receivers, as follows, and specially designed
acceleration compensation; components, accessories and "specially designed
(b) A sensitivity better than -192 dB with acceleration
compensation;
software" therefor:
(c) A sensitivity better than -204 dB when designed for
normal operation at depths exceeding 100 m; or (a) Digitally controlled radio receivers, whether or not computer
(d) Designed for operation at depths exceeding 1 km; controlled, which search or scan automatically a part of the
Technical Note: electromagnetic spectrum, in which the switching operation takes
less than 4,5 ms, and which indicate or denti/)' the received signals,
The sensitivity of a hydrophone is defined as 20 times the
except non-ruggedised, pre-set type radio receivers designed for use
logarithm to the base 10 of the ratio of rms output voltage to a
in civil communications which have 1,000 selective channels or
1 V reference, when the hydrophone sensor, without a pre- fewer;
amplifier, is placed in a plane wave acoustic field having an rms (b) Receivers for "spread spectrum" and "frequency agile" sysrems
pressure of 1 micropascal. having a total transmitted bandwidth which is:
(C) Towed acoustic hydrophone arrays having any of the (1) 100 or more times the bandwidth of anyone information
following: channel; and
(a) Operating at depths exceeding lOOm; (2) In excess of 50 kHz;
(b) Operating at tow speeds over 14.8 km/hour; (c) Receivers which incorporate digital signal processing, except
(c) Using heading sensors: receivers specially designed for internationally allocated civil
(1) Incorporated within the array hosing; frequency bands only and which do not permit "user-accessible
(2) Accuracy better than + 0.5' (0.0087 rad); or programmabiliry" of the digital signal processing circuits. (For radio
(3) Capable of operating or of being modified to frequency spectrum analysers, see Item IL 1533) (For field strength
operate at depths exceeding 100 m; meters, see Item IL 1529) (For radio relay communication
(d) Hydrophone groups uniformly spaced at less than 25 m; equipment, see Item IL 1520)
(e) An assembled array diameter under 40 mm;
(I) Using other than metallic strength members;
(g) Multiplexed hydrophone group signals;
(h) A configuration for multiple or overlapping acoustic
aperture operation; IL 1517
(i) Hydrophone characteristics specified in sub-items
(a)(2)(A) or (B); or
. GJ Longitudinally reinforced array-hoses; Radio transmitters, as follows, and specially designed
(D) Processing equipment specially designed for acoustic components therefor:
hydrophone or geophone arrays, having any of the (For radio relay communications equipment, see
following:
(a) Electronically-steerable beamforrning capabilities;
Item IL 1520.)
(b) Side-lobe suppression techniques;
(c) Real-time at-sea capability to integrate seismic acoustic (a) Transmitters or transmitter-amplifiers designed to operate at output
data received from two or more arrays; frequencies greater than 960 MHz;
(d) Cancellation of array flow or acceleration noise; (b) Transmitters or transmitter-amplifiers designed to provide any of the
(e) No "user-accessible programmability" for: following features:
(1) Fast Fourier Transform of 1,024 complex points in (1) Any system of pulse modulation (this does not include
less than 40 ms; or amplitude-, frequency- or phase-modulated television or
(2) An "equivalent multiply rate" exceeding 800,000 telegraphic transmitters or pulse-width modulated sound
operations per second; 0' broadcasting transmitters);
(I) "User-accessible programmability" for: (2) Rated for operation over a range of ambient temperatures
(1) Time domain processing and correlation; or extending from below 233 K (-40"C) to above 333 K (+60"C);
(2) Frequency domain processing and correlation, (c) Transmitters for "spread spectrum" and "frequency agile" systems
including spectral analysis, digital filtering and having a total transmitted bandwidth which is:
beamforrning using Fast Fourier or other transforms (I) 100 or more times greater than the bandwidth of anyone
or processes; information channel; and
(b) Terrestrial systems or equipment having either of the following (2) In excess of 50 kHz; (For radio transmitters incorporating
characteristics: transmitter drive units, exciters and master oscillators using
(1) Capable of conversion by the user to underwater or marine frequency synthesis, see also Item IL 1531,)

30 Security export control March 1991


NOTE:
This Item does not embargo the following transmitte" or transmitter-
amplifie", or systems containing such equipment, accessories and sub-
assemblies therefor:
(a) Specially designed for medical applications and operating at ISM
frequencies;
(b) Having an output power of not more than 10 W, which are
specially designed for:
(1) Industrial or civil intrusion detection and alarm;
(2) Industrial and traffic detection, counting, speed measurement,
identification and movement control;
(3) Carrying the information from the equipment above, or the
information of environmental, air or water, pollution detection
or measurement systems.
(c) Transmitte" using wideband amplifie" designed for non-frequency
agile civil applications, such'as television and mobile service.

IL 1519
"Telecommunication transmission equipment",
measuring and test equipment, as follows, specially
designed components, accessories and "specially
designed software" therefor:

NOTE:
The embargo status of "telecommunications transmission
equipment" using "lase",' is defined by this Item.

(a) "Telecommunication transmission equipment" employing digital


techniques (including the dili;ital processing of analogue signals) and
having at least one of the following characteristics:
(1) Designed for a total digital transfer rate which, at the highest
multiplex level, exceeds:
(A) 45 million bitls; or
(B) 8.5 million bitls for stored programme controlled digital
cross connection equipment;
NOTE:
The maximum of 45 million bitls for the highest
multiplex level does not preclude total digital transfer rates of a
maximum of 90 million bitls to allow for line coding and
overhead for:
(a) Line tenninating equipment;
(b) Intermediate amplifier equipment;
(c) Repeater equipment;
(d) Regenerator equipment; or
(e) Translation encoders (transcode");
(2) Designed for a "data signalling rate" exceeding: NB:
(A) 9,600 bitls when using the "bandwidth of one voice For each licence granted under this Note, the importer must:
channel"; or (a) Provide end-use assurances backed by their national authorities;
(B) 64,000 bitls when using baseband; and
(3) Employing a "laser" having a transmission wavelength (b) Make available information as requested by the Department of
exceeding 1,000 nm; (For statistical multiplexers which satisfY Trade and Industry;
the definitions of either "data (message) switching" or "stored 8. Favourable consideration will be given to the export of technology
programme controlled circuit switching", see Item IL 1567.) embargoed by this Item and of instrumentation, test equipment,
(b) "Telecommunication transmission equipment" employing "lasers" components and "specially designed software" therefor, and
and having any of the following characteristics: materials and components embargoed by this Item or other Items on
(1) Employing analogue techniques and having a bandwidth this List, for the modification or production of "telecommunication
exceeding 45 MHz or having an operating wavelength longer transmission equipment" or systems, provided:
than 1,370 nm; NB:
(2) Employing optical heterodyne or homodyne detection Technology for general purpose computers is not eligible for
techniques (also called coherent optical transmission treatment under this Note, i.e., it remains governed by Item
techniques); or IL 1565 G).
(3) Employing wavelength division multiplexing techniques. (a) The characteristics of the "telecommunications transmission
(c) Electronic measuring or test equipment, including bit error rate test equipment" or systems arc limited to those which release them
sets, specially designed for the equipment embargoed by sub-item the requiremrnt of an export licence or make them eligible for
(a)(I) above. treatment under Note 7;
NOTES: (b) Modification of the "telecommunications transmission
1. Nothing in this Item permits the export of technology for the equipment" or systems is not permitted if any aspect of the
development or production of equipment employing digital design would reSUlt in exceeding the performance thresholds or
transmission techniques for operation at a total digital transfer rate at features of Note 7;
the highest multiplex level exceeding 8.5 million bit/s. (c) Testing of large scale integrated (LSI) circuits or those with
2. This Item does not embargo: higher component densities is limited to golno go tests;
(a) Telemetering, telecommand and telesignalling equipment NB:
designed for industrial purposes, together with data transmission This sub-paragraph does not precJude export! of equipment or
equipment not intended for the transmission of written or technology which. woul,p I)•., possible according to the provisions of
printed text; other Items.

Security exoort control March 1991 .31


the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) for
IL 1519 continued civil television or sound radio satellite broadcasting; and
(d) The "specially designed software" is that necessary to utilise the (C) Operating at frequencies not exceeding 31 GHz;
transferred technologyt instmmentation and test equipment; (5) The equipment is:
(e) All "software" shall be exported in machine executable form (A) Specially designed for the transmission of television signals;
only. and
(t) Development technology is not included; (B) Operating at frequencies not exceeding 23.6 GHz;
(g) The contract includes explicit conditions to ensure that: (6) The equipment is:
(1) The production technology or production equipment is (A) Specially designed to be installed and operated in:
not reexported or exported, either directly or indirectly, to (a) Communication and direct broadcast satellite earth
another proscribed destination; stations for civil communication and direct broadcast;
(2) The supplier or the licensor may appoint a representative (b) Telemetry-tracking-and-command earth stations for
who is entitled to verify that the production technology civil satellites; or
and production equipment or system serve their intended (c) Civil weather or civil meteorological satellite earth
use; stations; and
(3) Any modification of the capabilities or functions of the (B) Designed for an operating frequency not exceeding 31 GHz;
produced equipment must be approved by the supplier or
licensor;
(4) The supplier's or licensorts personnel have right of access to NOTES:
all the facilities directly involved in the production of the 1. Nothing in the above permits the export of technology for
"telecommunications transmission equipment" or systems; equipment employing quadrature-amplitude- modulation
(5) The production technologyt production equipment and (QAM) techniques, except technology for use, i.e., installation,
produced equipment or systems will be for civil end-use only; operation or maintenance.
(h) System integration testing will be performed by the supplier or 2. Nothing in the above permits the export of technology for
licensor, if it requires test tools which provide the licensee with equipment released by (6) above, except technology for
the capability to recover source code or upgrade the system installation, operation or maintenance.
beyond the performance threshold or features of Note 7, where (b) Tropospheric scatter communication equipment, except when
applicable; having all the following characteristics:
(i) End-use reporting of the installed "telecommunication (A) Being designed for fixed civil use;
(B) Operating at fixed frequencies of 2.7 GHz or less;
transmission equipment" or systems will be provided in
accordance with the provisions of Notes 7; (C) Using frequency modulation; and
(D) Having a power amplifier output of 10 kW or less;
NB: (c) Stand-alone radio transmission media simulators/channel estimators
For each licence granted under this Note, the importer must: and "specially designed software" therefor, specially designed for
(a) Provide end-use assurances backed by their national testing equipment embargoed by (a) and (b) above, except those in
authorities; which the adjustments are only made manually.
(b) Make available information as requested by the Department
of Trade and Industry;
(c) Allow on site inspection if requested by the Department of NOTES:
Trade and Industry. 1. This Item does not embargo equipment for civil television
transmission or for general commercial traffic, or technology for the
installation, operation and maintenance therefor, provided the
equipment:
IL 1520 (a) Is not designed for operation at a total digital transfer rate
exceeding 45 million bit/s;
Radio relay communication equipment, specially (b) Does not employ quadrature-amplitude-modulation (QAM)
designed test equipment and "software", as follows, techniques; and
and specially designed components and accessories (c) Has a maximum operating frequency not exceeding 23.6 GHz.
therefor: 2. This Item does not embargo analogue microwave transmission
equipment for civil industrial use, e.g., remote supervision, control
NOTE: and metering of oil and gas pipelines, civil public utility services
Associated multiplex equipment is considered separately under the (e.g., electricity networks) including telephone channels for the
provisions of Item IL 1519. operation of such networks and the engineering service circuits
required for the maintenance of telecommunication links, or
(a) Radio relay communication equipment designed for use at technology for the installation, maintenance and operation therefor,
frequencies exceeding 960 MHz, except when having any of the provided the maximum operating frequency does not exceed
following sets of characteristics: 23.6 GHz.
(1) Microwave radio links for fixed civil installations operating at
fixed frequencies not exceeding 23.6. GHz, when employing FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUPLIC OF CHINA ONLY
analogue transmission;
3. The shipment of the following radio relay com~unication
(2) Microwave radio links:
equipment:
(A) Employing digital transmission techniques;
(a) Digital microwaVe radio links for fixed civil installations
(B) Designed for operation at a total digital transfer rate not
operating at fixed frequencies not exceeding 19.7 GHz with a
exceeding 45 Mbit/s;
capacity of up to 1t920 voice channels of 3: 1 kHz or four
(C) Not employing quadrature-amplitude-modulation (QAM)
television channels of 6 MHz maximum nominal bandwidth
techniques above level 4 if the total digital transfer rate
and associated sound channels;
exceeds 8.5 million bit/s; and
(b) Ground communication radio equipment for use with
(0) Operating at fixed frequencies not exceeding 23.6 GHz;
temporarily fixed services operated by the civilian authorities
NOTE: and designed to be used at fixed frequencies not exceeding 20
The maximum of 45 million bit/s does not preclude total GHz;
digital transfer rates of a maximum of 90 million bit/s to allow (c) Radio transmission media simulators!channel estimators-
for line coding and overhead. designed for testing equipment described in (a) or (b) above;
(3) Ground communication radio equipment designed for civil use (cl) Power amplifiers not exceeding lOW and 6/4-GHz-
with temporarily fixed services and designed to be used at fixed transmitters/receivers for communication satellites;
frequencies not exceeding 23.6 GHz with a power output of (e) Equipment specially designed to receive civil meteorological
not more than 5 W; da.ta provided:
(4) They are: (1) The equipment or systems are designed and used for fixed
(A) Civil sound or television broadcast receiving stations civil meteorological applications;
designed to comply with ITU standards, as described in (2) The equipment ,has all the following characteristics:
CCITT or CCIR documents, for satellite reception; (A) It is specially designed to receive and process Weather
(B) Specially designed for use at fixed frequencies allocated by Facsimile (WBFAX) or receive and process

J2 security export control March 1991


meteorological data from civil weather satellites, such NB:
as: GOES (Geostationary Operating Environmental For each licence granted under this Note, the Department of Trade
Satellite); NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric and Industry will require that the importer:
Administration) polar orbiting satellites; the ARGOS (a) Provide end-use assurances backed by his national authori~es;
meteorological satellite; (b) Make available information as requested by the Department of
(B) "Frequency agility" techniques are not incorporated; Trade and Industry; and
and (c) Allow on-site inspection if requested by the Department
(C) The weather satellite ground system frequencies do not of Trade and Industry
exceed 1,750 MHz.
4. The shipment to certain countries of digital radio relay com-
munications equipment, provided:
(A) It is for fixed civil installations;
(B) It operates at fixed frequencies not exceeding 23.6 GHz;
IL 1522
(C) It is designed for operation at a total bit rate not exceeding 156
million bit/s; and "Lasers" as follows, and specially designed
(D) It does not employ quadrature amplitude modulation
techniques above 64 QAM.
components and accessories therefor including
amplification stages: (This Item does not embargo
N.B.: equipment containing "lasers", for the embargo
1. The maximum of 156 million bit/s does npt preclude total
digital transfer rates of a maximum of 187.2 million bit/s to
status ofwhich, see the relevant Item.)
allow for line coding and overhead.
2. For each licence granted under this Note, the Department (a) Gas "lasers", as follows:
of Trade and Industry will require that the importer: (1) Excimer "lasers" having any of the following characteristics:
(a) Provide end-use assurances backed by his national (A) An output wavelength not exceeding 150 nm and either of
authorities; the following:
(b) Make available information as requested by the (a) An output energy exceeding 50 mJ per pulse; or
Department of Trade and Industry; and (b) An average or continuous wave (CW) output power
(c) Allow on-site inspection if requested by the exceeding 1 W:
Department of Trade and Industry. (B) An output wavelength exceeding 150 nm but not
3. Not used exceeding 190 nm and either of the following:
5. Favourable consideration will be given to the export of technology (a) An output energy exceeding 1.5 J per pulse; or
embargoed by this Item and of instrumentation, test equipment, (b) An average or CW output power exceeding 120 W:
components and "specially designed software" therefor, and (C) An output wavelength exceeding 190 nm but not
materials and components embargoed by this Item or other Items on exceeding 360 nm and either of the following:
this List, for modification or production of equipment or systems, (a) An output energy exceeding 5 J per pulse; or
provided: (b) An average or CW output power exceeding 500 W; or
NB: (D) An output wavelength exceeding 360 nm and either of the
Technology for general purpose computers is not eligible for following:
treatment under this Note, i.e., it remains governed by Item n..1565. (a) An output energy exceeding 1.5 J per pulse; or
(a) The characteristics of the equipment or systems are limited to (b) An average or CW output power exceeding 30 W:
those which release them from embargo or make them eligible (2) Metal vapour "lasers", as follows:
for treatment under Note 4; (A) Copper (Cu) "lasers" with an average or CW output
(b) Modification of the equipment or systems is not permitted if power exceeding 20 W:
any aspect of the design would result in exceeding the (B) Gold (Au) "lasers" with an average or CW output power
performance thresholds or features of Note 4; exceeding 5 W:
(c) Testing of large scale integrated (LSI) circuits or those with (C) Sodium (Na) "lasers" with an output power exceeding 5 W:
higher components densities is limited to go/no go tests; (3) Carbon monoxide (CO) "lasers" having either of the
following:
NB: (A) An output energy exceeding 2 J per pulse and a pulsed
This sub-paragraph does not preclude exports of equipment or "peak power" exceeding 5 kW; or
technology which would be possible according to the (B) An average or CW output power exceeding 5 kW:
provisions of other Items. (4) Carbon dioxide (C02) "lasers" having any of the following
(d) The "specially designed software" is that necessary to utilise the characteristics:
transferred technology, instrumentation and test equipment; (A) A CW output power exceeding 10 kW:
(e) All "software" will be exported in machine-executable (B) A pulsed output with a "pulse duration" exceeding 10
form only; microsecond and either of the following:
(f) Development technology is not included; (a) An average output power exceeding 10 kW; or
(g) The contract includes explicit conditions to ensure that: (b) A pulsed "peak power" exceeding 100 kW:
(1) The production technology or production equipment is (C) A pulsed output with a "pulse duration" not exceeding 10
not reexported or exported, either directly or indirectly, to microsecond but exceeding 500 ns and either of the
another proscribed destination;
following:
(2) The supplier or licensor may appoint a representative who
(a) A pulse energy exceeding 5 J; or
is entitled to verify that the production technology and
(b) An average output power exceeding 1.2 kW; or
production equipment or system serve their intended use;
(D) A pulsed output with a "pulse duration" not exceeding
(3) Any modification of the capabilities or functions of the
500 ns and either of the following:
produced equipment must be approved by the supplier or
(a) A pulse energy exceeding 2 J; or
licensor;
(4) The supplier's or licensor's personnel have right of access to (b) An average output power exceeding 1.2 kW;
all the facilities directly involved in the production of the Note:
equipment or systems; and Pulsed "lasers" include those which run in a CW mode with
(5) The production technology, production equipment and pulses superimposed.
produced equipment or systems will be for civil end-use (5) "Chemical lasers", as follows:
only; (A) Hydrogen Fluoride (HF) "lasers":
(h) System integration testing will be performed by the supplier or (B) Deuterium Fluoride (DF) "lasers":
licensor if it requires test tools which provide the licensee with (C) Oxygen Iodine(02 I) "lasers":
the capability to recover source code. or upgrade the system (6) Gas discharge and ion "lasers", as follows:
beyond the performance threshold or features of Note 4, where (A) Nitrogen "lasers" with either of the following
applicable; characteristics:
(i) End-use reporting of the installed radio relay communications (a) An output energy ex'Ceeding 1.5 J per pulse and a
equipment or systems will be provided in accordance with the pulsed "pelk power" exceeding 120 W; or
provisions of Note 4; J
(b) An c1verag or ::W output power exceeding 120 W:

.Security export oontrol March1991 88·


IL 1522 continued (2) A multiple-transverse mode output having any of the
following:
(B) Krypton ion or argon ion "lasers" with either of the (A) A "peak power" exceeding 200 MW:
following characteristics: (B) An average output power exceeding 50 W; or
(a) An output energy exceeding 1.5 J per pulse and a (C) A pulsed energy exceeding 2 J:
pulsed "peak power" exceeding 30 W; or (b) Pulse-excited and non-"Q-switched", having either of the
(b) An avenge or CW output power exceeding 30 W; following:
(7) Other gas "lasers" having any of the following characteristics; (I) A single transversc mode output having either of the
(A) An output wavelength not exceeding ISO nm and either of following:
the following: (A) A "peak power" exceeding lOO kW; or
(a) An output energy exceeding 50 m] per pulse and a (B) An average output power exceeding 50 W; or
pulsed "peak power" exceeding I W; or (2) A multiple transverse mode output having either of the
(b) An average or CW output power exceeding I W; following;
(B) An output wavelength exceeding ISO nm but not (A) A "peak power" exceeding I MW; or
exceeding 800 om and either of the following: (B) An average output power exceeding 500 W; or
(a) An output energy exceeding 1.5 J per pulse and a (c) Continuously excited and having either of the following;
pulsed "peak power" exceeding 30 W; (I) A single transverse mode output having either of the
(b) An average or CW output power exceeding 30 W; following;
(C) An output wavelength exceeding 800 nm but not (A) A "peak power" exceeding lOO kW; or
exceeding 1,400 nm and. either of the following: (B) An average or CW output power exceeding 50 W;
(a) An output energy exceeding 0.25 ] per pulse and a or
pulsed "peak power" exceeding IOW; or (2) A multiple-transverse mode output having either of the
(b) An average or CW output power exceeding 10 W; or following;
(0) An output wavelength exceeding 1,400 om and an average (A) A "peak power" exceeding 1 MW; or
or CW output power exceeding I W: (B) An average or CW output power exceeding 500 W;
(b) Semiconductor "lasers", as follows:
NB: NOTE:
Semiconductor "lasers" are commonly called laser diodes. Pulse excited "lasers" include those which run in a
continuously excited mode with pulse excitation
(I) Individual semiconductor "lasers" having either of the
superimposed.
following:
(D) Othernon-"tunable "lasers", having any of the following:
(A) An average output power exceeding lOO mW; or
(a) A wavelength less than ISO om and either of the following:
(B) A wavelength exceeding 1,000 om;
(I) An output energy exceeding 50 m] per pulse and a
(2) Arrays of semiconductor "lasers" incorporating individual
pulsed "peak power" exceeding I W; or
semiconductor "lasers", having any of the following
characteristics: (2) An average or CW output power exceeding I W:
(b) A wavelength of ISO nm or more but not exceeding
(A) An output energy exceeding 500 microjoules per pulse and
800 nm and having either of the following:
a pulsed "peak power" excceding IOW;
(I) An output energy exceeding 1.5 joules per pulse and a
(B) An average or CW output power exceeding 10 W; or
pulsed "peak power" exceeding 30 W; or
(C) A wavelength exceeding 1,000 nm:
(2) An average or CW output power exceeding 30 W;
(c) Solid state "lasers", as follows:
(I) "Tunable" "lasers" having any of the following; (c) A wavelength exceeding 800 nm but not exceeding
1,400 om, as follows:
Note: (I) "Q-switched lasers" with any of the following;
This sub-item includes titanium-sapphire and a1exandrite "lasers". (A) An output enerj:W exceeding 0.5] per pulse and a
(A) An output wavelength less than 600 nm and either of the pulsed "peak power" exceeding 50 W;
following: (B) An average output power exceeding 10 W for
(a) An output energy exceeding 50 mJ per pulse and a pulsed single-mode "lasers"; or
"peak power" exceeding I W; or (C) An average output power exceeding 30 W for
(b) An average or CW output power exceeding I W: multimode "lasers":
(B) An output wavelength of 600 nm or more but not exceeding (2) Non-"Q-switched lasers" with either of the following:
1,400 nm and either; (A) An output energy exceeding 2 J per pulse and a
(a) An output energy exceeding 0.5 J per pulse and a pulsed pulsed "peak power" exceeding 50 W; or
"peak power" exceeding 20 W; .or (B) An average or CW output power exceeding 50 W; or
(b) An average or CW output power exceeding 20 W; or (d) A wavelength exceeding 1,400 nm and either of the
(C) An output wavelength exceeding 1,400 nm and either of the following:
following: (I) An output energy exceeding 100 m] per pulse and a
(a) An output energy exceeding 50 mJ per pulse and a pulsed pulsed "peak power" exceeding I W; or
"peak power" exceeding I W; or (2) An average or CW output power exceeding I W;
(b) An average or CW output power exceeding I W; or (d) Dye and other liquid "lasers", having any of the following:
(2) Non-"tunable" "lasers", as follows: (I) A wavelength less than ISO nm and either of the following;
(A) An output energy exceeding 50 m] per pulse and a pulsed
Technical Note:
For the purpose of this Item, rare earth doped solid-state "lasers" are "peak power" exceeding I W; or
considered to be non-"tunable". (B) An average or CW output power exceeding I W:
(A) Ruby "lasers" having an output energy exceeding 20 J per pulse; (2) A wavelength of ISO om or more but not exceeding 800 om
and any of the following:
(B) Neodymium glass "lasers" having an output energy exceeding
20 J per pulse: A) An output energy exceeding 1.5 ] per pulse and a pulsed
(C) Neodymium doped (other than glass) "lasers" having an output
"peak power" exceeding 20 W:
wavelength between 1,000 om and 1,100 om and any of the (B) An average or CW output power exceeding 20 W; or
following characteristics; (C) A pulsed single longitudinal mode oscillator with an
average output power exceeding I Wand a repetition rate
Note: exceeding I kHz if the "pulse duration" is less than 100 ns:
Neodymium doped (other than glass) "lasers" having an output (3) A wavelength exceeding 800 om but not exceeding 1,300 om
wavelength other than between 1,000 and 1,100 nm are and either of the following:
described in sub-item (c)(2)(D) below. (A) An output energy exceeding 0.5 J per pulse and a pulsed
(a) Pulse-excited and "Q-switched", having either of the "peak power" exceeding IOW; or
following; (B) An average or CW output power exceeding 10 W; or
(I) A single transverse mode output having any of the (4) A wavelength exceeding 1,300 nm and either of the following:
following: (A) An output energy exceeding 100 mJ per pulse and a pulsed
(A) A "peak power" exceeding lOO MW; "peak power" exceeding I W; or
(B) An average output power exceeding 20 W; or (B) An average or CW output power exceeding I W:
(C) A pulsed energy exceeding 2 J; or (e) Free electron "lasers".

.34 Secur.ityexport control. March 1991


(For military type cable, see Item ML 11) .... ~:

NOTES: t .';~
I. This Item does not embargo Helium-Neon and Helium-Cadmium
"laser.;". NOTES:
2. The shipment of non-"Q-switched" neodynium glass "lasers" 1. Sub-item (d) above does not embargo cable armoured. by only
having an output energy not exceeding 50 J per pulse. either a tough outer sheath or an electromagnetic screen.
2. Associated equipment for sub-items (a), (b) and (c), and specially,
fOR rim PEOPLE'S REPUBUC OF .tH1NA-6NL~· designed components therefor, are considered under Item R.1519.
, ;.. ..... ~ '. '.,. 4' 3. The shipment of silica-based optical fibres and optical cable, other
'The ship'ineiit oftheJollowmg: .. i cable, connector.; and coupler.; embargoed by sub-items (a), (b)(1) to
3.
(a) "Tunable" pulsed ~owing-dye "lasers" having all of the, (4) or (e) above, provided:
. followin~ characteristics, and specially designed c'omponen13 (a) The cable, optical fibres, connector.; or couplers are for a
thetefor: ' "., . . '...'! • specific civil end-use;
(t) An output wavelength less than 800'nm: .' ,.' (b) The quantities of cable, optical fibres, connector.; or couplers
(2)' A "pUlse duration" not exceedi~'100 hs; and' 'r are normal for the purpose;
(3) A peak output'power not'exceeding)5 MW; . (c) The optical fibres specially designed for underwater use:
(b) Co., CO Ot; cO/CP,~"laseis" hayUigan'oulput wa'\'elength- (1) Are not embargoed by sub-item (b)(I) above; and
in die range from 9 to 1'r mi~rometfe and a pUlsed output ~ot. (2) Have performance characteristics inferior to those described
.exceeding 2 J per. pulse .anda, maxiJllum raied average sihgle, or, >
in sub-items (b)(2) or (b)(3); and
multimode output power not exceeding 5 kW or a CW (d) Connector.; and coupler.; embargoed by sub-item
maximum tated single' o~ muJtimode output J'ovVer no~ (e) are not:
exceeding 10 kW~ '.'" .. . (I) Fibre-optic bulkhead or hull penetration connectors
(c)'Muumum quantities pfsemiconductor "Iase~" 4esigned and specially designed for use in ships or vessels; or
intended for USe with. a civil pbre oVtic co,mmurlica~ions'ystems" (2) Wavelength division multiplex type fibre-optic coupler.;.
legally ~orted under I~ems IL1519 orlL 1526"havingan oqlput
wavelength not exceeding 1,370 nm and a CWjiower 9utput
exceeditig.l06 mW,' " ..' . J' ' ;
...... 1 { .... ",j.

4... ' For the embargo. ~tatus of RaInan "wer.;", see 'the '~uj)-items whi~h
'(·J~be'.the'p'umpirlg ~~~" S6~t~1' . .... " ~:<. .~ (:',
i
. .. -..

IL 1526
Cable and optical fibres, and components and
accessories, as follows: IL 1527
(a) Unarmoured or single-armoured ocean cable having an attenuation
Cryptographic equipment and specially designed
of 1.62 dB/km (3 dB per nautical mile) or less, measured at a components therefor, designed to ensure secrecy of
frequency of 600 kHz; communications (such as telegraphy, telephony,
(b) Optical-fibre conununication cable or optical fibres therefor, having facsimile, video and data communications) or of
any of the following characteristics, except pigtails which are not stored information; and "software" controlling or
nuclear radiation hardened: computers performing the functions of such
Technical Note: cryptographic equipment.
'Pigtails' are pieces of optical fibre or cable no longer than 50 m
which in some cases are attached to components or instruments.
(I) The optical fibre is designed for single mode light propagation; NOTES:
(2) The optical fibre:
(A) Is designed for multimode light propagation; and This Item also embargoes video systems which, for secrecy purposes,
(B) Has an attenuation ofless than 1 dB/km at a wavelength of use digital ~chniques (e.g., conver.;ion of an analogue, i.e., video or
1300 nm; or facsimile, signal into a digital signal):
(3) Optical fibres capable of withstanding a "proof test" tensile 2. This Item does not embargo simple cryptographic devices or
strength of 1.1 GN/m' or more; equipment only ensuring the privacy of communications, as follows:
(4) Specially designed for underwater use; or (a) Equipment for voice transmission making use of fixed
(5) Specially designed to be insensitive to nuclear radiation; frequency inver.;ions or fixed band scrambling techniques in
(c) Optical fibre communication cable or optical fibres therefor, having which the transposition changes occur not more frequently
any of the following characteristics: than once every 10 seconds;
(I) Specially fabricated either compositionally or structurally. or (b) Standard civil facsimile ~nd video equipment designed to
modified by coating to be acoustically, thermally, inertially, ensure the privacy of communications by an analogue
electromagnetically or nuclear radiation sensitive; transmission using non-standard practices for intended receiver.;
(2) Modified structurally or by coating to have either: only (video system equipment effecting the transposition of
(A) A "beat length" of more than 50 cm (low birefringence), analogue data);
except if designed for operation at wavelengths of less than (c) Video systems for pay television and similar restricted audience
650 nm; or television, including industrial and commercial television
(B) A "beat length" ofless than 5 cm (high birefringence); equipment using other than standard commercial sweep
(d) Secure communication cable, being either coaxial or systems.
multiconductor communication cable protected by mechanical or 3. "Digital computer.;" and digital differential analyser.; (incremental
electrical means from physical damage or intrusion in such a manner computer.;) designed or modified for, or combined with, any cipher
that communications security is maintained between terminals machines, cryptograpbic equipment, devices or techniques including
without the necessity for encryption; "software", "microprogramme" control ("firmware") or specialised
(e) Components and accessories specially designed for the above optical logic control (hardware), associated equipment therefor, and
fibres or cable, including fibre-optic buJkhead or hull penetration equipment or systems incorporating such computer.; or analysers are
connector.; impervious to leakage at any depth for use in ships or embargoed by this It<:m or ML 11.
vessels, and multiport fibre-optic couplers (including T, star,
bidirectional and wavelength division multiplexing and
demultiplexing coupler.;). except connector.; for use with optical
fibres or cable with a repeatable coupling loss of 0.5 dB or more.
(See also Item ML 9(g)).

Security export pontrbl MarCH 1991· 31


G) Microprocessor or microcomputer development instruments or
IL 1529 systems, capable of developing "software" for, or capable of
programming microcircuits embargoed by, Item IT. 1564.

Electronic equipment for testing, measuring or for NOTES:


1. This sub-item includes accessories specially designed for these
microprocessor/microcomputer development, as microprocessor or microcomputer development instruments or
follows, and specially desi·gned "software" therefor: systems, such as:
(a) "cross-hosted" assemblers, "cross-hosted" compilers;
(a) Any testing or measuring equipment: (b) Adapter interfaces for prototypes and/or emulation probes;
(1) Not described in any other Item in: the Security Export (c) Debuggers;
Control List; and (d) So-called personality modules which contain more than
(2) Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 18 GHz; one of the accessories enumerated under (a) to (c).
2. This sub-item does not embargo microprocessor or
NOTE: microcomputer development instruments or systems having all
This sub-item does not embargo the following equipment having a
of the following characteristics:
maximum specified operating frequency of 26.5 GHz or less:
(a) They can be used to develop "software" for, or to
(a) Power meters;
programme a "family" of, microprocessor or
(b) Broadband noise sources;
microcomputer microcircuits not designed within a
(c) Noise figure meters.
proscribed country;
(b) Logic analysers having any of the following characteristics, and
(b) They can be used only for microprocessor or micro-
specially designed accessories and specially designed components
computer microcircuits having both:
therefor:
(1) An operand (data) word length of no more than 16
(1) More than a total of64 channels;
bits; and
(2) A synchronous (state) channel sampling rate of more than
(2) An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) not wider than 32 bits;
50MHz;
and
(3) An asynchronous (timing) channel sampling rate of more than
(c) The "family" contains at least one microprocessor or
200 MHz; or
microcomputer microcircuit which is not embargoed by
(4) Probe interfaces and inverse assemblers, except those designed
Item IL 1564.
for use with a microprocessor or microcomputer microcircuit
3. "Cross-hosted" compilers or "cross-hosted" assemblers, needed
"family" which contains at least one microprocessor or
for use with a particular microprocessor or microcomputer
microcomputer microcircuit not embargoed by Item IL 1564;
development instrument or system, not embargoed by this sub-
(c) Caesium frequency standards having both of the following
item, must contain only the minimum "software" in machine
characteristics:
executable form to perform the functions for which they were
(1) Designed as reference standards for laboratory use; and
designed. To make other, incompatible instruments or systems
(2) Either of the following:
perform the same functions must require:
(A) A long-term drift (ageing) over 24 hours or more of 1 part
(a) Modification of this "software"; or
or less in 1010; or
(b) Addition of "programmes".
(B) A short-term drift (instability) over a period from 1 to 100
seconds of 1 part or less in 10 12; NB:
(d) Equipment containing cesium frequency standards, having any of For "cross-hosted" compilers or "cross-hosted" assemblers,
the following characteristics: which are not specially designed for use with microprocessor or
(1) Designed for mobile use and having a long-term drift (ageing) microcomputer development instruments or systems described
over 24 hours or more of 1 part or less in 109 ; in this sub-item, see Item IT. 1566.
(2) Designed for fixed ground use and having a long-term drift
(ageing) over 24 hours or more of 5 parts or less in 101°; or
(3) A short-term drift (instability) over a period from 1 to 100
seconds of 1 part or less in 1012 ; 1531
(e) "Comb frequency generators" designed for use at frequencies
exceeding 12.5 GHz;
(f) Specially calibrated microwave instrumentation receivers capable of "Frequency synthesizers", and equipment containing
measuring amplitude and phase simultaneously and designed for use such "frequency synthesizers", as follows:
at frequencies exceeding 1 GHz:
NOTE: (a) "Frequency synthesizers" containing frequency standards embargoed
This sub-item includes receivers used in equipment for the near- by Item IL 1529(c);
and far-zone measurement of phase and amplitude patterns of (b) Instrument "frequency synthesizers" and synthesised signal
antennae. generators, and specially designed components and accessories
(g) Digital counters, having any of the following characteristics: therefor, designed for ground use, producing output frequencies the
(1) Capable of performing frequency measurements above accuracy and short term and long term stability of which are
20 GHz; controlled by, derived from, or disciplined by the input frequency
(2) Capable of measuring either the frequency or the change in or internal master standard frequency, and having any of the
phase or frequency within a pulse ("pulse frequency profiling"), following characteristics:
using either internally or externally gated sampling intervals (1) A maximum synthesised output frequency ofmore than 550 MHz;
of 100 ns or less; or (2) Any of the following noise characteristics:
(3) Capable of measuring "burst frequencies" exceeding 250 MHz (A) A single sideband (SSB) phase noise better than -120
for a burst duration of less than 2 ms; dBc/Hz when measured at a 20 k.Hz offset from the carrier
(h) Digital voltage measuring equipment capable of more than 1,000 frequency;
readings per second with a resolution of more than 4 1/2 digits, not (B) A single sideband (SSB) phase noise better than
including changes in range or polarity; -106 dBc/Hz when measured at a 100 Hz offiet from the
carrier frequency;
NOTE: (C) An integrated phase noise better than -60 dBc/Hz referred
This sub-item does not embargo:
to a 30 k.Hz band centred on the carrier and excluding the
(a) Visual quantization apparatus capable of providing an average
1 Hz band centred on this carrier; or
value, whether or not displayed, of the results of the
(0) An integrated AM noise better than -70 dBc/Hz referred
measurement;
to a 30 kHz band centred on the carrier and excluding the
(b) Multichannel analysers of all types used in nuclear experi-
1 Hz band centred on this carrier;
mentation;
(c) Industrial telemeasuring devices in which a pre-set storage NOTE:
value is used as a basis for measuring. Synthesised signal generators which are embargoed only by (b)(1) or
(i) General purpose data communication protocol analysers, testers and (b)(2)(A) are excluded from embargo up to a maximum synthesised
simulators for X.25 level 3 and above as well as Integrated Services output frequency of 1,400 MHz or down to a single sideband phase
Digital Networks (ISDN) protoco1s; (CCITT/ISO); noise of -136 dBc/Hz when measured at an offiet of 20 kHz from a

38 security export control March 1991


carrier frequency of 100 MHz, provided the technology supplied is
only the minimum necessary for the use (i.e., installation, operation
and maintenance) of such generators.
(3) "Electrically programmable in frequency" with a "frequency
switching time" under 5 ms;
(4) "Electrically programmable in phase" with a switching time
from one selected phase value to another under 10 ms except
equipment incorporating pre-emphasis networks for frequency
modulation;
(5) Having a level of spurious components in the output,measured
relative to the selected output frequency, better than:
(A) -60 dB harmonic; OT
(B) -92 dB nonharmonic;
(6) Having more than 3 different selected synthesised output
frequencies available simultaneously from one or more outputs;
OT
[7) With facilities for pulse modulation of the output frequency;
(c) Airborne communication equipment using "frequency
synthesizers", as follows, and specially designed components and
accessories therefor:
(1) Designed to receive or transmit frequencies of more than
156 MHz;
(2) Incorporating facilities for the rapid selection of more than 200
channels per equipment, except equipment operating in the
frequency range from 108 to 137 MHz incorporating facilities
for the rapid selection of 760 channels or fewer at not less than
25 kHz channel spacing which has been in normal civil use for
at least one year;
(3) With a "frequency switching time" under 10 ms;
(4) "Frequency synthesizers", designed for the above equipment,
1533
whether supplied separately or with the said equipment,
exceeding the parameters specified in (b) above; (See also Item
IL 1501(a))
"Signal analyzers" (including spectrum analyzers)
(d) Radio transmitters incorporating transmitter drive units, exciters and and network analyzers, as follows, and specially
master oscillators using frequency synthesis, as follows, specially designed components and accessories and "specially
designed components and accessories therefor: designed software" therefor:
(1) Having an output frequency of more than 550 MHz, except:
(A) Television broadcasting transmitters having all of the
(a) "Signal analyzers" having any of the following characteristics:
following characteristics:
(1) Capable of analyzing frequencies exceeding 18 GHz;
(a) An output frequency not exceeding 960 MHz;
(2) Capable of analyzing frequencies exceeding 2.3 GHz with a
(b) A frequency resolution of not better (less) than 1 kHz;
"frequency span" of more than 2.3 GHz; OT
arid
(3) Using time compression of the input signal;
(c) The manually-operated "frequency synthesizer"
(b) "Dynamic signal analyzers", except when having a "real-time
incorporated in or driving the transmitter has an output
bandwidth" less than 5.12 kHz;
frequency not exceeding 120 MHz;
(B) Ground communication equipment designed for civil use NOTE:
in the land mobile or marine service, e.g., cellular radio- Nothing in the above permits the export of technology for
communications systems, amateur radio or portable "dynamic signal analyzers", except the minimum technology
radiophone, having all of the following characteristics: (For required for use, i.e., installation, operation and maintenance.
equipment containing cryptographic equipment or (c) "Swept frequency network analyzers" or sweep generators:
"software", see Item IL 1527) (1) For the automatic measurement of complex equivalent circuit
parameters over a range of frequencies and having a maximum
NOTE: operating frequency exceeding 20 GHz; Or
Nothing in this sub-item permits the export of technology (2) Which cannot be controlled remotely for the measurement of
for the development or production of digital equipment or complex equivalent circuit parameters over a range of
"specially designed software" for use in digital civil land frequencies and having a maximum operating frequency
mobile networks. exceeding 40 GHz;
(a) Operating frequency not more than 1.3 GHz; NOTE:
(b) A power output of 50 W or less for mobile units, or This does not include equipment for continuous wave, point-
300 W or less for fixed units; to-point measurement.
(c) For cellular radio base stations, use of analogue radio (d) Scalar network analyzers having a maximum operating frequency
transmission only; exceeding 20 GHz.
(d) A transmitter "frequency switching time" of 2 ms or
more;
(e) A frequency resolution of not better than 2.5 kHz; and NOTES:
(I) No fearures embargoed by Item IL 1517(c); 1. This Item does not embargo:
(2) Having more than three different selected synthesised output (a) Optical spectrum analyzers, such as:
frequencies available simultaneously from one or more outputs; (1) Prism or grating monochromators;
(3) With facilities for pulse modulation of the output frequency of (2) Optical interferometers;
the transmitter or of the incorporated "frequency synthesizer"; (3) Optical spectrometers;
(4) "Frequency synthesizers" designed for equipment described in (b) Equipment only using constant percentage bandwidth filters
this sub-item, whether supplied separately or with the said (also known as octave or fractional octave filters);
equipment, exceeding the parameters specified in sub-item (b) (c) Medical equipment containing, as an integral part, "signal
above, except those specially designed for radio telephones analyzers".
2. The shipment of "dynamic signal analyzers" embargoed by sub-item
released from embargo by sub-item (d)(I)(B) above.
(b) above provided:
(a) They have no zoom capability; and
NOTES:
(b) They cannot compute 512 real spectrallmes in less than 50 ms.
1. This Item does not embargo equipment in which the output
frequency is produced by the addition or subtraction of two or
more crystal oscillator frequencies which may be followed by
multiplication of the result.

.Security export control March 199137


:r

IL 1534 P;EQPJ.)3'SREPUBYC OF 'ClDNA,@NLY';" ','


..
\-~.::'lf* v..;~ . . -.~; ~ &,,;, . " " , 10,;.. :-. '.: ~ ol. :

2., e :shipment of microwave equipment embargoed,by su\)..items


Flatbed microdensitometers (exupt cathode-ray ';, ,(~). (b):llr (c) ~ove, designed for use at fi:equelll:i~.~?I..exce~hg'i
types) having any of the following characteristics, " . 40 GRz and specially design~d for'. us~ ~~:t);:'i<>:p:ve!JHQ1l~'"
and specially designed components therefor: or'''' commer:ciai ~ment:s describ~~ j.~ Items n;J~1!i'It.i:$~.;,:;~""r
~ ~ 1533,provjded tbt; equipment does not in any way extend tb.e,
(a) A recording or scanning rate exceeding 5,000 data points per , . "":' Uequency ~
,?_ J'.
of the basic insrrument. ,," •
_.,,~
" . ~'.
.

second;
(b) A figure of merit better (less) than 0.1, defined as the product of the
density resolution (expressed in density units) and the spatial
resolution (expressed in micrometres); 1548
NOTE:
This sub-item does not embargo equipment with a spatial resolution
Photosensitive components, including linear and
not better (less) than 2 micrometres and a density resolution not focal-plane arrays, as follows, and dice and wafers
better (less) than 0.01 density unit. therefor:
(c) An optical density range greater than 0 to 4.
Technical Note: (a) Photosensitive components (including photodiodes,
Density resolution (expressed in density units) is measured over the phototransistors, photothyristors, photoconductive cells and similar
optical density range of the instrument. photosensitive components):
(1) Having a peak sensitivity at a wavelength longer than 1,200 nm
NOTE: or shorter than 190 nm; or
The shipment of equipment specially designed for medical applications,
(2) Having a peak sensitivity at a wavelength shorter than 300 nm
provided they are satisfied the equipment is a teasonable requirement for
and having an efficiency under 0.1% relative to peak response
the stated application.
at wavelengths longer than 400 nm;
NOTE:
This sub-item does not embargo vacuum photodiodes specially
IL 1537 designed for use in spectrophotometry having a peak response at a
wavelength shorter than 300 l!m.
Microwave, including millimetric wave, equipment, (b) Semiconductor photodiodes and phototransistors with a response
"time constant" of 95 ns or less measured at the operating
as follows, capable of operating at frequencies over temperature for which the "time constant" reaches a minimum,
10.5 GHz: except semiconductor photodiodes which are not "space qualified"
(For microwave equipment specially designed for with a response "time constant" of 0.5 ns or more and with a peak
equipment described by Items IL 1501, IL 1501, IL sensitivity at a wavelength neither longer than 1,050 nm nor shorter
1517, IL 1520, or IL 1529, see those Items.) than 300 nm;
(c) Linear and focal-plane arrays (hybrid or monolithic) having the
characteristics in sub-items (a) or (b) above, and specially designed
(a) Rigid and flexible waveguides designed for use at frequencies in components therefor; ,
excess of 26.5 GHz; (d) Those specially designed or rated as electromagnetic (including
(b) Waveguides having a bandwidth ratio above 1.7: 1; "laser") and ionised-particle radiation resistant;
(c) Directional couplers having a bandwidth ratio above 1.7: 1 and (For photomultiplier tubes which contain microchannel plates, see
directivity over the band of20 dB or more; Item IL 1549)
(d) Phased array antennae and sub-assemblies, designed to permit
electronic control of beam shaping and pointing (see Item ML 15), NOTE:
and specially designed components therefor, including duplexers, This Item does not embargo:
phase shifters and associated high speed diode switches; (a) Germanium photo devices with a peak sensitivity at a wavelength
(e) Other antennae specially designed for operation at frequencies above shorter than 1,750 nm;
30 GHz having a diameter under 1 m, and specially designed (b) Infrared single- or multi-element (not to exceed 16 elements)
components therefor; encapsulated photoconductive cells or pyroelectric detectors using
(f) Microwave assemblies and sub-assemblies capable of being used at any of the following:
frequencies above 23.6 GHz and having circuits fabricated by the (l) Lead sulphide;
same processes used in integrated circuit technology, which include (2) Triglycine sulphate and variants;
active circuit elements; (3) Lead-lanthanum-zirconium titanate and variants;
(g) Microwave assemblies and sub-assemblies containing band-pass or (4) Lithium tantalate;
band-stop filters and capable of operating at 23.6 GHz or more; (5) Polyvinylidene fluoride and variants;
(h) Amplifiers having an instantaneous bandwidth of more than half an (6) Strontium barium niobate and variants; or
octave (i.e. the highest operating frequency is more than 1.5 times (7) Lead selenide;
the lowest operating frequency). (c) Single-element encapsulated mercury-cadmium-telluride (HgCdTe)
uncooled (295 K ambient operating temperature) photo-
NOTES: electromagnetic (pem) or photoconductive (pc) mode
This sub-item does not embargo parametric or paramagnetic photodetectors with a peak sensitivity at a wavelength shorter than
amplifiers having any of the following characteristics: 11,000 nm.
(a) Specially designed for medical applications;
(b) Specially designed for use in "simple educational devices" and
operating at industrial, scientific or medical (ISM) frequencies; or
(c) An output power of not more than IOW and specially
designed for:
IL 1549
(1) Industrial or civili.an intrusion detection and alarm systems;
(2) Traffic or industrial movement control and counting Photomultiplier tubes having any of the following
systems; characteristics:
(3) Systems for the detection of environmental pollution of air
or water; or
(4) "Simple educational devices". (a) They are solar blind types for which the long wavelength cut-off is
below 350 nm, where the long wavelength cut-off is defined as
NOTES: 10 % of the maximum sensitivity;
1. Sub-item (d) above does not embargo duplexers and phase shifters NOTE:
specially designed for use in civil television systems or in other civil Photomultiplier tubes specially designed for use in
radar or communication systems not embargoed elsewhere in the spectrophotometry having a peak sensitivity at a wavelength shorter
Security Export Control Lists. than 300 nm are not embargoed by this sub-item.

38 Security export control March 1991


An anode pulse rise time ofless than 1 ns; or
, (b)
(c) Containing microchannel plate electron multipliers. IL 1556
(For photosensitive components, see Item IT. 1548.) Optical elements and elements for optical tubes, as
(For microchannel plate electron multipliers, see Item IT. 1556.) follows:

(a) Non-flexible fused fibre-optic plates or bundles, having all of the


following characteristics:
IL 1553 (1) A fibre pitch (centre-to-centre spacing) under 10 micrometres;
(2) A light-absorbing medium surrounding each fibre, or inter-
Flash discharge type X-ray systems, including tubes, stitially placed between fibres; and
having all the following characteristics: (3) A diameter greater than 13 mm;
(b) Microchannel plates for electron image amplification having both of
the following characteristics:
(a) Peak power greater than 500MW. (1) 15,000 or more hollow tubes per plate; and
(b) Output voltage greater than 500KV; and (2) Hole pitch (centre-to-eentre spacing) under 25 micrometres;
, (c) Pulse width less than 0.2 microsecond. (c) Semi-transparent photocathodes incorporating epitaxially grown
layers of compound semiconductors, such as gallium arsenide; (For
associated starting materials, sec Item IT. 1757.)
(d) Diffractive type optical elements specially designed for display
IL 1555 screens, with any of the following characteristics:
(1) A transmission of more than 90% outside the reflection band
Electron tubes, as follows, and specially designed and a reflection of more than 75% inside the reflection band,
components therefor: which has less than 15 nm bandwidth and is matched to the
frequency of the display light source;
(2) A rear projection screen brightness gain greater than 10 times
(a) Electron tubes for image conversion or intensification, including the gain of a Lambertian scatterer with an equivalent area, and
those designed for streak or framing cameras, incorporating: less than 10010 variation in brightness across the exit aperture; or
(1) Microehannel-plate electron multipliers; or (3) Specially designed for use in helmet-mounted displays.
(2) Semi-transparent photocathodes incorporating epitaxially
grown layers of compound semiconductors, such as gallium
arsenide;
(b) Electron tubes for television or video cameras, having any of the
following characteristics: IL 1558
(1) Incorporating microchannel-plate electron multipliers;
(2) Coupled with electron tubes embargoed by sub-item (a) above; Electronic vacuum tubes and cathodes, as follows,
or and other components specially designed for those
(3) Ruggedised and having a maximum lengrh-to-bulb diameter
tubes:
ratio of 5:1 or less.
NOTES: (a) Tubes in which space charge control is utilised as the primary
1. This Item does not embargo commercial standard X-ray amplifier
functional parameter, including triodes and tetrodes, as follows:
rubes.
(1) Tubes rated for continuous wave operation having either of the
2. Nothing in the following permits the export of technology for the
following characteristics:
specified equipment, except for the minimum required for its use
(A) Exceeding 4 GHz at maximum rated anode dissipation; or
(i.e., installation, operation anti maintenance).
(B) Within the frequency range 0.3 to 4 GHz and for which,
This Item does not embargo:
under any condition of cooling, the product of the
(a) Non-imaging image intensifier or non-imaging image
maximum rated anode dissipation (expressed in kW) and
conversion tubes which incorporate mieroehannel-plate
the square of the maximum frequency (expressed in GHz)
electron multipliers, when not specially designed for cameras
at the maximum rated anode dissipation exceedes 10,
embargoed by Item IL 1585;
except tubes specially designed for television transmitters
(b) Television or video camera tubes which incorporate
operating in the frequency range of 0.47 to 0.96 GHz and
mierochannel-plate electron multipliers designed for cameras
rated for operation without a grid current, for which the
not embargoed by Item IT. 1585.
product of the rated anode dissipation (expressed in kW)
NB: and the square of the maximum frequency (expressed in
This Note does not apply to tubes incorporating a gallium GHz) may reach 20;
arsenide (or similar semiconductor) photocathode. (2) Tubes rated only for pulse operation having either of the
3. The shipment of reasonable quantities of non-ruggedised tubes following characteristics:
embargoed by this Item, provided that the tubes will be used for (A) Exceeding 1 GHz, with maximum peak pulse output
bona fide medical applications. power of more than 45 kW; or
(B) Between 0.3 and 1 GHz and for which, under any
FOR ~ PE<;>~~'~ WUPUC OF2i!JNA 9NLY condition of cooling, the product of the peak pulse output
- ',' \'''' '. power (expressed in kW) and the square of the maximum
4. The shipment of e1fcfi.on tubes, as followS: ' ;- '. :. frequency (expressed in GHz) exceeds 45;
(a) Image ip~er or image convenion tubes 'which ~corporate (3) Tubes, specially designed for use as radar pulse modulators
microchanne[~plat'es;when nol specially d~ignid fOt; qmeras having a pealc anode voltage rating of 100 kV or more, or rated
"'embargoed by Item IT. 1585; • . • for a peak pulse power of20 MW or more;
(1)-)' Television or video camera tubes which incorpoute (b) Tubes which utilise interaction between a beam of electrons and
rnrcrochanne1-plate electron mulriplien not embargoed by microwave elements and in which the electrons travel in a direction
'Item IT. 1556. - ," .~. ~ perpendicular to the applied magnetic field, including magnetrons,
crossed-field amplifi~r tubes and crossed-field oscillator tubes,
NB: except:
This Note does not apply to electron tubes incorporating a gallium (I) Fixed frequency ;lnd tunable pulsed magnetrons and crossed-
arsenide (or similar semiconductor) photocathode. field amplifier tubes which are in normal civil use in equipment
which may be exported legally as follows:
(A) Magnetrons designed to operate at frequencies below
3 GHz with a maximum rated peak output power of
5 MW or less, or between 3 to 12 GHz with the product
of the maximum rated p~ak outpUt power (expressed in
kW) and the r,'eq,'ency (expressed in GHz) less than 4,200
and a "fi-equen~y tJning time" of more than 100 ms;

security export control March 1991 39


IL 1558 continued direction parallel to the applied magnetic field but also require for
their operation a large component of velocity transverse to the
.l
(B) Crossed-field amplifier tubes designed to operate at direction of the applied magnetic field, including gyrotrons, ubitrons
frequencies below 4 GHz with a maximum rated average and peniotrons, except gyrotron oscillators;
output power of 1.2 kW or less, a bandwidth of 200 MHz (t) Tubes designed to withstand on any axis an acceleration of short
or less and a gain ofless than 15 dB; duration (shock) of more than 1,000 g;
(2) Fixed frequency contin,uous wave magnetrons designed for (g) Tubes designed for operation in ambient temperatures exceeding
medical use or for industrial heating or cooking purposes 473 K (200·C);
operating at a frequency of 2.375 GHz ± 0.05 GHz or (h) Tubes of the types described in (c), (d) or (e) above, designed to
2.45 GHz ± 0.05 GHz with a maximum rated output power operate with no filament or cathode heating element (as indicated
not exceeding 6 kW or, at a frequency below 1 GHz, with a by the absence of heating supply connections);
maximum rated output power not exceeding 35 kW; (i) Tubes which utilise a modulated beam of electrons striking one or
(c) Tubes which utilise the interaction between a beam of electrons and more semiconductor diodes to provide power gain;
microwave elements or cavities and in which the electrons travel in G) Cathodes for electronic vacuum tubes, as follows:
a direction parallel to the applied magnetic field, including k1ystrons (1) Specially designed for tubes embargoed by (a) to (i) above; or
or travelling wave tubes, except: (2) Impregnated cathodes capable of producing a current density
(1) Continuous wave tubes, having all of the following exceeding 0.5 Ncm' at rated operating conditions.
characteristics:
(A) Designed for use in civil ground communication; NOTES:
(B) Instantaneous bandwidth. tubes with any of the following
sets of characteristics: 1. Nothing in this Note permits the export of technology for
(a) Tubes with: electronic vacuum tubes or specially designed components therefor
(1) An instantaneous bandwidth of half an octave or less (for manufacturing equipment, see Item IL 1355). Sub-items (a) and
(i.e., the highest operating frequency does not (c) above do not embargo tubes specially designed for civil
exceed 1.5 times the lowest operating frequency); telecasting according to CCIR or OIR standards, and specially
and designed components therefor.
(2) The product of the rated output power (expressed 2. Nothing in this Note permits the export of technology. Sub-items
in kW) and the maximum operating frequency (b) and (c) above do not embargo magnetrons and k1ystrons specially
(expressed in GHz) does not exceed 0.3; designed' for particle accelerators for medical radiation therapy,
(b) Tubes which: having all of the following chara~teristics:
(1) Have an instantaneous bandwidth of 10% or less (a) Capable of operation only at a frequency of 3,000 MHz ±
(i.e., the highest operating frequency does not 15 MHz or at a frequency of2,856 MHz ± 15 MHz;
exceed 1.1 times the lowest operating frequency); (b) Not capable of being tuned mechanically or electronically
(2) The product of the rated ouput power (expressed in outside the above bands;
kW) and the maximum operating frequency (c) Mechanically tuned within the above bands; alld
(expressed in GHz) does not exceed 5; and (d) Having a peak output power not exceeding 10 MW and an
(3) Operate in standard international telecommuni- average output power not exceeding 15 kW.
cations bands; or
(c) Tubes which:
(1) Have an instantaneous bandwidth of3% or less (i.e.,
the highest operating frequency does not exceed 1560
1.03 times the lowest operating frequency);
(2) The product of the rated output power (expressed High energy storage capacitors, as follows:
in kW) and the maximum operating frequency
(expressed in GHz) does not exceed 25; and
(3) Operate in standard international telecom- (a) Capacitors with a repetition rate of less than 10 Hz (single shot slot
munications bands; capacitors) having all of the following characteristics:
(C) Operating frequency not exceeding 20 GHz; (1) A voltage rating equal to or more than 5 kV;
(D) No multiple grid, including shadow grid, electron guns; and (2) An energy density equal to or more than 250 jlkg; and
(E) Collectors with no more than two depressed stages; (3) A total energy equal to or more than 25 kJ;
(2) Pulsed tubes, as follows: (b) Capacitors with a repetition rate of 10 Hz or more (repetition rated
(A) For civil applications; capacitors) having all of the following characteristics:
(B) Having an instantaneous bandwidth of half an octave or less (1) A voltage rating equal to or more than 5 kV;
(i.e., the highest operating frequency is not higher than 1.5 (2) An energy density equal to or more than 50 jlkg;
times the lowest operating frequency); (3) A total energy equal to or more than 100 J; and
(C) Having collectors with no more than two depressed stages; (4) A charge/discharge cycle life equal to or more than 10,000.
and
(D) Having either of the following sets of characteristics: NOTES:
(a) (1) A peak saturated output power not exceeding 1 kW; I. This Item does not embargo electrolytic or tantalum capacitors.
(2)An average output power not exceeding 40 W; and 2. The shipment of equipment embargoed by this Item for medical use.
(3) An operating frequency not exceeding 10 GHz; or
(b) (1) A peak saturated output power not exceeding 100 W;
(2) An average output power not exceeding 20 W; and
(3) An operating frequency between 10 GHz and
20 GHz; 1561
(3) Fixed frequency pulsed tubes, as follows:
(A) For civil applications; Materials specially designed for use as absorbers of
(B) Operating at frequencies below 3.5 GHz; electromagnetic waves having frequencies exceeding
(C) Having a peak output power of 1.6 MW or less; and 200 MHz and less than 3 THz, except materials as
(D) Having an operating bandwidth of less than 1%;
follows:
(4 Tubes, as follows:
(A) Used as fixed frequency or voltage tunable oscillator tubes;
(B) Designed to operate at frequencies below 20 GHz; and (a) Hair type absorbers, whether constructed of natural or synthetic
(C) Having a maximum output power ofless than 3 W; fibres, withnon-magnetic loading to provide absorption;
(d) Tubes which utilise interaction between a beam of electrons and (b) Absorbers whose incident surface is non-planar in shape, including
microwave elements or cavities but do not require a magnetic field pyramids,cones, wedges and convoluted surfaces, and which have
to control or focus the electron beam, except low power reflex no magnetic loss;
oscillator k1ystrons designed to operate at frequencies below 20 GHz (c) Planar absorbers having all of the following characteristics:
and at a maximum output power ofless than 3 W; (1) Made of:
(e) Tubes which utilise interaction between a beam of electrons and (A) Plastic foam materials (flexible or non-flexible) with
microwave elements or cavities in which the electrons drift in a carbon-loading, or organic materials, including binders,

40 security export control March 1991


providing more than 5% echo compared with metal over a (5) Silicon-based storage integrated circuits, as follows:
bandwidth exceeding ± 15% on the centre frequency of (For read-only memories (ROMs) or preprogrammed,
the incident energy and not capable of withstanding non-reprogrammable integrated circuits containing:
temperatures exceeding 450 K (177°C); or "Software", see Item IL 1566;
(B) Ceramic materials providing more than 20% echo "Specially designed software", see the appropriate Item
compared with metal over a bandwidth exceeding ± 15% on the Lists;
of the centre frequency of the incident energy, and not Technical data, see the appropriate Item in the Security
capable of withstanding temperatures exceeding 800 K Export Control List)
(527°C); (A) Programmable read only memories (PROMS) (fusible
Technical Note: link or avalanche breakdown) having a storage capacity
Absorption testsamples for (c)(1)(A) or (B) above should be a of more than 128 Kbits per package;
square, sized 5 wavelengths or more, of centre frequency and NOTE:
be positioned in the far field of the radiating element. PROMs programmed by the supplier are to be treated
(2) Their tensile strength is less than 7 MN/m2; and as ROMs.
(3) Their compressive strength is less than 14 MN/m2 • (B) Electrically erasable programmable read only memories
(EEPROMs), or electrically alterable read only
NOTE:
Nothing in the above releases magnetic materials to provide absorption memories (EAROMs), having a storage capacity of
more than 64 Kbits per package;
when contained in paint.
(C) Ultra-violet erasable programmable read only
memories (UV-EPROMs) having a storage capacity of
more than 256 Kbits per package;

IL 1564 NOTE:
Unprogrammable one-time programmable read-only
Integrated circuits, including packages therefor, memories (OTP ROMs) which use the same
technology as UV-EPROMs for their semiconductor
"assemblies", "modules" and "substrates", as chips, but have no optical window for ultra-violet
follows: irradiation, are embargoed by this sub-item.
(D) Dynamic random access memories (DRAMs) having a
storage capacity exceeding either of the following:
(a) 1 Mbit per package; or
NOTES: (b) 256 Kbits per package if they have a maximum
1. The embargo status of "assemblies" "modules", integrated circuits and
1
access time of less than 80ns;
"substrates", which are specially designed for or which have the
(E) Static random-access memories (SRAMs) having a
same functional characteristics as other equipment, is determined by
storage capacity exceeding either of the following:
the embargo status of the other equipment.
(a) 256 Kbits per package; or
N.B. (b) 64 Kbits per package if they have a maximum access
Integrated circuits described in (a)(3) to (12) below are not time of less than 80ns;
considered to be specially designed and their embargo status is (6) Converter integrated circuits, as follows:
therefore determined by this Item. (A) Analogue-to-digital converters having either of the
2. This Item also embargoes "modules" which have performances and following characteristics:
functions equivalent to those of the integrated circuits embargoed (a) A resolution of 12 bits with a conversion time of
by sub-item (a). less than 500 ns; or
3. Integrated circuits include the following types: (b) A resolution of more than 12 bits with a conversion
"Monolithic integrated circuits"; time of less than 5 microseconds;
"Hybrid integrated circuits", including "multichip integrated
NOTE:
circuits";
This does not embargo an analogue-to-digital
"Film type integrated circuits", including silicon-on-sapphire
converter designed for digital voltmeters which are not
integrated circuits or equivalents;
embargoed by Item IL 1529.
"Optical integrated circuits".
(B) Digital-to-analogue converters having either of the
following characteristics:
(a) Integrated circuits, as follows:
(a) A resolution of 12 bits with a maximum "settling
(1) Designed or rated as radiation hardened;
time" to rated linearity of less than:
(2) Rated for operation at an ambient temperature below 219
(1) 500 ns for voltage output converters; or
K (-54°C) or above 397 K (+124°C);
(2) 25 ns for current output converters; or
NOTE: (b) A resolution of more than 12 bits, with a maximum
For audio alnplifier or voltage regulator integrated circuits, "settling time" to rated linearity of less than:
or integrated circuits for medical electronic prostheses or (1) 3 microseconds for voltage output converters;
car and train engine electronics, the temperature limits do or
not apply. -~ (2) 1 microsecond for current output converters;
(3) Silicon-based "microprocessor microcircuits", "micro- (7) "Optical integrated circuits" having any of the following
computer microcircuits" and microcontroller microcircuits characteristics:
having any of the following characteristics: (A) Containing more than 2,048 elements;
(A) An external data bus width of more than 16 bit with an (B) Having a peak sensitivity at a wavelength longer than
arithlnetic logic unit with an access width of more than 1,200nm or shorter than 190nm;
32 bit; (C) Having a peak sensitivity at a wavelength shorter than
(B) A maximum clock frequency of more than 20 MHz; 300nm and having an efficiency of less than 0.1 %
or relative to peak response at wavelengths longer than
(C) On chip random access storage (RAM) of more than 400nm;
512 Bytes; (D) Having a response "time constant" of 95n5 or less
Technical Note: measured at the operating temperature for which the
"Microprocessor microcircuits" include Digital Signal "time constant" reaches a minimum; or
Processors (DSP) and Floating Processor Units (FPU). NOTE:
NOTE: This does not embargo "optical integrated circuits" which
This does not embargo silicon-based "microcomputer arc not "sp2ce qualified" and which have both of the
microcircuits" or microcontroller 'microcircuits having an following characteristics:
operand (data) word length of8 bit or less. (1) A responsc "ti01C constant" of 500 picosccond or
(4) Silicon-based peripheral integrated circuits specially morc; and
designed to support integrated circuits embargoed by (a)(3) (2) A. peak sensitivity <it a wavelength neithcr longer
above; tban 1..;tSOnm nor shorter than 300 urn;

Security export control MarcW"99~1 4'..


N.B.:
IL 1564 continued This Note does not release from embargo integrated circuits which
(E) Containing semiconductor "lasers" embargoed by satisfy the conditions of this Note but which are specially designed
Item n. 1522; components for embargoed equipment.
(8) Sarnple-and-hold integrated circuits having an acquisition 3. This Item does not embargo silicon based integrated circuits
time ofless than 500 ns; provided:
(9) Unprogrammed, silicon-based, programmable gate arrays (a) They have no "user-accessible microprogrammability";
or logic arrays having both of the following characteristics: (b) The design or "programme" are originated either by the
(a) More than 28 terminals; and "manufacturer" alone or in concert with the user of the
(b) An equivalent gate count of more than 200 per integrated circuit;
package; (c) The "manufacturcr" has established that the design or
(10) Fuzzy logic or neural network integrated circuits; programme are fixed at the time of manufacture;
(11) Integrated circuits designed for Integrated Services Digital (d) The "manufacturer" has established that the design, basic
Network (ISDN) functions; functions and performance of the integrated circuit are only for
Technical Note: the intended civil end-use; a"d
For the purposes of this sub-item, 'designed' means that the (e) They are designed or programmed by the "manufacturer" for
integrated circuit was manufactured for the specific purpose any of the following applications only:
of providing ISDN functions. (For those integrated circuits (1) Car electronics (e.g., entertainment, instrumentation,
which provide ISDN functions but which are specially safety, comfort, operations or pollution);
designed for equipment. described in other Items, see the (2) Home electronics (e.g., audio and video equipment,
appliances, safety, education, comfort, remote controlled
appropriate Item.)
(12) Unfinished wafers; toys or amusement);
(3) Timekeeping applications (e.g., watches or clocks);
NOTE: (4) Personal communications up to 150 MHz, including
The embargo status of unfinished wafers with a defined amateur radio conununication and intercom;
pattern, in which the function has been determined, is to (5) Unembargoed cameras including cine cameras but
be evaluated against the parameters of this sub-item. excluding imaging microcircuits;
(13)lntegrated circuits, other than those described in (I) to (12) (6) Medical electronic prostheses (e.g., cardiac pacemakers,
above, having any of the following characteristics: hearing aids); or
(A) Based upon any compound semiconductor; (7) Civil telephone subscriber sets providing neither ISDN
functions nor encryption;
NOTE:
This does not embargo compound semiconductor N.B.:
integrated circuits which are designed for, and by virtue of Integrated circuits specially designed for mobile (radio)
circuit design limited to use in, any of the following telephone which use frequency synthesisers are specially
applications: designed components embargoed by Item n. 1531.
(1) Civil audio, radio or TV equipment operating 4. Devices (encapsulated or unencapsulated) not released by sub-item
below 1 GHz; or (a) provided:
(2) Mobile telephone and cordless telephone (a) They have been designed for identifiable civil applications;
equipment operating below 1 GHz. (b) They arc, by nature of design or performance, substantially
(B) Mixed-signal integrated circuits (combining analogue restricted to rhe particular application for which they have been
and digital functions) which can operate above 1.2 designed;
GHz or which have a typical "basic gate propagation
delay time" ofless than Ins;
(C) Digital (logic) integrated circuits having a typical "basic
gate propagation delay time" ofless than 1 ns; or IL 1565
NOTE: Electronic computers, "related equipment",
This does not embargo silicon-based digital (logic) equipment or systems containing electronic
integrated circuits with 28 terminals or less. computers, and technology therefor, as follows; and
(D) Having more than 128 terminals. specially designed components for these electronic
(b) Ceramic packages for integrated circuits designed for hermetically computers and "related equipment":
sealed pin or pad grid array, leadless carrier or surface-mounted
configurations, having either of the following characteristics:
(1) Pin, pad or lead nominal spacings of less than 1.25 mm; or (For the embargo status of "software", see Item IL 1566.)
(2) More than 68 terminals;
(c) Ceramic "substrates", having more than three layers of Technical Note:
interconnections not including the ground plane. This Item includes:
(a) "Assemblies", "modules", or printed circuit boards with
mounted components referred to this I\em by Item IL 1564;
NOTES: (b) Central processing unit - "main storage" combinations;
1. Nothing in the above permits the export of technology for the (c) Processors for stored programme control.
design, development or processing of wafers or chips for any
embargoed type of integrated circuits, irrespective of any release or (a) "Analogue computers" and "related equipment" therefor, which are
transfer by the Note to the heading to this Item of certain devices. designed or modified for use in airborne vehicles, missiles or space
This restriction also applies to technology embodied both in the vehicles and rated for continuous operation at tcmperatures from
equipment embargoed by Item IL 1355 and its use. below 228K(-4S'C) to above 328K(+SS'C);
2. This Item does not embargo integrated circuits described in sub- (b) Equipment or systems containing "analogue computers" embargoed
items (a)(9) or (a)(13), or microcontroller micro circuits or by sub-item (a);
"microcomputer microcircuits" described in (a)(3), provided: (c) "Analogue computers" and "related equipment" therefor, other
(a) They have no "user-accessible microprogrammability"; than those embargoed by sub-item (a), except:
(b) They are for an identifiable civil application and substantially (1) Those which neither:
restricted to that application; (A) Are capable of containing more than 20 summers,
(c) The design or "programme" are originated either by the integrators, multipliers or function generators; nor
"manufacturer" alone or in concert with the user of the (B) Have facilities for readily varying the interconnections of
integrated circuit; such components; or
(d) The "manufacturer" has established that the design or (2) Those which are limited as follows:
programme are fixed at the time of manufacture; and (A) They use neither:
(e) The "manufacturer" has established that the design, basic (a) Optical computation devices; nor
functions and performance of the integrated circuit are only for (b) Acoustic wave devices embargoed by Item IL 1586
the intended civil end-use. other than those described in Note 1 to Item IL 1586;

42 Security export control March 1991


(B) The rated errors for summers, inverters and integrators are (1) Is essential for the medical application; anti . . ,
not less than: (2) Is designed or modified for the identifiabl.e and .
(a) Static : 0.01 %; dedicated medical application;
(b) Total at I kHz : 0.15%; (e) Any "digital computer" which is not designed or modified
(C) The rated errors for multipliers are not less than: but essential for the medical application does not exceed a
(a) Static : 0.025%; "total processing data rate" of 550 million bit per second;
(b) Total at I kHz : 0.25%; and .
(D) The rated errors for fixed function generators (log and (f) The technology for the "digital computers" or "related
sine/cosine) are not less than: equipment" is governed by sub-item u) below.
Static : 0.1 %; (1) Including "digital computers" and "related equipment"
(E) No more than 350 operational amplifiers; and (A) Designed or modified for:
(F) No more than four integrator time scales switchable during
one programme; NOTE:
"Digital computers" and "related equipment" containing
Technical Notes: equipment, devices or logic control for the following
1. The percentage for (B)(a) above applies to the actual functions are also included.
output voltage; all the other percentages apply to full scale, (a) "Signal processing";
that is from maximum negative to maximum positive (b) "Image enhancement";
reference voltages. (c) "Local area networks";
2. Total errors at I kHz for (B)(b) and (C)(b) above are to be
measured with those resistors incorporated in the inverter, NOTE:
summer or integrator which provide the least error. For the purpose of this sub-item,. data communication
3. Total error measurements include all errors of the unit systems when located within a single piece of
resulting from, for example, tolerances of resistors and equipment (e.g.,television set, car) are not considered
capacitors, tolerances of input and output impedances of to be designed or modified for "local area networks".
amplifiers, the effects ofloading, the effects of phase shift or (d) "Multi-data-stream processing";
the generating of functions.
(d) "Hybrid computers" and "related equipment" therefor, with all the NOTE:
following characteristics: For the purpose of this sub-item, "digital computers"
(1) The analogue section is embargoed by sub-item (c); and "related equipment" are not considered to be
(2) The digital section has an intemal fixed or alterable storage of designed or modified for "multi-data-stream
more than 2,048 bit; and processing", if they:
(3) Facilities are included for processing numerical data from the (a) Utilise staged (pipelined) instruction interpretation
analogue section in the digital section or vice versa; for conventional single instruction - single data
(e) "Digital computers" or embargoed "analogue computers" sequence processing; or
containing equipment for interconnecting "analogue computers" (b) Have an arithmetic unit implemented with bit-slice
with "digital computers"; microprocessor microcircuits.
(f) "Digital computers" and "related equipment" therefor, with any of (e) Combined recognition, understanding and
the following characteristics: interpretation of image, continuous (coIUlected) speech
(1) Designed or modified for use in airborne vehicles, missiles or or cOIUlected word text other than "signal processing"
space vehicles and rated for continuous operation at or "image enhancement" described in sub-items
temperatures from below 228K(-4S°C) to above 328K(+SS°C); (h)(I)(A)(a) or (b);
(2) Designed or modified to limit electromagnetic radiation to (f) "Real time processing" of sensor data:
levels much less than those required by government civil (1) Concerning events occurring outside the
interference specifications; "computer using facility"; and
(3) Designed as ruggedised or radiation-hardened equipment and (2) Provided by equipment embargoed by Items IL
capable of meeting military specifications for ruggedised or 1501, IL 1502 or IL 1510;
radiation-hardened equipment;
(4) Modified for military use; or NOTE:
(5) Designed or modified for certifiable multi-level security or This does not include digital radar signal processing by
certifiable user isolation applicable to Government classified equipment which is:
material or to applications requiring an equivalent level of (a) Embargoed by Item IL 1501 (c) (2) (F) only, for
security; which the conditions ofItem IL 1501 apply; or
(g) Equipment or systems containing "digital computers" embargoed by (b) Freed from embargo by the two-year limit in Item
sub-item (f); IL 1501 (c) (2) (G).
(h) "Digital computers" and "related equipment" therefor, other than (g) Not used;
those embargoed by sub-items (e) or (f), even when contained in or (h) "Fault tolerance";
"associated" with equipment or systems:
NOTE:
NOTES: For the purpose of this sub-item, "digital computers"
1. The embargo status of these "digital computers" or "related and "related equipment" are not considered to be
equipment" is governed by the embargo status of other designed or modified for "fault tolerance", if they
equipment or systems provided: utilise:
(a) The "digital computers" or "related equipment" are (a) Error detection or correction algorithms in "main
essential for the operation of the other equipment or storage";
systems; (b) The intercoIUlection of two "digital computers" so
(b) The "digital computers" or the "related equipment" are that, if the active central processing unit fails, an
not a "principal element" of the other equipment or idling but mirroring central processing unit can
systems; and continue the system's functioning;
(c) The technology for the "digital computers" and "related (c) The interconnection of two central processing units
equipment" is governed by sub-item u)below. by data channels or by use of shared storage to
2. "Digital computers" or "related equipment" are not embargoed pennit one central processing unit to perfonn other
by this Item provided: work: until the second central processing unit fails,
(a) They are essential for medical applications; at which time the first central processing unit takes
(b) The equipment is substantially restricted to medical over in order to continue the system's functioning;
applications by nature of its design and performance; M .
(c) The equipment does not have "user-accessible (d) The synchronisation of two central processing units
programmability" other than that allowing for insertion of by "software" so that one central processing unit
the original or modified "programmes" supplied by the recognises when the other central processing unit
original manufacturer; fails and recovers tasks from the failing unit.
(d) The equipment for "signal processing", "image (i) Not usecl
enhancement" or "multi-data-stream processing": u) "User-ac~ess;hle microprogrammability";

Security exporlcontrol Man::tt1~" .~


lL,1565 'amti_d' (j) Communication control unit - "communication
channel" combinations having a maximum "data
NOTE: signalling rate" of any "communication channel"
For the purpose of this sub-item; "digital computers" exceeding 9,600 bit/s;
and "related equipment" are not considered to be (k) Displays or monitors having more than 1,280
designed or modified for "user-accessible resolvable elements in one dimension and 1024
mieroprogrammability", if this facility is limited to: resolvable elements in the perpendicular dimension
(a) Loading, reloading or inserting of "micro- with a maximum of 25colours or shades of grey;
programmes" provided by the supplier; or NOTES:
(b) Simple loading of "micro-programmes", which may 1. This does not embargo displays or monitors not
or may not be provided by! the supplier, but which specially designed for electronic computers,
are neither designed to be accessible to the user nor 2, This does not embargo monochrome displays for
accompanied by training or "software" for user systems specially designed for and limited to graphic
accessibility. arts, desktop publishing, document image
(k) Not used; publishing (e.g.,printing, publishing) which have
(I) Not used; displays not exceeding 1,600 resolvable elements in
(m) "Wide area nerworks"; one dimension and 1,200 resolvable elements in the
(B) Not used; perpendicular dimension.
(C) "Related equipment", as follows: 3, The colour or shades of grey limits above do not
apply in the case of direct driven video monitors.
NOTE: (I) Graphic accelerators or graphic coprocessors;
"Related equipment" not described in this sub-item or in
(2) Except:
sub-item (h)(l)(A) is free from embargo.
(A) Not used;
(a) Disk drives for rigid magnetic media (hard disks) or
(B) Nor used;
non-rigid magnetic media (floppy disks), including
(C) "Digital computers" other than those described in sub-
cartridge type magnetic disk media, exceeding any of
items (h)(l)(d) to (m) above, and "related equipment",
the following limits: having all of the following characteristics:
(1) A "gross capacity" of 165 MByte;
(a) Shipped as complete systems;
(2) "Maximum bit transfer rate":
(b) Designed and announced by the manufacturer for
(A) For disk drives for rigid magnetic media (hard identifiable civil use;
disks) - 10.3 million bit/s; (c) Not specially designed for any equipment embargoed
(B) For disk drives for non-rigid magnetic media by any other Item in the Security Export Control Lists;
(floppy disks) or cartridge type magnetic disk (d) "Total processing data rate" not exceeding 275 million
drives - 16 million bit/s; bit/s;
(3) An "access rate" of 56 accesses per sec.ond; (e) "Total connected net capacity" of "main storage" not
(b) Disk drives for optical media (write-once-read- exceeding 32 MByte;
multipletimes (WORM) disks) exceeding any of the (f) Not including a microprocessor or microcomputer
following limits: microcircuit with an external data bus width of more
(1) A "net capacity" of 3.2 GByte; than 32 bit or an arithmetic logic urnt with an access
(2) "Maximum bit transfer rate" of 8 million bits/s; width of more than 32 bit;
(3) An' "access rate" of 15 accesses per second; (g) Not including embargoed "related equipment" other
(c) Disk drives for erasable optical or magneto-optical than InputlOutput control unit - magnetic disk drive
media; (hard disk) combinations having:
(d) Solid state storage equipment other than "main (1) A total connected "net capacity" not exceeding 2
storage" (also known as solid state disks or RAM disks) GByte;
exceeding a "net capacity" of 2 MByte; (2) A "maximum bit transfer rate" of any disk drive not
(e) InputlOutput control units with any of the following exceeding 20,6 million bit/s; and
characteristics: (3) No more than five independent disk drives
(1) Designed for use with equipment embargoed by exceeding a "maximum bit transfer rate" of 16
sub-items (h) (1) (C) (a), (b), (c) or (d) above; million bit/s;
(2) Having more than one independent readlwrite (h) Not having both of the following characteristics:
channel; NB:
(3) Having "user-accessible programmability" or "user- This does not apply to workstations designed for and
accessible microprograminability"; or limited to graphic arts (e.g.,printing, publishing).
(4) Having a transfer rate exceeding 16 million bit/s; (1) They are stand-alone graphics work stations
designed or modified for the generation,
NB: transformation and display of two- or three-
Assuming a configuration of storage devices which dimensional vectors; and
would maximise the transfer rate. (2) They 'exceed either of the following limits:
(f) Magnetic tape drives exceeding either of the following (A) "Block move data rate" - 3 million pixels per
limits: second; or
(1) A "maximum bit packing density" of 246 bit/mm; (B) "Maximum bit transfer rate" of the channel for
or direct access to the "main storage" (Direct
(2) A "maximum bit transfer rate" of 10 million bit/s; Memory Access (DMA) channel) - 15 million
(g) Streamer tape drives with a "maximum bit transfer bit/s; and
rate" exceeding 16 million bit/s; (i) Not including equipment embargoed by Item IL 1519
(h) Input/Output control units with any of the following (a) (2) or by Item IL 1567;
characteristics: (D) Graphic accelerators or graphic coprocessors not exceeding
(1) Designed for use with tape drives embargoed by a "block move data rate" of 3 million pixels per second;
sub-items (h)(1) (C) (f) or (g) above; (E) Equipment for "signal processing" or "image
(2) Having more than two independent readlwrite enhancement" or both not exceeding an "equivalent
channels; multiply rate" of 6.5 million operations per second;
(3) Having "user-accessible programmability" or "user- (F) Equipment for "local area nerworks" not exceeding a "data
accessible microprogrammability"; or signalling rate" of 20 million bitls and having no
(4) Having a transfer rate exceeding 16 million bit/s; "internerwork gateways";
NB: NOTES:
Assuming a configuration of tape drives which would 1. This does not embargo equipment specially designed
maximise the transfer rate. , for connecting "local area networks" within a
(i) Communication control units - direcdy connected data' "computer using facility".
channel combinations exceeding a "Total transfer rate" 2. For the embargo status of "software" for "local area
of3.6 million bit/s; nerworks", see Item IL 1566 (a) (3) (B).

M S8curttye>eportcontrot March 1991


(i) Not used; (2) Input/Output control unit - drum or ·,~li5~: drive, :.
G) Technology, as follows: combinations: . , . , , ..., .'
(1) Technology applicable to the: (A) Total connected "net capacity" - 6GByte;
(A) Development, production or use (i.e.,installation, operation (B) "Maximum bit transfer rate" of any drum or disk ~ve
and maintenance) of electronic computers or "related - 25 million bit/s;
equipment", even if these electronic computers or "related (3) Communication control unit - "communication channel"
equipment" are not embargoed by this Item except: combinations the maximum "data signalling rate" of which
(a) Technology which is unique to "related equipment" does not exceed the limits in Item n. 1519 (a) (2);
not otherwise embargoed by any Item in the Security (4) Unembargoed equipment for "local area networks".
Export Control Lists; (5) Displays or monito":
(b) The minimum technical information necessary for the (A) Released from embargo; 0'
use of electronic computers or "related equipment" (B) Monochrome displays for systems specially designed for
free from embargo or authorised for export when and limited to graphic arts, desktop publishing,
shipped together with or solely for use with these document image publishing (e.g.,printing, publishing),
electronic computers or "related equipment"; 0' not exceeding 4,800 resolvable elements in one
(c) The minimum technical information, as follows, for dimension and 3,600 resolvable elements in the
the production of electronic computers and "related perpendicular dimension.
equipment" released from embargo by sub-item (h) (2) (6) Unembargoed equipment for "signal processing" or
(C) or not embargoed by sub-item (h) (1): "image enhancement";
(1) Assembling of prefabricated components or sub- (h) When the "total processing data rate" does not exceed 400
assemblies; million bit per second, the Consignor shall:
(2) Loading of basic "diagnostic systems" software; and (I) Satisfy the Department of Trade and Industry that:
(3) Performing basic go/ no go testing of finished (A) The equipment will be used primarily for the specific
products; non-strategic application for which the export would
be approved; and
Notes: (B) The equipment will not be used for the design,
1. "Assembling" is defined as the testing, and
development or production of embargoed items,
integrating into finished products, of components
especially not in microelectronics; and
and sub-assemblies, including mounting
(C) The equipment will not be removed from the premises
components on to printed circuit boards or into
of the Ultimate User(s); and
other assemblies. (2) Promptly notify the Department of Trade u,d Industry of
2. This sub-item does not permit the export of
any information concerning the removal or diversion of the
technology or products embargoed by other Items
equipment from the authorised purposes related to the
in the Security Export Control Lists. specific export licence; and
(B) Development, production or use of equipment or systems (i) When the "total processing data rate" exceeds 400 million bit
embargoed by sub-item (b) or (g); 0' per second, the Consignor shall provide the Department of
(2) Technology for the integration of: Trade and Industry with the following:
(A) Embargoed electronic computers or embargoed "related
(I) A signed statement of the Consignor that the equipment
equipment" into other equipment or systems whether or
will be used primarily for the specific non-strategic
not the other equipment or systems are embargoed; or
application for which the export would be approved;
NOTE: (2) A signed statement of the Ultimate User(s) or Importing
Nothing in the above embargoes technology for Agent describing the cnd-use and certifying that the
integration which is unique to the other equipment or "digital computers" or "related equipment" will:
systems if they are free from embargo. (A) Bc used only for civil applications; and
(B) Unembargoed electronic computers or unembargoed (B) Not be removed from the premises of the Ultimate
"related equipment" into embargoed equipment or User(s) without the consent of the Consignor; and
systems. (3) Prompt reports of any information concerning the removal
or diversion of the equipment from the authorised purposes
NOTES: related to the specific export licence.
1 to 8 Not used; 10. "Related equipment" for the enhancement of indigenously
produced systems, provided the enhanced system does not exceed
9. "Digital computers" or "related equipment" therefor embargoed by
the limitations of sub-items (h) (2) (C) (b) to (i) above.
sub-item (h) provided:
11. Not used.
(a) They will be operated by civil cnd-users for civil applications;
12. Favourable consideration will be. given to the export of "digital
(b) They are exported as complete systems, or as enhancements to
computers" or "related equipment" therefor embargoed by sub-
previously exported systems, provided the enhanced system
item (h), provided:
does not exceed the limits of paragraph (g) of this Note;
(a) The "digital computers" or "related equipment" therefor:
(c) They have been primarily designed and used for non-strategic
(I) Are not described in sub-items (h) (I) (A) (d) to (m);
applications;
(2) Are exported as complete systems, or as enhancements to a
(d) They arc not ruggedised above the level required for a normal
previously exported system provided the enhanced system
commercial/civil environment;
(e) They do not have .ny of the characteristics identified in sub- does not exceed the limits of paragraph (b) of this Note;
(3) Have been designed and announced by the manufacturer
items (h) (1) (A) (d) to (m);
for identifiable civil use;
(I) They do not have both of the following characteristics:
(4) Are not ruggedised abOve the level required for a normal
NB: commercial/civil environment; and
This does not apply to workstations designed for and limited to (5) Do not have both of the following characteristics:
graphic arts (e.g.,printing, publishing).
(1) They are stand-alone graphics work stations designed or NB:
modified for the generation, transformation and display of This does not apply to' workstations designed for and
two- or three-dimensional vectors; and limited to graphic arts (e.g.,printing, publishing).
(2) They exceed either of the following limits: (A) They are stand-alone graphics work stations designed
(A) "Block move data rate" - 3 million pixels per second; or modified for the generation, transformation and
0' display of two- or three- dimensional vectors; atul
(B) "Maximum bit transfer rate" of the channel for direct (B) They exceed either of the following limits:
access to the "main storage" (Direct Memory Access (a) "Block move data rate" - 5 million pixels per
(DMA) channel) - 15 million bit/s; second; 0'
(g) They do not exceed any of the folloWing limits: (b) "Maximum bit transfer rate" of the channel for
(1) Central processing unit - "main storage" combinations: direct access to the "main storage" (Direct Memory
(A) "Total processing data rate" - 550 million bit/s; Access (DMA) channel) - 22 million bit/s;
(B) "Total connected capacity" of "main storage" - 64 (b) The "digital cOl1lputers" or "related equipment" therefor do
MByte; not exceed any af th. following limits:· .
waived for remote "terminal devices" if they consist only
IL 1565 continued of equipment free from embargo.
.(1) Central processing unit - "main storage" combinations:
(A) "Total processing data rate" - 1,000 million bit/s; 13. Not used
(B) "Total connected capacity" of "main storage" - 128 14. Not used
MByte; 15. Favourable consideration will be given to the export of
(2) Input/Output control unit - drum or disk drive instrumentation, test equipment, components and "specially
combinations: designed software" therefor, for the production of electronic
(A) Total connected "net capacity" - 12 GByte; computers or "related equipment" released by sub-item (h) (2) (C)
(B) "Maximum bit transfer rate" of any drum or disk drive or not embargoed by sub-item (h) (I), provided:
- 25 million bit/s; NB:
(3) Communication control unit - "communication channel" Nothing in this Note precludes the export of equipment free from
combinations the maximum "data signalling rate" of which embargo. Nothing in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Note preclude
does not exceed 19,200 bits/s; the export of technology authorised under other Items in the
(4) Communication control unit - "local area network" Security Export Control Lists.
combinations: "data signalling rate" on the common (a) The instrumentation, test equipment, components and
transmission medium not exceeding 20 million bit/s; "specially designed software" is the minimum necessary to
(5) Displays or monitors: utilise the technology released by sub-item G);
(A) Displays or monitors having more than 1280 resolvable (b) Equipment for testing integrated circuits is limited to go/no-go
elements in one dimension and 1024 resolvable tests;
elements in the perpendicular dimension and 256 (c) The contract includes explicit conditions to ensure that:
colours or shades of grey; or (1) The production technology or production equipment are
(B) Monochrome displays for systems specially designed for not reexported or exported, either direcdy or indirecdy, to
and limited to graphic arts, desktop publishing, another proscribed destination;
document image publishing (e.g.,printing, publishing), (2) The Consignor may appoint a representative who is
not exceeding 4,800 resolvable elements in one entided to verifY adherence to the licensing conditions;
dimension and 3,600 resolvable elements in the (3) Modification of electronic computers or "related
perpendicular dimension; equipment" is only permitted if the modified equipment
(6) "Equivalent multiply rate" for "signal processing" or does not exceed the limits specified in this Item;
"image enhancement" equipment - 8million operations per (4) The Consignor's Western personnel have right of access to
second, provided the equipment does not have: all the facilities involved in the production of the electronic
(A) "user-accessible microprogrammability"; or computers or "related equipment".
(B) "user-accessible programmability"; 16. "Digital computers" and "related equipment" therefor embargoed
(c) Applications under this Note must comply with the following: by sub-item (h), provided all of the following conditions are met:
(1) Provide information which includes: (a) The equipment is used for either:
(A) A signed statement by a responsible representative of (1) Monitoring or enhancing the safety of water-cooled or
the Ultimate User(s) or the Importing Agent(s) moderated civil nuclear reactors; or
describing the end-use and certifying that:
(a) The ."digital computers" or "related equipment" NB:
This sub-paragraph allows for the export of training simulators
will:
which are designed for the specific nuclear power plant dealt
(1) Be used only for civil applications; and
with in the particular export request, but does not allow the
(2) Not be reexported or otherwise disposed of
without permission from the Department export of any design or development information for the
nuclear reactor.
of Trade and Industry;
(2) Monitoring or reducing releases from such reactors or
(b) Responsible Western representatives of the
plants into the environment;
Consignor will:
(b) The "digital computers" and "related equipment" do not
(1) Have the right of access to the "computer
exceed the limits specified in Note 12 of this Item; and
using facility" and all equipment, wherever
located, during normal working hours and at (c) The Consignor shall:
(1) Have a responsible Western representative visit and inspect
any other time the equipment is operating;
the "computer using facility" and all equipment, wherever
and
located, at least quarterly for three years; and
(2) Be furnished information demonstrating
continued authorised application of the (2) Report periodically to the Department of Trade and
Industry whether the "digital computers" and "related
equipment; and
equipment" therefor are still being used for the approved
(c) These Western representatives will be notified of
any significant change of application or of other purposes at the authorised location;
bCts, on which the licence was based;
(B) A full description of:
(a) The equipment; and
(b) Its intended application and workload; and
(C) A complete identification of all Ultimate Users and
their activities;
(2) The Consignor shall prompdy notify the Department of Trade
and Industry of any information concerning:
(A) Any violation of the conditions of this Note; or
(B) Any removal or diversion of the equipment from
authorised purposes, related to the specific export licence;
(3) When the "total processing data rate" does not 'exceed 550
million bit/s, there is no visitation requirement;
(4) When the parameters of the equipment exceed the limit in
paragraph (c) (3) of this Note, the Consignor will:
(A) Have a responsible Western representative visit and inspect
the "computer using bcility" and all equipment, wherever
located, at least quarterly for three years; and
(B) Report periodically to the Department of Trade and
Industry whether the "digital computers" and "related
equipment" therefor are still being used for the approved
purposes at the authorised location.

NB:
The visitation requirements of this sub-paragraph will be

l;;,~ Securit}I,'export control March 1991


(E) Circuit verification rules;
(C) Automatic routing for physical layout;
(D) Automatic placement for physical layout;
(E) Automatic generation of test vectors; or
(f) Simulation of the physically laid out circuits;
(b) Categorized "software" as follows;
IL 1566 (1) "Development systems" as follows;
(A) Employing "high-level language" and designed for or
"Software" and technology therefor. as follows: containing "programmes" or "databases" special to the
development or production of:
(a) "Specially designed software" embargoed by any other
NOTE: Item in the Security Export Control Lists;
The embargo status of "specially designed software" for the use of (b) "Software" embargoed by sub-items (a) (2) or (a)(3) of
equipment described in other Items in the Security Export Control Lists this Item, including any subset designed or modified
(except Item XL 1565) is dealt with in the appropriate Item, and the for use as part of such a "development system";
embargo status of "software" for equipment described in Item XL 1565 is (E) Employing "high-level language" designed. for or
dealt with in the present Item. containing the "software" tools and "databases" for the
development or production of "software" or any subset
(a) "Software" of whatever category, as follows; designed or moclified for use as part of a "development
(1) "Software" designed or modified for any computer that is part system" such as, or equivalent to:
of a computer series designed and produced within a proscribed (a) Ada Programming Support Environment (APSE);
area; except "application software" designed for and limited to; (b) Any subset of APSE, as follows:
(A) Accounting, general ledger, inventory control, payroll, (1) Kernel APSE;
accounts receivable, personnel records, wages calculation or (2) Minimal APSE;
invoice control; (3) Ada compilers specially designed as an integrated
(B) Data and text manipulation such as sort/merge, text subset of APSE; or
editing, data entry or word processing; (4) Any other subset of APSE;
(C) Data retrieval from established data files for purposes of (c) Any superset of APSE; or
report generation or inquiry for the functions described in (d) Any derivative of APSE;
sub-items (a) (1) (A) or (B) above; or (2) "Programming systems" as follows:
(D) The non "real time processing" of pollution sensor data at (A) "Cross-hosted" compilers and "cross-hosted" assemblers;
fixed sites or in civil vehicles for civil environmental NOTE:
monitoring purposes; for "cross-hosted" compilers or "cross-hosted" assemblers
(2) "Software" designed or modified for the design, development which have to be used in conjunction with microprocessor
or production of items embargoed in the Security Export or microcomputer development instruments or systems
Control Lists; described in Item XL 1529, see that Item.
(3) "Software" designed or modified for: (E) Compilers or interpreters designed or modified for use as
(A) Embargoed "hybrid computers"; part of a "development system" embargoed by sub-item (b)
(E) One or more of the functions described in Item IL 1565 (1) above;
(h), (1) (A) (a) to (m) or for "digital computers" or "related (C) Disassemblers, decompilers or other "software" which
equipment" designed or modified for such functions; convert "programmes" in object or assembly language into
a higher level language, except simple debugging
Note: "application software", such as mapping, tracing, check-
This sub-item does not embargo;
point/restart, breakpoint, dumping and the display of the
(a) "Specially designed software" in machine executable
storage contents or their assembly language equivalent;
form for "digital computers" and "related equipment"
(3) "Diagnostic systems" or "maintenance systems" designed or
therefor which are released from embargo only by
modified for use as part of a "development system" embargoed
Note 1 or 2 to the heading to Item XL 1565 (h);
by sub-item (b) (1) above;
(b) "Software" for equipment described by Item XL 1565'
(4) "Operating systems" as follows:
(h) (1) (A) (c) or (m) unless the "software" performs;
(A) "Operating systems" designed or modified for "digital
(1) "Multi-data-stream processing" or load sharing
computers" or "related equipment" exceeding the
functions; or
performance limits of Item XL 1565, Note 12 (b) (1)
(2) Datagram or "fast select" functions as defined in
and (2);
level III of CCITT X.25 or equivalent.
(E) "Operating systems" providing on-line transaction data
(4) "Software" for computer-aided design, manufacture, inspection
processing which permit integrated teleprocessing and "on-
or test of items embargoed in the Security Export Control Lists;
line updating" of "databases";
(5) "Software" designed or modified to provide certifiable multi-
(5) "Application software" as follows:
level security or certifiable user-isolation applicable to
(A) "Software" for cryptologic or cryptanalytie applications;
Gov~rnment-c1assified material or to applications requiring an
(B) Artificial intelligence "software", including "software"
equivalent level of security, or "software" to certify such
normally classified as expert systems, which enables a
"software"; j<
"digital computer" to perform functions that are normally
(6) "Software" specially designed for computer aided design
associated with human perception and reasoning or
(CAD) of patterned "substrates", having any of the following
learning;
characteristics;
(C) "Database management systems" which are designed to
(A) Automatically transforming schematic functional
handle "clistributed databases" for:
descriptions into pattern layouts;
(a) "Fault tolerana" by using techniques such as
(B) Simulation of the performance of the circuit layout;
maintenance of duplicated "databases"; or
(C) Automatic generation of test string lists (i.e.,test vectors) for
(b) Integrating data a~ a single site from independent
"substrates" having more than two layers (including the
remote "databases";
ground plane) of interconnections; or
(D) "Software" designed to adapt "software" resident on one
NB: "digital computer" for use on another "digital computer",
This sub-item does not embargo automatic generation of except "software" to adapt between two legally exported
test string lists for continuity testing of "substrates". "digital computers";
(D) Automatic placement or routing which is designed for (E) "Software" to pro,ide "adaptive c',ntrol" and having the
performing impedance matching or crosstalk analysis and following charactt'ristic,,!
crosstalk matching; (a) For "flexible manufacmring units" (FMUs) which
(7) "Software" specially designed for the computer aided design of' consist at least of equipment as described in (b) (1) and
semicondu,ctor devices or integrated circuits having any of the (b) (2) of the definition of "flexible manufacturing
following characteristics; , unit"; and
(A) Automatic transformation of schematic cliagrams, functional (b) Capable of generating or modifyipg, in "real time
block descriptions or logic diagrams into physical layouts; processing", "programmes" or data by using the signals

Security export qo"trof· March~ 1991 1,7,


to the production of items not described in the Security Export
IL 1566 continued Control Lists; and
obtained simultaneously by means of at least two (b) No embargoed technology is provided.
detection techniques, such as: 7. Not used
(1) Machine vision (optical ranging); 8. Normal commercial "software" for civil Air Traffic Control (ATC)
(2) Infrared imaging; systems approved for export, provided:
(3) Acoustical imaging (acoustical ranging); (a) The "software" is commonly used by civil Air Traffic Control
(4) Tactile measurement; authorities outside proscribed areas, but not precluding the
(5) Inertial positioning; personalization of cerrain parameters for civil Air Traffic
(6) Force measurement; Control authorities wherever located;
(7) Torque measurement; (b) The "software" is not designed or modified for any "digital
computer" which is part of a "digital computer" series designed
NOTE: and produced within a proscribed area;
This sub-item does not embargo "software" which only
(c) The "software" is the minimum necessary to accomplish the
provides rescheduling of functionally identical equipment
normal civil Air Traffic Control functions outside proscribed
within "flexible manufacturing units" using pre-stored part
areas;
"programmes" and a pre-stored strategy for the distribution
(d) The "software" will not contain or be capable of accomplishing
of the part "programmes".
any of the following functions:
(c) Technology applicable to the development, production or use
(1) Electronic Counter Counter Measures (ECCM);
(i.e.,installation, operation and maintenance) of "software", even if
(2) Weapon clisplay, allocation or operation;
the "software" is unembargoed, except:
(3) Intercept guicling capability; or
(1) Technical data in the public domain; or
(4) Interfacing with altitude determining radars, except
(2) The minimum technical information necessary for the use of
secondary search radars;
"software" free from embargo.
(e) The "software" is further limited by the amount of "source
NOTE: code", which is to be the minimum necessary for the use
For the purposes of this sub-item, technology does not include (i.e. ,installation, operation and maintenance) of the "software";
"software". (/) In addition to the above limitations, the only other system
"software" allowed is the minimum "programming system"
NOTES: for the maintenance of the "software"; and
1. This Item does not embargo "software" not exceeding 5,000 (g) The information to accompany each case will include a signed
statements in "source language", excluding data, provided: statement of the Ultimate User or Importing Agent, a full
(a) The "software" is neither designed nor modified for use as a description of the "software" and its characteristics vis-a-vis
module of a larger "software" module or system which in total paragraphs (a) to (/) of this Note, its intended application ~l1d
exceeds this limit; and workload and a complete identification of all Ultimate Users
(b) The "software" is not embargoed by sub-item (b) (5) above. and their activities. The statement will include detail giving the
2. This Item does not embargo "software" initially exported to a assurance that: .
proscribed destination prior to 1st January, 1984, provided: (1) The "software" will not be used to provide or process data
(a) The "software" is identical to and in the same language form associated with military control centres or military radars,
(source or object) as initially exported, allowing minor updates or otherwise be associated with such radars or centres; and
for the correction of errors which do not modifY the initially (2) The type and characteristics of the "software" are
exported functions; reasonable for the specific civil Air Traffic Control
(b) The accompanying documentation does not exceed the level of applications.
the initial export; and 9. "Operating systems" embargoed only by sub-item (b) (4) (B) above
(c) The "software" is exported to the same proscribed destination when supplied with "digital computers" and "related equipment"
as the initial export. exported under the provisions of Item IL 1565, Notes 9 and 12,
3. Consignors may ship the minimum technical information for the provided these "operating systems" arc:
use (i.e.,installation, operation and maintenance) of "software" (a) For use with a "digital computer" exporred under the
authorised for export, when shipped together with or solely for use provisions of Item IL 1565;
with this "software". (b) In machine-executable version;
4. Not used (c) Limited to the minimum "standard commercially available"
5. This Item does not embargo "software" which is either: "software"; and
(a) "Standard commercially available" "software": (d) Not designed or modified for "database management systems"
(1) Designed for installation by the user without further support by embargoed by sub-item (b) (5) (C) above.
the supplier; and 10. "Software" embargoed by sub-item (a) (3) (B) above for "digital
(2) Designed for use on "digital computers" and "related computers" and "related equipment" exported under the provisions
equipment" therefor which are released from embargo by Item of Note 9 to Item IL 1565, provided:
IL 1565 (h) (2) (C); and (a) The "software" is limited to:
(3) Generally available to the public; or (1) The minimum necessary for the approved application;
(2) Machine-executable form; and
NB: (3) "Specially designed software" for equipment approved for
For the purpose of this NOle 'generally available to the public' export under Item IL 1565, Note 9, for onc or more of the
means: functions in Item IL 1565 (h) (1) (A) (a), (b) or (c);
(a) Also available at retail selling points, other than those (b) The "specially designed software" for "signal processing" and
specialized in selling electronic computers to the general "image enhancement" does not provide for more than one of
public in model series exceeding the limits in paragraph the following:
(a)(2) of this Note; and (1) Time compression; or
(b) Selling from stock by means of (2) Transformations between domains (e.g., Fast Fourier
(1) Over-the-counter transactions; Transform or Walsh Transform).
(2) Mail order transactions; 11. Favourable consideration will be given to the export of "software"
(3) Telephone call transactions. embargoed by sub-item (a) (3) (B) above for "cligital computers"
(b) "Software" in the public domain. and "related equipment" exported under the provisions of Item IL
6. "Application software" embargoed by sub-item (a)(I) above, but 1565, Note 12, provided the "software" is limited to:
not otherwise embargoed by this Item or any other Item in the (a) "Software" for one or more of the functions described in Item
Security Export Control Lists, provided: IL 1565 (h) (I) (A) (a), (b) or (c);
(a) The "application software" is designed for and limited to the (b) The minimum necessary for the approved application; and
following: (c) Machine-executable form.
(1) The approved end-use of legally exported equipment or 12. "Software" embargoed by sub-item (b)(5)(E) provided all of the
systems in conjunction with any computer that is part of a following conclitions are met:
computer series produced within a proscribed area and (a) The "software" is limited to machine executable form;
based on a design originating in a member country; or (b) The end-user does not belong to any of the following industrial
(2) The monitoring and control of industrial processes limited sectors:
I
.l ..... Security export control· March 1991
(1) Nuclear industry; systems, provided:
(2) Aerospace industry;
NOTE:
(3) Shipbuilding; For "data (message) switching" equipment or systems for "local area
(4) Heavy vehicles manufacturing; networks" that can be used in conjunction with electronic
(5) Machine building; or
computers, see Item IL 1565.
(6) Electronics, including microelectronics industry; and
(1) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use
(c) The "flexible manufacturing unit" for which the "software" is
according to the requirements of either:
specially designed, does not contain more than seven pieces of (A) CCITT Recommendations F.l to F, 79 for store-and-
equipment enumerated in the definition of "flexible
forward systems (Volume 11 - Fascicle 11.4, Vllth plenary
manufacturing unit" under (b) of the definition of "flexible
assembly, 10th-21st November, 1980); or
manufacturing unit". (B) ICAO Recommendations for store-and-forward civil
aviation communication networks (Annex 10 to the
;PQR ~I!EOPLE'S REPlJB4C,QJl~arN:~
~::"_: . . f~·'~·; :<.--,~~,:::".~.
," .'
om.t~',~.:"
:~.:.~;l..,". _-.>', ,,-;'" ··>.~-·-:'~.·~<:f~. " , ~<~.-.- -:;_":;.
'"".
Convention on International Civil Aviation, including all
amendments agreed up to and including 14th December,
13., So~~, embargoed by this lrem).as·foJlo~.c,/.. ,',<>"
1981);
(, (a) ."Soft\yare',:e'1i\~argoe9 only:~}1'su~item~(a)'(l) tor~:9n1puten :,;,
}iesigned and produced wii:hint.h.ccP{!ople!~,$,e'J?ublici>~(i;Ipna; (2) Not used;
"Softwi\fC"etPbargoed by 5ub'-item;(a) mi(B)for'llquipment (3) The maximum "data signalling rate" of any circuit does not
whicll is i~e1f~ui:i1ectto:exPort.ainatiqnaIdi'scretiorii'
c," ~;~ exceed 9,600 bit/s;
"S~~¥el' ilo~ specialjy, desi~e4 tqr,~~!,lIpputer-ai¥"~l:!~ign, .'1 J, (4) The equipment or systems do not contain "digital computers"
,rnan.~ctUr~.insp~etiQn or te~t., ofpr~ucts, embargo~4"byth,e:e:;
Securm' Export.ControI-LlStS" : ,,' ;"" ",": ;" " '. :" ' ......." .. J;:
or "related equipment" embargoed by:
(A) Item IL 1565 (t); or
(d) "Cross~hostea:' cQmpilerii:u,~'~ross-hostl:'d'~ a.sse1!1':>Jer~::'." (B) Item IL 1565 (h) (1) (A) (a), (h) or (d) to G);
embargoed bySub-itern.(b) (2),; ( A ) ; · . . '<.... :'. ".' (5) The "software" supplied:
(A) Is limited to:
'(e) "Software" enibargoed .by sUl>,-ii'!'nis '(b),'(~H13)-i>i':(b)(3) for
microprocessor ,or ,microcomPl1ter de~~opql~n.~)r.st~fu.!,~l)ich (a) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use
are, tl)ernselves subjec~,to ~)(p,<?rt.a~naQonal disc.retlon; '.' ;"c: (i,e" installation, operation and maintenance) of the
(t) . "Operating sysrems" etn,oatgotd ;by ,sjib;'"l,te~ (b)(4t ror equipment or systems; and
computers w1,l,ichthe~clyes are subject to export ~t, ~tI0nal (b) Machine-executable form; and
discretiOn uildeUtemlt 1'565. ',.;;'. ::·<r::;: " (B) Does not include "software":
(a) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 (a) (5) or
NOTE: ML 11; or
The embargo status of "software" specially designed for "data (message) (h) To permit user-modification of generic "software" or
switching" or "stored programme controlled circuit switching" described its associated documentation; and
in Item IL 1567 is dealt with exclusively in [tern IL 1567, (6) If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation by
the user without support from the supplier, the "software"
necessary for commissioning is:
(A) Exported on a temporary basis only; and
IL 1567 (h)
(B) Kcpt under the control of the supplier;
Communication equipment or systems for "stored programme
controlled circuit switching"; except:
Stored programme controlled communication (1) Key telephone systems provided:
switching equipment or systems and technology (A) Access to an external connection is obtained by pressing a
therefor. as follows; arid specially designed special button (key) on a telephone, rather than by dial or
components therefor and "specially designed key-pad as on a "PABX";
software" for the use of these equipment or systems: (B) They arc not designed to be upgraded to "private
automatic branch exchanges" ("PABXs");
(C) The "software" supplied:
Technical Notes: (a) Is limited to:
1. Stored programme controlled communication switching equipment
(1) "Specially dcsigned software" necessary for the use
or systems arc categorised as follows:
(i.e" installation, operation and maintenance) of the
(a) Communication equipment or systems for:
equipment or systems; and
-"data (message) switching"
(2) Machine-executable form; and
-"local area network"
(h) Does not include "software":
-"wide area network"
(1) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 (a) (5)
(h) Communication equipment or systems for "stored programme
or ML 11; or
controlled circuit switching"
(2) To permit user-modification of generic "software"
2. "Digital computers" or "affiliated equipment" when:
or its associated documentation; and
(a) "Embedded" in stored programme controlled communication
(D) If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation
switching equipment or systems arc to be regarded as specially
by the user without support from the supplier, then the
designed compone:1tS therefor;
Usoftware" necessary for commissioning is:
(h) "Incorporated" in stored programme controlled
(a) Exported on a temporary basis only; and
communication switching equipment or systems are covered by
(b) Kept under the control of the supplier;
this Item provided they are the standard models customarily
(2) "Stored programme controlled circuit switching" equipment or
supplied by Western manufacturers of the stored programme
systems, provided:
controlled communication switching equipment or systems; or
(A) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use
(c) "Associated" with stored programme controlled
in "stored programme controlled telegraph circuit
communication switching equipment or systems are covered by
switching" for data;
Item IL 1565 or Item IL 1572.
(B) Not used
3, This Item includes statistical multiplexers, witl> digital input and
(C) The equipment or systems do not contain "digital
digital output, referred to this Item by Item 1519 (a), if they satisfY
computers" or "related equipment" embargoed by:
the definitions of either "data (message) switching" or "stored
(a) Item IL 1565 (t); or '
programme controlled circuit switching",
(h) Item IL 1565 (h) (1) (A) (a) to (m);
NB: (D) The equipment or systems do not have either of the
Sec Item IL 1519 (a) for statistical multiplexers which provide only following feature~:
fixed routing, i.e., routing which is neither: (a) Multi-level call pte-emption including overriding or
(a) Determined when the circuit is established; nor seizing of busy subscriber lines, "trunk circuits" or
(b) Dynamically alterable, switches; or
(a) Communication equipment or systems for "data (message) NOTE:
switching", including those for "local area networks" or for "wide This does not preclude single level caIl pre-emption (e.g.,
area networks", except "data (message) switching" equipment or executive override). '-,

Securityexport.,C~l'ltrol, March 199.1 49


(E) The "PABXs" do not have any of the following features:
IL 1561 continued (a) Multi-level call pre-emption, including overriding or
(b) "Common channel signalling"; seizing of busy subscriber lines, "trunk circuits" or
(E) The maximum internal bit rate per channel' does not switches;
exceed 9,600 bit/s; !
NOTE:
(F) The telegraph circuits, which may be telephone circuits, This does not preclude single level call pre-emption
may carry any type of telegraph or telex signal compatible (e.g., executive override).
with a voice channel bandwidth of 3,100 Hz as defined in (b) "Common channel signalling";
CCITT Recommendation G.151; (c) Dynamic adaptive routing;
(G) The "softWare" supplied: (d) Digital synchronisation circuitry which uses equipment
(a) Is limited to: embargoed by Item IL 1529 (d); or
(1) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use (e) Centralised network control having both of the
..1
'J
(i.e., installation, operation and maintenance) of the
equipment or systems; and
following characteristics:
(A) Is based on a network management protocol; and
(2) Machine-executable form; and (B) Does both of the following:
(b) Does not include "software": (a) Receives data from the nodes; and
'·:f.
(1) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 (a) (5) or (b) Processes these data in order to;
:;.:'
ML 11; or (1) Control traffic; and
."
1'"
~; ;
(2) To permit user-modification of generic "software" (2) Directionalise paths;
.. '
.' or its associated documentation; and (F) "Communication channels" or "terminal devices" used for
(H) If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation administrative and control purposes:
by the user without support from the supplier, the (a) Are fully dedicated to these purposes; and
"software" necessary for commissioning is: (b) Do not exceed 9,600 bit/s;
(a) Exported on a temporary basis only; and (G) The "software" supplied:
(b) Kept under the control of the supplier; (a) Is limited to:
(3) "Stored programme controlled telephone circuit switching" (1) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use
equipment or systems, provided: (i.e., installation, operation and maintenance) of the
(A) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use equipment or systems; and
as "space-division analogue exchanges" or "time-division (2) Machine-executable form; and
analogue exchanges" which fulfil the definition of "private (b) Does not include "software":
automatic branch exchanges" ("PABXs"); (1) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 (a) (5) or
(B) The equipment or systems do not contain "digital ML 11; or
computers" or "related equipment" embargoed by: (2) To permit user-modification of generic "software"
(a) Item IL 1565 (f); or or its associated documentation;
(b) Item IL 1565 (h) (1) (A) (a) to (m); (H) If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation
(C) "Communication channels" or "terminal devices" used for by the user without support from the supplier, the
administrative and control purposes: "software" necessary for commissioning is:
(a) Are fully dedicated to these purposes; and (a) Exported on a temporary basis only; and
(b) Do not have a maximum "data signalling rate" (b) Kept under the control of the supplier;
exceeding 9,600 bit/s; (c) Technology applicable to the development, production or use (i.e.,
(D) Voice channels are limited to 3,100 Hz as defined in installation, operation and maintenance) of stored programme
CCITT Recommendation G.151; controlled communication switching equipment or systems, even if
(E) Not used; these equipment or systems arc not embargoed by this Item, except
(F) The "PABXs" do not have either of the following features: the minimum technical information necessary for the use of stored
(a) Multi-level call pre-emption, including overriding or programme controlled communication switching equipment or
seizing of busy subscriber lines, "trunk circuits" or systems which are free from embargo.
switches; or
NOTES:
NOTE: 1. This Item does not embargo the shipment of the minimum
This does not preclude single level call pre-emption (e.g., technical information for the use (i.e., installation, operation and
executive override). maintenance) of stored programme controlled communication
(b) "Common channel signalling"; switching equipment or systems authorised for export, when
(G) The "software" supplied: shipped together with or solely for use with these stored prograrrune
(a) Is limited to: controlled communication switching equipment or systems.
(1) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use 2. Not used.
(i.e., installation, operation and maintenance) of the 3. Not used.
equipment or systems; and 4. The shipment of "stored programme controlled telephone circuit
(2) Machine-executable form; and switching" equipment or systems embargocd by sub-item (b),
(b) Does not include "software": provided:
(1) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 (a) (5) or (a) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use as
ML 11; or "space-division digital exchanges" or "time-division digital
(2) To permit user-modification of generic "software" exchanges" which fulfil the definition of "private automatic
or its associated documentation; and branch exchanges" ("PABXs");
(H) If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation (b) The equipment or systems:
by the user without support from the supplier, then the (1) Arc designed and used for fixed civil "stored programme
"software" necessary for commissioning is: controlled telephone circuit switching" applications;
(a) Exported on a temporary basis only; and (2) Will be operated in the importing country by a civil end-
(b) Kept under the control of the supplier; user who has furnished to the supplier a signed statement,
(4) "Stored programme controlled telephone circuit switching" certifYing that the equipment or systems will be used for
equipment or systems, provided: the specified end-use at a specified location only; and
(A) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use (3) Do not support any form of Integrated Services Digital
as "space-division digital exchanges" or "time- division Network (ISDN);
digital exchanges" which fulfil the definition of "private (c) Not used;
automatic branch exchanges" ("PABXs"); (d) The equipment or systems do not contain "digital computers"
(B) The equipment or systems do not have more than 512 ports; or "related equipment" embargoed by:
(C) The equipment or systems do not support any form of (1) Item IL 1565 (f); or
Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN); (2) Item IL 1565 (h) (1) (A), (a) to (m);
(D) The equipment or systems do not contain "digital (e) The "PABXs" do not have any of the following features:
computers" or "related equipment" embargoed by: (1) Multi-level call pre-emption, ineluding overriding or
. . (a) Item'n. 1565 (t); or seizing of busy subscriber lines, "trunk circuits" or
ri. ~ (b) Item IL 1565 (h) (1) (A) (a) t~ (m); . switches;
~. .. -
11'.h,'<~t;I.~ ~Xpo~ coriti-oi' '~Eil'Ch 1991
NB: (2) "Common channel signalling";
This does not preclude single level call pre-emption (e.g., (3) Dynamic adaptive routing;
executive override). (4) Interconnections which:
(2) "Common channel signalling"; (A) Are specially designed for multi-RF channel radio
(3) Dynamic adaptive routing; equipment embargoed by Item IL 1516 or ll.1531 (d);
(4) Interconnections which: (D) Are specially designed for automatic hand-off of
(A) Are specially designed for multi-RF channel radio cellular radio calls to other cellular switches or to a
equipment embargoed by Item IL 1516 or IL 1531 (d); centralized subscriber data base; or
(D) Are specially designed for automatic hand-off of (C) Contain cryptographic equipment or "software"
cellular radio calls to other cellular switches or to a embargoed by Item IL 1527;
centralised subscriber data base; or (5) Digital subscriber line interfaces exceeding 64,000 bit/s;
C) Contain cryptographic equipment or "software" (6) Digital synchronisation circuitry which uses equipment
embargoed by Item IL 1527; embargoed by Item IL 1529 (d);
(5) Not used. (7) Not used; or
(6) Digital synchronisation circuitry which uses equipment (8) Centralised network control having all of the following
embargoed by Item 1529 (d); characteristics:
(7) Not used; or (A) Is based on a network management protocol; and
(8) Centralised network control having all of the following (D) Does both of the following:
characteristics: (a) Receives data from the nodes; and
(A) Is based on a network management protocol; and (b) Processes these data in order to:
(D) Does both of the following: (1) Control traffic; and
(a) Receives data from the nodes; and (2) Directionalise paths;
(b) Processes these data in order to: (Q "Communication channels" or "terminal devices" used for
(1) Control traffic; and administrative and control purposes:
(2) Directionalise paths; (1) Are fully dedicated to these purposes; and
(Q "Communication channels" or "terminal devices" used for (2) Do not exceed 9,600 bit/s;
administrative and control purposes: (g) Voice channels are limited to 3,100 Hz as defined in CCITT
(1) Are fully dedicated to these purposes; and Recommendation G.151 ;
(2) Do not exceed 9,600 bit/s; (h) The "software" supplied:
(g) Voice channels are limited to 3,100 Hz as defined in CCITT (1) Is limited to:
Recommendation G.151; (A) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use
(h) Not used; (i.e., installation, operation and maintenance) of the
(i) Not used; equipment or systems; and
Gl The "software" supplied: (D) Machine-executable form; alld
(1) Is limited to: (2) Does not include "software":
(A) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use (A) Embargoed by Items IL 1527 or IL 1566(a)(5) or ML
(i.e., installation, operation and maintenance) of the 11; or
equipment or systems; and (D) To permit user-modification of generic "software" or
(D) Machine-executable form; alld its associated documentation;
(2) Does not include "software": (i) Not used;
(A) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566(a)(5) or Gl If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation by
ML 11; or the user without support from the supplier, the "software"
(D) To permit user-modification of generic "software" or necessary for commissioning is:
its associated documentation; (1) Exported on a temporary basis only; and
(k) If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation by (2 Kept under the control of the supplier;
the user without support from the supplier, then the "software" (k) Not used;
necessary for commissioning is: (I) Not used;
(1) Exported on a temporary basis only; alld 8. Not used.
(2) Kept under the control of the supplier;
(I) Not used;
(m) Not used;
5. Not used.
6. Not used.
7. The shipment of "stored programme controlled circuit switching"
equipment or systems, embargoed by sub-item (b), provided:
(a) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use as
"stored programme controlled telephone circuit switching"
exchanges which fulfil the definitions of either "terminal
exchange" or "transit exchange";
(b) The equipment 0" systems: ." ;:~2)
(1) Are designed and used for fixed civil "stored programme
controlled telephone circuit switching" applications; . -~'.~. '-"'~',

(2) Will be operated in the importing country by a civil ,- ....


operating authoriry who has furnished ro the supplier a
signed sratement, certifYing that the equipment or systems
will be used for the specified end-use at a specified location
only; alld
(3) Do not support any form of Integrated Services Digiral
Network (ISDN);
(c) Not used;
(d) The equipment or systems cannot be adapted'to mobile use or
security use, as described in Item IL 1565 (Q (1)-(4) or (g);
(e) The equipment or systems do not have any of the following
features:
(1) Multi-level call pre-emption including overriding or
seizing of busy subscriber lines, "trunk circuits" or
switches;

NB:
This does not preclude single level call pre-emption (e.g.,
executive override).
. '(g)' Not used;
IL 1567 continued ~ • '(h) Not,used;
"''''{m~ie)switchiilg'' m:vices:in a denselY' populated,'
~ .conUnerciaJ area fo~r: .: ~ .~ ~ r;:.) • "'. \( y,~:;~~ ~h; ~:~~are:~suPPlied:
(a) Private pciineitic' dvil~e; ~r:t···". ,j,' " .. (1) rs Iiinited to;
M Private' igte.,natiolla:t:.C'i'jril'.\!se''5vith Western',., . (A) "Specially designed software" .necessary for the use
countries.'..... <.:.;. .L . •;).. •. 'j'. ( .:';.;.;.; ...... , " ... :'> . <... "" (Le.; installatlQn., op~r~tion and maintenance) ofthe
, ';',.(C) T.~e n~~llejf type ;;~~d..-~haracteristj~~ ()f ;~cj; .;; " eqrilpmenror systems; and.
';: //T;;.·.equipnl~tofJYs,te.ms'uenonnal for the appro\ied. .(ij)MachinNxecutable fomi;' and.
. . {4)~~~~1~;(;~" : '.'! ...".. . . .'.'
(2) DQes not IllcluM"soft\;'lare";
(A) Embargoed by hems IL1527, IL 1566 (11)(5) or
····(e) tI:1~.eqt1ipme1;1t orsYst~lmjlo notcGlltain"digi~ •. Ml, U~ or
.c~rnputerS·:
or ~'i'dlated,.eqiiiPl1lerit"c;mbargoedby: :.' .'. . (B) To perrnituser"modification Qfgeneric "software" or
Item JL 1565 (i);
(1 ) or .. itS associated documentation;
•r'. (2)" item tL 1565 (Ii )(1) (A) (a) to (m); No.t used;
(f) The "sOftwat1=" stipplied: ' . . Not used;
(1) "{slimited to':·, . . ' ... (m) Not used
(A) "Specially designed softWare" necesSary : The shipment of "scored programme controlled circuit switching" .
" for the use (i.e., insta1latiQn, operation equipment or systems, embargoed by sub-item (b), proVided:
andm.aintenance) Qf the' equipment or (a) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use of
s)iste!ris; and . "stored programme controlled telegraph circuit switching" for
(B) Machine"executablefonn;. and da~;
(2) DQes Mt include "softw~re": (b) The equipment.or systems:
(A) EmbargQed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 ' (1) Are designed and used for fixed civil "stored programme
(a) (5) ()[ ML 11; or . controlled telegraph circuit switching" applications; and
(B) TQ permit user-mQ<!ificaUQn of ·generie . (2) Will be operated in the importing country by a civil end-
"software" or its associated doCuffienbtion; user who has furnished· to the supplier a signed statement,
(g) ~f the equipment or systems :ire not designed for certifying that the equipment or systems will be used for
installation by the. user without 'support from the the specified end-use at a specified location only;
supplier,. the "software" necessary for (c) The number, type and characteristics of such equipment or
commissiQning is:' systems are nonnal for the approved application;
(1) Exp<>lted Qn a tempQrary basi$ only; and (d) The equipment or systems do not contain "digital computers"
(2) Kept under the e<>htrol ofthe supplier; or "related equipment" embargoed by:
(h) Not used; (1) Item IL 1565(t); or
(i) Not used; (2) Item IL 1565(h)(1)(A}(a) to (m);
'0) Not used (e) The equipment or systems do not have the following features:
.10. The shipment of "stored programme controlled teiephone circuit (1) Multi-level call pre-emption including overriding or
switching" equipment.or systems embargoed by sub-item (b), seizing of busy subscriber lines, "trunk circuits" or
provided: . . . . switches;
(a) The equiplllent or systems are designed for fixed civil use as
"space-di,vision digital··exchanges" . or "time-division', digital NB: I
exchanges" which fulfJ.! the definition of "private automatic This does not preclude single levCI call pre-emption (e.g.,
branch exchanges" ("PABXS"); executive override). ,.
(b) The equipment or systems: (2) "Common channel signalling";
(1) Are designed.and used for fixed civil "stored programme (t) Th:e maximum internal· bit rate per channel does not exceed
controlled telephone circuit switching" applications; and 19,200 bitls;
(2) Will be operated in the importing country by a civil end- (g) Not used;
user who has furnished to the supplier' a signed (h) The "software" supplied:
statement, certifying that the equipment or systems will (1) Is limited to:
. be.used fonhe specified end-use. at a specinedlocationonly; (A) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use
'Not·'us.ed;· (i.e., installation, ope.ration and maintenance) of the
,The. equipment or systems 40 not c~nt3in '~digiial(:omputers'; equipment or systems; and
.:'or "mated. equipment" embargoed by: . (B) Machine-ext'tutable fonn; and
'(1) It-em ll.15'6S (1); or. . '. (2) Does not include "software":
. (2) ite~ IL'1565 (h) (1) (A) (a) to (ro);.. ... . (A) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 (a) (5) 0t·
The; "PABXs" dQ not ,h.ave any of:the (ollowing features:· MLU; or
(1). .;MultHevelcall p're~emption, including' overriding or . (B) To permit user-mCldification of generic "software" or
. ': sejtfug ~fbuSY8~bscriber !incl, "truriJt -circuitS" or switche~; its associated documentation;
(i) Not used;
.. NB;,. .. .•...... .' .
. This does .notprc;dudc'sirigle ,evel·~allpre.,emptiol1 (e,g., G} If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation by
<; : / executi\.e ove(i'\de). .'. .' the user without support from the supplier, the "software"
'>' •. , ) (2) ,"Coniinoit channel sign,alling"; necessary for commissioning is:
•.•.• '~ .. '(3)' Dymi,mic.'lidapti"e rd\1tillg:· (1) Exported on a temporary basis only; and
. (4) Not.used; / (2) Kept under the control of the supplier;
(5) "Not used" . "" .., ' (k) Not used;
. ~.,(6) Digit~1 ;sYnc;~~Q~fsatioti<;ircuit.y\vhic~ use~~eqi'Ilpment" (I) Not used.
. embargoec\ b.y ItelP ~ 15:29, (d); '.' ." .' .' 12. The shipment of "stored programme controlled circuit switching"
(7) Not used; ob',;" :/ ". : -". . ' .' . equipment or systems, embargoed by sub-item (b), provided:
(8) ,Centralised net\;'l6rk cphtwl :naving~l 9f the followhrg", (a) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use as
. ,characteristics: ' . . ';';".;::" . ;',> . ': . "stored programme controlled telephone circuit switching"
(~) Is b~d on a lIe~j)r:k' rnartagementpt~~~~pl;.a"d;.· exchanges which. fulfil the definitions of either "terminal
(B) Ooes:both ofthe:ti:lllowing: I • ;':,< ' ... exchange" or "transit exchange";
. (a)Receives:da~-,from th~ nodes.; and LV'> ' .. (b) Not used; .
'.' "(b) Processes'these.tIata in order to: .....,.:•.:: (c) The equipment or systems:
: ~,<t) ~~~n~I~,c; ;"".,0" ' ....' >~:'F'~: ;.t
, :'. :~:,
(1) Are designed and used for fixed civil "stored programme
< ~. ':/ (2),tD1recl\o,~]laW.~., .; '." conuolled telephone circuit switching" applications; and
(t}.'~q~01 ;U ).catiort 'c:l1a,!~els"J' 9'r....~:.termil1al, 4evices"::;" (2) Will be operated in the importing country bya civil end-
r", -USW for pnchonuol JlUtpOS!:Sl- .:- _ .:;'.:'.• user who· has furnished to the supplier a signed statement,
1) ,J,rf to th pUi'pQscv, "".i; ~ " .' . . ,.' cer;tifying that the equipment or systems will be used for
~~: . 'a1Iidg'ra'tc': of,19,2QO the 'specified cnd-use at a speCified location only;
1J"i f.", '. (d) Not Used; :' . ,,

52 Security export control March 1991


(e) The equipment or systems cannot be .adapte~ to mobile use ,o~·. and quantities ofexported eqwpmclit beinB
security, use, as described in Item n.. 1545 (£)'(1)'to(4) or (g); .; (4) Do not pro~de 1dc:ai.prOi:lucaon '&cWties; arii!: A

(f) Not used; , ,-~


(5) Do not .provide· fOF ~,jing~ '( j~divi;tuai el~~ r'O;ic':
(g) The equipment or systems do not have any of the following .. componentS· " • "," . . .: -+' " ,:-. ;,. ~" .• '.
features, . , . (c) ,T1;Mf~an: does 'not upgrade the e~uipq;~n.t- hr' ~teitu'biYol)d.·
(1) Multi-level call pre-emption, including overriding or' .".. }: ·'.itheperforinancethtesholds'ofNd~·10oi12;.! "_ ,j" 1

seizing of busy subscriber lines, "trunk circuits" oc' (cl) All the records of repair activity are ~ept by a reprcil:nratiyt: of
switches; '.' th~ Westcrn S1.!pplicr; . ' " ,~ ~
NB: (e) , J''iot-used; ':~ . .' .'
This does no.t preclude single level call ,pre~emption (e.g.,'
.(t)' l'eclinology fQrgeneral purpose cODlputen' i, not eiiiPble ror u
executive override). ' ~atIn.ent 9iiaei~'Not~. 'L.~:;!!; ~mains governed by.sub:- ::'.
(2) "Common channel signalling"; ;;;.n;.1:5l5 0k ':, ";, .. ,<:;, :' .' :.
(3) Dynamic adaptive routing;
(4) Not used; Nbthingjn ihlsNbte override~~6ntrols elsewhere in' the
(5) Not used;
(6) Digital synchronisation circuitry which uses equipment
embargoed by Item n.. 1529 (d);
'6.' SecuritY;Export' COntrol Lists. : ",,' '. . , . .
Favourable 'consideratio{l will be i/iwen th' the shipment of "data
, (message) swiu:\Uir~'-eqlijpmen~ Qt',5YStenis,e".lb~~ by sub-item
(7) Not used; or (a), provided:' '. . '." .. . •.•. >, ;. i< .' .' . ' -

(8) Centralised ne.twork control having all of the following' (a)' fhe~4uiJlmeiitor sYstems iiilfcSigned-:for ~ed 'civil use and
characteristics: '. ·.storedpro~e c()n~lled :'packet-mode operation";' ",
(A) Is based on a network management protocol; and ,(b) \ The' cqtripriien~.orjrt~~d();n.:,ot, hayean~. or~~ {o!lQwing ,'.
(B) Does both ofthe following:
(a) Receives data from the nodes; and
(b) Processes these data in order to:
(1) Control traffic; and
(2) Directionaiisepaths;
. . 'i[~~~2~;r:z\\:\i;I\\;'i~<,,\;i
(4)l're~ede{lee;p,rioiity.i>verrjdeor·mUltilevel call preetilPti0tl,;..•
(h) "Communication channels" or "terrrtinal devices" used for (5) , Centt31isedne~ork contlpl.· haVing all ortbe follpw1i)g
adrIiinistrative and control purposes: c,haractensrics: .~ _:' :,' -'cc.'':,~'''' "j.)''',';, .'~ 1 ,~", ,::;: \~'·i">.~ '<:>:' _
'. ; '.":.i;';
(1) Are fully dedicated to these purposes; and (A) 1~ based onanetwor\roanagemC'n't protoc~l; a~ ','
(2) Do not exceed a maximum "data signalling rate" of 19,200 (B) Does both "()fth~ fo).lo~g: " , ', . ' ; : '
bit per second; . (a) ReceiveS da~ frOm the node;,; ahd" '\< "; '::
(i) Not used; (b) Processes th~data in' cirdek·to: .' " q,'.,
G) The "software" supplied: (1) ContiOltia.tEc; and
(1) Is lirrtited to: (2) Directionalise 'paths;
(A) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use , (c) TIie"softWaie" supplied:
(i.e., installation, operation and maintenance) of the (1) klinuted·to:, .
equipment or systems; and (A) "Specially designed 'Sott*are" n~~~
(B) Machine-executable form; and '. ror tlie use :(Le.; insiallatiOll, o.perati.on .: .
(2) Does not include "software": . and maititerlance) of the eqi1ipIrteot, or \
(A) Embargoed by Items n.. 1527, n.. 1566(a)(5) or ML 11; or . systemS; and, .' "," ' .
(B) To perrrtit user-modification of generic "software" or (Il) Machilie-exe'cutabie fonn; and'
its associated documentation; (2) DoesnQtindude "so.ftware": . .... " ".
(k) Not used; . (A) .Ernl>argOed by· Items lL 1527.dLiS6l
(I) Not used; and (a) (5) or ML 11; or
(m) Not used. . (B) To petmit tiser-mp'dification 'of'generic
13, Not used, ,"software" or its associated docunicnlaiiOri;·,
14. The shipment of equipment or "software" for "common channel (d) If.the equipment or systems are not, designed :for"
signalling;', contrary to the provisions in Notes 10 or 12, provided: installation by' the user without support front the.
(a) The "common channel signalling" is restricted to "quasi- supplier, then the ·.'software", nc:cess;uy >fo(
associated" or "associated mode of operation" according to coinrnissioning is:
CCITT Red Book, Volume X, fascicle X,l; (1 ) Exported on a,temporary bam Qnly; and ."
(b) No functions, other than those described in the follOWing (2) . Kept un~er the control oftheslippliet;· '..•..•..••
recommendations in the Red Book of CCITT: Q701 to (e) Systems for "packet-mode operation" are lirrtiti:~fu' :
Q709, Q721 to Q725, Q791.and Q795, are included; fivenod~;,:.,,: . . : ; .
(f) No "internetworkgateways"iarepro~idedothc:t
NB: than fortnessagesoriginating from ode1-'m1iiatlng in>'
Only functions described in paragraph 2 of Q795 are to be Western' COUlltrl'CS; : ' ,. ,
included, These Q795 functions may not provide centralized,
network control functions as defined in Note 10 (e)(8) or, ~;:,:,~ - .~~;.~ .' "'," ~
. . ... '. -·"t', i: '-'~':.>.-, >.';
Note 12 (g)(8). Connections of private..networks to lIite~ti9n31
(c) No form of Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is dC:sti,nations lJIUSt .l1e :via public "in~erneiwork'
provided; gatew~~:.., < . ' .. : .·'f.·.·'·
• ." . . ., :

(d) .Equipment or "software" is restricted to that necessary for the . (g)' Each 'nock lJ\a sy$tem is.liirticed io Mpi{tts;", ,
operation within a city or, for "PABXs", within a radius of (h) Node thiouglieiJt does
not exceed' 153;600 OCtets
100 km; !>e. r s••ec",~~~j" c;',. ".~ ":::..~ •. j', .,;' '.
(e) No means are provided which will allow "common channel NB r > "''-', .~.:;~; ;.. '.

signalling" via analogue transrrtission links; One octet in, at my


port, plus one octet out, also at
(f) All the applicable conditions enumerated in (a) to (e) above are :, ~ny, port, equals a throughput of one octet. O!le
accomplished by: 6et.et::ls defirie'd as, eight bits residing in the user -
(1) Orrtission or physical removal of equipment or coding; , ~J ,. 'd2ta fiell:!. ' -. ,
(2) Over-writing with non-functioning statements; or .(i) All the appliqblc conditions enumerated, in (i) W.
(3) 'I!-easonably non-reversible modifications. , ,;:(e) above ~.accdmplished by-" . .' . ~
. 15. The 'shipment of technology or repair facilities embargoed by this . , (l) Omission or phY'icai ,remdval of :cquipmen( . J
Item for repair of stored programme controlled commilnication ~' ,'. 'orc~~.g;t :,. . .•< .":' ..! ~ I, r:. .
switching equipment or systems, provided: . . (2)".0 er- r~ling_ '~th.· ~ n,.(uncti'o~n ~.
(a) The technology to be transferred is strictly limited to that, . , suttti ~~ ~t tr' ~ ~ . ? ..-. . !
required for repair wotk; . i." , . ,(3) Reasona IV rton-rtvc;rsi .mo.difi'QaotlS;, ,,'.:s..;'~;";
\~) The repair faqlities: 17. FavourabIe-cofuide ti.qn?Aif b~ gi!eD td tti ~ o'(te~
, (1) Are specially designed equipment. for repair; ." " . , < ; embngoed by sub rein (ll). aq.d pfmstrumen tiOlilt ~t"F9 .
(2) Are.to he used to repair eqtPpinen~'legaIly exported; .; 1 ,"cqinpon;n'u 'o.r'1p,edil!Y~4tsigl1c<t '10(1 ~.l"e!.lti:r..
\(3) Ar~shipped;in ~rial>le q\laJlti\i~ necessary for th.e types., 'm~ficati~t1 •. p'rbdy~pil.~~of~ .~\; '~~\i .,
,I

Security export control March 1991 53 ~i


IL 1567 continued (2) The supplier or licensor nuy appoint a representative who
is entided to verify that the production technology and
.(a} c: -·'.of~·~1Up~~,t ';~*'Iimi!tdtO- production equipment or system serve their intended use;
w~
;make ,~~. e~gibJe'~r lreatment Ul\der ~otes
JfI01C
t(l '2' :'" '....., "
I
:reehnol~.;.~~iji pu,rpose ·~~puteis.is JiG~ eligible for
(3) Any modification of the capabilities or functions of the
produced equipment must be approved by the supplier or
licensor;
treatinetit'l1J!.d~·~~Note. i.e., it reme governed by sub- (4) The supplier's or licensor's personnel have right of access to
ittmtt U~5 6); . ; ' . . . •. . all the facilities direcdy involved in the production of the
(e)' ':r~lojp' fo.r testing !)fiaige sc:aIe integrated (LSI) circuits or "stored programme-controlled circuit switching"
, 'diose:.with highet ~.ompoJ;lent densities is limited to go/no- equipment or systems;
-so tali;...' ..' . . , (5) The production technology, production equipment and
,,(d): <¥!teric "software" is exported in nuchine executable form· ' produced equipment or systems will be for civil end-use
;" 'oiuy; . . . . ~ only;
(e) N~ tec~l6&Y for me ~fP1 or devdopment ofprinted circuiF" (h) System integration testing will be perfonned by the supplier or
. :,boards or in~ circuitsjs SIIPplied; ", licensor, if it requires test tools which provide the licensee with
'~'(9 ~!echnolo'gy'-and.train!,ng for "software". are limited to thc,··. the capability to recover source code or upgradc the system
• _crea,ti<;lb or maintenance of cpstomer Specific data bases and site .' . beyond the perfonnance threshold or features of the relevant
.: • parameten' .., .. (i) End-use reporting of the installed switching equipment will be
'. <i> ·..M!idiDcati~1i of the ~uijlJl1ent or, systems is no~ pennitted~' provided in accordance with the provisions of the applicable
"I.' : .i.Dy" .aspe:t of,the, design would tesult in excee,cling tl!e ~ Notes;
, " ped'ormance tlm:shol<li,or features ofNoteslO or 12;,,;" ')"c:,' (j) Not used;
, QI) ~, The, eontract includes. explicit conditions to e!Uure ~V "", r', :,: 19, The shipment of "data (message) switching" equipment or systems
:'''-. .. ,(I) 'The technQlogy or. equip~ent 'or .system( are Qot "o, embargoed by sub-item (a), provided:
,,, reexported or. eXJiorted. ejther directly or 'inditi::~t1yi tP .,. (a) ,The equipment or systems are designed to meet the require-
.another JlrosCrlbed destination' .',;,.. .: '-'::: .,..' ments of either:
li ' '(2) :t:h~ supplier inay.aPP.oint a r;pr~entativ~. h;Th~ P~opl~:s' .
. (1) CCITT Recommendations F.I to 79 for store-and-
, I ' . ~ep.ubllc..of China whl1 could ,verify thaqhe nunufaetuml : forward systems (Volume II - Fascicle HA, VIIth plenary
,~uiPmePt was serving its intended use; ;.' : ' .::,~., .• assembly, 10th-21st November, 1980); or
f.3) ,Any modifi~~on of th~ capabilities or ,6u'tctioDJ,il.f.We,. (2) ICAO Recommendations for store-and-forward civil
equipment has been.agreed by both partic$;'."'<;.V' " ,'.', . aviation communication networks (Annex 10 to the
an
(l) The Western penonnd have right of access to :ihe:fiCilities " Convention on Intemational Civil Aviation, including all
directly -involved iD tl:ie, modi~c;a!:jon and pioductio1)~fth~ amendments agreed up to and including 14th
.equipnient or systems; :< '. '.. ' . '.. December, 1981);
(jr Not used; : : " : '. ". ' .... (b) The equipment or systems:
. .(k) favourable considerati~il:~;aoo be given.to.tb:e~riofc:he (I) Are designed and used for fixed civil "data (message)
.' .'. minirnall}' required associated nuterials and components'einbargtled switching" applications;
,;" :. by this Item or otliedtems in the Security Export COnltol J.¥tS and (2) Will be used primarily for the specified civil application;
l ~~ designed "software" for.~odification, ptO!fucdon Or testing and
:o,f equipment Q~~~, " . ;., :: • ..' (3) Will be operated in the importing country by:
NB: . " . (A) The Post, Telegraph and Telephone Authority in order
to provide public "data (message) switching" services for:
.' Sub-paragraphs (CFof"(e) above do tio.t pretlilde expprrs.of
technology which wo.U1d be possible according 'to the provisions, of (a) Domestic civil use; or
other tems ~n the security Export <?0!1ltol Lists. -. (b) International civil use with Western countries;
(B) A civil authority, which is a member of an
18. Favourable consideration will be given to the export of technology intergovernmental organisation including Western
embargoed by sub-item (c) and of insltUmentation, test equipment, countries (e.g., (TU or ICAO), in order to provide an
components and "specially designed software" therefor, and extension of international "data (message) switching"
materials and components embargoed by this Item or other Items on services in the importing country to fulfil a
the Security Export Control Lists, for modification or production of commitment to the intergovernmental organisation; or
"stored programme-controlled circuit switching" equipment or (C) A civil public service organisation, in order to provide
systems provided: "data (message) switching" services in a densely
populated, commercial area for:
NB: (a) Private domestic civil use; or
Technology for general purpose c0':r1puters is not eligible for (b) Private international civil use with Western
treatment under this Note, i.e., it remains governed by countries;
Item IL 1565 Gl; (c) The number, type and characteristics of such
(a) The characteristics of the "stored programme-controlled circuit equipment or systems are nonnal for the approved
switching" equipment or systems are limited to those which application;
release them from embargo or nuke them eligible for treattnent (d) Not used;
at National discretion; (e) The equipment or systems do not contain "digital
(b) Modification of circuit switching" equipment or systems is not computers" or "related equipment" embargoed by:
pennitted if any aspect of the design would result in exceeding (I) Item IL 1565 (f); or
the 'perfonnance thresholds or features of the relevant Notes; (2) Item IL 1565 (h) (1) (A), (a)-(m);
(c) Testing of large scale integrated (LSI) circuits or those with (f) The "software" supplied:
higher component densities is limited to go/no go tests; (1) Is limited to:
(A) "Specially designed software" necessary
NB: for the use (i.e., installation, operation
Sub-paragraph (c) above does not preclude exports of and maintenance) of the equipment or
equipment technology which would be possible according to systems; and
the provisions of other Items on the Security Export Control (B) Machine-executable fonn; and
Lists. (2) Does not include "software":
(d) The "specially designed software" is that necessary to utilise the (A) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566
transferred technology, insltUmentation and test equipment; (a) (5)·or ML 11; or
(e) The nunufacturing of the load tape by the licensee is limited to (B) To pennit user-modification of generic
rite addition to the generic "software" of the specific customer "software" or its associated
data'and site parameters; documentation;
(f) Development technology is not included; (g) If the equipment or systems are not designed for
(g) The contract includes explicit conditions to ensure that: installation by the user without support from the
(1)" The production technology or production equipment is supplier, the "software" necessary for
not reexported or exported, either direcdy or inOOecdy, to commissioning is:
another proscribed destination; (1) Exported on a temporary basis only; and

Security export control March 1991


(2) Kept under the control of the supplier; and quantities of exported equipment being serviced;
(h) Not used; (4) Do not provide local production facilities; and
(i) Not used; (5) Do· not provide for testing of individual electronic
u) Not used; components;
20. The shipment of "stored programme controlled circuit switching" (c) The repair does not upgrade the equipment or systems beyond
equipment or systems, embargoed by sub-item (b), provided: the performance thresholds approved for export under the
(a) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use of conditions of this Item;
"stored programme controlled telegraph circuit switching" (d) All the records of repair activity are kept by a representative of
for data; the Westem supplier;
(b) The equipment or systems: (e) Technology for general purpose computers is not eligible for
(1) Are designed and used for fixed civil "stored programme treatment under this Note, i.e., it remains governed by sub-
controlled telegraph circuit switching" applications; and item IL 1565 G).
(2) Will be operated in the importing country by a civil end- NB:
user who has fumished to the supplier a signed statement, Nothing in this Note overrides controls elsewhere in the
certifying that the equipment or systems will be used for Security Export Control List.
the specified cnd-use at a specified location orily; 23. The shipment of "data (message) switching" equipment or systems
(c) Not used; embargoed by sub-item (a), provided:
(d) The equipment or systems do not contain "digital computers" (a) The equipment or systems are designed for fixed civil use and
or "related equipment" embargoed by: stored programme controlled "packet-mode operation";
(1) Item IL 1565 (f); or (b) The equipment or systems do not have any of the following
(2) Item IL 1565 (h) (1) (A), (a)-(m); features:
(c) The equipment or systems do not have the following features: (1) "Datagram" service;
(1) Multi-level call pre-emption including overriding or (2) "Fast select";
seizing of busy subscriber lines, "trunk circuits" (3) Dynamic adaptive routing;
or switches; (4) Precedence, priority override or multilevel call preemption;
NB: (5) Centralised network control having all of the following
This does not preclude single level call pre-emption (e.g., characteristics:
executive override). (A) Is based on a network management protocol; and
(2) "Common channel signalling"; (B) Does both of the following:
(f) The maximum intemal bit rate per channel does not exceed (a) Receives data from the nodes; and
9,600 bit/s; (b) Processes these data in order to:
(g) Not used; (1) Control traffic; and
(h) The "software" supplied: (2) Directionalize paths;
(1) Is limited to: (c) The "software" supplied:
(A) "Specially designed software·' necessary for the use (1) Is limited to:
(i.e., installation, operation and maintcnance) of the (A) "Specially designed software" necessary for the use
equipment or systems; and (i.e., installation, operation and maintenance) of the
(B) Machine-executable form; and equipment or systems; and
(2) Does not include "software": (B) Machine-executable form; and
(A) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 (a) (5) (2) Does not include "software"·
or ML 11; or (A) Embargoed by Items IL 1527, IL 1566 (a) (5) or ML
(B) To permit user-modification of generic "software" or 11; or
its associated documentation; (B) To permit user-modification of generic "software" or its
(i) Not used; associated documentation;
G) If the equipment or systems are not designed for installation by (d) If the equipment or systems arc not designed for installation by
the user without support from the supplier, the "software" the user without support from the supplier, the "software"
necessary for commissioning is: necessary for commissioning is:
(1) Exported on a temporary basis orily; and (1) Exported on a temporary basis orily; and
(2) Kept under the control of the supplier; (2) Kept under the control of the supplier;
(k) Not used; and (c) Not used;
(I) Not used. (f) No "intemetwork gateways" are provided other than for
21. The shipment to certain countries of stored programme controlled messages originating from or terminating in W estem countries;
communication switching equipment or systems with any of the
NB:
following features: Connections of private networks to intemational destinations
(a) "Common channel signalling";
must be via public "intemetwork gateways".
(b) Digital subscriber line Interfaces not exceeding a "data
(g) Node throughput does not exceed 153,600 octets per second;
signalling rate" of 144,000 bit/s;
(c) Interconnections lor cellular radio systems; NB:
(d) "Communicaticn channels" or "terminal devices" used for Onc octet in, at any port, plus onc octet out, also at any port,
administrative and control purposes which do not exceed the equals a throughput of onc octet. One octet is defined as eight
limits in Item IL 1519; bits residing in the user data field.
(c) Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN); (h) Port throughput does not exceed a "data signalling rate" of
9,600 bit/s;
NB: (i) All the applicable conditions enumerated in (a) to
The importer shall: (d) above are accomplished by:
(a) Provide cnd-use assurances backed by his national authorities; (1) Omission or physical removal of equipment or coding;
(b) Make available information as requested by the Department of (2) Over-writing with non-functioning statements; or
Trade and Industry; and (3) Reasonably non-reversible modifications.
(c) Allow on-site inspection if requested by the Department of
Trade and Industry.
22. The shipment of technology or repair facilities .embargoed by this
Item for repair of stored programme controlled communication
IL 1568
switching equipment or systems, provided:
Analogue-to-digital and digital-to-analogue
(a) The technology to be transferred is strictly limited to that
required for repair work;
converter equipment, position encoders and
(b) The repair facilities: transducers, as follows, ,and specially designed
(1) Are specially designed equipment for repair; components and test equipment therefor: (for digital
(2) Are to be used to repair embargoed equipment authorised voltmeters or counters, see Item IL 1529) .
for export as an administrative exception, or equipment
free from embargo; (a) Electrical input type analogue-to-digital con"erter equipment
(3) Arc shipped in reasonable quantities necessary for the types having either of the following characteristics:

Security export :cont~oI March 1991 ~


IL 1568 continued IL 1572
(1) A resolution of 12 bits with a conversion time of less than
200 ns; or Recording or reproducing equipment, "recording
(2) A resolution of more than 12 bits with a conversion time ofless media" and technology, as follows, and specially
than 5 microseconds; designed components, accessories and "software"
(b) Electrical input type digital-to-analogue converter equipment therefor:
having any of the following characteristics: (For equipment which may be used in conjunction
(1) A resol,ution of 12 bits with a maximum "settling time" to
with electronic computers, see Item IL 1565.)
rated lineariry ofless than:
(A) 25 ns for current output type converter equipment, or
(B) 200 ns for voltage output type converter equipment; or (a) Recording or reproducing equipment using magnetic techniques,
(2) A resolution of more than 12 bits with a maximum "settling except:
time" to rated lineariry ofless than: (1) When specially designed for:
(A) 1 microsecond for current output type converter (A) Audio programmes on tape or disk;
equipment, or (B) Analogue recording or reproducing of video programmes
(B) 3 microseconds for voltage output type converter on tape or disk; or
equipment; NOTE:
(c) Solid-state synchro-to-digital or digital-to-synchro converters and This does not apply to magnetic heads mounted on servo-
resolver-to-digital. or digital-to-resolver converters (including mechanisms which include piezoelectric transducers and
multipole resolvers) having a resolution of better than ± 1 part have a gap width less than 750 nanometre.
in 5,000 per full synchro revolution for single speed synchro systems
or ±1 part in 40,000 for dual speed systems; NB:
(d) Mechanical input type position encoders and transducers. except Gap width is the dimension of the gap parallel to the
complex servo-follower systems, as follows: relative movement between tape and head.
(1) Rotary types having: (C) Digital reproducing (i.e., play-back only) of video
(A) A resolution of better than 1 part in 265,000 of full scale: or programmes from tape or disk;
(B) An accuracy better than ±2.5 seconds of arc; (2) When specially designed to use magnetic card. tag. label or
(2) Linear displacement types having a resolution of better than 5 bank cheque "recording media" with a magnetic surface area
micrometres; not exceeding 8.500 mm';
(3) Analogue magnetic tape recorders having all of the following
NOTE: characteristics:
This sub-item includes absolute and incremental shaft position (A) Bandwidth at maximum speed not exceeding 300
encoders, linear displacement encoders and inductosyns. kHz/track;
(e) Any equipment described above which is designed to operate below (B) "Recording densiry" not exceeding 200 magnetic flux sine
218 K (-55'C) or above 398 K (+125·C). waves per linear mm/track;
(C) Not including recording or reproducing heads designed for
use in equipment with characteristics superior to those
defined in (A) or (B) above;
IL 1571 (D) Tape speed not exceeding 1.55 m/s;
(E) Number of recording tracks (excluding audio voice track)
Magnetometers, magnetometer systems and related not exceeding 28;
equipment, asfollows, and specially designed (F) Start-stop time not less than 25 ms;
components therefor: (G) Equipped with tape-derived (off-tape) servo speed control
and with a time displacement (base) error. measured in
accordance with applicable lRIG or EIA documents, of no
(a) Magnetometers and magnetometer systems having or capable of less than ± 1 microsecond;
having a sensitivity better than ± 1.0 gamma (± 10" oersteds), (H) Not ruggedised for military use;
except magnetometers having sensitivities not better than ± 0.1 (I) Not rated for continuous operation in ambient
gamma (± '10" oersteds) where the reading rate capabiliry is no temperatures from below 233 K (-40'C) to above 328 K
faster than once per half-second; (+55'C); and
(b) Magnetometer test f3cilities able to control magnetic field values to U) Not specially designed for underwater use;
an accuracy of 1.0 gamma (10. 5 oersteds) or less;
(c) Magnetic compensation systems utilising "digital computers". non- NOTE:
This sub-item includes analogue instrumentation recording
magnetic platforms and calibration systems;
equipment permitting the recording of digital signals (e.g., using a
(For optical fibres. see Item IT.. 1526 (b) and (c).)
high densiry digital recording (HDDR) module).
(4) Digital cassette/cartridge tape drives or magnetic tape drives
Technical Notes: having all of the following characteristics:
1. Sensitiviry is defined as the visually recognized minimum sinUSOIdal (A) Not exceeding:
signal in the frequency range 0.025 Hz to 1.5 Hz when signal-to- (a) A "maximum bit packing density" of 131
.noise ratio is higher than 1. bit/mm/track; or
2. The term 'specially designed .:omponents therefor' is intended to (b) A "maximum bit transfer rate" of2.66 million bit/s;
include non-magnetic pumping lamps and heating coils. cryogenic (B) Not ruggedised for military use;
magnetic componentry, enhanced resonance gases, and any form of (C) Not specially designed for underwater use; and
dynamic signal-processing gradient compensation provided as part (D) Not rated for continuous operation in ambient
of, or designed for use with, magnetometers embargoed by this temperatures from below 233 K (-40'C) to above
Item. Enhanced resonance gases are gases of isotopes of cesium, 328 K (+55'C);
rubidium and other metals which exhibit very sharp bands of (b) Recording or reproducing equipment using "laser" beams, which
response to pumping frequencies in optically pumped produce patterns or images directly on the recording surface or
magnetometers. reproduce from such surfaces, except:
3. Magnetometer systems use magnetic sensors, including those (1) When specially designed for the production of audio or video
designed to operate at cryogenic temperatures, compensation disk masters for the replication of entertainment- or education-
syste"ms. displays, recorders and associated electronics for signal type disks;
processing, target parameter detection, gradient compensation and (2) Facsimile equipment such as used for commercial weather
dynamic range control. imagery and commercial wire photos and text;
(3) Consumer-rype reproducers for audio or video disks employing
non-erasable media;
(4) When specially designed for gravure (printing plate)
manufacturing;
(c) Graphics instruments capable of continuous direct recording of sine
waves at frequencies exceeding 20 kHz;

Mareh 19&1
(d) "Recording media" used in equipment embargoed by sub-items (a) meet ANSI X3.46-1974 or ISO 2864-1974(£);.01 .
or (b) above, except: (d) Unrecorded eleven-disk packs (2316 type) designed" to :~,
(1) Magnetic tape having all of the following characteristics: meet ANSI X3.58-1977 or ISO 3564-1976;
(A) Specially designed for television recording and (e) Technology for the development, production or use of recording or
reproduction or for instrumentation; reproducing equipment described in this Item, eX«pI:
(B) Being a standard commercial product; (I) Technology unique to equipment released by sub-items
(C) Not designed for use in satellite applications; (a)(l)(A), (a)(I)(B) or (a)(2), (b) or (c) above;
(D) A tape width not exceeding 25.4 mm;
NOTE:
(E) A magnetic coating thickness not less than:
This does not apply to technology for the design or
(a) 2 micrometre if the tape length does not exceed
production of:
1,450 m; or
(a) Cylindrical structures used to record or reproduce video
(b) 5 micro metre if the tape length does not exceed
signals in a helical scan system recorder or reproducer; and
6,00001;
(b) Recorded alignment tapes used in the production of
(F) A magnetic coating material consisting of doped or
recording or reproducing equipment.
undoped gamma-ferric oxide or chromium dioxide;
(2) The minimum technology necessary for the use of equipment
(G) A base material consisting only of polyester;
which may be exported under the provisions of this Item;
(H) A rated intrinsic coercivity not exceeding 64 kA/m
(I) Technology, as follows, for continuous coating of magnetic tape
(804 oersted); and
described in this Item:
(I) A retentivity not exceeding 160 mT; (I) Technology for the formulation of coating material;
(2) Magnetic tape having all of the following characteristics:
(2) Technology for the application of coating material to the
(A) Specially designed for television recording and backing;
reproduction or for instrumentation;
(g) Technology, as follows, for the manufacture of flexible disk
(B) Being a standard commercial product; and
"recording media" described in this Item:
(C) Having either of the following sets of characteristics:
(1) Technology for the formulation of coating material;
(a) (1) A tape width not exceeding 50.8 mm;
(2) Technology for the application of coating material to the
(2) Not designed for use in satellite applications;
flexible backing;
(3) A magnetic coating material consisting of doped or
(h) Technology for the development or production of rigid disk
undoped gamma-ferric oxide or chromium dioxide;
"recording media" described in this Item.
(4) A rated intrinsic coercivity not exceeding 64 kA/m
(804 oersted); and NOTES:
(5) A tape length not exceeding 1,096 m; or 1. This Item does not embargo:
(b) (1) A tape width not exceeding 25.4 mm; (a) Systems having all of the following characteristics:
(2) A magnetic coating material consisting of (I) Designed for use in civil aircraft or helicopters to record
chromium dioxide; flight data for safety or maintenance purposes;
(3) A base material consisting only of polyester; and (2) No more than 100 input channels; and
(4) A rated intrinsic coercivity not exceeding 60 kA/m (3) A sum of the individual channel recording bandwidth not
(750 oersted); exceeding 500 Hz;
(3) Video or audio magnetic tape in cassette having all of the (b) Incremental recorders or reproducers having all of the
following characteristics: following characteristics:
(A) Specially designed for television or audio recording and (I) Designed for discontinuous sampling or collection of data
reproduction; in an incremental manner;
(B) Being a standard commercial product; (2) The maximum tape speed, at the maximum stepping rate,
(C) A rated intrinsic coercivity not exceeding 128 kAlm (1,600 does not exceed 50.8 mm/s;
oersted); (3) Not ruggedised for military use;
(D) A retentivity not exceeding 300 mT; (4) Not rated for continuous operation in ambient
(E) A tape length not exceeding 650 m; and temperatures from below 233 K (-40'C) to above 328 K
(F) A magnetic coating thickness not less than 2 micrometre; (+55'C);
(4) Video or audio magnetic tape having all of the following (5) Not specially designed for underwater use; and
characteristics: (6) Not including recording or repr~ducing heads designed for
(A) A magnetic coating material consisting of undoped gamma- use in equipment with characteristics superior to those
ferric oxide; defined in (a)(3)(G) above;
(B) A rated intrinsic coercivity not exceeding 28 kA/m (350 (c) Digital magnetic recorders having both of the following
oersted); characteristics:
(C) A tape width not exceeding 50.8 mm; and (1) Specially designed for seismic or geophysical applications;
(D) A base material consisting only of polyester; and
(5) Computer magnetic tape having all of the following (2) Operating in the frequency range from 5 to 800 Hz.
characteristics: 2. This Item does not embargo instrumentation digital recorders
(A) Designed for digital recording and reproduction; having all of the following characteristics:
(B) A magnetic coating certified for a maximum "packing (a) "Packing density" of 1,312.5 bit/mm or less;
density" of 246 bit/mm or 356 flux changes per mm along (b) Maximum of28 tracks;
the length of the tape; (c) Tape speed of 3.05 rn/s or less;
(C) A magnetic coating thickness not less than 3.6' micrometre; (d) Not designed for underwater use; and
(D) A tape width not exceeding 25.4 mm; (e) Not ruggedised for military use.
(E) A tape length not exceeding 1,100 m; and 3. The shipment of computer tape in cassettes or cartridges having all
(F) A base material consisting only of polyester; of the following characteristics:
(6) Computer flexible disks having both of the following (a) Designed for digi~ recording and reproduction;
characteristics: (b) A magnetic coating certified for a "packing density" of 394
(A) Designed for digital recording and reproduction; and bit/mm along the length of the tape;
(B) Not exceeding a "gross capacity" of 33 million bit; (c) A tape width not exceeding 25.4 mm;
(7) Rigid magnetic disk "recording media" having all of the (d) A tape length not exceeding 1,100 m.
following characteristics: . 4. The shipment of magnetic tape embargoed by sub-item, (d) above
(A) Being a standard commercial product; having all of the following characteristics:
(B) Non servo-written; (a) Intended for insertion in cassettes or cartridges specially
(C) A "packing density" not exceeding 86.6 bit/mm; designed for televisiop or audio ..ecording o~ reproduction
(D) Not exceeding 8 tracks/mm; and under a commer~ial af~eenaent;
(E) Confonning to any of the following specifications: (b) Being a standard commercial product;
(a) Unrecorded single disk cartridges (front loading (2315- (c) Not designed for ase in satellite applications; ....- .
~~ ~, --.
type)) designed to meet ANSI X3.52-1976; (d) A tape width not exceeding 25.4 mm; ,
(b) Unrecorded single disk cartridges (top loading (5440- (e) A magnetic coating thickness not less thfn 2 micrometre;
type)) designed to meet ISO 3562-1976; (I) A magnetic coating material consisting of doped or undoped
(c) Unrecorded six-disk packs (2311 type) designed to gamma-ferric oxide;
IL 1572 continuttl IL 1574
(g) A base material consisting only of polyester;
(h) A rated intrinsic coerciviry not exceeding 64 kA/m (804
Electronic devices, circuits or systems containing
oersted); components manufactured from "superconductive"
(i) A retentiviry not exceeding 160 mT; and materials, as follows:
Gl A tape length not exceeding 6,500 m.
5. The shipment of reasonable quantities of analogue magnetic tape (a) Specially designed for operation at temperatures below the "critical
recorders embargoed by sub-item (a) above, and specially designed temperature" of at least one of their "superconductive" constituents;
components and "recording media" therefor embargoed by sub-
anti
item (d) above, for use with those recorders, provided;
(b) Performing functions such as:
(a) the equipment is for a legitimate civil end-use and is reasonable (1) Electromagnetic sensing and amplification;
for that use; (2) Current switching;
(b) not used; (3) Frequency selection;
(c) The analogue magnetic tape recorders are limited to those (4) Electromagnetic energy storage at resonant frequencies above
equipped with tape derived (off-tape) servospeed control and
1 MHz.
with a time displacement (base) error of not less than ± 0.8
microsecond at a tape speed of 1.524 m/s and not less than ±
1.6 microsecond at any lower tape speed measured in NOTES:
accordance with applicable IRIG and EIA documents. I, This Item includes josephson-effect devices and superconducting
quantum interference devices (squids).
iQlli:THB'l'EQPUi~'1P1i'li.DlICOF~CHlNAONLY, 2. This Item does not embargo equipment specially designed for
laboratory research on materials characterisation containing squids
'4i::~~~f'ibipme~·~(~~:~~~.xiu~~p~~nf.~ follo~: when such devices:
;i. ;\)~~)/'!uulqglie'~¥e'ttc.u~· rcicotdei:swi~h all the following (a) Are fixed in the equipment in a large and bulky configuration

;'~~:~~';:';;~~F~~,n~~~,", .', ',' ' (at least 16.4 litres) so that the device cannot be used effectively
in other systems, such as military systems, and any attempt to
.~. ( '.',' . '" 'i(A) c4 Mlli'/triclt and li;lving up to 28 ciacks; or , remove, modifY or redeploy the squids would destroy them;
.';i ".., ,'{Dl2 ~z1tridtarid having up to 42 tracks; (b) Have an energy sensitivity not worse than than 10'" j/Hz;
' ..,. . (2) ~ape speed of6,1 mls,or less; alld
.,/. '.. :,;,', (}( Not dcsi8ned for underwater UJC; (c) Are magnetically shielded to be insensitive to magnetic field
..~t:·:,.·(4} NotrU~ fOl'lriilitaiy use; dlttI fluctuations external to such equipment, so that the equipment
,~':. ~.<.;.<, ,:'(5) .:~coriJibt demity noteltceeding 653,2 magnetic flux sine cannot function without the magnetic shield in place
, '.\ ..... '"wavespti,mm: " surrounding the superconducting magnetic sensing circuitry.
,.. :,(b) ~Map~c" .•JlP"OPriate tOr lISt with magnetic tape recorders 3. The shipm'ent of equipment specially designed for biomagnetic
',f- ·"~4H;om.:eiD.b~~ or which may be exported at national measurements for medical diagnostics containing squids provided:
, ,4isqetion to the People's Republic ofChina; provided the tape (a) The squid components, including the squid input and output
. " ~ ',.lci!lgtb.:.. ~lting 'demity" ·arid "recording derlsiry" do not coupling coils and any associated magnetic shield, are fixed,
.'~ ::,.; 'eXceed the perforinance limits of the magnetic tape recorders; using an epoxy resin, directly to the instrull,,:nt so that any
, ,'··~;(ty"Dlsks·~priatc {ar' Use ,with disk driveS free ttom embargo or attempt to remove, modify or redeploy the squid would
;,' .: :_, ~.: ~biChr~Y be e~d arnational discretion to the. People's destroy it; and
. .: "',,' ;'R~lit of China ·provided the "packing density" and inner (b) The squid's range of electrical utility is restricted (e.g., through
'i··,i ::'. : ,', aiid 'ootet' awneien' d~noi exceed the performance limits of impedance matching) so that it is suitable only for the intended
'( ~. '. the 'disk' drives; . cnd-use by meeting the following two requirements;
I '(cl) ,Video nugnetic 1ape' recorders·specially designed for television (1) The effective gradient sensitivity of the medical device
'. '. ,,~itto_,' , must be worse than 3 x ID" nT (root mean square)
measured in a I Hz signal bandwidth per metre; and
(2) The magnetic shield containing the squid components
described in paragraph (a) above must have a volume
IL 1573 exceeding 4 litres, or the input inductance of the
embedded squid must be less than 50 nH.
"Superconductive" electromagnets and solenoids, as
follows:

(a) Having a non-uniform distribution of current-carrying windings,


IL 1585
measured along the axis of symmetry when specially designed for
Cameras, components and photographic "recording
gyrotron applications, txcept those rated for both:
(I) Magnetic induction ofless than 1 T; anti media" therefor, as follows:
(2) "Overall current density" in the windings of less than 10,000
Alcm'; (For cameras: operating at below 190 nm (ultra-violet) or abovc 1,200
(b) Specially designed to be fully charged or discharged in less than one nm (infrared), see Item IL 1502; specially designed or modified for
minute, provided: underwater use, see Item ll..1417)
(1) The maximum energy delivered during discharge divided by
the duration of the discharge is more than 500 kj per minute; (a) High speed cinema recording cameras and equipment as follows:
(2) The inner diameter of the current-carrying windings is more (1) Cameras in which the film is continuously advanced
than 60 mm; anti throughout the recording period, and which are capable of
(3) They are rated for magnetic induction of more than 8 T or recording at framing rates exceeding 13,150 frames per second,
"overall current density" in the windings of more than 10,000 using any camera and film combination from the standard
Alcm'. 8 mm to the 90 mm size inclusive, except non-ruggedised
NOTE: cinema recording cameras for normal civil purposes;
This sub-item does not embargo superconductive electromagnets or (2) Special optical or electronic devices which supplement, replace
solenoids specially designed for Magnetic Resonance Imaging or are interchangeable with standard camera components for
(MRl) medical equipment. the purpose of increasing the number of frames per second
exceeds the limits in (a)(l) above;
(b) Mechanical high speed cameras in which the film does not move,
and which are capable of recording at rates exceeding 1,000,000
frames per second for the full framing height of standard 35 mm
wide photographic film, or at proportionately higher rates for lesser
frame heights, or at proportionately lower rates for greater frame
heights;

'88 S$eurlty export control March 1991


(c) Cameras incorporating electron tubes embargoed by Item IT. 1555, (c) Acousto-optic signal-processing devices.employing an inter- ·acliOn.
except television or video cameras specially designed for television between acoustic waves (bulk wave or surface wave) md"light.:waves :'
broadcasting use; which permit the direct processing of signals or images, 'including'"
(d) Mechanical or electronic streak cameras having writing speeds of spectral analysis, correlation or convolution.
10 mm/microsecond and above; NOTE:
(e) Electronic framing cameras having a speed exceeding 1 million This sub-item embargoes devices made from acousto~op"tic:"
frames per second; materials, including lithium niobate, bismuth germanium oxide,
(f) Video cameras incorporating solid state sensors, having any of the bismuth silicon oxide, gallium arsenide, gallium phosphide';
following characteristics: tellurium oxide and lead molybdenate.
(1) More than 4 million "active pixels" per solid state array for
monochrome (black and white) cameras;
(2) More than 4 million "active pixels" per solid state array for NOTES:
colour cameras incorporating three solid state arrays; or The shipment of the following devices embargoed by sub-item (a)(l)
(3) More than 12 million "active pixels" for solid state array colour which are specially designed for civil applications and which operate at
cameras incorporating one solid state array; frequencies below 1 GHz:
(a) Devices for civil television equipment;
NOTE: (b) Devices for video or AM and FM broadcasting equipment;
The camera output in each case is thereby limited to 4 million (c) Non-reprogrammable devices for pagers, cellular radio
resolvable elements excluding colour information. communication equipment, automobile radio communication
(g) Electronic cameras having both of the following characteristics: equipment or cordless telephone sets.
(1) An electronic shutter speed (gating capability) of less than 10
microseconds per full frame; and
(2) A read out time allowing a framing rate of more than 125 full
frames per second;
(h) Camera shutters with speeds of 50 ns or less per operation, and IL 1595
specialised parts and accessories therefor;
(i) Film, as follows: Gravity nteters (gravinteters). gravity gradiometers
(1) Having a speed ofISO 10,000 (or its equivalent) or better; and specially designed components therefor. except:
(2) Colour film having a spectral sensitivity extending beyond
7,200 Angstroms or below 2,000 Angstroms; (a) Gravity meters for land use having any of the following
G) Cameras incorporating: characteristics:
(1) Linear detector arrays exceeding a size of 4,096 elements per (1) Static accuracies of not less than 100 microgal; or
array; and (2) Being of the Worden type;
(2) Mechanical scanning in one direction. (b) Marine gravimetric systems having any of the following
characteristics:
NOTES: (1) Static accuracies of 1 milligal or more; or
1. Not used. (2) An in-service (operational) accuracy of 1 milligal or more with
2. Not used. a time to steady state registration of two minutes or greater
3. Cameras embargoed only by sub-item u)
above provided: under any combination of attendant corrective compensations
and motional influences.
(a) They are intended for civil end-uses and civil end-users; and
(b) They do not contain linear detector arrays exceeding a size of
8,192 elements per array. NOTE:
Nothing in this Item permits the export of technology or technical data
~FOR l1;urPEOPLE's ~L{COF.GlJlNAONLX: associated with the design, manufacture or upgrading of equipment
excluded from embargo by this definition, when such technology or
4".Meeharncal~g caril~ras ernbargoed'by~ub-item (b) wfucbare technical data is also relevant to equipment embargoed by this definition .
." dcisigned for civil purp.oses (i.e., non-nuclear use) with a framing'~!
.~::i' i:".,peed of not mOre than 2 x 10' frames perseconq..

IL 1586
Acoustic wave devices, as follows, and specially
designed contponents therefor:

(a) Surface acoustic wave and surface skimming (shallow bulk) acoustic
wave devices (i.e., signal-processing devices employing elastic waves
in materials, including lithium niobate, lithium tantalate, bismuth
germanium oxide, silicon, quartz, zinc oxide, aluminium oxide
(sapphire), gallium arsenide and alpha-aluminium phosphate
(berlinite)), which permit direct processing of signals, including but
not limited to convolvers, correlators (fixed, programmable and
memory), oscillators, bandpass filters, delay lines (fixed and tapped)
and non-linear devices, having any of the following characteristics:
(1) A carrier frequency of greater than 400 MHz; or
(2) A carrier frequency of 400 MHz or less, except those specially
designed for home electronics and entertainment type
applications, having any of the following characteristics:
(A) A side-lobe rejection of greater than 45 dB;
(B) A product of the maximum delay time and the bandwidth
(time in microseconds and bandwidth in MHz) greater
than 100;
(C) A dispersive delay of greater than 10 microseconds; or
(D) An insertion loss ofless than 10 dB;
(b) Bulk (volume) acoustic wave devices (i.e., signal processing devices
employing elastic waves in the various materials described in (a)
above) which permit direct processing of signals at frequencies over
1 GHz, including fixed delay lines, non-linear and pulse
compression devices.

security.export SQrfroi March::\~~ .:.


(3) Made in a controlled environment by any of the following
Group H processes:
(A) "Vacuum atomisation";
(B) "Gas atomisation";
(C) "Rotary atomization";
Metals, minerals and (D) "Splat quenching";
(E) "Melt spinning" and "comminution";

their manufactures (c)


(F) "Melt extraction" and "comminution"; or
(G) "Mechanical alloying";
Alloyed materials, in the form of uncomminuted flakes, ribbons or
(1) RAW MATERIALS thin rods produced in a controlled environment by "splat
Where raw materials are covered by a definition the intent is to quenching," "melt spinning" or "melt extraction", used in the
cover all materials from which they can be usefully extracted, i.e. manufacture of metal alloy powder or particulate material
ores, concentrates, matte, regulus, residues and dross (ashes). embargoed by sub-item (b) above.
(2) METAL AND ALLOYS NOTE:
Unless provision to the contrary is made in particular items of the This Item does not embargo metal alloys, metal alloy powder or alloyed
definition, the words "metals" and "alloys" are intended to cover all materials for coating "substrates."
crude and semi-fabricated forms as mentioned in the following list:
Crude Forms: (For nickel aluminides containing 10 weight percent or more aluminium
Anodes, balls, bars (including notched bars and wire bars), billets, and titanium aluminides containing 12 weight percent or more
blocks, blooms, brickets, cakes, cathodes, crystals, cubes, dice, aluminum, see Item IL 1672)
grains, ingots, lumps, pellets, pigs, powder, rondelles, shot, slabs,
slugs, sponge, sticks.
Semi-fabricated forms IL 1631
(whether or not coated, plated, drilled or punched):
(i) Wrought or worked materials fabricated by rolling, drawing,
extruding, grinding, Le.: angles, channels, circles, discs, dust,
Magnetic metals of all types and of whatever form,
flakes foils and leaf, forging, plate, powder, pressings and having any of the following characteristics:
stampings, ribbons, rings, rods (including bare welding rods,
wire rods, and rolled wire), sections, shapes, sheets, strip, pipe (a) Initial relative permeability 120,000 or more and thickness 50
and tubes (including tube rounds, squares, and hollows), drawn micrometres or less;
or extruded wire;
(ii) Cast material produced by casting in sand, die, metal, plaster or
other types of moulds, including high pressure castings, sintered NOTE:
Measuremen~ of initial permeability must be performed on the
forms, and forms made by powder metallurgy.
above specified materials which are fully annealed.
(b) Remanence: 98.5% or over of maximum magnetic flux for materials
having magnetic· permeability;
IL 1610 (c) Grain-oriented iron-silicon alloy sheets or strips of a thickness 100
micrometre or less;
Metal alloys, metal alloy powder or alloyed materials, (d) Magnetostrictive alloys having either of the following characteristics:
as follows: (1) Saturation magnetostriction more than 5 x 10-4 ; or
(2) Magnetomechanical coupling factor (k) more than 0.8;
(a) Metal alloys, as follows, made from metal alloy powder or (e) Amorphous alloy strips having both of the following characteristics:
particulate material embargoed by sub-item (b) below: (1) Composition having a minimum of75 weight per cent of iron,
(1) Nickel alloys with a stress-rupture life of 10,000 hours or cobalt or nickel; and
longer at 923 K (650°C) and at a stress of 550 MPa; (2) Saturation magnetic induction (Bs) of 1.6 T or more, and
(2) Cobalt alloys with a stress-rupture life of 10,000 hours or either:
longer at 923 K (650°C) and at a stress of 400 MPa; (A) Strip thickness of 20 micrometre or less; or
(3) Niobium alloys with a stress-rupture life of 10,000 hours or (B) Electrical resistivity of 2 x 10-4 ohm.cm. or more.
longer at 1,073 K (800°C) and at a stress of 400 MPa;
(4) Titanium alloys with a stress-rupture life of 10,000 hours or
longer at 723 K (450°C) and at a stress of 200 MPa;
(5) Aluminium alloys with a tensile strength of: IL 1672
(A) 240 MPa or more at 473 K (200°C); or
(B) 415 MPa or more at 298 K (25°C); Nickel or titanium-based alloys in the form of
(6) Magnesium alloys with a tensile strength of 345 MPa or more aluminides, as follows, in crude or semi-fabricated
and a corrosion rate of less than 1 mm/year in 3% sodium forms and scrap thereof:
chloride aqueous solution measured in accordance with ASTM
standard G-31 or national equivalents;
(a) Nickel aluminides containing 10 weight percent or more aluminium
Technical Notes: (b) Titanium aluminides containing 12 weight percent or more
1. The metal alloys in this sub-item are those containing a higher aluminium.
percentage by weight of the stated metal than of any other
element.
2. Stress-rupture life should be measured in accordance with
ASTM standard E-139 or national equivalents. IL 1675
(b) Metal alloy powder or particulate material, as follows:
(1) Embargoed by sub-item (a) above: "Superconductive" materials and composite
(2) Made from any of the following composition systems: conductors, as follows:
(A) Nickel alloys (Ni-Al-X or Ni-X-Al);
(B) Cobalt alloys (Co-Cr-X or Co-X-Cr);
(a) "Superconductive" materials of all types:
(C) Niobium alloys (Nb-Al-X or Nb-X-Al, Nb-Si-X or Nb-
(1) Having a "critical temperature", at zero magnetic induction, of
X-Si, Nb-Ti-X or Nb-X-Ti);
9.85 K (-263.3C) or higher; and
(D) Titanium alloys (Ti-Al-X or Ti-X-Al);
(2) In quantities of more than 25 g;
(E) Aluminium alloys (Al-Mg-X or Al-X-Mg, Al-Zn-X or Al-
(b) "Superconductive" niobium-titanium wire not embedded in a
X-Zn, Al-Fe-X or Al-X-Fe); or
metallic matrix with a cross section area of less than 3.14 x 10-
(F) Magnesium alloys (Mg-Al-X or Mg-X-Al); and
4nun2 (i.e., 20 micrometre diameter for circular filaments);
NB: (c) Composite conductors containing at least one "superconductive"
X equals one or more alloying elements. constituent having a "critical temperature", at zero magnetic

eo security export control March 1991


induction, of9.3 K (-263.85C) or higher, except those which: (c) Damping or flotation fluids made of at least 85% of any of the
(1) Have "superconductive" filaments embedded in a copper or following compounds or materials:
copper-based mixture matrix; and (1) Dibromotetrafluoroethane having a purity exceeding 99.8%
(2) Fulfil either of the two following sets of characteristics: and containing less than 25 particles of 200 micrometre or"
(A) The "superconductive" constituent or filament: larger in size per 100 ml;
(a) Has a cross section area of more than 3.14 x 10-4 mm2 , (2) Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (oily and waxy modifications only);
i.e., 20 micrometre diameter for circular filaments; or
(b) Is either non-coated or insulated with: (3) Polybromotrifluoroethylene;
(1) Varnish; (d) Cooling fluids made of at least 85% of any of the following
(2) Glass fibre; compounds or materials:
(3) Polyamide; or (1) Monomeric or polymeric forms of perfluoropolyal-
(4) PolYimide; and kylethertriazines or perfluoroaliphatic ethers;
(c) Does not remain in the "superconductive" state when: (2) Perfluoroalkylamines; or
(1) Evaluated in sample lengths of less than 1 m; and (3) Perfluorocycloalkanes or perfluoroalkanes with all of the
(2) Exposed to a magnetic field with an induction of following characteristics:
more than 12 T at a temperature of 4.2 K (A) Density at 298 K (25°C) of 1.5 g/ml or more;
(-268.95C); or (B) In a liquid state at 273 K (O°C); and
(B) The composite conductor contains: (C) Containing 60% or more by weight of fluorine.
(a) "Superconductive" niobium-titanium wire with a cross TECHNICAL NOTES:
section area of more than 9.5 x 10- 5 mm 2 , For the purpose of this Item:
i.e., 11 micrometre diameter for circular filaments; and (a) Flash point is determined using the Cleveland Open Cup Method
(b) A total mass, i.e., including the mass of the matrix, not described in ASTM 0-92 or national equivalents;
exceeding 10 kg. (b) Pour point is determined using the method described in ASTM D-
97 or national equivalents;
(c) Viscosity index is determined using the method described in ASTM
0-2270 or national equivalents;
(d) Thermal stability is determined by the following test procedure or

Group I national equivalents: 20 ml of the fluid under test is placed in a


46 ml type 317 stainless steel chamber containing one each of
12.5 mm (nominal) diameter balls of M-I0 tool steel, 52100 steel
and naval bronze (60% Cu, 39% Zn, 0.75% Sn). The chamber is

Chemicals, metalliods purged with nitrogen, sealed at atmospheric pressure and the
temperature raised to and maintained at 644 + 6 K (371 + 6°C) for
six hours. The specimen will be considered thermally stable if, on
and petroleum completion of the above procedure, all of the following conditions
are met:

products (1) The loss in weight of each ball is less than 10 mg/nun2 of ball
surface;
(2) The change in original viscosity as determined at 311 K (8°C) is
less than 25%; and
IL 1710 (3) The total acid or base number is less than 0.40.
(e) Autogenous ignition temperature is determined using the method
Fluids and lubricating materials, as follows: described in ASTM E-659 or national equivalents.
NOTES:
(a) Hydraulic fluids which contain any of the following compounds or 1. Nothing in this Note permits the export of technology. This Item
materials as their principal ingredients: does not embargo the shipment of up to 19 litres of
(1) Highly refined super-dewaxed petroleum (mineral) oils, polychlorotrifluoroethylene-based lubricating oils.
synthetic hydrocarbon oils or silahydrocarbon oils, having all of 2. The shipment for civil end uses of cooling fluids embargoed by sub-
the following characteristics: item (d) above.
(A) Flash point exceeding 477 K (204°C);
(B) Pour 'point 239 K (-34°C) or lower;
(C) Viscosity index 75 or more; and
(D) Thermal stability 616 K (343°C);
IL 1715
NOTE: Boron, as follows:
For the purpose of this sub-item, silahydrocarbon oils contain
exclusively silicon, hydrogen and carbon. (a) Boron element (metal) in all forms;
(2) Chlorofluorocarbons having all of the following characteristics: (b) Boron compounds, mixtures, and composites containing 5% or
(A) No flash point; more of boron, except pharmaceutical specialities packaged for retail
(B) Autogenous ignition temperature exceeding 977 K sale, as follows:
(704°C); (1) Non-ceramic boron-nitrogen compounds (e.g., borazanes,
(C) Pour point 219 K (-54°C) or lower; borazines, and boropyrazoyls);
(D) Viscosity index 80 or more; and (2) Boron hydrides (e.g. boranes), except sodium boron hydride,
(E) Boiling point 473 K (200°C) or higher; or potassium boron hydride, monoborane, diborane and triborane;
NOTE: (3) Organoboron compounds, including metallo-organoboron
For the purpose of this sub-item, chlorofluorocarbons contain compounds.
exclusively carbon, fluorine and chlorine.
(3) Monomeric or polymeric forms of perfluoropolyal-

(b)
kylethertriazines or perfluoroaliphatic ethers;
Lubricating materials containing any of the following compounds or
IL 1733
materials as their principal ingredients: Base materials, non-"cQmposite" ceramic materials,
(1) Monomeric or polymeric forms of perfluoropolyal- ceramic-ceramic "composite" materials and
kylethertriazines or perfluoroaliphatic ethers;
precursor materials, as follows, for the manufacture
(2) Phenylene or alkylphenylene ethers or thio-ethers, or their
mixtures, containing more than two ether or thio-ether of high temperature fine technical ceramic products:
functions or mixtures thereof;
(3) Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (oily and waxy modifications only); (a) Base materials having all tI:,.e following >charac~eristics:
or (1) Any of the followin~i 10I11t?0sitions:
(4) Fluorinated silicone fluids with kinematic viscosity of less than (A) Single or c0IJl91ex oxides of zirconium, and complex
5,000 mm2/s (5,000 centistokes) measured at 298 K (25°C); oxides of s:ilkon or aluminium; .

Security export c~ntrol :. March. 1~91 tit'


(B) Single or complex borides of zirconium; (B) Specially designed for non-aerospace, non-electronic
(C) Single or complex borides of titanium; civil applications;
(0) Single or complex carbides of silicon or boron; or (i) Polybenzoxazoles;
(E) Single or complex nitrides of silicon, boron, aluminium or G) Polyarylene ether ketones as follows:
zirconium; (1) Polyether ether ketone (PEEK);
(2) Total metallic impurities, excluding intentional additions, of (2) Polyether ketone ketone (PEKK);
less than: (3) Polyether ketone (PEK);
(A) 1,000 ppm for single oxides or carbides; or (4) Polyether ketone ether ketone ketone (PEKEKK);
(B) 5,000 ppm for complex compounds, single borides or (k) Butadiene polymers as follows:
single nitrides; and (1) Carboxyl terminated polybutadiene (CTPB);
(3) Average particle size less than or equal to 5 micrometres and no (2) Hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene (HTPB);
more than 10% of the particles larger than 10 micrometres. (3) Thiol terminated polybutadiene (TTPB);
(4) Vinyl terminated polybutadiene (VTPB);
NOTE~
For zirconia, these limits are 1 micrometre and 5 micrometres (5) Cyclised 1,2-polybutadiene;
respectively. (6) Mouldable copolymers ofbutadiene and acrylic acid;
(b) Non-"composite" ceramic materials in crude or semi-fabricated (7) Mouldable terpolymers of butadiene, acrylonitrile and acrylic
form composed of the materials embargoed by (a) above, except acid or any of the homologues of acrylic acid;
abrasives; (1) Carboxyl terminated polyisoprene;
(c) Ceramic-ceramic"composite" materials containing finely dispersed (m) Polyarylene ketones;
particles or phases or any non-metallic fibrous or whisker-like (n) Polyarylene sulphides, except polyphenylene sulphide.
materials, whether externally introduced or grown in situ during NOTE:
processing, where the following materials form the host "matrix": This Item does not embargo manufactured products or components not
(1) All oxides, including glasses; embargoed by the Security Export Control Lists.
(2) Carbides or nitrides of silicon or boron;
(3) Borides or nitrides of zirconium or borides, carbides or nitrides
ofhafuium; or
(4) Any combination of the materials enumerated in (1) to (3)
above. IL 1754
NOTE: Fluorinated compounds, materials and manufactures
This sub-item does not embargo manufactured products or
components not embargoed by these Lists. thereof, as follows:
(d) Precursor materials, i.e., special purpose polymeric or metallo-
organic materials, as follows, for producing any phase or phases of (a) Polymeric materials' and intermediates, as follows, when
the materials embargoed by sub-items (b) or (c) above: unprocessed:
(1) Polycarbosilanes and polydiorganosilanes (for producing silicon (1) Fluoroelastomeric compounds where the polymer backbone
carbide); consists of at least 95% of:
(2) polysilazanes (for producing silicon nitride); or (A) A combination of two or more of the following
(3) Polycarbosilazanes (for producing ceramics with silicon, carbon monomers:
and nitrogen components). (a) Tetratluoroethylene;
(b) Vinylidene tluoride;
(For compounds of hafuium, see also Item A 8 on the Atomic Energy (c) Hexatluoropropylene;
List.) (d) Bromotritluoroethylene;
(For compounds of tantalum, see also Item IL 1760.) (e) Iodotritluoroethylene;
(For carbon-carbon materials, see Item IL 1763.) (t) Pertluoromethylvinylether;
(g) Pertluoropropoxypropylvinylether;
except the copolymer of vinylidene fluoride and
IL 1746 hexatluoropropylene, or the terpolymer of vinylidene
tluoride, hexatluoropropylene and tetratluoroethylene;
Non-fluorinated polymeric substances, as follows, (B) A copolymer of tetratluoroethylene and propylene; or
and manufactures thereof: (C) A terpolymer of tetrafluoroethylene, vinylidene fluoride
and propylene;
(2) Copolymers of vinylidene fluoride having 75% or more beta
(a) Polyimides (including maleimides); crystalline structure without stretching;
NOTE: (3) Fluorinated silicone rubbers, and intermediates for their
This sub-item does not embargo fully cured polyimide or production, containing 30% or more of combined tluorine;
polyimide-based film, sheet, tape or ribbon having a maximum (4) Fluorinated polyimides, and hexafluoroacetone and other
thickness of 254 micrometres, whether or not coated or laminated intermediates for their production, containing 30% or more of
with heat- or pressure-sensitive resinous substances of an adhesive combined fluorine;
nature, which contain no fibrous reinforcing materials, and which (5) Fluorinated phosphazene elastomers, and intermediates for their
have not been coated or laminated with carbon, graphite, metals or production, containing 30% or more of combined tluorine;
magnetic substances. (b) Manufactures, as follows:
(b) Polybenzimidazoles; (1) Electric wire and cable coated with or insulated with materials
(c) Aromatic polyamides, including heterocyclic aromatic polyamides in sub-items (a)(1)(B) or (a)(1)(C) above, except oil well
characterised as aromatic owing to the presence of a benzene ring; logging cable;
(d) Polybenzothiazoles; (2) Seals, gaskets, rods, sheets, sealants or fuel bladders made of
(e) Polyoxadiazoles; more than 50% of any of the materials in sub-items (a)(1),
(t) Polyphosphazenes (polyphosphonitriles); (a)(3) , (a)(4) or (a)(5) above, specially designed for aerospace or
(g) Polystyrylpyridine (PSP); aircraft use;
(h) Thermoplastic liquid crystal copolymers composed of: (3) Piezoelectric polymers and copolymers made from vinylidene
(1) Either of the following: fluoride having both of the following characteristics:
(A) Phenylene, biphenylene or naphthalene; or (A) In sheet or film form; and
(B) Methyl, tertiary-butyl or phenyl substituted phenylene, (B) With a thickness of more than 200 micrometre;
biphenylene or naphthalene; and (4) Reinforced tubing (including connectors and fittings for use
(2) Any of the following acids: with such tubing) incorporating coagulated dispersion grades of
(A) Terephthalic acid; polytetratluoroethylene, copolymers of tetratluoroethylene and
(B) 6-hydroxy-2 naphthoic acid; or hexafluoropropylene, or any of the fluorocarbon materials
(C) 4-hydroxybenzoic acid; embargoed by sub-items (a)(1) above and designed for
except manufactures thereof having both of the following operating (working) pressures of 21 MPa or more, whether or
"characteristics: not specially processed to make the flow surfaces electrically
(A) A tensile modulus ofless than 15 GPa in any direction; and conductive.

. ' security eXport control March 1991


IL 1757
Compounds and materials, as follows:

(a) Monocrystalline silicon in the fonn of ingots (rods), slices or wafers


thereof having a resistivity of more than 1000 ohm-cm; IL 1759
(b) Gallium of a purity equal to or more than 99.9999% and gallium "Syntactic foam" for underwater use and
Ill/V compounds of any purity level, except: microspheres, as follows:
(1) Gallium phosphide; or
(2) Other gallium III/V compounds having all of the following
(a) "Syntactic foam" as follows:
characteristics:
(1) Designed for marine depths exceeding 1000 m; or
(A) Dislocation density (etch pit density - EPD) exceeding
(2) With a density less than 0.561 g/cm' except that designed for
100 per mm';
use at marine depths less than 100 m;
(B) Carrier concentration exceeding 1 x 1014/mm3 ; and
(b) Hollow microspheres (microballoons) , having all of the following
(C) Carrier mobility less than 0.3 m'/V.sec.;
characteristics, for use in "syntactic foam";
(c) Indium of a purity more than 99.9995% and III 0.3 m'/V.sec
(1) Made from glass or plastic;
indium compounds containing more than 1% indium;
(2) A true particle density of more than 0.16 g/cm' and less than
(d) Hetero-epitaxial materials consisting of a monocrystalline insulating
0.41 g/cm';
"substrate" epitaxially layered with silicon, III/V compounds of
(3) A bulk density of more than 0.088 g/cm' and less than
gallium or indium or IIIVI compounds of sulphur, selenium or
0.23 glcm';
tellurium;
(4) A compressive strength more than 2.8 MPa;
(e) Elemental Cadmium (Cd) and Tellerium (Te) of purity levels equal
(5) A parricle size range of 20 to 200 micrometres; and
to or more than 99.9995% and cadmium terullide (CdTe)
(6) A floater content of at least 94% by volume.
compounds of a purity level equal to or more than 99.99% or single
crystals of cadmium terullide (CdTe) of any purity level; NOTES:
(f) Rods of polycrystalline silicon having either of the following 1. The shipment of "syntactic foam" embargoed by sub-item (a)
characteristics: above, provided it fulfills any of the following sets of conditions:
(1) Boron impurity concentrdtion (P-type) equal to or less than 52 (a) The "syntactic foam" is:
parts per million million atomic; or (1) Designed for use at depths not exceeding 200 m;
(2) P-type resistivity equal to or more than 5,000 ohm.cm; (2) To be used in unembargoed manned autonomous
underwater vehicles; and
TECHNICAL NOTE: (3) To be installed by the supplier;
Purity verified in accordance with ASTM F574-83 standard or
(b) The "syntactic foam" is:
equivalents, and resistivity measured in accordance with ASTM
(1) Designed for use at depths not exceeding 300 m; and
F43-83 standard or equivalents (see also ASTM F723-82 standard
(2) Shaped or preshaped and to be used in civil offshore
for the conversion between resistivity and density of doping agents).
drilling or production equipment; or
(g) Compounds having a purity level based upon the amount of the
(c) The "syntactic foam" is:
primary constituent of99.5% or more and used as the silicon source
(1) Designed for use at depths not exceeding 300 m;
in the deposition of epitaxiallayers of silicon, silicon oxide or silicon
(2) To be used in unembargoed manned autonomous
nitride;
underwater vehicles; and
NOTE: (3) To be installed by the supplier.
This sub-item embargoes DicWorosilane (SiCI2H2) having a purity 2. The shipment of microspheres embargoed by sub-item (b) above,
level of97% or more. for civil uses other than underwater applications.
(h) Single crystal sapphire substrates;
(i) Boron oxide (B203) in powder or cast fonn with a purity of 99.9%
or
more, containing 1,000 or less parts per million of water;
Gl Resist materials as follows: IL 1763
(1) Negative type resists, optimised for photolithography at a
wavelength shorter than 350 nm; "Fibrous and filamentary materials" which may be
(2) Positive type resists optimised for photolithography at a used in organic "matrix", metallic "matrix" or
wavelength shorter than 370 nm; carbon "matrix" "composite" structures or
NOTE: laminates, and such "composite" structures and
This sub-item does not embargo positive type resists not laminates and technology therefor, as follows, and
optimised for a specific wavelength. "specially designed software" therefor:
(3) All resists for use with electron beams or ion beams with a
sensitivity of 50. microcoulomb/cm' or less; (a) "Fibrous and filamentary materials" with "specific modulus"
(4) All resists for use with X-rays with a sensitivity of250 mj/cm' exceeding 4 x 10' m and "specific tensile strength" exceeding 7.62
or less; or x 10' m;
(5) All resists optimised for surface imaging technologies· including (b) "Fibrous and filamentary materials" having both of the following
silyated resists; or characteristics:
Image reversal resists; (1) "Specific modulus" exceeding 2.54 x 1lJ6 m; and
(2) Melting or sublimation point higher than 1,922 K (l,649'C) in
an inert environment, except:
(A) Carbon fibres having a "specific modulus" less than 5.08
x 10' m and a "specific tensile strength" less than 2.54
(k)
x 10' m;
(I) (B) Discontinuous, multiphase, polycrystalline alumina fibres in
chopped fibre Qr random mat form, containing 3% by
weight or more silica, having a "specific modulus" less than
(m)
10 x 10'm;
(C) Molybdenum and molybdenum alloy fibres;
(D) Discontinuous ceramic fibres having tkeir mel#ng point or
sublimation point lower titan 2,043 K (l,nO'C) in an
inert enviro,!unent;
(c) Resin or pitch-irnprel:'r.~ted fibres (prepregs), metal or carbon-
coated fibres (preforms) or "carbon fibre preforms" ma,de with
materials embargoe~ by sub-items (a) or (b) above;
(cl) "Composite" structures, laminates and manufactures thereof for
products and components made with an organic "matrix", a carbon
"matrix" or a metal "matrix" using materials embargoed by sub-
items (a), (b) or (c) above;

NOTE:
This sub-item does not embargo manufactured products or
components not embargoed by any Item in the S~curity Export
Control Lists.
(e) Technology for "fibrous and filamentary materials" and for
"composite" structures and laminates as follows:
(1) Technology which is unique to the spinning and subsequent
treatment of precursor materials into fibres specially designed
for processing into carbon filarnentary materials embargoed by
sub-items (a) or (b) above;
(2) Technology for the production of "fibrous and filamentary
materials" embargoed by sub-items (a) or (b) above;
(3) Technology for the production of prepregs embargoed by sub-
item (c) above using pressure impregnation or chemical vapour
deposition, and for preforms by sub-item (c) above using
vacuum or pressure impregnation or chemical vapour
deposition;
(4) Technology for the development and production of
"composite" structures, laminates and manufactures embargoed
by sub-item (d) above;
(5) Technology for any of the following rigidisation and
densification processes, specially designed for the manufacture
of carbon-carbon "composite" materials:
(A) Impregnation, infiltration or deposition into "carbon fibre
preforms";
(B) Carbonisation;
(C) Graphitisation; 0'
(D) Hot "isostatic pressing".

(For equipment used for the production of materials embargoed by this


Item, see Items IL 1312 and IL 1357; for coating technologies, see
Item IL 1389.)
NOTES:
1. Nothing in the following permits the export of technology. Sub-
items (a) and (b) above do not embargo carbon fibres having both of
the following characteristics:
(a) "Specific modulus" less than 11.43 x 10' m; and
(b) "Specific tensile strength.. less than 10.16 x 10' m.
2. The shipment of polyethylene fibre embargoed by sub-item (a)
above to bona fide civil end users for non-military, non-aerospace
end-use.

IL 1767
Preforms of glass or of any other material specially
designed for the fabrication of optical fibres
embargoed by Item IL 1526(b) and (c).

NOTES:
1. Not used
2. The shipment of preforms specially designed for multimode optical
fibres only optimised to operate for communication purposes at
850nm.

. . ~~~'S.~t10:0F ~~~qNLY:
SI\ijlm 1i1'"Of "opti616bft ~nns';'spedaUydCsigned for the
$iticon-baied oJ.ficat ~brCs. 'pro{ridcd they are
. ~~e~a .:iiillicarisC'd''SUicoli-bated ' optita16bres
~l 't*l .o~F~ it' .~~en8¥orl!~7o .nm of. ,1~:;~.,>
••
,1oJ ..."to ,~ .. ~~_1. " .~ ..... ')of , , " ' , : ,.

,>~ :security expor;t~ontrol· Marctt 1991


MUNITIONS LIST
FOR. tHE PEOPLE'S ~&r(}OF7~K ":i: ~
MLl Licence" applications for the followi •·tof·the Peojl12'. :eP!l8Ji
China only, will rec~ive favourable consideration: . '. . < ~ '1.:'
Small arms and machine guns, as follows, and Equipment and.pectaIly ~ componenlS~. ~~. ,-<--:;} -::". ~
specially designed components therefor: (a) Howitzers ~ field,gims, as folloWi:. " . ' , ,< •
(1) A maximun\~bre of 155 mm; " ; . , : : , ' . '•. L'n. .
(a) Rifles, carbines, revolvers, pistols, machine pistols and machine (2) Having a barielIength not exceeding 40 ~' '... .' .' ~, '.
guns, except antique small arms dated earlier than 1890 and their (3) Not having an ~to-Ioa9Cr capa~le of e1ectto~dl1y~ . ~
reproductions; the fuse setting, the shen type .or the charge ~; ~. "~ ".:~" .
(b) Smooth-bore weapons specially designed for military use; (4) Not incorporating technology .aff'ec~ WpPODS .pe~ce .....
(c) Weapons using caseless ammunition; which was in initial production less than 7 yean before the time. .,'
ofe x p o r t ; ' .•.•. <:
(b) Mortan with a maximum calibre of 120 mm and not~'!Il,an
TECHNICAL NOTE: autoloading capability; . ~ < .. , . i:
Smooth-bore weapons specially designed for military use as specified in (c) Tank guns and tank destroyen with a rtwdnilifucilibre of 105' mm
sub-item (b) above are those which: and with a fire rate of not more thaU 10 touijlls/mli!ui1:; ,
(a) Are proof tested at pressures above 1,300 bars; and (d) Projectors with a maximum payload of 25 kg, 'ai1d:\vith the launcher
(b) Operate normally and safely at pressures above 1,000 bars; and to round interface restricted to the minimtitli ~tCijuired fo(mo.tor·
(c) Are capable of accepting ammunition above 76.2 mm in length initiation; , . '. ".' . , , ' ~- .... ':·:'~;'·",.T",.
(e.g., commercial 12-gauge magnum shot gun shells). (e) Recoilless rifles with a maximum calibre of 120 mm;' .' .:<
The parameters in this Technical Note are to be measured according to (f) a
Anti-aircraft guns with nwdmtim cilibre of 3!Vmm m'dwitha ....
the standards of the Commission Internationale Permanente. nwdmum cyclic fire rate of ntlt mote thart. 900 roundS per1ninute
per barrel; .,'.
NOTES: (g) Military flame throwers, smoke and pyrdtoiChhic' pl'iijectbrs not.
1. Weapons embargoed by this I tern and specially designed having any of the following characteristics: '. . : . .
components therefor, provided such weapons are not of the fully (1) Incorporating materials embargoed by Itetn ML 8;
automatic firing type, as follows: (2) Specially designed for bi-spectral or multi-spectral smoke;
(a) Rifled-bore weapons specially designed for sporting target (3) Specially designed or modified for infrared' flares or' dec.oys;:
shooting as defined in the Olympic Rules; exupt equipment or systems which are capable" of·
(b) Rifled-bore weapons specially designed lor hunting having a electronically setting the fuse or warhead on theiqirojectileS.
magazine capaciry not exceeding 5 rounds;
(c) Multiple-barrelled hunting weapons having onc or more rifled-
bore barrel and at least one smooth- bore barrel;
(d) Clips or magazines for the above weapons with a capacity not
exceeding 5 rounds;
ML3
Prior to the issuance of a licence for weapons described in sub- Ammunition, and specially designed components
paragraphs (a) to (d) of this Note, the exporter will obtain from a
and "specially designed software" therefor, for the
responsible representative of the end-user or importing agency a
signed statement describing the end-use and certifying that the weapons embargoed by Items MLl, ML2 or ML26.
weapons will not be re-exported or otherwise disposed of without
the permission of the supplier.
2. This Item does not embargo smooth-bore weapons used for hunting
NOTES:
1. Specially designed components are understood to include:
or sporting purposes. These weapons must not be specially designed
(a) Metal or plastic fabrications such as primer anvils. bullet cups,
for military use or of the fully automatic firing type.
cartridge links, rotating bands and munitions metal parts;
3. This Item does not embargo firearms specially designed for dummy
(b) Safing and arming devices, fuses, sensors and exploding bridge
ammunition and which are incapable of firing any embargoed
wire connectors;
ammunition.
(c) Power supplies with high one-time operational output;
4. This Item does not embargo weapons using non-centre fire cased
(d) Combustible cases for charges;
ammunition and which are not of the fully automatic fiting type.
(e) Submunitions including bomblets, minelets and terminally
guided projectiles, except submunitions using a solely lead core.
FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBUC OF CHINA ONLY: 2. This Item does not cover ammunition crimped without a projectile
5. Licence applications fqr the following, for the People's Republic of (blank star) and dummy ammunition with a pierced powder
China only, will receive favourable consideration: chamber.
Equipment embargoed.by sub-item (a) above which has all of the 3. The following ammunition or cartridges, provided they are for
following characteristics: weapons exportable as administrative exceptions under Note 1 to
(a) Has been in use for more than seven years; Item 1:
(b) Does not incorporate technology affecting weapons (a) Target ammunition or cartridges with an expanding bullet of
performance which was in initial production less than seven the type used for hunting or sport;
years before the time of export; and (b) Ammunition or cartridges specifically intended for the testing
(c) Calibre 12.7 mm or less. of firearms.

ML2
Large calibre annament or weapons and projectors,
as follows, and specially designed components and
"specially designed software" therefor:

(a) Guns, howitzers, cannon, mortars, tank destroyers, projectile


launChers, military flame throwers, recoilless rifles;
(b) Military smoke, gas and pyrotechnic projectors or generators.

NOTE:
This sub-item does not include signal pistols of the Very pistol type.
MU ML5
Bombs, torpedoes, rockets and missiles, as follows, Fire control systems and sub-systems, as follows,
and specially designed components and "specially specially designed formilitary use, specially designed
designed software" therefor: components and accessories and "specially designed
software" therefor:
(a) Bombs, torpedoes, grenades (including smoke grenades), smoke
canisters, rockets, mines, missiles, depth charges, fire bombs, (a) Fire control, gun laying, night sighting, missile tracking and
incendiary bombs and military demolition charges, devices and kits, guidance equipment and target surveillance equipment;
pyrotechnic flare signals for military use, cartridges and simulators; (h) Range, position and height finders, spotting instruments, detection,
(h) Apparatus and devices specially designed for the handling, control, recognition or identification equipment and sensors integration
activation, powering with one-time operational output, launching, equipment;
laying, sweeping, discharging, detonation or detection of items (c) Electronic, electro-optic, gyroscopic, acoustic and optical aiming or
enumerated in sub-item (a); sighting devices;
(d) Bomb sights, bombing computers, gun sights and periscopes,
NOTE:
This sub-item includes, but is not restricted to, the following- FOR THl3PEOPL:aSREPtJBUCOF CHINA ONLY:
(a) Mobile gas liquefying equipment, specially designed for Licen~e applications for the following, for the People's Republic of
military use, and capable of producing 1,000 kg or more per China only; will recejve favourable consideration:
day of gas in liquid form; Equipment,as.follows: '
(h) Buoyant electric conducting cable suitable for sweeping (~), Optical fire control and optical gun laying equipment not
magnetic mines; , incorporating' arty electro-optical coullter-counter measures
(c) Tactical missile rocket nozzles and strategic re-entry vehicle (ECCM) .features' and limited' to those operating in the visible'
nosetips and fine grain artificial graphites therefor, having all of spectrum;
the following characteristics: (b) Single channel, fixed frequency, mechanically scanned radar fire
(1) Bulk density of 1.79 or more (measured at 293 K); control equipment, except those having one or more of the',
(2) Tensile strain to failure of 0.7% or more (measured at following characteristics:
293 K); (1 Operating frequenCy (lOB GH~ or greate~;
(3) Coefficient of thermal expansion of 2.75 x 10" or less (2) Chltter dis,crimination or rejection features other thanMTI
per Kelvin (in the range of293 to 1,255 K). systems em'ploying conventional double or triple delay line
(c) Military fuel thickeners, including: compounds (e.g., octal) or cancellation; . '
mixtures of such compounds (e.g., napalm) specifically formulated (3) Phase code agility;,
for the purpose of producing materials which, when added to (4) Pulse compressiontechiliques;,
petroleum products, provide a gel-type incendiary material for use (5) Electronic counter-counter measures (ECCM) devices or
in bombs, projectiles, flame throwers or other implements of war. features, including'display of jammed spectrum or secondary
lobejamming; ,
;'FORTH'JiPEOPtEtSREPtmLIC OF CHINA ONLY': (6) Sidelobe cancellation or blanking;
t.ice~~c appIiUi~,.fQI \:h<:(ollo~g;t~ t!1e people\ Republic ~(China (7) Protection against anti-radiation missiles, including real-time
:.6nly. will receivl; favourable consideration:, .' emission control features;
~'Eqwpment ;.rd'specially, designedcompo:nents,,~erefor:.. ' , . (B) Electronic beam steering; ,
, (a) ,,,J4nd mines 'emploYing m'echamcallriitiation, except thosede'signed., (9) Over-the-horizon capabilities;
" Xi.f6r,cxtertdedonSJation'time or for remote or autonomous (10) "Laser" te~hniques;
, ;,,',: ietivation or'dl:'aetiyanon; (11) "Spread spectrum";
(D)'? Military dem6litio~,charges; , " , , (12) Chitp techniques;
.(cr" ,Whire'smoke;te';;neXaf!u6toethane;red ane! white phqsphorous, in (c) Lane! systemS ~ sights or periscopes not incorpqrating technology
.. canist~rs or grenades; , ' , " " , , ' ,' , affecting weapons performance which was in initial production less
(cl) PyrorechWc flare sigiWS; except flar~ designed for use as infrared than lQ years before the tim\! of export;
,_ ~ '. 'scurces or decoys; " , " " " .,' ' (d) Bomb aimi.ng equipment, a; follows:
l(c),. . Unguided rockets and theirlaunchen; with unitary high eJIPlosive (1) Optical (visiblespectrum only);
I . warheads HaVing a ltWWnum range 0(20 ~, and not capablC" of ,(2) Mechanical;
'!- ",. :- delivering a payload in excess of 26 ~, an~With. die Iau~cbe.t 'to ' ,(3) Non-microproceior controlled;
e ,< rO:~il interface restricted'to the miriimum required for motor (4) Not incorporating interfaces to tenninally guided weapons;
~~,;lri~t\on;, j • '! ~';:':L;'~""':~~' ~""~:" ,~._; '~,',:j
i. , ' '.~ (5 Not incorporating technology affecting we;lponsperfonnimce
'whicn waS in initiai production less than 10' yean b<:fore the
'" .. . '""'I} ~
l~' :"'l" N",:' ... 'I".. ~>::-..
-time of eJtport. ' , ./
. NOTE: . ',,' " ,
: ' ,.q,Thls>:clQes rtot include ~ket aSsistedprojectilet (RAPs). ,!
.,' {~ :'l '~Q,;rank1Weapons l1aWig all otthe follQwing (:h~i:aeteri$tics: . NOTE:
,<
~ J1) t~.effe~ti,,:C' ralige ofless <than 1 km;,:", ., < ."
(For equipment using image intensification or thermal imaging
devices, see Item ML 15,)
: t!j;i; (2) Not's~ designed for Use agait!st,pJ\ascd;aI;iI)our;' ,
" , (3) ,Not incorporating autonomous &#cian;ct;;, i; ::', ';; '. ,",
I (4),il I':lpt~C?lP.o~ting. electronic count~t~~Quntef11le~ure features;
"~~~ _~t ... ; "'.-:.: "' . ~ . ' :. ~ ~' '".-:;.~~;:
ML6
4 ,. ' . ,•• .:,. " ' ••• '" '.'

~(it ,~corporatin$ t~c~.lo~ affeet;ing, weapons perfopnance


, ,
,. , rodlJeuon ,less thari selien years befote the
; .. I;..,'"" ~.' 'r, rl:·· " .i,::.?;{\_~~- Vehicles, as follows, specially designed or modified
~ib~explosiv~ bombs employing unitarY>.', for military use, specially designed components and
"th' ~4~,ot'fi.xed hej~t-of-bunt fusingexap,i·'T' "specially designed software" therefor:
'r'iitiDg. Rues ~ng ,counter-countenneasure features:
~L':;~~6$s~b ~•..~,.. , . '" ,', ' 'i":' .•.. "':< NOTE:
For the purposes of this Item, the term 'specially modified for military
use' means a structural, electrical or mechanical change which entails
replacing a component with at least one specially designed military
component, or adding at least one such component.
(a) Tanks and self-propelled guns;
(h) Armed, armoured vehicles or vehicles fitted with mounting for
arms;
(c) Armoured railway trains;

• Security export control March 1991


directed laboratory selection or genetic manipulation of
ML6 continued biological systems;
(d) Half-tracks; (2) Biological systems, as follows: "expression vectors", viruses or
(e) Recovery vehicles; cultures of cells containing the genetic information specific to
.(f) Gun-carriers and tractors specially designed for towing artillery; the production of "biocatalysts" embargoed by (f)(1);
(g) Ammunition trailers; (g) Technology as follows:
(h) Amphibious and deep water fording vehicles; (1) Technology for the development, production and use of
(i) Mobile repair shops specially designed to service military toxicological agents, related equipment and components
equipment; described in (a) to (d), and tear gas;
G) All other vehicles specially designed or modified for military use. (2) Technology for the development, production and use of
"biopolymers" and cultures of specific cells described in (e);
(3) Technology exclusively for the incorporation of "biocatalysts",
NOTES: embargoed by (f)(l), into military carrier substances or military
1. Specially designed components for the equipment embargoed by
material.
this Item include:
(a) Pneumatic ryre casings of a kind specially constructed to be
bullet-proof or to run when deflated, except types for NOTES:
agricultural and garden tractors and farm implements; 1. Sub-item (a) also embargoes:
(b) Engines for the propulsion of the vehicles enumerated in sub- (a) DF (methylphosphonyldifluoride);
items (a) to 0), specially designed or modified for military use (b) QL (O-ethyl-2-di-isopropylarnino ethylmethylphosphonite).
including specially designed components therefor; 2. Sub-item (c) includes air conditioning units specially designed or
(c) Tyre inflation pressure control systems, operated from inside a modified for nuclear, biological and chemical filtration.
moving vehicle, specially designed or modified for military use; 3. Sub-item (a) does not embargo:
(d) Large deflection suspensions specially designed or modified for (a) Cyanogen chloride;
military use. (b) Hydrocyanic acid;
2. Vehicles embargoed by sub-item UJ include tank transporters, (c) Chlorine;
tracked amphibious cargo carriers, high speed tractors, heavy (d) Carbonyl chloride (phosgene);
artillery transporters. (e) Diphosgene (trichlorometh¥J...ffiIoroformate);
(f) Ethyl bromoacetate;
(g) Xylyl bromide;
FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ONLY: (h) Benzyl bromide;
Licence applications for the following, tor the People's Republic of
(i) Benzyl iodide;
China only, will receive favourable consideration:
3. Vehicles embgoed by this Item and specially designed component5
G) Bromo acetone;
(k) Cyanogen bromide;
therefor, as follows:
0) Bromo methylethylketone;
(a) Tanks and self propelled guns;
(m) Chloro acetone;
(b) Armed, armoured vehicles or vehicles fitted with mounting for
(n) Ethyl iodoacetate;
arms'
(0) Iodo acetone;
(c)Heavy artillery transporters;
(P) Chloropicrine.
(d)Half-tracks;
4. Sub-item (c) does not embargo:
(e)Recovery vehicles;
(a) Personal radiation monitoring dosimeters;
(f)Gun-carriers and tractors specially designed for towing artillery;
(b) Masks for protection against 5pecific industrial hazards, such as
(g)Ammunition trailers;
fumes or powders in mining, quarrying and chemical plants; or
(h)High speed tractors;
(c) Gas masks designed for civilian use.
(i)Mobile repair shops specially designed to service military
5. The technology and cultures of cells for sub-item (e) are exclusive
equipment;
and this sub-item does not embargo technology and cells for civil
0) Tank transporters;
purposes, such as agricultural, pharmaceutical, medical, veterinary,
Provided these vehicles:
environmental, and in the food industry.
(1) Are unarmoured or have armour limited to homogeneous
6. The technology and biological systems listed in sub-items (g)(3) and
armour plate; and
(f)(2) are exclusive and these sub-items do not embargo technology
(2) Are not fitted with propulsion systems having any of the
and biological systems for civil purposes, such as agricultural,
following characteristics:
pharmaceutical, medical, veterinary, environmental, waste
(A) Turbine engines;
management, and in the food industrY.
(B) Engines of greater than 1000 brake horSe power total
output; or
(C) Engines of greater than 100 brake horse power per
cylinder.

ML7
Toxicological agents, tear gas, related equipment,
components, materials andtechnology as follows, and
"specially designed software" therefor:

(a) Biological agents, chemical agents or radioactive materials adapted


for use in war to produce casualties in men cor animals, or to damage
crops;
(b) Equipment specially designed and intended for the dissemination of
the materials described in (a);
ML8
(c) Equipment specially designed and intended for defence against the Military explosives and fuels, as follows, "additives",
materials described in (a) and for their detection and identification; "precursors" and "stabilisers" therefor, and
(d) Components specially designed for the items-listed in (b) or (c);
(e) "Biopolymers" specially designed or processed for detection and
"specially designed software" therefor:
identification of chemical warfare (CW) agents described in (a) and
the cultures of specific cells used to produce them; (a) "Military high explosives";
(f) "Biocatalysts" for decontamination and degradation of CW agents, (b) "Military propellants"; \
and biological systems therefor, as follows: (c) "Military pyrotechniCf,";
(1) "Biocatalysts", specially designed for decontamination and (d) Military high-energy solid or liquid fuels, including aircraft fuels
degradation of CW agents described in (a) resulting from specially formulated for military purposes.

Security export ~ontrol March 1991 87-


NOTE: (f) Catocene, N-butyl-ferrocene and other ferrocene derivatives;
It is understood that this sub-item embargoes finished products only (g) Bis(2,2-dinitropropyl) formal and acetal;
and does not embargo constituents. (h) 3-nitraza-l,5-pentane diisocyanate;
(i) Energetic monomers, plasticisers and polymers containing
nitro, azido, nitrate, nitraza or difluoroamino groups;
NOTES: 0) 1,2,3-Tris[(l ,2-bis-difluoroamino) ethoxy] propane;
L "Military high explosives", "military propellants" and "military (Tris vinoxy propane adduct, TVOPA);
pyrotechnics" include substances and mixtures which contain any of (k) Bisazidomethyloxetane and its polymers;
the following: (1) Bischloromethyloxetane;
(a) Spherical aluminium powder of particle size 60 micrometres or (m) Polynitroorthocarbonates;
less manufactured from material with an aluminium content of 99% (n) Tetraethylenepentamineacrylonitrile (TEPAN); cyanoethylated
or more; polyamine;
(0) Tetraethylenepentamineacrylonitrileglycidol (TEPANOL);
(For technology to achieve sphericity and uniform particle size, see cyanoethylated polyamine adducted with glycidol;
also Item IL 1601.) (P) Polyfunctional aziridine amides: with isophthalic, trimesic
(b) Metal fuels in particle sizes less than 60 micrometres whether BITA or trimethyladipic backbone structures and 2-methyl or
spherical, atomized, spheroidal, flaked or ground, manufactured 2-ethyl substitutions on the aziridine ring;
from material consisting of 99% or more of any of the (q) Basic copper salicylate; lead salicylate;
following: zirconium, boron, magnesium and alloys of these; (r) Lead beta resorcylate;
beryllium; fine iron powder with average particle size of 3 (s) Lead stannate, lead maleate, lead citrate;
micrometres or less produced by reduction of iron oxide with (t) Tris-l-(2-methyl)aziridinyl phosphine oxide (MAPO) and its
hydrogen; derivatives;
(c) Perchlorates, chlorates and chromates composited with (u) Organo-metallic coupling agents, specifically:
powdered metal or other high energy fuel components; N eopentyl [diallyl] oxy, tri [dioctyl] phosphate titanate
(d) Nitroguanidine (NQ); [titanium IV, 2,2[bis 2-propenolate-methyl, butanolate, tris
(e) Compounds composed of fluorine and one or more of the [dioctyl] phosphate-O], LICA 12; Titanium IV, [(2-
following: other halogens, oxygen, nitrogen; propenolate-l) methyl, N -propanolatomethyl] butanolate-l,
(f) Carboranes; decaborane; pentaborane and derivatives; tris[dioctyl]pyrophosphate, KR3538; Titanium IV, [(2-
(g) Cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine (HMX); propenolato-l)methyl, N-propanolatemethyl] butanolate-l,
octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-l,3,5,7-tetrazine; tris(dioctyl)phosphate, KR3512.
1,3,5,7-tetranitro-l ,3,5,7-tetraza-cyclooctane; 3. "Precursors" include the following:
(octogen, octogene); (a) Guanidine nitrate;
(h) Hexanitrostilbene (HNS); (b) 1,2,4 trihydroxybutane (1 ,2,4-butanetriol);
(i) Diaminotrinitrobenzene (DATB); (c) 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene;
0) Triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB); (d) Polynitroorthocarbonates;
(k) Triaminoguanidinenitrate (TAGN); (e) Bischloromethyloxetane;
(1) Any explosive with a detonation velocity greater than (f) Low (less than 10,000) molecular weight, alcohol-
8,700 m/s or a detonation pressure greater than 340 kilobars; functionalised, poly(epichlorohydrin); poly(epichlorohy-
(m) Other organic high explosives not listed in this Note yielding drindiol);
detonation pressures of 250 kilobars or greater that will remain (g) Propylimine.
stable at temperatures of 523 K (250°C) or higher for periods 4. This Item does not embargo those "precursors" which are industrial
of 5 minutes or longer; chemicals, not embargoed elsewhere in the Security Export
(n) Titanium subhydride of stoichiometry TiH 0.65-1.68; Controls, widely available in international markets.
(0) Dinitroglycoluril (DNGU, DINGU); tetranitroglycoluril 5. "Stabilisers" include the following:
(TNGU, SORGUYL); N-Methyl-p-nitroaniline.
(P) Any other UN Class 1.1 solid propellant not listed in this Note 6. This Item does not embargo the following substances when not
with a theoretical specific impulse (under standard conditions) compounded or mixed with other "military high explosives" or
greater than 250 seconds for non-metallised, or greater than powdered metals:
270 seconds for aluminised compositions; (a) Ammonium picrate;
(q) Any UN Class 1.3 solid propellant with a theoretical specific (b) Black powder;
impulse greater than 230 seconds with non-halogenised, 250 (c) Hexanitrodiphenylamine;
seconds for non-metallised and 266 seconds for metallised (d) Difluoroamine (HNF2);
compositions; (e) Nitrostarch;
(r) Tetranitrobenzotriazolobenzotriazole (TACOT); (f) Potassium nitrate;
(5) Diaminohexanitrobiphenyl (DIPAM); (g) Tetranitronaphthalene;
(t) Picrylaminodinitropyfidine (PYX); (h) Trinitroanisol;
(u) 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (NTO or ONTA); (i) Trinitronaphthalene;
(v) Hydrazine in concentrations of 70% or more; hydrazine nitrate; 0) Trinitroxylene;
hydrazine perchlorates; unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine; (k) Fuming nitric acid;
monomethyl hydrazine; symmetrical dimethyl hydrazine; (1) Trinitrophenylmethylnitramine (tetryl);
(w) Ammonium perchlorate; (m) Acetylene;
(x) Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX); cyclonite; T4; (n) Propane;
hexahydro-l ,3,5-trinitro-1 ,3,5-triazine; (0) Liquid oxygen;
1,3,5-trinitro-1 ,3,5-triaza-cyclohexane; (hexogen, hexogene); (p) Hydrogen peroxide in concentrations of less than 85%;
(y) Hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN); hydroxylammonium (q) Mi~ch metal;
perchlorate (HAP). (r) N-pyrrolidinone; 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone;
(z) Any other gun propellants not listed in this Note having a force (s) Dioctylmaleate;
constant greater than 1,200 kJ/kg. (t) Ethylhexylacrylate;
(aa) Any other explosive, propellant or pyrotechnic not listed in this (u) Triethylaluminium (TEA), trimethylaluminium (TMA), and
Note that can sustain a steady-state burning rate greater than other pyrophoric metal alkyls and aryls of lithium, sodium,
38 mm per second under standard conditions of 68.9 bar magnesium, zinc and boron;
pressure and 294 K (21 <lC); (v) Nitrocellulose;
(bb) Elastomer modified cast double based propellants (EMCDB) (w) Nitroglycerin (or glyceroltrinitrate, trinitroglycerine) (NG);
with extensibility at maximum stress greater than 5% at 233 K (x) 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT);
(-40°C). (y) Ethylenediaminedinitrate (EDDN);
2. "Additives" include the following: (z) Pentaerythritoltetranitrate (PETN);
(a) Glycidylazide Polymer (GAP) and its derivatives; (aa) Lead azide, normal and basic lead styphnate, and primary
(b) Polycyanodifluoroaminoethyleneoxide (PCDE); explosives or priming compositions containing azides or azide
(c) Butanetrioltrinitrate (BTTN); complexes;
(d) Bis-2...fluoro-2,2-dinitroethylformal (FEFO); (bb) Triethyleneglycoldinitrate (TEGDN);
(e) Butadienenitrileoxide (BNO); (cc) 2,4,6-trinitroresorcinol (styphnic acid);

88 security export control March 1991


ML8 continued ML10
(dd) Diethyldiphenyl urea; dimethylidiphenyl urea;
methylethyldiphenyl urea [Centralites]; Aircraft and helicopters, unmanned airborne
(ee) N,N-diphenylurea (unsymmetrical diphenylurea); vehicles, aero-engines and aircraft or helicopter
(£I) Methyl-N ,N-diphenylurea (methyl unsymmetrical equipment, associated equipment and components,
diphenylurea); specially designed for military purposes, as follows,
(gg) Ethyl-N,N-diphenylurea (ethyl unsymmetrical diphenylurea); and "specially designed software" therefor:
(hh) 2-Nitrodiphenylamine (2-NDPA);
(ii) 4-Nitrodiphenylamine (4-NDPA);
(jj) 2,2-dinitropropanol. (a) Combat aircraft and helicopters and other aircraft and helicopters
specially designed for military purposes, including military
reconnaissance, assault, military training and logistic support, and all
aircraft and helicopters having special structural features such as
ML9 multiple hatches, special doors, ramps and reinforced floors, for
transporting and airdropping troops, military equipment and
supplies, and specially designed components therefor;
Vessels of war and special naval equipment, as (b) Aero-engines specially designed or adapted for use with aircraft and
follows, and specially designed components and helicopters embargoed by sub-item (a) above, except aero-engines
"specially designed software" therefor: excluded from embargo under Item IL 1460(d), and specially
designed components therefor;
(a) Combatant vessels or vessels (surface or underwater) specially (c) Unmanned airborne vehicles, including remotely piloted air vehicles
designed or modified for offensive or defensive action, whether or (RPVs), and autonomous, programmable vehicles specially designed
not converted to non-military use and regardless of current state of or modified for military purposes and their launchers, ground
repair or operating condition, and hulls or parts of hulls for such support and associated equipment for command and control;
vessels; (d) Airborne equipment, including airborne refuelling equipment,
(b) Engines, as follows: specially designed for use with the aircraft and helicopters and the
(1) Diesel engines specially designed for submarines with both of aero-engines embargoeo by sub-items (a) and (b) above, and
the following characteristics: specially designed components therefor;
(A) A power output of 1.12 MW (1,500 hp.) or more; and (e) Pressure refuellers, pressure refuelling equipment, equipment
(B) A rotary speed of700 rev/min or more; specially designed to facilitate operations in confined areas and
(2) Electric motors specially designed for submarines having all of ground equipment, developed specially for aircraft and helicopters
the following characteristics: embargoed by sub-item (a) above, or for aero-engines embargoed
(A) A power output of more than 0.75 MW (1,000 hp.); by sub-item (b) above;
(B) Quick reversing; (t) Pressurised breathing equipment and partial pressure suits for use in
(C) Liquid cooled; and aircraft and helicopters, anti-g suits, military crash helmets and
(D) Totally enclosed; protective masks, liquid oxygen converters used for aircraft,
(3) Non-magnetic diesel engines specially designed for military helicopters and missiles, catapults and cartridge actuated devices
purposes with a power output of37.3 kW (50 hp.) or more; utilised in emergency escape of personnel from aircraft and
helicopters;
(g) Parachutes used for combat personnel, cargo dropping and aircraft
NOTE: deceleration, as follows:
An engine shall be presumed to be specially designed for (1) Parachutes for:
military purposes if: (A) Pin point dropping of rangers;
(a) It has non-magnetic parts other than crankcase, block, (B) Dropping of paratroopers;
head, pistons, covers, end plates, valve facings, gaskets, and (2) Cargo parachutes;
fuel, lubrication and other supply lines; or (3) Paragliders (drag parachutes, drogue parachutes for stabilisation
(b) Its non-magnetic content exceeds 75% of total mass; and attitude control of dropping bodies, e.g., recovery capsules,
(c) Underwater detection devices specially designed for military ejection seats, bombs);
purposes and controls thereof; (4) Drogue parachutes for use with ejection seat systems for
(d) Submarine and torpedo nets; deployment and inflation sequence regulation of emergency
(e) Compasses and equipment therefor and ship's course indicators, parachutes;
specially designed for submarines; (5) Recovery parachutes for guided missiles, drones and space
(t) Hull penetrators and connectors specially designed for military vehicles;
purposes that enable interaction with equipment external to a vessel; (6 Approach parachutes and landing deceleration parachutes;
(7) Other military parachutes;
NOTE: (h) Automatic piloting systems for parachuted loads; equipment
This sub-item includes: Connectors for vessels which are of the specially designed or modified for military purposes for controlled
single-conductor, multi-conductor, coaxial or waveguide type, and opening jumps at any height, including oxygen equipment.
hull penetrators for vessels, both of which are capable of remaining
impervious to leakage from without and of retaining required FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CmNA oN'IN: ~ .,'
characteristics at marine depths exceeding 100 m; and fibre-optic Licence applications for the following, to the People's Republic of~"
connectors regardless of depth. It does not include: ordinary only, will receive favourable consideration: . ; '. '.
propulsive shalt and hydrodynamic control-rod hull penetrators. (a) Light transport. trainer, observer or patrol aircraft hiviIiii either of
(g) Silent bearings specially designed for military purposes and the following characteristics: ' . ,.;, " ,
equipment containing those bearings. (1) Maximum take-off 1J!3SS 4,546 kg orIes.; or . • . '0'., '.
(2) Total engine PO'rer at the shaft lesS than 0,75 MW (i.ooO shp)' !
FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ONLY: orathrustof17.8kN; . ., " ',~

Licence applications for the following, for the People's Republic of except those sJlCcililly' designed or modified to be fitted with radar
China only, will receive favourable consideration: ~etection equip~nt 'tlr f1ectro.nic Warfare devices, orj~corpo~~,-
1. (a) Surface ships specially designed for coastal patrol or mine SIgnature ~uctl, tec!Ij1ol~;." . ,', ",
sweeper/hunter operations having both of the following . . ;, "..
. . -
..'
-~ :... .~; ~.- . .~ ,
-.-

characteristics: (b) Aircraft an~ helicopterliround. semce support and m.W1~e"


\ (1) Displacement 800 tons or less; and equipment speciallj ,designed for use with ot h.elicopeen ..:1: airc:ran:
\ (2) Maximum speed 15 knots orIess;
.(D)' .Submarine or torpedo nets. ~~~t;;:~;~~~~~;:g~:::;:~~:n~D=4 i.~
designed to~cili~~'<r~~ns in ql~)reu.• '. • J .' ,,~ :
. ~ ( it' • . f I: - • •• ..... •

Security expo~ control March 1991 89


MLll equipped with, modified or designed to accept any type of accessory
device.

Electronic equipment specially designed for military FO~ 'nIB PEOPLE'S'REPUBtic OF1JHINA ONLY:
use and specially designed components and 3. Licence applications for the fOllowing 'for the People's Republic' of
CI1ina only: will receive favourable consideration:
"specially designed software" therefor. (a) Homo~ncous armour p4te;
(Il) Equipment embargOed bysuj,:.i~em (d) ahove.
NOTE:
This Item includes:
(a) Jamming and counter-jamming equipment, including electronic
counter measure (ECM) and electronic counter-counter measure ML14
(ECCM) apparatus (i.e., apparatus designed to introduce extraneous
or erroneous signals into radar or radio communication receivers or Specialised equipment for military tratntng or for
otherwise hinder the reception, operation or effectiveness of simulating military scenarios, specially designed
adversary electronic receivers including their counter measure components and accessories and "specially designed
equipment); software" therefor.
(b) Electronic systems or equipment designed either for surveillance and
monitoring of the electro-magnetic spectrum for military
intelligence or security purposes or for counteracting such NOTES:
surveillance and monitoring; 1. The term 'specialised military training equipment' includes military
(c) Underwater counter measure, including acoustic and magnetic types of attack trainers, operational flight trainers, radar target
jamming and decoy, equipment designed to introduce extraneous or trainers, radar target generators, gunnery training devices, anti-
erroneous signals into sonar receivers; submarine warfare trainers, flight simulators (including human-rated
(d) Data processing security equipment, data security equipment and centrifuges for pilot/ astronaut training), radar trainers, instrument
transmission and signalling line security equipment, using ciphering flight trainers, navigation trainers, target equipment, drone aircraft,
processes; armament trainers, pilotless aircraft trainers and mobile training
(e) Identification, authentication and keyloader equipment and key units.
management, manufacturing and distribution equipment. 2. This Item includes synthetic image generating systems (SIG) for
simulators when specially designed or modified for military
purposes.

ML12 FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ONLY:


Lic;ence applications for the following for the People's Republic of China
Photographic and electro-optical imaging only, will receive favourable consideration:
equipment, as follows, and specially designed 3. Military training devices as follows:
components and "specially designed software" (a) Basic operator and maintenance training equipment for military
therefor: equipment that has been approved for export to the People's
Republic of China and not containing any capabilities for
evaluation of; and real-time response to, operator performance
(a) Air reconnaissance cameras and associated equipment designed for under conditions simulating live tactical situations;
military purposes; (b) Sub-calibre training equipment, limited to those specially
(b) Film processing and printing machines designed for military designed for weapons previously approved for export to the
purposes; People's Republic of China.
(c) Other cameras and electro-optical imaging devices, including
infrared and imaging radar "sensors", whether recording, or
transmitting via data link, designed for military, including NOTE:
reconnaissance, purposes; For training rounds for this equipment, see hem ML 3.)
(d) Specialised equipment for the cameras and electro-optical imaging (c) Mechanicalwgets for use,6n land or at sea (including radio
devices embargoed by sub-item (b) above designed to make the £ontrol versions)' not il)"Corporating any of the following
recorded or transmitted information militarily useful. teatures: . .'
(1) Inertial navigation; ,
(2) 'Encryption o(coin:mand and control information; or ,
NOTE: (3f 'Oh-boar,) "sins,ors'" other than simple miss, distance
Specialised equipment embargoed by sub-item (d) above which indicato~s and platform state measuring devices fo~
relates to electro-optical imaging devices and imaging radar
d '. , preprogramme!! autopilot; I
"sensors" includes digital image processors and softcopy imagery
il(d) Adi~l'targets. -including towed targets. having all of tKe
display devices. . ~ - , foi1o.wins...ch~et~tistics:,/ .
(ll.Mairimurn l'~yload oflSO kg; ';.
(~), ~um effeetivp'one-way operating range 0.£200 F;
(See also Item ML 15.)
(3) . Np inertial navignion system; I
(4) Ne;> encryption ofcommand and control information; and
(5) Not wing on-board "sensors" or equipment other than:
(A) Mjss distance indicators, direct-hit countersi-/ .
ML13 (B) Simple devices intended to enhance the' infrared or
electrO~etic'signature of the aerial target; or
Special armoured equipment, as follows: (C) Platformstat.e measuring devic~,

(a) Armoured plate;


(b) Combinations and constructions of metallic and non-metallic
materials specially designed to provide ballistic protection for
military systems;
(c) Military helmets;
(d) Body arinour, flak suits and specially designed components therefor.

NOTES: '
1. Sub-item (b) includes combinations of metallic and non-metallic
materials specially designed to form explosive reactive armour.
2, Sub-item (c) does not .embargo conventional steel helmets not

lOSecurity export control March 1991


designed for airborne transport;
ML15 (e) External fittings, coatings and treatments for the suppression of
acoustic, radar, infrared and other emissions, specially designed for
Military infrared, thermal imaging and image military use;
intensifier equipment, specially designed (I) Field engineer equipment specially designed for use in a combat
components and "specially designed software" zone.
therefor.

(See also Items IL 1502, IL 1555 and IL 1556.)

NOTES:
1. This Item includes infrared jamming and counter jamming
equipment (i.e., apparatus designed to introduce extraneous or
erroneous signals into infrared seeking missiles, infrared surveillance
systems, thermal imaging equipment and infrared communication
links or otherwise hinder the operation or effectiveness of military
infrared systems) including their counter measure equipment.
2. The term 'specially designed components' includes the following
when specially designed for military use:
ML18
(a) Infrared image converter tubes;
(b) Image intensifier tubes; Equipment and technology for the "production" of
(c) Microchannel plates; products referred to in this List, as follows, and
(d) Low-light-level television camera tubes; "specially designed software" therefor:
(e) Infrared detector arrays;
(I) Pyroelectric television camera tubes; (a) Specially designed or modified "production" equipment for the
(g) Cryogeruc coolers used in military thermal imaging systems. production of products embargoed by this List, and specially
designed components therefor;
FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CffiNA ONLY: (b) Specially designed environmental test facilities and specially designed
3. ; Licence applications for the folIowing, for the People's Republic of equipment therefor, for the certification, qualification, or testing of
China only; will receive favourable consideration: products embargoed by this List;
(a) Military active infrared equipment using image converter (c) Specific "production" technology, even if the equipment with
tubes, and specially designed components and software therefor, which such technology is to be used is unembargoed;
having all of the following characteristics: (d) Technology specific to the design of, the assembly of components
(1) Spectral response: 0.8 to 1.3 micrometre; into, and the operation, maintenance and repair of complete
(2) ·Luminoussensitivity: 20 microamperes/lumen or less; "production" installations even if the components themselves are
(3) Radiant sensitivity: 2.8 microarnperes/W or less; and unembargoed.
(4) Gain: 200rless;
(b) First generation military image intensification equipment and NOTES:
specially designed components therefor, having all of the
1. Sub-item (a) above includes the following equipment:
following characteristics: (a) Nitrators: continuous types;
(1) Luminous sensitivity: 300 microamperes/lumen or less; (b) Centrifugal testing apparatus or equipment having any of the
(2) Radiant sensitivity at 0.85 wavelength: 20 micro-
following characteristics:
amperes/W or less; and (1) Driven by a motor or motors having a total rated
(3) Not incorporating microchannel plates.
horsepower greater than 298 kW (400 hp);
(2) Capable of carrying a payload of 113 kg or more;
(3) Capable of exerting a centrifugal acceleration of 8 g or
more on a payload of91 kg or more.
ML16 (c) Dehydration presses;
(d) Extrusion presses for the extrusion of small arms, cannon and
Forgings, castings and semi-finished products rocket propellants;
specially designed for the products embargoed by (e) Cutting machines for the sizing of extruded propellants;
Items ML 1, ML 2, ML 3, ML 4, ML 6 or ML 10 on (I) Sweetie barrels (tumblers) 1.85 m and over in diameter and
this List. having over 227 kg product capacity.
(g) Continuous mixers for solid propellants.

NOTE: 2. (a) The terms 'products referred to in this List' include:


This Item includes artillery material, machine guns, automatic weapons (1) Products not embargoed if inferior to specified con-
and small arms. centrations as follows:
(A) hydrazine (see Note l(v) to Item ML 8);
(B) "Military high explosives" (see Item ML 8);
(2) Products not embargoed if inferior to techrucallimits, i.e.,
ML17 Superconductive materials excluded from embargo under
Item IL 1675; Superconductive electromagnets excluded
Miscellaneous equipment and materials, as follows, from embargo under Item IL 1573; Superconductive
specially designed components and "specially electrical equipment excluded from embargo under
designed software" therefor: Item ML 20(b).
(b) The terms 'products referred to in this List' exclude:
(1) Signal pistols of the Very type (see Item ML 2(b»;
(a) Self-contained diving and underwater swimming apparatus, as (2) Tractor and farm itp.plement type pneumatic tyre casings
follows: (see Note 1 to Item ML 6);
(1) Closed and semi-closed circuit (rebreathing) apparatus; (3) The substances excluded from embargo under Note 3 to
(2) Specially designed components for use in' the conversion of Item ML 7;
open-circuit apparatus to military use; (4) Personal radiation monitoring dosimeters and masks for
(3) Articles exclusively designed for military use with self- protection against specific industrial hazards (see Note 4 to
contained diving and underwater swimming apparatus; ItemML7); .
(b Firearms silencers (mufflers); (5) Acetylene, pl'Opanf~ li"uid oxygen, difluoramine (HNF2),
(c) Power-controlled searchlights and control uruts therefor, designed fuming rutric acid and potassium rutrate powder (see Note
for military use; 6 to Item ML 8);
(d) Construction equipment built to military specifications, specially (6) Aero-engines, excluded from embargo under Item Mi 10

Security export cootrol March 1ag1 1~


by reference to aero-engines excluded under Item IT. 1460; (b) Particle beam systems capable of destruction or effecting mission-
(7) Conventional steel helmets not equipped with, modified or abort of a target;
designed to accept, any type of accessory device (see Note (c) High power radio-frequency (RF) systems capable of destruction or
2 to Item ML 13); effecting mission-abort of a target;
(8) Equipment fitted with unembargoed industrial machinery, (d) Specially designed components for systems embargoed by sub-
such as coating machinery not elsewhere specified and items (a), (b) or (c) above, including:
equipment for the casting of plastics; (1) Prime power generation, energy storage, switching, power
(9) Antique small arms dating back beyond the year 1890, and conditioning and fuel-handling equipment;
their reproductions. (2) Target acquisition and tracking sub-systems;
(This listing does not allow the export of technology or (3) Sub-systems capable of assessing target damage, destruction or
production equipment for non-antique small arms, even if used mission-abort;
to produce reproductions of antique small arms.) (4) Beam-handling, propagation and pointing equipment;
3. Sub-item (d) above does not include technology for civil purposes, (5) Equipment with rapid beam slew capability for rapid multiple
such as agricultural, pharmaceutical, medical, veterinary and target operations;
environmental, and in the food industry (see Note 5 to Item ML 7). (6) Adaptive optics;
4. Equipment used to determine the safety data of explosives, as (7) Current injectors for negative hydrogen ion beams which
'required by the International Convention on the Transport of provide average injection currents over 50 mA with beam
Dangerous Goods (C.LM) articles 3 and 4 in Annex [ RID, brightness (defined as current divided by the product of
provided the Department of Trade and Industry is satisfied that such orthogonal transverse, normalised root mean square emittances)
equipment will be used only by the railway authorities of current greater than 40 A/(cm'.mrad') at kinetic energies of more than
C.LM. members, or by Government-accredited testing facilities in 20 keY; or
those countries, for the testing of explosives to transport safety (8) Specially designed components for the equipment embargoed
standards, as follows: by (1) to (7) above;
(a) Equipment for determining ignition and deflagration (e) Equipment specially designed for the detection and identification of,
temperatures; and defence against, systems embargoed by sub-items (a), (b) or (c)
(b) Equipment for steel-shell tests; above, and specially designed components therefor;
(c) Drop hammers not exceeding 20 kg in mass for determining (I) Physical test models and related documentation for the systems,
the sensitivity of explosives to shock; equipment and components described in sub-items (a) to (e) above.
(d) Equipment for determining the friction sensitivity of explosives (For the embargo parameters of "lasers" or associated "laser"
when exposed to charges not exceeding 36 kg in mass. components, see Item IT. 1522.)

NOTE:
Directed energy weapons embargoed by this Item include systems whose
capability is derived from the controlled application of:
ML20 (a) "Lasers" of sufficient continuous wave or pulsed power to effect
destruction similar to the manner of conventional ammunition;
(b) Particle accelerators which project a charged or neutral particle
Cryogenic and "superconductive equipment, as beam with destructive power;
follows, specially designed components and (c) High pulsed power or high average power radio frequency beam
accessories, and "specially designed software" transmitters which produce fields sufficiently intense to disable
electronic circuitry at a distant target.
therefor:

(a) Equipment specially designed or configured to be installed in a


vehicle for military ground, marine, airborne or space applications
and capable of operating while in motion and of producing or ML24
maintaining temperatures below 103K (-170'C);
(b) "Superconductive" electrical equipment (rotating machinery and "Software", as follows:
transformers) specially designed or configured to be installed in a
vehicle for military ground, marine, airborne or space applications (a) "Software" specially designed for:
and capable of operating while in motion, except direct-current (1) Modelling, simulation or evaluation of military weapon
hybrid homopolar generators that have single-pole normal metal systems;
armatures which rotate in a magnetic field produced by (2) Development, monitoring, maintenance or up-dating of
superconducting windings, provided those windings are the only "software" embedded in military weapon systems;
superconducting component in the generator. (3) Modelling or simulating military operation scenarios, Iiot
embargoed by Item ML 14;
(4) Command, Communications, Control and Intelligence (C3I)
applications;
ML22 (b) "Software" for determining the effects of conventional, nuclear,
chemical or biological warfare weapons.
Electrically triggered shutters of photochromic or
electro-optical type having a shutter speed of less
than 100 microseconds, and "speciaIly designed
software" therefor, except shutters which are an ML26
essential part of a high-speed camera.
Kinetic energy weapon systems and associated
equipment, as follows, specially designed
components and "specially designed software"
therefor:
ML23
Direct~d energy weapons (DEW) systems and (a) Kinetic energy weapons systems specially designed for destruction or
speciaIly designed components, as foIlows, and effecting mission-abort of a target;
(b) Specially designed test and evaluation facilities and test models,
"specially designed software" therefor: including diagnostic instrumentation and targets, for dynamic testing
of kinetic energy projectiles and systems;
(a) "Laser" systems specially designed for destruction or effecting (c) Specially designed subsystems for systems embargoed by (a) or (b)
mission.-abort of a target; above, including:

·72 Security export control March 1991


proscribed countries upon completion of the enrichment
ML26 continued process; and
(1) Launch-propulsion-subsystems capable of accelerating masses (b) Any depleted uranium (tails) resulting from the enrichment
larger than 0.1 g to velocities in excess of 1.6 km/s, in single or process will be removed from proscribed countries unless the
rapid fire modes; assay of the uranium 235 isotope remaining in the depleted
(2) Prime power generation, energy storage, thermal management, uranium is 0.35% or less.
conditioning, switching and fuel-handling equipment; 2. The shipment of uranium in the form of nuclear reactor fuel
(3) Target acquisition, tracking, fire control and damage assessment supplied subsequently for use in exported reactors which meet all of
subsystems; the provisions of Note 2 to Item B 3.
(4) Homing seeker, guidance and divert propulsion (lateral
acceleration) subsystenls for projectiles.

NOTES:
1. Weapon systems using sub-calibre ammunition and employing A3
solely chemical propulsion are embargoed by Items ML 1, ML 2, or
ML 3 with respect to the ammunition. Deuterium, heavy water, deuterated paraffins, and
2. Sub-item (c)(2) does not embargo technology for magnetic simple or complex lithium deuterides, and mixtures
induction for continuous propulsion of civil transport devices. and solutions containing deuterium, in which the
3. This Item embargoes systems using any of the following methods of isotopic ratio of deuterium to hydrogen exceeds
propulsion:
1:5,000, except shipments of the above having a
(a) Electromagnetic;
(b) Electrothermal; deuterium content of10 kg or less.
(c) Plasma;
(d) Light gas; or
(e) Chemical (when used in combination with any of the above). NOTE:
1. Subsequent shipments of deuterium oxide (D 20), for use in
exported reactors meeting all the provisions of Note 2 to Item B 3.

Atomic Energy A4
List Zirconium metal; alloys containing more than 500/0
zirconium by weight; compounds in which the ratio
of hafnium to zirconium is less than 1:500 parts by
A. Nuclear Materials weight; and manufactures wholly thereof; except:

(a) Zirconium metal, alloys and compounds in shipments of 5 kg


At or less;
(b) Zirconium in the form of foil or strip having a thickness not
"Special and other fissile materials", except: exceeding 0.10 mm, in shipments of 200 kg or less.
(a) Shipments of one "effective gramme" or less;
(b) Shipments of three "effective grammes" or less when contained in a
NOTE:
sensing component in instruments.
1. The shipment of the following for use in exported civil power
reactors meeting all of the provisions of Note 2 to Item B.3 or for
NOTE: use in identified civil research reactors:
1. The shipment of enriched uranium in which the assay of uranium- (a) Parts made of zirconium metal or alloys, specially designed for
235 is less than 20% in thc form of nuclear reactor fuel supplied those reactors, such as cladding tubes -and plugs and separators
subsequently for use in exported reactors which meet all the therefor, liner tubes, thermal insulating tubes, pressure tubes
provisions of Note 2 to Item B.3. and calandria tubes, provided none of the parts contain
fissile material;
(b) Zirconium metal or alloys, in individual shipments not
exceeding 100 kg, when intended for use in, or in support of,
A2 these reactors.

Natural and depleted uranium, in any form or


incorporated in any substance in which the
concentration of uranium exceeds 0.05% by. weight,
except: AS
(a) Shipments haVIng a natural uranium content of: Nickel powder and porous nickel metal, as follows:
(1) 10 kg or less for any application; or
(2) 100 kg or less for civil non-nuclear applications; (a) Powder with a nickel purity content of 99.9% or more and a mean
(b) Uranium depleted in the isotope 235 in which the uranium particle size of less than 10 Inicrometres measured by the ASTM B
235 isotope comprises less than 0.35% of the total uranium assay; 330 standard and a high degree of particle size uniformity;
(c) Depleted uranium specially fabricated for the following civil (b) Porous nickel metal produce:d from materials embargoed by sub-
applications: item (a) above except single porous nickel metal sheets not
(1) Shielding; exceeding 930 cm2 intended tor use in batteries for civil applications.
(2) Packaging;
(3) Ballasts; NOTES:
(4) Counter-weights.
1. Sub-item (b) above refers to porous nickel metal manufactured from
nickel powder defined in sl~b-~;tem (a) above whic'h has been
NOTES: compacted and sintered to'tutm a metal material with fine pores
1. The shipment of uranium for the purpose of its enrichment in the interconnected throughout the structure.
isotope 235 (toll enrichment), provided: 2. The shipment for non-nuclear civil applications of nickel powder in
(a) Any uranium enriched in thedsotope 235 is removed from uncompacted powder form.

Security export controJ~ March 1991 73


A6 A13
Nuclear-grade graphite, Le., graphite having a purity Materials for nuclear heat sources, as follows:
level of less than one part per million boron
equivalent and with a density greater than 1.5 g/cm', (a) Plutonium in any form with a plutonium isotopic assay of
except individual shipments of100 kg or less. plutonium-238 of more than 50%, except:
(1) Shipments with a plutonium content of one gramme or less;
(2) Shipments of three effective grammes or less when contained in
a sensing component in instruments;
(3) Plutonium-238 contained in heart pacemakers;
(b) "Previously separated" neptunium-237 in any form, except
A7 shipments with a neptunium-237 content of one gramme or less.

Lithium, as follows: A15


(a) Metal, hydrides or alloys containing lithium enriched in the 6
isotope to a concentration higher than the one existing in nature Wet-proofed platinized catalysts specially designed or
(7.5% on an atom percentage basis); prepared for promoting hydrogen isotope exchange
between hydrogen and water for the recovery of tritium
(b) Any other materials containing lithium enriched in the 6 isotope from heavy water or for heavy water production.
(including compounds, mixtures and concentrates), except lithium
enriched in the 6 isotope incorporated in thermoluminescent
dosimeters.

(For the deuteride of natural lithium or of lithium enriched in the 7


isotope, see Item AJ.)
B. Nuclear facilities
Bl
Plants for the separation of isotopes of natural and
A8 depleted uranium, special and other fissile materials,
and specially designed or prepared equipment and
Hafuium, as follows: metal, alloys and compounds of components therefor, as follows:
hafuium containing more than 60% hafuium by weight,
and manufactures thereof, except shipments of the above (a) Plants specially designed for separating isotopes of natural and
having a hafnium content of 1 kg or less. depleted uranium, special and other fissile materials, as follows:
(1) Gaseous diffusion separation plants;
(2) Gas centrifuge separation plants;
(3) Aerodynamic separation plants;
(4) Chemical exchange separation plants;
A9 (5) Ion-exchange separation plants;
(6) Atomic vapour "laser" isotopic separation plants;
Beryllium, as follows: metal, alloys containing more (7) Molecular "laser" isotopic separation plants;
(8) Plasma separation plants;
than 50% beryllium by weight, compounds containing
(9) Electromagnetic separation plants;
beryllium and manufactures thereof, except: (b) Equipment and components, as follows, specially designed or
prepared for:
(a) Metal windows for X-ray machines;
(1) Gaseous diffusion separation process:
(b) Oxide shapes in fabricated or semi-fabricated forms specially
(A) Valves wholly made of or lined with aluminium,
designed for electronic component parts or as substrates for
aluminium alloys, nickel or alloy containing 60% or more
electronic circuits;
nickel, 40 mm or more in diameter, with bellows seals;
(c) Shipments of 500 g or less of beryllium having a purity of 99% or
(E) Blowers and compressors (turbo, centrifugal and axial flow
less, or 100 g or less of beryllium having a purity of greater than
types) wholly made of or lined with aluminium, aluminium
99%, provided shipments exclude single crystals;
alloys, nickel or alloy containing 60% or more nickel and
(d) Shipments of 5 kg or less of beryllium contained in compounds with
having a capacity of 1,700 litres (1.7 m') per minute or
a purity of bs than 99%.
more, including compressor seals;
(C) Gaseous diffusion barriers made of porous metallic,
polymer or ceramic materials resistant to corrosion by UF6
with a pore size of less than 1,000 angstroms, a thickness of
A12 5 mm or less, and, for tubular forms, a diameter of 25 mm
or less;
(D) Gaseous diffuser housings;
Tritium, compounds and mixtures containing tritium (E) Heat exchangers made of aluminium, copper, nickel or
in which the ratio of tritium to hydrogen by atoms alloys containing more than 60% nickel, or combinations of
exceeds 1 part in 1,000, and products containing one or these metals as clad tubes, designed to operate at sub-
more of the foregoing, except: atmospheric pressure with a leak rate that limits the
pressure rise to less than 10 pascal (0.1 millibar) per hour
(a) Shipments of tritium, compounds, mixtures and individual products under a pressure differential of 10' pascal (1 bar);
containing one or more of the foregoing substances not exceeding (2) Gas centrifuge separation process:
100 curies; (A) Gas centrifuges;
(b) Tritium contained in luminous paint, self-luminous products, gas (B) Complete rotor assemblies;
and aerosol detectors, electron tubes, lightning or static elimination (C) Rotor tube cylinders with a thickness of 12 mm or less, a
devices, ion generating tubes, detector cells of gas chromatography diameter of between 75 mm and 400 mm made from high
devices, and calibration standards; strength-ta-density ratio materials described in the Note below;
(c) Compounds and mixtures of tritium, where the separation of the (D) Magnetic suspension bearings consisting of an annular
constituents cannot result in the evolution of an isotopic mixture of magnet suspended within a housing containing a damping
hydrogen in which the ratio of tritium to hydrogen by atoms medium. The magnet couples with a pole piece or second
exceeds 1 part in 1,000. magnet fitted to the top cap of the rotor;

74 . Security export control March 1991


NOTE:
B1 continued The "lasers" and components, specified as follows, are
(E) Specially prepared bearings comprising a pivot-cup important in atomic vapour "laser" isotopic separation:
assembly mounted on a damper; (For the embargo status of "lasers", see Item IT.. 1522.)
(F) Rings or bellows with a wall thickness of 3 mm or less and (a) "Lasers" to pump dye "lasers":
a diameter of between 75 mm and 400 mm and designed (1) Copper vapour "lasers" of 40 W or more;
to give local support to a rotor tube or to join a number (2) Argon ion "lasers" of more than 40 W;
together, made from high strength-to-density ratio (3) ND:YAG "lasers" that can be frequency doubled
materials described in the Note below; and thereby have an average power of more
(G) Baffles of between 75 mm and 400 mm diameter for than 40W;
mounting inside the rotor tube, made from high strength- (b) Other "lasers" and accessories:
to-density ratio materials described in the Note below; (1) "Tunable" pulsed dye "laser" amplifiers and
(H) Top and bottom caps of between 75 mm and 400 mm oscillators, except single-mode oscillators, with an
diameter to fit the ends of the rotor tube, made from high average power of more than 30 W, a repetition rate
strength-to-density ratio materials described in the Note of more than 1 kHz and a wavelength between
below; 500 nm and 700 nm;
([) Molecular pumps comprised of cylinders having internally (2) Modulators for controlling and modifying dye
machined or extruded helical grooves and internally "laser" bandwidth;
machined bores; (3) "Tunable" pulsed single-mode dye oscillators
Ol Ring-shaped motor stators for multiphase AC hysteresis (or capable of an average powe'r of more than 1 W, a
reluctance) motors for synchronous operation within a repetition rate of more than I KHz, a pulse width
vacuum in the frequency-range of 600 to 2,000 Hz and a less than 100 ns, a wavelength between 500 nm and
power range of 50 to 1,000 Volt-Amps; 700 nm and frequency modulation for bandwidth
(K) Frequency changers (converters or inverters) specially expansion.
designed or prepared to supply motor stators for gas (7) Molecular "laser" isotopic separation process:
centrifuge enrichment, having all of the following (A) Para-hydrogen Raman shifters designed to operate at 16
characteristics, and specially designed components therefor: micrometres output wavelength and at a repetition rate of
(a) Multiphase output of 600 Hz to 2 kHz; more than 250 Hz;
(b) Frequency control better than 0.1 %; (B) Supersonic expansion nozzles designed for UF, carrier gas;
(c) Harmonic distortion ofless than 2%; and (C) Uranium fluoride (UF,) product filter collectors;
(d) An efficiency greater than 80%; (D) Equipment for fluorinating UF, to UFo;
(E) UF, carrier gas compressors wholly made of or lined with
aluminium, aluminium alloys, nickel or alloy containing
NOTE: 60010 or more nickel, including compressor seals;
The high strength-to-density ratio materials used for
centrifuge rotating components are: NOTE:
(a) Maraging steel capable of an ultimate tensile The "lasers", specified as follows, arc important in
strength of2.05 x 10' N/m' or more; molecular "laser" isotopic separation:
(b) Aluminium alloys capable of an ultimate tensile (For the embargo status of "lasers", see Item IT.. 1522.)
strength of 0.46 x 10' N/m' or more; (a) A1exandrite "lasers" with a bandwidth of 0.005 nm
or (3.0 GHz) or less, a repetition rate of more than
(c) "Fibrous and filamentary materials" with a "specific 125 Hz, and an average power of more than 30 W;
modulus" of more than 3.18 x 10'm and a "specific (b) Pulsed carbon dioxide "lasers" with a repetition rate of
tensile strength" greater than 7.62 x 10' m. more than 250 Hz, an average power of more than
(3) Aerodynamic separAtion process: 1.2 kW and a pulse length less than 200 ns;
(A) Separation nozzles consisting of slit-shaped, cur.ved (c) Pulsed excimer "lasers" (XeF, XeCl, KrF) with a
channels having a radius of curvature less than 1 mm. repetition rate of more than 250 Hz and an average
Contained within the nozzle is a knife-edge which power of more than 250 W.
separates gas flowing through the nozzle into two streams; (8) Plasma separation process:
(B) Tangential inlet flow-driven cylindrical or conical tubes, (A) Product and tails collectors made .of or lined with materials
specially designed for uranium isotope separation; resistant to the heat and corrosion of uranium vapour such
(C) UFo-hydrogen helium compressors wholly made of or lined as yttria-coated graphite;
with aluminium, aluminium alloys, nickel or alloy (B) Radio frequency ion excitation coils for frequencies of
containing 60% or more nickel, including compressor seals; more than 100 kHz and capable of handling more than
(D) Aerodynamic separation clement housing, designed to 40 kW power;
contain vortex tubes or separation nozzles;
(E) Heat exchangers made of aluminium, copper, nickel, or NOTE:
alloys containing more than 60% nickel, or combinations of Microwave power sources and superconductive
. electromagnets, specified as follows, are important in the
these metals as clad tubes, designed to operate at pressures
plasma separation process:
of 6 x 10' pascal (6 bar) or less;
(For the embargo status of microwave power sources, see
(4) Chemical exchange separation process: Item IT.. 1537.)
(A) Fast-exchange liquid-liquid centrifugal contactors or fast (For the embargo status of superconductive electromagnets,
exchange liquid-liquid pulse columns made of fluorocarbon
sec Item IT.. 1573.)
lined materials;
(a) Microwave power sources of more than 30 GHz and
(B) Electrochemical reduction cells designed to reduce
greater than 50 kW for ion production;
uranium from one valence state to another;
(Such power sources use microwave tubes embargoed by
(5) [on-exchange separation process, including fast reacting ion- Item IT.. 1558.)
exchange resins: pellicular, reticulated resins in which the active (b) Solenoidal superconductive electromagnets of more
chemical exchange groups are limited to a coating on the than 30 cm inner diameter, with a magnetic field of
surface of an inert particle or fibre; more than 2 T and uniform to better than 1% over the
(6) Atomic vapour "laser" isotopic separation process: central 80% of the inner volume;
(A) High power electron beam guns with total power of more (9) UF, mass- specrrometcrs/ion sources specially designed or
than 50 kW and strip or scanning electron beam guns with prepared for taking on-line samples of feed, product or tails
a delivered power of more than 2.5 kW/cm for use in from UF, gas streams and having all of the following
uranium vaporization systems; characteristics:
(B) Trough shaped crucible and cooling equipment for molten .(A) Unit resolution. for ll·JaSS "f more than 320;
uranium; (B) [on sources constructed of or lined with nichrome or
(C) Product and tails collector systems made of or lined with monel, or nicke1 plated;
materials resistant to the heat and corrosion of uranium (C) Electron bombardment ionization sources; and
vapour, such as yttria-coat~d graphite; (D) Collector systems suitable for isotopic fIUlysis.

Security export contr:ol March 1991 7~


B2 NOTE:
A plant for the fabrication of nuclear reactor fuel elements includes
equipment which:
(a) normally comes into direct contact with or directly processes or
Plants for the reprocessing of irradiated nuclear controls the production flow of nuclear materials;
reactor fuel elements, and specially designed or (b) seals the nuclear material within the cladding;
prepared equipment and components therefor, , (c) checks the integrity of the cladding or the seal; and
including: (d) checks the finish treatment of the solid fuel.

(a) Fuel element chopping or shredding machines, i.e., remotely


operated equipment to cut, chop, shred or shear irradiated nuclear

(b)
reactor fuel assemblies, bundles or rods;
Criticality safe tanks (e.g., small diameter, annular or slab tanks)
B5
specially designed or prepared for the dissolution of irradiated Plants for the production of heavy water, deuterium
nuclear reactor fuel, which are capable of withstanding hot, highly
corrosive liquids, and which can be remotely loaded and
or deuterium compounds, and specially designed or
maintained; prepared equipment and components therefor, as
(c) Counter-current solvent extractors and ion-exchange processing follows:
equipment specially designed or prepared for use in a plant for the
reprocessing of irradiated natural uranium, depleted uranium or (a) Plants for the production of heavy water, deuterium or deuterium
special and other fissile materials; compounds, as follows:
(d) Process control instrumentation specially designed or prepared for (1) Hydrogen sulphide-water exchange plants;
monitoring or controlling the reprocessing of irradiated source and (2) Ammonia-hydrogen exchange plants;
special and other fissile materials. (3) Hydrogen distillation plants;
(b) Equipment and components, as follows, specially designed or
NOTE: prepared for:
A plant for the reprocessing of irradiated nuclear reactor fuel elements (1) Hydrogen sulphide-water exchange process:
includes equipment and components which normally come into direct (A) Tray exchange towers;
contact with and directly control the irradiated fuel and the major nuclear (B) Hydrogen sulphide gas compressors;
material and fission product processing streams. (2) Ammonia-hydrogen exchange process:
(A) High-pressure ammonia-hydrogen exchange towers;
(B) High-efficiency stage contactors;
(C) Submersible stage recirculation pumps;
(D) Ammonia crackers designed for pressures of more than 3 x
B3 106 pascal (30 bar);
(3) Hydrogen distillation process:
Nuclear reactors, Le., reactors capable of operation (A) Hydrogen cryogenic distillation towers and cold boxes
so as to maintain a controlled, self-sustaining fission designed for operation below 35 K;
(B) Turboexpanders or turboexpander-compressor sets
chain reaction, and equipment and components designed for operation below 35 K;
specially designed or prepared for use in connection (4) Concentration of heavy water to reactor grade (99.75 %
with a nuclear reactor, including: deuterium oxide):
(A) Water distillation towers containing specially designed
packings;
(a) Pressure vessels, i.e., metal vessels as complete units or as major (B) Ammonia qistillation towers containing specially designed
shop-fabricated parts therefor, which are specially designed or packings;
prepared to contain the core of a nuclear reactor and are capable of (C) Catalytic burners for conversion of fully enriched
withstanding the operating pressure of the primary coolant, deuterium to heavy water;
including the top plate for a reactor pressure vessel; (D) Infrared absorption analysers capable of on-line hydrogen-
deuterium ratio analysis where deuterium concentrations
(b) Fuel element handling equipment, including reactor fuel charging are equal to or more than 90 %.
and discharging machines;
(c) Control rods, i.e., rods specially designed or prepared for the control
of the reaction rate in a nuclear reactor, including the neutron
absorbing part and the support or suspension structures therefor, and
control rod guide tubes;
B6
(d) Electronic controls for controlling the power levels in nuclear Plants for the production of uranium hexafluoride
reactors, including reactor control rod drive mechanisms and (UF 6) and specially designed or prepared equipment
radiation detection and measuring instruments to determine neutron
flux levels;
and components therefor, as follows:
(e) Pressure tubes, i.e., tube~ specially designed or prepared to contain
fuel elements and the primary coolant in a nuclear reactor at an (a) Plants for the production ofUF6 ;
operating pressure in excess of 50 bars (atmospheres); (b) Equipment and components, as follows, specially designed or
(f) Coolant pumps, i.e., pumps specially designed or prepared for prepared for UF 6 production:
(1) Fluorination and hydrofluorination screw and fluid bed reactors
circulating the primary coolant of nuclear reactors;
and flame towers;
(g) Internals specially designed or prepared for· the operation of a (2) Distillation equipment for the purification of UF 6'
nuclear reactor, including but not limited to core support structures,
thermal shields, baffles, core grid plates and diffuser plates;
(h) Heat exchangers.

C. Nuclear-related equipment
B4 Cl
Neutron generator systems, including tubes,
Plants specially designed for the fabrication of designed for operation without an external vacuum
nuclear reactor fuel elements and specially designed system and utilising electrostatic acceleration to
equipment therefor. induce a tritium-deuterium nuclear reaction.

·76 'Security export control March 1991


C2
Power generating or propulsion equipment specially
designed for use with military, space, marine or
mobile nuclear reactors.

NOTES:
1. This Item does not apply to conventional power generating
equipment which, although designed for use in a particular nuclear
station, could in principle be used in conjunction with conventional
systems.
2. Not used.

C3
Electrolytic cells for the production of fluorine with a
production capacity greater than 250 g of fluorine
per hour.

C4
Equipment, as follows, specially designed or
prepared for the separation ofisotopes oflithium:

(a) Packed liquid-liquid exchange columns specially designed for


lithium amalgams;
(b) Amalgam pumps;
(c) Amalgam electrolysis cells;
(d) Evaporators for concentrated lithiunl hydroxide solution.

cs
Equipment specially designed for the production or
recovery of tritium.

Security export control March 1991 'l


DEFINITIONS OF TERMS USED IN THE (b) Process data; and
SECURITY EXPORT CONTROL LISTS (c) Provide output of data.

"Access rate" IL 1565 "Angular position deviation" IL 1099


(a) Of an input/output control unit - drum or disk drive combination The maximum difference between angular position and the actual, very
(Rad) accurately measured angular position after the workpiece mount of the
Either the "access rate" of an input/output control unit (Rac) or the table has been turned out of its initial position. (Reference: VDIIVDE
sum of the individual "access tates" of all independent seek 2617, Draft: 'Rotary tables on coordinate measuring machines'.)
mechanisms (Ras), whichever is smaller.
Thus: Rad = min (Rac; SUM Ras).
"Anisotropic" construction IL 1364, IL 1416
(b) Of an input/output control unit (Rac) - The use of fibre reinforcing members aligned so that the load-carrying
(1) With rotational position sensing (rps), the sum of the abiliry of the structure can be primarily orientated in the direction of
individual "access rates" of all independent seek mechanisms expected stress.
(Ras) connected to the control unit.
Thus: Rac = SUM Ras (with rps); or "Anti-idiotypic antibodies" ML 7
(2) Without rotational position sensing (rps) , the number (C) of
independent read/write channels connected to the control unit Antibodies which bind to the specific antigen binding sites of other
antibodies.
divided by the least 'latency time' lmin) of any connected
independent seek mechanism.
Thus: Rac = C/(dmin) (without rps). "Application software" IL 1566
"Software" not falling within any of the other defined categories of
(c) Of a seek mechanism (Ras) - "software" .
Thc reciprocal of the 'avcragc acccss timc' (taa) of the seck
mcchanism.
=
Thus: Ras 1/(raa) "Assembly" IL 1355, IL 1564
A number of electronic components (i.e., "circuit elements", "discrete
'avcragc acccss timc' of a seek mcchanism (taa) - components", integrated circuits, etc.) connected together to perform (a)
The sum of the 'average seek time' (tsa) and the 'latency time' (tl). specific function(s), replaceable as an entiry and normally capable of
Thus: raa = tsa + tl being disassembled.

'average seek time' (tsa) -


"Associated" with equipment or systems IL 1565
The sum of the 'maximum seek time' (tsmax) and twice the
'minimum seek time' (tsmin), divided by three. (a) Can feasibly be either:
Thus: tsa = (tsmax + 2tsmin)/3 (1) Removed from suchequipment or systems; or
(2) Used for other purposes; and
'maximum seek time' (tsmax) - (b) Is not essential to the operation of such equipment or systems.
(1) For fixed head devices, it is zero; or
(2) For moving head or moving media devices, the rated time to "Bandwidth of one voice channel" IL 1519
move between the two most widely separated tracks. In the case of data communication equipment designed to operate in one
voice channel of3,100 Hz, as defined in CCITT
'minimum seek time' (tsmin) - Recommendation G.151.
(1) For fixed head devices, it is zero; or
(2) For moving head or moving media devices, the rated time to
move from one track to an adjacent track. "Bandwidth" ("Real-time") IL 1533
see "real-time bandwidth"
'latency time' (tl) -
The rotational period divided by twice the number of independent
read/write heads per track. "Basic gate power dissipation" IL 1564
The power dissipation value corresponding to thc basic gate utilised
"Accuracy" IL 1091, IL 1099 within a "family" of "monolithic integratedcircuits". This may be
specified, for a given "family", either as the power dissipation per typical
"Accuracy" is usually measured in terms of inaccuracy. It is defined as gate or as the typical power dissipation per gate.
the maximum deviation, positive or negative, of an indicated value from
an accepted standard or true value.
"Basic gate propagation delay time" IL 1564
"Active pixel" IL 1585 The propagation delay time value corresponding to the basic gate utilised
A minimum element of the solid state array ("sensor") which has a within a "family" of "monolithic integrated circuits". This may be<