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History of Places & Items in London

1065 1078 1710 1762

After the Great Fire of
London, St. Pauls
Cathedral was rebuilt to
the English design of Sir
Christopher Wren and
Lorenzo Gaf. At the
height of 111m it remained
the tallest building in
London until 1962.

Construction of The Tower of
London began under the
instruction of William the
Conqueror. It was a resented
symbol of oppression, inflicted
upon London by the new ruling
elite. The tower was used as a
prison although that was not
its primary purpose.

George III acquires
Buckingham House, a large
townhouse built for the
Duke of Buckingham in
1705. Then later becomes a
large residence for Queen
Charlotte and is enlarged
the next 75 years by
architect John Nash.

Westminster Abbey, formally
known as the Collegiate
Church of St Peter at
Westminster, is a large Gothic
looking church that holds a
medieval shrine of an Anglo
Saxon saint. The building was
consecrated before being
rebuilt by Henry III

1811 1852 1859 1863

George IV ruled as Prince
Regene while his father
was mentally incapable,
that is until 1820 when
Regent Street was
connected to the
Regents residence
through Piccadilly Circus
and Oxford Circus.

The London Underground
is a public metro system
that serves 270 stations.
The first section of the
underground opened,
connecting to the
Paddington Station and
Farrington Street, via
Kings Cross.
The clock tower in
London, also known as Big
Ben was named after the
great bell within the
clock. The clock is
officially known as the
Elizabeth tower, which
celebrates the diamond
Jubilee of Elizabeth II.
Kings Cross Station was
built in 18511852 as the
London hub of the Great
Northern Railway and
terminus of the East
Coast main line. It was
named after the area and
the monument to George

1868 1894 1924 1949

The first traffic lights were
installed at the intersection
of Whitehall and Bridge
Street, which happens to be
outside of the Houses of
Parliament. At the time,
having the lanterns be
manually operated caused
many explosions, as well as
burns to officers.
The Tower Bridge is a
combined bascule and susp
ension bridge which
crosses the River Thames.
It was opened by the
prince and princess of
Wales. It is close to
the Tower of London,
from which it takes its
name, and has become
an iconic symbol of London
The red telephone box,
designed by Sire Giles Gilbert
Scott, stands as a public
telephone for the UK. The
box won a competition for a
kiosk acceptable to the
metropolitan boroughs which
had hitherto resisted the Post
Office's effort to erect K1
kiosks on their streets
The first petrol driven taxi cabs
appeared in 1903, however the
Austin FX3 was launched in 1949
and was the forerunner of
Londons unique black taxi cabs.
(Majority is black, but is not a
requirement.) The design team
for this vehicle included Albert
Moore from Austins engineering
division, Jack Hellberg from
Carbodies and David Southwell.

2000 2003 2013
The London Eye is a giant
Ferris wheel that carries 32
pods, each representing a
borough of London.
Measuring in at 120 m, the
Eye was constructed and
designed by Frank Anatole,
Nic Bailey, Julia Barfield,
Steve Chilton, Malcolm
Cook, David Marks, and
Mark Sparrowhawk.
30 St. Marys Axe, also
known as the Gherkin,
measures in at a whopping
180m, carrying 41 floors. The
building, which was designed
by Norman
Foster and Arup engineer,
has become one of the most
iconic symbols of London
and most recognizable
pieces of architecture.
The Shard, also referred as
the Shard of Glass, is an 87
story skyscraper that stands
approximately 306 m. It was
designed by the Italian
architect Renzo Piano and is
currently the tallest building
in the European Union. It is
the second-tallest free-
standing structure in the
United Kingdom.

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