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PIPING INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


&
ANALYSIS SOLUTIONS
PIPING INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ANALYSIS SOLUTIONS


Copy Right 2012 Core Inmech India Pvt Ltd.All Rights Reserved
Website: www.coreinmech.com

SECTION-I. ADVANCE PIPING STATIC STRESS ANALYSIS



Chapter 1. Introduction of piping Stress
1.1. Role of the stress analyst 1.2. Strength of materials Basic 1.3. Stresses in pipe
1.4. Theories of failure 1.5. Scope of piping stress analysis
1.6. Piping component and connecting Equipment 1.7. Modes of failure
1.7.1. Static Stress Rupture 1.7.2. Fatigue failure 1.7.3. Creep ruptures 1.7.4. Stability failure
1.7.5. Other Type of failure
Chapter 2. Stress Design Specification
2.1. Owners Design specification 2.2. Project specification 2.3. Material specification
2.4. Line list 2.5.Standard Support details 2.6.Mechanical drawings
2.7. Critical Line List & P&ID Mark-up
Chapter 3. Code Stress Requirement
3.1. Primary & secondary stresses 3.2. Differences between primary & secondary loads \
3.3. Code Equations 3.3.1. ASME B31.1 Power piping 3.3.2. ASME B31.3 Process Piping
3.4. Comparison between B31.1 & B31.3 3.5. Basic allowable stress
Chapter 4. Thermal expansion & piping Flexibility
4.1. Thermal expansion forces & stresses 4.2. Material Properties & Thermal expansion
4.3. Method of providing flexibility 4.4. Estimating Leg Length Required
4.4.1. Guided Cantilever Method 4.4.2. Kellogs Method 4.4.3. Nomo graph
4.5. Inherent Flexibility as per code 4.6. Significant effects of wall thickness for Thermal
Expansion stresses 4.7. Self -Limiting stress 4.8. Stress Intensification factor & Flexibility
Factors 4.8.1. Ovalization of Curved Pipes 4.8.2. Code SIFs
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4.8.3. In-Plan & out Plane bend 4.8.4. Significant effects of In-Plan & out Plane bending
SIF 4.9. Allowable Thermal Expansion Stress Range 4.10. Thermal Shake-Down
4.11. Stress Reduction Factor-f 4.12. Liberal Stress as per Code 4.13.1. Cold Spring
4.13.2. Cold Spring Procedure 4.14. Pressure Effect on piping Flexibility
4.15. General Procedure of Piping Flexibility Analysis
4.16. Problem with Excessive Flexibility
Chapter 5. Designing for the Loads
5.1. Pressure 5.2.Temperature 5.3. Test Pressure 5.4. Dead Weight 5.5. Occasional Loads
5.5.1. Wind Loading 5.5.2. Earth quick Loading 5.5.3. Quickly Applied Loads (PSV)
5.6.1. Dynamic Fluid Loads 5.6.2. Slug Flow
Chapter 6. Flange Leakage
6.1. Flange Leakage Concern 6.2. Standard Flange Design Procedure
6.3. Method for Calculating Flange Leakage 6.4. ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code
6.5. Pressure Equivalent Method 6.6. NC 3658.3
Chapter 7. Stress Analysis Using Caesar-II
7.1. Model Creation & Proficient Modelling Technique 7.2. Inputs Features
7.3. Modelling of Bends, Reducer, Valves, Rigid Elements, Control parameters,
Non linearity of Restraints, Connecting Nodes (Cnodes), Equipment modelling
7.4.1. Coordinate system for Forces & moments 7.4.2.Global Forces & Local elements forces
7.5. Global Coordinates 7.6. Special Execution parameters & Configuration File
7.7. Calculation & Input for Occasional Loads 7.7.1. Wind Loads, Uniform Loads
7.7.2 Reaction force (PSV), Snow Load 7.7.3. Slug Flow forces 7.8. Sway Analysis
7.9. Flange Leakage 7.10. Sagging & Lift-up Problems 7.11.Spring Hanger Design
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7.11.1. Variability/Load variation 7.11.2. Variable spring hanger selection


7.11.3. Hot loads & cold loads 7.11.4. Constant Effort Support
7.12. Expansion J oints Modelling & Evaluation 7.12.1. Bellow catalogue data
7.12.2. Hinges & gimbals 7.12.3. Tie Rods & Limit Rods
7.12.4. Annular Thrust in Expansion J oints
Chapter 8. Design for Load Cases
8.1. Standard Load Case for ASME B-31.1 & B-31.3 8.2. Operating Case
8.3. Sustained Case 8.4.Expansion Case 8.5. Occasional Case 8.6. Slug Load Case
8.7. Hydrostatic Load Case 8.8. Hot & Cold Sustained Load Case
8.9. Displacement & Settlement Load Case 8.10. Sway Load Case 8.11.Hanger Load Case
8.12 Combination Method, Algebraic, Absolute, Scalar, SRSS
8.13 Hanger Configuration for stiffness 8.14. Application of Appendix-P, ASME B-31.3
Chapter 9. Supports friction

9.1. Effects of support friction 9.2. Analysis with friction 9.3. Application of friction force

9.4. Method of reducing friction force 9.5. Iteration Problems & solution
Chapter 10. Critical System Analysis Using Caesar-II
10.1.1. Evaluation of Piping Load on Static & Rotating Equipments

10.1.2. Effect of Piping Loads 10.1.3. Movements of Nozzle connection Point
10.1.4. Analysis Approach 10.1.5.Designing of Spring Hanger to minimize the Weight loads




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PART-1 STATICS EQUIPMENTS


10.2. Pressure Vessel, Horizontal Heat Exchanger & Vertical Columns
10.2.1. Pressure Vessel, Horizontal Heat Exchanger & Vertical Columns modelling
10.2.2. Forces & Moments Acting on the Nozzle Flange Face
10.2.3. Nozzle On shell Head Side 10.2.4. Nozzle on Cylindrical Side
10.2.5. Nozzle off-set On Shell Head 10.2.6.Vertical Vessel Supported on lugs
10.2.7. Vertical Columns with Skirts 10.2.8. Calculation of Skirts Temperature
10.2.9. Horizontal Stack Heat Exchanger 10.2.10. Horizontal Bellow Heat Exchanger
10.2.11. Start-Up & Shut-Down 10.2.12. Support clits from the Equipments
10.2.13. Nozzle Flexibility of Vessel, WRC-297 10.2.14. Nozzle Loads, PD-5500
10.2.15. Local Stresses in Vessel, WRC-107 10.2.16. Limitation of WRC-107 & WRC-297
10.3. Air Cooler Heat Exchanger
10.3.1. Types of Air Cooler Heat Exchanger 10.3.2. Fixed & Floating Header
10.3.3. Modelling of Air Cooler Header 10.3.4. Nozzle loads allowable API-661
10.3.5. Coordinate System for Forces & Moments, API- 661
10.3.6 Combined Analysis for Inlet & Outlet Air Cooler
10.4. Storage Tanks
10.4.1. Types of Storage Tanks 10.4.2. Settlement of Storage Tanks & Rotation
10.4.3. Allowable Piping Loads at Tank connection
10.4.4. Application of Appendix-P, API-650



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PART-2 ROTATING EQUIPMENTS


10.5. Pump Analysis
10.5.1. Types of Pump Analysis
10.5.2. Suction & Discharge for Horizontal & vertical in line pumps
10.5.3. Stand-By cases for Pumps 10.5.4. Nozzle loads allowable API-610
10.5.5. Coordinate System for Forces & Moments, API 610
10.5.6. Criteria of Appendix-F & It Application
10.5.7. Combined Analysis of Pump Suction & Discharge 10.5.8. Non-API Pumps
10.5.9. Checking for WNC & allowable
10.6. Centrifugal Compressor
10.6.1. Forces & Moments acting On Compressor due to Inlet, Side- Stream & Discharge
10.6.2. Application of Appendix-G, API-617
10.6.3. Checking for WNC & allowable
10.7. Steam Turbine
10.7.1. Relation between API-617 & NEMA-SM23
10.7.2. Nozzle Loads Allowable, NEMA-SM23
10.7.3. Forces & Moments acting On Turbine due to Steam Inlet, Extraction & Exhaust
10.7.4. Checking for WNC & allowable 10.7.5. Final Documentation & Reports
Chapter 11. Modal ANALYSIS
11.1. Brief Introduction of Dynamic Analysis 11.2. Difference between Static & Dynamic
11.3. Impact & Dynamic Load Factor 11.4. Single Degree of Freedom (SDOF) Structure
11.5. Natural Frequency, Modal Analysis

PIPING INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ANALYSIS SOLUTIONS


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Website: www.coreinmech.com

SECTION-II. PIPING SUPPORT DESIGN


Chapter 1. Introduction of pipe support
1.1. Types of supports 1.2. Purpose of supports 1.3. Legend for support
1.4. Recommended pipe span 1.5. Pipe spacing 1.6. Support marking on Isometrics
1.7. Support Standard MSS-SP 1.8. Welding methodology
Chapter 2 Supports Terminology & Basic Functions
2.1. Pipe Shoes 2.2.Trunnion supports 2.3. Pipe Guides 2.4. Limit Stops
2.5. Anchor supports 2.6. Sliding plate 2.7. Rod hangers 2.8. Variable spring hanger
2.9. Constant effort-support 2.10. Expansion Bellow 2.11. Rigid struts 2.12. Snubbers
2.13. Sway Brace 2.14. Types, applications & limitations
Chapter 3. Variable spring hanger & Constant effort supports
3.1. Variable spring hanger
3.1.1. Types of variable spring & installations 3.1.2.Variability/Load variation
3.1.3. Variable spring hanger selection procedure 3.1.4. Hot loads & cold loads
3.1.5. Load variation criteria 3.1.6. Applications & limitations
3.2. Constant efforts-support
3.2.1. Types of constant efforts support & installations
3.2.2. Criteria for constant efforts-supports 3.2.3. Spring data sheet preparation
Chapter 4. Expansion joints
4.1. Type of expansion joints & installations 4.2. Advantage & disadvantage of flexible joints
4.3. Bellow Elements 4.4. Bellow catalogue data 4.5. Application of Bellow Expansion joint
4.6. Hinges & gimbals 4.7. Tie Rods & Limit Rods
4.8. Examples of improper installation of expansion joints
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Chapter 5. Basic piping support systems


5.1. Pump suction & discharge 5.2. PSV 5.3. Columns/riser piping
5.4. Line subjected to high wind & seismic 5.5. High Pressure Steam lines
5.6. Long Radius (5d-Bends) Bends lines 5.7. Support of large Pipe
5.8. Supporting for Control station
Chapter 6. Structural pipe support
6.1. Structural steel members 6.2. Geometrical arrangement of supports
6.3. Multiple Pipe restraints Frames 6.4. Welding possibility & symbols
6.5. Supporting for SS & Galvanized Pipes 6.6. Determination of supports design loads
6.7. Detail design drawings & bill of material
Chapter 7. Calculation of pipe support

7.1. Evaluation of structural attachment 7.2. Evaluation of weldments

7.3. Evaluation of base plates 7.4 Evaluation of Trunnion based on Kellogs Method

7.5. Bending stresses in Cantilever beam 7.6. Pipe stresses at integral support attachment

7.7. Stresses in welded lugs 7.8. WRC-107 Stress evaluation