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CHAPTER-III

COMPANY PROFILE AND INDUSTRY PROFILE


3.1 COMPANY PROFILE
Commender Tex., is a modern Mill located at Vivekanandha Nagar, the hub of Textile
Febric. Established in the year 2006 with a production capacity of 4000 kgs of yarn per day has
grown today with manifolds and serves the rising needs in the textile market.
We rapidly adapt to the technology changes that are essential to compete in this business
environment Growth over years by continual improvement of our infrastructure facilities,
processes, and quality monitoring system has made us a distinguished player in the market
besides captivating us a trusted name for quality products.
Since establishment, our distinctness to understand customers' needs made us take every
effort to deliver them their orders on time and at reasonable prices. Our commitment to deliver
the best quality has helped us cement our relationship with them for years.
Infrastructure
All our departments are equipped with state-of-the-art latest machineries. These Modern
machineries help us perform the various actions in a professional way and optimize our
production quality besides reducing the downtime.
We always believe that human resource is our most valuable asset and our strong human
resource department recruits, inducts, trains and continuously motivates the employees to reach
and maintain the highest level of excellence in all disciplines.
Quality and customer service are impossible without people. Development and
implementation of technology are impossible without people. Efficient and safe operations of
the plants are impossible without people. while each individual contributor has a distinct and
different role within the company, it takes EVERYONE at Commender working together for the
company to achieve maximum success.
Our Vision

To achieve excellence in all sectors of the textile industry, from fiber to finished product,
constantly striving to be at the forefront of our industry and to generate highest possible
value for all stakeholders.
Our Mission
To manufacture international quality yarn and fabric, with the highest level of
competitiveness so null parameters.

To effectively harness and integrate all available technology across various elements of
the textile chain.

To cater to product innovation by mastering value added areas like processing and
finishing.
Commender Tex, Inc. is committed to continuously improving the quality of our products
and services so that we meet or exceed our customers' expectations.

Our sales, marketing, financial, customer service, technical and manufacturing personnel
combine expertise with experience into a service group that we believe is unmatched and
uniquely qualified to help our customers achieve their goals.

Production Department
The production department is the first departments of every business.
Because the producing product will be selling get the benefit. In Vivekanandha tex
is raw material converted into yarn

Process of yarn production


Blow Room
BLENDOMAT
CVT-4
MPM-8
CONDENSORS
CARDI NG
D.K.740-803
TC-5/1-5/3
RI ETER
SB-2
E-32
E-65/66
RSB-D-35/D-40
SI MPLEX
BLow ROOM
SIMLESS
SPENNING
WIDING
WEAWING
PACKAGING
DYING
HAND LOOM
LF 1400A
LF 1660V
RI NG FRAMES
LR-6 SUSSESN COMPACT
KTTM - AUTO DOFFERS
AUTOCONERS
21-C MURATECH
338-GOLD OERLIKON SEHALAF HORSHT
A.C-5 OERLIKON SEHALAF HORSHT
PRECESSI ON WI NDER
SSM
TFO
VOLKMAN
YCP
ELGI



Machine Infrastructure
Department Particulars
Blow room
LMW Blow room line with 2 Nos of vetal
continuation cleaner with polysensors and bale
plucker LA 23.
Cards LC 300 A -V3 chute feed
Lap formers LMW LH10 Lap former
Comber LMW LK54
Drawframe LRSB851 Digital Auto levelers drawing
Simplex LF 1400Awith Texparts drafting system
Spinning LR 6 S Ring Frames
Auto Coner
Schlafhorst 338 Gold with USTER Quantum-2
clearer and accurate length measurement.
Knitting Mayer & Cie- Relanit 3.2 II with 30 dia 28 gauge.
Packing Automatic strapping machine for carton packing
Humidification Batliboi

Cotton Selection Elimination of Contamination
As the quality of the cotton determines the
quality of yarn we at Rajave Textiles take care to
maintain consistently rich raw material mix
throughout the year. Hence we procure the best
of Sankar-4 cotton from selected modernized
ginning factories in Gujarat, with whom we have
an excellent business relationship.
To supply contamination free yarns along with
bale plucker and labourers we have also installed
two numbers of Vision Shield Contamination
including polypropylene remover at blow room
line with online monitoring control.
Blow Room Contamination Clearer
Gentle opening of tufts combined with
continuous cotton storage in six compartments
for the perfect sandwich blending with right
The most effective method we follow to remove
contamination is independent zoning with line
scan camera that focus the contamination directly
and eject them out. Online hour / Day / Month
aerodynamic principle provides excellent results. wise graphic reports are recorded for monitoring.
Carding Combers
We give total conformance to nominal count
with microcomputer control for quality and
production by doing intensive cleaning with
excellent fiber orientation system, especially for
the removal of Seedcoat Fragments, Trash, Neps
and Micro Dust.
To ensure highest quality and economy of the end
product, good combing process is of paramount
importance. Latest LK 54 combers ensure this
through excellence in staple improvement,
cleaning, aligning and uniformity ensuring
constant sliver quality.
Draw Frame Speed Frame
High quality standards. Most consistent long
term count stability through precise scanning.
Efficient Roving preparation with minimum stretch
for consistent high quality yarn.
Ring Frame Auto Coner
LMW Model LR 6 with innovation in spinning
elements and is dedicated to spinning value
for the customer. Represents the ultimate mix of
engineering and market needs.
We have installed Latest Auto cone winder 338
model from M/s. Schlafhorst, Germany equipped
with latest USTER Quantum Electronic yarn
clearers and Siro Clearers with foreign fiber /
contamination removal channels.
Products
Product range and their end application are listed below
YARN RANGE END USE
100% Cotton semi combed yarn NE 18 / 1 TO 40/1
T-Shirts, Sports wear, Kids
wear, Casual wear, Night wear.
100% Organic cotton carded / combed
yarn
NE 20 / 1 TO 40/1 T-Shirts, Infant Garments
Dyed Yarn NE 20 / 1 TO 40/1
T-Shirts, Sports wear, Kids
wear, Casual wear
Knitted Fabric 30 Dia 28 Gauge NE 30 / 1 TO 40/1
T-Shirts, Sports wear, Kids
wear, Casual wear
Quality
Our commitment to deliver quality products has made us adhere to the standards from the
very initial stage that is raw material selection, followed by various measures adopted during the
process of production we are able to deliver the final product that exceed our customers
expectations.
Quality Assurance Lab
We have set very high quality parameters and we monitor that the outgoing yarn
stringently matches with the set standards. Our in-house quality assurance lab is equipped with
state-of - the art equipments fiber UT 5 evenness tester and classimatt Quantum 3 supplied by
USTER, India apart from other standard testing equipments.
Inspection
100% Assurance to maintain nil defective cones is ensured by every cone being inspected
visually and also under UV Lamp before packing. Also entire lot is maintained with same quality
parameter.
Providing facilities
Employee welfare is one of the greatest priorities at in this textile.
Training sessions are regularly organized with outside faculty to keep the skilled
workforce attuned to the HR and latest technological advancements.
Besides complying with the statutory labour laws, hostel accommodations with latest
kitchen equipment like steam cooking, subsidized food among many other facilities are
extended to the workers.
The mill is actively participated employees marriage function by providing them a
valuable gift for their family use. The mill is taking care of each and every worker by
taking them safely from house to mill and mill to house by providing with transport. The
mill bears Rs.20/- per day per worker as transports costs.
The mill is regularly conducting meetings at various stages to know the employee
grievances and take suitable steps to solve the issues immediately, which is one of the
most powerful technique as far as the mill is considered.
Fire fighting training programmed is also being conducted for its employees on a regular
basis.














3.2 INDUSTRY PROFILE
Indias textile industry is one of the economys largest. In 2000/01, the textile and
garment industries accounted for about 4 percent of GDP, 14 percent of industrial output, 18
percent of industrial employment, and 27 percent of export earnings (Hashim). Indias textile
industry is also significant in a global context, ranking second to China in the production of both
cotton yarn and fabric and fifth in the production of synthetic fibers and yarns.
In contrast to other major textile-producing countries, mostly mostly small-scale,
nonintegrated spinning, weaving, cloth finishing, and apparel enterprises, many of which use
outdated technology, characterize Indias textile sector. Some, mostly larger, firms operate in the
organized sector where firms must comply with numerous government labor and tax
regulations. Most firms, however, operate in the small-scale unorganized sector where
regulations are less stringent and more easily evaded.
The unique structure of the Indian textile industry is due to the legacy of tax, labor,
and other regulatory policies that have favored small-scale, labor-intensive enterprises, while
discriminating against larger scale, more capital-intensive operations. The structure is also due to
the historical orientation towards meeting the needs of Indias predominately low-income
domestic consumers, rather than the world market. Policy reforms, which began in the 1980s and
continued into the 1990s, have led to significant gains in technical efficiency and international
competitiveness, particularly in the spinning sector. However, broad scope remains for additional
reforms that could enhance the efficiency and competitiveness of Indias weaving, fabric
finishing,andapparelsectors.
Structure Of Indias Textile Industry
Unlike other major textile-producing countries, Indias textile industry is comprised
mostly of small-scale, nonintegrated spinning, weaving, finishing, and apparel-making
enterprises. This unique industry structure is primarily a legacy of government policies that have
promoted labor-intensive, small-scale operations and discriminated against larger scale firms:

Composite Mills. Relatively large-scale mills that integrate spinning, weaving and, sometimes,
fabric finishing are common in other major textile-producing countries. In India, however, these
types of mills now account for about only 3 percent of output in the textile sector. About 276
composite mills are now operating in India, most owned by the public sector and many deemed
financially. .

Spinning. Spinning is the process of converting cotton or manmade fiber into yarn to be used
for weaving and knitting. Largely due to deregulation beginning in the mid-1980s, spinning is
the most consolidated and technically efficient sector in Indias textile industry. Average plant
size remains small, however, and technology outdated, relative to other major producers. In
2002/03, Indias spinning sector consisted of about 1,146 small-scale independent firms
Weaving and Knitting. Weaving and knitting converts cotton, manmade, or blended yarns into
woven or knitted fabrics. Indias weaving and knitting sector remains highly fragmented, small-
scale, and labor-intensive. This sector consists of about 3.9 million handlooms, 380,000
powerloom enterprises that operate about 1.7 million looms, and just 137,000 looms in the
various composite mills. Powerlooms are small firms, with an average loom capacity of four to
five owned by independent entrepreneurs or weavers. Modern shuttleless looms account for less

Fabric Finishing. Fabric finishing (also referred to as processing), which includes dyeing,
printing, and other cloth preparation prior to the manufacture of clothing, is also dominated by a
large number of independent, small scale enterprises. Overall, about 2,300 processors are
operating in India, including about 2,100 independent units and 200 units that are integrated with
spinning
Clothing. Apparel is produced by about 77,000 small-scale units classified as domestic
manufacturers, manufacturer exporters, and fabricators (subcontractors).
Growth of Textile Industry
India has already completed more than 50 years of its independence. The analysis of the
growth pattern of different segment of the industry during the last five decades of post
independence era reveals that the growth of the industry during the first two decades after the
independence had been gradual, though lower and growth had been considerably slower during
the third decade. The growth thereafter picked up significantly during the fourth decade in each
and every segment of the industry. The peak level of its growth has however been reached during
the fifth decade i.e., the last ten years and more particularly in the 90s. The Textile Policy of
1985 and Economic Policy of 1991 focussing in the direction of liberalisation of economy and
trade had in fact accelerated the growth in 1990s. The spinning spearheaded the growth during
this period and man-made fibre industry in the organised sector and decentralised weaving
sector.
Size of Textile Industry in India
The textile industry in India covers a wide gamut of activities ranging from production
of raw material like cotton, jute, silk and wool to providing high value-added products
such as fabrics and garments to consumers.
The industry uses a wide variety of fibres ranging from natural fibres like cotton, jute,
silk and wool to man made fibres like polyester, viscose, acrylic and multiple blends of
such fibres and filament yarn.
The textile industry plays a significant role in Indian economy by providing direct
employment to an estimated 35 million people, by contributing 4 per cent of GDP and
accounting for 35 per cent of gross export earnings. The textile sector contributes 14 per
cent of the value-addition in the manufacturing sector.
Textile exports during the period of April-February 2003-2004 amounted to $11,698.5
million as against $11,142.2 million during the same period in the previous year, showing
an increase of around 5 percent.
Estimates say that the textile sector might achieve about 15 to 18 per cent growth this
year following dismantlingofMFA.
ROLE OF INDIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN THE ECONOMY
Textile industry plays a significant role in the economy. The Indian textile industry
is one of the largest and most important sectors in the economy in terms of output, foreign
exchange earnings and employment in India. It contributes 20 per cent of industrial production, 9
per cent of excise collections, 18 per cent of employment in industrial sector, nearly 20 per cent
to the countrys total export earnings and 4 per cent ton the GDP. The sector employs nearly 35
million people and is the second highest employer in the country. The textile sector also has a
direct link with the rural economy and performance of major fibre crops and crafts such as
cotton, wool, silk, handicrafts and handlooms, which employ millions of farmers and crafts
persons in rural and semi-urban areas. It has been estimated that one out of every six households
in the country depends directly or indirectly on this sector.
The key advantages of the industry are
India is the third largest producer of cotton with the largest area under cotton cultivation
in the world. It has an edge in low cost cotton sourcing compared to other countries.
Average wage rates in India are 50-60 per cent lower than that in developed countries,
thus enabling India to benefit from global outsourcing trends in labour intensive
businesses
Design and fashion capabilities are key strengths that will enable Indian players to
strengthen their relationships with global retailers and score over their Chinese
competitors.
Production facilities are available across the textile value chain, from spinning to
garments manufacturing. The industry is investing in technology and increasing its
capacities. .
Large Indian players such as Arvind Mills, Welspun India, Alok Industries and
Raymonds have established themselves as 'quality producers' in the global market. This
recognition would further enableIndialeverageitspositionamongglobalretailers.
India has gathered experience in terms of working with global brands and this should
benefit Indian vendors.
GOVERNMENT INITATIVES
With a view to raise India's share in the global textiles trade to 10 per cent by 2015
(from the current 3 per cent), the Ministry of Textiles proposes 50 new textile parks. Out of the
50, 30 have been already sanctioned by the government (with a cost of US$ 710 million). Set up
under the Scheme for Integrated Textile Parks (SITP), this initiative will not only make the
industry cost competitive, but will also enhance manufacturing capacity in the sector.
Apart from the above, a series of progressive measures have been planned to strengthen
the textile sector in India
TechnologyMissiononCotton(TMC)
TechnologyUpgradationfundScheme(TUFS)
SettingupofApparelTrainingandDesignCentres(ATDCs)
100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the textile sector under automatic.
Setting up two design centres in Gujarat in collaboration with National Institute of
FashionTechnology.
Setting up a Handloom Plaza in Ahmedabad with an estimated investment of US$ 24.6
million.
Revival plans of the mills run by National Textiles Corporation (NTC). Already, for the
revival of 18 textile mills, US$ 2.21 million worth of machineries has been ordered for
the up gradation and modernization of these mills.
Setting up a handloom mall with an investment of US$ 24.6 million at Jehangir Mill in
Ahmedabad.
Scrapping of the Textile Committee cess being collected from the textile and textile
machinery industry under the Textile Committee Act.
In a further bid to bolster the envisaged annual growth rate of 11 per cent, the Government
will also increase the TUF (Technology Upgradation Fund) from US$ 124 million in 2006-07
toUS$211millionin2007-08. The Government of India has also included new schemes in the
Annual Plan for 2007-08 to provide a boost to the textile sector. These include schemes for
Foreign Investment Promotion to attract foreign direct investment in textiles, clothing and
machinery; Brand Promotion on Public-Private Partnership (PPP)) approach to develop global
acceptability of Indian apparel brands; Trade Facilitation Centres for Indian image branding;
Fashion Hubs for creation of permanent market place for the benefit of Indian fashion industry;
Common Compliance Code to encourage acceptability among apparel buyers and Training
Centres for Human Resource Development on Public Private Partnership(PPP) mode.


INDIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRIES
In textile current scenario
In exports Cotton yarns, fabric, made ups etc made largest chunk with US$
3.33 Billion or 26.5% in textiles category, and Ready Made garments (RMG)-cotton including
accessories made largest chunk with 4.67 Billion US $ or 37.1 % of total exports. Whereas,
manmade yarn and fabrics in textiles group and RMGMan made fibers constituted second
position in the two categories, respectively. Carpets and woolen garments are other items
exported from India.
In global scenario
Developed countries' exports declined from 52.2% share in 1990 to 37.8 % in
2002. And that of developing countries increased from 47.8% to 62.2 % in the same period. In
2003 the exports figures in percentage of the world trade in Textiles Group (for select countries)
were:


The above chart clearly shows that export of world trade in textile group. Among world
textile group EU occupies 34.80% of export, next China at 15.90%, USA at 6.40%, Republic
of Korea at 6.00% Taipei, Ch at 5.50%, India and Japan at 3.80% respectively, Pakistan at
3.40%, turkey at 3.10% and Mexico at 1.20%.In Clothing Sector the figures were as below in
2003 in percentage of total experts globally:
EXPORT SCENARIO
Textiles contributed 20% of India's exports to about US $ 12.5 Billion. The Quota
Countries mainly USA, EU (15) and Canada constituted 70 % of total garment exports and
40% of India's textiles exports. In non-quota countries UAE is the largest market with 7%
of textile exports and 10% of garment exports from India.

In this sector the exports have declined for EU (15) from 42% to 26.5% in period
1980-2003 whereas of China increased from 4% to 23% and of India from 1.7% to 2.9%
only. We can see that developing countries' share in textiles had declined and inclothing it
has increased sharply.


The exports of readymade garments as per AEPC certification data for the last five years are
as follows: -
**Qty in Million PCs and Value in Million US$.