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Huda Shaka

ICE Presentation
11
th
J une 2013
Sustainability in Qatar:
QSAS/GSAS and beyond
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Content
Sustainability?
QSAS/GSAS
Other relevant rating systems
Beyond rating systems
Sustainability?
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Sustainability is a system characteristic that
reflects its capacity to support natural laws and
human values.
Anderson, J . L. (2008). Sustainability in civil engineering. Thesis, University of Washington, 2008.
The Challenge for Civil Engineering
projects?
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The Challenge
Compared to building projects, infrastructure projects:
Come at an earlier stage
Have a larger impact
Yet, have less-understood sustainability requirements
Investing ~100 billion USD
in Qatars infrastructure in
<10 years in such a way as to
achieve the best outcomes
for Qatar in the long term.
Sustainability Rating Systems
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Rating System - what is out there now?
QSAS / GSAS
(Districts, Parks, Buildings, Sports,)
LEED (ND, BD+C, EBOM,)
CEEQUAL
Greenroads
IS Rating Tool
QSAS/GSAS
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Overview of QSAS/GSAS
- Who developed it?
- What are the different rating systems?
GORD: Gulf Organisation for Research and Development (not for profit
subsidiary of QATARI DIAR Real Estate Investment Company previously BQDRI)
GSAS Commercial Buildings
GSAS Residential Buildings
GSAS Schools
GSAS Core & Shell
GSAS Districts (Previously
referred to as QSAS
Neighborhoods)
GSAS Parks
GSAS Mixed Use
GSAS Mosques
GSAS Hotels
GSAS Light Industries
GSAS Sports
GSAS Rail
GSAS Healthcare
GSAS Bespoke
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QSAS/GSAS development
Developed through extensive
review of all international rating
systems.
Best Mix combining the best
methods for the 6 most established
rating systems
Purpose is to provide a framework
to benchmark sustainability of
projects with respect to the issues
which are important to Qatar, e.g:
desertification, scarcity of water,
cultural heritage
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Categories and Scoring
- Categories
- Ratings and Scoring:
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QSAS or GSAS?
QSAS: Qatar Sustainability Rating System (2009) [Version1]
GSAS: Global Sustainability Rating System (2013) [Version 2]
The QSAS V.1 and GSAS V.2 systems are very similar,
key changes include:
Addition of criteria to several categories (including Site,
Management +Legacy)
Removal of some criteria from categories (Urban Connectivity
criteria reduced)
Some of the credit weightings have been adjusted +/- a few
percentages
For the Urban Connectivity and Management and Operations
categories, non-compliance will no longer be penalized (minimum
score is 0 vs. -1).
[GSAS Publication Series now available on Amazon.com ($50 $100 USD)]
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Is QSAS/GSAS Mandatory?
The Ministry of Environment
introduced a new section in the
latest version of Qatar
Construction Specifications (QCS
2010) entitled Section 7 Green
Construction, with recommend
minimum scores
In Lusail, projects have to
achieve a minimum 2 Star rating
(incentive provided for higher
rating)
Asghal signed MoU adopting
QSAS
QSAS referenced in tenders for
Qatar Rail and Q2022 projects
15 Certification Process
Certification Process - Design
Register project online (www.qsas.org)
need to login with username and password;
Complete project application formand send
it back to GORD together with your
payment (registration + 50% certification);
Submit project documents online;
After review/verification by GORD, pay
remaining 50% certification fee
GORD issues Letter of Conformance
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Certification Process - Construction
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How to become QSAS/GSAS - CGP [Certified
Green Professional] ?
Attend QSAS-CGP Workshop (6000 QR, 3 days, register on
http://gord.webnova.ca/ )
Register or CGP exam (online, through Prometric)
Pass exam (4 hours, open book)
Note: CGP is a certification for individuals. Companies also need
to register with GORD, and this can be done once at least one
employee has become a CGP.
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GSAS Districts
Example credits (relevant to Civil Engineering):
[UC.3] Wastewater Load
[E.2]: Energy Delivery Performance
[W.1]: Water Consumption
[M.1-M.4] Materials
[CE.2] Support of National Economy
[MO.5] Solid Waste Management Plan
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Urban Connectivity
UC.3 Wastewater Load
Objective: Minimize
wastewater load on existing
infrastructure to reduce the
burden on public treatment
facilities.
Measures:
Rain/greywater storage
Blackwater storage and
treatment
Water Reuse Strategies
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Energy
E.2 Energy Delivery Performance
Objective: Minimize energy
consumption from buildings and
infrastructure
Credit requires information on:
Buildings (based on QSAS/GSAS targets)
Infrastructure (water supply, wastewater treatment, district
cooling, street lighting,)
Renewable energy production
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Water
W.1 Water Consumption
Objective: Minimize water
consumption in order to reduce
the burden on municipal supply
and treatment systems.
Measures:
Indoor water use reduction
Irrigation water demand reduction
Wastewater recycling
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Materials
M.4 Recycled Materials
Objective: Encourage the use of materials made from recycled
content in order to reduce the need for virgin materials.
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Cultural and Economic Value
CE.2 Support of National Economy
Objective: Maximize the percentage of construction
expenditures for goods and services originating from the national
economy.
Expenditures counted for this credit include but are not limited to
the following:
Labourers/Contractors
Infrastructure/Public Spaces/Shared
Facilities Materials
Construction Materials
Construction Tools/Equipment
Temporary Rental Spaces
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Management & Operations
MO.5 Solid Waste Management Plan
Objective: Encourage recycling and waste collection planning in
order to minimize waste taken to landfills or incineration
facilities.
Other Rating Systems
(Civil Engineering)
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CEEQUAL Rating System
CEEQUAL is the evidence-based Sustainability Assessment and
Awards Scheme for civil engineering, infrastructure, landscaping
and the public realm, and celebrates the achievement of high
environmental and social performance.Source: www.ceequal.com
Three types of CEEQUAL Schemes:
1. CEEQUAL for UK & Ireland Projects
2. CEEQUAL for International Projects
3. CEEQUAL for Term Contracts
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CEEQUAL International Process
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CEEQUAL Rating System
Project and Environmental
Management
Land Use
Landscape Issues
Ecology and Biodiversity
The Historic Environment
Water Issues
Energy and Carbon
Use of Materials
Waste Management
Transport
Nuisance to Neighbours
Community Relations
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Greenroads Rating System
Scope: Roadway design and construction
Project Requirements
Environment & Water
Access & Equity
Construction Activities
Materials and Resources
Pavement Technologies
Source:
http://greensource.construction.com/news/2010/1
00211Green_Rating_System.asp
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IS Rating System (Australian Green Infrastructure Council)
Beyond Rating Systems
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Regional Priorities
Materials
E
n
e
r
g
y
Consumption & Supply
Climate Change
Life Cycle Costing
Social Function
C
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m
f
o
r
t
Ecology
S
o
c
i
a
l

B
e
n
e
f
i
t
Contamination
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Materials and Resources
Very high waste per capita
Limited availability of local materials
Opportunity for use of recycled aggregate
Opportunity for considering disassembly at design
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Climate Change: Mitigation and Adaptation
23% of Qatars land areais in a Low Elevation Coastal Zone
(LECZ) ranking it 7
th
globally
What does this mean for projects with 50 100 yrs life time?
CReSIS, University of Kansas, showing 6m inundation
Dasguptaet al., 2007
McGranahan, G., Environment and Urbanization , 2007
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Energy: Demand and Supply
Demand
Embodied energy
Efficient process and
technologies
Commissioning
Supply
Efficient supply
Renewable energy sources
(including regenerative
technologies)
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Connectivity and Access
Enhancing and facilitating populations access to
community facilities (including open space)
Access for pedestrians and cyclists
Access for disabled users
Access for low-income users
Severance of communities
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Air Quality
SO
2
NO
x
TSP CO HC
200 1,100 120 16,000 3,000
5% 37% 10% ~90% ~80%
Arab countries annual emissions from Road Transport
(1000 Tons) and % of total emissions
Source: El-Raey, Air Quality and Atmospheric Pollution in Arab Region, 2006
Opportunity to improve air quality and human health
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Accounting for Wider Benefits
Improved air quality
Reduced noise pollution
Reduced accidents
Reduced stress
Improved well-being
Estimate monetary impact?
Social Return on Investment
(SROI)?
Questions?
huda.shaka@arup.com