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Jenkins Activity Survey

Purpose: Designed as a measure of Type A behavior and coronary prone behavior.


Population: Employed adults ages 25-65.
Scores: Type A, speed and impatience, job involvement, hard-driving and
competitive.
Time: (20-30) minutes.
Authors: C. David Jenkins, Stephen Zyzanski, and Ray Rosenmen.
Publisher: The Psychological Corporation.
Description: The Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS) was developed in an attempt to
duplicate the clinical assessment of the Type A behavior pattern by employing an
objective psychometric procedure. Individuals displaying a Type A behavior pattern
are characterized by extremes of competitiveness, striving for achievement and
personal recognition, aggressiveness, haste, impatience, explosiveness and loudness in
speech, characteristics which the JAS attempts to measure.
Scoring: The JAS is a self-administered, multiple-choice questionnaire that yields a
composite Type A scale score and three factor analytically-derived subscales: Speed
and impatience, Job involvement, and Hard-driving and competitive. The Type A
scale consists of 21 items, while Speed and impatience (Factor S), Job involvement
(Factor J) and Hard-driving and competitive (Factor H) contain 21, 24, and 20 items
respectively.
Reliability: Reliability estimates for the JAS Type A scale appear to be adequate.
Estimates of item reliabilities derived from squared multiple correlation coefficients
range from .27 to .75, with the coefficient for the Type A scale reported to be .85.
Test-retest reliability estimates generally range between .60 and .70 for retest intervals
of from six months to four years. However, most of the correlations are based upon
significant modifications in the items in later versions of the JAS.
Validity: Concurrent Validity has been established by comparing JAS scores to Type
A ratings based upon the structured interview. Despite a statistically significant
association between the two measures, as many as 30% of respondents are classified
differently by the JAS and interview, and correlations between the JAS and interview
in younger populations (e.g., college students) are less than .50. Evidence for the
predictive validity of the JAS comes primarily from the prospective findings of the
Western Collaborative Group Study. Analysis of JAS Type A scores of 2,750 healthy
men showed the Type A scale to distinguish the 120 future clinical cases of coronary
heart disease from those men who subsequently remained healthy. Numerous studies
have also found patients with coronary heart disease to score higher on the JAS Type
A scale than patients without heart disease.
Norms: The norms cannot be considered representative of any population of broad
general interest. The standardization sample did not include women, young or elderly,
or persons with low socioeconomic status.
Suggested Uses: Although the JAS is currently the most widely used instrument to
assess Type A behavior, evidence indicates that the JAS should be limited to
experimental or clinical research.