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A mystery quadrilateral. Try to solve this complex problem.

A mystery quadrilateral. Try to solve this complex problem.

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construction

Problem Statement

Some quadrilaterals have special names because they have some special properties. For example, a

rectangle is any quadrilateral with four right angles. lternately, a rectangle is a parallelogram with ! right

angle "Can you explain why#$ square is %more special% than a rectangle because it has four right angles

and four equal sides

"so a square is a

special rectangle.$

&ach of the 'eometer(s Sketchpad files below contains a different quadrilateral. )our goal is to use your

knowledge about quadrilateral properties and the Measure menu in 'eometer(s Sketchpad to determine

the MOST specific name of each quadrilateral.

Be careful! ll of the quadrilaterals will look like squares, but only one of them will actually be a square.

*ustify each of your responses by including properties of the quadrilateral that make it unique.

+ystery ,uadrilateral !

+ystery ,uadrilateral -

+ystery ,uadrilateral .

+ystery ,uadrilateral /

+ystery ,uadrilateral 0

+ystery ,uadrilateral 1

Problem setup

I am trying to determine which of the mystery quadrilaterals is a square. I predict that mystery quadrilateral 1

will be a square. Since all of the quadrilaterals look like squares, using the distinctive properties of specific

quadrilaterals will be vital.

Plans to Solve/Investigate the Problem

Using GS, I will measure and compare all four angles of each quadrilateral. I will also measure the length of

each side and compare. In addition, I will research the specific properties of quadrilaterals in order to

distinguish each one.

Investigation/Exploration of the Problem

I first measured the angles and sides of each quadrilateral and made comparisons. I then investigated the

properties of quadrilaterals and began to classify each. I also needed to investigate how to show that sides are

parallel mathematically.

!uadrilateral Sides "ngles arallel #ther

arallelogram #pposite sides

equal

#pposite angles

equal

#pposite sides

parallel

$hombus % equal sides #pposite angles

equal

#pposite sides

parallel

$ectangle #pposite sides

equal

"ll angles are

right angles&'(

degrees

#pposite sides

parallel

Square % equal sides "ll angles are

right angles

#pposite sides

parallel

)rape*oid + sides are

parallel

,ite "d-acent sides

equal

.iagonals are

perpendicular&

#ne line of

symmetry

Slope / since slope is a measure of the angle of a line from hori*ontal and since parallel lines must have the

same angles, parallel lines have the same slope and line that have the same slope are parallel. 01eb site2

2

-2

-4

-6

-8

-10 -5 5

j

BC

AD

k

mBAD = 90.00

mCBA = 91.00

mDCB = 89.01

mADC = 89.99

Sl ope AD = -1.76

Sl ope j = 0.57

Sl ope BC = -1.69

Sl ope k = 0.57

AD = 4.17 cm

k = 4.24 cm

BC = 4.17 cm

j = 4.17 cm

This templte is p!t o" the #$te!%th p!oject& c!ete' () the *$i+e!sit)

o" ,eo!-i.

%o!e i$"o!mtio$ (o.t this p!oject c$ (e "o.$' t/

http/00111.i$te!mth-.-.-tech.e'.0

MYSTERY

QUADRILATERAL 1

D

C

A

B

!uadrilateral 1 has 3 equal sides "., -, and 45. . )he measure of the angles is all different. )here is one right

angle which is angle 4".. )wo opposite sides 0- and k 2 are parallel because they have the same slope. I

conclude that this is a trape*oid.

6

4

2

-2

-4

-5 5

j

2

!

s

Sl ope s = -15.79

Sl ope ! = 0.06

Sl ope 2 = -15.79

Sl ope j = 0.06

mBAD = 90.00

mCBA = 90.00

mDCB = 90.00

mADC = 90.00

j = 5.86 cm

s = 5.91 cm

! = 5.86 cm

2 = 5.91 cm

Thi s templte i s p!t o" the #$te!%th p!oj ect& c!ete' () the *$i +e!si t) o" ,eo!-i .

%o!e i$"o!mti o$ (o.t thi s p!oj ect c$ (e "o.$' t/

http/00111.i $te!mth-.-.-tech.e'.0

%3ST453 6*AD5#7AT45A7 2

D

C

A

B

!uadrilateral + has % right angles. I know this because they all measure '( degrees. )he opposite sides "4

and .5 are equal. #pposite sides are parallel because "4 and .5 have the same slope as well as ". and 45.

I conclude by definition that this is a rectangle. It cannot be a square because all four sides are not equal.

6

4

2

-2

-4

-10 -5 5

p o

CB

m

Sl ope o = 2.98

Sl ope p = -0.84

Sl ope m = 2.98

Sl ope CB = -0.84

mBAC = 90.00

mDBA = 90.00

mACD = 90.00

mBAC = 90.00

p = 4.71 cm

o = 4.71 cm

CB = 4.71 cm

m = 4.71 cm

%3ST453 6*AD5#7AT45A7 8

Thi s templte i s p!t o" the #$te!%th p!oj ect& c!ete' () the *$i +e!si t) o" ,eo!-i .

%o!e i$"o!mti o$ (o.t thi s p!oj ect c$ (e "o.$' t/

http/00111.i $te!mth-.-.-tech.e'.0

B

C

D

A

!uadrilateral 3 has % right angles. )hey all measure '( degrees. )he sides all measure the same length of %.61

c.m. 4oth pairs of opposite sides0 54 and p& m and o2 are parallel because they have the same slope. 4y

definition, this is a square.

6

4

2

-2

-4

-10 -5 5

BA BC

CD

k

Sl ope CD = 0.82

Sl ope k = -1.17

Sl ope BA = 0.82

Sl ope BC = -1.17

mDAB = 89.00

mCDA = 91.00

mBCD = 89.00

mABC = 91.00

BC = 8.92 cm

BA = 8.92 cm

k = 8.92 cm

CD = 8.92 cm

This templte is p!t o" the #$te!%th p!oject& c!ete' () the *$i+e!sit)

o" ,eo!-i.

%o!e i$"o!mtio$ (o.t this p!oject c$ (e "o.$' t/

http/00111.i$te!mth-.-.-tech.e'.0

MYSTERY

QUADRILATERAL 4

D

C

A

B

!uadrilateral % has % equal sides. )hey all measure 3.'+ c.m. )here are no right angles. 7owever, opposite

angles are equal. "ngle 45. and angle ."4 both measure 8' degrees. "ngle "45 and "ngle 5." both

measure '1 degrees. #pposite sides are parallel because the opposite sides have the same slope. )his is a

rhombus.

2.5

2

1.5

1

0.5

-0.5

-1

-1.5

-2

-3 -2 -1 1 2 3

m

AB

l

n

Sl ope l = -7.92

Sl ope $ = 0.11

Sl ope m = -7.92

Sl ope AB = 0.11

mCAB = 89.06

mDCA = 90.94

mBDC = 89.06

mABD = 90.94

$ = 2.80 i$.

l = 2.25 i$.

AB = 2.80 i$.

m = 2.25 i$.

%3ST453

6*AD5#7AT45A7 5

Thi s templte i s p!t o" the #$te!%th p!oj ect& c!ete' () the *$i +e!si t) o" ,eo!-i .

%o!e i$"o!mti o$ (o.t thi s p!oj ect c$ (e "o.$' t/

http/00111.i $te!mth-.-.-tech.e'.0

D

C

A

B

!uadrilateral 9 has no right angles because none of them measures '( degrees. Sides m and l are opposite sides

and are equal because they both measure +.+9 inches. Sides "4 and n are opposites and equal because they

measure +.3( in. #pposite angles are equal. #pposite sides are parallel because they have the same slope. )his

is a parallelogram.

4

2

-2

-4

-6

-5 5

AD

CD

AB

BC

Sl ope CD = -5.79

Sl ope BC = 0.14

Sl ope AB = -5.47

Sl ope AD = 0.15

mDAB = 88.42

mCDA = 91.00

mBCD = 88.42

mABC = 92.15

CD = 4.27 cm

AD = 4.27 cm

AB = 4.28 cm

BC = 4.28 cm

This templte is p!t o" the #$te!%th p!oject& c!ete' () the *$i+e!sit)

o" ,eo!-i.

%o!e i$"o!mtio$ (o.t this p!oject c$ (e "o.$' t/

http/00111.i$te!mth-.-.-tech.e'.0

MYSTERY

QUADRILATERAL 6

B

C

A

D

Quadrilateral 6 has two pairs of sides that are equal The sides !" and #" are ad$a%ent and equal and

measure &'( %m )# and !) are also equal sides that are ad$a%ent The* both measure &'+ %m There

are no right angles, however- there is one pair of opposite angles. !ngle )#" and !ngle "!)/ that both

measure 00&' degrees There are no parallel sides be%ause the slopes are all different This is a 1ite

:;tensions of the roblem

:;plore some overlapping relationships by answering the following questions< 1hy is the relationship between

a square and a rectangle= 1hy is the relationship between a rectangle and a parallelogram= 1hy is the

relationship between a rhombus and a parallelogram=

$ectangle #pposite sides

equal

"ll angles are

right angles&'(

degrees

#pposite sides

parallel

Square % equal sides "ll angles are

right angles

#pposite sides

parallel

>" square is a special type of rectangle.

arallelogram #pposite sides

equal

#pposite angles

equal

#pposite sides

parallel

$ectangle #pposite sides

equal

"ll angles are

right angles&'(

degrees

#pposite sides

parallel

>" rectangle is a special case of a parallelogram

arallelogram #pposite sides

equal

#pposite angles

equal

#pposite sides

parallel

$hombus % equal sides #pposite angles

equal

#pposite sides

parallel

>" rhombus is a special case of a parallelogram with four equal sides

!uthor 2 #onta%t

5hantel ?ewis

chantel@lewisAputnam.k1+.ga.us

GS 5onnection< Students must understand quadrilaterals and the properties that make them unique.

GS<

B9G1. Students will understand congruence of geometric figures and the correspondence of their vertices,

sides, and angles.

B9+. Students will investigate, develop, and evaluate mathematical arguments.

B93. Students will use the language of mathematics to e;press ideas precisely.

3in1.s/ to resour%es- referen%es- lesson plans- and/or other materials

http<&&www.onlinemathlearning.com&quadrilaterals.html

http<&&www.purplemath.com&modules&slope+.html

Important Note: Cou should compose your write/up targeting an audience in mind rather than -ust the

instructor for the course. Cou are creating a page to publish it on the web.

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