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The following description refers to a standard

stop and control valve assembly. The same

text applies analogously to both the
emergency stop and HP control valves. The
valve assembly described is drawn in the
closed position (ready for start-up).
The emergency stop and HP control
valves of the turbine are the final control
elements actuated by the protective devices.
It is therefore e!ually important that these
as well as the protective devices should
function reliably. The testing of these valves in
con"unction with testing of the protective
devices as already described in Automatic
Turbine Tester, General ensures that all
elements which must respond on turbine trip
are tested for their ability to function reliably.
#ach stop valve is tested together with its
associated control valve. The automatic
turbine tester is designed so that only one
valve assembly may be selected and tested at
any time.
Test Requirements
To avoid turbine output changes and initial
pressure variations due to the closing of the
control valve under test during testing the
electro hydraulic turbine controller must be in
operation prior to testing. To facilitate
compensation by the controller the closing
time of the control valves is relatively long
and to enable initial pressure to be maintained
constant testing is only permissible when the
turbine output is below a certain value.
Special Conditions during Testing
The emergency stop and HP control
valves may only be tested if no other $TT
subgroup is running.
%uring testing the selected control valve
(&$$ '( and )($$**)) is closed completely
by means of motor operated actuator
(-$$**)&) acting on pilot piston (+$*,)
parallel to pilot value (+$*-). This result in a
closing movement simulating that which
occurs when the associated secondary oil
pressure drops. The resultant constant slow
closing movement is necessary in order to
.eep the output constant. Thus the conditions
for actuation of the valve are the same during
testing as during normal actuation by the
The stop valves which are held in the
open position by trip oil pressure during
normal operation are sub"ected to exactly the
same hydraulic conditions during testing as
would be the case in the event of actual
turbine trip as the action of the protective
devices is simulated by the solenoid valve
(&$/,' $$)'' and )')). The steam side
conditions during testing are somewhat
more severe than during actual trip as the
pressure downstream of the stop valve can
not drop off during closure because the
control valve is closed. This means that the
steam pressure acting on the valve spindle
against the spring closure force is greater
than in the event of normal trip.
The automatic turbine tester intervenes only
in the oil circuits normally used in valve
servomotor actuation. Trip oil is used to
actuate the test valves (&$/01 $$('' and
(')) and to reset and open the stop valves.
Thus closure of the valves can not be
impeded in the event of a genuine trip
during testing regardless of the stage
which the test has reached. This also
applies to the control valves as the $TT
does not interrupt the secondary oil circuit
and secondary oil can thus be
depressuri2ed in the normal manner in the
event of a trip.
Features of Automatic Turbine Tester
The $TT has the following features3
' 4eparate part-testing of each valve
) Time-related monitoring of all program
steps and their implementation.
5 Interruption due to running time
exceeded or turbine trip.
0 $utomatic reset of test program after a
- Protection of the turbine during testing
provided by special test protective circuits.
Setting Data
The setting data for the pressure
switches used to monitor the individual
valve movements are listed in the setting
record Pressure 4witch settings. The actual
set values are logged in the 6ommissioning
Test 7ecord. The test running times etc.
are entered in the functional diagram.
Test Selection Units
There are ) combined #mergency stop
and HP control valves each of which is
tested as a separate unit and has a
separate selection push-button on the $TT
control panel. They are as given below3
4team Turbine Automatic Turbine Tester
%escription 4top and 6ontrol 8alves
BHE HAR!D"AR #$%&'(()&')*%
4election' 3#mergency stop and control valve left
4election ) 3 #mergency stop and control valve right
Test +rocedure
Start of Test
The test starts with the selection of subgroups by
pressing the On/Off push-button.
The subgroup remains *n until it is switched off
after the program is concluded. 9hen one subgroup
program is running the other subgroup is bloc.ed.
The On/Off push button also ac.nowledges
If the test re!uirements have been fulfilled the valve
assembly (e.g. emergency stop and HP control valve
left) to be tested is selected by switching in the
subgroup by pressing the selection push-button.
$ separate selection push-button is provided for each
valve assembly. *nly one selection may be made at a
time. 4election of a further test is not possible until the
program already selected has ended.
,peration +us-&button
The test run is started by pressing the Operation push
button in the Stop and Control valves tile.
S-utdo.n +us-&button
This push-button can abort the current unit test and
introduce the reset program, which has priority over
the test program.
amp Test +us-&button
$ll lamps on the panel are tested by pressing the
Test push-button.
Closure of Control /al0e
If all the test re!uirements have been fulfilled and the
selection and operation push-buttons pressed the
control valve (&$$ '( and )($$**)) is closed by
means of the associated actuator (test motor
-$$**)&). *peration of the actuator (+$(') is
continued until limit switch (-6:*()6) and limit
switch (-$$*()& 41) 415) on the actuator is
tripped to annunciate that the control valve being
tested is in closed position.
%uring this time the turbine output
controller compensates for the effects of closure of
the valve being tested on the turbine output by
opening the remaining control valves.
The running time for closure of the control
valve is monitored. If the control valve is
functioning properly it will close within the
preset running time.
Closure of Stop /al0e
Then the solenoid valve (&$/,' $$)'' and
)')) is energi2ed. This allows trip oil to flow to
the space below changeover pilot valve (&$/,'
$$*'' and (')) which moves into its upper end
position and connects the space below piston
disc (+$()) with the drain. The pressure in this
space drops rapidly and is monitored by pressure
switch (&$/-' 6P))5 ));). 9hen the pressure
at this pressure switch has dropped slightly below
the brea.-away pressure of piston disc (+$())
monitoring of the stop valve closure time
starts. The associated limit switch (-6:*(' #)
annunciates entry of the valve into its closed
position thus it possible to monitor the
valve closing action for completion within the
maximum permissible running time.
,pening of Stop /al0e
<ext solenoid valve (&$/01 $$)'' and )'))
is energi2ed (test position) and trip oil is admitted
to the control surface of the piston in the test
valve &$/01 $$('' and ('). The piston moves
into its lower end position against the spring
force thus permitting trip oil to flow to the space
above piston +$(' of the stop valve servomotor.
This piston is forced downwards by pressure of
the trip oil thereby tensioning the spring between
piston +$(' and piston disc +$() and finally
pressing against piston disc +$(). =p to this
point the trip oil pressure above piston +$(' is
relatively low being e!ual to the spring force
acting against it. The spontaneous pressure rise
when piston +$(' has made contact with piston
disc +$() and thus on completion of the spring
tensioning action is detected by pressure switch
(&$/-' 6P))) ))1). If all conditions are fulfilled
within this relatively long monitoring period
solenoid valve (&$/,' $$)'' and )')) is de-
energi2ed (operating position) so that trip oil is
once again able to flow to test valve (&$/01
$$('' and (')) and the drain is bloc.ed off
again. The buildup of trip oil pressure is
monitored by pressure switch (&$/-' 6P))'
9hen the pressure is sufficiently high the
stop valve is opened by de-energi2ing solenoid
valve (&$/01 $$)'' and )')) (operating
position). Test valve (&$/01 $$('' and ('))
switches over admitting trip oil to the space
below the piston disc +$() and after a certain
amount of further travel of test valve slowly
connects the space above
piston +$(' with the drain. The resultant
pressure difference causes the tensioned
piston relay to open the stop valve. $s soon
as the open position is reached the full trip oil
pressure builds up. This is monitored by
pressure switch &$/-' 6P))5 )); and by
limit switch -6:*(' %. Testing of the stop
valve is now completed.
Re&,pening of Control /al0e
If the conditions are fulfilled within the
specified monitoring period the control valve
is reopened. The motor of positioner
-$$*()& is operated in the opening
direction. Positioner -$$*()& moves the
control valve into its original position in the
reverse se!uence to the closing action. $gain
the initial pressure and output are .ept
constant by the appropriate controller.
*peration of positioner $$*()& is continued
until after a certain amount of over travel it
has positively ceased to influence the
controller. This position is detected by limit
switch -$$*() &4,' or -$$*() &4,). If the
control valve is functioning properly it will
open within the preset running time.
Cancellation of Selection
*n conclusion of testing of each valve
assembly the selection is automatically
cancelled and the program is shut down.
!nterruption due to Running Time
The reset program is automatically
initiated if the running time for any step in
the test program is exceeded. If any
running time is exceeded during the reset
program the program halts. In either
case the alarms Fails signal and Time
overrun are generated. If the Faults in
ATT alarm is displayed the fault lies in
the automatic tester itself.
!nterruption due to Turbine Trip
If electrical turbine trip is initiated during
testing all solenoid valves are
deenergi2ed and posltioner -$$*()& is
returned to its extreme position and the
program cancelled. $ll e!uipment
associated with the automatic turbine
tester are automatically returned to their
normal position.