You are on page 1of 45

, 2013

9
11
I. 12



: -
: - , - ,
,
:
, :
:
: 1000
CIP -
. ,
331.5:342.72/.73(497.7)
ISBN 978-608-4608-12-7
COBISS.MK-ID 95458570

II. 16
III. 20
1. 20
1.1. 20
1.1.1.
20
1.1.2. 12 22
1.1.3. 2000/43/
22
1.1.4. 2000/43/
23
1.2. 24
1.2.1. 25
1.2.2. 25
1.2.3. 25
1. 2. 4.
26
1.3. 26
1.3.1.
, ,
2012-2015 26
1.3.2. 27

1.4. 27
1.4.1. 27
1.4.2. 28
1.4.3. 29

5 2006
43

2. 30
2.1. 31
2.1.1. , 31
2.1.2.
32
2.1.3. , 12 33
2.1.4. 2000/78/
34
2.2. 35
2.2.1. 35
2.2.2. 35
2.2.3. 36
2.3. 36
2.3.1. 2010-202037
2.3.2.
, ,
2012-201537
2.3.3.
2010-202037
2.3.4. 2015 38
2.4. 39
2.4.1. 39
2.4.2. 41
2.4.3. 41
3. 42
3.1. 42
3.1.1
42
3.1.2 2006/54/EC
6

3.2. 45
3.2.1 45
3.2.2 45
3.2.3 47
3.2.4 48
3.3. 48
3.3.1 2013-202048
3.3.2
, ,
2012-201549
3.3.3
2010-2020 49
3.3.4 201550
3.4. 51
3.4.1. 51
3.4.2. 52
4. 53
4.1. 54
4.1.1 54
4.1.2 2000/78/
56
4.2. 57
4.2.1 57
4.2.2 58
4.2.3 59
4.2.4 61
4.3. 62
4.3.1
2010-201862
4.3.2

, ,
2012-2015 62
4.3.3
2010-202063
4.3.4 201564
4.4. 64
4.4.1.
64
4.4.2.
66
IV. 68
1. 68
2. 69
3.
71
4. 72
V. 74
1 - 76
80

, ,



, ,
2012-2015
2013

,
1 -
.



,
,
. ,
2013
, - ,
- ,

,


.




,




.
,




,
.


,


, ,
. ,

, ,


.
,
:
/,
.
,

.

:
1)


. ,


. ,



.


2)


,
.
3)
,
,

.
4)

. ,


,
.
5)




.
6)




.
,
:
1)
-


, ,
. ,

,
, ,
: ,
,
,

.
2)
:
10


,
;


;


;
,
;


;



.
3)


4
,
,

4- 5




.
4)
,


.
5)
,

,


.
6)


, , ,
.






,



.


.
,
, /,
,
,

, ,
,

,
.




(, 2013, .11).

,
.
,

,
. ,

. ,

inter alia
, ,
,
,
.. .
,



.
,

: , ,
( .18
,
, 2005, .4-5).
, ,
, ,

. ,


,



. ,



, ,
,

.

11



,


.


.

. ,
,
, ,



.


,
(Aristotle, Ethica Nicomachea, V.3),
.



,

,

.
,

,

,
12


,
.

, ,
, (
),
( ).
,


, .

, ,
(-, 2011, .16).


,
,


/


(Arnardttir, 2009).
,


(Bayefsky, 1990, .1).
,

, ,
,
, , ,
. ,





,

( ,
Thlimmenos, 2000, 44
),
,
,
.
,


.


,
,

.
,



(, 2005, .57).

. ,


,
. ,

,
,
,
.

,
discriminare,
discriminatio,
, , .
,

. ,
, ,
.

, ,
,

(, Case
relating to certain aspects of the laws on the use
of languages in education in Belgium, 1968,
10).


:

,


(Schiek, Waddington, Bell, 2007).

/
.

,


, ,
2000/78/,
2000/43/
.
,
, ,
.


.



.
, ,


. ,

13


.
,

. ,


,


,

(,
Chacn Navas, 2006, 40).


. ,



(
, ,
),
.


1,


(
:
,
).


,


Coleman
2000/78/


,

(
).

, , ,
: , , ,
(, 2012, . 27-28).





.

,
,
,

, .
,
,

.
,
.



(Hannett, 2003).


,


(Fredman, 2005, .131 9 ) .
, ,

(1) ,
,
. , 2000/78/
, 14 Timishev v. Russia. : , , , , ,
, , ( ), ( ), ( ).

14



,


.
,
,
,
,

.

, ,
,

.


, , ,

.

, ,

. ,
inter alia
,
,
, ,

,
.

, ,

,
. ,


,
,
;
;

, ,

,
;
,
;



,
.
.
,
,

, ,

,
/
. ,


(, Firma Feryn,
2008).






.

.

15

II




.
,
9
[]

, , ,
, ,
,
.
(,
1991, 9). ,


(
)

. , 9

,

,
. ,
9
,
,

. ,


16

110 3,

,


(
2012 ,
2013, .32-35).
,


,
,
2010
.






. 3

: , , , ,
,
, , ,
,
, , ,
,
, ,
, ,
,

.

,

( 6),
( 7),
( 9)
( 10),

,

,
, ,
,
,

, , , ,
,
,
,
( 4). ,



.


. , 12


,

.


. ,


(2011
Progress report, . 55 63).


6 1
,

,


,

, ,

, ,
.

2000/78/,

,
. ,

,

,

.

.

,

. ,


13 15.
:


( 15 1 2);

(
14 1 2);
(
13);


,

( 15
1 3);
( 15
1 7) .2


6 2 ,
,
inter alia
,
17


,

,

, ,


.
2000/78/
,
,

.



.




. ,



,
,
.


7
.

, ,
,
.


,

.
,

,

. ,
,
,



()

,
( 9- 4). ,
,


( )

. ,



,
(The European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-Discrimination Filed, 2010, . 43).
,

( :
)
9

(2) 14 1 7
, ,
, .
,
, .
, .

, , ,
.

18


.
,


, ,

.

5
1 12 8 2
.
, , []




,
,

.
,

. ,


,
,
. ,

,
,
.
,
,
: ,

,
,
( ),
,
,

.
.

8 2




(, 2012, .302303).



. , 16
33
-

.3

:
(

25 28

13 27
), (
34 41 )
(
42 45 ).
,
,

,


.

(3) IV. , 1.
.

19

III
1





(
)
.
,




,
.



.
( , ,
2009, .13; , 2011, . 10),

(,
2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 ; ,
2011 2012 ),


(, 2012
, . 18).





( VI
20

).


,
.

1.1.



,



( ).
,

().

, ,

(, 1).

1.1.1.


1966 .

2013 176
, .4

, ,
, ,
,
,
(,
5..)
,


()

, .

, ,
,
, ()
,

,
,
(, 1.1.).
,
,
,
.

(
,
VIII, 1990).
,
.
,

.
,


(
,
XXIV, 1999 , 1 2).
,
2.2,

;
1.4,
; 1.1,

()
,
.
de facto
,

.
,
.. ,

,

,



.

,

.
,



.


; ,


;
.
,
.

,

.


.

(4) - , http://
treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-2&chapter=4&lang=en.

21


,

.

,
(, 2.1.).

,

.

1.1.2.



()

.
111 ,
,


,
,

( 111 ,
1 3).

,
,


.

1.1.3. 12



,
.


. ,
22

()
14.

,
.

14 . ,


.
,

14 .
, 12
.

14 ,

.
12

.
12
14
.

12
.

12 . ,
12 (2005
)
,5

. ,
,

12.


, ,
,
,
,
. 5,

.



,

.


2012 ,
.6

1.1.4.
2000/43/




13 ,


,
, ,
,
, ,
. 13

, 2000
2000/43/,


.

,

.
,
.


.

,
(
2.2. ).

, ..
,

.


,

( 4)
( 5).

.

, ,


(

).
,

,
,
.
,
(,
, )
,
.

,
,

, ,

.

(5) 2013 , 12 18 -
. : , , , , , ,
, , , , , , . http://conventions.coe.
int/Treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=177&CM=&DF=&CL=ENG

(6) 2013, 22
- . http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=163&CM=&DF=&CL=ENG.

23


.


.

3. ,
,
,
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
,
,
,

.

(, ,
, ,
, ),
2000/78/

.
4
,



(
, ,
).
5


, -
,
,


. ,
,
.
5



.
24


,
-
. , -,
,

.


,
,
(
2000/43/, 8.1.).



.

, .
,


.

.

1.2.1.

,



.

,

( 2000/43/,
13).

.

,
9
.


.
, 9
,

. ,


.



. , Firma Feryn,



,

,

(, Firma Feryn, 28).

,
VI,



, ,

( VI
).

1.2.

1.2.2.



,
. ,

( 7),
( 9),
( 8),

(
11),
( 10),

( 8
2).
,
[]
,

... ( 6).
,
,
2000/43/

. ,

(
8 1).

,
,
.

1.2.3.



3. ,

2000/43/

,
.



.
( 14
1 2);


(
15 1 6);
(
25


15 1 8).


.

1.2.4.



VI

2001 ,



(
).

, ,
( 43 2),
( 12),
( 43 2, 76
5), .

,
15 1 6. ,
,
2000/43/

.


(,
, , , ,
) (

,
2007 , 10). ,

.


, ,
.
, ,

,
? ,
26

,

,

. ,


, 13
1 .

1.3.


,



.
.

1.3.1.



, ,

20122015

2012 , 2012 2015
.
,
, ,

.
,
,



. ,


, :

,




(
, . 20-23).

1.3.2.



2007
.

.


,
,
.



.

1.4.




. ,
,
,


. ,

,


.

1.4.1.




. ,

,


. ,
55%

( ,
, 2009, .13).7


,
67,7%

(, 2011,
. 10).8
.
, 84,7%

,
,
, , ,
(60,4%) (, 2011, . 10).
,
2009 ,
,
. ,

,
(
)
( , ,
2009, .37).
2011 , , ,
,
(, 2011, .

(7) , 78%
.

(8) ,
(89,9%).

27


18). 79,3%


.
47,5%


,
18,5%
( , , 2009,
.37). 2011
, 89,3%

,
75,5%
(, 2011, . 18).


.

,

. , 19,1%
, 23,4%
.

.

(39,3%)
, 9,9%
(, 2011).

1.4.2.





. ,

110
, 20
2009 , 16 2010 ,
42 2011 32
2012 .


,
2009 0,55%, 2010
28




,


.
,
,

.
,

,
,


(, 2011 ,
. 23).
0,40%, 2011 0,99 %,
2012 0,74%.
20 2009
, 4 20%
, 16 2010
, 9 56,3%
. 2011 , 42
, 15
25,71% ,
2012 , 32 , 9
28,1% .
,

. 2011 2012 ,



,
(,
2011 , . 35; ,
2012 , . 37-38).

, ,

.
, 2011 ,
60 , 13


,
( 15).
13
, 6
50%
(, 2011
, . 9). 2012 ,
75,
16

. ,

. 2013 ,
,
58 , , 16
,
, ,
, 7
.
,
,

,

( 2011 2013 ,
50%).


, ,
. ,

,

,

(,
2011 , .8).
,



.

. , 2012 ,
16
, 15

(, 2012 , .
17).

1.4.3.



,
VI
.


,


, , ,


(,
2012 , . 44).
, 2012

( 17,2%
17,8%) ( 1,7%
2,0%).

2011 ,

( 76,3% 75,2%) (,
2012 , . 43).
, , ,
,



(, 2012 ,
. 40).



(,
2012 , . 44).
,
,


2012 (,
2012 , . 17).

,

29



,


(, 2012
, .43). ,

,

.

, ,

(, 2012 , .
40).




.


,



,


.


(2007),


,

2011

,
543
,
361 182 .
140

, 100
40 (,
2011 , . 36).
, ,


,
.
73,2%,
67,4%.

(, 2011, .18-19).
, , 66,9%

,
.
, 70,9%,
, 54,6%.


,
.
,

,


. ,

(
30

, ..
118/2003-0-0, 16.07.2003).
,

, ,



( ,
2010, 2011 2012 ).9

2.1.


,


.



,

.
,
(),


, (
111 ),
12,

2000/78/
.

2.1.1.
,


2.


. ,

,

. ,
( 6),

( 7),

( 8).



. , ,
()


(, 20, 29).


.


,
.


(, 20,
20). , ,

.

[]



(, 20, 13).



,
.
6,
60
,
(, 6).10 ,
,
,

,
.
,

(9)
.
(10)
, .
, . , 60 ,
.

31






(, 6, 23
25).

,
.
,
.

.
,
6


,
,
,
(, 6,
28). ,
,
. A contrario,
,
,

,
,
.

2.1.2.





. 111
,
,

,
,

( 111 ,
32

1, 3).
,

. ,
2
,
, [ ], , ,
,
.
,
. ,


.
,
,

1980 .

[]
,
,
[]

(,
, 1980, 3).




;

; ();
;
;
, ,


( 10).
,

,

.
,


,

( 12). ,
-
,
,


,

( 18).
,


,

. ,
,
,
,

3,
( 21 22).

. ,



. ,

,


,


. ,
, ,

.

2.1.3. ,
12


,

. ,

.


14.
,
,

(, Stec and
others v. the United Kingdom). ,

14,


,
.
12
.

,
,
,
1 12.
12

.
, 12 .

12
.

12 .


5.


.

,

.

2012
.

33

2.1.4.
2000/78/

,
13,


inter alia .
,
,
, ,
,
,
2000/78/
.



. ,
,
,
,

.
,

,
.


( )
.11
, ,
.
,
.
,

,
,
, ,
, ,
,
, , ,
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
( 3.1.).


,


( 3.3 3.4.).



( 2.2.), ( 2.3),
( 2.4.),
( 11),
( 7)
( 10).

2.2.




.


, .
, 2.5.

,
, ,

.
,
,
, ,

(9) -
, ,
, (Proposal for a Council Directive on implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation, SEC(2008) 2180), 2 2008. http://
eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52008PC0426:EN:NOT.

(10) ,
. .

34


,

6.1.

.

,


13
. ,
, ,
,
(
).



.

.
,
, ,


.

2.2.1
,
9
. ,
,

,


.

( 3), ( 6 9)

( 9). ,
-

, ,
12 .


,
, ,
9
,
.

2.2.2



,
.
2000/78/.12
,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,
( 7).
2000/78/,

()
.
,

,
. ,

( 8 1 1)

( 8 1
2).
,
.
35




. ,

14 1 2,

:

,


,

,

( 14 1
8);



, ,
,

,

( 14 1
9). ,
.

2.2.3



3.
,
,

,
( 4).

,


.
36

,
2000/78/
.

,

. ,
(

),

.


3,

.
,


,
. ,

,
,
.
, ,
,

. ,

, , ,

,

.

2.3.



,

.
,
.

2.3.1

2010-2020


2010 , 2010
2020 .
,
,

.

(
, 2010, . 25).

,

2008-2012 ,
2010 ,

2009-2010 (),

2009 ,

2008-2015

2007-2013 (
, 2010 , .
25). , , 2009


576 629
( , 2010,
. 26).

2.3.2



, ,

20122015


,

.
,
2012 2015 .
,
,
,
,
,

(
,
. 24).

2.3.3




2010-2020


,
2010 2020 .

,


(
, . 3).
,

.
37




;
,

;

;
,

.


,

,




(
, . 19-20).

2.3.4

2015


20112015 . ,

,
(
2011-2015 , . 7 22). ,


(
2011-2015 ,
.32).


,
, ,
,
, .

38


(55-64
), 34,2% 2010 41%
2015 (
2011-2015 ,
. 30). ,


. ,

,


2011



,
150, 170 km
.




,

.
,
( )

, 1 7

, 170 km
.
,


,
(
2011 , 6 . 26
11 . 28).




( ,
. 26).

2.4.




,



.

2.4.1.

, , ,
.
,

.



.
,
,
( 8
1 , 14 1 2 ).


. ,
,

,
30 .13


,

.

,
,


.

,

.
,
, .

.


.

,
,
,
45 (

, 4).
,

3 ,

45
.


, ,
45 ,

.
,

(13) www.vrabotuvanje.mk 2 2013 , :


: ( )
, , 30 . .
CV : 11/3 02-3213-454 keti@iriteringenering.
com.mk .

39


.

14 1 9 .

,
.

,

. ,
60

,

60 .
65 ,

(
, , ,
, . 16).
.

,
,
14.



. ,



.14

( 104),

, ( 73),
( 66),
( 108),
( 14),
( 147).


,

.


.

, ,
,

,

. ,


, , ,
.

,


.
,


,
. ,

,


.
,


a priori .


6
2000/78/ (,
Palacios de la Villa v. Cortefiel Servicios SA).



.
,

(14) (
. 24/2000), 64 62
, 15 .

40


. ,



,


. ,





( ,
.. 118/2003-0-0, 16.7.2003).
,


,
55 (
, - 2009,
2010
, . 16-17).

,


.
,

55 ,

,

(
2010-2020 , . 25-26).

2.4.2.



, , .

.

,
,
,
.


( ).

,
,
.

48,5%

,

,
13%
(
, 2009 , . 13-14).



.

2.4.3.




,

.
.

,

,

(
, 2009 , . 65).

(15) , . 138/2010 10 2010 .


,
, ,
.

41


.
,

,
. ,

,
,
. ,

.
,
2009 2012
110


(
2009, 2010, 2011 2012
).



. ,
,

3.1.1.



, 18
1979 ,
42


18.1.1994 .



,
,

,
,
.

, ,

.15

2 3 -


, ,
, :

,

,

,
,

,
,
.

4

de facto

,
.


. o
30-
, 1946
,
,
. , 30
,

,


.
,
,
.

-
,

,


.


,

.
7

. 10
12

,

.
, 15


. 16

3.1.

. 2011
60 ,
.
2012 , 75
,
. , 2011
,
( ),
2012 ,


(, 2011 2012
).


6 1999
,
22 2000 .

2003 .
inter alia





. ,



.
, ,


, ,
, ,

.

3.1.2. 2006/54/
EC

5 2006




,



43





.

Bilka








.


.


,

.


,
:
,
;
,

.

,
,

,
,

.


:
;
,
;
,

.

141 4
44


,

, ,

-
,






.
, ,
2002/73/EC
, ,

. ,

92/85/EEC (


,
).
-


,


.

: -
, ,


,


,
.
,



.






. -,
,
,


. ,
,
,




.
-



,

.

,



.

3.2.


3.2.1.




.
9


. ,

,

.


,
,
,
,

.


( 32).

3.2.2.



.
, .





.
,
,
(
).


( 6 12).
,

:

,
;




(, ,
).

,
(
45


160),
( 131),
,
( 164 171).
.. ,

,

.

,
,
,


,
. ,
25 2 ,
,

.

163 1,


,

,


,

.
,


,
,
.

(, ,
).


,


(
46

)

.


,
,
.


,
.

.


.



.


.

,



. ,


,

, , ,

,
.

(, , .63).




,
.





, 2011 .
5
,,[]

,

,.

3.2.3.

2012

.


,

,

,


.



,
.

,,
,
( 4 5).
2000/78/

,

.



.




,
,
,
,
, ,
.
inter alia ,

,
.

8 1

4
,

31
.



.

39

,


,
,
.

, ,
,
.

2012 ,
,

( 4
3)
,

.



( 12 1
15 37)

,
,
.
47

3.2.4.



2000/78/

.


,

.
, 3

, , 6

.
14 15
,
. ,
:
, ,

.
14
3 4
:
inter alia



,
,
;

inter alia

. ,
15


. ,
,
,


.
48


,
.

3.3.

3.3.1.
2013-2020


,


2013
2020 .



20072012 (
: ). ,



,
.


,

. ,



(

2007-2012, 2012
).
2.1
/e.


.
,



,

,

,



,

.

,

:
;
,


.







,


.

3.3.2.



, ,

20122015


2012
,




: , ,
.



.

(,

)

.

3.3.3.




2010-2020






. ,

49



.

13:
.

2007 2012

,
,

(
) ,
: ,

,
,


,
,

.







.

,

,


.
, , ,
,
(,
.),
,
.

,
.
50




,
. ,

,




.





.

3.3.4.

2015

2015 ()



2011 2015 .


,
,

,
2015 ,

.


,



. 2010
50,4% 27,3
..
.


34%, 18,8 .
,
32,2%,
0,3 .
. ,
,
,

,




42% 2015 :
(,
);

;

.

3.4.

3.4.1.



,

.


,

/ , /
, / ,
.



,
,
,

.

,

( ,
).
,
,

,
,
,
,
.

, ,



. ,
,
.

, ,


,
,
,


.


.

( ),
. ,


(, )

.

.

,
51


.


( , , 2009,
.49).


.

(
,
2013).
2011
24,8 %

(
75,2%), 17,9 %

( 82,1% ).


61,7% ( , 2011 ).

3.4.2.





,

,

,

. ,
2011
, 2012 3
2013 5

.



,
- ,
( 2012 2012
52

). ,
,
.

.

2012
(

, 2011
, .21).

2012


,

.


,,
,

, (
2012 , 2013).

,
,
,


,
,
.
,



.



,



(
2011
, 2012).






.

2 - 15.11.2012
15.5.2013

()
.

(

, 2013).
,

, ,
, ,



, .



.
33,5%

12
.

, 45%


( ,
, 2009).

(51%)

, 55,6% ,

,
.



,
48,8%


49,5%

. 23,6%

,

,
,

. , 29,9%


,



,
, . (,
, , , , 2008).
,

. ,

.

53

4.1.



inter alia

. ,

,
.

6 8,
2 2
.

.5 ,

... , ,
,
,
,

,

.

, ,
, ,

( 15).




.
, ,
,



( .5, 1994,
20 27, .5-6).

,
54


,


2006 . ,


, inter alia

( 15)


( 35). ,

,
.
,

, .


118

.

4.1.1.



( : )
,
2006 ,
3 2008 . , 156
132
, 91
77
.
30 2007
5
2011 . ,

29 2009 5
2011 .

50
,


,
, : ( 1 2),
( 3 9),
( 10 30),

( 31 40),

,
,
( 41 50).


,
.
, 5,


() ,



.



,

,

,

.
5 2,
,
, , 2
[] ,

,

, ,
,

, , ,
, .


.

a
,
.
,



,

,

.
, .
, 5 4
,
de facto
,

.


27 ,
. ,

, ,

,

.
,
,

, .

, ,
,
,

( 27 1 ).



55


( 27 1 ). ,


( 27
1 ). ,

,

/ .



( 27 1 ),



.

2000/78/),


. Ratione materiae
2000/78/
inter alia
.

,

( 2)
( 11)

(
3),

( 5)

( 7).

4.1.2.
2000/78/

3 1

,

,

( );
, ,
,

( ); ,

( );



,

( ). ,

2000/78/,

.


1997 ,
13 ,


,
.

,

16,
2000/78/,
(2004/113/ 2006/54/).
2000/78/ 27
2000 ,

( :

ratione personae

(16) 21
. , 21(1) :
... , ... . ,
, .

56




, (
1).
1

,
o
inter alia .

( 2 2 ),
( 7),
( 5),


.
2000/78/
,

,
Chacn Navas,
Coleman Jette Ring (, 2013,
. 16-20).
2000/78/
,

. ,

,



. ,
,


,


,

inter alia
(Tridimas, 2000, .69).

4.2.



,


17
,



.

4.2.1.
,
32
.

[
] ,
,

( 1).
, ,
,
( 2), , ,
(
3) ,

(
4).
( 5).
35 3


. 32 2,
,
9

, .

(17) .

,
.

57

4.2.2.




lex
specialis, .

. , 6

,


.
,

( 7 2),
( 7 3) (
9 9-)
.

,

,
;
;

, ,
,
;
,
;



,
( 7
4).




. ,
24 1

, : []


58

,
.


.


[]

,

( 25 5),
: []
,





( 25
6).

,

, ,
(
)

( 9
6, 13 2 3).
, ,
,

a priori
.

, ,
,


,
. ,


,
(, 2013,
.23-24).


( 45 1
3), ( 12),
( 95),
( 31),
.
,

. ,



, ,

25 ,

.
,

inter alia
( 122, 161-162, 164
169, 177-178).
- ,
. ,



,

( 169). ,
137 3
, inter alia ,
60%


.

4.2.3.



,

,
.
1 []



,
,


.

,
,
,
: , , ,

.



,


.
,
,

.
4



, :


,

, ,

,
.



.

. ,

,
59


,


,
.





,
. 7 2

,
[] ,


,


.
,

. :

,

,
.
,

.
,

,




. ,
7 2


, ,

.


60



( 8 20). ,


,

.
, 2000 2013
8 ,

15% 5%

. ,

,


. ,

,

. ,




(, 2012, .302-304).
,
4-
5. , []


,

... ,


,
(
)
, ,




.


, .
,

.


.
, 9
[]

,
40%
,
.

,
,
,



.


. ,






.

4.2.4.



,

. ,



.
,
, ,



.



,
,
(
4).
5 1 12
8 2
. ,
, []



,

,

.
,

. ,

,
,

. ,

,
,
.
,
,
: ,

,
,
( ),
,
,

.

. (, 2012, .302-303).
13 15
61


,

, :



( 15 1 2)18;

(
14 1 2);
(
13);

,


( 15 1 3);

inter alia
( 15 1 7).

4.3.

4.3.1.



2010-2018



2010

2010-2018.





( , 2010 , .15).



,




.

:
;

,

;
;


;
(
, 2010 , .23-24).

4.3.2.



, ,

20122015

2012-2015


2012-2013

(17) , ,
, . ,
, ,
. : ECJ, Werner Mangold v. Rdiger Helm, Case C-144/04, [2057] ECR
I-9981.

62



inter
alia , .


,
,


.
,


:


( I);


( II);


( III);


( IV).

I


,

.
,

,

,




( , 2012
, .27-28).



2012-2013,
:

,
;
,


;


,
;


,
( , 2013 , .20-24).

4.3.3.



2010-2020


2010-2020
: ;
;
;
.


, , 1



( .4).

.




.


(
, 2010 , .35-39).
63

4.3.4.

2015



2015, , ,


. ,



,

.


7:

, .
,


2012-2013 .
,

3: (
7 - ECDL
),
4:
( 1
-
,
).


(, 2013, .34).


,

,

64

4.4.

4.4.1.




. ,

2.394 814 ,


147 42 (
, .2.4.11.16, 2011 ,
.28-29).
,
(1.081 ),
(538 ),
(286 )
(172 ),
(465 ).
,


( 15
60 )
, 1.569 ,
35
( , 2010 ).
,
, 858
, 448
, 301 ,
255 , 134
, 119


, 67 ,
37 , 12
, 72

23

(
2010-2018
, .9).

,



. ,


(72,3%), ,
29,8%

(, , ,
, , 2008, .35 .5051).


( , , 2003),

,

. 25,9%

,


35 49 .



( 50- )

(,
,
, , 2009).



.

31 2010

268
2.394

(416 ), (337 )
(301 ). ( ,
.2.4.11.16, 2011 , .43).
,

,

,
.
27 1 ,


.




,

. ,


,


(, 2012
, . 22).


55,8%

,

(40%).

(49,1%)
(27,8%),


(33,3%)
(30%).
,
2,6% (, ,
, , 2009).
65

4.4.2.





2011 , 63
, 6
9,52%

,
-
47,62%
(
2011 , 2012, .9-11). ,
2012 ,
76 , 8 ,
10,53%,

,

36,84%
. ,
[]


,
.

,
, ,
,
. (
2012 , 2013, .22)


2012
,
.
28 , ,
,
.
26 ,
,




(
2012 , 2013, .22).
66



1

35 3 ,

,

(,
, ). ,







. ,

.
,




1
.
1

,


- ,
,
.
-


,
- (,
2012 , .
22).
,

,


,

.



2012
, 7,04%
,

, ,
,
e. ,
0,74%
,


.





. , 2007
636

, 2008
691,

40% .
2009
769,
2010
504
, 2011

604 (
-
, , 2012
, . 24-28) ,
a a

,
,

,
. ,




,

(
-

, 2012, .24-28).


, 150
,


.
,
,
,
,
, , ,
,
,
( -
, 2013.) ,
,

,
43%

16 %
.
,

, 58% (
- , 2013)
, 68 %


.
18%
, 10%
, 22%

, 15%
,
15% ,
4%
, 4%

, 3%
,
9% ,
(
- , 2013).

67

IV



, ,


,
:
(),
,


.

1.





.
, ,

,
,
.
24 ,
,

inter alia
,
, :

68



,
, (


);

(
inter alia , ,

,


,


);
,

(

,
,
);

(

,


,

inter alia
, ,
).


90


.
, /
.
,
30
,
. ,

. , ,
,
,


(, 2013, .41-42).

2011
63 ,
, 14
22,22%

, 6
9,52%

, 5
7,94%

4 6,35%

.

47,62%
(
2011 , 2012, .911).
, 2012
76 ,
, 16
21,05%

, 8
10,53%

,

5 6,58%

3
3,95%

.


36,84%
. ,
[]


, ,
.
( 2012 ,
2013, .19). ,
[]


,
.

,
, ,
,
. (
2012 , 2013, .22).

2.

( 77 2)
:
[]




,






,
.
69


( 2).



(
, ,
)


.
,





.

( 13).



. ,

( 29)
,
( 28 2),



( 30 1).
45

,



.




.




70

, . , 2011
9,68%

33,25%
, ,
25,97%
,
11,41%
, 6,55%
, 5,10%

, 2,67%
,
15,05% .

,



,

( 2011
, 2012, .33-35 .61-65).
, 0,99%

,

(, 2012, .294).
2012
. , 7,04%


,
,
, e. ,
0,74%

,
.

,


.


,

(
2012 , 2013, .37-39
.61-62).

,
2012


[]


. ,


,
,
, ,

.



,


,
.
,


. ,

,

,

. ,
-/

,

.
,

( 2012 , 2013,
.79-81).




inter alia ,
,

, .

,


, ,


.

3.






,






.
:
inter alia , ,
,
( 3 6), ,
.



( 21-32).



71



7 4

(

, 2011
, .21). 1


.
.

4.




.



: ,
,

,
,
5
. 30 99
, 63
.


, -

.
,


,
2011
31.146 28.748
2.398 . ,
1.999

. ,
2011
1.184 -
, 101
, 1.083.

: 308
, 459
, 112
, 53 , 553 ,
, 5
466 (

2011 , 2012, .1-6).


inter alia:
,
,
1.

,


,
,

,

.

72

73


, ,



. ,


,

,

. ,



.



.



,
.

,

,

.


. ,
74



,
.





.






.

),
,
, ,



,


.



,



.




,


, .





,
.




,
, .
,

,

, ,
:
,
(
,
,


:

,
,







,
,

25
,

/.


4

,
,
,


.

4-
5
,




,

.


,



.



,
,
, ,
.
75






, -
2013


, ,
.
, -
, - ,
.


.




,

.

,



(2010)
.
,
. ,
,

,
76

,

,
. ,
,

,

.

,


, ,
,


(


).



.
,



.
,
:
/,
.

.

) /

,


,

,



, ,
.

,
,

,

,
.

:
( ,

,
travaux prparatoires);
( ,
,



,
);
(
).




.

2013 .

)


, ,
,




.
,
. ,
/




.
.

,
: , ,
, ,
,


,

.


.

,
,
,

,
.

2013
.
77

)



.

,
,

.
.

2013 .

)


,

.

25 2013
,
.
,
,
,

,

.



,
,
.
23 2013
,
, ,
78

,
.

17 2013 ,


.

25 2013
.
,


.
23 2013 ,
.

VI , , .91/2001.
: <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ 20 2013].
- , 2013 .

, , , 2011 .
,
- , , 2013 .
Arnardttir O.M., A Future of Multidimensional Disadvanatage Equality?, in G.Quinn, O.M.Arnardottir, The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: European and Scandinavian
Perspective, Boston Leiden, 2009 .
Bayefsky A.F., The Principle of Equality or Non-Discrimination in International Law, 11 Human
Rights Law Journal 1, 1990 .
, , , 2003
. : <http://www.nvoinfocentar.org.mk/event.asp?site=nvo&menu= 3&lang=mak&id=92>. [ : 15 2013].
CERD General comment 24, 1999. : <http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cerd/
comments.htm>. [ : 21 2013].
CERD General comment 8, 1990. : <http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cerd/
comments.htm>. [ : 21 2013].
CESCR General comment 18: The right to work, 35th session, 2005. : <http://www2.
ohchr.org/english/bodies/cescr/comments.htm>. [ : 15 2013].
CESCR General comment 5: Persons with disabilities, 11th session, 1994. : <http://
www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cescr/comments.htm>. [ : 15 2013].
CESCR General comment 6, 13th session, 1995. : <http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=9&DocTypeID=11>. [
: 1 2013].
CESCR General comment 20, 42nd session, 2009. : <http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_
layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=9&DocTypeID=11>. [
: 1 2013].
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Solemn Proclamation by the President of
the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of Ministers, Nice, OJ C 364/1,
from 7 December 2000. : <http://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf>.
[ : 17 2013].
Concluding observations of the Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights, UN Doc.
E/C.12/MKD/CO/1, from 24 November 2006. : <http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cescr/docs/E.C.12.MKD.CO.1.pdf>. [ : 16 2013].
80

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, UN Doc.


CERD/C/MKD/CO/7, from 13 June 2007.
Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for Equal
Treatment in Employment and Occupation, [2000] OJ L 303/16. : <http://eurlex.europa.
eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2000:303:0016:0022:EN:PDF>. [ : 17
2013].
,
2012 ,
, , 2013 . : <http://www.ombudsman.mk/ ombudsman/upload/documents/2013/GI-2012.pdff> [ : 21 2013].
2011 , , ,
2012 . : <http://www.ombudsman.mk/ombudsman/upload/ documents/2012/Izvestaj%202011-MK.pdf> [ : 21 2013].
2011 ,
, , 2012 . : <http://www.kzd.mk>
[ : 10 2013 ].
Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between
persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin, Official Journal L 180, 19 2000 .
Discrimination in the European Union: Perceptions, Experiences and Attitudes, Special Eurobarometer 296, European Commission, 2008 . : http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_296_en.pdf. [ : 5 2013].
ECtHR, Case relating to certain aspects of the laws on the use of languages in education in Belgium
v. Belgium, No.1474/62, 1677/62, 1691/62, 1769/63, 1994/63, 2126/64, 23 1968 .
ECtHR, Stec and others v. the United Kingdom, App. No. 65731/01 and 65900/01, 12
2006 .
ECtHR, Thlimmenos v. Greece case, Reports 2000-IV, 6 2000 .
ECtHR, Timishev v. Russia case, No. 55762/00 and 55974/00, 13 2005 .
ECJ, Centrum voor gelijkheid van kansen en voor racismebestrijding v Firma Feryn NV, Case
C-54/07, 10 2008 .
ECJ, Jette Ring v. Dansk almennyttigt Boligselskab DAB, Case C-335/11, and HK Danmark acting on behalf of di Lone Skouboe Werge v Pro Display A/S , Case C-337/1, [2013],
from 11 April 2013. : <http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=
OJ:C:2011:269:0031:03:EN:HTML>. [ : 17 2013].
ECJ, Marshall No.2 case, Case C-271/91.
ECJ, Palacios de la Villa v. Cortefiel Servicios SA, Case C-411/05, [2006], from 16 October 2006. : <http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:
62005CJ0411:EN:HTML>. [ : 1 2013].
ECJ, S.Coleman v Attridge Law, Steve Law, Case C-303/06, OJ C 224, 17 2008 .
ECJ, Sonia Chacn Navas v. Eurest Colectividades SA , Case C-13/05, [2006] ECR I-6467, 11
2006 . : <http://www.curia.europa.eu/jurisp/cgibin/form.pl?lang=en&Submit=Submit&alldocs=alldocs&docj=docj&docop=docop&docor=docor&docjo=docjo&nmaff=&datefs=&datefe=&nomusuel=navas&domaine=&mots=&resmax=100>. [ : 17
81


2013].
European Commission, Macedonia 2011 Progress report, SEC(2011) 1203 final, Brussels, 12
October 2011. : <http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/key_documents/2011/ package/
mk_rapport_2011_en.pdf.> [ : 15 2013].
European Commission, Macedonia 2012 Progress report, Brussels, 10 October 2012.
: <http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/key_documents/2012/package/mk_ rapport_2012_en.pdf>
[ : 21 2013].
European Social Charter (revised), , CETS No. 163, Strasbourg, 3 May 1996. : <http://
conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=035&CL=ENG> [ : 1
2013].
, -, 2009, ,
2010 .
, , .59/2002, 60/2006, 29/2007, 106/2008
135/2011. : <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 18 2013].
, , .35/2008. : <http://
www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 21 2013].
, , .87/2005 (
), 113/2005, 29/2007, 88/2008, 161/2008, 99/2009 136/2011. : <http://www.
mtsp.gov.mk> <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 10 2013].
, , .85/2007. : <http://www.
slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 21 2013].
, , .76/2010 ( ),
167/2010 103/2011. : <http://www.mioa.gov.mk> <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>.
[ : 18 2013].
, , .6/2012.
: <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk> [ : 10 2013].
, , .82/2008.
: <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 21 2013].


,
, .172/2011, 14 2011 . : <http://www.mtsp.gov.
mk> <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 16 2013].
, , .36/2010,
23/2011, 47/2011 148/2011. : <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 18
2013].
, , .79/2009. : <http://
www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 21 2013].
, , .50/2010,
13 2010 . : <http://www.mtsp.gov.mk> <http://www.slvesnik.com.
mk>. [ : 15 2013].
, , .58/2006, 35/2008 150/2010. :
<http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 21 2013].
2011 ,
, , 2012 . : <http://dit.gov.mk/godisniIzvestai_full.php?id=2011>
[ : 20 2013].
International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights - ICESCR, G.A. Res. 2200A
(XXI), U.N GAOR, Supp. No.16 at 49, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966). : <http://www2.
ohchr.org/english/bodies/cescr/comments.htm> [ : 10 2013].
, ., , ., , ., , .,
, , ,
, 2009 .
-, .,
, , 2011
.
, ., , ., , .,
, , 2012 .

, , .170/2007. : <http://
www.slvesnik.com.mk> [ : 21 2013].

, 7 1966 , United Nations, Treaty Series,vol. 660, p. 195. http: <//www2.ohchr.org> [


20 2013].

, , .46/2006 107/2008. :
<http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 18 2013].

, .,
, , , 2011 .

, , .60/2003 114/2009.
: <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 21 2013].

,
( -111), 42
, 25 1958 . <https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312256:NO>. [ 1
2013].

, , .552007. : <http://www.slvesnik.
com.mk>. [ : 21 2013].
, , .114/2006 6/2009. : <http://
www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 18 2013].
, , .62/2005, 106/2008, 161/2008, 114/2009,
16/2010 ( ), 50/2010, 52/2010, 158/2010 ( ), 47/2011, 11/2012,
39/2012, 52/2012 ( ), 13/2013 25/2013. : <http://www.mtsp.gov.mk>
<http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 20 2013].
82

2012-2013 ,
, , 2012 . : <http://www.
mtsp.gov.mk/WBStorage/Files/ap.pdf>. [ : 18 2013].
2015,
, , 2011 . : http://www.mtsp.gov.mk/
83


WBStorage/Files/nsvrab.pdf. [ : 18 2013].
,
, 2012 - 2015 ,
2012 . : <http://www.mtsp.gov.mk/?ItemID=BD66FCC3A7FBCB47AB9150CBFECD2C96>. [ : 18 2013].
()
2010-2018, , 2009 . : http://www.
mtsp.gov.mk. [ : 18 2013].

2010-2020, .
: <http://www.mtsp.gov.mk/?ItemID=BD 66FCC3A7FBCB47AB9150 CBFECD2C96>.
[ : 18 2013].
,
. 2007. [ : 21 2013].

, ,
2012 - 2015, 2013 .
: <http://www.mtsp.gov.mk/?ItemID=BD66FCC3A7FBCB47A B9150CBFECD2C96>. [ : 18 2013].
, ., , ., :
, , 2009 . : <http://
www.mcms.org.mk>. [ : 5 2013].
, , , ,
, .44/08. : <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [
20 2013].
(Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European
Union), Solemn Proclamation by the President of the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of Ministers, Nice, OJ C 364/1, 7 2000 , 21.
: <http://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf>. [ : 10 2013].
, ., ( ),
, , 2013 .
, .,
, . , I, 2012
.

, , .30/2000, 19 2000 .
, ,
.54/2004, 13 2004 .
,
, 31 2010 ,
. : <http://www.avrm.gov.mk> [
: 10 2013].
2012 , ,
84


2013 . : <http://www.ustavensud.mk/domino/WEBSUD.nsf>.
[ : 10 2013].
. 162 ( ), , 66
, 23 1980 . <http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:R162>. [ 1 2013].
,
, , 2010 .
2007-2012
, , 2012 .
2012 ,
, , 2013 . : <http://www.kzd.
mk> [ : 10 2013].
Schiek D., Waddington L., Bell M., (eds.), Cases, Materials and Text on National, Supranational
and International Non-Discrimination Law, Hart Publishing, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, 2007.
, ., , ., , ., , ., , ., :
, , 2008 . : <http://www.soros.org.mk> [ : 5 2013].
- ,
, , 2012 . : <http://www.ombudsman.mk/ > [ : 20 2013].
- , 2010-2011 ,
, .2.4.11.16, 701 2011 , .28-29.
: <http://www.stat.gov.mk> [ : 15 2013].
2013-2020, , 2013
. : < http://www.mtsp.gov.mk/?ItemID=BD66FCC3A7FBCB47 AB9150CBFECD2C96>. [ : 21 2013].
The European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-Discrimination Filed, Developing Anti-Discrimination Law in Europe, November 2010.
Tridimas T., The General Principles of EU Law, Oxford University Press, 2000.
UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, UN Doc. A/RES/61/611, from 13
December 2006. : <http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/rights/convtexte.htm>.
[ : 16 2013].
, .. 118/2003-0-0, 16.7.2003 .
<http://www.ustavensud.mk>. [ 1 2013].
, , .52/1991, 22
1991 . : <http://www.slvesnik.com.mk>. [ : 10 2013].
Fredman S., Double Trouble: Multiple Discrimination and EU Law, The European Network of
Legal Experts in the Non-Discrimination Filed, European Anti-Discrimination Law Review Issue
No.2, October 2005.
, .., , , , 2005 .
Hannett S., Equality at the Intersections: The Legislative and Judicial Failure to Tackle Multiple
Discrimination, 23 OJLS 68, 2003 .
85