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UNIFLAIR

TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E - BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
1 (50)
PRECISION AIR CONDITIONING UNITS
MDT / MDD / MDE
0651 - 0702 - 0902 - 1002 - 1302
BDE
2002 - 2402
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
GB
The contents of this document are subject to revision without notice due to continued
progress in methodology, design and manufacturing.
Read this manual before using the unit and keep it in a safe place for future reference.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E - BDE
2 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
UNIFLAIR ITALIA S.r.l.
Via dellindustria, 10
35020 BRUGINE (Padova) Italy
Tel. +39 (0)49 9713211
Fax +39 (0)49 5806906
Internet: www.uniflair.com
E-mail: INFO@uniflair.com
Release:
4.2
Date:
29 - 09 - 2000
Checked by:
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E - BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
3 (50)
INDEX
Page
Important warnings 5
GENERAL DESCRIPTION 6
Documentation enclosed with the unit 6
Description of the unit and intended use 6
MDT: aircooled twin-cool units 7
MDD: watercooled twin-cool units 7
MDE/BDE: energy-saving units 7
Access to main components 8
Data Plate 9
INSTALLATION GUIDE 10
Transport and movement 11
Dimensions and weights 11
Positioning the unit 12
Air distribution 13
Suction plenum 15
Fresh air filter 16
Refrigerant connections (MDT) 17
Water connections (MDD) 19
Water connections (MDD-MDE/BDE) 20
Humidifier connections 23
Connecting the condensate drain 24
Electrical connections 26
Recommended sizes of power supply cables and line fuses 28
START-UP AND TESTING 29
Evacuation of refrigerant circuit and refrigerant charging (MDT) 29
Thermostatic expansion valve regulation (MDT) 30
Remote control 31
Start-up procedure 31
FUNCTION & REGULATION 32
Water-cooled units (MDD) 32
Electrical connection and control of remote radiators (MDE/BDE) 33
Measurement and alarm devices 35
Regulation of condensation pressure (remote air-cooled condenser) 36
Setting the pressostatic valve (optional - water-cooled models only) 36
Setting the regulation and safety devices 37
Setting the airflow sensor 37
Setting the dirty filter sensor (optional) 37
Valve and servomotor 38
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E - BDE
4 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
Page
TECHNICAL DATA 39
General characteristics 39
Electrical data 41
MAINTENANCE 42
Regular checks 42
Changing the Low Pressure pressostat 42
Humidifier 43
PROBLEM SOLVING 46
Temperature control 46
Humidity control 46
Fans 47
Refrigerant circuit 47
Compressors 48
Electric heaters 48
IMPORTANT: the description of the Control System and the operating logic of the unit are given in the
MP20 Control System Instruction Manual.
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E - BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
5 (50)
This unit has been subjected to risk analysis under EC Directive 98/37/EEC (89/392/EEC). The technical solutions
implemented during the design phase are described in the units technical documentation.
This unit is built to perform the functions for which it was designed without risk as long as the installation,
operation and maintenance of the unit are all carried out according to the instructions in this manual and
on the labels on the unit. There are however some residual risks, particularly regarding maintenance.
The risks which are particularly important for the safety of the user are marked with the danger symbol:
IMPORTANT WARNINGS
This unit contains refrigerant gas circuits under pressure, live electrical components, hot surfaces, sharp edges
(such as the coil) and rotating devices such as the fans. Before accessing the inside of the unit, disconnect it
from the electrical power supply.
All service and maintenance operations must be performed when the unit is off and must be done by
qualified and experienced personnel who are aware of the necessary precautions.
In any case, all safety legislation of the installation location must be followed.
In the event of fire, water and other conductive substances must not be used to put out the fire near live electrical
components. This warning must be displayed on notices in the unit installation location.
If the refrigerants used come into contact with fire they decompose, forming acids and other irritants. The smell of
these substances, even at concentrations below danger levels, gives enough warning to allow evacuation of the
area at risk.
Make sure that the power supply voltage corresponds to the value shown on the data plate.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E - BDE
6 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
DOCUMENTATION ENCLOSED WITH THE UNIT
Every MD*-BD* air conditioning unit is supplied complete with the following documents:
Unit instruction manual;
MP20 Microprocessor control instruction manual
Electrical diagrams;
Spare parts list
CE declaration listing the directives and norms which the unit conforms
Guarantee certificate.
UNIT DESCRIPTION AND INTENDED USE
MD*-BD* downflow air conditioning units are designed for high-technology applications such as computer rooms,
telephone exchanges, control rooms, laboratories and clean rooms. Air-cooled direct-expansion units must be
connected to UNIFLAIR CAL-series condensers. Water-cooled direct-expansion units must be connected to
UNIFLAIR RAL-series radiators. All the units are fully assembled and tested in the factory and are built for
applications where safety and reliability cannot be compromised.
ACTIVE SAFETY
control systems provide monitoring and prevention functions via:
Function status indication
Continuous reading and display of the temperature measured by the sensors.
Indication of fault and alarm situations
Automatic stopping of unit components in the event of risk;
Compressor management to reduce the start-up frequency of each compressor and to avoid compressors
being started at the same time.
PASSIVE SAFETY
The essential functions of air conditioning units are protected against faults and potentially dangerous conditions the
control systems which includes:
High and low-pressure pressostats to protect the refrigerant circuit (HP with manual re-set)
Safety valve
Low airflow differential pressostat
Safety thermostat on units with electric heater
Liquid shut-off valve to protect the compressor against migration of liquid refrigerant when the unit is off
Compressor electric motor protection.
PERSONAL SAFETY
The design and wiring of air conditioning units conform to IEC electrical norms. The electrical panels, are equipped
with an auxiliary 24V circuit and include individual short circuit protection using automatic circuit breakers. Fans are
fitted with metals grilles conforming to IEC safety norms.
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E - BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
7 (50)
MDT: AIRCOOLED TWIN-COOL UNITS
MDT TWIN-COOL units include two independent cooling systems:
- direct expansion with air-cooled condensers;
- chilled water.
The unit is connected to the remote condensers with refrigerant tubes and to the chilled water piping system.
The microprocessor automatically maintains room temperature by controlling:
- switch over between the two cooling systems;
- compressor operation during direct expansion function when the chilled water supply is unavailable;
- the modulating motorised valve during chilled water function.
For further details please refer to the microprocessor manual.
MDD: WATERCOOLED TWIN-COOL UNITS
MDD Twin-Cool units have 2 independent cooling systems:
- direct expansion with water-cooled condensers;
- chilled water.
The unit is connected to the condenser cooling water supply as well as to the chilled water piping system. The
microprocessor automatically maintains room temperature by controlling:
- switch over between the two cooling systems;
- compressor operation during direct expansion function, when chilled water supply is unavailable;
- the modulating motorised valve during chilled water function.
For further details please refer to the microprocessor manual.
MDE/BDE: ENERGY-SAVING UNITS
ENERGYSAVING units include two independent cooling systems:
- direct expansion with water-cooled condensers supplied with water pumped in closed circuit and cooled by
external radiators;
- chilled water coil (economiser), connected in to the closed circuit glycol loop between the condensers and the
external radiators.
Whenever the outside temperature falls below the room temperature, the ENERGYSAVING unit starts to take
advantage of the free cooling effect i.e.: cooling without the need to operate compressors.
During warm weather the unit operates like a conventional glycolcooled system (diagram A) with the 3way valve
bypassing the economiser coil. In cooler weather or at night when the outside temperature drops and the
water/glycol mixture leaving the radiator becomes colder than the room, the economiser coil is fed via the 3way
valve to provide a freecooling effect and reduce the amount of direct expansion cooling required (diagram B).
When the outside temperature falls further there comes a point at which the free-cooling effect provided by the
economiser is sufficient to meet the entire heat load and no direct expansion cooling is required at all.
In this mode an ENERGY-SAVING unit operates like a chilled water unit with the 3way valve controlling the flow
through the economiser coil (diagram C).
The microprocessor provides fully automatic control of the unit (for further details please refer to the mP20
microprocessor manual).
Fig. 1.A Fig. 1.B Fig. 1.C
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E - BDE
8 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
ACCESS TO MAIN COMPONENTS
The unit can be accessed from all sides by removing the covering panels.
MODELS MD* 0651-1302 MODELS BDE 2002-2402
E
1
D
A
2
B
C
Fig. 2.a.
C
E
2
1
D
A
B
Fig. 2.b.
SIDE ACCESS
REQUIRED
SIDE ACCESS
REQUIRED
FRONT PANELS
Front panel removal does not require the use of tools. The main panel
A
(see figs. 2.a. and 2.b.) is hinged and
opens on release of handle
B
when pressed at the indicated point; this operation also frees the panel
C
. The
remaining panels are engaged at the bottom and held to the front of the unit by spring-loaded catches; for
removal, pull the top edge of the panel forward to release the catches (operation 1 ) and lift (operation 2 ). Do the
opposite for assembly.
SIDE PANELS
These are fixed with five internal screws as follows:
- three screws
D
distributed on the front side uprights, accessible after removal of the front panels;
- two screws
E
on the rear uprights; the screws are marked with the symbol shown in fig. 3. and accessible at the
bottom of the filter compartment (with the filters removed) and at the end of the fan compartment.
Fig. 3.
REAR PANELS
The rear panels are fixed with screws on each side.
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E - BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
9 (50)
DATA PLATE
The data plate is in the electrical panel housing and shows:
- Unit model and serial number
- Power supply (voltage, number of phases and frequency)
- Power absorption of the unit and of the main components;
- Current absorption of the unit and of the main components: OA (Operating current), FLA (Full load current) and
LRA (Locked rotor current);
- Setting values of the refrigerant circuit pressostats (high and low pressure) and of the other regulation and safety
devices;
- Refrigerant type and charging of refrigerant circuit.
MODEL SERIAL No.
POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE
ELECTRICAL CURRENT
OA FLA LRA KW TOTALI
SETTING OF SAFETY DEVICES
REFRIGERANT
Fig. 4.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E - BDE
10 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
INSTALLATION GUIDE
TRANSPORT AND MOVEMENT
The unit should not be turned on its back or upside-down, or exposed to the weather and should be taken as near as
possible to the installation location before removing the cardboard packing and the pallet.
The unit can be lifted:
- with a fork-lift, placing the forks in the appropriate slots of the pallet;
- with straps passed under the unit, making sure that they do not put pressure on the upper rim of the unit.
The unit must be stored, preferably in its packing, under cover and protected from excessive humidity (< 90% R.H.) and
temperature (< 50C).
The dimensions and weight of the unit with packaging are given below:
MD*
mm
0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
M
1510 1740 1740 2440 2440
N
2135 2135 2135 2135 2135
O
720 720 720 720 720
kg
475 535 545 640 650
N
M
O
BDE
mm
2002 2402
M
2710 2710
N
2135 2135
O
920 920
kg
900 930
Fig. 5.
The symbols applied to the units packaging conform to ISO7000; they are explained in the table below.
SYMBOL MEANING SYMBOL MEANING
FRAGILE: handle with care. THIS SIDE UP shows the
orientation of the unit.
PROTECT AGAINST MOISTURE:
the packaged unit must be stored
in a dry place.
TEMPERATURE LIMITS: the unit
must not be stored outside these
limits.
CENTRE OF GRAVITY: shows the
centre of gravity of the packaged
unit.
NO HOOKS: do not use hooks to
lift the packed unit.
KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT: the
unit must be kept away from heat
sources.
DO NOT STACK
RECEIVING THE UNIT
When the unit arrives, check that it is complete and in perfect condition; notify the carrier immediately in writing of any
damage that might have been caused in transit.
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E - BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
11 (50)
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS
MD*
mm 0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
A 1440 1670 1670 2370 2370
A1 1400 1630 1630 2330 2330
B 1970 1970 1970 1970 1970
C 650 650 650 650 650
C1 645 645 645 645 645
D*) 700 700 700 700 700
E**) 900 900 900 900 900
kg 450 500 510 600 610
NOTE: Maximum tolerance on height B is 5 mm
*) Free space for maintenance
**) Free side access in the unlikely event of coil replacement
C
D
A
A
1
B
C
1
1
60
Fig. 6.
E
BDE
mm
2002 2402
A
2640 2640
A1
2600 2600
B
1970 1970
C
850 850
C1
845 845
D
(1)
700 700
E
(2)
900 900
F1
(3)
700 700
F2
(4)
2500 2500
kg
850 880
NOTE: Maximum tolerance on height B is 5 mm
(1)
Free space for maintenance
(2)
Free space for access to the compressors
(3)
Free space for access to water connections
(4)
Free space for coil repalcement
Fig. 7.
60
A
A
1
B
D
C
1
1
E
F2
C
F1
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E - BDE
12 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
POSITIONING THE UNIT
The unit can be placed directly on the floor. If possible it should be fixed to the floor with the brackets used to hold
the unit to the transport pallet.
The unit must be perfectly level with a maximum difference of 5 mm between sides: an inclination could cause the
condensate tray to overflow.
IMPORTANT: the unit must be installed in a closed environment and protected from adverse conditions.
Fit an elastic gasket around the base of the unit to avoid the transmission of noise and vibrations.
HEIGHT ADJUSTABLE MOUNTING FRAME (optional)
A support frame is recommended:
- to enable installation of the unit before the raised floor is installed;
- to absorb mechanical vibrations;
- to facilitate the connection of pipes and cables.
The height of the optional mounting frame is variable between 200 and 600mm (shown as X in Fig. 8.); other
heights are available on request.
To avoid the transmission of vibrations, fit an elastic seal at least 5mm thick between the support frame and the
floor panels; the frame must also be isolated from the floor structure.
MD* BDE
mm
0651 0702
0902
1002
1302
2002
2402
A1
1400 1630 2330 2600
C1
645 645 645 845
A
1
C
1
X
X = 200 600 mm
Fig. 8.
The seal goes in this gap
The seal goes in this gap
Mounting frame
Raised floor
Down-flow Unit
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E - BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
13 (50)
WORKING SPACE MD*0651-1302
To facilitate maintenance, leave at least 700mm free space in front of the unit as shown in the diagram (fig. 6. -
point D). Side access may be necessary in the unlikely event of coil replacement.
WORKING SPACE BDE 2002-2402
To facilitate maintenance, leave at least 700mm free space in front of the unit as shown in the diagram (fig. 7. -
point D). With BDE 2002-2402 units 1 metre free space must also be left clear to the right of the unit (fig. 7. - E) in
order to allow access to the compressors for refrigerant charging and other maintenance operations and 700 mm
free space must also be left clear to the left of the unit (fig. 7. - F1) in order to allow access to water connections.
Side access from the left side may be also necessary in the unlikely event of coil replacement; leave around 2.5
metre free space for this purpose (fig. 8. - F2).
AIR DISTRIBUTION
Treated air is delivered into the raised floor cavity and distributed through it into the room. Since the cooling capacity
of the unit depends on the air flow, pay particular attention to:
a) the hole in the raised floor under the unit; this must have the dimensions labelled G and H and the unit must
be positioned exactly over the centre. The gap must not be even partially obstructed be sections of panels,
stringers, pipes; fit an elastic gasket around the base of the unit to avoid the transmission of noise and
vibrations.
30
G
H
BDE
mm
2002 2402
G
2540 2540
H
790 790
MD*
mm
0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
G
1340 1570 1570 2270 2270
H
590 590 590 590 590
Fig. 9.a.
Without optional Mounting Frame
b) free air flow in the raised floor cavity; the cavity under the raised floor must be at least 200-250 mm high, not
including the thickness of raised floor panels and stringers and free from obstructions, especially near the unit;
c) grilles and holes for air distribution in the room; the air comes out of grilles or holes in the floor; the location
and dimensions of these vents must correspond to the room heat load pattern.
The air velocity out of the raised floor should be between 1 and 2.5 m/s
The total free area (the sum of the sections of the air outlets) necessary for each model is calculated by dividing the
total air flow rate (in m
3
/s) by the required airflow velocity (in m/s).
The nominal airflow for each model is given in the technical data section of this manual. The location and
dimensions of the outlets must correspond to the room heat load pattern and to the layout of the units.
IMPORTANT: An insufficient outlet area reduces the airflow and the cooling capacity of the units: keep the
air outlet completely clear.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E - BDE
14 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
The exact dimensions of the air delivery section are shown in the diagrams below.
MD*
Model 0651 0702-0902 1002-1302
A 60 275 275
B 1320 1335 2035
A B 60
45
215
390
Fig. 9.b.
BDE
Model 2002 2402
265 562 401 562 850
47
484
314
Fig. 9.c.
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E - BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
15 (50)
SUCTION PLENUM
The air intake can be ducted with a connection via an optional plenum to the suspended ceiling or a return air duct.
This plenum is available in a sound-absorbing version and with a removable front panel for removing the filter.
MD*
mm 0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
A
1400 1630 1630 2330 2330
C
610
H1
600
H1
25
A
F
10.b.
20
5
FRONT OF
UNIT
25
10.a.
C
BDE
mm 2002 2402
A
2600
C
810
H1
600
Fig. 10.
Fit optional plate
F
(see fig 10.) in front of the recirculation air filter housing to guarantee air tightness.
Details of the top edge for fastening the return air extension hood are shown in figs.
10.a.
and
10.b.
.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E - BDE
16 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
FRESH AIR FILTER
(optional)
The optional fresh air filter must be fitted to the left-hand side of the unit during installation, over the hole which
allows air into the fan section (see fig. 11.).
Connect the lower opening of the module to the nearest external air intake via a circular flexible tube with minimum
diameter 80mm; secure the tube to the module with a band or tie.
The flexible tube must be kept as short as possible; if the length is more than 6/7 metres, the optional forced
ventilation module (external fan) should be fitted on the tube.
To change the fresh air filter:
1) slide the cover of the module upwards;
2) take out the filter cartridge
3) put the new cartridge in and replace the cover.
MODELS MD*0651 - 1302 MODELS BDE 2002 - 2402
FIG. 11.a
125
150
100 mm
Model 0651only
Models
0702-1302
Fig. 11.b
90
100 mm
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
17 (50)
REFRIGERANT CONNECTIONS (MDT)
Each refrigeration circuit must be connected to its remote air-cooled condenser with one copper pipe for the gas
output and one for the liquid return.
Sealant is used on the threaded compressor intake and output connections: AREXONS 35A42 for diameters up to
and AREXONS 35A72 for larger diameters.
The figure below shows the base of the unit with the holes for the liquid line
L
and the gas output
G
..
L G
W1
W2 100***
W3 100
Fig. 12.
G L
*** 80 mm on model 0651 only
MDT 0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
W1
70
W2
770 195
W3
- 895
W4
170
W5
460
W6
70
L
3/4
G
3/4
G: Gas discharge line
L: Liquid return line
REFRIGERANT PIPING: SUGGESTED SIZES
The table shows recommended diameters for output and liquid lines for distances up to 20 metres.
MODEL: 0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
Number of lines
1 2
Gas discharge pipe
18 mm
( 3/4)
16 mm
( 5/8)
18 mm
( 3/4)
Liquid return pipe
16 mm
( 5/8)
The table shows recommended diameters for output and liquid lines for distances up to 30 metres.
MODEL: 0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
Number of lines
1 2
Gas discharge pipe
22 mm
( 7/8)
18 mm
( 3/4)
22 mm
( 7/8)
Liquid return pipe
18 mm
( 3/4)
16 mm
( 5/8)
22 mm
( 7/8)
Pipes should have a total length of less than 30 metres and must be laid by
an expert refrigeration technician in accordance with the instructions in fig. 13.
Pay special attention to:
- insulation of the gas piping in the raised floor;
- protection of the liquid piping against the sun and other heat sources.
D
e
1 mm
The values shown in the table refer to external
diameter; pipe wall thickness is 1mm.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
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MD.T-D-E, BDE
18 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
LIQUIDO
OUTPUT
1/100
MAX 30 METRES
LIQUID
OUTPUT
1/100
N.B.: piping must be protected from sunlight
Fig. 13.c
MAX 5
METRES
MAX 15
METRES
MAX 5
METRES
SYPHON
Fig. 13.a
Fig. 13.b
LIQUID
OUTPUT
1/100
MAX 5
METRES
THERMAL
INSULATION
THERMAL
INSULATION
THERMAL
INSULATION
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
19 (50)
WATER CONNECTIONS (MDT)
Check chilled water pipe size and pump characteristics: insufficient water flow affects unit performance.
Connect the unit to the piping system making sure that chilled water flows into the unit through the lower connection
and comes out from side connection; seal the holes where the pipes pass through the base of the unit in order to
avoid bypass of air.
For all hydraulic connections (except the condensate drain) use:
flexible pipes to avoid the transmission of vibrations and to enable the unit to be moved;
3 piece junctions, near the connections to enable the unit to be removed if necessary;
shut-off valves to isolate the unit from the water circuit: if possible use full flow sphere valves to minimise
pressure drop.
Insulate all the chilled water pipes with closed cell insulating material (e.g. Armaflex or equivalent) to avoid
condensation; insulation must allow access to valves and joints.
Install a mechanical filter in the section of tubing near the intake of the unit to prevent the fouling of the
heat exchanger with pieces of welding or flakes of oxidised metal from the water mains.
MDT 0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
I1
330 190 210
I2
90 30 60
I3
35 45 35
U1
330 95 120
U2
285 105 185
U3
245 260 245
I 1 G.f 1. G.f 1. G.f.
U 1 G.f 1. G.f 1. G.f.
I: chilled water intake
U: chilled water output
U
3
I
3
I
U
SIDE
I
U
Fig. 14.a.
U1 I1
I
U
I2
U2
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
20 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
WATER CONNECTIONS (MDD-MDE/BDE)
WATER CONNECTIONS - MDD
Check chilled water pipe size and pump characteristics: insufficient water flow affects unit performance.
Connect the unit to the piping system making sure that chilled water flows into the unit through the lower connection
and comes out from side connection; seal the holes where the pipes pass through the base of the unit in order to
avoid bypass of air.
For all hydraulic connections (except the condensate drain) use:
flexible pipes to avoid the transmission of vibrations and to enable the unit to be moved;
3 piece junctions, near the connections to enable the unit to be removed if necessary;
shut-off valves to isolate the unit from the water circuit: if possible use full flow sphere valves to minimise
pressure drop.
Insulate all the chilled water pipes with closed cell insulating material (e.g. Armaflex or equivalent) to avoid
condensation; insulation must allow access to valves and joints.
Install a mechanical filter in the section of tubing near the intake of the unit to prevent the fouling of the
heat exchanger with pieces of welding or flakes of oxidised metal from the water mains.
MDD 0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
I1
330 190 210
I2
90 30 60
I3
35 45 35
U1
330 95 120
U2
285 105 185
U3
245 260 245
I 1 G.f 1. G.f 1. G.f.
U 1 G.f 1. G.f 1. G.f.
I: chilled water intake
U: chilled water output
U
3
I
3
I
U
SIDE
I
U
Fig. 14.b.
U1 I1
I
U
I2
U2
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
21 (50)
The water-cooled condenser must be connected to the cooling water piping system, making sure that water flows
into the condenser through the lower connection
I
and leaves through the upper connection
U
.
Use:
- flexible hoses to avoid transmission of vibrations;
- 3 piece unions, close to the connections, to permit possible removal of the unit;
- shut-off valves to isolate the unit from the water circuit: if possible use full flow ball valves to minimise the water
pressure drop.
If the water temperature may drop below the dew point of the treated air, insulate the water pipes with closed cell insulating
material (e.g. Armaflex or equivalent) to avoid condensation; insulation must allow access to valves and joints.
Seal the holes where the pipes pass through the base of the unit in order to avoid by-pass of air.
N.B.: cooling water pressure should not exceed 1000 kPa (10 bar).
If the cooling water temperature is uncontrolled and may drop below 25C, the use of a pressure operated water
regulating valve (available as an optional extra) for each condenser is required; in this case the water pressure
should not fall below 200 kPa (2 bar).
IMPORTANT: the use of an evaporating cooling tower without efficient water treatment is not recommended since
scale build-up could rapidly clog the condensers.
MDD 0651 0702 0902 1002 1302
W1
70
W2
770 195
W3
- 895
W4
170
W5
460
W6
70
I
w
1 G.f 1. G.f 1. G.f.
U
w
1 G.f 1. G.f 1. G.f.
I: Condenser water intake
U: Condenser water output
A
A
U
w
I
w
U
w
I
w
W
5
W
4
W
6
SECTION. A-A
MDD units only
Iw* Uw*
W1
W2 100***
W3 100 Fig. 15.
* MDD units only
Uw* Iw*
*** 80 mm on model 0651 only
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
22 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
WATER CONNECTIONS - MDE/BDE
MDE BDE
0651 0702 0902 1002 1302 2002 2402
E1
330 190 210 200 200
E2
195 75 135 110 110
E3
280 280 550 515 515
E4
70 70 70 105 105
I
e
1 G.f 1. G.f 1. G.f.
U
e
1 G.f 1. G.f 1. G.f.
E
1
I
e
E
2
E
3
U
e
E
4
Fig. 16.a.
MDE 0651 - 1302
Fig. 16.b.
C-(D)
F
55 120
70 195
I
e
U
e
E
1
645
E
2 E
4
E
3
BDE 2002 - 2402
IMPORTANT: the units should operate with a mixture of water and ethylene glycol (containing passivating inhibitors
to prevent corrosion) in proportion to the external minimum design temperature. To prevent freezing during
dehumidification, the circuit must always contain at least 10% glycol.
Percentage in weight of ethylene glycol 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%
Freezing temperature -4C -10C -17C -25C -37C
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
23 (50)
HUMIDIFIER CONNECTION
Connect the humidifier intake (fig. 17.
F
) to the building water supply using the 6 mm internal diameter flexible
plastic tube included with the unit and a shut-off valve.
OPTIONAL Humidifier
(versions D and H only)
Fig. 17.a.
F
C
D
C2
C1 F1
F2
F
C
C-(D)
F
C1
F1
C2
F2
Fig. 17.b.
355
SIDE
(section)
C2
F
C
MD* BD*
0651 0702 0902 1002 1302 2002 2402
C1
95 70 65 65
C2
160 225 265 265
F1
185 220 120 120
F2
15 65 195 195
C (D) 25 25 25
F 6 6 6
C(D): Condensate / Humidifier drain
F: Humidifier feed
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
24 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
The characteristics of the water supply must be within the following limits:
MINIMUM MAXIMUM
Mains pressure 1 bar 10 bar
Electrical conductivity at 25C 125 S/cm 1250 S/cm
Dimensions of impurities - 0.1mm
A mechanical filter with a mesh less than 50m should be used.
Do not use water from de-mineralising or water softening plants.
The figure below represents connection of the condensate drain for unit versions D and H.
At the condensate collection tray of the evaporating coil two corrugated siphoned tubes are connected (B1 e B2)
and meet at the "T" form (B3) from which leaves the connection to the humidifier drain.
During instalation, the water drain attachment (C-(D)) is connected to the buildings waste water drain by means of a
rubber or plastic tube with a resistance to temperatures reaching 100 C.
A siphon must be provided on the piping on the outside of the unit, to avoid that water levels can rise and
overflow the humidifier tray.
At the end of the siphon the pipe should have an inclination that is sufficient to provide water discharge (at least
equal to 1%).
B1
B2
C -(D)
1
1
B3
B1 B2
B3
Sez. 1-1
C -(D)
B3
Sez. 2-2
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
25 (50)
CONNECTING THE CONDENSATE DRAIN
The figure represents connection of the condensate drain for unit versions C and T.
At the condensate collection tray of the evaporating coil two corrugated siphoned tubes are connected (B1 and B2)
and meet at the "T" form (B3)
B1
B2
C (-D)
B3
During installation, the water drain (C-(D)) is connected to the the buildings waste water drain by means of a rubber
or plastic tube with an internal diameter of 25 mm with a resistance to temperatures reaching 100 C.
A siphon must be provided on the piping on the outside of the unit, to avoid that water levels can rise and
overflow the condensate tray.
At the end of the siphon the pipe should have an inclination that is sufficient to provide water discharge (at least
equal to 1%).
If used, the optional condensate pump should be placed at a lower level than the output connection; the pump head
pressure must be sufficient to deliver the condensate to the drain.
C-(D)
> 1 %
Syphone
Minimum inclination
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
26 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
Correct and accurate electrical connections, carried out in compliance with local
regulations, are extremely important for the prevention of accidents and for ensuring
long, trouble-free operation.
ACCESS TO THE ELECTRICAL PANEL
Before working on the electrical parts of the unit, make sure that there is no power supply to the unit and that the
switch on the electrical panel is off (in the O position);
The power section of the electrical panel is protected by a plastic cover; to remove this cover, turn off the main
switch to release the lock and then undo the four screws.
CONNECTION TO THE MAINS - CABLE SECTIONS - FUSES
Check that the mains voltage corresponds to the nominal data of the unit (voltage, phases, frequency) shown on the
electrical panel.
Power supply voltage must be within 6% of the nominal value. In tri-phase units the difference between the phases
must be less than 2%: unit operation with power supplies outside these limits may invalidate the guarantee.
Pass the electrical supply cable through the hole in the bottom of the unit. The cable can also be passed through
the sides or back of the base frame after opening the pre-cut holes.
See also the table Recommended cable sections and line fuses .
Take the cable up to terminal box
A
(fig.18.) containing the terminals of the 3 phase wires and of the yellow-green
earth wire (detail
B
).
Fix the ends of the power supply cable to the top terminals of the general switch in the electrical panel and tighten
the screws.
N.B. in MD*0651 and BDE units the neutral wire must also be connected (detail
C
).
L1 L2 L3
B
L1 L2 L3 N
C
70
70
FIG. 18.
A
MD* 0651 - 1302
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
27 (50)
Fig. 19.
A
L1 L2 L3 N
B
BDE 2002 - 2402
INSTALLATION AND CONNECTION OF CONTROL PANEL
The control is not installed on the unit when it is shipped to prevent damage during transport. The package
containing the control is in the fan housing on the right hand side of the unit.
Fix the control panel(s) in accordance with the enclosed instructions and insert the cable connectors in the
respective slots without forcing them (see control panel instruction manual).
IMPORTANT: the connection of the control panel must always be carried out when the power is off (electrical
panel switch in position O).
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
28 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
RECOMMENDED POWER SUPPLY CABLE SECTIONS AND LINE FUSES
UNIT - VERSION C UNIT - VERSION T UNIT - VERSION D UNIT - VERSION H
MODEL
LINE FUSES LINE FUSES LINE FUSES LINE FUSES
MD...0651 4x2.5 + 2.5PE 40A 4x2.5 + 2.5PE 40A 4x4 + 4PE 40A 4x6 + 6PE 50A
MD...0702 3x2.5 + 2.5PE 40A 3x2.5 + 2.5PE 40A 3x4 + 4PE 50A 3x4 + 4PE 50A
MD...0902 3x4 + 4PE 40A 3x4 + 4PE 40A 3x10 + 10PE 50A 3x10 + 10PE 50A
MD...1002 3x4 + 4PE 40A 3x4 + 4PE 40A 3x10 + 10PE 50A 3x10 + 10PE 50A
MD...1302 3x6 + 6PE 50A 3x6 + 6PE 50A 3x10 + 10PE 63A 3x10 + 10PE 63A
BD...2002 4x25+16PE 125A 4x25+16PE 125A 4x25+16PE 125A 4x25+16PE 125A
BD...2402 4x25+16PE 125A 4x25+16PE 125A 4x25+16PE 125A 4x25+16PE 125A
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D.E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
29 (50)
START-UP AND TESTING
EVACUATION OF REFRIGERANT LINES AND REFRIGERANT
CHARGING (MDT)
The unit is supplied pre-charged with refrigerant R22 or R407C.
Check the type of refrigerant to use on the unit data plate and on the compressor.
Create a vacuum in the refrigerant lines and the remote condenser; maintain pressure below 100 Pa
absolute (0,7 mmHg) for several hours (preferably overnight) in order to evacuate air and any moisture
traces.
Start the compressor and then slowly charge the system with refrigerant through the special valve
downstream of the thermostatic valve. Charge the system until the pressure in the lines is stable and the
bubbles in the sight glass have disappeared.
The charging must be done under normal room conditions and with an output pressure of around 18 bar
(equivalent to a saturation temperature of 48C in the case of R22); If the unit has on-off condensation
control, make sure that the condenser fan does not keep switching on and off, if necessary by partially
obstructing the intake area.
Check that the subcooling of the liquid at the thermostatic valve intake is between 3 and 5C less than the
condensation temperature reading on the manometer scale and that the superheating of the vapour at the
evaporator output is between 5 and 8C.
The dilution ratio of the system is around 5% by weight of oil to refrigerant. In the event that it is necessary
to top up the oil use only these types:
COPELAND COMPRESSORS
Refrigerant Recommended Oil
R22 (Mineral oil) Suniso 3 GS Texaco WF 32 Fuchs KM
R407C (POE) Mobil EAL Arctic 22 CC ICI EMKARATE RL 32S
MANEUROP COMPRESSORS
Refrigerant Recommended Oil
R22 (Mineral oil) Maneurop 160P
R407C (POE) Maneurop 160SZ
INSTRUCION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D.E, BDE
30 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION VALVE REGULATION (MDT)
The thermostatic expansion valve is set using the regulation screws shown in the diagram below (fig. 20.).
On MDD and MDE/BDE models the regulation is pre-set in the factory.
NOTICE: The instructions as below must be done when the unit is operating in Cooling function,
under the following operating conditions:
- Indoor temperature: 24C.
- Outdoor temperature: 32C.
NOTICE: Observe the glide with refrigerant R407C.
Check that liquid subcooling at the condenser output is around 3-5C (against bubble point for R407C);
Check that thermostatic expansion valve superheating is around 5-10C (against dew point for R407C);
Check that the sensor bulb of the valve is correctly positioned, fixed and insulated.
If superheating is higher than the correct level, increase the valve opening; if it is lower, reduce the
opening.
Bulb Expansion valve
Equaliser tube
Evaporator
coil
Regulation screw
Fig. 20.
The table below shows the approximate changes in superheating resulting from one full turn of the
thermostatic expansion valve regulation screw.
Model Valve Refrigerant Evaporation temperature
Pressure change per turn (bar)
-10C 0 +10C
Change in superheating from one turn (Kelvin)
0702
TI(E) R22 0.58 4.4 3.5 2.8
R407C 0.58 4.5 3.5 2.7
0651 - 0902
TCLE R22 0.05 0.4 0.3 0.3
1002 - 1302
2002 - 2402
R407C 0.05 0.3 0.2 0.2
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D.E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
31 (50)
REMOTE CONTROL
MP20 control systems feature as standard the automatic management of two units, one operating and one
in stand-by, without the need for additional devices. To enable this, connect terminals NC10-C10 on the 2
nd
level alarm relay on the first unit to remote control terminals 20-50 on the second unit, and vice versa. The
electrical diagram included with the unit shows the terminals for the interconnection of the units.
20
0
Fig. 21.
20
50
Remote
control
ID1
IDCM1 NO10 C10 NC10
2
nd
level alarm
START-UP PROCEDURE
Check that the auxiliary transformer is supplied through the terminal (220/240/380/415) corresponding to
the effective mains voltage.
Connect the power supply to the electrical panel, set the auxiliary automatic circuit breakers, turn on the
current and check that the yellow LINE LED on the control board is on.
Arm all the automatic switches on the electrical panel.
Do not start the unit for at least 12 hours to allow the preheating element to evaporate any liquid refrigerant
which may have accumulated in the compressor.
Open all chilled water shut-off valves (chilled water models: MDT-MDD-MDE/BDE).
Open all condensation water shut-off valves (water-cooled models: MDD-MDE/BDE).
Open all shut-off valves on the refrigerant circuits (air-cooled models: MDT)
Check that power is on to the remote air-cooled condensers (MDT units)
Check that power is on to the remote radiators (MDD-MDE/BDE units)
Check that the cooling water circulating pump is working and power is on to the external radiators (water-
cooled models).
AT LEAST 12 HOURS AFTER TURNING ON THE POWER SUPPLY:
Start the unit by pressing the button on the control terminal; after a short delay the fan will start and
the green LED on the control panel will come on.
If there is an alarm shown by the red ALARM LED and the buzzer, consult the microprocessor control
manual.
INSTRUCION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D.E, BDE
32 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
FUNCTION AND REGULATION
WATER-COOLED UNITS (MDD)
OPEN WATER CIRCUIT
If the cooling water temperature is not controlled and may go below 28C, a pressostatic valve must be
fitted for each condenser; in this case the supply pressure must not go above 200 kPa (2 bar).
IMPORTANT: do not use water cooled by an evaporating tower since the condensers would quickly
become blocked with scale.
CLOSED WATER CIRCUIT
The condensers are supplied with water in a closed circuit cooled by external radiators; check that the
section of the piping and the performance of the pump are sufficient. An inadequate water flow reduces the
performance of the air conditioning unit.
The cooling water temperature must be controlled so that it does not go below 28C (fig. 22).
The microprocessor control system performs this function; it measures the water temperature with optional
sensor
A
, adjusting the fans
C
of the external radiators (see mP20 instruction manual - analogue output
"Y1").
If the temperature of the cooling water is not controlled, a constant water flow condensation pressure
regulation system must be used (available as an option) on each cooling circuit.
IMPORTANT: the cooling water must contain a percentage of ethylene glycol (of the passive, non-
corrosive type) in proportion to the likely minimum outdoor temperature.
Percentage of glycol by weight 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%
Freezing temperature -4C -10C -17C -25C -37C
T
C
A
28 C
Fig. 22.
Limit of equipment
supplied by UNIFLAIR
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D.E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
33 (50)
ELECTRICAL CONNECTION AND CONTROL OF REMOTE RADIATORS
(MDE/BDE)
The room units need to be wired to the radiators only for transmitting the signal required to control the
radiator operation, as described hereafter.
The remote radiators - electrically supplied from the nearest power point, independently from the room unit
- must be provided with a fan contactor whose coil shall be energised with a 24 V AC signal to start the
fans.
In MDE units the microprocessor measures and compares the return air temperature and the outdoor
temperature and, when feasible, switches from the mechanical cooling mode to the energy-saving mode.
The microprocessor measures also the coolant temperature and, when this is lower than the return air
temperature, opens the 3-way valve to feed the free cooling coil (analogue output Y0).
The water/glycol coolant temperature is kept at two different levels:
- at approx. 28-34C, to be set according to the design conditions, during the warm weather mode
(operation with mechanical cooling only);
- between 8 and 10C during the energy-saving mode (free-cooling operation).
The microprocessor has the capability of controlling the coolant temperature (with the NO contact 13
placed in the interface card: refer to the mP10/mP20 microprocessor manual) according to one of the
following systems.
WATER CIRCUIT WITH ONLY ONE ROOM UNIT (see fig. 23.a.)
The ENERGY-SAVING unit measures with its own sensor the coolant temperature and controls it by
energising the contactor of the radiator (max 2 pieces) through the contact 13 of the interface card.
The radiator can be alternatively of the type:
- without thermostatic control. The microprocessor of the room unit controls at any time the coolant
temperature providing an on-off signal to start the radiator fan(s)
- with thermostatic fan speed control by regulating fan speed.
During the mechanical cooling mode the radiator controls the coolant temperature with its built-in
thermostatic fan speed control.
During the Energy-Saving cycle the microprocessor controls the coolant temperature providing an on-off
signal to start the radiator fan(s).
WATER CIRCUIT WITH MULTIPLE ROOM UNITS AND RADIATORS IN PARALLEL (see fig. 23.b.)
In multiple installations, with several room units (each one capable of fully independent operation) and
several radiators connected in parallel in the same water circuit, the control system is more flexible.
The coolant temperature is controlled by the RADIATOR MANAGER (RM in fig. 23.b.), a separate
electrical panel with an independent multi-step solid state temperature controller with two different and
individually programmable set points (Summer & Energy-Saving).
The RADIATOR MANAGER (available in 4-step and 8-step version) is connected with a double wire:
- to each MDE room unit which, by closing the contact 13 of its interface card, has the capability to switch
the operation from the mechanical cooling mode to the energy-saving mode;
- to the contactor coil of each radiator to start and stop its fans.
In this case too, the radiators can be either:
- without thermostatic control: The RADIATOR MANAGER keeps the coolant temperature at the set
value by controlling the number of operating radiators;
- with thermostatic fan speed control: During mechanical cooling, each radiator controls coolant
temperature with its own fan speed control.
During the Energy-Saving cycle The RADIATOR MANAGER keeps the coolant temperature at the set
value with the step control of the number of operating radiators
N.B.: The mP10/mP20 microprocessor provides a 0-10V DC modulating signal to control radiator fans via
specific fan speed control (analogue output Y1); further information is available on request.
INSTRUCION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D.E, BDE
34 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
T
FIG. 23.a
A
T
FIG. 23.b.
A
T
A
RM
S
UNIFLAIR
TM
DIRECTION FOR USE
MD.T-D.E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
35 (50)
MEASUREMENT AND ALARM DEVICES
The unit is equipped with the following devices (see fig 24.):
- STU: room temperature and humidity sensor;
- FS: air flow sensor (differential pressostat)
- PFS: dirty filter sensor (differential pressostat);
- AP: high pressure p-stat with manual reset
- BP: low pressure p-stat witch with automatic re-set
- TSR: electric heater safety thermostat; the re-set button is in the coil housing
- Chilled water temperature sensor (for reading and controlling CW operation in MDT and MDD models) installed
on the chilled water supply pipe to the unit
- SE: external air temperature sensor (in MDE/BDE models) to be installed outdoors in the shade
- SCW: closed circuit water temperature sensor (in MDE/BDE models for reading and control of glycoled water
supply temperature): installed on the water supply pipe to the unit
The following optional devices can be connected to the microprocessor control:
- Underfloor flooding detector consisting of:
a) SAS device inserted in the appropriate socket of the electrical panel;
b) RAS sensor (or sensors, connected in parallel) installed at the points to be monitored;
- ATA and BTA: high/low room temperature sensors: to be installed close to the unit;
- AUA and BUA: high/low room humidity sensors: to be installed close to the room unit;
- SFF: fire and smoke sensors: to be installed in the room or under the raised floor, in a low air-speed zone.
RAS
FS
PFS
Fig. 24.a.
SAS
TSR
STU
SI
mP20
BP
AP
RAS
Fig. 24.b.
SAS
TSR
BP
AP
FS PFS
MP20
MDT / MDD / MDE 0651 - 1302 BDE 2002 - 2402
DIRECTION FOR USE
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D.E, BDE
36 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
REGULATION OF CONDENSATION PRESSURE
(Remote air-cooled condenser)
Unit condensation temperature must be between:
- minimum 40C (for correct thermostatic expansion valve function and to avoid freezing of the coil in partial
operation)
- maximum 63C.
For this purpose there are condensation pressure regulation devices which should be set as follows.
Condensation pressure is controlled by regulation of the condenser fan by one of these options which must be
chosen when the REMOTE CONDENSER is ordered (see CAL Instruction Manual):
1) pressostat PV which measures condensation pressure and activates the fan of the air-cooled condenser;
2) regulator RV which modulates the speed of the fan as a function of condensation pressure.
The table below shows the settings of the two systems.
Description Intervention Differential Re-set
PV standard Fan Pressostat 18 bar (closing) 4 bar 14 bar
RV optional Speed regulator 20 bar (maximum speed) 4 bar 16 bar (minimum speed)
When setting the pressostat or the regulator, check the condensation pressure with a manometer connected to the
pressure connector of the gas output valve.
SETTING THE PRESSOSTATIC VALVE
(Optional - water cooled models only)
The pressostatic valve controls the water flow to prevent condensation pressure from falling too low and to reduce
water consumption.
Set the pressostatic valve with the regulation knob (clockwise to increase the pressure) until the pressure is stable
at the recommended value of 17 bar (equivalent to a saturation temperature of around 45C in the case of R22).
Check the pressure with a manometer on the pressure connector of the output valve.
UNIFLAIR
TM
DIRECTION FOR USE
MD.T-D.E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
37 (50)
SETTING THE REGULATION AND SAFETY DEVICES
After starting the unit, make the following settings:
- Room temperature: see control manual;
- Room relative humidity (D and H versions): see control manual;
- Fan speed: see section on Fan Speed Regulation;
- Dirty filter differential pressostat: see section on setting the dirty filter sensor.
Check that safety devices are set at the values shown in the table below.
The regulation and safety devices are set in the factory as shown in the table below and must not be changed
without good reason.
SETTING VALUES
Description Intervention Differential Re-set
ALL MODELS
AP HP Pressostat 27.5 bar (opening) - Manual reset
BP LP Pressostat 2.0 bar (opening) 1.5 bar 3.5 bar
TSR Safety Thermostat (optional) 320 C (opening) - Manual reset
VS Safety valve 29 bar - -
WATER-COOLED MODELS
VP Pressostatic valve 15 bar - -
SETTING THE AIRFLOW SENSOR
The FS differential pressostat should intervene if the fan is not working (if the unit has one fan only) or if one of the
fans is not working (in the case of multiple fans).
The setting of the airflow differential pressostat is 1.0 mbar (100 Pa). Since the difference in pressure between the
fan intake and delivery depends on the airflow, it is necessary to set the pressostat after installation, making sure
that the contact closes when the fan is in normal operation. To set the pressostat:
set the fan speed regulator at the required value (see Fan Speed Regulation);
simulate a fan fault (stop the fan, or one of the fans if multiple); check that the pressostat intervenes
if the pressostat does not intervene, gradually lower the setting until it does
The FS differential pressostat can be set on a scale from 0.5 to 5.0 mbar (from 50 to 500 Pa).
SETTING THE DIRTY FILTER SENSOR
(Optional)
The PFS pressostat must be set as a function of the pressure drop; this depends not only on how dirty the filter is
but also on the airflow and therefore on the setting of the fan speed regulator. The setting must be done when the
filter is clean:
- set the fan speed regulator at the desired value (see Fan Speed Regulation);
- set the pressostat intervention at 1.5 mbar;
- gradually cover the surface of the air filter and check that the pressostat intervenes when the filter is about 50-
60% covered;
- if the pressostat does not intervene, gradually lower its setting; if it cuts in too soon, increase the setting.
DIRECTION FOR USE
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D.E, BDE
38 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
VALVE AND SERVOMOTOR
The instructions for the valve and servomotor are on the enclosed sheet included with the unit.
IMPORTANT: Disconnect the power supply before working on the servomotor.
With 24V AC power supply the servomotor moves in proportion to the control signal which varies between 0 and
10V DC.
The servomotor automatically stops:
at the end of its travel;
in the position corresponding to the control signal;
in the position in which it is situated whenever power is disconnected.
OPERATION OF SERVOMOTOR MVB
If there is a problem with the servomotor or thecontrol system, the valve can be moved manually by turning control
knob A (fig. 25.).
If necessary:
1. Pull control knob A out
2. Turn the knob clockwise to lower the valve stem, anti-clockwise to raise it.
A
Manual control knob
Locking nut
Valve steam
A
1. Pull out
2. Turn clockwise to open (the valve stem
moves up)
2. Turn anti-clockwise to close (the valve stem
moves down)
Fig. 25.
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
39 (50)
TECHNICAL DATA
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
These characteristics refer to standard units and may be different for special or modified units.
MD* BD*
0651 0702 0902 1002 1302 2002 2402
TWIN COOL direct expansion function
MDT - air-cooled (1)
Condensing temperature: 48C
total - kW
sensible - kW
22.8
22.8
28.6
28.6
35.2
32.9
38.4
38.4
44.6
44.6
MDD - water-cooled (1)
Condensing temperature: 40C
total - kW
sensible - kW
24.4
24.4
30.9
30.9
38.0
34.0
41.1
41.1
47.6
47.6
MDD - glycol-cooled (2)
Condensing temperature: 52C
total - kW
sensible - kW
22.0
22.0
27.6
27.6
33.7
32.4
37.0
37.0
43.0
43.0
TWIN COOL chilled water function (3)
Cooling capacity total - kW
sensible - kW
30.3
26.2
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
54.5
50.7
54.5
50.7
Chilled water flow rate l/h 5220 5620 5620 9400 9400
Pressure drop- coil only kPa 62 47 47 74 74
Pressure drop - valve kPa 37 16 16 20 20
ENERGY SAVING direct expansion function
MDE-BDE - Cooling capacity (1)
Condensing temperature: 52C
total - kW
sensible - kW
22.0
22.0
27.6
27.6
33.7
32.4
37.0
37.0
43.0
43.0
65.9
65.9
79.9
75.6
ENERGY SAVING free cooling function (2)
Cooling capacity with inlet water
temperature = 7C
total - kW
sensible - kW
24.7
24.7
30.0
30.0
30.6
30.6
46.2
46.2
46.9
46.9
66.2
66.2
73.6
73.6
Cooling capacity with inlet water
temperature = 10C
total - kW
sensible - kW
20.5
20.5
24.9
24.9
25.4
25.4
38.3
38.3
38.9
38.9
54.9
54.9
60.9
60.9
Cooling capacity with inlet water
temperature = 12C
total - kW
sensible - kW
17.6
17.6
21.4
21.4
21.9
21.9
33.0
33.0
33.5
33.5
47.2
47.2
52.4
52.4
Chilled water flow rate l/h 4500 6000 6500 8000 8500 13000 15500
Pressure drop kPa 130 135 130 130 130 115 155
(1) With room at 24C, 50% rH;
(2) With room at 24C, 50% rH; data refer to unit with 30% ethylene glycol in water circuit;
(3) With room at 24C, 50% rH; inlet/outlet water temperature: 7/12C
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
40 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
MD* BD*
0651 0702 0902 1002 1302 2002 2402
FANS
Fan drive direct direct direct direct direct belt drive belt drive
Number 2 2 2 3 3 2 2
Nominal air volume (6) l/s 1.94 2.58 2.58 3.89 3.89
m
3
/h 6980 9290 9290 14000 14000
COMPRESSORS
Number 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
Cooling power ARI (each) kW 19.5 11.0 14.7 15.8 19.5
Absorbed power ARI (each) kW 7.1 3.8 5.1 5.7 7.1 8.9 11.1
AIR FILTERS
Number 2 2 2 3 3 3 3
Frontal Dimensions mm 625x500 750x500 750x500 750x500 750x500 680x750 680x750
EU4 Filter thickness (standard) mm 100 100 100 100 100 150 150
EU5 Filter thickness (optional) mm 300 300 300 300 300 300 300
THREE-WAY VALVE
Valve size 1 1.1/4 1.1/2" 1.1/2" 1.1/2" 2" 2"
kvs coefficient 8.6 14 21 21 21 40 40
ELECTRICAL HEATERS
Total power kW 9 9 9 9 9 18 18
Number of elements 3 6 6
Number of stages 3 3 3
HUMIDIFIER
Nominal steam production kg/h 4.5 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6
Nominal absorbed power kW 3.3 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.9 6.9
(6) Static head pressure: 20Pa
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INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
42 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
MAINTENANCE
REGULAR CHECKS
The following maintenance operations should be done regularly:
WEEKLY:
- check that room conditions on the control panel display are normal;
- check the refrigerant charge; the sight glass should be clear (however the presence of a few bubbles is normal);
- check normal temperature and noise levels of compressor and fans;
- check the air filters; clean or change the filters when the dirty filter alarm comes on;
- check that power supply voltage is within design limits;
MONTHLY:
- check normal condensation and evaporation pressures;
- check the cylinder and the feed and drain valves of the humidifier: replace the cylinder when the specific alarm
comes on (see microprocessor instruction manual);
- check the flow of condensate to the drain;
- check remote condensers or external radiators: remove all foreign objects (leaves, seeds, dust, etc.) with a jet of
compressed air or water;
- check that electrical terminals are tight and in good condition;
- check correct pressostatic valve operation (option on MDD water-cooled models).
YEARLY:
- check that the concentration of ethylene glycol and passivating inhibitor complies with the suppliers instructions
(MDD-MDE/BDE models).
CHANGING THE LOW PRESSURE PRESSOSTAT
The refrigerant circuits of M-series air conditioning
units have schrader needle valves for connecting
manometers or transducers and for refrigerant
charging.
All schrader valves are fitted with needles except the
valve for connecting the High Pressure pressostat.
If there is a fault, the refrigerant circuit must be drained
to change the High Pressure pressostat (AP).
To change the Low Pressure pressostat (BP), simply
undo the capillary connection shown at (2) in the
diagram.
IMPORTANT:
DO NOT UNDO THE PRESSOSTAT SHOWN AT (1)
IN THE DIAGRAM
THIS WOULD ALLOW GAS TO ESCAPE FROM THE REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT.
BP PRESSOSTAT
Fig. 26.
Connection n.1
Pressure connector
Connection n.2
Schrader valve
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
43 (50)
HUMIDIFIER
SYSTEMS COMPONENTS
On request, D and H versions of the unit can be fitted with an immersed-electrode humidifier. The steam production
group consists of the following components.
1. Humidifier interface board: SIU;
2. Current transformer TAM for measuring the current
flowing between the electrodes in the boiler cylinder;
3. Water supply filling tray;
4. High water level detector electrodes in the
boiler cylinder;
5. Overflow pipe;
6. Boiler cylinder;
7. Feed water solenoid valve: EVC;
8. Boiler cylinder drain solenoid valve: EVS.
9. Control board: MP20;
10. Temperature and humidity probe: STU;
2
3
4
6
8
5
7
1
Fig. 27.a.
9. MP20
2. TAM
4
6.
8. EVS
7. EVC
5
3
1. SIU
10. STU
Fig. 27.b. CU
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
44 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
OPERATING PRIINCIPLE OF THE HUMIDIFIER
In the electrode boiler humidifier, the current flowing between the electrodes in the water in the cylinder generates
the heat necessary to boil the water (see fig. 27.).
The rate of current flow, and therefore of steam production measured by the transformer (2.), is controlled by
controlling both the water level and the concentration of salts in the cylinder (6.) by means of the fill- (7.) and drain
(8.) solenoid valve.
On a call for humidification, the CU humidifier contact (see electrical diagram) is closed, providing power to the immersed
electrodes. When the current falls below the value required as a result of a fall in the water level, the feed water solenoid valve
(7.) is opened.
The drain solenoid valve (8.) is opened at intervals depending upon the characteristics of the feed water supply, in
order to mantain the optimum concentration of dissolved salts in the water in the cylinder (6.).
The only maintenance required is periodic inspection and cleaning of the steam boiler components.
This should be carried out at least once a year, preferably before summer holiday shutdown.
BOILER CYLINDER
Scale deposits must be cleaned periodically from the electrodes and
particles of scale must be removed from the filter in the base of the
cylinder.
To dismantle the cylinder:
- drain all the water from the cylinder (see the section on Manual
Controls in the microprocessor control instruction manual).
- cut the power supply by opening the main isolator on the electrical
panel;
- disconnect the steam distributor hose from the top of the cylinder;
- disconnect the power connections to the electrodes by unscrewing
the terminal connectors and pull off the connectors of the high level
electrodes;
- unclip the cylinder fixing bracket;
- pull the cylinder (1.) vertically upwards out of its seat as shown in
fig. 28.
Unscrew the retaining ring (5.) (see fig. 28.) from the base of the
cylinder (1.) and remove the filter (2.). Flush loose scale deposits
from the filter and the inside of the cylinder with water. Clean scale deposits from the electrodes mechanically or
chemically (normal commercially available descaling products can be used ).
The boiler cylinder can be re-used many times after cleaning of the electrodes. However it will eventually require
replacement when the electrode meshes are too worn to make further cleaning worth while. The standard spare
part comprises only the cylinder itself (1.) and the gasket (3.): the filter (2.), retaining ring (5.) and connecting piece
(4.) are items which are not normally subject to wear and can be re-used with the new cylinder.
1
2
3
4
5
Fig. 28.
Manual Override
Humidifier
Drain Valve Y
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
45 (50)
FILL AND DRAIN CONNECTIONS
Periodic inspections of the fill and drain connections are also advisable in order to guarantee trouble-free operation
of the humidifier.
Proceed as follows:
- drain all the water from the cylinder using the manual control on the microprocessor control;
- cut the power supply by opening the main isolator on the electrical panel;
- disconnect the feed line at the connection to the inlet solenoid valve connection;
- extract, clean and replace the filter located inside the solenoid valve connection;
- remove the drain solenoid valve assembly (shown in fig. 29.), clean out the water pathways and remove any
particles of scale from the drain syphon.
1
Fig. 29.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
46 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
PROBLEM SOLVING
Problem solving is made easier by the microprocessor control display; if there is an alarm, consult the control panel
instruction manual.
If necessary, call the nearest service centre describing the nature of the fault displayed on the control.
PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSE CHECK / REMEDY
NO POWER A) No power to the unit electrical panel Check that power is on and the unit main
switch on the electrical panel is closed.
(The yellow LED on the mP3 control
panel or the mP20 board is off)
B) No power to the auxiliary circuit 1) Check that the IM automatic circuit breaker
on the AUX circuit is set.
2) Check the auxiliary circuit 24V fuse; check
the fuse on mP20 board.
THE UNIT DOES NOT WORK A)The control panel does not start the
unit.
Check that the control panel connectors are
correctly located in their sockets; see control
panel instruction manual.
B) Check the control panel for alarms See the control panel instruction manual
ROOM TEMPERATURE TOO The unit does not work. See The unit does not work .
HIGH
(high room temperature alarm)
A) The parameter settings on the
control panel are not correct
Check the room temperature setting; see
control panel instruction manual.
B) Lack of air flow. See Lack Of Air Flow.
The compressor does not work when
called by the control panel.
See The Compressor Does Not Work.
C) Insufficient compressor output See Compressor High Output Pressure,
Compressor Low Intake Pressure.
E) The control system is not working. See control panel instruction manual; check that
control panel and/or sensors work properly.
E) Heat load higher than expected. Check: fresh air conditions and volume,
external air infiltration and latent load,
particularly with dehumidification.
B) 3-way valve is stuck open Check 3-way valve function (see Valve and
Servomotor).
I) No chilled water flow. Check chilled water supply and shut-off valves
L) High chilled water temperature with
related alarm on mP20 control
Check water chiller function
ROOM TEMPERATURE TOO LOW A) The parameter settings on the
control panel are not correct.
Check room temperature setting; see the
control panel instruction manual
(Low room temperature alarm) B) 3-way valve is stuck open Check 3-way valve function (see Valve and
Servomotor).
C) Electric heater (if fitted) does not 1) Check electric heater operation
work. 2) Check electric heater power supply
3) If there is a heater alarm, remove the
cause and re-set the safety thermostat
E) The control system is not working. See control panel instruction manual; check
that control panel and/or sensors work
properly.
F) Thermal leakage higher than
expected
Check thermal leakage and entry of external
air.
ROOM HUMIDITY TOO HIGH
(High room humidity alarm)
A) The parameter settings on the
control panel are not correct.
Check room humidity settings; see the control
panel instruction manual.
B) Latent load higher than expected Check: latent load, fresh air conditions and
volume, external air infiltration
C) The compressor does not function
during dehumidification.
See The Compressor Doesnt Work
D) Dehumidification valve does not
close.
Check the function of the dehumidification
circuit solenoid valve.
E) The control system is not working. See control panel instruction manual; check
that control panel and sensors work properly.
UNIFLAIR
TM
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MD.T-D-E, BDE
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
47 (50)
PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSE CHECK / REMEDY
ROOM HUMIDITY TOO LOW
(Low room humidity alarm)
A) The parameter settings on the control
panel are not correct.
Check the room temperature setting; see also the
control panel instruction manual.
B) Latent load lower than expected. Check: quantity of the latent load, fresh air
conditions and volume, external air infiltration
C) The humidifier is not working. 1) Check water supply pressure
2) Check function of manual control system and
steam production group (see microprocessor
control manual).
D) The control system is not working. See control panel instruction manual; check that
control panel and/or sensors work properly.
LACK OF AIRFLOW A) No power to the fans Check power supply to the fan motors
B) The filters are dirty Shake dust out of the cartridge and clean with a
vacuum cleaner. Change filter if blocked. Check
correct setting of the dirty filter pressostat.
C) The fans are rotating in the wrong
direction
Swap two power supply phases and check
correct rotation direction. (See electrical
diagrams, RSF phase sequence relay).
D) The airflow is obstructed Read the section on Air Distribution
E) Intervention of fan thermal protection. Check the resistance of the fan windings. Re-set
then measure voltage and current.
HIGH COMPRESSOR
OUTPUT PRESSURE
A) Non-condensable air or gas in the
circuit, with bubbles in the flow sight
glass; supercooling of the liquid is high.
Evacuate the refrigerant circuit and re-charge
B) Airflow is insufficient or air in the
remote condenser is too warm.
1) Check fan operation and rotation direction in
the remote heat exchanger. (See
condenser/radiator instruction manual).
2) Remove any obstructions from the remote
condenser with compressed air or water.
3) Check pressure drop if air output is ducted
4) Check for obstructions to unit airflow and for
recirculation of air;
5) Check that the temperature of the cooling air is
within the projected limits
C) Water flow to remote condenser
insufficient or too warm.
1) Check condensation water flow, pressure and
temperature (MDD)
2) Check closed circuit water flow, pressure and
temperature (MDE/BDE);
3) Check setting and function of water
temperature regulation system (MDE/BDE).
D) Too much refrigerant in the circuit;
condenser partially flooded. Refrigerant
supercooling too high at condenser
output
Remove some refrigerant from the circuit.
E) High-pressure valves partially closed Check the opening of the valves..
F) Intake pressure too high. See "High compressor intake pressure.
HP COMPRESSOR OUTPUT
PRESSOSTAT INTERVENES
A) The condensation pressure control
system is not functioning efficiently (MDT
air-cooled models)
1) Check condenser fan and fuses; re-set or
replace the faulty fans
2) Check setting and function of the condenser
fan pressostat and the speed regulator
B) The HP pressostat is incorrectly set. Re-set the pressostat to the value shown on the
unit data plate.
C) System output pressure is too high. See High Compressor Output Pressure
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
UNIFLAIR
TM
MD.T-D-E, BDE
48 (50)
Rev 4.2. 29-09-00 EN
PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSE CHECK / CORRECTIVE ACTION
LOW COMPRESSOR OUTPUT
PRESSURE
A) Condensation pressure control system
is not working (see microprocessor
1) Check the function and setting of the condenser
fan pressostat and speed regulator (MDT)
control instruction manual). 2) Check the setting and function of the
pressostatic valve (MDD);
3) Check the function and setting of the closed
circuit water temperature regulation system (MDD).
B) Intake pressure too low See Low Compressor Intake Pressure.
HIGH COMPRESSOR INTAKE
PRESSURE
A) Thermal load higher than expected Check: room thermal load especially during
dehumidification; the flow and conditions of
external air; external air leaks
B) System output pressure is too high See High Compressor Output Pressure
C) Too much refrigerant in the circuit Remove some refrigerant from the circuit.
D) Liquid refrigerant return to
compressor intake
Check correct thermostatic valve superheating
(around 5-8C); Check that the valve sensor bulb
is correctly positioned, fixed and insulated
LOW COMPRESSOR A) Room temperature too low See Room temperature too low
INTAKE PRESSURE B) Low or zero airflow See Lack of airflow
(possible freezing of the coil) C) Liquid receiver output valve not fully open Check the opening of the valve
D) Refrigerant filter blocked Check the refrigerant filter
E) Thermostatic valve incorrectly set or
defective
Check correct thermostatic valve superheating
(around 8-10C); Check that the valve sensor
bulb is correctly positioned, fixed and insulated.
F) Insufficient refrigerant charge Check for leaks and re-charge the unit until
supercooling at the condenser output is 3-5C.
G) Output pressure too low See Low compressor output pressure
COMPRESSOR INTAKE LP
PRESSOSTAT INTERVENES
A) Thermostatic valve incorrectly set or
defective
Check that superheating of the thermostatic
valve is correct (around 5-8C).
B) Low liquid refrigerant flow to the
thermostatic valve.
Check the opening of the liquid receiver output
valve; check the function of the refrigerant shut-
off solenoid valve.
C) The filter dryer cartridge is dirty Check whether the cartridge needs to be
changed; temperature difference before and after
the cartridge should be less than 2C.
D) low pressure pressostat is incorrectly set. Re-set low pressure pressostat.
E) System output pressure is too low See Low compressor output pressure.
THE COMPRESSOR DOESNT
WORK
A) Short circuit protection has
intervened
Re-set automatic switch and check cause of the
short circuit. Before starting the compressor check
resistance and continuity of compressor winding.
B) internal compressor protection
intervention
See Compressor internal protection has
intervened
C) The contactor is not working Check the contacts and the contactor coil..
COMPRESSOR INTERNAL
PROTECTION INTERVENES
A) A phase is missing Check the resistance of the compressor winding.
After re-setting, measure the voltage and current
B) The motor is overloaded Check that unit is operating within normal limits
C) Power supply voltage too high or too
low
Check that the difference between the three
power supply phases is less than 2%. With
monophase units, voltage must be within -10%
and +6% of the nominal value.
D) The rotor is blocked Replace the compressor
THE COMPRESSOR IS NOISY A) The compressor is damaged Call an authorised service centre to replace the
compressor.
B) Liquid return to the compressor Check expansion valve function / superheating.
ELECTRIC HEATER SAFETY A) Insufficient airflow See Lack of Airflow
THERMOSTAT INTERVENES B) Thermostat connection wire is
interrupted
Check the continuity of the connection between
the safety thermostat and the control system
C) The safety thermostat is faulty Change the thermostat.