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b) IDFWRULFRQMXQFWXUDOLFUL]HOHHFRQRPLFHGH]HFKLOLEUHOHGHQDWXU SROLWLF FRQIUXQWULOH DUPDWH FDWDVWURIHOH QDWXUDOH FRQGL LLOH meteorologice. 3. LPSRUWDQ DORUvQGHWHUPLQDUHDIHQRPHQXOXLWXULVWLF a) factori primari: oferta, veniturile, timpul liber; b) IDFWRUL VHFXQGDUL FRRSHUDUHD LQWHUQD LRQDO YDULHWDWHD serviciilor suplimentare; 4. GXSVHQVXOLQWHUYHQ LHLORU a) IDFWRULH[RJHQLHOHPHQWHGHRUGLQPDLJHQHUDOFDUHVWLPXOHD] global dezvoltarea turismului – FUHúWHUHD YHQLWXULORU GHVWLQDWH SUDFWLFULL WXULVPXOXLVSRUXOQDWXUDODOSRSXOD LHLVDXFUHúWHUHD gradului de urbanizare; b) factori endogeni: lansarea de noi produse turistice, diversitatea JDPHL GH VHUYLFLL RIHULWH WXULúWLORU ULGLFDUHD QLYHOXOXL GH SUHJWLUHDOSHUVRQDOXOXLWXULVWLF 5. RULHQWDUHDLQIOXHQ HLORUDVXSUDFHORUGRXODWXULFRUHODWLYHDOHSLH HL a) FHUHUHD WXULVWLF GHWHUPLQDW GH YHQLWXUL, gradul de urbanizare, timpul liber; b) IDFWRUL DL RIHUWHL GLYHUVLWDWHD úL FDOLWDWHD VHUYLFLLORU FRVWXO SUHVWD LLORUQLYHOXOGHSUHJWLUHDIRU HLGHPXQF Formele principale ale turismului sunt: - turismul intern – UH]LGHQ LL XQHL UL FOWRUHVF QXPDL vn LQWHULRUXODFHVWHL UL - turismul receptor –QRQUH]LGHQ LLFOWRUHVFvQ DUDGDW - WXULVPXO HPL WRU – QXPUXO UH]LGHQ LORU ULL GDWH FDUH FOWRUHVFvQDOW UL $FHVWHWUHLIRUPHSRWILDVRFLDWHvQPRGDOLW LGLIHULWHGkQGQDúWHUHúLDOWRU categorii ale turismului: - turismul interior – DFHDVW IRUP JUXSHD] WXULVPXO LQWHUQ úL turismul receptor; - WXULVPXO QD LRQDO DFHDVW IRUP HVWH FUHDW SULQ DVLPLODUHD WXULVPXOXLLQWHUQúLDFHOXLHPL WRU - WXULVPXO LQWHUQD LRQDO – IRUPDW GLQ WXULVPXO UHFHSWRU úL FHO HPL WRU 7HPDQU&LUFXOD LDWXULVWLF )RUPHDOHFLUFXOD LHLWXULVWLFH&ODVLILFDUH - vQIXQF LHGHSURYHQLHQ DWXULúWLORU a) WXULVPXO QD LRQDO LQWHUQ  SUDFWLFDW GH SRSXOD LD XQHL UL vQ LQWHULRUXOJUDQL HORUHL

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b) WXULVPXOLQWHUQD LRQDO H[WHUQ LQFOXGHWXULúWLLFHGHSúHVFvQFDGUXO YRLDMXOXL ORU OLPLWHOH DGPLQLVWUDWLYH DOH ULL GH UHúHGLQ  SHUPDQHQW vQIXQF LHGHGLUHF LDIOX[XULORUWXULVWLFHWXULVPXOLQWHUQD LRQDOSRDWHIL grupat în: a) HPL WRU-UHSUH]HQWDWGHSOHFULOHDXWRKWRQLORUSHVWHJUDQL  b) receptor -DOFWXLWGLQVRVLULOHGHWXULúWLGLQDOWH UL vQIXQF LHGHPRGXOúLPRPHQWXODQJDMULLSUHVWD LLORUWXULVWLFH a) turism organizat -  FDUDFWHUL]DW SULQ DQJDMDUHD DQWLFLSDW D XQXL voiaj global de tipul totul inclus prin intermediul unei verigi de GLVWULEX LH b) turism neorganizat - exclude orice aranjamente prealabile, voiajul ILLQGSUHJWLWGHWXULVWDFHVWDDSHOkQGGLUHFWSHSDUFXUVODXQLW LOH prestatoare de servicii; c) turism semiorganizat -FDUDFWHUL]DWSULQSUHJWLUHDYRLDMXOXLGHFWre R RUJDQL]D LH GH WXULVP SH ED]D XQRU FRQGL LL IL[DWH GH WXULVW VHUYLFLLOHILLQGDQJDMDWHSDU LDOVDXvQWRWDOLWDWHDQWLFLSDW vQIXQF LHGHJUDGXOGHPRELOLWDWHDOWXULVWXOXL a) turism de sejur (lung, mediu sau scurt) - caracteristic persoanelor care UPkQ OD DFHHDúL GHVWLQD LH SHULRDGH GH WLPS FH FRLQFLG vQ JHQHUDOFXDFHOHDDOHYDFDQ HORUVDXFRQFHGLLORU b) WXULVPLWLQHUDQW GHFLUFXOD LH -SUHVXSXQHPLúFDUHDSHUPDQHQWFX vQQRSWUL GH VFXUW GXUDW vQ DFHHDúL ORFDOLWDWH ILLQG VSHFLILF vQ mod deosebiW SRVHVRULORU GH DXWRYHKLFXOH úL FDUDFWHULVWLF perioadelor de extrasezon. vQIXQF LHGHSHULRGLFLWDWHDFXFDUHVHUHDOL]HD] a) turism continuu -GHVIúXUDWGH-a lungul întregului an; b) turism sezonier - legat de anumite perioade ale anului (monosezonier-VSHFLILFVWD LXQLORUPDULWLPHúLELVH]RQLHU– specific VWD LXQLORUPRQWDQH  vQIXQF LHGHPRPHQWXOPDQLIHVWULLFHUHULL a) WXULVPGHLDUQ b) WXULVPGHYDU c) WXULVPGHFLUFXPVWDQ  vQIXQF LHGHPRWLYD LDFDUHJHQHUHD]FOWRULD a) turisPGHRGLKQúLDJUHPHQWFDUDFWHUL]DWSULQVHMXUXULPDLOXQJLúL SUHVXSXQHDFWLYLW LUHFUHDWLYH b) turism balneoclimateric - XQD GLQ FHOH PDL YHFKL úL PDL FRQVWDQWH IRUPHDOHDFWLYLW LLWXULVWLFHGDWRULWGLVWULEX LHLVDOHUHODWLYHJDOH pe tot parcursul anXOXL RIHU úL DOWH DYDQWDMH FD VWDELOLWDWHD FOLHQWHOHL VHMXUXUL GH GXUDW OXQJ vQFDVUL PHGLL SH ]L- turist superioare;

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