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Which one of the following statements concerning resistance is true? -The resistance of a semiconductor increases with temperature. -Resistance is a property of resistors, but not conductors. -The resistance of a metal wire changes with temperature. -The resistance is the same for all samples of the same material. -The resistance of a wire is inversely proportional to the length of the wire. 3. The current through a certain heater wire is found to be fairly independent of its temperature. If the current through the heater wire is doubled, the amount of energy delivered by the heater in a given time interval will increase by a factor of two. decrease by a factor of two. increase by a factor of four. decrease by a factor of four. increase by a factor of eight. 4. A 220-Ω resistor is connected across an ac voltage source V = (150 V) sin [2π(60 Hz)t]. What is the average power delivered to this circuit? 51 W 110 W 280 W 320 W 550 W
5. The figure shows variation of the current through the heating element with time in an iron when it is plugged into a standard 120 V, 60 Hz outlet.
What is the approximate average power dissipated in the iron? 450 W 600 W 850 W 1200 W 1700 W 6. Three resistors are connected in a circuit as shown. Using Kirchhoff's rules, determine the current in one of the 16-Ω resistors.
0.50 A 0.75 A 1.0 A 1.3 A 2.0 A 7. Five resistors are connected as shown in the diagram. The potential difference between points A and B is 25 V.
How much energy is dissipated in the 1.8-Ω resistor in 4.0 seconds? 18 J 28 J
55 J 64 J 93 J 8. Which one of the following statements is true concerning capacitors of unequal capacitance connected in series? -Each capacitor holds a different amount of charge. -The equivalent capacitance of the circuit is the sum of the individual capacitances. -The total voltage supplied by the battery is the sum of the voltages across each capacitor. -The total positive charge in the circuit is the sum of the positive charges on each capacitor. -The total voltage supplied by the battery is equal to the average voltage across all the capacitors. 9. A 10.0-µF capacitor is charged so that the potential difference between its plates is 10.0 V. A 5.0-µF capacitor is similarly charged so that the potential difference between its plates is 5.0 V. The two charged capacitors are then connected to each other in parallel with positive plate connected to positive plate and negative plate connected to negative plate. How much charge flows from one capacitor to the other when the capacitors are connected? 17 μC 33 μC 67 μC 83 μC zero coulombs 10. The figure shows a simple RC circuit consisting of a 10.0-µF capacitor in series with a resistor. Initially, the switch is open as suggested in the figure. The capacitor has been charged so that the potential difference between its plates is 100.0 V. At t = 0 s, the switch is closed. The capacitor discharges exponentially so that 2.0 s after the switch is closed, the potential difference between the capacitor plates is 37 V. In other words, in 2.0 s the potential difference between the capacitor plates is reduced to 37 % of its original value.
Calculate the electric potential energy stored in the capacitor before the switch is closed. 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 J J J J J
2.2 × 1020 The resistance of a metal wire changes with temperature. Increase by a factor of four 51 W 850 W 0.75 A 55 J The total voltage supplied by the battery is the sum of the voltages across each capacitor. 9. 17 μC 10.0.05 J 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.