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PADDLE TYPE ORIFICE PLATE

CAT No. A520 PADDLE ORIFICE PLATE


D = Inside Line I.D. d = Orifce Bore Diameter
G = Vent & Drain Hole Diameter E = Orifce Plate Thickness
Dw = Diameter of Vent & Drain Hole Circle e = Orifce Throat Thickness
emax = The Smaller of D/50 or d/8
UNIVERSAL TYPE ORIFICE PLATE
The Universal Type Orifce Plate is designed to be used in an orifce ftting. Line sizes 2-10 require a
removable Orifce Plate Seal. Depending on the service, these seals are made of Nitrile, TFE, or
stainless steel. Line sizes 12 and above require the seal to be vulcanized to the O.D. of the plate. The
bore geometry of the Universal Type Orifce Plate is the same as the Paddle Type Orifce Plate. Care
must be taken installing Eccentric Bored Plates and Orifce Plates with weep holes, to assure they are
rotated in the correct position. Segmental Orifce are not recommended in Universal Type Orifce Plates.
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3087 S. Harbor Blvd, Santa Ana, CA 92704 Tel (714) 427-0877 Fax (714) 427-6392 Web-site: www.avcovalve.com
FLOW MEASUREMENT
DEVICES
AVCO CONTROLS ORIFICE PLATES
AVCO manufactures Orifce Plates from 1/4-96 in line size. The standard material of construction is 316 stainless steel. Orifce Plates
are manufactured in strict accordance to AGA, ISA, ASME, API, and ISO standards. Special custom designs are also available. AVCO has
a complete engineering department to assist in product selection and application.
This is the standard fow element FE type orifce plate. The orifce is
beveled on the downstream edge, in ac cor dance to AGA report #3.
The purpose of the bevel is to reduce the width of the throat to the e
dimension. The ratio of the or i fce bore divided by the line I.D. is called
the beta ratio. The ratio should be between .2 and .7. The ac-
curacy of the fow coeffcient diminishes beyond these limits.
Instead of beveling the downstream face of the orifce plate at 45, a
Counter Bore is another method of reducing the throat thickness to
the e dimension. The Counter Bore di am e ter is equal to the bore
plus dimension A.
The outside diameter of the bevel of the Ec cen tric Orifce is tangent to
98% of the line I.D. When set at the top of the line, entrained gases
in a liquid will pass the orifce.
The Quadrant Orifce is designed to measure the fow of high vis cos i ty
fuids, and is rec om mend ed when the Reynolds Number is be low
10,000. Quad rant Orifces main tain a con stant coeffcient in lam i nar
fow. The ra di us R is a function of the ratio. The thick ness of the
orifce is equal to quad rant radius R. The thickness of the orifce
plate is equal to R rounded up to the next 1/8 in cre ment. For
ex am ple if R=.899, the orifce plate would be 1 inch thick. Due to the
thickness and round ed entrance edge, the plate is very du ra ble.
The Segmental Orifce bore is designed for fuids con tain ing heavy
sed i ments. The di am e ter D is equal to 98% of the line I.D. H is the
height of the circular segment. The ra tio is equal to the equiv a lent
circular diameter of seg ment divided by the line I.D. The Seg men tal
Orifce is the most diffcult type of or i fce to manufacture, requiring
fn ish ing by hand.
The purpose of the Restriction Orifce is to reduce the fow rate or
to create a pressure drop. The Restriction Orifce plates are placed
downstream of a turbine meter to guard against over-spin. A Re stric tion
Orifce is denoted by RO or FO. When specifying a Re stric tion
Orifce, plate thick ness E should be thick enough to re duce plate
de fec tion to a minimum. As a rule, the max i mum pres sure drop across
a single orifce for a gas is 50%. For greater drops, multiple orifces
may be used. Cavitation and excessive noise can be a problem.
3087 S. Harbor Blvd, Santa Ana, CA 92704 Tel (714) 427-0877 Fax (714) 427-6392 Web-site: www.avcovalve.com
3087 S. Harbor Blvd, Santa Ana, CA 92704 Tel (714) 427-0877 Fax (714) 427-6392 Web-site: www.avcovalve.com
PERMANENT PRESSURE DROP VS. BETA RATIO FOR
PERMANENT PRESSURE DROP VS. BETA RATIO FOR
DIFFERENTIAL DEVICES
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0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 0.6 .7 .75 8
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PERMANENT PRESSURE LOSS
BETA RATIO