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A risk is any uncertain event or condition that might affect your project +vely
Risk Mgmt plan:
The risk management plan is your guide to identifying and analyzing risks on you
It tells you who identifies and analyzes the risks, how they do it, and how ofte
n it happens.
Risk identification (P)
Risk analysis - Qual (P)
Risk analysis - Quant (P)
Risk response planning (P)
Risk monitoring and control (MC)
Sources of risk:
Critical path - schedule
Qualitative Risk Analysis helps you prioritize each risk and figure out its prob
ability and impact.
Quantitative analysis means taking measurements and coming up with exact numbers
to describe your risks.
Qualitative analysis focuses on the impact as the team judges it in planning.
Quantitative analysis focuses on getting the hard numbers to back up those judgm
Qualitative and quantitative analysis are all about ranking risks based on their
probability and impact.
Qualitative analysis is where you take the categories in your risk plan and assi
gn them to each of the
risks that youve identified.
Quantitative analysis focuses on gathering numbers to help evaluate risks and ma
ke the best
decisions about how to handle them.
Risk response planning: is figuring out what youll do if risks happen.
Avoid/Exploit, Mitigate/Enhance, Transfer/Enhance, Accept/Accept
Secondary risks are risks that come from a response you have to another risk.
If you dig a trench to stop landslides from taking out your camp, its always poss
ible for someone to fall
into the trench and get hurt.
Residual Risks are those that remain after your risk responses have been impleme
So even though you reinforce your tent stakes and get weatherproof gear, theres s
till a chance
that winds could destroy your camp if they are strong enough.
Root Cause Risk
Priority (H/M/L BASED on impact * probablity)
Risk monitoring and control process:
Risk monitoring should be done at every status meeting.
how to control risks:
technical performance measurement
management reserve: which is money set aside to handle any unknown costs that c
ome up on the project. Thats
a different kind of reserve than the one for controlling risks.
The kind of reserve used for risks is called a contingency reserve,because its u
se is contingent on a risk
Project managers sometimes talk about both kinds of reserves together, because t
hey both have to show up on the same budget.
When they do, youll sometimes hear talk of known unknowns and unknown unknowns.
The management reserve is for unknown unknownsthings that you havent planned for
but could impact your project.
The contingency reserve is for known unknowns, or risks that you know about and
planned for and put in your risk register.
COst Planning (P)
Cost Estimation (P)
Cost Budgeting (P)
Cost Control (MC)
Cost Baseline: snapshot of planned budget
--386 oreily, 263 rita
Communication planning (P)
Manage Communication (E)
Control Communication (MC)
Communication planning: documents how u manage and control communication
what is to be communicated
best method for communicating
responisiblity for sending
when & how often
Identify Stakeholder (I)
Plan Stakeholder management (P)
Manage Stakeholder (E)
Control Stakeholder management (MC)
identify ALL stakeholders
determine ALL their requirements
determine level of influence
let stakeholders know what requirements will and what will not be met & why
role in prj
responsiiblity in project
Manage stakeholder: is a communication functiont
Stakeholder should feel that thier needs & concerns are at least being considere
d even if not agreed to
why not prevent changes as much as possible by asking stakeholders what they exp
ect and clarifying any expectations that are not accurate. Manage stakeholde exp
ectations might involve walking them through what will occur to make sure they d
o not have unrealistic expectations. Requires attention to stakeholder needs whi
le work is been done & making sure trust is built, conflicts resolved and proble
Plan HR management (P)
Acquire Project team (E)
Develop Project team (E)
Manage Project team (E)
Plan HR management:
u plan out exactly which resources u will need, how u will train ur team, how u
make sure that they stay motivated
project organization chart - shows how team members relate with each other
staffing mgmt plan - who u need by type, resource count, where they will come fr
om, when u need and what skills they need, training needs, R&R, release criteria
, compliance, safety
roles & responsiiblity - shows who is responsible for what
--o reilly 459, rita 333
Acquire Project team:
updated staffing mgmt plan - changes to hr plan & other components of PM plan r
esulting from acquiring additional staff
--o reilly 459, rita 336
Develop Project team:
improve individual knowledge & skill
team building activities-
holiday, birthday celebrations
taking classes together
getting everyone involved in some way in planning the project
team performance assessment- looking at team effectiveness
rita 340, oreilly 468
Manage Project team:
involves day-to-day management of people
observation & conversation
project performance appraisals
resolution due date
--rita 340, oreilly 473
Plan schedule mgmt (p)
Define Activities (P)
Sequence activities (P)
estimate activity resources (p)
estimate activity duration (p)
Develop Schedule (p)
Control schedule (MC)
Network diagram i.e. Project schedule network diagram
gives logical relationships between activities
estimate activity resources:
RBS (resource breakdown structure) - category , type(people/equipment/materials)
estimate activity durations:
estimate how much time each activity will take
In cases where there are many unknowns and information to clarify is not availab
le, potential need for additional time or funds should be addressed with reserve
s through risk mgmt process. In risk mgmt, uncertainties are turned into identif
iable opportunities and threat(risks )
based on expert judgement or historical info or guess
only to be used for projects that do not require a detailed, highly reliable sch
Analogous estimating (Top down)-
uses expert judgement and historical info
it means overall project estimate given to project mgmt from management or spons
looks at relationships between variables on activity to calculate estimates.
3 point estimates-
will give more accurate range
get initial schedule followed by schedule n/w analysis
schedule n/w analysis-
critical chain method
is used to produce a resource-limited schedule
Lenghtens the schedule and increases the cost in order to deal with limited amt
of resources, resource availability and other resource constraints
critical chain method-
into account both activity & resource dependencies
involves managing duration buffers so that you meet each individual milestone da
te and thus project milestone completion date
project schedule which can be shown as-
network diagram - to show interdependencies between activities
milestone chart - to report to senior mgmt
bar chart or Gantt chart - to track progress & to report to team
schedule baseline - version of schedule used to manage the project and that the
project team's performance is measured against. It can be only changed as a resu
lt of formally approved change
control means measure which means measure against the plan
it also involves taking corrective, preventive action over & over again during t
he life of project to keep project in line with plan.Also means looking out for
things that are causing changes and influencing the sources of changes
quality is degree to which project fulfills requirements
quality is also conformance to requirements
Quality mgmt consists of below and includes creating & following policies, proce
dures to ensure project meets the intended needs of customer
Plan quality (P)
perform QA (E)
control quality - perform QC (MC)
focusses on defning quality for project and identifying how it can be achieved.
ANSWERS the q - what is quality and how we will ensure it
its focus is on work being done in project and ensure that team is following the
processes/procedures as planned to produce the project deliverables
ANSWERS the q - r we following the procedures & processes as planned
can we improve the way we are doing
examines the actual deliverables produced on project. its purpose is to ensure t
hat the deliverables are correct and they meet planned level of quality
ANSWERS the q - r the results of work meeting the standards
As used in Plan quality, perform QC +
process analysis - focus on identifying improvements that might be needed in pro
Scope Mgmt plan
Collect requirements (P)
Define scope (P)
Create WBS (P)
verify scope (MC)
Control Scope (MC)
Scope Mgmt plan: contains
how scope will be planned, executed and controlled
it answers the q of-
how scope will be achieved
what tool to use for planning
what org assets to use
reqmt mgmt plan
requirements traceability matrix - links reqmts to strategic objectives or/and o
define scope: is primarily concerned with what is and is not included in project
and its deliverables
Project scope statement might include
product acceptnce criteria
what is not part of the project
creation of WBS is topdown effort to decompose the deliverables and work require
d to produce them into smaller pieces called work packages
work package = noun = things not actions. WBS is deliverable oreiented.
Includes complete scope of project including product scope, project scope and pM
baselines = simply approved version of certain pieces of project'
involves frequent, planned-in meetings with customer or sponsor to gain formal a
cceptance of deliverables during project
monitoring and controlling
verify scope is done to ensure that prj is on track from customer point of view
during the project rather than just hoping to get the final acceptance in projec
t closure. Customer will either accept deliverables or make change requests.
prj doc updates - updated to reflect completion or changes
verify scope results in formal acceptance by customer of interim deliverables
close project = gets acceptance or sign-off from customer for project or phase a
verify scope can be done at end of each project phase in project life cycle.
difference between verify scope and perform qc-
perform QC is generally done first to make sure the deliverable meets the requir
ement before it is shown to customer
QC deplt checks this.
In vrfy scope the customer checks and hopefully accepts the deliverables
involves measuring project and product scope performance and managing scope base
need to have scope baseline, org reqmts, RTM.
U then have to measure scope performance (work completed) against scope baseline
to analyze any variances and decide if
corrective/preventive action is required.
it includes thinking abt where changes to scope are coming from proj, what can b
e done to prevent or remove the need for any more changes from source
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