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ISYE 2028 Homework 3 Solutions

8-27

95% confidence interval on mean tire life

n = 16 x = 60,139.7 s = 3645.94 t 0.025,15 = 2.131

' s $
' s $
x ( t 0.025,15 %%
"" ! ! x + t 0.025,15 %%
""
& n#
& n#
' 3645.94 $
' 3645.94 $
60139.7 ( 2.131%%
"" ! ! 60139.7 + 2.131%%
""
16 #
16 #
&
&
58197.33 ! ! 62082.07

8-33

The data appear to be normally distributed based on examination of the normal probability plot
below.
Probability Plot of Rainfall
Normal - 95% CI

99

Mean
StDev
N
AD
P-Value

95
90

485.9
90.30
20
0.288
0.581

Percent

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
5

200

300

400

500
Rainfall

600

700

800

95% confidence interval on mean annual rainfall

n = 20 x = 485.8 s = 90.34 t 0.025,19 = 2.093

' s $
' s $
x ( t 0.025,19 %%
"" ! ! x + t 0.025,19 %%
""
& n#
& n#
' 90.34 $
' 90.34 $
485.8 ( 2.093%%
"" ! ! 485.8 + 2.093%%
""
& 20 #
& 20 #
443.520 ! ! 528.080

8-41

a) The data appear to be normally distributed.


b) 99% two-sided confidence interval on mean percentage enrichment
For = 0.01 and n = 12, t/2,n-1 = t0.005,11 = 3.106, x = 2.9017 s

= 0.0993

' s $
' s $
x ( t 0.005,11 %%
"" ! ! x + t 0.005,11 %%
""
& n#
& n#
' 0.0993 $
' 0.0993 $
2.902 ( 3.106%
" ! ! 2.902 + 3.106%
"
& 12 #
& 12 #
2.813 ! ! 2.991

8-51

95% confidence interval for

n = 15 s = 0.00831
" #2 / 2,n !1 = " 02.025,14 = 26.12

and

"12!# ,n!1 = " 02.95,14 = 6.53

14(0.00831) 2
" !
6.53
2
" ! 0.000148
" ! 0.0122
2

The data do not appear to be normally distributed based on an examination of the normal
probability plot below. Therefore, the 95% confidence interval for is not valid.

Probability Plot of Gauge Cap


Normal - 95% CI

99

Mean
StDev
N

95

AD
P- Value

90

3.472
0.008307
15
0.878
0.018

Percent

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
5

8-55

3.44

3.45

3.46

3.47
3.48
Gauge Cap

3.49

3.50

a) 95% confidence interval for the proportion of college graduates in Ohio that voted for George
Bush.

p =

412
= 0.536
768

n = 768 z! / 2 = 1.96

p " z# / 2
0.536 " 1.96

p (1 " p )
! p ! p + z# / 2
n

p (1 " p )
n

0.536(0.464)
0.536(0.464)
! p ! 0.536 + 1.96
768
768
0.501 ! p ! 0.571

b) 95% lower confidence bound on the proportion of college graduates in Ohio that voted for
George Bush.

p " z#
0.536 " 1.64

8-58

p (1 " p )
!p
n

0.536(0.464)
!p
768
0.506 ! p

a) 95% Confidence Interval on the true proportion of helmets showing damage

p =

18
= 0.36
50
p " z# / 2

0.36 " 1.96

n = 50

z! / 2 = 1.96

p (1 " p )
! p ! p + z# / 2
n

p (1 " p )
n

0.36(0.64)
0.36(0.64)
! p ! 0.36 + 1.96
50
50
0.227 ! p ! 0.493
2

'z $
' 1.96 $
b) n = % ( / 2 " p (1 ! p ) = %
" 0.36(1 ! 0.36) = 2212.76
& 0.02 #
& E #