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product data sheet: Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure
issue 5
2005-05-24
page 1 of 4
TITLE:
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure
TEXT:
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure is a very efficient


and versatile extraction agent (solvent) in
liquid-liquid extraction processes for
purification, enrichment, separation and
recovery of metal salts.
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure is also used as a


precursor for wetting agents and other textile
auxiliaries, and as a mould release agent as
well.
Chemical name di (2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA)
CAS Reg. No. 298-07-7
Structural formula
Empirical formula C
16
H
35
O
4
P
Molecular weight 322.43 g/mol
Physical form clear, almost colorless, medium viscosity,
highly acidic liquid with a slightly sweetish
odor.
Health and safety information Safety data and precautions which must be
observed under all circumstances are to be
found in EU Safety Data Sheet No. 002600.
Hazard characteristics: corrosive.
Specified Properties
Property Nominal Value Unit Test Method
D2EHPA content min. 95 % w/w 2022-2304401-00
M2EHPA* content max. 0.5 % w/w 2022-2304201-00
Acid value 169.5 4.5 mg KOH/g ISO 2114
Water content max. 0.2 % w/w DIN 51 777
Hazen color value max. 50 - ISO 6271
Refractive index n
20/D
1.443 0.001 - DIN 53491
Iron content max. 5 mg/kg 2011-0093701-90
*M2EHPA = mono (2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid
P
O
O H
O
O
C
8
H
17
C
8
H
17
product data sheet: Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure
issue 5
2005-05-24
page 2 of 4
Additional Information
Property Typical Value Unit Test Method
D2EHPA content 97.0 % w/w 2022-2304401-00D
Water content 0.08 % w/w DIN 51 777
Acid value 171 mg KOH/g DIN 53 402
Hazen color value 10 - ISO 6271
Density at 20C 0.96 g/cm DIN 51 757
Viscosity at 20C 40 mPa s DIN 53 015
Flash point (closed cup) approx. 180 C DIN 51 758
Solubility
D2EHPA in water at 20C
Water in D2EHPA at 20C
< 0.1
approx. 1.8
% w/w
% w/w
These material properties are typical properties and, unless specifically indicated
otherwise, are not to be considered as delivery specification.
Solubility
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure is soluble in


common organic solvents such as aliphatic,
aromatic and chlorinated hydrocarbons as
well as in alcohol.
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure is only slightly


soluble in water (0.1 % by weight at 20C).
However, it is very soluble in caustic soda
with the formation of its sodium di (2-
ethylhexyl) phosphate salt.
The safety precautions normally applied
for acid-base neutralizations must be
observed when mixing di (2-ethylhexyl)
phosphoric acid commercial product
with concentrated sodium hydroxide
solution.
Storage
The product can be stored in tightly sealed
original packaging without quality deterio-
ration for a period of at least two years,
where material is stored under the appro-
priate conditions.
Materials for Equipment
The following materials have proved suitable
for the metering tanks, pumps and pipes for
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure:
glass, stainless steel (e.g. DIN W1.4571 =
US AISI 316 TI), plastics such as poly-
ethylene and polytetrafluoro ethylene
(PTFE). Seals should be made of PE, PTFE
or graphite.
Normal steel (W 1.0254) is unsuitable
because of its reaction with di (2-ethylhexyl)
phosphoric acid which results in the
formation of hydrogen.
Packaging
200 kg Polyethylene drum
900 kg IBC container
Peculiarity
The product is one that is subject to
international export control measures. In
accordance with the international "Respon-
sible Care" initiative, Lanxess AG requires
that a declaration of End Use is completed
even where not explicitly stipulated by
legislation.
product data sheet: Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure
issue 5
2005-05-24
page 3 of 4
Application
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure distinguishes oneself by the fact that it is virtually free of M2EHPA
[mono (2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid] and exhibits a very low iron content only.
Liquid-liquid Extraction
The following is an overview of the most
important extractions carried out with
D2EHPA in industry :
Lanthanide extraction from HCl
solution (bastnaesite concentrate which
has been reprocessed using hydro-
chloric acid)
Uranium(VI) extraction from H
3
PO
4
solution (by-product in the production of
wet-process phosphoric acid)
Zinc(II) extraction from chloridic
solution (reprocessing of pyrite cinder;
roasting in chlorine)
Zinc(II) extraction from Ca
2+
/Cl
-
solution (reprocessing of pyrite cinder;
roasting in chlorine; Kowa-Seiko pro-
cess)
Zinc(II) extraction from Na
+
/H
+
/SO
4
2
solution (ZnSO
4
wastewater from the
production of viscose fiber)
Zinc(II) extraction from sulfuric acid
solution containing Fe
3+
(jarosite
washings)
Iron(III) extraction from
HF/HNO
3
/Cr
3+
/Ni
2+
, etc. solutions (spent
stainless-steel pickling agents)
Calcium(II) extraction from MgCl
2
solution (purification of concentrated
MgCl
2
solution)
Calcium(II) extraction from
Mg
2+
/Ni
2+
/Co
2+
/SO
4
2-
solution (separa-
tion of Ca
2+
during the recovery of Ni by
the HIKO process)
Beryllium(II) extraction from sulfuric
acid solution (recovery of beryllium from
beryl and bertrandite which has been
reprocessed using sulfuric acid)
Cobalt(II) extraction from Ni
2+
/Na
+
/
SO
4
2-
(cobalt refining)
Gallium(III) extraction from neutral
sulfate solution (concentration of a dilute
gallium sulfate solution in the recovery
of gallium from primary ore)
Molybdenum(VI) extraction from
sulfuric acid solution (reprocessing of
Mansfeld furnace slags to give
CaMoO
4
).
Due to the fact that Baysolvex

D2EHPA
pure is virtually free of M2EHPA [mono (2-
ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid] best selec-
tivities can be achieved; e.g. in case of the
Zn
2+
/ Fe
3+
separation.
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure is always used in


diluted form, generally in concentrations of
10-30 %. The diluents employed are usually
high-boiling aliphatic hydrocarbons (for
example kerosene or Shellsol

D70).
In order to improve the phase separation, it
is also possible to add solubility promoters
(modifiers), for example tributyl phosphate,
isodecanol or 2-ethylhexanol, in an amount
in the order of 1 10 %.The modifiers
increase the solubility of the D2EHPA
sodium salt or the D2EHPA metal
complexes in the aliphatic diluents and
consequently, prevent the formation of a
third phase. This is particularly important
where there are high metal loading, pH
values are above 3.5, and in the production
of the D2EHPA sodium salt. In this case the
addition of a modifier may be necessary.
The modifier may affect the position of the
extraction equilibrium.
Further detailed information can be found in
our brochure Baysolvex

D2EHPA for
solvent extraction.
product data sheet: Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure
issue 5
2005-05-24
page 4 of 4
Textile industry
Salts of the di (2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid
are mainly used as wetting agents in the
textile industry. Neutral sodium or potassium
salt solutions have proven suitable for the
pretreatment of fibers or textiles which are
dyed or antistatic finished in progressive
steps. In comparison to tensid based wetting
agents Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure forms no


foams
Miscellaneous
Due to its one OH-moiety di (2-ethylhexyl)
phosphoric acid has an acidic character.
Therefore, it can also be applied as catalyst
in acidic catalyzed reactions or as an acidic
stopping agent for alkaline catalyzed
reactions which are carried out in organic
media.
In the field of the acrylic glass production
Baysolvex

D2EHPA pure has proven suit-


able as a mould release agent.
This information and our technical advice - whether verbal, in writing or by way of trials - are given in good faith but
without warranty, and this also applies where proprietary rights of third parties are involved. Our advice does not
release you from the obligation to verify the information currently provided - especially that contained in our safety
data and technical information sheets - and to test our products as to their suitability for the intended processes and
uses. The application, use and processing of our products and the products manufactured by you on the basis of
our technical advice are beyond our control and, therefore, entirely your own responsibility. Our products are sold in
accordance with the current version of our General Conditions of Sale and Delivery.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
LANXESS Deutschland GmbH, 51369 Leverkusen editor: Dr. Graupner
www.lanxess.de