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"REBARS" --- REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS

Program Description:
"REBARS" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of determining reinforcing bar
development and splice lengths. Specifically, the development lengths and splice lengths for straight bars in
tension as well as compression are determined. Also, the development length for standard hook bars is
determined. The provisions for development and splice lengths are included for high seismic risk applications
per ACI 318-08, Chapter 21. There is also a worksheet which contains reinforcing bar data tables.
This version is based on the ACI 318-08 Code.
This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:
Worksheet Name Description
Doc This documentation sheet
Calc Development Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths
Rebar Data Reinforcing Bar Data Tables
Program Assumptions and Limitations:
1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the ACI 318-08 Building Code, Chapters 12 and 21.
2. The "Calc Development" worksheet, for a given reinforcing bar size, determines the straight development and
splice lengths for a "top" bar and an "other" bar in tension, the straight development and splice lengths for the
bar in compression, and the tension development length of the bar as a standard hook, all at one time.
A complete table of reinforcing bar development and splice lengths is also created for #3 through #18 bars.
3. The "Rebar Data" worksheet contains tables of reinforcing bar data which include various bar properties,
reinforcing bar areas based on spacing, tension development and splice lengths for straight bars, tension
development lengths for 90 degree standard hooks, tension lap splice criteria, compression development
and splice lengths for straight bars, maximum spacing for column ties, and various plain welded wire fabric
properties.
4. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)
"REBARS (318-08).xls" Program
Version 1.0
REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS
Per ACI 318-08 Building Code
Utilizing Chapter 12 for SDC A or B and Chapter 21 for SDC C, D, E, or F
Job Name: Subject:
Job Number: Originator: Checker:
Input Data:
General Information:
Reinforcing Bar Size = 8 Ldt=37''
Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = 60 ksi
Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = 4.0 ksi bc=2''
Lightweight Concrete? No
Epoxy Coated Bars? No
Ratio: As(required)/As(provided) = 1.000
Utilize Chapter 21, Sect. 21.7.5? No
Ldo=28.5'' bc=2''
For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:
Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs = 12.000 in. Straight Bar Development
Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc = 2.000 in.
Transverse Reinforcing Index, Ktr = 0.000 lb./in.
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars:
Enclosed with #4 Ties @ <= 4"? No Lat=37''
Lbt=48.1''
For Standard Hooks in Tension:
Side Cover to Face of Bar, sc = 2.500 in.
bc=2''
Clear Cover to Bar Hook, hc = 2.000 in.
Enclosed with Ties @ <= 3*db? No
Results: Per ACI 318-08 Chapter 12 Lao=28.5''
Lbo=37''
Reinforcing Bar Diameter, db = 1.000 in. Straight Bar Splices
For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:
Top Bar Development, Ldt = 37.0 in.
Other Bar Development, Ldo = 28.5 in.
Top Bar Class "A" Splice, Lat = 37.0 in.
Other Bar Class "A" Splice, Lao = 28.5 in. Ldh=13.3'' hc=2''
Top Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbt = 48.1 in.
Other Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbo = 37.0 in. sc=2.5''
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars:
Lh=16''
Development Length, Ldc = 19.0 in.
Splice Length = 30.0 in.
D=6''
For Standard Hook Tension Bars:
Development Length, Ldh = 13.3 in. Standard Hook Development
Standard Hook Leg Length, Lh = 16.0 in.
>12"
>12"
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"REBARS (318-08).xls" Program
Version 1.0
Tabulation of Calculated Results for All Bar Sizes Based on Specific Input:
Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c = 4000 psi and fy = 60 ksi
Tension Development Class "B" Tens. Splice Std. 90 deg. Hook Compression Bars
Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Develop.
Ldt Ldo Lbt Lbo Ldh Lh Ldc
(in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.)
#3 12.0 12.0 14.4 12.0 6.0 6.0 8.0 12.0
#4 14.8 12.0 19.2 14.8 6.6 8.0 9.5 15.0
#5 18.5 14.2 24.0 18.5 8.3 10.0 11.9 18.8
#6 22.2 17.1 28.9 22.2 10.0 12.0 14.2 22.5
#7 32.4 24.9 42.1 32.4 11.6 14.0 16.6 26.3
#8 37.0 28.5 48.1 37.0 13.3 16.0 19.0 30.0
#9 45.9 35.3 59.7 45.9 15.0 19.0 21.4 33.8
#10 56.6 43.6 73.6 56.6 16.9 22.0 24.1 38.1
#11 68.0 52.3 88.4 68.0 18.7 24.0 26.8 42.3
#14 93.1 71.6 N.A. N.A. 32.1 31.0 32.1 N.A.
#18 150.6 115.9 N.A. N.A. 42.8 41.0 42.8 N.A.
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above table are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing = 12" without
ties or stirrups and bar clear cover = 2".
Normal weight concrete with no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
No excess reinforcing is assumed.
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover = 2.5"
and bar end cover = 2" without ties around hook.
3. Table does not reflect special seismic considerations from ACI 318-08, Chapter 21.
Bar Size Splice
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REINFORCING BAR DATA TABLES:
Reinforcing Bar Properties
Diameter Area Perimeter Weight
(in.) (in.^2) (in.) (lbs./ft.)
#3 0.375 0.11 1.178 0.376
#4 0.500 0.20 1.571 0.668
#5 0.625 0.31 1.963 1.043
#6 0.750 0.44 2.356 1.502
#7 0.875 0.60 2.749 2.044
#8 1.000 0.79 3.142 2.670
#9 1.128 1.00 3.544 3.400
#10 1.270 1.27 3.990 4.303
#11 1.410 1.56 4.430 5.313
#14 1.693 2.25 5.319 7.650
#18 2.257 4.00 7.091 13.600
Typical specification: ASTM A615 Grade 60 Deformed Bars
Reinforcing Bar Area for Various Bar Spacings (in.^2/ft.)
Spacing Bar Size
(in.) #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11
3 0.44 0.80 1.24 1.76 2.40 3.16 4.00 5.08 6.24
3-1/2 0.38 0.69 1.06 1.51 2.06 2.71 3.43 4.35 5.35
4 0.33 0.60 0.93 1.32 1.80 2.37 3.00 3.81 4.68
4-1/2 0.29 0.53 0.83 1.17 1.60 2.11 2.67 3.39 4.16
5 0.26 0.48 0.74 1.06 1.44 1.90 2.40 3.05 3.74
5-1/2 0.24 0.44 0.68 0.96 1.31 1.72 2.18 2.77 3.40
6 0.22 0.40 0.62 0.88 1.20 1.58 2.00 2.54 3.12
6-1/2 0.20 0.37 0.57 0.81 1.11 1.46 1.85 2.34 2.88
7 0.19 0.34 0.53 0.75 1.03 1.35 1.71 2.18 2.67
7-1/2 0.18 0.32 0.50 0.70 0.96 1.26 1.60 2.03 2.50
8 0.17 0.30 0.47 0.66 0.90 1.19 1.50 1.91 2.34
8-1/2 0.16 0.28 0.44 0.62 0.85 1.12 1.41 1.79 2.20
9 0.15 0.27 0.41 0.59 0.80 1.05 1.33 1.69 2.08
9-1/2 0.14 0.25 0.39 0.56 0.76 1.00 1.26 1.60 1.97
10 0.13 0.24 0.37 0.53 0.72 0.95 1.20 1.52 1.87
10-1/2 0.13 0.23 0.35 0.50 0.69 0.90 1.14 1.45 1.78
11 0.12 0.22 0.34 0.48 0.65 0.86 1.09 1.39 1.70
11-1/2 0.115 0.21 0.32 0.46 0.63 0.82 1.04 1.33 1.63
12 0.11 0.20 0.31 0.44 0.60 0.79 1.00 1.27 1.56
Bar Size
Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=3,000 psi and fy=60 ksi
Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook
Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia.
(in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.)
#3 22 17 28 22 6 6 2-1/4
#4 29 22 37 29 8 8 3
#5 36 28 47 36 10 10 3-3/4
#6 43 33 56 43 12 12 4-1/2
#7 63 48 81 63 14 14 5-1/4
#8 72 55 93 72 16 16 6
#9 81 62 105 81 18 19 9-1/2
#10 91 70 118 91 20 22 10-3/4
#11 101 78 131 101 22 24 12
#14 121 93 --- --- 37 31 18-1/4
#18 161 124 --- --- 50 41 24
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without
ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db.
Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5"
and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook.
3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-08 Code Chapter 21.
Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=4,000 psi and fy=60 ksi
Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook
Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia.
(in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.)
#3 19 15 24 19 6 6 2-1/4
#4 25 19 32 25 7 8 3
#5 31 24 40 31 9 10 3-3/4
#6 37 29 48 37 10 12 4-1/2
#7 54 42 70 54 12 14 5-1/4
#8 62 48 80 62 14 16 6
#9 70 54 91 70 15 19 9-1/2
#10 79 61 102 79 17 22 10-3/4
#11 87 67 113 87 19 24 12
#14 105 81 --- --- 32 31 18-1/4
#18 139 107 --- --- 43 41 24
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without
ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db.
Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5"
and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook.
3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-08 Code Chapter 21.
Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=5,000 psi and fy=60 ksi
Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook
Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia.
(in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.)
#3 17 13 22 17 6 6 2-1/4
#4 22 17 29 22 6 8 3
#5 28 22 36 28 8 10 3-3/4
#6 33 26 43 33 9 12 4-1/2
#7 49 37 63 49 11 14 5-1/4
#8 55 43 72 55 12 16 6
#9 63 48 81 63 14 19 9-1/2
#10 70 54 91 70 15 22 10-3/4
#11 78 60 101 78 17 24 12
#14 94 72 --- --- 29 31 18-1/4
#18 125 96 --- --- 39 41 24
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without
ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db.
Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5"
and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook.
3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-08 Code Chapter 21.
Tension Lap Splice Classes
For Other than Columns For Columns
Area (Provided) / Area (Req'd) % of Bars Spliced Maximum Tension Stress % of Bars Spliced
<= 50% > 50% in Reinforcing Bars <= 50 % > 50%
< 2 B B <= 0.5*fy A B
>= 2 A B > 0.5*fy B B
Compression Development and Splice Lengths for fy=60 ksi
Development Length (in.) Splice Length (in.)
f 'c=3000 f 'c=4000 f 'c=5000 f 'c=3000 f 'c=4000 f 'c=5000
#3 9 8 8 12 12 12
#4 11 10 9 15 15 15
#5 14 12 12 19 19 19
#6 17 15 14 23 23 23
#7 19 17 16 27 27 27
#8 22 19 18 30 30 30
#9 25 22 21 34 34 34
#10 28 24 23 38 38 38
#11 31 27 26 43 43 43
#14 37 32 31 --- --- ---
#18 50 43 41 --- --- ---
Notes:
1. For development in columns with reinforcement enclosed with #4 ties spaced
<= 4" on center, values above may be multiplied by 0.75, but shall not be < 8".
2. For development in columns with reinforcement enclosed by spiral reinforcement
>= 1/4" diameter and <= 4" pitch, values above may be multiplied by 0.83, but
shall not be < 8".
3. For splices in columns with reinforcement enclosed with #4 ties spaced <= 4"
on center, values shown above may be multiplied by 0.83 for #3 thru #11 bars,
but shall not be < 12".
4. For splices in columns with reinforcement enclosed by spiral reinforcement >=
1/4" diameter and <= 4" pitch, values above may be multiplied by 0.75 for #3
thru #11 bars, but shall not be < 12".
Maximum Allowable Spacing of Column Ties (in.)
Tie Bar Size Tie Bar Size Tie Bar Size
#3 #4 #5
#5 10 --- ---
#6 12 --- ---
#7 14 --- ---
#8 16 16 ---
#9 18 18 ---
#10 18 20 ---
#11 --- 22 22
#14 --- 24 27
#18 --- 24 30
Notes:
1. Maximum tie spacing should be <= least column dimension.
2. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-08 Code Chapter 21.
Bar Size
Vertical Bar Size
Plain Welded Wire Fabric Properties
Welded Wire Fabric Wire Diameter Wire Area Fabric Weight
Designation Each Way (in.) Each Way (in.^2/ft.) (psf)
6x6 - W1.4xW1.4 0.135 0.028 0.21
6x6 - W2.0xW2.0 0.159 0.040 0.29
6x6 - W2.9xW2.9 0.192 0.058 0.42
6x6 - W4.0xW4.0 0.225 0.080 0.58
4x4 - W1.4xW1.4 0.135 0.042 0.31
4x4 - W2.0xW2.0 0.159 0.060 0.43
4x4 - W2.9xW2.9 0.192 0.087 0.62
4x4 - W4.0xW4.0 0.225 0.120 0.85
Notes:
1. Welded Wire Fabric designations are some common stock styles assuming
plain wire fabric per ASTM Specification A185. (fy = 65,000 psi)
2. First part of Welded Wire Fabric designation denotes the wire spacing each way.
3. Second part of Welded Wire Fabric designation denotes the wire size as follows:
W1.4 ~= 10 gage , W2.0 ~= 8 gage
W2.9 ~= 6 gage , W4.0 ~= 4 gage