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MT-Quiz-01(Construction Materials and Testing)

I. Identification. Identify what is being asked and write your answer on the space provided before each number. (NO
___________________________1. The year Joseph Aspdin produced a Portland cement from a heated limestone
and clay.
___________________________2. It is the chemical reaction that takes place when Portland cement and water are
mixed together.
___________________________3. It is the ability of cement to maintain a stable volume after setting.
___________________________4. This type of Portland cement is primarily used for architectural concrete products,
cement paints, tile grouts, and decorative concrete.
___________________________5. This type of cements are used where early strength gain is important and heat
generation is not a critical factor.
___________________________6. Any material other than Portland cement, aggregates, and water added to
concrete or mortar mix before or during mixing.
___________________________7. This type of admixture is used to increase the durability of concrete by protecting
it against freeze-thaw cycle damage.
___________________________8. This type of admixture provides an accelerated setting and early-strength
___________________________9. This type of admixture improves workability, plasticity, sulfate resistance; reduce
alkali reactivity, permeability, heat of hydration, and can be used as a partial
replacement of cement.
___________________________10. It is a nonproprietary term used to describe mortar or concrete that is placed by
high velocity compressed air and adheres to the surface on which it is projected.
___________________________11. Is a term used to denote the ease with which concrete can be mixed, placed,
and finished without segregation.
___________________________12. It is denoted by the fluidity of concrete as measured by slump test.
___________________________13. It is defined as the total weight of all of the ingredients batched divided by the
unit weight of concrete.
___________________________14. It is he separation of coarse aggregates from the mortar or the water from the
___________________________15. Approximately, how many percent of concretes compressive strength is its
tensile strength.
II. Enumeration.

1-7. Reasons why admixtures are used.
8-15. Classification of admixtures.
16-20. Methods of curing concrete.

III. Problem Solving.

1. Determine the yield of the following concrete batches:
a. Unit weight of concrete = 147.6 pcf
Water = 265 lb
Cement = 530 lb
Coarse aggregate = 1900 lb
Fine aggregate = 1290 lb
b. Specific gravity of concrete = 2.391
Water = 325 lb
Cement = 500 lb
Coarse aggregate = 1875 lb
Fine aggregate = 1330 lb
2. Determine the compressive strength of a 6-in.-diameter concrete cylinder that failed at a test load of 135000
lb. Express your answer in in.Hg and atm.
3. A 3-in.-diameter concrete cylindrical specimen has a compressive strength of 2983 meters of water,
determine the failure load in kips.

IV. Essay.

Discuss the different characteristics of Portland Cement Concrete that makes it one of the most widely used
construction material.