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A Monthly Editorial

Publication by

F
asting Ramadhan is an obligation that has been ordained in
The Daar Of the Quran, BO you who believe! Fasting is prescribed
(ordained) for you as it was prescribed for those before
Islamic Heritage you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious).C C [2:183].
Allah also said, BSo whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first
P.O. Box 450186 night of) the month (of Ramadhan, meaning he is present at his
Kissimmee, FL home), he must fast that month.C C [2:185]. The obligation of
fasting is also stated in the authentic Sunnah in several Hadiths. In
34745-0186 U.S.A. addition, the Ummah has agreed that fasting is well-established as
Fax (407) 348-9693 one of the cornerstones of Islam that Allah has ordained on every
DIHInc@Yahoo.com member of this Ummah.

Volume 9 Issue 10 Whoever fasts Ramadhan for the sake of Allah alone and
seeking the good rewards that He has prepared for those who fast,
Sha‘ban 1422 will gain Allah’s forgiveness for his sins. Abu Hurayrah narrated
October 2001 that the Prophet said, what translated means, “Whoever fasts
Ramadhan with Iman and I’htisab (seeking and anticipating the
reward with Allah alone) will be forgiven his previous sins.” [Al-
Bukhari].
In this issue
Abu Hurayrah also narrated that the Messenger of Allah
The Rules of Fasting ................. 2 said, what translated means “The five prayers and the Jum’ah
Obligations and prohibitions of (Friday prayer) to the next Jum’ah erase (the sins that are commit-
fasting ted) between them, as long as the major sins are avoided. And
Ramadhan to the next Ramadhan are erasers for (the sins that
Charity in Ramadhan .............. 8 are committed) between them, as long as the major sins are
Special Virtues and rewards avoided.” [Muslim].

From the Noble Quran ........... 11 Neglecting fasting in Ramadhan is a major sin. Therefore,
Explaining Surat Al-‘Asr the Muslim must save himself from Allah’s anger and wrath and
must perform the fast as Allah has prescribed and ordained on him.
Prophet Ibrahim in the Quran & Allah said, what translated means, BO you who believe! Ward off
Sunnah ..................................... 12 from yourselves and your families a Fire whose fuel is men and
C [66:6].
stones.C
The Prophet Said .................... 14
“The burden of proof...” . . . continued on page 7

The Muslim Creed 1 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


The Rules of
Fasting
The Essential Elements of Fasting as they rush to break the fast.” [Al-Bukhari &
Muslim]. It is better to break the fast on some dates.
1 — Intention: The Prophet said, what The Messenger of Allah used to break his fast on
translated means, “Actions are judged according to some Rutab (fresh dates) before he prays. If there
the intention behind them, and every person shall were no Rutab, then some dates before he prays. If
earn that which he intended.” [Al-Bukhari & Mus- there were no dates, then some sips of water. [Ah-
lim]. The intention to fast must be made before Fajr mad & Abu Dawood].
and during every night of Ramadhan, during any part
of the night. Intention must not be announced or 3 — Using Siwak, which is encouraged for
uttered aloud, as it is an act of the heart and does not those who fast, whether during the day or the night.
involve the tongue. The Messenger of Allah said, what translated means,
“If it was not for fear that I make it hard for my
2 — Abstaining from the acts that break the Ummah, I would order them to use Siwak before
fast from dawn until sunset: Allah said, what trans- every prayer.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim].
lated means, BEat and drink until the white thread
becomes distinct to you from the black thread of 4 — Discouraging exaggeration in Istinshaq
the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast until (inhaling water in the nose and then exhaling it during
C [2:187].
nightfall.C Wudhu’). Laqeet ibn Saburah narrated, “I said, ‘O
Messenger of Allah! Tell me about Wudhu.’ He said,
‘Perform it perfectly, clean between the fingers,
Manners and Etiquette of Fasting and exaggerate in Istinshaq, except when you are
fasting.’” [Ahmad and As-Sunan]. Ibn Qudamah
1 — Eating Su’hur (predawn), for the Um- said, “There is no harm if, while gargling or rinsing
mah has agreed that it is a Musta’hab (preferred) act, the nose for the sake of purifying one’s self, water
although many people are unaware of its reward. reaches the throat unintentionally and without exag-
The Messenger of Allah said, “Eat Su’hur, for geration.”
Su’hur is Barakah (a blessing).” [Al-Bukhari &
Muslim]. The Barakah in the Su’hur originates from 5 — Swallowing the saliva: No specific
the Su’hur enabling the person to gain strength and ruling was mentioned with regards this subject, since
in lessening the effects of fasting. The Sunnah is to no one can avoid doing this. Similarly, no one can
delay eating the Su’hur as much as possible. avoid breathing the dust that is in the air. Therefore,
such matters are among the permissible. Ibn
2 — Breaking the fast quickly, for the Prophet Taymiyyah said, “None of these acts breaks the fast.
said, “People will still have some goodness as long Fasting is a part of the religion of Islam and both the

The Muslim Creed 2 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


ignorant and the knowledgeable need to know its 1 — Those which void the fast and re-
rules. If the preceding actions were forbidden by quire that the day be made up for later:
Allah and His Messenger to the fasting person be-
cause they would break his fast, then it would have a. Intentional vomiting : The Prophet said,
been obligatory upon the Messenger to clarify this what translated means, “Whoever is overcome and
fact.” vomits, does not make up for the day. Whoever
vomits intentionally, must make up that day.”
[Abu Dawood, At-Tirmithi & An-Nasaii].
Permissible Acts During The Fast
b. Ejaculation of sperm: Ejaculation voids
1 — Pouring water over the head or the the fast even if it was just due to kissing, hugging, or
body: Several companions reported that they saw the masturbation; and the day must be made up for.
Prophet pour water over his head while he was fast-
ing, due to thirst or extreme heat. c. If, while fasting, one has the intention to
break the fast, then his fast is void even if he does not
2 — Applying Kohl or eye drops to the eyes: actually eat anything. Intention is one of the pillars
Anas reported that the Prophet applied Kohl (middle of the fast, and if one changes his intention, he will
eastern eye liner that has some medical benefits) have nullified his fast.
while he was fasting.
2 — Those which void the fast and re-
quire expiation:
3 — Kissing the wife for whoever can control
himself: The Prophet’s wife, ‘Aaishah, may Allah be
The only action in this category is having
pleased with her, said, “The Prophet used to kiss
sexual intercourse with the spouse during the day in
and embrace while he was fasting, for out of all of
Ramadhan. Once, a man came to the Messenger of
you, he had the most control over his desires.” [Al- Allah and said to him, “I am destroyed, O Messenger
Bukhari & Muslim]. of Allah!” The Messenger said, “What has de-
stroyed you?” He said, “I had intercourse with my
4 — The fasting person can eat, drink and wife during the day in Ramadhan.” The Prophet
perform sexual intercourse from sunset until Fajr asked, “Are you able to free a slave?” He said,
(sunrise): The Prophet said, what translated means, “No.” The Prophet asked, “Is it possible for you to
“Bilal makes the (first) call to prayer while it is fast for two consecutive months?” He said, “No.”
still dark. Therefore, eat and drink until he makes The Prophet asked, “Is it possible for you to feed
the (second) call to the prayer.” [Al-Bukhari & Mus- sixty poor people?” He said, “No.” The Messenger
lim]. of Allah said, “Then sit (and do nothing).” [Ahmad,
At-Tirmithi & An-Nasaii].
5 — Eating and drinking forgetting that you
are fasting: The Messenger of Allah said, “Whoever
eats and drinks, forgetting that he is fasting, then Making Up for Missed Days
he has to complete his fast, as it was Allah who fed
him and gave him something to drink.” [At- Making up for missed days in Ramadhan is an
Tirmithi]. obligation that has to be fulfilled. These days can be
made up for anytime, but before the next Ramadhan
starts. ‘Aaishah, may Allay be pleased with her, used
Actions that Void the Fast to delay making up for her missed days until the
month of Sha’ban, which precedes Ramadhan, even
Actions that void the fast can be divided into though she had the ability to make up for these days
two types: soon after Ramadhan.
The Muslim Creed 3 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10
The Goals of
Fasting
T
he acts of worship that the Muslims practice happy, and when he meets his Lord he is happy
seek to achieve certain goals and benefits because of his fast.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]. About
that Allah wants His slaves to acquire knowl- his saying, “When he breaks his fast he is happy,”
edge in them and to comprehend and achieve them. and Imam Muslim’s addition, “Because of his break-
Among these acts of worship is fasting during the ing his fast,” Imam Al-Qurtubi commented, “It
lunar month of Ramadhan, which has several goals means he is happy because his hunger and thirst
that the Muslim must strive hard to achieve with his have ended, since he is allowed to break his fast.
heart and by his actions. These goals are as follows: This happiness is natural and this is apparently the
desired meaning. It was also said that his being
1 — Achieving At-Taqwa, that is, the fear happy is because of his breaking the fast, means that
from Allah. Allah said, what translated means, BO he has fulfilled his fast, and as a culmination for his
you who believe! Observing As-Sawm (fasting) is practicing the acts of worship. His saying, ‘And
prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those when he meets his Lord he is happy because of
before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun his fast,’ means he is happy because of the rewards
C [2:183]. Hence, fasting is a means to
(the pious).C for fasting and its complete awards.’”
achieve At-Taqwa. In fact, all the acts of worship
and Taw’hid are methods and means to achieve At- 4 — As-Sawm purifies the soul and helps it
Taqwa, as Allah has said, what translated means, acquire the habit of obeying Allah and His Messen-
BO mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who ger by defeating the desires of the heart. Fasting
created you and those who were before you so teaches refraining from following the desires be-
that you may become Al-Muttaqun.C C [2:21]. cause the soul of the Sa-im has become obedient to
Allah’s commands. Also, Satan has a stronger hold
2 — Acquiring the rewards of Allah. Al- over the souls that often obey the desires. When the
Bukhari and Muslim narrated that Abu Hurayrah soul abandons its desires, it will become more diffi-
related to the Prophet that he said, what translated cult for Satan to have a hold on the heart.
means, “Allah the Exalted said, ‘All the deeds of
the son of Adam are his, except for As-Siyam, for 5 — Being saved from the Fire, for the
it is Mine and I will reward for it.’”. Prophet said, what translated means, “And Allah
has those whom he frees from the Fire, and this
3 — The Prophet also said, “The Sa-im has occurs every night (meaning in Ramadhan).” [At-
two happy moments: when he breaks his fast he is Tirmithi & ibn Majah].

The Muslim Creed 4 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


6 — Ash-Shafa’ah (the right of interces- Ramadhan to the next Ramadhan, are erasers for
sion). The Prophet said, “As-Siyam and the Qu- what occurs between them, as long as major sins
ran will intercede on behalf of the slave. As- are avoided.” [Muslim]. Also, the Messenger of
Siyam says, ‘O Lord! I prevented him from food Allah said, what translated means, “Whoever fasts
and obeying his desires in the morning. There- Ramadhan with Iman and I’htisab, will have his
fore, accept my Shafa’ah on his behalf.’ And the previous sins forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim].
Quran says, ‘I prevented him from sleeping at Imam Ahmad and An-Nasaii added to the following
night. Therefore, accept my Shafa’ah on his be- to the above narration, “And also what will occur
half,’ and they will be accepted as intercessors.’” later on (meaning future sins, as well).” “With
[Ahmad, Al-’Hakim & Al-Bayhaqi]. Iman”, entails fasting while believing with the heart
in the obligation of fasting during Ramadhan. As
7 — Having the sins forgiven. There is no for I’htisab, it means that one anticipates the reward
doubt that fasting directs to having one’s sins for- and his fasting is therefore only for the sake of Allah
given and erased. The Prophet said, “The five and not to imitate his people and community or for
prayers, and from Friday to the next Friday, and any other worldly gain.

Night Prayer in Ramadhan


The Prophet Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam said, what translated means, “He who prays at night
in Ramadhan out of fear from Allah and seeking His rewards, then all his previous sins will be
forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]. He also said, “Ramadhan is a month that Allah has obliged
fasting, and I have established for the Muslims night prayer in it. Therefore, he who fasts this month
and prays during its nights, he will have all his sins forgiven and will be as when his mother gave
birth to him (sinless).” [An-Nasaii].

Praying at night in Ramadhan is an established Sunnah in Islam that the Prophet had performed
and strongly encouraged Muslims to perform. The righteous Caliphs and the rest of the companions
held fast to this prayer and encouraged the Ummah not to abandon it. Therefore, all Muslims are ad-
vised to perform Tarawi‘h prayer in Ramadhan, especially in the last ten nights of Ramadhan.

Night prayer is encouraged at all nights throughout the year, and Allah promised those who
perform it with great rewards. He said, what translated means, BTheir sides forsake their beds, to
invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (charity in Allah’s Cause) out of what We have
bestowed on them.C C [32:16], which entails praise for those who pray at night. He also said in another
instance praising another group of people, BThey used to sleep but little by night (invoking their Lord
and praying, with fear and hope). And in the hours before dawn, they were found asking Allah for
forgiveness.CC [51:17-18].

The time for night prayer in Ramadhan starts from the beginning of the night until before sun-
rise, and Tarawi‘h prayer is considered a part of it. Therefore, Muslims are encouraged to adhere to this
established Sunnah in Islam and not miss the great rewards that Allah has promised for those who per-
form it.

The Muslim Creed 5 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


Your Manhaj
In Ramadhan
llah said, what translated means, BVerily,

A
this, then the Quran will be a proof testifying to his
those who recite the Book of Allah (this belief with the Lord on the Day of Judgment. Allah
Quran) and offer prayer perfectly, and has also decreed that those who read His Quran and
spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for implement it in their lives, they will never be mis-
them, secretly and openly, hope for a trade-gain that guided in this life or miserable in the Last Life, BThen
will never perish. That He may pay them their whoever follows My Guidance shall neither go
wages in full, and give them (even) more, out of His astray, nor fall into distress and misery.C C [20:123].
Grace. Verily! He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to
Appreciate (good deeds and to Recompense).C C Therefore, Muslims are warned against aban-
[35:29-30]. Furthermore, ibn Abbas said, “The Mes- doning reading the Book of Allah and neglecting its
senger of Allah was the most generous person. He Commands and Prohibitions. Allah has warned those
used to be most generous during Ramadhan when (the who ignore the Quran, when He said, what translated
Angel) Jibreal, peace be upon him, meets with him. means, BAnd indeed We have given you from Us a
He (Jibreal) would then meet with him in every night Reminder (this Quran), whoever turns away from it
during Ramadhan and will study the Quran with him (does not believe in it or implement its orders), ver-
(the Prophet). Then, the Messenger of Allah used to ily, they will bear a heavy burden (of sins) on the
be more generous (and giving) with Khayr (all that Day of Resurrection.C C [20:99-100] and, BBut who-
which is good) than the wind which is Mursalah (sent soever turns away from My Reminder (this Quran,
with rain and provision for people).” [Al-Bukhari]. by abandoning its orders and falling into the prohibi-
tions) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We
Reading the Quran and fasting are two deeds shall raise him up blind on the Day of
that will intercede on behalf of the believer on the Day Resurrection.C C [20:124]. This is because the Quran,
of Resurrection. Fasting will then say, “O my Lord! I indeed, is the Book that contains guidance and mercy
prevented him (the believer) from eating and drink- from Allah, BO Mankind! There has come to you a
ing during the day.” And the Quran will then say, “I good advice from your Lord (the Quran), and a heal-
prevented him from sleeping at night.” They both will ing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy,
say, “Therefore, grant me the right of intercession on etc.) in your breasts — a Guidance and a Mercy
his behalf!” And they will both be allowed to inter- (explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.) for the
cede on behalf of the believer. [The meaning of this believers.CC [10:57]. In addition, Abu Umamah said
Hadith was related by Imam Ahmad]. that the Messenger of Allah said, what translated
means, “Read the Quran, for it will be as a Shafii’
Allah revealed the Quran so that the Muslims (intercessor) for its companions (or readers, inter-
read it and comprehend its commands and prohibi- ceding on their behalf by Allah’s Leave) on the Day
tions, and then adhere by them. If the believer does of Resurrection.” [Muslim].

The Muslim Creed 6 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


The Muslim should break his fast by eating a Muslims are also warned against overeating
few dates and some milk, right after sunset. When and overdrinking, BAnd eat and drink but waste not
one cannot find dates or milk, he should break his fast by extravagance, certainly He (Allah) likes not the
by drinking some water. The Messenger of Allah en- extravagance.C C [7:31]. Furthermore, the Messen-
couraged Muslims to hasten breaking their fast soon ger of Allah said, what translated means, “The son of
after sunset, “People will be in Khayr (all that which Adam never fills any pot worse for him than his
is good) as long as they hasten to break the fast.” stomach. The son of Adam only needs that which
[Al-Bukhari & Muslim]. will support his body. If he has to (eat or drink more
than what is barely enough for his sustenance), then
When breaking the fast, the Muslim should let him reserve a third (of his stomach) for his food,
remember Allah, calling upon Him in supplication for another third for his drink and the (last) third for
himself and for the rest of the Muslims, BAnd when his breathing.” [At-Tirmithi].
My slaves ask you (O Mohammad) concerning Me,
then (answer them), I Am indeed near (to them by Muslims should also stand in voluntary prayer
My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the during the nights of Ramadhan. Abu Hurayrah nar-
supplicant when he calls on Me (without any media- rated that the Messenger of Allah said, what trans-
C [2:186]. Also, the Messenger of
tor or intercessor).C lated means, “He who performs Qiyam (voluntary
Allah said, “The fasting person has a supplication prayer at night) during Ramadhan, with belief and
that will never be rejected, and this is when he is sincerity, will have his previous sins forgiven.” [Al-
about to break the fast.” [Ibn Majah]. Also, the Mus- Bukhari & Muslim]. Muslims should also offer vol-
lim should repeat the supplication that the Prophet untary prayers at night during Ramadhan so that they
used to say when breaking the fast, “Thirst has van- may gain the reward of Laylat Al-Qadr (the Night of
ished, the vessels (veins) have become full of wet- the Decrees), which is better than a thousand nights.
ness and the reward has (surely) been awarded, by This is a night of peace and tranquillity and great re-
Allah’s Will.” [Abu Dawood & An-Nasaii]. wards from Allah.

Continued from page 1... Editorial

Also, the Messenger of Allah said, what who break their fast before its due time.’” [Sahih
translated means, “While I was asleep, two men At-Targhib]. “Before its due time” means before
came to me and grabbed me by the shoulders and the month of Shawwal, which comes after the end
then led me to a steep mountain and said, ‘Climb.’ of the month of Ramadhan. This Hadith is a tre-
I said, ‘I cannot overcome it.’ He (one of the two mendous warning for those who abandon the fast in
men) said, ‘We will make it easy for you.’ So I Ramadhan without a valid reason accepted by the
climbed until when I was on top of the mountain, Shari’ah. We ask Allah to grant us safety from such
I heard loud screams. I said, ‘What are these an evil end.
screams?’ They said, ‘These are the howls of the
people of the Fire.’ Then I was led until I met We pray to Allah Almighty that He make
some people who were hanged by the ankles, and this month a blessed month indeed, that He accepts
who had scars on their cheeks. Their cheeks were our fast and reward us with Paradise, He is the One
also bleeding. I said, ‘Who are these (people)?’ Who Hears the supplication and the only One Who
He (one of the two men) said, ‘These are the ones can answer it.

The Muslim Creed 7 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


Charity
In Ramadhan
I
mams Al-Bukhari and Muslim This increased generosity 4-- Joining between fasting
reported that Ibn ‘Abbas, may of the Prophet in Ramadhan has and giving charity leads to entering
Allah be pleased with him, had several reasons and indications that Paradise, by Allah’s Leave and
said, “The Prophet Salla Allahu we have to pay attention to, among Blessings. The Prophet said, “In
Alayhi Wasallam was the most gen- them are: Paradise there are rooms that
erous of people. He used to be the their inside can be seen from out-
most generous in Ramadhan when 1-- Ramadhan is an honor- side and outside can be seen from
he would meet with angel Jibreal able and blessed month, and the re- inside.” He was asked, “For whom
and study the Quran with him. An- wards for generosity are multiplied are these rooms, O Messenger of
gel Jibreal would meet with the in it. The Prophet said, “The best Allah?” He said, “They are for he
Prophet every night in Ramadhan to charity is that given in Ra- who soften his speech, feeds the
teach him the Quran. The Prophet madhan.” [At-Tirmithi]. people, continues to fast, and
was so generous when he met with prays at night while the people are
Jibreal, more generous than the 2-- This is a source of help asleep.” [Ahmad].
wind that brings rain.” Imam Ah- and support, especially the ones
mad added to this narration, “And fasting. To encourage this, the All these acts take place in
nothing he was asked for but he Prophet said, “He who feeds a fast- Ramadhan, for in it there are fasting,
would give it.” Furthermore, Al- ing person will gain the same re- prayer at night, and charity. Also,
Bayhaqi reported that ‘Aaishah, ward as he will, without decreas- the fasting person is sternly prohib-
may Allah be pleased with her, had ing from the fasting person’s re- ited from evil and useless speech.
said, “When Ramadhan would wards.” [Ahmad]. The fasting per- Thus, performing all these deeds
start, the Prophet would release all son abandons food and drink in Ra- and attaining such unique bounties
prisoners of war and fulfill the need madhan. Thus, when he gives oth- can be easily attained during Ra-
of every person who would ask him ers what he is craving for, this sacri- madhan by the fasting person.
for something.” fice would generate greater re-
wards, Allah willing. 5-- Charity and fasting are a
Generosity and giving are stronger and more effective barrier
attributes that Allah likes for Mus- 3-- Ramadhan is the month that will keep the person away from
lims to have. Also, Allah is the most of giving and mercy, and in it Allah the Fire. As for fasting, the Prophet
Generous and Giving of all. Indeed, blesses the believers with forgive- had said, “Fasting is a shield and
Allah’s Generosity multiplies in Ra- ness and being saved from Hellfire. protection from Hellfire” [Ah-
madhan. Similarly, the Prophet’s Therefore, whoever is merciful and mad]. He also said regarding char-
generosity increased in Ramadhan, giving in Ramadhan, Allah will be ity, “Charity extinguishes the sin
and indeed he is the man whose per- even more Merciful and Giving, and just as water extinguishes the fire.
sonality entails all the attributes will bestow upon him countless The man’s prayer late at night has
mankind seek and vie for. bounties and blessings. the same effect.”

The Muslim Creed 8 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


I
Al-Eid
t is very important that we, Muslims, demon-
strate our celebrations of Eid Al-Fitr and Eid
Al-Adh’ha with great joy and gathering, ob-
serving them in such a way that distinguishes us
not leave on the day of Al-Fitr for Eid prayer but
after eating an odd number of dates.

4 — Say Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) loudly.


from followers of other religions. Eid Al-Fitr comes Ad-Daraqutni and Al-Bayhaqi reported that the
after the blessed month of Ramadhan, while Eid Al- Prophet used to say Takbeer until he finished the
Adh’ha comes on the 10th of the month of Thu-Al- prayer. In Eid Al-Adh’ha, Takbeer continues until
Hijjah (after Hajj). The Prophet said to the people the fourth day.
of Madinah, who used to celebrate two holidays
before Islam, “Allah has given you better than 5 — Pray in the Mussalla (uncovered place)
those (two) feasts, Eid Al-Adh’ha and Eid Al- rather than in the Masjid because Imam Al-Bukhari
Fitr.” Furthermore, it is imperative to literally reported that the Messenger of Allah used to go on
follow the Sunnah of the Prophet in celebrating our the days of Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adh’ha to the
feasts, which entails the following: Mussalla, and the first thing he would do is to pray
Eid prayer.
1 — It is obligatory to pray Eid prayer
because it was reported that, “The Prophet and his 6 — Do not perform any voluntary prayer
companions never ceased from performing it and either before or after Eid prayer. Al-Bukhari and
they always gathered the people for it, including the Muslim reported that the Prophet prayed two
women who were having their menses, the children, Rak’ahs for Eid prayer and never prayed before or
and the elderly.” [Al-Bayhaqi]. after them.

2 — Dress in the best clothes you have. Al- 7 — There is neither Athan nor Iqamah for
Bayhaqi reported that Ibn Umar used to do that Eid prayer.
along with other companions of the Messenger of
Allah. 8 — Take any path when going to Eid
prayer and a different path when returning from it.
3 — Eat dates before leaving for Eid prayer Al-Bukhari reported that the Prophet used to return
in Eid Al-Fitr, and eat after Eid prayer in Eid Al- from Eid Al-Fitr prayer on a path other than the one
Adh’ha. Al-Bukhari reported that the Prophet did he took going to it.

The Muslim Creed 9 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


9 — It is allowed for children to sing songs, Bukhari and Muslim reported that the Prophet com-
without music, on Eid day. manded that Zakat Al-Fitr be paid on behalf of the
youth, the elderly, the freeman, the slave, men and
10 — It is obligatory to pay Zakat Al-Fitr women and all one’s dependents. Zakat Al-Fitr is
before going to Eid prayer. The Messenger of due after the sunset of the night of Eid (the night
Allah, Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam, made it in- before Eid) until before Eid prayer.
cumbent upon every Muslim to pay Zakat Al-Fitr at
the end of Ramadhan, as reported in several authen- Muslims are prohibited from celebrating their
tic Hadiths. Also, Al-Bukhari and Muslim reported feasts in sinful evil ways, such as listening to music,
that the companions used to hand out Zakat Al-Fitr dressing in silk for men, drinking intoxicants, aban-
in the amount of one Saa’ (four handfuls) of raisins, doning Hijab for women, or any other sin. More-
dates, grain, etc. Zakat Al-Fitr must be handed out over, Islam prohibits Muslims from imitating non-
in food commodity in the type which is common in Muslims in their practices, celebrations, customs
the country it is being given in. Moreover, Al- and clothes.

Fasting Six Days


in Shawwal
The Messenger of Allah, Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam, said, what translated means, “He who
fasts Ramadhan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, will be as if he had performed a perpetual
fast.” [Muslim]. He also said, “Fasting Ramadhan is equal to fasting ten months, and fasting six
days of Shawwal is equal to two months. This is equal to fasting the whole year.” [Ahmad & An-
Nasaii]. Therefore, fasting six days in Shawwal after having fasted Ramadhan will attain the person
the reward of a perpetual fast, and more.

Furthermore, fasting Ramadhan, with belief and sincerity, erases all previous sins, as the au-
thentic Hadiths indicate. Those who have performed the fast are given this bounty at the end of Ra-
madhan in Eid, which is the day of rewards. Therefore, fasting again after being given this great bounty
serves as an act of thanking Allah, because no bounty is greater than having your sins forgiven. As for
those who revert to their old evil ways after Ramadhan has passed, then they are indeed the losers.
They loose Allah’s Bounty and they do not thank Him for anything.

Also, the good deeds that are performed in Ramadhan do not stop after the month ends, but
they can still be performed as long as the person is alive and breathing. Fasting after Ramadhan is like
the warrior who attacks and withdraws, only to attack again. This is unlike the coward who withdraws
and runs away from the battlefield. Many people today are most happy when Ramadhan ends, because
they see it as a burden on them and a task that one has to do and that there is no way out of it. Anyone
with such a mentality and attitude will not be eager to fast again shortly after Ramadhan ends. On the
other hand, the person who fasts again right after Ramadhan will be demonstrating his will and eager-
ness to fast for Allah’s sake and his need to acquire Allah’s Pleasure and Mercy.

The Muslim Creed 10 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


From The
Noble Quran
B By Al-Asr (Time), BBy Al-Asr, verily man is Allah then mentioned those
Verily Man is in loss. Except C Allah is swearing by the
in loss.C who are not in loss: Those who
those who believe, do righ- time that brings wonders and great believe and do righteous deeds. Al-
changes to the life of all mankind. lah calls those people “the win-
teous good deeds, and recom-
Also, Allah is confirming that hu- ners,” for they put time into the
mend one another to the truth mans are bound to lose the benefit best use and prefer to do good
and recommend one another of time. Ibn Abbas, may Allah be rather than following their desires.
C [103:1-3].
to patience.C pleased with him, said, “Al-Asr is B And recommend truth to one
the time, and Allah swore by it for anotherC C means that those win-
Surat Al-Asr was revealed what it contains of changes and ners advise each other to do good
to the Prophet, Salla Allahu Alayhi wonders.” Qatadah said, “Al-Asr deeds and remind each other to be-
Wasallam, in Makkah. It is short is the time. Allah swore by the lieve in Allah and worship Him in
but full of wisdom and mag- Islamic monotheism. BAnd
nificence, as it explains they recommend pa-
the reasons behind the tience to each otherC C
success or failure of means that they also
mankind in this remind each other
life and in the to exercise pa-
Last Life. tience in the
face of all
Allah swears by Al-Asr, evening as He swore by the dawn hardship. This patience is also ex-
that is, time. This Asr is a clear (in another Surah) for that they are ercised when fighting one’s desires.
sign of the limitation of man. Hu- signs of His Greatness and Power.
mans are always on the decrease Time is the most precious posses- Allah has decreed that all
in terms of time at their disposal. sion of humans. Each moment that mankind are at a loss unless they
The ones who will best utilize time passes decreases the time available possess the qualities that He had
available to them are those who to us.” Also, Al-Qurtubi said, “Al- mentioned in the Surah. One’s
have the following four qualities: lah swears by Al-Asr for what it safety can only be achieved if he
Iman, good conduct, enjoining the contains of change and wonders. believes in Allah, does good deeds,
truth, and practicing patience. On Al-Asr also testifies to the exist- enjoins the truth and exercises pa-
the virtues of this Surah, Imam ence of the Creator. Furthermore, tience. If one achieves all this, then
Ash-Shafi’i said, “If Allah had not Al-Asr is one of, and the best of, he will be observing the rights of
revealed but this Surah, it would the five obligatory prayers. Only his Lord and also the rights of his
be enough for them (mankind).” Jum’ah (Friday prayer) is better.” fellow man.

The Muslim Creed 11 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


Prophet Ibrahim
In the Quran & Sunnah
(1/2)

P
rophet Ibrahim (Abraham), Salla Allahu 5-- Prophet Ibrahim raised the foundations
Alayhi Wasallam, is mentioned sixty nine of the Kaa’bah. Allah said, what translated means,
times in various Surahs of the Noble Quran. BAnd (remember) when Ibrahim and (his son)
Some of the verses are: C
Ismail were raising the foundations of the House.C
[2:127].
1-- Allah made him an Imam for mankind,
B Verily, I am going to make you an Imam 6-- He asked Allah to raise a Muslim nation
(Prophet) of mankind.CC [2:124]. from among his offspring, the Nation of Moham-
mad, Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam. He prayed to
2-- Allah made the stone on which he stood, Allah, saying, B“Our Lord! And make us submis-
while building the House of Allah in Makkah, a sive unto You and of our offspring a nation sub-
place for prayer, BAnd take you (people) the missive unto You.”C C [2:128].
“Maqam” (place) of Ibrahim (the stone on which
Ibrahim stood while he was building the Kaa’bah) 7-- He asked Allah to teach him the ceremo-
as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g. nies of Hajj, B“And show us our Manasik (all the
two Rak’ats after the Tawaf around the Kaa’bah).C C ceremonies of Hajj and Umrah, etc.).”C C [2:128].
[2:125].
8-- He prayed to Allah to send Mohammad,
3-- Allah ordered him to clean the House, Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam, B“Our Lord! Send
the Kaa’bah in Makkah, from the dirt and filth of amongst them a Messenger of their own.”C C
the idols and disbelievers, BAnd We commanded [2:129].
Ibrahim and Ismail that they should purify My
House (the Sacred Kaa’bah) for those who are 9-- He ordered his offspring to stay firm on
circumambulating it, or staying (I’tikaf), or bow- the path of Islam, BAnd this (Submission to Allah,
C
ing or prostrating themselves (there, in prayer).C i.e. Islam) was enjoined by Ibrahim upon his sons.C C
[2:125]. [2:132].

4-- He prayed to Allah to make the House a 10-- The Noble Quran mentioned the story
safe refuge and to provide Makkah’s inhabitants of the dispute with regards to Allah that took place
with sustenance. He said, as was mentioned in the between Ibrahim and An-Numrud, the king of
Quran, B“My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a Babylon, BHave you not thought about him who
place of security and provide its people with disputed with Ibrahim about his Lord (Allah).C C
C [2:126].
fruits.”C [2:257].

The Muslim Creed 12 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


11-- He prayed to Allah to show him how disowned his father because of his disbelief, as the
He raises the dead, BAnd (remember) when Ibra- Quran testifies, BAnd Ibrahim’s invoking (of Al-
him said, “My Lord! Show me how You give life lah) for his father’s forgiveness was only because
C [2:260].
to the dead.”C of a promise he (Ibrahim) had made to him (his
C [9:114].
father).C
12-- Both the Jews and the Christians claim
that Prophet Ibrahim was one of them, BO people 20-- The angels came to him to convey to
of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why do him the fate of Sodom and Gamorah, BAnd verily,
you dispute about Ibrahim?C C [3:65]. However, there came Our Messengers to Ibrahim with glad
Allah rejected this claim, when He said in the Qu- C [11:69].
tidings....C
ran, what translated means, BIbrahim was neither
a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim 21-- Allah gave him children although he
“Hanifan” (Islamic monotheism, to worship none was an old man, BShe (Ibrahim’s wife) said (in
but Allah Alone).CC [3:67]. astonishment), “Woe unto me! Shall I bear a child
while I am an old woman, and here is my hus-
13-- Allah chose him as His friend, when He C
band, an old man? Verily this is a strange thing!”C
said in the Quran, BAnd Allah did take Ibrahim as [11:72].
a close friend.CC [4:125].
22-- Allah said, what translated means,
14-- The Quran mentioned that Prophet Ibra- BVerily, Ibrahim was, without doubt, forbearing,
him rejected what his father was worshipping, BAnd used to invoke Allah with humility, and was re-
(remember) when Ibrahim said to his father Azar, C [11:75].
pentant (to Allah time and time again).C
“Do you take these idols as gods?”C C [6:74].
23-- He disputed with the angels and tried
15-- Allah showed him the wonders of His to save the people of Lut, Sodom and Amorah,
creation, BThus did We show Ibrahim the king- from destruction, until he was told to stop his dis-
dom of the heavens and the earth.CC [6:75]. pute. [Refer to 11:74-76].

16-- Prophet Ibrahim searched for the Lord, 24-- Allah said, what translated means,
by first analyzing the power of the sun and the BVerily, Ibrahim was an “Ummah” (a leader hav-
moon. He then rejected them as being gods. [Refer ing all the good righteous qualities, or a nation),
to: 6:77-79]. obedient to Allah, Hanifan (i.e. to worship none
but Allah), and he was not one of those who were
17-- He disputed and rejected the idols that Al-Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters).CC [16:120].
his nation used to worship. Allah said, what trans-
lated means, BHis people disputed with him. He 25-- He is mentioned to have called upon
said, “Do you dispute with me concerning Allah his people to worship Allah and to abandon wor-
while He has guided me?”C C [6:83]. shipping their idols. Later on, he destroyed their
idols and they tried to throw him in the burning fire,
18-- Allah gave him the bounty of being the but Allah made the fire cool and safe for him.
descendant of Prophets Noah and Jonah. He was [Refer to 21:51-73].
also the father of all the Prophets who came after
him, such as Isaac, Ismail, Jacob, etc. Allah willing, next month we will mention
several other Texts from the Quran and Sunnah that
19-- At first, Prophet Ibrahim asked Allah describe the exalted character of Prophet Ibrahim,
to forgive his father his sins. However, he later Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam.

The Muslim Creed 13 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


“The burden The Prophet
Said
of proof is
on the claimant...”
(2/2)

I
bn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with them both, proof to their claims, if the judge suspects foul play.
narrated that the Messenger of Allah, Salla Al- A man asked Imam Ahmad if this method was pos-
lahu Alayhi Wasallam, said, what translated sible, and Ahmad told him that Ali ibn Abi Talib did
means, just that. [Jami’ Al-‘Uloom Wa Al-‘Hikam].

“If what people claim is taken at face Also, many noted scholars have adopted this
value, then some men will claim other men’s opinion, including Ibn Abi Layla, ibn Al-Qayyim and
Mohammad ibn Bashir, Cordoba’s judge. Imam ibn
possessions and blood. Therefore, the bur-
Rajab said in his book, Jami’ Al-Uloom Wa Al-
den of proof is on the claimant, and Yamin Hikam, that the Quran supports requiring the oath
(oath) is on whoever denies (the charges laid from witnesses if they are suspected of foul play.
against him).” Allah said in the Quran, what translated means, BO
you who believe! When death approaches any of
Related by Al-Bayhaqi and others. you, and you make a bequest, then take the testi-
mony of two just men of your own folk or two oth-
ers from outside, if you are traveling through the
The Testimony of Only One Witness land and the calamity of death befalls you. Detain
them both after the prayer, (then) if you are in doubt
If all what the claimant has of proof is the tes- (about their truthfulness), let them both swear by
timony of one witness, then the testimony of this wit- Allah (saying), “We wish not for any worldly gain
ness will be accepted, along with the claimant swear- in this, even though he (the beneficiary) be our near
ing to the truthfulness of his claim. Ibn Abbas, may relative. We shall not hide testimony of Allah, for
Allah be pleased with him, said that the Messenger indeed we should be of the sinful.”C C [4:106]. This
accepted one witness and Yamin [Shar’h’ Muslim]. ruling was widely accepted by the Salaf (rightly
Many scholars also accept the testimony of one wit- guided ancestors).
ness and a Yamin in certain cases.

Refusing to Take the Oath


The Oath By Both Sides
If the defendant refuses to swear to his inno-
The judge has the right to ask for the oath cence, then the judge will take this as an admission of
from the witnesses and the claimant, even if they have guilt, since he has refused to defend himself by sim-

The Muslim Creed 14 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10


ply swearing that he is truthful and innocent. No sane Rewards for Righteous Judges
Muslim would refuse to swear that he is falsely ac-
cused of a crime, unless he is guilty as charged. The judge must thoroughly investigate all
cases and testimonies, all the while pursuing justice
and the truth. If his judgment was correct, then he
Oath Taken by the Defendant will be granted two rewards: one for trying his best
and another for serving justice and ruling with the
If the claimant is unable to produce sufficient truth. If he misses justice by mistake, after trying his
evidence to his claim, then the defendant can invali- best, then he will gain one reward for trying his best.
date all charges against him by swearing that he is The Prophet said, what translated means, “If the ruler
innocent. The Prophet said, “And Yamin is on who- (head of state, judge, scholar, etc.) rules, after try-
ever denies.” If one swears to his truthfulness, then ing his best, and reaches the correct verdict, then
this will be the most powerful tool to invalidate all he will gain two rewards. If he rules, after trying
charges against him, particularly in the absence of suf- his best, and then misses the truth, he will gain one
ficient evidence. reward.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim].

The judge will ask all defendants to swear by


Allah that they are innocent of all charges against Denying Justice its Due Course
them, as it is not allowed for a Muslim to swear by
other than Allah. The Messenger of Allah said, what Judges must have knowledge in what is per-
translated means, “Allah forbids you from swear- missible and impermissible, and on how to judge be-
ing by your ancestors. Whoever has to swear, let tween people. Resources of Shari’ah must be avail-
him swear by Allah or keep silent.” [Al-Bukhari & able to the judge to refer to them when a complicated
Muslim]. case is presented to him. The ignorant person must
not seek to be a judge un-
der any circumstances,
If the claimant is unable to pr
proo-
It is recom-
mended that the judge for he may be a cause for
advises all those present
to the seriousness of
duce sufficient evidence to his ruling against the inno-
cent and denying them
giving oath, reminding
them of the punishment
claim, then the defendant can their rights, and this may
even lead to their execu-
that awaits those who invalidate all the char ges tion in certain cases.

br ought against him by swear


swear--
take false oaths, as men-
tioned in the Quran, brought All judges must fear
BVerily, those who pur-
chase a small gain at
ing that he is innocent. Allah while presiding
over court cases. They
the cost of Allah’s Cov- must seek to serve justice
enant and their oaths, they shall have no portion and the truth. Unjust judges will face a terrible pun-
C [3:77], and in the Sun-
in the Hereafter (Paradise).C ishment in Hell for being unjust in their rule, a major
nah, where the Prophet said, what translated means, sin indeed. The Prophet said, “There are three types
“Whoever made an oath that was accepted with all of judges, two in Hell and one in Paradise. A judge
its repercussions, while in fact falsely claiming who knew the truth and ruled with it is in Paradise.
some possessions of a Muslim person, he will meet A judge who judged between people, while he him-
Allah while He is Angry with him.” [Al-Bukhari & self is ignorant, is in Hell. And a judge who knew
Muslim] and, “And Yamin is on whoever denies (the the truth and denied justice in his ruling is also in
charges).” Hell.” [Sahih Al-Jami’].
The Muslim Creed 15 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10
Our Objectives

* To project a clear image of the religion of Islam in accordance with the Quran and Sunnah
as understood by as-Salaf as-Saleh (pious predecessors).

* To warn Muslims against all types of Shirk (Polytheism) and Bidah (innovation) related
to religion, and against the sacrileges, the fabricated weak Hadith (Prophetic traditions)
which mar the beauty of Islam.

* To oppose and refute the advent tenets and ideologies such as atheism, communism and
sectarianism.

* To cooperate with Sunni Muslim organizations to achieve the above objectives.

* To propagate Islam amongst non-Muslims.

The Muslim Creed NON PROFIT ORG.


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The Muslim Creed 16 October 2001 Vol. 9 No. 10