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Always use either

or 6mm copper tube for the CPCE signal line,
this will allow the CPCE to function correctly.
CPCE Hot Gas Injection Valve
We have been contacted concerning CPCE valves failing to
control properly. One customer complained that they had
bought condensing units with a CPCE valve tted as
standard, for close temperature control of cold rooms,
which were giving them control problems. The CPCE valve
is used to control the evaporator temperature/pressure. On
the rst site the CPCE had been replaced, having been
suspected as being faulty, it not being possible to set it to
give a constant control point. However, it was not possible
to control at a stable condition with the replacement valve
either. The refrigerant used on this plant was R134a.
The second unit was tted to a close control cold room in a
hospital where close temperature control was required for
laboratory test work. The valve on this sytem was even
more unstable than the rst system. It was impossible to set the required pressure and
the valve setting had to be changed every time to get the valve to open. If the valve was
left to operate on its own the plant would simply pump itself down as the valve would
not open.
Upon attending the second site it was quickly noticed that the CPCEs signal connection
was a capillary tube with
are nuts at each end. This capillary tube was the problem.
The CPCEs signal line also acts as a vent line, due to the capillary tubes internal diameter
being so small the pressure drop through the capillary was preventing the CPCE vent
pressure from escaping. This meant that the evaporator signal was up and down causing
the CPCE valve to malfunction and fail to control. The capillary line was relaced with

copper tube and the valve immediatley controlled the system as desired.
Inspection of the rst site showed that the signal connection on this CPCE valve was a
small bore black plastic tube with
are crimps on the ends. This hose also created a
large pressure drop through it which again caused the CPCE valve to fail to control.
Replacement of this hose with
copper tube allowed the plant to function correctly.
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This signal line MUST be in either
or 6mm copper
tube and NOT capillary tube
Field Service Notes are produced by Glenn K Moore
Field Support Manager, Danfoss Ltd.
Document Category Document title
Field Service Note CPCE Hot Gas Injection Valve
Field Service Note 005

Here we have capillary tube with

nuts connected at each end. When this
type of tube is used for the CPCE signal line
it will prevent the CPCE vent pressure from
escaping causing the CPCE valve to
malfunction and fail to control correctly.
Here is a typical piece of small bore plastic
tube, with
are crimps, which has also
been used incorrectly for the CPCE signal
line. As you can see from the picture of the
end connection there is a very small hole
for ow which acts like an orice. In this
situation both the bore size of the tube
and the small hole in the connector will
create a large pressure drop causing the
CPCE to malfunction.
Finally we have copper tube of either

or 6mm with
are nuts. In this case
when used for the CPCE signal line the
valve will be able to vent and function
correctly and, therefore, give the desired
control of the system.
This connector has a very
small hole which will restrict
the ow
2 Lit. no.